; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. In Feburary 1184, however, the Taira clan were defeated badly by Noriyori and Yoshitsune in the Battle of Ichinotani, and Shigehira's horse was shot among the defeated army and then captured by Kagesue KAJIWARA.
  2. In Feburary 1904, on the eve of the Russo-Japanese War, when the Empress was staying in the Imperial palace in Hayama, she said that a samurai about 37 or 38 years old wearing a white frock came into her dreams and swore the protection of the Japanese Navy at war.
  3. In Feruary 3, 1300, he received Junior First Rank.
  4. In Fiscal Year 2003, approximately 38,164 passengers boarded each day (Kyoto Prefecture Statistics Book).
  5. In Fort Kamo, 3,000 soldiers from Mino Province and Omi Province headed by Nobutada ODA took up a position.
  6. In France and Italy, known production areas of silk in Europe, silkworm infectious disease caused by the protist called Nosema broke out during the 1850's, devastating the sericultural industry in both countries.
  7. In France the money changers and gold- and silversmiths were gathered around the Grand-pont in 1141.
  8. In France there is the word Sucre Dart which refers to sugar confectionery in general as kogyo gashi (decorated sweets) and amezaiku is also included in this.
  9. In France, Louis PASTEUR studied Japanese silkworms based on advice from Jean-Henri FABRE, figured out the cause of the disease and made improvements by breeding the surviving silkworms.
  10. In France, Rene SIEFFERT, an authoritative scholar of Japanese studies, produced a translation (which was published in 1988).
  11. In France, a good combination of certain wines and cheeses (as well as other food items) is called 'mariage' (marriage) and is covered to a great extent.
  12. In France, having boasted an advanced railway nation, high-speed TGS diesel train-cars of the national railways of France were operated at a speed of 200 km/h for the first time on May 28, 1967, and even after that, more than one train was operated at 200 km/h.
  13. In Fuchu City (Hiroshima Prefecture), ground meat or minced meat are added instead of pork back ribs and it is called 'Fuchu yaki' (Japanese pancake).
  14. In Fujimon school, Nichiren Shoshu sect, and others, this Shudatsu sotai, not the Kyokan sotai, is regarded as the last of Goju no Sotai.
  15. In Fujinomiya City, Shizuoka Prefecture, there is Kariyado no Gebazakura, the oldest Yamazakura in Japan, which has been designated as a special Japanese national treasure.
  16. In Fujisakihachiman-gu Shrine, there are events such as the Shasaru-matsuri (Shooting Festival).
  17. In Fukagawa red-light district, geisha took center stage because there were no oiran (licensed prostitutes) and only a small number of joro (courtesans) existed, and therefore, 'Fukagawa geisha' and 'Yoshiwara geisha' were regarded as twin jewels of geisha, distinguishing themselves from 'machi geisha' in other regions.
  18. In Fukuchiyama City, Kitakinki Tango Railway and West Japan Railway Company provide train service, while Fukuchiyama Station acts as the central city station for both companies.
  19. In Fukuchiyama City, garbage is disposed through incineration, landfill and recycling at the Environmental Park located in Maki in the city.
  20. In Fukuchiyama city, Fukuchiyama Ondo is handed down orally to remember Mitsuhide; it says "Leaving Fukuchiyama, crossing Nodano, advancing soldiers fast to Kameyama."
  21. In Fukuhara, TAIRA no Kiyomori was anxious that the situation might worsen.
  22. In Fukui Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture, when the eldest son is born, a Tenjin zo (wood carving or hanging scroll) is displayed in the alcove every new year holiday, and in Fukui, there is the custom of offering flatfish on January 25.
  23. In Fukui Prefecture, Kameoka City (Kyoto Prefecture), and Nose-cho (Osaka Prefecture), mizu-yokan is sometimes called detchi-yokan (cheap yokan containing less azuki beans and sugar).
  24. In Fukui Prefecture, many people eat 'oroshi-soba' (soba noodles with grated daikon radish, also known as "Echizen soba" or "soba noodles of Echizen province") which is made by pouring a strong broth diluted with grated daikon radish over soba noodles and adding green onions and katsuobushi (small shavings of dried bonito).
  25. In Fukui Prefecture, one group which opposed Zanpatsu Datto Rei caused uprising, resulting the death penalty of six individuals.
  26. In Fukuoka City, there is okonomiyaki where the dough is about two centimeters thick and chewy.
  27. In Fukuoka Prefecture (the northern part of Kyushu)
  28. In Fukuoka Prefecture within the same Kyushu region, a passenger on the Shinkansen (the bullet train) saw Ittan-momen flying alongside the train at full speed.
  29. In Fukuoka Prefecture, there is a home-cooked dish called 'tecchiri,' which is a pufferfish hot pot.
  30. In Fukuoka, he learned Sinology from 亀井暘春, studied Japanese classical literature under Zensai TOMINAGA, and was devoted to Shoko Shugi (ideology in harmony with Japan's traditional values).
  31. In Fukushima Prefecture, "yubeshi" often refers to this type.
  32. In Fukuyama City, Hiroshima Prefecture, they sell arrowhead shochu (liquor) called 'Fukuyama Sodachi' ('made in Fukuyama') as a limited seasonal product.
  33. In Fushimi Echigo FUKUHARA with his army could not get to the Imperial Palace and promptly fled to Osaka.
  34. In Fushimi Ward, placenames such as Kyobashi, Minamihama, Bentenhama, and Zaimoku-cho that are related to the port town still remain today.
  35. In Gagaku (ancient Japanese court music), sangen is used as the general term for wagon (the Japanese harp), gakugoto (the koto used in gagaku) and gakubiwa (biwa (the Japanese lute) used in gagaku).
  36. In General Certification, rather than being applied to only a few masters of an art, the form of entertainment or craft as a whole is considered to be certified.
  37. In Genji Monogatari, there many situations in which fue appear.
  38. In Genji's youth, he appeared frequently as an attendant on Genji's evening strolls and accompanied him even when he withdrew to Suma.
  39. In Genrokushuryo (the restoration of the imperial tombs in the Genroku era of the Edo period), the location of Emperor Annei's misasagi was mistaken, but in Bakumatsushuryo (the restoration of the imperial tombs in the end of Edo period) the current site was authorized as his misasagi.
  40. In Genzai Noh (noh plays featuring people alive in the dramatic present, not apparitions), performers who play adult male roles do not wear noh masks.
  41. In German the original title was Anatomische Tabellen while the original Dutch title was Ontleedkundige Tafelen; neither is equivalent to the Japanese transliterated title 'Taheru Anatomia.'
  42. In Germany (ICE) and Italy (Pendolino) as well, development of high-speed train systems were planned and operated.
  43. In Germany a different territorium reformed its old calendar at a different time, so that both old and new calendar dates were written side by side or the name of a city was added to a date, and such customs remained for some time.
  44. In Germany, congees made of oatmeal, buckwheat, rice and semolina are called grain soups, and they are eaten by adding butter, sugar, cinnamon, raisins, fruit compotes and nuts.
  45. In Germany, there are many street stalls, which specialize in selling sausage, on street corners and in stations.
  46. In Geza music (music supporting kabuki performances effectively) in Kabuki, Kokyu is sometimes used in moving scenes.
  47. In Gharba-mandala, Daikokuten is depicted as defeating Shiva and his sacred white buffalo, Nandin (in China or Japan, Nandin was incorrectly drawn as a goat or rabbit because a white buffalo was not recognized there) with an angry expression on his face.
  48. In Gifu Park in Gifu City, Gifu Prefecture (at the foot of Mt. Kinka, Gifu Prefecture)
  49. In Gifu Prefecture, 6 people were killed, 18 people were injured, 51 houses were completely destroyed and 138 houses were partially destroyed in the West of Gifu City.
  50. In Gion Higashi, the following events are held, while the Onshukai Dance Performance and parade float which used to be held are no longler held.
  51. In Gishiwajinden, ancient Japanese people's folkways at that time are depicted.
  52. In Gobo no Keiji (Five Edict Boards), posted at almost the same time as Charter Oath of Five Articles in March, 1868, goso was prohibited along with toto (conspiracy) and chosan (fleeting the fields and fleeting to the other districts to evade onerous taxes).
  53. In Gokoku Hachiman-jinja Shrine in Oyabe City in Toyama Prefecture, there is Yoshinaka's statue holding the reins on a horse.
  54. In Goryeo Dynasty, there were three capitals; Gaegyeong (Kaesong), Donggyeong (Gyeonsang) and Seogyeong (Pyongyang).
  55. In Goryeo the reprinted edition of 'Kaihozo' was published in 1010 (Korai Hatsucho-bon, 高麗初雕本), and after its wood blocks were burned in a battle with Yuan forces it was carved again as Korai Saichobon (高麗再雕本) in 1236.
  56. In Goryeo, prohibition of slaughter of animals (in 968 and 998)
  57. In Goseibai-shikimoku (code of conduct for samurai), Article 15, a person who was found to commit perjury at a trial was ordered to repair temples and shrines.
  58. In Goshuishu (an imperial anthology of Japanese waka, compiled in 1086 at the behest of Emperor Shirakawa), an explanatory note to his waka poem says:
  59. In Greek myths there are the stories related with Yumiya of Apollo, Artemis, and Eros.
  60. In Guangdong Province it is often cooked until the grains have lost half of their shape.
  61. In Guangzhou and Hong Kong, yu sang, slices of raw fish, are added to hot congee (yu sang juk), which causes the flesh to turn white.
  62. In Hachijo-jima Island, he changed his name to Hisafuku and stayed there for 50 years, supported by his wife's family, the Maeda clan; and Masanari HANAFUSA, an old vassal of the Ukita family.
  63. In Hagakure Monryaku, we can find the statement that Naoshige NABESHIMA recognized Ujisato to be the main branch of the Rokkaku clan, so we can gather the fact that the people in those days realized that Ujisato was a legal descendant of the Rokkaku clan.
  64. In Haguro-yama (Yamagata Prefecture), an applicant can wear a white costume and enter the mountain to experience Yamabushi's ascetic practices such as fasting, Takiuchi (standing under a waterfall), walking over fire, 床堅 (Zen sitting meditation), Ninku no Gyo (Nanban Ibushi, or being smoked), and so on, in September of every year.
  65. In Haibutsukisyaku (the anti-Buddhism movement), that started in the first year of the Meiji period, many temples adopted Omononushi-no-mikoto as their enshrined deity, replacing their Honzon (the principle image of Buddha) that had been worshipped for a long time.
  66. In Hakata City in Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Prefecture, a specific form of tejime called 'Hakata Teippon' is conducted.
  67. In Hakata Station and others, there are shops selling popular Ekiben of adjacent areas (shops in Hakata Station sell popular Ekiben of the whole area of the Kyushu) by having those Ekiben sent from each area.
  68. In Hakata at that time, there were many wealthy merchants; in particular, Soshitsu, Sotan KAMIYA, and Soku OGA who were collectively called 'the three great men in Hakata.'
  69. In Hakata, Hamasaki, or Ashibetsu in Hokkaido, a shimekomi, which can be also called a mawashi in regions except Hakata, refers to a sailcloth (a thicker cotton cloth, which is softer and thinner than a mawashi (sumo wrestler's belt)) with a width of 44cm (18cm for children) and a length of 5m.
  70. In Hakata, they had a fierce arrow battle near the coast, and the Japanese army lost and withdrew, but prevented the enemy from advancing inland, using the rearguard unit led by Kagesuke SHONI, shooting an arrow at LIU Fu-heng, who came in pursuit.
  71. In Hakodate, Toshizo HIJIKATA (Asahi KURIZUKA) who was fighting as a commander of the former army of bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) met a geisha who reached Hakodate from Honshu (main land of Japan).
  72. In Hakone, however, she met Kakutaro, a son of Kinokuniya in Nihombashi (Chuo Ward, Tokyo), a kimono fabrics dealer, who won the nickname of "Ima ARIWARA no Narihira" and they fell in love before long.
  73. In Hakusan City, Ishikawa Prefecture (former Mikawa cho, Ishikawa County, Ishikawa Prefecture), there is a local dish in which pufferfish ovaries are pickled in rice bran.
  74. In Hamamatsu he reunited with Seishin Oshima, who was a former colleague of the Shogitai and a scrivener of the register office affiliated to Hamamatsu Court at that time.
  75. In Hamanako Kanzanji Bijutsu Hakubutsukan located in Kanzanji-cho, Nishi-ku, Hamamatsu City, Shizuoka Prefecture, there is a tea kettle called 'Hiragumogama' which is said to have been dug up from the ruins of Shigisan-jo Castle and fell into the hands of Nobunaga who cherished it.
  76. In Han Dynasty, it was established as a competing game in which 2 teams of 12 people were striking the shuttlecock in order to kick it into the 'kyumon (goal),' and large-scale games were held in the Court.
  77. In Hankanpu (Genealogy of the Protectors of the Shogunate) written by Hakuseki ARAI, there is a description of 'Yukimura.'
  78. In Hankyu Railway, 'Priority seats' were abolished and 'All seats--priority seats' was introduced in April 1999, based on the idea that 'we must show a spirit of give-and-take at each seat, whether it is designated or not.'
  79. In Harima Province, Norimura AKAMATSU (Enshin) raised an army, and revolts occurred in other areas.
  80. In Harima Province, we have a mild climate and a few earthquakes.'
  81. In Harima no kuni-fudoki, Amenohiboko is referred to as Amenohiboko no mikoto and described as a deity who came from a foreign country and settled in Japan in the age of the gods.
  82. In Hase-dera Temple, Keka Hoyo to the honzon Eleven-faced Kannon is held from February 8 to 14 for seven days every year.
  83. In Hashimoto, where Mt. Otoko-yama lay to the east and the Yodo-gawa River to the west, the Shogunate forces had a geographical advantage against counter attacks.
  84. In Hatenashi mountain range which is the boundary of Wakayama Prefecture and Nara Prefecture, it allegedly appears only on December 20.
  85. In Hawaii and Okinawa Prefecture, onigiri filled with Spam (luncheon meat) is sold in the name of 'Spam musubi' and 'pork egg onigiri' (oni-por), and so on.
  86. In Hawaii state, where a lot of Japanese migrated during the Meiji period to the beginning of the Showa period, there is a noodles dish called Saimin.
  87. In Hawaii where many Japanese people once emigrated and many Japanese descendents currently live, original soy-sauce is produced.
  88. In Hawaii, where many Japanese immigrants have resided since the early Meiji period, curry and rice is popular as a daily food and can be found even in the menu of restaurants serving traditional Hawaiian foods.
  89. In Hebei, which was the base for the An Shi army, generals who defected from the An Shi army, such as Chengsi TIAN of Weibo (Tenyu army), Kaisen RI of You Prefecture (Lulong army) and Baochen LI of Koki (Chengde army), were directly assigned as setsudoshi.
  90. In Heian Period Shuyoshi was abolished and Kurodo-dokoro government organization was in charge of Taka-gari.
  91. In Heian period, sometimes, only this part was called 'shozei.'
  92. In Heiankyo, it was a 24-meter wide main street.
  93. In Heijyo-kyo, where the capital of Japan was located in 710, there were a market called 'nigimedana' where seaweeds were sold and a market called 'mohadana' where processed nori and kelp like tsukudani were sold.
  94. In Heike Nyogoga Shima, which is a piece of ningyo joruri (traditional Japanese puppet theater) by Monzaemon CHIKAMATSU, Kaneyasu SENOO appears as akuyaku (villain's role) in the Second-Stage titled "Shunkan" (after a priest named Shunkan).
  95. In Heki of Nagato City, Yamaguchi Prefecture, there is a beach called 'Nii no Hama' (Nii Beach), so named after a legend that a ghost of Tokiko was washed up on the beach, which is also a popular swimming beach.
  96. In Herman Melville's "Moby Dick" published in the 19 century, dolphin meat was described as well-known delicacy.
  97. In Hidaka County (Wakayama Prefecture) the Kamigata army arrived and invaded the territory of the Yukawa clan around April 22 or 23.
  98. In Hideyoshi's later year being appointed as one of the sanchuros along with Kazuuji NAKAMURA and Yoshiharu HORIO, he participated in the Toyotomi government
  99. In Hieda, on his way to Nara, probably on August 4, 672, Fukei got the information of the invasion of a large enemy force coming from Kawachi Province.
  100. In Hieda-jinja Shrine in Taishi Town, Ibo County, Hyogo Prefecture, Are is honored as an enshrined deity.
  101. In Higashimikawa (eastern part of Mikawa Province), the Toda clan, the Saigo clan and others seceded from the Imagawa clan as well following Motoyasu's move, and became affiliated with the Matsudaira clan.
  102. In Higashiyama Ward Ryogawa-cho (town which exists on both sides area of the street) is arranged along the street; where towns have numbers within their names from 1 to 22 from the north--that is 1 chome, Honmachi to 22 chome, Honmachi Higashiyama Ward
  103. In High School Tournament, number of cards is limited to reduce the time.
  104. In Higo Province before Kiyomasa, no influential Daimyo had appeared and the age of rival Kokujin (local lords) continued, and even Narimasa SASSA was unable to get the situation under control, leaving the province devastated.
  105. In Higo Province, he built a new Uto-jo Castle as his headquarters.
  106. In Himeji-jo Castle, 'Okiku-ido' (Okiku's well) still remains.
  107. In Himeshima Bon Odori (Himeshima Bon Festival Dance) (Himeshima Village, Oita Prefecture), although dancers wear makeup similar to Kabuki Buyo, they sometimes use blue eye shadow.
  108. In Hinayana Buddhism, its object is the Gedatsu (liberation from desires) and the Satori (enlightenment) of the believer only.
  109. In Hinduism, this goddess is assumed to be a dependent of Kali (a Hindu goddess).
  110. In Hiraizumi, remains in Motsu-ji Temple that second generation Motohira had built, and the site of Kanjizai-oin that the wife of Motohira had built, has been preserved.
  111. In Hirakata City, which is southwest of the pass, along the Hirakata Bypass is the area called 'Koyamichi' (the name of a former settlement).
  112. In Hirosaki City, Aomori Prefecture, Someiyoshino was successfully recovered by applying the pruning technique for apple trees.
  113. In Hirosaki Park (at the ruins of Hirosaki Castle), there is a Someiyoshino more than a century old, and this is said to be the oldest tree existing among this species.
  114. In Hiroshima City, stalls began selling bon toro at a night fair in the Taisho period.
  115. In Hiroshima City, the Imperial Diet was opened and capital functions were tentatively transferred to this location, and Hiroshima City temporarily assumed the status of capital.
  116. In Hiroshima Prefecture there is a rite to cook carp for a person one loves to communicate the affection, which has been handed down till today.
  117. In Hiroshima Prefecture, you can order take out and it is put in the styrol box.
  118. In Hiroshima there are few shops which are half self-service like Kansaifu-okonomiyaki shops, but mostly the shop staff cooks from start to finish and the finished one is served to the customer.
  119. In Hita, the formal name of this ritual utensil is 'yamahoko.'
  120. In Hitachi Province, they also captured Chugun-jo Castle, which they temporarily used as a base of operations, but it was later retaken by the Northern Court army.
  121. In Hitachi no kuni (Hitachi Province), Yorimori's chigyo koku, Tsunemori, Yorimori's elder brother, became Zuryo.
  122. In Hitachinaka City, Ibaraki Prefecture, there is 'Tenguto Hyakuiroyama Senjo Kuyohi' (monument for Tenguto at the battle place of Hyakuiroyama).
  123. In Hoian in Vietnam, there is a dish cooked by using thick noodles made from wheat called 'Cao l?u.'
  124. In Hoke-kyo women are allowed to become a Buddha.
  125. In Hokkaido and Niigata Prefecture, people used to use pork in Sukiyaki instead of beef.
  126. In Hokkaido and Tohoku region, a three-colored one with a red periphery and a green spiral pattern is seen as well.
  127. In Hokkaido and Yamanashi Prefecture, it is a custom to use amanatto for sekihan (festive red rice) instead of small beans.
  128. In Hokkaido and some prefectures of the Tohoku region, attempts have been made to process the fish of dead chum salmon following the run up a river and spawning roe, into 'sakebushi (dried chum salmon),' because the raw fish tastes bad and is therefore inedible.
  129. In Hokkaido and the northern Tohoku area, rice cultivation in paddy fields was not acceptable and lives there were like those in the post Jomon period.
  130. In Hokkaido region, it indicates the gatherings in autumn intended mainly to socialize.
  131. In Hokkaido the ban on salmon fishing is lifted between the end of August and the beginning of September.
  132. In Hokkaido, Ainu Culture was established around the 13th century.
  133. In Hokkaido, Ikeda Town (Hokkaido) undertook grape-growing and wine production as revitalization of the town to recover economically from a state of bankruptcy and was able to make it successful over the 20 years from the 1960s.
  134. In Hokkaido, Tohoku, Hokuriku and Minami-Kyushu (Southern Kyushu), people throw unshelled peanuts, which have the advantage of being easy to collect, and even those thrown on the ground can be collected and eaten.
  135. In Hokkaido, Tohoku, Hokuriku, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa, the number of compact cars exceed those of medium-size cars.
  136. In Hokkaido, a children's event called "Rosoku-morai" (give us candles)" is held on the day of tanabata.
  137. In Hokkaido, except Matsumae Town and Esashi Town located in the southern tip of Hokkaido, the cherry blossoms are not seen as often as in Honshu (the mainland of Japan).
  138. In Hokkaido, families enjoy the taste of Fall by making ikura (salmon roe) from the sujiko, and they do this by putting the sujiko in hot water and carefully removing the membranes to make the 'barako' or loosened roe.
  139. In Hokkaido, green hiyamugi noodles called 'green men,' made by mixing in powdered chlorella, are widely distributed.
  140. In Hokkaido, it is generally believed that the birthplace of this dish was 'Torimatsu' in Kushiro City.
  141. In Hokkaido, more facilities were established per capita than in other areas because the reclamation of Hokkaido was an urgent need to counter Russia's southward expansion.
  142. In Hokkaido, salted squid is sometimes eaten with boiled potatoes.
  143. In Hokkaido, some people eat round mochi and others eat square ones, because people migrated to Hokkaido from all over the country and brought various types of zoni there since the Meiji period.
  144. In Hokkaido, sweetened red kidney beans are often used instead of red adzuki beans and black-eyed peas.
  145. In Hokkaido, there is a local dish called 'Gyu-toro don' (rice with raw beef) that uses raw beef as an ingredient.
  146. In Hokkaido, thin shreds of beni-shoga (red pickled ginger) are added as a relish.
  147. In Hokke Jurasetsunyo Ho, it sits with its knees up and has mo (long pleated skirts) in the right hand and tokko (a religious tool like a short stick) in the left.
  148. In Hokke Ko, Daibyakuho paper published by Nichiren Shoshu Hokke Ko Rengokai is the only organ paper.
  149. In Hokke-kyo (Saddharmapundariika-sutra or the Lotus Sutra), Kishimojin, together with Jurasetsunyo (ten female rakshasas or ten demonesses), swears to guard the believers of Hokke-kyo and to punish the people who prevent 'guzu' (or 'gutsu,' the spread) of the beliefs in Hokke-kyo.
  150. In Hokke-shu (the Hokke school of Buddhism), Shaka Nyorai (Buddha Shakamuni) and Taho Nyorai (Buddha of Many Treasures) are worshipped as the principal images who flank each other, in accordance with the story of Ken Hotohon Dai-juichi of "Myo Horengekyo" (the 'Lotus Sutra' Chapter Eleven: the Emergence of the Treasure Tower).
  151. In Hollywood movies, there are movements to make works which really draw the real Japan, remaking Japanese movies and using Japanese directors.
  152. In Hong Kong
  153. In Hong Kong and Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, Guangdong in the People's Republic of China, there is earthenware pot rice topped with meat and vegetables, which is called po chai fan, and an egg can be added to it as an optional ingredient.
  154. In Hong Kong and Taiwan, people often pray with coil-shaped Senko, which is called "盤状香 " in Chinese, hanging at temples.
  155. In Hong Kong, 1 kin is equivalent to 604.78982 grams, called 'shima kin' (sima jin).
  156. In Hong Kong, Perry had heard about the death of Shogun Ieyoshi, and was now trying to exploit the resulting confusion in the Shogunate.
  157. In Hong Kong, Udon noodle is written as '烏冬?' and pronounced 'u-don-min' by the Cantonese reading.
  158. In Hong Kong, a street stall is called a '大牌? (meaning "street stall," and can be pronounced as 'Dai Pai Dong' in Cantonese)' serving Chinese food (Mainly Cantonese food) such as noodle dishes, rice porridge and stir-fried dishes.
  159. In Hong Kong, the bottled soymilk called Bitasoi was popular, but the version in a carton became mainstream so fewer and fewer shops are selling soymilk in bottles.
  160. In Hong Kong, which had long been governed by Britain, there are many cafe restaurants called Cha Chaan Teng which serve curry and rice.
  161. In Hongan-ji Temple of Jodo Shinshu sect (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism), which was the largest armed religious power in the Sengoku period, Kyonyo, the eldest son of Kennyo, the eleventh chief priest of the temple, and Junnyo, the third son of him confronted after Kennyo died.
  162. In Hongan-ji school and Otani school, homyo is '釋xx' for males and '釋尼xx' for females. ('xx' are replaced with two Chinese characters.)
  163. In Hongwan-ji Temple, 御影堂 and Amida-do were built.
  164. In Honnoji Incident of July 1, 1582, Nobutada was staying at Myokaku-ji Temple in Kyoto (Kyoto City) (where Nobunaga also frequently stayed) on his way to support Hideyoshi HASHIBA, who was besieging Bichu Takamatsu-jo Castle, along with Nobunaga.
  165. In Hoo-do Hall of Byodoin Temple, which was built by FUJIWARA no Yorimichi in 1053, there is a door on the opening areas of the peripheral wall, and koshi-yarido (latticed sliding door) was also used on the inner side.
  166. In Hori family there existed other densho besides Horibon, and they were reprinted as the original text for "Zeami jyuroku bushu" by Togo YOSHIDA.
  167. In Hotsumatsutae (an ancient record of Japan), Seoritsu-hime appears as a legal wife of Amaterasu Omikami, who is a male god.
  168. In Huabei (the North China) and northeastern part of China, index values of around 100 are observed almost everyday and the index value of 500 was once recorded there.
  169. In Hyoefu, 400 people were placed at Left/Right Hyoe (palace guard) respectively to form the military power of each efu.
  170. In Hyogo Prefecture, Kobe City took the initiative in launching independent wineries by relating them to agricultural production and tourism in urban areas as well as developing city-brand products.
  171. In Hyogo no tsu during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan), Kitaseki in Todai-ji Temple territory and Minamiseki in Kofuku-ji Temple territory were set up.
  172. In Ibaraki Prefecture and Kawagoe City, Saitama Prefecture, natto is sold as souvenir (local specialty).
  173. In Ibaraki in "Hitachi no kuni fudoki" (the topography of Hitachi Province), it is written that the natives 'Saeki of the mountains and Saeki of the fields' had resisted the sovereignty.
  174. In Ichijo-dori, Kamigyo Ward, there exists another mound that is said to have been haunted by the ghosts of tsuchigumo, and a stone lantern was excavated from here and began to be called "Kumo Doro" (the stone lantern of tsuchigumo).
  175. In Iesada TOKUGAWA's reign, the tour had been postponed until 1857 due to the arrival of the Black Ships from the US and outbreak of a natural disaster but eventually not conducted due to aggravation of Iesada's illness (and his death in the following year).
  176. In Ieyasu's era, Christianity was banned but trade with Portugal and Spain was not prohibited.
  177. In Iga Province, the mountains owned by Todai-ji Temple were devastated since all available trees had been cut down.
  178. In Iga Province, three families of Jonin, the Fujibayashi clan, the Momochi clan and the Hattori clan controlled other jizamurai and adopted collegial system to form the area not controlled by daimyo (Japanese territorial lord) in the Sengoku Period.
  179. In Iga, Jonin were goshi (country samurai) or jizamurai (local samurai) and as landlords, they controlled Genin who were kosakunin (tenant farmer).
  180. In Iiyama, Shimominochi County, Shinano Province (present-day Nagano Prefecture), there was a farm family of the mother and the son, and when the son became ill, he began to suffer saying, 'A spider is coming, it's coming.'
  181. In Iizuka, a shimekomi refers to a sarashi (bleached cloth) with a length of 5 m.
  182. In Iki city, there are kofun named after family names of land owners, such as Kakegi Kofun and Hirayama Kofun.
  183. In Ikinoshima Island in Nagasaki Prefecture, "yubeshi" refers to those made by boiling only the citron skin.
  184. In Imabari City, Ehime Prefecture, fried chicken made with chicken that was pre-seasoned by being soaked in sauce is called 'senzanki' (the Chinese characters '千斬切' are also used), and this same dish is called 'zanki' in the Toyo region.
  185. In Imabari, yakitori is often written in katakana (syllable based writing system of the Japanese language) as 'ヤキトリ.'
  186. In Imai-cho today, old houses with their external walls being finished in the okabe style similar to that of Imanishi-ke Jutaku remain in existence.
  187. In Imakatata, there exists Nogami-jinja Shrine whose god is Koto no naishi and there is a temple for her, Senpuku-ji Temple, and the Nogami festival was also held for consoling her spirit.
  188. In Imperial Prince Yamanobe's favor, she was exceptionally promoted for a maiden of local clans.
  189. In India
  190. In India she had been worshiped especially as a goddess of pregnancy, easy delivery and raising children.
  191. In India the origins of Buddhist stupa, to which the subject of worship is dedicated, differed from the priest's cell where monks dwelled, but in later years temples accepted stupas.
  192. In India, 'rikisha' is sometimes pronounced as 'rikusha.'
  193. In India, Chinese traders initially started using them in 1914 to transport goods and then applied for permission to use them to transport passengers.
  194. In India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, which are the roots of curry and rice, a vegetarian diet is the mainstream due to the influence of Hinduism and Islamism; hence, in these countries, curry dishes that use beans, vegetables, and dairy products have developed.
  195. In India, People's Republic of China and Taiwan, bamboo stick Senko (竹枝香 in Chinese), which is produced by attaching wet Senko around shaved bamboo, has been used from long ago.
  196. In India, it was considered as a treasure god and was hardly depicted as a warrior.
  197. In India, since the age of Veda, 'the sciences by which to attain enlightenment' have been sought.
  198. In India, there is a furikake-like preserved food called 'Podi' that is made of beans and various spices, which is sprinkled on top of steamed rice just like in Japan.
  199. In India, there is a religious belief that any one who is run over and killed by a divine float may be allowed to go to heaven.
  200. In India, they have a traditional kamado called a tandoor, and you can see how tandoor is used in practice at Indian restaurants in Japan (see the articles tandoori chicken or nan).
  201. In Indian Buddhism there are no revengeful ghosts as there are seven opportunities for reincarnation, one each seven days after death, so all the deceased without exception are thought to be reincarnated within 49 days.
  202. In Indian mythology, vajra is a weapon of Indra (Taishakuten).
  203. In Ino-cho, Agawa-gun, Kochi Prefecture, which is active in the production of Japanese paper, koi-nobori made with Japanese paper that does not rip when dampened is released into the Niyodo-gawa River, so on boat tours one can see koi-nobori swimming in the river.
  204. In Iran, there is a custom called haft s?n to celebrate the new year with seven items whose names all start with ?, including apple (s?b), garlic (s?r), and vinegar (serke).
  205. In Ise Province, the shugoshiki of the half of the Ise Province was given to Yoshiharu, but they lost the battle with the Kitabakake family which were opposed to it.
  206. In Ise Shinto (a school of Shinto thought established by priests of the Grand Shrine of Ise (Ise no Jingu) in the medieval period), it was considered the root god, along with Ame no Minakanushi no Kami (one of the gods in Japanese mythology) and Toyouke-bime.
  207. In Ise-jingu Shrine, all of the costumes and ceremonial implements are changed to new ones at the time of the Kannamesai.
  208. In Ise-jingu Shrine, the first Kannamesai after the transfer of the deity is also called 'Okannamesai' meaning great Kannamesai.
  209. In Ise-jingu Shrine, the talisman was called 'oharai,' literally means exorcism.
  210. In Ise-jingu Shrine, tsukinami-no-matsuri held in June and December and Kanname-no-matsuri (Kanname-sai festival) are called sansetsu-sai festival or sanji-sai festival.
  211. In Ishikawa Prefecture, 'bancha' refers to bocha, which is roasted tea stems.
  212. In Ishikawa Prefecture, 'bocha' and 'bancha' often mean Kaga-bocha.
  213. In Ishikawa Prefecture, konoha-don is served with the name of 'Tamago-don' (donburimono with egg) at some restaurants.
  214. In Ishikawa Town, in the Ishikawa district of Fukushima Prefecture, there remains a tradition that "Tamayohime," the daughter of Kuniyasu YASUDA Hyoe, a local governor who ruled that place, was in fact Izumi Shikibu.
  215. In Islam, Houri are regarded in the same light as tennyo.
  216. In Islam, based on obedience to the God, Allah, death is considered to be a temporary parting and resurrection is believed to take place on the day of judgment by Allah.
  217. In Italian, his name was Organtino GNECCHI SOLDI.
  218. In Italy, traditionally, taliatelle is added to this sauce (tagliatelle alla bolognese).
  219. In Itami City, there is a geographical name of Gyogi-cho.
  220. In Iwami Province (present-day Shimane Prefecture), there was a similar tale saying that a suspicious woman holding a baby appeared in front of an angler and asked him, "Would you hold this baby for a moment?"
  221. In Iwate Prefecture, they mix the ingredients with the dough, grill it very thinly, put a large sheet of dried laver seaweed on it, coat it with soy sauce and eat it, which is called dondonyaki.
  222. In Iwatsuki City peasants were confronted with the police at Horin-ji Temple and the police told them to stop their demonstration.
  223. In Iyo, Kana KAGIYA developed Iyo Kasuri on her own.
  224. In Iyo-Matsuyama Domain, from their interpretation of the Ordinance Distinguishing Shinto and Buddhisum issued by central government, a measurement to abolish the hokora (a small shrine), a syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism, was created, considering it something impure.
  225. In Izumi Province, the two branch families of Hosokawa adapted double Shugo system, which was a joint control method that does not divide a Province.
  226. In Izumo no kuni fudoki (Records of the Culture and Geography of Izumo Province), however, there is a story that okunitama no kami and not kunitama no kami descended to Iinashi-go, Ou-no-kori (present Yasugi City, Shimane Prefecture).
  227. In Izumo, Shinto rituals associated with "Kamiarizuki" are held during the tenth month--according to the lunar calendar--at Izumo Taisha Shrine as well as several other shrines.
  228. In January (in the old calendar) of 1616, he went hawking and became ill there.
  229. In January (l.c.) 1274, he became Sessho (regent) but stepped down from the post in June (l.c.) in the same year.
  230. In January (old lunar calendar) 646, Kaishin no Mikotonori (the Imperial Reform Edict) was issued.
  231. In January 1, 1834, he was born in Kyoto as the child of Michinaru HIGASHIKUZE.
  232. In January 1, 672, Prince Otomo and above both of Daijin and three of Gyoshi Taifu pledged to follow the Emperor's Mikotonori in front of the textile of Buddha in Sei-den (western hall) of Dairi (Imperial Palace).
  233. In January 1045 she was given the title of Jusangu (the highest rank of nobility after the Grand Empress Dowager, the Empress Dowager and the Empress) and on February 11 of the same year she retired from her office at the age of seventeen, with Emperor Gosuzaku's abdication.
  234. In January 1073 (December, 1072 in old lunar calendar), Emperor Gosanjo abdicated in favor of Imperial Prince Sadahito (Emperor Shirakawa).
  235. In January 1097, he received Joshaku (conferring a peerage) from Chugu (the second consort of an emperor) (Imperial Princess Tokushi.)
  236. In January 11, 1897, he was appointed to be the Councilor for the Ministry of Education under the Minister of Education Mochiaki HACHISUKA (The second Matsukata Cabinet).
  237. In January 1102 when his sister Reishi became a priestess, he was put in charge of kaishi (the priest who imparts the Buddhist commandments), but he entered nirvana because of a coughing disease at Tsuchimikado-dai residence at the age of fifty-eight on April 24 during the same year.
  238. In January 1108, Imperial Court ordered TAIRA no Masamori to hunt down and kill Yoshichika.
  239. In January 1134, taking the place of Imperial Princess Kishi (Princess of Emperor Toba), she was selected to be a Saiin by divination.
  240. In January 1159 Yoshitomo was defeated by TAIRA no Kiyomori in the Heiji War.
  241. In January 1160, he also took part in the Heiji Disturbance and fought under the Yoshitomo's commands.
  242. In January 1161, Munemori became Awaji no kami (chief of Awaji Province) by exchanging posts with his elder half-brother, Motomori.
  243. In January 1164, he returned to the previous rank and, in the intercalary tenth month, he was promoted to Shonii (Senior Second Rank) and assumed the position of Udaijin.
  244. In January 1181, Michichika was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Grade) and ranked among court nobles.
  245. In January 1181, the forces of the Kumano-Sanzan (three temples in the Kumano region) in the Kii Province raised forces and battled with Taira clan troops in Ise and Shima Provinces.
  246. In January 1184, Yoshinaka was appointed Seii Taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") (or Seito Taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the eastern barbarians")).
  247. In January 1184, as a substitute for Yoritomo, he was assigned as Daishogun and led a large force into Kyoto, and fought at the Battle of Uji-gawa River with Yoshitsune who moved ahead to the west.
  248. In January 1184, internal conflict in the Minamoto clan occurred and Yoshinaka was destroyed by MINAMOTO no Noriyori and MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune sent by Yoritomo in Kamakura.
  249. In January 1184, when Kagetoki was playing Sugoroku (Japanese game like 'snakes and ladders') with Hirotsune KAZUSA, he jumped over the board and cut Hirotsune's head off.
  250. In January 1186 (December 1185 in old lunar calendar), nobles of the anti-bakufu group, who supported Yoshitsune, were cleared away by removal from office or banishment, and chigyo-koku for kugyo (the top court officials) were also assigned.
  251. In January 1189, a Buddhist monk of Mt. Hiei, who was carrying Yoshitsune's letter with him, was arrested, and the letter revealed Yoshitsune's will to return to Kyoto, and thus Yoshitsune was trying to comeback.
  252. In January 1190, she was sent court to become nyogo (a consort of an emperor) when Emperor Gotoba celebrated his genpuku (coming-of-age ceremony).
  253. In January 1191, with Yoritomo's recommendation, Yoshimori was appointed to Saemon no jo (third-ranked officer of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards) as a reward for his efforts.
  254. In January 1198, he was appointed as Sessho as Emperor Tsuchimikado rose to the throne.
  255. In January 12, 1631, he was appointed Sangi (councillor).
  256. In January 1200 of the lunar calendar, he was installed as Shikken (the shogunal regent).
  257. In January 1200, Kagetoki left Ichinomiya, Sagami Province to visit Kyoto with his family.
  258. In January 1204, seizing the opportunity of the political unrest in the bakufu, the rebellion by the survivors of the Taira family broke out in Ise and Iga Provinces, and as the shugo Tsunetoshi YAMAUCHISUDO ran away, Tomomasa was ordered to suppress the rebellion.
  259. In January 1225 he was conferred to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  260. In January 1234, he was appointed secretary of the Ministry of Popular Affairs and conferred Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade, in recognition for his services in maintenance of the Kamigamo shrine.
  261. In January 1268, envoys from Goryeo visited the Dazai-fu (a local government office in Kyushu region) with an official demand from the Mongolian Empire that it become subject to their rule, which was forwarded to Kamakura.
  262. In January 1269, she was given the title of ingo, and was referred to as Imadegawain.
  263. In January 1278, Yasumori acted as the bringer of eboshi at the coming-of-age celebration of Sadatoki HOJO, Tokimune's heir, and became his guardian.
  264. In January 1331 since he was appointed as ippon (the first rank of Imperial Princes), he was called Ippon Nakatsukasakyo Imperial Prince.
  265. In January 1333 in the Genko War, he went to Kyoto by orders of Takatoki HOJO to fight against a great commander of the Imperial army, Masashige KUSUNOKI, at Shitenno-ji Temple in Settsu Province.
  266. In January 1333, he defeated the Rokuhara Tandai army at Tenno-ji Temple in Settsu Province, etc.
  267. In January 1351, the Tadayoshi forces chased Yoshiakira from Kyoto and preserved the Northern Court.
  268. In January 1387, he was promoted to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade)
  269. In January 1439, he became Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) Saemon no suke (assistant captain of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards).
  270. In January 1442, he was promoted and became Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) Uemon no suke (Assistant Captain of the Right Division of Outer Palace Guards).
  271. In January 1499 this dismissal of Masamoto and Hisatsune by the Emperor led Masatomo to become a monk, during March in 1501 and December in 1504 he went to his territory Iriyamada-mura, Hineno-sho and controled shoen (manor in medieval Japan).
  272. In January 1506, Jitsunyo sent Raikei SHIMOTSUMA to deal with it and either arrested or banished Renno, Jitsugen, Jitsujun (11th son), and Jitsuju (13th son), and in Kaga, Jitsugo (10th son) who had been adopted by Rengo of Honsen-ji Temple was virtually disinherited.
  273. In January 1520, a peasants' uprising occurred in the Yamashiro Province and Takakuni eventually ran away to the Omi Province.
  274. In January 1533, a secret agreement, promising to be valid 'forever', was signed between the Rokkaku and Asakura clans.
  275. In January 1562, Masatora was granted one letter (輝)from the name of Shogun Yoshiteru (義輝), and changed his imina (personal name) to Terutora (輝虎).
  276. In January 1571, he referred to himself 'Fushikian Kenshin' a posthumous Buddhist name.
  277. In January 1574 (December 1573 by the old lunar calendar), Nobunaga told Emperor to abdicate the throne, and the Emperor was pleased to accept this.
  278. In January 1580, Nagaharu BESSHO committed Seppuku (suicide by disembowelment) and the Miki-jo Castle surrendered.
  279. In January 1583, Kazumasu TAKIGAWA, one of anti-Hideyoshi warlords, defeated Yoshikatsu OKAMOTO, who protected Isemine Castle, and Morinobu SEKI, who protected Seki Castle and Ise Kameyama Castle of Hideyoshi's side.
  280. In January 1583, he fought against the lord of Ibi-jo Castle, Hannojo HORIIKE who was an adopted son-in-law, and then he ruled the territory.
  281. In January 1585 (December, 1584 in old calendar), he was appointed Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Toshi choja (head of the Fujiwara clan), and in 1585, he was appointed kanpaku (chief adviser) to Emperor Ogimachi, but he resigned as Sadaijin since Hideyoshi HASHIBA (later Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI) became Naidaijin.
  282. In January 1591, he was given the proclamation to become the Imperial Prince.
  283. In January 1599, as his younger brother (born from the same mother) and Ieyasu's seventh son, Matsuchiyo, died early, Tadateru inherited the reigns of the Nagasawa Matsudaira family and was given the Fukaya Domain which was 10,000 koku (crop yield) in Musashi Province.
  284. In January 16, 1582, he died in Kumano City, Kii Province.
  285. In January 1615, he was appointed as the Jugoi (Junior Fifth Rank) in the Awa Province, and distinguished himself at the Osaka Natsu no Jin (Summer Siege of Osaka) in April.
  286. In January 1616, Nobutaka's first son, Takashige ODA, newly served as a vassal of the shogun and he was given 2000 koku in Omi Province and Awa Province.
  287. In January 1663, Emperor Gosai transferred the imperial throne to Emperor Reigen.
  288. In January 1664, he was appointed as the juji of Shomo-ji Temple in Hino town (Shiga Prefecture), a chokugan-ji (a temple built at an imperial command, praying for the stability of the country and the prosperity of the imperial family) built by Cloistered Emperor Gomizunoo.
  289. In January 1683, he was transferred to the Sakura Domain of the Shimosa Province and received an additional 10,000 koku.
  290. In January 1697, Danjuro ICHIKAWA (the first) played "Sankai Nagoya" for the first time in Edo Nakamura-za Theter.
  291. In January 17, 1460, when Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) held a Buddhist memorial service for the thirty-two anniversary of Yoshimochi ASHIKAGA's death and asked daimyo (feudal lords) for donation, Yoshifuji offered 10 kanmon (1,000 kanmon=10,000 yen) ("Inryoken Nichiroku"[Dietary Life of Zen Priests]).
  292. In January 1755, he married Princess (the title given to an imperial lady of legitimate birth in the male line within three generations and without the imperial proclamation for an entitlement of an Imperial Princess) Rinshi, a daughter of Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Naohito.
  293. In January 1779, conferred to Jugoinoge Uneme no Kami (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade, the chief of the office for Uneme [a maid-in-waiting at the court]).
  294. In January 1779, he was granted Nihon (the second rank of Imperial Prince).
  295. In January 1779, she gave birth to the first daughter, Yoshiko; Imperial Princess Yoshiko was given the title "Jusango" (Sub-three empresses) in June of the same year.
  296. In January 1800, six years after the Princess made an Imperial consort's bridal entry into the court, she gave birth to the third Prince, Imperial Prince Atsuhito.
  297. In January 1827, he was appointed as the Ukeyaku for the third time.
  298. In January 1828, conferred to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), the Governor of Kii Province.
  299. In January 1830, Yasuko gave birth to a princess but she died young in 1831.
  300. In January 1833, however, Shigeyoshi admonished Narinao NABESHIMA, the lord of the Saga Domain, not to go to Edo because it would need a large amount of expense unacceptable under the domain's financial crunch.
  301. In January 1860, to exchange the ratification of The Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan, delegates to the United states boarded `bo hatan go,' the American warship (USS Powhatan [1850])to cross the Pacific.
  302. In January 1863, Nariyuki was appointed as Kokuji goyogakari (a general official of the Imperial Household in charge of State affairs) whereby there was antagonism between Nariyuki and the extremist nobles who were the Joi-ha (supporters of expulsion of foreigners) including Sanetomi SANJO and Kintomo ANEGAKOJI as well as the Choshu Clan supporting them.
  303. In January 1863, he put his name on the paper with a seal of blood (of Mitate group) swearing to the expulsion of foreigners along with Shinsaku TAKASUGI, Genzui KUSAKA, Monta SHIDO (later Kaoru INOUE), Shunsuke ITO (later Hirobumi ITO) and Yajiro SHINAGAWA.
  304. In January 1863, he started to study at Shuyukan, a han (domain) school established by a daimyo.
  305. In January 1865, on the occasion of police work in Osaka, with a team of four including his younger brother, Mantaro, he prevented a plot of attacking and burning Osaka by radical supporters of the doctrine of restoring the Emperor and expelling the barbarians.
  306. In January 1867 after Emperor Meiji ascended to the throne, both father and son, Imperial Prince Takahito and Taruhito were forgiven and allowed to appear in public appearances.
  307. In January 1868, being defeated in the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, Oishi retreated to Edo with his Shinsengumi comrades.
  308. In January 1868, he took part in the Battle of Toba and Fushimi.
  309. In January 1868, he was appoointed Hohei bugyo nami (a deputy chief of infantry department).
  310. In January 1868, he was forgiven and appointed to Jushiinoge Uchuben (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade, Middle Controller of the Right) in May.
  311. In January 1868, seven branches Jingi, Naikoku, Gaikoku, Kairikugun, Kaikei, Keiho, and Seido were placed under the three posts so that the three posts and seven branches administered the government for the time.
  312. In January 1868, the Battle of Toba-Fushimi broke out.
  313. In January 1868, the Imperial standard was unfurled at Toji Temple, which had been the headquarters of the Satsuma clan at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi.
  314. In January 1869 in the next year, Satsuma domain, Choshu domain, Tosa domain, and Hizen domain submitted a petition and in May, an inquiry was held at Jokyoku (a law-making body) and Kogisho, (the lower house) followed by the execution and declaration of the han domain system in September.
  315. In January 1869, he went to Nagasaki to inform Guido Herman Fridolin Verbeek that he was invited to establish a new university in Tokyo; Verbeek accepted the invitation.
  316. In January 1870, he became the governor of Ikusaka Domain.
  317. In January 1870, he travelled to Tsushima Domain, which was in charge of the Japan-Korea diplomacy at that time, and Busan Metropolitan City, to investigate affairs between Japan and Korea.
  318. In January 1871, he left Japan for studying in the Kingdom of Prussia.
  319. In January 1871, he was admitted to a private school of Chinese classics run by Masahira FUJINO, Daisanji (second to a governor) of Matsuyama domain and former professor of Shoheiko (Shohei School).
  320. In January 1874, he became an envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Russia, and concluded the Treaty of Saint Petersburg.
  321. In January 1876, he doubled as chief abbot of third section in Shinto Daikyoin (Great Teaching Institute of Shinto) Jimukyoku (bureau).
  322. In January 1877 Heinai became a lower-ranked secretary to the Commissioner and in November the following year, 1878, he was promoted to a higher-ranked secretary.
  323. In January 1877, hearing the government transfer weapons and gunpowder from Satsuma to Osaka, SAIGO's students at Shigakko (schools mainly for warriors) became infuriated and raised a riot, which triggered off the Seinan War.
  324. In January 1879, KAWAJI left Tokyo for the inspection of foreign police.
  325. In January 1880, he was employed at Genroin (the Chamber of Elders) through the introduction of fellow members of Omeisha--Sukeyuki KAWAZU, secretary of Genroin, and Morikazu NUMA, former senior secretary of Genroin.
  326. In January 1880, just after he married, he left Yasuko behind and went to the Old Royal Naval College in England for study, three and a half years later he finally returned in June 1883.
  327. In January 1881, this request was accepted by Department of the Interior of Daijokan (Grand Council of State) and, subsequent to the submission for Imperial sanction, it was approved on February 1 of that year.
  328. In January 1883, he was allowed to leave prison by special pardon and went to Europe to study, one of the reasons being Hirobumi's invitation.
  329. In January 1885, he retired from his last job as Nitozoku (second-ranked junior official) of Fukushima Prefecture, and then spent the rest of his life in Ishioka City, Ibaraki Prefecture.
  330. In January 1885, the first organized group of emigrants (944 people) recognized by the Meiji Government sailed to Hawaii as agricultural laborers.
  331. In January 1887: Became the director of Fukushima Normal School (later Fukushima Prefectural Ordinary Normal School, current Fukushima University).
  332. In January 1888, he was created a count.
  333. In January 1889, a literary circle comprised of 14 members including Nansui SUDO, Shiken MORITA, Koson AEBA, Ningetsu ISHIBASHI, Gakkai YODA and Bimyo YAMADA compiled and published Shinshosetsu.
  334. In January 1889, he assumed the position as head of Koten Kokyusho (a research institute for the Shinto sect).
  335. In January 1889, one month before Tokyo Fine Arts School would start accepting students, Naojiro opened a private art school 'Shobikan' at his home art studio at 6 chome Hongo (for free).
  336. In January 1890, he entered Military Academy, and graduated on July 30, 1890.
  337. In January 1891, he transferred to the Department of Japanese literature.
  338. In January 1892, he assumed the post as Privy Councilor.
  339. In January 1894 Montblanc died in Paris still single.
  340. In January 1894, he assumed the position of undersecretary of Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce of the second Hirobumi ITO Cabinet.
  341. In January 1896, he held a haiku gathering at Shikian (Shiki's private villa designed to serve for this type of gathering)
  342. In January 1897, he was promoted to the Assistant of Director General, and in 1897, he left Niihama after making sure that the company began construction at Shisakajima Island.
  343. In January 1897, the serialized novel 'Konjiki Yasha' appeared in the "Yomiuri Shimbun."
  344. In January 1898, after a business trip to Taiwan, French Indochina, and Siberia, he assumed the Chief of the General Staff; in September of that year, was appointed to the Army General; passed away a year after in May.
  345. In January 19, 1351 (the old calendar), his father, Kakunyo passed away at the age of 82.
  346. In January 1901, he left the position of the Japanese minister in Qing.
  347. In January 1903, he changed his name to Komanosuke ICHIKAWA.
  348. In January 1903, his father Koson died and thus he came back to Japan to succeed the chief priest, but he continued exploration and research activities until 1904.
  349. In January 1906, he became a privy councilor.
  350. In January 1906, his real elder brother, Kinmochi SAIONJI became the prime minister.
  351. In January 1907, Shinbun Nihon (a newspaper) fell into financial difficulties and when the president Katsunan KUGA resigned, many of the employees revolted against the profit-chasing style of Kinsuke ITO, the new president, and joined "Nihonjin" edited by MIYAKE, who was a close friend of Katsunan.
  352. In January 1908, Yoshiro SAEKI advanced a new theory in his article titled, "A Discussion about Uzumasa" printed in "Chiri Rekishi" (Geography and History) No. 100 (edited by Sadakichi KIDA), this being that the Hata families were Jews who embraced "Keikyo" (Nestorianism).
  353. In January 1912, 'Yokota Shokai Hokkedo Studio' with a glass stage was newly opened in Onmae-dori Street, Ichijo-dori Street Sagaru, and Nijo-jo Studio was closed after its function was transferred.
  354. In January 1913, amid the Campaign for the Defense of the Constitution, Katsura established his own party (Katsura Shinto) to compete with the Seiyukai.
  355. In January 1914, Saihei HIROSE died (eighty-seven years old).
  356. In January 1925, half a year later, 'Toa Kinema Tojiin Studio' was renamed 'Toa Makino Tojiin Studio' in order to settle the confrontation between the members of Toa group and those of former Makino group (people came from Makino).
  357. In January 1926, four major movie companies boycotted independent movie studios in the same manner as they did against Makino Eiga Seisaku-jo three years before, but Makino endured such pressure.
  358. In January 1927, Makino started to produce a blockbuster movie, "Chukon Giretsu Jitsuroku Chushingura" (The treasury of Loyal Retainers).
  359. In January 1927, Shinshosetsu was renamed to Kuroshio (with the English title being the Japanese Current) but that magazine ceased publication after the third issue in March of that year.
  360. In January 1927, Shinshosetsu was renamed to Kuroshio and three issues were published until March of that year.
  361. In January 1931, the company assigned the right of production/distribution to the employees side and restarted the production.
  362. In January 1932, his sister Takako IRIE made her appearance in "Asakusa Elegy" written by Hachiro SATO, starring Haruyo ICHIKAWA, which was the 10th film directed by him at the Studio.
  363. In January 1932, the company produced and released its second film titled "Shoin Muramase Edohen" directed by Goto.
  364. In January 1942, the merger of Shinko Kinema, Daito Eiga and Nikkatsu's production division, established a new company, Daiei, and the studio became Daiei No. 2 Studio.
  365. In January 1949, Kikugoro who was performing Dogen at Toyoko Gekijo Theater collapsed due to a hemorrhage in the eyeground, and died without making comeback on stage; this was his last performance.
  366. In January 1950, the General Headquarters of the Allied Forces/Supreme Commander for the Allied Power (GHQ/SCAP) designated Amatsukyo as an organization to be dissolved.
  367. In January 1957, he joined Toho as an actor under an exclusive contract, and that time he met Chikage OGI, who was one of the top stars of Takarazuka.
  368. In January 1979, the Denden-gu Goji-kai, an association to preserve Denden-gu Shrine (Denden-gu Shrine Hosan-kai and Denden-to Pagoda Hosan-kai) was formed and the organization is working to maintain Denden-gu Shrine and Denden-to Pagoda.
  369. In January 1985, Qing also sent an envoy to Japan to conclude a peace treaty.
  370. In January 2, 1586, Kazumasa ISHIKAWA, Deputy Governor of Okazaki Castle, who had been an attendant to Ieyasu since the time when he was sold, fled to Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI.
  371. In January 2004, they introduced a sort of 'miso ramen' (ramen with soup made of soy bean paste) with vegetables, called 'Aji gasane,' where diners are able to adjust the thickness themselves..
  372. In January 2005, The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. announced the plan to construct wind turbines on the Hatenashi mountain range to generate wind power
  373. In January 2007, the heat-insulating covering roof that covers the entire tumulus was completed.
  374. In January 21, 1934: Resigned the post as director of the Tokyo College of Science due to his death.
  375. In January 26, 1673, Shigekane transferred the position of the head of the family to the adopted son-in-law Shigemasa, as he only had a daughter, and left everything to him.
  376. In January 26, 1949, a fire broke out in the Kon-do Hall (golden hall) of the Horyu-ji Temple and the wall painting was burnt down.
  377. In January 3, 1174, he rose to the rank of Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) and retained his position as Ukonoe no chujo.
  378. In January 3, 1871, Saigo and Okubo sailed from Tokyo with Ikegami with a 'draft of reinventing government.'
  379. In January 494 he was installed as Crown Prince.
  380. In January 655, after the passing of Emperor Kotoku, Empress Saimei ascended to the throne for the second time at Asuka Itabuki no Miya Palace in Nara whereby transferring the capital city.
  381. In January 668, he ascended the throne to become the Emperor Tenchi.
  382. In January 671, Shushi KISHITSU was given the rank of Shokinge.
  383. In January 693, peasants were to wear yellow, and yakko (attendants) were to dress in black.
  384. In January 7, 1930: Became the third director of the Tokyo College of Science.
  385. In January 7, he was promoted to Jushiinoge (junior fourth rank, lower grade) while retaining his posts of three offices and position as Ise no Gon no suke.
  386. In January 7, the five courts served Prince Otomo to conclude a pact in front of the Emperor Tenji.
  387. In January 708 which was the year after the enthronement of the Empress Genmei, the name of the era was changed to 'Wado' (literally, "Japanese copper") after the presentation of copper from Musashi Province and, in February next year, production of coins and construction of the capital commenced.
  388. In January 745, it was called Shinkyo and Koka no miya turned into the capital, a spear and a larger spear were built at the gate of the palace.
  389. In January 771, when he was Dainagon (chief councilor of state), he became togu-no-fu for Imperial Prince Osabe, who was the prince of Emperor Konin, and in March he was appointed as udaijin (minister of the right) of Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  390. In January 777, he sold his rice field for 17 bundles of rice plant to pay taxes.
  391. In January 8, 1877: The Department of War
  392. In January 826, he was appointed Kurodo.
  393. In January 840, assumed the position of Kurodo.
  394. In January 860, she entered into Shosaiin (Hall of Initial Abstinence).
  395. In January 877 she was awarded the rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade), performing the service of lifting the Imperial curtain.
  396. In January 877, she became Nihon (Second Order), and in December in the same year, she became Ippon (First Order), but she died in 879.
  397. In January 879, he was dispatched to Dewa Province in order to console Emishi who surrendered without resistance.
  398. In January 925, he transferred to the position of Shikibu Taijo (Senior Secretary of the Ministry of Ceremonial).
  399. In January 928, he was conferred a peerage at the age of 16.
  400. In January 932, she was appointed as Saigu by divination.
  401. In January 962, when her elder brother Takamitsu, with whom she was on good terms, entered the priesthood, she lamented over it very much (this anecdote is described in "Tomomine Shosho Monogatari" as well).
  402. In January and February 1598, the Ulsan Waeseong (Ulsan Japanese Castle), in which Kiyomasa KATO and Yoshinaga ASANO had been holed up, was surrounded by thousands of Ming soldiers led by Military Commissioner Yang Hao.
  403. In January and February 1613, he received the Emperor's proclamation for being an Imperial Prince and was named Tadasuke.
  404. In January and February, 2008, Turkish staff members of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology of the United States carried out an underwater excavation and salvaged over 1000 articles of her remains, such as bullets and remains of the body.
  405. In January in the same year the accession day of Emperor Jimmu and the birthday of the reigning emperor (tencho setsu) were declared as national holidays.
  406. In January in the year 71, he was buried in Sugawara no Fushimi Mausoleum.
  407. In January of 1557, Kagetora dedicated a prayer to Takemizuwake-jinja Shrine to pray for defeating the Takeda clan.
  408. In January of 1773 (in old lunar calendar), they published "Kaitai Yakuzu" (Summary and Figures of Anatomy), and Junan's name was written as a proofreader.
  409. In January of 1877, the divine spirit of Haitei no Yashiro Shrine was enshrined together with the Wakamiya Hachimangu-jinja Shrine in Gojo-zaka, Kyoto City.
  410. In January of 1922, Meikaku KUSAKABE died, and Gado ONO died in December of the same year.
  411. In January of 1929,'Chiezo Production Studio' was established on Sanjo Street in Sagano Akikaido Town and filming began while construction was still underway.
  412. In January of 1931, Bando established 'Dainihon Jiyu Eiga Productions.'
  413. In January of 1935, the company partnered with 'Nihon Eiga Haikyu,' a company established by Shochiku with the aim of destroying Nikkatsu.
  414. In January of the following year, 1336, he defeated Takauji in Settsu Province, while he was attempting to go to Kyoto again.
  415. In January of the following year, 712, he presented it to the Emperor as "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).
  416. In January of the following year, Kamununakawamimi-no-mikoto was enthroned at Takaoka-no-miya.
  417. In January of the following year, he entered the priesthood.
  418. In January of the following year, he was assigned to the Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) rank.
  419. In January of the following year, however, Motofusa clan again fell from power after Yoshinaka was killed in battle where he fought against MINAMOTO no Noriyori and MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune.
  420. In January of the following year, the championship match of the Meijin-sen ('Meijin-i Kettei-sen') is held at Omi-jingu Shrine, and Meijin (the champion of the previous year) and the challenger play the best of five games, and the winner becomes Meijin and the loser becomes Jun-Meijin (semi-Meijin).
  421. In January of the following year, the championship match of the Queen-sen ('Queen-i Kettei-sen') is held at Omi-jingu Shrine, and Queen (the champion of the previous year) and the challenger play the best of three games, and the winner becomes Queen and the loser becomes Jun-Queen (semi-Queen).
  422. In January of the following year, the retired Emperor Takakura passed away, and as a trusted vassal, Takasue received sofuku (white clothes).
  423. In January of the next year (December of the same year), Sukemori was defeated by MINAMOTO no Noriyori in Kojima, Bizen Province (Battle of Fujito).
  424. In January of the same year (1151) (the date is not known) after the era had been changed to Nimpei, he was designated as Omi no suke (Assistant Provincial Governor of Omi) as well.
  425. In January of the same year (1868), he lead the Bakufu army in the Battle of Toba and Fushimi, but his army was defeated.
  426. In January of the same year, the 'Japan Film Makers Association' was established by the four companies of Nikkatsu, Shochiku, Tei-kine and Makino for the purposes of unification of censorship, establishment of film distribution system, prevention of headhunting and so forth.
  427. In January the next year (1184), Yoshinaka was named "Seii Taishogun" (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") (or "Seito Taishogun," literally, "great general who subdues the eastern barbarians").
  428. In January the next year, rallies calling for 'the defense of the constitutionalism' were held in various places, in which many people participated, including the people working in the commercial and industrial sectors and the urban residents who were suffering from heavy tax after the Russo-Japanese War.
  429. In January, 1160, the anti-Shinzei faction took advantage of the sudden vacuum in military forces in the capital created by Kiyomori's departure on a pilgrimage to Kumano to launch a coup d'etat.
  430. In January, 1176, Shigemori as the head of the clan, attended the celebration of Goshirakawa's 50th birthday, showing a close and favorable relationship between the Taira clan and Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa.
  431. In January, 1181, Yoritomo's Gosho (Imperial Palace) was established in Okura, Kamakura and at the opening ceremony, Yoshimori was standing in front of other Gokenin (retainers).
  432. In January, 1200, Kagetoki, Kagesue and their clan left Ichinomiya in Sagami Province and attempted to go to the capital.
  433. In January, 1368 soon after he became the kubo, the Musashi Hei Ikki no Ran (riot by local clans in Musashi Province) broke out, and he led troops to Kawagoe at the young age of 10.
  434. In January, 1688, he was appointed Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  435. In January, 1841, soon after he was promoted to Ippon (the first rank of Imperial Prince), he passed away.
  436. In January, 1866, the meeting between Kogoro KATSURA (Takayoshi KIDO) from Nagatonokuni and Takamori SAIGO from Satsuma was held in Kyoto by Ryoma SAKAMOTO's mediation to achieve Satsuma-Choshu Alliance.
  437. In January, 1868, he was assigned as vice general staff of Yoshiakira NINNAJINOMIYA, the governor-general of suppression of a new government, in Toba-Fushimi War.
  438. In January, 1870, Seimikyoku was transformed into School of Chemistry.
  439. In January, 1873, a conscription system was enforced, and due to this new system, necessity of the stipend system was gone.
  440. In January, 1875, he was baptized with his wife Hatsu by Julius Soper, an American Methodist Episcopal missionary, as the first Japanese Methodist.
  441. In January, 1877, Murata saw Kichijuro IKEBE and Tomofusa SASSA, who were the warriors in Kumamoto.
  442. In January, 1877: The Department of War
  443. In January, 1881, Fushimi Ward was abolished and Fushimi kumi Nos. 1 to 6 became Kii County kumi Nos. 5 to 10.
  444. In January, 1883, his eldest son, Ichiro, was born.
  445. In January, 1891, Kume published 'Shinto wa saiten no kozoku' in the "Journal of the Historical Science".
  446. In January, 1901, succeeding TAKEO, TANAKA's heir Ichitaro TANAKA was promoted to president, but in 1908 he died from a disease.
  447. In January, 1907, he became a six dan holder.
  448. In January, 1908, Yoshiro SAEKI released his theory in "Uzumasa o ronzuru (Arguing on Uzumasa)" in "the 100th issue of Chiri-rekishi (Geography-history)" (edited by Sadakichi KITA), which stated that the Hata clan was Jewish believing in Luminous Religion (Nestorian Christianity).
  449. In January, 1930, Wakaki HAYASHI, a collector of historical books, purchased the Honjo Soemon Oboegaki from an unknown person and published it in the magazine 'Nihon oyobi Nihonjin' (Japan and the Japanese); it's existence finally becomes known.
  450. In January, 1949, the Institute for Research in Humanities was integrated with the Institute of Eastern Culture, which was under the control of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and with the Institute of Western Culture, which was a private organization.
  451. In January, 1959, he was recommended for a nine dan holder.
  452. In January, 1999, 33 Fuhonsen coins were discovered from Asukaikekobo ruins.
  453. In January, 2007, Japanese government put Fujiwara-kyo areas on the tentative lists of nominees for UNESCO World Heritage registration, as 'Asuka-Fujiwara: Archaeological sites of Japan's Ancient Capitals and Related Properties.'
  454. In January, 419, the Emperor made Sotooshi (also read Sotoori) no iratsume, a younger sister of the Empress, enter into court (which was called judai, meaning an imperial consort's bridal entry into court), but this fell under the Empress's displeasure, and he made Sotooshi no iratsume live in the Fujiwara no miya Palace (in present-day Kashihara City, Nara Prefecture).
  455. In January, 494, the Emperor designated his son Ohatsuse no wakasazaki no mikoto as the crown prince.
  456. In January, 684, 50 clans with the kabane Muraji were given the title Sukune.
  457. In January, 686, Jikikosan OTOMO no Sukune Yasumaro was sent to welcome an envoy from Silla, Chisho KON.
  458. In January, 686, Prince Kawachi, OTOMO no Yasumaro, FUJUWARA no Oshima, SAKAIBE no Konoshiro and HOZUMI no Mushimaro were sent to Chikushi to welcome an envoy from Silla, Chisho KON.
  459. In January, 753, he attended the meeting of New Year's salutation from the surrounding countries to the Chinese Emperor.
  460. In January, 753, he attended the meeting of the New Year's salutation from the surrounding countries to the Chinese Emperor, Xuan Zong (of Tang).
  461. In January, 754, Ganjin arrived at the Heijo-kyo (the ancient capital of Japan in current Nara), and was welcomed by Emperor Shomu and others; by an imperial decree of Empress Koken, the establishment of Kaidan (Buddhist ordination platform) and Jukai were entirely left to Ganjin, and he resided at Todai-ji Temple.
  462. In January, 760, he was appointed to Tokaido Junsatsushi (circuit inspector of Tokai-do Road) and belonged to Shikibu-sho (the Ministry of Personnel).
  463. In January, 771, her rank was raised from Shorokuinojo (Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade) to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and in February 771, she, together with some of the same clan, was given the family name of Inabanokuni no Miyatsuko.
  464. In January, 806, upon Saicho's request, Tendai Buddhism was permitted to have 2 for Tendai-gyo training (ordained priests to be trained; 1 for Shikan-gyo and 1 for Shana-gyo) every year.
  465. In January, 967, he was promoted to Jushiinojo while still serving as Sakyodaibu.
  466. In January, Senge was issued appointing him as Ichiza.
  467. In January, he began to issue "Iji Shinron" (Medical News).
  468. In January, he began to issue "Mezamashi-gusa" (Eye-awakening grasses) magazine.
  469. In January, he began to issue "Tokyo Iji Shinshi" (Tokyo Medical Journal).
  470. In January, he completed his translation of the play "Faust" requested by the Literature Committee.
  471. In January, he doubled as Ise no Gon no suke (provisional assistant governor of Ise Province).
  472. In January, he entered the army Kyododan (school for noncommissioned officers); and in June, he became corporal.
  473. In January, he founded the Koshu Iji (Public Medical Affairs) Society along with Toichiro NAKAHAMA (the first son of John Manjiro), Tanemichi AOYAMA and others, and began to issue "Koshu Iji."
  474. In January, he got married to Tsune FUKUI.
  475. In January, he issued "The Courier."
  476. In January, he published "Thieves," a nursery story by Hauff he translated into Japanese.
  477. In January, he published 'Heihachiro OSHIO' in "the Chuo koron."
  478. In January, he published 'Sanshodayu' in "the Chuo koron," and 'Rekishi Sonomama to Rekishi Banare' (History As It Is and History Abandoned) in "Kokoro no Hana" (Flower in heart).
  479. In January, he published 'Takasebune' (The Boat on the River Takase) in "the Chuo koron," and 'Kanzan Jittoku' in "Shinshosetsu" (New Novels).
  480. In January, he published 'The Abe Clan' in "the Chuo koron."
  481. In January, he quitted the Russian language school of the third department at Tokyo Shogyo Gakko (Tokyo Commercial College, the present-day Hitotsubashi University) halfway through.
  482. In January, he received the honor to rank with marshal (Japan).
  483. In January, he remarried Shige, the first daughter of Hakushin ARAKI, a Judge of Daishin-in (Predecessor of the Supreme Court of Japan).
  484. In January, he suffered from kidney trouble.
  485. In January, his first daughter Mari MORI was born.
  486. In January, his younger brother Takeji MIKI passed away.
  487. In January, the fifth Infantry Regiment (Japan Ground Self-Defense Force ninth Division [Japan Ground Self-Defense Force]) of Aomori post succeeded in marching in snow on Hakkoda-san Mountain with modern equipment.
  488. In January, the second march in snow was carried out.
  489. In January, trade of whisky was liberalized by pressure from foreign countries, so called Gaiatsu, which enabled all liquors for drinking to be imported without any limit of quantity and transaction amount.
  490. In January,1868, during the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, Nobuchika joined the new government army, where he was in charge of guarding at Kyoto Imperial Palace.
  491. In Japan
  492. In Japan "Taheru Anatomia" refers to Kulmus' Anatomy.
  493. In Japan 1 jo is about 3.03 meters because 1 shaku was defined to be 10 over 33 meters in the Meiji period.
  494. In Japan Ama generally means a woman who becomes a priestess, shaves her head, puts on clerical garment and practices ascetic training at Ama-dera Temple.
  495. In Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK)'s period drama "Shinsengumi!," Sutesuke TAKIMOTO performed by Shido NAKAMURA (the second), a personality modeled on Matsumoto, played an active part.
  496. In Japan Hirobumi ITO, Kaoru INOUE and so on were trying to find a way to compromise with Russia, but, on the other hand, Aritomo YAMAGATA, Taro KATSURA, Takaaki KATO and so on, who judged that sooner or later conflict with Russia would arise, advocated alliance with Britain.
  497. In Japan Tsuruga, Echizen Province, and Hakata where many Chinese lived in the Kamakura Period became international cities and were the bases for the trade.
  498. In Japan Yumiya has been often used in festivals or ceremonies.
  499. In Japan a bowl for rice is specially called 'gohanjawan' 'chawan' or 'meshiwan.'
  500. In Japan a lot of kofun including the Emperor Nintoku Mausoleum which are considered as graveyards of the Imperial Family are under control of the Imperial Household Agency; thus, excavation and research are not easily permitted, and this is one of the reasons for delayed archaeological study.
  501. In Japan a villa with a certain size of land including the villa itself, is called Rikyu, and the one of smaller size are called goyotei (Imperial villa).
  502. In Japan after the Second World War, one effect of rapid urbanization was that a variety of architectural structures built in and after the end of the Edo Period were pulled down one after another, without regard to their historical and cultural value.
  503. In Japan also, there is a confrontation between dealers that depend of domestic glass eels and those that rely on the imported ones.
  504. In Japan an atsuage is not usually cut into pieces or cooked as an abura-age (deep-fried bean curd) is, but are simply warmed in the original size and served with grated ginger and soy sauce, or used as an ingredient of oden (a Japanese dish containing all kinds of ingredients cooked in a special broth of soy sauce, sugar, sake, etc.).
  505. In Japan and China the tubers are eaten, and particularly in Japan they are considered a good omen as they sprout, and it is customary to eat them in boiled dishes for the New Year.
  506. In Japan and China, a pot containing lots of old coins is sometimes unearthed.
  507. In Japan as well as the Tang Dynasty of China during ancient times, 'left' was considered to be ranked higher.
  508. In Japan as well, from the Kamakura period, gaso started appearing along with the spread of the Zen sect.
  509. In Japan at that time (the Sengoku period [period of warring states]), unlike in Europe, there were no tactical ideas of using artillery barrage to hold back enemies.
  510. In Japan at that time, Rinzai Zen flourished and Zen priests were respected.
  511. In Japan at that time, people had a common idea of seeing the war against the Yuan Dynasty as the war between the Japanese gods and Yuan gods, and believed that the power of the Japanese gods would be strengthened by creating poems and performing shakubuku and prayers in shrines.
  512. In Japan before the Second World War, 10 ranks and 79 kinds were set as in-palace seat ranks defined in the Imperial Ceremony Ordinance.
  513. In Japan differences between Dong Po Rou and Kakuni are not clear as above, but a tentative indication is below.
  514. In Japan during the Edo period, 'Mingaku in another lineage' descended in a line different from that of 'Mingaku by the Gi clan.'
  515. In Japan during the Nara period, each province had a kokushi to control the Buddhist administration in each province.
  516. In Japan during the modern era, the Five-Power treaties, including the 1858 Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan, called for the establishment of settlements in places where ports were opened; these settlements continued to exist until being abolished by the revision of the treaties in 1899.
  517. In Japan fish meat is often used to make Denbu.
  518. In Japan fish meat is often used to make denbu which is referred to as oboro at the Edomae-zushi (Tokyo-style sushi) restaurants and is also referred to as chikarani in some areas.
  519. In Japan for a long time since abolishment of Kocho-Junisen (twelve coins cast in Japan,) no official currency was cast by the government.
  520. In Japan from the middle of the Heian period, it was worshipped mainly by noble women in accordance with the prevalence of Hoke-kyo Sutra, which preaches women's relief.
  521. In Japan from time immemorial through until the early part of the Edo period, with the exception of mid-summer, sake (rice wine) was brewed year-round as follows:
  522. In Japan he is known as one of the seven deities of good fortune however there was a time when he was not counted as one of the seven deities as he was thought to be the same as the deity Fukurokuju (Shojo orangutan-like God was included).
  523. In Japan he was known as "Count Hakuzan" ("Hakuzan" means white mountain = mont blanc).
  524. In Japan in 1953 and later, the activities to advance the performance of electric train-cars started corresponding to the introduction of new technologies from Europe and the United States and also corresponding to technology development by domestic manufacturers concerned.
  525. In Japan in the Meiji Period and Chine, which did not have katakana, Wheaton was written as "恵頓" (P?ny?n: Hu?d?n).
  526. In Japan in those days, calm discussions were possible only within the academic circle of history, but there was no academic freedom outside the circle, and the government, politicians, shintoists and newspapers attacked the impiety of scholars.
  527. In Japan influences of "Bankoku Koho" spread widely and quickly.
  528. In Japan it had been shaped into a statue from the Asuka period and, linked with practical benefits in this world, it is widely believed without regard to time and place.
  529. In Japan it has been considered to become invalid after the conclusion of the treaty of 1965.
  530. In Japan it has been shaped since the 9th century during the Heian period.
  531. In Japan it has been used since the Heian period.
  532. In Japan it has various names such as 'Nyoirin Kannon Bosatsu,' 'Nyoirin Kanzeon Bosatsu' and 'Daibonjinon Kannon,' and the designated name, such as for an important cultural property, was 'Nyoirin Kannon.'
  533. In Japan it is a design on Haniwa, and a primitive man discovered in Europe and called the iceman also had a quiver.
  534. In Japan it is also called a bow gun because of its shape combining Yokyu and a gun.
  535. In Japan it is celebrated as the first crack of dawn once a year and lots of people visit to see the hatsu hinode.
  536. In Japan it is distributed from Hokkaido to Kyushu and Nansei Islands (Tanegashima Island and the islands of Okinawa), and in some areas it has gone extinct already.
  537. In Japan it is often expressed as a statue with two upper arms (二臂像), its hair tied in a treasure bun (宝髻) atop the head, and dressed in Chinese formal clothes.
  538. In Japan it is one of the seven deities of good luck as a unique faith and is revered because it seems to benefit games especially.
  539. In Japan it is the second most widely-used form after "kirizuma-zukuri" which has two sloping faces.
  540. In Japan it was a subject of faith.
  541. In Japan it was begun by Dogen, who crossed to China, certified for enlightenment and came back to Japan in 1226.
  542. In Japan it was developed from about 30 thousand years to 15 thousand years ago along with knife-like flint tools.
  543. In Japan it was established in the form of Kanshofu sho (a shoen enjoying immunity from taxation by virtue of having official documents from both Dajokan [the Council of State] and Minbusho [the Ministry of Popular Affairs]) around the tenth century under regency.
  544. In Japan it was in the Edo period that the production of industrial sugar became widespread.
  545. In Japan it was introduced at Tanega-shima Island in 1543 and thus it was called a Tanegashima rifle or simply Tanegashima.
  546. In Japan it was the first time that Emperor Shomu built a Daibutsu of Todai-ji Temple in order for the power of the Imperial Court in the ritsuryo system to become widely known through Buddhism.
  547. In Japan it went without saying that those with refined sensibilities came from China.
  548. In Japan many statues such as the statue of Shin-Yakushi-ji Temple in Nara (eighth century) in the Nara period have been produced.
  549. In Japan money circulation had become active around the late Kamakura period, and Chinese coins minted and used in China were predominantly circulated.
  550. In Japan more than 600 kinds of both endemic species and hybrids grow wild.
  551. In Japan nowadays, almost of all bodies are cremated, except for the residents in isolated islands and mountainous areas.
  552. In Japan production (the traditional pottery industry) by the two companies TOTO LTD. and INAX Corporation dominates the market of Japanese toilet basins, and Janis Ltd., ASAHI EITO Corporation, NEPON Inc., and so on follow this.
  553. In Japan since the Heian period, when the Pure Land Faith was widespread, people increasingly believed that the living things who could not be reborn in the Land of Bliss after death inevitably went to Hell, so that they had to hope from Jizo Bosatsu for relief from their suffering in Hell.
  554. In Japan some households have both a Buddhist altar (where ancestors and the dead are enshrined) and household Shinto altar (where the God of Shinto is enshrined), while the number of households having neither of those increases lately.
  555. In Japan such commons are called 'iriaichi' (common land).
  556. In Japan sugar had already been known in the Edo period, but sugarcane plantation was restricted to the Nansei Islands and black sugar was generally produced.
  557. In Japan the Kentoshi (Japanese envoy to China in the Tang Dynasty) was abolished in 894 and in the 10th century, the so-called the Kokufu Bunka, which was unaffected by Tang, flourished.
  558. In Japan the Obaku sect was started by Ryuki INGEN, a Zen master of the Chinese Rinzai sect, who was invited from China at the period of Ming and Qing dynasties in 1654, during the early Edo period.
  559. In Japan the Peerage Law was enacted by Imperial Household Ministry in 1884 after Meiji Restoration, and Article 2 stipulated the Kazoku (peerage) was divided into Gotoshaku or five ranks including duke, marquis, count, viscount and baron, under which a marquis ranked second after a duke
  560. In Japan the Peerage Law was enacted by the Imperial Household Ministry in 1884 after the Meiji Restoration, and Article 2 stipulated that the Kazoku (peerage) was divided into Gotoshaku or five ranks including Duke, Marquis, Count, Viscount and Baron, under which, a Duke ranked first.
  561. In Japan the Seikanron debate within the government led to the political upheaval in 1873.
  562. In Japan the bow and arrow appeared in the beginning of the Jomon Period (10,000-13,000 years ago) and was used as a tool for hunting.
  563. In Japan the characters are usually read 'gegyo' or sometimes 'Kengyo.'
  564. In Japan the cormorant for fishing is an adult bird which is captured and disciplined, but in China it is completely domesticated.
  565. In Japan the first reprint was conducted at Kaiseijo, which was a school established by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) for education of Western studies.
  566. In Japan the following two varieties are popular.
  567. In Japan the form of roof which has an "omune" (horizontal section) at the highest point and has a rectangular flat form is generally called "yosemune-zukuri."
  568. In Japan the life-size statue of Juni Shinsho at Shin-Yakushi-ji Temple in Nara is the oldest, and it is famous for its excellence of form.
  569. In Japan the main regions for wine production are Hokkaido and Yamanashi Prefecture.
  570. In Japan the material from animals and in China from fish is often used.
  571. In Japan the most common roe is salmon roe however in Russia they use the roe of pink salmon (karafuto-masu), and products made with pink salmon in Japan are distinguished by names such as 'masu-ko' or 'masu-ikura.'
  572. In Japan the people historically had a shallow understanding of multi-capital system.
  573. In Japan the point (lanceolate-shaped point) appeared when the knife-like stone tool was at the peak (from about 20 thousand years to 15 thousand years ago) during the Paleolithic period.
  574. In Japan the statues of Rokujizo are often enshrined at the entrances to cemeteries and so on.
  575. In Japan the statues of Rokujizo, which consist of six statues of Jizo Bosatsu, are enshrined in various places.
  576. In Japan the title of Daiosho (Great Osho) was given to Ganjin, who came over to teach the precepts in 758, and later was used as a title of respect for high level priests, and eventually for those at the level of chief priest and above.
  577. In Japan the use of the old Japanese system of weights and measures in business transaction is forbidden, but today in some of sales of alcoholic liquor the unit of go (1 go is equivalent to 180 milliliters) is used.
  578. In Japan the works of tenkoku are presented at calligraphy exhibitions.
  579. In Japan there are many pictures and statues, such as the wooden statue (national treasure) of Fine Arts in the latter part of Heian period at The Okura Shukokan Museum.
  580. In Japan there are statues of Buddha that are called '○○Daibutsu' in many places, but there is no standard as to how large one should be in order to be called 'Daibutsu.'
  581. In Japan there is Muzzle Loaders' Shooting Association of Japan under National Rifle Association of Japan, and a target shooting competition is held.
  582. In Japan there is a belief from old ages that the Pure Land is over the sea or in the bottom of sea and all the wealth and wisdom and life come from there.
  583. In Japan there is a legend that Gyoki, a priest in the Nara period, was a reincarnation of Monju Bosatsu.
  584. In Japan there is a record stating that she was worshiped during the Nara period, and her image was placed at the newly constructed Saidai-ji Temple Kondo (Saidai-ji Temple Golden Hall).
  585. In Japan there is only the classification of Daikyu long bow and short bow, and the word Tankyu was created because it was different from a short bow in the shape of an arc.
  586. In Japan there was a "Honkaku Shochu boom" of the shochu group Otsu since about 2003 and the total shipping volume of shochu exceeded that of rice wine for the first time after fifty years in 2003 and the sales amount peaked in 2004.
  587. In Japan there was an issue regarding Imperial succession (the succession to the throne) from the ancient times.
  588. In Japan there was no nationwide legal system, regardless of origin of raw material or types of grape, anything that was fermented domestically could be labeled as 'Japanese wine.'
  589. In Japan there were two types: enshi (later shiokara natto) and tanshi (which vanished into history after the Heian period), and they are believed to be shi (pronounced as "kuki" in Japan and the kanji "久喜" was also used for the word) which is deemed to have been introduced in around the Nara period.
  590. In Japan there were very few cases of muhon in the sense of conspiring with enemy.
  591. In Japan three major cherry trees have lived longer than a thousand years.
  592. In Japan today, a married couple chooses a husband/wife's surname for them and their child in accordance with the Civil Code, and most married couples chose the surname of the husband/father.
  593. In Japan today, yakitori is mostly served at special restaurants called yakitori-ya (grilled chicken restaurant).
  594. In Japan too, Shigehiko HASUMI wrote energetically and worked for a re-evaluation of Yasujiro OZU.
  595. In Japan various sects, especially the Hosso-shu, Tendai, Shingon and Zen sects, use Hannya Shingyo and interpret it individually.
  596. In Japan war performances were verified by identifying the heads of those killed in the battle; in order to console those heads, many Kubizuka were built.
  597. In Japan western Daimyos, who were mobilized the war, were exhausted without receiving bonus.
  598. In Japan where "nama" (raw or fresh) represented by sashimi is favored, freshness is especially favored.
  599. In Japan where a creed seeking worldly interests was prevalent among people, Yakushi Nyorai scriptures were often produced for the purpose of praying for the healing of diseases.
  600. In Japan where eggs are premised to be eaten raw, poultry farms perform a thorough hygienic control including a perfect cleaning of eggs, but still salmonella poisoning is increasing these years and some caution is required.
  601. In Japan where mountainous districts occupy seventy percent of the land, mountains have been regarded as sacred places.
  602. In Japan where the administration was stabilized and which was isolated from foreign countries due to national isolation, a peaceful time lasted long, and its own culture developed again.
  603. In Japan which was an island separated from the continent since about ten thousand years ago, cats (domestic cats) originally did not exist.
  604. In Japan while crossbows and catapults were not used, there was a way to shoot an arrow without using a bow.
  605. In Japan's Onmyodo, the ritual is performed to revitalize the sick; in contrast, in China's Taoism, it is performed to prevent the souls of the dead from wondering away.
  606. In Japan's medieval myths, it is also called 'Kongohousho' or 'Amanomagaeshi no hoko'.
  607. In Japan, "Taketori Monogatari" is known as the first 'monogatari' among existing works.
  608. In Japan, "The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" has a scene in which the old woman warns Lady Kaguya about seeing the moon, which implies that they had an idea similar to that of Europe before the custom of moon viewing was introduced from China.
  609. In Japan, "gasan" refers to poetry written in a blank space, usually on the upper part of a painting.
  610. In Japan, "karashi" refers to Japanese mustard and the Western-type mustard is called simply "mustard."
  611. In Japan, "sumo" is also used as a generic term which refers to fighting sports in which two players come to grips with each other.
  612. In Japan, 'Kongocho-kyo' usually refers to "Shoe Kongocho-kyo."
  613. In Japan, 'monogatari' in a broad sense sometimes means a work that is told to others.
  614. In Japan, 1 kin, 16 ryo, and 160 monme (momme; a unit of weight) are commonly equalized with each other.
  615. In Japan, 1 shaku was set 10 over 33 meters (about 30.3 centimeters).
  616. In Japan, 1 sho is almost equal to 1.8039 liters, so 1 shaku is almost equal to 18.039 milliliters, and in China, 1 sho is equal to 1 liter, so 1 shaku is equal to 10 milliliters.
  617. In Japan, 1 sho was set at 1.8039 liters in the Meiji period, so 1 to became 18.039 liters.
  618. In Japan, Arcturus in the Bootes is called the star of wheat.
  619. In Japan, Baron is the most well known title as well as Duke and Hakushaku (Count, Earl in England); Barons often appear in Japanese literary works and comic books.
  620. In Japan, Buddha's sarira is often used as a synonym of sarira, and the term sarira is used to distinguish the remains of others from those of the saints or Buddha.
  621. In Japan, Butsugenbutsumo is generally represented as a form of Bodhisattva wearing ornaments who is smiling with great joy and showing her hands in the gesture known as Hokaijoin.
  622. In Japan, Coca-Cola Japan Co., Ltd., Lipton, and others sell green tea drinks with honey or sugar added.
  623. In Japan, Dakiniten is believed to be a goddess of good fortune.
  624. In Japan, Demae order has been accepted mostly on the phone, but recently more and more restaurants and shops take orders by fax or from their websites on internet as a sort of mail order.
  625. In Japan, Dojunkai Apartment were constructed after the Great Kanto Earthquake.
  626. In Japan, Dosen attempted to spread the teachings of the Northern school of Chan (Zen) by building a 'Zen-in' Temple at Daian-ji Temple and edited "Bonmokyo-sho" (Exegesis on Fanwan Jing [Bonmokyo]) for teaching the Vinaya precepts.
  627. In Japan, Emperor Kanmu had died in March of that year, and Emperor Heizei had reigned.
  628. In Japan, Ennichi (Hoping) is held on Koshin Day.
  629. In Japan, Genshin (monk), who appeared during the mid-Heian period, took on the rinju theories proposed by Daoxuan and Shandaon squarely to use them as guides for attaining Jodo Ojo (Rebirth in the Pure Land).
  630. In Japan, Goboten Udon can be pronounced two ways, one is "gobohten udon," and the other is "goboten udon."
  631. In Japan, Himiko (first known ruler of Japan) is considered to have acted as a miko of the Yamatai-Koku kingdom.
  632. In Japan, Iemoto (the founder or current head master) of traditional arts, such as Noh, or martial arts, are also called Soke.
  633. In Japan, Jodo henso-zu (Jodohen in short, or Jodo mandara) is known, which describes the scenery of the Pure Land such as the West Pure Land (gokuraku jodo, or the Pure Land of Amida Buddha) where the Amida Nyorai is supposed to live.
  634. In Japan, Jodo-kyo (Jodo-shiso) was transmitted in around the first half of the seventh century, and Ennin (794-864) transmitted the way of nenbutsu-zanmai (nenbutsu samadhi, or mental absorption in the nenbutsu) of Mt. Wutai Shan in China to Mt. Hiei-zan in the first half of the ninth century.
  635. In Japan, Kanso Nenbutsu was mainstream in Nara Buddhism (the Hosso sect) and Heian Buddhism (the Tendai sect).
  636. In Japan, Kojiro NAOKI's theory that the kanji letter 北 was erroneously used for 比 in 多利思比孤 is most accepted view.
  637. In Japan, Mikkyo was first introduced by Saicho (Dengyo Daishi), who had returned from Tang.
  638. In Japan, Mikkyo was very popular during the first stage of the Heian period, and Godai Myoo was enshrined as the principal image of Buddha in the Godanho ritual.
  639. In Japan, Minamoto was one of the surnames that an imperial family took when it was demoted to an ministry.
  640. In Japan, Mokkan is known to have been existed since the time before the ritsuryo system was established.
  641. In Japan, Nemacystus decipiens, a kind of the family Spermatochnaceae, is called as Japanese name mozuku (another name, ito-mozuku), but the family Spermatochnaceae has many kinds.
  642. In Japan, New Currency Regulation was established in June, 1871, and the gold standard was adopted formally.
  643. In Japan, Ritsu Buddhism was spread during the middle of the second millennium after the death of Buddha in order to bring about a religious awakening among the masses.
  644. In Japan, Sassei is mainly done by steaming process, while Sassei is quite unusual worldwide.
  645. In Japan, Senju Kannon began to be worshipped in an early age and it had been shaped into a statue since the Nara period before Kukai transmitted pure esotericism.
  646. In Japan, Senko is generally used as the altarage for graves or Buddhist altars.
  647. In Japan, Shunbun No Hi (Vernal Equinox Day) is a public holiday.
  648. In Japan, Sonnoron is a philosophy that, based on the concept of Japan as the nation defined in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), claims that Japan exists because of the will of the Emperor (God).
  649. In Japan, Taiyo-shinko faith (sun worshipping) and Sangaku-shinko faith as forms of animism are interconnected.
  650. In Japan, Taxi Jidosha Kabushikigaisha was established in Yuraku-cho, Tokyo City on July 10, 1912, and its passenger transport operations started on August 5 in front of the head office using six Ford Model Ts.
  651. In Japan, The Fairy Tales of Charles PERRAULT "Oyayubikozo" (Hop o' my Thumb) was used as the title of "Issunboshi Novel," and they were both introduced in the magazine, "Shokokumin" in 1896.
  652. In Japan, Ukai has been practiced in various places such as Gifu, Aichi, Kyoto, and Ehime Prefectures, among which especially Ukai in the Nagara-gawa River is the most famous one.
  653. In Japan, Wilkinson Ginger Ail originally used hot spring water as an ingredient.
  654. In Japan, Yamajiro was one of the castle classification methods determined by Edo period military strategists.
  655. In Japan, Zen priests of the Rinzai school are said to have initially teased and used this name for the style of zazen of the Sodo school founded by Dogen.
  656. In Japan, Zenjo practices were revived again and became popular as the principal tokumoku (virtue) of samurai (warriors).
  657. In Japan, a bento store (vendor) which specialized in takeout bento or convenience stores emerged from the late 1980's to the 1990's.
  658. In Japan, a brewing pit which was used for sake brewing in China was discovered from a pit dwelling house in the Jomon period, around 1000 B.C.
  659. In Japan, a finished kimono was regarded as a kind of property taken over from a mother to a daughter.
  660. In Japan, a fishing rod and a fishhook (and a bow and an arrow as well) were traditionally called 'Sachi' (chase) based on their usage in hunting, because 'sa,' an old name for an arrow, meant an arrow or a fishhook and 'chi' meant a charisma.
  661. In Japan, a genkan was an entrance constructed in Shoin-zukuri style (a traditional Japanese style of residential architecture that includes a tokonoma), and in a kyakuden (guest hall) or hojo (abbot's chamber) at Zen temples.
  662. In Japan, a gisho with the title "Mirai-ki" (Accounts of Future Events) by Prince Shotoku, who was said to be able to tell the future of Japan, has circulated since ancient times, and Masashige KUSUNOKI, a famous military commander in 14th century, was said to make use of this gisho to raise the morale of his army.
  663. In Japan, a heavily-populated country, the number of in-service trains naturally tend to be more, but, at the same time, a slight time lag of a train may affect other connecting trains; therefore, maintaining punctuality has been inevitable.
  664. In Japan, a historical record of copper first appeared in 708 (the first year of Wado, meaning "Japanese copper").
  665. In Japan, a lot of bronze mirrors have been excavated from the remains of Yayoi through Tumulus periods.
  666. In Japan, a senbei is usually a kind of baked pastry in a thin form.
  667. In Japan, a striking example is "A study of inseki", a unique inron, written by Soshii.
  668. In Japan, adults scare children by saying, 'Kaminari-sama would come to pick your bellybutton,' when the children's bellies are uncovered in summer.
  669. In Japan, after 702 when the imperial rescript was issued announcing that examples of filial obedience would be awarded, Zenko Seihyo was frequently carried out during the Nara and the Heian periods.
  670. In Japan, after the change to the new calendar up to the present, the lunar-solar calendars called 'the old calendar' were described in calendars and expository books about calendar.
  671. In Japan, after the cremation, the cremated remains, or 'bones left after cremation,' are collected and placed in a Kotsutsubo (a pot for cremated bones) and buried in the ground (legally it is defined as 'the burial of the cremated bones,') or stored in an ossuary (Act Concerning Graveyard, Burial, etc., Article 2).
  672. In Japan, after the medieval period, there were two methods to drink tea -- 'senji-cha' and 'hiki-cha' -- the latter consisting of stone-ground tea leaves.
  673. In Japan, after the syncretization of Shinto with Buddhism it started to mean summoning the spirit of Shinto and Buddhist deities for praying and later it gradually changed to the current meaning.
  674. In Japan, all ranks and titles in other countries that correspond to "General" are called "Shogun."
  675. In Japan, almost all the documents submitted to public offices such as administrative institutes (public documents) allow people to use only the Japanese calendar when writing a year.
  676. In Japan, along with the introduction of Chinese culture including Buddhism, the organization of edakumi (painter) and eshi (often master painter) who specialized in the production of painting was also introduced.
  677. In Japan, although it is common that people raise eating utensils to their lips to enjoy the smell of meal, in some regions, they don't have a food culture that 'holding dishes such as plates and bowls in their hands,' or Japanese eating manners are considered to be rather lack of manners (in South Korea and North Korea).
  678. In Japan, although only New Year's Day, January 1st, is a national holiday, at least the period of sanganichi (the three days) through January 3rd (sometimes including several days following it) is substantially a holiday period, and is actually called 'o-shogatsu' (a polite form of shogatsu).
  679. In Japan, ancient examples are: The Amida triad made of bronze owned by the Tokyo National Museum, once dedicated to the Horyuji Temple as one of 48 Buddhist images (important cultural property), and the Amida triad also made of bronze enshrined in the Lady Tachibana's Shrine of Horyuji Temple (national treasure).
  680. In Japan, as Esoteric Buddhism spread, people learnt Kariteimo-ho (a method for following Kariteimo [Kishimojin]) holding Kishimojin as the main deity for children's good health and happiness, and court nobles of the upper class not only learnt Kariteimo-ho but also enshrined the statues of Kariteimo for easy birth.
  681. In Japan, as Sotatsu TAWARAYA's Fujin Raijin zu (The Wind and Thunder Gods: a folding screen), a representative example, shows, Kaminari-sama holding a cow's horn, wearing the tiger leather fundoshi, and beating a drum being possessed by the god of thunder is the Raijin's well-known image.
  682. In Japan, as a result of the syncretization of Shinto with Buddhism, many strands of Buddhism unique to Japan developed.
  683. In Japan, as communities grew larger and developed into densely-packed urban areas, its flammability was a serious disadvantage, therefore, such roofs disappeared rapidly in urban areas, and town houses along roads to be replaced by tiled roofs.
  684. In Japan, as is evident in the confrontation between the Mononobe clan and the Soga clan during the Nara era, there has been a dividing line between Shinto and Buddhism since it was officially introduced to Japan.
  685. In Japan, because the daikoku (lit. "great black") from Daikokuten sounded the same as the daikoku (lit. "great land") from the ancient Shinto deity Okuninushi no mikoto (which can also be written "Daikoku no shu"), the distinction between the two blurred, and they were eventually combined.
  686. In Japan, both bow and arrow were basically made of various kinds of 'bamboo,' used differently depending on the physical nature of the materials.
  687. In Japan, by contrast, spa therapy had been deemed as folk therapy for a while because of the adoration for the newly imported western medicine and spa research was delayed.
  688. In Japan, cities grow around the railway station, which is the center of people's lives and business and adds sparkle to people's lives, especially in the Tokyo area, Osaka area, and major terminal stations in local areas such as prefectural capitals and stops for Shinkansen.
  689. In Japan, coil-shaped Senko is sometimes used in order to keep incense burning throughout a funeral (vigil etc.).
  690. In Japan, comics became an object of criticism from the early 1960s.
  691. In Japan, commandments were introduced at a comparatively early stage in an incomplete way, so that their significance was not understood fully and they were researched in only a portion of the temples without any Jukai (rituals handing down the precepts).
  692. In Japan, commodity economy progressed from around the latter half of the Kamakura period, and coins became circulated widely.
  693. In Japan, complete Buddhist scriptures were copied in the Kawara-dera Temple in 673 for the first time, and a public shakyo center was established in the Nara period.
  694. In Japan, conches were generally used since horns could not be obtained easily.
  695. In Japan, dancing featuring a Hane-sensu can be enjoyed in the Takarazuka Revue.
  696. In Japan, demon-like beings from folklores in Europe and the Western Continent may also be treated as yokai.
  697. In Japan, denbu made from fish meat is used as an ingredient for chirashi zushi (literally meaning scattered sushi, a style of sushi where the topping is placed in a bowl over a bed of rice) and rolled sushi in addition to be sprinkled over rice.
  698. In Japan, descriptions of kosa started appearing around the Edo period, with the terms of 'dei-u' (mud rain), 'beni-yuki' (red snow), or 'Ki-yuki' (yellow snow).
  699. In Japan, due to supply shortages, producing food out of various raw materials was attempted from the Taisho period to the early Showa period.
  700. In Japan, during the Kamakura Buddhism period, Nichiren taught that the following three conditions should be observed.
  701. In Japan, during the Meiji period, 1 shaku was set at 10 over 33 meters, so 1 sun became 1 over 33 meters, or about 3.03 centimeters.
  702. In Japan, during the peaceful Edo period which had lasted more than 200 years, people never thought that they would go abroad to get something or that foreigners might ever come to Japan to steal something from them.
  703. In Japan, eels are one of the important food fish, and 110,000 tons of eels are consumed annually.
  704. In Japan, eggs go through sterilization procedures using sodium hypochlorite in Grading and Packing Centers.
  705. In Japan, even left-handed children are often required to use the right hand for chopsticks and stationery, and are corrected accordingly.
  706. In Japan, even today, it's often considered rude to put a side dish on top of cooked rice and eat it.
  707. In Japan, every summer and winter the Milky Way appears above us across the night sky from north to south.
  708. In Japan, folk-cultural properties became the cultural properties to be protected when the Act on Protection of Cultural Properties was enacted in 1950.
  709. In Japan, for example, the combination of cooked rice and the Chinese dish of Sichuan-style bean curd (tofu) and ground pork of spicy taste (Mabo-tofu), and the combination of cooked rice and Chinese dish with fried egg and crab (Kanitama) is recognized as independent of Mabo-don (cooked rice and Mabo-tofu) and Tehshin-don (cooked rice and Kanitama), respectively.
  710. In Japan, from the 1970s, after a period of high economic growth, places where the Milky Way could be seen became few.
  711. In Japan, from the fact that shells have been excavated from shell mounds, it can be seen that awabi were already being eaten in the Jomon and Yayoi Periods.
  712. In Japan, fukujinzuke is the most standard tsukemono (Japanese pickles), served with curry and rice.
  713. In Japan, gokenin (an immediate vassal of the shogunate in the Kamakura and Muromachi through Edo periods) were gathering in Dazai-fu, including the Shoni clan and Otomo clan, mainly those from Kyushu region.
  714. In Japan, green tea drinks are relatively popular, and produced by almost all the beverage makers.
  715. In Japan, gyosei is an honorific expression used in reference to the emperor, Imperial Family and other royalties.
  716. In Japan, hatsuho is a ripe rice ear presented to God (Shinto) before autumn rice harvest.
  717. In Japan, he amalgamated with Susanoo as he was a deity of ferocious nature and was enshrined at Yasaka-jinja Shrine in Gion, Kyoto and was worshiped as Joeki-shin (a god that protects against plague).
  718. In Japan, he was introduced to Sotan SEN with the Seigan Osho's help and started to receive orders for small articles crafted with Ikkanbari, which was one of his hobbies.
  719. In Japan, hot springs are defined by the Hot Spring Law and the Standard Methods of Analysis for Mineral Springs published by the Ministry of Environment.
  720. In Japan, how European military knowledge was introduced into the people around Nobunaga and the possibility that the knowledge was applied to the Battle of Nagashino is interesting and remains to be proved.
  721. In Japan, however, a different style has been introduced.
  722. In Japan, however, literature and history attracted more interest due to their approachable nature than philosophical study (myogyo-do) and administrative study (myobo-do) did.
  723. In Japan, however, the aspect of reisetsu (propriety) was received more favorably than Confucianism; thus, the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) designated the Shushigaku (Neo-Confucianism) which had always insisted on the importance of moral practice as 'kangaku' (a school of learning advocated by the Tokugawa shogunate).
  724. In Japan, however, the practice of drinking with the head of the family first has been common since the Meiji period or the beginning of the Showa.
  725. In Japan, however, there is no known example that used saisekijin.
  726. In Japan, however, usually mikan is bred by grafting due to the improved breeding efficiency, the shortened time for fruiting, easy tree strength control and the improved fruit quality and so on.
  727. In Japan, hunting by rulers implied a symbolic sense of authority and some clay figures in Kofun Period display a falcon on their arms.
  728. In Japan, hyoro mainly means rice, the Japanese staple diet, and it is also called hyoromai (provisions of rice for the army).
  729. In Japan, if you merely say "onshi", it means something presented by the emperor.
  730. In Japan, imitating these markets, the Miya-ichi were provided in 839, in the early Heian Period ("Shoku Nihon Koki" [Later Chronicle of Japan Continued, from the article on October 25, 839]).
  731. In Japan, immediately after the establishment of Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code) which was to be the first full-fledged Ritsuryo system, Ryoge no kan such as Sangi (councillor), Zoheijokyoshi (temporary official of Heijo Palace construction), Chunagon (vice-councilor of state), Azechi were established.
  732. In Japan, in 775 (the Emperor Konin's era) which is 27 years after that, a ceremony of tencho setsu was held on October 13.
  733. In Japan, in August of 866 in the reign of Emperor Seiwa, Daishigo 'Denkyo' and 'Jikaku' were bestowed to Saicho and Ennin respectively, for the first time.
  734. In Japan, in around 797 in the initial Heian period, Emperor Kanmu aiming at the thorough performance of local administration established Kageyushi (Board of Discharge Examiners) which audited the administrative performance by chihokan (a local official) (kokushi (provincial governor)).
  735. In Japan, in general, transcendentalism is often referred to a political position taken by the government consisting of han (domain) cliques and bureaucrats during the period between the establishment of the Imperial Diet followed by the issuance of Constitution of the Empire of Japan and the beginning of the Taisho period.
  736. In Japan, in the early Heian period, it is said that there was an picture known as ensokuzu, osozuzu, or osokuzu-no-e (erotic picture) that portrayed sexual theme, such as the "Kokon chomon ju" (a collection of Tales Heard, Past and Present).
  737. In Japan, increase-decrease rates relative to the reference year of Kyoto Protocol are always indicated.
  738. In Japan, influenced by Buddhism in the Sung period, China, this type of statue started to be produced and enshrined in the mid Kamakura period.
  739. In Japan, it also refers to the title of various performing arts.
  740. In Japan, it became a reality in the Heian period.
  741. In Japan, it began from Eisei who introduced Rinzai Zen from China, and it has many schools because some masters introduced Shingi (daily regulations in Zen temples) of each age from China to Japan.
  742. In Japan, it boasts of a scale second only to the Kanto Metropolitan area, ranked as one of the three major metropolitan areas in the nation and also one of the seven largest, while in the world it is ranked as the 6th to 7th largest urban area.
  743. In Japan, it generally refers to the official introduction of Buddhism from Baekje to Wa (ancient Japan) in the era of the Emperor Kinmei which was in the middle of the sixth century.
  744. In Japan, it gradually started to refer to kuyo (tsuizen kuyo: a memorial service for the repose of someone's soul), and later, it came to refer to a ceremony to mourn for the dead in general.
  745. In Japan, it has been believed that spirit and life reside with everything in the universe since ancient times.
  746. In Japan, it is a matter of course that matrilineal marriage lasted until the early Kamakura period, but as succession in the male line became common, a man hardly came to visit his spouse's family, but came to have his own residence as a second house.
  747. In Japan, it is a private financing method operating from ancient times up to the present even amongst social minority classes who could not get financing from financial institutions.
  748. In Japan, it is allowed to hold a bowl or saucer in one's hand to eat foods out of it.
  749. In Japan, it is also called 'Takimono' (mixture of fragrant woods, etc. used for making incense) whose ingredients include honey, plum meat, or Koko (shells ground into powder for incense materials).
  750. In Japan, it is also on sale at toy shops and/or mom-and-pop candy stores and sometimes used for other purposes than the primary purpose, such as lighting fireworks.
  751. In Japan, it is believed that Saicho conducted the first Kanjo at Jingo-ji Temple at Mt. Takao in 805 (Saicho received the teachings of Himitsu (secret) kanjo from Jungyo at Ryuko-ji Temple when he visited Tang, and later received Kanjo in Kongokai (Diamond Realm) and Taizokai (Womb Realm) that were brought from Kukai.
  752. In Japan, it is believed that such dwellings started to be built in the latter Paleolithic era, with 18 such sites found across Japan from Hokkaido to Kyushu.
  753. In Japan, it is called 'shochikubai' (pine, bamboo and plum trees).
  754. In Japan, it is called in general simply "sake" or "osake," and "sasa" in old Japanese and "hannyato" in jargon of Buddhism priests.
  755. In Japan, it is classified into continuous distilled shochu (former group 甲 - Ko) and single distilled shochu (former group 乙 - Otshu) according to the standard of Liquor Tax Law (Revised on May 1, 2006 according to the revision of Liquor Tax Law).
  756. In Japan, it is clear that during the Kenmu Restoration Nanzen-ji Temple, Jomyo-ji Temple (both temples were later elevated to Gozan), Manju-ji Temple (Oita City) were already designated as 'Jissetsu,' it is accepted that the 'Jissetsu' were established during the late Kamakura period.
  757. In Japan, it is generally classified as belonging to the late Paleolithic period.
  758. In Japan, it is generally referred to as "Bussetsu Muryojukyo"(translated by Sogi Kosogai).
  759. In Japan, it is often used especially for children who cannot bring a lunch box to school.
  760. In Japan, it is often used synonymously with Japanese tea.
  761. In Japan, it is one of the punishments in 'Soni ryo' (Regulations for Monks and Nuns) of the Ritsuryo codes.
  762. In Japan, it is rare for diners to be asked how well done they would like their hamburger patties, except in hamburger restaurants, but it is heard that in western countries, diners are often asked if they would like their hamburger steaks rare, medium, or well done.
  763. In Japan, it is rare to consume brown rice as it is.
  764. In Japan, it is said that Chen Yuan-Yun from Ming brought it in the late 17th century and his disciples modified it to suit to the Japanese climate as a kind of Jujutsu.
  765. In Japan, it is said that the look of a garden is determined by the quality and layout of garden stones.
  766. In Japan, it is said that there was a business custom with which 97 copper coins were considered as 100 coins in the Muromachi period.
  767. In Japan, it is similar to Sessho (regency) although the Emperor also exist with the Sessho, the big difference between Sessho and Shosei is there is no Emperor in case of Shosei (the one who rules Shosei is practically the Emperor or a person who has political control equivalent to Emperor).
  768. In Japan, it is sometimes used in Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors).
  769. In Japan, it is usually called as "meat sauce."
  770. In Japan, it is very rare for Seishi Bosatsu to be the sole target of religious attention, and is usually found as an attendant figure of Amida Sanzon.
  771. In Japan, it is well known as a pathetic tale of Kogo in the volume six of Heike Monogatari (The Tale of the Heike).
  772. In Japan, it seems that shochu has been produced since the sixteenth century at least, as long as confirmed literature records.
  773. In Japan, it seems that teru teru bozu had already been hung in the middle of the Edo period.
  774. In Japan, it sometimes refers to a rustic bamboo yokobue (shinobue) produced by an amateur (as is the case for the use of the "kusa" prefix in kusayakyu [sandlot baseball] or kusakeiba [local horse race]).
  775. In Japan, it usually refers to "Bussetsu Amida-kyo Sutra" (translated by Kumaraju).
  776. In Japan, it usually refers to shaved ice with syrup, and it became the same as shaved ice flavored with syrup.
  777. In Japan, it was common in the Heian period.
  778. In Japan, it was common to call the certificate 'Doen' in the sense of a document describing 'the origin of the entering the priesthood.'
  779. In Japan, it was common to drink hot tea with sushi or with sweets or after meals.
  780. In Japan, it was considered as the first mintage issued by the central government after many years, since the 'Kocho -Jyunisen' coin (the twelve types of coins minted by the imperial court) was discontinued in the Heian Period.
  781. In Japan, it was considered deplorable to neglect these conditions.
  782. In Japan, it was developed by Fuji Electric Holdings Co., Ltd in 1993 and introduced by Dydo.
  783. In Japan, it was discussed passionately among people from Chotei Court officials to the general public at the end of the Edo period and became a watchword for the anti-establishment movement.
  784. In Japan, it was introduced in the Heian period and became popular among the common people after the Edo period.
  785. In Japan, it was referred to as one of the 'three essential items' that were accessories to a traditional Japanese (short) sword and, was often carried along with a sword.
  786. In Japan, it was shaped actively in accordance with the prevalence of Mikkyo.
  787. In Japan, it was used as an ornament.
  788. In Japan, it was used to signal in battle and to lift fighting spirits during the Warring States period.
  789. In Japan, it's considered that shiso was introduced from China.
  790. In Japan, its original meaning of "the formal rank in rites is equal to that of the three ministers" was restored.
  791. In Japan, its works are seen in various places such as the Kondo Hall Wall Paintings of Horyu-ji Temple, Suien (the Water Flame) of Yakushi-ji Temple Toto (East Pagoda), the background of Hoo-do Hall (the Phoenix Pavilion) of Byodo-in Temple, and Amida Hall Mural Painting of Hokai-ji Temple.
  792. In Japan, kaki furai is a popular food, almost always ranked No.1 as a favorite oyster dish in surveys.
  793. In Japan, kannabi, a holy mountain where deities dwell, is another form of mountain worship.
  794. In Japan, koka refers to the case of marriage between a woman from Imperial family, especially an Imperial Princess, and a man from a non-imperial family (a subject).
  795. In Japan, kumade is sometimes put up as an auspicious object for prosperous business in the sense of 'kakiatsumeru' (collecting) luck or economic fortune.
  796. In Japan, land had been controlled by the government under the ritsuryo legal codes in order to collect land taxes since the early eighth century.
  797. In Japan, large-scale Shodo exhibitions were held since the Showa period which established Shodo's status as modern art, consequently a creative method as art work is added to Shodo technique.
  798. In Japan, legend has it that Shakyamuni achieved Jodo in rogetsu (another name for December according to the lunar calendar), on December 8
  799. In Japan, lightness was added to these conditions.
  800. In Japan, many are modeled after Shinto deities, and some originate from Taoistic gods.
  801. In Japan, many hokyoin-to pagodas were built after the middle of the Kamakura period.
  802. In Japan, many kinds of instant suimono are on the market; moreover, suimono accompanies sushi, etc. delivered to order.
  803. In Japan, many municipalities oblige cooks to have a special license for the first stage of processing.
  804. In Japan, many people participate in Shintoist and Buddhist festivals, some companies have a household Shinto altar, and services, such as praying for safety, are often held beyond religious boundaries of Shinto, Buddhism, Christianity etc.
  805. In Japan, many people repeat until the water is clear, but if rice bran is that intolerable, then, in general, using no-wash rice is more economical.
  806. In Japan, many soymilk products are sold in cartons and plastic containers or bottles.
  807. In Japan, many tales have been told at shrines that are related to Izumo.
  808. In Japan, many were built in modern times.
  809. In Japan, meanwhile, ships from various countries were arriving at its ports seeking to establish trade relations, as a result of which friction and disputes started to occur.
  810. In Japan, meat-eating was a taboo or was officially prohibited in many eras throughout the history, for example, for a religious reason.
  811. In Japan, mirrors are the objects of Shinto religion.
  812. In Japan, mochi made using glutinous rice is more common.
  813. In Japan, most adult men had the height from 5-shaku level (about 150 to 180 centimeters) so when their height was explained, '5 shaku' was omitted from their real height, and merely the remainder was mentioned in sun.
  814. In Japan, most kannagi have historically been female; such women are typically called "miko" or "fujo."
  815. In Japan, no epidemiological survey has been conducted.
  816. In Japan, noyaki is done to burn the dried grass in early spring before the grass plants start to sprout.
  817. In Japan, oke made from wood was invented as a container instead of bottle, ceramic ware, lacquer ware and so on and popularized during the Heian period.
  818. In Japan, onigiri has a strong image of triangle and 'onigiri-shaped' is a good example of the pronoun to indicate the things triangle.
  819. In Japan, onigiri has been regarded as the staple food in a boxed lunch through all ages because it is cookable ahead and portable.
  820. In Japan, people bring the bowl and other eating utensils closer to their mouth, however, holding eating utensils is often considered to be bad from the point of view of manners in Asia and Europe.
  821. In Japan, people celebrate kyu-shogatsu in some areas such as Okinawa Prefecture and the Amami Islands in Kagoshima Prefecture.
  822. In Japan, people commonly have an image of a yurei as a woman without legs wearing a tenkan (triangle hood) over her disheveled hair and a white kimono (which samurai wore to commit harakiri in feudal Japan), and this is the most typical figure shown in theaters or haunted houses.
  823. In Japan, people make a hanamido (literally, "blossom temple") decorated with various plants and flowers.
  824. In Japan, private railways take an important role especially in the Tokyo area, Osaka area, and Nagoya area.
  825. In Japan, religious bodies can have corporate status as a religious corporation.
  826. In Japan, rokuyo is one of the most famous rekichu for the calendar and is written in ordinary calendars and notebooks.
  827. In Japan, ryoyukai (hunting associations) across Japan continue to release pheasants and copper pheasants which were reared as game for hunting.
  828. In Japan, samurai families called their 'place of the surname' 'hongan' or 'honganchi (place of hongan).'
  829. In Japan, sculptures of deities were first produced from the influence of Buddha statues.
  830. In Japan, seibyobo-shiki (codes and regulations on seibyobo) was established in 717, each province was ordered to create seibyobo, and surveys on kubunden (rice fields given to each farmer in the Ritsuryo system), rice fields provided for chinso, joden (surplus fields) and so on came to be conducted.
  831. In Japan, shi '士' (government official) was replaced with '侍' (samurai or warriors), ko (artisans) and sho (merchants) were collectively recognized as townsman without being differentiated, and no order existed between peasants (no) and the 'townsmen.'
  832. In Japan, shitsuji was introduced by the peerage and wealthy families since the Meiji period, and they wielded great power as the head of employees.
  833. In Japan, shucked abalone were traditionally eaten in inland areas and the meat taken out from the shell was hung out to dry.
  834. In Japan, silk clothing that was called Gofuku was originally differentiated form cotton clothing that was called Futomono such that they were sold at different shops.
  835. In Japan, since the Nara period, efforts to make 'karakami' imitating the 'mon-toshi' (pattern printed Chinese paper) printed by woodblock in China began and it was called 'karakami' as opposed to 'toshi' (imported Chinese paper).
  836. In Japan, since the trading of stocks on the stock exchange is considered gambling, income from trading is regarded as unearned income.
  837. In Japan, some examples of kayo are Kagurauta, Saibara, Imayo, Enkyoku, and Kouta.
  838. In Japan, some small balls are called 'dango', for example, a ball made of earth (children often make it at sandboxes or beaches) is called 'tsuchi-dango' (literally, 'earth dango'); meatballs are called 'niku-dango' (literally, 'meat dango') and other foods for dishes such as dumplings and knaidlach are called 'dango' as well.
  839. In Japan, sometimes, pork cutlets prepared in the Western style are called 'Poku Katsuretsu,' distinguishing them from the Japanese style.
  840. In Japan, sotoba is abbreviated as 'toba' and has the meaning of pagoda.
  841. In Japan, squid has been eaten since ancient times and surume also has a long history as a dry food with a long shelf life.
  842. In Japan, statue of birth, statue of training, statue of struggling against the devil, statue of a sermon being given and statue of nirvana were shaped.
  843. In Japan, such a ceremony was held for the first time in 784 by the Emperor Kanmu, who had been actively adopting Chinese-style ceremonies.
  844. In Japan, such a document for conveying orders of princes came to be called ryoji, which also include documents issued by the Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, and Empress.
  845. In Japan, surume is considered to bring good luck whereby it is used as one of the auspicious gifts exchanged between the families of a bride-to-be and groom-to-be; in this case, surume is written out in kanji characters representing three wishes, i.e. long life and happiness, to stay with her husband for life, and to be a good wife.
  846. In Japan, tactics also changed into group tactics, organizing foot soldiers including ashigaru (common foot soldier).
  847. In Japan, tanabata was celebrated during the Nara period as a seasonal event of the Imperial Court.
  848. In Japan, the 'Gokuu kaninryo' (regulation codes for Kokyo palace; later, Yoro ritsuryo code [code promulgated in the Yoro period) changed this regulation code into 'Gokuu shikiinryo.') was established by the Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code).
  849. In Japan, the Ainu language is used mainly in Hokkaido, and also in Chishima (Kurile Islands) and Sakhalin.
  850. In Japan, the Diet approved the ratification of the protocol on May 31, 2002, then Japan deposited the document of acceptance with the United Nations on June 4, 2004.
  851. In Japan, the Eight Views of Omi which was originated under the direct influence of the Eight Views of Xiaoxiang is considered to be the first example.
  852. In Japan, the Government designates especially important items among intangible folk-cultural properties as important intangible folk-cultural properties and takes protective measures.
  853. In Japan, the Government designates especially important items of tangible folk-cultural properties as important tangible folk-cultural properties, and takes protective measures.
  854. In Japan, the Hongan system was introduced with the establishment of the Taiho Ritsuryo.
  855. In Japan, the Hot Spring Law and the Standard Methods of Analysis for Mineral Springs regulate in this regard.
  856. In Japan, the Hot Spring Law was established on July 10, 1948.
  857. In Japan, the Imperial University Law was renamed to National University Law in 1947, the imperial universities in various parts of Japan were renamed and the educational system was maintained, but the names of imperial universities were disused.
  858. In Japan, the Kani official rank system was systematically improved by Ritsuryo law (the Ritsuryo system).
  859. In Japan, the Meteorological Agency defines kosa as the phenomenon in which visibility is reduced to less than 10 km due to soil particles originating on the continent.
  860. In Japan, the Saigoku Sanjusankasho (thirty-three temples for pilgrimage in the western region), Bando Sanjusankasho (thirty-three temples for pilgrimage in the Kanto region) and Chichibu Sanjuyonkasho (thirty-four temples for pilgrimage in the Chichibu area) are together called the hundred Kannon Temples (after the Deity of Mercy).
  861. In Japan, the Shichidengosha (a palace) located inside of Heian-kyo dairi (imperial palace of the ancient capital of Japan in current Kyoto) was an example of a Kokyu palace.
  862. In Japan, the Shinto religion and Buddhism have coexisted and amalgamated for a long time in the form of a synchronization of Shinto and Buddhism.
  863. In Japan, the Southern Court was identified as the orthodox in 1911.
  864. In Japan, the Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho code) enacted in 701 stipulated the rules for shikiden (rice fields granted to Dainagon and those with higher ranks) and kugaiden.
  865. In Japan, the amount of sho was unified to the new kyomasu (new Kyoto measure; 3.7 percent larger than kyomasu [Kyoto measure] in volume) in 1669 which is used today.
  866. In Japan, the ancient method of making one's own daughter an emperor's bride was practiced, having her give birth to a prince that would be the next emperor, and supporting the prince as his maternal grandfather, thereby increasing and maintaining the political power of his relatives.
  867. In Japan, the approximately 5,000 volumes that Genbo brought back in 735 were assumed to be the authorized Tripitaka at that time.
  868. In Japan, the bajutsu (equestrianism) had been one of the Bugei Juhappan (the eighteen important military arts) and essential for the medieval bushi (swordsmen).
  869. In Japan, the bakufu positioned Ju-kyo (among Ju-kyo, especially Neo-Confucianism) at the center of learning in the Edo period.
  870. In Japan, the book was of special interest to Honen, who made it a basis for his religious doctrines.
  871. In Japan, the central hall enshrining the temple's principal object of worship is often referred to as the 'hondo' or 'kondo.'
  872. In Japan, the classification by the sesonal periods when tea leaves are picked follows;
  873. In Japan, the concept of Ritsuryo was actively adopted in order to reinforce and substantiate national power against the threat of the Tang during the late seventh century, and Asuka Kiyomihara Ryo was first established as the pioneer of Ritsuryo.
  874. In Japan, the cooking technique is used to cook fish or meat.
  875. In Japan, the cuboid tin can of about 1 to volume was once called 'Ittokan' (can of 1 to).
  876. In Japan, the custom to give seibo to the associates personnel, superiors or directors in charge of associate companies has spread widely.
  877. In Japan, the damage is not so serious compared with these nations, and kosa is usually taken up as an environmental problem.
  878. In Japan, the day of tanabata was July 7 on the Japanese calendar such as on the Tenpo calendar (old calendar) and was celebrated mostly as a part of the Bon festival, which was held on July 15 (old calendar).
  879. In Japan, the day when the ceremony was held became a national holiday (according to the 'Act on the National People's Day for the Emperor Showa Funeral' [Act No. 4 of 1989]).
  880. In Japan, the distress of the Ertu?rul was also reported as shocking news, and a great amount of contributions and condolence money was collected via the government.
  881. In Japan, the earliest ordinance concerning cultural properties is the 'Edict for the Preservation of Antiquities and Old Items,' which was announced by the early Meiji government in 1871.
  882. In Japan, the economy was unprecedentedly prosperous due to special procurement demand for the world war.
  883. In Japan, the enthronement means that an emperor accedes to the throne.
  884. In Japan, the examination system was adopted for low to mid-ranked officials, although not thoroughly carried out for all officials because of the exceptional rule called 'on-i,' whereby children of high ranking nobles were automatically promoted to government posts.
  885. In Japan, the fact that Marco Polo introduced Japan as Zipangu to Europe is well known, so that Zipangu is thought to be another name of Japan.
  886. In Japan, the first recorded history works were the "Teiki" (Imperial Records) and "Kyuji" (Ancient Dicta), both compiled in the first half of the seventh century.
  887. In Japan, the flower shape eventually developed with the trends of the times; various styles such as Nageire-bana (literally "throwing in flowers") and Mori-bana (literally "inserting flowers") were created.
  888. In Japan, the following museums own his works.
  889. In Japan, the government demanded that Silla should bring tributes to Japan and also tried to encourage Emishi and Hayato to become integrated into the control based Ritsuryo system.
  890. In Japan, the information about the next world increased drastically due to the introduction of the Juo-shinko belief.
  891. In Japan, the institution was brought about together with the Ritsuryo system during the Nara period.
  892. In Japan, the kanji representing 'fu' means rice bran and that character was used for mian jin which is a processed food made from rice bran later on ("Honcho shokkan" [Mirror of food in our country])
  893. In Japan, the latest sunrise occurs about half a month after Toji, and the earliest sunset about half a month before it.
  894. In Japan, the local meteorological observatory in each region and the Japan Meteorological Agency declare tsuyuiri and tsuyuake every year.
  895. In Japan, the lotus leaf also has a meaning that is different from the above religious one, and this different meaning is explained later.
  896. In Japan, the main Buddha hall of a temple in which the main object of worship is enshrined is usually called 'Hondo' or 'Kondo.'
  897. In Japan, the major economical power was agricultural productivity, particularly, rice production.
  898. In Japan, the movable-type printing took a considerable time to be widely used, and the wood-block printing was the main current from the Kanei era; however, the wood movable-type printing barely continued.
  899. In Japan, the notion of Tenka was seen as early as in the Kofun (tumulus) period.
  900. In Japan, the number of days when kosa was observed in a year was around 20 on average since 1967, but the number increased considerably to around 50 from 2000 to 2002.
  901. In Japan, the oldest enatsubo was found at the remains of an "Umegame" (facility for burying deep pot-type pottery made in the Jomon period) in the middle of the Jomon period.
  902. In Japan, the oldest example is that of the Emperor Kogyoku handing down the Imperial Throne to his younger brother, the Emperor Kotoku, and there exist 89 examples (*) of abdication (because of the unification of the Southern and Northern Courts the throne was passed down to the Emperor Gokomatsu twice).
  903. In Japan, the origin of daruma dolls is said to be during the Edo period when they were introduced from China to the temples of the Obaku sect in Nagasaki.
  904. In Japan, the original meaning of the term was also common people, as in China.
  905. In Japan, the original technique dates back to the Nara period.
  906. In Japan, the portrait of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo is highly appreciated for its successful depiction of the strong will and fortitude of the figure.
  907. In Japan, the remaining rate of coins issued during Northern Sung Dynasty and that of older ones issued during Tang Dynasty are extremely high, and in China, it is said that Kanei coins remain conspicuously in dead storage.
  908. In Japan, the ritsu provisions were different from actual punishment, and taking over the government by killing retainers or uprisings by Ezo (northerners) or Hayato people (an ancient tribe in Kyushu) were regarded as "反" or "謀反", even when the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code) was fully realized.
  909. In Japan, the soup stock extracted from the shaved katsuobushi is so typical as to often be called just "soup stock"; the details of extraction and the naming of the extracts are explained below.
  910. In Japan, the statues of Juichimen Kannon were produced and worshipped eagerly since the Nara period, and the statue of Juichimen Kannon in the wall paintingof Horyu-ji Temple Kondo (法隆寺金堂) (which was damaged by a fire in 1949) seems to be the oldest work.
  911. In Japan, the statues which are made of stone and possible to be moved are often called 'stone Buddhist image.'
  912. In Japan, the suzuri has been seen since Kofun period (the tumulus period).
  913. In Japan, the system of one era per Emperor was adopted when the era name "Keio" was changed to "Meiji" in 1868 during the Meiji Restoration although, before that, an era name had sometimes been changed during the reign of an Emperor.
  914. In Japan, the systems based on Taiho Code and Yoro Ritsuryo Code, which were enacted and enforced in the eighth century, were regarded as Ryosei.
  915. In Japan, the technique was frequently used for Buddhist statues from the end of the 7th century to the 8th century, and declined during Heian period or later.
  916. In Japan, the term 'o-matsuri no fue' (lit. festival flute) often refers to the shinobue.
  917. In Japan, the term Mokusho-zen did not continue to have a negative meaning for a long time, but at a later stage, it was used by the Sodo school to mean its own Zen style.
  918. In Japan, the term of Daikokuten normally refers to Japan's own deity that was created by combining it with Okuninushi no mikoto of the Shinto religion, such as the statue of Daikokuten (大国天: Daikokuten) enshrined at Kanda Myojin Shrine.
  919. In Japan, the term of Shinkansen itself has already become a common noun indicating a high-speed railway line.
  920. In Japan, the term of Shizoku (士族) was used for indicating, during the Meiji period and later, the former samurai class that was placed under the Kazoku class.
  921. In Japan, the title Daishogun was used to designate the top commander to lead a "seitogun" (expeditionary force), when there were more than three generals.
  922. In Japan, the title has been in used since the ages described in the Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan).
  923. In Japan, the two methods coexisted until the Edo period, but eventually the takiboshi method became dominant, and the yutori method became outmoded.
  924. In Japan, the unit of 'sho' was seen for the first time in Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code).
  925. In Japan, the word 'hana (flower)' traditionally refers to cherry blossom especially in haiku (seventeen-syllable poem) and waka (thirty-one-syllable poem), so 'hanafubuki' specifically refers to cherry blossoms in full bloom falling like a snowstorm.
  926. In Japan, the word 'setsugetsuka' became very popular, and has been used by itself, having acquired some new meanings as shown below.
  927. In Japan, the word '煎餅' first appeared in the literature of around 737 in the collection of Shoso-in Treasure House.
  928. In Japan, the word Kanshoku is used for full-time and part-time officials mainly in the administration branch and the judicial branch, and seldom used in the legislative branch.
  929. In Japan, the years between this incident and the Meiji Restoration are generally referred to as "the last days of Tokugawa Shogunate."
  930. In Japan, there had been a belief in paddy cultivation since the ancient days and the Imperial Court started to recommend this belief during the Heian period and this belief was especially conspicuous in this period.
  931. In Japan, there has been a distinction between funerals and festivals.
  932. In Japan, there has been an event of New Year's greeting called 'nenshi mawari' since the Nara period, though that origin isn't definite.
  933. In Japan, there is a custom for parents of a baby to take their baby to a shrine, celebrating the baby's birth and wishing the baby's healthy growth, with a grandmother on the baby's father's side after one month from the baby's birth.
  934. In Japan, there is a custom of holding variety of events praying for the healthy growth of boys on the day of Tango no sekku, and May 5 is a national holiday, called 'Children's Day.'
  935. In Japan, there is a legend which relates that when Emperor Reigen had a high priest named Reiku search for the scripture having the most remarkably miraculous effects, Reiku selected Jikku Kannongyo.
  936. In Japan, there is a rule of mourning of the Emperor in the Act of Funeral and the Act of Ceremony and System in the ancient Ritsuryo law; however the period is only 3 days, but usually it is longer.
  937. In Japan, there is a tendency of positioning a food made by processing raw materials as 'dish,' and therefore some people do not accept tamago kake gohan as 'dish' because it is just rice topped with an egg.
  938. In Japan, there is a traditional custom to take a yuzuyu (yuzu-bath) on the winter solstice.
  939. In Japan, there is one word, 'Yumiya-shin' (the god of the bow and arrow), which means Emperor Ojin (Hachimanshin - God of War).
  940. In Japan, there used to be an era called "Jogan" (Japan) during the reign of Emperor Seiwa in early Heian period, and a reign called "Jogan no chi" (Glorious Jogan rule" was present.
  941. In Japan, there was a rite of passage called Obizome.
  942. In Japan, there was a ritual called Satsukiimi (literally, accursed May) where all the men went out of the house and only women stayed inside to lustrate the impurities and purify themselves before rice planting.
  943. In Japan, there was also a precedent that Tenryujibune (trading vessels dispatched to the Yuan dynasty in order to raise funds to build Tenryu-ji Temple in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts) used to pay 5000 kan in cash to Tenryu-ji Temple regardless of the amount of profit after its return from abroad.
  944. In Japan, there was the Tachibana orange (Citrus tachibana) on the Japanese islands and Shikwasa (Hirami lemon) on Okinawa Island.
  945. In Japan, there were several zaibatsu prior to World War II, including Mitsui Zaibatsu, Mitsubishi Zaibatsu, Sumitomo Zaibatsu and Yasuda Zaibatsu, but after the war they were dismantled by the order of the General Headquarters of the Allied Powers (GHQ) (i.e., the dissolution of Zaibatsu).
  946. In Japan, there were two types of Sugoroku, one was a board Sugoroku written as '雙六' and another was '双六', simply called Sugoroku or picture Sugoroku, which appeared in later years.
  947. In Japan, there were two types of basic holidays and special holidays as ke.
  948. In Japan, they are mostly painted in ceramics, lacquerwares, and dyeings and weavings.
  949. In Japan, they call yuba lifted from boiling soy milk fresh yuba (or hikiage ? lifted - yuba) and, aside from using it as an ingredient for cooking, eat it as is without cooking, which is referred to as 'yuba sashimi.'
  950. In Japan, this is one of the popular items on spaghetti menus, along with Neapolitan.
  951. In Japan, this magic power of the bow can be seen in the word meigen, and during the Heian period a ceremony was held to make asound by striking the string of a bow by samurai at the Imperial Palace in order to avoid evil spirits that came during night.
  952. In Japan, this system was implemented in the Taika Reforms based on the system in the Sui Dynasty and set forth in Fuyaku ryo (tax structure) of Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code), and all people excluding Imperial princes made contributions according to their levels of wealth.
  953. In Japan, this term specially refers to a civil officer who serves an emperor or the rank of that person, and this section describes these.
  954. In Japan, this title came into use after the introduction of the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code).
  955. In Japan, this type of lens is adopted only by the Inubozaki lighthouse (Chiba Prefecture), Izumohinomisaki lighthouse (Shimane Prefecture), Tsunoshima lighthouse (Yamaguchi Prefecture), Muroto-misaki Cape (Kochi Prefecture), and Oki-no-shima Island (Fukuoka Prefecture) other than the Kyoga-misaki lighthouse.
  956. In Japan, to maintain its class system, 'extravagant behavior' such as wearing clothes beyond one's means was criticized as an offense against public morals and decency.
  957. In Japan, to meet the convenience of attendees accustomed to the style of Buddhist funerals, quite a number of rituals are held for two days, on the night before and on the day.
  958. In Japan, too, there has been this custom through the ages: in the "Engishiki" (an ancient book of codes and procedures on national rites and prayers) there appears Nanakusa-gayu, which is called Mochi-gayu and written as 餅粥 (望粥).
  959. In Japan, trade via the Korokan (International Reception Hall in the then capital, Heian-kyo [present day Kyoto]) was being conducted under the supervision of the Dazaifu (local government office in Kyushu region).
  960. In Japan, until the custom of giving out soba to new neighbors after a house move (hikkoshi soba) began during the Edo period, people would distribute kayu after moving.
  961. In Japan, various events are held to welcome the toshigami (the god of the incoming year).
  962. In Japan, well marbled beef is preferable for meat dishes, but in the case of hamburgers, lean meat with low fat is more suitable to taste the meat flavor itself and is also cheaper, thus being appropriate for home made cooking.
  963. In Japan, well-drained lands with good water supply are the best places for rice cropping.
  964. In Japan, whale meat has been used as a material to produce a fertilizer called Geihi (literally, whale-based fertilizer).
  965. In Japan, whale meat is traditionally classified into the following parts:
  966. In Japan, when a person cuts across in front of others or enters a crowd, they will make several small vertical movements of their vertical hand a short distance from the body.
  967. In Japan, when cooking white rice, rice bran powder on the surface is rinsed away with water before cooking.
  968. In Japan, when food were grilled, it had been general to heat with burning charcoal in a brazier such as shichirin (earthen charcoal brazier for cooking) until the beginning of the Showa period.
  969. In Japan, when it is shaped as a statue and placed as one of the Shitenno it is usually called 'Tamonten,' but when in the form of a statue and placed individually it is usually called 'Bishamonten.'
  970. In Japan, when people say "curry" it often means "curry and rice."
  971. In Japan, when she was Princess, Empress Komyo built the oldest Hidenin facility in 723 in Japanese record.
  972. In Japan, where disturbances between the Northern and Southern Courts had not been contained (in particular in Kyushu district including Hakata), Imperial Prince Kanenaga (Kaneyoshi) of the Southern Court who received a messenger from Ming was sealed as 'King of Japan.'
  973. In Japan, where many resources are sent form foreign countries, shipbuilding technology had been well improved since pre-war periods, and even after the war, shipbuilding including large tankers was actively carried out, which played a role, with the steel industry, in economics and distribution in Japan.
  974. In Japan, where the Christian population is small, the majority of the attendees as well as the surviving family members are not expected to be Christians, thus, rather than insistence of the principle of religious purity, priority is placed on consideration for those who consider the regional customs important.
  975. In Japan, where the development of aircraft was limited due to Japan's defeat in the war, many engineers, who did not do well in aircraft manufacturing, but were active before the war, pushed back the boundaries of the automobile industry and supported the growth of the auto industry in Japan.
  976. In Japan, which is an island nation, from ancient times kaimin who lived in the coastal area flourished as armed forces on the water as well as in Korea.
  977. In Japan, while the term "teppo" was first used only for matchlock guns, the term later referred to general firearms including rifles and cannons.
  978. In Japan, written evidence remains that, in May or June 606, it was decided to offer a toki service (offering food after a memorial service) on April 8 and on July 15 (both in the old calendar) and that in 657, a statue of Mt. Sumeru was built on the west of Asuka-dera Temple and an urabone ceremony was held there.
  979. In Japan, yuin came to be made by the calligraphers and men of literature influenced by "Hikodo inpu" reprinted in early Edo period.
  980. In Japan:
  981. In Japanese Buddhism, a hoyo (Buddhist memorial service) held in a certain number of years after the person's death is called "Nenki hoyo" (Nenkai hoyo).
  982. In Japanese Buddhism, a memorial service is conducted twelve times a year, on the Tsuki Meinichi of each month, and anniversary services are conducted in certain anniversary years.
  983. In Japanese Calendar
  984. In Japanese Islands area, the Okhotsk Sea air mass and the Ogasawara air mass struggle with each other.
  985. In Japanese Mythology, Oyamatsumi was referred as the yamanokami.
  986. In Japanese Mythology, a similar anecdote is found in the chapter of Tensonkorin (the descent to earth of the grandson of the sun goddess).
  987. In Japanese Mythology, he appears only in the scene of tensonkorin (the descent to earth of the grandson of the sun goddess) in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).
  988. In Japanese Mythology, in the chapter on kamiumi (birth of the gods) in "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters), it is described that Chimata-no-kami was born from the fundoshi (loincloth) which Izanagi, who returned from Yomi (world after death), took off for to perform misogi (purification ceremony).
  989. In Japanese Mythology, most Kunitsukami are regarded as those dominated by Amatsukami.
  990. In Japanese Mythology, she appears neither in Kojiki (The record of Ancient Matters) nor in the text of Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan) and appears only once in the Issho (a book cited in Nihonshoki) of Nihonshoki.
  991. In Japanese Mythology, she first appears in the first "alternate writing" transmitted by "Nihonshoki" in chapter 7 of the Jindaiki (Records of the Age of the Gods), vol. 1.
  992. In Japanese Shintoism, salt is considered to have the power to drive away and cleanse the impure.
  993. In Japanese age reckoning, two is added to one's age before his birthday, or one after it.
  994. In Japanese amezaiku, craftsmen did not put on gloves traditionally and kneaded and shaped hot candy heated on mametan (oval charcoal briquette) with bare hands, where the acquisition of technique goes hand in hand with the danger of burns.
  995. In Japanese ancient times, before the era of Ryosei province establishment, there was the stage in which the province ruled by kuninomiyatsuko or powerful regional clans and the agata (territory) ruled by agatanushi or local influential persons were compatible.
  996. In Japanese art history, the term 'Konin-Jogan Culture' has become less common from the end of the twentieth century, and the term 'early Heian period' is commonly used.
  997. In Japanese cakes, there are examples of kinds of food which are called 'mochi' such as 'soba-mochi' and which are generally called manju (dumpling) in Japan.
  998. In Japanese ceramic ware history, the 12th century was the period when a major big change occurred.
  999. In Japanese characters, "kameno-o" is generally written as "亀の尾", but originally it was written as "亀ノ尾".
  1000. In Japanese cuisine, soup stock is extracted by simmering konbu (a kind of kelp), katsuobushi (a dried bonito), ajibushi (dried scad), niboshi (also called iriko) (small dried sardines), dried flying fish and other varieties of dried fish.

165001 ~ 166000

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