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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. According to "Nihonshoki", Emperor Keitai was the fifth generation descendant of Emperor Ojin (grandchild of his great-grandchild) and his father was Hikoushio and his mother was Furihime the seventh generation descendant of Emperor Sunin.
  2. According to "Nihonshoki", TAKECHI no Kome was Kori-no-miyatsuko (director of county) of Takechi-no-kori County.
  3. According to "Nihonshoki", Toyokiiruhiko no mikoto, who was a Prince of Emperor Sujin and ordered to rule Togoku, was the ancestor of Kamitsukenu no kuninomiyatsuko and Shimotsukenu no kuninomiyatsuko.
  4. According to "Nihonshoki", a successor issue appeared after the death of Emperor Suiko and SAKAIBE no Marise; SAKAIBE no Omimarise, a branch of the Soga clan, supported Prince Yamashiro no oe.
  5. According to "Nihonshoki", an envoy of Muryeong-wang in the Baekje Kingdom stayed at the facility to seek the cession of four prefectures belonging to Mimana in December 512 and January 513, also introducing the Soyocho (a tax system, corvee).
  6. According to "Nihonshoki", he died on October 30, 2 B.C.
  7. According to "Nihonshoki", in 644 he was sought to take on the post of an official who arranges festivals and rites, which was the family business of Nakatomi clan, but he refused flatly and retired to his second residence in Mishima, Settsu Province.
  8. According to "Nihonshoki", in June, 663, King of Kudara Hosho captured Fukushin on suspicion of treason and drilled a hole in his hands to strap.
  9. According to "Nihonshoki," Emperor Kotoku implemented system reforms in various fields from 645 through the following year.
  10. According to "Nihonshoki," Emperor Yuryaku told two uneme (Court ladies) to wear a loincloth and to wrestle in front of INABE no Mane, who was very proud of himself, in September 469.
  11. According to "Nihonshoki," Imoko said he did not have the reply because a person from Baekje stole it, when he returned to Japan with Hai Seisei, a vassal of Yang Guang.
  12. According to "Nihonshoki," Iwai had been plotting a rebellion for a long time but he could not actually do it; however, Shiragi heard of the plot and then they bribed Iwai and suggested to raise a rebellion against the Yamato regime.
  13. According to "Nihonshoki," Kume pulled out his sword and ran his horse straight into the hostile troop.
  14. According to "Nihonshoki," Narawake, the fourth descendant from Toyokiiruhiko no mikoto, was appointed Shimotsuke no kunimiyatsuko.
  15. According to "Nihonshoki," Princess Yamanobe no Himemiko followed her husband to the grave.
  16. According to "Nihonshoki," Setto had begun when the Emperor Keitai granted the sword to MONONOBE no Arakahi who was assigned to conquer Tsukushinokimiiwai in the Iwai War occurred in 527.
  17. According to "Nihonshoki," Toyokiiruhiko no mikoto, who was a Prince of Emperor Sujin and ordered to rule Togoku, was the ancestor of Kamitsukenu no kuninomiyatsuko and Shimotsukenu no kuninomiyatsuko.
  18. According to "Nihonshoki," Tsunugaarashito, a prince of Kaya (an ancient Korean kingdom) came to Japan before Amenohiboko.
  19. According to "Nihonshoki," Wani, a scholar, came from Kudara in February, 285, in response to the recommendation by Achiki, a scholar and an envoy of the King of Kudara, and also to the invitation by Emperor Ojin.
  20. According to "Nihonshoki," YAMATO Takeru no Mikoto married Miyazu-hime, who was a daughter of the Owari clan, in Owari on his way home from his expedition to the east.
  21. According to "Nihonshoki," and "Engishiki," it was Musanotsuki Sakae no Misasagi.
  22. According to "Nihonshoki," he came from Kudara (Paekche), a kingdom on the Korean Peninsula, leading people of 120 counties, and they became naturalized Japanese citizens in 285, the 16th year of the reign of Emperor Ojin.
  23. According to "Nihonshoki," however, on January 15, 685, fifty clans were given Sukune and Owari no Muraji was one of them.
  24. According to "Nihonshoki," it was Futsunushi no Kami that descended with Takemikazuchi to Ashihara no Nakatsukuni.
  25. According to "Nihonshoki," it was agreed that the powerful Prince Oama would be the next emperor, however, contrary to the paper, in fact Prince Oama ascended the throne after defeating Prince Otomo.
  26. According to "Nihonshoki," the introduction of Buddhism caused an uproar.
  27. According to "Nihonshoki," the reply to this letter starts with the phrase '東天皇敬白西皇帝' (the emperor of the east respectfully writes to the emperor of the west).
  28. According to "Nihonshoki," there was also built, in Osaka, Osumi no miya (present-day Osumi, Higashi Yodogawa Ward, Osaka City, or, according to one theory, Chuo Ward of Osaka City).
  29. According to "Nihonshoki," when there was an earthquake in July, 416, Tamada no sukune, who was in charge of Mogarinomiya daibu for the former Emperor Hanzei, was caught neglecting his duty and holding a drinking party.
  30. According to "Nihonshoki," when 裴世清, an envoy of Emperor Yodai in the Sui dynasty, came to Japan in May and June in 608, and the government constructed a new building on the top of the Koma-no-murotsumi (Koma Lodge) for his visit, while having 裴世清 stay at Tsukushi.
  31. According to "Nijunisha honen", Kukai (a Japanese monk, scholar, poet, and artist, founder of the Shingon or "True Word" school of Buddhism) directly asked the god Inari to be his guardian deity.
  32. According to "Ningen Rinju Zukan" (Illustrated Volume of People's Last Moments of Life) written by Futaro YAMADA, Sanyo did not leave his workplace until the last moment of death, letting go of a writing brush from his hand only a few minutes before he died and wearing glasses on his face at the deathbed.
  33. According to "Nippo jisho" (Vocabvlario da Lingoa de Iapam [Japanese-Portuguese dictionary], published 1603 - 1604), 'shomu was to collect nengu.'
  34. According to "Nyumin shoyorei," ships of 500 to 2500 goku were on standby at Moji, Tomita, Kamiseki, Yanai, Onomichi, Tomo, Tajima, Innoshima and Ushimado respectively for the same fleet of Kenminsen.
  35. According to "O-kagami (The Great Mirror)," it is said that the Emperor looked very much like his maternal grandfather, Kaneie, so he won his favor.
  36. According to "Okagami" (Great Mirror), he was a self-conceited and a bad-tempered person in general.
  37. According to "Okagami" (The Great Mirror) and "Eiga monogatari" (A Tale of Flowering Fortunes), her older brothers born from the same mother, FUJIWARA no Yorimune and FUJIWARA no Yoshinobu, were greatly dissatisfied with her conduct.
  38. According to "Okagami" (The Great Mirror), Michikane resented Michitaka's succession to his father against his reasonable expectation of following his father as kanpaku because of the services he had rendered to his father, and pursued pleasures by inviting guests even though he was in mourning for his father.
  39. According to "Okagami" (The Great Mirror), he is said to have given her the nickname 'Kaguya Hime' (Lady Kaguya).
  40. According to "Okagami" (The Great Mirror), he made a daily habit of nenju (reciting a prayer of the Amitabuddah) of 'I worship Hachiman Great Bodhisavva, I worship Kipusan Kongozao, I worship Great Wisdom Sutra,' one hundred times a day.
  41. According to "Okagami" (a book on Japanese historical tales), it is said that FUJIWARA no Michinaga, a younger brother of Michitaka and FUJIWARA no Korechika, heir to Michitaka, fought with bows and arrows (weapons) in the nanin hall in the Michitaka era.
  42. According to "Okagami" (the Great Mirror), on the day Junshi became Chugu, Kinto, her younger brother, insulted Senshi's attendants by saying, "When is Senshi going to be Chugu?"
  43. According to "Okagami" (the Great Mirror), she spent her childhood neglected by her father.
  44. According to "Okagami" Korechika himself wanted to become Kanpaku, and Emperor Ichijo also had Korechika in mind.
  45. According to "Okagami," his misfortune stemmed from his lack of capability, but also evaluates his academic ability too high for such a small country as Japan.
  46. According to "Omu Rochu-ki" (The Diary of Shigeaki ASAHI, the feudal retainer of Nagoya Domain), when she was granted Juichii (Junior First Rank), there was a rakushu (lampoon) saying she was a daughter of Nishijin Textile Store.
  47. According to "Oritakushibanoki," Ienobu left his will which said, 'make Yoshimichi TOKUGAWA from the Owari-Tokugawa family be the next shogun and let him decide the treatment of Ietsugu' and ' make Ietsugu shogun and let Yoshimichi handle the government affairs as Ietsugu's heir.'
  48. According to "Otogi Zoshi" (a collection of fairy tales compiled in the Muromachi Period), Shuten Doji was over 6 meters tall and had a slightly red face, short and disheveled red hair, 5 horns, and 15 eyes.
  49. According to "Prime Tortoise of the Record Bureau," the Japanese envoys visited the emperor of Tang China in the third month of the 23rd year of Kaigen era (735).
  50. According to "Quality Labeling Standards for instant noodles" by the Japan Agricultural Standards (JAS), thickness of the machine-made somen is defined to be no more than 1.3 mm in diameter.
  51. According to "Records of the rice fields and vegetable fields belonging to Zenjo-ji Temple" which was written several years later in 1001, Zenjo-ji Temple had 1000 hectares of somayama (timber forest) and fields in its home town of Tahara-go as well as jiryo (temple estate) in other regions.
  52. According to "Regulations on Types and Classification," established by Tetsudo-In (the predecessor of the Ministry of Railway) in 1909 after its purchase of Nihon Tetsudo, four locomotives manufactured by Stephenson were classified as Type 120 (No. 120 - No. 123).
  53. According to "Rinchu Kenmonshu" (The Collection of Noh Anecdotes), a son of a Konparu school performer Torakiku tayu (an actor qualified to play the protagonist in a Noh play) married a daughter of Nagayoshi, and then he called himself Yuson (遊巽) SHUNDO.
  54. According to "Roshi Bunkyu Hokoku Kiji" by NAGAKURA, the assassination was conducted by HIJIKATA, OKITA, Heisuke TODO, Isetake MIKURA, and some others.
  55. According to "Roshi Bunkyu Hokokukiji" written by Shinpachi NAGAKURA who was one of the Shinsengumi leaders, Niimi often exhibited disorderly behaviors and broke laws, not listening to convictions of Serizawa and Kondo.
  56. According to "Roshi Bunkyu Hokokukiji," it is dated on August 14, 15, which is also unclear.
  57. According to "Ryobo yoran" (Survey of Imperial Mausoleum) published by the Imperial Household Agency, the name of the said imperial mausoleum is Hinokuma no Ouchi no Misasagi (imperial mausoleum).
  58. According to "Ryojin Hisho Kuden shu" (collection of Japanese poetry that has thirty volumes of poetry and ten volumes of orally transmitted tales), it is said the Emperor gathered some people to sing his songs to an audience when he was around ten years old.
  59. According to "Ryonoshuge" (Commentaries on the Civil Statutes) which was edited in the latter part of the ninth century, the sake brewed there was a thin sake by mixing rice, bara-koji rice malt used for today's sake brewing as well, and water together in jars and fermenting for about 10 days.
  60. According to "Ryoun-ji Temple documents," during the period of Eiroku to Tensho, 'Omiyasama' lived in the temple, but because he was envolved in the position of military service of the Takeda clan side, he was attacked by Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, and the temple was burnt down, which forced him to escape to Shinshu (1580).
  61. According to "Saikai Zokudan," it is said to have lived in Yoshino County of Nara Prefecture and could hurt face, arms and legs and even throat of humans just by touching the monster.
  62. According to "Sakkai-ki"(Diary), in 1426, the retired Emperor Gokomatsu asked Sadachika NAKAYAMA (who wrote "Sakkai-ki") and KIYOHARA no Yoshinari the places of duty of the 'Yomei no suke' and they answered 'Yamashiro Province, Kozuke Province, Kazusa Province, Hitachi Province, and Omi Province.'
  63. According to "Sandai Jitsuroku" (the True History of the Three Reigns of Japan), the ceremony for her dispatch to Ise as a Saigu was conducted not by the Emperor himself, but by his deputy, FUJIWARA no Yoshimi (Yoshiau), who was Udaijin (Minister of the Right).
  64. According to "Sandai jitsuroku (a history book written in the Heian period)," the shrine was given Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) in 875.
  65. According to "Sangaku Enteiki "(detail of sangaku) written by Yoshimasu MURASE in 1681, there were sangaku at various parts of Edo in the middle of the 17th century, and examples dedicated to the Meguro Fudo temple are described in the book.
  66. According to "Sangoku Buppo Denzu Engi" (literally, History of the transmission and propagation of Buddhism in the three countries), his pupils included Genbo, Gyoki, Ryuson and Roben, and it is further said that his followers included Doji and Dokyo.
  67. According to "Sangoku Buppo Denzu Engi", Eso was a scholar as well as a priest of the Sanron Sect (one of the Nanto Rokushu) and taught Buddhism to Prince Umayado.
  68. According to "Sarugaku dangi" (Talks about Sarugaku), it is likely that Kanami devoted himself to Icchu, calling Icchu 'his mentor for creating his style.'
  69. According to "Seiasho" volume 6, Teika said, 'Kanemune is a good poet who comes to a meeting in full dress and makes a poem as if he dealt with government affairs.'
  70. According to "Seiasho", it is said that the two brothers were not on good terms because of Japanese poetry, and the rivalry with the originator was succeeded also to the next generation of Tamekane period that established the Kyogoku school of poetry.
  71. According to "Sengoku Kassen Daijiten" (literally, "Encyclopedia of battles in the Sengoku period"), it is recorded as 'There are many unclear points about the cause of the rebellion.'
  72. According to "Sengoku Teppo Yoheitai," guns are believed to have been brought to Saikashu through Negoroshu.
  73. According to "Sengoku no Bushotachi," as there were observers of the Mori clan, Ishiyama Hongan-ji Temple and Saigashu were in Amagasaki-jo Castle at that time, Murashige ARAKI's opinion was not accepted.
  74. According to "Shasekishu," it described the place of drinking parties as the seating, and the place of poetry reading as kaisho, and either way, it could be seen that kaisho was strongly related to art and literature.
  75. According to "Shijuhachikan den" (Emperor's document), when he was 9 years old, he lost his father due to an attack at night by a warrior Sada-akira of Minamoto clan, but because of his father's final words he gave up his desire for a revenge.
  76. According to "Shincho Koki," just before his death in the battle, Dosan left a will that stated that he would give Mino Province to Nobunaga.
  77. According to "Shinchoko-ki," he had the skulls of Hisamasa AZAI, and his son Nagamasa AZAI and Yoshikage ASAKURA covered with gold leaf and showed them only at the reception of 'Oumamawari (horse guards) after the people of other provinces left.'
  78. According to "Shindaishi no shinkenkyu" (New study on History of the Times of Gods) written by Kurakichi SHIRATORI, published by Iwanami Shoten, Publishers in 1954, the name Izanagi is combination of words 'isa' derived from 'isao' meaning pious acts and 'gi' meaning a male.
  79. According to "Shinra no Kiroku," Masasue then set up the post of Sanshugoshoku as daikan (local governor) to carry out decentralized control (Dokan Juni Tate [12 castles of the Oshima Peninsula]), however, according to another observation, Iemasa ANDO or Sadasue ANDO practically controlled alone as Shugo.
  80. According to "Shinsen Shojiroku" (Newly Compiled Register of Clan Names and Titles of Nobility) Yamashiro (Shinbetsu, Tenjin), the kabane was Kumano no muraji [descendant of Umashinigita no mikoto who was grandchild of Nigihayahi no mikoto].
  81. According to "Shinsen Shojiroku" (Newly Compiled Register of Clan Names and Titles of Nobility), he is said to have been a grandchild of NIGIHAYAHI no Mikoto XII.
  82. According to "Shinsen Shojiroku" (Newly Compiled Register of Clan Names and Titles of Nobility), yatagarasu is the incarnation of Kamotaketsu no mi no mikoto (a Japanese mythological god), a great-grandchild of Kamimusubi, and later it became the founder of Kamo no Agatanushi.
  83. According to "Shinsen Shojiroku," the brother and sister of Sosohori presented this and some shrines enshrine these two people as gods of liquor (see the section of institutions related with sake).
  84. According to "Shinsen shojiroku," the ancestor is Wakatakehiko no mikoto, a Prince of Emperor Korei, and the Kasa clan is on the same line of family.
  85. According to "Shinsen-gumi Shimatsuki," a lot of his evil deeds were disclosed and he was pressed to commit seppuku or accept decapitation according to the law, and finally he was forced to commit seppuku at fancy Japanese-style restaurant Yama no O in Gion Shinchi where he enjoyed himself.
  86. According to "Shinsengumi Ibun (exceptional matters)," he had a good reputation among troops and in the Mibu area, unlike Kamo SERIZAWA.
  87. According to "Shinsengumi Ibun," Masa YAGI, the wife of Gennojo YAGI, saw Taizo HIJIKATA vigilantly keeping a watch throughout the night; she also noted that Soji OKITA and Sanosuke HARADA were undoubtedly at the scene of the assassination, and that Keisuke YAMANAMI was probably there also.
  88. According to "Shinsengumi Shimatsuki" by Kanefuji NISHIMURA (a samurai serving at Nishi Honganji-Temple where Shinsen-gumi placed their military post), the assassins were HIJIKATA, OKITA, YAMANAMI and HARADA.
  89. According to "Shinyo Wakashu" (Collection of Japanese Poetry) and a private edition of poems, "Rikashu," it became apparent he joined the battles in Kozuke and Musashi Provinces, and even went to Suruga Province (Shizuoka Prefecture) and Kai Province (Yamanashi Prefecture).
  90. According to "Shokoku Rijin Dan", it appeared as an about 30 centimeters mysterious fiery apparition in Hiraoka Shrine on a rainy night.
  91. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), Chogi no rei (ceremonies in the imperial court) was decided in 698, and Shakuten no rei (also referred to as Sekiten no rei; a festival to Confucius and his disciples) was decided in 748.
  92. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), Komaro, together with Kose no Oji, was given cotton, hemp, a hoe and hulled rice by Emperor Monmu because Komaro, whose rank was still Juhachiinoge (Junior Eighth Rank, Lower Grade), went to an isolated place as an Emperor's envoy on June 23, 707.
  93. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), Kumano no atae Hirohama, an uneme (a court lady) of Muro, served four generations of emperors, from the Emperor Shomu to the Empress Shotoku (died in 769, Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade)).
  94. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), Naga no Miko was the fourth son of Emperor Tenmu.
  95. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), Nagatomi no miyako no azumabito who was one of the persons who accused Prince Nagaya falsely was killed with a sword by OTOMO no Komushi on July 10, 738.
  96. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), ONO no Azumahito died on December 7, 742, and he was 'a son of Jikikoshi Hatayasu who had served as Kyushiki-daibu (internal inspector) in the Asuka Dynasty.'
  97. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), in 770 the Misasagi (the Imperial mausoleum) of the Empress Koken (later the Empress Shotoku) was build on the premises of Suzuka no Okimi's residence located in Saki.
  98. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), in the period of Emperor Tenmu, Fukei served as Hitachi no Kami (governor of Hitachi Province).
  99. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), on May 7, 716, the children of the followers who had played important roles in the Jinshin War were given rice fields for their fathers' achievements, and 'Jushichiinojo (junior seventh rank, upper grade) Furumaro was one of them and his father was Zo-Shokinge FUMI no Atai Jokaku.'
  100. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), the author Oishi no Suguri no Mahito was appointed to Mino Shosakan (officer of Mino Province) in 738 and Ge-jugoinoge (Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) given to persons outside Kyoto) in 750.
  101. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), they were given the hereditary title MATSUI no Muraji by the Imperial Court in 761.
  102. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicle of Japan Continued), when he was playing Igo (board game of capturing territory), their conversation turned to about Prince Nagaya, and this made OTOMO no Komushi who was given benefits by Prince Nagaya angry, and he was killed by Komushi.
  103. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicles of Japan Continued), the construction work had almost been completed in 698, which enabled Buddhist priests to live in the temple.
  104. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (Chronicles of Japan II), in 761, KOMA no Oyama was designated as Kenbokkaishi (a Japanese envoy to the Bokkai Dynasty) by Emperor Junnin and sent to Bokkai (Balhae) along with Oshinpuku, Bokkaishi (a Korean envoy to Japan).
  105. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (an imperially commissioned Japanese history text), MORO no Kurao, a Watarishima Tsugaru no tsu no tsukasa (official), was dispatched in 720 to take surveys on the local customs in Makkatsu (Mohe (or Malgal, Mogher), a Tungusic people in ancient Manchuria) Province.
  106. According to "Shoku Nihongi" (literally, Chronicle of Japan Continued, which is the second of the six classical Japanese history texts), his secular surname was Ichiki, but in "Fuso ryakki" (literally, A Short History of Japan) he appears as born in Takaichi no kori (or Takaichi-gun) County in Yamato Province under the clan name of Ato.
  107. According to "Shoku Nihongi"(Chronicle of Japan Continued) and "Shinsen Shojiroku" (Newly Compiled Register of Clan Names and Titles of Nobility), he was posthumously conferred Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  108. According to "Shoku Nihongi," OTOMO no Ushikai who died on leap May 29, 749 (in old lunar calendar) was a son of Zo-Daikinchu Ofukei (Fukei).
  109. According to "Shoku Nihongi," an edict was promulgated in 719 to order that all the people should wear clothes Migimae.
  110. According to "Shoku Nihongi," in the era of Emperor Konin, when a storm devastated the country, a seer performed augury and found that it was the wrath of Tsukuyomi no kami of Ise, so people dedicated a horse in order to calm the Aramitama (angry soul).
  111. According to "Shoku Nihongi," the new rank code by Taiho Ritsuryo was applied in May, 701.
  112. According to "Shoku Nihonshoki" Second Chronicles of Japan), the first person whose body was cremated is said to be Buddhist monk Dosho and this took place in 700.
  113. According to "Shoku-Nihongi" (the second in a series of chronicles about Japan), the ceremony in which Emperor Shomu received "Choga" (greetings of the New Year) in 725 and the ritual which Emperor Kanmu held in Katano County, Kawachi Province on the winter solstice in 785 correspond to this.
  114. According to "Shomon ki" (The Chronicle of Masakado), of all the younger brothers of Masakado, only Masayori had the title of Ason (second highest of the eight hereditary titles), so it seems that Masayori had some kind of official court rank, but the details remain unknown.
  115. According to "Shomonki" (Tale of Masakado), Sadamori was often defeated and chased by Masakado despite showing a friendly attitude to him.
  116. According to "Shomonki," TAIRA no Masakado received an oracle from Hachiman Daibosatsu (Great Bodhisattva Hachiman) in 939 at the kokucho (office of local government) and called himself "Shinno" (new emperor).
  117. According to "Shorai Mokuroku," what Kukai brought back from Tang was huge, including various Buddhist scriptures (216 bu (parts), 461 volumes, including newly translated Kyo-Ron), Ryobu-dai-Mandala, Soshi-zu painting (paintings of the founders of Esoteric Buddhism), mikkyo hogu, and Ajari fushokubutsu.
  118. According to "Shosoin Monjo" (document collection of the Nara period kept in Shosoin), the above-mentioned two shrines held a festival to honor deities in 730, and were conferred the divine rank of Junior Fifth Rank in 859.
  119. According to "Shosoin-bunsho" and other sources, during the Nara period, the public law portion of ritsuryo law was in fact enforced as if it was not an adopted law.
  120. According to "Showa Zaiseishi" (The Financial History of Showa), the financial scale of the Imperial Family before and after the War was presumed to be about twenty five million yen.
  121. According to "Shoyuki" (Diary of FUJIWARA no Sanesuke), the reason for the eye disease of Emperor Sanjo was the wraith of Gasho who could not become the head of the Tendai Sect after serving under FUJIWARA no Motokata as the naigubu (a special monk who held a position in the imperial court).
  122. According to "Shoyuki" (a diary of Sanesuke FUJIWARA), there was an incidence where a daughter of Emperor Kazan was murdered on a street the midnight of January 14, 1025 and found miserably bitten by homeless dogs the next morning.
  123. According to "Shoyuki", rumors that he might have committed immoral, violent acts circulated one after another; besides the alleged murder of Emperor Kazan's princess, he might have humiliated the zoshikicho (the head of guards) of Imperial Prince Atsuakira, and made a scene at gambling houses.
  124. According to "Shoyuki," even Michinaga, Nairan, had not heard of the order until he was notified by Tadanobu; thereafter, the Emperor took initiative in investigating the incident, and the decisions made by Michinaga and the others followed suit.
  125. According to "Shugaisho (an ancient encyclopedia in 14c)," the total area of rice fields and vegetable fields for the whole of Japan was one million chobu (approximately, 99,174 square kilometer), but in "Keicho nihonzu hensan (the compilation of the map of Japan in the Keicho era)"in the Keicho era it was 1.6 million chobu (approximately, 158,978 square kilometer).
  126. According to "Shugaisho" (an ancient encyclopedia in 14c) the fixed number of places was four.
  127. According to "Shugaisho" (an ancient encyclopedia written in the 14th century) and "Gooshikoji naifu sho," the customary bow is as follows:
  128. According to "Shui Ojo-den," in 1039, Enku observed religious precept even though he was pretty old at that time, and he was like a sennin (immortal mountain wizard).
  129. According to "Shunkyuki," even after Hideyoshi's death, she continued to have friendly relationships with Kodaiin and Lady Yodo as a member of the Toyotomi family.
  130. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy)" and "Yoshimi Keizu (literally, the genealogy of the Yoshimi clan)", Noriyori's posterity lived on as the Yoshimi clan.
  131. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), he held the rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade), and the titles of Kurodo (Chamberlain) and Sado no kuni no kami (Governor of Sado Province), and called himself "Tada kurodo no daibu" (Master of Chamberlain).
  132. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), he is also called Takamoto.
  133. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), he was exiled to Aki Province, but the record of offices and ranks he held and the date of birth and death are unknown.
  134. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), he went to Tang, but how he came to go there is unknown.
  135. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), however, Prince Masamochi was given the title of TAIRA no Ason and became 'TAIRA no Masamochi.'
  136. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), since it said Tsunemoto died in 961 when he was 45 years old, counting backward from this, his birth year could have been 917.
  137. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in thefourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy), Naganari was kogogu no suke (person who is in charge of the matters concerning the empress).
  138. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku" (biographies of nobles and humbles), he was also called 'Jinkaku.'
  139. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku," he died at the age of 72.
  140. According to "Sonpi Bunmyaku," his father was Imperial Prince Kuzuwara (fifth son of the Emperor Kanmu) and TAIRA no Takamochi was his son.
  141. According to "Sonpibunmyaku" (literally, Bloodlines of Noble and Base), it is said that Tametomo actually died in 1177.
  142. According to "Soseki no Omoide" (literally, Memories of Soseki) by Kyoko NATSUME, Soseki NATSUME's wife, Soseki's father, Kohei Naokatsu, was a superior of Ichiyo's father, Noriyoshi, when the latter worked as an official of Tokyo Prefecture.
  143. According to "Sumo-densho" (a manual on sumo wrestling written during the Edo period), it is said that audience defined a circular space having a diameter of seven to nine meters (four to five ken) and called it as Hito-hoya in the Kamakura period.
  144. According to "TOKUGAWA shogun graves, the remains and personal effects in Zojo-ji Temple," Ieyoshi was a short, distinctive figure with an estimated height of 154cm among the successive shoguns.
  145. According to "Taicho-osho-den" (Biography of Priest Taicho) compiled at a later time, Taicho climbed Mt. Ochi at the age of 14 for training while praying to Eleven-faced Kannon (Goddess of Mercy).
  146. According to "Taiheiki Eiyuden," in his audience Nobunaga ODA, Murashige said, 'Settsu Province has 13 counties with a castle and soldiers, if you order me to occupy I will risk my life to settle down.'
  147. According to "Taiheiki" (The Record of Great Peace), he served Imperial Prince Moriyoshi who fled the Hannya-ji Temple in Nara to Kumano, after the Genko Incident.
  148. According to "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace), Emperor Godaigo secretly stayed at the temple for a short time in 1336, and the site is preserved as the former Kaya Palace, a historic site that indicates an emperor once resided, because of this episode.
  149. According to "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace), Hiruko (a deity in Japanese mythology) can be identified with Nishimiya Daimyojin (Shinto-Buddhism great human god of Nishimiya-jinja Shrine).
  150. According to "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace), Yorisada, who participated in the plot to topple bakufu, was killed by the army of bakufu that sensed the conspiracy.
  151. According to "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace), he favored military art, and kept himself trained as a usual behavior, which was rare for a Tendai-zasu.
  152. According to "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace), in the Battle of Hakone and Takenoshita, he forged an imperial order to make reluctant Takauji to enter into the battle.
  153. According to "Taiheiki" again, in debate over the treatment of Tadayoshi ASHIKAGA who surrendered to the Southern Court influenced by the Kanno Disturbance, while Moromoto NIJO suggested an immediate pardon, Saneyo insisted on the death penalty.
  154. According to "Taiheiki" and other books, following the collapse of Kenmu no Shinsei (the New Administration of the Kenmu Era), the Emperor Godaigo was confined to the Kazanin residence, but he escaped through a broken fence and fled to Yoshino district.
  155. According to "Taiheiki", the date of the above episode was July 11, 1333.
  156. According to "Taiheiki," Doyo SASAKI, an influential shugodaimyo who made Kiyouji HOSOKAWA lose his position, recommended his son-in-law Ujiyori ROKKAKU in vain and had a grudge against Takatsune.
  157. According to "Taiheiki," Yoshiakira asked in tears Takatsune, who was defending himself desperately, to go to his province by saying he was not able to decide things to his satisfaction though he was shogun.
  158. According to "Taiheiki; the Record of Great Peace" it is said the prince was confined with his younger brother, Imperial Prince Nariyoshi/Narinaga in Kazan in dai (residence) and killed by the poison.
  159. According to "Taihorei," Udoneri was in charge of protection of the emperor by stationing with a sword, attending on the emperor as an odd-job man, and guarding the emperor when the emperor went out.
  160. According to "Takashina Keizu" (genealogy of the Takashina clan), KO no Moroyasu was an older brother of KO no Moronao, while "Entairyaku" (Diary of Kinkata TOIN) describes Moroyasu as a younger brother.
  161. According to "Takisan-ji engi" (engi [writing about the history] of the Takisan-ji Temple) handed down in the Takisan-ji Temple, Okazaki City, when a memorial service was held for the first anniversary of Yoshiuji ASHIKAGA's death at Takisan-ji Temple in 1255, Hokke-do Hall was newly built.
  162. According to "Tale of the Heike," the plan was created because TAIRA no Munemori, who was the third son of Kiyomori, seized Nakatsuna's fine horse called 'Kinoshita (or Kokonoe)' using his political power, and then insulted Nakatsuna by naming the horse 'Nakatsuna.'
  163. According to "Tamakiharu," she said about Shigeko, 'how beautiful she is, being surprised to see there was such a beautiful person in this world.'
  164. According to "Tamonin Nikki" (Tamonin's Diary), it was rumored that someone from the Kyonyo side set fire to protest the leave while "Shinchokoki" (Biography of Nobunaga ODA) says that this was an accidental fire by the Oda side.
  165. According to "Tamonin Nikki" (The Diary compiled from 1478 to 1618 by Eishun and other Buddhist priests at Tamonin Temple), Kofuku-ji Temple officially established the standard masu in Nara, which had about 0.8 time the volume of new kyomasu and functioned in the market.
  166. According to "Tamonin Nikki," it appears that this tactical genius was killed in an attack by Naomasa AKAI in September 1565.
  167. According to "Tamonin nikki," a Jikkoku vat for brewing sake was developed in Nara City in 1582.
  168. According to "Tannisho" (Notes lamenting deviations), Shinran, the founder of Jodo Shinshu sect, said, 'I've never chanted the prayers for the sake of my parents.'
  169. According to "Tateiri Sakyonosuke Nyudo Ryusa-ki" (Record by Munetsugu TATEIRI), he was held up by Kiyohide NAKAGAWA as 'It is out of question to visit Azuchi-jo Castle. It is better to fight in the Settsu Province rather than to visit Azuchi-jo Castle and forced to commit harakiri.'
  170. According to "Teijun kojitu kikigaki jojo," warming sake is good from September 9 through March 2.
  171. According to "Ten no Ki" (The Record of Survey), the first-order triangulation point on the eastern peak is called "Mt. Hiei".
  172. According to "Tenmangu Anrakuji Soso Nikki" (a record of the origin of Tenmangu Anraku-ji Temple), Kyokusui no en was held by ONO no Yoshifuru, Dazai no Daini (vice-governor of Dazaifu), at Dazaifu (a local government office in earlier times in Japan) on March 3, in 958, but was discontinued after medieval times.
  173. According to "Tennojiya-kaiki," the record of the tea ceremony at the time, there is a description to the effect that "went to Azuchi, getting on a gozabune (a roofed pleasure boat) inside the castle."
  174. According to "Tenryaku Gyoki," the emperor's diary, the tree originally existed at the residence of HATA no Kawakatsu; it was replanted in the Shishin-den Hall when the Imperial Palace was built as the land was related to the residence, and existed until the Tentoku era (957 to 961).
  175. According to "Terasaka Shiki" (Terasaka's private record) by Kichiemon TERASAKA, after Soemon HARA put the verbal note of Asano Takumi no Kami's retainers in a box and put it between a green piece of bamboo, he placed it at the entrance of Kira's residence.
  176. According to "The Biography of the Miyake Clan" owned by descendants of Takanori KOJIMA, Takanori was born in 1312 and died in Kokai Village, Oura County, Kozuke Province on January 6, 1383.
  177. According to "The Catalog of Japanese Coins and Bank Notes 2007" published by Japan Numismatic Dealers Association, the militay currencies issued by Japanese military force were classified into the following.
  178. According to "The Chronicles of Japan," in March 465 (of the old calendar), SOGA no Karako was assigned as a General by the Emperor Yuryaku along with KI no Oyumi, OTOMO no Katari and OKAI no Sukune.
  179. According to "The Chronological List of the Construction of Zenjo-ji Temple" that has been handed down in this temple, Zenjo-ji Temple was erected by the monk Heisu who served as Betto (the head priest and administrator of a Buddhist temple) of Todai-ji Temple.
  180. According to "The Diary of Kaigen-sozu" written by a Buddhist monk in the Muromachi period, a "sansenbitsu" box was set up at Tsurugaoka-hachimangu Shrine in 1540.
  181. According to "The Final report on the academic investigation of the corpses in Chuson-ji Temple," published by Chuson-ji Temple in July 1994, Hidehira's blood type was A and his height was 167 cm, the tallest of the three generations.
  182. According to "The Record of the Onin War", in January 1467 he was summoned to Kyoto with his father Noriyuki and his son Masayuki.
  183. According to "The Shoku Nihongi," it is said that he was granted the clan title of KOMA no Konikishi from Emperor Tenmu in 703.
  184. According to "The Shoku Nihongi," when the Koma County was established in Musashi Province in 716, 1799 Koguryo nationals who were brought over from the 7 Provinces of Tokaido Road were transferred to the Koma County.
  185. According to "The Sonpi Bunmyaku" (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineage of the aristocracy), his biological father was Nakakiyo SATO who was the brother of Norikiyo SATO (Saigyo, who can be said to be a direct descendant of the FUJIWARA no Hidesato line), and he became Sanemoto GOTO's foster son.
  186. According to "The Tale of Genji" (suzumushi or cricket) there was a casual style wearing Shitagoromo without wearing Sekitai.
  187. According to "The Tale of Heike," although Michimori attempted suicide when he found himself losing ground, he ended up being slain in a joint attack by Naritsuna KIMURA and Sukekage TAMAI.
  188. According to "The Tale of the Heike", when Shigehira demanded light in camp, his vassals misunderstood it as the order of burning attack and set fire to surrounding folk dwellings.
  189. According to "The Tale of the Heike," the Heike clan tried to set up a base at Dazaifu, but the government buildings had been damaged and lost in the war; consequently, it is said that 'the Emperor had his temporary abode at 岩戸少卿 (Tanenao OKURA's place.')
  190. According to "The Tenjin Engi" written at that time, Tenjin-sama was worshipped as the god of mercy or god of honesty.
  191. According to "The Tokugawa Shogun family's tombs in Zojo-ji Temple and the remains and articles left by the deceased," Iemochi's blood type was A.
  192. According to "The Zuo Zhuan" (The Chronicle of Zuo), in 543 BC, Chancellor 季武子, who controlled the politics of the house of lords at that time, attacked a village, a public land, to privatize it, taking advantage of Duke Xiang's absence.
  193. According to "The attendance at a funeral: The conferral of the posthumous rank, the Udaijin (minister of the right), Shonii (Senior Second Court Rank), Toshimichi OKUBO: the summary and Kan (乾)," Okubo received sixteen wounds to his body.
  194. According to "The history of Nishinomiya City," paper produced in Najio is classified into three types; torinoko, hankiri type, and miscellaneous purpose types.
  195. According to "The tale of Oan", he gave an advance notice before firing a cannon at people in Ogaki-jo Castle while he was attacking the Castle.
  196. According to "The tale of the Heike," when he was going out to sea with his retainers on a small boat, seven people in all, a samurai named Seiemon Kinnaga, TAIRA no Tomomori's retainer, came in a rush to ask for a lift.
  197. According to "Todai-ji zoryu kuyoki" (Records of the Service to Celebrate the Construction of Todai-ji Temple), this building was originally a donation from Shigeyoshi TAGUCHI mentioned before, and then used as a branch temple of Todai-ji Temple.
  198. According to "Todaiji Yoroku" (The Digest Record of Todai-ji Temple), Empress Komyo built the temple and enshrined Shichibutsu yakushi-zo (statue of Seven Buddhas of healing) in 747 praying for the recovery of her husband, Emperor Shomu.
  199. According to "Tofuku-ji shi," the Shaka triad statues of Manju-ji Temple were moved to Tofuku-ji Temple and installed as principal images after the butsuden (Buddha statue hall) of Tofuku-ji Temple was destroyed by fire in 1881.
  200. According to "Tohoku Kaidan no Tabi (Trip to the scary stories in Tohoku region)" by Norio YAMADA, a Kosamebo begged a traveler for some millets on a rainy day in 1671 on a kaido (main road) deep in the mountains in Tsugaru region.
  201. According to "Tokugawa Jikki" ("The True Tokugawa Records"), however, a man who was involved in Noritoshi INOKUMA's running away, was Yorinaga's younger brother, Nagamasa ODA (a feudal lord).
  202. According to "Tokugawa Jikki" (The official records of the Edo bakufu), Koben urged Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA, then shogun, to order the Ako Roshi (lordless samurai of Ako clan) to commit seppuku (suicide by disembowelment) when the Genroku Ako Incident occurred in 1703.
  203. According to "Tokugawa Jikki" (collection of official records of the Edo bakufu), it was 1632 when a series of custom (imperial messengers leave the capital and daimyo entertain them) was established.
  204. According to "Tokugawa Jikki" (history of Tokugawa), Yoshisue had yet another child Yorinari TOKUGAWA.
  205. According to "Tokugawa Jikki," Hidetada gave his last wishes to Iemitsu as below-mentioned.
  206. According to "Tokuyama Gokanpu Ikken," the situation was as follows and it was Soemon who started a violent action first.
  207. According to "Tosa Ijinden" (Lives of Great People of Tosa) (Masamichi TERAISHI), he was 'courageous, fond of martial arts, and a giant with an extremely robust body.'
  208. According to "Toyukegu Gishikicho" (Register of Ceremonies for Toyuke-gu Shrine) written in 804, Geku (the outer shrine of Ise) was built to enshrine Toyuke Omikami (Toyuke Great God) as Miketsukami (the God of Food) invited from Tanba Province, as Emperor Yuryaku had received an oracle from Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun Goddess).
  209. According to "Tsukuba questions and answers" she was also an author of renga (linked verse), and her verses were also selected in "Tsukuba shu".
  210. According to "Tsurezure gusa (Essays in Idleness)," it is said that the Emperor did his own general cooking after the enthronement.
  211. According to "Ueshinanjoki," in the autumn of 1579, he was dispatched as an envoy to Himeji-jo Castle in Harima Province, and notified to get under the jurisdiction of the Oda clan officially.
  212. According to "Uno Mondo Nikki," Nobunaga, together with Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, watched sarugaku performed by the Umewaka family at Soken-ji Temple in Azuchi in 1582 and it is said that he himself was fond of kotsuzumi (a Japanese traditional small hand drum).
  213. According to "Views in and Around Kyoto (Rakuchu rakugai zu)", the area around Kambaikan was considered to have been the site of the Muromachi estate (Muromachi dono), which the twelfth shogun Yoshiharu ASHIKAGA had reconstructed.
  214. According to "Wakan Sansai Zue," an encyclopedia compiled during the Edo period, Nozuchi was often seen in Natsumi-gawa River and Seimei-daki Waterfall in Yoshino-yama mountain range, and its name originated from its resemblance to a hammer ('tsuchi' or 'zuchi').
  215. According to "Wamyo Ruijusho" (dictionary of Japanese names) by MINAMOTO no Shitagau, "haseyumi" (馳射) is pronounced 'omumonoiru.'
  216. According to "Wamyo Ruijusho" (dictionary of Japanese names), this was also called kanimori no tsukasa.
  217. According to "Yagi-jo Koezu," there was one compound for which the stone walls were built using a special arrangement of stones.
  218. According to "Yakushi-ji Engi" (The History of Yakushi-ji Temple) compiled in 1015, Yakushi-ji Temple was relocated in 718.
  219. According to "Yamanoue Soji ki" in 1588, many utensils are listed as the ones that were owned by Juko and the necessity to probe possible fabrication of an oral tradition arose.
  220. According to "Yamashiro no kuni Fudoki" (lost writings), he went from Mount Katsuragi-san in Yamato Province to Okada no kamo in Yamashiro Province (where the Okada kamo-jinja Shrine is), and settled where the Kadono-gawa River (Takano-gawa River) and Kamo-gawa River meet (where Shimogamo-jinja Shrine is located).
  221. According to "Yamato Honzo," ''Shii'' is said to have lived in Suo Province (present-day Yamaguchi Prefecture) and Tsukushi Province (present-day Fukuoka Prefecture), and to have harmed cattle and horses and it was not easy to catch as it was very smart and could move very fast.
  222. According to "Yamato Monogatari " (Tales of Yamato), however, she was appointed as Saigu immediately after their marriage was decided and eventually their love did not bear any fruit.
  223. According to "Yamato-hime no mikoto seiki" (one of the "Shito Gobusho" (five-volume apologia of Shinto religion)), Seoritsu-hime is another name for Yasomagatsuhi no kami, and it is recorded that Seoritsu-hime is the enshrined deity in Aramatsuri no miya Shrine of the associated shrine of the Inner Shrine of Ise-jingu Shrine.
  224. According to "Yamatohime no mikoto seiki," the Toyosuki iribime no mikoto, who served for Amaterasu Omikami, visited Tanba Province to search for the place to enshrine, built the Yosa-no-miya Shrine in 59 B.C. and enshrined for four years.
  225. According to "Yasutomi-Ki" (the diary of Yasutomi NAKAHARA), these shrines were blown down by strong wind on March 10, 1419.
  226. According to "Yasutomi-ki" (a diary by Yasutomi NAKAHARA) which is described below, what Yasutomi NAKAHARA saw was "Gosannen-e" in the Joan edition written by an order of the Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa.
  227. According to "Yoro ritsuryo code" (code promulgated in the Yoro era), "shitokan" (four classifications of bureaucrats' ranks), including "Tenyaku no kami" (the head of Tenyakuryo), were established within Tenyakuryo, and there existed four kinds of technocrats, that is, doctor, acupuncturist, masseur, and necromancer.
  228. According to "Yose Gakuya Jiten" (Dictionary of Backstage Slang in the Rakugo Theater) by Kurimaru KAGETSUTEI, the term, 'Kamigata rakugo,' first appeared in the nineteenth issue of the journal "Kamigata" published on July 1, 1932.
  229. According to "Yoshioka-den," 'Musashi MIYAMOTO' was a vassal of Tadanao MATSUDAIRA, he was famous in the Hokuriku and Ou regions as a master of using two swords, and called his style 'Muteki-ryu;' he fought with two swordsmen of the Yoshioka, 'Genzaemon Naotsuna YOSHIOKA' and 'Mataichi Naoshige YOSHIOKA.'
  230. According to "Yoshitsune Ki" (Biography of Yoshitsune), which was written during the Muromachi period, Tokiwa agreed to become Kiyomori's concubine on condition that he spare the lives of her children.
  231. According to "Zoku Honcho-ojo-den," in addition to these four there were originally another five (FUJIWARA no Sanesuke, MINAMOTO no Sukeyoshi, TAIRA no Korenaka, FUJIWARA no Arikuni, and one other), and they were collectively called "Kugyo" (nine nobles).
  232. According to "Zoku Shigusho" (Historical work published in 1791), the decision to change the name of the era to 'Ryakuo' in the Imperial Court on October 19, 1338 was not conveyed to the bakufu, and it was not until October 25 that the seniors in the bakufu, including Takauji ASHIKAGA knew of the change.
  233. According to "Zokuji Hyakko Kigen (1885) Masayasu MIYAGAWA" (literally, the "Origins of Mundane Affairs and Crafts and Arts written in 1885 by Masayasu MIYAGAWA,"), unadon (or unagi-donburi) was said to have been devised by Imasuke OKUBO in Sakai-cho (the present-day Ningyo-cho, Tokyo).
  234. According to "Zuishin-in Shiryaku" (The History of Zuishin-in Temple), the temple site was repeatedly relocated to locations including Karahashi in Kujo and the area near to Shokoku-ji Temple.
  235. According to "the Engishiki," Awaji Province was obligated to supply 'small fish' as shunryo and setsuryo.
  236. According to "the Engishiki," in the articles of Naizenshi (office that manages dining for Imperial family and the Imperial court) of the Department of the Imperial Household, there were items of 'Shokoku Koshin Onie' (supply of offerings from various provinces) and 'Shokoku Koshin Mikuriya Onie' (supply of offering to the kitchen from various provinces).
  237. According to "the Heir Decree" in the Ritsuryo codes, an Imperial Princess should marry an Emperor or a member of Imperial family who was within the fourth generations of an Emperor, and in ancient times there was no marriage between an Imperial Princess and non-imperial family.
  238. According to "the Kotofu" (the genealogy of the Imperial Family), the Emperor Tenmu (631 - October 1, 686) is the 40th emperor of Japan. (rein: March 20, 673 - Oct 1, 686)
  239. According to "the Materials of the Inaba Family," the mother of Gyokuunin was a younger sister of Nobunaga, i.e., a cousin of Nobuhide.
  240. According to "the Nihon Shoki (the Chronicle of Japan)", it was first prohibited in 689.
  241. According to "the Shibata family document: The origin of sake brewing" which was written later in 1783, there are descriptions as follows.
  242. According to "the Tale of the Heike,' it is said that one of the samurai thought Emperor Nijo was a court lady when he had a look inside the court lady's carriage.
  243. According to "the family tree of the Yoshimi clan," when she served the Emperor Nijo in Kyoto as nyobo (a court lady), she formed a liaison with KOREMUNE no Hirokoto and gave birth to Tadahisa SHIMAZU, then went to the Kanto region after getting divorced and married Morinaga ADACHI.
  244. According to "the record for May of the 25th year of Sonjo in 'Senso Jitsuroku' (literally, factual stories in the era of Sonjo)," The Korean people had already given up on Sonjo and many persons who cooperated with the Japanese army appeared one after another.
  245. According to "the wise saying of the lord Masamune," Hidetada TOKUGAWA, who died in January, 1632, called Masamune at his deathbed and spoke as follows;
  246. According to "the wise saying of the lord Masamune," it is described that Masamune was outraged by this request and responded as follows;
  247. According to "南宗書画品価録" published in 1866, each of Unzen's paintings were sold for a large sum of money of three ryo (unit of currency), the second largest amount after Taiga IKENO.
  248. According to ''Kai koku shi'' (Records of Kai Province), it is described that his wife was a niece of Takauji ASHIKAGA with reference to '生山系図'.
  249. According to 'Bukoyawa', the main family record of "Maeno Family's notes," he and Satohiro ODA were the same person.
  250. According to 'Dosha Sonshoku Kenroku Cho' (the record of damages of the temple), a historical material compiled in the early 11th century, temple buildings of Gango-ji Temple including Kon-do Hall (main hall of a Buddhist temple) were so ruined in those days that they appeared miserable.
  251. According to 'Family Tree of the Akita SHIONOYA Family,' there were the three family heads--Tokitsuna SHIONOYA, Fuyutsuna SHIONOYA and Michitsuna SHIONOYA--between Yoshitaka SHIONOYA and Yoshitsuna SHIONOYA, but it is contradictory to a historical fact and the existence of such individuals is doubtful.
  252. According to 'Genealogy of the Yamatoyanagimoto Oda family,' his descendants, such as his grandson, Norinaga, were identified.
  253. According to 'Genji Monogatari emaki' (the Illustrated Handscroll of the Tale of Genji) and so on, kogoshi was not directly stitched to mo like it is today, and it is understood that a small loop was attached to the end of ogoshi and tied with hikigoshi.
  254. According to 'Genko Shakusho' (a history of Japanese Buddhism), the temple's halls stood in the middle of the streets and became a nuisance during the construction of the capital of Heiankyo, then black clouds appeared to shift them approximately 15 meters to the north.
  255. According to 'Goseki Kenbunki,' although the name of Shigeyuki was found among the 79 warriors who handed in 'Shinmon Keppansho' (paper with a seal of blood) to the head of chief retainers, Yoshio OISHI, before the surrender of Ako Castle, the name was not mentioned in other 'Keppansho.'
  256. According to 'Gukansho' (Jottings of a Fool), a history book written by Jien (the son of Kanpaku (chief adviser to the Emperor) Fujiwara no Tadamichi) of Tendai-zasu (head priest of the Tendai Sect), he joined hands with Taira no Kiyomori, along with his father Muneshige, when the Heiji War occurred in 1159.
  257. According to 'Gyokkansosetsu' (miscellaneous writings by Munetake Tayasumu), there was an upper tray of a double tray, used at a wedding, in an old painting scroll illustrating a feast; although its name was unknown, it was probably Tonjiki.
  258. According to 'Hachimanusagu gotakusenshu (the Collection of oracles issued by Hachiman),' '(The Imperial Court) ordered the magistrate of the Buzen Province and a mikoshi was made for the first time.'
  259. According to 'Hakuseki Shukan' written by Hakuseki ARAI, Ietsuna took pleasure in reading the 'Joganseiyo,' a political book written about Taiso, the second Emperor of Tang Dynasty in China, and consulted it for administration of the bakufu.
  260. According to 'Heisuke Todo of Aburakoji' by Haruo TANI in the November 1980 issue of 'History and Travel' (Rekisi to Tabi), Todo narrowly escaped death and broke out of the encirclement.
  261. According to 'Hikawa seiwa' (Quiet talks at the Hikwa mansion), which is an autobiography of Kaishu KATSU, Izo OKADA became Kaishu KATSU's bodyguard owing to the mediation of Ryoma SAKAMOTO.
  262. According to 'Historia de Iapan' by Frois, Nobunaga held a ceremony on June 15, 1579, in the Azuchi-jo Castle to make himself a god and decided in the Soken-ji Temple to make his birthday a holiday and told that those who visit and worship would have benefit in this world.
  263. According to 'Hokinaiden,' which is one of the scriptures of Onmyodo (way of Yin and Yang; occult divination system based on the Taoist theory of the five elements), Muto-shin was the reincarnation of the deity of Tengyosho (God of Heavenly Punishment), and was the daio in Rajagrha, Kisshoten (Laksmi), and was called Shoki-tei.
  264. According to 'Ichirei shikon,' the human's mind is considered to consist of four souls, which a 'spirit' controls.
  265. According to 'Imperial Princess Rokujosaiin Baiko family monogatari awase,' she is the writer of the story 'Araba au yo no.'
  266. According to 'Inaniwa Kokin Jiseki-shi' (record of Inaniwa-cho) that has a description of Inaniwa Udon, Ichibe SATO living in the Kozawa hamlet, Inaniwa village, Akita Domain (now Aza Kozawa, Inaniwa-cho, Yuzawa City, Akita Prefecture) invented Inaniwa Udon prior to 1661.
  267. According to 'Japanese People's Style of Sitting' (Shigaku zasshi [Journal of Historical Studies] Volume 31, No. 8, 1920) written by Tatsukichi IRISAWA, sitting in the seiza style spread among people during the period from 1688 to 1736.
  268. According to 'Juichimen Shinjushin-kyo Sutra,' the right hand which is hanging down has a beadroll and the left hand holds a vase with a red lotus in it.
  269. According to 'Kadokawa,' 'Mt. Inari government-owned land' is a current official place name although its establishment year is unknown.
  270. According to 'Kadokawa,' a part of the town was incorporated into the adjacent town district in 1966 although it remains silent as to when the rest of the town was abolished and where it was incorporated.
  271. According to 'Kadokawa,' it is a mountainous area inhabited, even though this is not shown on any map.
  272. According to 'Kadokawa,' it is a mountainous area where no one lives, although this is not shown on any map.
  273. According to 'Kadokawa,' it is an uninhabited town located in the mountain region.
  274. According to 'Kadokawa,' it is an uninhabited town located on hilly land.
  275. According to 'Kadokawa,' it is the only town inhabited having a road running through, even though this is not shown on any map.
  276. According to 'Kadokawa,' it was abolished in 1969, although the name is still on the postal code list.
  277. According to 'Kadokawa,' the town existed until around 1974 although it is unknown when it was abolished and where it was incorporated.
  278. According to 'Kadokawa,' these five towns were abolished in 1949 and are a part of the current 1-chome to 8-chome, Fukakusa Nishiura-cho.
  279. According to 'Kadokawa,' these town names are current official place names; they are listed in 'Jurisdiction District Ordinance' but not in 'Announcement of the Election Committee.'
  280. According to 'Kajikawa hikki' written by Yosobei KAJIKAWA, Asano screamed 'This is for revenge' while cutting him down.
  281. According to 'Kakaisho' (Commentary on the Tales of Genji by Yoshinari YOTSUTSUJI), it was Tsutsumiii (rice wrapped in an oak leaf).
  282. According to 'Kamakura Kudaigoki' (a history book in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts to Kamakura period), Motouji stayed at the side of Iruma-gawa River, away from Kamakura, for 6 years to fight against Southern Court.
  283. According to 'Kanzeon Bosatsu Fumon Hon No. 25' of the Hoke-kyo (Kannon-gyo) sutra, in order to provide relief to all people, Kanzeon Bosatsu adopts one of 33 different appearances to meet the needs of the particular person; these appearances include 'Busshin,' 'Shomonshin,' and 'Bonnoshin' (as below).
  284. According to 'Kocho' from the Tale of Genji, children wearing such costumes row a boat where a feast was held.
  285. According to 'Kojiruien' (encyclopedia complied in the Meiji period), he was in charge of Kancho (Kanja [spy], Choja [spy], Ninja [secret agent]) in military affairs.
  286. According to 'Kokon Hyaku Monogartari Hyoban', there used to be an old woman living near Kameyama Province (present-day, Kameoka City, Kyoto Prefecture) who received money from parents whose children supposed to be adopted through the coordination of the old woman, but she threw these children into Hozugawa-river.
  287. According to 'Kokon chomon ju' (A collection of Tales Heard, Past and Present), Yoshihira was drinking sake with his friend, TANBA no Masatada.
  288. According to 'Koto Hozon ho' (The Ancient Capitals Preservation Law,) it is the ordinance of local governments that designates a city or a town or a village as 'an ancient capital,' and once it was designated as 'an ancient capital' development is restricted in the specified area.
  289. According to 'Kugyo Bunin (Record of Kugyo Officials)'
  290. According to 'Kyoraisho' (Conversations with Kyorai) and 'Koto Mondo,' Kyorai and Boncho held an enthusiastic discussion, while Basho also pointed out Kyorai's carelessness frankly.
  291. According to 'Li' of Shushigaku, 'Li' is a metaphysical existence, 'Ch'i' is a physical existence, and these two are completely different, however, each of them cannot solely exist and they are an 'inseparable' relation.
  292. According to 'Matsu no ochiba' (a book on Shinto) written by Takanao FUJII, in the section of investiture of the Empress in 'Gokeshidai' (the Ritual Protocol of the Oe House), it is described that 'Two Shishi-shaped guardian dogs shall be placed on the left and right sides in front of the south face of the chodai.'
  293. According to 'Meishuku shu', the founder of sarugaku (the prototype of the Noh play and kyogen farce) in Japan is said to have been HATA no Kawakatsu, a court favorite of Prince Shotoku.
  294. According to 'Mikawa Go Fudoki' (The Topographical Records of Mikawa Province), Ieyasu praised him and handed goshuin (letter bearing the shogun's scarlet seal) to him, granting him a license.
  295. According to 'Mondo UNO's Diary', in 1582, Nobunaga enjoyed watching UMEWAKA family's Sarugaku with Ieyasu TOKUGAWA in Soken-ji Temple in Azuchi and he himself also liked playing the small hand drum.
  296. According to 'Nasu no kuninomiyatsuko no hi', he became Nasu no kohori no kami.
  297. According to 'Nihon Syoga Kakakuhyo' (The Price List of Japanese Calligraphic works and Paintings) in 1882, he was already known as a tenkokuka by this time.
  298. According to 'Okado hikki', Naganori left a death song 'Flowers taken away by wind, I also can't help feeling a vestige of the spring more than them.' when he carried out Seppuku.
  299. According to 'Onmyoryo' of "Engishiki," Oniyarai-sai (儺祭) (setsubun and oniyarai), niwabi (garden fire), Kamadogami no matsuri (Festival of the god of kitchen stove), Gohonmei-sai (御本命祭),and Sangen-sai (三元祭) are mentioned.
  300. According to 'Picture of Southern Nihonbashi in Edo' of Bunkyu era (from 1861 to 1863), Hiroshige's residence was located in Oga-cho, Nihonbashi (now Kyobashi) next to the former residence of Eitoku KANO in the west.
  301. According to 'Rokudai Kirare' in "Heike Monogatari" (The tale of the Heike), Tadafusa escaped in secrecy from the camp of the Taira clan after being defeated at the Battle of Yashima, and he hid under the protection of the powerful Muneshige YUASA in Kii Province.
  302. According to 'Rokujosaiin Baishi-naishinnoke Monogatariawase' compiled in 1055, she was the author of 'Tamamo ni Asobu.'
  303. According to 'Roshi (masterless samurai) Bunkyu Era Patriotism Articles' (written by Shinpachi NAGAKURA) found in 1998, he stayed in the quarter on the day of security patrol on July 29, 1864 due to the illness.
  304. According to 'Ruijumeibutsuko' (an encyclopedia compiled by Matsuake YAMAOKA during the middle of the Edo period), 'Moritonjiki is made out of a wooden form, and Aratonjiki is served unshaped.'
  305. According to 'Ruijuzoyosho' (a book explaining the furnishings in ceremonies and events in detail with sketches), Moritonjiki might be served with one ingredient while Aratonjiki might be served with various ingredients because of the presence of Morigashi and Mazegashi.
  306. According to 'Sanetaka koki' (Sanetaka's diary) written by Sanetaka SANJONISHI, Sanetaka asked Masamoto HOSOKAWA for a speedy lawsuit concerning Sanjonishi family's territories in Yamashiro Province through Kosen in 1507.
  307. According to 'Sanshu Gochisei Yoran' (Summary History of Satsuma, Osumi and Hyuga Provinces), low ranking samurai who served as lackeys and servants were given the privilege of being promoted to the rank of hereditary guard if they were appointed as land stewards.
  308. According to 'Senjusho' (a compiled Buddhist tales of 13th century) by Saigyo Hoshi (Buddhist priest Saigyo), a long time ago, someone asked the virtuous Buddhist priest Kuya how nenbutsu should be practiced, and he said nothing but 'By throwing out.'
  309. According to 'Sogamonogatari,' she was named Mitora (three tigers) Gozen because she was born on the time, day, and year of Tiger, she was actually born in the year of the Sheep.
  310. According to 'Sonpi Bunmyaku' (a text that records the lineages of the aristocracy) and 'Family Tree of the NIKAIDO clan', the NIKAIDO family had been ranked Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) for generations; Koreto and Koreyuki served as Suruga no kami (the governor of Suruga Province) and Koreyori worked as Totoumi gon no kami (the governor of Totoumi Province).
  311. According to 'Sorinji Engi' (the history of Sorin-ji Temple), he was born in Harima Province as Kuniaki HASHIZAKI but was given the name Koku Amidabutsu after entering the Buddhist priesthood in 1355.
  312. According to 'Sounan Shimatsusho,' several soldiers (who they were is unclear) replaced their ordinary leather military boots with tabi socks to climb the mountain.
  313. According to 'Taiheiki' (The Record of Great Peace) vol. 34, in the battle of the Tateishi-jo Castle, four young samurai including him carried out a night attack on Kusunoki and Wada, aiming to die by falling upon each other's swords.
  314. According to 'Taikoki', Hideyoshi ordered warlords of Ouu to come to Odawara, but Masamune ODA delayed.
  315. According to 'Teijo-zakki' (Teijo's memorandums), it was egg-shaped steamed glutinous rice.
  316. According to 'Teishin-ko ki (FUJIWARA no Tadahira's diary),' his childhood name was Daitoku.
  317. According to 'The Garment Code' of "Yoro Ritsuryo Code," oni was determined as the color of 'koromo' (robe) of crown prince's reifuku (formal dress used for choga [retainers' New Year's greeting to the emperor] and the enthronement ceremony) and chofuku (the original model of sokutai).
  318. According to 'The History of Nagoya City, Personnel 2' published in 1934 (No.78), his descendant Shichidayu Kazukiyo learned Naganuma-ryu heigaku (the military science of Naganuma School) and had about a thousand desciples.
  319. According to 'The Notes of Rules for People', 47 Ako Roshi started moving into action at around midnight by gathering at three places in Edo and then heading down to the Kira residence (current location of Honjo Matsuzaka-cho Town Park) in Honjo (Sumida Ward).
  320. According to 'The Old History of Korea,' historical materials discovered on the Korean Peninsula in recent years, before Kushinada, the eighth princess, l was killed, Susanoo visited Korea as a messenger and said that Japan would become a subject of the Korean dynasty again.
  321. According to 'Tokugawa Johoroku,' he was employed by bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) in 1613 with the stipend of 500 koku.
  322. According to 'Toyouke no Okami Gochinza Hongi', one of the "Shinto Gobusho" (5 books of Shinto), Amaterasu Okami relocated to Yosanomiya from Yamato Kasanui no Mura during the reign of Emperor Sujin and received a sacred food offering from Toyouke no Okami.
  323. According to 'Udon-no-rekishi' (The History of Udon noodles) written by Masaru AOKI, the Chinese equivalent for Won-on (Chinese dumpling) is written as '?飩' (pronounced 'Konton') in Chinese characters, which is also written as '?飩' (pronounced 'Unton' or 'Konton').
  324. According to 'Uesugi-ke Gonenpu (Chronological list of the main events of the Uesugi family),' the birth of Sadakatsu was immediately notified to Kagekatsu who was staying in Fushimi at the time, and all the retainers in Fushimi visited the lord to offer their congratulations.
  325. According to 'Wakan sansai zue' (an encyclopedia compiled in the Edo period) or 'Yamashiro Meisho Shi (Annals of Yamashiro's picturesque sites), the enshrined deity of Efumi-jinja Shrine is Amenomikudaritama no mikoto, one of the Sanjubanshin (30 guardian deities) in the Imperial Court.
  326. According to 'Yasutoki shosokubun,' they created a law written in understandable style to samurai since the kugeho was written in kanbun (Chinese classics) and difficult to understand.
  327. According to 'Yoshu Fushi' (a book describing various aspects of Kyoto in the Edo period), the river was named "the Takano-gawa-River" because it flowed through Takano-mura Village.
  328. According to 'Yoshu-shoshi' (a book describing various aspects of Yamashiro Province), this mountain was also called Mt. Oyama (小山).
  329. According to 'Zeshi rokuju igo Sarugaku dangi' written by Kannami's son, Zeami, Kannami's grandfather was born into the Hattori clan of Iga Province and was adopted by Nakaya in the Uda region, and Kannami's father was born from the union between him and a woman in Kyoto.
  330. According to 'Zoku kojidan,' since his father KAMO no Yasunori taught the art of astronomy exclusively to ABE no Seimei, he ended up only inheriting the art of calendar making, which caused him to view ABE no Seimei as his rival.
  331. According to 'the Genealogy of the Sakanoue Family,' Okina was the son of 坂上弓束 and Okina's son was 坂上大国.
  332. According to 'the Hossoshiyosho,' if a gang of robbers commit a murder, the murderer and his boss shall be removed to a province.
  333. According to 'the Tax Ledger (a list of vassals' shoryo [territory]) of the Hojo Family,' he had the biggest territory of the family which was more than 5,000 kanmon (1,000 kanmon = 10,000 yen).
  334. According to 'the departmental order about the application procedure of permission such as the payment by the military script,' when a Japanese person living in Japan is required the payment by the military currency to a foreign country, that Japanese person has to get a permission from Finance Minister.
  335. According to 'the genealogy of the Ogamo clan,' Motoyasu OGAMO had left his territory leading his army by Munemori TAIRA's request, and on hearing the news, Motoyasu quickly came back to Hoki Province to fight against the Narimori's army.
  336. According to 'the genealogy of the Sakanoue family,' his father was SAKANOUE no 甲由 and his grand father was SAKANOUE no 駒子.
  337. According to '吉良町史' (history of Kira town), it was necessary for Tsuneuji to become the adopted son of the soryo (heir) Mitsuuji to take over Yoshitsugu's territory due to Yoshitsugu's trip to Tang and entering into priesthood.
  338. According to Aga MURATA, in the kaso theory during the Edo period, as an example, it is said to have been used such as, 'something like the adjoining rooms of nine jo (counter for tatami mats) or eight jo have a luck of earth giving rise to metal' (the part in the quotation marks is cited from the book by Aga MURATA).
  339. According to Akira DOINAKA, a native researcher, Tai Meshi in the Nanyo area when first introduced has remained the same on and after 1985.
  340. According to Akira MIYAWAKI, 'Chinju no Mori' is used as a academic term by the International Association for Vegetation Science.
  341. According to Akira SUZUKI, as a result, "Heike Monogatari" stated as if the headquarters of the Taira clan were in Ichinotani even though it must have been in Fukuwara.
  342. According to Amidaji (Kamidachiuriomiya) Engi (the history of the Amida-ji Temple), of which temple Nobunaga was a believer, the chief priest, Seigyoku, sneaked in through the hedge in the back of the temple and carried out the body and burnt it.
  343. According to Anko ITOSU, karate can be traced back to the two schools introduced from China: the Shorin-ryu school and the Shorei-ryu school.
  344. According to Annei-ki in Nihonshoki, there is a description that Isuzuyorihime no mikoto was a beloved daughter of Kotoshironushi-no-kami.
  345. According to Antonio INOKI and others, the words attributed to IKKYUU that begin with "what will happen if I go down this path..." are not actually his words, but are actually from Tetsuo KIYOZAWA's poem "The Path"; although there is some confusion about the source.
  346. According to Article 73, the constitutional amendment shall be proposed and ratified by the emperor, and actually in the edict of the constitutional amendment, the emperor stated 'I …sanction the amendments of the Imperial Japanese Constitution …' (Constitution enacted by the emperor).
  347. According to Articles 1 and 4 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, the emperor held all the rights of sovereignty.
  348. According to Articles 6 and 7 of the Constitution of Japan, the Emperor must administer state affairs.
  349. According to Asanoke monjo (the records of the Asano family), the purpose of the second dispatch was to punish the red country (Jeolla Province) completely, and then conquer the blue country (Chungcheong Province) and other areas.
  350. According to Atsutane HIRATA, a scholar of Japanese classical literature in the later Edo period, Omoikane refers to Amenokoyane no Mikoto.
  351. According to Atsutane, Magatsuhi no kami is the aramitama (ferocious, rough, and violent side of the spirit) of Susanoo no mikoto.
  352. According to Atsutane, Yukai is a world ruled by Okuninushi no Mikoto (a Shinto deity).
  353. According to Azuma Kagami (The Mirrors of the East), he felt deeply indebted for it and continued to stay as a royal retainer of the Kamakura shogunate, and his children also royally served the shogunate (the chronicle recorded his exploit together with his sons at the Jokyu War and his death in action).
  354. According to Azuma-kagami (history book), MINAMOTO no Yoritomo wrote in his letter to his younger brother, MINAMOTO no Noriyori, just before the Battle of Danno-ura: "As Naifu (Munemori) is such a cowardly person, I cannot imagine that he would dare commit suicide."
  355. According to Bakin KYOKUTEI's "Shitenno Shoto Iroku" (picaresque novel of the life of Yasusuke HAKAMADARE, a robber), Kidomaru met the thief Hakamadare described in "Konjaku Monogatarishu" (Anthology of Tales from the Past) at his mountain cave and competed in a magic competition.
  356. According to Batsubun, his leading disciple, it was likely that the publication of another textbook following the first one was planned; but regrettably, because Giko died, the publication ended with only 50 compositions.
  357. According to Bifukumonin's will, she was buried on Mt. Koya and Shin-mito pagoda became the burial place of the Emperor Konoe, the child of Cloistered Emperor Toba and Bifukumonin who passed away at an early age.
  358. According to Bowers, he has spent some time in Japan before the war started, and he was very fond of kabuki.
  359. According to Buddhism and Hinduism, Enma is the master of Hell.
  360. According to Buddhism, Kechimyaku Sojo means the handing down of law (dharma) from a mentor to a disciple.
  361. According to Buddhism, Komokuten (viruupaakSa in Sanskrit) is the Buddha of Tenbu (deities who reside in a heavenly realm, one of six realms in which the souls of living beings transmigrate from one to another).
  362. According to Buddhism, human beings repeat their lives after death, in Rokudo (six posthumous worlds); heaven (Buddhism), Ningenkai (human world), Ashura, chikusho (Buddhist realm of beasts), or preta, hell.
  363. According to Buddhism, it is believed that stray lives that came in to the world will transmigrate after death to one of six posthumous world depending on the crimes they committed while alive and repeat life and death in each of the Rokudo where they transmigrated (Rokudo-rinne, Rebirth in the Six Worlds).
  364. According to Buddhist literature, Shakyamuni arrived at the stage of Musho-usho and Hisohihisosho soon after he entered the Buddhist priesthood.
  365. According to Buddhist precepts, monks were originally prohibited to own money and other articles other than sanne-ippatsu (three robes and one begging bowl), which were deemed as the minimum required clothes and eating utensil.
  366. According to Buddhist scriptures, Shaka mentioned engi as shown below.
  367. According to Bugencho (Registers of vassals), the temple owned 150-koku of the temple estate.
  368. According to Buhenhanashi kikigaki (anecdotes about the life of samurai), Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI spoke as follows, when he visited the statue of Yoritomo in Shirahata-jinja Shrine of Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine.
  369. According to Bunei TSUNODA, her real name was Shigeko.) and said to have been a woman of unmatched beauty and a talented So (a long Japanese zither with thirteen strings) player.
  370. According to Bunei TSUNODA, this was because Emperor Toba committed adultery with Sanekane's daughter, who was the wife of Taikenmonin, and the Cloistered Emperor Shirakawa became angry when he came to know it and banished the wife.
  371. According to Chigi's teachings (Tendai Daishi), which are widely used at present, the first 14 chapters are called Shakumon (the Trace Gate) and the last 14 chapters are called Honmon (the Source Gate).
  372. According to Chinese classical literature, Shi Huangdi (meaning the first emperor) jumped over a byobu in the Xianyang Palace when he was about to be assassinated.
  373. According to Chinese historical records, the country became "Silla" in 356.
  374. According to Chinese historical sources, five figures from Wakoku paid tributes to the Chinese Court and were recognized as the kings of Wakoku; they are called the Five Kings of Wa.
  375. According to Chinese history books, "Ronko" (Lunheng) written in The Later Han Dynasty provides knowledge about Wa in the Zhou period, and historical records of the Han Dynasty explains about Wa in the age of the former Han dynasty, such as; people of Wa were living in many separated provinces and they sent an envoy.
  376. According to Chitsuroku-shobun (Abolition Measure of Hereditary Stipend), the government abolished not only Horoku (stipend) or Karoku (hereditary stipend) system, but hierarchical perquisite such as implementation of decree banning the wearing of swords.
  377. According to Choshu TAKEDA, the above mentioned jibutsudo (a small building or room for a noble man to enshrine and worship Buddhist images) was contracted or dwarfed into butsuma (a room for Buddha) and further made smaller into butsudan to be suitably put indoors.
  378. According to Chronicles of Japan, first envoy to Tang Dynasty China (possibly Sui Dynasty) sent
  379. According to Chugoku Taiheiki, 'Tamemoto SHO, the lord of Sarukakeno-jo Castle attacked and fought against Ueno Izu no kami (Yoriuji UENO) residing in Mt. Taisho and Ueno Uemon no jo (Yoriuji's brother) residing in Mt. Kosho in 1533.
  380. According to Clause 1 of the current Imperial House Act, it is said 'the male Imperial member of the Imperial Family in the male lineage should succeed to the throne.'
  381. According to Clause 1, enlarged revision of this Law, it states a Prince can be demoted from nobility to subject upon receiving the emperor's order or by receiving a surname by invocation.
  382. According to Cultural Properties Protection Law, the area is designated as a Preservation District for Groups of Historic Buildings.
  383. According to Daijisen (a type of Japanese dictionary), tsukkomi is a role that develops a plot of the topic; however, that is not necessarily so.
  384. According to Daijokanpu (official documents issued by Daijokan, Grand Council of State) from the year 935, the honden and rei-do hall of Yasaka-jinja Shrine were separate buildings.
  385. According to Daijokanpu (official documents issued by the Grand Council of State) issued on June 9, 820, the reason for the reestablishment of Naiju was because the number of Otoneri (Imperial Attendant) was halved from 800 persons ("Ruiju sandai kaku" (Assorted regulations from Three Reigns)).
  386. According to Daitoku-ji Temple, it is said to have been introduced by Sojun IKKYU.
  387. According to Document 1 of Section 11 of Chapter 5 in "Nihon Shoki," both Amaterasu Omikami and Tsukiyomi no mikoto were ordered to rule the heavens, but later Tsukiyomi no mikoto was told by Amaterasu Omikami in the world above to meet Ukemochi no kami (the god of grains), so he (or she) visited her.
  388. According to Dong Qichang, the history of Intaiga for the most part, overlaps with that of Hokusoga (the northern school of Chinese painting), and the history of Bunjinga for the most part, overlaps with that of the southern school of Chinese painting.
  389. According to Ehon Taikoki, the one that defended Sacheon Waeseong (Old Sacheon Waeseong) was Sadamasa (his name was written as 定正 or 貞昌 with same pronunciation), who had the title of Ise Hyobu shoyu (junior assistant minister of the Hyobusho Ministry of War in Ise Province).
  390. According to Eisei KOI, who was the producer of "Saikaku ichidai onna," Director Mizoguchi was selfish, obedient to authority figures, and cruel to inferiors; and that is why he was hated by actors and staff.
  391. According to Emperor Komei's official biography, "Komei Tenno ki," the Emperor's doctors used to make regular announcements in terms of the Emperor's health as 'Emperor's health record.'
  392. According to Engishiki (an ancient book on the codes and procedures on national rites and prayers), the Imperial Court used to adorn each gate of Daidairi (the Outer Palace Precincts) with dolls of colored soil in the shape of an ox and child on this setsubun day.
  393. According to Esoteric Buddhism, Jo-in assumed by Amida Nyorai is supposed to be Hokkaijo-in; however, a variation formed by both hands placed together in the same manner and the thumbs and the forefingers (or otherwise, the middle or annular fingers) forming a circle may be assumed by Amida Nyorai of the Jodo Sect, and so on.
  394. According to FUJIWARA no Teika, when there was a territorial issue between Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine and Shitenno-ji Temple, the Shrine submitted "Jindaiki" as evidence.
  395. According to FURUTA, the Kyushu dynasty was subsequently established, but it went downhill after it was defeated in `the Battle of Hakusukinoe' in 663.
  396. According to Francis XAVIER, Ashikaga School Academy was the largest of 11 universities and academies in Japan.
  397. According to Frois's account, he was reluctant to deal with missionaries.
  398. According to Fudoki, Inami no Wakiiratsume's father was Hikonamuchi (could be Hikona no Mikoto), the founder of Wanibe no omi (Wani clan), and her mother was Kibihime.
  399. According to Fumihiko GOMI, there are three historical sources for "Azuma Kagami," but the fourth one will also be added here for convenience.
  400. According to Fumihiko GOMI, when they succeed in making an estimate of the source material, the ways the compilation was done and the errors were made will be revealed naturally.
  401. According to Furuichiba's history, the shrine was established during the reign of Emperor Sujin, and Mikumari, who was worshipped all over the Yamato Province was enshrined in this Middle Shrine in the East.
  402. According to Fuso ryakki (A Short History of Japan), the palace was burned down in 711.
  403. According to Gansen-ji Temple legend, it was founded in 729 by Gyoki according to the will of the Emperor Shomu.
  404. According to Genrokuzushi, 'the first Kaitenzushi restaurant in eastern Japan was opened in 1968,' which means that it took ten years to spread to western Japan.
  405. According to Gentaku OTSUKI, Yoshio had more than 600 students.
  406. According to Genun Bunshu (included in 'Zoku Gunshoruiju'), he was always at the side of Takakage, as the Busho with sayings of 'muscle power person,' 'bravest and greatest talent,' '100 wars 100 wins - no one can beat him.'
  407. According to Gert Van Tonder and Michael Lyons, that point is at the center of the Hojo-no-Ma room as the 15 stones are positioned in a forked pattern whose base would be at the center of the room.
  408. According to Gikeiki, Emperor Goshirakawa had 100 Buddhist priests chant sutras at the Shinsen-en Garden in Kyoto for prayer for rainfall because of a long spell of drought, but since the priests' prayer did not work, the Emperor invited 100 beautiful shirabyoshi dancers to pray for rainfall.
  409. According to Gisaburo SUGII, an animation director, the company accepted a constant flow of orders because of its good reputation, and production companies which were prime contractors sometimes had to adjust their schedule only for the purpose of making a request to Kyoto Animation.
  410. According to Goryeo's records, a general from Goryeo then captured 200 children, including both boys and girls, and presented them to the king and queen.
  411. According to Gunborei of Taiho ritsuryo legal code, Uneme was to be raised from one third of counties across the country.
  412. According to Gyokuyo (the Diary of Kanezane KUJO), the article on the thirteenth in the New Year of the same year, attempts were made to get Tokuko to enter Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa's inner palace; Tokuko was strongly opposed to this, however, as she wished to become a nun.
  413. According to HIGUCHI's analysis, Mitsuhide AKECHI, who also owned territory in Kinai, felt a sense of danger about Nobumori's banishment, and that Nobunaga's confiscation of Mitsuhide's territory in Sakamoto, Omi Province and Tanba Province, triggered the Honnoji Incident.
  414. According to HIRAYAMA, it is the fact that Yukichi attacked the government of China and the government of Korea, but never looked down upon the races.
  415. According to Haga, Sanetaka, who was brought up in a society of court nobles and distinguished families, got affected by the idea of seeing a class system as more important than anything else, and couldn't understand revolts of vassals against their lords at all.
  416. According to Hankanpu (Genealogy of the Protectors of the Shogunate), Yasufuji UTSUNOMIYA belonged to the Southern Court and settled in Okubo, Mikawa Province from Echizen Province when Yoshisada NITTA was subjugated.
  417. According to Harima no kuni fudoki (the topography of Harima Province, present south-eastern Hyogo Prefecture), he died from an illness in Tatsuno of Harima Province (present Tatsuno City, Hyogo Prefecture) and was buried there.
  418. According to Harunori Hattori, the term, `unrelated branch family' is used for those people, and the depth of one's relationship with the Takeda family determines whether the term, `unrelated branch family' would have been used for them.
  419. According to Haruo TAKAHAMA who is from Echigo Toji, the order of positions in a kurabito career (in other words, the course of promotion to a toji) is fixed as follows: the first position is a tool washer, followed by a rice washer, a kama-ya, a sendo, a moto-ya, a koji-ya, a kashira, and a toji.
  420. According to Heike-kindachi Soshi (a book on Taira clan nobles), his name was shown among participants with his 4 elder brothers at the 50th birthday celebration of the Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa, 'Angen no ga (Celebration of Angen Year)' in March (lunar calendar) 1176.
  421. According to Hideaki MATSUDAIRA and Goro HONMA, there was a sudden increase in the practice of Kaso from the Tenmei era to Kasei era, and peaked during the Kyowa era to Kasei era.
  422. According to Hideki TAKAHASHI, Sanetaka was 'the most excellent writer in the Medieval period' and it is impossible either to discuss the late Medieval culture without mentioning Sanetaka, or to talk about the late Medieval history without "Sanetaka Koki."
  423. According to Hideo KANZE, there is a tacit consensus in the Nohgaku Performers' Association to equally offer jobs to Kuroto, and it is said that Shitekata performs in about 30 stages per year.
  424. According to Hikawa SEIWA, Kaishu disparaged Shozan such as 'He was just as people said he was, a very thoughtless and restless man, but he was helped by the age he lived in.'
  425. According to Hirayama's research, the first comment on 'Datsu-A Ron' was found in 'Nisshin Senso to Fukuzawa Yukichi' (The Shino-Japanese War and Yukichi FUKUZAWA) ("Fukuzawa Kenkyu" [Study of Fukuzawa] <Issue No. 6>) by a historian Shigeki TOYAMA published in November 1951.
  426. According to Hirayama's research, there was no reference on 'Datsu-A Ron' in the "Jiji Shinpo newspaper" on March 16, 1885 or later.
  427. According to Hiroshi KASAMATSU, the Kubodokoro was a place where people filed lawsuits, because the kanji character for "kubo" can be seen as the overlapped kanji characters for "monchu" written in the cursive script style (there is also a theory that the Kubodokoro was a station for security guards).
  428. According to Honen, the reason why Amida tathagata chose the sole act, Shomyo, was that while other deeds were difficult and inferior, Shomyo was the easiest and best deed.
  429. According to Honji-suijaku setsu, Buddha and bodhisattvas are honji (original ground or true nature), and they come to this world, in the shape (suijaku - literally, trace manifestation) in accordance with the life to be saved.
  430. According to Honjo Soemon Oboegaki, however, rank and file soldiers were not informed of Mitsuhide's intention to kill Nobunaga.
  431. According to Ieyasu's will, his body was buried in Mt. Kuno in the southeast of Sunpu (present Tosho-gu Shrine on Mt. Kuno) initially, but after the first anniversary of his death, was re-buried in Tosho-sha Shrine in Nikko City due north of Edo-jo Castle.
  432. According to Imperial records, it is said that he sprinkled talc in the corridor of the Imperial Palace to play tricks on people inside and then he fell from his own tricks by accident and died when he was twelve years old.
  433. According to Issho (a book quoted in Nihonshoki), Shiotsuchinooji is another name of Kotokatsukunikatsunagisa and he is regarded as being a son of Izanagi.
  434. According to Izumo kokuso kanyogoto, Amenohohi was sent to the ground to appease akujin (kami who give harms and damages to people) on the ground, reported the situation on the ground to Amaterasu, and brought peace to the ground along with Amenohinadori, his child, and Futsunushi, a god of sword.
  435. According to JICA, besides Enzaro Jiko, staff at other places where technical cooperation projects are being conducted have been introducing Japanese-style kamado, using materials available in the local area.
  436. According to JR's railway fare system of specific metropolitan and urban areas, this station is categorized as being 'inside Kyoto City' and is the westernmost station of the Tokaido Main Line in this category.
  437. According to Japan Agricultural Standards (JAS), miso is written as 'みそ' and classified as follows.
  438. According to Japan Agricultural Standards (JAS), soy-sauce is categorized into five types by production method, raw materials, and characteristics; 'koikuchi,' 'usukuchi,' 'tamari,' 'saishikomi' (soy-sauce brewed in soy-sauce again) and 'shiro' (white soy-sauce).
  439. According to Japanese mythology as well, the sword came from the tail of Yamata no Orochi, a monstrous serpent.
  440. According to Japanese mythology, the jewel was made by Tamanooya when Iwato-gakure (the hiding of Amaterasu Omikami, the sun goddess, in the heavenly rock cave) happened, who was the deity from which Tamasuri no muraji descended.
  441. According to Japanese mythology, the mirror was created by the god named Ishikoridome during the event of Iwato-gakure (literally "hiding in Iwato) in which Amaterasu Omikami hid herself in the Ama no Iwato (literally "the cave of the sun god" or "heavenly rock cave").
  442. According to Japanese mythology, the mirror was made by the goddess Ishikoridome no mikoto when Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun goddess) was hiding behind the Ama no Iwato, the Gate of the Celestial Rock Cave.
  443. According to Japanese myths recorded in "Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters)" and "Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan)," Amenouzume, who is said to have danced in front of Ama no iwato (the rock cave of heaven), is the archetype of miko.
  444. According to Jingoro YOKOKURA, however, he survived the battle and returned to Edo, but was injured while he was fighting in the Battle of Koshu-Katsunuma on March 29 of the year and died in Itado, Koshu.
  445. According to Jodo Shinshu Sect's interpretation, Rokuyo (six days of the Buddhist calendar) is, in the first place, a Chinese divination which has nothing to do with Buddhism and its interpretation was altered after it was imported into Japan.
  446. According to Jokai HIRAOKA, there are the following four perspectives on the history of Todai-ji Temple.
  447. According to Joshido, his head was retrieved by Shuzo ISHIZAKA and was kept by Fusako YAMAOKA (the wife of Tesshu YAMAOKA), who returned it to Hachiro's family.
  448. According to Jukkai shi, he started reading at the age of seven and composed waka poems at the age of nine.
  449. According to Kadowaki, the development of the Kawachi Plain was not the establishment of a new dynasty but the advance by the first Yamato Administration to the Kawachi region.
  450. According to Kai SHIMADA, Yujiro IMAI came from Shinano Province.
  451. According to Kai SHIMADA, he was from Omi Province.
  452. According to Kai SHIMADA, he was from Sendai Domain in Mutsu Province.
  453. According to Kai SHIMADA, it was Tanba-Miyazu.
  454. According to Kan SHIMOZAWA, YOSHIMURA found that Shinsengumi left Osaka, became homeless and requested the Morioka hantei (mansion maintained by the Morioka domain) for permission for him to return to the Morioka domain.
  455. According to Kanefumi NISHIMURA, a valet of West Hongan-ji Temple, the issue of relocating the quarter is what drove Sannan into the corner.
  456. According to Kanran MIYAKE, his contemporary in the study of Mitogaku.
  457. According to Kansei Choshu Shokafu, it is said that the Akai clan is descended from the Ashida clan of Seiwa-Genji (Minamoto clan), the line of MINAMOTO no Yorisue, who was a son of MINAMOTO no Yorinobu, Kawachi-Genji from Shinano Province.
  458. According to Kansui, Iesada possessed a feeling of almost personal grudge against Yoshinobu.
  459. According to Karafuto-Cho Notification of 1932, roads of the Karafuto Agency were as below.
  460. According to Kato, 60 to 70 Seishi were identified and the latest Seishi is the one for Chugi NISHI which was enshrined in August 1931 in Urakawa-cho, Hidaka Province, Hokkaido Prefecture.
  461. According to Kazan, he was paid one kan (a monetary unit of the Edo period) for 100 paintings drawn, but he had acquired a rapid drawing technique from his side job; it seems apparent that this technique was very helpful when he drew sketches to accompany the travel essays he wrote in later years.
  462. According to Kazunori HISHINUMA, the Minamoto clan side leaked lots of information to the outside, so people started to refer to this battle as "The Battle of Ichinotani."
  463. According to Kegon-kyo (the Flower Garland Sutra), Fudaraku is the Pure Land of Kanjizai Bosatsu (Kannon Bodhisattva).
  464. According to Keitetsu Kyokai's "Unknown Railways" (JTB, 1997), Sagano Scenic Railway is the first railway used purely for sightseeing in Japan.
  465. According to Kenichi TANIGAWA, it is said that Arahabaki was enshrined by the court to protect Taga-jo Castle from enemies.
  466. According to Kiki ("A Record of Ancient Matter" and "Chronicles of Japan"), the Emperor Keitai was a fifth generation descendent grandchild of the Emperor Ojin.
  467. According to Kiki (Kojiki and Nihonshoki), Emperor Keitai, 'the fifth generation descendant of Emperor Ojin' was received from Echizen Province (or Omi Province) and took the throne in conformity with the request of a crowd of his subjects because the late Emperor Buretsu did not have an inheritor.
  468. According to Kizokuin-rei (the House of Peers Act) in 1889, the privilege of entering the House of Peers was accorded to all the dukes and marquises aged 30 and over, and others who were elected by mutual vote.
  469. According to Koden (A memorial piece) included in "Nihon Montoku Tenno Jitsuroku" (A true record of Emperor Montoku in Japan), Tofu was six feet and two inches tall.
  470. According to Kogoshui written by INBE no Hironari of the Inbe clan, Futodama plays a more central role instead.
  471. According to Koji ISHIZAKA, this episode has been handed down in Toho as a legend.
  472. According to Koji NAOE, yashiki-gami can be classified as general yashiki-gami, main family yashiki-gami and clan yashiki-gami.
  473. According to Kojiki (Roderods of Ancient Matters), Haniyasuhiko no kami and Haniyasubime no kami came into being from feces of Izanami, who was about to die after giving birth to the god of fire.
  474. According to Kojiki (The Record of Ancient Matters), Izanami was burned her private part for giving a birth to Kami of fire (Honokagutsuchinokami).
  475. According to Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters), the deity Sukunabikona no kami, who had been working with the deity Okuninushi to build this country, left for Tokoyo (lit. "the normal world," though some texts hint that it is the afterworld) leaving Okuninushi alone.
  476. According to Kojiki (the Record of Ancient Matters) and Nihonshoki (the Chronicle of Japan), kagura had its origin in a Japanese ancient myth of the oracular Amenouzume (goddess of the dawn and revelry) who had performed a dance in a chapter of Ama no iwato (Cave of heaven).
  477. According to Kojiki he ruled the realm from the age of ten for eight years from the palace Namiki at Hatsuse.
  478. According to Kojiki's preface that states the process to completion of Kojiki, O no Yasumaro wrote and compiled the "Teiki" (records of Emperor's family tree) (genealogy of the emperor) and "Kyuji" (a record of stories current at court) (ancient tradition) that HIEDA no Are memorized and recited.
  479. According to Kojiki's preface, Kojiki is the oldest Japanese history book dedicated by O no Asomi Yasumaro (or may be called the O no Yasumaro) in 712.
  480. According to Kojiki, Ame no Minakanushi no Kami first came into being in Takamagahara (the Plain of High Heaven) at the time of the creation of heaven and earth (Japanese mythology), and then appeared Takamimusubi no Kami together with another kami called Kamimusubi.
  481. According to Kojiki, Oyashima was born as follows.
  482. According to Kojiki, Wani was a sage who was offered by Kudara.
  483. According to Kojiki, he died at the age of 123, while according to Nihonshoki, he died at the age of 137.
  484. According to Kojiki, he died at the age of 137.
  485. According to Kojiki, it is said that he wrote a poem "Kunishinobi uta" (a song to remember the country) with thinking of Yamato shortly before his death; this poem became very popular among soldiers dispatched to East Asia during the Pacific War.
  486. According to Kojiki, it is where Izanagi no okami stays.
  487. According to Kojiki, many gods were born from its blood, which are listed below.
  488. According to Kojiki, when Ninigi, the grandson of Amaterasu, was sent down to earth, Omoikane (the god of wisdom and talent), Ameno Tajikarao (the god of physical strength) and Amanoiwatowakenokami were added to his attendants along with three sacred imperial treasures given to him.
  489. According to Kondo's reminiscences, when Koichi NEGISHI, general manager of the head office saw Murata for the first time, Kondo was accused by him saying 'Such a small man can't be a director.'
  490. According to Kotobagaki (captions), an Eshi painter promoted to Iyo no Kami (Governor of Iyo Province) thanks to the imperial blessing or favor; the painter's whole family was joyful and held a celebrating feast, but it was a dream that lasted only for a minute.
  491. According to Kukai's interpretation, scriptures are graded as follows:
  492. According to Kunio YANAGIDA and Taro NAKAYAMA, miko can be classified into two groups: kannagi, a group of miko who served the Imperial Court; and kuchiyose, a group of miko who served the common people.
  493. According to Kunio YANAGIDA, in Japanese folk beliefs, the spirit whose body died within a certain number of years needing services is called 'shiryo', and is distinguished from sorei.
  494. According to Kushiki-ryo (law on state documentary forms in the Yoro Code) (Ritsuryo law), there was a prescribed format of zi, 'the date, the name of the reporter, the main text and kinji (a closing sentence).'
  495. According to Kushiki-ryo (law on state documentary forms in the Yoro Code)(Ritsuryo), the emperor first passes on the contents of Choku to a jiju (a chamberlain) and then transmits to the Nakatsukasasho (Ministry of Central Affairs).
  496. According to Kushiki-ryo (the law concerning official documentary forms) contained in "the Yoro Ritsuryo Code" under the Ritsuryo law system, there existed three kinds of Daijokan-so, namely Ronso, Soji and Binso.
  497. According to Kyoto Prefecture Statistics Report, the average number of passengers a day in fiscal year 2006 was 11,575.
  498. According to Kyoto Prefecture Statistics Report, the average number of passengers a day in fiscal year 2006 was 19,512.
  499. According to Kyushu dynasty theory, these eras (over 500 eras were confirmed throughout Japan) are regarded as the `Kyushu era' which the Kyushu dynasty used.
  500. According to MIURA, the Empress of the Taiho Emperor, Saku-hime MIURA, was the 57th generation starting from Prince Ooyamamori, the second imperial prince of the Emperor Ojin.
  501. According to MURAOKA, Ieyasu already had 2 biological children, Hideyasu YUKI (Otsugimaru) and Hidetada TOKUGAWA (Chomatsu, later Takechiyo).
  502. According to MURAOKA, Kazumasa also should have been aware that Motoyasu, having been assassinated, had been replaced by Motonobu SERATA, and so he would have known that Nobuyasu took over the MATSUDAIRA (TOKUGAWA) clan.'
  503. According to MURAOKA, Motonobu changed his name the following year to Ieyasu MATSUDAIRA and so "Two Ieyasus" became "One Ieyasu".
  504. According to MURAOKA, Motoyasu began a campaign against Owari District and fought with Nobunaga ODA in December 30, 1560, but was assassinated by Masatoyo ABE (Yashichiro) in Owari Moriyama.
  505. According to MURAOKA, the TODA family denied that they sold Ieyasu.
  506. According to Madhyamaka-karika, Ryuju saw the line of 因縁所生法、我説即是空、亦名為仮名、亦是中道義, and entered Funihomon in those letters, attained kanpo (meditative training to reach enlightenment) in the isshin sangan (threefold contemplation in a single mind), and gave it to Nangaku Eshi.
  507. According to Maebashi Forest Management Office (present Kanto Regional Forest Office), the cost of afforestation (called the cost of the degraded lands' recovery) is as follows (after 1976, the afforestation project has been continuing.)
  508. According to Mahayana Buddhism, Shakamuni-butsu (Shakanyorai) is one of the immeasurable Buddhas at the ten directions (east, south, west and north, each midpoint, up and down) and three worlds (past, future and present) as well as a Buddha in this corrupt world.
  509. According to Mahayana Buddhism, Wesak celebration is the equivalent of Vaisakha in Sanskrit (same as Vaisakha, the second month in the Indian calendar).
  510. According to Manyoshu (the oldest anthology of tanka), Tajima no himemiko, younger paternal half-sister stayed in the same residence.
  511. According to Manyoshu (the oldest anthology of tanka), it can be inferred that he was once cast down because it was revealed that he had an extramarital affair with Imperial Princess Tajima no himemiko (FUJIWARA no Fuhito's niece) from the bloodline of Fujiwara clan, the emerging clan which were to supersede the Soga clan.
  512. According to Masakazu OMI, the gate guest god figure said to have transformed from Arahabaki often has only one eye.
  513. According to Masamichi SUZUKI, a professor at Hirosaki University, the writing began with volume 3 and the Emperors' chronicle was added at the end.
  514. According to Masaru AOKI who studied under the supervision of Rohan, he taught literary theory and criticism, including studies on Japanese rhetoric (the history of Japanese stylistics), "Soga-monogatari" (The Tale of the Soga Brothers), "Wasan" (Buddhist hymns in vernacular Japanese) and Monzaemon CHIKAMATSU.
  515. According to Matsuoka's hypothesis, the author likened the whole "Senji ryakketsu" to Tenchiban or Shikiban by incorporating the number of heaven 36 as well as the number of earth 72 (36+36) into the structure of "Senji ryakketsu."
  516. According to Mido Kanpakuki (The Diary of FUJIWARA no Michinaga), FUJIWARA no Michinaga also passed this road to visit Yoshino.
  517. According to Mikisaburo SUZUKI, his comrade in the Goryoeji, Todo was of a typical Edo-ite and a motivated worker and there are several records showing that he was familiar with economics and had also mastered kenjutsu (he excelled in both academics and martial arts).
  518. According to Minori OKAMOTO, Tenmei couldn't read or understand much of the Revelation for some time, so he considered what he had received as something from a lower-grade spirit.
  519. According to Moji Customs Hakata Customs Branch Office the imported amount throughout the year peaks in July, where the midsummer day of the ox takes place.
  520. According to Morinaga's calculations, at the composition in 1893, 1 yen 75 sen were paid for 1 tan (about 10 are) on the average, and at the composition in 1896, 1 yen 54 sen were paid for 1 tan on the average.
  521. According to Motoo YAGI's research, 'Arikatsu as described in "Naito Seisuiki" was fictional and achievements of Joan were conferred upon Arikatsu, and the name of Joan extinguished.'
  522. According to Musashi's famous biography "Niten-ki," he fought with Gonnosuke in Edo, however, the information on the fight isn't found in the other Musashi biography "Buko-den" on which the writer of "Niten-ki" is based.
  523. According to Mutsu Waki (A Tale of Mutsu), Tuneshige was appointed to be the successor to MINAMOTO no Yoritomo as Mutsu no kami in 1062 and "galloped off Kyoto by whipping horse" to subdue uprisings of the Abe clan.
  524. According to NAGAZUMI, its text is approximate to classes 5 and 6.
  525. According to Nagazane MOTODA's memorandum, ('Koki no ki'), the Emperor mentioned Hirobumi ITO's weak point as 'a man who affects a European manner.'
  526. According to Nakahira's essay, "Ero Gro Nonsense Kojin ni Misetakatta Eiga" (Erotic and grotesque nonsense: the films I wanted to show the people in the past) he was an ardent fan of science fiction and read almost all of the mysteries and SF series published by Hayakawa Shobo.
  527. According to Nankibunko's "Kajikawa Nikki" (Kajikawa's Diary) owned by General Library, The University of Tokyo, there is no record of Asano shouting 'do you know what this revenge is for?' at the moment of the incident, and it says that he, all of a sudden, slashed at Kira while screaming.
  528. According to Naojiro's disciple Tojiro KINOSHITA, this work was painted in bed only from memory.
  529. According to Naoyoshi HORIKAWA who named the organization, he wanted to play with the word 'Inteli' (Intelligence).
  530. According to Natsuyama Zatsudan (1741), Tenkai placed 4 statues of Fudo whose eyes were red, black, blue and white, respectively, in 4 directions.
  531. According to Nichiren, Shingon Buddhism stole the teaching about the 3,000 realms of existence from the Tendai school of Buddhism and adopted it as its own religious doctrine.
  532. According to Nihon Koki (the third of the six official national histories), the present Takano-gawa River was named the Hani-gawa River in the Heian period.
  533. According to Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku (the sixth of the six classical Japanese history texts), the first identifiable Goryoe ritual was held at Shinsen-en Temple on May 20, 863.
  534. According to Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan), the third year of Ojin Emperor (272 or 392 according to Samguk Sagi (History of the Three Kingdoms) he was sent to Kudara along with his elder brothers to condemn Jinsa-wang (the 16th King of Baekje) who became insolent toward the Emperor.
  535. According to Nihon Shoki (The Chronicle of Japan), Mimashi of Baekje introduced gigaku to Japan from Wu of Southern China during the reign period of Empress Suiko in 612.
  536. According to Nihon sandai jitsuroku (historical material), the shrine rejected to accept a Shinto priest who was appointed by the Imperial Court in 866.
  537. According to Nihon shoki, he died at the age of 57 (67?), while according to Kojiki, he died at the age of 49.
  538. According to Nihon-shoki, Empress Suiko regnant during her reign in the former half of the 7th century had a garden that had a Shumisen and Kure-hashi Bridge (a holy arch bridge which the gods crossed) and Empress Saimei regnant of the latter half of 7th century also had the same.
  539. According to Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), Prince Junda of Baekje passed away in 513, and there are scholars who believe that Sunta and Junda were the same person.
  540. According to Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), an imperial edict issued on the Taika Reforms in the New Year of 646 mentioned, 'Make the family register and Keicho, and enact the Handen Shuju-no-ho for the first time.'
  541. According to Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), because the people were extremely unhappy about the moving of the capital, there were fire breakouts regardless of day or night (It is presumed that there was such a custom at that time that they set fire to the palace when the people were unhappy about politics.)
  542. According to Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), in December 6 and 8, 658, Prince Arima talked about raising an army with SOGA no Akae in the capital, while Empress Saimei and Crown Prince Naka no Oe no Oji (later Emperor Tenchi) were away to Kinoyu (Kino hot-spring).
  543. According to Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), it seems to be one of the reasons why Soga no Emishi was executed on the occasion of the Taika Reforms (Great Reformation of the Taika era) that he was conceited to make his children called with the honorific naming 'Miko.'
  544. According to Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), the name of the imperial mausoleum is Unebi no yama no Ushitora no Misasagi.
  545. According to Nihonshoki (The Chronicles of Japan), Tochi-no-Hime-Miko was buried on April 14 in 678, and Hikami-no-O-Toji in 682 in ''Ako'' district, which is considered very likely to be this area.
  546. According to Nihonshoki and other history books, Empress Jingu conducted political affairs from 201 to 269.
  547. According to Nihonshoki, Amenouzume reveals her breasts and has her "mohimo" (kind of a skirt) dangle under her belly (when she serves Sarutahiko), and this is seen as an allusion to Amenouzume's sexual relations with Sarutahiko.
  548. According to Nihonshoki, Emishi got angry at and grieved over his such act.
  549. According to Nihonshoki, Izanagi and Izanami basically took action and moved the Kuni-umi forward voluntarily (Section four of the First Volume).
  550. According to Nihonshoki, Izanagi named the country (now Japan) "Urayasu."
  551. According to Nihonshoki, at the age of 45, the year of Yang Wood Tiger, Iwarehikono Mikoto, residing at Takachiho no miya in Hyuga Province, brought his brothers and princes together, and declared "Since the 'tensonkorin' (the descent to earth of the grandson of the sun goddess), about 1,792,477 years have passed
  552. According to Nihonshoki, he died at the age of 114, while according to Kojiki, he died at the age of 93.
  553. According to Nihonshoki, he died at the age of 77, while according to Kojiki, he died at the age of 45.
  554. According to Nihonshoki, it is a Kakurenomiya site (where a god settled peacefully) of Izanagi no mikoto.
  555. According to Nihonshoki, on September 2, 683, MONONOBE no Obito changed his kabane to Muraji.
  556. According to Nihonshoki, the birth order is as follows.
  557. According to Nijushi-sekki (24 seasons), the day of tanabata falls around the time of risshu (the first day of autumn).
  558. According to Nijushisekki (24 divisions of the old calendar), a greeting card written after the end of the rainy season in the destination area is called shochumimai.
  559. According to Nisshu Shonai Gunki, there is an entry stating that Mitsunari ISHIDA or Ieyasu TOKUGAWA told Tadatsune, who had returned from Korea after the death of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, that Tadamune IJUIN was thinking of rebellion, but there is no other historical evidence of the same era to prove it.
  560. According to No. 27 of 'The Forty-Eight Scrolls,' Rensho passed away on September 27, 1207 at his birthplace in Kumagaya City (although there are other theories, this is the generally accepted theory).
  561. According to Noboru YAMANOI, a researcher of negative ions, "Plant wave agriculture method" named by Kogetsu NARASAKI is, in fact, "Negative ion agriculture".
  562. According to Nobutsuna SASAKI, these were not selected by Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa.
  563. According to Nobuyuki Kajikawa (in his "Tsukurareta Manyo no Kajin: Nukada no Okimi" (Fabricated Manyo Poet: Nukada no Okimi)), "Kogane Isago" (A Commentary on Manyoshu), written by Akinari UEDA, was one of the earliest examples in which a description of Nukata no Okimi's appearance was given.
  564. According to Norinaga MOTOORI, it is noted in Wamyo-sho (a dictionary compiled in the Heian period) that 'wani has four legs,' 'it means crocodiles,' 'when a large deer crosses the river it drags it into the water' (Kojikiden).
  565. According to Norinaga, Magatsuhi no kami is the cause of absurdity in life.
  566. According to Ogai, Naojiro did not become infected with European taste during his study there nor after he returned to Japan, but he was still loved by his friends and teachers in Germany, where he studied.
  567. According to Okagami (the Great Mirror, a historical writing), he had also been married to a daughter of TAIRA no Korenaka and later divorced; then, his ex-wife served FUJIWARA no Kenshi, Emperor Sanjyo's second consort, and as a tanka poet, she called herself Yamato no senji.
  568. According to Okugaki (postscript), Kamitsumaki and Shimotsumaki are the books of ONAKATOMI no Sadayo and Nakatsumaki is the book of FUJIWARA no Michimasa in the basic book of popular edition.
  569. According to Ono's literary work "Hakodate Senki", Ono saw Toshizo HIJIKATA who was on the way to Hakodate City at Chiyogaoka jinya (regional government office), and accompanied him to Ippongi kanmon (a barrier).
  570. According to Qijuzhu (Court Diaries) of "Jin shu"(History of the Jin Dynasty) which was quoted in the Jingu section of "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), an emissary of the Queen of Wa brought tribute to Jin in 266 (Taishi 2 = Jin 2); it is a popular idea that this queen might be Toyo.
  571. According to Ritsuryo (the Legal Codes), Koi which was based on the blood or marriage relationship to Emperor, was established as following.
  572. According to Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco who drifted down to a coast of Japan in 1609, at the beginning of the Edo period, the population in Kyoto was between 300,000 and 400,000, while 200,000 in Osaka and 150,000 in Edo.
  573. According to Ryokyu Sosa (also known as Zuiryusai) of the Omotesenke school, Setta (Japanese Traditional Sandals) worn in roji (the garden outside a ceremonial tearoom) were originally designed by Hechikan.
  574. According to Ryoun TAKAMATSU's letter, Soma's assumption of the commander was on June 24, 1869.
  575. According to Sadatake ISE, Yabusame includes three schools: Ogasawara, Takeda and Miura.
  576. According to Samguk Saki (History of the Three Kingdoms), 'Konki, naishin sahei (a government post), died' in 477, which suggests that he returned to Paekche.
  577. According to Sanesuke, there was no difference between Takaie and his men's behavior and BUNYA no Yoshitomo's behavior.
  578. According to Sanetaka Koki, people got crazy about putting their poems in a collection and asked him, but he made an arrangement with Sogi to turn down such offers; When Sogi was in conflict with Kensai INAWASHIRO about the selected poems, Sanetaka made peace between them.
  579. According to Sanno Ichijitsu Shinto, Sanno Gongen is taken as Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairocana) and Amaterasu Omikami (Sun Goddess).
  580. According to Sarashina Nikki, he returned to Kyoto 4 years after he worked as an officer in Hitachi in 1036, and it is believed that he was again appointed an officer of one of the provinces in Japan when he was an old man.
  581. According to Satoru FUKAWA, the victims made large-scale Oshidashi six times in the Meiji period (March 2, 1897; March 24, 1897; September 26, 1898; February 13, 1900; February 19, 1902; March 2, 1902).
  582. According to Section 860 in Chuseiron, even if such people die in right mindfulness chanting the name of the Buddha, there is no doubt that they will go to the Avici hell because of their great sin of slandering the Hokke sect.
  583. According to Seitaisho, seven new departments were established to realize the separation of the powers.
  584. According to Sekien's commentary in the "Hyakki Tsurezure Bukuro," the Burabura looks like a lantern light, however, it is actually believed to be a Kitsune-bi (a Japanese will-o'-the-wisp).
  585. According to Sekizan FUJIWARA, her father was Muneaki MIURA and her mother was Fuyuko, a daughter of Masachika KUSUNOKI.
  586. According to Sen SATO in "Shinsengumi Ibun", Okita's sword style was identical to his master, Kondo's and even his thin, high-pitched yells were very alike.
  587. According to Sennyu-ji Temple records, Emperor Go-Mizuno and Princess Bunchi were the only people to be by the side of Kazuko TOKUGAWA (Tofukumonin) when she died.
  588. According to Seno, Shunkan's wife azuma-ya had been killed by the order of Kiyomori while Shunkan was on the island under sentence.
  589. According to Setsumon-kaiji (Shuowen Jiezi) (Explaining Simple and Analyzing Compound Characters), So is defined as "Tax levied on rice crops," which was originally Denso, and was collected nominally for ritual expenses.
  590. According to Shi Hugo Zhan (records on economy) of "Kanjo" (historical records of the Han Dynasty), Kasen were cast in 14 A.D., and were circulated for twelve years until the Shin dynasty became extinct.
  591. According to Shigeru MIZUKI, a Japanese cartoonist specializing in specters, Abumikuchi was originally a stirrup used by a busho (Japanese military commander.)
  592. According to Shigeru MIZUKI, a specter cartoonist, Zenfusho hides in a thicket and suddenly appears in front of a person passing nearby; it will do nothing if one retraces, but it if one proceeds, it will scratch with its sharp nails.
  593. According to Shigetaka MIYAKAMI, the name Tenshu originated from Tenshu of Gifu-jo Castle, where Nobunaga ODA, requesting Shuryo SAKUGEN, gave the name to a four-story palace understood to be located at Fumoto (the foothill).
  594. According to Shimeikyo, it is said that Yasunari had faced off against yoko (fox spirit) Tamamo no mae with magic.
  595. According to Shincho Koki (Biography of the Warlord Nobunaga ODA) on the other hand, Yoshimoto's territory produced only a 45,000 koku crop yield, therefore the real figures are unknown.
  596. According to Shinchoko-ki (The Biography of Nobunaga ODA), Nobunaga became jun-kanrei (deputy kanrei), but it is not clear whether or not the position was identical to the post of Kanrei-dai or even his assumption of the post.
  597. According to Shingo YAMASHIRO, Katsu was originally supposed to play the roles of Shingen TAKEDA and his body double, and his older brother Tomisaburo WAKAYAMA was to play the role of Shingen's younger brother Nobukado TAKEDA (the opposite of their true ages).
  598. According to Shinsen Shojiroku, it is written he was an ancestor of TAKAHASHI no Muraji (Shinbetsu [clans branched out of a family of god] of Yamashiro Province) and TOMI no Muraji (Shinbetsu of Kawachi Province) but also written that he was an ancestor of TABE no Muraji in "Tenson hongi" (the original record of the heavenly grandchild).
  599. According to Shinto tradition, the power of the shrine declined during the Heian Period, and it is said to have become the auxiliary shrine of Fuefuki-jinja Shrine.
  600. According to Shinto's idea, the Kami (Shinto) exists in Shinrabansho (all things in nature, the whole creation) and religious services are considered important, with Amatsu kami (god of heaven), Kunitsukami (gods of the land), and Sorei (ancestral spirit, collective of ancestral spirits that have lost their individualities, ancestors deified as kami, spirit of a kami) enshrined.
  601. According to Shinto's view of world, there are Tokoyo (the perpetual world) and Utsusho (the actual world); Utsushiyo is where people live and Tokoyo is considered to be where gods live or the sacred area.
  602. According to Shinto, the soul of a living person is unstable, and if ignored it will become separated from the body.
  603. According to Shinto, they represent the wind and light of the gods of heaven and earth, the longevity of the people, the defense of the nation, and control over the public.
  604. According to Shizuya FUJIKAKE, Hiroshige the second was a disciple of Hiroshige and commonly called Chinpei MORITA whose pseudonym was Nobushige.
  605. According to Shoku Nihongi, Imiki FUMINO, who was Shorokuinojo (Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade) Sadaishi (First Secretary of the Left), and Mooto told Emperor Kammu that their ancestor Wani was a descendant of the Emperor of the Han dynasty.
  606. According to Shoku Nihongi, kelp was dedicated to Imperial court and Shogun family as a tribute from Tohoku region in those days.
  607. According to Shoryo (mausoleums) in "the Engishiki" (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers), his tomb is 'Mitate no Oka no Haka' which is located in Hirose-gun County, Yamato Province and is six cho from east to west and four cho from north to south without Shuko (a guard in charge of the protection of a mausoleum).
  608. According to Shoryoryo (the Bureau for managing imperial mausoleums) of the "Engishiki" (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers), he was buried in Narai no Haka (Makino tumulus in Koryo-cho, Nara Prefecture).
  609. According to Shoryoryo (the Bureau for managing imperial mausoleums) of the "Engishiki" (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers), he was buried in Sakinotatanami no ikeshiri no misasagi.
  610. According to Shoso-in Monjo (documents of Shoso-in (Treasure Repository)), these statues were made in 762 and the names of both Kyoji were 'Shinno' (God-King), so that the name of 'Kongo Zao' was seen in a record from the Heian period for the first time.
  611. According to Showa edition of "Dictionary of Imperial and Noble Families in Japan" (edited by Kasumi-kai) the date of his death was October 28, but it was revised to November 5 in Heisei edition of the same book.
  612. According to Shushigaku's 'Sei soku ri' thesis, one's mind is divided into 'Sei' and 'Jo.'
  613. According to Si Yun KIN's thesis below, his whole Chinese translation of the 'Datsu-A Ron' done by him is open to public inspection now.
  614. According to Soen SHUN'OKU, who studied under the same master as Sochin, it was Soto DAIRIN who came up with the name of Rikyu (according to "Ichimokuko").
  615. According to Sonpi Bunmyaku (a text compiled in the fourteenth century that records the lineages of the aristocracy) and Utsunomiya family records, it is said that he had a son, FUJIWARA no Soen, who became the founder of the Utsunomiya clan.
  616. According to Soseki MUSO, Yorito's skill as a warrior was widely recognized, and therefore, people continued to beg for his life until immediately before the execution.
  617. According to South Korea's weather agency, the kosa coming to Korea is produced mostly in Inner Mongolia, the Gobi Desert, or the Loess Plateau, and reaches Korea in around one to eight days after it is produced in these areas.
  618. According to Suguru SASAKI, there was only a plan to raise Rinnojinomiya who became the leader of Ouetsu-reppan alliance to the Imperial Throne and to change era name to 'Taisei' in the year of his enthronement.
  619. According to Suishu (the Book of the Sui Dynasty), the King of Wa called himself "Hiizurutokoro no tenshi" (literally, the king of the place where the sun rises) in the letter he sent to Emperor Yodai in 607, and this fact also suggests the existence of the different notion of Tenka from the Chinese world.
  620. According to Sukemichi, Enma Daio (the King of Hell), who passed judgment on worldly crimes, decided to return Sukemichi to his life on the earth because of the splendid offerings made for the Taizanfukunsai.
  621. According to Susumu ISHII, this decree gave Yoritomo huge executive power and its substantial effect was extremely profound.
  622. According to TAMURA, the prosperity of the Fujiwara clan at a later time had sprouted and prepared at that moment.
  623. According to TONO, the sailing of the ship for missions to Tang China was relatively high.
  624. According to Tadachika KUWADA, during the Eiroku era, there were 73 branch castles in the Azai's territory.
  625. According to Taiheiki, she became Yoshisada's wife with the Emperor's permission, and Yoshisada missed an opportunity to chase Takauji because he was unwilling to part from naishi.
  626. According to Taiheiki, the number of samurai that committed suicide by disembowelment was 283 in the Hojo clan, and their vassals numbered 870, but this could be an exaggeration to highlight their tragedy.
  627. According to Taiho Ritsuryo and Yoro Ritsuryo, Kami's responsibility was as the same of 'Sohan' of political cases as that of Tang.
  628. According to Taikoki (Chronicle of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI), Sadakatsu originated from Omi Province.
  629. According to Takatomo KYOGOKU's will, among the Kyogoku family members his eldest son Takahiro inherited the Miyazu domain with 70,000 koku, the second son Takamitsu inherited the Tango-Tanabe domain (Maizuru domain) with 35,000 koku, and the adopted son Takanobu inherited the Mineyama domain with 13,000 koku.
  630. According to Takehiko YOSHIDA's theory on the Kyushu Dynasty, the forces that fought in the Battle of Hakusukinoe were not from the Kinai region (the five capital provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto) of the Yamato Kingdom (Japan), but instead belonged to the Kyushu Dynasty (Wa) stationed in the Dazaifu (the local government of Kyushu).
  631. According to Tamesaburo YAGI who was a child of a house where the Shinsengumi was stationed, 'he was not so tall, had fair-skinned lovable face, liked kids and talked to them wherever he met them' (Rojin Mibu Banashi (the Aged Mibu Story) by Tamesaburo YAGI).
  632. According to Tamesaburo's testimony, it is said that Oume was born in Nishijin, Kyoto, and she stayed at an ochaya (tea house where guests are entertained by geisha) in Shimabara.
  633. According to Tamesaburo, she was pretty and looked like around twenty two or three years old,
  634. According to Tamonin Diary, Omandokoro died at 76 years old in 1592; so there is a gap of the date.
  635. According to Tamotsu WATANABE who accepted Kunio YANAGIDA's theory, while the word "Dance" contains leaps and jumps, the word "dance" in Noh means "turn," or in other words "rotary motion," a characteristic of Noh dancing.
  636. According to Tamotsu WATANABE who is following a theory by Kunio YANAGIDA, the term 'Odori' (dances in Classical Japanese dance, and so on) also refers to jumping, but, the term 'Mai' (dances in Noh) means 'revolving' which means a circular movement.
  637. According to Teiji KADOWAKI, the peak of "Tango Kingdom" was the mid to late fourth century to the fifth century.
  638. According to Teiko hongi (the original record of earthly sovereigns) in volume nine, on September 5 when Emperor Yomei was enthroned, MONONOBE no Yuge no Moriya no Muraji no Kimi was promoted to Omuraji and as a Minister.
  639. According to Tenmei, when he was taking a rest after giving his appreciation at Ame no Hitsuku-jinja Shrine, he experienced the automatic writing phenomenon.
  640. According to Tetsu no jo KANZE the eighth, it was originally a farming community event to pray for a bountiful grain harvest, and Okina, Senzai, and Sanbaso respectively personified a village chief, a youth, and a farmer.
  641. According to Tetsuji YURA, Hokusai visited Obuse four times since the age of 83, drew this painting during his fourth stay, in which he spent about a year, and died at age 90 a year after he had completed that challenging work and returned to Edo.
  642. According to The Book of the Matsudaira Clan, Kayouin was executed in June 9, 1560 as a result of this incident.
  643. According to Todai-ji Temple's record, Nobunaga cut off two pieces off the wood, each about 3 cm around.
  644. According to Todaiki, when Hidetada arrived at Okazaki-shuku Station on November 1, Ieyasu is said to have sent a messenger to Hidetada to give a reprimand, 'It was too unthoughtful of you to lose many of your troops, who were supposed to reach Kyoto, by needlessly hurrying the way.'
  645. According to Tohoki, a historical record of To-ji from the Nanbokucho period, a person named Isendo FUJIWARA became the commissioner of temple construction and built To-ji in 796, shortly after the transition to Heiankyo.
  646. According to Tokugawa Jikki (collection of official records of the Edo bakufu), Ietsugu was born smart and caring like his father Ienobu and his behavior was elegant.
  647. According to Tora-ya in Tsu City (see below), ichigo daifuku are a new Japanese confection first made around 1985.
  648. According to Toritsu, the fathers and the sons (aged sixteen and over) of the muhon convicts would be hanged.
  649. According to Tosa Monogatari, Morichika apologized to Ieyasu TOKUGAWA through Ieyasu's key vassal, Naomasa II, to whom Morichika had been close.
  650. According to Tosa Nikki (Tosa Diary), in the Heian period, a holly spring and a head of 'Nayoshi' (striped mullet) were on Shimenawa (sacred rice-straw rope) which was displayed above the door on New Year's Holidays.
  651. According to Toshiko YOSHIKAWA, it was likely that during his early Buddhist training, Yoshio was given the Chinese character 薩 for his name, which relates to 菩薩 (Bodhisattva).
  652. According to Toyohiko FUKUDA, the 'kaihatsu-ryoshu' that later became the basis for the Kamakura bakufu differed in a fundamental management methods from 'shieiden management.'
  653. According to Toyotane MATSUMOTO, gozoku (local ruling family) who constructed irrigation ponds and actively managed rice paddies, constructed their graves at places from where people can see the territory they developed.
  654. According to Tsuchida family records, the hereditary post dates back to 1219, when they served as attendant to Shogun FUJIWARA no Yoritsune on his travel from Kyoto eastward.
  655. According to Tsunekazu NISHIOKA, an engineer conserving culture properties and in charge of reconstructing the West Pagoda, the height of the West Pagoda and that of the East Pagoda will become equal 500 years later.
  656. According to Tsuneyasu TAKEDA the Imperial Household Agency defines emperors, empresses, princess from out of 51 Imperial members of 11 Miyake who ceased to be members of the Imperial Family in 1947, as 'descendants of the former Imperial Family,' and the head of the Miyake were called 'the former Imperial Family.'
  657. According to Tsurezuregusa, Iso no Zenji taught Shizuka Gozen how to perform shirabyoshi dances.
  658. According to Tsurugi no maki (chapter titled "Tsurugi" or sword) of Heike Monogatari (The tale of the Heike), the sword craftsman was "a craftsman of iron facon from Tang who lived in Deyama, Mikasa no Kori, Chikuzen Province," however, the details are unknown.
  659. According to Uji-shui monogatari (Uji-shui stories), its initial name in the Heian period, Gusoku-koji Street, was corrupted into Kuso-koji Street, and then, at imperial command, it was named Nishikikoji after Ayanokoji-dori Street, which is the next street southward across Shijo-dori Street.
  660. According to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is a superordinate concept of Kyoto Protocol, the base year, or the reference year must be 1990 for the participating countries except a part of economically developing countries.
  661. According to Utaemon NAKAMURA the Fifth, 'The role of Kudo must be expressed through the position of the body and the presence.
  662. According to Volume 22 of "Nihonshoki," Imoko was sent to Great Tang of China with KURATSUKURI no Fukuri in 607.
  663. According to Wamyo Ruijusho, the provincial government office (Kokufu) was situated at the Kaya Imperial Villa (Kaya Detached Palace).
  664. According to Wamyo-ruijusho (a Japanese encyclopedia) edited in the middle of the Heian period, yukatabira was a kind of inner cloth worn for bathing.
  665. According to Yamada Foods, each grain is divided into approximately six parts.
  666. According to Yamato Monogatari, in which she appeared as the head of itodokoro, she participated in the poem contest held at Onshi's salon along with waka poet Ise (waka poet), Hyoe no myobu (FUJIWARA no Takatsune's wife), and Ichi no miko (Imperial Princess Kinshi, Onshi's only daughter).
  667. According to Yasuji Toita, there was the 'Tsurigitsune syle' as well as the versions in which Kudo has the condition of Nyctalopia or a koto (a long Japanese zither with thirteen strings) is played with shoji (opaque sliding screens).
  668. According to Yasutoki shosokubun, it was called shikijo first, but changed to shikimoku in consideration of the ritsuryo codes.
  669. According to Yokokura, Kichiroku escaped from the Shinsengumi at Fushimi during the Battle of Toba-Fushimi.
  670. According to Yorinaga, he looked more handsome than his brothers (in the page of June 22, 1147 (the third year of Kyuan era) of "Taiki" (diary of FUJIWARA no Yorinaga)).
  671. According to Yoshida, the military institution was transferred to Alla after the fall of Mimana Gaya (Geumgwan Gaya) in 532, but it lost its base when Dae Gaya collapsed in 562 (=>Yoshida 1997 pp.74-78.).
  672. According to Yoshio TSUCHIYA, when a scene of a policeman directing evacuees was taken, KUROSAWA voiced, 'In real-life, a policeman would also evacuate instead of directing evacuees.' but HONDA answered 'Ideally, policemen should be like this.'
  673. According to Yuji OTABE, there were totally 1011kazoku class families while the system existed.
  674. According to Yukitoki TAKIGAWA (he later became the president of Kyoto University), who was one of lecturers, students who were carrying a placard asserting the abolition of Imperial system rushed to the front entrance at this time.
  675. According to Yuko YOSHINO, the 'Haha' in 'Habaki' is an ancient word for snake.
  676. According to Zengen Shosenshu Tojo (Commentary of the Ch'an-yuan-chu-ch'uan-chi tu-hsu) written by Guifeng Zongmi, the origin of Zen exists in bussho (the Buddhist nature), to be aware bussho is the wisdom, to practice wisdom is jo and the word Zenna means all of them.
  677. According to `Dazai-fu excavation and research,' it took about 300 years for construction based on the initial plan.
  678. According to `Sassyu Kagoshima shuchu residence cadastral register' established in 1636, "Naka Yashiki 3 tan (1 tan = length app 10.6m and width app. 34cm) 6 se (1 se = approximately 99.174 m.sq.) 20 bu NAKANISHI Nagato no kami (Governor of Nagato Province) dono" is described in "Nippori noue."
  679. According to a "Chu-yu-ki" entry on July 12, 1120, 'the wife of Hoki no kami (Lord of Hoki), Tadamori, died suddenly. She was around Sen-in,' and this shows that the wife of Tadamori was serving Sen-in (Cloistered Emperor Shirakawa).
  680. According to a 1614 feudal law (okitegaki) pertaining to Komuso itinerant priests that was approved and advocated by Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, the Komuso were permitted to travel around Japan as part of their sect's martial training and to gain knowledge.
  681. According to a Buddhist scripture, "Kyoten (Buddhist Scripture) Daizo-kyo Sutra" (the Tripitaka), it was the transformation of a spirit that rose from a new corpse.
  682. According to a Japanese legend, he was described as the poet who composed a Kyoka (a comic poem) for the first time, thus, he was also known as 'the founder of kyoka.'
  683. According to a Sharman kuchiyose medium, the Emperor's ghost had appeared bewailing 'Someone cursed me by driving nails into the eyes of the Tenko (celestial fox) statue on Mt Atago (Kyoto).'
  684. According to a TV interview with Nao Utahara, an entertainer and a distant relative, the interchanges with Soseki were not limited to himself but extended to other family members, and her great grandfather was a cousin of Shiki who wrote haiku himself as well.
  685. According to a Zen Buddhist legend, Buddha twirled a flower in one of his sermons but no one understood the meaning of his gesture except for Mahakasyapa (one of the disciples of Buddha), who grasped the meaning of Buddha's wordless sermon and broke into a smile.
  686. According to a biography handed down through the Nakashima family, the family was founded by Sanjuro Yukiyasu (died in April 1441), a son of Mitsuyuki YAMANA.
  687. According to a book "Kaijo Monogatari" (the Kaijo Story), during his years in Akashi, Musashi fought with Gonnosuke MUSO, the patriarch of Shinto Muso-ryu School of Jo-jutsu (art of using a stick as a weapon).
  688. According to a book "Shimazu Shigehide," she initially served Joganin (a concubine of Tsugutoyo SHIMAZU) as Joro (high rank female housekeeper).
  689. According to a book written by Adrian Fortescue in 1912 (The Mass: A Study of the Roman Liturgy), the appropriate type of torch for Mass was one that had to be held, not a self-standing type.
  690. According to a book written by MIURA "Tetteiteki ni Nihon Rekishi no Gobyu o Tadasu" (Correct errors in Japanese history thoroughly), the Emperor Taiho was said to be born in Kyomaru, Totomi Province (present Haruno-cho, Tenryu Ward, Hamamatsu City, Shizuoka Prefecture).
  691. According to a book written by Ryojun MATSUMOTO, Yamazaki said, with a smile, that "I am a doctor of Shinsengumi."
  692. According to a book written by Sadao NAKAJIMA, graduates of universities other than Tokyo University, Waseda University, Keio University, and Nihon University College of Art, and of Kyoto University or Doshisha University for the Kyoto Studios, were not recruited unless they had strong personal connections.
  693. According to a caption in the "Konjaku Hyakki Shui," the byobu nozoki is a yokai which peeps at people from behind a byobu (folding screen).
  694. According to a certain tradition, he was born in 1486, but this has been denied because of his father's age and a background that actually he was only nine years old when he was serving Masamoto HOSOKAWA.
  695. According to a certain view, Tadatsugu SAKAI had already marched up to Northern Ise.
  696. According to a classic history book, Taiheiki, the last words of the Emperor Go-Daigo were "Even though my body might be covered with moss in the Junanzan mountain, my soul is always keen for the sky of the north.
  697. According to a common saying, many fires break out during the year that has up to 'San no tori.'
  698. According to a common theory, in due course, the Azai clan expelled the Asami clan, who was aiming at enhancing its autocratic rule, and instead, the Azai clan grew gradually and became a Sengoku daimyo (Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period), by making the Kyogoku clan as its puppet and handling the influential vassals of the Kyogoku family.
  699. According to a commonly accepted theory of history, it is considered that Sadayori ROKKAKU, a younger brother of Ujitsuna, succeeded to the family estate, and since then the descendants of Sadayori had succeeded to the family estate of the Rokkaku clan.
  700. According to a commonly accepted theory, Nobutomi HONGO was the first person appointed to the post in 1603, but there is another theory insisting that he was not the first.
  701. According to a commonly accepted view, Yoshisue is considered as the same person as a gokenin (immediate vassal of the shogun) called Saburo Yoshihide TOKUGAWA, whose name was found in the history book "Azuma-kagami" of the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  702. According to a correction, the Wakoku War comes under the latter to end of the Kinai V period, which has no periodical consistency with upland settlements, and theory stating upland settlements were not related to the Wakoku War, became the mainstream.
  703. According to a couple of theories, the knoll was a mausoleum of Emperor Chukyo (Dethroned Emperor Kujo) and the divine spirit was enshrined in the shrine, or it was a grave of Imperial Prince Toneri or FUJIWARA no Sanetomo.
  704. According to a current system (which is known as 'Isse ichigen no sei' [literally, the practice of assigning one era name to one emperor]), Gengo (an era name) during the Emperor's reign usually becomes that Emperor's posthumous title.
  705. According to a curriculum vitae that was written in his own hand, he studied at Senshu School at the time (the present-day Senshu University) from February 1, 1883 to December 25, 1885, and graduated from there.
  706. According to a dairy written by FUJIWARA no Yorinaga called "Taiki," strong ties with the sekke meant, 'Even though the descendants of TSUCHIMIKADO, the Ushojo (Udaijin), are of the Minamoto clan, they count as Michinaga's descendants.'
  707. According to a description in "Shinpen Musashi fudoki ko" (a topography of Musashi Province from 1804 to 1829), after that, this monster left a ball called "a cow ball" in Ushijima-jinja Shrine located on the shore opposite to Asakusa and disappeared.
  708. According to a description in Kikkawake Monjo (a document of the Kikkawa clan), he told Hiroie KIKKAWA, who was his nephew, that 'the Mori clan is secure under Toyotomi's government because it kept the pledge with Hashiba.'
  709. According to a description in the "Gukansho," Yoriie was attacked while taking a bath and fought back furiously, but he was stabbed to death after a rope was wound around his neck and the assailants attacked his vitals.
  710. According to a description in the "Shuishu" (literally, "collection of gleanings" or an imperial anthology of Japanese waka poetry,) a Kagura dance was performed by miko (shrine maidens) called 'Yaotome' (literally, 'eight maidens') at Kasuga Taisha Shrine in Nara in 920.
  711. According to a description in the Gishi-wajin-den (魏志倭人伝), there was already an original Wakyu in the Kofun Period.
  712. According to a description in the illustrated scrolls "Tonomine Engi Emaki", when Kamatari was born, a white fox with a sickle in its mouth appeared from somewhere and left the sickle at the foot of the newborn baby, thus the baby was named Kamako (kama meaning a sickle).
  713. According to a description of Saemonfu of the Left and Right (the offices that safeguarded palace gates) in Volume 46 of Engishiki jinmyocho (a list of shrines), Komainu were placed on the left side of the Kaiin-mon gate on a Taigibi day (a day of an imperial ceremony) and returned to Saemonfu when the ceremony was over.
  714. According to a detailed record of the circumstances owned by the Japan Center for Asian Historical Records (in the National Archives of Japan), some Japanese civilian residents who had nothing to do with the incident were also killed or injured.
  715. According to a diagram revision made effective on April 17, 1996, the Kusauchi Route was divided into two at Shin-Tanabe, therefore all buses of the Yawata Tanabe Route began to operate between Keihan Yawata - Shin-Tanabe, and Shin-Tanabe - Kusauchi.
  716. According to a diary entry he wrote in 1848, he had a three-game match of Igo and was defeated.
  717. According to a diary of a Court noble, only one article among 31 articles of the petition was judged to be illegal.
  718. According to a dictionary published in the Edo period, "Genen," remembering the spell on the New Year's Eve is ominous.
  719. According to a different opinion regarding the date of his death, it was August 13, 1255.
  720. According to a different opinion, Michichika who was the third son of FUJIWARA no Kinmichi, the four generations from Hidesato, was the ancestor of Onuki clan.
  721. According to a different theory cited in the Nihonshoki, Ninigi was a son of the deity Ame no hoakari.
  722. According to a different theory, an old soldier in Matsuyama, during the Sino-Japanese War (also during the Russo-Japanese War), talked about old times and said, "I am Sanosuke HARADA."
  723. According to a different theory, the Hofu Tenmangu Shrine or Kobiragata Tenmangu Shrine may be included instead of the Osaka Tenmangu Shrine.
  724. According to a different view, Kunimatsu escaped to Satsuma Province and he was sheltered by the Shimazu clan and became Nobutsugu KINOSHITA (Nobuyoshi KINOSHITA) who was founder of a branch family, that was a kotaiyoriai (alternate yoriai, a family status of samurai warriors in the Edo period), of the Kinoshita family of Hiji Domain in Bungo Province.
  725. According to a disclosed official document, the requirements to be authorized as Toyo University were ready in 1920 but the approbation was delayed due to the incident, so this record proved that Toyo University didn't lag behind others.
  726. According to a divergent opinion, Ryozo was killed in battle on January 27, 1868.
  727. According to a document SEN no Rikyu and others cherished Hino lacquerware in the Azuchi-Momoyama period.
  728. According to a document kept by Kazumasu, the territory of the Hojo clan in the Kanto region was called 'Minamikata' and highly valued.
  729. According to a document stored in the Shoso-in Treasure Repository, Enkei lent "Kegon-kyo" (Avatamsaka Sutra) in 755 and "Matoga-kyo" (M?ta?g?-s?tra) in 756 to the Sutra Copying Office of Todai-ji Temple.
  730. According to a dream divination, he is promised to become Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state).
  731. According to a family register of deaths of Ichiren-ji Temple or Ketsuo Zeei Goroku (sayings), he died in 1362.
  732. According to a folklore introduced in the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), (Awaji) locals, finding that the wood that washed ashore exuded a pleasant smell when putting it on a fire, presented the wood to the Imperial Court as a tribute, and the wood was appreciated by the Court.
  733. According to a folklore, Kikakumaru fled by sea, changed his name into Ikunoshin TOYOTA, ran a sake (rice wine) winery and lived up to the age of 93.
  734. According to a folklore, a man served with a dish of crab had mistakenly unfastened his fundoshi loincloth instead of removing the crab's fundoshi.
  735. According to a folktale handed down in Aza-Hodono, Ichiu (present-day Kami City), Monobe Village (of Kochi Prefecture), Kochi Prefecture, an old woman living in the interior helped the Ushioni that had fallen into a cone-shaped pit 3.6 to 5.4 meters deep and been crying for not be able to get out of it.
  736. According to a genealogical chart of the Imperial Family prepared by Yasumichi NIJO in which persons who conducted inmyodenju at the time of sokuikanjo are shown, Emperor Gofukakusa was initiated into sokuikanjo by Sanetsune ICHIJO who was sessho (regent) at the time of enthronement.,
  737. According to a genealogical record, they served as the direct vassals of the Ashikaga Shogun family, and later moved to Mikawa Province.
  738. According to a genealogical table made by later generations, the family is said to have governed the Kokubun-sho estate in the Kamakura period.
  739. According to a genealogical table, he called himself Hikogoro and his official rank was Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and Saemon no jo (Third-ranked officer of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards).
  740. According to a generally accepted theory, the Soniryo was rigorously enforced as the law for maintaining the nation protection thought.
  741. According to a geographical document in the early Edo period "Ashiwakebune," the Nue drifted down to the Yodo-gawa River.
  742. According to a heresy, he was a son of MINAMOTO no Yorizane (Settsu-Genji [Minamoto clan]), but there is a slight problem in their ages when considering the period in which Yorizane was active and the birth year of his elder brother Yoriyoshi.
  743. According to a historical document (Azuma Kagami [The Mirror of the East, a chronicle of the early history of the Kamakura Bakufu]) Noriyori acted as reinforcements in the Kanto region and this is the first record of Noriyori, however because of the strength of the Oyama clan, the battle was over and Noriyori fought against the remnants.
  744. According to a historical document in Senso-ji Temple, Tenkai and Chugo, a chief priest of Senso-ji Temple, were at the camp of Ieyasu during an attack on Hojo.
  745. According to a historical novelist Yuji SEKI, the god of Sumiyoshi to whom the elderly couple asks for favor is the Sumiyoshi Sanjin enshrined at Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine.
  746. According to a historical source dated from the year 1275, the total number of gokenin in the entire country was about 480 which indicates gokenin numbers were tightly restricted even within the elite samurai class.
  747. According to a history book of China, the five kings of Wa sent tribute to China.
  748. According to a journal of HARRIS, a minister in the government of the United States of America, HARRIS wrote that Iesada performed physical actions before he spoke a word that he bent his head backward and stamped his feet as he granted HARRIS an audience.
  749. According to a large quantity of articles unearthed in various places in China, and records and literatures in China, Kanei-tsuho had been circulated even in China during the Qing Dynasty.
  750. According to a legend from Ise, Owari, Mino, and Hida Provinces, a windstorm occurred when Ichimokuren left the shrine and ran wild, and it is believed that the description in the encyclopedia was derived from this folklore.
  751. According to a legend handed down in Murakami City, Niigata Prefecture (formerly Sanpoku-machi, Iwafune-gun (Nigata prefecture)), for example, Tanokami is believed to come from Tenjiku (India) and descend on houses on March 16.
  752. According to a legend handed down within the Kono clan of Iyo Province, a certain son-in-law Chikakiyo KONO is considered to be Yoriyoshi's fourth son, Chikakiyo MISHIMASHIRO.
  753. According to a legend in Akita Prefecture, a man was struck by a blinding snowstorm in the middle of the night.
  754. According to a legend in Inaba Province (the present-day eastern part of Tottori Prefecture), a countless number of lights looked like firefly lights swarmed around a straw raincoat on the snowy night.
  755. According to a legend of Kannabi Village, Hisako, the wife of Masashige KUSUNOKI, went on a pilgrimage with a statue of the Kannon as a small portab;e statue of Buddha, but she did not know when to stop.
  756. According to a legend of Shiobara, Tochigi Prefecture, Aritsuna's last stand was in Shimotsuke Province, but that is not confirmed.
  757. According to a legend told in Yanagawa City, Fukuoka Prefecture, Kamachi-jo Castle was built by FUJIWARA no Suminori, and TACHIBANA no Kimiyori resisted it by building Yanagawa-jo Castle.
  758. According to a legend, Empress Komyo nursed sick people by herself.
  759. According to a legend, Eshinsozu saw Lake Biwa from Yokawa Tower on Mt. Hiei and wondered at the light in the lake shining every night, so he sent someone to pick it up by net.
  760. According to a legend, Gennai stayed the night at the home of Goi family, a sake a brewer who lived in the castle town of Kakunodate, on the way to Ani-machi.
  761. According to a legend, Kazashi originated from Uzume-no-mikoto, the god of entertainment and shrine maidens, and it is said to have started when she used ivy for tasuki (cord used to tuck up the sleeves of a kimono) and a hachimaki (headband) and performed a dance in front of Ama no iwato (Cave of heaven).
  762. According to a legend, Sojobo mistakenly believed that he suddenly realized Buddhahood in the middle of ascetic practices, thereby failing to become Buddha after death.
  763. According to a legend, Yoritomo told Tadamune 'As promised, I will give you Mino-Owari' when he was killed (The word "Mino-Owari" has double meaning here, the word basically means "Mino and Owari Provinces," but it also means "the end of your life" with the same pronunciation when spelled differently in Japanese.)
  764. According to a legend, a ceremony for kanjo (the ceremonial transfer of a divided tutelary deity to a new location) was held to transfer Toyofutsunomitama no Kami and Okunitama no Kami to Isonokami-jingu Shrine and Oyamato-jinja Shrine respectively.
  765. According to a legend, a demon called Shuten-doji lived in Oe on the border with Kyoto City and was subdued by MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu.
  766. According to a legend, after the tunnel was opened, people who used this tunnel paid a fee, and therefore this tunnel is said to be Japan's oldest toll road.
  767. According to a legend, he was so impressed with the temple's fine spring water, called 'Tokko water', which had been dug by Kobo Daishi using Tokko (a religious tool like a short stick), that he built Gansuiken.
  768. According to a legend, she went on the rampage when things didn't go the way she wanted, flinging off powerful gods thousands miles away, and also breaking sharp swords into pieces with her fangs.
  769. According to a legend, the temple was moved to where it stands today by Hisamichi KONOE (a court noble in the Sengoku period, who served as Kanpaku) in 1539 after the Hokke ikki uprising.
  770. According to a legend, the yashiro was transferred to Nakano-bo Hall and is currently enshrined as a chinju (local Shinto deity), and the shrine became a shoshi (a small shrine) of Ryuo-sha which was a massha (a small shrine belonging to the main shrine) belonging to Inari-jinja shrine located within the precincts of the temple.
  771. According to a legend, when Dosho asked the incarnation for instruction, Dosho obtained the Shinsen gedoku no ho (how to prepare and take the wizard mountain poison-dispelling pill that cures all illnesses).
  772. According to a legend, when Yoshimoto IMAGAWA was defeated by Nobunaga ODA at the Battle of Okehazama in 1560, Ieyasu TOKUGAWA (those days, Motoyasu MATSUDAIRA) who had been following the Imagawa clan tried to execute seppuku (ritual suicide) in Daiju-ji Temple under Okazaki-jo Castle.
  773. According to a letter he sent to Toshimichi OKUBO, Takamori SAIGO definitely lobbied for his belief in the need for Yoshinobu's Seppuku (suicide by disembowelment).
  774. According to a letter received by Harusue KIKUTEI in 1590, it was said that Nobutada, who spent his early years in the provinces and even after returning to Kyoto had more opportunities to make friends with Nobunaga's pageboys than with the nobles, admired the samurai.
  775. According to a letter sent by Kyoga to a priest at Ada of Chofuku-ji Temple in Kai Province, in 1576, Shingen TAKEDA an old enemy always described Kenshin as an 'Unrivaled Taisho (general) in Japan.'
  776. According to a letter sent from Kazuemon FUWA to his father Shinsuke SAKURA, he was originally responsible for guarding the yard; however, he could not stand it and made his way into the residence where he ended up fighting against the head of Kira family Yoshimasa KIRA who was battling with his long sword.
  777. According to a letter sent to Haruniwa MOTOORI to join as a disciple of after the death, Atsutane stated that Norinaga appeared in his dream and contracted a teacher-pupil relationship.
  778. According to a letter written by Okifusa SUE (a vassal of the Ouchi clan) on May 28, 1530, Okihisa confronted Tsunehisa directly and beat back attacks of Tsunehisa several times.
  779. According to a literally work of Takahisa MIYAUCHI, the government ordered a detailed survey to each prefecture to see how far the prohibition had influenced the daily life.
  780. According to a literary critic, Hirotoshi KITAJIMA, the model of the main character, Kanichi HAZAMA, was Sazanami IWAYA, a scholar of children's literature.
  781. According to a literary work, 'Soshite shikei ha shittkou sareta' by Shiro GODA, (Kohyu syuppan Co., Ltd.) there were actually some condemned who tried to tone up their neck.
  782. According to a literature of early Muromachi period, the pattern was the Kiri, take, hoo mon (the design of paulownia, bamboo and phoenix), which was the same as Korozen no goho (a cloth that an emperor put on when he or she performed an important ritual), and the pattern was first weaved and then dyed.
  783. According to a local folk tale, in the deep pools of Ide, there lived a daija (giant snake) that often appeared in the village and ate the villagers.
  784. According to a local lore, it is said that long ago, a small but noble child (hiruko (leech child)) was born, but he was abandoned and was left in the currents of water, and he was sad and distressed.
  785. According to a long-held belief, Shinkuro was a suronin (master-less samurai) and his sister Kitagawa-dono was considered to be a concubine.
  786. According to a lore passed down in his birthplace Matano, nearing his end, Kagehisa made a dying wish that his nenjibutsu (a small statue of Buddha kept beside the person) be enshrined in his hometown.
  787. According to a magazine "Meiwashi" in 1822, Gennai HIRAGA coined the catchphrase "Today is Midsummer Day of the Ox" for an eel shop that suffered slow sales in summer, whereby the custom of 'eating an eel on Midsummer Day to prevent tiredness from the summer heat' began.
  788. According to a memory of his son, Kashiwa OYAMA, Iwao gobbled up a bowl of rice topped with a more than 40 cm of kabayaki (grilled and seasoned with a slightly thick, slightly sweet sauce) eel, and favored beefsteaks and red wine imported from France, thus Iwao's weight was more than 95 kg when he was the heaviest.
  789. According to a migyosho (order written by a substitute) by Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA, the eighth Seii Taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feaudal government headed by a shogun), he was assigned as Edokoro-azukari in 1469.
  790. According to a myth in Izawanomiya, rice in Japan was brought by Amaterasu from divine rice field in the itsuki in the plain of high heaven.
  791. According to a myth of Kuni-umi in Kojiki, Kumaso was told as one of the four areas of Tsukushi no shima Island (Kyushu), which was born after Shikoku and before Iki Island, and its another name was said to be 'Takehiwake.'
  792. According to a myth, Hokenoyama Tomb (Sakurai City, Nara Prefecture) is her tomb.
  793. According to a nationwide poll conducted by NHK, 'Tonjiru' was used by 54% of the respondents while 'Butajiru' was used by 46%.
  794. According to a new system, Emperor's court physicians were divided into three ranks such as Senior, Middle and Junior Tenyaku physicians, and Mitsuosa was appointed as Junior Tenyaku physician.
  795. According to a newspaper report in China, it was found that, when dust is scattered, infectious diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cardiac infarction, hypertension, and cerebral strokes increased (according to an article on May 28, 2002 of "Xin Sheng net").
  796. According to a old literature, he had a conflict with Yorihisa YURI about Honjo's Seishi (Irako) residence and the fields in Tateno forest in 1314 (the early 14th century), the late Kamakura period.
  797. According to a picture on the hanging scroll remaining in the temple, the Ushioni had a face of the monkey and a body of the tiger, and its forefeet had wings formed by patagium that a flying squirrel or a bat has.
  798. According to a popular theory, it was made in the Asuka period, from the middle until the late seventh century.
  799. According to a popular theory, the name 'kashiwade' comes from mistaking '拍' (pronounced as 'haku') for '柏' (pronounced as 'haku' or 'kashiwa') or from confusion between the two similar characters.
  800. According to a popular theory, they parted so that the Sanada family could survive regardless which of the Eastern and Western Camps won.
  801. According to a popular tradition, the king transformed into a giant dragon guarding the country, and this stone was called the great king rock.
  802. According to a priest, who was a grand-uncle of the girl, she was a daughter of Hyobukyo no Miya, an elder brother of Fujitsubo, and her mother passed away because she worried about pressure from the legitimate wife of her husband.
  803. According to a recent American census, 'high income,' 'high education,' 'low unemployment rate,' and 'low poverty rate,' are considered characteristics of Japanese Americans.
  804. According to a recent study conducted by Yuji SEKI, an author of historical novels, the fact that most of the ancient documents frequently mention Urashima particularly means that it can be interpreted that he was a significant, if shadowy, figure.
  805. According to a recent study, there was no family name called Ohashi before Sokei was born.
  806. According to a record by Motohiro KONOE, Hiroko KONOE's father, Yoshimune TOKUGAWA was tall at more than six shaku (about 180 cm).
  807. According to a record in Kintoki-jinja Shrine (shrine in which Kintaro is enshrined) in Oyama-cho, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka Prefecture, he was born in May, 956.
  808. According to a record of the Tanegashima clan, the guns brought by the Portuguese were lost during the Seinan War in the Meiji period.
  809. According to a record, Kagemasa's son Kagetsugu was a lower ranked officer at Oba no Mikuriya in 1134.
  810. According to a record, another actor called himself Eizaburo ONOE (IV) around 1875.
  811. According to a record, he was a good-looking like a woman when he was young.
  812. According to a record, his address was Nagasumi-cho, Yotsuya Ward, Tokyo (current Yotsuya, Shinjyuku Ward), however the whereabouts of the surviving members of his family are unknown.
  813. According to a record, in 1075 he organized a utaawase (poetry contest) at his residence.
  814. According to a record, some land lords collected jishi amounting to as much as several times the real nengu.
  815. According to a recorded account by one of the Americans, the Japanese guests wrapped their food in kaishi (paper carried inside one's kimono) and returned home with it--a practice that surprised the Americans.
  816. According to a reliable resource, Shingen's childhood name was `Taro.'
  817. According to a report 'Uesugishoshi-shojo' submitted by the Uesugi family when the Tokugawa bakufu ordered Gaho HAYASHI to compile Zoku Honchotsugan (history book edited by Edo Bakufu), Tenkai watched the Battle of Kawanakajima in Shinano Province from the top of the mountain in 1554.
  818. According to a report by PwC (PricewaterhouseCoopers Co., Ltd.), the GDP of the Hanshin area is the 7th largest among those of world urban areas, and according to business environment assessment by MasterCard International Incorporated, this area is ranked 19th, and still a huge economic area in the world.
  819. According to a report made to the emperor by Soganokurano Yamadano ISHIKAWA no Maro in the year 645, the Emperor Kotoku ordered NAKATOMI no Kamatari to build a shrine enshrining imperial ancestors at Kohata-so.
  820. According to a report on the accident by Takechi no Miko to Oama no Miko next day, Fumi and Oshisaka were reported to have spoken as follows when they were questioned.
  821. According to a research on the average value of the date of tsuyuiri and tsuyuake in each city for 1971 through 2000, tsuyuiri in the downstream basin of the Yangtze River is June 14 and tsuyuake July 10 and, in the basin of the Huaihe River, Tsuyuiri is June 18 and tsuyuake July 11.
  822. According to a revision made effective on July 26, 1997, the Yawata Uji Route changed its name to the Yawata Okubo Route, after altering and shortening the route (without changing the route numbering) to operate between Keihan Yawata and Okubo Station (Kyoto Prefecture) for only 2.5 round-trips in a day during weekdays.
  823. According to a scholar of Japanese classical literature in late Edo period, Atsutane HIRATA, this god is identical to Omoikane (the god of wisdom and talent).
  824. According to a source, he joined Nobunaga's army when Nobunaga visited Kyoto in the following year and fought in Nobunaga's battle in Settsu Province.
  825. According to a story, Tadabumi, who had not been rewarded for subduing the TAIRA no Masakado's War due to opposition from FUJIWARA no Saneyori, cursed Saneyori's descendants after he died.
  826. According to a study by the All Nippon Kyudo Federation in 2003, the number of registered Kyudo federations (local federations) nationwide was around 126,000.
  827. According to a survey by a checking station on Hakone-toge Pass, 500 to 600 people made a pilgrimage a day on average from late February to early April, and 2100 people made a pilgrimage on average from middle April to July.
  828. According to a survey carried out by Kyoto City in 1998, about 28,000 machiyas exist in the central area of the city and about 1000 of them are disappearing every year.
  829. According to a survey conducted by Bintaro YAMAGUCHI, a ghost researcher, many people have seen cloth-like flying objects - supposedly Ittan-momen - even in recent years.
  830. According to a survey conducted by a local magazine in the autumn of 2006, nabeyaki-udon was listed on menus at over 120 restaurants that serve udon noodles.
  831. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, 26,625 passengers used Shin-Tanabe Station that day.
  832. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, 28,635 people used the station.
  833. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, a total of 11,454 passengers used this station.
  834. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, a total of 9,765 passengers got on and off at this station that day.
  835. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of passengers at the station was 52,365.
  836. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of passengers getting on and off at this station on that particular day was 15,407.
  837. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of the users that day was 4,786.
  838. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of the users was 6,361.
  839. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of users was 2,136.
  840. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of users was 4,731.
  841. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the number of users was 7,002.
  842. According to a survey conducted on November 8, 2005, the station was used by 7,766 people.
  843. According to a survey on the ownership ratio of private cars per household carried out in fiscal year 1996 by the then Ministry of Transport, the ratio in all of Kyoto Prefecture was 75.3%, but, Fukuchiyama City was 94.2% at the time.
  844. According to a survey taken on November 8, 2005, 18,542 passengers used the facility.
  845. According to a survey, 96% of visitors buy confectioneries as memento of their trip to Kyoto and of the 96%, the sales of yatsuhashi make up for 45.6% (24.5% for nama-yatsuhashi and 21.1% for yatsuhashi) whereby it can be said that yatsuhashi is a representative souvenir item of Kyoto.
  846. According to a survey, when comparing the noradrenalin level after bath between normal hot water and yuzuyu, the level of the former was four times higher than that of the latter.
  847. According to a surviving fragment of "Tango no kuni Fudoki," the article was a compilation of works written by IYOBE no Umakai (one of the highest regarded family names) in Muraji.
  848. According to a tally compiled at that time, the warrior class accounts for 3.9% of the total population.
  849. According to a temple legend, Raigo-in Temple was built by Kukai (Kobo daishi, one of the best known and most beloved Buddhist saints in Japan, founder of the Shingon ("True Word") school of Buddhism) in 806 by enshrining the statue of Kojin (god of a cooking stove) he had happened to obtain in Tang (China).
  850. According to a temple legend, the founder priest: Shuen confined the dragon god of Muro in the Hobyo.
  851. According to a temple's lore at Yusen-ji Temple, when the village people of Matsugasaki converted their faith to the Hokke sect, Nichizo wrote the letter 'Myo' on Nishiyama while Nichiryo who was at Daimyo-ji Temple wrote the letter 'Ho' on Higashiyama.
  852. According to a theory he was Kotaiyoriai (a rotating member of the top decision making organ, a family status of samurai warriors in the Edo period) for a while, judging from the fact that he constructed a jinya (regional government office) in Shimoyue, Kazusa Province (Dubious authenticity.)
  853. According to a theory of Kenichi KOSHUN, the place of origin of the Saigo family before Kurobei was supposed to be the Masumizu-Saigo clan.
  854. According to a theory put forward by Hideo KURODA, professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, Nobunaga ODA beat IMAGAWA 'because Oda conducted a surprise attack on the Imagawa army, who were caught off guard while in the act of looting private homes.'
  855. According to a theory the term Henjo Nanshi refers to a situation where a woman takes the tonsure to renounce the world.
  856. According to a theory, Aketatsu no o appears in the legend of the speech impaired Imperial Prince in the Kojiki because the episode associated with the legend was created and handed down by the Sana no miyatsuko in Ise Province.
  857. According to a theory, Fusako was a younger sister of Norihira TAKATSUKASA and became his yushi (another's child considered as one's own).
  858. According to a theory, Kokyu is not close to kokin (huqin - any Chinese string instrument played with a bow) related instruments, such as the erhu, but is closer to instruments in Southeast Asia.
  859. According to a theory, Shigeie in his later years returned to secular life from the Buddhist priesthood, and died in Kishiwada under the patronage of the lord of Kishiwada Domain in Izumi province, Nobukatsu OKABE.
  860. According to a theory, Yoritomo remained silence even after hearing this plan.
  861. According to a theory, a miko who had served the god of the sun came to be regarded as identical to the god himself; this caused the god to be thought of as female, although the god of the sun is typically male.
  862. According to a theory, after deciding the promotion of Iemitsu to the shogun post, Ieyasu was shot to death, while hunting with a hawk, by someone belonging to the group, including, Sugen-in, who tried to promote Tadanaga to the shogun post.
  863. According to a theory, black tabi were made for economical reason because stains do not stand out on them.
  864. According to a theory, both the Emperor Sushun and the Empress Suiko were enthroned due to the fact that Takeda no miko was still a minor, then he became the Crown prince Umayado (厩戸皇子立太子) since he died soon after the enthronement of the Empress Suiko.
  865. According to a theory, he died on March 27, 843 (there is a description on the year of his death in "Shoku Nihon Koki" (Later Chronicle of Japan Continued)).
  866. According to a theory, he served as a mediator for the marriage of Nagamasa and Nobunaga ODA's younger sister, however, it is not certain.
  867. According to a theory, he was a son of Hikoyumusumi no mikoto (Emperor Kaika's son).
  868. According to a theory, if it was true that Dogyo was discharged as previously described, there was a possibility that Emperor Tenmu performed his own work in this case.
  869. According to a theory, it is also said that Harutsugu was from the Kusakari clan in Chizu County, Inaba Province, and his name was recorded in a family tree of the Nakamura clan in Harima Province, which was found in recent years.
  870. According to a theory, it is also said that, seeing that his nephew whom he recommended for the post was successful, Shigetugu had his son occupy the post as well forcibly (therefore, his son earned slightly more amount of rice crop than Tomimasa, though having gotten the post later).
  871. According to a theory, it is also thought that Kiemon Masafusa KAINOSHO was a local clan in Kawachi that was appointed as hatamoto of 4000 koku (2000 of them was the regain of the former territory and the rest 2000 was a raise) as a reward for having served as Ieyasu's guard.
  872. According to a theory, it is estimated that the number of guns in Japan at that time was largest in the world together with Ottoman Empire.
  873. According to a theory, it is said that this event was brought to India, constituting the origin of urabon.
  874. According to a theory, it is said that, in contrast to the Dojo-nabe based on the smallest fish, Kujira-jiru based on the biggest fish was served for amusement.
  875. According to a theory, it was also written 御御御汁(御御御付) created by adding another prefix added to otsuke.
  876. According to a theory, it was presented to the Emperor Komei before publishing, which triggered him to give the title of god to WAKE no Kiyomaro.
  877. According to a theory, the Akamatsu clan was Sadafusa's descendent line.
  878. According to a theory, the custom of bringing pine home in the new year days started during the Heian period and the present-day style of displaying the kadomatsu at the entrance was adopted during the Muromachi period.
  879. According to a theory, the difference between the two dialects is due to a rugged mountainous area along the coast that blocked traffics of people where Nagu is located..
  880. According to a theory, the military under his command would be dressed all in black.
  881. According to a theory, the name 'Higashiyama gyomotsu' became familiar largely due to "Sado Zenshu" (complete collection of Japanese tea ceremony) published by Sogensha (in 1936).
  882. According to a theory, the name comes from the way the street (corresponding to the area between the current Gojo-dori Street and the Shichijo-dori Street) divided a district in front of the gate of Shinshu Honbyo - old and new areas partitioned by the zoning - into east and west sides.
  883. According to a theory, the reason is because Mount Yakumo behind Izumo-oyashiro Shrine was a shintai (an object of worship that was believed to contain the spirit of a deity).
  884. According to a theory, the shadowy person might have been Esai SHOOKU, his younger paternal half-brother, or Hidemasa OGASAWARA.
  885. According to a theory, these coins were stored underground to ward off evil spirits, as a charm or for avoiding the disturbance of war, but according to another theory, they were stored to prevent them from being exchanged with low-quality coins.
  886. According to a theory, this document was a fabricated one.
  887. According to a theory, this temple originated in 805 when Saicho built it as a branch of Enryaku-ji Temple based on an imperial order.
  888. According to a thesis 'Kai no Yusha' written by Akira SEKI in 1957, Kai no Yusha was a soldier of a troop from Kai Province, which was one of the troops formed under the order delivered by the messenger of Umitsuji.
  889. According to a tradition in Itami City, Hyogo Prefecture, the location of her residence is at the 'Izumi Shikibu Temple' in Hiraokacho, Nishi Ward, Sakai City, Osaka Prefecture.
  890. According to a tradition in the Shingon sect, his birth date is June 15, but it corresponds to the day when Fuku Kongo Sanzo, who established Esoteric Buddhism in China, died.
  891. According to a tradition of Shugendo (Japanese mountain asceticism-shamanism incorporating Shinto and Buddhist concepts), EN no Gyoja made Zao Gongen emerge through prayers during ascetic practices in Kimpusen Mountain.
  892. According to a tradition, Juni-jinja Shrine's current land of Sagizuka-ike Pond in Takenouchi village, was exchanged with that of Yatsugi-jinja Shrine which enshrines the ubusunagami (guardian deity of one's birthplace) of Otogi village during the Edo period.
  893. According to a tradition, Suga-jinja Shrine, Sugaura, Nishi-Azai-cho, Ika-gun, north of the Lake Biwa is that hall.
  894. According to a tradition, it was founded by Benki Shonin of Gango-ji Temple in 703.
  895. According to a viewpoint, this route was selected for paying a respect to the Tsushinshi, but there is another viewpoint of considering that the selection might have been made for showing the Tokugawa family's military prestige by making them trace the route of its unification of Japan.
  896. According to a vulgar belief, Soin NAKAJIMA, who thought Suo's Chinese poetry was not good, stopped its publication, but it needs to be proven.
  897. According to a well-known legend, Masakado and Sumitomo conspired to rebel at around the same time in order to take over the capital of Kyoto, then Masakado, a descendant of Emperor Kanmu, would become the Emperor, and Sumitomo, a member of FUJIWARA family, would become the Kanpaku (Chief Adviser to the Emperor).
  898. According to a well-known period classification based on this theory, a period is classified mainly based on where the political center was located.
  899. According to a widely-accepted theory, Choei coaxed a prison worker named Eizo who belonged to hinin (one group comprising the lowest rank of Japan's Edo-period caste system, often ex-convicts or vagrants) into setting fire to the place.
  900. According to a widely-accepted theory, Wajima City, Ishikawa Prefecture became famous as a typical production area of Maru Yubeshi because peddlers of wajima-nuri lacquerware carried it as portable food and also as a calling present to customers.
  901. According to a written account by Tamaki KOMA (a low ranking official of the Shogunate), Perry handed the two flags to the Shogunate, along with a document instructing Japan to "open the country or surrender."
  902. According to a written statement, the concerted intervention with Russia was acknowledged among the high officials as the only way to get a cession or a lease of fleets and coal yards from Qing, as Qing would feel obligated to do so if the intervention was successful.
  903. According to a yokai cartoonist named Shigeru MIZUKI, temperature and moisture affect an old karakasa by causing it to transmute into this yokai and dance.
  904. According to advertisements by Mitsukoshi and Shirakiya department stores, it seems that the market price of one obiage was about 1.50 yen.
  905. According to alternate traditions, the tumulus in Takachiho-cho, Miyazaki Prefecture, Mt. Kunimi in Kimotsuki-cho, Kagoshima Prefecture, Mt. Noma-dake in Minamisatsuma City, Kagoshima Prefecture, and Takaya-jinja Shrine in Murasumi-cho, Miyazaki City, Miyazaki Prefecture are also considered to be Hoori's tombs.
  906. According to an Article from the 27th of January, 859 (old lunar calendar) of the "Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku" (the last of six classical Japanese history texts), a Hoheishi (Imperial messenger to a Shinto shrine) was dispatched to pray for rain on September 8, 859.
  907. According to an X-ray examination, the left side of the body shows remarkable bone atrophy, which indicates that he suffered partial paralysis due to cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral embolism or cerebral tumor.
  908. According to an account of officers and men of the second battalion in "Seinan Kiden Book," Murata was described as 'Shinpachi had a rugged look, with height 1.8 meters and penetrating eyes which could cut into people, and he was very calm in his behavior.
  909. According to an actor Nobuo KAWAI, known as an Akudaikan in period dramas, this was born as an improvisation when shooting a commercial message with Kei TAGUCHI.
  910. According to an addendum to the seventh chapter, the blood of Kagutsuchi splashed onto the rocks by the Ame no Yasu-kawa River, transforming them into Iwasaku no Kami and Nesaku no Kami.
  911. According to an advance notice issued before the commencement of the publication of "Hakkenden," Bakin was at one point planning to write 'a story of the Seven Dog Warriors' even if it is not in accordance with the description in "Gorui-daisetsuyoshu."
  912. According to an aide in the Imperial Household Agency, 'his driving is careful and serious.'
  913. According to an alternate writing in the fourth section that depicts extermination of Yamata no Orochi (eight forked great serpent) in Nihonshoki, Susanoo who was banished from the Plain of High Heaven descended to the Korean Kingdom of Silla, but he said he didn't want to be there and moved to Izumo.
  914. According to an ancient Japanese medical law in the early 8th century (known as the "Ishitsuryo"), female doctors were chosen from among kanko and kunuhi women.
  915. According to an ancient document called "Minamoto no Yoriko Iechi Sohakuken," dated September 13, 1115, Yoriko is believed to have owned real estate at Sakyo Shichijo-Bomon-koji Street Minami, Muromachi-koji Street Higashi with an area equivalent to four households.
  916. According to an ancient record, in some fishing villages of Tohoku region, tsutsusode were mainly worn by fishermen, and it was called 'tsutusppo' or 'tsuppo'.
  917. According to an anecdotal story in "Okagami (The Great Mirror)," the retired Emperor Yozei said that Emperor Uda used to serve him. It is also said to have been a big headache for the retired Emperor Uda as Emperor Yozei had tried to restore his government.
  918. According to an anecdote in "Shintoshu" (a collection of Shinto legends), which is believed to have been compiled by the descendants of Choken AGUI during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan, Emperor Suizei had a taste for cannibalism and ate as many as seven people every day, terrifying people around him.
  919. According to an anecdote, Sadato exchanged Mondoka (poetries in the form of question and answer) with MINAMOTO no Yoshiie during the Battle of Koromogawa.
  920. According to an anecdote, when Suketada ONO, a musician upholding the music piece "Konju," was killed by Masatsura YAMAMURA, Masazane, who had already learned to play "Konju" from him, handed it down to Tadakata ONO (Suketada's son), and after Masazane's death, Masasada taught the music to Tadakata ONO.
  921. According to an anecdote, when he was dying, he bit an enemy's neck and glared at him without releasing it, which caused the enemy to die.
  922. According to an article about the events of 672 recorded in the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  923. According to an article in 'Kokon yoranko' (an illustrated encyclopedia) publihed in 1905-1907, there had already been a description of Inoko mochi as an item for one of annual events in the Imperial court in the book of 'Kuroudo-shiki' (rules of officials in charge of classified documents) compliled by TACHIBANA no Hiromi.
  924. According to an article of FUJIWARA no Yoshimi's death in "Sandai Jitsuroku," it is said that the Emperor ordered Yoshimi to try his own, self-made medicine.
  925. According to an article of February 10, 1187 in the "Azuma Kagami," it is reported that Yoshitsune escaped a blockade of pursuers, and went to Oshu through Ise and Mino Provinces to seek exile in Hiraizumi with his official wife and children.
  926. According to an article of January 8, 1185 in "Kikki" (A Diary of Tsunefusa YOSHIDA), the court nobles were afraid of the surviving Taira family warriors and asked Yoshitsune, who was about to proceed to Shikoku to pursue the Taira clan, to stay on in Kyoto, but Yoshitsune responded as follows:
  927. According to an article of Tokyo Asahi Shimbun on the day after the lottery, however, the picture Masuda was allotted first was the 'portrait of MINAMOTO no Shitago', not a picture of a priest; the details of what actually happened on the day of lottery remained unknown.
  928. According to an authorized textbook written before WWII, Takauji was "a traitor who released an arrow against the Emperor", and Kumakichi NAKAJIMA, a member of the Makoto SAITO Cabinet, was forced to retire because he had praised Takauji in his writing.
  929. According to an entry in the historical record of the medieval age, "Kofuku-ji Temple Kanmuchoso Document," dated 1441, Kontai-ji Temple was founded by EN no Ozunu in 675, and was reconstructed by Taicho in 722.
  930. According to an entry of the Eleventh Month, 12th, 1185 of "Azuma Kagami," it was commonly believed among scholars in the old days that the establishment of provincial constable and manager and lord of manor by Yoritomo was realized due to Hiromoto's proposal.
  931. According to an epic "Esshu gunki" (an epic of the Asakura clan in Echizen Province), the clan was the Emperor Kaika's descendent, while "Asakura Shimatsuki" (History of the Asakura family) states that, the clan was the Emperor Kotoku's descendent.
  932. According to an episode described in "Imakagami" (The mirror of the Present), in a scene in a casual atmosphere, when some people took off ho from their shoulders, the people exposed their shitagasane and only Norimichi FUJIWARA orderly wore hanbi and the people around were deeply ashamed of themselves.
  933. According to an essay written by Roppa FURUKAWA, Kansai is the birthplace of the custom of eating grilled meat and other ingredients after dipping them in beaten eggs, and reportedly, there was no restaurant in the Kanto region that offered beaten eggs for gyu-nabe based sukiyaki dishes at the time.
  934. According to an established theory, it is said that Ieyasu, who had suffered from an uprising of Ikko sect followers in Mikawa in his youth, enticed Kyonyo to separate Hongan-ji Temple to make the power of Hongan-ji Temple diminish.
  935. According to an estimate by the South Korean government, the yearly economic loss due to kosa amounts to three to five trillion won.
  936. According to an estimate, this reference was considered as no more than a legend.
  937. According to an example stated in "Kinshihen," there was a festival of making human-shaped bread or cookie (symbol of human body) using harvested cereals, and of dividing it, as one of very religious European customs before the Christianity.
  938. According to an existent document, it was written over the course of about 40 years, from 1151 to 1194.
  939. According to an explanation in Sekien's "Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki", there was a story called 'Otogi bauko' that a skeleton of old female carries a chochin (Japanese paper lantern) with peony design and make a trip to a man's home, whom she loved before her death, and sleeps with the man.
  940. According to an explanation, Sakura derives from 'Saku' (bloom) and 'Ra' of plural ending and originally referred to all plants which had dense flowers.
  941. According to an expository writing of the same book, it is a waiting woman serving a deity of face powder called "Shifunsenjo" (Goddess of White Powder); however, it is unclear whether this is the same one as the Oshiroibaba according to the legend in Nara.
  942. According to an hour 'Mezamashi chosatai' in a TV program "Mezamashi terebi" broadcast April 25, 2002, the boundary between the Kanto type soup broth and the Kansai type soup broth was reportedly in the vicinity of Sekigahara.
  943. According to an inscription made during the repair of 1285, they originally belonged to Daian-ji Temple and were made in 791.
  944. According to an interpretation of the story in "Tango no Kuni Fudoki," the main characters are a man of refinement called Ura Shimako and a beautiful woman in a world of supernatural beings.
  945. According to an old book written during the Edo period, Gagoze/Gagoji, which is a children's term for ghosts, originated in this Gango-ji Temple; in fact, children's terms for specters, such as Gagoze/Gagoji/Gangoji can be found in various places in Japan.
  946. According to an old book, "Koji Dan," Emperor Sutoku was not Emperor Toba's real child but the child of Emperor Toba's grandfather, Emperor Shirakawa, and Tai ken mon in, since Tai ken mon in had been passed from Emperor Shirakawa to Emperor Toba.
  947. According to an old painting, 'Yamato meisho zue,' (Beauty spots in Yamato), the pagoda had a top layer of Hiwadabuki roofing (a style of roofing with the bark of hinoki, Japanese cypress) in Kansei era, but it was cast away during the movement of the Exclusion of Buddhism in Meiji period.
  948. According to an old tradition, at the time it was believed that writing fiction was to go against one of the five commandments, 'Fumogokai' (people must not tell lies).
  949. According to an opinion cited in Nihonshoki, Okuninushi no kami is also referred to as Saki mitama or Kushi mitama.
  950. According to an opinion poll carried out by the Public Relations Department of the Cabinet Office, it became clear that a large segment of population has accepted Kimigayo as the national anthem.
  951. According to an opinion, rhe Korokan was disused around 920.
  952. According to an opinion, this policy was related to the fact that Tadamune was a devoted Ikko believer.
  953. According to an oracle in 942 which came to a young lady named TAJIHI no Ayako who lived in Shichijo of Ukyo, the shrine pavilions enshrining Michizane were built in Kitano, the current location, by the Imperial Court in June 29, 947.
  954. According to an oracle told from Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun Goddess) to Yamatohime no mikoto in "Nihonshoki," Ise is a province where the wave of tokoyo comes in.
  955. According to an oral tradition, she was called Satogozen.
  956. According to an oral tradition, when Toyama was killed, he was skewered about 50 times all over the body.
  957. According to an ordinary interpretation of the Ritsuryo codes, a son or grandson of an emperor could not call himself Imperial Prince unless the emperor 'gave the title of Imperial Prince' to him directly.
  958. According to ancient Chinese thinking, the turtle dominated the land and the qilin dominated the sky, with a combination of the two representing the entire universe.
  959. According to ancient Giseiryo (law regarding rituals) in the Ritsuryo codes, it was defined that the Emperor should be described as 'Kotei' in documents toward inside and outside of China.
  960. According to ancient folklore, Gods were believed to have descended from heaven to yorishiro like mountains or rocks with trees on top, so people have set up funeral halls at the top or foot of the mountains to perform rituals.
  961. According to ancient tradition, seppuku was committed at a Buddhist temple and later came to be performed at the home or garden of the azukarinin.
  962. According to another account, "characters of contempt" were used for the names of foreign places and people as a result of Sinocentrism (Tsuneji HARADA, "Official History of Ancient Japan Based on the Materials before Kiki" Doshisha, Fujin Seikatsusha, 1976.)
  963. According to another account, he was born at Shiroishi, Fujioka City, Gunma Prefecture, where the jinya (regional government office) was located.
  964. According to another authority, his parents did not raise him but the meaning is not clear.
  965. According to another biography "Heiho Taiso Bushu Genshin-ko Denrai" by Hokin TANJI (Minehira TACHIBANA), Musashi was about roku-shaku (180 centimeters tall).
  966. According to another common belief, many accidental fires occur in a year when Hatsu-uma falls on an earlier day.
  967. According to another estimate, the total of the amount of damage due to kosa in the medical and welfare areas and of the cost needed for the measures taken against kosa is 364 billion won yearly (according to Kang, 2004).
  968. According to another estimate, the yearly damage due to kosa was 1.5 billion yuan in 1980s (according to Yang and Lu, in 2001).
  969. According to another explanation, sa of sakura derives from Sa, the god of rice plant and kura from Kura, the seat on which the god descends when the god comes to villages in the spring.
  970. According to another interpretation, Oboro-guruma is based on a specter in the "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji) in the mid Heian period that the revenge of Rokujo no Miyasudokoro who had lost to Aoi (Genji Monogatari) in the struggle to get a better place to see a festival turned into.
  971. According to another record "Nanjo family trees" owned by the University of Tokyo, Motokiyo resided in "Sakushu (another name of Mimasaka Province) Saibara."
  972. According to another story (including Shinji KOSAKA's), ABE no Yoshihira was an elder brother of Yoshimasa with a different mother (concubine), and Yoshimasa was the legitimate son of ABE no seimei considering that the age gap between Yoshihira and Yoshimasa was about a year (precisely unknown).
  973. According to another story, Kawai sent an emissary to his parents' home to borrow money to cover the money for Shinsengumi to avoid committing Seppuku.
  974. According to another story, Susanoo had three child gods, the child named Isotakeru no Mikoto, his younger sister, named Oyahime no Mikoto, and the youngest sister, named Tsumatsuhime no Mikoto.
  975. According to another theory, Emperor Anko and his wife were allegedly siblings with different mothers.
  976. According to another theory, Genpaku did not want to see Ryotaku who were the most familiar with Dutch punished by bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) that was frowning on Western studies and took his frustration about the translation into consideration.
  977. According to another theory, a wealthy merchant who had lost a child in the mid-Edo period dedicated a guardian deity of cats to Jishoin Temple in order to pray for the soul of the child.
  978. According to another theory, he escaped to the Tsugaru region.
  979. According to another theory, he was from Osaka.
  980. According to another theory, he was the second-generation of Kabuki playwright, Jusuke NAKAMURA.
  981. According to another theory, long-tailed cats are said to have diminished because birth of a fork-tailed specter Nekomata (a mythical two-tailed monster cat) was shunned and short-tailed cats were preferred.
  982. According to another theory, the depicted shape of the creature is a composite of the twelve zodiac animals which represent compass directions: the tiger representing the northeast, the snake representing the southeast, the monkey representing the southwest and the dog and wild boar representing the northwest.
  983. According to another theory, the foul odour characteristic of leeks was believed to ward off evil spirits and the hoju shape came to be used to get help from the power they held.
  984. According to another theory, the spirit of the dead Nue turned into a horse, which was named Kinoshita and kept by Yorimasa.
  985. According to another theory, when a Chinese confection shaped like a liver of sheep was brought to Japan, the letter '肝' in the name '羊肝こう' was mistaken for '羹', and they began to call it '羊羹' ("Kiyushoran", an encyclopedic book on cultures).
  986. According to another version, a father of the lawful wife of Hisamune DATE was Fusasada instead of Sadazane UESUGI.
  987. According to another version, the so-called sariras of Buddha spread throughout Asia in a combined weight of two tons.
  988. According to another view, Hakuyushi died at the age of 240.
  989. According to another view, he died in 876.
  990. According to another view, it originated from an armory since it was originally written as '矢倉' or '矢蔵 (arrow storehouse). '
  991. According to another view, it originated from an armory since it was originally written as '矢倉' or '矢蔵 (arrow storehouse). ' i.e., 'a place from which one shoots an arrow.'
  992. According to another view, it originated from the concept of Fukuden (the world's unsurpassed Field of Merit) that teaches people to gain merit by doing good deeds.
  993. According to another view, the calculation of Michiyo NAKA is wrong and one period is correctly 1320 years as cited in 'kakumeikanmon,' so that the first year of back calculation corresponds to the Kanototori year of 661.
  994. According to archaeological findings, a general josaku was consisted of an office mounted on an elevated hill, around which the residents of soldiers were located, with earthen walls and fences made of lumber around them, as wells as watchtowers to reinforce defenses.
  995. According to archeologists, when they see the changes of Heguridani-kofun Tumulus Cluster (located in present Heguri Town) which is said to be the okutsuki (Shinto tomb) of the Heguri clan, the emergence of the Heguri clan cannot be traced before the middle of the sixth century.
  996. According to arguments made by Rizo TAKEUCHI and Motohisa YASUDA, the rulers at that time, including Emperor Shirakawa and the Sekkan-ke, viewed Yoshiie as a dangerous individual based on the fact that most of the country was divided into shoen (manors).
  997. According to bogus documents including "History of Danzaemon," the origin of the family was the Hata clan (written as 波多 or 秦) that came from Qin Dynasty (China).
  998. According to books including "Taikoki" (Chronicle of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI), he crossed the sea to Luzon island in the Azuchi-Momoyama period and accumulated enormous wealth as a trader.
  999. According to books written by Takahisa MIYAUCHI, it refers to the idea or practice of the Yang (bright) and Yin (dark) houses on a good physiognomy of land, upon the desire for happiness of ones living.
  1000. According to both Toritsu and Yororitsu, those who were involved with muhon, principal offenders or accomplices, would be decapitated.

7001 ~ 8000

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