; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. As Shigeyoshi NABESHIMA, the lord of Takeo-ryo, Saga Domain, trusted his growing capabilities from an early age, he studied in Nagasaki by the order of Naomasa NABESHIMA, the lord of Saga Domain, with young people from other domains to learn Duch and Western sciences.
  2. As Shikan NAKAMURA he received many awards, and after Utaemon NAKAMURA VI and Baiko ONOE VII he was recognized as the third best female impersonator.
  3. As Shinden was spread throughout Japan, the place-name Shinden is seen everywhere in Japan.
  4. As Shinpei Eto is known to have been executed for causing the Tosa War, a revolt by family with samurai ancestors in 1874, this period of the Jiyu Minken Undo movement was characterized by the antigovernment movement led by members of the former samurai class (Shizoku) and often erupted into violence.
  5. As Shinto priest, the clan was overwhelmed by the power of Kumano betto (title of an official who administered the shrines at Kumano) having the backing of the central government.
  6. As Shinto religion, Shugendo (Japanese mountain asceticism) and some sects of Buddhism incorporate ascetic practices like bathing in the sea/river or standing under a waterfall, called kanshugyo or kangyo, with the aim of mental training, Kangeiko of budo often incorporate such exercises.
  7. As Shizuoka is one of the major mikan production areas, there are many firms and organization that use the color orange as their symbolic color.
  8. As Shoin was in poor health throughout his life, it is said that Sado became his sole entertainment.
  9. As Shoju were subordinate to the military family, they attended their master on the battlefields in wartime doing such labor as packhorse driving or carrying the enemy's head; nevertheless, they were not regarded as samurai warriors, and even if they carried the enemy's head, it was not considered as a military achievement.
  10. As Shokugensho tsuko (Consideration on "Shokugensho" [history of governmental post]) describes 'Kokumo is the real mother of the reigning emperor', 'Kokumo' does not indicate the status of the Emperor's lawful wife as the Empress and the Empress Dowager; rarely though, 'Kokumo' is improperly used for the Empress Dowager.
  11. As Shorenin was a temple headed by Imperial Princes and located at Awataguchi, he was known by the traditional names Shoreninnomiya and Awatanomiya.
  12. As Shozo visited other houses for his work, he paid close attention not only to the houses and gardens but also to the calligraphic works, paintings, ornaments, and decorations displayed in the tokonoma, which helped to develop his eye for arts.
  13. As Shuni-e in Yakushi-ji Temple is called Hanae-shiki, ten kinds of imitation flowers are dedicated to the honzon Yakushi Nyorai (the Healing Buddha).
  14. As Shunoku Soen had passed away, the actual kaisan (first chief priest) Kogetsu Sogan was a close friend of Enshu KOBORI, and the Koho-an Temple founded by Enshu stood within Ryoko-in Temple.
  15. As Shunsui was appointed as scholar of Jugaku (Confucian scholar) when the Hiroshima domain opened a school in December 1781, the Rai family moved to Hiroshima.
  16. As Shunsui was transferred to Edo, Sanyo studied with his uncle, Kyohei RAI, and when he turned 18 years old in 1797 he went to Edo to study under Jishu BITO, his father's fellow at school.
  17. As Shushigaku became the dominant ideology, its function of protecting the regime became increasingly emphasized, and as a result, the element of moralism was getting lost.
  18. As Silla started interfering in trade between Wakoku (Japan) and Goguryeo (a Kingdom of Korea), SOGA no Karako went over to the Korean Peninsula to conquer Silla.
  19. As Soen did not hesitate to teach the method for producing tea that he invented to neighbors, 'Nagatanishiki sencha' (sencha by Nagatani method) and 'Ujisei sencha' (sencha made in Uji) spread nationwide.
  20. As Sofu said the following words, when flowers are incorporated into Ikebana creations, the flowers become one with the Ikebana artist, laying bare the artists persona.
  21. As Soho TAKUAN of the Rinzai Sect gave "Fudo chishin myoroku" to Munenori Yagyu and the term of Ken Zen Icchi (The Sword and Zen are One) was used by Edo-Yagyu, Edo-Yagyu was dubbed "Edo-Yagyu of shinpo" while Owari-Yagyu was dubbed "Owari-Yagyu of toho" (sword training).
  22. As Soka-juku developed as a relay station on the Nikko-kaido Road, this salty senbei was sold more to travelers and became widely known everywhere.
  23. As Sonno Joi Movement (the Movement advocating reverence for Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners) was increasingly more intensified, her involvement in the movement was suspected and she was captured by the bakufu.
  24. As Sorin repeatedly encouraged Hideyoshi to move forward, Hideyoshi issued a military order to invade Kyushu in February and March 1587, and he dispatched himself in April and May.
  25. As Sozen YAMANA, Yoshikado's son-in-law, supported Yoshikado, Yoshitoshi had Katsumoto HOSOKAWA, the kanrei (shogun's deputy) on his side.
  26. As Suetada MIZUHAI--although he was a Shinto priest-- had military prowess and a personal magnetism, he was elected the head of a militant group.
  27. As Sukeroku suspects that Ikyu has the Tomokirimaru, he tries hard to make Ikyu draw his sword.
  28. As Sukesada had no sons, he adopted Atsumitsu YANAGIWARA and appointed him successor to the position of head of the family; Atsumitsu was a son of Sukemasa MACHI of the Machi family, a branch family of the Yanagiwara family who were kuge (court nobles).
  29. As Sukeyoshi excelled in the art of waka poetry, along with Emperor Gosai, he and Michisige NAKANOIN received instruction on ancient and modern Japanese poetry from Emperor Gomizunoo.
  30. As Susano no mikoto couldn't catch up to them, he gave Onamuji no mikoto the name Okuninushi no mikoto and told him that he could make Suseribime no mikoto his legal wife.
  31. As Suzaka City is known for walking, events such as 'JR East Hiking from the Station' and 'Shinshu Suzaka: A Two-Day Walk in the City of Silk and Traditional-Style Storehouses' are organized by sponsors.
  32. As TAIRA no Kiyomori came into power after the Hogen Rebellion and the Heiji Rebellion, Suetada get acquainted with Kiyomori as his cousin-in-law (the mother of Suetada's legal wife (the daughter of MINAMOTO no Yoshitada) was an aunt of TAIRA no Kiyomori).
  33. As TAKECHI no Kuroto, a Manyo kajin (poet of Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves)), read in his poem, 'Climbing over Mt. Shihatsu I see Kasanui Island and a simple little rowing forth to disappear,' the area was called Kasanui-jima Island in the ancient times.
  34. As Tadaharu's daughter had married into the Ishikawa family, Noriyuki ISHIKAWA took over as the temple's main patron and the temple's name was changed to Shunko-in in 1636.
  35. As Tadakage AMA, an inhabitant of Awaji Province, rebelled and started for the Capital of Kyoto with two large ships loaded full of provisions and battle-gear, Noritsune followed them with ten small boats and defeated Tadakage, who escaped safely to Izumi Province.
  36. As Tadatoki was forced retirement from the head of the family by kin in the Edo period, Tadato inherited the Okazaki Domain in the following year.
  37. As Tadatomo had died heirless, on the eleventh day of the eighth month of 1634 the Edo bakufu (shogunate) confiscated Matsuyama castle (in Iyo Province) and the surrounding territory.
  38. As Tadazane was young, his relative Nobuoki MATSUDAIRA ('Nobuoku' in the original document as a typographical error) acted as guardian, and Tadamasa handled the important issues of the domain.
  39. As Takakura was not in good condition physically, Tokitada and Takasue proposed that Kiyomori return the capital to Kyoto, but Kiyomori refused flatly (Article for September 10 in "Gyokuyo").
  40. As Takasada ENYA, the military governor of Izumo Province, took the side of Takauji ASHIKAGA, Sukeshige also belonged to the side of Takauji and fought in the north central region where he participated in the battle of reducing Kanagasakijo Castle as well as suppressing of Akiie KITABATAKE in Mino Province in 1337.
  41. As Takatoki became a priest, on five occasions Sadaaki also asked if he could become one, but was persuaded not to do so by Nagasaki.
  42. As Takauji ASHIKAGA had defeated Masashige KUSUNOKI and occupied Kyoto in 1336, Takasuke entered Mt. Otoko located on the outskirts of the city and destroyed the army of KO no Moronao.
  43. As Takauji ASHIKAGA rebelled against the restoration, the samurai families banded together and attacked the Godaigo government.
  44. As Takauji didn't join the new government, many members of the samurai class didn't support the new administration, and revolted against the restoration in various places.
  45. As Taketoki's distinguished service was highly appreciated, his illegitimate sons such as Takeshige KIKUCHI, Takezumi KIKUCHI and Taketoshi KIKUCHI were also awarded with certain positions.
  46. As Tamakazura's bridal entry into court becomes more of a real possibility, suitors feels uneasy, especially Yugiri who confesses his love for Tamakazura, putting a spray of thoroughwort flower into a bamboo blind.
  47. As Tatsusaburo HAYASHIYA (scholar of Japanese history, professor of Kyoto University) pointed out, to begin with, it is uncertain where the essence of bakufu lies in terms of historical science.
  48. As Tenpo ichibu-gin silver in circulation weighs 2.3 monme (8.62g) and a one-dollar silver coin weighs 26.73g, one hundred dollars are equal in value to 310 ichibu-gin silver coins.
  49. As Tenshin-han does not include the character for 'crab,' prawn, imitation crab meat, boiled fish paste or minced meat are sometimes used instead of crab meat.
  50. As Tenson Ninigi no Mikoto, the grandson of Amaterasu Omikami (the sun goddess) was born by the marriage of Amenooshihomimi (son of Amaterasu) and a daughter of Takamimusubi no Kami, Takamimusubi is equivalent to Tenson Ninigi's maternal grandfather.
  51. As Tenyaku first appeared with Kenmotsu in the Article of the seventh year of the reign of Emperor Jito, i.e., in 693, of "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), it is considered that Tenyaku existed in the era of Asukakiyomihara Code.
  52. As Teppanyaki served at Benihana Restaurant opened in New York in 1964 became popular by targeting the American, Benihana Corp. opened similar restaurants one after another all over the United States.
  53. As Togu no daifu was in charge of education for the Crown Prince, Kunimi served Karu no Miko (Prince Karu, later Emperor Monmu).
  54. As Tokimasa was exiled in the Makishi Incident which arose from the HATAKEYAMA Rebellion, the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) was switched from Tokimasa's autocracy to Yoshitoki and Masako's oligarchic autocracy.
  55. As Tokinobu became a priest, Ujiyori inherited the leadership of the family at a young age and became the family head of the Rokkaku family.
  56. As Tokitada had been handling practical matters as the betto of the Takakurain no cho (Retired Emperor Takakura's Office), he could take such a measure.
  57. As Tokitada had established his political position based on Takakura's authority, his early death was a heavy blow to Tokitada.
  58. As Tokitada had no residence in Fukuhara, he was newly provided with land.
  59. As Tokitsune YAMASHINA gave a commentary to it by the order of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, it is also a Noh play that has been loved since the period.
  60. As Tokyo was the center of politics and Osaka was the center of economy, it was especially important to consider risk management in case foreign ships appeared in the sea near Edo and Osaka.
  61. As Tomoari called it Fudo-shi (Book on Climate and Culture) in a letter, from Volume one to six, it is topography of Yoshino Mountains.
  62. As Tomozane was born in Kajiya-machi, he had been friends with SAIGO, OKUBO, Atsushi SAISHO and others since his early childhood.
  63. As Toshihiro of the 'Oda Isenokami family' died in the same year, Toshisada temporarily took the leadership in the Oda clan though he was the head of the 'Oda Yamotonokami family,' a branch line of the Oda clan.
  64. As Toshiie carried out all the settlement of the Maeda family in person, his favorite soroban (abacus) has been handed down as a treasure of the Maeda family (a soroban had just been introduced to Japan at that time, so it was uncommon enough to be able to use it.)
  65. As Toshimichi OKUBO was planning to consolidate Shikama Prefecture, which was enriched with its products, with Hyogo Prefecture, which had a weak financial base at that time, he frowned at Sakurai's suggestion for the addition of Toyooka Prefecture to his Shikama consolidation plan, because the scale of the new prefecture could become too large.
  66. As Toshinari, the heir to Hisakiyo, died prior to Hisakiyo, the direct descendant of the Inoo clan of the Oda clan line ended here, but Hisakiyo's younger brother Shigemune's line continued.
  67. As Toshiya progressed, so too did its tools evolve.
  68. As Tsukasa was ranked lower than Shiki and Ryo, it included a lot of branches in charge of work-site operations, most of which were consolidated during the Heian period.
  69. As Tsukigata-cho Town Hall (back in 1953, Municipal organization was established) moved out to a new building in 1973, Old Kabato Shujikan was newly renovated as 'Hokkaido Gyokei Shiryokan (Imprisonment Museum)', and in 1996, the name changed to 'Tsukigata Kabato Museum'.
  70. As Tsunatoshi HOSOKAWA was still a child, he departed on December 10, 1650, on an inspection tour of Tsunatoshi's domain and oversaw the affairs of the Kumamoto Domain in Higo Province.
  71. As Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA had no son who could succeed him, the lord of the Kofu domain Ienobu TOKUGAWA, who was his nephew, became the sixth shogun, and after Ienobu, Ietsugu TOKUGAWA assumed the position of the seventh shogun, although he was still little.
  72. As Tsunayoshi was fond of learning Confucianism since he was the lord of the Tatebayashi Domain, his knowledge of Confucianism was reflected in his policies.
  73. As Tsuyoshi INUKAI of the old Progressive Party assumed the post of the next Minister of Education, Toru HOSHI of the old Liberal Party, who was dissatisfied with the result, declared one-sidedly the dissolution of the Constitutional Political Party, and formed a new Constitutional Political Party.
  74. As Uji cha (Uji tea) plantations flourished, earthenware for chanoyu (tea ceremony) were actively produced.
  75. As Ujikiyo gathered his army in Sakai, he visited Yoshimasa, who was a shugo of Kii, and he encouraged him to raise an army.
  76. As Ujiko shirabe system was subsequently abolished, Gosha lost its administrative functions and purely became one of the shrine rankings.
  77. As Ujiyasu's first son, Shinkuro, died young, Ujimasa became the heir of Ujiyasu and renamed Shinkuro and later Ujimasa.
  78. As Ukifune (The Tale of Genji) disappeared, the whole Uji villa was thrown into an uproar.
  79. As Ukiyoe remain domestically in multiples of those that have been scattered overseas, it is hoped that studies will further proceed for Ukiyoe as a rare art work in the world, so that appreciation of the form isn't limited to the West.
  80. As Uma nusubito (The Horse Thief)
  81. As Umewaka-ryu had difficulty continuing its activities because of the agreement, Manaburo and Kasetsu returned to Kanze-ryu first.
  82. As Wakoku was strengthening its position as a kingdom during the mid-Yayoi period, the defensive aspect of moat settlements as well as upland settlements became more evident to reflect the kingdom's military trend.
  83. As Western countries had been using "Bankoku Koho" for their profits, people in China had strong distrust in "Bankoku Koho" and this psychological resistance among people made smooth acceptance of "Bankoku Koho" impossible.
  84. As Western dishes were brought to Japan, these vegetables were eaten by the people in social classes that had the chance to be mingled with foreigners.
  85. As Western music advanced from the stage at which it was based on musical modes to the stage at which it was based more on tonality, the theory of equal temperament, which was suitable for modulation, was introduced and superceded pure temperament.
  86. As Wool Kimono had beautiful color, it became popular among women throughout Japan as casual Wafuku.
  87. As Xiaozhanmi is grown in Xiaozhan, Jinnan District, Tianjin, it is also called 'Xiaozhan daomi' in China.
  88. As YOSHIMURA was poor and worried about his five family members and he joined Shinsengumi (a group who guarded Kyoto during the end of Tokugawa Shogunate) which was famous for its bravery.
  89. As Yachihoko no kami (Okuninushi) wanted to marry Nunakawa hime who lived in rivers and marshes in the Koshi Province, he went to Koshi no kuni and composed a poem of a marriage proposal outside the house of Nunakawa hime.
  90. As Yakushi Nyorai is the Buddha believed to heal the sick, there are institutions relating to pharmaceutical production and medical treatment that also use the name 'Yakushi-do'.
  91. As Yamagata had planned it, no new Minister of War was nominated, the cabinet resigned and the third Katsura Cabinet was established.
  92. As Yasuchika's daughter, Motoko HORIKAWA won Emperor Komei's favor and had an imperial princess, Yasutaka was promoted to Jiju (chamberlain).
  93. As Yasumori was promoted, members of the Adachi clan were appointed to the offices of hikitsukeshu and hyojoshu, forming a group as powerful as the Hojo clan.
  94. As Yasunao MATSUDAIRA, the head of Nagasawa Matsudaira clan and the lord of the Fukaya Domain, died without an heir in 1593, Matsuchiyo, soon after birth, succeeded the Nagasawa Matsudaira clan and became the lord of the Fukaya Domain in the following year.
  95. As Yojuin feard Naohide's activities would make a bad impression on the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) which might bring harm to the Tsugaru family, she became embittered and remonstrated Naohide.
  96. As Yokan halted in astonishment, Amida Nyorai turned around and said 'Yokan, you are slow.'
  97. As Yokozuna, his winning average was 100% (7 wins and 2 draws in March of 1867 and 7 wins in November of the same year, which brings the number of win to 14, draws to 2 and no defeat); so as a result he established a great record which would be never broken.
  98. As Yorifusa fought back by arrows and killed many priests, the Kofuku-ji Temple was raged and pleaded to banish his father Yorichika to Tosa Province and Yorifusa to Oki Province ("Fuso ryakki" (A Short History of Japan)).
  99. As Yoriie had been dissatisfied about the Hojo clan which exercised power over shogun, he responded to Yoshikazu's appeal and issued an order to suppress the Hojo clan.
  100. As Yorimori was the only member of the Taira family to have court rank conferred on him on this occasion, it can be presumed that this shows his increasing importance in the government.
  101. As Yorimori, at the age of 33, only held the rank of Shoshiinoge, Shuri no daibu, it was apparent that his position within the clan had become lower.
  102. As Yorinaga was a commander of the Toyotomi family, his father, Nagamasu, refrained from giving him a fief, and it seems that the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) nor raise his to a daimyo.
  103. As Yoritomo caused the death of Yoshitsune, the youngest brother who was immensely popular from sympathy rendered for a tragic hero, the popularity of Yoritomo is not as high in spite of his achievements and he is rarely described as a protagonist in novels.
  104. As Yoritomo found the peace plan to be an opportunistic attitude of Goshirakawa, he made a threatening remark to NAKAHARA no Yasusada, 'The Cloistered Emperor is to blame for the disarray in the country' ("Gyokuyo," entry of November 17) and was adamant about the total expulsion of Yoshinaka.
  105. As Yoritomo's close adviser
  106. As Yoritoo had not participated in the battle against Kofuku-ji Temple which led to his father's deportation to Tosa Province, he was not punished.
  107. As Yoshiie's first son MINAMOTO no Yoshimune died prematurely and the second son MINAMOTO no Yoshichika raised a rebellion in Saigoku (western part of Japan), he was expected as the next 'toryo (leader) of Minamoto clan' as well as his elder brother and the third son, MINAMOTO no Yoshitada.
  108. As Yoshikatsu had distinguished himself during the Osaka Natsu no Jin (Summer Siege of Osaka), he was appointed permanent Karo (chief retainer) of Nagashige ASANO (the great-grandfather of Naganori ASANO and lord of Kasama Domain and the Hitachi Province Makabe), the third son of Nagamasa ASANO.
  109. As Yoshikazu HIKI, an adopted child of Hikinoama, succeeded as head of the HIKI family, his brother Tomomune worked with Yoshikazu to serve Yoritomo and join Jisho-Juei War.
  110. As Yoshikazu did not know that the conspiracy had been already known by the Hojo's, he entered the Hojo's residence in plain clothes and with a small number of attendants.
  111. As Yoshimochi preferred Dengaku (ritual music and dancing in shrines and temples) to Sarugaku, Zeami enjoyed less patronage than he received from Yoshimitsu.
  112. As Yoshinaka's arrival in Kyoto was imminent, members of the Taira clan were marching to various places to counter.
  113. As Yoshinori ASHIKAGA, who had administered affairs of state, also known as "Everyone's fear," died in the Kakitsu War, the power of the Muromachi bakufu declined rapidly.
  114. As Yoshisuke ITO had been sent into exile, Sorin OTOMO invaded Hyuga with a large force in November 1578.
  115. As Yoshitake SHIBA died young in October 1452, Yoshitoshi succeeded him as the head of the clan even though he was from a different branch of the family.
  116. As Yoshitomo's uncle and guardian, he tried to avoid family infighting, working for the revival of the Minamoto clan.
  117. As Yoshizumi ASHIKAGA died in 1511, Sumimoto's side became inferior in power.
  118. As Yukiko TODOROKI who had played the role 'Otsu' in the previous "Miyamoto Musashi" had married Masahiro MAKINO (an elder brother of Shinzo MAKINO), her marriage made a sensation and people said 'two Otsu married into the Makino family.'
  119. As Zeami respected his stepson, Zenchiku, more than his own son, Juro Daifu, and gave Zenchiku good lessons on the chanting of Noh text, Zeami was exiled to Sado Province against the will of the shogun's representative.
  120. As Zeami said 'Writing Noh book is the life of Noh.' in "Fushikaden," Zeami put great importance on writing Noh.
  121. As Zen priests came to Japan, Japanese Zen priests and Chinese Zen priests made the Zen calligraphic styles used widely in calligraphy.
  122. As Zonnyo's child born out of wedlock, Rennyo was looked after by Kyokaku when he was small and did some training (to become a priest) under Kyokaku's supervision, and being master and student they supported each other in later life.
  123. As a 'priest of letters,' Goshin excelled in making poems, calligraphy, painting, and seal engraving.
  124. As a Baekje General
  125. As a Byobu of Juniten, the example in To-ji Temple, which was drawn during the Kamakura period, is particularly well known.
  126. As a Calligrapher
  127. As a Chinese herbal drug, Japanese plums blackened by smoking are called Ubai and are believed to have effects of calming gastric and intestinal disorders, vermifuge, haemostatis and cardiotonic.
  128. As a Christian believer, he was also an active and enthusiastic participant in Protestant missionary work; he was involved in the activities of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), and also founded the "Omi Mission."
  129. As a Court noble and member of the Joi-ha (supporters of expulsion of the foreigners), Takauta talked to the Shogunate at the end of the Edo period but, as the result of a coup, he was temporarily deprived of his official rank.
  130. As a Daiei executive, he subsequently continued to cast Fujiko YAMAMOTO, who entered the film industry after being crowned Miss Japan, and made her a star.
  131. As a Dutch scholar, he introduced foreign culture and technology, such as oil painting and mining development, when Japan had closed its doors to the outside world.
  132. As a Feudal Retainer of the Tsuyama Domain
  133. As a Fuseya itself was a product of Buddhist thought, Buddhist temples were invariably involved in their operations.
  134. As a Gojiso (a priest who prays to guard the Emperor), he served Tobain and Sutokuin.
  135. As a Government Official of the New Meiji Government
  136. As a Haiku Poet
  137. As a Japanese Calendar
  138. As a Japanese calendar
  139. As a Japanese drum, this type comprises the majority.
  140. As a Japanese scholar, he left behind great achievements in periodization, classification of parts of speech of Japanese Language and so on.
  141. As a Japanese tea it is ranked on a par with bancha and hojicha (roasted green tea) and is not considered one of the high class teas.
  142. As a Joruri playwright, he worked under the pen name Fukuuchi Kigai.
  143. As a Kebiishi could become a Tenjobito (a high-ranking courtier allowed into the Imperial Palace) the post became a measure of success for a samurai when they were placed in goi (Fifth Rank).
  144. As a Kugyo, he mainly served the retired Emperor Gosakuramachi and assumed positions of In no betto (chief administrator of the retired Emperor's office) and others.
  145. As a Migyosho was a notice or emergency order, its status as a document was inferior to a Kudashibumi (a document issued by a superior or office), which was an official document and effective indefinitely as a court ruling, license proof, etc.
  146. As a Ministry of Finance Official
  147. As a Monzeki Temple, the successive head priests who served at the temple were related to the Imperial Family.
  148. As a Nashirobe (a representative who served for Imperial family or the royal family, and administrated over the local regions, in ancient Japan; and the divided regions there, were ruled by the Imperial family or royal family.) for the Empress, this Ossakabe (Ossakabe clans) was established.
  149. As a Neo-Confucian Scholar, Razan HAYASHI expounded a dualism in which all things are composed of "ri (reason)" and "ki (body)" and described an ideal by which reason would govern lust in the same way that laws govern phenomena.
  150. As a Place of Education and Learning
  151. As a Poet
  152. As a Saiin after her, Imperial Princess Shikishi (Princess of Emperor Goshirakawa) was selected by divination.
  153. As a Saiin, she served 4 Emperors, Emperor Sutoku, Emperor Konoe, Emperor Goshirakawa, and Emperor Nijo.
  154. As a Shogun's Retainer
  155. As a Soke (head family) of Kabuki
  156. As a Tang Dynasty General
  157. As a Tenmon Hakase, when earthquakes or unusual changes in celestial bodies occurred, Muneaki repeatedly provided Tenmonso (divination of natural disasters) to the Court.
  158. As a Yoshinori ASHIKAGA's favorite retainer, he served as a Otomoshu (Attendant group, who attended the Shogun Takauji Ashikaga to go up to the ancient capital Kyoto).
  159. As a Zen temple related to both the Ashikaga Shogun family and Emperor Godaigo, the temple is built on a magnificent scale and held in high esteem, and is ranked number one among the Kyoto Gozan (Five major temples of Rinzai sect in Kyoto).
  160. As a background of this incident, the possibility of political confrontation with his father-in-law, Emperor Shomu has been pointed out in relation to the transfer of the capital to Kuni-kyo and giving the right of succession to the Imperial Throne to his younger brother-in-law, Prince Asaka.
  161. As a background of this rebellion, it is suggested that there was a backlash against the authoritarian control by the Kamakura (Minamoto) side.
  162. As a base for managing and ruling the area, samurai and landlord established their own town in the vicinity of the roads or ports which worked as a linchpin of traffic, or on the elevated ground which provided them with an extensive view.
  163. As a bishop of Kyoto
  164. As a blood relation of the Hosokawa clan, the Matsui clan continued to serve as Hittokaro (the head of chief retainers) until the Meiji Restoration.
  165. As a boiled fish-paste product, it may refer to burdock root that is wrapped in minced fish and is fried in oil.
  166. As a boy, he studied in Mt. Hiei but left there, and later he entered Ninna-ji Temple, writing many books on waka poetry such as 'Shochusho.'
  167. As a buke denso, he endeavored to integrate the Imperial court and the bakufu and his power was so strong that it was described as 'peerless predominance' but at the same time he was berated as a 'crooked villain' because the bakufu forced him to compromise.
  168. As a bureaucrat of the Okura-sho, he led staff members responsible for revisions of the Ministry of Popular Affairs (at that time Ministry of Popular Affairs and Ministry of Finance were actually integrated) and planed reform proposals and was involved in establishment of the metrological standard and National Bank regulations.
  169. As a calligrapher
  170. As a calligrapher, Michikaze was held in high esteem in his day, and at a time the Imperial Court and nobility made much ado about the 'rebirth of Gishi O' (also known as WANG Xizhi, a celebrated Chinese calligrapher).
  171. As a calligrapher, he called himself Koun.
  172. As a canned product, Art Coffee put it on the market under the name of "Coffee Squash" in 1975.
  173. As a capable busho, he carried out many different duties from military command on the front line to backup logistics support.
  174. As a case after the Meiji period, a red fan with six-colored nina decoration was supplied for the investiture of the Crown Prince Hirohito (Emperor Showa), but there is no instance after the investiture of the Crown Prince Akihito (the present Emperor).
  175. As a center of culture and the industrial arts, Kyoto had a population exceeding 500,000 and flourished as a city that ranked behind only the political center of Edo and the financial center of Osaka.
  176. As a central facility of the Kokuga, Kokucho Seiden (main palace for the local government) was established.
  177. As a ceremony to send off the Binbo-gami, he taught to 'cook some yakimeshi (fried rice) and yakimiso (grilled miso), place them on an oshiki (square tray made of thin board with the four sides bent to make edges), bring it out from the back door, and release it in the river.'
  178. As a certain Yamada's aunt was Ieyasu's concubine Cha'a-no-Tsubone, he served Tadateru MATSUDAIRA, taking his wife (Mitsunari's daughter) after the ruination of the Ishida Family.
  179. As a change from formal and restrictive meals served for entertaining him, Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA often took meals at Zen temples on the occasions of errands, and it is said that this constituted the base of today's nihon-ryori dishes.
  180. As a changed name, he used Shoken NAKAHARA and Sanzaemon NINGYOYA.
  181. As a chemical process, it is a situation whereby fermentation has caught up saccharification.
  182. As a chemical process, it is the situation in which fermentation is catching up to saccharification.
  183. As a chief priest, he tried hard to modernize his religious organization and sent many missionaries on campaigns during the Japanese-Russo War.
  184. As a child Hideyuki GAMO was a "Jiju" (Chamberlain).
  185. As a child Yoriyuki was bright, and he is also said to have taken part in a test of strength with his cousin Kiyouji.
  186. As a child actor, he went by the name of Kojiro MAKINO, and he had another names such as Mitsuo TADA and Mitsuo MAKINO.
  187. As a child he loved the theatre.
  188. As a child he was called Daigakumaru.
  189. As a child he was known as Kumenojo (久米之丞).
  190. As a child he was named Shojumaru.
  191. As a child he went by the name as Matsunojo.
  192. As a child he went by the name of Matsunojo or possibly Taketaro.
  193. As a child of Okurakyo-no-tsubone, who had served as wet-nurse to Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI's concubine Yodo-dono (Lady Yodo), he served as Umamawarishu (bodyguard) with a stipend of 3,000 koku given from Hideyoshi.
  194. As a child of Yoshifumi NISHIMURA, who served the Hotta clan in the Sano Domain, a branch domain of the Sakura Domain, Shigeki was born at Sano Domain's residence in Edo.
  195. As a child, Kazan wanted to become a professional painter in order to support his family.
  196. As a child, Kiyokata KABURAKI got an impression of Yoshitoshi that he was a goggle eyed but not fierce-looking man.
  197. As a child, he studied at Kawachi ojo-in Temple and others and acquired military arts.
  198. As a child, he was called "Yukimaru."
  199. As a child, he was loved by his father for his character; although he was an Imperial Prince without court rank, he was given Toshi Island of Shima Province in 840.
  200. As a child, she was taken in by the Hayashi family as Kamuro (a girl who takes care of prostitutes), and her Kamuro name was Rinya.
  201. As a city of politics, Edo is the base for the Edo shogunate.
  202. As a close adviser of Hirobumi ITO, he took part in drafting the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.
  203. As a close adviser of Hisamitsu SHIMAZU, he was concerned in the Namamugi Incident and the Teradaya Incident.
  204. As a close adviser of Nobunaga
  205. As a close adviser to Ietsuna TOKUGAWA, he served as nakaoku kosho (middle inner page), koshogumi bangashira (head of the page office) and osoba (close aide), in addition to holding prominent positions such as wakadoshiyori (junior councilor of the shogunate), Osaka jodai (the keeper of Osaka Castle), and Kyoto shoshidai (the Kyoto deputy).
  206. As a close aide to Goshirakawa, FUJIWARA no Shinzei displayed his uncommon shrewdness in politics and, in contrast to Shinzei, FUJIWARA no Nobuyori showed a remarkable rise.
  207. As a close aide, Tokitada was give sofuku (white clothes).
  208. As a close associate of Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, Suden was also a politician known as 'Kokui-no-Saisho' who was involved in diplomacy and the administration of Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples.
  209. As a coach of the tea ceremony, he served Imperial Prince Shogoinnomiya Einin, a younger brother of the Emperor Kokaku, and gradually changed his style of the tea ceremony to goshofu (imperial palace style).
  210. As a commonly available source of protein, octopus has been consumed as food in coastal areas worldwide.
  211. As a comparison, the keicho is another example of historic material that provides as much information on populations in the Ritsuryo period as family registers.
  212. As a component included in the oil (a kind of wax) cannot be digested easily, diarrhea may be caused by eating lots of the whale skin at a time without extracting oil from it.
  213. As a compromise, he proposed the title, "A Town of Love and Sorrow," but it was changed to "A Town of Love and Hope" without his acknowledgment.
  214. As a concept and Japanese vocabulary, the term 'event' is close.
  215. As a concept distinctively indicating the Japanese culture, the term 'Wa' is often used (e.g. Wago (words of Japanese origin), Wabun (Japanese text), Waka (a traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables), Wafuku (traditional Japanese clothes), Washoku (Japanese food), Wafu-ryokan (Japanese hotel), etc.).
  216. As a conclusion, it is not reasonable to think that there was a discontinuity between Shotoku no chi and Kyoho reforms.
  217. As a conclusion, this thesis asserted that Hoke-kyo Sutra, which Shaka finally preached, was the most important teaching.
  218. As a concrete example, two phrases; 'if there is life, aging and death exist,' and 'if there is no life, aging and death don't exist' can be shown.
  219. As a condition to make peace with the Nagao clan, Harunobu requested that Yoshiteru should give his clan the shugo (provincial constable) post of Shinano Province.
  220. As a consequence of these developments, the duties of Bugyonin began changing as well.
  221. As a consequence their world has had nothing to do with the art industry which belongs to the high culture (thus people do not think of Takashi MURAKAMI as an 'eshi').
  222. As a consequence, 250,000 people in the army suffered from beriberi, and nearly 30,000 soldiers died, however the Navy had only 87 beriberi patients.
  223. As a consequence, ARICHI and Captain Tojiro HIRAYAMA, the captain of Yaeyama, were made to transfer to the reserve duty to seek the resolution.
  224. As a consequence, Harutomi, technically bestowed the certificate of full mastership, which Ryoryosai left in trust with Harutomi, on Kyukosai (the 10th head of the school), who followed in the footsteps of Ryoryosai at a young age.
  225. As a consequence, Kaoru, who knows about the relationship between Niou Miya and Ukifune, is sent a poem that blames her, and she agonizes over these two men.
  226. As a consequence, Motohide UEHARA was dismissed in 1495, and Motosada NAITO was reinstated as shugodai.
  227. As a consequence, OTOMO no Tsuguhito (son of Komaro and alleged mastermind) was condemned to death, and Yakamochi, who had died just before the incident, was excommunicated.
  228. As a consequence, a larger room consisting of 8 tatami mats and a toko (a little alcove) that is 1.8 m referred to as Kagetsuro became popular which was reproduced in various locations including Edo.
  229. As a consequence, in the early days of the Japanese Navy it was primarily Dutchmen who led the way; with the birth of the new Meiji government, however, Englishmen were employed as advisers, and as such, the administration of the Navy followed the British model.
  230. As a consequence, it has been excluded from the prevailing currents of Japanese thought and culture since Japan's defeat in the war.
  231. As a consequence, the Akamatsu clan was pursued by the bakufu army lead by Mochitoyo YAMANA (Sozen YAMANA) to search out to kill them, and Mitsusuke and Noriyasu were killed and the main line of the Akamatsu clan was collasped.
  232. As a consequence, the documents were issued to 97 kuge, 27 monzeki temples, 27 convents, 12 inge (a branch temple to support services of the main temple), 1076 temples of other types, 365 shrines, and 7 others.
  233. As a consequence, the influence of the Kyoto sympathizers was enhanced in the political decision-making as well as in the repartition of a grant of honors
  234. As a consequence, the number of students decreased, which led to the closing of the school.
  235. As a consequence, the role of the honjo low became nothing more than a compliment to Buke-ho (the law system for the samurai society and the military government), and the honjo law was abolished upon the dissolution of shoen koryo sei (The System of Public Lands and Private Estates).
  236. As a conspicuous feature, Hakata Udon is generally inelastic and soft.
  237. As a cooking-related person, FUJIWARA no Yamakage devised a new cooking method (Shijo style cooking) upon orders of Emperor Koko.
  238. As a costume for bugaku dancing, this underwear is united with shitagasane (a long inner robe.)
  239. As a counter move against the advancement of the Goshirakawa cloistered government group, TAIRA no Shigemori was appointed Konoefu (head of the inner palace guards) and TAIRA no Munemori was appointed Udaisho (head of the right palace guards) on the position assignment day of January 1177.
  240. As a countermeasure against the above, Geta with teeth of which the bottoms are covered by rubber are sold.
  241. As a countermeasure for the urban heat island phenomenon, Tokyo Metropolitan Government and others are implementing the program in which hundreds of thousands of citizens conduct Uchimizu simultaneously.
  242. As a countermeasure, he recommended surveying the population of provinces again to properly allocate kubunden.
  243. As a countermeasure, successive leaders of the Bakufu, such as Hakuseki ARAI and Yoshimune TOKUGAWA, often issued prohibitions on these acts.
  244. As a countermeasure, the Rokuhara forces delegated 20,000 warriors to two kendan (official in charge of judicial administration), Takahashi and Sumida, after which the Rokuhara forces departed for the front.
  245. As a countermeasure, the bakufu tried to curb the tax revenue decrease by imposing a tax on the'請酒' (sake retailer) and 'hizeniya' (new money-lender which lends money at a high interest rate with daily interest), however the tax revenue was not restored.
  246. As a countermeasure, the frequency of pickup and delivery at the beginning of the year was decreased in 1890.
  247. As a countermeasure, the ritsuryo government dispatched a large-scale corps headed by OTOMO no Tabito as daishogun (commander in chief), and the Hayato people were suppressed by the next year.
  248. As a court lady she was called Saisho no kimi, Ben no Saisho no kimi, Sanuki no Saisho no kimi, Mimasaka no sanmi and so on.
  249. As a court lady, she would be given names such as: Umenoi and Sawarabi naiji.
  250. As a court official called each name of the princesses in accordance with a name list, the called princess would respond aloud and proceed to receive the Oroku gifts, with which they retired from the ceremony.
  251. As a crest of the Saigato Suzuki clan in a comic book of "Mutsu Enmeiryu Gaiden Shura no Toki, Oda Nobunaga" (a side story of Mutsu Enmei School, a period of carnage, Nobunaga ODA version)
  252. As a criterion to give the keisaku, in the Soto sect, it is checked whether the posture of zazen leans forward, and in the Rinzai sect, whether the thumb tips of hokkai-join (the 'cosmic mudra,' the body and hand position generally assumed during periods of Zen meditation) are not apart.
  253. As a cuisine, it reflects the locality, since its ingredients vary from place to place.
  254. As a culmination of Dokkoi-katsugi, Akatsuki no Saiten Hamaori-sai Festival is held annually around July 20 in Chigasaki City.
  255. As a cunning servant who ran wild at Yoshimasa's side, she was known as one of the 'Sanma' (literally, Three Demons, meaning Japanese character 'ma' are in their name; Oi-ma, Karasu-ma, Ari-ma), the other two being Suketo KARASUMA and Mochiie ARIMA.
  256. As a custom of hiki (taboo against using one's personal name), to avoid using the imina (personal name) 'Goku,' it is expressed as 'SON gyoja' or 'gyoja.'
  257. As a custom, the successive chief abbots of Eihei-ji Temple and Soji-ji Temple have been conferred the Zenji status by the Imperial Court.
  258. As a daimyo who received favors from the Toyotomi clan
  259. As a daimyo, Hidetsugu granted the children of strong vassals the use of a Japanese character of his name.
  260. As a dead person is considered to reside in between life and death, and yin (shade) and yang (sun), this period is called chuin (on the way to yin).
  261. As a definition, if the sum of the number of month and the number of date in the old lunisolar calendar are multiples of six, then it is taian.
  262. As a deity of Shichifukujin, it is mostly written as '弁財天.'
  263. As a deity of the underworld, he is deemed as the same deity as Enmaten and resides in the tsuka (mound).
  264. As a deity that presides over violations of Buddhist precepts and battles, Maha kala resides in shirin (cemeteries), excels in ongyo (disappearance and concealment) and flying, and devours blood and meat.
  265. As a derivative of this type, torii that use a square log for the nuki are so commonly seen in gokoku jinja shrines (shrines designated as places of worship for people killed in the war), including Yasukuni Jinja Shrine, that they are distinguished from the rest and called Yasukuni torii.
  266. As a descendant of Murakami-Genji (Minamoto clan), he was the second son of the Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) MINAMOTO no Toshifusa.
  267. As a description of bukeshisso, it is written, depending on the record, in several different ways such as 'somon' (reporting to the Emperor), 'moshiire' (making a proposal to the Emperor) and 'kuchiire' (mediating two parties).
  268. As a description of the Emishi written by someone who lived during the same period in which they were present, a dialogue between a Kento-shi (Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China) and Gao Zong (Tang Dynasty) held in 659 is found in "Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan)."
  269. As a detailed law, Goseibai-shikimoku (Joe-shikimoku) of the Kamakura period was applied, and when necessary an additional law called 'Kenmu-irai-tsuika' was issued to supplement the above.
  270. As a dharma (Buddhism) to guide stupid people during the Age of the Final Dharma, it describes 末法弘教の付嘱 against Jiyu Bosatsus such as Jogyo Bosatsu and the protection of believers of the Hokke-kyo sutra and practical benefit in this world by the force of Kanzeon Bosatsu, etc.
  271. As a diplomat, he was engaged in diplomatic negotiations with Korea, and after retiring from the work, he served as a councilor of the Chamber of Elders, governor of Toyama Prefecture, a member of the House of Peers and so on.
  272. As a diplomatic title, there are cases of the ruler being called the King of Japan or Tycoon of Japan.
  273. As a direct male descendant of the Mori family and a powerful candidate for the lord of the clan, he was recommended by senior vassals to enter Yoshida-Koriyama Castle.
  274. As a director and teacher of the Meirinkan Heigakuryo military school, he instructed cavalry, infantry and bombardiers.
  275. As a disadvantage of washiki, the basin tank where feces are primarily piled up is made shallow so it stinks strongly (the smell can decrease to some degree by flushing the feces into a secondary tank soon using the lever for urine).
  276. As a disciple of Shonan YOKOI, he and his equals, Ujifusa KAETSU, Taketoshi YAMADA, Fusayuki MIYAGAWA, were called Shitenno (the big four).
  277. As a disciple of the Honinbo
  278. As a distinguished family, the Hosokawa clan continued to be made uneasy after all by the ghost of their predecessor, without asserting any ultimate authority.
  279. As a distinguished scholar, Genso himself tried to settle the situation by forming an official commentary.
  280. As a diversionary tactic, he provided Teruhiro OUCHI, a member of the Ouchi clan, with soldiers and ordered him to invade Yamaguchi.
  281. As a division unit of the sea area set by Meteorological Office for indicating marine meteorology, there is 'the eastern part off the coast of Sanin region and the surrounding seas of Wakasa Bay.'
  282. As a doctor and through his relationship with Imperial Prince Tadafusa, Tadamori was able to visit powerful court nobles, such as the Saionji family or the Nijo family, and also had a close relationship with Yoshimoto NIJO (the son of Michihira).
  283. As a doctor, he named himself Gentaku.
  284. As a document on the ideal of 'irogonomi' (heroic love-making) "The Tales of Ise" was very influential on later prose narratives such as "The Tale of Genji" as well as waka poems.
  285. As a dog breeds many puppies at a time and its delivery is quicker compared to other animals, it is used as an Omamori (a personal amulet) for easy delivery and baby's health.
  286. As a domestic governing institution of the Imperial Family, Kurododokoro was originally in charge of management of documents and gyobutsu (Imperial treasures), handling of confidential documents, and handling of suits.
  287. As a factor that increased kosa in the cool periods, it is said that, in these periods, cool air advanced southward more frequently due to changes in the air flow, increasing the frequency of dust storm occurrences.
  288. As a family's institutional connection disappears, branch families emerge as independent units that worship 'general yashiki-gami'.
  289. As a famous example, SUGAWARA no Michizane who belonged to the seiso took the taisaku examination in 870 from the MIYAKO no Yoshika of the toso as the setter hakase of the examination.
  290. As a famous example, because orders dramatically decreased in the period of peace and tranquility, a swordsmith Kiyomitsu KASHU ended up living in a Hinin-goya and was called 'Hinin Kiyomitsu.'
  291. As a famous poem to express engi, it is preached in "Jisetsu-kyo" (sutra what Shakyamuni preached by himself with nobody asking questions) as shown below.
  292. As a famous samurai daisho, there lived Harutaka SUE, who was Shugodai (the acting Military Governor) of the Suo Province and a vassal of sengoku daimyo of Saigoku (Western part of Japan) Yoshitaka Ouchi; SUE was refered to as the Samurai Daisho Unrivaled in Saigoku.
  293. As a feature of Japanese swords, fittings (Koshirae) and the body of blade can be separated, and the body of blade is fixed to the Tsuba (handguard) by holding the part between Tsuba and the body of blade with Habaki (collar) and Seppa (washer).
  294. As a fellow that learned military science in Yamagaryu (Yamaga style) with Oishi, it is irritating.
  295. As a feudal retainer of Satsuma clan, he studied at Nagasaki Kaigun Denshujo (Nagasaki Naval Training Center).
  296. As a feudal retainer of Satsuma, he served in the Anglo-Satsuma War (the Bombardment of Kagoshima), and in the Boshin War served in Niigata and Hakodate, and fighting in the Naval Battle of Awa, Battle of Hakodate and the Battle of Miyakowan bay.
  297. As a figurative expression
  298. As a final conclusion, Saicho wrote "Hokke-shuku" (realized in 821).
  299. As a first example, there is Yoritsune MATSUDAIRA, who had a gagaku-inspired creative style as his foundation while creating many compositions that incorporated avant-garde techniques at the time, such as serialism and indeterminacy.
  300. As a flavoring agent
  301. As a folk beliefs and sense of value deriving from Ancient Shinto, there are behaviors beyond the range of the above-mentioned shinrabansho, and there are even tumulus for Mongolian warriors and tumulus for whales worshiping those lost their lives as enemies or food.
  302. As a form of genre painting, the Senmen Hokekyo Sasshi, like 'emaki' illustrated scrolls, are also important illustrated documents containing valuable information.
  303. As a form of historical expression, moreover, the honorific title, Ogosho (literally Big Gosho), was awarded to Imperial princes and cloistered Seii Taishogun.
  304. As a formality, the 13th Shogun, Iesada TOKUGAWA issued a Taimei (Shogunal order) and carried out the punishments described below.
  305. As a friend of the Retired Emperor Kazan, he composed a eulogy lamenting his demise.
  306. As a full moon of August comes near, she is often crying bitterly, so the Okina asks her why and she replies, 'I'm not from this planet but from the moon, and have to return to it on 15th.'
  307. As a full-scale survey of the number of shakuhachi players has not been carried out, the exact number is unknown.
  308. As a future project, it has been considered that the NDL, as a national library with the mission of acquiring a comprehensive collection of the nation's information resources, will also collect and preserve networked digital information circulated via the Internet.
  309. As a game easy for everyone, mizukiri is played everywhere and mizukiri events are also held.
  310. As a garden ornament that emits sound, there was also the shishiodoshi (decorative bamboo irrigation pumps).
  311. As a genealogical chart before Masashige of one family of the clan varies from those of the other families, however, the charts were likely to be created in later generations.
  312. As a general guide, refer to "Kaido (Road) Map, Kohechi Mizugamine - Miuraguchi - Yanagimoto PDF" (January 28, 2006)
  313. As a general rule, 2.5 to (a unit of volume, approx. 18 liters) of rice was given per koku except for premium money which was given as a one-time allowance.
  314. As a general rule, Uemon Gon no Suke and Saemon no Gon no Suke were Gonkan (a powerful official post) and served as Kebiishi, but the Saemon no Suke (Assistant Captain of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards) and Uemon no Suke (Assistant Captain of the Right Division of Outer Palace Guards) were Seikan (a regular official post) and never served as Kebiishi.
  315. As a general rule, Yokooji refers to the former one, and the latter is called Kita no Yoko-oji.
  316. As a general rule, a season word is included in a haiku.
  317. As a general rule, a toji union is organized for each local style or school at various places.
  318. As a general rule, a wooden pagoda in Japan is constructed with hosangen method (a construction method to use four pillars and to create three areas between the pillars on every side).
  319. As a general rule, for the sake of safety Kyudo should be performed in a dedicated dojo.
  320. As a general rule, however, 'hikicha' and 'rongi' took place only in the spring.
  321. As a general rule, ranks for zoi was Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank) or higher, but from the reformation of official rank system in 1869, ranks Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank) or higher were applied.
  322. As a general rule, the Seiga family was appointed as a marquis among the new nobility but, in recognition of the achievements made by Sanetomi SANJO, the Sanjo family was granted the title of duke, a rank higher than marquis.
  323. As a general rule, the road called 'Yoko-oji Road' is the almost straight road that stretches in an east-west direction from the south of Mt. Miwa in Sakurai City and reaches the area around Mt. Nijo in Katsuragi City (Nara Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture).
  324. As a general rule, the shite's role is limited to only ones of not human being but 'nonhuman being,' an unearthly things.
  325. As a general rule, therefore, Chinese dynasty and neighboring countries could not be equal in mutual relation.
  326. As a genuine Noh play among all Noh plays, it has long been praised in the phrase "Yuya and Matsukaze (Noh play) are like cooked rice" (meaning "Yuya" and "Matsukeze" are masterpieces and just like cooked rice ? never boring no matter how many times you eat it, in fact tastier with every chew).
  327. As a ghost
  328. As a gilded Buddhist altar originated as a small temple, its Kuden also precisely designed after that of a temple.
  329. As a go and shogi player
  330. As a goddess of earth, it is interpreted into Kenro for ground and Fue for god.
  331. As a government post, a director, undersecretary, sei-hangan (inspector), and associate judge were set up.
  332. As a governmental post, it is called Daibu, and when it refers to Goi, it is called Taifu.
  333. As a grandson of OE no Masahira, there was OE no Masafusa, who was one of the best acedemia in the Heian Period and reportedly taught the art of warfare to MINAMOTO no Yoshiie (Hachimantaro Yoshiie) of Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan).
  334. As a grant for honors after this war, Takanori KOJIMA was awarded Kyuryoando (recognition and guarantee, by the shogunate, of ownership of the inherited estate of a samurai who pledged allegiance to it) and a private estate called Tottorisho.
  335. As a gratitude to Sanetomo's sending a branch of plum flower, he made a poem: "Gladness and the fragrance are filling my sleeves too much. The first flower of the plum tree was taken off for my sake".
  336. As a great achievement of Sojuro, he enthusiastically trained juniors and especially, he recognized Ganjiro NAKAMURA Ⅰ's talent faster than anybody.
  337. As a groundbreaker in Japan's democratic politics, Itagaki enjoyed high popularity even after his death, and his portrait was depicted on fifty sen Government and 100 yen Bank of Japan notes.
  338. As a group company of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Amato has a business partnership with Takeda Healthcare Products Co., Ltd., one of Takeda's subsidiaries.
  339. As a group of civil officers with direct control of the bakufu, they were correspondents to the Hokoshu (guard force with direct control of the bakufu), a group of military officers.
  340. As a guide, a space of approximately 3.3 square meters is needed for 30 kg of steamed rice and, for daiginjoshu or junmai daiginjoshu, approximately 5 g of yellow aspergillus is sprinkled on 100 kg of steamed rice.
  341. As a guide, one kilogram of charcoal is thrown in for one kiloliter of namashu and the charcoal adsorbs the impurities, color, and precipitate.
  342. As a habitat to various plants and animals, Ogura-ike Pond has been providing a rich environment being beneficial to people.
  343. As a haiku poet, he founded Shuseikai with Chikurei KAKUTA and others, that was regarded as a new school of haiku poets along with Shiki MASAOKA.
  344. As a haul of fish varies depending on the order, this drawing is important for usho.
  345. As a hayashi-goto it is almost same as maibataraki but performance tempo and rhythm gets faster.
  346. As a head of Sayama jinya (regional government office) he was rewarded by a sort of propriety with territories less than 10 thousand koku.
  347. As a highway it is one street, but in the south it is called Abura-no-koji Street.
  348. As a hikan (low-level bureaucrat) of Tokiyori HOJO, he played the role of messenger to Eison at Saidai-ji Temple (Nara City) in 1262 and in the following year, he adjudicated when Tokiyori donated the tax-exempt rice field of fudangyo-shu (people who read Buddhist scriptures every day) to Zenko-ji Temple in Shinano Province.
  349. As a hint, the characters fall asleep or pass out in the middle of the story.
  350. As a historical document pertaining to Karasumi, there is a document that apparently states that Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI ate Karasumi.
  351. As a historical document, there is "Suwa Daimyojin Ekotoba," in which its existence can be confirmed.
  352. As a historical fact, Makibi and Nakamaro got into Tang together in 717, but only Nakamaro stayed behind in Tang and passed away there in 770.
  353. As a historical record, Sei-shonagon wrote in the section of "atenarumono" (what is elegant or good) in her "Makura no soshi" (The Pillow Book) "kezurihini amazurairete atarasikikanamarini iretaru."
  354. As a historical term, both are understood as Fukai-no-Joten/ Fukaijoten.
  355. As a hogi that is also a gikan (bureaucrat with specialized skills)
  356. As a hostage, Matashiro stayed in Kyoto for five years.
  357. As a house maid, she called herself Tazu initially, then Sugano and later, Muraoka no Tsubone.
  358. As a job related to the kiseru, there were people who ran a business replacing old rao with new one.
  359. As a kajin, he joined and read a waka in Tobadono hokumen utaawase (Hokumen poem contest in the Toba Palace) in 1116.
  360. As a kanji abolitionist, he also published "Kaika no tabini motte kaimoji wo hassubeki no ron" (An Essay on the Necessity of Creating New Words with Every Opportunity of Attaining Enlightenment) in 1874.
  361. As a kanji character '后' (ko) is used for any of the above three titles in particular, many tend to regard it as a title for women, especially a lady of the Imperial Family.
  362. As a karaoke boom started among middle-aged and elderly people from the late 1970s to the 1980s, enka singers who were conscious of easy songs to sing in karaoke, such as Takashi HOSOKAWA, gained popularity.
  363. As a key member of a Waka poetry group, Emperor Goshirakawa independently decreed the compilation of "Senzai Wakashu."
  364. As a kind of Hakama, Monpe can be categorized into Wafuku.
  365. As a last resort, Mitsuhide's troop shot the Nijo Gosho with guns and bows and arrows from the roof of neighboring Sakihisa KONOE's mansion from which they could see the inside of the Nijo Gosho very well and killed almost all of attendants.
  366. As a law of the Taika Reform, Hakusorei (the Taika funerary law) was legislated.
  367. As a leader of samurai family, rivaling Minamoto clan and Taira clan, many lines derived from him including many deceptive ones.
  368. As a leader on the retired Emperor's side along with MINAMOTO no Tameyoshi, Tadamasa fought courageously, but his luck in battle turned against him and he was defeated.
  369. As a leader, he visited many countries, such as America, Italy, Spain, and France, to give overseas performances.
  370. As a leading samurai military family, the leaders of the Minamoto clan and its line of eldest sons was the family lineage that managed to unify and amalgamate the forces of the samurai of the eastern provinces.
  371. As a legacy of that time, the rail track gauge and the overhead wire poles correspond to the width of a double-track line, and some of the bridge abatements and beams are still in place.
  372. As a legitimate child of Tsuneie of the early Tojo-Kira clan, he is considered to have lived in Tojo-jo Castle in Hazu County, Mikawa Province, but the details about this period is unknown because of lack of historical materials.
  373. As a letter C (B on the weekends and bank holidays) is attached at the end of train number, the trains are sometimes called 'C train.'
  374. As a liaison officer between a daimyo or a hatamoto and the shogun, this post was an important together with Ometsuke (an inspector) and metuke (an inspector under Ometsuke).
  375. As a little child, Keichu studied under Kaijo of Myoho-ji Temple in Imazato, Ozaka (present-day Osaka City), thereafter being ordained an Ajari (a master of esoteric Buddhism; a high priest) at Mt. Koya.
  376. As a local custom, many people eat curry rice topped with a raw egg in Kansai area including Osaka.
  377. As a local official, he held various posts of the governor of prefectures such as Nagasaki, Mie, Hyogo, Nagano, Kanagawa, Osaka, and Kyoto.
  378. As a local resource for the regional economic development project, 'Takaosan Fuyu Soba Campaign' (Mt. Takao Winter Soba Festival) had been organized by the Fuyu Soba Campaign steering committee every winter (the sixth session as of 2008).
  379. As a local specialty, shiruko is sometimes made from white haricot beans, chestnuts, winter squash, edible lily bulbs or green soybeans (and in Yamanashi Prefecture, there is also a type of shiruko known as 'azuki boto' in which hoto (wheat flour noodle dough cut into small pieces) is substituted for rice cakes.
  380. As a long time has passed since Choju-Jinbutsu-giga was drawn and because it is a collection of many individual pictures, it does not remain in it's original form.
  381. As a man of culture like SEN no Rikyu, Yusai was one of those who enjoyed Hideyoshi's special favor.
  382. As a man of literature, Kazan produced travel writings and essays including "Zengakudo Hiroku" and "Nikko Kiko"; his writings, like his abundant illustrations, vividly depict the scenes of his travels and serve as important materials to depict the culture, local manners and customs.
  383. As a man of mature years Tomoteru TAKAYAMA served Hisahide MATSUNAGA, who was a senior vassal of Nagayoshi MIYOSHI, who had assumed control over Kinai region (the five capital provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto: Yamashiro, Yamato, Kawachi, Izumi and Settsu).
  384. As a master of melodrama, Shimazu later came to be considered one of the directors with an ability to attract audiences.
  385. As a master of the tea ceremony, he held at least 400 tea parties during his lifetime; in addition to making utensils such as tea caddies, tea bowls and vases, he had exquisite taste and chose outstanding items from the Higashiyama Gomotsu collection, which later came to be called chuko meibutsu (later famous objects).
  386. As a matter of actual examples, this phrase is not used as a matter of doctrine but in the intercommunication with local society, such as on the occasion of funeral rituals and Buddhist services that are closely connected with local customs.
  387. As a matter of course, Nobunaga made diplomatic efforts with the Imperial Court and made peace moves with Kenshin UESUGI to check Hongan-ji Temple.
  388. As a matter of course, domains were ordered by the bakufu to track down and kill Tenguto.
  389. As a matter of course, he carried all before him in his division and was promoted to the top Makuuchi division, where he set a champion-like record of eight wins and one tie in the December 1874 tournament.
  390. As a matter of course, he ran the gauntlet from patrons in Tokyo but he stood his ground.
  391. As a matter of course, he was expected to become yokozuna and a three-piece keshomawashi (ornamental sumo apron) was prepared, but he suffered from bad stomach and intestines due to heavy drinking and it forced him to miss three consecutive tournaments from January 1888, and finally he was demoted to maegashira.
  392. As a matter of course, in the area of Tenkoku which sought after artistry, Bunjin were unrivaled.
  393. As a matter of course, most breweries removed color by filtration with active charcoal and delivered sake which is clear and colorless like water.
  394. As a matter of course, no one could be dismissed from the position of the empress unless she committed a crime or misconduct.
  395. As a matter of course, the doll set became more elegant and luxurious.
  396. As a matter of course, the severe conditions caused many people to collapse from starvation and illnesses or even die en route, causing the issue to be recognized as a social problem.
  397. As a matter of course, there are a lot of haiku left relating to his great appetite for sake.
  398. As a matter of course, there came resistance from part of branch temples and followers against the series of reforms.
  399. As a matter of fact, HARUSUMI no Yoshitada, a son of a sakan (kokushi (provincial governors)), which was the lowest ranked local official, became monjosho and monjo hakase and then was promoted to sangi (councilor).
  400. As a matter of fact, Kurobei ONO did not run away but stayed at Itaya Ridge in Yamagata Prefecture as a leader of the second troop to catch Kira in case Oishi was unsuccessful, since they thought he would be escaping to Yonezawa Domain.
  401. As a matter of fact, SAIGO remained opposing YAMAGATA's resignation until the last moment.
  402. As a matter of fact, Sukekatsu ITO, the son of Yoshimasu who was related to Sorin was arranged to be dispatched, but Mancio went instead because Sukekatsu was in Azuchi-cho, and could not depart on time.
  403. As a matter of fact, friendship between our nation and that country will be thrown out of the window and we shall ultimately be brought under their control.
  404. As a matter of fact, however, a lot of new schools were born in kamigata region (Osaka and Kyoto regions) at that time and each of them independently strived to improve the pick or compose music.
  405. As a matter of fact, if Yoshida dormitory and Kumano dormitory hadn't eased the requirements on an autonomous basis, there might have been no facilities to accept female students (dormitory for females) and graduate students (Muromachi dormitory).
  406. As a matter of fact, the coach colors were taken from the trains of Great Northern Railways of the U.S.A, and the above view was an ad hoc one and incorrect.
  407. As a matter of fact, the customer who was believed to be samurai was Jihe's brother, Magoemon KONAYA, who was disguised as samurai.
  408. As a matter of fact, the government had already decided before their talks to form another Mine Poison Survey Committee and it had not been officially announced.
  409. As a matter of fact, the person who advanced Rikyu's tea style and completed it to the one very close to the image of current 'wabicha' was Rikyu's grandson, SEN no Sotan.
  410. As a matter of fact, the posthumous names for Emperors Keiko, Richu, and Hanzei include 'wake' and there is a high possibility that these are Japanese-style posthumous names based on real names.
  411. As a matter of fact, this spot was found in the place where Masataka NASHIDA, having been at that time a catcher of Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes, a professional baseball team, planned to build his house.
  412. As a matter of fact, while discontented former samurai warriors of various domains revolted against the rapid reform of the Meiji Restoration, the former vassals of the shogun, who would have formed the largest hostile group to the new government, never betrayed the new government.
  413. As a matter of formality, Migyosho were written in the same style as Rinji (Imperial order), Inzen (decree from the Retired Emperor) and Ryoji (orders issued by princes, empresses etc.).
  414. As a matter of practice, people wear it from October through May of the next year.
  415. As a mausoleum set with gems and precious stones in marble, the Taj Mahal is also cited as the jewel of Islamic architecture.
  416. As a measure for barrier-free operation, elevators are installed on Platform 2 and 3 and that of Platform 4 and 5.
  417. As a measure for this situation, JR East introduced two-level train-cars, which were called Max and were provided with lots of seats, increasing the number of passenger seats per train-car drastically.
  418. As a measure that fits into the above, the railways are laid so as not to cross roads on the same plane (except for mini-Shinkansen).
  419. As a measure to alleviate this bottleneck situation, the Hokkaido Railway Company (JR-Hokkaido) has investigated developing special trains (trains on trains) that can load the cargo trains on the existing regular railway line as they are.
  420. As a measure to deal with economic downturn and to attract tourists, both machiai and chaya nationwide have become available to customers who visit there for the first time.
  421. As a measure to improve the roadside environment, environmental facilities are provided along both sides of the road, which include side roads, planted zones, and lanes for cyclists and pedestrians.
  422. As a measure to realize direct rule by the emperor, Korekata and Tsunemune forced the stand in FUJIWARA no Akinaga's house to be closed in 1160, where the Cloistered Emperor lived and enjoyed seeing an ordinary view.
  423. As a medical scientist in experimental pharmacology he gave new direction to chemical research of active constituents.
  424. As a member of Mori Ryosen (military and political allies formed by Motonari MORI, literally, two rivers [kawa] of the Mori clan), he and Motoharu contributed to the prosperity of the Mori clan.
  425. As a member of Yoshimasa's salon
  426. As a member of the House of Peers, NAKAGAWA took charge of the petition council of the 3rd department of the standing committee.
  427. As a member of the Imperial family related to the Emperor Tenchi, he had nothing to do with the succession to the throne because after the Jinshin War, the lineage of the Emperor Tenmu acceded to the throne.
  428. As a member of the Kurosawa-gumi (production team) screenwriting group, he co-wrote screenplays including those for "Ikiru" (To Live) and "Shichinin no Samurai" (Seven Samurai) with Hideo OGUNI.
  429. As a member of the Mission, Joe crossed over to Europe from New York, visiting France, Switzerland, Germany, and Russia.
  430. As a member of the Third Group (headed by Nishiki NIIMI), he went to Kyoto.
  431. As a member of the Watanabe party, who had been retainers of the Settsu-Genji (Minamoto clan) for generations, Kio acted as a faithful vassal to MINAMOTO no Yorimasa.
  432. As a member of the buke (samurai family), it is not disgraceful to lose one's life by enemy hands.'
  433. As a memorial to the marriage of Emperor Showa, it was developed as the first athletic park in Kyoto City in 1930 and the ballpark was completed in August 1932.
  434. As a memory of this trip, each of them called himself 'Dosha SANGOKU.'
  435. As a merchant regularly he visited the Asano family, and is said to have prepared arms for the Ako roshi.
  436. As a metaphor for things with no substance, deriving from the idea that yurei have no physical form.
  437. As a military commander, Ujimasa is not highly evaluated because he ruined his own clan.
  438. As a military man, he performed great exploits, as he subjugated Mitsumasa KITABATAKE of Ise Province, and subdued the army of Mitsusuke AKAMATSU who had run away in 1427.
  439. As a modern food
  440. As a modern form of that type of business in downtown, Demae service is sometimes limited to shops in neighborhood and individual order is not accepted.
  441. As a modern nation, freedom of religion (although in the "range specified by the law") was stipulated in its articles.
  442. As a monk Ingakoji was staying in Azuchi at the time, Nobunaga added him as the judge and let them debate in the main hall of Jogon-in Temple, which was a Jodoshu sect temple located outside the town of Azuchi.
  443. As a monk more than 70 years-old labored to make this manuscript in an age without reading glasses, there are quite a few letters that are hard to decipher.
  444. As a mother-in-law, the Empress Teimei seemed to take a stern approach with Empress Kojun for all things.
  445. As a motif, he liked female images as in "Girl in the Garden", "Roses and a Girl" and "Lake and Woman" and landscapes as in "Shu no Fukei" (Red Scenery), "Shinshu Fukei" (Landscape in Shinshu) and "A Group of Pine Trees."
  446. As a municipality adjacent to four prefectures, Nantan City is very rare because other than Nantan City, only Takayama City in Gifu Prefecture and Chichibu City in Saitama Prefecture are applicable.
  447. As a naval commanding officer in the Meiji period, he contributed greatly to victories in the Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War, boosting Japan's international standing to make it one of 'the five most powerful countries.'
  448. As a new door not only functioned as a partition ensuring daylight, they also preventing cold wind, the Akari-shoji was created.
  449. As a new type of rotensho, some people do business in the yatai style using converted vehicles in business districts where shopping areas or the food service industry do not exist.
  450. As a ningyo joruri show, it was performed for the first time at Osaka Takemoto-za theater from September 6, 1748 to early January 1749.
  451. As a noh playwright, he wrote many noh plays.
  452. As a notable event in the social history of Taiwan, Xiantang LIN, who was born into a renowned wealthy family in Wufong, Taichung, founded Taiwan Dokakai (Taiwan Assimilation Society) in collaboration with Taisuke ITAGAKI visiting Taiwan, to demand the same right with the Japanese residents in Taiwan.
  453. As a notable example, 'Kabuto-wari (helmet splitting)' with Katana by the Dotanuki group led by Kenkichi SAKAKIBARA is famous.
  454. As a one-dollar silver coin, a foreign silver coin, is regarded as bare metal, its pure silver content, 23.2g, is valued at 60g of common silver currency (Tenpo Chogin), because 10 monme (37.5g) of pure silver is purchased at silver mint for 97.5g of Tenpo Chogin.
  455. As a painter he was adept at chinso (portraiture), and he left portraits of Dokusho Shoen and Gettan.
  456. As a painter, he was conferred Hokyo (The Third rank in the hierarchy of Buddhist priests).
  457. As a painter, he was representative of the Taisho Roman style.
  458. As a part of 'the original manuscript text database' project by National Institute of Japanese Literature, the books on CD-ROM are sold.
  459. As a part of easing of the regulations in recent years, this provision was deleted as of January 1, 2004, and, for sake produced only from rice, even if the polishing ratio is same as for futsushu, use of name "junmaishu" is allowed and the evaluation is left to the choice of the consumers.
  460. As a part of his duties to be assumed as a member of the Kanze-ryu school, he has been engaged in fostering young Noh actors, undertaking research and education of Noh as a professor at the Faculty of Music of Tokyo University of the Arts, giving lectures on Noh dramas at University of Washington, University of Hawaii, and so on.
  461. As a part of his name, 'kamu,' can be connected to the word 'kamu' which means 'to brew sake,' some shrines enshrine him as a deity who likes drinking.
  462. As a part of its redevelopment, it advertised itself as 'the birthplace of the sauce katsudon,' which was often reported by the media to be its specialty.
  463. As a part of project, the remote regions was also positively occupied as a national territory such as encouraging Hayato (an ancient tribe in Kyushu) to pay tribute to the government in south (in 713, Osumi Province was designated).
  464. As a part of the "Cultural Assets of Ancient City Kyoto", it is a registered World Heritage Site.
  465. As a part of the Cultural Assets of Ancient City Kyoto, it is a registered World Heritage Site.
  466. As a part of the Urban Network, many direct trains run to the stations of other lines.
  467. As a part of the Yoro-ryo (Yoro Code), the Kushiki-ryo law contained the following specific Articles:
  468. As a part of the bypass's expansion project to four lanes, another tunnel has been under construction to the northwest (the mountain side) of the tunnels in service.
  469. As a part of the campaign, Yoshinoya gave its 'original cotton towel commemorating the revival of the gyudon' (a towel per bowl) in variations of two colors: orange and white.
  470. As a part of the reform, the annual interest rate of Ku-Suiko was reduced to 30% again.
  471. As a part of their requests, loan of daijokan-satsu (the first Japanese paper money issued during the early Meiji period) was approved.
  472. As a partition for 'Shitsurai' in the Shinden-zukuri style during the Heian period, there were shitomido (latticed shutters) and misu (a bamboo blind) hung along the shitomido.
  473. As a person of culture
  474. As a person who performed mountain ascetic practices on Mt. Fuji and constructed Buddhist termples there, Matsudai is thought to be the founder of Mt. Fuji Shugendo.
  475. As a pioneer of Dutch studies, Genpaku Sugita was sorry that there would be no one who knew the beginning of this field of study if he died, so he decided to leave the record of those days.
  476. As a pioneer, Family Mart started selling ehomaki in Osaka prefecture and Hyogo Prefecture in 1983.
  477. As a piping time of peace continued, the following trend appeared; while officers in the governmental posts concerned with guard or military affairs called bankata were selected on a family status basis, civil officers called yakugata were selected considering their competence as well.
  478. As a place to study western learning (蘭学, Rangaku), it was used to teach western medicine and astronomy mainly in the beginning; chemistry, physics, and western architectonics additionally in the later years, and took a large roll in the modernization of Japan.
  479. As a plague broke out when pro-Buddhist SOGA no Umako built a temple to enshrine Buddha statue, MONONOBE no Moriya tried to convince the Emperor to impose prohibition of Buddhism and orderd to burn the Buddha statue and the Buddhist sanctum.
  480. As a plate
  481. As a play was a whole day event at that time, from early in the morning to the sundown, people attempted to make the masuseki more 'livable.'
  482. As a poet
  483. As a poet, 10 of his poems were included in "Shin chokusen wakashu" (A new anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command) and other anthologies.
  484. As a poet, eleven waka of Yukihira were chosen for "Kokin Wakashu" and other collections and he held Minbukyo Yukihira utaawase (waka-matching) (Zai Minbukyo-ke utaawase) in the middle of 880s
  485. As a poet, he composed a poem for the Dairi kiku awase (Palace Chrysanthemum Contest) on November 953 and the Dairi uta-awase (Imperial Palace Poetry Contest) in 960, and took a lively part in composing byobu-uta (screen poems).
  486. As a poet, he left many waka poems and choka (long poems) and published the collection of poetry "Harunouta (Spring poems)" by himself in March, 1840.
  487. As a poet, he made some waka collections like "Collection of High Courtier Tamehiro" and "Tamehiro's Poems for Singing."
  488. As a poet, she left tanka poems, including one longing for Imperial Prince Hozumi, etc., and was said to have had a relationship with this Prince from the content of the poem, however, all the theories above are only suppositions from the Manyoshu, and no history book records that she got married to someone.
  489. As a political activity, he was asked to raise the court ranks of persons in his clan in order to send them into the imperial court, and it was vital for him to make persons in his clan marry those in the imperial family in order to raise the toshi choja's position in the political world.
  490. As a political critic, she commented from the perspective of anti-communism and anti-USSR.
  491. As a political truce was called due to the Sino-Japanese war that started during the 4th general elections for the House of Representatives, a move was made to restore the Dainihon Kyoukai (a political association) that had been disbanded by the Second Ito cabinet the previous year.
  492. As a popular measure, there is the reuse of coffee grounds as a soil improvement agent, but it is not necessarily effective due to an excessive gap between the amount discharged and the amount reused.
  493. As a population of Edo grew larger, these two systems could no longer supply enough water to the populace, and the city faced serious water shortages.
  494. As a postscript, he made haiku, 'Ochigurino zawosadamuruya kubodamari' (I was like a rolling chestnut, because I didn't settle down in one place, but now, I'm trying to settle in Otakubo), which was considered as one of his most famous haiku with his signature, 'Yanagino ya.'
  495. As a potter, he mainly produced green-tea sets.
  496. As a practical matter, as a representative work of very Japanese 'Japonism,' it is a series that cast a large influence on western painters such as Vincent van Gogh, who replicated 'Great Bridge, Sudden Shower at Atake' and 'The Plum Orchard at Kameido.'
  497. As a practice among tayu (geisha of the highest rank) at omise (high rank brothel) in places like Yoshiwara (Tokyo) in the Edo period, when they were ranked higher, their obi (kimono sash) got wider and then red lacquer rao of their kiseru to be tucked into obi got longer according to the widened obi.
  498. As a practice, ordinary citizens visited hot springs for the purpose of seasonal toji (hot spring cure) such as Shogatsu no yu (new year toji), Kan toji (winter toji), Hana toji (spring toji) and Aki toji (autumn toji).
  499. As a precedence of military epic, they have great meaning in literal history, all of which were written in Japanese style kanbun (Sino-Japanese).
  500. As a precondition to realize the nationwide conscription, the creation of Jinshin-koseki (family registries in Jinshin) in 1872 following the Family Registration Law enacted in 1871 should be mentioned.
  501. As a preeminent exponent of waka (a form of classic Japanese poetry), he transcribed specially selected anthologies of poetry such as "Senzai Wakashu" (Anthology of Japanese Waka Style Poems of a Thousand Years) as well as an anthology of his own poetry (Saneie Anthology).
  502. As a preliminary skirmish, Sakon SHIMA, a retainer of Mitsunari, and Takenori AKASHI, a retainer of Hideie UKITA, launched a surprise attack against the eastern military group.
  503. As a preliminary stage to okage mairi, a group pilgrimage occurred several times.
  504. As a preparation for adoption of Gihoreki, a new calendar imported from China, Genkareki and Gihoreki started to be used together in 692 (or 690, according to some theory), and after five years Genkareki was abolished and Gihoreki was formally adopted in 697.
  505. As a priest he became the chief priest of Ankoku-ji Temple in Aki Province in 1574, and he also became the chief priest of Tofuku-ji Temple and Nanzen-ji Zen Temple, assuming the highest status among the central Zen temples.
  506. As a priest serving as a close adviser to Ieyasu, he held a position next to Konchiin Suden and Nankobo Tenkai.
  507. As a principle rule of the Imperial succession during the period between Emperor Tenmu and Emperor Shotoku was to succeed the throne from the direct Imperial line. (There was an example of having an Empress in case of the appropriate successor was too young to succeed to the throne.)
  508. As a principle the conference was held every day excluding five holidays a month (days 6, 12, 18, and the last day of each month), however, it was reduced to several times a month in the middle Heian period, and was replaced by Jin no sadame (ancient cabinet council).
  509. As a principle, danna-sama is supposed to strike a balance between his home and geigi, but some end up becoming bankrupt by spending too much money on geigi or by being taken advantage of by an evil geigi.
  510. As a principle, government offices were closed.
  511. As a printed book, there are known to be 945 volumes left from the set printed in Shu which came to Japan in 1199.
  512. As a prize from his father for building the Jijuden, Shigemori was assigned to the Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) rank.
  513. As a process how the regulation gradually lost its effectiveness, the following matters are conceivable.
  514. As a professor in the Faculty of Letters of Kobe University, he taught in the department of philosophy and ethics.
  515. As a program famous for using Tobiroppo, "Kanjincho" (The Temple Offering List) is named.
  516. As a promising relative, Kiyomasa's growth was anticipated by Hideyoshi, who treated him kindly.
  517. As a proof of their idea of chastity like 'no virtuous widow remarries,' they cut the tip of mage to express their determination that they would never do their hair for the sake of new husbands.
  518. As a propping up of the ruling basis of Shioya-gun County, he succeeded to the SHIONOYA clan as an adopted son of Tomoyoshi SHIONOYA, who did not have a successor.
  519. As a punishment, Kagetoki had to construct roads in Kamakura.
  520. As a pupil of Seika FUJIWARA, Shakugo affiliated himself with the Teishu school of Confucianism.
  521. As a quasi-sub-contracted railway station, it is unmanned early in the morning and from evening onwards.
  522. As a ranking system unique to breweries, words such as tokusen (literally, special selection), josen (literally, higher selection) and kasen (literally, good selection).
  523. As a rare example, some regions have individually transformed the styles and the appearances of the taikodai into their own regional ones, which are completely different from other standard ones. (a prominent example: the taikodai (hikiyama) in Saijo City, Ehime Prefecture)
  524. As a rare shop with an owner that sang waka, her tea house prospered from customers who came for Kajiko's waka, and her name as a poet became known not only inside Kyoto, but all over the country.
  525. As a reaction to request for help from Nobunao NAMBU, Hideyoshi dispatched punitive force against KUNOHE, composed by Hidetsugu TOYOTOMI, a commander in chief, Ujisato GAMOU, Nagamasa ASANO and Mitsunari ISHIDA.
  526. As a recent master, Junzo MIYAMASU's real elder brother Tetsuo SHIKIMURA is famous.
  527. As a record of the term itself, the description on the distribution record of mementos of the Sunpu Tokugawa family is understood to be the first one.
  528. As a reference, here follows a list of all those items designated national treasures so far in the twenty-first century (beginning in 2001).
  529. As a reference, it is said that, in an ordinary kosa, 30 percent of the dust flung up into the air falls and stays in the place where the kosa originates, 20 percent in its vicinity, and 50 percent is moved to, falls in and stays in far places like Japan, Korea and the Pacific Ocean.
  530. As a relatively new shrine, it had not been designated a cultural property and was therefore not eligible to receive national subsidies, but was rebuilt three years later thanks to funds donated from all over the country.
  531. As a religious organization its registered name is "Kyoogokoku-ji", with the detailed description being Konkoumyo Shitenno Kyoogokoku-ji Himitsudenpoin.
  532. As a remark, they were not directly related to Togu no fu (an official in charge of education of the Crown Prince) and Togugakushi (Teacher of the Classics of the Crown Prince).
  533. As a remedy for former warriors, the government implemented a policy of Shizoku jusan, and launched development of Hokkaido by ex-legionary.
  534. As a remedy for such an event, on May 3, 1665, the yakuryo system focusing on bankata (guards) was established.
  535. As a renowned problem solver during the Warring States period in Japan, Shakugo's great-grandfather was Hisahide MATSUNAGA, a well known master of the tea ceremony.
  536. As a repercussion, however, samurai families, such as the Shugo, were effectively seizing land in various districts, including Shoen.
  537. As a replacement, Yasumasa WAKIZAKA, who was the second son of Masamori HOTTA, Yasutoshi's older brother, and also the lord of the Kawagoe Domain in Musashi Province, and who was therefore Yasutoshi's nephew, was adopted and became Yasumoto's legitimate son.
  538. As a replacement, his older brother, Yasuori, became the legitimate son as the successor.
  539. As a replacement, his younger brother Yasutada WAKISAKA became the legitimate son as the successor.
  540. As a replacement, his younger brother, Yasuteru WAKISAKA, became the legitimate son.
  541. As a replacement, the Emperor Junnin, who was married to the widow (AWATA no Morone) of Nakamaro's first son, FUJIWARA no Mayori, was formally installed as the Crown Prince.
  542. As a representative example in Japan, the statue, which was made in the first stage of the Heian period and is located at the auditorium of To-ji Temple, is well known (as a national treasure).
  543. As a representative for Hidetada, he visited Nikko Toshogu Shrine in 1631.
  544. As a representative of aragoto plays, "Shibaraku" is often played overseas.
  545. As a representative, he won the lawsuit of soson (a community consisting of peasants' self-governing association) real estate of Tomita-Issiki village against neighboring villages at a court of Tokyo in the Meiji period.
  546. As a response to criticism against priests' having sexual intercourse, the content of Anunttara-yoga was changed from a practice of having sexual intercourse to one in which intercourse was imagined.
  547. As a response to this challenge, Takakazu SEKI from Edo and Yoshizane TANAKA from Kyoto created Tenzan-jutsu (also called Bosho-ho) in succession.
  548. As a responsible person of the village, they served as a supervisor of shoen and peasants living in there, and nengu (annual tribute, land tax) and the compulsory service were paid through them.
  549. As a restorer of Daigo-ji Temple, Mansai was compared with the later Gien Jugo in the Momoyama period.
  550. As a result Hidehisa was entrusted with an important job by Hidetada after Hidetada assumed Seii Taishogun/Barbarian Subduing Generalissimo.
  551. As a result Korea declared a suspension of the supply of necessary goods and illegal trades.
  552. As a result Moriyama returned to Japan in August.
  553. As a result Yukio YOSHIMURA, a private pupil, succeeded to the fifth generation, but in May, 2000 immediately after taking the name he passed away suddenly.
  554. As a result a system of the dynasty state was established in the 10th century, in which the heads of the provincial governors (Zuryo) who had been sent to each region received much stronger empowerment than their previous generation and ruled the region and collected tax through the rich peasants.
  555. As a result all branch temples were abolished, temple estates were confiscated, priests became Shinto priests of Kasuga-sha Shrine, the walls around the precincts were removed, trees were planted in the precincts, and the temple was integrated into Nara Park.
  556. As a result an individual performance may not contain a punchline.
  557. As a result he forced Yoshitoshi to give up his position as the head of the clan and had Yoshihiro succeed to it.
  558. As a result he was expelled from his dormitory for being a delinquent student.
  559. As a result he was not punished by the government.
  560. As a result he, at the age of only 5, became Fusahiro's adopted son and inherited the Takatsukasa family.
  561. As a result he, who chose 'Toyotomi' as an auspicious surname, reported to the Imperial Court on the use of it, and on October 21, 1586, he attained the imperial permission.
  562. As a result in China, Eiraku-tsuho was minted as an instrument to settle the trade with Japan.
  563. As a result of Air Raids in June, the two-thirds of Kobe was burned, and Noda also fell victim at the former residence of Kawasaki in Nunobiki which had been assigned as an official residence.
  564. As a result of Japonism, Japanese elements came to be incorporated into the later graphic design of all crafts ranging from furniture and clothing to jewelry.
  565. As a result of Takamori SAIGO's intervention, Nobuo IMAI was released without being executed.
  566. As a result of Takauji's following the course suggested by Doyo, the reconciliation of Shohei no itto was achieved, Tadayoshi fell from power, and was subsequently killed with poison.
  567. As a result of Teruhiro's invasion of Yamaguchi, Mori's army was forced to withdraw to Honshu (the main island of Japan), which allowed the Otomo clan to recapture Mori's castles in Chikuzen Province and elsewhere in northern Kyushu.
  568. As a result of a problem, the hanamachi was forced to move to the area near Shujakuno.
  569. As a result of a rapid Europeanization in the early Meiji period, conventional artworks were depreciated, and artists also lived in poverty because of lost demand.
  570. As a result of a recent dig, it is now believed to be located in the Asuka-kyo (the capital of Asuka) Ruins in Oka, Asuka Village.
  571. As a result of a research, the tumulus turned out to be a square tumulus of 36 meters on a side.
  572. As a result of a series of batt;es with fire from Mt. Tamon and fire set by Hisahide on November 20, 1567, many religious facilities in Nanto were destroyed by fire, including Hannya-ji Temple, Kofuku-ji Temple and its subtemples, as well as catastrophically damaging Todai-ji Temple.
  573. As a result of additional properties due to his military exploits such as defending the Fort Shizugatake at all cost against Morimasa SAKUMA's attack in the Battle of Shizugatake in 1583, he came to possess properties yielding 20,000 koku (approximately 3,607.8 cubic meters of crop yields) in total.
  574. As a result of additional properties in Tanigawa, Hine County, Izumi Province yielding 10,000 koku which were granted in recognition of his service, he came to possess properties yielding 40,000 koku (approximately 7,215.6 cubic meters of crop yields) in total.
  575. As a result of an investigation, it was as Yoritomo said, and such numerous episodes can be easily found in "Azuma Kagami" (The Mirror of the East, a chronicle of the early history of the Kamakura Bakufu).
  576. As a result of being appointed to the position as Governor of Totoumi Province (current day Shizuoka Prefecture), he is generally known by the name, Enshu KOBORI.
  577. As a result of being implicated in the incident, Sangi (a councilor) FUJIWARA no Hamanari (the Capital House of the Fujiwara clan), his father-in-law, was demoted to the Dazai no ingai no sochi (an outer official of the Dazaifu) and the Capital House collapsed at only the second generation.
  578. As a result of categorization by DNA homology, it was identified to be the same kind as halotolerant lactic acid bacteria separated from anchovy or kimchi, and today, it is categorized into Tetragenococcus halophilus.
  579. As a result of changes to the transfer project, trains which were assigned to operate out of the Nara Train Depot from December 2006 began running on the 20th of that month.
  580. As a result of compromise of Genro (elder statesman) to force of the Diet, OKUMA, who was the head seat of the Constitutional Party, the leading party in the House of Representatives at that time, and ITAGAKI formed the cabinet, receiving an Imperial mandate.
  581. As a result of disputes, imperial sanction concerning Daijo kaidan was given after Saicho's death and the Tendai Sect was formally established, both in name and substance, as an independent religious sect.
  582. As a result of establishing a relationship between a lord and vassal, many warriors relinquished being treated as the head of the family and positioned themselves as vassals from the same ancestors as those of their employer's house.
  583. As a result of excavations, roof tiles quite similar to those used for the reconstruction of Horyuji-Temple (existent architecture) and more aged ones have been found.
  584. As a result of expansion of their business, Toimaru began handling other general goods, and by the Muromachi period, some of them had also started the wholesale business.
  585. As a result of fusion of the temples and Hachiman shinko, believing the God of War (Hachiman-god) and centering on neighboring Usa-jingu Shrine, unique Mountain Buddhism culture with syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism is thought to have been formed.
  586. As a result of having hurried the modernization and industrialization of Japan, the Imperial Japanese Navy became the third largest navy in the world in 1920.
  587. As a result of her aristocratic upbringing, she learned those arts considered essential to court nobles, including the arts of calligraphy, waka poetry, and incense mixing.
  588. As a result of his achievements in the Shikoku Conquest, he was awarded Takamatsu in Sanuki Province with 100,000 koku of rice in 1585 by Hideyoshi.
  589. As a result of his character, he was called the "Red Ogre of Ii", and was greatly feared by other local territorial lords.
  590. As a result of his commitment to Chinese ceramics, he created a world of his own in making copies of Chinese ware.
  591. As a result of his efforts to hold his own press interview to explain his wish and energetically meet with various persons asking for support, the performance held in Bunraku-za Theater was a great success.
  592. As a result of his giving away a part of the fief of Miyazu domain to members of his family, his legitimate son's family became the local territorial rulers.
  593. As a result of his hard work at the school, in October 1873 he was selected to the lecture in front of Emperor Meiji and conducted experiments of physics and chemistry.
  594. As a result of holding this official post, he was called Enshu KOBORI.
  595. As a result of inter-clan conflicts in the Sengoku period (period of warring state), Nobunaga ODA of the clan (three magistrates of Kiyosu Danjonojo family) wielded his influence greatly.
  596. As a result of its adoption, it gave an impact to viewers and it has been rooted.
  597. As a result of long battle, the army of Tadatsune was war-worn.
  598. As a result of long-term and large-scale work, the variorum became a much bigger publication than what he had first planned.
  599. As a result of losing their oarsmen, the Taira ships could no longer control their movement, and seeing the Taira clan at such a disadvantage, many warlords flocked to switch sides and join the Kamakura forces.
  600. As a result of municipalization, Fushimi-machi Kii District became Fushimi City.
  601. As a result of negotiation with the feudal lords, the soson also came to acquire the contract which gave them the right to collect nengu themselves.
  602. As a result of negotiations over 12 times, details for subsidiary agreements of the Treaty of Amity (11 provisions) and the precise rules of trade regulations (11 rules) were established on August 24.
  603. As a result of numerous fires, only the main hall rebuilt during the Muromachi period remains in the temple precinct.
  604. As a result of obtaining the right of judgment over criminal cases, the shugo now had two rights: the right to intervene in the dispute between samurai in the province and the right to enforce the law.
  605. As a result of political strife, many noblemen were killed for the charge of muhon between the seventh and eighth centuries,
  606. As a result of pre-construction consultation, this 'street-level design' was adopted to preserve the remains of the Naniwa no Miya Palace ruins and to secure the scenery between Naniwa no Miya Historical Park and the ruins of the Osaka-jo Castle.
  607. As a result of progress under such circumstances, many sushi invented uniquely in America, such as California rolls, appeared and even in supermarkets in local cities sushi is usually sold and popularized.
  608. As a result of pursuing flying distance, destructive power, shooting more than one arrow at the same time, the bow was mechanized by utilizing the principles of levers and pulleys or incorporating gear, pulley and spindle and the increase in size accordingly.
  609. As a result of questioning the members of the House of Representatives while the police investigating the bribery suspects, the number of members of the House of Representatives who received a bribe was found to increase to 20 members, belonging to the Seiyu Party, Shinpo To (Progrssive Party) (Japan), and a political party called "Daido Kurabu".
  610. As a result of recent chronological corrections to the Yayoi IV/V period in Kinai, the description is now considered to fall under the latter to the end of the Yayoi period (latter V period to VI period).
  611. As a result of recent overseas advance by major Japanese convenience stores, Japanese onigiri has been eaten around the world.
  612. As a result of recent studies, however, a number of theories arguing from Yoshimoto IMAGAWA's side claim that it was a (favorable) policy of the Imagawa family to attach great importance to the Okazaki Matsudaira family since it was the largest family on the Imagawa side in Nishimikawa (the western part of Mikawa Province).
  613. As a result of reclamation, 634 ha of reclaimed farmland became available and, in conjunction with reclamation, a work to improve the existing 1,260 hectares of cultivated fields in the surrounding areas was carried out.
  614. As a result of review by the bureau of military system improvement, the establishment of Kobu jo (later known as kobu sho) which was the training agency for younger family members of bakufu hatamoto and gokenin was determined.
  615. As a result of separation of government and religion, the meaning of the word 'shrine' has changed and there is really very little chance to simply call State Shinto 'shrine.'
  616. As a result of several battles, Silla became a vassal under the Tang Dynasty again, and the two parties reached a reconciliation by Tang giving the territory south of Seisenko River.
  617. As a result of severe investigation into the Hirosawa family's butler and Hirosawa's mistress, it was revealed that these two had illicit intercourse and misused the Hirosawa family's private money.
  618. As a result of social changes in the middle and the later Edo period, the disparity between rich and poor in hyakusho became significant ("dissolution of the peasant class").
  619. As a result of study to date, the remains of the temple's central structure, its complex and other buildings such as a warehouse were found, but the Kodo Hall (lecture hall) has not been identified.
  620. As a result of subsequent additions or reminting, eight sizes were used in total.
  621. As a result of successive fusion,/e/,/ye/ and/we/ were realized in every case and it is no longer possible to distinguish among them.
  622. As a result of such desperate maneuver activities by the Tsushima Domain, Korea became appeased and positive with the negotiations (partly because the need for northern defense increased due to the expanded power of the Joshin tribe [Kokin] in Manchuria.)
  623. As a result of such discussion, Choei authored "Kyuko Nibutsu-ko" (Two Crops for Disaster Restoration), in which potatoes and soba (buckwheat noodle) should be prepared as a solution to famine, and Kazan, an expert painter, provided illustrations for the book.
  624. As a result of such events, the original meaning of ikki has been forgotten today and become difficult to understand.
  625. As a result of such measures, the forest resources in Japan gradually recovered, enabling the sustained logging of Satoyama.
  626. As a result of such movements, jito that held the right of ryoke shiki (as an economical right as a lord of manor) and ryoke that held Jitoshiki appeared, with the conventional structure beginning to collapse and the role of ryoke shiki or jito shiki would greatly change.
  627. As a result of such practices, the bakufu itself sometimes provided grounds to undermine its sumptuary laws.
  628. As a result of that renowned go match full of thrilling twists and turns, Shusai defeated Junichi, thereby achieving distinction as the invincible Meijin.
  629. As a result of that, Japan urged Korea to enter into negotiations, while Korea had been avoiding the diplomatic negotiations in order to maintain the tributary system.
  630. As a result of that, the resumption of negotiations between Japan and Korea was realized, but at the same time it was triggered by another historical phenomenon.
  631. As a result of the 15th general election of the House of Representatives on May 10, 286 candidates were elected to the House from the Goken Sanpa (151 from the Kenseikai Party, 105 from the Seiyukai Party and 30 from the Kakusin Kurabu.)
  632. As a result of the Battle of Goryo, Yamana had gained the upper hand and the following year, the Hosokawa side tried to recover its losses, leading to the start of the Onin War.
  633. As a result of the Decree (of 1867) for the Restoration of Imperial Rule, Nobuatsu assumed the position of Gijo, one of the top three posts in the Meiji Government established by the Decree, along with Michitomi HIGASHIKUZE and Tomomi IWAKURA.
  634. As a result of the Hansekihokan (the return of the domain registers to the Meiji Emperor), he was appointed to the governor of the Tako Domain in June 1869.
  635. As a result of the Jokyu Rebellion, the relative political positions of the Imperial Court and the shogunate did a complete about-face.
  636. As a result of the Jokyu War during the first half of thirteenth century, the Kuge government became a parasite on the back of the military government.
  637. As a result of the Koizumi administration's medical expenditure reduction policy, working conditions for public practice physicians grew steadily worse.
  638. As a result of the Land Tax Reform, the duty to pay the tax in cash was imposed upon landowners.
  639. As a result of the Meiji Restoration and the capital's subsequent transfer to Tokyo, the function of the capital was transferred from Heian-kyo (Kyoto) to Tokyo in Musashi Province (formerly Edo).
  640. As a result of the Meiji Restoration and the relocation of the capital to Tokyo, however, Sannen-sai Festival (a ceremony held three years after an emperor's death) for this emperor was held at the Imperial Court, which had been transferred to Tokyo by that time, according to Shinto rules.
  641. As a result of the Meiji restoration he returned to secular life.
  642. As a result of the Onin War, however, he lost the Omiya family library, which contained a number of ancient documents and was effectively the source of his authority as a government official.
  643. As a result of the Restoration of Imperial Rule (of Japan), Seii Taishogun was abolished, which restored the authority into the other ministries of the Imperial Court.
  644. As a result of the Siege of Odawara by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI in 1590, however, the Gohojo clan and the Ashikaga-Nagao clan were overthrown and the Ashikaga School lost its patrons.
  645. As a result of the Taiko kenchi (the nationwide land survey done by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI) carried out in the Azuchi-Momoyama period, the complicated pattern of control and rights over the land were almost entirely dissolved.
  646. As a result of the Treaty of Shimonoseki, China's sovereignty over Korea was renounced whereby the traditional tributary system which was the international order in East Asia came to an end (and the Yi Dynasty Korea attained independence as the Korean Empire).
  647. As a result of the above policy, however, all of daimyo-gashi became irrecoverable loans and some merchants went bankrupt.
  648. As a result of the alliance Nagamasa built a connection to the enormous power wielded by Nobunaga, and this held other daimyo in check (one anecdote suggests that Naotsune ENDO proposed a plan to Nagamasa to assassinate Nobunaga during his marriage to Lady Oichi).
  649. As a result of the archaeological studies conducted around the temple, the remains of an ancient structures that had dug-standing pillars (a construction style in which pillars are erected directly against the ground, without using foundation stones) were found.
  650. As a result of the attack against the emperor made by the shogunate, the emperor and his followers such as Toshimoto HINO and Enkan were captured, and the following year Emperor Go-Daigo was exiled to Oki Islands (Genko Rebellion).
  651. As a result of the circumstances at the time, however, it had problems such as misquotations caused by forgeries included in the quoted books.
  652. As a result of the completion of the Taiho Code the centralization of the government system by aristocrats and bureaucrats with the Japanese emperor as the top was accomplished.
  653. As a result of the conclusion of the treaty, the Joseon Dynasty opened the country, which in practice led to the end of the national isolation policy.
  654. As a result of the confrontation, Enyu and Kaneie reached a compromise.
  655. As a result of the construction of the two gates, even if an enemy could managed to enter the Masugata enclosure through the first gate, they were prevented from entering the castle ground by the second gate, and were vulnerable to attack in the Masugata area.
  656. As a result of the deaths of his clan people, Kazumasa SOGO in 1561, Yoshitaka MIYOSHI in 1562 and Yoshitaka MIYOSHI in 1563, Nagayoshi began to suffer physical and mental illnesses and his powers of influence weakened significantly.
  657. As a result of the decision made by the bakufu, the Zin family was deprived of the right to control the scale business in 33 provinces in western Japan, and the Shuzui family began to control the scale business all over Japan.
  658. As a result of the decision, the Nichiren sect lost, however, it has been said there was a strong political interest by Nobunaga behind this decision.
  659. As a result of the development and expansion of such Tomo system, by the latter half of the fifth century, a system was organized in which the Tomonomiyatsuko led the Tomo.
  660. As a result of the distinguished services, the family possessed 399,000 koku in the Kokura Domain, Buzen Province, and later at the generation of Tadatoshi HOSOKAWA, the third and son of Tadaoki, they possessed 540,000 koku in Kumamoto Domain, Higo Province and ruled for 237 years, until the end of Edo period.
  661. As a result of the divination done at the Kasuga-Taisha Shrine, Atsunomiya who was a son of Imperial Prince Naohito was chosen to be adopted.
  662. As a result of the efforts by Morihei's disciples (beginning in the 1950s) to spread it abroad, it spread globally to Europe, the Americas, Southeast Asia, etc., and Aikikai alone has branch training halls in about 80 countries.
  663. As a result of the efforts to suppress the uprisings in line with the plan, the new government gradually achieved to calm them down from the mid-April to May(表記の変更).
  664. As a result of the feud, Yoshiharu and his father were expelled from Kannonji-jo Castle by their rebel retainer forces.
  665. As a result of the fierce battle, the army of Motomitsu TAKEDA lost eighty soldiers and lost the battle.
  666. As a result of the integration of groups and the progression of a superior-inferior relationship during battles, small provinces were created in various regions.
  667. As a result of the introduction of Western modern mining technology, Ashio copper mine became Japan's largest copper producer and became the largest in East Asia which produced thousands of tons annually.
  668. As a result of the investigation of Kiyohira's body buried at Konjiki-do Hall, his blood type is AB and there is no contradiction about the direct line of four generations down to his great-grandson FUJIWARA no Yasuhira.
  669. As a result of the lords of the Rokkaku clan being overthrown by Nobunaga ODA in 1568, his father, Katahide, became a vassal of Oda.
  670. As a result of the memorial service, he is told that the figure of Murasaki Shikibu is an incarnation of Kanzeon Bosatsu, whereupon the Noh play ends.
  671. As a result of the negotiation, Japan withdrew the matters regarding establishment of the official residence and traveling inland in Korea, because of severe objection by Korea.
  672. As a result of the negotiation, on January 14, 1865, Kounsai TAKEDA and other core member of Tenguto decided that it is meaningless to try to move further.
  673. As a result of the occult act, the regions all over Japan are affected by drought and peasants suffer from it.
  674. As a result of the peace negotiation, the formation of the battle array in the south was decided, and he was appointed to oversee the defensive of 松真浦城 and 場門浦城 in Geoje Island.
  675. As a result of the policy, vassals who had been engaged in agriculture in their territories in times of peace became full-time bureaucrats or warriors.
  676. As a result of the poverty, a lot of farmers sold out the lands and became a Kosakunin (tenant farmer).
  677. As a result of the problems, Shinzaburo ICHIZAWA of the founding family and craftsmen who had worked for the company left Ichizawa Hanpu Co., Ltd. and established Ichizawa Shinzaburo Hanpu Co., Ltd. that sells similar bags.
  678. As a result of the punitive expedition to Choshu in 1864, Choshu Domain pledged fealty to the Tokugawa government and the conservatives took power.
  679. As a result of the reconstruction of Kyoto by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, Wakamiya Hachiman-gu Shrine was relocated to the place where the sacred palanquin was lodged during festivals in Higashiyama in 1583, and moved again to the north of Hoko-ji Temple in 1588.
  680. As a result of the redistribution, jito (manager and lord of manor) were assigned to these shoen as well.
  681. As a result of the research stated below, it was identified that the aflatoxin biosynthesis pathway of Aspergillus oryzae doesn't function.
  682. As a result of the research, it was confirmed that there are ancient foundations of three different periods in the government district.
  683. As a result of the success of her debut in England in 1915, she moved to America in 1916, and she performed the role of Cho-Cho-San in Boston for the first time.
  684. As a result of the succession of idai, the studies of algebra, the integer equation theory, mathematical analysis and geometry were developed to the advanced level beyond practical needs.
  685. As a result of the surprise attack by the Minamoto clan army led by MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune on the Taira family honjin (the camp of the supreme commander (Taira family)) in the Battle of Ichinotani, the Taira clan army lost many superior warriors and suffered a heavy blow.
  686. As a result of the victory in the Jokyu War in 1221, the Kamakura bakufu forfeited about 3,000 territories from the imperial court.
  687. As a result of the war, members from the Sat-Cho (the Satsuma and Choshu Domains) and their supporting domains (the Saga and Tosa Domains) played an active role in the Meiji government, and Japan was to head for the modern system of centralized government.
  688. As a result of the war, the situation in the domains grew chaotic.
  689. As a result of their association with Montblanc, the Satsuma clan joined the Paris Expo in 1867 and participated as a nominally different exhibitor from the bakufu with Montblanc as their representative.
  690. As a result of these achievements, the clan was granted a title during the reign of the son, Shigetsuna.
  691. As a result of these acts, the Shingon sect was placed under bakufu's (government) observation.
  692. As a result of these battles, the distinguished Kai-Takeda clan of the direct descendants of Shinra-Saburo Yoshimitsu of the Seiwa Genji lineage became extinct.
  693. As a result of these discoveries, an ancient transportation system connected between the Kokufu and the Gunga, and between the Gunga and another Gunga has been emerged.
  694. As a result of these discoveries, the whole picture of the 214 sheets of Ino large maps has been figured out.
  695. As a result of these embellishments, fiction is mixed in many of the descriptions.
  696. As a result of these excavation, the following findings were made:
  697. As a result of these he was ranked Jugoi (Junior Fifth Rank) in 1928 and his biography by Tojiro YAMAGUCHI was published in 1933; however he was evaluated only as a scholar of herbalism.
  698. As a result of these incidents, a state arose in which there were no Nichiren Sho Sect temples in southern Kyoto or the surrounding area.
  699. As a result of these incidents, the Imperial Court was in the unusual situation of retaining no Kanpaku or ministers except Dajodaijin Hideyoshi, causing the court to fall behind in court events.
  700. As a result of this Shohei Unification, Takauji was dismissed from his position as seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians").
  701. As a result of this accident, the ATS (Automatic Train Stop) system was introduced.
  702. As a result of this achievement, he was appointed a political adviser to the crown prince and gained control of military affairs.
  703. As a result of this appointment, it became clear that the Matsudono family would succeed the sekkan family post.
  704. As a result of this automation, rice was able to absorb enzymes from koji, and the yamaoroshi process of smashing steamed rice was not necessarily required.
  705. As a result of this battle, almost all the areas in Kyushu allied with the Ashikaga side, and Takauji succeeded in renewing his forces.
  706. As a result of this battle, many old retainers of the Oda clan approached Hideyoshi and sought to serve as his vassals.
  707. As a result of this incident, Hisamitsu gained more trust from the Imperial Court, and he left for Edo to realize the policy of Kobu-gattai (Reformation in the Bunkyu period, or 文久の改革).
  708. As a result of this incident, Japan and Korea concluded the Japanese-Korea Treaty of Amity.
  709. As a result of this incident, Kawachi-Genji lost two influential figures, Yoshitada and Yoshitsuna, while the real mastermind behind the assassination, Yoshimitsu, fled to Hitachi Province.
  710. As a result of this incident, the Owari Domain fought with the army of the bakufu in various places as members of Imperial army.
  711. As a result of this incident, the river improvement project began and was completed in 1947 despite the suspension by the war and the slight modifications of the project.
  712. As a result of this kaechi, seventeen villages from the Iyo district and twenty from the Ukena district of the Matsuyama territory were transferred into the Ozu domain.
  713. As a result of this marriage, Shigehide SHIMAZU became an unprecedented father in law of Shogun that led to form a reins of power later to be called "Takanawa geba shogun."
  714. As a result of this movement, peasants were relieved of most part of their burden of military service.
  715. As a result of this movement, popular election was conducted and party politics were established.
  716. As a result of this plot, Yoshitada was killed (in what is known as "The Assassination of MINAMOTO no Yoshitada").
  717. As a result of this publication, it had no reason to hide Ino map any longer so Kaisei Gakko (Kaisei School) of the Bakufu published "The Surveyed Map of Japan, official edition" based on the Ino's small maps in that year, too and at last Ino map was disclosed to the public though it was only partially.
  718. As a result of this success, he was given the court rank of Jugoi (Junior Fifth Rank)and appointed to be the Mutsu no kami (Governor of Mutsu Province) in 1855 when he was only 32 years old.
  719. As a result of this successor problem, a meeting of intellectuals can be held to discuss the modification of the Imperial House Act so as to enable princesses to succeed to the Imperial Throne.
  720. As a result of this war, Japan joined the ranks of powerful countries gaining recognition from powerful Western nations.
  721. As a result of this war, the lords conference group, which sided with Yoshinobu, was also forced to turn to tobakuha.
  722. As a result of this, Honpuku-ji Temple lost all the property and all the followers inherited for generations.
  723. As a result of this, Kagemori strengthened his reins of power in the bakufu as maternal grandfather.
  724. As a result of this, Kuki clan lost the territory in Toba and Suigun navy.
  725. As a result of this, Sanai HASHIMOTO, Unbin UMEDA and Mikisaburo RAI were executed, while Shoin YOSHIDA, who operated "Shokason-juku", a private school of the Choshu clan (in Hagi), was also executed for planning to assassinate Akikatsu MANABE.
  726. As a result of this, Shigenao MATSUDAIRA's territory was relocated to Takada Domain (Ryuo Province) in Bungo Province.
  727. As a result of this, an early modern period Kyoto consisting a territorially-connected community of 'Sogumi' (Kamikyo and Shimokyo), 'Machigumi' (also known as kunimachi) and each 'machi' (town) came to be formed.
  728. As a result of this, hints dropped in earlier episodes cannot be explained in most cases and it leaves a bad taste in the mouths of both artists and fans.
  729. As a result of this, his eldest son succeeded Honkitcho, eldest daughter's husband succeeded Tokyo Kitcho, second daughter's husband succeeded Kyoto Kitcho, third daughter's husband succeeded Senba Kitcho, and fourth daughter's husband succeeded Kobe Kitcho.
  730. As a result of this, however, he was disowned by his parents, but with the money he received from them, he founded Mumei Eiga Kyokai (production company) and featured himself.
  731. As a result of this, later, during the time of the Jokyu war, he was unable to decide which side he would support and ended up following the party of the Emperor Gotoba.
  732. As a result of this, more than 400,000 people are said to have visited fudasho temples for thirty-three days.
  733. As a result of this, people in the warrior class failed in their unaccustomed businesses called 'shizoku no shoho' (former-samurai way of business) one after another, and the discontent with the government led to the argument for Seikanron (the conquest of Korea) and the outbreak of the Seinan War
  734. As a result of this, privileges of za were denied, but this triggered the establishment of the control of specific goyo-shonin (chartered merchants) tied to feudal lords.
  735. As a result of this, royal envoys visited Korea 22 times between 1511 and 1581 after the Sanpo War, but only 2 visits were by real royal envoys and the other 20 visits were by gishi which were prepared by the So clan.
  736. As a result of this, some facts were arbitrary ignored in the history of tea ceremony, including that Juko MURATA was a believer of the Jodo-shu sect and Dochin KITAMUKI was a believer of the Nichiren sect; this is the material for reflection.
  737. As a result of this, the Anegakoji family of the Kajuji line ended.
  738. As a result of this, the Japanese nation under the ritsuryo codes was changed into the dynastic nation-state, or the early dynastic nation-state, from around the 10th century.
  739. As a result of this, the NDL became the only national library in Japan, both nominally and virtually.
  740. As a result of this, the Sengu was performed as the 'Okanname-sai' (grand Kanname-sai) ceremony in contrast to the annual Kanname-sai ceremony (an offering of firstfruits of the harvest to the Ise deities by the emperor).
  741. As a result of this, the cloistered government, ruled by Goshirakawa, created a base for the unshakable Samurai government, while it drastically weakened the political base of the Imperial Palace.
  742. As a result of this, the consumption of sugar by microorganisms is reduced and the product is sweeter than sake.
  743. As a result of this, the fixed number of Kiden hakase was transferred to that of Monjo hakase (from one to two), and thereafter, 'Kiden hakase' became a common name of Monjo hakase (for reference, Kidendo existed as the name of subject, and 'Monjodo' became its common name).
  744. As a result of this, the four-year history of kansatsushi ended.
  745. As a result of this, the urban area rapidly expanded to include the north of Rakuchu, which led to the expansion of a city called 'Rakuchu Rakugai Machitsuzuki' (lit. town extending from Rakuchu to Rakugai).
  746. As a result of this, there are a few theories on how Nobunaga tried to deal with this offer: Nobunaga refused to accept any one of the positions, he unofficially agreed to accept the position of either Seii Taishogun or Dajodaijin, or he died in battle before reaching a conclusion.
  747. As a result of those, many matsuri fell into the state of losing substance from the viewpoint of purpose as shown by an example that the holding of matsuri itself became a purpose.
  748. As a result of various criminal acts he committed along the way of escape and prison breaks themselves, in addition to the attempted murder and fire-setting that he committed in the first crime, Nishikawa had to pay an enormously long prison term for him.
  749. As a result of winning this battle to avenge Nobunaga's death, Hideyoshi claimed his position as the leading candidate for the succession of Nobunaga's position through the meeting at Kiyosu-jo Castle and on other occasions, and began to proceed his way toward assuming political leadership of the whole nation.
  750. As a result that the Second World War ended, Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) were demobilized and military men who were originally supposed to carry a sword went out of existence.
  751. As a result the Azai army's flank became vulnerable, and the Three of West Mino, a detached force, attacked this weak point with the consequence that the Azai army also fled.
  752. As a result the Japanese Navy required both cities to become a single large naval port city.
  753. As a result the advocates of the Seikanron, including Sangi Takamori SAIGO, Shinpei ETO and Taisuke ITAGAKI, resigned to leave the government.
  754. As a result the damage caused by grazing habits of animals, which are eating not only the undergrowth but also the bark of young tress, has been expanding year by year.
  755. As a result the government dispatched the warships Unyo and Daini Teibo in 1875 and had them sound the sea to the coast of Korea aiming to gain an advantage by demonstrating its strength.
  756. As a result the relationship between Prince Yamashiro no oe and the Soga clan crucially deteriorated.
  757. As a result there are 16 towns today prefixed by 'Jodoji' and two others (Ginkakuji-cho and Ginkakujimae-cho).
  758. As a result there are 18 towns today that are prefixed by 'Shishigatani.'
  759. As a result they failed to take root in Japan and the matchlock guns were used until they were cleared out in the upheavals in the closing days of the Tokugawa shogunate.
  760. As a result this situation produced a breach of contract shortly after the forest of field practice was established.
  761. As a result wooden flooring was adopted to cover the doma from this period onwards.
  762. As a result, 'Jaken' (snake fist) that used frog, slug, and snake and sansukumi-ken called kitsuneken (fox finger game) became popular at the end of Bakufu (government by shogunate) period.
  763. As a result, 'Kabuki Eiga Pro' was dissolved without producing a second film along with other production companies that had been established at the same time.
  764. As a result, 'Kado' that was systematized as a study was established.
  765. As a result, 'Kyo-Yuzen' of which strong point is highly abstract patterns as well as painting-like 'Kaga Yuzen' were created.
  766. As a result, 'Yamamoto Pro' was dissolved without producing a second film along with other production companies which had been established at the same time.
  767. As a result, 'high-performance electric train-cars' that were superior in high-speed performance as well as in acceleration/deceleration performance were introduced one after another centered on major private railway companies in 1954 and later, accomplishing a big technical achievement.
  768. As a result, 'the animal symbol of the year' in January is the same as that of the previous year and 'the animal symbol of the month' on March 3 is the same as that of the previous month one as well.
  769. As a result, 207 series cars and 321 series cars, whose maximum speed is 120 km/h, are being used.
  770. As a result, 69 people taken to a temple, a school and the lighthouse in Kashino were rescued alive.
  771. As a result, Abiru's report indirectly determined that the direction taken by the Mibu masterless warriors group to come under the guiding influence of the way of life of Hijikata.
  772. As a result, Article 130 of the National Diet Act (Act No. 79 of 1947), which came into force along with the enforcement of the Constitution of Japan, stipulated, "The National Diet Library shall be established in the Diet by a separate law so as to assist Diet members in their research and study."
  773. As a result, Buyeo Pung (Hosho FUYO) enforced the plan to move to the Hi-jo Castle.
  774. As a result, Chanoyu zashiki that suited cha no yu developed, and suki zashiki was born as the cultural place to carry out renga (linked poems).
  775. As a result, Chinese trading ships met and traded with Japanese ships in ports at Southeast Asia where they could travel legally and outside the watchful eyes of the government authorities of the Ming Dynasty.
  776. As a result, Chiten no kimi (the retired Emperor Kogen) and the Muromachi bakufu confirmed the kamon ando through Emperor Godaigo, provided that the family protect Sanetoshi as successor.
  777. As a result, Christianity gradually gained believers.
  778. As a result, Confucianism after the Song period also placed a strong emphasis on clarifying the ideological side of Confucius (the sage's mind and reader's mind), which made Confucianism more speculative.
  779. As a result, Diesel Cars Series Kiha 82 disappeared from all regular Limited Express trains throughout the nation.
  780. As a result, Drake was sentenced to 3 months imprisonment from the judge Hannen of the British consulate of Yokohama.
  781. As a result, Edo Bakufu had no choice but to tolerate the existence of insei.
  782. As a result, Edo Ninbetsu Aratame in 1743 (population survey in the Edo period) shows that Edo was populated by 310,000 male and 215,000 female townspeople and samurai adding up to more than 1 million.
  783. As a result, Emperors of the Northern Court, including Emperor Kogen, ascended the throne without the Jingi following a precedent of Emperor Gotoba.
  784. As a result, Enshin's forces, which had invaded in full career, suffered a debacle.
  785. As a result, FUJIWARA no Moromitsu (Saiko) was executed, FUJIWARA no Narichika was deported to Bizen no kuni (Bizen Province) (where he did not received any food and was killed on July 9), and Shunkan and others were deported to Kikaiga-shima Island.
  786. As a result, Fuki was defeated in the competition because of its poor programs, and it was converted into a strip club.
  787. As a result, Gensho is regarded as the reciting of Myo, Ho, Ren, Ge, and Kyo with one's body, mouth, and will, which is the Naisho (inner realization) sunk under Hokekyo.
  788. As a result, Gien who was Tendai-Zasu (head priest of the Tendaishu sect) quitted the priesthood and became the successor to the shogunate.
  789. As a result, Gikai became as the third chief priest of Eihei-ji Temple and the third head priest of the Soto sect.
  790. As a result, Gouda's first son, Kuniharu (aged 14) was named as the next Crown Prince.
  791. As a result, Hideyuki GAMO (a chamberlain), who was the legal son of Ujisato, succeeded as the family head at 13 years of age.
  792. As a result, Hisamitsu finally gave up having a chance to compromise with Yoshinobu politically, and the leading group in the Satsuma domain decided to overthrow the Shogunate with military power.
  793. As a result, Hongan-ji Temple was split into Junnyo's Hongan-ji Temple (West Hongan-ji Temple) and Kyonyo's Hongan-ji Temple.
  794. As a result, Hosokawa's forces recovered their momentum and succeeded in fighting off Yoshinari HATAKEYAMA.
  795. As a result, Hotan-bo was admitted as a winner.
  796. As a result, I do not accept it."
  797. As a result, IWAMURASUGURI was incorporated under the SAKANOUE clan who were distant relatives and who were rising in their political status, thereby managing to change and improve his family name.
  798. As a result, Ienari was offended, and Sadanobu MATSUDAIRA was ousted after the incident and so became the remote cause of a resignation.
  799. As a result, Ienari's inner circle, including Akikatsu MANABE and Masayoshi HOTTA, fell victim to Tadakuni's plans for forced resignation from the Roju and other Bakufu positions.
  800. As a result, Ieyasu TOKUGAWA was moved to the Kanto region.
  801. As a result, Ieyasu agreed to the joraku, and Omandokoro was able to return to Osaka in a month or so.
  802. As a result, Imperial Prince Tsunesada was dismissed from the crown prince position, and Imperial Prince Michiyasu (later Emperor Montoku) was assigned as the crown prince while Kowamine was exiled to Oki Province.
  803. As a result, Imperial property (private Imperial property) increased from ten thousand koku to thirty thousand koku and this made it possible to repair the mountain ridge drastically.
  804. As a result, Ioto no miya is also called Kuroda Ioto no miya.
  805. As a result, Iyo (壹与 [台与]), a 13-year-old girl who was a relative of Himiko, was appointed as queen.
  806. As a result, Izumi-ryu Shokubunkai requested Association for Japanese Noh Plays (Takadanobaba, Tokyo) to dismiss Motoya in 2002 in the joint names of 48 persons including the chairman Man NOMURA.
  807. As a result, Japan became a multiracial nation due to a rapidly expanded range of settlement over various regions of Asia and Oceania, possessing Korea, annexing the Korean Empire, building Manchukuo, and putting the South Sea Islands under mandate.
  808. As a result, Jibu-sho's duties were limited to supervising monks and nuns and Buddhist rites, administering Gagaku and watching imperial mausoleums.
  809. As a result, Jikei-ji Temple took the leadership position.
  810. As a result, Jindai-ji soba became very famous and it became well-known across the nation as 'soba suitable as a present' because a lot of domains and families sent for Jindai-ji soba.
  811. As a result, Jinzen, the 10th son of Morosuke, succeeded the position of head priest of Tendai Sect from Ryogen in 985.
  812. As a result, Junnyo also came to Kyoto and, when Kennyo died the following year (1592), he succeeded to Kennyo's position, becoming the 12th Monshu of Hongan-ji Temple in 1593.
  813. As a result, Kagekatsu obtained support from the Takeda clan and turned the tide of the Disturbance.
  814. As a result, Kageyushi was created as a post to take charge of the inspection and supervision of local administration.
  815. As a result, Kaneie was ranked higher than Kanemichi, and this made Kanemichi strongly hate Kaneie.
  816. As a result, Katata-monto, organized by many Zenjin-shu, majority in Katata, enhanced their power and took the leadership position in Katata-shu.
  817. As a result, Katsuyori formed an allegiance with the Satake clan in Hitachi Province because he clashed with Oda in the west and at the same time needed a countermeasure against Hojo (the Kosa Allegiance (an allegiance between the Takeda clan in Kai Province and the Satake clan in Hitachi Province)).
  818. As a result, Katsuyori gradually lost trust among his followers.
  819. As a result, Kawase was transferred to the governor of Gunma and Iruma Prefectures, premised on becoming the first governor of the Kumagaya Prefecture which would be newly founded including the Gunma and Iruma Prefectures.
  820. As a result, Keihan Bus was ordered to adjust their fares to the same level as Uji Tawara Jidosha's and also to demolish its information booth.
  821. As a result, Keishi left the empress's residence and brought up Princess Kazunomiya in her parental home, the house of the Hashimoto family.
  822. As a result, Kenkyukai always occupied more than 140 seats (maximum 174 at the end of 1923) in the House of Peers whose full number was about 400 (that changed over time).
  823. As a result, Kigoshi who earned his high reputation through Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War from the public was transferred to reserve duty retaining the title of Chujo (lieutenant general) before his retirement.
  824. As a result, Kikan IKEDA published "The Tale of Genji Match-up" and "The Tale of Genji Match-Up Corpus."
  825. As a result, Kinashi no karu no miko was overthrown after the demise of Emperor Ingyo, and was deported to Iyo Province.
  826. As a result, Kinsui SAIONJI became heir to the Saionji family.
  827. As a result, Kinugasa enjoyed the title of a major international director.
  828. As a result, Kitani won by 5 points.
  829. As a result, Kito-ryu school became the school of Japanese martial art handed down in the Kuki family after Takanao.
  830. As a result, Korea was opened to the world of imperialism.
  831. As a result, Korechika succeeded in receiving senji to assume the title of document Nairan anew on the next day.
  832. As a result, Koyasan escaped from destruction and was provided authorization for 10,000 koku (approximately 1.8 million liters of crop yield) land ownership and guaranteeing feudal tenure in 1591 after finishing Taiko-kenchi (the land survey by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI).
  833. As a result, Ku-Suiko came to be implemented more extensively than before.
  834. As a result, Kuramoto acquiring high-quality rice for brewing sake and the farmers looking for the stable buyers coincided on those desires to start this system.
  835. As a result, Kyoto came to be called 'Rakuyo.'
  836. As a result, Maizuru has the largest economy in the Kita-kinki region.
  837. As a result, Masashige KUSUNOKI died in the Battle of Minatogawa and Kiyotada gained an infamous reputation for having not understood the tactic and rejected the proposal of his royal subject, Masashige.
  838. As a result, Masatomo and Yoshikane were refused to enter Kamakura and Masatomo was forced to call himself Horikoshi-kubo in Izu Province.
  839. As a result, Meiji Tsuho bills were switched to domestic production, which happened to be useful to the immense expenditures during the Seinan War, which broke out in 1877.
  840. As a result, Menden did not exist together in one region but were scattered throughout the region.
  841. As a result, Mibu Roshi-gumi became a group of about 36 men, and was assigned by Katamori MATSUDAIRA, Kyoto Shugoshoku, to control lawless acts by Sonno-joi extremists (loyalists aiming for overthrow of the shogunate), and guard in the city of Kyoto.
  842. As a result, Mibu Roshigumi consisted of two factions, the Kondo and Serizawa factions.
  843. As a result, Midaidokoro's position was consolidated, but during the Midaidokoro's absence for about 100 years, the previous Shogun's lawful wife or Shogun's children organized O-oku.
  844. As a result, Minbu-sho only engaged in the paperwork concerning the provinces.
  845. As a result, Ministry of Education cancelled to give teaching license to graduates of Tetsugakukan without an examination.
  846. As a result, Mino Province fell into condition of disturbance and the disasters of war spread to Omi Province.
  847. As a result, Mitsumasa was killed in the Battle of Iwata, Abu Country, Ise Province.
  848. As a result, Miyoshi's side rectified its numerical inferiority, and when Hatakeyama and Miyoshi confronted at Kyoko-ji Temple, Miyoshi's side had the upper hand.
  849. As a result, Mizoguchi had experienced both good and bad days to a great degree since his childhood.
  850. As a result, Motofusa and Moroie, father and son, were removed from their posts and fell from power.
  851. As a result, Motofusa was dismissed as Kanpaku and banished, 39 anti-Taira Kugyo and trusted vassals of Goshirakawa were dismissed and, Goshirakawa himself was confined to Toba-dono Palace, and Goshirakawa-insei (The government by the retired Emepror Goshirakawa) suspended.
  852. As a result, Motoya IZUMI is not acknowledged as Izumi-ryu soke at present in the society, though he still calls himself "soke" based on the trademarks "Motoya IZUMI, the 20th soke of Izumi-ryu" as well as "Izumi Soke Co.".
  853. As a result, Munemori established his position as Kiyomori's successor.
  854. As a result, Murakami selected Morosuke as the maternal relative for the next Emperor.
  855. As a result, Muramune fell into a predicament due to the false charge by Norimoto and three close advisers and was ordered to stop from serving at government office.
  856. As a result, Nagayoshi became Settsu no kuni Shugodai (provincial governor of Settsu Province), castellan of Koshimizu Castle.
  857. As a result, Nagayoshi became famous as a daimyo in the Sengoku period.
  858. As a result, Naniwa became the capital along with Asuka.
  859. As a result, Naotaka became daimyo (Japanese feudal lord) possessing large properties bearing 300,000 koku.
  860. As a result, Nariyuki along with Imperial Prince Asahiko was no longer allowed to go to the court.
  861. As a result, No. 13 - No. 16 were changed to 'No. 6, No. 8, No. 10 and No. 12' and No. 24 - No. 27 were changed to 'No. 34, No. 36, No. 38 and No. 40' respectively.
  862. As a result, Nobuna was adopted by the Oinomikado family because he was a child born out of wedlock.
  863. As a result, Nobunaga issued shuinjo (a vermilion seal letter) on April 13 and pardoned them.
  864. As a result, Nobunaga let known both inside and outside of Kyoto that peace has come back to Kyoto and that the Oda clan has gained control of the world.
  865. As a result, Nobutaka fled to Ujitsuna HOJO for shelter.
  866. As a result, Noguchino Ono-haka Tumulus was formally determined as the joint mausoleum of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito and that decision remains unchanged to the present.
  867. As a result, OTSUKI no Takamoto was replaced as Sadaishi Joshu by Hirofusa, the son of Takamoto's older brother, OTSUKI no Naganari.
  868. As a result, Ohime died a year later in 1197, before the plan of judai was put into practice.
  869. As a result, Okubo's former despotic system was revived in a more powerful form.
  870. As a result, Omura was appointed to the post of Hyobu taifu (senior assistant minister of the Hyobusho Ministry of Military) the next day.
  871. As a result, Onna san no miya conceived Kaoru.
  872. As a result, Owari was put under the joint rule of the 'Oda Yamatonokami family' and the 'Oda Isenokami family' and it was divided into two.
  873. As a result, Portuguese tried to seek a country that could act as a reconciliatory role in trading between the Asian countries.
  874. As a result, Prince Yamashiro no oe competed against Emperor Jomei backed by SOGA no Emishi for the Imperial Throne.
  875. As a result, Rapid service is operated twice per hour on this section.
  876. As a result, Roju Akikatsu MANABE and Kyoto deputy Tadaaki SAKAI (who was also the lord of Obama Domain of Wakasa Province) went to Kyoto and arrested Mozaemon KONDO and Unpin UMEDA, heralding the start of intense oppression.
  877. As a result, Sanda Domain was once abolished and at the same time Sanda-jo Castle (Kurumase-jo Castle) was destroyed.
  878. As a result, Sanetomo, who was impressed with his archery display, granted him jito-shiki (stewardship rights) to Inazuho in Echizen Province (according to the entry in the "Azuma kagami" for the eleventh day of the first month of the same year).
  879. As a result, Sanga got turned around and the lost the game yet again by the score Kyoto 2-3 Sapporo.
  880. As a result, Seiwa-Genji was recognized as the head of the samurai family in both name and reality.
  881. As a result, Senju began to serve the hostage Shigehira.
  882. As a result, Shibinaisho was put into a position to convey and implement the order of the Retired Emperor Koken and the Emperor Junnin in place of Daijokan and became the organization comparable to Daijokan both in name and reality.
  883. As a result, Shigeuji was hunted down by the Muromachi bakufu in Kyoto, which supported the Uesugi clan.
  884. As a result, Shisho and Inka became regarded as important.
  885. As a result, Suiken SUZUKI, a disciple of Kaikaku, became an author of national school textbooks for calligraphy, making the standards even more solid.
  886. As a result, Suino came to control the jigekanjin of about 60 families, including those of Zushoryo (Bureau of Drawings and Books), Mondo no tsukasa (Water Office) and Kuraryo (Bureau of Palace Storehouses), in addition to those of Kurodo dokoro.
  887. As a result, Sun Moon Lake was chosen as the construction site and the construction of the hydraulic power plant, which had a drop of 320 m between Sun Moon Lake and Menpai Lake, started.
  888. As a result, Tadataka retired from public life and lived quietly in Kyoto with Chiyo and his eldest son.
  889. As a result, Tadayoshi's power decreased within the bakufu and Moronao's power increased, leading to further conflict between the two groups.
  890. As a result, Taisuke ITAGAKI and Shigenobu OKUMA who came to be purged from the Meiji Government formed the Liberal Party and the Constitutional Progressive Party, respectively, in preparations for the coming inauguration of the Imperial Diet.
  891. As a result, Takakuni HOSOKAWA lost the Battle of Katsuragawa in 1527, and Yoshiharu was ousted from Kyoto by those who were newly empowered, such as Motonaga MIYOSHI, a native bushi of Awa Province, and Harumoto HOSOKAWA.
  892. As a result, Takatsune SHIBA was, at first, reluctant to be appointed the post of Shitsuji for which a retainer was responsible.
  893. As a result, Takayori ROKKAKU, family head of the ROKKAKU, revolted to Yoshitane ASHIKAGA's side, despite the Iba clan, shugodai (deputy of Shugo, provincial constable), who insisted to assist Yoshizumi's side.
  894. As a result, Tastuchiyo came to be farmed out to Hiroteru MINAGAWA, who was a Japanese feudal lord of 35,000 koku (a crop yield of approximately 6.3 million cubic meters) and the lord of Tochigi-jo (Naganuma-jo) Castle in Shimotsuke Province, and brought up there.
  895. As a result, Tatsuhime became pregnant and gave birth to a baby boy in 1619.
  896. As a result, Tendai-zasu (the head priest of the Tendai sect of Buddhism), Gien, returned to secular life to become a new shogun Yoshinori ASHIKAGA.
  897. As a result, Tenjin worship with Michizane as 'Tenjin-sama' spread across the nation.
  898. As a result, Toa Kinema continued to exist while 'Tokatsu Eiga-sha' was established in September 1931 as a company to produce films for Toa Kinema, and Tatsugoro ABE became the head of 'Tokatsu Eiga Tojiin Studio' in place of Takamura.
  899. As a result, Tomokage was designated as Onmyo no kami (Director of Onmyoryo, or Bureau of Divination) and Yasushige was transferred from Tenmon hakase (master of astronomy) to Sahyoe no kami (Captain of the Left Division of Middle Palace Guards), two years later.
  900. As a result, Tomomi entered the priesthood at the Reigen-ji Temple in Kyoto City in 1862.
  901. As a result, Tomoteru's son Ukon TAKAYAMA left the castle alone.
  902. As a result, Torii was given a reprimand by the roju (senior councilor) Tadakuni MIZUNO, and Torii regarded Egawa as a political rival.
  903. As a result, Toshimasu followed his adoptive father's advice and left Arako.
  904. As a result, Toshinari failed to succeed as a noble living in the capital and had few opportunities to be promoted with regard to court ranks, despite his reputation as a poet.
  905. As a result, Tsunayoshi, who sentenced only Asano to death by seppuku without accusing Kira, is often associated with the negative image of him supporting a 'bully.'
  906. As a result, Tsuruga and Obama consumed more kelp than Osaka.
  907. As a result, Udon noodles are being recognized as a general home-cooked meal.
  908. As a result, Yamaguchi Pro was dissolved without producing a second movie along with other production companies that had been established at the same time.
  909. As a result, Yamaguchi, the base of the Ouchi clan, prospered far more than Kyoto that was devastated by the Onin War.
  910. As a result, Yokooji-numa Pond (It was located in the expanse centered at the present Southern Kyoto Garbage and Sewage Plant in Yokooji, Fushimi Ward) was separated from the Uji-gawa River/Ogura-ike Pond.
  911. As a result, Yoriie was alienated by his maternal family, the Hojo clan, and they held a council system with thirteen members to suppress his dictatorship.
  912. As a result, Yorinari returned to the Ibi Kitakata-jo Castle, and Masayori returned to the Kawate-jo Castle.
  913. As a result, Yoshida dormitory has since continued to exist as the student dormitory of Kyoto University.
  914. As a result, Yoshikuni received chokkan, and the arrest order for his father Yoshiie was issued.
  915. As a result, Yoshimasa's plan to place Japan-Korea trade under the control of the Muromachi bakufu failed, but Gafusei was observed until Bunroku Keicho no Eki.
  916. As a result, Yoshimoto and Ujiyasu reconciled, due to the mediation of Harunobu TAKEDA (Shingen) with conditions favorable for Yoshimoto, in which it was settled to have the Kato County dominated by the Hojo family returned to the Imagawa family.
  917. As a result, Yoshimoto was sent to the Zentoku-ji Temple of the Rinzai Sect in Seko, Fuji County, Suruga Province and became a priest at the age of four.
  918. As a result, Yoshimura raised an army, but he was incarcerated after having lost the fight against Muramune twice, and his son, Harumasa AKAMATSU succeeded to the family.
  919. As a result, Yoshinori was selected as the 6th shogun, becoming known as the 'lottery shogun.'
  920. As a result, Yoshioki's time as the de facto ruler was limited to the length of his stay in Kinai region.
  921. As a result, Yoshitaka MIYOSHI was shorthanded at one time with about 100 horsemen around him.
  922. As a result, Yoshitomo and Nobuyori missed the chance to win.
  923. As a result, Yoshitsune's vassals and Kagetoki and his sons almost had a sword fight.
  924. As a result, a Japanese-Korea Treaty of Amity was signed in February 1876.
  925. As a result, a certain portion of jogakuji began to return their jogakuji status, despising its restrictive nature without advantages.
  926. As a result, a coalition between the Cloistered Emperor and Yoshinaka was established and in December the Retired Emperor issued an order to Yoshinaka to attack Yoritomo.
  927. As a result, a comparison of an irimoya-zukuri style chapel to a Buddhist temple main hall of the same style would show that the line from the position of the entrance to the altar (the principal image in the case of a Buddhist main hall) is rotated by 90 degrees.
  928. As a result, a conflict occurred between Daigaku-ryo, which lost its financial base, and Kokusoin, which obtained new territory.
  929. As a result, a confusion occurred between the calendar compiled in Kyoto and private calendars such that the calendars used different Chijun-ho (a calendar technique for setting the leap month and leap day).
  930. As a result, a constant relationship was created between temples/shrines and Zoyakumenden/farmers and such relationships became the seed of the development of shoen.
  931. As a result, a contention broke out and was fought within Honmon Hokke Sect between the side of Nichinen and Nissho and the side of Nikkei and Nichiyo.
  932. As a result, a fortress that functioned as a military base was separated from those that functioned as a castle, such as houses of nobles and government offices, and low star-shaped ryoho shiki (a style based on the fortification of Vauban in France) fortresses were built.
  933. As a result, a government partly independent of the Imperial Court came into power.
  934. As a result, a legal system independent from the Ritsuryo codes, the primary law, was developed to form a new legal system called honjo law.
  935. As a result, a lot of Togoku Samurai (a group of samurai in the eastern part of Japan) moved to Kinai (provinces near Kyoto)/western part of Japan.
  936. As a result, a lot of people related to the Shiki Family received punishments, and though they seized the political power temporarily at the end of Nara Period, this rebellion became one of the factors which weakened the power of the Shiki Family in future generations.
  937. As a result, a nationalized telephone company was established and Tadaakira became the first person to talk over the phone in Japan.
  938. As a result, a new Nichiren sect was established including many schools and various thoughts which had been formed in the Kamakura period.
  939. As a result, a new class of women who served such second house on condition that they had a sexual act with their master came into existence.
  940. As a result, a new road plan was proposed to widen the old Shiratori Kaido Road, making room for a new by-pass.
  941. As a result, a profit margin of about 5,000,000 ryo (a unit of gold currency) (Hakuseki ARAI's estimation) or 5,800,000 ryo (Shigehide OGIWARA's estimation) was produced and temporarily enriched the government.
  942. As a result, a variety of Shoen (manor) called a Ben no ho was established in place of the joden.
  943. As a result, above mentioned two conditions to be diplomatically recognized as a state, such as "the country must be a sovereign state" and "the country must have capability to abide by treaties" were created.
  944. As a result, activities of Onami started to be called 'Kanzedaiyuryoza' (troupe with Dayu KANZE as leading actor) (観世大夫両座), and he eventually assumed leadership of the Kanze guild.
  945. As a result, after the Keicho era (1596-1615), he was given responsibility for organizing the Kurodogata Jigekanjin (low-ranking government officials).
  946. As a result, after the war, the Korinan Foundation and a grand master system with the Katagiri family as Soke (the head family or house) were established.
  947. As a result, all over Japan jurisdiction over land was split roughly in half, with half remaining under control of the various provincial governments as "kokugaryo" (public territories) and half becoming shoen (private estates).
  948. As a result, although the shooting practice field was extended, the bakufu and residents agreed that it wouldn't be used for shooting for the time being.
  949. As a result, although there were a lot of shoka under the name of choji-ya, many of them had a certain level of business capital.
  950. As a result, among akumochizake, jizake is the one most similar to refined sake.
  951. As a result, among the ozeki wrestlers, the highest ranking sumo wrestlers, only the chosen ones can wear the yokozuna, a shimenawa rope, as the proof of the shintai of a kami.
  952. As a result, an acreage-reduction policy was implemented.
  953. As a result, an emperor descended from the Emperor Tenmu was going to be discontinued.
  954. As a result, an envoy, who was dispatched in 1401 with the letter of 'Nihon Junsango Dogi,' accomplished the object and returned to Japan with a Ming envoy, who bore a letter of the Jianwen Emperor (period of reign: 1398 -1402) addressed to 'Nihon-kokuo Gen Dogi.'
  955. As a result, anarchists and those close to anarchism became the majority in the socialist movement.
  956. As a result, another 20,000 koku was confiscated from the Fukushima family, and Masatoshi, the son of Masanori who inherited the family, was lowered his status as hatamoto (direct retainer of bakufu) with a territory worth of 3,000 koku.
  957. As a result, armed Shinto priests emerged.
  958. As a result, as the Tokuso family came to enhance their political power, Miuchibito also increased their political influence in the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  959. As a result, bakufu was governed by the close adviser of Ienari TOKUGAWA, Tadaakira MIZUNO, however, bribes became rampant during his government; Ienari's luxury was also added to that, which unstabilized the bakufu government and brought about its corruption.
  960. As a result, balance among the political powers changed and Ryoshun lost his support base.
  961. As a result, became nyoin called 'Josaimonin'
  962. As a result, beer which contain spices or herbs or fruit beer which contain fruit or fruit juice is used is classified as 'low-malt beer'.
  963. As a result, big manufacturers of alcoholic beverages began to sell not only shochu but similar products, that is, Korui shochu (the higher grade shochu) which a stylish bottle was used but content was not so genuine.
  964. As a result, both priests and the laity took up arms, becoming known as 'sohei' (warrior monks), to guard against invaders from outside.
  965. As a result, both sides agreed to have a chance to talk another day and broke up, but immediately after that the three women of the project stubbornly climbed the mountain in order to assert their view of the problem.
  966. As a result, both sides sought nothing but a short war.
  967. As a result, both the Owari Province and Nagato Province as principal production areas of earthenware at the time in Japan, were ordered to make tributes of their products.
  968. As a result, burial goods like arms and harnesses were excavated in abundance.
  969. As a result, by reversing the original plan, the strategy to head the army westwards was decided.
  970. As a result, chawan and chashaku that are supposed to be taken out from katte (a place used to cook and prepare food in upper class residences) came to be displayed at the corner of the hearth.
  971. As a result, chief retainer Iwami NABESHIMA lost his position, and secretary Gonnojo ARITA and Juemon NOTOMI were sent back to Saga and ordered Seppuku (suicide by disembowelment).
  972. As a result, circulation of han bills was permitted in both territories.
  973. As a result, commoners came to strongly worship Mt Fuji, and many Fujizuka mounds for worship of Mt. Fuji from afar were built at various parts of Edo.
  974. As a result, communications between the Raigeki-tai troop and the main force of the Satsuma army were cut off.
  975. As a result, communications between the detached 5th brigade and Kumamoto Garrison was not recovered even at nightfall.
  976. As a result, complex quadrature problems became easier to solve.
  977. As a result, consideration was given not to give special treatment to one particular religion.
  978. As a result, contradictions and flaws came to be recognized once it was in force.
  979. As a result, conversation with people from different domains became almost impossible and there were unresolvable situations when a person stayed in Edo.
  980. As a result, customers started to travel in higher grade passenger cars again.
  981. As a result, deities have been worshipped while being called '-myojin' in one time and '-gongen' in another time.
  982. As a result, development of konden became activated.
  983. As a result, disputes between tato fumyo and kokushi became very common.
  984. As a result, divided Hachiman has been ceremonially transferred to Buddhist temples around the country to serve as a guardian deity, then Hachiman spread throughout the country.
  985. As a result, domains sought for financial sources in Osaka, where most domains held their kurayashiki (warehouse-residence) and there were fewer restrictions from the bakufu than Edo, and therefore, kuramoto, kakeya, and ryogaeshou (merchants in banking business) in Osaka became powerful in the Daimyogashi business.
  986. As a result, during the early Muromachi Period, the political structure of the Kokuga was absorbed by Shugosho and practically most of Kokuga disappered.
  987. As a result, during the five years from 1738 to 1743, the position of head of each of the Sekkan-ke famlies (the Ichijo family, the Konoe family, the Nijo family, the Kujo family, and the Takatsukasa family) was unsettled, as seen in the following list.
  988. As a result, during the peaceful era of the Southern and Northern Dynasties established in the Meitoku treaty, most of the Imperial estate fell into the hands of the Fushiminomiya family, which was considered a direct descendant of Jimyoin-to line.
  989. As a result, during the three Tokugawa generations of Ieyasu, Hidetada, and Iemitsu, 82 Tozama Daimyo (nonhereditary feudal lord) families and 49 Fudai and Shinpan (hereditary daimyo and relatives of the Tokugawa family) families were subject to kaieki.
  990. As a result, each of the bushi throughout Japan including shugo daimyo (great feudal lord) established an integral rule over his own shoryo, which influenced the goryosho of the Muromachi bakufu.
  991. As a result, each temple lost the opportunities and necessity of propagation at the same time and gradually became content with the uneventful life just holding funerals and memorial services for the danka and gaining the regular income.
  992. As a result, each transportation company which services these conventional routes will face hard times; after the double-tracking of the entire route is completed, the situation will only become more severe.
  993. As a result, economics of the prefecture grew lively.
  994. As a result, eight trains per hour stop at each station located between Kyoto and Nishi-Akashi.
  995. As a result, elastic and soft noodles were preferred, because such noodles easily absorb broth.
  996. As a result, employment of counsellors from the political parties was realized such as Yukio OZAKI who was assigned as Counsellor for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (on the contrary, this became the underlying cause for revision of the Civil Service Appointment Ordinance by the Second Yamagata Cabinet).
  997. As a result, enforcement of the Konden Einen Shizai Law was regarded as an overthrow of public land which was its major premise, and it is generally considered as an omen of the breakdown of the Ritsuryo system.
  998. As a result, enka music began gradually to get conservative and decline.
  999. As a result, epoch-making and large-scale locomotives such as JNR C51 and JNR D50 steam locomotives were mass-produced, and steam locomotives for many purposes appeared in succession by 1948 after World War II.
  1000. As a result, even a new zabuton weighs two kilograms.

34001 ~ 35000

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