; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. In Buddhism, without distinction of a lesser vehicle or a greater one, it is a prevailing view to judge, by seeing one's face of death, whether there is good nature or evil within.
  2. In Buddhist architecture, a lot of Amidanyorai Halls (Amitabha Tathagata Halls) influenced by Jodo sect were constructed.
  3. In Buddhist architecture, this style is called 'daibutsuyo' (the style of architecture introduced from China), while the new style of Buddhist architecture later introduced by a Zen sect was called 'zenshuyo.'
  4. In Buddhist beliefs, like Amida jodo(the Pure Land) in the west, jodo also exists in the south and it was called fudaraku 補陀落 (it is also written as 補陀洛, 普陀落 or 普陀洛).
  5. In Buddhist funerals, "shoko" (incense offering) is practiced during funeral rites, and incense is placed upright in front of a Buddhist altar whereas in Shinsosai, shoko and the use of incense are rarely practiced.
  6. In Buddhist precepts, it is the most severe penalty for monks who committed four serious sins called Harai (the most serious offenses against the monastic code for Buddhist monks and nuns).
  7. In Buddhist scripts, there are written records of deciding the important matters through the council which consisted of the members of organization (sangha, shu).
  8. In Buddhist sects that practice the conception of Buddha, or 'Kanso Nenbutsu,' Buddhist statues are considered important, but in Jodo Shinshu the conception of Buddha isn't practiced.
  9. In Buddhist temples, the doors of the Butsudo (Buddhist shrine) are normally open so that the Buddhist image can be seen from outside, but zushi that enshrine hibutsu are usually closed except for a certain period when the hibutsu are unveiled to the public.
  10. In Buddhist terminology, it is a supernatural existence that causes mysterious phenomena.
  11. In Bugaku (traditional Japanese court music accompanied by dancing), while it is a rule to apply atsugesho only for Dobu (a dance performed by children) with sometimes no makeup at all, there are some groups which apply atsugesho on adults.
  12. In Bukkake-Udon, boiled Udon noodles are eaten as they are after pouring non-heat-treated soy sauce or soup broth.
  13. In Bukkake-Udon, boiled Udon noodles are served as they are and by pouring in non-heat-treated soy sauce or soup broth.
  14. In Bukkake-Udon, simple seasonings, such as grated daikon radish and dried bonito are preferably chosen to enjoy the taste of the noodles, like in Zaru-Udon (cold noodles with dipping broth).
  15. In Bukkake-Udon, simple seasonings, such as grated daikon radish and dried bonitos are preferably chosen to enjoy the taste of noodles, like in Zaru-Udon.
  16. In Bungo, the forces of Yoshihiro and Iehisa were forced to withdraw while being pursued by the Otomo army, knowing that Toyotomi's army had landed.
  17. In Bunraku, the whole story is narrated by Tayu whereas in Kabuki, Tayu narrate a story only when actors do not speak their lines.
  18. In Bunroku & Keicho no eki (Hideyoshi's invasions of Korea) Yoshiaki joined with his army as far as Nagoya of Hizen Province.
  19. In Bunroku Keicho no eki (the Bunroku-Keicho War), he protected Ninomaru (second bailey) of Nagoya-jo Castle in Hizen Province that was the foothold of that war.
  20. In Busan, an investigation in 2001 showed that the density of such components in dust was 2.5 times that in the ordinary condition.
  21. In Chang'an, he resided at Komyo-ji Temple, Cien Temple and Jissai-ji Temple.
  22. In Changan, Kukai studied first under Hannya Sanzo, an Indian priest at the Reisen-ji Temple.
  23. In Chapter 1 "Longtime practice (Nenraikeikojojo)"of this book, there are well-known contents such as "Not to forget intention to begin with" and "Flower at season (Jibun-no-hana)" and these theories are highly evaluated as being still practical at present.
  24. In Chapter 27 and subsequent chapters, explanations are given concerning a special Tenchiban.
  25. In Chiaraijima, Fukaya City, Saitama Prefecture, there is a monument for Tenguto.
  26. In Chiba Prefecture, it was reported that an animal as small as a cat climbed onto a tree by the Tone River and sprinkled sand on travelers walking under the tree.
  27. In Chiba and Ibaragi Prefecture, some people there celebrate the Shichi-go-san ceremony as luxuriously as a wedding reception.
  28. In Chichibu region people, mainly members of the Liberal Party organized 'Konminto Party (Poverty Party)' together with peasants suffering from increased taxes and debt burdens and held the second rally called Sanrin Shukai (literally, "gathering of mountains and forest") in August, 1884.
  29. In Chii Village, school forests were established in 1902 as a basic property of the school, but the movement of the integration of the forests to be owned by communities was promoted through many discussions from the end of the Meiji period.
  30. In China
  31. In China (Tong), a document intended to convey orders of princes was called ryo, which was introduced into Japan.
  32. In China 1 shaku (or shi-chi) is a third meters, so 1 jo (or shi-zhang) is about 3.33 meters.
  33. In China 1 sho equals to 1 liter, so 1 go is 100 milliliters.
  34. In China New Year's Day was usually a holiday, however, in Japan it was always a working day because a Sechi-e (seasonal court banquet) was held.
  35. In China a high priest who taught Buddhism with high virtue was called hoshu, which was introduced to Japan.
  36. In China a unified monetary policy based on copper coinage had been implemented since earlier times.
  37. In China and Japan, "gyoja" came to mean a person who is in charge of Shugendo (ascetic and shamanistic practice in mountainous sites).
  38. In China and Japan, 16 disciples who swore to keep Buddhism were respected as the 16 Rakans.
  39. In China and Japan, he is expressed as a bushin (god of war) in kacchu (armor and helmet) with Funnuso (an angry expression found on Buddhist images).
  40. In China and Japan, some historians consider it more valuable than "Da Tang Xiyu ji" (The Great Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions) written by Xuanzang (602-664) or "The Travels of Marco Polo" written by Marco Polo (1254-1324).
  41. In China and Japan, the tax system was enforced under the name of Soyochosei (Zuyongdiaozhi in Chinese).
  42. In China and Korea, 'military officer' existed but those who were similar to 'bushi' in Japan did not exist.
  43. In China and Korea, it is written as '白江.'
  44. In China and South Korea, 'Datsu-A Ron' is 'a theory of disrespecting Asia and approving foreign invasion' and Yukichi FUKUZAWA has been treated critically as a person who supported aggressive foreign policy.
  45. In China and South Korea, public organizations announce information to recommend wearing a mask or to urge people to avoid going outdoors, when a high-density kosa arrives.
  46. In China and South Korea, the driving speeds of passenger vehicles are sometimes restricted in high-density kosa conditions.
  47. In China and Taiwan, pork is often used to make denbu but chicken and beef is sometimes used as well.
  48. In China and Taiwan, soymilk is made from green beans and black beans in addition to soybeans.
  49. In China and Tibet, however, use of eggs and dairy products are sometimes allowed and no clear standards exist.
  50. In China at that time, the Ming Dynasty of the Han race was destroyed and the Manchurian who was a barbarian living in the north of the Great Wall of China became the emperor and established the Qing dynasty.
  51. In China from where Esoteric Buddhism was brought into Japan, there is no trace of a kanjo ceremony as an enthronement ceremony for the emperor.
  52. In China in and after Northern Sung Dynasty, a coin was minted in a manner that the weight of 10 coins of Tang dynasty called Kai Yuan Tong Bao (or Kai Tong Yuan Bao) equaled 24 zhu, that is to say, 1 ryo (tael), and a weight of the one coin was called 'sen' (銭).
  53. In China it is called the Xinchou Treaty or the Xinchou Peace Agreement after the name of the year (Xinchu).
  54. In China it was mixed with Risei (Li Jing), a warrior at the beginning of the Tang who was respected as a war god, which led to the creation of the god Takutori-tenno.
  55. In China it was succeeded by sixth generations from Daruma to Daikan Zenshi, and was succeeded from Kido Chigu to Daio Kokushi (the most reverend priest) and Daito Kokushi in Japan after the emergence of Goke Shichishu (five sects and seven schools derived from the original Zen Buddhism), which led to the present Zen.
  56. In China official documents in a form of i have been used since ancient times, and according to "Bunshinchoryu" (the oldest Chinese literature and rhetoric compendium) "I" (移) means "to change the real world,"because "I" (移) can be represented in a Chinese character which means "change" instead of one which means "move."
  57. In China the Spring Festival, the Duanwu Festival, and the Moon Festival are national holidays based on the Chinese calendar.
  58. In China the old calendar is often called "the Chinese calendar" and in this case the new calendar is called "official calendar."
  59. In China the statue of Juni Shinsho had been produced in early times, and there is an example of wall painting in Dunhuang City.
  60. In China the structure was different from Japan, there should have been the Empress who ruled the actual Shosei while the legitimate monarch (young emperor) existed at the same time.
  61. In China the type of 'an' used in cooking is called 'qi?n' and is a separate concept.
  62. In China there had been no history book in which heresies were described in the main text until in the Ching period.
  63. In China there is amezaiku made by blowing heated candy to make forms of animals or birds, or dripping heated candy on a board to make letters or pictures.
  64. In China there was a complicated system of clothes such as benpuku (nobles' ceremonial clothes and headdress), chofuku (kosh hitoe, unlined garment of red sheer silk), koshu (short jacket and kukuri bakama (hakama trousers, the bottoms of which are tucked up at the knee with a string)), jofuku (everyday clothes), and so on.
  65. In China they are called 'rakuho' (駱峰, white horse peaks) and in Korea 'Kohan.'
  66. In China they have been worshiped in association with the zodiac, and many works in Japan also depict animals of the zodiac above their heads.
  67. In China today, there are some sweets similar to karinto that are referred to as 'mahua' or 'baangsa.'
  68. In China where both men and women commonly wore their hair long, kanzashi were important practical items for men to attach a court cap, which represented their status or type of job, to their hair.
  69. In China where there is a big Zen Buddhism movement, Northern Chinese Zen advocates the obtaining of Satori through a process of graded steps and, this differs from Southern Chinese Zen's preaching of sudden and momentary enlightenment.
  70. In China, "黄梅雨" (fan-mei-yu) which means "rain in the period in which fruit of Japanese apricot matures and their color changes to yellow" is often used.
  71. In China, 'Kassatsu" corresponds to Shozan.
  72. In China, 'sen' serves as the weight unit even today, and after the metric system was adopted, 1 sen was set at 5 grams.
  73. In China, 'zheng-yue' (Chinese reading of the Chinese characters for shogatsu) refers to January in the solar calendar.
  74. In China, 1 shaku was set 1 over 3 meters (about 33.3 centimeters).
  75. In China, 1 sho was roughly the same as today's 1 go in the ancient times, and it became roughly the same as today's 3 go in the age of the Tang Dynasty, and around when the unit was introduced into Japan, it became roughly the same as today's 4 go.
  76. In China, 1 sho was set at 1 liter, so 1 to (dou in pinyin) became 10 liters.
  77. In China, Busokuten enthroned in Tang and a nation was founded (Busokuten) in the end of the 7th century to the beginning of the 8th century, and Jungjong (Tang) and Yejong (Tang) were dethroned by Busokuten.
  78. In China, Emperor Cao Pi of the Wei Dynasty (during the Three States period) was reported to have presented chrysanthemum flowers to Zhong Yao (a Chinese calligrapher and politician of the Wei Dynasty) according to the "Yiwenleiju" (a Chinese encyclopedia, literally "Collection of Literature Arranged by Categories").
  79. In China, Emperor Wu of the Former Han (Han) monopolized iron and salt in order to rebuilt the financial status of the Empire, which had been strained due to the war against Xiongnu.
  80. In China, Gagaku (ya-y?e) meant the music played in ceremonies.
  81. In China, Gojo refers to five emotions.
  82. In China, Jizo Bosatsu is called Jizo-o Bosatsu (tied with Juo thought) and is worshipped as a master of the underworld.
  83. In China, Jodo-kyo sutras were transmitted beginning in the latter half of the second century, and Eon (the Eastern Jin) (334-416) of Mt. Rozan founded Byakuren-sha, an association of Nenbutsu, based on "Hanju Zanmai-kyo Sutra" at the beginning of the fifth century.
  84. In China, Kuhon was a classification used in judging people and hiring government officials.
  85. In China, Mappo shiso became prevalent during the era of the Sui and Tang Dynasties and it is closely related to the establishment of Sangai-kyo (Three Stages Sect) or Jodo-kyo (Jodo (Pure Land) sect).
  86. In China, Mongolia ruined Jin in the Joshin tribe dynasty and Sung which was driven out to southern China by Jin, and established the Yuan Dynasty and Mongolian Dynasty in China.
  87. In China, Mt. Wutai Shan in Shanxi Province has been worshipped widely since ancient times as Qingliangshan, where Monju Bosatsu lives, and this was introduced by Ennin in Japan.
  88. In China, Napolitan means meat sauce at some restaurants.
  89. In China, Oni (Guei) indicates a ghost, the spirit of a dead person and Chinese religion (Taoism).
  90. In China, Senko of a fat stick shape or coil-shaped Senko, both are called "衛生香 (fragrant incense)," is often used at public restrooms for the purpose of emitting aroma and getting rid of noxious insects.
  91. In China, So-Yo-Cho was first introduced in Northern Zhou, which became the perfect system in the Tang Dynasty.
  92. In China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea, there are many restaurants and Japanese-style restaurants whose specialty is Shojin ryori.
  93. In China, Tenka generally referred to the space which the emperor of the Chinese dynasty ruled based on the fixed universal principle of order.
  94. In China, a "gasan" is a text produced in relation to a portrait.
  95. In China, a Christian missionary group had stayed in Beijing.
  96. In China, a copper coin called Kai Yuan Tong Bao was minted for the first time in the age of the Tang dynasty, and from the age of Northern Sung dynasty, the coin's weight began to be used as a weight unit called 'sen' (in piyin, 'qian').
  97. In China, a custom of tea drinking started in the Tang period and is believed that there was a utensil equivalent to chataku, so drinker do not need to hold tea bowl containing boiling water.
  98. In China, a mathematical treatise titled "Kyusho Sanjutsu" (Art of Mathematics in Nine Chapters) appeared during the time of the Former Han Dynasty.
  99. In China, a mausoleum is a place to perform memorial rites in honor of ancestors, so tombs exist separately.
  100. In China, a winner of domestic war - not necessarily a son of an emperor - asked an former emperor to transfer his power to him, and acceded to the imperial throne and chaged the name of the country.
  101. In China, although it has been changed through periods, Shijin usually refers to a person who has an education of literature as Confucianist and a ruling or leading status.
  102. In China, although there is 'Fu Rong Xie (rou) (fried crab meat with egg white)' as an egg dish in Cantonese food, it is usually not put on the top of steamed rice and there is not any dish named 'Tenshin-han.'
  103. In China, as the phrase 'south ship north horse (travel far and wide) indicates, suigun navy developed in the south, mainly in the area along the Yangtze River, where a maze of waterways ran through.
  104. In China, characters "?雨" which has same sound was used in the past and it sometimes used even today.
  105. In China, chicken bones and seasonings for Chinese foods are used.
  106. In China, chronological histories like the "Spring and Autumn Annals" previously thought to be the work of Confucius have long been standard, but beginning with Qian SIMA's "Shiji" (The Historical Records), histories written in biographical annal format began to flourish.
  107. In China, civilization occurred during earlier times and as the center of East Asia, China built a tributary system with neighboring countries and areas.
  108. In China, five colored threads are hung instead of five colored tanzaku.
  109. In China, for example, kin (reads as 'jin' in pinyin) was used as a basic weight unit which was equalized with 160 monme (or 160 'sen' [reads as 'qian,' in pinyin] in China).
  110. In China, from the age of the former Han dynasty to the age of Tang Dynasty, the courts of the kings and lords had the markets called Palace markets.
  111. In China, from the periods of Qin and Han to the period of Qing, the real mother of the Emperor in reign and the former Empress were respectfully referred to as 'Empress Dowager.'
  112. In China, he was selected the second highest in the Hundred High Seat, revised some 40 rolls of sutra-related documents including "Hokekyo-gisho" and "Yuishiki-sengi," and brought back to Japan about 500 rolls of key passages from Buddhist sutra he had copied by hand.
  113. In China, holed coins had circulated in the market before Tosen coins (Chinese currency of the Tang dynasty) appeared, but, during the blank period without such currencies, it was cloth and rice that played the role as a bartering currency.
  114. In China, in the event that the emperor was unable to perform his duties, there were instances of the imperial family supervising government as national directors.
  115. In China, it is called Rai-ko (enLei Gong), Rai-shi, Rai-so, and so on.
  116. In China, it is used as the place where the family register is registered, or in ways (such as the birthplace of the originator) that derived from the use already described.
  117. In China, it seems that Chinese Zen often exchanged with Taoism founded by Lao-tze, so that there are many common points between them.
  118. In China, it was also called "Fukei."
  119. In China, it was called Teishugaku and Teishugakuha together with Yi CHENG in Northern Sung Dynasty who was positioned by Hsi CHU as his pioneer.
  120. In China, it was produced mainly from the Warring States Period (China) to Tong Dynasty.
  121. In China, its philosophy or thought is called thought of Ju-ka (thought of Confucius).
  122. In China, koan means a document issued by governments between ancient and early-modern times.
  123. In China, many rokakus were built on the riverside or on the seaside for commemorating big national events or for political demonstration purposes.
  124. In China, many today still worship Koshi.
  125. In China, nori is used for 'aji-tsuke nori,' snacks, 'onigiri' sold in convenience stores and so on, and the volumes of production and consumption are increasing.
  126. In China, on this day, there was a custom of eating 'Nanashusainokan' (hot soup with seven vegetables) and praying for good health.
  127. In China, paper is moistened before it is put on an object such as a stone or a piece of metal to make a shittaku, but in Japan, paper is first put on the object and then moistened with a water spray, a wet towel, or a wet brush so that the paper sticks to the object.
  128. In China, people call the method of tea as 'Chagei.'
  129. In China, present mantou refers to a kind of steamed breads without bean paste or filling in it.
  130. In China, relatives of the emperor's favorite concubine were raised to high ranks by the emperor to exercise their powers.
  131. In China, rou sing is often eaten with rice porridge but is sometimes added to eggs when making an omelet.
  132. In China, sakimori ('fangren' in Chinese) was deployed for the security of outlying territories and the soldiers were conscripted from farming villages.
  133. In China, seiza style was the formal style of sitting during the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period.
  134. In China, shakyo was stylized in the Rikucho period, and the practice of shakyo started to be popularized in the time of the Sui and Tang Dynasties.
  135. In China, similar facilities built in the Tang period are often referred to as being at the root of social welfare just like in Japan (they were no doubt the earliest facilities for the needy).
  136. In China, since priests were given the privilege of exemption from yoeki (corvee under the Ritsuryo system [a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code]), some people became priests in order to avoid the yoeki.
  137. In China, since the details of the Indian situation were not heard, the priests of the early Mahayana Buddhism were given honorific titles, of Bosatsu in particular.
  138. In China, since the rulers of the ancient Chou kingdom were taken as the ideal model for the emperor, the word 'king' was used instead of emperor.
  139. In China, sweet dried plums called Wamui are sold as Chinese confectionery.
  140. In China, that day was the day to purge noxious vapor and to pray for people's health, and there were customs where people went out to fields and picked herbs, decorated dolls made of mugwort and drank wine made of sweet grass.
  141. In China, the Chinese character for "ku" in the word "Kubo" included the concept of "private," while in Japan this character was used to mean the integration of the nation and its people.
  142. In China, the character '鮨' appeared in "Jiga" (Erya) established in the fifth to third centuries BC, and Jiga had a description that 'fish was so-called sushi.'
  143. In China, the first case of Kokushi was Hojo (法常) who lived in Northern Qi according to the volume "Kokushi" in "The Essential History of Great-Song Monks" written by Sannei (賛寧) who was the first monk in the Northern Song era.
  144. In China, the government of the Nationalist Party promulgated the Weights and Measures Act in 1929, and in the provision, '1 tan (dan in pinyin) was equivalent to 100 kin, 1 kin to 16 ryo, 1 ryo to 10 sen, and 1 sen to 10 bu,' and the weight of 1 ryo was set at 37.301 grams, modeled after the standard in the Tang Dynasty China.
  145. In China, the model for Confucianism and the object of admiration, the Ming dynasty went to ruin and the country came to be controlled by the Ching dynasty; China was said to have been reduced to 'a country of beasts' and no longer acted as a standard to emulate.
  146. In China, the policies that were carried out in lords' countries at the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period were called 'Fukoku kyohei', and some examples were given in Shinsaku (Qin strategies) of "Sengoku (warlike period) strategies".
  147. In China, the position is in the order of Empress Dowager Cixi, the emperor, and Empress Dowager Ci'an from the left; thus, hypothetically speaking, the order in Japan would be the emperor, and the empress since there is no position corresponding to Empress Dowager Cixi.
  148. In China, the problem concerning which are the real teachings of Shaka arose because Buddhist teachings were highly diversified due to too many scriptures being introduced.
  149. In China, the ratio is eight Japanese eels (Anguilla japonica) to two European eels (Anguilla anguilla).
  150. In China, the silver standard continued after the Xinhai Revolution.
  151. In China, the system put emphasis on securing taxes rather than allotting land, whereas in Japan, the system emphasized land allotment.
  152. In China, the units jin (尋), as well as 'jo' (常) that showed double length of jin, were frequently used.
  153. In China, the word 'zhou' is used to refer to porridge in general, while rice porridge is known by names including 'da mi zhou,' 'xi fan' or 'mi.'
  154. In China, the word Dhyana (Meditation, 禅定) has the same meaning.
  155. In China, the xiao-chi was not used after Tang Dynasty period, while the da-chi was used and gradually elongated to 36 centimeters by the end of Qing Dynasty.
  156. In China, there are two opposing thoughts about funerals, simple funerals and extravagant funerals.
  157. In China, there exist Hassen (eight deities of good luck) similar to Shichifukujin, each of which is said to have been an actual person (hermit), and the picture of them is an object to believe in across the nation.
  158. In China, there exist many kinds of stringed instrument that belong to zither group depending upon the ages, regions, or styles.
  159. In China, there is a description of 'sakumen' in the Northern Song Dynasty period much earlier compared to Japan.
  160. In China, there is a thesis that the Jinshin War was the battle of 'Wakoku' and 'Japan' (refer to the Jiu Tang Shu [Old Tang History] for more detail).
  161. In China, there is a thin rakugan referred to as yunpiangao.
  162. In China, there is a word "mudan" (written as 牡丹).
  163. In China, there was a labor obligation called 'saka,' separate from the irregular corvee, and there are various opinions about the relationship between the saka and the irregular corvee.
  164. In China, these items were known as 'gan huo' (dried food).
  165. In China, they call their rice cake 'nu?-m?-g?o' (glutinous rice sweet cake), 'nu?-m?-c?' (glutinous rice food), etc., not using the Chinese character meaning 'mochi.'
  166. In China, they grew many citrus since ancient time and it was described in the historical record "Spring and Autumn of Master Yan," which is said to have been completed during the Warring States Period (China,) when "mandarin orange changed to a trifoliata orange."
  167. In China, they have a kind of food which is produced by hardening steamed glutinous rice, however, the production method consists of steamed glutinous rice is spread in a shallow container and is pressed to become hardened and, therefore, its production method is different from that of Japan's tsuki-mochi.
  168. In China, they were discovered only near Shaoxing in the second to third century.
  169. In China, this had been the practice since ancient times.
  170. In China, this type of biwa had been used and mainly played as accompaniment for folk songs but, in the 20th century, solo music started to be composed by Tianhua LIU (erhu (two-stringed Chinese instrument played with a bow) and biwa player, composer, 1895 - 1932) and others.
  171. In China, three popular lineages of nenbutsu are the Eon (Eastern Jin) of Byakuren-sha, nenbutsu by Shandao and nenbutsu of Jimin-ryu by Enichi.
  172. In China, together with the paper, ink brush and ink stick, the suzuri is regarded as one of the Four Treasures of the Study.
  173. In China, when people and characters of things were classified, first, they were divided into three categories, johin (higher-quality goods), chuhin (the middle grade goods) and gehin (lower-quality goods), and then, each category was further divided into three grades.
  174. In China, where cultivation began in around the 1990s, the main production areas are in the provinces of Jiangsu and Shandong.
  175. In China, where gegyo originate, they sometimes use different Chinese characters '垂魚' for gegyo.
  176. In China, where it was also known as a 'huang bao che' (hired car), Japanese-made jinrikisha spread explosively throughout the country.
  177. In China, which Japan took as a model, the official history of a dynasty was compiled after it had fallen by the succeeding dynasty.
  178. In China, which belongs to the same liquor culture region of multiple parallel fermentation, fermentation was already called 'Ko' in the age of the Sung dynasty, according to a brewing treatise titled "Hokuzan Shukei" (book on brewing technique), the preface of which is known to be written in 1117.
  179. In China, while they have set 1 sho to be 1 liter, 1 koku is equivalent to 100 liters.
  180. In China, yuba comes predominantly as either 'fupi' (f?p?), which is dried yuba sheets, or 'fuchu' (f?zh?), dried yuba sticks made by wringing fresh yuba into the stick shape, and it is very seldom available in the roll form that is common in Japan.
  181. In Chinese Buddhist sutras there are examples of transcription such as Daenna and Jiana.
  182. In Chinese Taoism, Daigokuden means the living area of the Emperor.
  183. In Chinese Zen temples, it was originally the practice that the head priest would reside with the monks at the eastern or western so-do hall after he retired.
  184. In Chinese characters, Sekku is also written as "節供."
  185. In Chinese characters, her name is written as 天宇受賣命 in Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters) and 天鈿女命 in Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).
  186. In Chinese characters, karakuri is written as 絡繰, 機巧, or 機関, and in the old days, it was written as 唐繰.
  187. In Chinese characters, the forest green tree frog is written as 森青蛙 (Moriaogaeru) indicating they live up in trees in forests and are hard to find.
  188. In Chinese characters, this is described as 土器投げ or 瓦投げ.
  189. In Chinese cooking 'an' refers to ingredients wrapped in a cake made of flour, but the practice of using boiled azuki beans in common cakes in place of other ingredients is thought to have spread from Buddhist temples, which forbade the eating of meat.
  190. In Chinese cuisine, pork cutlets cooked in the culinary style called 'Paiku' (pork ribs) are common and they can also be found in ramen restaurants and Chinese restaurants in Japan.
  191. In Chinese cuisine, the materials frequently used to extract soup stock are chicken, chicken bones, pork, Chinese ham, scallop, dried shrimp and others.
  192. In Chinese cuisine, thick starchy sauce or soup is often poured over the dish after it is fried.
  193. In Chinese folk belief he is depicted as a figure with a red-colored face and holding a dragon.
  194. In Chinese historical documents, the ruler of Japan was called 'the king of Wo' but in the Tang dynasty era, the term 'the king of Japan' (Nihon-kokuo) came into use.
  195. In Chinese historical records, "Gishi wajin den" (the first written record of Japan's commerce) that described third century Japan, there was an entry that "there are ginger, Tachibana orange, sansho (Japanese pepper) and Japanese ginger, however, it is thought that they did not eat them."
  196. In Chinese history books, the Imperial Record in "Jin shu" (History of the Jin Dynasty) referred to Yamatai as 'eastern Wa.'
  197. In Chinese history, the Ritsuryo system was most prominent during the Sui and Tang dynasties, whereas in the surrounding East Asian countries, the system was widely enforced from the latter half of the 7th century to the 9th century as it was introduced from China.
  198. In Chinese medicine, dried rind of unripe mikan is called 'seihi' and that of ripen mikan is called 'chinpi' and both of them are used as medicine.
  199. In Chinese medicine, the shells of Haliotis asinina, Haliotis diversicolor Reeve and Haliotis discus hannai (abalone) are called 'shijueming' (sea-ear shells) and have been used as a medicine.
  200. In Chinese past dynasty, there were empresses who were the wives of the emperor.
  201. In Chinese, 'to count the number of beads' is written as '数珠.'
  202. In Chinese, Tsukimi is usually expressed as '賞月 (viewing moon),' so '月見' is considered to be borrowed from Japanese.
  203. In Chinese, a construction work which uses inferior cement and lacks strength is called 'tofuja konchon' meaning 'a construction work using okara.'
  204. In Chinese, cities are called 城市 (fortified towns) and the castles found in Europe and Japan were called 城堡 (castles and forts).
  205. In Chinese, it is called "Bao Bing".
  206. In Chinese, it is still called the "Treaty of Bakan" (馬關條約).
  207. In Chion-in Temple Kyoto, Seishi-do was established to install Seishi Bosatsu as the Honzon.
  208. In Cho, people were obliged to present six meters of silk and about 120 grams of cotton.
  209. In Chofu, one tan was changed to 12.6 meters in length by 72 cm in width, which was equivalent to the Cho paid by one member of Seitei.
  210. In Chokinu, one hiki (one tan) was changed to 18 meters in length by 57 cm in width, which was equivalent to the Cho paid by six members of Seitei.
  211. In Choryu-ji Temple in Hinode-machi, Oita Prefecture, there is a gorinto (a gravestone composed of five pieces piled up one upon another) with an epigraph 'Kunimatsu, son of Hideyori.'
  212. In Christianity (especially so in Protestantism), the death of a person is not to be abhorred.
  213. In Christianity, altar commonly refers to the table where mass is held in a church.
  214. In Christianity, the Orthodox Church frequently uses incense with censers, etc.
  215. In Christianity, the vernal equinox is used as a reference point when calculating the date of Easter.
  216. In Christianity, there is no concept of a mourning period, but bereaved families often give a koden-gaeshi in a manner similar to that of Buddhism after the ascension memorial day which is held one month after the death.
  217. In Chuno region, when June comes, white blossoms of magnolias are often found along national roads and mountains, which tell us the coming of early summer and the season of Hoba-zushi.
  218. In Chusei Nihongi, it is often the case that Shinto deities described in the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) and the Nihonshoki are identified with Buddhist devas and many types of celestial Buddhas.
  219. In Chushingura, he is also told to have restrained Tsunanori from sending reinforcements to Kira Kozuke no Suke.
  220. In Chushingura, he is told to have restrained Tsunanori from sending reinforcements to Kira Kozuke no Suke.
  221. In Chushoin, extremely wide Akari-shoji were set between three bays, and broke up the monotonous repetition.
  222. In Classical Rakugo (classical comic story-telling), Hokan appears in many comic stories, both Kamigata (Kyoto and Osaka area) and Edo, from which you can feel the atmosphere.
  223. In Clause 1 of Imperial Family Law, it says 'The Imperial Throne should be succeeded by a male member of the Imperial family.'
  224. In Clause 12, it says; 'Female members of the Imperial family are to leave the Imperial family if they marry someone who is not an Emperor or a member of the Imperial family.'
  225. In Confucian society that highly regards filial duty, it has been considered that the monarch should take the initiative in according his mother and her relatives every courtesy as an example for the people.
  226. In Confucianism in the Korean Peninsula, it is required to cry loudly in an exaggerated way remembering the deceased and there are Naki onna (woman who cries at the funeral ceremony) who attend funerals and cry to get money.
  227. In Confucianism, 'humanity,' 'justice,' 'courtesy,' 'wisdom,' and 'faith' are considered as five eternal virtues, and they are also referred to as Gojo (five eternals).
  228. In Confucianism, it means a period of mourning for a father should be three years and a mother should be for a year as written in the "Book of Rites".
  229. In Confucianism, the most important thing is to carry out a funeral ceremony for one's parents on a grand scale.
  230. In Confucianism, which had emerged before the Sui and Tang Dynasties and continued through the Northern Song Dynasty, an ideological group called Dogaku gradually rose to the fore after the middle of the Southern Sung period, when it was founded by Zhu Xi, and came to dominate ideological circles in the Jiang Nan area.
  231. In Dadu of Yuan (Dynasty), the imperial palace was located slightly south to the center of the imperial city, surrounded by administrative districts.
  232. In Daido era, he became a Sakone (Left Division of Inner Palace Guards) and, due to his excellence in painting, he was called to the Court, where he is said to have exhibited his prowess.
  233. In Daihou-hachimangu Shrine, the event of mushiokuri (torch procession), which drives impurity away, and the influence of hitomigoku (a human sacrifice) are seen in the festival.
  234. In Daijokancho written in 806 and carried on "Shinsho kyakuchoku fusho," they were treated as the same kind; it is presumed that they were considered to be the same in those days.
  235. In Daikomyo-ji Temple (former Gokuraku-ji Temple) near Keisei Line Takasago station, there are a statue of Benzaiten (Sarasvati, Buddhist goddess of music, learning, eloquence, wealth, longevity, and protection from natural disasters) that is said to be Fujitsuna's dedication and a memorial tower of Fujitsuna erected in Edo Period.
  236. In Daishugan, Daidoshi states the purpose of gyoho on behalf of all and chants it in kanon (Han reading of Chinese characters).
  237. In Daito Village, Yoshino County of Nara Prefecture, Yama-arashi is said to be a monster which makes noise of cutting trees in mountains.
  238. In Daiun-in Temple, Kyoto City, there is a preserved statue of Sadakatsu shaped like "the old man of tonsured head."
  239. In Danjuro's katsurekimono (historical play), Danjuro and Sojuro always worked together, but they were not popular except amongst some of the intellectuals so, their play was called 'Son (damage) juro' using their names.
  240. In Danzo's version Mitsuhide is startled to meet the gaze of Sakube YASUDA, who has come to see how Mitsuhide is doing at the banquet.
  241. In Dazai-fu, koaza (small administrative unit [of a village]) representing geographical names such as `Shishinden' (hall for state ceremonies), `dairi' (Imperial Palace), `Suzaku-mon Gate' still remained, showing that `the place for the emperor' was in Dazai-fu.
  242. In Dazaifu City, there is a place called 'Mizuki.'
  243. In Dazaifu, some call the central north-south street extending from the government district Suzaku-oji Street, following the example of Heijokyo and Heiankyo.
  244. In December (leap month), he was again appointed to the tutor of the Crown Prince.
  245. In December (lunar calender) at the age of seven, she became the lawful wife of 19-year-old Toshinaga MAEDA, the eldest legitimate son of Toshiie MAEDA.
  246. In December 1077, he organized Meisho Uta-awase (Poetry Contest on Famous Place-Names) in Izumo where he took his post.
  247. In December 1139, he deceased.
  248. In December 1141, she was born at Rokujo-tei, and grew up at Shirakawa Oshikoji-dono, which was her mother's family home.
  249. In December 1145, he was raised to the peerage.
  250. In December 1159 there was a Heiji War and Emperor Nijo was confined by the oppositions, but he escaped to TAIRA no Kiyomori's Rokuhara tei (TAIRA clan's villa located between Gojo and Shichijo, Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto city).
  251. In December 1160, his father, Yoshitomo, banded together with FUJIWARA no Nobuyori and brought about a coup d'?tat in Kyoto and seized political power by killing his political foe FUJIWARA no Shinzei, then secured Retired Emperor Goshirakawa and Emperor Nijo in the Dairi (Inner Palace).
  252. In December 1166, she was selected by fortune telling to be the Saigu for her nephew, the Emperor Rokujo, and in June, 1167 entered into the Shosaiin (Hall of Initial Abstinence) - Daizenshiki (Office of the Palace Table).
  253. In December 1169, Uemonfu Masatomo, who was the mokudai (dispatched proxy) for FUJIWARA no Ienori, the Governor of Owari Province, was having problems with the jinin (a member of the temple staff) of Hiranosho, Mino Province.
  254. In December 1169, armed priests of the Enryaku-ji Temple made a petition for deportation of FUJIWARA no Narichika, who was an older brother-in-law of Shigemori and also the head of his own chigyokoku, Owari Province.
  255. In December 1169, when a group of priests from Enryaku-ji Temple forcefully petitioned the transportation of FUJIWARA no Narichika, Goshirakawa called upon samurai for defence.
  256. In December 1169, when a group of priests from Enryaku-ji Temple tried to submit a petition requiring the exiling of FUJIWARA no Narichika, Yorimori, together with Shigemori and Munemori, were on placed on standby, taking command of the Imperial troops.
  257. In December 1170, Munemori was promoted to the position of supernumerary second-ranked councillor of state.
  258. In December 1172, the people from Iga Province fought against the priests of Kasuga-sha Shrine and one of their priest was killed, after this the priests from Kofuku-ji Temple demanded the ones responsible from Iga Province, be punished, they gave a sacred tree from Kasuga-sha Shrine to make the plea.
  259. In December 1179, Kiyomori, at odds with the Cloistered Emperor, brought his army from Fukuhara-kyo to Kyoto, staged a coup, suspended the cloistered administration, and incarcerated the Cloistered Emperor (Coup of the Third Year of Jisho).
  260. In December 1179, as a result of TAIRA no Kiyomori's coup (Coup of the Third Year of Jisho), Tadatsuna was appointed as Saemon Shojo (Jr. Lieutenant of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards) through a Jimoku (ceremony for appointing officials) and also received the imperial decree to become a kebiishi (a police and judicial chief).
  261. In December 1180 (the old calendar), Kagetoki surrendered to Yoritomo through Sanehira DOI.
  262. In December 1180, when the Minamoto clan rose in insurrection in Mino Province and Omi Province, he was the supreme commander to suppress the insurrection.
  263. In December 1182, she informed Masako HOJO, her stepdaughter after childbirth, that MINAMOTO no Yoritomo, Masako's husband, had an affair.
  264. In December 1184, Moritsuna was in Kojima of Bizen Province to search and kill the Taira clan, and on December 7, 1184, he captured a castle which was held by more than 500 horse soldiers led by TAIRA no Yukimori.
  265. In December 1185, when Yoshitsune attempted to escape to Saikai (provinces on the western seacoast), he is believed to have armed himself and accompanied the run-away.
  266. In December 1196 (November 1196 in old lunar calendar), Kanezane was overthrown with his family because of slandering Michichika to Emperor Gotoba, and Yoritomo is said to acquiesce this (Coup of the seventh year of Kenkyu).
  267. In December 1202, he became the regent of Emperor Tsuchimikado, then in 1204, he was promoted to the rank of Juichii (Junior First Rank) and assumed the position of Daijo daijin (grand minister).
  268. In December 1202, however, he resigned from all his posts, and retired from the politics thereafter.
  269. In December 1203, in respect of arguments over the posts of Gunji and Benzaishi for Kagoshima of yosegori (lands donated to the lord) in Shimazu-no-sho estate (manor), the Kamakura bakufu ordered shugosho (provincial administrative office) to make a decision based on the principle of hereditary succession.
  270. In December 1204, he married a daughter of Nobukiyo BOMON as his lawful wife.
  271. In December 1208, 19 years after the death of Yoshitsune, he made a political comeback as Shuri Gon no daibu (Provisional Master in the Office of Palace Repairs).
  272. In December 1213, following the order of his grandmother Masako HOJO, he became a priest and a disciple of Eisai, and named his homyo (a name given to a person who enters the Buddhist priesthood) Eijitsu.
  273. In December 1260, she served as nyogo-dai (court lady who acted for nyogo (a high-ranking lady in the court - a consort of an emperor)) in Daijosai (first ceremonial offering of rice by newly-enthroned Emperor), and entered into court in January 1261, the following month.
  274. In December 1290, six years after Tokimune's death, a man identified as the second son was captured by Rokuhara Tandai; he was allegedly accused of plotting a rebellion with Yorimori MIURA and was tortured to death.
  275. In December 1350, Tadayoshi lost power due to a coup d'etat by Moronao, and escaped Kyoto to gather troops to bring down Moronao.
  276. In December 1359 he planned the mopping-up operation of the Southern Court military forces in Kawachi and departed on campaign together with the Kanto region commander Kunikiyo HATAKEYAMA who had come to the capital (Kyoto) from Kamakura.
  277. In December 1361, after having Yoshiakira, the second Shogun, escape to Omi again with Masanori KUSUNOKI and Kiyouji HOSOKAWA, Yorifusa worked as a Kendan (policing and adjudication authority) for some time.
  278. In December 1361, along with various allies including Kiyouji HOSOKAWA and Masanori KUSUNOKI, Moromoto participated in the operation to regain Kyoto.
  279. In December 1420, he was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) and transferred to Sahyoe no kami (Captain of the Left Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  280. In December 1472, he celebrated his coming of age, and changed his name to Yoshisuke.
  281. In December 1472, he celebrated his coming of age.
  282. In December 1492, following Yoshiki's return to Kyoto, Yoshiharu stayed in Kyoto for a certain period, but, in January 1493, when a revolt by Jirosaemon IGA occurred in Tango Province, he went down to suppress the revolt and, after that, became untraceable.
  283. In December 1561, Masatora returned to the Kanto region, and fought with Ujiyasu (the Battle of Mt. Ikuno).
  284. In December 1566, Yoshihisa was obliged to surrender.
  285. In December 1568 (old calendar), he received the title of Imperial Prince by Imperial Order and had a coming of age ceremony; in January 1584 (old calendar), he received the rank of Sanbon (the third rank of the Imperial Prince's ranks).
  286. In December 1568, Ujizane IMAGAWA who severed diplomatic relations with the Takeda clan appealed to Terutora for help.
  287. In December 1568, he was allowed to attend official meetings held in the inner palace at the age of 13 and celebrated his coming of age.
  288. In December 1573 Yoshitsugu MIYOSHI was defeated and killed in Wakae-jo Castle in Kawachi Province.
  289. In December 1573, Ekei ANKOKUJI, a vassal of the Mori clan dispatched to Nobunaga by Terumoto MORI to negotiate for Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA's return to Kyoto, sent the following letter to his home country.
  290. In December 1576, Kenshin invaded Noto Province, and besieged Nanao-jo Castle in Noto Province (the Battle of Nanao-jo Castle).
  291. In December 1578, he also joined the attack on Arioka-jo Castle in Settsu Province (the battle of Arioka-jo Castle), and intermediated the surrender of Kiyohide NAKAGAWA to Nobunaga.
  292. In December 1586, he was posthumously awarded the post of Naidaijin.
  293. In December 1586, she became Jusangu (honorary rank next to the three Empresses: Great Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, and Empress) after the enthronement of her son, Emperor Goyozei.
  294. In December 1591, when Hideyoshi resigned as Kanpaku, his nephew Hidetsugu TOYOTOMI succeeded him as Kampaku and took over Jurakudai, at which time Emperor Go-Yozei visited again.
  295. In December 1599, he gave Honsei-ji Temple his autographic signature and also moved Myosho-ji Temple to the site of Hanbei TAKENAKA's house as his donation in 1600.
  296. In December 1626, he was conferred a rank and appointed to a post.
  297. In December 1633 Mitsukuni was chosen as the heir.
  298. In December 1662, he celebrated his coming of age (gempuku) and succeeded to the Imperial Throne after his brother, Emperor Gosai, abdicated the throne to him in January 1663.
  299. In December 1673, he had his coming of age ceremony and was given the rank of Jugoijo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  300. In December 1684, he was given the title of Imperial Prince and was named Naohito.
  301. In December 1688, he was appointed to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) Kawachi no kami (governor of Kawachi Province), and in June 1695, he gave a lecture on the Analects of Confucius to the Shogun Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA, when the Shogun visited Masatake ABE's house.
  302. In December 1688, he was appointed to Jugoinoge Kawachi no kami.
  303. In December 1730, he died in Edo at the age of 92.
  304. In December 1745, he was adopted by Emperor Sakuramachi, and in June 1746, he was given the title of Imperial Prince.
  305. In December 1753, he was promoted to Nihon (the second rank of the Imperial Princes' rank).
  306. In December 1754, she got married and entered the nishi no maru (the west palace which was a part of the castle) of Edo-jo Castle, which became her place to live; Since then she was called "gorenju" (the title of honor for a legal wife of a aristocrat as daijin, cabinet minister and kugyo, court noble).
  307. In December 1758, transferred to the Gujo Domain, Mino Province.
  308. In December 1772, She received an imperial letter of appointment as the title Nyogo, in consequence of that Imperial Prince Hidehito had been enthroned to the Emperor in 1770.
  309. In December 1781, one year after the Princess was born, she received title as Imperial Princess, and also received the rank of Jisango (one of the official ranks for Imperial family and court nobles during the Heian period) by the Emperor in December 1794, she then made an Imperial consort's bridal entry into court on 31 March, 1794.
  310. In December 1784, he became Tatesakusha (the head of the playwrights' room in a Kabuki theater during the Edo and the Meiji period), and gained the second highest popularity after Jisuke SAKURADA the first.
  311. In December 1791, the Emperor held the 'Gungi' (multitude of opinions), and achieved a determination for the enforcement of the imperial proclamation, of the honorary title, by gaining the approval of 35 out of 40 nobles who had ranks higher than Sangi (government advisor).
  312. In December 1796, conferred to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), the Governor of Kii Province.
  313. In December 1822, he was appointed as the Ukeyaku of the Saga Domain at the age of 22 before succeeding to the family head.
  314. In December 1835, Unosuke SASAKI, who was in charge of the shooting practice field, was sentenced to be exiled to Aogashima Island by the Hyojosho (conference chamber).
  315. In December 1838, he was born as the third child of Yoemon NAKAMURA (Kaneaki KIRINO), who was a samurai retainer living in a castle town in Sanekata, Yoshino Village, Kagoshima County.
  316. In December 1839, he succeeded the family estate of Shigetomi family and changed his common name to Yamashiro on January 1840.
  317. In December 1844, he became the adopted son-in-law of Naotada HATANO, who was also a retainer of the Choshu clan, and called himself Kingo HATANO.
  318. In December 1848, he took over as the head of the family.
  319. In December 1857, the minting of four-mon coin started in Higashidaiku-cho, Edo, and the specified composition was changed to 65% of copper, 15% of zinc, and 20% of lead and so on.
  320. In December 1864, Kashitaro ITO was enrolled in the troops.
  321. In December 1864, he was assigned to the fifth squad led by Syuntaro OGATA.
  322. In December 1865, he accompanied Isami KONDO on his trip to the Choshu Domain.
  323. In December 1866 the Kobusho was renamed Rikugunsho as it underwent reorganization.
  324. In December 1866, the Emperor Komei passed away.
  325. In December 1867, on the eve of the restoration of imperial rule (Japan), they were pardoned by court council.
  326. In December 1871, Inhyo-ka was established as central institution of statistics in Japan, however the word 'seihyo' had been already used by Furukawa.
  327. In December 1872 Heinai became a "hatto" (a lower-level official) to the Hokkaido Development Commission.
  328. In December 1874, Inoue invited Kido, who had returned to Yamaguchi Prefecture, to Osaka.
  329. In December 1876, he got engaged to Berta, a German dowager, and asked the Meiji Government to permit marriage, but the government expressed disapproval of his marriage and ordered him to return to Japan.
  330. In December 1878, he became a Lieutenant Colonel of Army, the Captain assigned to the 13th Regiment Foot Soldier.
  331. In December 1878, the national government was in uproar when counterfeit bills were found in the national treasury funds paid to the national government by local governments.
  332. In December 1879, he graduated from the Katsuyama school.
  333. In December 1879, he was ordered to be a committee member to examine the draft of Chizaiho (the Criminal Procedure Law of 1880 -1890).
  334. In December 1879, his first son Kaneyoshi was born.
  335. In December 1882, he assumed office as Executive Secretary to the prime minister in Genroin (the Chamber of Elders).
  336. In December 1884, he opposed the dissolution of the Consitutional Progressive Party; however, leading members such as Shigenobu OKUMA and Togama KONO left the party.
  337. In December 1884, the school was transferred to the Ministry of Education and changed its name to Tokyo Ho-Gakko and was consolidated into the University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law in September 1885.
  338. In December 1885 Tamaki became a councilor of the Senate again.
  339. In December 1885, as the cabinet system was inaugurated, he assumed the post as the first Minister of Justice in The First Ito Cabinet.
  340. In December 1885, he entered the Buddhist priesthood (tokudo) at the age of fifteen.
  341. In December 1893, he was placed on reserve duty.
  342. In December 1895: Resigned his post as the director of Fukushima Prefectural Ordinary Normal School.
  343. In December 19, 702, Iwayu who served as the director of Ise Province was granted "fuko 10-households," fuko means a vassal household allotted to a courtier, at the time of Emperor Jito's visit to Ise Province.
  344. In December 1901, the fifteenth owner of Sumitomo, Kimisumi SUMITOMO, who was the real brother of Kinmochi SAIONJI, donated 1,500 yen, reserved land and a school building located in Hirokoji-dori Kawaramachi, Kamigyo-ku, (410 Nakagoryocho), Kyoto-City, and moved there.
  345. In December 1906, a 'Shrine Merger order' was issued to integrate or abolish shrines so that there was, in principle, one shrine in each town or village.
  346. In December 1909, Isshinkai sent the 'Statement to request the consolidation of Korea and Japan' to Sunjong (Korean King), Sone ARASUKE, the 2nd Inspector General of Korea, and Prime Minister Lee, Wan-yong to request the consolidation of Korea and Japan.
  347. In December 1912, he was appointed as an advisor of Osaka Shokokai (chamber of commerce and industry).
  348. In December 1918, he made an application to donate expenses for establishment and operation of the Institute for Steel Research, Tohoku University.
  349. In December 1931, conversion to gold was stopped.
  350. In December 1945 after World War II, there were a few amendments to Kyuchu Sekiji such as raising the rank of both chairmen of the Kizokuin (House of Peers) and House of Representatives to the sixth; but with the enforcement of the Constitution of Japan the following year, the ranking was abolished.
  351. In December 1945, it moved to the former Navy facility in Aza Tomita, Takahara Village (Tomita, Kyotanba-cho, as of now), Funai-gun.
  352. In December 1946, it was given the present name of Kasuga-taisha Shrine.
  353. In December 1967, "Fukuzawa Yukichi" (published by Shimizu Shoin) by Masanao KANO was published.
  354. In December 1982, the university council decided, without consultation with the members of the dormitory or hearing their opinions, that 'the time limit for staying at Yoshida dormitory is March 31, 1986' (so in original).
  355. In December 1994, it was also registered as a World Heritage Site as part of the "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto".
  356. In December 1994, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Cultural Heritage Site) as part of the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto.
  357. In December 1994, it was registered as a World Heritage Site, as part of the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto.
  358. In December 2002, there was an incident in which a subcontractor of the Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) drove a nail into it.
  359. In December 2005, a successor to Tojuro SAKATA, called Tojuro IV, was appointed after a wait of 231 years.
  360. In December 2006, each station on the Kitano Line except for Katabiranotsuji Station was planted with trees or flower beds which symbolize that station.
  361. In December 2006, every station on the Kitano Line except for Katabiranotsuji Station was planted with symbol trees or flower beds.
  362. In December 2007 the head of the Board of Education announced in the prefectural assembly that Biwako Bunkakan would close on March 31, 2008.
  363. In December 2008, it was reported that the so-called third beer would overtake low-malt beer in sales volume.
  364. In December 24, 1878: Graduated from the University of Tokyo as a member of the inaugural class of Department of Physics called "Department of French Physics," in which the lectures were given in French by a French instructor.
  365. In December 29 (according to the lunar calendar) of 1005, she began serving the Empress of Emperor Ichijo FUJIWARA no Shoshi/Akiko (the oldest daughter of FUJIWARA no Michinaga, and later given the name of the Retired Emperor Jotomonin) as a court lady-cum-tutor, and she served the Empress at least until 1011.
  366. In December 512, during the cession of four districts of Mimana to Baekje, Arakahi was ordered to report the emperor's consent, but at the advice of his wife feigned illness and declined to make the journey.
  367. In December 688, executions came to an end, Emperor Tenmu was buried.
  368. In December 774, he purchased a field of 2975.1 square meters from ayabe (people managed by ayahito [people from China who settled in early Japan and introduced Continental culture to the Japanese]) in the same village, named Akomaro.
  369. In December 7th, 1857, Iesada granted Townsend HARRIS, the United States Consul General, an audience at Edo-jo Castle.
  370. In December 809, the Retired Emperor Heizei moved to the former capital city, to the Heijokyo (Heijo Palace).
  371. In December 877, he rose to the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) from Shorokuinojo (Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade) and became the governor of Shinano Province.
  372. In December 921, he accompanied his mentor Kangen, who received an Imperial order from the Emperor Daigo to visit the mausoleum of the retired emperor deep in Mt. Koya, and it is said that he touched Kobo Daishi's knee as he entered the place.
  373. In December 928, Michikaze was commissioned by imperial order to make drafts for the Imperial Court, preparing calligraphy drafts of poems written by OE no Asatsuna; eight "risshi" style Chinese poems and three "zekku" style poems.
  374. In December 938 or January 939, she was given the rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  375. In December 939, FUJIWARA no Fumimoto, Sumitomo's subordinate, was ordered to attack the lords of Echizen Province, FUJIWARA no Sanetaka and Koremoto SHIMADA, at Suki station in Settsu Province, where he captured Sanetaka and cut off his nose, kidnapped his wife and killed their children.
  376. In December 976, Kanemichi appointed Yoritada to Ichi no kami (top court noble).
  377. In December 984, his master Ryogen fell sick, and Genshin started to write "Ojoyoshu" (Buddhism book).
  378. In December Prince Akiko, Bifuku mon in's princess, became a junbo (women who were given equivalent rank of Emperor's birth mother) and was given the name of Hachijo in; moreover, Princess Shushi, who became a nun, was given the name of Takamatsu in.
  379. In December during the same year, he arranged the funeral of the retired Emperor Konin as Goshozokushi (an official who handled important rituals).
  380. In December he captured Kyoto with the Masanori KUSUNOKI and Yorifusa ISHIDO group but faced Shogunate counterattacks, and in 1362 escaped to the easily defendable Awa Province with the Hosokawa clan and comrades in arms.
  381. In December he retired from the Daijo-daijin position due to health problems.
  382. In December in 1076, he was conferred Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  383. In December in AD 200, Empress Jingu dispatched troops, headed by herself as a commander-in-chief, to conquest Sankan (three old Korean Kingdoms).
  384. In December in the same year, Kinmochi SAIONJI departed for France where he was going to study.
  385. In December in the same year, Kuninao, having ordered his vassals to conduct a field survey in advance, visited Hokkaido himself the following year and conducted a field investigation based on the results of the preceding survey.
  386. In December in the same year, he moved to the residence of Shoichiro SHIRAISHI, a wealthy merchant in Shimonoseki City.
  387. In December in the same year, the unit of Takatora TODO on Tokugawa's side started an attack due to a quarrel in the unit led by himself and the Battle at the Tanimachiguchi gate occurred.
  388. In December joined the Yomiuri Shimbun.
  389. In December of 1185, after being evaluated by Yoritomo as a court noble wotrhy of a government position, he was recommended for the Giso-kugyo (Council of Nobles).
  390. In December of 1185, he was dismissed from his position as a gyobukyo to which he was recently appointed.
  391. In December of 1336, which was earlier than the departure of the Emperor Gomurakami from the capital in 1336, the Emperor Godaigo escaped from Kazan-in in Kyoto and reached Anafu, but since there was no place suitable for the Imperial Palace, he went to Yoshino.
  392. In December of 1398, he was given Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade) and appointed to the Sahyoe no suke.
  393. In December of 1568, Shingen began his invasion into Suruga.
  394. In December of 1866, Joe was baptized at a church affiliated with Andover Seminary.
  395. In December of 1867, on his way to a patient's house, he was arrested by Shinsengumi on suspicion of participating in the scheme to overthrow the shogunate, and he was confined to Rokkaku prison house at Nishihongan-ji Temple, which the Shinsengumi used as its headquarters.
  396. In December of 1940, Toa Shodo Shinbunsha (a news paper company concerned with calligraphy) held a round-table discussion to gather many calligraphers and to exchange opinions about uniting persons in the calligraphic society for a common purpose, consequently leading to the establishment of the "Shodan Kakushin Kyogikai."
  397. In December of 1976, it was decided that Saitama Prefecture should manage the part of the eastern side moat site that remained undesignated in the 1973 designation, and that part was designated and added to the national historical site.
  398. In December of 2007, his debut documentary film, "Theatrical: A record of Tojuro and Theater Company Karagumi" was released.
  399. In December of 763, he returned the "Shikan" (Cessation and Observation) sutra from Todai-ji Temple to Toin (Tang-in Temple).
  400. In December of 818, Kukai himself climbed up the mountain for the first time after the sanction was granted, and stayed there until the next year.
  401. In December of that year, after Masakado complained to his former lord, FUJIWARA no Tadahira, about the violence caused by Yoshikane, the Imperial Court issued official documents from Dajokan, the Great Council of State, to find and capture Yoshikane and his army.
  402. In December of that year, having reached the decision to construct the east-west main line along the Nakasen-do corridor, the government issued the Nakasen-do Railroad Development Bond.
  403. In December of that year, with advice from Prince Okiyo, Masakado advanced his army and occupied the provincial offices of Shimotsuke and Kouzuke, where he conducted unilateral jimoku (appointment ceremonies) and appointed Kokushis (provincial governors) for each province of Kanto.
  404. In December of the following year, 1179, Yorimasa entered priesthood and officially had his son and heir Nakatsuna succeed the family.
  405. In December of the same year he forced Yoshinari HATAKEYAMA to go to Kyoto and meet the Shogun.
  406. In December of the same year she was awarded by the Emperor the title of Imperial Princess with a rank of Nippon (the second highest rank of nobility).
  407. In December of the same year, Koshichi SUZUKI assumed the leadership of the company from Higa.
  408. In December of the same year, Kusumaro was appointed to Sangi (councilor) together with his brothers, FUJIWARA no Masaki and FUJIWARA no Asakari.
  409. In December of the same year, Mitsuyuki was stripped of his position as shugo of Izumo Province and he was banished from Kyoto.
  410. In December of the same year, Takauji defeated Nitta's army at the Battle of Hakone Take no Shita, and advanced his army up to Kyoto.
  411. In December of the same year, he also suspended writing 'Kojin' for sickness for the first time.
  412. In December of the same year, he assumed the post as Minister of Justice in The First Yamagata Cabinet.
  413. In December of the same year, he became Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank Upper Grade) Dazai no sochi (Governor-General of the Dazai-fu offices).
  414. In December of the same year, he became an English teacher in Preparatory School of the University of Tokyo (Tokyo Yobimon).
  415. In December of the same year, he had a coming-of-age ceremony and was appointed to the governor of Kozuke Province.
  416. In December of the same year, he resigned as Minister of Justice, taking responsibility for the postponement of the Commercial Code implementation.
  417. In December of the same year, he resigned as Secretary of Interior and concurrently assumed the position of Shihokyo (administrator of Ministry of Justice) and Sangi (councilor).
  418. In December of the same year, he retired as Junior Councillor, and entered the Gakko Hojin Keio Gijuku in March of the following year and studied English and other subjects there.
  419. In December of the same year, he was assigned to be a company commander of the Western style military drill court as well as a Junior Councillor of the Ayabe Domain, and he became in charge of Tukaharaguchi of the Tanba Kaido Road, as Sanin Chinbu-sotoku (the general of placating Sanin).
  420. In December of the same year, he was assigned to serve as a Kosamurai dokoro betto.
  421. In December of the same year, he was designated as Sanbon (the third rank of the Imperial Princes'rank).
  422. In December of the same year, he was killed in Echizen Province.
  423. In December of the same year, he was promoted to Army Captain and in December, 1873, he was appointed to Army Major.
  424. In December of the same year, he was sued over embezzlement of a territory in Echizen Province; and this is the last report of Tomomune; since then, there is no description of him in "Azuma Kagami" any more.
  425. In December of the same year, he went off to war in Omi Province with Tomonori, where they defeated Yoshitsune YAMAMOTO.
  426. In December of the same year, his father suddenly died in Kyoto and he officially became the head of the family, but as he was still young, his older brother, Sadatoshi OTOMO assisted him in governing.
  427. In December of the same year, she resuscitated an annual festival "Mochitsuki" (rice cake making festival) in Shimabara, after a 12-year absence.
  428. In December of the same year, she was given an Ingo (a title of respect given to close female relatives of the Emperor or a woman of comparable standing), but since her mother Dantenmonin died in the same period, she became as a priest and decided her hogo (a Buddhist name) as Shinrikaku.
  429. In December of the same year, the Department of War was abolished and became the Department of Veterans Affairs I, the Department of the Navy was abolished and became the Department of Veterans Affairs II; the Military Ministers was reorganized and dismantled.
  430. In December of the same year, with the backing of Myochin, Toshihiro fought against Toshisada and surrounded Kiyosu-jo Castle to recapture the castle.
  431. In December of the year of 1867 in which 15th Shogun Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA restored Imperial Rule and dissolved the shogunate, Shinpei was released from house arrest and reinstated as superintendent officer of the district.
  432. In December, 1150, he was appointed to be Kurodo (Chamberlain) of the Cloistered Emperor Toba.
  433. In December, 1171, taking the marriage of Tokuko, a daughter of Kiyomori, and Emperor Takakura, Shigemori returned to the Gon Dainagon post.
  434. In December, 1178, owing to Kiyomori's recommendation, Yorimasa's wish came true and he was appointed to Jusanmi, and so in November of the following year, he transferred the family headship to Nakatsuna and entered priesthood.
  435. In December, 1185, as his father Shigeyori KAWAGOE and his brother Shigefusa KAWAGOE were involved in MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune's rebellion, their territories were confiscated by the order of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo, and they were deliberately killed by him.
  436. In December, 1185, five months after his banishment, when a party of Yoshitsune in rivalry with Yoritomo fled from the capital, he fought with the party with Teshima kaja in Kawajiri, Settsu Province (Battle of Kawajiri).
  437. In December, 1194 (lunar calendar), Kageyoshi OBA and others were appointed as bugyo in charge of temples and shrines supported by Kamakura bakufu, such as Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine and Shochoju-in Temple.
  438. In December, 1209, he had some secret love affairs with the wife of the gokenin (an immediate vasal of the shogunate)Tomochi MIMASAKA and almost ended up in a battle with Tomochi.
  439. In December, 1285, he died at the Shimotsuki Incident (political change of Kamakura Bakufu).
  440. In December, 1321, he was appointed as Chinzei tandai to succeed the position of Yukitoki HOJO (also known as Yukitoki ASO) and was sent to Hakata.
  441. In December, 1361, when some busho, who used to be in the Tadayoshi group, submitted an entreaty for dismissal of Kunikiyo to Motouji, Kunikiyo fell from power and fled to Izu.
  442. In December, 1431, Yoshinori's concubine came to Kyoto to be with him, but in November, 1437, the relationship dissolved due to adultery.
  443. In December, 1546, Yoshiteru succeeded his father and became the shogun at only 11 years of age.
  444. In December, 1572, Yoshikage ASAKURA, who was confronting with the Oda force as Nagamasa ASAI's support arms, suddenly started withdrawing to his homeland.
  445. In December, 1580, he brought the Ikko Ikki in Kaga under control, and then broke into Noto Province and Ecchu Province.
  446. In December, 1598, after the death of Hideyoshi, he was reappointed to his resigned position as Udaijin.
  447. In December, 1600, because her family took the side of the West squad in the Battle of Sekigahara, she accompanied Nobushige to Koya-san Mountain and they were confined.
  448. In December, 1614, jizamurai, yamabushi (a mountain priest) and others at Okukumano started a riot, seizing the opportunity of Osaka Fuyu no Jin (Winter Siege of Osaka), and attacked the Shingu-jo Castle.
  449. In December, 1689, he inherited the family estate after his father's death.
  450. In December, 1787, the Tenmei Famine led to a large scale peasant's revolt, and he strived to suppress and settle it.
  451. In December, 1853, Ryoma also went to the Shozan SAKUMA's private school.
  452. In December, 1863, Shigeru took Yaichi TAKAMI known as Danzo OISHI, one of assassin of Toyo YOSHIDA and a councilor of Tosa Province, to Kagoshima.
  453. In December, 1863, he assumed the position of Chogi San'yo.
  454. In December, 1867, he came up Kyoto again.
  455. In December, 1871, he served in Kagoshima Prefecture as a special envoy to Okinawa.
  456. In December, 1874, Osaka Foreign Language School was transformed into Osaka English School.
  457. In December, 1880, Osaka Vocational School was transformed into Osaka Junior High School.
  458. In December, 1893, the Toyo Jiyuto was dissolved and its members joined the Dai Nihon Kyokai.
  459. In December, 1896, he became the chairperson for the House of Representatives.
  460. In December, 1899, he was promoted to Juichii (Junior First Rank).
  461. In December, 1899, the University Library and the University Hospital opened.
  462. In December, 1912, Korean Experimental Forest Station was leased from Korean Government General.
  463. In December, 1916, Aton Forest of Karafuto Experimental Forest Station was given from Karafuto Agency.
  464. In December, 1919, he established Osaka Kitako Kabushiki kaisha.
  465. In December, 1925, the Special Higher Police Division of Kyoto Prefectural Police Department mobilized the Higher Police Division of all the city police to attack and conduct domiciliary searches on the houses and lodgings of all the members of Shaken of Kyoto Imperial University and Doshisha University, and arrested 33 students.
  466. In December, 1927, more than 700 years after his death, he was given Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  467. In December, 1988, the International Exchange Center was established.
  468. In December, 1998, Heijo-kyu Palace was registered as one of the World Heritage under the name of 'Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara' together with Todai-ji Temple (the first registered ancient remains in Japan).
  469. In December, 2005, an imaginative drama on Shinsei SEI was aired in NHK Special "Shin Siruku rodo (New Silk Road)".
  470. In December, 2005, it was established on the site where Canon Ecology Research Institute once stood after purchasing the land.
  471. In December, 481, the younger Oke no miko revealed that the two brothers were members of the imperial family at a banquet of a new house by means of a song and chant.
  472. In December, 753, Kiyokawa and the party of Kento-shi were coming back to Japan together with ABE no Nakamaro, who had stayed in Tang for 35 years as a senior official.
  473. In December, 771, she was appointed to Kuni no miyatsuko (in Ritsuryo system).
  474. In December, 775, he additionally served as Settsu-no-kuni no Kami (governor of Settsu Province) while Okura-kyo (Minister of the Treasury); on July 7, 776, he died.
  475. In December, Emperor Reizei visited Oharano, and Tamakazura joined the party, too.
  476. In December, Hideyoshi considered as a good chance that snow prevented Katsuie in Echizen, he ordered warlords such as Tsuneoki IKEDA to serve on duty, started with 50,000 troops from Takaradera Castle of Yamazaki, and entered Sawayama Castle of Hidemasa HORI on December 11.
  477. In December, Ichiman was arrested and killed by a roto (retainer) of the Hojo clan.
  478. In December, Jito Daijo-tenno (the ex-Emperor Jito) passed away.
  479. In December, Kataoka assumed the role of president of the newly founded Hankai Tramway Co., Ltd. which served to connect the cities between Osaka and Sakai.
  480. In December, Kiyomori dispatched an army with Tomomori as the commander-in-chief to burn down Onjo-ji Temple, defeated Yoshitsune YAMAMOTO and Yoshikane KASHIWAGI, and successfully stabilized the Omi region.
  481. In December, Kuniomi went up to Kyoto again to return classified documents to the Konoe family.
  482. In December, Masako ordered Maki no kata's father, Munechika MAKI, to destroy Hirotuna FUSHIMI's residence, where Kame no mae lived, but Maki no kata escaped.
  483. In December, Masashige regained Akasaka-jo Castle.
  484. In December, Matthew Perry came to Japan, and the issue of Joi (the principle of excluding foreigners) arose.
  485. In December, Mochikiyo took over as Shugo (Military Commissioner) in Izumo, Oki, and Hida Provinces.
  486. In December, Ryoma and Shintaro NAKAOKA were assassinated at Omiya inn in Kyoto (Kyoto City, Nakagyo-ku Ward).
  487. In December, Shigemori became Togu no daibu (Master of the Crown Prince's Quarters) as Kiyomori's successor.
  488. In December, Shigemori resigned from Gon Dainagon yet again - this could have resulted from that incident.
  489. In December, Shojo built a hojo (hut) in the corner of his living house Senbo, and named it "Shokado" (Pine Flower Hall).
  490. In December, Takakage presented 10,000 hiki (110,000,000 yen) to the Imperial Court when Emperor Gonara ascended the throne.
  491. In December, Yoriie handed the compact covenant to Kagetoki and Kagetoki retired without any objection and moved to his residence of Ichinomiya, Sagami Province with his family.
  492. In December, Yoshihiro returned from Kawachi to Kyoto in pursuit of Yasaburo and, following the death of his father Mochikuni in 1455, took over as head of the Hatakeyama family.
  493. In December, Yoshihisa set off to join the war at the head of a force of 20,000 troops, and set up camp in Sadowara.
  494. In December, Yoshinaka forced the Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa to issue a command from a retired Emperor to track down and kill Yoritomo.
  495. In December, Yoshisada served Imperial Prince Takayoshi and went down Tokai-do Road with his army.
  496. In December, Yoshitsugu MIYOSHI in the Kawachi Province rose a revolt following Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA.
  497. In December, a ground-breaking ceremony was held and construction work commenced.
  498. In December, a report of a serious defeat of the punitive force in the Battle of Fujigawa reached Fukuhara, and Yorimori and Norimori were reappointed as Togoku-tsuitoshi (a general appointed to liquidate rebels in Togoku) (see the entry for November 16 in the "Sankaiki").
  499. In December, he arrived in Edo, and was took a secret letter of Saiakira's relating to Shogun Yoshitsugu to Yoshinaga MATSUDAIRA the lord of the Echizen Domain, and in this month, he discussed enthroning Yoshinobu HITOTSUBASHI with Sanai HASHIMOTO.
  500. In December, he assumed office of Director General of the Imperial Museum, and was granted title of Senior Official, First Class.
  501. In December, he attacked Hata county in Tosa Province.
  502. In December, he attended Daijosai festival (a festival to celebrate the succession of an emperor) for Emperor Kokaku.
  503. In December, he became an Executive Secretary to the Prime Minister.
  504. In December, he became engaged to Kyoko, the oldest daughter of Juichi NAKANE, the Chief Secretary of the House of Peers.
  505. In December, he became the managing director of Kita Osaka Electric Tramway when it was founded and within a few months, he became the managing director of Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. when it merged with the company.
  506. In December, he cancelled building in Kunikyo, and shifted his focus on building in Shigaraki.
  507. In December, he finally had a decisive battle with Nagasunehiko.
  508. In December, he joined the organizing committee for the Liberal Party (Meiji).
  509. In December, he made his position clear by using the English word 'resignation' in his piece 'Yogatachiba' (My position).
  510. In December, he paid a gratuity to Rennyo for the Shiro Temmoku tea bowl.
  511. In December, he published "How the Argument for Non-Japanese Food is losing its Support" at his own expense.
  512. In December, he resigned from the Cabinet Official Gazette Bureau.
  513. In December, he was appointed as Karyo (a position name) of Tokyo Military Hospital, and assumed office as Fuku (assistant head) of military medicine.
  514. In December, he was attacked and injured in Toranomon by sotsuzoku (low-ranking samurai) from the Saga Domain.
  515. In December, he was employed by Japan Newspaper Company.
  516. In December, he was given a court rank of Juichii (Junior First Rank) and Dajo Daijin, and he achieved the highest rank in the government, but he soon resigned.
  517. In December, he was raised to captain and appointed chief of the sixth Company.
  518. In December, his eldest daughter Setsu was born.
  519. In December, however, Enryaku-ji Temple suddenly presented a direct petition demanding the exile of FUJIWARA no Narichika, who was an In no Kinshin (the retired Emperor's courtier).
  520. In December, however, the anti-Japanese movements led by the volunteer forces of the Qing dynasty started in northern Taiwan in the form of an extension of the armed resistance of the Republic of Formosa.
  521. In December, she published 'Otsugomori' (literally, New Year's Eve) in 'Bungakukai' and the next year, in 1895, 'Takekurabe' was published in seven installments, beginning in January.
  522. In December, the Taira clan dispatched tsuitoshi (envoys to search and kill) with TAIRA no Tomonori as Daishogun (command in chief) to Omi.
  523. In December, the Toyo Jiyto dissolved, and some of its members, including Kentaro OI, formally joined the Dai Nihon Kyokai.
  524. In December, the authorities of domain ordered to Saigo to stay in Amamioshima to avoid the government's notice, and at the end of December, he named himself Gengo KIKUCHI, which means 'my origin is the Kikuchi,' because he had a forefather of the Kikuchi clan in Kumamoto.
  525. In December, the capital was transferred from Asuka to Naniwa no Nagara no Toyosaki no Miya Palace in Settsu Province.
  526. In December, the envoys of Tang, Kakumuso and Kudara, Sonto announced their will to visit Japan with 2,000-member diplomatic mission, through the Japanese bureau in Tsushima.
  527. In December, the feudal retainer of Echizen, Sanai HASHIMOTO, came to visit him and to talk about national affairs, and he was surprised at Hashimoto's extensive knowledge.
  528. In December, the first bankruptcy happened.
  529. In December, the government argued this issue again, and issued an edict of Dajokan (Grand Council of state).
  530. In December, the minimum age for the allotment of a rice-field for nuhi servant was set to 12 years.
  531. In December, the thirteenth Shogun Iesada TOKUNAGA married Tenhoin (Keiko, Shogun's legal wife) who was an adopted daughter of Saiakira.
  532. In December, the underdog Naoyoshi ASHIKAGA, planning to make a comeback with help of the Southern Court army, offered his submission to the Southern Court.
  533. In December, they attacked and burned the British legation that was under construction in Gotenyama, Shinagawa.
  534. In December, they stayed at Enomiya, Aki Province via Oka no minato, Tsukushi Province.
  535. In December, when Yoshimori found out about this, he met Hiromoto at the Imperial Palace and accused him by saying, 'You have been working to support us in Kanto for a long time. Being scared of Kagetoki's authority and hiding our anger seems to be against the rule.'
  536. In December, when the annual ceremony of reciting the names of the Buddhas is held at the Rokujo-in Palace, Genji makes his appearance in public after a long time.
  537. In December, when the powerful figure disappeared from the shogun family, Sozen YAMANA ordered Yoshinari HATAKEYAMA, who had once been an outcast, to enter Kyoto; moreover, he ordered that he be granted a pardon through Yoshimasa.
  538. In December,1915, Kotangan Forest of Karafuto Experimental Forest Station was given from Karafuto Agency.
  539. In December.
  540. In Democratic People's Republic of Korea, hongan has been abolished.
  541. In Dengaku, 'Za,' an organization of entertainers, had been organized earlier than in Sarugaku.
  542. In Devember 883, an incident occurred in which the child of the wet nurse KI no Matako (KI no Zenshi), MINAMOTO no Masaru, was killed on the premises of the Imperial Court.
  543. In Dokuju of a family register of deaths, the names of those who have linked with Todai-ji Temple since the Emperor Shomu are read resonantly.
  544. In Dokyo, each of the eight sennin, called hassen, is equally admired, but it can be said that, of them Ryodohin was the most famous sennin.
  545. In Doshisha University, it was impossible for students to get a license to teach in elementary schools, but thanks to the agreement it became possible.
  546. In Dotonbori, a sacred place for Kansai Kabuki, banners of kabuki actors lined the street and the performance became a regular annual event for the summer in Osaka.
  547. In Dresden, capital of the Kingdom of Saxony, which he visited to watch military practice, he went to Dresden Art Museum to view 'Madonna of San Sisto' by Raffaello Santi.
  548. In Early Medieval Japan
  549. In Early Modern Japan
  550. In East Asia
  551. In East Asia awabi are found in areas between the ebb tide line and shore reefs about 20m below the surface of the sea, they can be seen from southern Hokkaido to Kyushu in Japan, and along the Korean Peninsula and northern China, and live on Phaeophyceae such as Eisenia bicyclis, wakame seaweeds and kelp.
  552. In East Asia, Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism from India mixed with each other and are called the 'Three Great Religions of China'.
  553. In East Asia, several policies for the protection of living things had been established and there is a discussion which points out their influence on the law prohibiting cruelty to animals.
  554. In East Asia, the first example of this treaty system was Treaty of Nanking concluded after the Opium War.
  555. In East Asia, the words 'Kyo' and 'Keishi' have historically been used as common nouns meaning 'city in which the emperor resides' and 'capital' since ancient times.
  556. In East Asia, this motion is unique to Japan
  557. In Ebara, there remain prohibition laws signed by Moritoki TAIRA dated 1471 (The Kao Code signature is different to ones found later).
  558. In Ecchu Province, the Kifune-jo Castle collapsed due to the earthquake, and the castellan Hidetsugu MAEDA, his wife and others died.
  559. In Echigo Province in 1556, Kagetora attempted to become a priest and to live a retired life
  560. In Echigo was Kenshin UESUGI, renamed from Kagetora NAGAO, who succeeded professional name of the Uesugi Family of Kanto Kanrei (a shogunal deputy for the Kanto region).
  561. In Echizen manzai and Kaga manzai, a "suri-daiko" (making a sound by scraping a kozutsumi with a thin bamboo plectrum) is used.
  562. In Echizen, Katsuie SHIBATA treated him as a guest military commander.
  563. In Echizen, Toshizane HORIE, the local Lord, in Yoshitoshi's faction and Takakage ASAKURA in Jochi's faction had a fight which caused the Battle of Choroku around August 1458.
  564. In Echizen, they used Namitsuki-dera Temple, one of the principal temples of Tendai Sect, the lineage of Mt. Haku, as the base of activities.
  565. In Edo
  566. In Edo Kabuki, incestuous affairs are often dealt with by the name of 'chikushodo' (the realm of animals).
  567. In Edo Period, he often appeared in the works of art such as literature and kabuki as 'the role of justice' who offered a fair trial and protected people from injustice of powerful persons.
  568. In Edo and Nagasaki, he studied old calligraphic works and paintings at painting schools.
  569. In Edo and Osaka, the writers such as Akinari UEDA, Bakin KYOKUTEI, and Kyoden SANTO wrote the books vigorously.
  570. In Edo at that time, visits to the Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairocana) and so on, was widespread and the composition of folk paintings at that time influenced several namazu-e in which Kajima Daimyojin appear.
  571. In Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), he was promoted from an official in charge of the ceremonies and a magistrate of temples and shrines, to the Kyoto deputy, and finally to the member of shogun's council of elders.
  572. In Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), under the supervision of a wakadoshiyori (a managerial position within the Edo government), Kosho took care of the personal chores of the Seii Taishogun (literally, 'great general who subdues barbarians').
  573. In Edo candy craftsmen made candy and walked around selling the products, and the techniques and varieties of amezaiku increased.
  574. In Edo he negotiated with the cabinet officials of Shogunate in cooperation with the Imperial envoy and succeeded in realizing Yoshinobu's assumption of Shogun assistant role on August 14 and Shungaku's assumption of political affairs president on August 17 (Bunkyu Reform).
  575. In Edo it was considered important to carry on the beauty of the style, but in Kamigata, a performer was criticized for lack of original effort if he performed as taught.
  576. In Edo period, Shingi Shingon sect was finally got leave to restore from Kishu Tokugawa Family and restored itself and Negoro-ji Temple.
  577. In Edo period, forgeries of war tale were common in order to honor ancestors of feudal lords and genealogies were distorted.
  578. In Edo period, however, the circumstances changed, and they seemed to be rather favorably accepted to quit Ninja and return to field, because it helped reducing the cost for Musoku's salary (later mention).
  579. In Edo period, kan and momen were mainly used to express the weight such as silver by what monme (silver by what kan), which was called ginmoku, and since silver coins were used by weight standard as a currency of merchant, trading was conducted mainly by silver.
  580. In Edo period, the achievement of "Igagoe" mentioned above was appreciated, and they were employed by Edo bakufu as Igagumi doshin (a police constable) under Masanari who is generally known as Hanzo Hattori.
  581. In Edo period, there was civil case called deirisuji against criminal case called ginmisuji, and suits concerning deirisuji that was civil case was called 'kuji', or kujideiri or deirimono.
  582. In Edo period, though there were not any daimyo who governed the whole province, instead there were seven "domains" (han) in the province; Tanba-Kameyama, Sonobe, Ayabe, Yamaga, Sasayama (Yakami), Tanba-Kaibara, and Fukuchiyama Domain.
  583. In Edo rakugo, kendai (bookrest) or shakudai are not used.
  584. In Edo region, in the early-modern times, Hinin was under control of Eta-gashira (head of Eta) Danzaemon YANO in Asakusa.
  585. In Edo the hard-liners who resisted to the bitter end, such as Oguri, were denied, and Yoshinobu announced his allegiance.
  586. In Edo where many single persons, not living with their families, from outside Edo, lived in Edo, street stalls serving soba and tenpura flourished.
  587. In Edo where soba was popular, soba restaurants were particularly numerous and, prior to the Great Kanto Earthquake, it was common to see one or two sobaya on every block.
  588. In Edo, Hatamoto took the post of Oban (or bankata; great guards) for guarding the Edo-jo Castle and the shogun, or civil officers (or yakugata; in charge of administration, judicature, or finance), such as machi bugyo (town magistrate), kanjo bugyo (commissioner of finance), ometsuke (inspector general) and metsuke (inspector).
  589. In Edo, Kanto sokengyo was founded temporarily and its headquarters were called 'soroku yashiki' (the organization of the guild for the blind in the Kanto area), which controlled Kanhasshu (the Eight Provinces of Kanto region).
  590. In Edo, Osaka and Kyoto, Tokoya played a role of lookout and so on under the control of the city, after registering with bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and opening the business.
  591. In Edo, Ryoo was staying at a residence of Koseki MATSUDAIRA, who was a hatamoto (direct retainers of the bakufu, which is a form of Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), and while staying there Ryoo again suffered from the pain from the old wound of the Shito.
  592. In Edo, Yamada Kengyo composed jorui (dramatic narrative chanted with shamisen accompaniment)-style music and improved a pick in the late 18th century, and he became the founder of Yamada school.
  593. In Edo, Zoroku HAMAMURA II was called Master Zoroku and developed his own new style.
  594. In Edo, eating soba was also described as 'taguru.'
  595. In Edo, gray earthenware or kegs with a handle was used.
  596. In Edo, hakozushi (pressed sushi) went out of fashion as seen in Kyoto and Osaka and only nigiri sushi is sold.
  597. In Edo, he became a pupil of Gozan KIKUCHI and learned Chinese poetry; and Karayo (Chinese style) was his specialty in calligraphy.
  598. In Edo, he received assistance from the Sakai family, head of the Himeji clan, and also had a connection to the Tsugaru clan, as well as wealthy merchants such as Mitsui, Sumitomo and Fuyuki (merchant in Edo, Fukagawa) families.
  599. In Edo, he was employed by the Kurume domain.
  600. In Edo, it was shown for the first time at Morita-za theater on March 24, 1749.
  601. In Edo, it was well known as 'yoshiwara-niwaka' (niwaka played in Yoshiwara red-light district).
  602. In Edo, jishinban, under the supervision of machi-bugyo (town magistrate), were installed in each town in downtown areas (co-managed by several towns in accordance with town size) and the management expenses were paid by each town.
  603. In Edo, many of them opened stores in the vicinity of Tenma-cho.
  604. In Edo, printing blocks were often destroyed by big fires, so printing with model papers developed from the necessity to urgently making karakami.
  605. In Edo, the Fujiue school of kokyu music was founded by Fujiue Kengyo around the middle of the 18th century, and when the Yamada school of koto music was founded by Yamada Kengyo, Fujiue's kokyu music participated in Yamada's koto music and they began to play tunes together.
  606. In Edo, the blind officers of Todo-za, including Kengyo, were sometimes collectively referred to as 'Zato.'
  607. In Edo, the reiheishi stayed in a mansion provided by the bakufu.
  608. In Edo, there were kudari-zake-donya (wholesalers handling kudari-zake).
  609. In Edo, where there were many fires, other than 'Jomachi hikeshi' who were under immediate supervision of magistrate's office, there were 'daimyo hikeshi' who were employed by each daimyo in order to protect their residences and Bukemachi (samurai residence district) from fire.
  610. In Edo-style sushi, red flesh of tuna was never eaten as they were.
  611. In Edomae nigiri zushi, the ingredients that had been marinated in vinegar or soy sauce, or cooked were gradually used raw.
  612. In Egyptian Myths, there is the case of Throth and Hedj-wer, both the God of Wisdom, where one God absorbed the other.
  613. In Ehime Prefecture, they tailored a campaign for mikan using the title "Ambassador Iyokan" (for all the citrus fruits) every year.
  614. In Ehime Prefecture, which has interacted with Hiroshima Prefecture across the Seto Inland Sea from long ago, the shops which serve Hiroshimafu-okonomiyaki have increased recently.
  615. In Ehime Prefecture, which is closely linked with Hiroshima Prefecture, the custom is not implemented, either.
  616. In Eiji YOSHIKAWA's "Miyamoto Musashi," Mitsumaru was written of as a chivalrous character, and often appeared in related historical plays.
  617. In Emperor Shomu's later years, FUJIWARA no Nakamaro gained power backed by Empress Komyo.
  618. In Emperor Takakura's January 1171 ceremony to attain manhood, Munemori played a role in helping him adorn himself with Shozoku.
  619. In Emperor Uda era there were approximately 30 tenjobito, however they rapidly increased in number both in the dairi and ingosho (the retired Emperor's court) in the Insei (rule by the retired Emperor) period.
  620. In Engi-shiki Jinmyo-cho, there are four taisha with five gods enshrined and sixty-five shosha with sixty six gods enshrined, sixty-nine shrines with seventy-one gods enshrined in total.
  621. In Engi-shiki, it was designated as "Kunitsukasakoku" and "Kinkoku (provinces near the capital)",
  622. In Engishiki (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers), it is called Tsukida no Okanoe no Misasagi (also called Tsukayama-kofun Tumulus) located in Takaichi County, Yamato Province.
  623. In Engishiki Jinmyocho (the list of deities in Engishiki, books of regulations and laws), Hiyoshi Taisha Shrine was listed as one of Nijuni-sha Shrines (the 22 most important Shinto shrines, as designated during the Heian period), as well as Myojin Taisha (Shinto shrines listed in the Engishiki).
  624. In Engishiki Shinmyo Cho (a list of shrines in the Engishiki), Kamotsuba-jinja Shrine is listed under 'Kamotsuhayae-Kotoshironushi-no-kami-jinja Shrine enshrining two deities,' ranked among the Myojin Taisha.
  625. In Engishiki jinmyocho (a register of shrines in Japan), Uneotsutamoto-jinja Shrine (exists in Kinomoto-cho, Kashihara City, Nara Prefecture and is called 'Nakisawa-jinja Shrine') is included as the shrine where Nakisawame (kanji used here is 啼沢女命) is enshrined.
  626. In England as well, most of present Kizoku were appointed newly to Kizoku in this era.
  627. In England, a Baron is the lowest-ranked title that is eligible for a peerage.
  628. In England, after the annexation of the Kingdom of Scotland in 1707, various repressive restrictions were imposed on distillation of whisky in Scotland.
  629. In England, eel pie, made with chopped eel in a pie crust, is popular as a savory dish.
  630. In England, he entered the University of Cambridge to study political economy, and he took a class of Alfred Marshall.
  631. In England, it is rare to call a man of this peerage Baron; rather, they use the general title Lord, such as 'Lord Smith.'
  632. In English "Old Style" or "O.S." next to a date indicates that the date is based on the Julian calendar.
  633. In English and other languages it is called shakuhachi or bamboo flute.
  634. In English it is called "Spiny lobster" (lobster with many spines).
  635. In English, 'Kimono Sleeves' indicates a form of sleeves of Western clothing.
  636. In English, Shinkansen in Japan is expressed as Shinkansen, handled as a proper noun indicating High-speed railway line systems in Japan.
  637. In English, a cup without a handle is called a tea bowl and one with handle is called a tea cup.
  638. In English, both 1. market price as an economic term and 2. a style of price display at restaurants etc., mentioned above are similarly indicated as "Market Price".
  639. In English, for example, it corresponds to butler, chamberlain, archdeacon and deacon etc., and the latter two are job titles used in Christianity.
  640. In English, he is addressed as General MacArthur, a title that is translated as "shogun" in Japanese.
  641. In English, it is also called hilling or hill.
  642. In English, it is called the soy-sauce, and Daizu is called the soybean.
  643. In English, it is described as "loincloth."
  644. In English, it is referred to as the Sea of Japan or Japan Sea.
  645. In English, seppuku is referred to as 'harakiri' and is included in the Oxford English Dictionary.
  646. In English, sometimes it is called 'botamochi' as well.
  647. In English, the terms 'Sumo' and 'Sumo-Wrestling' are used.
  648. In English, uguisubari is called nightingale floors or singing floors.
  649. In English-speaking countries, Yomei-gaku is classified, together with Shushi-gaku, as Neo-Confucianism.
  650. In English-speaking countries, plays equivalent to the Japanese jidaigeki are referred to as 'period pieces' or 'period dramas' and the Japanese period dramas (characterised by the importance of swordfighting) are often distinguished by calling them jidaigeki.
  651. In Enko-in Temple, there is a mirror used by Sanjo no kata engraved with the crest of the Takeda clan, as well as Kikukamon crest (the Imperial crest of the chrysanthemum), and Kirimon crest (the crest of the paulownia) which the Imperial family allowed her to use.
  652. In Enryaku-ji Temple's Hokke Soji-in Todo (East Pagoda), which was reconstructed in 1980, the Mandala of Five Buddhas in the Womb Realm, created by Horin MATSUHISA in the early Showa period, is placed.
  653. In Enshu's Tea Ceremony, the sixth iemoto (the head family of a school) was Masahisa KOBORI (Soen KOBORI), who was a son of Koreaki KOBORI who was a descendant of Masaharu KOBORI who was a younger brother of Masakazu KOBORI, and an adopted son of Masamine, while Masamichi was the seventh iemoto.
  654. In Esoteric Buddhism faith, which puts strong emphasis on measures, moving from theory to practice should be approved from the viewpoint of Mahayana Buddhism prosperity.
  655. In Esoteric Buddhism, Kongokai Mandala (Diamond Realm Mandala) and Taizokai Mandala are the most valued of all mandalas, and these two make up the Ryokai Mandala (or Ryobu Mandala).
  656. In Esoteric Buddhism, Sho Kannon, Juichimen Kannon, Senju Kannon, Nyoirin Kannon, Bato Kannon (horse-headed Kannon) and Jundei Kannon (Cundi) (or Fukukensaku Kannon (Fukukenjaku Kannon) (Kannon of the Never Empty Lasso) in place of Jundei Kannon) are called 'Roku Kannon.'
  657. In Esoteric Buddhism, however, Rishu-kyo based on Yoga Tantras (scripture about controlling mind and body) and many Anuttara (supreme) Yoga Tantras accept sexual intercourse.
  658. In Europe Mark (the Evangelist) has been venerated as the guardian saint of the money changers.
  659. In Europe and America, movies had the shots of lines and background briefings shown on screen (see image) and also had musical accompaniment, but in Japan, language, cultural background and other factors different from the West meant that simultaneous narration was demanded.
  660. In Europe and America, what is called black tea fungus in Japan is called Kombucha.
  661. In Europe and North America and so on, muzzle loader matches, including a hinawaju, are actively held.
  662. In Europe and the US at that time, the theory that the railway lines are destined to decline began appearing, and in addition, in the US where the World Bank was located, the railway lines had not been for passengers, but mostly for cargo.
  663. In Europe and the US, only January 1st is a holiday and financial markets, etc., start their normal operation on the next day, January 2nd.
  664. In Europe and the United States they are mainly used as ornamental plants.
  665. In Europe and the United States, for volume transportation measures, high-speed transportation using airplanes and road networks was considered promising, and the opinion was gaining support that railways would be replaced with such new networks and would be old-fashioned.
  666. In Europe and the United States, genuine stones are rarely used as is without processing.
  667. In Europe and the United States, there isn't a culture of nengajo because the New Year's greetings are included in Christmas cards.
  668. In Europe etc, the vernal equinox marks the opening of spring.
  669. In Europe for instance, small countries such as Belgium and Bulgar existed between powerful countries and did not collapse, because powerful countries built mutually-beneficial relations with other countries.
  670. In Europe from the end of 16th century to the beginning of 17th century, Ukai spread as a sport mainly among the people of the Court in England and France.
  671. In Europe it is grown for ornamental purposes.
  672. In Europe it is grown mostly for ornamental purposes.
  673. In Europe there are many mausoleums dedicated to the saints.
  674. In Europe, 'drinking hot spring water,' namely drinking of hot spring water, is deeply rooted as hot spring culture in particular.
  675. In Europe, China and other continents, there is a distinction between a wall surrounding a city and a battle site of soldiers, such as a fortress, and the former is called Stadtmauer in German and a city wall in English and the latter is called Burge in German and a castle in English.
  676. In Europe, Nichiren Shoshu Sect is only known as a parental association of Soka Gakkai.
  677. In Europe, Soka Gakkai is generally considered as the same as Nichiren Buddhism.
  678. In Europe, as states were emerging as single entities during the transition from the medieval period to early modern times, many feudal lords were given positions as nobles in the state's political structure.
  679. In Europe, however, bathing was the mainstream up to 15th century.
  680. In Europe, it seems that the full moon was supposed to disturb and confuse people's minds; for example, the goddess of the moon indicates death, and a werewolf transforms himself by seeing the moon, so people did not want to view the moon at all.
  681. In Europe, karate spread after the 1960's through karate instructors dispatched from Japan to Europe.
  682. In Europe, musket troops traditionally formed a line and discharged in a volley in the same direction to lay down a barrage at orders of a commander, therefore accuracy rates were of no particular concern.
  683. In Europe, regardless of male-line or female-line, only children who were born between royal families (including royal family members from other countries and prosperous peerage) have been allowed to ascend to the throne.
  684. In Europe, some railway stations in northern and middle Italy sell a set of meal consists of meat dish, vegetable, pasta, bread or sandwich, and a small bottle of wine.
  685. In Europe, the aristocracy and millionaires actively produced Japanese style gardens and also in the North American Continent, Japanese style gardens and tea houses were produced in the corner of parks.
  686. In Europe, there is gluhwein (mulled wine) which is warmed red wine with spices (cinnamon and clove) and sugar added.
  687. In Europe, there was a caricature depicting England using Japan, an upstart of the Far East as its pawn to pick up a hot chestnut in fire (meaning China).
  688. In Europe, where oyster is generally eaten raw, oyster is not commonly fried in cooking.
  689. In European and Chinese civilizations, a mechanized bow and a large machine bow was invented which provided destruction power and a long range, and cannonballs were also used with them as well as arrows.
  690. In European countries and the United States, because of the Japanese food boom and for other reasons, even supermarkets and other shops have come to sell retort Udon noodles and frozen Udon noodles, in addition to Japanese food restaurants serving Udon noodles.
  691. In European countries, the word 'manga' means only Japanese comics.
  692. In European languages, generally, the title that means 'Kogo' in Japanese is translated as 'Kotei' in the feminine form (in fact, most titles for the ruler and peerage follow suit).
  693. In FUJIWARA no Kiyosuke's "Fukurozoshi" (Notes in a Folder, the Collection of Poetic Lore on poetics), Kensho's "Kokinshu Chu" (Commentary of the Kokinshu) and in the postscript to vulgate copies of the manuscript transcribed by FUJIWARA no Sadaie, Narihira is suggested as the author of "The Tales of Ise."
  694. In FUJIWARA no Sumitomo's War, Kimiyori repelled the troops of FUJIWARA no Suminori (a younger brother of Sumitomo) who approached Dazaifu, in Kamachi in the east area of Yanagawa City.
  695. In FY 1887, the 11 meteorological stations that had been set up by the Ministry of Home Affairs were transferred to local governments due to the reduction in the budget of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  696. In FY 2007, it was operated on the three consecutive holidays starting from November 23, but whether it will be operated next spring like the former 'Ii Koto Express' hasn't yet been determined.
  697. In Faculty of Medicine Campus
  698. In Febrary 1184, the Taira clan temporarily regained their strength, and advanced on Fukuhara-kyo (the capital built by TAIRA no Kiyomori) in Settsu Province.
  699. In February 10, 1245, he received Junior Third Rank.
  700. In February 1037, she entered into court, became Nyogo by Imperial decree and was conferred the court rank of Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  701. In February 1037, she was appointed as Chugu, and she officially became the Empress when FUJIWARA no Genshi (FUJIWARA no Yorimichi's adopted daughter) was appointed as the Empress in March.
  702. In February 1051, she resigned because of the death of Koichijoin, her father.
  703. In February 11, 1876, the main negotiations started.
  704. In February 1108, Masamori reported that he killed Yoshichika already.
  705. In February 1109, an incident in which Yoshitada was killed occurred.
  706. In February 1159, when Emperor Toba's Imperial Princess Shuko (subsequently Takamatsuin) was invested as Emperor Nijo's Empress, he served in the role of Chugu shojo (Junior Secretary in the Office of the Consort's Household).
  707. In February 1164, as a prize from his father for building the Rengeo-in Temple, Shigemori was assigned to the Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank) rank.
  708. In February 1165, Grand Minister Koremichi died and the Emperor became ill.
  709. In February 1166, after the death of Emperor Nijo, he was appointed sakonenochujo (lieutenant general of the inner palace guards, left division).
  710. In February 1167, Shigemori became Gon Dainagon (a provisional chief councilor of state) and was allowed to be armed with a sword.
  711. In February 1168, Kiyomori entered the priesthood due to illness.
  712. In February 1170, he died at the age of 88.
  713. In February 1171, the coming-of-age ceremony of Emperor Takakura was held before Shigeko, which had been postponed the previous year due to the Denka Noriai Incident (the Incident occurred when TAIRA no Sukemori was insulted by the aides of Motofusa Matsudono).
  714. In February 1171, the traditional ceremony to mark Emperor Takakura's coming of age was held.
  715. In February 1178, Shigemori offered his resignation as Inner Minister, but his offer was declined because chugu (the second consort of an emperor) Tokuko became pregnant and Shigemori was the father of the chugu.
  716. In February 1179, Shigemori attended the celebration for the 100th day since the birth of Togu (the Crown Prince), but he often stayed home due to illness.
  717. In February 1180 Kiyomori took political power, he made Emperor Takakura abdicate and allowed Imperial Prince Tokihito who was three years old to succeed to the throne (Emperor Antoku).
  718. In February 1180, the three-year-old Emperor Antoku ascended the throne and the Retired Emperor Takakura started his cloistered government.
  719. In February 1181, a, leap year, Norimori's brother, Kiyomori died.
  720. In February 1183, MINAMOTO no Yoshihiro (SHIDA Saburo Senjo) from Hitachi Province led over 30,000 soldiers and marched to Kamakura.
  721. In February 1183, MINAMOTO no Yoshihiro (Saburo Senjo SHIDA), who fought against and was defeated by Yoritomo, and MINAMOTO no Yukiie, who was ousted by Yoritomo, came to Yoshinaka for protection; because of this Yoritomo and Yoshinaka almost had a clash.
  722. In February 1183, Tokitada was promoted to Gon Dainagon (a provisional chief councilor of state), but the breakdown of the regime impended.
  723. In February 1183, when Munemori resigned as Naidaijin (inner minister), Tomomori, Shigehira, Yorimori, Tokitada and Chikanume turned out to Munemori's place (Source: Articles for February 27 in "Kikki" (Tsunefusa YOSHIDA's diary)).
  724. In February 1184 he joined the punitive force against MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka (the Battle of Uji-gawa River).
  725. In February 1184, Kagetoki and his son joined the Battle of Uji-gawa River against MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka.
  726. In February 1184, Yoshinaka was defeated by MINAMOTO no Noriyori and MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune who had been dispatched by the Kamakura bakufu ('Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  727. In February 1184, Yoshinaka was defeated by younger brothers of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo in Kamakura, MINAMOTO no Noriyori and MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune.
  728. In February 1185, Yoshitsune finished the formation of a new army, and made a sortie with a few ships in a rainstorm.
  729. In February 1185, his younger brother Atsutane died in the Battle of Ashiyaura against MINAMOTO no Noriyori's forces.
  730. In February 1193, he was assigned additional post as Kokushi (provincial lord) in various provinces and retired from Jiju position.
  731. In February 1194, he attended the genpuku ceremony of Yasutoki HOJO.
  732. In February 1199 when Yoritomo died, Kagetoki was allowed to keep the important post of Shukuro (chief vassal) by the second Shogun MINAMOTO no Yoriie.
  733. In February 1199, when Yoritomo died and MINAMOTO no Yoriie became the second Seii Taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians"), Yoshimori became a member of the 13-person parliamentary system as Shukuro (chief vassal).
  734. In February 1199,Yoritomo suddenly died, and his legitimate child MINAMOTO no Yoriie succeeded to the head position in the family.
  735. In February 1201, he was promoted to Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank).
  736. In February 1219, he was appointed as kyoto-shugo (military governor of Kyoto) together with Mitsusue IGA and went to the capital Kyoto.
  737. In February 1219, together with OE no Chikahiro, he was assigned to Kyoto as Kyoto shugo (Military governor of Kyoto), however, in the Jokyu War he did not respond to the invitation by Emperor (Retired Emperor) Gotoba to participate the war.
  738. In February 1220, he became Kurodo no to (Head Chamberlain) of the Emperor Juntoku from Udaiben (Major Controller of the Right).
  739. In February 1221, Reishi became a priest, and referred to herself as Shojomyo as hogo (Buddhist name).
  740. In February 1240, he became Minbukyo and was in charge of all the governance of Kyoto City.
  741. In February 1272 after the Cloistered Emperor Gosaga died, there were issues as to who would succeed the Chiten no Kimi and concerning the private estate owned by the Imperial Family.
  742. In February 13, 1877: The Department of War
  743. In February 1319 (January 1319 in old lunar calendar), he was transferred to Shuri gon no daibu (Provisional Master in the Office of Palace Repairs).
  744. In February 1334, he went up to Kyoto with his family members, Mitsuhiro ODERA and Teruaki ODAKA.
  745. In February 1336, he went to Shikoku again with Akiuji and Kazuuji, in order to rally territorial lords as well as kokujin-shu.
  746. In February 1336, the following year, he fought with Takauji in the suburbs of Kyoto, and he succeeded in driving back Ashikaga troops in alliance with Akiie KITABATAKE, who came from Oshu (Mutsu Province), and Masashige KUSUNOKI.
  747. In February 1337, gathering the Nancho (Southern Court of Emperor Godaigo) force in Kyushu he fought against the Hokucho (Northern Court) (Japan) and died in 1338.
  748. In February 1341, he was appointed to seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") in Uzumine Minami-jo Castle by the Southern Court (Japan).
  749. In February 1352, the Southern Court invaded Kyoto to temporarily pursue Yoshiakira ASHIKAGA, the Emperor was taken away with retired Emperor Kogon, retired Emperor Komyo and Imperial Prince Naohito, to Ano, and were held in confinement.
  750. In February 1362, the east tower and a branch temple named Shingon-in were destroyed by the strike of lightning while Kaidan-in and the lecture hall were destroyed by fire in February 1446 and in 1508 respectively.
  751. In February 1368, he went to Chutenjiku-ji Temple at Hang Zhou in Ming to study.
  752. In February 1386, Yoshimitsu forgave Chushin and ordered him to come to Kyoto again.
  753. In February 1478, he became the chief priest of Toji-in Temple, and in March of the same year he succeeded to the teachings of Donchu.
  754. In February 1490, Higashiyama-dono villa was transformed into a temple as a memorial to the death of Yoshimasa in the same year, became a branch temple of the Shokoku-ji Temple and was called Jisho-ji Temple.
  755. In February 1493, Masanaga HATAKEYAMA led the army of bakufu, to which Yoshitane ASHIKAGA belonged, and attacked Yoshitoyo HATAKEYAMA (son of Yoshinari HATAKEYAMA) in order to suppress the Kawachi Province.
  756. In February 15, 1822, he retired and handed over the headship of the family to Takahiro KUKI, his younger brother, by taking him as an adoptive heir.
  757. In February 1520, following a peasant uprising in Yamashiro in support of Sumimoto, Shogun Yoshitane ASHIKAGA turned against Takakuni HOSOKAWA in favor of Sumimoto, with Takakuni fleeing alone to Sakamoto in Omi Province.
  758. In February 1524, the second generation family head, Ujitsuna, and other members of the Hojo clan attacked Edo-jo Castle in Musashi Province to seize the basis of the Ogiyatsu-Uesugi family, and assigned Naokage as Jodai (the keeper of the castle).
  759. In February 1530, Naokage and his army went into battle to attack Tomooki UESUGI in the rear, but defeated in the battlefield by the the Uesugi's army, which came to counterattack the Naokage's army.
  760. In February 1531, begged by Rokuro (Harumoto), Motonaga came back but the situation was critical.
  761. In February 1552, Kagetora received Norimasa UESUGI into Echigo Province.
  762. In February 1552, he reconciled with Harumoto and Yoshiteru, who were his rivals, through the mediation of the Rokkaku clan and along advantageous conditions (Nagayoshi became a bakufu's Shobanshu and Harumoto retired upon transfer of the family estate to Ujitsuna).
  763. In February 1573, Shingen invaded Mikawa, and on March 23, made Noda-jo Castle (Mikawa Province) surrender (the Battle of Noda-jo Castle).
  764. In February 1574, the vassals of the Ichijo clan staged a coup, and the family head Kanesada ICHIJO was driven out and escaped to Bungo Province where his wife's family, the Otomo clan, was.
  765. In February 1576, Nobunaga began building Azuchi-jo Castle at the lakeside of Lake Biwa under his direction.
  766. In February 1577, he brought down Nakano-jo Castle in the Battle of Saika, defeating Shigehide SUZUKI (Magoichi SAIKA) in March.
  767. In February 1581, Daiki brought a message to Motoyuki NAKAJIMA, the lord of Tsuneyama-jo Castle in Bicchu Province as a messenger of Nobunaga ODA and demanded reinforcements for Nobunaga's army.
  768. In February 1581, Takaie secretly communicated with Korenori KAMEI, the lord of Shikano-jo Castle owned by the Oda clan, and conspired against the Mori clan, but his plan was detected before being carried out and Morishige SUGIHARA suppressed it at the beginning of March 1581.
  769. In February 1581, he was awarded half of the Ecchu Province formally and became Shugo (military commander and administrator of province) due to the downfall of Nagazumi and upgraded the Toyama-jo Castle largely to use it as the headquarters.
  770. In February 1590, a hikan (low-level bureaucrat) of Tatsuchiyo kept to the headquarters Misaki-jo Castle or Odawara-jo Castle.
  771. In February 1590, his eldest daughter Ohime, who had been adopted by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, married Hidetada TOKUGAWA.
  772. In February 1600, Kagekatsu ordered that the castles in his fief be repaired by the summer of the same year.
  773. In February 1608, he travelled to Edo under Hideyori's order as the emisary for New Year's call..
  774. In February 1629, he went through a genpuku (ceremony for attaining manhood) and was assigned to serve at the Nakatsukasa sho (Ministry of Central Affairs).
  775. In February 1676, he was promoted to the rank of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  776. In February 1680, he handed over the place on Mt. Obaku to ERIN Shoki, who became the third chief priest, and retired to Shiunin on the mountain.
  777. In February 1682, Saibara was held and more songs were restored.
  778. In February 17, 669, SOGA no Akae was appointed to Tsukushi no kami.
  779. In February 1702, he went down to Edo with Kanesuke YOSHIDA to suppress a radical group of Edo.
  780. In February 1764, conferred to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), the Governor of Kii Province.
  781. In February 1803, he became the head of resident playwrights for the first time at the age of 49, and wrote "Yoni Hibike Sakura" for Hikosaburo BANDO III.
  782. In February 1853, he got an order of permission of succession to a family, but the position was not different from Korikata-kakiyakusuke (government cleric of rice customs), and his salary decreased to about forty one seki.
  783. In February 1858 Ittei celebrated his 80th birthday at Hida Provincial Monastery; however, passed away in January of the following year.
  784. In February 1862, in accordance with Takechi's order, he visited Choshu Domain and handed over TAKECHI's letter to Genzui KUSAKA.
  785. In February 1863, Kashio left Edo, together with Murakami (kumigashira) and the sixth squad of the Roshigumi, and went to Kyoto via the Nakasen-do Road.
  786. In February 1863, Wasaburo MASE became Yamato no kami (the governor of Yamato Province) and on March 7, 1864, praising the completion of repair and maintenance of Mausoleum of Emperor Jinmu, he was assigned to Naganaga sanryo bugyo.
  787. In February 1863, he participated in Roshigumi, an organization formed at the suggestion of Hachiro KIYOKAWA.
  788. In February 1863, when Kokuji yoriudo was newly established in the court, he was added to this group at the age of 19, but he secretly escaped Kyoto, and joined the Choshu clan, turned down his official court rank and changed his name to Shunsai (Shusai) MORI.
  789. In February 1864, Takasugi tried to dissuade the radical Matabei KIJIMA from his plan to fight the Satsuma and Aizu in Kyoto, but failed and then left the domain to hide in Kyoto himself.
  790. In February 1864, while he was staying in Osaka to guard Iemochi TOKUGAWA, a few repined masterless samurai intruded into a kimono fabrics dealer called 'Iwaki Shoya,' and both Toshizo HIJIKATA and Sannan rushed to the scene and repelled them after a fierce battle.
  791. In February 1865, he was sent after Shinsengumi Vice Commander Keisuke YAMANAMI, who had attempted to desert, and arrested him in Kusatsu City, Omi Province.
  792. In February 1866, he was in charge of assisting the suicide of the Accountant Kisaburo KAWAI, who was sentenced to commit suicide by disembowelment because for embezzlement.
  793. In February 1868, Omura was appointed a choshin of Gunbo Jimukyoku Hanji (the 3rd post of the newly created military ministry) in the government of the newly restored to power Emperor Meiji.
  794. In February 1868, he sent a chief retainer to Kyoto (the hub of the Imperial Court and the New Government) in response to the defeat of the army of the old Shogunate (the last shogunate, Tokugawa clan and the followers) in the Battles of Toba and Fushimi.
  795. In February 1869, he became a trainee of audit commissioner.
  796. In February 1869, he joined Shinsengumi under control of Toshizo HIJIKATA in Hakodate.
  797. In February 1869, he was granted the permanent samurai status because of his outstanding achievements in Shugakukan, and was ordered to go to study in Akizuki Domain.
  798. In February 1870, he went to the United States with the second son of IWAKURA and enrolled in Princeton University in September 1871.
  799. In February 1871, the prefectural governor and chief councilor of Kakuda City acknowledged the distress that former Shiraishi feudal retainers suffered, and reported the situation to the central government after consultation with the Development Commission.
  800. In February 1872, Chubei also opened a drapery shop of silk, cotton and linen 'Benchu' at 2 chome, Honcho, Osaka, and dealt with linen, Bino textile and Kanto textile.
  801. In February 1874, he was appointed Sho-hanji (Second assistant to the Chief Judge).
  802. In February 1875, he was suddenly dismissed from his post probably because of an internal conflict in Toyooka Prefecture, and returned to Tokyo.
  803. In February 1876, the Gojo family gave him a Yokozuna license and in February 1877, the Yoshida-Tsukasa family gave him the license, too.
  804. In February 1877 the Seinan War broke out.
  805. In February 1877, Seinan War broke out.
  806. In February 1877, Tomochika who was the twelfth head of Sumitomo family and the twelfth Kichizaemon SUMITOMO designated Saihei HIROSE to the administrative director due to Tomochika's disease.
  807. In February 1877, he was appointed to the position of assistant police inspector of Keishi-kyoku.
  808. In February 1878, he was engaged on compiling a code of law as a member of Penal Code draft reviewing committee.
  809. In February 1880, he was assigned as full-time Sangi (councilor).
  810. In February 1880, the posts of Councilor and Minister were separated at the proposal of Ito, which Okuma showed his approval by appointing Tsunetami SANO as his successor and assigning himself to 'Kaikeibu Bunsho (a officer of accounting section)' (administrator of fiscal policy).
  811. In February 1891, he was reinstated as Minister of Justice.
  812. In February 1892, Hiroshi HIROSE, who was shihainin of Besshi, resigned and Saihei's nephew, Moriaki KUBO succeeded the job.
  813. In February 19, 671 (January 2, 671 in old calendar), SOGA no Akae and Kose no Hito went to court to give New Year's greetings.
  814. In February 19, 671 (January 5, 671 in old calendar), Prince Otomo was assigned as Daijo-Daijin (Grand Minister), SOGA no Akae as Sadaijin (Minister of the Left), NAKATOMI no Kane as Udaijin (Minister of the Right), and the three of SOGA no Hatayasu, Kose no Hito and KI no Ushi as Gyoshi Taifu (chief of controlling the officials).
  815. In February 1900 the peasants held a secret meeting and discussed the next demonstration.
  816. In February 1904 immediately after the Russo-Japanese War began, publication of Jogaku Zasshi ceased without advance notice.
  817. In February 1904, Japan declared war against Russian Empire and the Japanese-Russo War broke out.
  818. In February 1904, he launched a serial publication called "Nichiro Senso Jikki" (The Real Record of Russo-Japanese War) as soon as the war broke out, arguing the idea of 'Somoku Kaihei' (Suspicion will raise bogies), and he made efforts to promote patriotism.
  819. In February 1904, he visited the US and had diplomatic talks with President Theodore Roosevelt (who had been contemporarily at Harvard University) about the Russo-Japanese War (and returned to Japan in October of the following year).
  820. In February 1905, he published "Koshi-ron" (On Confucius).
  821. In February 1907, a Presidential Directive banned Japanese living in Hawaii, Mexico, and Canada from moving to the U.S. mainland..
  822. In February 1907, he gave up all of his teaching posts and entered Asahi Shimbun Company as invited by Sanzan IKEBE.
  823. In February 1912, the organization of the bank was transformed into a joint-stock company with a capital of fifteen million yen.
  824. In February 1919, he was appointed to kanji (supervisor) and hyogiin (trustee) of the Rikagaku Kenkyusho (RIKEN).
  825. In February 1920, the Japanese government banned issuing passports for 'picture brides.'
  826. In February 1921, he established Sumitomo Goshi kaisha (capital: 150 million yen) to inherit the business of Sohonten and he assumed the position of the president.
  827. In February 1922, this novel was published second time, included in the third volume of the "Toson zenshu" (the collected works of Toson SHIMAZAKI, Toson zenshu kankokai).
  828. In February 1923, "Jirokichi-zange (Jirokichi's repentance),"starring the sixth Kikugoro ONOE, became very popular.
  829. In February 1927 at the age of 81, he published a 12-volume set of books 'Kogakusosho.'
  830. In February 1931: Seishi-ka (the silk reeling course) was added to the regular course.
  831. In February 1948, he opened the Kyoto Saga shop in the former villa of Kasuke KOJIMA.
  832. In February 1949, he succeeded Jukai ICHIKAWA (III) in "Sukeroku" and "Omori Hikoshichi" at the Osaka Kabukiza theater.
  833. In February 1955, he left Shochiku, a movie company that solely supported the Japanese kabuki art, and joined Takarazuka Eiga Co., Ltd. (Takarazuka is the name of Japan's only girls' opera troupe, and "eiga" means "movies"), which was a dummy operation of the Toho movie company, as this company's actor under an exclusive contract.
  834. In February 1968, he was released from prison.
  835. In February 1968, he was seriously wounded in the battle of Toba-Fushimi.
  836. In February 1978, he passed away after dancing "Kappore" in his 90th year.
  837. In February 1998, the Kyobashi office of the West Japan JR Bus Company was established on the old station site, but it was abolished in 2002 and the land is currently occupied by a private car-washing station.
  838. In February 2004, an icon of St. Andronik, which the Kyoto Orthodox Church had asked to draw, was sent from Moscow.
  839. In February 2008, a new studio (the first studio), which had been under construction in Momoyama Town, Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City (near the boundary with Rokujizo, Uji City), was completed.
  840. In February 2008, the Kagoshima branch of the Bank of Japan noted that the boom was over and concluded that a time of selecting brands has started in the report of this shochu boom.
  841. In February 21, 1175, he was appointed as Mimasaka gonno kami (Senior Provincial Governor of Mimasaka) as well.
  842. In February 21, 1864, the steamboat Kochomaru came to Wadomari, Oki-no-erabujima with Tomomi YOSHII and Tsugumichi (Shingo) SAIGO to pick him up.
  843. In February 25, 1695, he died at the age of 78.
  844. In February 28, 1730, the late lord of the domain Masato INABA who belonged to the head family died young, so he succeeded him, but he also died on May 10 of the same year at age 25 as if he had followed Masato.
  845. In February 28, 1864, Saigo returned to Kagoshima, and but he could not stand.
  846. In February 642, Empress Kogyoku ascended the throne succeeding her husband, Emperor Jomei who had died and on October 20, in the same year, she ordered Oomi (a highest officer in national politics of the Yamato dynasty) SOGA no Emishi to construct a new Palace by December.
  847. In February 665, due to the meritorious deeds of the First Ranking official Fukushin KISHITSU of Kudara, the rank of Shokinge was conferred to his relative Shushi KISHITSU; he was sent to Gamo County, Omi Province in 669.
  848. In February 674, he constructed 月池 Pond (later called Anapji Pond) near the imperial castle called Banwolseong Castle, and in 679, he repaired the royal palace and built the crown prince's palace (臨海殿 Palace) there.
  849. In February 687, the East Tokketsu forces invaded in Shohei.
  850. In February 7, 1928, she contracted blood poisoning due to overexertion from her efforts in the earthquake reconstruction projects and passed away at the young age of 42, while the name of Amitabha Buddha was recited.
  851. In February 708, a Saijusenshi (A Ryoge no kan in charge of administering coinage) was appointed and in May the same year, silver coins of Wado Kaichin were issued with copper coins coming in August.
  852. In February 708, he was created Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  853. In February 715, he was appointed to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade), and in February 718, he was appointed to Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  854. In February 758, Kusumaro was appointed to Momikushi (a Ritsuryo version of an ombudsman) for Tokaido and Tosando Roads.
  855. In February 823 she was appointed as Sanbon (the third of Imperial Princess' ranks) and was given ho (a fief) hyakko (one hundred houses).
  856. In February 823, ONO no Minemori, who was Sangi (councillor) and Dazai no daini (Senior Assistant Governor-General of the Dazai-fu offices) proposed the introduction of Kueiden.
  857. In February 828, she was selected by her uncle, Emperor Junna, through divination to be a Saigu, and traveled to Ise after in September of 830.
  858. In February 833, he was assigned as Sakone no shosho (Minor Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards), while remaining as Kaga no kami.
  859. In February 833, she resigned because of Emperor Junna's abdication of the throne.
  860. In February 834 (old calendar), he became Jibukyo (the minister of Jibusho).
  861. In February 834 (old calendar), he was given land consisting of thirty three cho (about 1325 hectares) of Koarata, Fuchi Country, Totoumi Province.
  862. In February 844, he also served as Mutsu Dewa Azechi.
  863. In February 861, she made rakushoku (to take the tonsure and enter the priesthood.)
  864. In February 866, the princess's mother the Koi Shizuko passed away, but she was not granted retirement, which did not materialize until Emperor Seiwa abdicated the throne to Emperor Yozei in 876.
  865. In February 886, he became a governor of Bizen Province.
  866. In February 892, she was conferred the court rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and became Nyogo by Imperial proclamation.
  867. In February 935, as a result of conflict over territory or woman, he ambushed TAIRA no Masakado, taking up a position in Nomoto, but he was counterattacked by Masakado who got an edge on the bow battle with favorable wind, and died in battle along with his younger brothers Takashi and Shigeru.
  868. In February 935, the MINAMOTO brothers, Tasuku, Takashi, and Shigeru, camped in Nomoto, Hitachi Province in order to ambush Masakado, who was heading into battle.
  869. In February 939, Prince Okiyo and MINAMOTO no Tsunemoto (an ancestor of the Seiwa-Genji), who had been recently appointed as Zuryo (Provincial Governor) and Suke (Assistant Provincial Governor) of Musashi Province respectively, were involved in a conflict with MUSASHI no Takeshiba, the Gunji (Local Magistrate) of Adachi County.
  870. In February 939, the newly appointed governor of Musashi province, Okiyo-o (genealogy unknown), and MINAMOTO no Tsunemoto (first of the Seiwa Genji) who held the rank of suke, came into conflict with MUSASHI no Takeshiba, who held the rank of gunji (local magistrate), in Adachi-gun County.
  871. In February 941, the senior commander of Sumitomo's army, FUJIWARA no Tsunetoshi, defected and joined the Imperial army, which then attacked Sumitomo's base on Hiburi Island.
  872. In February 973, she entered Emperor Enyu's court.
  873. In February 990, he had his first daughter, Teishi, make an Imperial Consort's bridal entry into court as nyogo of Emperor Ichijo.
  874. In February 995, he made his second daughter, Genshi, the empress of the Crown Prince, the Imperial Prince Okisada (later Emperor Sanjo), and tightened management of kokyu (literally, rear palace; imperial harem).
  875. In February Satsuma Army caught all the spies dispatched by KAWAJI and put them under torture-like interrogations, forcing them to write a "confession" saying that KAWAJI ordered them to assassinate SAIGO.
  876. In February and March 1593, the Ming army, under the general Li Ru-song and his 43,000 men, besieged Yukinaga KONISHI in Pyongyang.
  877. In February and March 1607, his adultery with a court lady was revealed, and the infuriated Emperor Goyozei punished him by chokkan (expulsion from around the Emperor).
  878. In February and March 1719, he married Imperial Princess Shushi (Akiko) who was the first daughter of Emperor Higashiyama.
  879. In February during the next year (1593), the Ming Army of 43,000 soldiers headed by Li Ru-song attacked Pyongyang.
  880. In February in AD 201, she left Toyurano-miya Imperial Residence in Anato and took a sea route to Yamato with a troop of lords and officials under her command.
  881. In February in the same year, he was awarded a yokozuna license.
  882. In February in the same year, when the work to prevent the fall-off of the ceiling was done in the space called "Toriaibu" between the stone chamber and the conservation facility, staff entered the chamber without any protective clothing.
  883. In February next year, the year of kibi, Iwarehikono mikoto killed Niikitobe, Kose no hafuri and Inohafuri who did not obey him.
  884. In February of 1186, Yoritomo recommended Bomon-hime for menoto (a woman providing breast-feed) to Emperor Gotoba (in fact, her daughter, Yasuko, went to the palace for the service).
  885. In February of 1209, he resigned from his post of Jibukyo and entered into the priesthood on June 23 of the same year.
  886. In February of 1392, conferring of honors took place.
  887. In February of 1520, when Takakuni was defeated by Sumimoto and Yukinaga in Settsu, shogun Yoshitane took sides with Sumimoto.
  888. In February of 1527, Kyoto was invaded by Takaharu YANAGIMOTO and Motonaga MIYOSHI, and Takakuni's force fought in the Battle of Katsuragawa; however, the Takakuni side was defeated and thus had no choice but to escape to Omi-Sakamoto supporting Yoshiharu ASHIKAGA.
  889. In February of 1603, he received the appointment to Seii Taishogun at Fushimi-jo Castle and in March and he moved into the newly completed Nijo-jo Castle, from which he started a procession to the Imperial Palace to hold the Haiga no Rei ceremony in accordance with the tradition since the Muromachi Shogunate.
  890. In February of 1871, Shinpei worked on the maintenance of state apparatus as a system investigation official and submitted 30 reports to Dainagon (Major Counselor) Iwakura.
  891. In February of 1876, he began preparations to enter Harvard University.
  892. In February of 1932, Masatsugu TAKAMURA of Taishu Bungei Eiga-sha and Ryosuke TACHIBANA, who had been the senior managing director of Teikoku Kinema half a year prior, established 'Shoei Makino Kinema' at 'Omuro Studio' by making a joint business with the 'Makino family.'
  893. In February of 1936, "Sunae Shibari Morio Jushiro Kohen" (The Spell of the Sand Painting, Jushiro MORIO, Part Two) directed by INUZUKA was released.
  894. In February of 823, he was granted To-ji Temple based on a Daijokanpu and used the temple as a training place for Shingon Esoteric Buddhism.
  895. In February of 995, she became a wife of Imperial Prince Okisada (later Emperor Sanjo) (at the age of 14 or 15, according to "Eiga monogatari" (literally, a tale of flowering fortunes: a historical story book)).
  896. In February of next year, the Peruvian Government sent the navy minister to Japan and demanded an apology and compensation in terms of Maria Luz-related issues from the Japanese government.
  897. In February of that year, the Hayato clan in the Osumi Province Hyuga Area in southern Kyushu killed the magistrate of the Osumi Province and staged a coup d'etat.
  898. In February of that year, the Kyoto City Buddhism Organization filed a suit in the Kyoto district court demanding the affirmation of the invalidity of the ordinance.
  899. In February of the 3rd year of Bunkyu, Toshizo, together with his comrades of Kondo Dojo (Shiei-kan), applied for the Roshigumi to guard Iemochi TOKUGAWA, Seii Taishogun of the Shogunate, and departed for Kyoto.
  900. In February of the following year (1180), Emperor Antoku became Emperor and the cloister government of retired Emperor Takakura began.
  901. In February of the following year, 1352 which was a leap year, the Southern Court forces began fighting the Ashikaga army in the Kanto and Kinai regions and, on the 19th, Emperor Gomurakami went to Mt. Otoko (Iwashimizu Hachiman-gu Shrine) where he remained.
  902. In February of the following year, 1582, Nobunaga dispatched Shinsuke MATSUYAMA to Tawa (Hashimoto City at present).
  903. In February of the following year, Naka no Kimi safely gave birth to a boy.
  904. In February of the following year, he became the Sessho (regent) of Emperor Antoku and awarded Juichii (Junior First Rank).
  905. In February of the following year, he departed for the front of Seinan War under the 3rd expeditionary force, and in April in war time, went on to Lieutenant Commander to be Daitaicho (Battalion Chief) of the 11th Infantry Regiment.
  906. In February of the following year, when Emperor Meiji ascended the throne, Nariyuki remained Sessho participating in affairs of State, but the pro-Imperial Rule Restoration faction gradually began to regain power around that time.
  907. In February of the next year, Kiyomori was installed as Kebiishi no betto (Superintendent of the Imperial Police) and put in charge of maintaining public order in Kyoto, and Tokitada took command in the field under Kiyomori's control.
  908. In February of the same year (a leap year), TAIRA no Kiyomori died from a fever and the Taira clan government lost its strong leader.
  909. In February of the same year, Makino ignored the proposal to boycott 'Toho Eiga Haikyu,' which was established in June of the previous year, by concluding the agreement among five companies, namely Shochiku, Nikkatsu, Shinko Kinema, Daito Eiga and Makino Talkie.
  910. In February of the same year, Ryosuke TACHIBANA, the senior managing director of Shinko Kinema, and Takamura became partners with the Makino family and established 'Shoei Makino Kinema' at the former Makino Productions' 'Omuro Studio.'
  911. In February of the same year, Shozo KUROKAWA, who was the executive managing director of the Tokyu Head Office, was appointed as president, in which capacity he held two posts.
  912. In February of the same year, he married his bride elect, Hatsuko.
  913. In February of the same year, he participated in two battles at the front.
  914. In February of the same year, members of the Roshi-gumi, an organization of masterless samurais, were recruited in Edo and dispatched to Kyoto.
  915. In February of the same year, she was ranked to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank,) in April, she received an imperial letter to do judai (an Imperial Consort's bridal entry into court) and become a nyogo (a consort of an emperor), and in June, she was formally became a Chugu with an Imperial order.
  916. In February of the same year, the two parties agreed to gradually transform Japan into a constitutional monarchy and decided on the two persons returning to the government.
  917. In February of this year, he died.
  918. In February or March of the next year, 1130, he was assigned as Sogo, the managerial post of priests.
  919. In February the next year (old calendar), Kakukei returned to secular life, renamed himself Yoshiaki (one of the Chinese characters of the name was later changed to another of the same sound) ASHIKAGA and, traveling via Yajima, Omi Province (today's Moriyama City, Shiga Prefecture), sought the protection of Yoshikage ASAKURA, Governor of Echizen Province.
  920. In February the same year, he was defeated in the Battle of Yashima against MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune's forces and the Battle of Dan-no-ura in March the same year; his territories were confiscated as the Taira clan's property by the bakufu.
  921. In February, 1000, Michinaga made Shoshi/Akiko Chugu (Empress).
  922. In February, 1012, Michinaga made his second daughter, FUJIWARA no Kenshi/Kiyoko an Empress, who was already in the Imperial Court when Emperor Sanjo was still the Crown Prince.
  923. In February, 1029, the Imperial Court issued a kanpu (official document from Dajokan, or Great Council of State) to strengthen the punitive force, but the suppression did not made progress.
  924. In February, 1184, MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka, who had defeated the Taira family and been dominated Kyoto, came into conflict with Yoritomo, and Yoritomo sent his younger brothers MINAMOTO no Noriyori and MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune to Omi Province.
  925. In February, 1199, Yoritomo died and the positions of the Kajiwara clan turned worse.
  926. In February, 1207, at the protest of Kofuku-ji Temple, Honen's "Exclusive Nenbutsu" was suppressed, and 4 people including Junsai were executed, and 8 people including Honen and Shinran were to be banished (this incident is called Jogen no Honan).
  927. In February, 1304, Higashinijo-in, her real mother, passed away.
  928. In February, 1339, the Southern Court army invaded Shimotsuke Province and captured Yagioka-jo Castle, where the Kito Mashiko clan--supporters of the Utsunomiya clan--had established their base, also taking Mashikoko-jo Castle, Kaminokawa-jo Castle and Minowa-jo Castle.
  929. In February, 1380, he was promoted to Jushiige (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and transferred to Sahyoe no kami (Captain of the Left Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  930. In February, 1391, he served concurrently as the kubo (governor-general) of Mutsu Province and Dewa Province.
  931. In February, 1441, Yoshinori transferred responsibility for the Hatakeyama family from Mochikuni HATAKEYAMA to Mochinaga HATAKEYAMA.
  932. In February, 1467, when Onin War broke out, Yoshifuji sided with the West Camp headed by his father-in-law, Sozen YAMANA.
  933. In February, 1490, he transplanted a pine tree from Sento Imperial Palace to Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA's Higashimaya Sanso villa.
  934. In February, 15 B.C., he had the daughters of Tanbano Michino Ushino Mikoto enter the kokyu (empress's residence) and, in September, designated Hibasuhime to be the empress.
  935. In February, 1548, he was invited into the Kukuri-jo Castle by its lord, Yorioki KUKURI, where he was assassinated; furthermore, the Uho-jo Castle was taken over by Akugoro.
  936. In February, 1570, Nobunaga made Yoshiaki accept the Josho (itemized document) to take over the authority of shogun, and in April, the Imperial Court gave him Tenka seihitsu ken (right to control the society under the order of the Emperor).
  937. In February, 1593, as Toshiie received the order to cross the sea, he prepared for it and decided even the battle array, but because the movement toward conciliation with Ming soon began to be promoted, he did not have to cross the sea after all.
  938. In February, 1603, resigned his position as Udaijin.
  939. In February, 1865.
  940. In February, 1868, the system of choshi (official) and koshi (representative of each domain) was established.
  941. In February, 1870, he was also appointed the position of Yamaguchi pacification.
  942. In February, 1871, even though he started the Shinbi draft in Osaka, it was postponed in May (conscription continued until August in reality).
  943. In February, 1872, Munemitsu MUTSU's former wife Renko died, and in the next year, 1873, when Ryoko was seventeen years old, Munemitsu fell in love with her at first sight, so she got married to him to be his second wife.
  944. In February, 1873, he was appointed as a vice-mayor of the fourteenth ward in Iwasaki Prefecture (later Tokiwa-machi, Fukushima Prefecture, now Tamura City), but he read "Liberty" by John Stuart Mill (translated by Masanao NAKAMURA), and this opened his eyes to Jiyu Minken Undo.
  945. In February, 1874, after the subdual of Saga War (Saga Rebellion), Samata assumed the position of Kumamoto Chindai (garrison) Sanbocho (Assistant Chief of Staff) and participated in the Taiwan expedition.
  946. In February, 1874, he became a butler for (the head family of) the Shimazu clan.
  947. In February, 1877 when the Seinan War broke out, the Tondenhei Bureau sent a tondenhei platoon to the Hakodate port by orders of KURODA Reclamation General.
  948. In February, 1881, he was raised to Army Major General and Commander at Sendai Chindai, to the Tenth Infantry Brigade Commander in May 1885, and to Army Lieutenant General in 1886, and was bestowed with the Baronage the next year.
  949. In February, 1882, he was elected to be a member of Tokyo Prefecture Assembly.
  950. In February, 1884, his second son, Hideo, was born.
  951. In February, 1904 he took part in the Russo-Japanese War and transferred to the Fourth Shidan on July 6, 1906 after the war.
  952. In February, 1914
  953. In February, 1919, each College was renamed Faculty.
  954. In February, 1975, the first Hoshi Matsuri Daisaitogomaku (large-scale goma (holy fire) performed in the field) was held.
  955. In February, 1981, the number of gomadan (an altar for the fire ceremony) became two, and the event came to be called Hosho Gedatsu (deliverance from earthly bondage) Daisaitogomaku.
  956. In February, 1988, "Hoshi Matsuri" was broadcasted live by communication satellite to head offices of Agon sect across the country.
  957. In February, 1994, the event came to be called Shinbutsu Ryokai (two realms of Shinto and Buddhism) Daisaitogomaku.
  958. In February, 2007, the formal name of the club was changed from Kyoto Purple Sanga to Kyoto Sanga F.C., and the nickname was changed to Kyoto Sanga.
  959. In February, 399, Emperor Nintoku passed away.
  960. In February, 408 B.C., he was formally installed as Crown Prince, and after the death of his father in 393 B.C., he ascended the throne on next New Year's Day.
  961. In February, 453, Emperor Ingyo demised.
  962. In February, 538 B.C., he was formally installed as Crown Prince.
  963. In February, 654, OKISOME no Oku became a member of Kentoshi with Oshi (leader of envoy) TAKAMUKO no Kuromaro and Taishi (assistant leader of envoy) KAWABE no Maro.
  964. In February, 676, he returned to Japan from his mission in Silla.
  965. In February, 728, he became So Bokkai kakushi (Japanese envoy to Balhae).
  966. In February, 765, he was given a medal for his merit.
  967. In February, 782, the following year of the enthronement, YAMATO no Otohito, a shijin (a lower rank officer of the Imperial or noble families, used as a guard or miscellaneous serviceman) of Kawatsugu, was captured after he entered the palace wearing weapons.
  968. In February, 877, he resigned from the position of Sakone no taisho.
  969. In February, Harunobu took Katsurayama-jo Castle (located in Shinano Province), which had been a front-line base of the Nagao force, and then approached Iiyama-jo Castle, where Masayori TAKANASHI resided.
  970. In February, Onna Sannomiya is married and moves to the Rokujo-in Palace, but Genji is disappointed with her extreme childishness.
  971. In February, Shigekuni took in custody Kanemitsu HIGUCHI, one of the retainers of the captive Yoshinaka, and Shigekuni's retainers tried to behead Kanemitsu but failed, so Shigekuni killed him instead.
  972. In February, Takauji lost to Tadayoshi at the Battle of Komyo-ji Temple (Harima Province) and the Battle of Uchidehama (Settsu Province), and reconciled with Tadayoshi under the condition that Moronao and Moroyasu brothers become monks.
  973. In February, Tomomori, his younger maternal brother, became Musashi no kami (chief of Musashi Province), and his areas were a part of Kiyomori's Chigyo-koku (fief).
  974. In February, Yoshitsune landed at Kastuura in Awa Province and drew the local bushi to his side and defeated the Taira clan stronghold at Yashima (the Battle of Yashima).
  975. In February, Yoshitsune was ordered to join the battle of Yashima and won.
  976. In February, a serialized novel 'Tajo Takon' appeared in the "Yomiuri Shimbun."
  977. In February, after Lieutenant Colonel of Army, Chief of the 4th Infantry Regiment, he successively experienced Staff Officer of Chindai (Garrison) in Kumamoto Prefecture, Chief Staff Officer of the 6th Shidan (division) (Japanese Army) and the 1st Kyokucho (office leader) of staff headquarters (Japan) to be a Colonel of the Army.
  978. In February, formed Kenyusha.
  979. In February, he and Tsune got divorced.
  980. In February, he became an adviser of the Faculty of Literature in Keio University.
  981. In February, he became the vice-conscription medical officer of Daiichi Gunkan-ku (equivalent to lieutenant) (the first military district), and was conferred a medal of merit of the Jushichii (Junior Seventh Rank).
  982. In February, he declined to accept an offer of the Doctor of Letters degree.
  983. In February, he entrusted Kaishu KATSU to take control of the situation and entered into a disciplinary confinement at Daiji-in located in Kan'ei-ji Temple in Ueno.
  984. In February, he published 'Sakai Incident' in "Shinshosetsu" (New Novels).
  985. In February, he was appointed Kurodo no to.
  986. In February, he was assigned to the company of the first battalion of the army engineers; in March, he became staff of Kansei Office (the office in charge of overseeing the west) of the General Staff Office; in April, he was promoted to captain of the army engineers; and in February, he was appointed staff officer of the Imperial Guard Division.
  987. In February, he was transferred as Chu-hanji (Middle Judge).
  988. In February, he wrote "Nippon Heishoku Ron" (discussion on army food of Japan) and "Nippon Kaoku Ron" (discussion on the houses of Japan) in German.
  989. In February, his second son Fritz passed away.
  990. In February, his third son, Rui MORI, was born.
  991. In February, local lords including Tamekiyo MISAWA, Okitsune KIKKAWA, Hisasuke MITOYA and Tsunemitsu HONJO who had switched the side from Amago to Ouchi had secret communication and switched the side again to Amago side, which caused the debacle of the Ouchi Army.
  992. In February, on the restructure of Hyobusho (ministry of military) and the establishment of Army, YAMAGATA became Taifu (vice-minister) of Ministry of Army.
  993. In February, same year (1863), Yoshimura obtained permission from the clan to travel and study on his own expenses, and travelled to Kyoto.
  994. In February, the IJA Third Army arrived to complete the capture of Lushun.
  995. In February, the Katsura Cabinet fell, and in October, Katsura died, but his party was reorganized as the Rikken Doshikai, which was further developed into the Kenseikai.
  996. In February, the Russo-Japanese War broke out.
  997. In February, the following year, operation of the factory commenced.
  998. In February, the seven branches were established as bureaus and a new bureau Sosaikyoku was added so, there were three posts and eight bureaus (Kairikugun branch was renamed Gunbokyoku.)
  999. In February, the year of bogo, he dispatched a fleet to Namihaya no kuni.
  1000. In February, there was a rumor that the daughter of FUJIWARA no Koremichi, FUJIWARA no Teishi (twenty years old) would enter into the palace.

164001 ~ 165000

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