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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. This may be because gravel municipal roads which made up more than 90% were rapidly asphalted taking advantage of the Tokyo Olympic Games.
  2. This may be because they were under the influence of Kongo rikishi (a guardian deity of Buddhism) and the A-un style had already become the norm by the end of the Heian era.
  3. This may be called 'Ozashiki-Tempura (tempura is cooked directly by the eaters in a room.)'
  4. This may be deeply related to the water transportation system using the Katsura-gawa River.
  5. This may be eaten with the yolk of an egg.
  6. This may be extra information, but it is said that it made steady rhythms in order to keep people awake.
  7. This may be from the phonetic equivalent, the sound of green bamboo trunks burst in the fire.
  8. This may be seen at some Oden shops/restaurants.
  9. This may be the reason Yamasachihiko, who was quite similar to Urashima, was also given green jadeite by the god of the sea in the story.
  10. This may be the reason why some shrines in the vicinity of Taiseki-ji Temple in Fujinomiya City Shizuoka Prefecture enshrine the Honson of Nichiren Shoshu as their sacred body.
  11. This may because there were many people who came from the regions where the name of omusubi was dominant, such as Hiroshima.
  12. This may come from fear of the ancient Japanese against foreigners, since they feature 'blond hair and blue eyes.'
  13. This may have accelerated competition among the merchants.
  14. This may have been due to Munemori's mental weakness; however, it is also thought that another reason could be the difficult position in which he was placed in the conflict between Kiyomori and Goshirakawa.
  15. This may have been the reason he was given only an additional 2,000 koku in rice in Kozuke Province in the conferral of awards after the war.
  16. This may have caused Dewi Skarno and Kenichi Mikawa to dislike her.
  17. This may have caused political confrontation with Konchiin Suden, an adviser to Ieyasu TOKUGAWA and a resident of Nanzen-ji Temple, and led him to be banished.
  18. This may have had an influence when Nairaki was placed on probation.
  19. This may imply that there was contention for iron between indigenous and foreign people.
  20. This may indicate that Kenshin had the vision of "justice" at the background.
  21. This may not be regarded as green tea.
  22. This may perhaps have resulted from the yearly availability of cabbage or regional tastes of spicy or non-spicy sauce.
  23. This may ruin the country more than anything else.'
  24. This may suggest that the stone chambers were used for worship as the inner shrine of Kumano-jinja Shrine when they were open to the public.
  25. This meal style spread among ordinary people.
  26. This means 'Our longevity is determined by fate.
  27. This means Nobunaga was deprived of his hard-earned Echizen by the Ikko sect.
  28. This means Shakamuni-seson, who has an immeasurably long life (無量長寿) in Nyorai Juryo Hon No. 16 of the Hoke-kyo sutra.
  29. This means Takatsuna eventually succeeded to the head of the Anegakoji family, but there is no record stating his younger brother Takatsuna, his eldest son Hidetsuna, or his second son Kiyotaka succeeded to the head of the family.
  30. This means a family member belong to an Ie will go independent and create a new Ie based on his/her intention.
  31. This means a single ronin provided guarantee to the Alliance forged between the giant clans, from which we can see how Ryoma gained trust.
  32. This means an 80 minute interval for combining those two routes.
  33. This means it is the most famous after Echizen and not only torinoko, but also five-colored paper and kumo-gami are made in Najio.
  34. This means making people laugh by making a funny face.
  35. This means one must refrain from climbing.
  36. This means oumonoyumi.
  37. This means practicing something regardless of anything else.
  38. This means praying for the protection from gods by calming their minds.
  39. This means shoes made of silk threads.
  40. This means someone who has a relationship with an abolished Ie or/and an ended Ie(廃家・絶家) will be a head of the family to revive the Ie.
  41. This means that 'human exhibition' is a way where viewers see the 'real' lifestyles that are different from theirs to 'discover' the differences between them, and to interpret it as 'inferiority'.
  42. This means that 1 cho is approximately 0.9917 hectares (9917 square meters) and 1 square meter is approximately 100.83 cho.
  43. This means that Chiyo was disowned from the Hosokawa family but not divorced by Tadataka.
  44. This means that Karahime should have given birth to the princess before getting married to the Emperor.
  45. This means that Nagasaki residents called a pot from China "chanko (China or Chinese) nabe (pot)" and then sumo wrestler on tour in Nagasaki might have called a dish made with the pot "chankonabe."
  46. This means that Sadayasu, who was initially on the side of the Bakufu (the Northern Court), was on the side of the Imperial Court (the Southern Court) by this time.
  47. This means that Yoshikiyo named the present Fukushima Prefecture.
  48. This means that a provision which had been incidental became independent.
  49. This means that another building had already existed on the site before Hoki-ji Temple was established.
  50. This means that blenders in Japan have quite limited choices to produce their own products.
  51. This means that both fencers have an effective hit or strike at the same time during a game.
  52. This means that considerable costs are involved in the manufacture of kijoshu sake.
  53. This means that death in battle, in other words being killed in action (or being executed by the enemy) is not what it takes to be eirei.
  54. This means that during the Sengoku period when the battles were conducted continuously, Sengoku daimyo wanted to mobilize their strongest warriors to politically and militarily important places anytime, swiftly and over the long term.
  55. This means that even though enlightenment can't be explained in words since it transcends language and thought, in order to answer people's wish to be taught an explanation is made for this unexplainable enlightenment.
  56. This means that he kept important positions both in the bakufu and the imperial court at that time.
  57. This means that heavy foods or staple foods such as steamed rice, bread and noodles are unfit for sakana.
  58. This means that how well the mokoku is conducted directly depends on skills of those who copy and engrave characters.
  59. This means that if sentence was given before the plaintiff dropped the lawsuit, the private wayo was deemed invalid.
  60. This means that it is 'a matsuri' containing a spirit of modesty for 'Mikoto' whose essence existed in the Imperial Household Shinto although many of Sai no kami (guardian deity) in the Shrine Shinto were humanized divinities.
  61. This means that jishi in the medieval periods was abolished.
  62. This means that land forms and rocks of nature request the form of garden, and there is a unique Japanese view of nature in the idea that nature makes requests to humans.
  63. This means that once failed and disgusted, they become uselessly careful ('Atsumono ni koritarumono, ae wo fuku' (Those who were disgusted with a hot soup blow a marinated food or sashimi) means the same).
  64. This means that people during the Nara period regarded Emperor Yuryaku as a special Emperor.
  65. This means that sake is a little clouded and the colors are unclear.
  66. This means that the Bakufu had far more knowledge about politics and the global situation than what people today imagine when they think of the Bakufu.
  67. This means that the Emperor Tenchi ordered the writing of the code to include reference to courtesy.
  68. This means that the Hindu custom of setting evil deities as guardians and Goho zenjin (good deities protecting dharma) after such evil deities became believers of Buddhism was also conducted in the same manner in the Japanese environment.
  69. This means that the Kira and the Imaga clans were allowed to succeed the family estate of the head family of Ashikaga, if the lineage of the Ashikaga Shogunate family died out.
  70. This means that the Matsunaga clan is descended from the Ki clan, but the warlords of the Matsunaga clan referred to themselves as being descended from the Fujiwara clan or the Genji (Gen clan).
  71. This means that the Minamoto clan side attacked the Taira clan from three directions, one of them being Yukitsuna TADA's troops and not Yoshisada YASUDA's troops.
  72. This means that the Regent, FUJIWARA no Yorimichi, was Asatada's great-grandson and Emperors Goichijo and Gosuzaku were his great-great grandsons (grandsons of his grandson).
  73. This means that the Yata no Kagami was a round mirror forty-six centimeters in diameter.
  74. This means that the believers of kakushi nenbutsu depend on zen chishiki (an earthly savior), not on Amitabha Tathagata, which is the very reason that the organization of the Hongan-ji school of Jodo Shinshu severely excludes kakushi nenbutsu as a heresy.
  75. This means that the conferring was made only for the imperial princes who were appropriate, when the capability and achievement as a 'patriarch of a head family' were expected.
  76. This means that the first company that used the denomination 'Romance Car' for its train was not Odakyu Electric Railway but in fact Keihan Electric Railway.
  77. This means that the main mission of these envoys was to bring back to Korea the Confucians and potters who had been brought to Japan during the war.
  78. This means that the military system did not allow cavalry units to be formed by cavalrymen alone.
  79. This means that the mounted warriors accounted for only 10 percent.
  80. This means that the position of chiten was succeeded to Kameyama over Gofukakusa.
  81. This means that the structure consists of 33 ken (lengthwise bays), surrounded by eaves on all 4 sides.
  82. This means that the warrior class emerged as a leading figure not only in politics and economy, but also in the field of culture.
  83. This means that the way of writing proper nouns borrowing the sound of Chinese characters had been established at least by the fifth century.
  84. This means that there is a governing system, which has a foundations of the state in the certain area and on the people living the area, and its sovereignty is exclusively established in the area and it must be independent from the interference by other countries (noninterference in internal affairs).
  85. This means that there is no record to confirm that Yoshitsune was excluded from the mission to pursue the Taira clan.
  86. This means that there is no way of determining whether the real objects are present or not.
  87. This means that there was a Shoen (manor in medieval Japan) which Nobumichi and his family possessed in Hitachi Province.
  88. This means that there was no more diplomatic meaning of the transition of Buddhism against Liang by Baekje as mentioned above, so that the theory of 552 by Shoki seems to have a problem.
  89. This means that these theories cannot lead to anything that confirms the existence of Takanori KOJIMA who appears in "Taiheiki."
  90. This means that until the 18th century, the Satoyamas in the Japanese archipelago had undergone constant over forestation (please refer to the section 'Hageyama' (treeless hill)), and Satoyama had not been used in a 'sustainable' manner.
  91. This means that, even 500 years before discovery of the pasteurizing temperature in 1862 by Louis Pasteur, who is called the father of bacteriology in the West, it was generally conducted in sake brewing in Japan.
  92. This means that, since the war, there are no eirei at Yasukuni-jinja Shrine because the object to be publicly honored does not exist there.
  93. This means the following:
  94. This means the lands of Buddha indicate the adobe of Buddha and all edificatory worlds.
  95. This means the roads were made after the temple was built.
  96. This means the varieties that are classified as jozoyo genmai, as used in the official statistics under the Agricultural Products Standards Rule (Agricultural Products Inspection Law), but it has come to be distinguished from general-purpose rice.
  97. This means there is no effect.
  98. This means varieties of sakamai that are developed by municipal experimental and research institutions such as agricultural experiment stations and brewing laboratories, so that the natural conditions of each prefecture--such as climate and soil quality--can be fully utilized.
  99. This means varieties of sakamai that have been developed by the agricultural experiment stations under the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan.
  100. This means visualization of Amida Nyorai (Amitabha Tathagata) within one's mind.
  101. This means, 'I wonder to go to summer fields for a pastime as a soul.'
  102. This means, 'when you move, you do so fast like wind; when you stop, you do so quietly like forest; when you attack, you do so like fire; when you hide, you do so like darkness; when you defend, you do so like a mountain; when you appear, you do so suddenly like a thunder.'
  103. This means, all the courtesans want to kiss Sukeroku indirectly.
  104. This means, if it is true, that part of this structure used older lumber than that used for constructing the temple buildings of Horyu-ji Temple Sai-in.
  105. This means, the existence of Nigihayahi implies many important subjects.
  106. This means, the name of issuing authority was described.
  107. This meant a complete defeat of the Gojo family by the Yoshida Tsukasa family in the world of sumo wrestling.
  108. This meant actual revaluation of currency and at the same time, it became established as a favorable system for merchant princes who handled a great number of copper coins.
  109. This meant an abnormal state in which the two hostile camps took up their respective positions within the premises of Todai-ji Temple, a great prestigious temple since the Nara period, and confronted each other.
  110. This meant giving Tadahiko the position title of a retainer of miyake (house of an imperial prince), and reportedly it was done to provide convenience to Tadahiko when he visited temples and shrines and old families in various places for collection of historical materials.
  111. This meant that Emperor Kazan was left without any powerful guardians other than FUJIWARA no Yoshichika, his young uncle, and was forced to abdicate after a reign of only two years.
  112. This meant that Yoshinobu continued to have practical control over political administration.
  113. This meant that at each station between Kashiwara and Oji, the number of running trains was decreased by half, changing back to twenty minute intervals instead of ten minute intervals.
  114. This meant that either party provides (ataeru) to the other party, or both parties provide mutually, benefits through amanai (agreement or compromise) between the parties.
  115. This meant that people other than practitioners of Plum Blossom Martial Art started to participate in the anti-Christianity movement.
  116. This meant that some indispensable constituents for the bacteria to grow existed only in sake.
  117. This meant that subdivided soryo of gokenin spread as far as it could reach with the divided succession of each generation.
  118. This meant that the Imperial Family closest to the direct descendant of Emperor Kanmu, next to Emperor Heizei and Emperor Saga, was Tsuneyo.
  119. This meant that the central government, on behalf of the emperor, could directly rule land and people, and exercise ruling powers (legislative power, executive power, and judicial power).
  120. This meant that the commission of transportation, which occupied 60 % of all railway income, would be lost, and its deficits were expected to increase greatly, so the whole operation of the railway was ended on May 1 of that year.
  121. This meant that the countdown to the fall of the Qing dynasty had begun.
  122. This meant that the emperor was requested to appoint Motonari MORI (OE) to a post similar to that of his ancestor Mitsufusa MORI, following the precedent in which Emperor Shoko appointed Mitsufusa as Uma no Kami (Captain of the Right Division of the Bureau of Horses) to the rank of the Junior Fifth, Lower Grade.
  123. This meant that the imperial court admitted that Hideyoshi was the most powerful person in Japan and that the court delegated him the authority to rule Japan.
  124. This meant that the interpretation of the rules was reversed.
  125. This meant that the protection by the lord of the manor was not enough and shokan began to rely on the Kamakura bakufu which rose as a new authority.
  126. This meant that, based on the application of the specifications of rinji-hatsuhei, gunji, rich and powerful persons and fushu were newly organized as military forces.
  127. This meant that, due to intolerant interpretation, religious beliefs such as those of Izumo Shinto went into decline.
  128. This meant the downfall of the Edo clan.
  129. This meant the virtual annihilation of the Taira clan's military power and they lost support and a place to escape to.
  130. This measure also aimed to secure the revenue for the government.
  131. This measure goes by the size of objects to be put inside, being rare as a norm of measuring.
  132. This measure is thought to be taken due to the belief that if WATANABE, who was the chief officer of the Imperial mourning, was arrested during the time of the Imperial mourning which lasts for about three months, the Imperial Household Ministry's dignity would be lost.
  133. This measure was possible because there was no one in the position of the empress at the time.
  134. This measure worked very well in establishing the shogunate system.
  135. This mechanism makes the instrument twang from the open string of ichi no ito touching the sao slightly, increasing harmonic overtones to sound more appealing and sustains longer.
  136. This mechanism of the collective provision of 'shoryo ando' (which was called 'ikkatsu ando' in Japanese) with respect to the kamon and keryo was also adopted and succeeded by the Northern Court (of Japan) which had been established by toppling the Kenmu regime, thereby determining the shift to patrilineal succession to the eldest son (heir).
  137. This medicine, which is available from New Year's Day to New Year's Eve, dates back to the day when a foreigner from the country of Chin (珍), named Uiro, came to our country long ago.
  138. This meeting is known as 'the Osaka Conference.'
  139. This memo came to be issued to relevant people, then stylized as a document, and became Senji.
  140. This memorandum posed serious problems since "for 50 percent more" meant a 50 percent rise in price to consumers.
  141. This memorandum stated that the postal, telegraph and telecommunication services managed by the Korean government should be commissioned to the Japanese government.
  142. This memorial service is held to give thanks for the blessing of Gudo and Gukyo (seeking and promoting the teachings), and the blessing of Amida Nyorai acquired through them, and to recognize the teachings.
  143. This mention of Mushimaro's restoration of rank is the last mention of him in the historical record.
  144. This merchant family was very wealthy, made loans to daimyo (Japanese territorial lord), and took charge of accounts in clan's warehouse, but after the Meiji Restoration, the family was forced to leave Imai because Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures) caused the freezing of loans.
  145. This merger resulted from the strong pressure exerted by Shigenobu OKUMA (Minbu-no-Taifu) and Hirobumi ITO (Okura-no-Shofu) aiming to establish the centralized administrative framework by integrating a tax collection system (Minbu-sho) and a financial system (Okura-sho).
  146. This message made Yang Guang angry, and it is said that he told a foreign service officer whose position was called korokei (the chief of the office which was in charge of the entertainment of foreign envoys or ambassadors) not to talk about this country because the message was rude.
  147. This messenger or envoy is called hobeishi.
  148. This met with the agreement of those active in electricity and radio within the Kansai region and the shrine was restored (although the shrine retained its temporary buildings) with the Denden-to Pagoda being constructed within the grounds of Horin-ji Temple to honor the spirits of those who pioneered electricity and radio.
  149. This metal hilt was stolen in 2004 from the drawing room at Yoshimizu-jinja Shrine where it had been stored, but was found safe the following year.
  150. This meter is mainly used in Kokin Wakashu (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry).
  151. This meter is mainly used in Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves).
  152. This meter is seen mainly in Shoka, Ryoka, and Gunka (songs) which were made after civilization and enlightenment in Meiji Period.
  153. This method allows the time and work necessary to be saved, but there exist arguments for and against the quality of sake produced in this way and the retail prices.
  154. This method became popular from the late Kofun period.
  155. This method became widespread after the nationalization of the Kansai Railway Company, since it was easy for passengers to identify the grade of the train.
  156. This method brought a ray of hope that sake is able to be easily produced and sold, in the difficult time during which the consumption of Japanese sake is low, the sales of sake is slow, and the personnel expenses and other expenses were drastically increased.
  157. This method equals inversion today.
  158. This method had originated from discussions between villages about water intake to rice fields during periods of drought, and has spread as a commercial custom as a method to distribute many public work projects including civil engineering and construction in these years.
  159. This method has been done since olden days.
  160. This method is affected by the production method of Chinese liquors made by fermentation.
  161. This method is also called konetsu-ekika-jikomi (literally, making sake by means of liquefaction at a high temperature).
  162. This method is applied to create mokuzogan work.
  163. This method is being used at all other mountains except for the 'Torii-gata' bonfire.
  164. This method is called Araihari.
  165. This method is common as with Mino-yaki (Mino ceramic ware.)
  166. This method is no longer because ammonia is harmful and has no preservative effect if it's allowed to vaporize.
  167. This method is not recommended for such tea ceremony parties with large numbers of attendants.
  168. This method is often used for high-class sake such as sake to be sent to exhibitions.
  169. This method is often used for junmai-shu (genuine-rice Japanese sake).
  170. This method is regarded to make it possible for even a beginner to experience a deeper mental state of Dhyana (Mediation).
  171. This method is suitable for sake which is the original thick sake of Nihon-shu Junmai-shu, to which no water is added, and which is filtered with carbon.
  172. This method is the same as Japanese Senmyogaki, which caused a speculation that Rito was a model of Senmyotai.
  173. This method is thought to have been created to prevent the dishevelment of hairdos such as tabo (the back part of the Japanese hairstyle protruding backward) as well as stains on or damage to the collar.
  174. This method is used because a 'fare' is taxed, even when earned by a religious institution, while a 'donation' is not.
  175. This method of calculation was decided upon at the First Council of Nicaea.
  176. This method of changing scenes are used also in plays other than Kabuki.
  177. This method of constructing a test section was followed by the Oyama test line of Tohoku Shinkansen line and the maglev test line as well.
  178. This method of counting the age of a person is called Kazoedoshi, or simply, Kazoe.
  179. This method of marrying a daughter to Emperor became a tradition of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan and also the source of their status as the emperor's deputies and advisors.
  180. This method of painting, which gives an image of houses with roofs and ceilings missing, is called 'fukinuki-yatai' and can be typically noted in "Genji Monogatari Emaki" and others.
  181. This method of performance continued into later years, with many variations added thereto, and some pieces were created to enable players to perform alternately (uchiawase method).
  182. This method of production in which alcohol is added during early maturation is the same as the process used to make the Xiangxue wine variety of four types of Shaoxing wine.
  183. This method of rolling is used mainly in the case of making California rolls for foreign people who are unfamiliar with raw fish and shellfish, and dried seaweed.
  184. This method of toteki is common for kurumaken and knife throwing in the West, and in the toteki of kurumaken a movement as of spinning a sword is necessary.
  185. This method of using gems as substitutes for Buddha's sariras was also used in Japan in old times.
  186. This method produces an amazingly long piece of noshiika from a single piece of dried squid.
  187. This method resulted in a carbon copy like image of the sketch being transferred to the wall.
  188. This method showed a successful result and the number of opium addicts gradually decreased.
  189. This method to transform a tatari spirit to a guardian god by enshrinement seems to be common practice in Japan since the introduction of Buddhism.
  190. This method was also used for new electrified sections that were opened to traffic.
  191. This method was developed by Takara Holdings Co., Ltd., which is a Japanese major alcohol-beverage-producing company.
  192. This method was later called Tenzan-jutsu, and became the principal method in wasan.
  193. This method was named "kainokuchi" because two folds that overlap each other look like the mouth of a bivalve.
  194. This method was often adopted for a while.
  195. This method was selected reluctantly, because Kyoto University wanted to catch up to the other universities but there was no financial support available to purchase the vast forest.
  196. This method was used by the indigenous people of Taiwan.
  197. This might be because he was not a person of character and then, treated coldly by people around him, or he was affected by the fall of his father's second cousin and his boss, FUJIWARA no Nakamaro.
  198. This might be caused the province, as well as the neighboring Tango Province, did not have a large clanbut was shapely-divided and organized such as the territories of Izushi clan, Toyooka clan, bakufu, and so on, rather than other provinces did the Kinki region.
  199. This might be due to the great achievement of his vassals, Yoshimasa TANAKA and others, but another face of Hidetsugu showed his independence, such that he himself punished the local governors who misgoverned and judged his father Yoshifusa MIYOSHI, who was in charge of Myodai (a substitute), 'unreliable.'
  200. This might be the reason that most of the Jige-ke families in those days were unclear about their origins and histories.
  201. This might be why no bus service is available to the residential area.
  202. This might explain why Kyoto City is reported to have the largest number of convenience stores per capita; small and medium-size grocery stores are also scattered throughout the city.
  203. This might explain why bills and standing signboards, recruiting students to join the club or sending political messages, are noticeable here.
  204. This might have been because most of the territories of Asada Domain were located in Toshima-gun (Toshimago) and Kawabe-gun (Takahirago) in Settsu Province close to Osaka, which was the center of finance.
  205. This might have been quite a scandal because the Imperial Court at the time was split into two groups of Jimyointo and Daikakujito and both groups bitterly conflicted with each other.
  206. This might reflect the ranking of the buried individual.
  207. This might suggest that the title of gongen is given by the shrine.
  208. This mihashira-torii is worshipped as the guardian god of the Mitsui family and it is written on the shrine that 'A triangular stone torii. Moved from the Mitsui House. The original is located in Kijima-jinja Shrine in Uzumasa in Kyoto.'
  209. This mikoshi-yatai, called 'mikoshi' by the local people, is often mistaken a different mikoshi (a portable shrine) with the identical pronunciation by those in other regions.
  210. This mikoto (god) swears with Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun Goddess)...and the god named Isotakeru no Kami, also known as Oyahiko no Kami, followed by Oyahime no Kami and Tsumatsuhime no Kami.
  211. This military background lay behind the Emperor Godaigo's establishment of the Southern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, Emperor Godaigo.
  212. This minimized the risk of dispersing their fortunes and ranks; chakuryu, who held nobility and legitimacy of blood, were those who could advance the status of their clans and were greatly favored over the shoryu in terms of official ranks, for example.
  213. This mining pollution not only affected Watarase-gawa River Basin but also spread across the Gyotoku area through Edo-gawa River and across the Kasumigaura area through Tone-gawa River.
  214. This ministry had to cover extensive duties, because it managed the general clerical works related to the Imperial Court from enforcement of the imperial edict to the personnel affairs concerning court ladies in Kokyu (empress's residence).
  215. This mirror is called Ungaikyo, he says.
  216. This miso is indispensable for making Ozoni (soup containing rice cakes, meat and vegetables) at New Year in the Kansai region and it is also processed into su-miso (miso with vinegar and soy sauce), dengaku miso (miso with sake, mirin and sugar) and ingredients for confectionary (miso matsukaze).
  217. This mission was suggested by the Jesuit, Alessandro Valignano.
  218. This mission, however, was not put into place due to the feud between the retired Empress Koken and Nakamaro.
  219. This misunderstanding occurred before or after the Edo period under the influence of folk beliefs or Hayari-gami (beliefs that had temporarily prevailed, seeking for worldly benefits).
  220. This mix-up on the succession caused a heated debate, but the second Kunisada was finally appointed as the fourth Toyokuni.
  221. This moat settlement is thought to have had different functions than that of Yayoi period.
  222. This mochi is eaten toasted or fried.
  223. This mochi is eaten with grated Japanese radish put on to cling the mochi.
  224. This mochi is eaten without cutting or cut into plates depending on the size and the shape of the mochi.
  225. This mochi is formed by a large piece of maru-mochi (round mochi) and a small piece of maru-mochi placed in a two-tier layout as an offering.
  226. This mochi is not eaten during the new year period and, after this mochi becomes hard, is crushed with a wooden hammer, etc., without using any knife in kagami-biraki (a ceremony held on January 11).
  227. This mochi is produced by adding kanbai powder (a processed-glutinous-rice product) to wheat flour, baking it to make a skin, sandwiching sweet bean paste inside the skin, and wrapping them in a salted cherry-tree leaf.
  228. This mochi is produced by putting non-glutinous-rice mochi on a board, roasting it directly over a fire, and applying miso (fermented soybean paste) on it.
  229. This mochi is produced from issho-mochi (1.8 L of mochi) following the issho (the whole life) of a human child.
  230. This mochi is produced using often kusa-mochi, and is green.
  231. This mochi is used as preserved food and a souvenir.
  232. This mode is based on emaki of 'Kasuga Gongen Kenki' (miraculous stories of Kasuga deity picture scroll) as a main historical material and was intended to revive the depicted form.
  233. This mode of representation parallels in Japanese art.
  234. This model was presented to the Shogun as a gift from the President of the United States of America by Commodore Matthew Perry on his second visit to Japan.
  235. This modification resulted in reduced backflow from the Kizu-gawa River to Ogura-ike Pond during floods.
  236. This money lending was referred to as Zatokin (Zato money) or Kankin (officer money), with some Kengyo lending money to gokenin (immediate vassals of the shogunate) or low-ranking hatamoto (direct vassals of the shogun) with a low stipend and making excessive profits.
  237. This monthly rotation system indicated that civil suits were accepted by the kita (north) office or by the minami (south) office alternatively, and ordinary jobs of the office except for the acceptance of civil suits (including criminal suits whose examinations were underway) were conducted naturally.
  238. This montsuki kosode, called "itsutsu-mon" (five-crest type), is the formal style, which is modeled after the style of "daimon" (a crested formal robe of the Edo period).
  239. This monument is located in the Aoyama cemetery, where 15,000 tombstones were built, including precious ones from the viewpoint of calligraphy.
  240. This mood spread to the general public, and kohitsu came to be evaluated more and more highly.
  241. This mound together with the moat on its outside is also called Odoi-hori Moat.
  242. This mountain has twin peaks, the east and the west peak, and was called Mt. Fusobaji in old times.
  243. This mountain is a mountain for practice, and women are prohibited from entering.
  244. This mountain is also called Mt. Shioji, which derives from the fact that Shio-in Temple on Mt. Enman was built on the mountaintop in 774 praying for repulsing the foreign enemy.
  245. This mountain is an erosion landform, a part of a volcanic rock, which had been eructated in Tertiary period, remained after erosion.
  246. This mountain is located in Kongo Ikoma Kisen Quasi-National Park, and is one of the mountains in Kongo mountainous district which forms a range of mountains together with Mt. Nijo in north (Nara Prefecture, Osaka Prefecture) and Kongo-san mountain in south (Kongo mountainous district).
  247. This mountain is now commonly called 'Takebe-san.'
  248. This move was accelerated due to the Mongol invasion attempts against Japan, and the measures taken by the bakufu against this move appeared in the forms of Tokuseirei (ordering the return of land sold and the dissolution of debts) and the tyranny of the patrimonial head of the main branch of the Hojo clan.
  249. This moved Oyamazaki-cho Town and Kyoto Prefecture to reach an agreement where Hirotaro HIGUCHI, who was the president of Asahi Breweries and a friend of then governor Teiichi ARAMAKI, would help to preserve the villa in a form of corporate patronage in response to the governor's request.
  250. This moved the Meiji Restoration forward significantly.
  251. This movement clearly demonstrates the shift from early stage shoen to kishinchikei shoen (shoen that were originally donated by developers for the purpose of tax-exemption etc.) (refer to internal link "Shoen").
  252. This movement destroyed Hachiman-jinja Shrine, which was worshipped by the former governors, the Satake Clan, and replaced it with Kashima-jingu Shrine, which was revered by the Mito Clan.
  253. This movement eventually spread all over the country.
  254. This movement expanded not only within the Guangdong Province but also in South China and the South Seas, gravely damaging Japan under depression.
  255. This movement from the Chugoku area in a very short period is called Chugoku ogaeshi.
  256. This movement is called Hikanization, but in this way the Shugo expanded their local and centralized influence within the provinces, in the realm of land as well as of people.
  257. This movement made a major impact on the world of Nohgaku.
  258. This movement of the KIYOURA cabinet was seen by the people as going beyond its original role of the caretaker government and demonstrating its true intention of extending its own life with the support of the Kenkyukai and Kenseikai Party, and hardened the people's heart against the cabinet.
  259. This movement produced some branches in the early stages of this school and each branch family had its own scores and fingering, but this in fact helped the school survive in those trying times after the Meiji Restoration.
  260. This movement triggered the establishment of the Aikokukoto Party.
  261. This movement was a large threat to Japan pushing the development and the management of the South Manchuria Railways from Dalian City.
  262. This movement was reported as 'Uprising of women in Ecchu Province' in nationwide newspaper via local paper.
  263. This movie is based on the true story of the 'Wakkanai Minami Junior High School' which was reported by the media as 'the most troubled school in Japan' at the time, and won first prize in the Zenkoku Minyo Minbu Taikai (National Convention of Folk Songs and Dance).
  264. This movie was Japan's first joint international movie.
  265. This movie was appreciated; 'This movie is one of the best movies which have been made in Japan so far' and won the second prize in the Sixth Kinema Junpo Top Ten (1929.)
  266. This mud wall was constructed to avoid the burial mound so as not to damage it.
  267. This mujo is referred as "Shogyo Mujo" (All things must pass) in the head of three and four seals of the dharma and is considered to be the foundation ideology of Buddhism.
  268. This multilayered governance structure was also called the "Shiki system" and each job title and authority was referred as "XXX shiki."
  269. This multilevel design Chinese style gate with a tiled roof that is high in the middle but low on the left and right sides has a form that is not generally seen in Japanese shrine and temple architecture.
  270. This mural burning has been recorded as a symbolic accident in the history of protecting cultural assets in Japan.
  271. This mural painting is the northernmost among the decorative mural paintings discovered so far.
  272. This mural reproduction started from 1967, and was completed in a short time, less than one year.
  273. This museum exhibits "Kohaku Bai Zu" (Red and White Plum Blossoms), which was drawn and left here by Buson, as a national important cultural property.
  274. This museum houses relics of Heiankyu sake-no-tsukasa (the office in charge of the imperial use of sake, sweet sake, or vinegar etc.) soko (storage site), where tiles are placed indicating the pillar holes positions of the warehouse.
  275. This museum is to be found in Onomichi City, which was the location of Tokyo Monogatari.
  276. This museum takes up as a theme 'Light' which is something familiar to human beings but full of wide-ranging wonders, so everybody can experience wonders of the light and enjoy and learn the basic nature of the light to the state-of-the-art technologies that utilize the light.
  277. This museum that stands in the south of the precinct was opened in 2001.
  278. This museum was constructed in 1969 in Isuien Garden, kaiyushiki-shakkei garden (Japanese style borrowed landscape garden with a path around a central pond) which was bought in 1939 and organized by the Nakamura family.
  279. This museum was opened in 1984 with a collection of the second Tokushichi NOMURA (1878 - 1945), who founded Nomura Securities Co.,Ltd. and other companies, as major exhibits.
  280. This music is called 'new Japanese music.'
  281. This music was called 'Kokyu-gaku' (胡弓楽) in future generations.
  282. This must have been an intentional effort to keep Buddhism separate from Shinto.
  283. This myth indicates that the seeds of food were produced by killing a god that produces food from excretions.
  284. This myth is not mentioned in the "Nihonshoki" (chronicles of Japan).
  285. This myth is only found in the Kojiki (Record of Ancient Matters) and his name isn't found in the part corresponding to the Ashihara no Nakatsukuniheitei in "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  286. This myth resembles to the myth of Demeter in Greece.
  287. This name 'ADAM' was named from a children's story 'Adam and Eve,' but the executive committee of EVE complained that the origin of Doshisha EVE' might be misunderstood.
  288. This name 'Chinu' had two ways of writing in Chinese characters.
  289. This name (Oborozukiyo or the misty moon) comes from a waka poem composed by OE no Chisato, 'There is nothing like a night in spring with a hazy moon, neither shining brightly nor clouded'.
  290. This name (義陸) included a Chinese character of Yoshi (義) which was conferred on him by the Shogun family as a henki (a portion of the name of a person in high rank, which is given to a retainer to show the subordination).
  291. This name appears in Ise Monogatari.
  292. This name came from a bell that was rung by pulling a string attached to the bell to open an entrance named "Ojoguchi" when the Shogun visited O-oku.
  293. This name came from the Palace, Zenrin-ji dono, which was built by his father, Emperor Gosaga, on the south side of Rakuto Higahsiyama (Eikan-do) Zenrin-ji Temple in 1264.
  294. This name came from the fact that it lost in the battle with Taishakuten and was fastened up.
  295. This name came to be used later for convenience, so those clans were not called with this name at the time of the Edo period.
  296. This name can not be found in any documents written after that, even in records of march nor in "Eimeiroku" (a list of name of the Shinsengumi) written by Kai SHIMADA.
  297. This name comes from its light gray color which results from the main ingredient, sardine.
  298. This name comes from the fact that it used to be in the possession Sunsho-an, the teahouse of tea master Sanekatsu SAKUMA, who was a vassal of Nobunaga ODA.
  299. This name comes from the fact that license plates of these types of taxis are painted green against a white background, while those of legal taxis are different.
  300. This name derived from the fact that Satsuma heko (young people in Satsuma Province) used it in their daily lives.
  301. This name derived from the fact that a geisha (Japanese professional female entertainer at drinking party) in Nogoya who was an old friend of gofukuya (kimono shop), the designer, wore it.
  302. This name derived from the fact that it is made after folding a textile of standard width (about 36 cm) in half (yonsun (12.12 cm) measured by kujirajaku [a measuring stick used in kimono-making]).
  303. This name derived from the fact that its shape looks like the one that was broken by the wind.
  304. This name derived from the technique of weaving (fukuro-ori : a kind of futae-ori [double fabric]; it is a sack-like textile whose selvages of right and wrong sides are sewed together), and it is used for formal dress and festive dress.
  305. This name derives from its shape closely resembling a leave of Iris (Shobu).
  306. This name derives from the thin shape like a neck of a cormorant (U).
  307. This name did not exist in ancient Japan.
  308. This name disappeared because the corresponding trains were merged into 'Nasuno' trains or 'Yamabiko' trains when the train operation schedules were revised on October 1, 1997.
  309. This name has become a chant as a mantra for worshiping Kukai.
  310. This name has been succeeded to one generation after another from Soshitsu SEN (the fourth) who was the fourth head of the school.
  311. This name has been used since March 13, 1988.
  312. This name invoking is a Shojo no go (a Rightly Established Practice) in order to be reborn in the Pure Land.
  313. This name is a synonym of Durga, a goddess in Hinduism as well, and Senju Kannon is considered to be a transformed body of Kannon Bodhisattva, Kannon Bosatsu, which was established in India under influence of Hinduism.
  314. This name is conveniently given by researchers, and are not used by the temples or devotees.
  315. This name is given as an incantation to ensure the growth of a newborn.
  316. This name is given because it is rainfall in the period in which sazanka (Camellia sasanqua) blossoms bloom.
  317. This name is limited to this period of time and it is not regarded as the Japanese-style okurina (the posthumous title given after the death of the person in question).
  318. This name is mainly used in Kamigata.
  319. This name is often used before the actor uses the name of Mitsugoro BANDO.
  320. This name is often used for reference.
  321. This name is often used in official web sites and booklets of Gotoh Museum and Tokugawa Art Museum, who possess the picture scroll.
  322. This name is often written using simplified kanji.
  323. This name is originated from Nawr?z, the vernal equinox which means New Year's Day in Persian (the Iranian calendar).
  324. This name is originated in the fact that this shape of product is Suehiro-gari (broadens towards the bottom).
  325. This name is probably derived, like Toi, from a derogatory term used for a different ethnic group (狄) in the northern area.
  326. This name is referred to in books including "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and what is commonly called "Kyushu Nengo" (the Eras of Kyushu Dynasty).
  327. This name is said to have come from the rivalry with the 'Shin-Sekishu-ryu School,' which had been founded by the eighth lord of Koizumi Domain, Sadanobu KATAGIRI, by adding elements of the Edo Senke School to the Sekishu-ryu School.
  328. This name is supposed to have been applied in consideration of the fact that there were trains coming from the direction of Otsu (the station nearest to the Otsu City Hall is Bessho Station on the Keihan Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line, in Shiga Prefecture).
  329. This name is taken from the hero's name in a Kabuki 'juhachiban' play, 'Sukeroku yukarino Edozakura' (Sukeroku, Flower of Edo), and because the name of Sukeroku's mistress is Agemaki, the sushi of a combination of aburaage (age) and norimaki (maki) was so named as a pun.
  330. This name is used around Matsumoto City, Nagano Prefecture, which is associated with the name of a Shrine priest who was in charge of the local guardian deity's festival.
  331. This name is used for trains arriving at and departing from Fukuchiyama Station.
  332. This name originated from bateira (small boat or boat) in Portuguese.
  333. This name originated from kappa (water imp) which was fond of cucumbers.
  334. This name originated from the haimyo (also known as haimei, a kabuki actor's offstage name which can be used officially and privately) of Tokizo NAKAMURA (the third), the father of the first.
  335. This name originates from patterns similar those found on a deer's back.
  336. This name probably represented his self-conceitedness as the successor of Kanami and Zeami (when the first letters of the names are aligned together, they become 'Kanzeon Bosatsu' (the Buddhist Goddess of Mercy)).
  337. This name refers to two people; one in the Anei era and one at present, and the former is the ancestor of the latter.
  338. This name succession ceremony was to be his only appearance under the name 'Hakuo' and the last time that he would appear on stage.
  339. This name was a pun on the name of Agemaki, the lover of Sukeroku, for 'AburaAGE', material of Inarizushi, and 'MAKIzusi.'
  340. This name was abolished in 1754, and was later replaced by the name, Oiran (a courtesan of the highest rank) in Yoshihara in Edo; however, the name 'Tayu' remained in Shimabara in Kyoto, where there are some still having the traditional name of Tayu.
  341. This name was after a pun for a relationship between the words of 'age' and 'maki' and the word of agemaki (name of Oiran (prostitute) appearing in "Sukeroku" of Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors).
  342. This name was based upon the city, the Heian Palace (the ancient Capital of Heiankyo) that was built by Emperor Kanmu.
  343. This name was coined by the Confucian scholar Setsudo SAITO in the final days of the Edo period; until that time, there was no established term for such activities and groups.
  344. This name was created by combining the character of 義, which was the tsuji (distinctive character used in the names of all people belonging to a single clan or lineage) of the Shogun family, and 満, which was the tsuji of the Shibukawa clan, and was given to Yoshimitsu as a henki (name including one character of the name of a shogun or a daimyo).
  345. This name was given because Nishi-Honganji Temple was originally located in Osaka-Ishiyama.
  346. This name was given because the 17 lines at the opening part of the ninth scroll attributed to KI no Tsurayuki were originally descended to Koyasan.
  347. This name was given due to the fact that apoptosis is a form of self-induced cell death.
  348. This name was given in relation with his mother's other name 'Onabe no kata' which was composed of the character that means'鍋' 'nabe' (pot).
  349. This name was given to trains that started at and returned to Kyoto Station.
  350. This name was not given based on the Shinkansen plan after the war, but the place was the site where lodgings for workers engaged in the construction of the Tanna tunnel in the pre-war era of the bullet train plan.
  351. This name was used until 1947.
  352. This name, given by readers in later generations for convenience, comes from the chapter 'Aoi' (Hollyhock) where she is presented as a leading character.
  353. This name, including the other names mentioned above, were widely used by JNR people and railway maniacs during the era of the JNR.
  354. This names derives from the fact that its length is about half of the actual collar.
  355. This naming is unique in Kyoto and equivalent to the way the name Ginza is given to shopping streets found in cities across the country.
  356. This nanrakukan still remains in existence in China today and, in Nagasaki City, there is rakugan known as Kosako which is considered to be the nanrakukan that was reintroduced to Japan in the Edo period.
  357. This natural drying process continues for two to three months.
  358. This natural environment surrounding the museum is an achievement of the following ideals of Oriental Arts that Yukio YASHIRO entertained: "an exhibition hall whose air is colored by natural green" and "the orient art that can look most beautiful in a frame of nature."
  359. This needs a large safe place.
  360. This needs a quite large and safe place.
  361. This needs practice to some degree, but can be done like you turn over fried rice when cooking Chinese food.
  362. This negotiation was carried out to invite a child of the retired Emperor Gotoba as a Kamakura Shogun, but was rejected by Gotoba because he considered to overthrow the Hojo clan.
  363. This neighborhood is now a quiet residential area.
  364. This never happened to the Abe clan in the past 500 years, and it was a startling event at that time because a person of Onmyoji, which was a position that was sometimes hated or feared by others, became a Kugyo.
  365. This new 'Fukensei' (Act No. 64 in 1899) was effective until it was abolished by the Local Autonomy Law executed in 1947.
  366. This new Ritsuryo code is Yoro Ritsuryo Code.
  367. This new breed, which was named 'Kingyokuren' (literally, golden bead curtain) in a fair, brought him a burst of sales.
  368. This new code stated "the warriors should be encouraged to elevate their literary and military arts as well as loyalty to one's master and filial piety, and should acquire their proper courtesy."
  369. This new government was called "Omi Chotei."
  370. This new idea was called "Nyorai Joju Fuheni" (Nyorai is always staying here without any change) or "Sanbo Ittai Joju Fuheni" (A set of three treasures of Buddhism is always staying here without any change) or "Kuon Joju" (Buddha is always staying here forever.)
  371. This new masu was used mainly in Kyoto at that time, so it was called kyomasu (literally, masu used in Kyoto).
  372. This new name system was established among all Japanese citizens when the order issued in 1875 made it mandatory for all commoners to have family names.
  373. This new pattern won the enthusiastic support of the people in the Kamigata region, and Gidayu-bushi overwhelmed the old Joruri.
  374. This new period of history is considered to have started with the establishment of Kamakura bakufu and this point is regarded as the end of the Heian period.
  375. This new student was Inazo NITOBE.
  376. This new system was based on the forty-eight cap ranks, but the rank names were revised to ones that were easier to understand, such as Shoichii (Senior First Rank) and Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  377. This new theory is accepted among ancient history fanatics, but not academically.
  378. This new trend of tenkoku spread throughout the country, turning to the early Roka school established by Mosho NIIOKI and Itsuzan in Osaka as well as the Nagasaki school established by Hakumin GEN in Nagasaki.
  379. This news was spread through newspapers and word of mouth, resulting in the brand names of both Kimuraya bakery and its anpan being highly recognized all over the country.
  380. This newspaper counted 190 issues during September 1875 to September 1876.
  381. This nickname "Dokuganryu" was used in the title of the book.
  382. This nickname first appeared in "Dokuganryu Masamune DATE" (written by Shien TAKAHASHI, emended by Tenzui KUBO, published by Shobido: Osaka in September, 1901).
  383. This nickname has been in use since March 13, 1988.
  384. This nickname was designated on March 13, 1988.
  385. This nickname was used in kabuki plays in the Edo period as the name of a villain to indicate Ieyasu indirectly.
  386. This nishiki-e-shinbun is characterized by its red frame and its frame decoration with angels.
  387. This nominal father was called the "eboshi-oya," and the young man, who was crowned with an eboshi, was called the "eboshi-go."
  388. This nominal money generated profits for the bakufu which was suffering from chronic financial difficulties and they could not stop issuing nominal money.
  389. This noodle omelet is a regular item on the menu at Okonomiyaki (Japanese-style pancake containing vegetables and other foodstuff) restaurants in the Kansai area.
  390. This noribosen enabled kimono designers to portray delicate patterns.
  391. This north-facing yosemune-zukuri (a square or rectangular building, covered with a hipped roof) building stands to the south of the main hall.
  392. This notion began to change slightly from the end of the 15th century.
  393. This notion of "Tenguri" which bears two aspects is commonly seen among the nomads in Turkey and those in Mongolia.
  394. This notion parallels in tree worship; maybe it was an attempt to control a mystic power seen as beyond human control, comprehensively in a vase.
  395. This novel (especially the scene of Ushimatsu revealing his background to his students) appeared in Sue SUMII's "Hashi no nai kawa" (The River with No Bridge), and became the topic of conversation among Seitaro and other characters.
  396. This novel had received a high reputation since its publication, and it has been read by the readers over generations.
  397. This novel has had a good reputation even overseas.
  398. This novel is based on Sensho's picture postcards and his diary written during his journey, and Toson's lamentation over the young Buddhist priest, who sought the unknown and died lonely in a foreign land, overlaps with Toson's own poetic sentiment, which makes readers' empathy with the main character even stronger.
  399. This novel is well-known, and is selected to be used for high school textbooks.
  400. This novel stirred up a sensation in the literary circles and journalism in those days, because the content intentionally exagerated the desire and sexuality in its description; for example, there is a scene at the end of this novel that the main male character smelled the linging scent of his female disciple left on her futon.
  401. This novel was adapted into a drama in 1985 by TV Asahi Corporation for Saturday Waido Theather, entitled 'Shiro no shokei Koshudai kara ikikaetta otoko' (White execution the man, who came back from scaffold alive), acted by Tomokazu MIURA as former condemned and Kumiko OBA as his sister-in-law.
  402. This novel was adapted to kodan stories and plays, and became widely known.
  403. This novel was awarded the 20th Bungei Shunju Readers Prize and became a best-selling book.
  404. This novel was dramatized by Isamu ONODA, and broadcasted by Japan Broadcasting Corporation under the title of "Minami no shima de yuki ga furu."
  405. This novel was published from 1887 to 1889.
  406. This novel, first published at the author's own expense, was purchased in April 1913 by Shincho-sha Company for a very high price, (two thousand yen in the value of that time) and it was published by the company.
  407. This number is much bigger than that in other countries, and becomes a big characteristic of Japan.
  408. This number is the top of all universities in Japan (as of March, 2006).
  409. This number makes the facility sixty-eighth among all Kintetsu Line stations surveyed (323 stations, as of when the survey was conducted).
  410. This number of sections and editions follows the number of '天地' in 'xicizhuan' of "I Ching" (The Book of Changes).
  411. This number was used when Shozo TANAKA was summoned to the hearing at the Diet.
  412. This occasion let him advance to historical novels, and he wrote "The Abe clan" of 'Rekishi Sonomama,' "Sanshodayu" and "Takasebune" (The Boat on the River Takase) (novel) from 'Rekishi Banare' and so on, and finally he produced the historical biography "Chusai SHIBUE."
  413. This occurred as a result of the syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism in which the Japanese indigenous Shinto beliefs became mixed with the imported Buddhism (particularly Esoteric Buddhism) to create various religious belief such as Shugendo (Japanese mountain asceticism incorporating Shinto and Buddhist concepts).
  414. This occurred at the Kawagoe Yoikusa (Night Battle of Kawagoe) of 1546, and this description is inconsistent with the description of the Nobunaga-ki.
  415. This occurred because one of the robbers who was captured sneaking into the residence of MINAMOTO no Mitsunaka and questioned by kebiishi confessed that MINAMOTO no Chikashige headed the robbers and kept all the articles they had stolen.
  416. This occurred when Bando TSUMASABURO was twenty-three years old.
  417. This occurrence is generally called "Kogai-giri".
  418. This occurs when the 221 series is operated in place of the 103 series when they are taken out of operation for inspection.
  419. This offensive and defensive battle in Hitoyoshi is said to be the next milestone in the Seinan War after the battle of Tahara.
  420. This offer of marriage was eventually shelved when what he believed to be the ghost of Imperial Prince Tomohira appeared near Yorimichi, who was then sick in bed (Imperial Princess Teishi later got married with FUJIWARA no Norimichi, Yorimichi's younger brother).
  421. This office had jurisdiction over land-related questions, and took over for the mass of hikitsuke (courts of enquiry) of the Kamakura bakufu.
  422. This office was effectively utilized for ruling the Kyushu area as well as for diplomacy.
  423. This office was the new headquarters.
  424. This office, located in front of the Hachijo-guchi (Hachijo entrance/exit) of Kyoto Station, was in charge of bus operations on the routes starting at Kyoto Station (Hachijo-guchi).
  425. This official date was put off by two days from the real date as a measure to quickly replace Minister of the Imperial Households Chiaki WATANABE, who was almost in the reach of the law for his usage of bribery during his time as the Chief of Kuraryo of the Imperial Household Ministry.
  426. This official document was treated as 'a document which should not be proclaimed to the people.'
  427. This official letter did not contain the language, such as 'Emperor of Heaven' nor use pompous expressions as did in the previous letter.
  428. This official price system remained until 1960.
  429. This officially proves that Kosaka was under the influence of the United States.
  430. This often caused political disorder, and the maternal relatives were always the thorn in the side of the dynasty as a poison that monopolizes the powers along with the eunuchs.
  431. This often makes them a standard used to compare with other daruma dolls produced in other areas.
  432. This ohayashi is called 'hamemono' (background music).
  433. This old document was written by Yoshitaka (Shotei) ROKKAKU, shugo (governor) of Omi Province, and addressed to his vassals, HIRAI and GAMO; even though the beginning part is missing it has the following content:
  434. This old penal code was abolished and replaced by the current Penal Code (Act No. 45 of 1907).
  435. This old possession of the Hiromhashi family (Old possession of The Toyo Bunko Iwasaki Bunko) is the only denpon (existent manuscript) and a dead leaves book that lacks the cover, etc.
  436. This old record is essential to study medieval sake brewed in major temples and the only historical material to know the medieval sake brewing techniques concretely.
  437. This one was originally called 'sanjaku obi' (three-foot-long sash), but later it was confused with heko obi.
  438. This one-yen brass coin was issued after the war, but because there was a risk that the coins may be melted due to an increase in price for the raw metal, production was ceased.
  439. This open letter, which started with the phrase "When we look at you as an individual human being, we cannot help but feel compassion," was written by a student, Tetsuro Nakaoka (he later became a professor of Osaka City University).
  440. This opened the way for Confucian scholars to make use of their knowledge to become government officials.
  441. This opening was for the Special Exhibition of Imperial Articles in Shosoin, held at the Imperial Museum, Tokyo, to commemorate the 2,600 years of the Imperial era.
  442. This operation was considered to have set a precedent in regular operations.
  443. This opinion insists that only the sound 'toji' was inherited in the job's name after all.
  444. This opinion paper is respectfully read out at Oeshiki (a Buddhism mass) held every autumn.
  445. This opinion was conveyed to the envoy without change by the Grand Minister Sanetomi SANJO as an unofficial message attached to the instruction.
  446. This opinion was supported by Sengaku and KAMO no Mabuchi, and others.
  447. This opinion was supported for a long time and the Emperor Qian-long of the Qing Dynasty also acknowledged this opinion and, therefore, objections broke out after the Xin-hai Revolution.
  448. This opposing opinion was based on the following.
  449. This opposition further increased the spread of superstitions and rumors that often occur when encountering foreign cultures.
  450. This orange colored star, in addition to creating an image of the Ptarmigan or any other birds whose feathers are orange around the breast, may also have possibly influenced the establishment of the image of this auspicious bird 'Suzaku.'
  451. This order followed Daijokanpu (the official documents of the Daijokan, the office of the supreme political leader) issued in the previous year, which required umakai liberated together with zakko to work the shift at Meryo (the section taking care of imperial horses) for the number of days equivalent to that of, and in place of, zoyo.
  452. This order indirectly called for him to be killed by the blade.
  453. This order is often thought to have brought back zakko, which serves as the basis for interpreting the above-mentioned imperial decree in 744 as temporal.
  454. This ordinance was announced by the Emperor Meiji to a crowd of his subjects after having swore Five Articles before the altar.
  455. This ordinance, targeted people who were lower than Jurokui (Junior Sixth Rank), announced that people who saved more than 10 kan (10,000 coins) would be promoted by one rank and two ranks for people who saved more than 20 kan.
  456. This organization is considered to have imitated Shibi chudai, which transmitted orders from Empress Dowager Komyo.
  457. This organizational dynamic was clearly demonstrated by the events of the Heiji War of 1159.
  458. This organizational system is for Hashidate 3, 7, 1, 2 and 6.
  459. This organizational system is for Hashidate 5, 4 and 8.
  460. This organizational system is for Tanba 1, 3, 5, 7, 4, 6 and 8.
  461. This organizational system is for Tanba 9 and 2.
  462. This original 1 bu area was smaller than today's 1 bu area; later 1 bu was defined as the area of 6 shaku square.
  463. This original Curry Udon was designed taking advantage of the fact that the region is a production area of wheat and vegetables.
  464. This original garden was named after the room name 'Ryozen Isshino ken' granted by Jitsuden Osho, a disciple of Tokei Zenshi, and features an impressive stone tortoise-island in a circular moss arrangement.
  465. This original shakaiei was devoted to those who work hard in small factories from early in the morning until late at night as well as the common people working in these areas.
  466. This originated from one scene of Japanese Mythology; where Amenouzume (goddess of entertainment) climbed up onto the container and danced when the Sun-goddess Amaterasu hid in the cave.
  467. This originated from the fir growing on Mt. Miwa of the Shushin Oomiwa-jinja Shrine (Great God of Sake Shrine).
  468. This originated from the structure of the village in the Medieval times, and Jizamurai (provincial samurai in the middle ages, who engaged in agriculture during peacetime) and Otonabyakusho used Myoji.
  469. This originated in an event where Inaba-daimyojin initiated rice cultivation and the nearby Inaba-jinja Shrine enshrines Inaba-daimyojin.
  470. This originated in the fact that the upbringing of the imperial princes and the princesses was left largely to their Tomonomiyatsuko (the chief of various departments at the Imperial Court).
  471. This originated the system of Kokudaka (assessed yield; tax system based on rice, determined according to the annual rated yield of the domain) which formed the foundation of the shogunate system in the subsequent Edo period.
  472. This originated when a group of bonsai growers moved there from Tokyo to grow bonsai after the Great Kanto Earthquake.
  473. This originates from the fact that a statue of Masashige carved by Emperor Godaigo himself was enshrined there in 1337, and later, Emperor Gomurakami gave the shrine the name 'the deity of Nagijinja Shrine'.
  474. This originates from the fact that the Japanese basically have a very generous view on religion.
  475. This originates from the legend of foxes living in the forest of Shinoda, and abura-age, which is believed to be their favorite food.
  476. This orthography was first used in Japanese restaurants in Hong Kong, which is sometimes found in the Chinese continent as well these days.
  477. This other theory is due to the passage found in "The Shoku Nihongi" (a chronicle that comes directly after the Nihon Shoki), citing that TAKATA no Ninomi (one of the receiving members of Prince Oama) was an official by the title of Shuto (Chief of Imperial Agricultural Estates) of Mino Province.
  478. This otori ren is the original form of the present-day mikoshi that goes back 1300 years.
  479. This outcome was not approved by the Imperial Court and it can be said that the case was an example of Masahira's over vigorous military actions in Ise.
  480. This outrage spread to the royalists from Satsuma, Choshu, Tosa, Hizen, that participated in overthrowing the Shogunate, and some of the court nobles.
  481. This outstanding work of Seisuke OGAWA of 1878, at the age of 46, is currently known as his last work.
  482. This owed much to the strong leadership of Lord Mori and the assistance of the Ryosen rulers.
  483. This pace of advancement was extraordinarily fast, though it is not clear whether this is because of his origin or because of his endowment.
  484. This page describes 'Kamakura' as a 'historical city' and 'city of international tourism and culture.'
  485. This page describes kaiseki ryori, a full course meal form of Japanese cuisine.
  486. This page describes ujigami, chinju, ubusunagami, and ujiko.
  487. This pagoda boasts an incomparable elaborate design for Buddhist pagoda architecture.
  488. This pagoda has a completely different style from other pagodas built in or before the middle ages which are seen in many regions in Japan, and it is similar to ancient stone structural objects in Chosun Peninsula.
  489. This pagoda is called Fukubachi-shiki to (pagoda with a small, inverted bowl-like fixture placed on it), or Busshari to (pagoda to honor the ashes of Shakyamuni).
  490. This pagoda is unique as its ground storey does not have a center pillar but instead the center pillar extends from the ceiling supported by the four pillars around the altar.
  491. This pagoda was constructed by Kokamonin, the second consort of Emperor Sutoku, in 1143.
  492. This pagoda, that later became known as Hon-mito, was constructed during the lifetime of the retired emperor (tonsured and became a cloistered emperor in 1142) to serve as his tomb following his death that came in 1156.
  493. This painting has a signature from 1592.
  494. This paints Shaka sitting alone in the kekkafuza leg-positioning style, and connected shippo kirikane patterns are provided on the robe.
  495. This paints the scenes in which Shaka opens the lid of the coffin and preaches, and faces Maya.
  496. This palace became a prototype of subsequent palaces.
  497. This palace consisted of an inner compound and an outer compound, with the inner compound further divided into northern and southern sections.
  498. This palace later became Izumo-taisha Shrine.
  499. This palace was located on the Uemachi plateau and, in 1913, several roof tiles with the jukenmon (concentric circle design) and rengemon (lotus flower patterns) were found during the construction of an army warehouse.
  500. This palace was so called Akenomiya Gosho or Otowa Gosho (Palace of Akenomiya or Otowa), which was later rebuilt into a temple and called Rinkyu-ji Temple.
  501. This paper has a purple frame and a red background for the title lettering, and text in the upper portion in the form of columns, as its basic layout.
  502. This paper was filled with rice prices of Asakusa written in small characters.
  503. This paper was later transcribed into "Nikkan Koshidan" (Ancient Histories of Japan and Korea, p.34-p.35).
  504. This parade is led by chido (road keeper) with a mask like a Tengu (long-nosed goblin).
  505. This parade was held in the east of Kyoto Dairi (Imperial palace).
  506. This paradigm shift in the Tang and Song period of change was put together as a systematic thought in the Southern Song Dynasty, and Neo-Confucianism was formed.
  507. This paragraph describes the main points of the "Kojiki" that begins with the creation of heaven and earth.
  508. This paragraph gives a detailed explanation.
  509. This park (Shingionnosu - New Gionnosu) was the land made by the landfill of the shallow tideland in 1970's.
  510. This park has a 120-meter-long embankment for fishing, where people enjoy holidays with their families, because it is equipped with a safety fence around it.
  511. This park has around 1,200 Japanese plum trees on its 6.5-hectare site.
  512. This park has become a sightseeing spot.
  513. This park is located on a mountain.
  514. This park opened in April of 1995 commemorating the establishment of the Kansai Science City (the Keihanna science city) and also commemorating the 1200th anniversary of the movement of the capital to the Heian-kyo capital.
  515. This park was built in cooperation with the Kansai Electric Co., Inc., and newly opened in the Chitose Area of Maizuru City on August 3, 2004.
  516. This parlor was called hiroma (a large room occupying the full cross section of a building) or Shoin, and the tea ceremony there was called, the tea ceremony in Shoin.
  517. This part became the target of criticism because it was interpreted that Fukuzawa did not regard the Ronins as true loyal warriors.
  518. This part could easily be attributed to a national hero Masashige KUSUNOKI, who died in the battle of Minatogawa, and was criticized by an interpretation that Fukuzawa identified Kusunoki's death as useless as an ordinary man's death.
  519. This part includes Icchu, Kia (Kiami), Zeami, Zoami, Doami of Omi Sarugaku and Kanami (father of Motoyoshi KANZE).
  520. This part is based on the two books that were attributed to Saigyo at that time: "Senjusho" (Selected Stories) Book 1, 'About Shiramine, Shinin's Mausoleum,' and Book 2, 'About Eigen zojo of Kerinin.'
  521. This part is the last highlight of Kanjincho, and also the most exciting part.
  522. This part is usually not performed, and in the postwar period, only Kanzaburo NAKAMURA the seventeenth performed it in 1968 at the National Theater of Japan.
  523. This part may be decorated and is called 'renben' (literally, lotus petal) or 'kozama' (carving).
  524. This part prevents from forming resonate mode and enables to get the original scales which differ from all sorts of Japanese ones, not to mention the temperament in the West, as well as an extremely high pitched sound called hishigi.
  525. This part provided a model for later volumes of Manyoshu.
  526. This part relates to the current commercially available onigiri being not suitable for carrying.
  527. This part states that Emperor Genmei was the reigning emperor.
  528. This part was completed by OTOMO no Yakamochi in around 783.
  529. This part, called the mekabu, and where the germ cells are gathered.
  530. This particular kind of structure is called hogyo-zukuri (方形造, 宝形造).
  531. This particular tumulus is significant, as its size and enclosed Kibi style artifacts (an original form of "haniwa," or hollow clay figurines) seem to suggest that it served as a model for the later tumuluses all over Japan.
  532. This particular wooden core was found inside the statue of Kongo Zao (Zao Gongen) that is the right attendant of the principle image.
  533. This party was formed on October 1, and the cabinet was established by ITO who assumed the party president and imposed the Government by the previous Prime Minister, Aritomo YAMAGATA to disturb this party just after formation.
  534. This party, however, was divided into two groups; advocates of direct action (hard-liners) who insisted on violent revolution, including KOTOKU, and advocates of parliament activities (soft-liners) who insisted on legal takeover through parliaments, including Tetsuji TAZOE.
  535. This pass is a chokepoint on the Shuzan-kaido Road, which connects Kyoto Prefecture and Fukui Prefecture.
  536. This pass is considered to be deeply involved in the history of Kyoto.
  537. This passage is rerecorded in the "Revised and Enlarged Meiji Jibutsu Kigen", in which there are only a few revisions such as deletions of Mr. from personal names and partial adding the case making particle "no".
  538. This pattern declined in the first century B.C.
  539. This pattern is called 'ayasugi', which improves the quality of its sound.
  540. This pattern of forming surnames was taken over by high-ranking samurai warriors, that is, the gokenin (immediate vassals of the shogun) class samurai during the Kamakura period and the kokujin (local samurai) class or higher classes samurai during the Muromachi period.
  541. This pattern skips the state of instability, and as two different things happen to coincide, it brings a sense of stability to the audience and makes them laugh.
  542. This paucity of information is due to his adopted son Shinshichirohisayuki SEKI having suffered Ju-tsuiho (the most severe form of exile), which resulted in the ending of the Seki lineage.
  543. This peace made Horigoe Kubo's position uncertain and he was left in control of only the Province of Izu.
  544. This penalty was mostly conducted against male criminals, but it was also applied to female criminals in some cases such as confinement and forced labour instead; however, it also appears to be true that even female criminals were sterilized in some cases.
  545. This perception that the fundoshi loincloth is "gracious" is the same perception shared by the traditional Japanese of an "aesthetic sensation."
  546. This percussion instrument is struck not by each flat surface of shakubyoshi, but by the flat surface of the left piece and the edge of the right piece held in an upright position.
  547. This performance as a monstrous master presents great conviction to the idea of Mitsuhide turning to rebellion.
  548. This performance indicates how popular Dengaku was at that time.
  549. This performance is accompanied with wind instruments and percussion instruments.
  550. This performance is said to be based on the dance performed by heavenly maidens who arrived at Udohama, Suruga Province in the reign of Emperor Ankan.
  551. This performance merited him the official approval of his ownership of his own domain after the end of the battle.
  552. This performance was repeated for ten times until 1989.
  553. This performance was viewed by the couple Yoshimasa and Tomiko HINO, Mochimichi NIJO, who held the title of Kanpaku (chief adviser to the Emperor), and powerful Shugo daimyo (Japanese territorial lord serving as provincial constable), showing off the authority of the Kanze guild.
  554. This period background might be related with Moritada's success.
  555. This period began when Empress Genmei started the Heijo-kyo capital, and corresponded with the Tan dynasty era in China.
  556. This period coincided approximately with the reign of Emperor Meiji.
  557. This period contains poems composed by Emperor Jomei, Emperor Tenji, Prince Arima, Kagami no Okimi, and FUJIWARA no Kamatari.
  558. This period corresponds to the period from Yuan (the Yuan dynasty) and Ming in China.
  559. This period corresponds with the incipient period to the early period in the periodization based upon the sequence of Jomon earthenware.
  560. This period extended from 780 to 781.
  561. This period in which Katsura and Saionji alternately served as the Prime Minister is called the Kei-En Era.
  562. This period in which Saionji and Katsura took charge of the government alternately is referred to as Kei-En era (Katsura-Saionji era).
  563. This period is also called the era of Emperor Tenchi because the reign of Emperor Tenchi almost coincides with this period.
  564. This period is also characterized by many tales, including ones which do not exist any more.
  565. This period is also referred to as the Shokuho (織豊) period or the Azuchi Osaka period.
  566. This period is called the 'Koan no tokusei' (political reforms in Koan era).
  567. This period is called the Konin-Jogan Period.
  568. This period is called the completing period of the Japanese-style calligraphy and kana calligraphy.
  569. This period is characterized by the fact that facilities called 'mura-no-shiro' (village castles) were built in various parts of Japan.
  570. This period is exactly a transitional period from ancient times to medieval times since it had elements of the precursor to the medieval national polity while keeping the vestiges of the ancient Ritsuryo-based nation.
  571. This period is said to be his overproduction period, but there are also many excellent masterpieces.
  572. This period is significant, because Japan accepted Buddhism then - the first religion from abroad - and by that means laid the foundation of its culture after that.
  573. This period of learning under Ittei also gave a great influence to the contents of the Hagakure (the book of Bushido) that he compiled later.
  574. This period saw so many wars that it used to be said 'Mt. Yoshino in poems is certainly touching, but Mt. Yoshino in war books is more dolorous.'
  575. This period saw the development of castle architecture, so feudal lords constructed tenshukaku (the keep or tower) as the symbol of their power, and goten (the palace) was decorated with gorgeous shoheki-ga (paintings on walls, byobu (folding screen), and fusuma (sliding door)).
  576. This period started at the time when Ieyasu TOKUGAWA was appointed shogun (a barbarian-quelling generalissimo) and settled the government in Edo (present Tokyo) on March 24, 1603, and lasted till the return of political power to the Emperor (taisei hokan) on November 15, 1867 for 264 years.
  577. This period started when MINAMOTO no Yoritomo established his bakufu in Kamakura, and corresponded to the eras of Sung (Dynasty) and Yuan (Dynasty) in China.
  578. This period was exposed by such social unrest.
  579. This period was supported by the fact that it was a period of economic growth in which nameless average persons could achieve success in various forms thanks to rapid quantitative and qualitative developments which enabled such endlessly repeated quarrels.
  580. This period was the golden age of Miyoshi clan.
  581. This period would occasionally be referred to as the final 'Kofun period.'
  582. This period's art was so diversified as to be difficult to define its character in a word, but it could be said to become extremely popularized, compared with the art of the ancient and middle ages, which was mainly occupied with religious (Buddhist) art.
  583. This person directs his or her team to make yeast mash and works with a kashira for sake brewing preparation.
  584. This person is designated Shobei TAMAYA, the first.
  585. This person is in charge of rice steaming.
  586. This person is in charge of the extraction phase called joso.
  587. This person is in charge of the filtration process.
  588. This person is in charge of the maintenance of sake brewing tools and equipment.
  589. This person is in charge of the observation of foam.
  590. This person is often called fuku-toji (an assistant toji) or jicho (an assistant director) at present.
  591. This person is responsible for the production of koji taking the leadership of his or her team.
  592. This person turned out to be Yasumasa and he took Hakamadare to his house and gave him some clothes, and then Hakamadare hurriedly ran away.
  593. This person works as a leader of kurabito people as well as a toji's assistant.
  594. This person works as an assistant of a kama-ya.
  595. This person works as an assistant of a koji-ya.
  596. This person's totaled-up the taxes for the entire Kyushu area and in 822 he it became mandatory for this person to bring the tax accounts to the capital and report them.
  597. This person, head of the Imperial Family was in fact the Emperor, he started to be called Chiten.
  598. This perspective is consistent with the assertion of "Gukansho (essay)," which regards the Hogen Disturbance as the beginning of 'the age of warriors.'
  599. This perspective was useful in hiding the decline of the authority of the Imperial Court and at the same time benefited the Kamakura bakufu to alleviate the criticism that they were an enemy of the court, resulting in the influence on the historical view of the following generations.
  600. This petition discussed diverse issues.
  601. This petition gained sympathy of the cabinet officials of the Shogunate, and the restoration of the Tokuyama clan was decided, because there was the opinion that the punishment to abolish the had been too severe.
  602. This petition won the sympathy of the cabinet officials of the Shogunate, and with a comment that the forfeit of the fief was too harsh for a punishment, restoration of the Tokuyama domain was decided.
  603. This phenomenon indicates that the kami involved is conceived of as a single entity sharing both characteristics of yamanokami and tanokami.
  604. This phenomenon is equally observed in both Kanto and Kansai.
  605. This phenomenon is not observed in daily life, but when objects reach the velocity of light, it becomes more conspicuous; theoretically, time stops when it reaches the velocity of light.
  606. This phenomenon is similar to the one between Kakogawa Station and Himeji Station on the JR Kobe Line.
  607. This phenomenon itself has been known from ancient times, and the heating process to prevent it has been done from the Middle Ages (the times around the Heian period) in the history of sake.
  608. This phenomenon likely arose due to the perception of such animals as unusual spiritual beings, irrelevant to their respective gods.
  609. This phenomenon of a mysterious light is said to be the act by a grey heron.
  610. This phenomenon often occurred during ancient times and the Middle Ages, when the rights of a legal land owner and an actual lord of the land were intricate and unstable.
  611. This phenomenon was often found among court nobles at that time.
  612. This philosophy is called the Ancient Shinto, the origin of which traces back at least to the Jomon perid, and it is also called the Jomon Shinto.
  613. This philosophy was based on the concept that 'learning is to do one's best and to understand nature'; in other words, this philosophy requires learning about nature and the law wherein mind and nature are united to form order.
  614. This philosophy, as discussed in the field of animism in cultural anthropology, is similar to religions that spontaneously emerged during the times of the primary civilization around the world.
  615. This phrase (poem) is included with the title 'Shingakusai' in "Seishoshu" (included in "Kanchuroku Seishoshu" issued by Shokoku-ji Temple, translated and commented by Sonin KAJITANI))
  616. This phrase had a significant influence on library movements and the development of libraries in postwar Japan.
  617. This phrase has an image of pushing up from below (because people become taller when putting on Geta).
  618. This phrase has been seen by many people and has become known as a principle not only of the NDL but also of libraries in general.
  619. This phrase is a transformed version of 'Namu Daishi henjo kongo,' a gohogo for Kukai (a phrase praising Kukai), although the content of the phrase has become different from what was meant by the original one.
  620. This phrase is then taken to express indispensable tools that one needs for a specific action or profession, such as the 'seven tools of election' (scutcheon, arm band, etc. necessary for election campaigners) or the 'seven tools of a detective.'
  621. This phrase is used when believers of other sects criticize monto for not following the local customs which, at least from their viewpoint, is common.
  622. This phrase means a wandering swindler who sells ash called "goma no hai," said to have been generated from Kobo Daishi's goma practice, as being beneficial.
  623. This phrase means that a person good at writing characters does not select a brush for writing.
  624. This phrase might make people wonder at first, because it is difficult to make a connection with the simmered dish of daikon pickles, and it indicates the dish with unique cuisines by each region.
  625. This phrase, 'Looking to south, the saint listens to the country and, facing towards light, he governs' had been considered as a prospect 10 times in total including 8 times during the Edo period in the past when era names were changed and it was finally selected during its eleventh nomination.
  626. This picture of a cat was painted on the cedar doors in the hallway in the Ohojo (Large Guest House) by Nobumasa KANO and is called 'The Cat That Sees in Three Directions' because it appears to be looking at you from whichever angle you look at it.
  627. This picture scroll depicting the Hyakki Yako in which a various spirits and demons parade through the night is the oldest surviving Hyakki Yako image.
  628. This picture scroll was made during the Goshirakawa Insei period (period of cloistered governments) in the last part of the Heian period, and used to be kept by the Sakai family in Wakasa Province along with Kibidaijin Nitto Emaki (scroll depicting the visit of Minister Kibi to Tang China), which now belongs to the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.
  629. This picture shows the rough waves of the impressive golden sea in a dynamic way.
  630. This picture shows the solemnity of the Great Buddha Hall, of which even rafter and square timber butt ends were gilded.
  631. This picture was transferred in the Yasumigaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine, as a Chinju (local Shinto deity) in Yakushi-ji Temple, until 1868.
  632. This piece also includes many earlier characters.
  633. This piece is also called 'Tori' (bird) when is arranged for wind and string music in the key of So (which closely corresponds to G major in Western music) or the key of Oshiki (which closely corresponds to A minor in Western music).
  634. This piece is considered a difficult piece of music with its complicated modulations, due to the shamisen's sophisticated technique for the long movement in the middle.
  635. This piece is from the late Heian Period.
  636. This piece is unfinished.
  637. This piece was also used for music entertainment; however, as its name suggests, it was mainly played as Bugaku (dance and music) in Buddhist events.
  638. This piece was composed for koto by Kengyo YAEZAKI.
  639. This piece was offered in the Edo period but repairs to damage were only completed in February 2007.
  640. This pigment exhibits green.
  641. This pigment exhibits yellowish red.
  642. This pigment is similar in color and usage to tsuya-beni.
  643. This pigment, powdered mercury sulfide, has been used as a charm against evil since ancient times.
  644. This pilgrimage record by Yoshiyasu was compiled in his biography "Minokagami," and analyzing the record about the dates and the route that he arrived at Shingu City on July 10 and at Mt. Koya on July 14, it is certain that he used kohechi, although he did not record this name of the road.
  645. This pincer attack pushed the Oda and Tokugawa allied forces into a corner, but they could escape to Kyoto partly because of the rear guards such as Katsumasa IKEDA, Mitsuhide AKECHI, Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI and Ieyasu TOKUGAWA (the Battle of Kanagasaki).
  646. This pine tree forms the background of the garden and emphasises the foreground view.
  647. This pine tree to the north of the Hojo is said to have been planted by Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA himself.
  648. This place is also famous for cherry-blossom viewing.
  649. This place is also known a good spot to view the moon in an elegant way.
  650. This place is also known as the turn-around point for the Inter-Prefectural Women's Ekiden held every January, and the National High School Ekiden (for men) which is held every December.
  651. This place is called Okubo or Yamamoto.
  652. This place is considered as the old site of Okamoto Palace, where Prince Shotoku preached the Hokke-kyo Sutra (the Lotus Sutra).
  653. This place is near the present-day Senbon Marutamachi intersection.
  654. This place thrived as a noblemen's villa since the Heian period.
  655. This place was called 'Zen temple of Shira-kawa River' and was originally a territory of Kurodani, Mt. Hiei; when Eiku entered nirvana, the main temple in Kurodani and the main temple in Shirakawa were given to Honen.
  656. This place was called Maruishiajiro in ancient times.
  657. This place was designated as a national historical site on January 22, 1934.
  658. This place was designated as one of Shisakai (four boundaries) to prevent unclean influences from outside from entering the Capital of Heian-kyo and to rid the capital of filth generated from within.
  659. This place was developed into Zeze Park (Zeze-jo Castle Ruins).
  660. This place was named Katuragi after this event.
  661. This placement shows that Nobunaga placed great trust in Mitsuhide (this ultimately backfired).
  662. This plagiarism problem with regard to Kendo's origin was also taken up by the All Japan Kendo Federation (in its official statement), and the fact that Kendo has its origin in Japan was shown on the English version of the website as an international publicity action.
  663. This plain wooden statue features very little color with the exception of vermillion on the lips and black on the eyebrows and pupils.
  664. This plan could strengthen its governing power in Goryeo and isolate the Southern Sung Dynasty and Japan from each other, without suffering any damage.
  665. This plan might have a problem of a shortage of soldiers.
  666. This plan was approved in September of 1940, and it was decided that the work to construct the line was to be started.
  667. This plan would enable it to obtain a large number of soldiers and was supported by Mongol high officials.
  668. This plant region borders on Mt. Koya on the north and on Kumano on the south, therefore, in those areas, some distinctive plants of the mountains are seen.
  669. This plaque has the inscription of the year 1849 and also there are names of 'Kinshichi SHIMODA, the stonemason' as well as 'Seisuke SHIMODA, his apprentice.'
  670. This plateau is within the Class 1 special district of Muro Akame Aoyama Quasi-National Park.
  671. This platform was built in 1914 when the second Kyoto Station started service, and maps of the Meiji period before that show no Odoi mounds there.
  672. This platform was for passengers getting off express and semi-express trains.
  673. This platform was for passengers getting off local trains.
  674. This platform was for passengers getting on express and semi-express trains.
  675. This platform was for passengers getting on express or semi-express trains.
  676. This platform was for passengers getting on limited express trains.
  677. This platform was for passengers getting on local trains to Osaka.
  678. This platform was for passengers getting on local trains.
  679. This platform was for passengers going to Uji Station.
  680. This play consisting of six parts was written by Mokuami KAWATAKE.
  681. This play is characterized by the adoption of legends handed down through generations, associated with Prince Shotoku, a member of imperial family in the Asuka period as well, whose father is said to be Emperor Yomei, the model of the main character.
  682. This play is said to have descended to dashi karakuri in some local communities.
  683. This play is, especially the sections of Toriimae and others, performed not only for commercial purposes but also in jishibai performance (amateur performance by local residents).
  684. This play on words is used in classical Rakugo (classical comic story-telling) "Yabasebune" and so on.
  685. This play put Kikugoro ONOE the fifth, famous actor in the Meiji period, on the road to success.
  686. This play reflected Lao She's thoughts about the Boxers.
  687. This play seemed to have received poor reviews, but he later became one of the top playwrights for Shin Kabuki through the success of 'Ishin Zengo' (Before and After the Restoration) and 'Shuzenji Monogatari' (The Tale of Shuzenji), and the new term 'Kido-mono' (Kido's play) was even created.
  688. This play shows a binding brought by love and obligations, and especially gained a high evaluation as a masterpiece among all of CHIKAMATSU's Sewa-mono.
  689. This play shows activities of outstanding thieves in Japan, 'Shiranami Gonin Otoko,' who were comparable to Goemon ISHIKAWA and Nezumi Kozo (a famous robber in Edo city).
  690. This play was performed by players at Hon-za and by those at Shin-za at Shijo Gawara, and was visited and viewed by Sei taishogun (literally, "great general who is to subdue the eastern barbarians") Takauji ASHIKAGA and Yoshimoto NIJO, chief adviser to the Emperor.
  691. This play was performed for the first time at the Ichimura theater in August, 1860, in Edo.
  692. This play was written by Kanami.
  693. This playing technique is called Anbai melisma.
  694. This pleased Iemochi, leading to the appointment of Kenkichi as his tutor.
  695. This plot was thwarted by the occurrence of the Ikedaya Incident.
  696. This poem also appears in Ogura Hyakunin Isshu (The Ogura Anthology of 100 Tanka poems by 100 Poets).
  697. This poem described the brave battle that 'Battotai,' a force of the government army that attacked the enemy with swords, engaged in during the Seinan Warn.
  698. This poem describes a merchant of Yueh (South China) who goes to Japan to buy Japanese swords already being called treasure swords given their artistic qualities found in the fittings and appearance.
  699. This poem is called 'hinaburi' ("rustic song").
  700. This poem is considered to be a taboo poem.
  701. This poem is included as an element in the traditional Rakugo (traditional comic storytelling) performance called 'Sutoku in.'
  702. This poem is only recorded in the Kojiki.
  703. This poem is said to be made by Kagami no Okimi after Kamatari's death, in the memory of her husband.
  704. This poem is used widely in Japanese textbooks, and is one of the most famous poems in Hyakunin Isshu (one hundred waka poems by one hundred poets).
  705. This poem is written on fragmentary pieces of Deccho-bon (a type of a book) with Torinoko paper (stout, smooth Japanese paper) that has been dyed a color such as purple, indigo, red ochre, or green and bound together with white paper.
  706. This poem means that 'it takes many days to cross Mt. Oe and go to Ikuno (a place-name in Tango), so I have never been to Amano Hashidate, where my mother lives, and I have not received a letter from her yet, either.'
  707. This poem means: 'You who were worried about me when we were surrounded by the flaming fire in the fields of Sagami.'
  708. This poem mentioned that the Imperial family had lasted long, but it didn't mention how long the family existed.
  709. This poem was also collected in "Kinyo Wakashu" (Kinyo Collection of Japanese Poems), but the word order of this poem ('fumi mo mada mizu') is different from the one collected in Hyakunin Isshu (one hundred waka poems by one hundred poets).
  710. This poem was composed by Akahiko SHIMAKI who argued, 'What is referred to as literary sketch is a complement of the sole truth of internal being and not a portrayal of external events,' whereby preaching the 'Way of Portrayal' and the 'Way of Discipline.'
  711. This poem was formerly called the 'morouta' (entire verse) of Niwabi because the entire part of the poem was chanted at one time; however, in recent times only the first part of the poem was chanted, whereas the last part was not chanted.
  712. This poem was included in "Sanyo Shi Sho" (Selective Poems of Sanyo) (8 volumes) that was published after his death.
  713. This poem was unique in the sense that the last two lines 'advance and prepare to die with your shining sword until the enemy dies' were repeated.
  714. This poem was written during the Kansei Reform.
  715. This poem was written during the Kyoho reforms, satirizing the delay of salary to Hatamoto samurai.
  716. This poetry competition was held at around 889 at the residence of Imperial Princess Hanshi (the empress dowager Mitsuko), mother of Emperor Uda.
  717. This poetry contest was created based on the 'Thirty Six Master Poets Selection,' which was established by FUJIWARA no Kinto.
  718. This point brought about the development of some manias (mainly, lovers of the prettiness line) that led to the consistent creation of coterie magazines, figures (or figurines), home pages, blogs, gazo-keijiban (graphic billboards) and others on the subject of boys and girls wearing fundoshi loincloth.
  719. This point illustrates the difference from unction which was a ritual a clergyman carried out on the king about to be enthroned.
  720. This point was institutionally very different from higher schools under the old system.
  721. This pointing-out aroused a lot of opposition among others, Ogai severely criticized Toyama.
  722. This police system continued for a few years after the Meiji Restoration.
  723. This policy change was proven by the fact that the government ceased to conduct handen shuju (a system of periodic reallocations of rice land), whose premise was people-based governance under the Ritsuryo system, since the Suzaku era.
  724. This policy is appreciated as embodying physiocracy, restraining the influence of Shinjin and Kugonin engaging in commerce and encouraging the performance of true religious rituals.
  725. This policy made treasury budget improved substantially, but it caused a serious deflation which was called the 'Matsukata deflation,' and resulted in public antipathy.
  726. This policy was accepted by most of the people, but some people disagreed with a usage of tax money, and some complained about a flat tax amount which ignored regional disparities, and some were afraid of social disruption caused by warriors who failed in getting a job.
  727. This policy was based on Confucianism, a key idea of the Ritsuryo system, but FUJIWARA no Fuyutsugu, who took over Sonohito, changed the policy drastically, making it policy to facilitate the development of reclaimed land.
  728. This policy was called Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), under which the daiku-shoku system (a centralized district system that abolished all pre-existing towns, villages and their offices and institutions) was established in 1871 and enforced the next year.
  729. This policy was continued by the Kenmu Government and the Muromachi bakufu.
  730. This policy was created as women misunderstood the true meaning of Zanpatsu Datto Rei and started to have their hair short.
  731. This policy was in effect until bunkan ninyoseido (government officials recruitement system) was established in 1885.
  732. This policy was led by Bureau of Shinto Shrines, Ministry of Interior, but it is said that the Bureau of Regional Affairs in the same ministry was also involved.
  733. This policy with regard to the music is continued even today: there is no musical accompaniment in the performance except for during the 'Ishinage no mie', which represents an army, and the mie displayed just before the Roppo Exit at the end.
  734. This political change was called 'the Strike of the Army' and then triggered the Gunbu Daijin Geneki Bukan sei to attract attention in national politics.
  735. This political power is also just called Hakodate Government, but this naming is not appropriate because it did never aim at a sovereign independence nor defending local authority.
  736. This political power shift was not aimed at taking over authority from the Soga clan but at centralization of authority and reform of national administration which will enable adaptation to the tide of the East Asian situation.
  737. This portion was called 'kyo (hem)' and was a remarkable feature of the figure of a person in sokutai.
  738. This portion was sometimes processed into Koro (to be described later), and was used as a material for oden (a Japanese dish containing all kinds of ingredients cooked in a special broth of soy sauce, sugar, sake, etc.).
  739. This portrait is maintained in the castle keep of Osaka Castle.
  740. This portrait is open to the public at Daihozoden (Treasure House) in the temple on fixed dates in spring and autumn, etc.
  741. This portrait was produced as the Honzon of Kichijokeka-e (reverence for devotional meetings) on the basis of the "Golden Light of the Most Victorious Kings Sutra," regarded as one of very few valuable paintings produced during the Nara period.
  742. This position is also called awaban.
  743. This position is also called koji-shi (which literally means "koji master") or dai-shi (which literally means "grand master") at some breweries.
  744. This position is also called moto-mawari (literally, "yeast mash-related"), moto-mawashi (literally, "yeast mash-related"), or moto-shi (literally, "yeast mash master") at some breweries.
  745. This position is also called oimawashi.
  746. This position is compared to a batting coach in a baseball team.
  747. This position is compared to a head coach in a baseball team.
  748. This position is compared to a pitching coach in a baseball team.
  749. This position is compared to the manager in a baseball team.
  750. This position is compared to the owner of a baseball team.
  751. This position is usually assigned to the youngest trainee in a group.
  752. This position was a kind of emperor's secretary and talented ladies who were well versed in academics and etiquette were appointed.
  753. This position was also called Ryoshiki as two people were appointed.
  754. This position was given as a replacement for official priesthood as 'the person who freely does missionary work without having to stay in one church.'
  755. This position was not nominal and he ruled the province as the superintendent until he fell from power in August 1193.
  756. This position was set during the reign of Emperor Suzaku.
  757. This position was set during the reign of Emperor Uda.
  758. This position was to control military power of 12 provinces; Kii Province, Awa Province, Sanuki Province, Iyo Province, Tosa Province, Harima Province, Mimasaka Province, Bizen Province, Bichu Province, Bigo Province, Aki Province, and Suo Province.
  759. This position's duties are cleaning, the preparation of meals for all members, to keep watching tubs, and the assistance of a koji-ya.
  760. This position's name varies depending on regions.
  761. This positive acceptance of international law was not shared by large numbers of people at the time of yomu undo but it was a chance that Kaichitsujo based on Sinocentrism, in which China maintained self-centered attitude was unsettled and changed.
  762. This positively means the House was a peerage-centered house and the councilors were expected to adopt the principles of the monarchy and support the Emperor in the fight against democracy.
  763. This post came to be called Kanrei since the era of Yoriyuki HOSOKAWA.
  764. This post functioned in reality after Emperor Gosaga appointed Tametsune YOSHIDA and Sadatsugu HAMURO in 1246 and they were in charge of all messages except Kanto moshitsugi (adjusting works between the retired emperor and Kamakura bakufu).
  765. This post is granted by a bishop through ordination.
  766. This post is sometimes confused with Saigu (an Imperial Princess appointed to serve the deities of the Ise-jingu Shrine), but Saigu were maiden imperial women who had served in shrines until the post was abolished in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).
  767. This post name was mainly used in big Shinpan domains (whose lords were relatives of the Tokugawa family), such as Aizu domain.
  768. This post office can be used only by persons such as staff of the Imperial Household Agency.
  769. This post originated in that Iemitsu TOKUGAWA appointed his six close advisers, Nobutsuna MATSUDAIRA, Masamori HOTTA, Tadaaki ABE, Sukemune OTA, and Shigetsugu ABE, to the 'Rokunin-shu' (six persons) post for handling daily affairs in 1633.
  770. This post started with an officer who was also Ometsuke, but in 1698, was also assumed by Kanjo-bugyo (a governmental officer in charge of financial affairs) Shigeyoshi MATSUDAIRA additionally.
  771. This post was a Ryoge-no-kan position (an official position outside of the Ritsuryo system) that was positioned under the Nadaijin (Minister of the Interior) and above the Dainagon (Chief Councilor of State).
  772. This post was abolished in 1866.
  773. This post was also called Higero.
  774. This post was also introduced some domains as well.
  775. This post was also set up not only in the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) but in domains.
  776. This post was called either In no shitsushi or Shitsushi-betto and was the head of In no betto (administrator of the Retired Emperor's office).
  777. This post was commonly called "Kaibogakari" as well.
  778. This post was concurrently assumed by a minister under the Ministerial Ritsuryo system.
  779. This post was concurrently assumed by a person whose post was sangi (councilor) or higher in ancient times, but a person whose post was Dainagon or higher was regularly appointed to this post since the middle of the Heian period.
  780. This post was equivalent to a Suke (assistant director) at the Kurododokoro (Chamberlain's Office) and was placed immediately under the Kurodo no to (Head Chamberlain).
  781. This post was equivalent to the Sakan (secretary) of the Shitokan.
  782. This post was established in 1617, and the number of the officers was up to 10.
  783. This post was established in 1633.
  784. This post was inherited by the persons of the Nikaido clan and these persons often concurrently served as "rei", the second-highest post of mandokoro.
  785. This post was occasionally occupied by a member of Imperial family, in which case he was called Hyobukyo no Miya.
  786. This post was once abolished in September of 1862 due to Bunkyu Reform, but was restored again in October of the next year.
  787. This post was originally Kenu no kuninomiyatsuko, which was divided into Kamitsukenu no kuninomiyatsuko and Shimotsukenu no kuninomiyatsuko during the period from the reign of Emperor Nintoku to the reign of Emperor Kotoku.
  788. This post, initially established by Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA, was once abolished by Shigehide OGIWARA at his own discretion in the Genroku era (1688 - 17-4)), but was restored by Hakuseki ARAI.
  789. This post-cleanup after the Jokyu Disturbance was the major issue during this period.
  790. This poster by Lautrec may not appear to be special in the eyes of modern people.
  791. This pot was traditionally used by people to bury placenta in the ground near the entrance to the house or under the doma (dirt floor room within the house) to pray for their children's sound growth and social success.
  792. This powder like material is the crystallized umami constituents.
  793. This power plant and Kisenyama Power Station at Kisenyama Dam which was completed in 1970 generate power by pumped-storage hydroelectricity (permitted output: 466,000 kW).
  794. This powerfulness was probably a representation of his desire to "create a new nation and new people."'
  795. This practically brought an end to the office of Oshu tandai, the hereditary post of the Osaki clan.
  796. This practically put an end to Oyumi-kubo.
  797. This practice added cachet to the Minamoto clan name as a samurai family, to its ancestors and the founder of the clan, Yoshiie.
  798. This practice became the reason for the religious persecution called Jogen no Honan (Kenei no Honan).
  799. This practice comes from the vow of great compassion (17th Vow).
  800. This practice eventually spread among ordinary people, and doctors would distribute tososan in return for their medicine fee.
  801. This practice existed in Japan from around the medieval period; it was legislated in the Edo period and was called Adauchi (revenge).
  802. This practice is believed to remain from the time when kami were believed to descend upon a location only when worshipped.
  803. This practice is considered to be a form of belief of "mappo-shiso" (latter day pessimism, which prevailed in the middle of the Heian period, predicting that the mappo era ("latter day") would come in 1052), which may have originated in China or the Korean Peninsula.
  804. This practice is different from hotels which require guests to dress suitably enough to go out when they are outside their rooms.
  805. This practice is more like the custom of hanging a kakejiku, on which the names of the gods are written, in the tokonoma (alcove in a traditional Japanese room where art or flowers are displayed) of a zashiki (a tatami-matted, Japanese-style room for receiving guests) at wedding and other events.
  806. This practice of Katatagae for Tenichi-jin God, who remained in one direction for a few days, was easy, but there was sometimes the case where Kon-jin God presided over one direction for a year, in which people planned to build a house.
  807. This practice of assigning Nenyo in temples had an influence on samurai warriors in later years.
  808. This practice reportedly goes back to a group of volunteers, 'Mikuni Hoshidan((Volunteers for Imperial Japan) who were distressed at the sorry state of the Palace immediately after the defeat in 1945.
  809. This practice survives at present as 'Aoi no Kanzashi' in the Aoi-matsuri festival.
  810. This practice varies in different regions.
  811. This practice was also extremely secretive and exclusive, so even parents were not allowed to see their children who were in the process of Mishirabe.
  812. This practice was especially prevalent during the Heian period when there were many temples in which several sects were mixed, as it allowed all monks of the same sect to reside, practice and study within a single inge.
  813. This practice was introduced from China during the Muromachi period and under this practice, buns with bean-jam filling, Yokan (sweet bean jelly), Udon (Japanese wheat noodles) and/or Japanese vermicelli were served.
  814. This practice was known as Gyakutai.
  815. This practice was not limited to Shuri-te; from the picture displayed above in which Chojun MIYAGI and Juhatsu KYODA exercise in shirtless conditions, it is considered that this practice was common in Okinawa, including Naha-te.
  816. This practice was performed basically in the way that practitioners got on the wooden boat called Tokai-bune set afloat on the water near the southward beach and set sail.
  817. This practice, however, became increasingly lax, with some scholar monks being appointed as hogi without leaving the priesthood and who subsequently transferred or held an additional post of a senior Shitokan position (particularly kami and suke) while working as administration officers.
  818. This prayer is chanted between the first and latter sections of Oharaenokotoba as well as used separately as the word for purification.
  819. This presented an idea of parliamentary government.
  820. This pressed his army to cut noses off even living women and children to send to Hideyoshi.
  821. This prevented the Kujira's troop from charging the camp.
  822. This prevents expansion.
  823. This prevents the growth of bacteria responsible for decay.
  824. This priest-gozoku clan then seemed to have served the Yamato dynasty, offered its territories, and became agatanushi, or a territorial ruler.
  825. This principal of avoiding the same names in cities was succeeded to the subsequent generations in which the numbers of cities were increased.
  826. This principle is also applied to team competition.
  827. This principle succeeded to the Taiho Code which enacted in 701 to constitute the basic principle of the Ritsuryo system.
  828. This principle was inherited by the Edo bakufu, which banned Eitai baibai (buying and selling permanently) of a person, and the Nenki of fudai genin (low-ranked people in the hereditary succession) was set to a maximum of 10 years on the ground of the "Goseibai-shikimoku" Article 41.
  829. This private residence is built in a farmhouse style, and is estimated to date back to the mid 18th century.
  830. This private school became as successful as branch(es) had to be built, however, when his son, Seijiro was employed as a grand council of state to serve the national government, he accompanied his son and moved back to Tokyo.
  831. This probably helped to secure support from those families of the clan left out in the cold, and to tightly unite the whole clan.
  832. This problem arises because the Kamogawa River has a steep gradient for a river running through a big city, trees of Mt. Kitayama were logged to build Heian-kyo, and the riverside has become a part of the urban area with the eastward expansion of the area.
  833. This problem became controversial within the army, but in the end his letter of resignation was submitted.
  834. This problem is discussed often as a violate example of the military men, but it should be noticed that originally the Members of the Diet brought up this matter stimulating the conflicts in the army as the means of the political dispute.
  835. This problem was finally settled by changing Edo to Tokyo as the eastern capital, because many people were opposed to transferring the capital from Kyoto, and around this time, Edo-jo Castle capitulated (refer to the article "Tokyo Tento" (transfer of the national capital to Tokyo)).
  836. This problem was solved by allotting the uncultivated and barren areas in the land of the direct rule of the emperor (fisc) to the west Goths.
  837. This problem was solved in the middle of 1990s by installing the telephone lines of Uji City and Kumiyama-cho separately within the telephone exchange station.
  838. This procedure is repeated several times in some cases.
  839. This procedure used to be called irekodate.
  840. This procedure which began as a way to pursue akuto, became the root for the right of shisetsu jungyo (process for implementing bakufu's decision on conflicts regarding property ownership) during the Muromachi period.
  841. This process allows the volume to increase and the pitch to be fine tuned.
  842. This process also required musical instruments to have complicated mechanisms.
  843. This process called 'horikomi chigyo' (digging ground work) was carried out as foundation work.
  844. This process can take several days.
  845. This process drains out water and bittern and makes kakoishio, which do not lose in weight.
  846. This process eventually turned into a kind of subcontract system.
  847. This process increases the quantity of amino acids, which result in the flavor of sencha, and decreases the quantity of catechins (so-called tannin), which cause astringency.
  848. This process is also uncertain.
  849. This process is called 'sharpening "ho-bo" (a tip of an edged instrument).'
  850. This process is called 'throwing the water away,' by which the impurities including dust are removed.
  851. This process is called 'water removal,' during which the meat should be rotated well in order to be cooked evenly.
  852. This process is called '身欠き' (migaki).
  853. This process is called Odori (dance).
  854. This process is called shimaishigoto meaning that it is the final work to disperse heat of rice, but, in fact, it is not final.
  855. This process is considered to be the reason that floods (Fukuchiyama and Yura-gawa River) frequently occur, since the river water is held up during times of heavy rain as a result of the very gradual inclination of rivers running in the basin, and the bottleneck caused around the outlet.
  856. This process is expressed as 'to mill rice for sake' or, more plainly, 'to polish rice' or 'scrape.'
  857. This process is repeated to inlay the pieces for Mt. Fuji, sansui (landscapes will hills and rivers) and naya (barn).
  858. This process made the Wayo legally effective.
  859. This process made ujigami identifiable as chinju.
  860. This process makes the part absorb hot water quickly, resulting in bristles with increased durability.
  861. This process matures the fish meat.
  862. This process of change completed in Early Modern Japanese, and in a way it can be considered to be a change caused by the integration of an end-form and an attributive form.
  863. This process of throwing the water away is characteristic of 'Nagashi-suki' and the extremely quick-action of aibika added to the paper material, makes it possible.
  864. This process results in better keeping quality than kneading with water.
  865. This process was called Obuki.
  866. This process will, if necessary, be repeated several times.
  867. This proclaimed the strength of the Tokugawa army to the world and highlighted the vulnerability of the Asakura army.
  868. This produce was introduced to introduced at Kannon Station on the Choshi Dentetsu Railway to increase revenues at the time the Oyoge! Taiyaki-kun song was very popular.
  869. This produced an unexpected anecdote: Hideyo NOGUCHI changed his name from the original Seisaku to Hideyo because he worried that people might misunderstand the character 'Seisaku NONOGUCHI' in this novel was modeled after him.
  870. This product succeeded in retaining that savory quality for a long period by adopting three-layered synthetic resin as a wrapping and by filling the wrapping with inert gas to displace the oxygen.
  871. This product was produced for the first time in July 2005 when the present Empress Michiko visited Yamaguchi Prefecture.
  872. This product was seen to be traded at an exorbitant price at the Internet auction when the effect of BSE issue caused the production to halt between February 2004 and March 2008.
  873. This production method is a production method that is similar to that of Champagne as opposed to wine.
  874. This production method is popular when amazake is made at home.
  875. This production process is also used in Chinese and Korean factories.
  876. This professional name had been extinct for 35 years since the first Kinnosuke entered the film industry, but was revived April, 2007.
  877. This professional name is used before succeeding to the name of Enjaku JITSUKAWA.
  878. This program collects information on every job, creates content relating to them, and provides people across the world with this content in the form of books, movies and other audio-visual media making use of the latest Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
  879. This program creates tools for other programs, makes plans for career counseling, carries out R&D, and disseminates products.
  880. This program is famous as a play that consistently draws big crowds every time it is performed, and it was once called "shibai no dokujinto of theater" (medicinal bath for theaters) because it was an effective remedy for theaters facing financial difficulties.
  881. This program is now held at 'Yoshimoto ∞ Hall in Osaka' within the 'Nanba Grand Kagetsu' after the 'Umeda Kagetsu' was closed.
  882. This program is officially the first performance played after a Japanese traditional formal prayer and dance, "Okina."
  883. This program is the last, fifth performance among five Noh performances defined in the form of Noh program, therefore it is also called Kiri (cut off) Noh or gobanme-mono (the fifth-category play).
  884. This program is the story rewritten into a kyogen.
  885. This program leaves the spectator with nifty feelings.
  886. This program provides career counselors and career guides with professional skills and expertise by giving varied training and seminars on self-development, job selection, career design, and ability development.
  887. This program rarely used Nagauta for "Sukeroku" by Danjuro.
  888. This program took the lead in nurturing cutting-edge medical care and creating new drugs.
  889. This prohibition ordinance was commonly called the Miko-Kindan-rei (an order to forbid shrine maidens from obtaining divine oracles through spirit possession).
  890. This project has achieved some results, for example, the compilation of a plan to combat kosa (refer to the web site concerned).
  891. This project has existed since, and was partly started in, the Okayama Domain period.
  892. This project included the construction of Takayama Dam on Nabari-gawa River, which meant that if it was completed, Tsukigase Baikei would be swallowed up by the Dam.
  893. This project was covered by national expenditure and membership fee of a commemorative ceremony for the 2,600th year of the founding of Japan.
  894. This project was not completed within the year.
  895. This project wasn't completed by the end of the month.
  896. This project which later came to be known as Mitogaku (the scholarship and academic traditions that arose in the Mito Domain) was instrumental in forming, and theoretically influencing, historical science.
  897. This promise was kept and Atsuaki was given the title 'Koichijoin' equivalent to the Retired Emperor, received Nenkan, Nensyaku and had a In-cho (office) similar to the Retired Emperor.
  898. This promotion allowed Isami KONDO to carry out negotiations with important individuals as one of the bakufu representatives, and Shojiro GOTO, who was a politician from the Tosa domain, was one of the examples.
  899. This promotion was a part of the award given to kokushi (provincial governors) on the recommendation of Junsatsushi (Circuit Inspector).
  900. This prompted the analysis of the creation process of Kuniyoshi's works and restoration of the colors which were faded away from Kuniyoshi's original Ukiyo-e prints.
  901. This prop kit was originally called "Sashigane."
  902. This property became the financial base of the Meiji Government.
  903. This proposal was executed and 200 chobu (hectares) of agricultural land benefited from his project.
  904. This proposal was put into practice based on the concept that deaths of prisoners help reduce expenses of the prison.
  905. This proposed administration and financial adjustment as well as to raise loan of 50-million-yen worth foreign government bonds to redeem all the inconvertible paper money at once.
  906. This protection film is devised to be easily pulled out by hand when eating, and just-wrapped, crispy texture of dried laver is enjoyable all the time.
  907. This protective gear is to protect the parts from hands to arms (from elbow joints to forearms) and is left-and-right-pair.
  908. This protective gear is to protect the waist and lower abdomen.
  909. This protective gear, different form other gear, does not receive direct strokes so the entire portion is made of sashiko and cloth knit from strong materials (leather is also used for decoration materials).
  910. This protocol was approved under the conferences between the Powers with no rejection of the Qing Dynasty accepted; the Dynasty (the Dowager Empress/Li Hongzhang) could not help but accept the protocol.
  911. This proved that he was involved in the imperial court.
  912. This proved that the bills were well circulated within the domain.
  913. This proverb represents the situation in which one person always thinks of another, based on the assumption that awabi, unlike bivalves such as asari and corbicula clams, have no matching shell and always long for a partner.
  914. This proves that EN no Ozunu was a real person, but no official history remains except for this article of "Shoku Nihongi" describing his achievement.
  915. This proves that in this country, Katatagae jujutsu (witchcraft for changing directions to avoid bad luck) remains strong even when the twenty-first century is just around the corner.
  916. This proves that the Katobushi chorus are not merely performers, but essentially spectators, who are the best treated better than ordinary spectators.
  917. This proves the relationship with the Heian-kyo (the ancient capital of Japan in current Kyoto).
  918. This provided the legal grounds to authorize and perpetuate the usurpation of territories and hanzei that had been enforced by Shugo in various regions on the pretext of war without approval from the bakufu.
  919. This provides a unified lower and upper secondary school education.
  920. This provides evidence that a dynasty was in Kyushu as well as the ritsuryo codes in Kyusyu.
  921. This provides evidence to show that the Fujiwara clan had control of the bureaucracy not only through its Kokyu policy but also through its involvement in the establishment of the Ritsuryo system (legal code) since Fuhito.
  922. This province was in the Kinai region (the five capital provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto), and was ranked as a province ruled by governor in Engishiki (codes and procedures on national rites and prayers).
  923. This provincial system was built uniformly and administratively, and was totally unrelated to the naturally occurring settlements in the pre-Taika era.
  924. This provision declared fulfilling social life of the common people originally based on the intention of Yuri, however, because Fukuoka added 'No less than the civil and military officials' meaning politics, it is pointed out that the point of the provision became unclear (Masatsugu INADA).
  925. This provision was contradictory to the provision for automatic participation in the war so that there was no expectation of its substantial effect, but it was added at the request of the US which was increasing its vigilance against the three countries: Japan, Britain and Russia.
  926. This provision was not in the drafts of Yuri and Fukuoka and appeared by the revision of Kido.
  927. This provision was related not only to events between Japan and Korea, but also between Korea and other countries.
  928. This provision was specially inserted by Japan considering the situation of Korea as a client state of the Qing dynasty.
  929. This provision, which provided the obligation of humanitarian measures, was inserted by Japan as a requirement of the powerful countries of Western Europe toward Korea.
  930. This provoked Narinao's anger and Shigeyoshi lost his position as Ukeyaku and was ordered Seppuku.
  931. This provoked Narinao's anger and Shigeyoshi was confined to his house for 12 days while being removed of his post as Ukeyaku.
  932. This provoked a backlash from mukabumono as well as a stream of objections from cabinet officials of the Shogunate.
  933. This provoked bakufu; on January 9, 1859, Tadahiko and Yasumori TOYOSHIMA, the eldest son of Shigefumi, were asked to turn themselves in and were imprisoned.
  934. This provoked the Retired Emperor Heizei.
  935. This publication brought the attention of European and Americans, and it became common to call 'sado' as 'tea ceremony' in English.
  936. This publication claims that the Meigetsukan restaurant run by Korean women in Japan was the origin of yakiniku.
  937. This punishment is considered to be weak on practically and prevention effect in comparison with criminal punishment, so only sabo-ho (Erosion Control Act), the Article 36, provides it in current Japanese law.
  938. This punishment was not pardoned even after his death, and his gravestone was covered with a wire net which indicated a criminal until he was pardoned in 1764.
  939. This pushed Nobunaga, protected by only a few guards, to commit suicide.
  940. This put Byodo-ji Temple under the control of shanin (shrine priests) of Miwa-sha in 1870.
  941. This put Japan in a position to force Munemitsu MUTSU to make an excuse in 'Newyork World.'
  942. This put Japan in an advantageous position on the issue of the possession of Ryukyu and in the following year, 1875, the Meiji government ordered Ryukyu to abolish its sakuho and tribute relationship with Qing and use the era name of Meiji.
  943. This put Kinpusen-ji Temple under jurisdiction of the Tendai-shu sect (Nikko Rinno-ji Temple).
  944. This put Yoritomo and Yoshinaka on the verge of an armed conflict.
  945. This qualification system is a revision of the conventional system including the so called shoden (first degree), chuden (middle-class degree) and others, so that each student may prepare his/her personal resume with a clearly understandable description of the qualification.
  946. This questionable situation in international relations became one reason that the traditions of Okinawan music of Chinese origin and in particular 'Uzagaku (lit. seated music)' ceased to be passed down in the Meiji period.
  947. This quieted down the rebellions around Kinai.
  948. This race is also known as the Ultra Mountain Marathon or the Sabakaido Maranic (marathon and picnic), because the majority of the route is unpaved with dramatic changes in elevation.
  949. This racecourse is commonly known as Yodo (or Yodo Racecourse) because of the name of its nearest railway station.
  950. This railway line is now operated by Eizan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. as their Kurama Line.
  951. This raises the question about whether or not the treasures might be of different origins.
  952. This raises the question of why Tokikane HOJO of the Fuonji family, a collateral line of the Akahashi family appears in the birth record, although it might be influenced by the fact that his mother was a daughter of Masamura HOJO.
  953. This ramen uses a seafood and chicken bone broth soup suited for Japanese taste, and was created by people from other prefectures based on their perception of Kyoto, and is entirely different from ramen commonly eaten in Kyoto.
  954. This ran in the newspapers arousing the morale of the nation, which lead to the establishment of a monument for loyal souls in front of Ryoma SAKAMOTO's grave in Reizan Gokoku Shrine.
  955. This range is known for the legend of Shuten-doji (according to this legend, Mt. Oe was home to a demon who terrorized old Kyoto).
  956. This rank is also called 'Ooimitsunokurai' in Japan.
  957. This rank is lower than Jugoi (Junior Fifth Rank) and higher than Jurokui (Junior Sixth Rank).
  958. This rank is lower than Juichii (Junior First Rank) and upper than Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  959. This rank is lower than Junii (Junior Second Rank) and higher than Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  960. This rank is the equivalent of Sadaijin (minister of the left) and Udaijin (minister of the right) in the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code).
  961. This rank is the equivalent of the Fifth Order of Merit in Kunto (the Order of Merit) as well as the Fifth Order in Kinshi kunsho (the Order of the Golden Kite).
  962. This rank system is called the Shitokansei.
  963. This rank was also conferred on Lieutenant Colonels and others.
  964. This rank was also conferred on many Shugo, powerful Kokujin (local samurai) and others.
  965. This rank was conferred on many middle-class nobles including the above-mentioned clan members.
  966. This rank was placed immediately under Goi no Kurodo.
  967. This ranking system was used by the Edo bakufu to maintain its bakuhan taisei (feudal system characteristic of the shogunate).
  968. This ranks twenty-sixth among the stations of JR West and first among the stations to the east of Kyoto Station at which special rapid trains stop.
  969. This rapid expansion of the influence of the Oyumi-kubo family had set the Gohojo clan and the Koga-kubo family on their guard, which resulted in the alliance between these two families.
  970. This rapidly spread distrust amongst the many vassals of the Rokkoku family and led to Yoshitaka and Yoshiji being chased from the Kannonji Castle.
  971. This rare closeness in a way proves that Yamada is the sort of artist who 'repeatedly sings the same song for life'.
  972. This rate cannot be taken at face value because only men of significantly high rank could have been obliged to provide for military service teppo which were expensive and rare at the time.
  973. This re-relocation was said to have been caused by a sequence of events, from the assassination of FUJIWARA no Tanetsugu which occurred in Nagaoka-Kyo, to the disinheritance of Imperial Prince Sawara, which also delayed the building of Nagaoka-Kyo and as a result it did not make much progress.
  974. This reading of 'Yamataikoku' is mixed up with two kinds of different reading systems of Chinese characters, the Han reading and the Wu reading.
  975. This reading of the sutras is called Tanagyo.
  976. This rebellion, which was the largest revolt within the Shimazu clan, was eventually resolved through the mediation of Ieyasu TOKUGAWA.
  977. This rebuilt hall remains today.
  978. This recall order is assumed to have been a means to remove Kagekatsu.
  979. This received favorable reviews.
  980. This reciprocal relationship between the Lord of Kamakura and gokenin was called 'goon to hoko' (literally meaning reward and service).
  981. This reclamation of the run-down fields entailed expansion of shoen by the great and powerful.
  982. This reconciliation between them, however, was made based on some conditions, one of which was to return the fief of Tango Province that the Takeda clan had deprived the Isshiki clan of during the Onin War.
  983. This reconstruction installed Giboshi of the same size and shape of the remaining oldest Giboshi with an inscription of thirteenth year of Kanei, or 1636.
  984. This reconstruction project was one of the world largest urban reform projects carried out for an existing urban condition, recognized as a splendid achievement in the history of city planning throughout the world.
  985. This reconstruction, begun by the shogunate, was later taken over by the Meiji government.
  986. This record never broke since then.
  987. This record reflects that tengusa was kept as sechiryo (food and drink of events or its expense) and used in sekki gyoji (events of 24 divisions of the solar year) and other events at the Imperial Court of the time.
  988. This record reveals the information manipulation activities conducted in Japan during the 1950's by the U.S. Information Service (USIS) which was concerned over the influence of communism on Japan.
  989. This records the events that occurred during the period from the creation of heaven and earth to the Tempyo era (729-749).
  990. This red coloring is derived from an old saying that Bodhidharma wore a red robe, but there are other sayings that the red color could dispel evil spirits, or that the god of smallpox who causes smallpox would hate the color of red.
  991. This reduced the amount of currency emitted, cooling the economy.
  992. This reeled the other powers in Harima.
  993. This refers to Kodo, a magic ritual to kill house stocks and place a curse on others using the carcasses.
  994. This refers to Maki-zushi where dried seaweed is on the inside and vinegared rice is on the outside, different from normal Maki-zushi.
  995. This refers to a festival held as carnival during that period.
  996. This refers to a person actually responsible for Kurododokoro.
  997. This refers to a person nominally responsible for Kurododokoro.
  998. This refers to a son who was not the oldest in the samurai class families in the Middle Ages in Japan.
  999. This refers to a whole hill or mountain being made up as a field under grass by purposely cutting all the trees.
  1000. This refers to all spirits of the dead that have remained in the Utsushiyo.

389001 ~ 390000

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