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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. Therefore, they produced a cash crop, Ubai, in order to pay the equivalent in cash from the sale of Ubai.
  2. Therefore, they responded either by attacking on horsebacks or by getting off the horses and advancing on foot with their samurai family servants, depending on the situation.
  3. Therefore, they stood against the severe penalties of Capital crime lobbied upon Yoshinobu, and the changing in the ranking of the Tokugawa family.
  4. Therefore, they were distinguished by being called differently according to location such as 'Higashinoke' (the east house), 'Nishinoke'(the west house), 'Nakanoke' (the middle house), 'Maenoke' (the front house) and 'Shinyashiki' (the new house).
  5. Therefore, they were gods worshipped by groups of fishermen such as the Munakata clan.
  6. Therefore, they were hesitant to capture Tanabe-jo Castle.
  7. Therefore, they were likely to 'become broken' (become broken coins).
  8. Therefore, they were not innovative plays.
  9. Therefore, they were so inconvenient to use because they had to be unbundled each time to identify official marks, a very necessary process to eliminate any false money or devalued currency from the Tang and Sung dynasty and that had a tendency to invite inflation.
  10. Therefore, think about how you live in the future, not the life day by day.
  11. Therefore, thinking that the destruction of Korea is not far away, for the government I will show remorse, but for the people, I feel like celebrating.'
  12. Therefore, this Bosatsu is worshiped for virtues such as wisdom, knowledge and memory.
  13. Therefore, this became the origin of a metaphor, 'unagi nobori' (an eel's climb) (to soar, skyrocket or rise).
  14. Therefore, this book is used together with 'Genna kokatsuji-bon,' especially when referring to the 'province/county category.'
  15. Therefore, this cabinet was also commonly called the Waihan Cabinet (representing the combination of each one Kanji character from Okubo and Itagaki, that is "隅" and "板").
  16. Therefore, this cabinet was called "Genkun Cabinet".
  17. Therefore, this cabinet was ridiculed by Minto (political parties such as Liberal Party, Progressive Party and so on which conflicted with a han-dominated government when imperial Diet was inaugurated) such as "Power broke cabinet" and "Second-rate cabinet".
  18. Therefore, this city is thought to have been a central area in the Yamato Dynasty.
  19. Therefore, this commodity did not match the image of ordinary Ekiben.
  20. Therefore, this corrupt world is a place in which Buddha, who has eternal life, always exists and guides people to relief forever.
  21. Therefore, this document is useful not only for research on Yusoku kojitsu (court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette) but also for the research for restoring descriptions that have been lost.
  22. Therefore, this episode might be a fiction made by the posterity.
  23. Therefore, this has not been seen as a viable solution as Kobetsu Sekke is extremely little known amongst the public, and it is not regarded as legitimate that Kobetsu Sekke succeed to the Imperial Throne.
  24. Therefore, this is also related to precepts and descriptions of eternity of busho in "Nehan-gyo" and needs to be considered in light of them.
  25. Therefore, this is one of the causes for doubting that he was the real child of Hideyoshi who was actually smaller than approximately 152cm and famous as 'a small size military commander' even at that time when the average height was considerably shorter when compared to today.
  26. Therefore, this mikotonori was issued to remind officers that they were responsible for issuing a geyujo and for submitting it to the Shikibu-sho.
  27. Therefore, this name was given.
  28. Therefore, this name was used for the train whose destination was the area covering the northern part of Kyoto Prefecture and the northeastern part of Hyogo Prefecture, this being the area indicated by the name.
  29. Therefore, this part is omitted from the Jinja-Honcho's words of purification today.
  30. Therefore, this phenomenon is sometimes considered as an environmental problem.
  31. Therefore, this picture scroll cannot be considered as a Denpon (existing manuscript) of "The Tale of Genji," yet it is the oldest existing text of The Tale of Genji, so it the only existing valuable book that brings down the text from the Heian period.
  32. Therefore, this play had not been performed for many years.
  33. Therefore, this portion is sometimes also called the Karai (flower bud).
  34. Therefore, this post was established as the riot police that could crack down these criminals with arms and was provided with investigation right as well.
  35. Therefore, this practice is called Ryakko ue (written as 歴劫迂廻 or 迂回; "ue" means a detour), and it came to be called Zankyo (gradual teaching) because it is the teaching of becoming a Buddha little by little and by degrees.
  36. Therefore, this problem developed into a serious diplomatic conflict, plunging both Japan and Korea sides into endless arguments concerning the positioning of shogun, including Nobuatsu HAYASHI and Hoshu AMENOMORI, Hanju of the Tsushima Domain (a Confucian scholar who worked for the Tsushima Domain).
  37. Therefore, this process is also difficult.
  38. Therefore, this road acted as a sub-route connecting Kyoto and Obama.
  39. Therefore, this room was called the "taka no ma" (Falcon Room).
  40. Therefore, this section refers to the literature above.
  41. Therefore, this sound is often regarded as noise in a present-day city even if it generates an atmosphere when people stroll in yukata on the day of festival or fireworks, or stroll in hot spring resorts, and not a few places say 'No Geta' (including the reason that Geta damages a floor).
  42. Therefore, this structure was favored especially in shrine and temple buildings
  43. Therefore, this test section was included in the Shinkansen line (a portion between Shin-Yokohama and Odawara) when the line started its operation.
  44. Therefore, this theory is now regarded as a myth.
  45. Therefore, this thought caused the bakufu to be suspicious about the Mito Domain, which resulted in the domain falling away from the center of the shogunate government.
  46. Therefore, this type of dispute was characteristic of the Edo period when samurai placed a high value on social standing of their families.
  47. Therefore, this type of train is normally equipped with women-only cars.
  48. Therefore, this was the first broad-based coalition of Minto and Rito parties.
  49. Therefore, thorough examination of its legislation is required until it becomes effective.
  50. Therefore, those countries adopt not the traditional school as a whole, but some of its techniques partially, and they modernize the jujutsu techniques by themselves.
  51. Therefore, those court ladies who witnessed this incident understood they had never got along well as a wife and her mother-in-law.
  52. Therefore, those excuses from the Prince NAKA no Oe and "Shoki" (the Chronicle) are not convincing at all.
  53. Therefore, those familiar with the situation, did not favor a post at the Rokuhara.
  54. Therefore, those guests asked by the Emperor frequently make comments to the press that 'I am quite embarrassed because his Majesty had so profound knowledge of me as to make me surprise.'
  55. Therefore, those inscriptions in Han and Northern Wei were novel to Meikaku KUSAKABE and others.
  56. Therefore, those used buses are only found outside Japan (for example, in Myanmar) and are never sold in Japan.
  57. Therefore, those who could actually be pardoned were mostly convicted persons who were exiled to an island or banished.
  58. Therefore, those who could not dedicate a horse began substituting with statues of horses made from wood, paper, or clay, and from the Heian period, it was substituted with a picture of a horse drawn on a board.
  59. Therefore, those who held this post had a relatively high social status among foot soldiers.
  60. Therefore, those who serve as Chujo despite being Sanmi were called Sanmi-Chujo (Third Rank assistant director).
  61. Therefore, those who solicited the their withdrawal from the force with the intention to follow Arinosuke MONAI, such as Tsukasa IBARAKI, Shimenosuke SANO, Juro TOMIKAWA and Goro NAKAMURA, were not allowed to join him, and they committed suicide at Kyoto residence of Aizu Domain.
  62. Therefore, those who were critical of eunuchs' politics joined Dongling regardless of whether they were studying Shushigaku or Yomeigaku or not.
  63. Therefore, those who wished to receive a higher education, but could not afford their school expenses chose a normal school instead of other ordinary schools which did not provide the school expenses of students.
  64. Therefore, though having been used in the Heian and Kamakura periods, this material is rarely used today.
  65. Therefore, though the music is so popular, so many people do not know the fact that "Chidori no Kyoku" is originally an ensemble of kokyu and koto even in the scene of sankyoku (instrumental trio).
  66. Therefore, though this theory has a comparatively large number of adherents, it is impossible to fit all these states within northern Kyushu.
  67. Therefore, tickling with permission might be a sexual pleasure in some cases.
  68. Therefore, to be recognized as a family with Michi, it was not sufficient that each member had the skill and quality but it was also necessary for it to have been continued from generation to generation in a blood relationship or by marriage.
  69. Therefore, to defeat the Takeda, it was necessary to conquer Kaizu-jo Castle, which was the front military base site of the Takeda forces.
  70. Therefore, to evaluate the quality of these coins, there were no other means except using external sizes and their thickness, cause bitasen coins to mix more easily and consequently downgrading their real values further.
  71. Therefore, to get their shares, the low grade lords collected the land rent under various pretexts from shomin (people of the manor).
  72. Therefore, to improve the situation, "regulations to qualify teachers for middle schools and those for schools for teacher training," was enforced in August 13, 1884.
  73. Therefore, to increase the income from his domain, he tried to change the way of calculating nengu (land tax) to kenmi ho (annual crop inspections) (the fact that he resorted to an easy tax raise to increase the domain's income may show his ability or lack of ability).
  74. Therefore, to limit the number of people who became priests every year and in the regions, government created the tokudo as a national license system.
  75. Therefore, to maintain elasticity after restoration, starch like tapioca is used as a thickener in frozen Udon noodles, which provides a higher calorie count than with other kinds of Udon noodles.
  76. Therefore, to process sujiko into ikura (salmon roe) it is necessary to rub it over a fine net like a racket.
  77. Therefore, today it is impossible to go back and review the sentences which were recorded for collation and confirm whether they are correct.
  78. Therefore, today street stalls basically gather and operate their business in designated places in certain parks.
  79. Therefore, today's osechi-ryori only refers to the foods for New Year's Day that are prepared by New Year's Eve (foods for the New Year's holidays).
  80. Therefore, tofu has a structure in which many water molecules are contained in the net-like structure of cross-linked protein.
  81. Therefore, together with despoliation by troops of Ming, even Pyeongan Province, in which no Japanese troops entered, went to pot and could not feed the population just before the commencement of the war and the population decreased drastically.
  82. Therefore, total of 66 bales are used for one dohyo.
  83. Therefore, tourists can get a close look at the scene where ujo is handling tenawa and cormorants are catching ayu.
  84. Therefore, trading merchants had to navigate ships constantly without staying in Hakata long.
  85. Therefore, traditional distribution system led by wholesalers in Edo began to collapse.
  86. Therefore, transactions with other territories comprised a large portion of economic activities in these areas.
  87. Therefore, triangular-rimmed mirrors do not belong to the time of Yamatai, and the later Yamato rulers forged them in an attempt to demonstrate a relationship with Yamatai.'
  88. Therefore, tsubo kazari and kuchikiri may have remained as a matter of form in order to pass down the traditional procedures.
  89. Therefore, two significant elements were accomplished in the surrender of the Edo-jo Castle; the avoidance war and fire upon Edo City and its massive population.
  90. Therefore, ujo sometimes gives a holiday to their cormorants.
  91. Therefore, unable to make any resistance, the Satsuma army retreated from Miyazaki, allowing the government army to seize Miyazaki City.
  92. Therefore, under certain situations, yeasts that give too strong of a ginjo fragrance to sake are kept at a distance by breweries.
  93. Therefore, underin law, the classification national treasure is a subgroup of the category Important Cultural Property.
  94. Therefore, unlike existing powers (Takeda clan, Uesugi clan etc.), they were able to take political or military actions autocratically with no need to consider the wishes of the many local or provincial samurai who formed the army.
  95. Therefore, unlike in Japan, it is believed that the concept of Ekiben was not fostered in Europe.
  96. Therefore, unnatural death in principle refers to an unexpected death suddenly encountered in this world without depending on goin of the past world.
  97. Therefore, until the early Showa period (or during the period from 1945 to 1954 in local regions), sake was sold mostly by measure from a sake barrel, not in a bottle.
  98. Therefore, until the end of 1573, Ishiyama Hongan-ji Temple and Nobunaga were checking each other although there were no actual battles between them, and their relationship during this period may be described as 'a little more peaceful than the cold war.'
  99. Therefore, up to the Taisho period, it was believed that Shitateruhime was the main enshrined deity of this shrine.
  100. Therefore, use of bus and taxi has been decreasing, with some bus and taxi companies running in the red.
  101. Therefore, use of the distributed traction system is more advantageous in laying and maintaining rails than that of the concentrated traction system.
  102. Therefore, using the argument of the contemporary haiku being the hokku of a haikai is unpersuasive.
  103. Therefore, various technologies different from those for regular railways are used.
  104. Therefore, views that adopt other motive than resentment have also been supported and, especially, views that assume existence of a mastermind is strong.
  105. Therefore, village people there named the stone "Sesshoseki (the murder stone)."
  106. Therefore, voicing one's intension clearly is referred to as a Kotoage ritual, and it is understood that Kotoage ritual coming from self-conceit leads to a negative outcome (quotation from Section of 'Kotodama' (soul or power of language)).
  107. Therefore, we can also understand that this "kimi" does not mean any specific individual person, but this waka was included as an anthem to celebrate the longevity of the reigning lord (the emperor at the time of Kokin-Wakashu) and was dedicated to his reign.
  108. Therefore, we can basically say that the yield is inversely proportional to the quality of the rice.
  109. Therefore, we can say for sure that, at least in the middle of the seventeenth century, namely during the early part of the Edo Period, there was an interpretation that the poem in question was for celebrating the reign of the emperor and wishing his reign would last long.
  110. Therefore, we cannot lump the policies of Katsura and Yamagata together when discussing the Taisho Seihen.
  111. Therefore, we enshrine the dead.
  112. Therefore, we give you a explanation based on theory on the Imperial Prince Osabe born in 761.
  113. Therefore, we have no other way but to say that it is very difficult to find uniform international order which apply to every country or district.
  114. Therefore, we must conclude that the meeting itself, was held after March 14th.
  115. Therefore, we need to pay attention to the fact that there is no proof of the argument based on the assumption that this theory is the ideological background for choosing the land for Heian-kyo, which was built in the late eighth century.
  116. Therefore, we should make this place our capital."
  117. Therefore, we will establish a new calligraphic association to make calligraphy develop soundly, to make new calligraphers grow into experts based upon their own abilities and to help our followers.
  118. Therefore, weaving pongee was an important source of income for young women in villages.
  119. Therefore, what 'Asuka-kyo' actually refers to, including the geographical area, is not strictly defined.
  120. Therefore, what is described below is basically a generalization (furthermore, the taste of whale meat is differ from a part of whale to another, and for this matter, refer to the name of whale meat to be described later).
  121. Therefore, what is there still remains unknown generally.
  122. Therefore, what should be set at the center of sarugaku is dancing and songs, not the art of mimic.
  123. Therefore, what utensils you use depends on where you are now though using good utensils is preferable.
  124. Therefore, when 'Kyoto' is said in the field of politics, it often refers to Kyoto Prefecture, not Kyoto City.
  125. Therefore, when Ieyoshi TOKUGAWA assumed shogun in 1841, Tadakuni MIZUNO, roju, planned to invite Tsushinshi to Osaka instead of Edo.
  126. Therefore, when Nobunaga expelled Yoshiaki from Kyoto in 1573 and Haruyoshi gradually fell out of favor due to his lack of political capacity, Sakihisa switched to Naomasa AKAI in Tamba Province and left 'the coalition against Nobunaga.'
  127. Therefore, when Yoshikane escaped to Nobunaga's side, Nobunaga killed Nobutomo as a rebel who killed his master Yoshimune in cooperation with his uncle Nobumitsu ODA, the lord of Moriyama-jo Castle (in the Owari Province).
  128. Therefore, when a bugyo-sho office moved and the relationship between the bugyo-sho office locations changed consequently, the name of the bugyo-sho office that had not moved was also changed.
  129. Therefore, when a program has the Gedai composed of more than 5 Chinese characters, it is often accompanied by a more familiar common name.
  130. Therefore, when binchotan charcoal is buried in ash completely, the charcoal fire can be retained for a long time.
  131. Therefore, when calculating a person's age who lived before the new calendar was introduced based on the traditional Japanese system requires attention.
  132. Therefore, when comparing to other regions, this sushi is slightly sweet and filling.
  133. Therefore, when following to the definition above, compilations such as history books, personal records such as diaries and notes, and works of authorship such as books are not included in komonjo.
  134. Therefore, when go began to have the second meaning of a 10th square measure of 1 tsubo (or 'bu'; 1 tsubo is almost equal to 3.305785 square meters), shaku also began to have the second meaning of a 10th square measure of 1 go (that is, a 100th square measure of 1 tsubo).
  135. Therefore, when he entered Mt. Atago in 1570, he was thought to have been over the age of a hundred years.
  136. Therefore, when it is necessary to distinguish between A-type and B-type, characters are written with underlines, in Katakana or alphabet letters with umlauts.
  137. Therefore, when making a judgment for a suspect who should have been administered to a punishment above the Tataki punishment (basically, beating), the matter had to be submitted for the judgment of Roju (the second-highest post in the bakufu government).
  138. Therefore, when potato is in the growth period, une is made; in other words, the tuber is covered with soil, not to be discarded.
  139. Therefore, when reading the Tale of Genji, it has been common practice to make it more understandable by arranging the events in the story with the age of the main character, Hikaru Genji, at the core.
  140. Therefore, when striking with the kyosaku (keisaku), a big sound comes out but there is no much pain.
  141. Therefore, when the Imperial Throne shifts within the imperial line due to military power or political pressure, generally speaking, this is not an usurpation of the imperial throne.
  142. Therefore, when the Kinmon Incident happened, he was condemned by the Shogun's supporters because of his relationship with the Choshu Domain.
  143. Therefore, when the Sekkan-ke were fixed in the Kujo line, the Zuryo Keishi concentrated in the Sekkan-ke, and overwhelmed other Court nobles.
  144. Therefore, when the Southern court fell so did the families.
  145. Therefore, when the Taira Clan was exiled from Kyoto by MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka in 1183, Ryoko followed them to the Saikai region (provinces on the Western Seacoast of Japan).
  146. Therefore, when the commodity economy continued to expand and prices of goods became higher in the latter half of the Edo period, they engaged their retainers (called Baishin) in farming.
  147. Therefore, when the companies told the foreign investors their managing status, the companies needed to tell them so far as to the information on running the extra trains for military transportation, and at the same time there was a fear that military secrets would leak to foreign countries.
  148. Therefore, when the flying kosa meets rain, the rain is neutralized because acid and base are produced.
  149. Therefore, when the local community side requested the return of the land that was to be used in constructing a dam to pump water, the problem became so serious that the very existence of the forest itself was threatened.
  150. Therefore, when the privilege ended, the nobles needed to have the imperial permission anew to enter the emperor's residence.
  151. Therefore, when the proportion of burst brown rice is high, it is considered an inferior product.
  152. Therefore, when the term of 'Mingaku' is used in Japan, it usually indicates the Mingaku by the Gi clan.
  153. Therefore, when the top of the floorboard is stepped on, the floorboard returns to the non-recurved state, by which one end of the clamp rubs against the holes of the board, and makes a noise.
  154. Therefore, when the train enters or leaves the depot, the unit of cars becomes inverted.
  155. Therefore, when these particles are mixed with rain, they become a muddy substance and are sometimes stuck strongly to buildings and cars.
  156. Therefore, when transferring from the Tozai Line of Tokyo Metro to another JR East line at Nishi-Funabashi Station, you can't go through the automatic transfer ticket checker with ICOCA.
  157. Therefore, when used on paper, the shin (the core) (the stroke made with the brush) and the nijimi (the portion of calligraphic work that seeps outward through the paper, blurring the edges of the brush stroke) are difficult to distinguish.
  158. Therefore, when using an expensive brush, one should avoid using low-quality liquid sumi.
  159. Therefore, when using this term, it is necessary to be careful about these differences in concepts involved in the term.
  160. Therefore, when you are not confident in those Japanese manners, it is advisable for you to declare in advance that you are just in the process of studying Japanese dietary culture and manners.
  161. Therefore, whether complicated or not, it is recommendable to use "So" (tier) or "Ju" (tier) indicating the number of roofs in appearance and "Kai" (story) indicating the number of internal floors, to be laid side-by-side like '-So (tiered) -Kai (story)' and '-Ju (tiered) -Kai (story) (Example: Three-tiered, five-story).
  162. Therefore, while Hannya Shingyo is said to be a Buddhist sutra that preaches the view of Ku, it is also said to be a Buddhist sutra of litany.
  163. Therefore, while children from Rinshi were treated as legitimate children, promotion of children from Akirako were limited to lower positions.
  164. Therefore, while his brother Yorinori served under Yorinaga, Yorimori served under Tadamichi.
  165. Therefore, while negotiating peace, Hideyoshi proposed conditions of peace unacceptable to Ming, such that a princess of Ming marry the emperor of Japan and the cession of the southern part of Korea and required the dispatch of an envoy to surrender from Ming.
  166. Therefore, while no one is certain that the footwear means zori, some suggest that the footwear was geta (clogs) instead of zori.
  167. Therefore, while the head of the envoy reported that Hideyoshi had the intention of invading Korea, the deputy reported otherwise, and the opinion of the deputy head, who was close to the king, was taken.
  168. Therefore, whomever you will remarry, I will not object to that and will not change my mind about this divorce.
  169. Therefore, wind turbines may affect the scenery.
  170. Therefore, wishing for their rebirth in Saiho Gokuraku Jodo (the West Pure Land, which refers to the Buddhist paradise), court nobles constructed Amida-do halls (temple halls that have an enshrined image of Amida Nyorai (Buddha of Limitless Light and Life)) and Jodo-Sect-style gardens in some places.
  171. Therefore, with his reply consisting of three articles, he indirectly called for the approval for subjugation of Yoshinaka as well as supported the order of the imperial court.
  172. Therefore, with respect to the rice used as sakamai, the outer part (such as bran) is scraped off to a deeper level than it is with food rice.
  173. Therefore, without losing this opportunity, Motohira visited Mototsugu together with Hiromasa MORI, a chief retainer at the Hagi domain, and tried to persuade him the last time, but failed again.
  174. Therefore, women did not have to make standard female clothing, and some women designed their own original clothes that were slightly different from standard female clothing at their own discretion.
  175. Therefore, you are required to stride over shikii rails consciously.
  176. Therefore, you may become Hakkotsu in the evening even if you have a florid complexion in the morning.
  177. Therefore, you may happen to fall into disfavor with the host if you, being unaccustomed to using chopsticks, request a spoon and fork at a table of Japanese cuisine, especially at such prestigious dinners as that of kaiseki-ryori (tea ceremony dishes), where many sets of lacquered tableware are prepared.
  178. Therefore, you should think that different schools could have different rules and aims.
  179. Therefore, younger brother Yasutsura succeeded to the head of the family as Yasumasa's adopted child.
  180. Therefore: '52' of the initial two digits of the ZIP codes for Shiga Prefecture is used as well for the ZIP code of each "cho" (town) in the Kuta area, and each ZIP code is as follows:
  181. Thererore, the party against the system of an adopted child such as Kintetsu-to party formed by the nucleus of the lower ranked feudal retainers had a great desire that Yoshikatsu from the Takasu Domain, a branch domain of Owari assumed the lord of the domain.
  182. Thereupon Kanemichi was told by his family members that there was a wagon coming from Higashisanjo tei.
  183. Thereupon he received the following verse from her:
  184. Thereupon she sets fire to a childbirth hut where she is going to give birth, pledging that the child will not be born if it is not by Ninigi, but it will if by him.
  185. Thereupon the imperial edict on constitutional government was issued.
  186. Thereupon, in 1604 the Edo Shogunate established itowappu system by having selected merchants from Kyoo, Sakai, and Nagasaki form itowappu nakama (guild of raw silk threads importers); in forming the itowappu nakama, the Edo Shogunate made Shirojiro CHAYA, the government contractor, the leader.
  187. Thereupon, the main forces tried to join with the front troop which, however, was not able to cross the river being blocked by the Emishi forces.
  188. Thereupon, yaoyorozu no kami (eight million gods) assembled at the river side of the Ame no Yasu-kawa River (the tranquil river of Heaven), and consulted what to do.
  189. These "ki" persons, "tsuki" persons, and their clans were called Kizoku.
  190. These 'air raid hoods' could be soaked in water to protect the head from fire and heat and they were reintroduced in 1970's as a disaster prevention hood for protection in disasters such as earthquakes and fires.
  191. These 'danna-sama' can no longer be seen in the areas with the geigi culture due to changes in the danna-sama side, geigi side or times.
  192. These 'kofun' interment facilities were structured with a vertical style stone chamber, and burial goods were contained inside: Magical goods, mirrors, gems, swords, and stone objects in addition to iron farming tools.
  193. These 'monogatari' also contained a great number of works concerning real incidents and people from that time as well as what is called 'tsukuri monogatari' (fanciful tale) featuring fictitious characters.
  194. These 'old books on Shinto' are collectively called Shinto scriptures.
  195. These 'toraijin' (naturalized citizens) brought advanced technologies such as sericulture, weaving, ceramics, and architecture, as well as Chinese culture from the "Analects of Confucius," practical skills such as writing and accounting to Yamato (Wakoku).
  196. These 'various districts' were probably those of the Kinki region, but social conditions of self-help that began around that time could be seen within direct petitions that occurred frequently.
  197. These 12 existing castle towers will be discussed below.
  198. These 12 gods of seven pairs previously mentioned are generically called Kaminoyo Nanayo (seven generations of the gods' world, The Primordial Seven).
  199. These 14 towns belonged to Sakyo Ward which was created in 1929.
  200. These 19 years are considered to be the actual period of the temple's deterioration.
  201. These 2 films were highly praised as fine works dealing with worlds that had not been filmed before.
  202. These 2 places are in close proximity to one another and it is said that Mejiro Fudo was named after Mejirodai, or the place (Mejiro) was named after Mejiro Fudo.
  203. These 21 anthologies are commonly known together as 'Nijuichidai-shu' (The Twenty-One Collections of Japanese Poetry).
  204. These 26 martyrs were canonized later by the Catholic Church and called "The Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan."
  205. These 3 operations to invade Kyoto, however, are recorded to have taken place on June 30 according to the "Baishoron" (Historical tale compiled in 1349) and "Jorakuki" and, hence, it is supposed that, in "Taiheiki", these battles on that day were broken up into 3 segments to better organize the storyline.
  206. These 30 poems had been considered poems made by other people for Kakimon-in to practice composing poems, but now the view that these poems were composed by Kakimon-in is dominant.
  207. These 37 pieces were transferred from one owner to the other due to changes in the socioeconomic conditions and social turmoil after World War II, and many of the pictures were in collections of public or private museums.
  208. These 55 sections were divided into 5,426 smaller items, including supplementary items.
  209. These 8 castles had been designated cultural properties such as National Treasures in accordance with the Law for the Preservation of National Treasures but, today, only 12 castles have existing castle towers that are available for viewing as Cultural Properties.
  210. These Buddha statues are said to be the same ones which can still be seen shining in the present Yoshino-dera Temple.
  211. These Chinese coins were brought into Japan through trade with China (during the Baisong, Yuan Dynasty, for example) and such coins also came to be privately minted in Japan.
  212. These Chinese coins were brought to Japan through trade with China (Northern Sung Dynasty or Yuan).
  213. These Geki were called Taifugeki.
  214. These Gyonin from jizamurai made up a conference named 'sobun' and decided policies of the Negoro-ji Temple.
  215. These Haniwa were displayed in a line on each step of tumulus, on the mound top and the funeral ritual site of the tumulus, giving visual effect and awe.
  216. These Itowappu nakama (guild of raw silk threads importers) were considered separate from the previously established five; accordingly they were treated as outside the established framework and this treatment was called 'bunkoku haibun.'
  217. These JR companies and private railway companies are developing various businesses related to lives of the railway customers and residents living along the lines such as real estate business, retail business, hotel business, and other business, while attending hard to railway business.
  218. These Japanese pampas grass fields were maintained by stopping the progress of transition (biology term) by cutting the grass regularly as food for domestic livestock.
  219. These Jifu novelists and poets of the Court were collectively called Shoyu Bunjin.
  220. These Jodo are not in this world that we live in, but built in another world.
  221. These Joko's who assumed the reigns of government also belong to those who were referred to as Chiten no kimi (the retired emperor in power) (however, Joko who assumed power is not necessarily a Chiten no kimi.)
  222. These Kabuki Kyogen were simply called "Shibai" (play) during the Edo period.
  223. These Kannon-zo are strictly regarded as Buddhist images normally withheld from public view.
  224. These Kogaki are unique programs that are performed together by the Tayu of different schools (Jiutai is mixed.)
  225. These Kokushis were temporary officials and are not the same as the latter-day Kokushis.
  226. These Manor Regulation Acts prohibited establishment of new shoen after the designated base year, while legalizing these extraordinary taxes that were to be imposed on kokumen no sho created prior to the base year.
  227. These Mitsuyoshi YOSHIDA, Chisho IMAMURA and Yoshitane TAKAHARA were high-caliber disciples, commonly called 'Mori no Sanshi' (the three masters of calculation).
  228. These Roshi wrote a petition to Katamori MATSUDAIRA, the lord of Aizu Domain and Kyoto Shugoshoku (Military Commissioner of Kyoto), to be 'Left in charge of Aizu Domain' and established the Mibu Roshigumi.
  229. These Saji and Ogura-Maki clans, Shingo-Ando clan, Hongo-Inoue clan and Yamanaka-Kawakatsu clan issued gin-satsu or the Komedai-azukari gin-satsu, on which the explicit description it was worth of rice price.
  230. These Seshu-Miya-ke had a legitimate right of succession to the Imperial Throne, and were not there only to ensure succession in the event that the Imperial line should die out.
  231. These Shaka triad statues that are currently housed within the Tofuku-ji Temple main hall were originally installed at Sansho-ji Temple.
  232. These Shibosatsu are also assigned to each of the jorakugajo (four virtues of nirvana).
  233. These Shinto sects were mainly Ontake-kyo, Fuso-Kyo, Jikko-Kyo, and Maruyama-Kyo, and some remnants from the period when Buddhism and Shintoism were syncretized, such as the chanting of mantras of Fudo-son and chanting of Hannya Shingyo (Heart Sutra), are still observed.
  234. These Shisen (poetry immortals) were selected from poets of each of the Han, Jin, Tang, and Song eras in China following the example of the Japanese Thirty-six Poetry Immortals (a group of medieval Japanese poets), and also influenced by the tastes of Razan HAYASHI (a Confucian scholar in the early Edo period).
  235. These Shizoku class persons were also called 浪人.
  236. These Soga-Taga clan, Toyota-Sato clan, Fukuchi-Oda clan, and Tawaramoto-Hirano clan issued gin-satsu, which was undertaken by various local merchants who resided outside their respective territories but with whom they had transactions.
  237. These Susano's conducts are generically called 'amatsu-tsumi (heavenly sin) and kunitsu-tsumi (earthly sin) in the Oharae no kotoba (the great purification).
  238. These TV dramas in his late years were offered by Takiko MIZUNOE who had promoted him from an assistant director to a director and had admitted his talent through life.
  239. These Tang names do not completely match the office organizations originated in Chinese successive dynasties, so that they cannot be always replaced by one-to-one correspondence.
  240. These Tenshu were reconstructed by permission of the Bakufu in the mid Edo period to the later Edo period.
  241. These Udon noodles are also served with a warm dipping broth like Tsukemen.
  242. These Udon noodles are cooked with several kinds of toppings called 'Tanemono' or 'Kayaku.'
  243. These Yakuo Bosatsu and Yakujo Bosatsu figures are ordinary Bosatsu figures without any outstanding characteristics regarding appearance, clothing, accessories, etc.
  244. These above were used until the recent period.
  245. These academic theories are called the 'Theory of Samurai Function,' and Masaaki TAKAHASHI appeared later as a radical debater.
  246. These accidents exposed the fact that, in the construction boom in the high-growth period in the middle of the 1960s and later when the Sanyo Shinkansen was built, hasty and sloppy work existed in various portions of the Shinkansen lines.
  247. These achievements of the Date clan were a more than enough evidence to foresee the declining power of the old authorities in the Ou region and the establishment of the hegemony by the Date clan in the same region during the Muromachi Period.
  248. These acrobatic maneuvers are performed in some areas in southern Kawachi and Sakai City.
  249. These actions indicate that he might have an obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  250. These actions were made because continuation of the family was valued.
  251. These activities are for people to feel and enjoy the change of the seasons, and have been performed since early times in Japan where the spectacle of nature varies greatly between seasons.
  252. These activities are noteworthy.
  253. These activities are said to not only promote local people's health, but also to save time for housewives restricted by their housework, improving local agricultural productivity and with an improving effect on the status of women.
  254. These activities contributed to the gradual increase of rakugo musicians.
  255. These activities lead to the Sonno Joi Undo (activities to revere the Emperor and expel the barbarians) at the end of Edo period.
  256. These actors transferred from Tokyo and promising young actors joined as well, which strengthened the lineup of actors.
  257. These acts inflicted a heavy blow to the Taira clan, acting as a decisive factor for the exile from the capital.
  258. These acts of the rekido scholars came under fire from the scholars of sando (study of mathematics) and sukuyodo (the astrology brought as part of Esoteric Buddhism).
  259. These acts only differed in the regional categories, and the contents were almost the same.
  260. These acts will disturb the Chinese Suzerainty over Korea.'
  261. These additionally issued supplement and bylaws were called "格式," ("Geshi") first established as Zhenguan Geshi by the second emperor of Tang Dynasty, Taizong.
  262. These administrative structures were distinctive in that they were both simultaneously judicial systems.
  263. These affairs indicated that insiders were also treated as 'akuto,' and this was a sign of a major change in the concept.
  264. These affairs provide evidence of changes of zaichokanjin to kaihatsu-ryoshu and fierce conflicts between kokushi and mokudai, especially the local lord class's destabilization and limitations.
  265. These air-conditioned cars were assigned to Takatsuki Train Depot, for the first time deployment of the 103 series to Takatsuki.
  266. These all become teeth black for dramas.
  267. These allocations are preached not only in "Yoshu Juo Shoshichi-kyo Sutra" but also in "Kanjozuiganojojippo-jodo-kyo Sutra" (Also known as "Kanjo-kyo Sutra" (sutra of Kanjo (a ceremony to be the successor)) for short) and "Jizo bosatsu hongan-kyo Sutra" (The Sutra of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha's Fundamental Vows).
  268. These ancient documents that had been cherished by the successive heads of the Konoe family were donated in a few batches to Kyoto University Library following 1900 in the modern era.
  269. These and the iemoto system have a lot in common, such as how the feudal and hereditary governance structure headed by iemoto.
  270. These anecdotes prove that originally there was no martial art called taekwondo but there was konsudo, which was taught by people who had learned karate and opened training halls after Japan's occupation ended, with the name konsudo being subsequently changed to 'taekwondo.'
  271. These anecdotes report one side of his bizarre character but all are not corroborated.
  272. These anti-Tang hanchin were called hansoku hanchin.
  273. These appearance-changing phenomena occur because kosa sand grains prevent the penetration of some of the sunlight, reducing the strength of the light, and scatter the remaining light.
  274. These are Chinese chestnuts, traditionally imported via Tianjin harbor, mixed with sugar and roasted together with small stones.
  275. These are Kita Nakashikiri-mon and Minami Nakashikiri-mon Gates, which split Ninomaru into east and west sections, Naruko-mon and Momoyama-mon Gates, which are the entrances to the passageway between Ninomaru and Honmaru, and Yagura-mon Gate, which is the entrance across the inner moat to Honmaru from that passageway.
  276. These are Sadakuro's hands.
  277. These are a kind of word game to elicit laughter from audience, so-called 'kusuguri (literally tickling) in kusuguri traditional performing arts.'
  278. These are added in 添品法華経.
  279. These are all Chinese style statues that were created by the Ming Dynasty Chinese Buddhist sculptor Daosheng FAN who traveled to Japan.
  280. These are all based on the manuscript of the Aobyoshibon line, particularly Oshimabon, except the (old) "An Anthology of Classical Japanese Literature" (and the Iwanami paperback library of the light-type edition), which was based on Sanjonishikebon.
  281. These are all because of the strong dramatic impression of chanbara.
  282. These are all considered to be the most valuable surviving teahouses in the history of Japan's tea ceremony culture.
  283. These are all historical town names that have continued since pre-modern times.
  284. These are almost all routes between Kyoto and Osaka, which can be called the biggest major transport artery in the Kinki region including rivers which were once water routes.
  285. These are also called Shuinryo/Kokuinryo.
  286. These are also called T-trains, while weekday trains are called M-trains and the weekend trains are called K-trains.)
  287. These are also referred to as "kakine kaiho danchi."
  288. These are also served at some minshuku.
  289. These are awakened through seeing the origin of life.
  290. These are based on ideas of ancient China, in which Shibien in the center means the whereabouts of God of Hosts.
  291. These are because some suggest that the attacking detached force from Hiyodorigoe was, in realty, Yoshitsuna's army, which is said to have advanced from the mountain, and this story was later replaced with Yoshitsune's military exploit.
  292. These are believed to be the relics deeply connected with Russian maritime provinces and Siberian region.
  293. These are believed to have resembled the Utaki sacred places of Okinawa.
  294. These are boiled down with sugar, sprinkled with sugar again, and dried.
  295. These are bonsai which have the roots of more than three of the same plant connected, or in which the tree has fallen down and been buried in the earth, and what was once a branch is grown as the trunk, and the base of that branch sends out roots which are connected with the other roots.
  296. These are brocade socks like those for men.
  297. These are called "Types (Katazuke)".
  298. These are called 'Okina-tsuki.'
  299. These are called 'Storage pits.'
  300. These are called 'Tenma-style' and 'Nagae-style.'
  301. These are called 'magemono-izutsu,' which had magemono on the inside of a well to prevent the sidewall from collapsing.
  302. These are called 'utaimonno,' and pieces such as 'Yashima,' 'Mushi no Ne' (Sound of Insects) and 'Fuji Daiko' (Fuji Drum) are well known.
  303. These are called Bun Byo, and are also referred to as Confucius's Mausoleum, Ko Byo, or Fushi Byo.
  304. These are called Genzon 12 Tenshu (Twelve Genzon Tenshu), Kokuho Yonjo (Four national-treasure castles) and Jubun Hachijo (Eight national-important-cultural property castles) (Jubun Hachi Tenshu (Eight national-important-cultural property Tenshu)) (For details, refer to the separate section, 'Genzon Tenshu').
  305. These are called Hogin (silver coin bags).
  306. These are called Roku Kannon (the six Kannon).
  307. These are called Sekisen differentiated from Sekizoku.
  308. These are called modern dramas (Genkokyoku) in which they may be different in accordance with the sect and there are roughly 200 to 300 modern dramas.
  309. These are called new Noh dramas.
  310. These are called the three themes of Naikan (or three questions of Naikan).
  311. These are called yorigami worship.
  312. These are carried by torchbearers, brought to the altar when Sanctus is sung, and taken away after Holy Communion.
  313. These are caused by possibilities of exceeding common sense and allowance limits as results of acting under the creed.
  314. These are characteristics seen in animism (nature worship).
  315. These are clans that pledged their loyalty to the Imperial Family from long ago, and it is believed that the gods and soshin that those clans worshipped were syncretized, creating a divinity called Amatsuhikone (or, those gods were syncretized with Amatsuhikone).
  316. These are classified into the following three groups: the one which praises ONO no Komachi for her excellent waka poem; the one which deals with FUKAKUSA no SHOSHO's come-and-go in a hundred nights; the one which deals with ONO no Komachi who has become a beggar in her later years.
  317. These are collectively called 'Shijoryo' (also referred as Shizen).
  318. These are collectively called 'Shimushikijo' (four concentrations of the formless realm) and are followed by Kushidaijo (Nine Successive Stages of Concentration) and Hyakuhachi zanmai (one hundred eight kinds of samadhi).
  319. These are collectively called 'modernization heritage'; since 1993 they have become candidates for designation as important cultural properties in the 'buildings' section.
  320. These are commonly accepted theories, but in recent studies the theory of the Mori navy's major defeat is questioned because the Mori navy conducted an operation to deliver provisions to the besieged Miki-jo Castle on a massive scale in the next year.
  321. These are commonly seen in parks at weekends in South and Central America, and are often performed by nurses with formal qualification for additional income.
  322. These are commonly seen in parks or on streets in developing countries, and some barbers do business outdoors.
  323. These are considered as the routes that insects and rainwater may have passed through.
  324. These are considered to be the accounts specially preserved in Mandokoro and Monchujo, or official documents passed down in the officials' houses.
  325. These are considered to be the indexes of the establishment of Dynastic polity.
  326. These are considered to be the reasons behind the Hojo family's placing importance in defending its own country.
  327. These are construction heritages related to industrial, traffic and civil engineering works attributed to the modernization of Japan since the Meiji period.
  328. These are currently operated by the Mutual Aid Association of the House of Representatives, but in the future operators will be selected from the public.
  329. These are dances with the name of mai which are designated important Intangible Folk Cultural Properties and have a history from prior to the Muromachi period.
  330. These are derived from the 1,000 cherry trees that were planted in the shrine grounds by Emperor Kazan in the mid Heian period and the lavish festival held by Imperial order on the 10th day of the 4th month of 985 continues today as the Hirano Sakura-matsuri Festival.
  331. These are described below.
  332. These are described in "Heikoki" and there is also a description that he was delighted with the death of Tokifusa HOJO who was rensho (assistant to regents) as a curse of the Retired Emperor Gotoba, saying that 'Kanto begins to decline finally!' (in the section in February 25, 1240).
  333. These are devices used to alleviate the narrowness of the room as well as room design to provide it differences.
  334. These are different only in terms of the approach to counting, but the scope of the tale is no different from the present form of "The Tale of Genji."
  335. These are displayed consecutively seven times a year in feature exhibitions mainly of the collection possessed by the museum.
  336. These are displayed on the first annual festival of a baby, on the left and right of hinadan.
  337. These are distinguished simply because they play no role in Kujo no Shuho (official Mikkyo rites, 公請の修法) such as Goshichinichimishiho (annual Shingon prayer ritual), so that Yataku Juni-ryu does not include all the schools of Tomitsu Jiso (東密事相).
  338. These are divided into two main categories of the school of Kyuba-kojitsu (ancient practices of customs about archery and equestrianism) centered on the Yusoku-kojitsu and the other of Kyujutsu centered on shooting style.
  339. These are drums in which separated long strips of wood are tightened together to make a circular trunk.
  340. These are entrance halls connected to North and South driveway aprons.
  341. These are envelopes for putting shugi or bushigi in and are made of Japanese paper.
  342. These are euphemistic expressions hesitating to call the Emperor directly.
  343. These are exactly the issues of how to deal with the remains of Buddha's bones.
  344. These are explained in 'Yeasts developed by local municipalities,' 'Yeasts developed by colleges,' and 'Yeasts developed by companies and private institutes' in this section.
  345. These are features of the early period tumulus.
  346. These are five volumes in five books and kept at the National Diet Library.
  347. These are freely translated as 無量寿仏 or 無量光仏 and are regarded as the Buddha of light who shines forth in this dark world.
  348. These are from the steam locomotive No. 324, which had been conserved there.
  349. These are generally Japanese style wooden buildings but reinforced concrete structures are becoming increasingly common.
  350. These are halls adjacent to Shunju no ma Hall and are used as lounges for visitors.
  351. These are halls to be used as lounges for visitors and so on.
  352. These are important historical materials to know information on the Kofun period (tumulus period) around the fifth century.
  353. These are indoor activities (there are cases where recording and picture taking are prohibited).
  354. These are insects that are favored by adults for their sounds, liked by children, or are comparatively rare, such as suzumushi (bell crickets), long-horned grasshoppers (or Japanese katydids), Japanese rhinoceros beetles, stag beetles, mizukamakiri (Chinese water scorpions), and tagame (giant water bugs).
  355. These are known as abare-mikoshi (wild mikoshi).
  356. These are long metal chopsticks, and are thrust into the ash at a corner of the hibachi when they are not in use.
  357. These are made by steaming the manju-fu and pressing them into the shape of discs when soft.
  358. These are made in the Kaetsu district.
  359. These are magic words handed down for generations among people, and it is said that when chanting these words, you can avoid difficult things.
  360. These are many upland settlements and moat settlements are found around Kinai to northern Kyushu, Setouchi, Sanin, Hokuriku, Tokai region, and east in this period, and it is an established theory that these are evidence for the Wakoku War.
  361. These are meeting places for touring around Sanjokawaramachi-dori Street.
  362. These are most often seen in large scale Tenshu and the earliest ones were built with hiyoku irimoya hafu instead of oirimoya gables, neatening any distortions in irregular plane surfaces.
  363. These are mostly built simply and they are rarely large scale.
  364. These are names that imply that mud had become hard and plants came to be able to sprout and grow.
  365. These are not descriptions of railroad cars mainly used on other lines.
  366. These are not necessarily absolute Kegare, and differ in many cases depending on acts (e.g. it is alright to touch a certain animal, but eating it is prohibited, etc.)
  367. These are not shown on any map.
  368. These are not so-called detached land, but separate towns with different origin.
  369. These are not the so-called detached towns, but are individual towns that have different origins.
  370. These are not the so-called detached towns, but individual towns with different origins.
  371. These are now regarded as classical routines.
  372. These are oft-repeated reasons for the unlikely number of 30,000.
  373. These are pieces for the Japanese drum, performed by ZA ONDEKOZA for the first time.
  374. These are played by low- or middle-ranking actors who play the roles of nakai (waitress) or hokan (professional jester).
  375. These are poems in the form of question and answer with Emperor Tenmu, Nukata no Okimi, and FUJIWARA no Kamatari.
  376. These are poems to mourn and lament the death of a person.
  377. These are precious documents for the history of Japanese literature, as the oldest existing manuscripts of the second and third volumes of the Nihon Ryoiki, which was written in the late Heian period.
  378. These are precious teachings to be of the imperial court, and are meant to be a solid foundation to guide the people.'
  379. These are raw metal making processes called Heshi (removal process).
  380. These are reflected as current place names such as Sange, Kamiyashiki-cho, and Shimoyashiki-cho.
  381. These are related to the legend of Kuginuki Jizo described above.
  382. These are related to the main hall as it has survived numerous conflicts and is connected to the belief that Okame wards off evil and invites good luck.
  383. These are related to the word 'kushi' (strange), and are derived from the fact that the effects of alcohol were believed to be a 'kizui' (auspicious omen).
  384. These are remains of the fact that the original words of purification were meant to be chanted for the participants.
  385. These are reminiscent of the Edo period performance style, in which jidaimono (historic drama) and sewamono were always combined on the stage.
  386. These are said to be the first large-scale civil engineering projects in Japan.
  387. These are said to be the ‘real castles (castle towers)’as contrasted to those castle towers that have generally been reconstructed in modern times.
  388. These are shojin ryori dishes (vegetarian dishes), corresponding to the introduction of shojin ryori dishes, a ban on eating livestock and Japanese monkeys was issued several times.
  389. These are similar books in the periphery of koten shisho and, although we may call them heretical ancient historic book similar to koshi koden, it is unreasonable to include them in chokodai monjo or koshi koden.
  390. These are six-, eight-, 10- and 12-car trains of JR (West) Suburban Train Series 221 (model No.1000s and 2000s) and Series 223, model No. 6000s (Aboshi Trains). (both of them belong to the Aboshi General Rolling Stock Station.)
  391. These are skewered when used.
  392. These are socks made of white, red, and purple brocade.
  393. These are some of the opinions.
  394. These are sometimes regarded as an incarnation of ujigami (a guardian god or spirit of a particular place in the Shinto religion) in some provinces, or parade with a role of outrider leading mikoshi, and joyous events are held along the street for the purpose of entertaining mikoshi.
  395. These are taken from the classification of historical periods used in China
  396. These are the Okitsu-iwakura.
  397. These are the Shinto rituals or festivals performed to wish for a good harvest.
  398. These are the acts of purifying oneself, and at a shrine, in particular, they function as an informal purification ceremony.
  399. These are the conventional names, but after the River Act was proclaimed in April 1896 and implemented in June of the same year, only the name Katsura-gawa River has been used in administrative documents.
  400. These are the documents that all noh actors submitted to the Tokugawa Shogunate.
  401. These are the doubts caused by the far-fetched view that Sokei was the master of Shuunan Monastery.
  402. These are the examples of Haibutsu-kishaku.
  403. These are the first Japan-made train-cars running on a UIC specification railway line, and are operated mixed with TGV-based Eurostar train-cars on the HS1line.
  404. These are the four deities placed in the four corners of the Shumidan (a platform) of the Hokke-do Hall for protection; splendid illuminated patterns still remain on them, conveying the flamboyance of the Tenpyo era.
  405. These are the hereditary documents of the Kawashima family, an old family in Kawashima of Nishikyo-ku Ward, Kyoto City, and among them, a set containing 2,459 items is designated as Important Cultural Property.
  406. These are the ideas in an era when people lived without refrigerators.
  407. These are the instruments to easily make onigiri simply by filling cooked rice in them.
  408. These are the names used by the young Okuninushi.
  409. These are the names used in "Harima no Kuni Fudoki."
  410. These are the oldest authentic esoteric Buddhist sculptures in Japan; the eye-opening ceremony for these statues was held in 839, after Kukai's death (Shoku-nihonkoki), but the overall conception was Kukai's.
  411. These are the procedures to prevent the production of wheat gluten, which may prevent a crisp texture.
  412. These are the proof that both terms had been used from the beginning in Japan.
  413. These are the reasons that some people think the Omi-Ryo did not exist.
  414. These are the remains of warehouses, in which not only weapons of war but grains and so on were stored judging from the fact that carbonized grains of rice and so on were detected.
  415. These are the rules of the association.
  416. These are the same rules as used in Genpei Gassen, except for the rotation of the players.
  417. These are the seven generals.
  418. These are the three deities that appeared in the flames during the Ohitaki-sai festival held at the main sanctuary in 1950.
  419. These are the three teahouses.
  420. These are the towns in the mountain areas where no one was living when Yamashinacho Town was established in 1931.
  421. These are the twelve tones arranged at intervals of semitone, which is not a temperament, within an octave, using the principle of the sanfen sunyi.
  422. These are the well-known 'Haiku is humor. Haiku is a compliment. Haiku is improvised.'
  423. These are the words that appear often in "Senchaku Shu" as well as in "Kurodani Sho'nin Gotoroku."
  424. These are the works that are classified as 'monogatari' in the narrow definition to be mentioned later.
  425. These are thought to refer to Tenmu's child, Prince Otsu, and from other excavated mokkan, it is thought that these were from 681.
  426. These are tofu skin rolls stuffed with various ingredients including pork, shiitake mushrooms and carrots all cut to matchstick size and then cooked in the sauce made with oyster sauce and other seasonings.
  427. These are treated as a distinct genre of shomono, and are followed by later works which have, in fact, nothing to do with lectures.
  428. These are two groups of kabuki-derived routines.
  429. These are types of bean paste made by boiling azuki with sugar.
  430. These are used around Kyoto.
  431. These are used as a contrast to shoshinboku.
  432. These are used to beat the strings when playing stringed instruments, hammering on its strings such as yokin (Mideastern typical folk instrument, stringed instruments of zither family), dulcimers, and santurs.
  433. These are valuable as Kamakura period stone artifacts and have been nationally designated Important Cultural Properties.
  434. These are valuable resources to learn about funeral etiquette for a female family member of a local ruling family, and the epitaph, among others, is the oldest written resource found in Inaba Province.
  435. These are valued architecture from the Showa period and are designated as National Registered Cultural Properties.
  436. These are various explanations like these.
  437. These are what we call 'regional yose.'
  438. These are white porcelain style bowls made of paste covered with white clay and clear glaze.
  439. These are words bantering Japanese economic activities during the period of high economic growth to the bubble boom.
  440. These areas had developed the tatara iron-making method in ancient times, and it was widely thought that this meant that Susano established his rule over the iron-making group by slaying Yamata no Orochi.
  441. These areas have boasted extensive cultivation of wheat by introducing the two-crop system, and therefore Udon noodles have been recognized as a daily meal.
  442. These areas of afforestation remain as plum-blossom viewing spots and umeboshi production centers.
  443. These areas of land were secured to enable double tracks to be laid so that trains could pass between stations; however, because the areas of land that have not yet been secured are crowded with private houses and securing this land is proving difficult, complete double-tracking for the entire route has not yet been realized.
  444. These areas were designed to form a gentle slope to facilitate climbing.
  445. These areas where kosa originates are dry lands with an yearly amount of rain fall less than 500 mm or less than 100 mm in some places.
  446. These arise from the musical characteristics of jiuta.
  447. These aristocrats were the foundation of the samurais that emerged in history during the formation of the medieval period.
  448. These arrangements are derived from the tradition that Emperor Tenchi placed a rokoku in the shrine for the first time in Japan.
  449. These arrangements changed during the Kamakura and Muromachi periods, and the following description is seen in 'Daihajime-washo.'
  450. These art works have, since 1989, been considered to be government property instead of 'gyobutsu.'
  451. These articles are listed among the five kinds of Kenmotsu Cho (list of treasures dedicated to a temple) still in existence.
  452. These artists adopted many features of Japanese art.
  453. These attracted much attention after uncovering the remains of the place in which Nobunaga ODA lodged.
  454. These backgrounds have intensified competition for yeast development to the extent that there are fewer prefectures that do not have any municipally developed yeasts today.
  455. These bad debts were generated in the head office of the one-hundred and thirtieth bank, but Kyoto, Fukui, Moji and other branches also had much bad debts.
  456. These bad quality coins called "bitasen" accounted for a larger part of the currencies in circulation.
  457. These banner paintings of 39 scenic places along the Tokai-do Road were displayed in Yanagi-machi, Kofu.
  458. These basic Musubi are 'Simple knot' and 'Tight knot (reef knot/Kanamusubi).'
  459. These battles came to a deadlock, and especially on Gokurakuji-zaka Slope, Yoshisada's forces had a hard fight, symbolized by the death of Muneuji ODATE (cf. the article of "The Odate clan").
  460. These beads are arranged in the following order; 1 bead of Oyadama=>7 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>14 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>33 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Oyadama=>33 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>14 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>7 beads of Omodama, and they finally form the shape of a ring.
  461. These beads are arranged in the following order; 1 bead of Oyadama=>7 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>14 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>66 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>14 beads of Omodama=>1 bead of Shitendama=>7 beads of Omodama, and finally they are shaped as a ring.
  462. These became later oban (larger gold coins) and koban (smaller gold coins).
  463. These became shrines enshrining Ichikishima-hime and other gods during the separation of Buddhism and Shintoism in the Meiji period.
  464. These became very popular along with nogaku (the art of Noh) in the Muromachi period and called classics of medieval Japan.
  465. These behaviors and opinions are expected and demanded from one's social status, and are sometimes at odds with one's real feelings and desires.
  466. These beliefs are majoirty ones, and both beliefs share a common foundation that Chobo comes from the slang chobo, which means a dot.
  467. These bigger dotaku have two types: the Kinki type and the Sanen type.
  468. These bills were issued in the total amount of 48 million ryo (old Japanese currency).
  469. These bitasen coins were evaluated less than ordinary ones in payments, and it sometimes happened that these coins were not accepted.
  470. These biwas gradually became popular in the Edo period as songs derived from fights such as 'Kizakigahara gassen' were composed, and they spread through not only samurai but also townspeople.
  471. These blind priests belonged to their own guild and had a conflict with Todo-za, an organization of blind musicians of Heikyoku, from the Muromachi period to the Edo period.
  472. These boards are placed horizontally so that a board overlaps the adjacent board, and are fixed with bamboo pegs.
  473. These books are also well known for the fact that Mitsukuni TOKUGAWA borrowed them.
  474. These books are known as 'Fushimi-ban' or 'Enko-ji-ban', and the wooden printing blocks used at the time have been preserved.
  475. These books are respectively adapted from "Hsi-yu chi" (Journey to the West) and "Shui-hu chuan" (The Water Margin).
  476. These books are thought to carry the summary of what was observed and heard about people's lives in remote regions, but the details are uncertain.
  477. These books covered the detailed and specific instructions on how to cook, wrap, and decorate bentos intended for people who prepared for the Doll Festival or cherry blossom viewing.
  478. These books helped to make history recognized widely by samurai and the general public.
  479. These books influenced Matthew PERRY's visit to Japan.
  480. These books were taken as a basis.
  481. These box lunches are enjoying more variety than those sold in Taiwan, but less than Ekiben in Japan.
  482. These braided cord products had been one-of-a-kind handicrafts created by master craftsmen, but a braided cord machine for industrial use was imported from Barmen, Germany in 1882, making braided cord manufacturing an industry.
  483. These branch families of the Suzuki clan, maintained their semi-independent powers as repeating their stances, obedience or disobedience, surrounded by the potentials such as the Imagawa clan, the Matsudaira clan and the Oda clan.
  484. These brewing districts led to the background of the development of a major brewing district in Kamigata (Kyoto and Osaka area) which was later called Sessen junigo (the 12 sake brewing districts in Settsu Province and Izumi Province shipping for Edo).
  485. These brothers succeeded on merit through the conquering Rokuhara Tandai at The Genko War.
  486. These brothers were rather indifferent to their names.
  487. These buildings are being used for lectures, offices, and worship even at present.
  488. These buildings are connected by roofed corridors.
  489. These buildings are of simple style before hisashi (eaves or aisles) was developed, which consisted of only moya (the core of a building with only post and roof) of 3.6 m wide in a simple style without hisashi.
  490. These buildings are still currently used for lectures, offices, and worship services, etc.
  491. These buildings described above were called 'the three kakus in Kyoto.'
  492. These buildings differ from usual Japanese temple architecture in that they have been built in a late Ming Dynasty Chinese style and constructed from southern teakwood.
  493. These buildings have all been lost, and only the cornerstones remain.
  494. These buildings were built in Gi-yofu architecture (imitative Western-style architecture) style.
  495. These buildings were mainly used as residences.
  496. These buildings were roots of inge.
  497. These burial mounds appeared in the late 6th century, and if these findings are confirmed by more research, the history of Japanese cremation history may be more than 100 years older than previously thought.
  498. These burial mounds were constructed during the late Kofun period.
  499. These burned noted swords were quenched again by Yasutsugu ECHIZEN the first, many of which are in existence today.
  500. These buses are operated at 10-minute intervals in the daytime on Saturdays and Sundays (except on January 1).
  501. These butsudan around the country were greatly influenced by such blooming technologies of construction of temples and shrines in the Genroku era as were seen in Nikko Tosho-gu Shrines.
  502. These cache of weapons in the rural villages were almost completely eradicated under the Occupation policy by the General Headquarters of the Allied Powers (GHQ) which was carried out after the Empire of Japan accepted the Potsdam Declaration for the Pacific War and the Instrument of Surrender was signed.
  503. These calendars are classified as lunisolar.
  504. These can also be thought to be the names that each of the tribes called their respective 'kami' before the fusion of the kami.
  505. These carbon credits are traded in a unit of ton of carbon dioxide.
  506. These cards are not accepted for JR Central Shinkansen (except for EX-IC service, where the EX-IC card can be used in combination with cards for conventional lines such as Suica, ICOCA, TOICA and PiTaPa).
  507. These caricatures grew out because of that period and led to latter-day cartoons, but it is difficult to trace the beginning of 'criticism of authority with pictures' due to a lack of information.
  508. These cars "KuHa 103" introduced to the Keihanshin Local Line were virtually newly built cars, some of the air-conditioned cars mass-produced in the previous year for operation on Yamanote Line and Chuo Line Rapid Service.
  509. These cars were put into service after a timetable revision made on March 15, 2008.
  510. These carts were used in the city of Paris in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
  511. These cases intensified a rumor that 'nobody could return from Hibyoin alive.'
  512. These cases run counter to the actual historical development, since succession between brothers was replaced by father-to-son succession in a much later period.
  513. These cases set a precedent for both the hereditary succession of Jingi haku by the Shirakawa family and their being given the name "O" on their appointment as Jingi haku.
  514. These cases suggest that the family was very powerful in the Ogigayatsu Uesugi clan.
  515. These cases would be included in the category of daily accidents on regular railway lines rather than those on Shinkansen lines.
  516. These castles began to crumble as the ritsuryo system collapsed, and the castles were built in the age of samurai as military bases.
  517. These castles came from the Chinese concept of walled cities and were used as provincial capitals, but walls were replaced by fences because of poor castle wall construction technology.
  518. These castles were used in the western part of France and also built all over England after the Normal Conquest.
  519. These categories of 'Gods of Heaven and Earth' and 'Shakyamuni's Teachings' in the 20th volume (Zoka (Miscellaneous poems) volume six) appeared in the Imperial anthology for the first time.
  520. These cave wall paintings, produced using various kinds of colored soil pigments, taking advantage of the cave's concave-convex surfaces, seem to have played a certain role in ceremonies.
  521. These ceremonious actions of the wrestlers were called "Sanyaku Soroibumi."
  522. These certain individuals were gunji (district managers), wealthy farmers, and tato fumyo (cultivators/tax managers) who were descendants of Johei Tengyo kunkosha, samurais, family members of technical officers, and specialized in military arts as a family business.
  523. These changes are called Gosui (Tenjin Gosui) and when such changes occur, they stink with their body being covered in grime, they sweat from the underarms, they become less fond of the place where they reside and flowers on their heads wither.
  524. These changes have resulted in six town names that are prefixed by 'Nanzenji' and two others (Eikando-cho and Eikando-nishi-cho).
  525. These chapters are dominated by a strong influence of Buddhism and sense of uncertainty, and the character of Kaoru is irresolute and can't take the initiative in love, which makes a strong contrast with his rival Niou Miya and Genji in the first and second section.
  526. These chapters are sometimes called 'Katoku Setsuwa.'
  527. These characteristics are aimed at allowing the noodles to easily mix with the soup broth (in the Kansai region, soup broth is called Dashijiru) and the soup broth is easily to sip.
  528. These characteristics however do not always apply to all structures of shrine architecture, which also changes from time to time.
  529. These characteristics namely suggested the fact that only the ruling class could implement Suiko, as well as the ruling class could implement Suiko within the regions that they ruled.
  530. These characteristics of a daruma doll, such as 'standing up again' (okiagari) and 'stumbling seven imes but recovering eight' (nanakorobi-yaoki), gradually made it a lucky charm.
  531. These characteristics of the grave mound came together and led to the Kofun (tumulus) (such as large keyhole-shaped tomb mound) in a later period.
  532. These characters are referred to Daimoku of Go-ji Shichi-ji (literally, "the title (of the mantra) with five or seven kanji characters").
  533. These characters express the aroma produced at the first brew of tea.
  534. These characters were called "Katakamuna characters" from the location where they were enshrined and "Katakamuna Civilization" was advocated as the civilization in which the characters were used.
  535. These characters were ordered top to bottom, and left to right.
  536. These cheap and rough comic books were called akahon (a book for boys) due to heavy use of red ink.
  537. These cherry trees still remain as "Azumaosakura (Azumao's cherry trees)" in the forest on the opposite side of the Rokuen (deer garden) in the Kajima-jinja Shrine.
  538. These chicks are rarely sold nowadays probably due to the awareness of animal protection.
  539. These children were called warabe denjo.
  540. These children were treated as children born out of wedlock.
  541. These chipped stone axes were believed to be digging tools because there were other tools more suitable for felling such as mortar shaped ground stone ax or regularly curved ground stone ax.
  542. These circumstances enabled the school to maintain strong influence on Waki-kata in present days.
  543. These circumstances influenced his personal history.
  544. These circumstances inside the regent's house itself spurred the decline of the regency.
  545. These claims did not by any means have a small influences on the Sonno Joi Movement (the movement advocating reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners) and the policies of the government led by Saccho (the Satsuma and Choshu Domains) during the early Meiji period.
  546. These clans actively played roles of Hikitsukeshu (Coadjutors of the High Court) in the Kamakura bakufu and Bugyoshu (groups of magistrates) in the Muromachi bakufu.
  547. These clans were called Noto-Yoshimi and Musashi-Yoshimi.
  548. These coins minted by Hideyoshi were used solely as rewards or to cover military expenses, and it was only in the Edo period, with the issuance of the Kan-ei-tsuho that minting of coins for the purpose of circulation was resumed.
  549. These coins were called Kocho-Junisen (twelve coins of the Imperial Court).
  550. These coins were called as Shichusen (private coinage).
  551. These collections are now owned by Otani University and Kanagi-cho Museum of History.
  552. These collective names are also based on the evaluation of private schools during the period of the Meiji restoration, which was summarized by the Imperial Educational Society from the Taisho period to the early Showa period.
  553. These coming-of-age ceremonies managed by nominal parents still remain in some regions of Japan.
  554. These comments are quite severe and can be said to be almost backbiting.
  555. These common people were ruled and controlled by the Imperial Court namely Emperor, Empress, Imperial princes, and powerful families such as Omi and Muraji, and so forth.
  556. These communal bathhouses were mainly built in sightseeing and hot-spa areas where hot springs were located, and this architectural mannerism was adopted as an architectural style of the shrine-shaped sento established in Tokyo after the Great Kanto Earthquake.
  557. These companies are producing not only Ekiben but also convenience store box lunches or supermarket box lunches (box lunches sold at supermarkets) sold in their regions.
  558. These competitions are associated with Emperor Tenchi who wrote the poem that appears first in the poem collection, "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu" (The Ogura's Sequence of One Hundred Poems by One Hundred Poets).
  559. These complex cooking techniques and notion of foodstuffs exerted a large effect on many cooks, as well as cooking scholars, and contributed to the development of the overall field of cooking.
  560. These complicated systems that disappeared after the collapse of the Edo bakufu and were never passed over to the former daimyo families who later became kazoku (the noble class).
  561. These comprise Sangaikuji (three realms and nine levels).
  562. These conditions lasted until Yoshimitsu reached the age of 18 years old in 1375 (although it was not until the Koryaku Coup that direct administration of Yoshimitsu was instituted both nominally and virtually).
  563. These conditions ruined his health, eventually leading to his premature death on March 23, 1425.
  564. These conditions were far from what Japanese people were expecting, which are reparations of 5 billion yen, the transfer of the right for Liaodong Peninsula as well as the right of the railroad between Lushun and Harupin, the transfer of the entire land of Sakhalin and so on.
  565. These confinements were not always justifiable.
  566. These confiscated family members became kanko (slaves to public ministries).
  567. These conflicted with each other and Nobunaga and Hideyoshi had to suppress these sokoku ikki in order to achieve the unification of the country.
  568. These conflicts were brought about by severe competition for wealth between Zuryo who took responsibility in the local governance and tax collection and the wealthy farmer class who were gathering wealth.
  569. These containers are washed and discharged from homes as landfill waste, but it is possible to discharge unwashed things as combustible garbage under some local governments.
  570. These contributed to the achievements of Tokunai MOGAMI and Rinzo MAMIYA, who were from rural communities.
  571. These contributions led to the establishment of the first assembly (also referred as Shukai) in Japan which was earlier than that of the Meiji government and the religious policy by Kozui OTANI, the later 22nd hoshu.
  572. These controversies began in the late Edo period, when Hakuseki ARAI discussed the Yamato Province theory in 'Koshitsuwakumon' and offered the Yamato County in Chikugo Province theory in 'Gaikokunokoto shirabegaki.'
  573. These copies are called 'anbun' (案文).
  574. These cords are made of two pairs of cords twisted clockwise and anti-clockwise, and tied in a ninamusubi (a type of knot) like cords of women's hiogi (a sort of fan) and are suspended long.
  575. These correspond to 'monuments' defined in Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item (4) of the same Law.
  576. These correspond to Shijonawate City, Daito City, Higashiosaka City and Yao City in public administration.
  577. These councilors were internally selected and were 30 years of age, or older, taxpayers who paid a large amount of tax for their properties or their industrial or commercial businesses.
  578. These countries are facing a rapid increase in population and their future prospects are not bright.
  579. These cranes (tsuru) turned into 'Ozuru, Kozuru' (a big crane and a small crane), then corrupted to become 'Onzuro-konzuro.'
  580. These created a new trend of 'taking a bento home to eat.'
  581. These criticisms are found in his writings such as Kangyo Hachiman Sho (Buddhist Teachings) and Ongi Kuden Jo (Collection of Sermons).
  582. These cultivars are superior in eating quality, which Koshihikari and Sasanishiki are considered to have succeeded from original Kameno-o variety.
  583. These cultivators became serfs.
  584. These cultural properties are written as 'OO prefectural designated cultural property' or 'OO municipal designated cultural property' so as to distinguish them from the nationally designated cultural properties.
  585. These currencies were widely circulated, and in particular, Ginsatsu took an initiative for silver transaction by weight by acting as a substitute of silver coins whose value was determined by weight such as Chogin, which were decreased in circulation in the later Edo period.
  586. These curries can be considered as a kind of local curry that aims to revitalize each town.
  587. These customs originated out of the need to conceal from outsiders that people were living in the mountain.
  588. These cylindrical Haniwa had been changed not only placing on the ground but also burying their leg parts into the hole dug into the ground.
  589. These daikans actively performed several kannos and were honored as excellent daikans by the local people in various regions and the shrines which enshrine their honorable monuments or the daikans themselves have been carefully preserved until now.
  590. These dances have been handed down until today.
  591. These dankan were named 'Ishiyamagire' after the name of place where Hongan-ji Temple was located previously, and they are being possessed by museums and collectors across the nation in the form of hanging scroll etc.
  592. These dans can be mutually played in an ensemble (danawase, type of ensemble method).
  593. These dates were presumably recorded by Omi no miya, then Japanese central government, so there should be some discrepancies between the historical record and what Kurikuma no Okimi experienced in Tsukushi, far away from Omi no miya.
  594. These days Maedare is sometimes worn with western clothes, however, it was originally a work outfit designed to cover the bottom of a casual kimono.
  595. These days at a few establishments such as "Funasa Co. Ltd. of Asakusabashi" and "Yanagibashi Komatsuya," etc., the authentic hand made Tsukudani produced by skilled artisans is testament to the heritage of Japanese cuisine that has been handed on to this day.
  596. These days disaster prevention hoods with tough, fire resistant synthetic fiber are common and the colors are mainly bright orange-yellow.
  597. These days he is venerated as a god of literature.
  598. These days snacks such as Shandong jianbing and Tianjin jianbing which are prepared in a method similar to that of issen-yoshoku, are still made in China.
  599. These days some organizations in certain areas operate as cooperatives licensed by the prefecture.
  600. These days some regions discontinue Sagicho Festival due to the dioxin contamination issue.
  601. These days the Soto sect is known for its Mokusho Zen (a method of zazen, a state of thinking nothing) teachings, however Donei Eio practiced Kanwa Zen (meditation supplemented with Koan [small presentations of the nature of ultimate reality, usually presented as a paradox]) and is recognized as its originator.
  602. These days, "Sukeroku Yukari no Edozakura" is written as "助六由縁江戸桜" by substituting '由縁' for ' 所縁' for 'Yukari.'
  603. These days, Buddhist memorial services have been simplified, and after Tsuya, (all-night vigil over a body), funeral service, and Shonanoka, no services are held until Shijukunichi (the 48th day after the date of one's death) in general.
  604. These days, Kosode is used to indicate Nagagi of Wafuku.
  605. These days, as people cannot frequently gather and funeral halls are used as sites, Shonanoka (a memorial service on the sixth day after someone's death) which is supposed to be observed seven days later is in many cases observed just after the funeral on the same day.
  606. These days, as the yield of natural salmon roe is insufficient, an alternative artificial salmon roe made from salad oil and seaweed extract available.
  607. These days, because of the variety of beverages and the popularity of sugar-free drinks such as tea, the share of saida in the whole beverage market has decreased.
  608. These days, compartmental nokotsudo (called indoor cemeteries) have increased; in Tokyo there is a nine-storey nokotsudo, one of the largest in Japan.
  609. These days, due to the spread of bacteria and temperature changes, this way of pickling is rarely seen.
  610. These days, high-rise condominiums are being built around the Higashi-Maizuru station.
  611. These days, however, due to the recession such Ise ebi are distributed at a reasonable price as imperfect foodstuff.
  612. These days, however, due to the wide acceptance of animal fat as delicious food and improvement in preservation and transportation technologies, fresh and delicious Toro has become available, and people consider Toro as luxury food.
  613. These days, however, it is considered that the book itself did not exist.
  614. These days, however, there are businesses serving foods, selling box lunch, bread, and the like by cooking them in front of customers on the equipped automobiles at the fixed places where a lot of workers are being around but few restaurants and food shops are in the neighborhood.
  615. These days, however, there is a book that describes this form of Wafuku as 'Early Kosode.'
  616. These days, however, tinted sake is not necessarily less appreciated at a national tasting-party for new sake, and the number of sumi-ya workers has long since decreased as the value of filtration has been radically changed.
  617. These days, kanzashi are again attracting the attention of young Japanese women who want to add the elegant beauty of kanzashi to their ordinary western style clothing.
  618. These days, like in China, kanin are treated as a subject of artistic appreciation through various views such as calligraphy, antiquities, archaeology.
  619. These days, many jockeys use a spurt on the downward slope from the third corner to the fourth corner since the straight is even.
  620. These days, migration to foreign countries is not conducted as national policy and so is a group migration, since Japanese has become one of the world's top countries having great national powers.
  621. These days, more lead is contained in the glaze and the finished work is more brilliant.
  622. These days, nagajiban in full length of height, without lining, and with muso sleeves (a piece of cloth is used for the garment and lining of a sleeve) have been mainly used.
  623. These days, options of more attractive 'tinted products' and 'color free' health-oriented products become available at more and more stores.
  624. These days, people who die at home are decreasing and the ratio of people who die in hospitals is larger.
  625. These days, production of the tenobe somen has been widely mechanized.
  626. These days, scarlet hakama without machi dividers are generally worn by miko, but some shrines have adopted the traditional type having a machi.
  627. These days, small apples are also used.
  628. These days, soba made from the rutin rich buckwheat of Tatar is available on the menu.
  629. These days, soba packaged for single serving is available at supermarkets and convenience stores.
  630. These days, some Ekiben delicatessens offer the mail order services of Ekiben through the Internet and other methods.
  631. These days, some people assert that women were forced to do the labor of hand-sewing in wartime, but women had generally made and mended clothing in each household for herself and her families as part of their household chores before WWII.
  632. These days, sunoko bed, which is futon (Japanese quilted bedding) laid on sunoko, is seen.
  633. These days, tatami omote zori with insoles made of bulrush and resembling tatami mats are quite rare; they are only seen in kabuki or occasionally being worn by some men.
  634. These days, the dance is not necessarily held in 'the precincts of a shrine,' and mostly it is a non-religious event.
  635. These days, the former site of Edo-jo Castle in Tokyo is called Kokyo, which was formally called Kyujo (place where the Emperor lives) but the name was abolished after World War II.
  636. These days, the media refer to the the most common period, the middle of August, (3), as 'Obon,' so this use is taking hold nationwide.
  637. These days, the number of Japanese restaurants abroad has increased.
  638. These days, the story of Seikichi and his courtesan Izayoi is extracted and performed under the title of "Satomoyo Azami no Ironui."
  639. These days, the term 'Joryu-gidayu' (also meaning "female gidayu reciter") is typically used.
  640. These days, the term, Baikan, refers to gaining a government post by bribe.
  641. These days, the theory that Ninmon was a fictional person is widely accepted.
  642. These days, the tray is always attached to the base, and a separate tray is available for use aside from the sanbo.
  643. These days, the two stages are sometimes regarded as ranks to assess the material values.
  644. These days, trucks transport the pleasure boats through National Route 9.
  645. These days, while it still can mean 'hibachi,' it usually refers to 'koro.'
  646. These days, with its convenience recognized, professional athletes often enjoy soybean flour in various ways including mixing with milk.
  647. These days, young couples use this festival to assure their mutual love by floating lanterns together.
  648. These deals by Montblanc led to envoys from various countries having an audience with Emperor Meiji.
  649. These debates, however, activated the study of sect teachings and the revision and publication of sect code, and produced many achievements in Soto Sect.
  650. These deer are designated a Precious Natural Treasure of the State as wild deer, and anyone that hurt them or did them a mischief on purpose will be punished for the violation of the Law of the Protection of Cultural Properties.
  651. These deer have been left to wild breeding, and basically, have not gotten accustomed to be given food.
  652. These deities (excluding KIBI no Shoryo) are all the vengeful spirits of those who were killed in political conflicts, and this shrine was founded to comfort their anger.
  653. These deities are enshrined in various places, for example at both sides of a temple's entrance gate, nearby Honzon (principal image of Buddha) or around Butsudan (Buddhist altar) but in the case of Bishamonten and Benzaiten, they are often enshrined as Honzon and are the target of worship.
  654. These deities were introduced into India and became Asura, which was transliterated into 阿修羅 in China.
  655. These deprive oxide in the clay of oxygen, which is reduction, and turn into carbon dioxide and water.
  656. These descendants came to be known as the Fujinami family during the Edo period.
  657. These described observations about problems of Kirishitan-ban as part of the Christian study or linguistic study.
  658. These descriptions are almost the same with those in the "Kojiki," that goes 'making TAKENOUCHI no Sukune a minister, he appointed Kuni no miyatsuko for small and large provinces, and defined boundaries between provinces and designated Agatanushi (territorial ruler) for small and large territories.'
  659. These descriptions are widely known since the book prevailed among people during the Edo period.
  660. These descriptions connoted that not so many years had elapsed after Himiko's death and subsequent Iyo's success of the throne until Chang Cheng's arrival in Wa in 248.
  661. These descriptions have been brought into conversation with various conjectures and curiosity (Murasaki Shikibu was jealous of the talent of Sei Shonagon, etc.) up until recently.
  662. These descriptions of battles are very vivid and realistic.
  663. These descriptions of suffering were used in an ethics textbook before the Pacific War, together with the descriptions of his dedication to study in later years.
  664. These designs were designated at the ceremony of the enthronement of the Emperor Taisho.
  665. These desired forms of compensational practice were dependent on the various regions and diversification by each village even in the same regions.
  666. These detailed distinctions in shrine ranking did not cause much difference in actual treatment, and especially for Kankoku heisha, the significance of distinction between Kanpeisha and Kokuheisha was not clear.
  667. These developments caught the public's attention in 2004, in tandem with the "Proposal on Realization of the World's Most Advanced IT Nation" by the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)'s Special Mission Committee on the e-Japan Focused Plan.
  668. These developments led Nichiren and his followers to believe that his Rissho Ankoku-ron was a book of prophecy that predicted the future.
  669. These devices are so elaborate that readers can understand The Tale of Genji through only this book, and do not need to see other references.
  670. These dharma lights were temporarily extinguished when Nobunaga burned the temple, but they were relighted with a flame from Risshaku-ji Temple in Yamagata Prefecture that had been lit from them, and they continue burning to this day.
  671. These differences between the kubunden system in Japan and that in the Tang were follows:
  672. These different kinds of biwa are never played together.
  673. These difficulties in administration created the attitude toward acceptance of "Bankoku Koho."
  674. These difficulties of rebuilding shops contribute to the closing down of businesses.
  675. These diplomatic policies remained in place when the next envoy system, called kentoshi, began.
  676. These disasters proved to be a big ordeal for the field practice forest, but the construction of facilities and forest roads was promoted together with the work to restore the state of the forest.
  677. These disciples founded temples in the area of Hitachi, Shimotsuke and so on.
  678. These discourse of civilization vs. barbarianism as stated above involved not only Western Europe and Japan, but those regions discriminated by them.
  679. These dishes are usually called, for example, 'wafu steak' (Japanese-style steak).
  680. These dishes were probably named as such to mean 'Kyoto-style cuisine' based on the tendency of their tastes that match the image of dishes referred to as Kyo-ryori (local cuisine of Kyoto).
  681. These districts have attracted attention as a leading educational district in Kyoto City, suitable for raising children.
  682. These divisions were used to denote the boundaries of nobles mansions and government officials' residences, but there was no particular advantage or disadvantage as to whether the house directly faced a street.
  683. These documents are designated important cultural property as the 'documents related to Korin Ogata' (some are in the collection of the Osaka Municipal Museum of Art, and some maintained in the Agency for Cultural Affairs).
  684. These documents are interweaved into the body of the text, preceded by lines like 'today such a document as follows has been issued by a superior,' and the original documents are sometimes cited or reproduced in the records.
  685. These documents had been handed down at Kanchiin Temple, a sub temple of To-ji Temple, and they had been mixed with the 'To-ji Hyakugo Monjo Document,' but the research of this library separated them.
  686. These documents were sent to the agencies and Kokuga and became practically effective.
  687. These documents were submitted to the Osadamegaki Goyogakari in Hyojosho (conference chamber), and one complete collection was provided in the office and in Hyojosho.
  688. These domains were located on the route of the Edo bakufu's Choshu Expedition, so the disorder in these domains became a hindrance to the movement of the bakufu army.
  689. These dominant, right-related relationships were roughly divided into two types.
  690. These dormitories were called Daigaku-besso to distinguish them from the Monjoin which was a Jikiso of the Daigaku-ryo.
  691. These drafts later became the core creed of Hirata school.
  692. These dragoons were chosen from tondenhei.
  693. These drawbacks were exposed at the end of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI's time in power.
  694. These drums are collectively referred to as Saiyoko (waist drum contracted in the middle).
  695. These dumplings stuck on a stick represent human beings.
  696. These earthenware emerged in the Kibi region and spread to Mimasaka Province, Bizen Province, Bicchu Province and Bingo Province, where the earthenware matured mainly in Hirano in southern Bicchu.
  697. These economic problems mentioned above was related closely to the matter of consular jurisdiction.
  698. These edicts triggered 'Shinpuren no ran' in Kumamoto Prefecture on October 24, 1876, 'Akizuki no ran' in Fukuoka Prefecture on 27, and 'Hagi no ran' led by Issei MAEBARA in Yamaguchi Prefecture on 28.
  699. These eels were advertised on their website that 'chemicals such as antibiotics were hardly ever used,' and at the store, they were advertised as 'eels sold at CO-OP Sapporo are safe because these products are different from the eels picked up by the media.'
  700. These efforts by Uda resulted in a strong backlash which was not limited only to high-ranking aristocrats like Tokihira and the Dainagon (chief councilor of state) MINAMOTO no Hikaru (a court noble) but extended to middle- and lower-ranking nobles like FUJIWARA no Kiyotsura, FUJIWARA no Sugane, and Kiyoyuki MIYOSHI as well.
  701. These efforts made chanoyu lessons for the village headman, headman and merchants, and became popular across Japan.
  702. These efforts paid off and, in 1183, with the support of Yoshinaka, Moroie became a Regent taking up the post of Inner Minister, Chief of the To clan at the age of only 12.
  703. These efforts paid off in 1922 when the pre-war Ministry of Home Affairs designated 'Tsukigase Bairin' as its first National Site of Scenic Beauty along with Nara Park and Kenroku-en Garden.
  704. These eggs have become popular because those who do not like raw eggs can eat such cooked eggs, they can be served on a Western-style breakfast plate as well, also, it is easier for the servers to handle the eggs, and the name "hot-spa egg" brings an atmosphere of the hot spa.
  705. These eight towns belonged to Sakyo Ward which was created in 1929.
  706. These eighty-two towns have been reorganized into sixty-four towns through the following history.
  707. These ekirei are stored and displayed at the Treasure House of the Oki Family, located next to Tamawakasumikoto Jinja Shrine in Okinoshima-cho, Shimane Prefecture and are maintained by Mr. Oki, who is Guji (chief of those who serves shrine, controls festivals and general affairs) of this shrine and also a descendant of Okinokuni no miyatsuko.
  708. These elderly farmers were eager to make efforts to improve the conventional agriculture by holding Nodankai, or agricultural meetings, and other activities beyond the sphere of their residential area.
  709. These elementary schools became the first school district elementary schools under the National Education System of Japan (school system) introduced in 1872.
  710. These elements were completely different from the Roman-Greco art which was the foundation for painters until the 19th century.
  711. These elevators accommodate 20 passengers and support the use of a stretcher.
  712. These emaki created their own style, alternating the arrangement of pictures and uninterrupted texts of relevant captions, on paper materials where flowers and birds were designed and foils, thin and long strip, and fine powder of gold and silver were used for decoration.
  713. These emakimono also show the life or customs of the common people at that time through games, Shinto rituals, rites and festivals, and in Buddhist mass.
  714. These emakimono including "Yamai no soshi" were created in the latter half of the 12th century, and it is said to be created in the Imperial Court of Goshirakawa.
  715. These emakimono originated in the Insei period, and the emakimono is the first Japanese arts in which the life of people was described, therefore, it is revolutionary from this point of view.
  716. These endangered Kamigata rakugo.
  717. These engines are used for returning to the yard while carrying passengers on a limited express.
  718. These engines commonly operated as freight trains on the former JNR/JR Miyazu Line (the present day KTR Miyazu Line) and the Maizuruko Line, a line exclusively for freight transportation that connected Nishi-Maizuru Station with Maizuruko Station (formerly Umi-Maizuru Station) and ceased operating on March 14, 1985.
  719. These engines ran between Amino Station on the former JNR/JR Miyazu Line (present day KTR Miyazu Line) and Ayabe Station.
  720. These episodes were passed down as anecdotes showing that Yoshinori was sadistic and aimed to rule by terror.
  721. These evening parties, balls, and women's charity galas attracted public attention.
  722. These events are at the center of Yukio MISHIMA's novel "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion" and Tsutomu MIZUKAMI's novels "Goban-cho Yugiriro" and "Kinkaku enjo" (the burning of the Kinkaku-ji Temple).
  723. These events are considered to originate from Yumiire/Kyusha girei (shooting ceremony) of the Imperial court and bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  724. These events are together called the Genroku Ako Incident.
  725. These events became precedents, and Kogogushiki, Kotaigo gushiki, Taikotaigogushiki (Imperial Household Agency assigned to the household of Grand Empress Dowager), and Chugushiki were established to serve Empress, Empress Dowager, Grand Empress Dowager, and Kotaifujin respectively.
  726. These events essentially completed the formation of the Kamakura Bakufu.
  727. These events led Gessho to make the decision to take his own life, and he and Takamori attempted to drown themselves in Kinko-wan Bay.
  728. These events led to the beginning of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).
  729. These events played a political role in those days.
  730. These events resulted in the three nation Shaka statue becoming increasingly revered and Seiryo-ji Temple being referred to as 'Saga Shaka-do.'
  731. These events symbolize the death of the spirit of Japan itself.
  732. These events were discontinued in the third decade of the Showa period, but they were revived in 1986.
  733. These examples are also found in the Tohoku region of Japan prior to the seventh century.
  734. These examples are not necessarily reflective of modern knowledge and we can see from the name "sazareishi (pebble)" that, at least partially, it has been known since olden times.
  735. These examples imply that the enka music is not just for Japanese people any longer and is spreading worldwide.
  736. These examples show the weight of a naked sword.
  737. These excavations also discovered a kiln dating from the latter part of the Kofun period (tumulus period) that was used to fire sueki (unglazed ceramics).
  738. These exchanges are called Shiyo (gift, esp. to subordinates), and it is said that the clan who was given Kamon, for example, Hairyo-mon, was pleased as it was a great honor for the clan.
  739. These existing sections were written when TAIRA no Tomonobu was assigned as a lesser councilor of state after served as Hyobu shoyu (junior assistant minister of the Hyobusho Ministry of War) and Hyobu no Gon no Taifu (provisional senior assistant minister of Hyobusho Ministry of Military).
  740. These expressed the equality stressed by the renga parties.
  741. These expressions are used to describe the status and roles of the structures; however, not all of the currently used expressions have necessarily been used historically in these castles.
  742. These expressions that indicate the emperor is a deity are predominantly seen in Hitomaro's poems, although there are a few examples in the ballads in the Kojiki and the Nihonshoki among others.
  743. These faces were drawn on Onnamen (women's mask), Shonenmen (boy's mask), Seinenmen (man's mask) in Noh plays.
  744. These facial expressions were drawn with very fine lines and it is said that when they are copied out on thin papers, "facial expression will be changed if you miss your aim in a fraction of 1mm."
  745. These facilities had two significant elements; these were the first libraries in Japan to open for the general public and Ryoo served meals, such as porridge and accommodation for visitors who were poor or came from the long distances.
  746. These facilities, however, were persistent in being limited to temporary use or for finding shelter in emergencies.
  747. These factories had cases of violations at customs in Japan, and imports of their products into Japan had already been stopped.
  748. These factories promoted the formation of Zaibatsu (company syndicate) and became the core of the Japanese Industries.
  749. These factors became the weakness of the allied force.
  750. These factors caused people to refuse to go into military service, just like the old man described in Juyi BAI's "Shinpo Seppio" (old man with a broken arm in Shinpo), who broke his own arm in order to avoid his military service.
  751. These factors have led to criticism that government measures disregard patients, and there are also those who claim that actions of the divided government are resulting in adverse effects.
  752. These factors meant that, entering the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), furious battles occurred targeting the capture of this area.
  753. These factors provide negative effect on Ekiben sales within station precincts or on the train, forcing not a few Ekiben delicatessens to withdraw from Ekiben business.
  754. These facts are probably the basis of general belief that the Minamoto clan ruled the Togoku while the Taira clan had influence over the Saigoku.
  755. These facts indicate that Obiko lived from the late third century to early fourth century, a period that was one generation after the Emperor Suijin.
  756. These facts make it difficult to conclude that Sokan YAMAZAKI's residence was the predecessor of Myoki-an Temple.
  757. These facts prove that the Korean Dynasty was not able to use their authority of tax collection and kokyowa were under the control of the Soda clan instead of the So clan in around 1429.
  758. These facts show that 'sazae no tsuboyaki' turned from an easy seaside cuisine to a product sold in shops during the middle of the Edo period at the latest.
  759. These facts suggest that Hiraizumi was as strong an administrative city as a kokuga.
  760. These facts suggest that people probably were carrying ishisaji around their neck or waist by tying the string around it, and Yoshiya UENO positions it as a manifestation of individual ownership.
  761. These faiths are strong in the cultures of inland mountainous regions and a mountains with a terrain almost inaccessible for humans is indispensable for it to emerge.
  762. These families are called Shokubunke (occupational branch families).
  763. These families could no longer bear the burden of taxes and fled (fleeing families).
  764. These families dominated the major positions including that of regent, rensho (assistant to regent) and Rokuhara Tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto), and also provided many of the Hyojoshu (members of Council of State) and the Shugo (provincial constables).
  765. These families were considered to rank the highest in court noble society and were qualified to be promoted to act as a regent to the emperor.
  766. These family heads also had the title of Iwami no kami (governor of Iwami Province) and sometimes called themselves HATTORI Iwami no kami.
  767. These family lines or their heads are the highest authority on traditional Japanese arts.
  768. These family lines respectively accumulated practical disciplines such as 'karei' (family customs) and 'shoshi rei' (officials customs) and became highly specialized, and in the medieval period, they assumed certain job grades almost by heredity.
  769. These famous heartbreaking lines of Daihanji are the climax of the whole play.
  770. These fans are regarded by those visitors who can catch one as a valuable object that will bring good fortune.
  771. These faults may be unavoidable because the book was written by a person concerned.
  772. These features are close to Japanese people in the modern age.
  773. These features are commonly seen in the kondo-butsu statues (gilt bronze Buddhist statues of the Three Kingdoms period of the Korean Peninsula); it is highly likely that the hibutsu of Zenko-ji Temple came over to Japan from the peninsula in quite ancient times.
  774. These features have been highly evaluated, and the area was designated as one of the national preservation districts for groups of historic buildings.
  775. These features influenced Art Nouveau.
  776. These feelings and desires may sometimes differ from what are expected or demanded by one's social status, so that it often happens that honne is not expressed honestly.
  777. These festivals and rites take place in summer and fall in various regions mainly around Nara Prefecture, Osaka Prefecture and the eastern part of Hyogo Prefecture.
  778. These festivals are regarded to be of the utmost significance, held on a larger scale than annual festivals.
  779. These festivals were established in 1878 by putting together the deathdays of successive emperors and major Imperial family members to worship them in the spring and the autumn.
  780. These feuds were one factor why he joined the anti-Hosokawa side during the Onin War.
  781. These few years he took many jobs, including firefighter and cook, to support living and kugaku (paying one's own school expenses by working).
  782. These fields were called baiden (double fields) to prevent the same field from being used over consecutive years, and resultantly, a field of approx. 55.8 hectares were supplied to a pair of husband and wife.
  783. These fields were called donated-type shoen.
  784. These figures included Shichirobei Yukikage URAGAMI and Gorozaemon Kagetsugu URAGAMI who appeared in "Taiheiki" (Chronicle of Medieval Japan).
  785. These figures show the length represented by the unit of shaku (kane-jaku).
  786. These figures were spread in Egypt and Mesopotamia, and gave influenced the states of deities with wings such as an angel in Israel and Eros and Nike in Greece.
  787. These films are known for their appearances of Kenichi ENOMOTO while he was a bit-part actor.
  788. These films are not only popular in Japan but also overseas.
  789. These films had high reviews for being entertaining and full of action.
  790. These findings confirmed that the existence of Naniwa-kyo was almost certain.
  791. These findings revealed that there were no major changes in the overall design of hunting equipment for a long period of time.
  792. These findings show that dwellings in eastern Japan during the latter Yayoi period grew small in general, with no significant difference in size.
  793. These findings show that larger moat settlements functioned as a central foothold of politics and economy.
  794. These findings suggest that a large surrounding moat with 90 meters on a side may exist.
  795. These fine jars (pots) are the objects of appreciation of art, and were especially emphasized among the tea utensils during the Muromachi period.
  796. These first two sentences of Shichibutsu Tsukaige (Verse of the admonishment of the seven Buddha's) have the meaning 'Do not commit evil, do good deeds.'
  797. These fishes are considered to bear good luck and are used as ingredients in foods for happy events and celebrations.
  798. These five cavalrymen then appeared at Nishikido at the Shioya fortress entrance, guarded by TAIRA no Tadanori.
  799. These five deities are called 'Kotoamatsukami' and are special even among Amatsukami (gods of heaven).
  800. These five gods did not have certain sex, and they hide away without getting married and giving birth to children.
  801. These five kings are judged as the Emperors from Emperor Nintoku and Emperor Richu through Emperor Yuryaku (there are several theories about the judgment), and the theory which regards these five kings to be the ancestor of the Imperial Family is influential.
  802. These five kings, in return of the tribute, were taken into Sakuho system as 'Wakoku-o' by Chinese Dynasty, and it is estimated that this title was used diplomatically.
  803. These five kishi founded Kisei-sha.
  804. These five men were all meritorious vassals at the Jinshin War serving Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito, which suggests that the tale takes place in the early Nara period.
  805. These five pairs of gods were couples of male and female gods respectively, and in the following list, the left is a male god, and the right is a female god.
  806. These five parties and a group of councilors who belonged exclusively to the Dai Nihon Kyokai were regarded as the "Taigai Ko Roppa" (six hard-line foreign policies faction) or the "Ko Roppa" for short.
  807. These five queens are in the three degree of kinship, i.e., grandchildren of Emperor Taisho who was their direct ancestor.
  808. These five temples maintain pilgrims' lodgings near to the main hall of Ominesan-ji Temple, and these are used from the Toakeshiki ceremony on May 2 to the Tojima ceremony on September 22.
  809. These five town names are not seen in 'Announcement of the Election Committee.'
  810. These five towns are listed in 'Jurisdiction District Ordinance,' but 'Kadokawa' regards them as the names of abolished towns.
  811. These five towns belonged to Sakyo Ward which was created in 1929.
  812. These five young court nobles are as follows: Prince Ishizukuri, Prince Kurumamochi, Minister of the Right Abe no Miushi, Dainagon (chief councilor of state) OTOMO no Miyuki, and Chunagon (vice-councilor of state) ISONOKAMI no Maro.
  813. These flavors are called 'gomi.'
  814. These flowers are best viewed from late April to early May.
  815. These flowers in Naniwazu weren't out in the winter, but now in the spring they are in bloom (by Wani)
  816. These flutes are combined with percussion instruments such as a Japanese drums or bells, and are used to play the melody in 'matsuri-bayashi' (Japanese music), 'kagura' (sacred music and dancing performed at shrines), and 'shishimai' (lion dance).
  817. These folktales were made from the end of Heian period to the early Kamakura period and, though FUJIWARA no Minetada's entry in "Chuyu-ki," 'the late Yoshiie Chosin was a wealthy bushi who killed many innocent people.
  818. These folkways seem to originate in Izumo region.
  819. These foodstuffs are exported to various areas like Europe along with the rice produced in the United States.
  820. These forces were under the command of the Dazaifu (local government office in the Kyushu region)
  821. These foreigners would have a lasting influence on various fields, including industry, politics and academia, for generations thereafter.
  822. These forged writings becomes a problem when they were written by persons who were not related to the original writer.
  823. These form one type of Shimenawa rope which symbolizes a barrier warding off evil and misfortune.
  824. These former retainers of the Takeda clan made great contributions in the subsequent Tenshojingo War and the reorganization of the army.
  825. These four categories are eaten together.
  826. These four companies have very weak management bases, and because it is difficult to manage their business only with railway services, they are aiming for better profits with support from the government, such as funds for stable management, and by diversifying railway-related businesses.
  827. These four correspond to Fivefold Periods as Ton-kyo to the Period of Kegon-kyo, Zen-kyo to three periods of Agon-kyo, Hodo-kyo and Hannya-kyo, Himitsu-kyo and Fujo-kyo to a part of Kegon and Agon, Hodo and Hannya and neither Ton-kyo, Zen-kyo, Himitsu-kyo nor Fujo-kyo correspond to the Period of Hoke-Nehan-kyo.
  828. These four deities, collectively believed to be ujigami (tutelary gods) of the Fujiwara clan, are called Kasuga-no-kami.
  829. These four districts are also designated as National Preservation Districts for Important Traditional Buildings.
  830. These four feelings plus reflection are called a discipline of five feelings.
  831. These four instruments are called 'ohayashi' (Japanese orchestra) (hogaku-bayashi (orchestra of Japanese traditional music), nagauta (long epic song with shamisen accompaniment) bayashi).
  832. These four kinds of feedbacks are based on the function of 'reflection.'
  833. These four pairs consisted of male and female gods, and in the following list, the left is male god and the right is female god.
  834. These four tassels are made of twisted silk strings, and each of them is 2.3 m in length, 70 cm in thickness, and 25 kg in weight.
  835. These four teachings correspond to Fivefold Periods as Zo-kyo to Agon and Hodo, Tsu-kyo to Hodo and Hannya, Betsu-kyo to Kegon, Hodo and Hannya and En-kyo to Kegon, Hodo, Hannya and Hoke-Nehan respectively.
  836. These four towns are separated into three areas around JR Yamashina station.
  837. These frequent Kyukyo Incidents built antipathy toward Western Europe and Christianity and spread the loss of trust toward the bureaucracy and Kyoshin (those who worked under government officials), who were obliged to bow to the foreigners demands.
  838. These from the old era symbolize a pair of male and female.
  839. These frozen hamburger patties are widely used in present-day hamburger chain restaurants.
  840. These functions of the shugo during the Muromachi period were considerably different from those of the Kamakura period, which were limited to the military and law enforcement; accordingly, the shugo of the Muromachi period is called the shugo daimyo, being distinguished from the shugo of the Kamakura period.
  841. These fusuma are wooden doors which are made in the style of so-called Tofusuma door making, and a tassel that is used as a handle, is braided in agemaki-musubi (agemaki knot) and is hung down.
  842. These gakuso theater companies were called to Tokyo during the modern age and became the basis for the current Gakubu section of the Imperial Household Agency, but the tradition of each gakuso theater company has continued in each place.
  843. These gardens are bright and equipped with wide turf instead of wide water surfaces and have Western-style houses on them, and they are half Japanese style and half Western style, and it is said garden parties are taking place on occasion.
  844. These gardens are nationally designated Historic Sites and Places of Scenic Beauty.
  845. These gods did not have sex.
  846. These gods had another child, Ukano-mitama, who is also a grain god.
  847. These gods that came from Tokoyo (eternal night), Araburukami and their temporary images or the objects that represent these divine spirits were also described as so-called yokai.
  848. These gods were born from the impurity of hell, and are gods governing disasters.
  849. These gokenin or samurai as well as the samurai and commoners who bought or acquired their land became akuto (a villain during the middle ages), further advancing social change.
  850. These gokuin-gins are described in such literature as "Shokoku (various districts) Haifuki-gin Yose (collection)", and many of them are rarely found, but some of them are exhibited in the Mint Musium.
  851. These government-post-like Nanori which were created without any historical background and used in the samurai society were called Azuma Hyakkan, and were distinguished from the actual names of government positions.
  852. These grasses are mostly lowland weeds or the ones that grow in fields.
  853. These graves are called Fudekozuka, and there are over 3,350 graves confirmed to be Fudekozuka just in the Boso Penninsula.
  854. These great achievements were recognized and in 1678, he received the Hoin (the highest rank in the hierarchy of the Buddhist priesthood) position for the concurrent study of the three sects, the Tendai Sect, the Shingon Sect, and the Zen Sect, at the Choraku-ji Temple (Ota City) in the Joshu region.
  855. These groups of shinzos are said to have been created in the mid- to late-Heian period.
  856. These growing complaints became the background of the Jinshin War.
  857. These guardian gods were called the gods of chinju.
  858. These guilds were granted the privilege of exclusive rights to market and sell in exchange for payment to the Imperial Court, nobles, temples, and/or shrines.
  859. These guts are considered to be suited for clear soup, since they contain less fat than the part used for kabayaki (broiled eel).
  860. These gyobutsu are supervised by the Board of Chamberlains of the Imperial Household Agency; they are mainly kept in Yamazato Go-bunko (collection) at the Imperial Palace and in Higashiyama Go-bunko (collection) at Kyoto Imperial Palace.
  861. These halls are also known as "un-do" due to the presence of the monks, and also called "senbutsu-do" (lit. choosing Buddhism hall) after the fact that the practitioners have chosen a life of Buddhism.
  862. These halls are connected by roofed walkways.
  863. These halls are linked by covered passageways.
  864. These halls connected together with a corridor are often called "Ninai-do hall."
  865. These halls usually function as places in which monks practice Zazen and take their meals, although meals are sometimes take in a separate shoku-do (dining hall) in Rinzai Sect temples.
  866. These halos contain important information about the art of the Heian period.
  867. These hanchin operated both as setsudoshi (or danrenshi, bogyoshi and keiryakushi), which was a military post, and as kansatsushi, which was an administrative post.
  868. These hatamoto comprised traditional military organizations including koshogumi (page corps) and Oban.
  869. These have all been engraved with the names of gods such as 'Byakko Okami' (deity of albino fox) and 'Hakuryu Okami' (deity of white dragon).
  870. These have been discovered from tumuli in various places such as Fujinoki Tumulus.
  871. These have both been designated natural monuments by Kyoto City.
  872. These have long been regarded as priceless treasures of Shingon Buddhism.
  873. These have made it possible to implement forestry countermeasures and effective initiatives in locations that produce large quantities of pollen and in which there is a great effect on densely-populated areas.
  874. These have the effect of killing mosquitoes which come into contact with the net and remain effective for a period of five years.
  875. These have unearthed structural remains of a residence protected by a stone wall, small caves with rock arrangements, stone wells, terraces created by digging into the valley walls, and some foundation stones.
  876. These historical events were inscribed into the "Gwanggaeto Stele."
  877. These holes are called Me.
  878. These holes are made for lacing electric distribution cables for lanterns.
  879. These holes are used to discharge excrement, eggs and sperm as well as water inhaled into the mantle in the process of branchial respiration, and the number of the holes is always within a certain range as the oldest hole becomes clogged up as a new hole is created during the growth of the shell.
  880. These houses are considered to have been used for rituals and political affairs, or for daily life of the local leaders around the 4th century.
  881. These ideas are found in 'Juhobengakusyobon' of "Dainichi-kyo Sutra," one of two principle texts of Daiho (great traditions of Esoteric practices).
  882. These illustrate "Lantern Oiwa"in the Kabuki production of "Yotsuya Kaidan Ghost Story"in which a woman named Oiwa from Yotsuya is killed by Iemon, and her spirit attaches itself to a lantern and causes mysterious phenomena.
  883. These images are taken from a narrative about Zenzai Doji in the Chapter "Nyuhokkai-bon" of Kegon-kyo (Avatamska Sutra), who made a tour to visit fifty three zen-chishiki (a person who offers spiritual friendship and guidance to visitors).
  884. These images are unique among such works as a stroke suffered in his final years left the shape of his mouth distorted.
  885. These imitation coins were called shichusen coins (literally, the coins made privately).
  886. These imitations are sometimes sarcastically called 'Inaka Taikan' (Country Taikan).
  887. These immigrant street stall owners operate as delicatessens along side the vegetable and fish stores of the daily morning market.
  888. These impositions were collectively called the kuniyaku.
  889. These incidents also left the growing demand for the public operation of railroad companies, and resulted in the acquisition by Tokyo City in 1911.
  890. These incidents are recorded in "Azuma Kagami" (official history of the Kamakura bakufu) and "Gyokuyo" (diary of Kanezane KUJO, an inspector of documents for the emperor).
  891. These incidents showed that the public security of Edo was getting worse.
  892. These incidents were highly publicized nationwide.
  893. These incidents were precisely nothing other than a demonstration of his character as the leader of the samurai Minamoto clan.
  894. These include 'Lenin's Mausoleum' in Moscow, 'Chairman Mao Memorial Hall' (Zedong MAO) in Beijing, the 'Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum' in Hanoi, 'Kumsusan Memorial Palace' (Il-Sung KIM) in Pyongyang, etc.
  895. These include a gold Amida Nyorai statue and gold bodhisattva statues (all approximately 3 cm tall) which are extremely rare as they are not gold-plated bronze but made from highly pure gold.
  896. These include a plate for twelve units which means that the pasting of twelve homogeneous units forms a sheet of fusuma as well as a plate for ten units and a plate for five units.
  897. These include examples such as Inari-jinja Shrine, Sumiyoshi-jinja Shrine, Hachiman-jinja Shrine, Temman-gu Shrine and Niutsuhime-jinja Shrine.
  898. These include individuals such as the actress Momiji YAMAMURA who frequently features in 2 hours television drama series and members of the pop group Arashi (Johnny & Associates).
  899. These include many esteemed movie producers.
  900. These include the numbers created in Japan (Japanese music) imitating the above tunes.
  901. These include the precinct shrines in a same neighborhood.
  902. These include the three most scenic spots and three outstanding gardens in Japan.
  903. These include throwing stones as hunting tools or weapons, mill stone for flour milling or cooking, hammer or concave stone for cooking, grinding stone for polishing, and so on.
  904. These include, for example, solar and lunar eclipses, shooting stars, comets, (the appearance of) abnormal closeness between the moon and stars, or between planets, low-latitude auroras, halation and white rainbows.
  905. These included the use of gidayu called Takemoto, kerengei such as quick costume changes and realistic performance.
  906. These incomes played an important role for the Muromachi bakufu, which was unable to own land equivalent to Kantogobunkoku (provincial territories belonging to the Kamakura bakufu).
  907. These indicate that some moats were equipped with defending facilities and an opinion insisting that the function of the moat should be considered depending upon the region and period is very persuasive.
  908. These influences have resulted in him being featured as a samurai who has mastered the military arts or a great swordsman in recent simulation or action games.
  909. These influences of Japonism came to be commonly seen in all visual representation within Europe during the 20th century.
  910. These influential Shugo would often spend continuous stretches in Kyoto to serve the Shogunate, and when they were away from their fiefs, or controlling several provinces, a Kokujin was made a deputy of the Shugo, or Shugodai (deputy of Shugo, provincial constable) was chosen out of their direct vassals.
  911. These ingredients are dissolved in water, heated, then cooled after putting into a mold.
  912. These inmon and chu are limited in variation, but are combined in various ways.
  913. These institutions are exempt from paying Fixed Property Tax.
  914. These instruments are all air reed instruments that do not use a fipple (block).
  915. These instruments are very expensive, but there are less expensive ones (made of plastic) available for practice.
  916. These instruments can be used for measuring optical characteristics and the sizes of sand grains of kosa and others.
  917. These instruments can be used for measuring optical characteristics of kosa and others.
  918. These instruments can be used for measuring, the mass, densities and sand grain sizes of kosa and others.
  919. These instruments were relatively easy for Japanese amateurs to learn.
  920. These inventions of various shoji that divided internal space were a significant turning point which led to a change of living based on the definite separation between public and private matters (formal and private matters) in the Shinden-zukuri style residence.
  921. These islands are as follows in the order created.
  922. These islands were directly administered by Tokyo Prefecture because they had a small population and because people from Europe and America lived in Ogasawara Islands, and towns and villages were not set until much later.
  923. These issues are memorized and recited by kataribe (a reciter) of the imperial court, and Kataribe was accustomed to recite them in mogari no saigi (funereal ceremony) at an imperial funeral for an emperor.
  924. These items were not consumed in everyday life.
  925. These jinpo items were replaced by the new ones at occasions such as shikinen sengu (transfer of a deity to a new shrine building once in a prescribed number of years), when the shrine building was renewed.
  926. These kakejiku are mounted paintings such as Buddhist images including 'Gohonzon' (the main object of devotion) and 'wakiji' (the objects of devotion standing on the right and left sides of the 'gohonzon') of religious schools, and words such as 'myogo' (the name of Buddha) or 'homyo' (a posthumous name).
  927. These kakejiku mentioned above are called 'toko gake,' because they are hung in the tokonoma alcove.
  928. These kami (with the exception of KIBI no Makibi) all lost their lives in political struggles and this shrine was constructed in order to comfort their vengeful spirits.
  929. These kami are deeply connected to the house but different to those enshrined in shrines within the home and are generally not enshrined inside the house itself.
  930. These kanga (government office) buildings were neatly situated within the area surrounded by tsuijibei (a mud wall with a roof) and hottate bashira bei (a wall with pillars embedded directly in the ground).
  931. These kannabi sites then became connected to iwakura (dwelling place of a god, usually in reference to a large rock), iwasaka (area where a god sits) and himorogi (a sacred space or altar that is set up temporarily and used as a place of worship).
  932. These kazoku were called "Kakusin kazoku," and they formed an influential group inthe politics of the early Showa era.
  933. These kind of cakes began to be sold near the Kanda (Chiyoda Ward) of Edo, 'Imagawa-bashi Bridge' during 1772 and 1780 in the mid-Edo period, and the name of imagawa-yaki originates from this time.
  934. These kinds of documents are called 'shihai monjo' (紙背文書, old documents written on the reverse sides of others).
  935. These kinds of mochi which are produced using grain powder is flavored mainly by sweetness, and sometimes salty flavor is added (some of them are very salty).
  936. These land ownerships by serfs is called villain tenure.
  937. These land stewards were called "part-time stewards" ("kakemochi jito" in Japanese).
  938. These land surveys were called "kenchi."
  939. These lands yielded higher output compared to their nominal value, and at a higher rate than other parts of the domain, leaving the Omi-Miyagawa Domain the burden to fulfill its tax duty with the lower yield lands left with them.
  940. These landslides continue to this day (2009).
  941. These large manufacturers import and sell wines produced by overseas manufacturers, and produce and sell wines using imported concentrated juices and imported bulk wine or wines produced in their own winery.
  942. These laws concentrated the power to hoshu which was succeeded by the direct lineage called 'Shinran no michi no michi' (literally, the way of Shinran's blood) and established the superiority of renshi and ichimon which acted as guarding walls.
  943. These led to Nada gogo (five sake-brewing district in Nada) in the latter part of the Edo period.
  944. These led to the formation of the enlightment school at the heart of the domain.
  945. These legal proceedings have been taken against a certain person who made an illegal registration of the trademark and illegally designated him/herself as 'Soke.'
  946. These legends are also the base that Ioto no miya is known as a place associated with Momotaro.
  947. These legends have been collected and reorganized in various forms, such as the storybook "Tamurazoshi", the Noh song "Tamura" and the Joruri (narrative ballad) "Tamura Sandaiki (story about the three generations of the Tamura family)."
  948. These letters are represented by the writing in "Manyoshu," and therefore they are called in this way.
  949. These letters of Rennyo are called 'Gobunsho' by the Hongan-ji sect of the Jodo Shinshu school, 'Ofumi' by the Otani sect of the Shinshu school, and 'Gokansho' by the Kosho sect of the Shinshu school.
  950. These letters were handed to the Emperor through the Nakatsukasasho (Ministry of Central Affairs) and Daijokan, the highest organ of state affairs had no involvement.
  951. These licenses symbolized certain ranks and official posts.
  952. These limited express trains run at 120 km/h between Tottori Station and Izumoshi Station and at 110 km/h between Izumoshi Station and Masuda Station.
  953. These lineages adopted the standard form of 17 letters in each line.
  954. These lines formerly had distance-based fares (180 yen, 210 yen and 230 yen), but along with the participation in the KANSAI THRU PASS they adopted a flat-fare system on July 1, 2002, so that the processing of a card is performed only once, as the passenger leaves the train.
  955. These lines were called 'Yakuharai' (seven-five passages in a special lilting rhythm) and at the end of Edo period, Mokuami made them more sophisticated in Kyogen plays such as 'Kirare Otomi' (Scarface Otomi) and 'Benten Kozo' (Benten the Thief).
  956. These lines were tough competitors in terms of car quality as well.
  957. These linked-verse poets' pilgrimage to many lands contributed to the spread of culture among daimyo, samurai, and ordinary people.
  958. These literary works showed that Confucius carried a Kin when traveling around the country and sang to its accompaniment, and that his disciples such as Shiyu and Gankai also used it habitually.
  959. These lithic flakes are called flint blade, which are secondarily processed into a variety of stone tools.
  960. These loads were borne by local lords themselves, and as necessary, they also demanded peasants to share the burden.
  961. These local kingdoms, along with counterparts of Hokuriku region (Koshi Province), Sanin region (Inaba Province and Izumo Province), Northern Kyushu (Tsukushi Province and Matsura Kingdom), had great influence throughout the Japan Sea side of Japan.
  962. These local lords who imposed statute labor were also bearers of kuji imposed by lords of the manor or kokuga.
  963. These local ruling classes wielded substantial political power.
  964. These look similar to the semi-cascade, except for the position of the ends of the branches.
  965. These lords of the manor at the top of the ownership chain were called honke.
  966. These lower-class samurai were called harakatashu.
  967. These lyrics are used in the kagura.
  968. These magemono went into a decline over time and replaced by 'oke' in 'yuioke' and 'ishigaki' in 'izutsu,' but they were used as lunchboxes, trays, and bowls for confectionary, flower arrangement and tea ceremonies, and are still produced in quite a volume today.
  969. These main armed forces saw and fought about 300 Emishi force forward in an area where the residence of Aterui was located.
  970. These mainly include the following:
  971. These maneki-neko are referred to as "dollar cats," "welcome cats" or "lucky cats."
  972. These manuscripts need to be treated carefully because they contain incorrect information and bibliographic errors (manuscripts and bibliography).
  973. These many Buddha include Amida Nyorai (Amitabha Tathagata) in the Western Pure Land and Yakushi Nyorai (the Healing Buddha) in the Eastern Pure Land.
  974. These many reports from Noriyori were appraised as evidence of his loyalty to Yoritomo, but Yoshitsune, on the other hand, was considered to be the opposite of Noriyori.
  975. These marine products were caught in the inner bay areas and nets with earthenware sinkers were used.
  976. These marriages were presumably intended to strengthen the blood of collateral line by the blood of empresses in a direct line from the Imperial family.
  977. These materials described that in 760, a monk, Hoon, founded Kojimasan-dera Temple 'near Kojima Shrine' in Takaichi-gun Yamoto no kuni (Yamato Province) by order from the Emperor Koken.
  978. These matters show that this temple had already become a famous Kannon Pilgrimage stop in the mid Heian period.
  979. These matters suggest the wide definition of 'monogatari.'
  980. These matters support the theory that this incident was triggered by a scheme plotted by the Emperor Ninmyo or TACHIBANA no Kachiko to expel the then crown prince.
  981. These may also be referred to as simply 'in.'
  982. These measure approximately 166 - 167 centimeters in height.
  983. These measures and policies were considered ideal in later times, and the then-policy was called Engi no chi (glorious Engi rule).
  984. These measures include the nucleus ones such as automatic train control (ATC), as well as more meticulous measures such as platforms doors, etc.
  985. These measures were accepted favorably by fudai daimyo (a daimyo in hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family) and bakufu hatamoto (direct retainers of the bakufu) who were afraid that the retainers close to the shogun might hold political power.
  986. These measures were in response to the discontent felt by many warriors toward the policies, which heavily favored the nobility, enacted by Yoshimitsu in his final years.
  987. These measures were partly conducted under the powerful daimyo in the Sengoku period.
  988. These measures were revealed in Jimoku and since the shosho or senmei (an imperial edict) which were the official commands of the emperor, were distributed, Emperor Takakura was already under control of Kiyomori.
  989. These measures were taken in accordance with a request made by Yoritomo, and Yorimori recommended that FUJIWARA no Saneaki be appointed to the post of Harima no kami (the governor of Harima Province) and Mitumori to the post of Bizen no kami (the governor of Bizen Province).
  990. These measures were taken since women were obliged to grow their hair long.
  991. These measures were taken under the wishes of Takauji, who wanted to extract concessions from Godaigo and have him cooperate with Takauji's new government, but Godaigo refused any compromises and immediately escaped Kyoto to establish his own imperial court in Yoshino.
  992. These measures were to clearly define the relation of land holding and to deprive the citizens other than samurai of the right to bear arms.
  993. These members study and work on the preservation of regional history, cultural heritage, and nature, as well as being engaged in human resource development in these fields.
  994. These meritorious deeds led to Chogen being granted the title Daiosho (great preceptor).
  995. These metal pieces are stacked on the tip of a forging tool called 'Teko', and wrapped in Japanese paper.
  996. These methods developed alongside the brewing of "sobo-shu"(sake brewed in major temples) at the end of the Middle Ages.
  997. These methods of expression have been often seen in classical literature, though it was lost due to the Westernization influence during the Meiji period.
  998. These military alliances, formed through the efforts of Shintaro and Ryoma, led to the opportunity to reform the old military system in Tosa clan, allowing Tosa to become a major power, one equivalent to Satsuma, Choshu and Hizen during the Boshin War.
  999. These mind games make it difficult to distinguish "mitate-e" from the usual fuzoku-ga (paintings depicting customs), and is a characteristic feature of the "mitate-e."
  1000. These mini-Shinkansen lines are not formal Shinkansen lines legally as well as from the viewpoint of equipment, and basically are regular railway lines (these lines are called Shinkansen for convenience and for an image strategy for them).

380001 ~ 381000

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