; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. Emergence and prevalence
  2. Emergence of 'Nenki'
  3. Emergence of Nobunaga ODA
  4. Emergence of Ranpeki
  5. Emergence of kabuki actors
  6. Emergence of karaoke with a microphone
  7. Emergence of the Limited Express 'Asashio,' and development in later years
  8. Emergence of the karaoke machine
  9. Emergency food
  10. Emerging Konzern in the Showa Period
  11. Emerging from the dormant state it had fallen into during the war and postwar turmoil, Tsukigase Hoshokai resumed its operation to support the new Tsukigase Bairin.
  12. Emerging onsen resorts in many places
  13. Emeritus professor of Tokyo University of Arts.
  14. Emigrated Fushu
  15. Emil HAUSKNECHT (German)
  16. Emimaru HAYASHIYA
  17. Emimaru HAYASHIYA is a comic storyteller of Kamigata, and he is good at performing kamikiri with his hands behind his back.
  18. Eminent disciples called Tsugen Great Ten appeared one after another from his school, and Tsugen sect grew to be the biggest school in the Soto sect, having 9000 temples at its height while all the temples of the Soto sect was over 16000.
  19. Eminent people who later worked actively at the end of the Edo period joined the sixth squad of the Roshigumi.
  20. Emishi
  21. Emishi SOGA commits suicide
  22. Emishi and Iruka became increasingly authoritarian, and the Soga clan usurped political power, using the 'purple crown' for their own purposes (the purple crown was used only for people of the highest rank such as emperors), and exterminating the Yamashirooenoo family (Uetsunomiya royal house) in 643.
  23. Emishi enthroned Prince Tamura by murdering his uncle SAKAIBE no Marise who recommended Prince Yamashiro no Oe.
  24. Emishi had his mind set on Prince Tamura too, and as a result, Prince Tamura (Emperor Jomei) was enthroned.
  25. Emishi led one of the troops, which had been formed of hundreds of soldiers, to guard Iwate-no-michi Road.
  26. Emishi supported Jomei on the basis of Empress Suiko's last will, but as Marise SAKAIBE, a member of his family, supported Yamashirooenoo, Marise was killed by Emishi.
  27. Emishi treated Umayado with respect, awe and a high regard, but, for Umayado, Emishi was the only and indispensable presence who could share the supernatural power Umayado had.
  28. Emishi who also realized Umayado's strange power was troubled by Umayado's loneliness he sometimes saw.
  29. Emishi who saw through Emayado's schemes was persuaded by Umayado to live together, because if they were united, they could get the power to control all nature freely and twist the world around their little fingers.
  30. Emishi, getting furious, kills his wife and tells Iruka to hand over the covenant of rebellion, but then Daihanji Kiyotsune and ABE no Chunagon (middle councilor ABE) come to investigate the rebellion of Emishi.
  31. Emissaries from both the allied forces and the governor general of the chinbushi in the new government were sent to the Kubota Domain (also called Akita Domain) because opinions within the domain were not monolithic even though it had joined the alliance.
  32. Emissary of Rain and the Moon
  33. Emissions Trading
  34. Emissions Trading (ET) is a mechanism which allows the following four types of carbon credit trades.
  35. Emma Daio arrives on the fifty-seventh day.
  36. Emmachi
  37. Emmachi Eki-mae (front of Emmachi Station)
  38. Emmachi Station
  39. Emmachi Station - Hanazono Station - Uzumasa Station
  40. Emmachi Station - Saga-Arashiyama Station - Kameoka Station
  41. Emmachi Station, located in Nishinokyo Emmachi, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto City, is a stop on the Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line), which is operated by the West Japan Railway Company (JR West).
  42. Emon SEKIHIRO : 38
  43. Emon choshi;
  44. Emon no Jo (Third Ranked Officers of Outer Palace Guards) were double posted as Shojo.
  45. Emon no suke (assistant captain of Outer Palace Guards)
  46. Emon no suke' was used by the head of the Hatakeyama household in the Muromachi Shogunate.
  47. Emon put his hands on his back, and decided that if he takes the sutra, he would choose Buddha, and if he takes the Ron (abhidharma), he would choose Bosatsu (Bodhisattva).
  48. Emonfu (Headquarter of the Outer Palace Guards): consolidated into Eshifu (Division of Palace Guards).
  49. Emonfu (Headquarters of the Outer Palace Gate Guard)
  50. Emonfu was a government office under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the Ritsuryo Code).
  51. Emonfu was also called 'Yugehi no tsukasa' in the Japanese way by using the kanji character for 'yugei' (gate guard).
  52. Emonfu's official duties were to guard the Miya-mon Gate and interrogate passersbys.
  53. Emonnosuke no Tsubone
  54. Emori UEKI was one of them.
  55. Emoshichi (Norikane) YATO (YAKOBE)
  56. Emoshichi took his mother and young sister to make their way to his mother's hometown in Shirakawa Domain, Mutsu Province; however, since they did not carry the pass which was required for women to pass a barrier, they were unable to go through Arai checkpoint.
  57. Emperor
  58. Emperor (Cao Fang) appointed envoys including Ekiyaku as Lieutenant Colonel in the Imperial Guard.
  59. Emperor (Emperor Kiritsubo) falls in love with Kiritsubo no Koi, a lower class court lady, and she bears him an Imperial prince, but she soon dies of a disease.
  60. Emperor (Tenno) is a position, or an individual who is at the position, seen as the symbol of Japan that integrates the Japanese people under the Constitution of Japan.
  61. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko are also interested in them, and they attend most Court rituals without asking someone to worship on behalf of them, apart from a period that they are sick or in mourning.
  62. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko walked to the front of the funeral hall to offer a one-minute silent prayer at noon, and the heads of the three powers (legislative, executive and judicial) such as the Prime Minister Noboru TAKESHITA expressed their condolences after prayer.
  63. Emperor Ankan
  64. Emperor Ankan (466-January 25, 536) was the 27th Emperor (whose reign lasted from March 10, 531 to December 17, 535).
  65. Emperor Anko
  66. Emperor Anko (c. 401 - September 24, 456), who reigned from January 28, 454, to September 24, 456, was the twentieth Emperor.
  67. Emperor Anko died at the age of 56 according to the ''Kojiki'' and ''Kujiki'' (ancient Japanese historical text), or 54 according to "Teio hennenki" (literally, Annals of the emperor).
  68. Emperor Anko is identified as King Ko of Wa (supposedly, Japan) among the Five Kings of Wa described in Chinese history books "So-jo" (Sung-shu in Chinese or the Book of Song) and "Ryo-jo" (Liang-shu in Chinese or the Book of Liang).
  69. Emperor Anko is the second son (imperial prince) of Emperor Ingyo.
  70. Emperor Anko was buried in Sugawara no fushimi no nishi no misasagi Mausoleum.
  71. Emperor Annei
  72. Emperor Annei (577 B.C.- January 11, 510 B.C.) is the third emperor, who was described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) (Reign: August 13, 549 B.C. -January 11, 510 B.C.).
  73. Emperor Annei - Shikitsuhikotamatemi no Sumeramikoto
  74. Emperor Annei was buried in Unebiyama no hitsujisaru no mihoto no inoe no misasagi.
  75. Emperor Antoku
  76. Emperor Antoku (December 22, 1178 - April 25, 1185) was the eighty-first Emperor.
  77. Emperor Antoku and Gotakakurain were his older paternal half-brothers, and Emperor Gotoba was his younger paternal half-brother.
  78. Emperor Antoku was his half older brother, Emperor Gotoba was his real younger brother.
  79. Emperor Antoku's half-brother (of a different mother), Imperial Prince Morisada (who had been appointed Antoku's crown prince), was rescued.
  80. Emperor Antoku's younger half-brother
  81. Emperor Bidatsu
  82. Emperor Bidatsu (538?-September 14, 585) was the 30th Emperor (whose reign lasted from April 30, 572 to September 14, 585).
  83. Emperor Bidatsu (Osada no Okimi)
  84. Emperor Bidatsu granted Umako special permission and returned the bodies of the three Buddhist nuns to him.
  85. Emperor Bidatsu passed away in August of the same year.
  86. Emperor Bidatsu's fifth or sixth grandchild
  87. Emperor Bitatsu accedes to throne
  88. Emperor Buno (named after the era)
  89. Emperor Buretsu
  90. Emperor Buretsu (489 - January 7, 507) was the twenty-fifth Japanese Emperor (reign: 498 - 507).
  91. Emperor Buretsu (Muretsu)
  92. Emperor Buretsu is related to Emperor Keitai.
  93. Emperor Chokei
  94. Emperor Chokei (1343 ? September 4, 1394; reign: April 6, 1368 ? November 1383) was the ninety-eighth emperor of Japan, who lived in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  95. Emperor Chokei did not advance the reconciliatory negotiation with the Northern Court, which had been carried out in the era of the Emperor Gomurakami.
  96. Emperor Chokei issued a Rinji (the Emperor's command) for an exemption of Choyobun for a village in Settsu Province in November of 1383, and in October of 1384 he issued an order of the same effect in the form of an Inzen (a decree from the Retired Emperor).
  97. Emperor Chuai
  98. Emperor Chuai (year of birth unknown - March 8, 200) was the fourteenth Emperor of Japan, as recorded in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) (period of reign: February 11, 192 - March 8, 200).
  99. Emperor Chuai, Empress Jingu, Emperor Ojin, Emperor Keiko and Hisatsu-hime are enshrined there.
  100. Emperor Chukyo
  101. Emperor Chukyo (October 30, 1218 -June 18, 1234) was the eighty fifth Emperor during the Kamakura period. (his reign was from May 13, 1221 to July 29, 1221.)
  102. Emperor Daigo
  103. Emperor Daigo (February 6, 885 - October 23, 930) was in power during the Heian period.
  104. Emperor Daigo (He became a member of the Imperial Family in 887.)
  105. Emperor Daigo Nochi no Yamashina no Misasagi
  106. Emperor Daigo deeply admired his calligraphy, commissioning Michikaze to draw the calligraphy for the name-plate of Daigo-ji Temple, and also to pen several scrolls on various aspects of the art of calligraphy.
  107. Emperor Daigo recovers from his illness with the power of incantation and prayer by Myoren.
  108. Emperor Daigo transferred the imperial throne to his successor in 930 and immediately after that, he passed away.
  109. Emperor Daigo's Prince
  110. Emperor Daigo's grandchild
  111. Emperor Daigo's tenth Prince.
  112. Emperor Daigo, believing these charges, demoted Michizane to Dazai gon no sochi (Provisional Governor-General of the Dazai-fu offices) (the Shotai Incident).
  113. Emperor Enyu
  114. Emperor Enyu (April 12, 959 - March 1, 991) was the sixty-fourth Emperor (his reign was November 5, 969 to September 24, 984).
  115. Emperor Enyu worried about the situation and sent a messenger to Higashi-sanjo, but Kaneie made no response.
  116. Emperor Enyu, suspecting that Kaneie did not send Senshi to his Imperial Palace because Kaneie was wishing that a child born by Choshi might succeed to the throne, began to estrange Kaneie and strengthen his relationship with Kanemichi.
  117. Emperor Enyu, who succeeded Emperor Reizei as the emperor, did not think well of his uncle, Kanemichi, either.
  118. Emperor Enyu, who was sitting in a room with a painting of a devil being defeated by an ancient Indian king and who always kept Kanemichi at arm's length, tried to leave the room upon seeing him.
  119. Emperor Fushimi
  120. Emperor Fushimi (May 10, 1265 - October 8, 1317) was the ninety-second Japanese Emperor. (his reign was November 27, 1287 - August 30, 1298.)
  121. Emperor Fushimi ruled the cloistered government.
  122. Emperor Fushimi's politic ironically followed his opposition, the retired Emperor Kameyama; he worked actively to restore the authority of the Imperial Palace by reforming the court institution of the palace or establishing Kiroku Shoen Ken kei sho (an office established in the Heian period to prevent having municipa manor)
  123. Emperor Gao Zong was so delighted with this that the post of Taifu Qing (the minister of palace supplies) was given to Kim Beopmin before he returned to the country.
  124. Emperor Genmei (her reign was 707 - 715) (the forty third)
  125. Emperor Gensho (her reign was 715 - 724) (the forty fourth)
  126. Emperor Go-Daigo
  127. Emperor Go-Daigo also patronized Daitoku-ji Temple and commanded that it be further elevated to the top of the Kyoto-Gozan in 1334.
  128. Emperor Go-Daigo appeared during this time.
  129. Emperor Go-Daigo ceded the imperial throne to Imperial Prince Norinaga at the time of his death.
  130. Emperor Go-Daigo escaped from Kyoto to Yoshino (present Yoshino-cho, Yoshino-gun, Nara Prefecture) taking the Imperial Regalia of Japan with him in December, and announced that the transferred regalia were fake, so he established Yoshino Imperial Court (=Southern Court).
  131. Emperor Go-Daigo is the 2nd son of Emperor Go-Uda, belonging to the Daigakuji-to lineage.
  132. Emperor Go-Daigo ordered Yoshisada NITTA to track Takauji down. Although Yoshisada was defeated at the battle of Takenoshita in Hakone, he fought back the ASHIKAGA's army in Kyoto in cooperation with Masashige KUSUNOKI and Akiie KITABATAKE, among others.
  133. Emperor Go-Daigo's discontent grew stronger, because, as a caretaker emperor, succession by his sons was precluded from the beginning.
  134. Emperor Go-Daigo's son Prince Morinaga, who also coveted the title of Seii Taishogun, gradually came to rival Takauji, and plotted to assassinate him, but Takauji's security was so tight that he failed to do it.
  135. Emperor Go-Horikawa named and lived in the Jimyo-in palace as Sento Imperial Palace; and the retired Emperors Go-Saga and Go-Fukakusa lived in the same palace.
  136. Emperor Go-Ichijo
  137. Emperor Go-Ichijo (October 12, 1008 - May 15, 1036), the sixty-eighth Emperor, reigned during the middle Heian period (from 1016 to 1036).
  138. Emperor Go-Murakami, who resided in Sumiyoshi Angu, held a large memorial service for Emperor Go-Daigo at Shogonjodo-ji Temple, the family temple of the Tsumori Family whose members had served as chief priests of the Sumiyoshi Grand Shrine, the family shrine of the Southern Court.
  139. Emperor Go-Saga Shinkan Shosoku - The only writing confirmed that it was from Emperor Go-Saga.
  140. Emperor Go-Shirakawa was also called Tengu.
  141. Emperor Go-Shirakawa's grandchild
  142. Emperor Go-Suzaku
  143. Emperor Go-Suzaku (December 14, 1009 - February 7, 1045), the sixty-ninth Emperor, reigned in the middle Heian period (from 1036 to 1045).
  144. Emperor Go-Suzaku abdicated the throne on February 5, 1045.
  145. Emperor Go-Toba
  146. Emperor Go-Toba (August 6, 1180 - March 28, 1239) (his reign was August 20, 1183 - January 11, 1198) was the eighty-second Emperor, being in power during the end of the Heian period to the early Kamakura period.
  147. Emperor Godaigo also acknowledged the Engi and Tenryaku eras as the ideal reigns when the direct rule by emperors was carried out and he rejected a samurai government and conducted the Kenmu Restoration.
  148. Emperor Godaigo and his vassals had considerable interest in China and were influenced by Neo-Confucian (the Song-period teachings of Chu Hsi) arguments of ruler and ruled and of moral duties, and it is thought that they were trying to set up a dictatorship comparable to the Song-era administration.
  149. Emperor Godaigo appointed him as Shimotsuke no kami (governor of Shimotsuke Province) for his distinguished service in overthrowing the bakufu.
  150. Emperor Godaigo commanded Yoshisada NITTA and Akiie KITABATAKE to hunt down and destroy Takauji.
  151. Emperor Godaigo declared both Emperor Kogon's reign and the Shukyo era name annulled, and announced that all imperial decrees signed by Kogon, or court appointments made by him, were invalid; he took the additional step of dismissing Fuyunori TAKATSUKASA from his position as kanpaku (chief advisor/Prime Minister).
  152. Emperor Godaigo did not become a retired Emperor, it was the first time in the last two hundred years (for the last Emperor not to become a retired Emperor and to start a Cloistered government) that the Emperor governed his directly ruled government.
  153. Emperor Godaigo did not give up and planned to overthrow the bakufu, but his plot was exposed and he was exiled to Oki no shima Island in the following year.
  154. Emperor Godaigo died in Yoshino the following year, 1339.
  155. Emperor Godaigo escaped to Yoshino on December 21, then established the Southern Court, this was the beginning of the Southern Court.
  156. Emperor Godaigo espoused the ideal of direct administration by the Emperor, but he harbored the aim of overthrowing the Kamakura bakufu.
  157. Emperor Godaigo established the Southern Court (Japan) in Yoshino and the period of the Northern and Southern Courts began.
  158. Emperor Godaigo fled to Mt. Hiei, but in the interim the armies of Akiie KITABATAKE, who had marched down from the north, and Yoshisada joined forces temporarily and, combined, were able to drive the Ashikaga army from the capital.
  159. Emperor Godaigo had his policy not to have the regent and the chancellor, he appreciated the Tsunetada's royalty to him and appointed him as Nairan on this occasion.
  160. Emperor Godaigo heard this and took Monkan into his service as his gojiso.
  161. Emperor Godaigo is its shusaijin (main enshrined deities), and Masashige KUSUNOKI and Yoshimizuin Soshin Hoin (the priest of the Southern Dynasty), who were loyal subjects of the Southern Court, are enshrined as associate gods.
  162. Emperor Godaigo opened the Yoshino Imperial Palace in Yoshino, Yamato Province and went against the Northern Dynasty to insist upon justice for his own Imperial line.
  163. Emperor Godaigo ordered Masashige to fight the Ashikaga army in Hyogo and sent reinforcements.
  164. Emperor Godaigo ordered to issue rinji (the Emperor's command) to overthrow the Shogunate, which reached a major turning point.
  165. Emperor Godaigo overlooked Takauji ASHIKAGA when he went to settle the Nakasendai Revolt that occurred in Kanto in July 1335, but Takauji remained in Kamakura after settling the revolt and left the Kenmu government.
  166. Emperor Godaigo overthrew the Kamakura bakufu in 1333 and set up the Onshogata to deliberate, investigate, and administer Onsho awards, appointing three people, Saneyo TOIN, Fujifusa MADENOKOJI and Mitsutsune KUJO, as the Shokei (a high rank portfolio).
  167. Emperor Godaigo planned to overthrow the Kamakura bakufu while the Rokuhara Tandai Minamikata, Koresada HOJO (the Hojo-Tokuso family) was heading for Kamakura, and Suketomo HINO, Toshimoto HINO and others traveled around the country trying to convince samurai and other influential people to help overthrow the bakufu.
  168. Emperor Godaigo ran away with the Three Sacred Treasures of the Imperial Family.
  169. Emperor Godaigo refused this demand by Takauji, and in the eleventh month he commanded Yoshisada to send his army out to hunt down Takauji; but the Nitta army was defeated, and in the first month of 1336 the Ashikaga army entered the capital.
  170. Emperor Godaigo started direct governance in 1324 in the stead of his father, Emperor Gouda, and started policies such as re-establishing the Office for the Investigation of Estate Documents (Kiroku Shoen Kenkeijo).
  171. Emperor Godaigo stated that 'Ogasawara should be the standard for Japanese samurai' and awarded a crest representing the character for king.
  172. Emperor Godaigo was exiled to the Oki Islands due to the Genko War and Emperor Kogon (currently the Northern Court [Japan] Emperor) ascended the throne, but Emperor Godaigo who escaped from the Oki Islands and came back to Kyoto denied the enthronement of Emperor Kogon.
  173. Emperor Godaigo was incarcerated in Kyoto but, escaping successfully on December 21 he established a court (the Southern Court) in Yoshino.
  174. Emperor Godaigo's 11th son, Imperial Prince Kagenaga, was appointed seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") and he left Yoshino for Kyushu.
  175. Emperor Godaigo's Movement to Overthrow the Bakufu
  176. Emperor Godaigo's Okifumi (Daitoku-ji Temple)
  177. Emperor Godaigo's Policies
  178. Emperor Godaigo's anti-bakufu movement had succeeded after all.
  179. Emperor Godaigo's beloved stone, which came from China and was given the name "Yume no Ukihashi", is in the possession of the Tokugawa Art Museum.
  180. Emperor Godaigo's conception of politics is encapsulated best by his speech, recorded in the "Baishoron" (a war chronicle of the Nanboku period): 'Even the examples and precedents of today were once new principles.
  181. Emperor Godaigo's forces broke through the first front around Shosha-Sakamoto-jo Castle, and while branch castles along the second lines fell one by one, Norisuke guarded Shiroyama-jo Castle.
  182. Emperor Godaigo's shinkan, Shitenno-ji engi (Shitenno-ji Temple)
  183. Emperor Godaigo's shinkan, Tencho injin (Daigo-ji Temple)
  184. Emperor Godaigo, however, refused such requests.
  185. Emperor Godaigo, therefore, assured the state of the Nitta army as Imperial army, by abdicating the throne to Imperial Prince Tsuneyoshi, and delegating the authority to Imperial Prince Tsuneyoshi and Imperial Prince Takayoshi.
  186. Emperor Godaigo, who failed to overthrow the shogunate, was caught and banished to Okino-shima Island.
  187. Emperor Godaigo, who had instituted Shinsei (direct Imperial rule) in 1321, took Suketomo into his confidence, replacing Goudain with him.
  188. Emperor Godaigo, who lost during the Genko no Ran (Genko War), was exiled to Oki in 1331.
  189. Emperor Goenyu
  190. Emperor Goenyu (January 11, 1359 - June 6, 1393), his reign was from April 9, 1371 to May 24, 1382, he was the fifth Northern Court Emperor of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  191. Emperor Goenyu died in 1393.
  192. Emperor Gofukakusa
  193. Emperor Gofukakusa (June 28, 1243 - August 17, 1304) was the eighty ninth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from February 16, 1246 to January 9, 1259).
  194. Emperor Gofukakusa and Emperor Kameyama were his younger brothers by a different mother.
  195. Emperor Gofukakusa': the retired emperor.
  196. Emperor Gofushimi
  197. Emperor Gofushimi (April 5, 1288 - May 17, 1336) was the ninety third Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from August 30, 1298 to March 2, 1301).
  198. Emperor Gohanazono
  199. Emperor Gohanazono (July 10, 1419 - January 18, 1471), his reign was from September 7, 1428 to August 21, 1464, he was the hundred and second Emperor during the Muromachi period.
  200. Emperor Gohorikawa
  201. Emperor Gohorikawa (March 22, 1212 - August 31, 1234) was the eighty sixth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from July 29, 1221 to November 17, 1232).
  202. Emperor Gohorikawa continued to exert cloistered rule from the Imperial Palace even after his abdication.
  203. Emperor Goichijo died in 1036 and his maternal younger brother, Emperor Gosuzaku, was enthroned.
  204. Emperor Goichijo passed away on April 17, 1036 and Emperor Gosuzaku on January 18, 1045.
  205. Emperor Gokameyama
  206. Emperor Gokameyama (1347? - May 10, 1424) was the ninety-ninth Emperor in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) and the last and fourth Emperor in the Southern Court (reign: November/December 1383 - November 19, 1392).
  207. Emperor Gokameyama was supposedly buried in Saga no Ogura no misasagi (mausoleum) which is located in Sagatoriimotokozaka-cho, Ukyo Ward, Kyoto City.
  208. Emperor Gokashiwabara
  209. Emperor Gokashiwabara (November 19, 1464 - May 19, 1526) was the 104th Emperor, reigning from November 16, 1500 to May 19, 1526 in the Muromachi and Sengoku (warring states) periods, the latter being the period of civil wars between rival daimyo.
  210. Emperor Gokogon
  211. Emperor Gokogon (March 23, 1338 - March 12, 1374), his reign was from September 25, 1352 to April 9, 1371, he was the fourth Emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  212. Emperor Gokogon and Emperor Suko opposed each other concerning the succession of the Crown Prince, since Emperor Gokogon had support from a shogunate deputy of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), Yoriyuki HOSOKAWA, his son, Imperial Prince Ohito became Crown Prince.
  213. Emperor Gokogon of Hokucho (Northern Court) was afraid of military force of Takemitsu KIKUCHI and issued Rinji (the Emperor's command) to hunt down and kill him.
  214. Emperor Gokomatsu
  215. Emperor Gokomatsu (August 1, 1377 - December 1, 1433) was the sixth and last Emperor of the Muromachi period (Northern Court), or the 100th Emperor (his reign was from May 24, 1382 to October 5, 1412).
  216. Emperor Gokomatsu also requested him to give lectures on "Muryojukyo Sutra" at the imperial court.
  217. Emperor Gokomatsu and Emperor Shoko also became Buddhists influenced by Chushin; after Chushin's death, Emperor Gokomatsu and Emperor Shoko issued an imperial order to honor him as Bucchi Kosho Kokushi (the most reverend priest), Shokokushi, respectively.
  218. Emperor Gokomatsu praised his talent and achievements, and gave him the title of 'Shuen shonin' (a circumferential holy priest).
  219. Emperor Gokomatsu ruled the cloister government until 1433.
  220. Emperor Gokomatsu, in 1426, ordered that "Honcho Koin Joun roku" be edited so as to organize the Imperial Family records, at a time in which Emperor Shoko was ill; additionally, it shows that the Emperor Gokomatsu strongly believed the justice of his family line in succeeding to the Imperial Throne.
  221. Emperor Gokomyo
  222. Emperor Gokomyo (April 20, 1633 - October 30, 1654), the 110th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period (from November 14, 1643 to October 30, 1654).
  223. Emperor Gokomyo passed away in four years.
  224. Emperor Gokomyo passed away in his youth, but by ties of kinship, Mototo's granddaughter Kuniko SONO (Shin-kogimonin) (a daughter of Motonari, Mototo's son) was also received as the consort of Emperor Gomizunoo.
  225. Emperor Gomizunoo
  226. Emperor Gomizunoo (June 29, 1596 - September 11, 1680) was the 108th Emperor (his reign lasted from May 9, 1611 to December 22, 1629).
  227. Emperor Gomizunoo, the Imperial family members, senior officials of the bakufu, rural feudal lords, and many merchants became believers of the Obaku Sect of Ingen.
  228. Emperor Gomomozono
  229. Emperor Gomomozono (August 5, 1758 - December 6, 1779) was the hundred eighteenth Emperor during the Edo period. (his reign was from May 23, 1770 to December 16, 1779.)
  230. Emperor Gomurakami
  231. Emperor Gomurakami (1328 - April 6, 1368) was the 97th emperor in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (in Japan) and the second emperor of the Southern Court. (He reigned from September 26, 1339 until April 6, 1368).
  232. Emperor Gomurakami of the Southern Court (Japan), after the death of his father the Emperor Godaigo in 1339, enshrined the statue of his father in Kissuiin.
  233. Emperor Gomurakami relocated to Suminoe Palace (Shoin Palace) of the Tsumori clan, Southern Court supporters whose family held the chief priesthood of the Grand Shrine at Sumiyoshi; the palace was renamed the Imperial Residence at Sumiyoshi (located in modern-day Sumiyoshi Ward in the city of Osaka).
  234. Emperor Gomurakami, consequently, accepted Naoyoshi's surrender and, on December 13, an imperial letter of pardon by an edict was issued.
  235. Emperor Gonara
  236. Emperor Gonara (January 26, 1497 - September 27, 1557) was the hundred fifth Emperor during the Muromachi and the Warring States period; the period of civil wars between rival daimyo. (his reign was from June 9, 1526 to September 27, 1557)
  237. Emperor Gonijo
  238. Emperor Gonijo (March 9, 1285 - September 10, 1308) was the ninety-fourth Emperor during Kamakura period. (his reign was from March 3, 1301to September 10, 1308)
  239. Emperor Gonijo, Imperial Prince Kuninaga, Imperial Prince Yasuhito, Prince Kunitsune, 世平王, Imperial Prince Kideranomiya Kuniyasu, 師煕親王
  240. Emperor Goreizei
  241. Emperor Goreizei (August 28, 1025 - May 22, 1068) was the seventieth Japanese Emperor (his reign was from 1045 to 1068).
  242. Emperor Goreizei and Emperor Gosanjo dynasty Saiin (an unmarried princess who, in former times, was sent by the emperor to serve at Kamo Shrine).
  243. Emperor Goreizei died two days after the Empress Dowager died in 1068.
  244. Emperor Goreizei was the only Emperor having three Empresses at the same time, although later on Emperor Toba, Emperor Nijo and Emperor Gohorikawa had three Empresses, including the second consort of the Emperor.
  245. Emperor Gosaga
  246. Emperor Gosaga (April 1, 1220 - March 17, 1272) was the eighty eighth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from February 21, 1242 to February 16, 1246).
  247. Emperor Gosaga's father, Emperor Tsuchimikado, was treated coldly by his own father, Emperor Gotoba, took a neutral position at the Jokyu Disturbance, it made a good impression on the Kamakura bakufu and practically all the bakufu approved Emperor Gosaga's Imperial succession to the throne.
  248. Emperor Gosaga's shinkan, Shosoku (Ninna-ji Temple)
  249. Emperor Gosai
  250. Emperor Gosai (January 1, 1638 - March 26, 1685), the 111th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period (from January 5, 1655 to March 5, 1663).
  251. Emperor Gosakuramachi (her reign was 1762 - 1770) (the hundred and seventeenth)
  252. Emperor Gosanjo
  253. Emperor Gosanjo (September 3, 1034 - June 15, 1073) was the seventy-first Emperor.
  254. Emperor Gosanjo came out with one policy after another intended to revive the emperor's prestige and the ritsuryo system (a legal system introduced from the Tang dynasty in China), and the following Emperor Shirakawa also continued these policies.
  255. Emperor Gosanjo carried out a political reformation called Eikyu Shinsei (The New Rule of Eikyu) after the enthronement.
  256. Emperor Gosanjo died before his plan could be realized, his male successor, directly in line, Emperor Shirakawa abided by Emperor Gosanjo's will and he became the retired Emperor and started the Cloistered government to rule politics as the actual Emperor (Chiten no Kimi).
  257. Emperor Gosanjo enforced the reorganization of manors, and as a part of it, in 1072 he officially established a masu, which would be called Enkyu senji-masu (the standard masu set by the imperial order in the Enkyu era [1069 to 1074]) in later days.
  258. Emperor Gosanjo had planned to pass the throne to a male successor of his direct line before he retired, and he tried to rule politics as an retired Emperor in order to establish a strong basis for unifying the Imperial line.
  259. Emperor Gosanjo tried to follow the ruling of Emperor Kanmu, and he formulated various policies, to finalize the reconstruction of Imperial Palace, and the subjugation of Ezo (Emishi).
  260. Emperor Gosanjo was strongly protected and supported by his mother, Imperial Princess Teishi, who had become the Nyoin (a title for a close female relative of the Emperor) Yomeimonin.
  261. Emperor Gosanjo's grandchild
  262. Emperor Gosanjo, remembering that, is said to have daringly selected Sanemasa as Sachuben (Middle Controller of the Left), skipping Takakata ("Imakagami").
  263. Emperor Gosanjo, who had no maternal relatives from the Fujiwara clan, directly ruled the country.
  264. Emperor Gosanjo, who was enthroned in the latter Heian period, could act relatively freely because he was in position without any Sekkanke amongst maternal relatives.
  265. Emperor Goshirakawa
  266. Emperor Goshirakawa (1127-1192) abdicated the throne after reigning for fewer than three years; becoming a retired emperor in 1158 and entering the Buddhist priesthood to serve as a cloistered emperor in 1169.
  267. Emperor Goshirakawa (October 18, 1127 - April 26, 1192), his reign was from August 23, 1155 to September 5, 1158, he was the seventy seventh Emperor in the late Heian Period.
  268. Emperor Goshirakawa Tomb at Hoju-ji Temple
  269. Emperor Goshirakawa also brought together MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo, TAIRA no Kiyomori, and others, leading to an explosively tense situation and the outbreak of the Hogen no ran (Hogen Rebellion).
  270. Emperor Goshirakawa and retired Emperor Sutoku were more opposed to each other, and each of the two sides recruited samurai.
  271. Emperor Goshirakawa did the best to look after Shigeko and tried to perform faith healing for her while she was in bed, however she did not get better.
  272. Emperor Goshirakawa escaped from confinement during the War and moved to Ninna-ji Temple.
  273. Emperor Goshirakawa finally won the War, however, since he used Samurai to win, this allowed Samurai to become involved in politics later on.
  274. Emperor Goshirakawa followed the custom and had his mother, FUJIWARA no Shoshi visited Kumano with the Cloistered Emperor Shirakawa and the Retired Emperor Toba.
  275. Emperor Goshirakawa is thought to have commissioned this scroll and the "Nenchugyoji Emaki" (picture scroll dipicting annual events and celebrations) to Mitsunaga TOKIWA 300 years after the Otenmon Incident.
  276. Emperor Goshirakawa succeeded in eliminating his opponents in this way.
  277. Emperor Goshirakawa tried to maintain the power of the Imperial Palace against the sudden rise of the Samurai forces such as Ise-Heishi (Taira clan) and Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto can), however he had to pass part of the Imperial Palace authority to the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  278. Emperor Goshirakawa visited Kumano with Shigeko in October and November.
  279. Emperor Goshirakawa was thirty six years old, Shigeko was twenty one years old at the time.
  280. Emperor Goshirakawa who had confined himself in Imakumano Shrine was concerned about Shigeko's situation, he immediately returned to the Palace.
  281. Emperor Goshirakawa's Prince
  282. Emperor Goshirakawa, Shinzei, and Kiyomori achieved victory.
  283. Emperor Goshirakawa, on learning about the rescued Myoun, ordered TAIRA no Kiyomori to attack Mt. Hiei.
  284. Emperor Goshirakawa, who had emerged victorious from the Hogen Rebellion that occurred in 1156, proclaimed the creation of a new government, called the "Hogen shinsei" (new government of Hogen), in the intercalary ninth month of 1156 as part of the switch to a new era name, Hogen.
  285. Emperor Gosuzaku had taken Michinaga's daughter, Kishi, as his wife but she died soon after giving birth to Imperial Prince Chikahito, who was to become the Crown Prince, and Imperial Princess Teishi, who was the daughter of Emperor Sanjo and the mother of Emperor Gosanjo, was made Empress.
  286. Emperor Gotoba ascended the throne after Imperial Prince Morisada was brought to the western region by the Heike (Taira clan) when it escaped from the capital.
  287. Emperor Gotoba caused the Jokyu Disturbance in order to take back the right to govern the eastern states from the Kamakura bakufu, however, the result was that the Imperial Palace lost the battle against the Kamakura bakufu.
  288. Emperor Gotoba was in favor of Sanetomo and it is said that he expedited his promotion.
  289. Emperor Gotoba's shinkan, Otein Okifumi (Minase-jingu Shrine)
  290. Emperor Gotsuchimikado
  291. Emperor Gotsuchimikado (July 3, 1442 - October 21, 1500), the 103rd Emperor, reigned in the Muromachi period from August 21, 1464 to October 21, 1500.
  292. Emperor Gotsuchimikado, who later heard of this episode, ordered Chikanaga to give the copy to the Imperial Court, so he added descriptions until his time to present to the Emperor the copy of Kodaireki, which is said to have been the original edition.
  293. Emperor Gouda
  294. Emperor Gouda (December 17, 1267 - July 16, 1324) was the ninety first Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from March 6, 1274 to November 27, 1287).
  295. Emperor Gouda Shinkan To-ji Koryujojokotogaki Onsoejo - "Shinkan" means "written by the emperor"
  296. Emperor Gouda presented Doryu RANKEI who founded Kencho-ji Temple the status of Zenji after Doyu's passing whereby he was conferred the first Zenji in Japan.
  297. Emperor Gouda's shinkan, Kobo taishi den (Daikaku-ji Temple)
  298. Emperor Gouda's shinkan, Ontein yuigo (Daikaku-ji Temple)
  299. Emperor Gouda's shinkan, Tojikoryu jojokotogaki onsoejo (To-ji Temple)
  300. Emperor Gouda's shinkan, Toryu shoryu kyokai (Daigo-ji Temple)
  301. Emperor Gouda, who revered Kobo Daishi, wrote this the year after his ordination to express his wishes for the development of To-ji.
  302. Emperor Goyozei
  303. Emperor Goyozei (December 31, 1571 - September 25, 1617), his reign was from December 17, 1586 to May 9, 1611, he was the hundred and seventh Emperor between the Azuchi-Momoyama period and the Edo period.
  304. Emperor Goyozei appointed his first Prince, Cloistered Imperial Prince Kakushin to succeeded the throne based upon Hideyoshi's advice that led up to the incident.
  305. Emperor Goyozei gave the respective title of Retired Emperor Yoko to his father (Imperial Prince Sanehito) who had already passed away.
  306. Emperor Goyozei granted the shrine the rank of Shoichii (Senior First Rank) and bestowed upon the deity the name Hokoku Daimyojin in a lavish enshrinement festival.
  307. Emperor Goyozei wanted to get rid of the crown prince (the first prince), Imperial Prince Katahito (monk-Prince Kakushin), who had been appointed according to Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI's disposition, and wanted to make his own decision as to who should be the next Emperor.
  308. Emperor Goyozei was his grandfather.
  309. Emperor Goyozei's fourth Prince.
  310. Emperor Goyozei, persuaded by his aides into accepting the Bakufu's lukewarm proposal against his demand for capital punishment of all the persons involved, despaired at the circumstances which were out of his control and began to speak of abdication quite often.
  311. Emperor Hanazono
  312. Emperor Hanazono (1297 - 1348) devoted to Shuho and he issued an imperial command to make Daitoku-ji Temple a place of prayer in 1325.
  313. Emperor Hanazono (August 14, 1297 - December 2, 1348) was the ninety fifth Emperor during the Kamakura period. (his reign was from December 2, 1308 to March 29, 1318.)
  314. Emperor Hanazono became devoted to Shuho and, in 1325, decreed that Daitoku-ji Temple be converted to a supplication hall.
  315. Emperor Hanazono himself called this diary "Tokanki."
  316. Emperor Hanzei
  317. Emperor Hanzei (circa 336 - February 12, 410) was the eighteenth Emperor who reigned from February 3, 406, to February 12, 410.
  318. Emperor Heijo's grandchild
  319. Emperor Heijo, at that time, had a plan to establish the Shiki (enforcement regulations (of the ritsuryo)).
  320. Emperor Heizei and Emperor Saga were older half-brothers.
  321. Emperor Heizei appointed his brother, Imperial Prince Kamino, as kotaitei (an emperor's brother who was appointed as his successor).
  322. Emperor Heizei opposed this and tried to have his eldest brother in his direct Imperial line, succeed to the throne, after that he passed the throne to Emperor Saga and allowed his own son, Imperial Prince Takaoka to become Crown Prince.
  323. Emperor Heizei's grandchild
  324. Emperor Heizei's son Imperial Prince Takaoka was appointed as the Crown Prince.
  325. Emperor Heizei, Heijo
  326. Emperor Heizei, Heijo (September 26, 774 - August 5, 824) was the fifty-first Emperor (his reign was from June 8, 806 to May 8, 809).
  327. Emperor Higashiyama
  328. Emperor Higashiyama (October 21, 1675 - January 16, 1710) was the hundred and thirteenth Emperor during Edo period. (his reign was May 6, 1687 - July 27, 1709)
  329. Emperor Higashiyama abdicated the throne to Emperor Nakamikado in July, and in November began Insei while Motohiro became Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state).
  330. Emperor Higashiyama had a similar concern, he asked for financial support to establish a new Miyake for his own child, Hide no Miya (Imperial Prince Naohito), through the Chancellor Motohiro KONOE, who was Ienobu's father in law.
  331. Emperor Higashiyama was his great-grandfather.
  332. Emperor Higashiyama's reign was twenty three years, during this time, his father, Emperor Reigen ruled his cloistered government.
  333. Emperor Higashiyama's sixth Prince, Kaninnomiya Imperial Prince Naohito, received land of one thousand koku from the Bakufu, he then received the Miya go title of 'Kaninnomiya' from his grandfather, Emperor Reigen in 1718.
  334. Emperor Higashiyama-Imperial Prince Kaninnomiya Naohito-Sukehira-Masahiro-Masamichi-Kinito-Sanetsune
  335. Emperor Horikawa
  336. Emperor Horikawa (August 8, 1079 - August 9, 1107) was the seventy-third Emperor during the late Heian period (his reign was from 1086 - 1107).
  337. Emperor Horikawa ascends to the throne, and Morozane becomes the grand minister of state.
  338. Emperor Horikawa did not get involved in politics but instead put his passion into studies, poems and wind and string instruments.
  339. Emperor Ichijo
  340. Emperor Ichijo (July 15, 980 - July 25, 1011) was the sixty-sixth Emperor.
  341. Emperor Ichijo and Michinaga
  342. Emperor Ichijo was so pleased that he erected a new Shichidogaran (seven major structures in a temple compound) and changed the name of the temple title to Aikuo-zan Ishido-ji Temple.
  343. Emperor Ichijo was succeeded by Emperor Sanjo who did not get on well with Michinaga and, because the Emperor was on the verge of blindness due to eye disease, Michinaga repeatedly urged him to abdicate.
  344. Emperor Ichijo was worried that kagura (sacred music and dancing) might be dispersed and lost, and when he worked hard on maintaining kagura songs, five songs from Azuma-asobi were also included in his collection.
  345. Emperor Ichijo who was seven years old at that time ascended the throne, and political power shifted from the Onomiya line to the Kujo line.
  346. Emperor Ichijo's reign began on June 23, 986, and he resigned on June 13, 1011.
  347. Emperor Ichijo, who became bedridden in June, 1011, handed over his throne to Crown Prince Emperor Sanjo (Prince of Emperor Reizei), and he passed away after he underwent tonsure and became ordained.
  348. Emperor Ichijo, whose mother was Senshi, a daughter of Michikane's father Kaneie, was named Togu (the Crown Prince).
  349. Emperor Ingyo
  350. Emperor Ingyo (circa 376 - February 8, 453) was the nineteenth Emperor of Japan (reigned from January, 413, to February 8, 453).
  351. Emperor Itoku
  352. Emperor Itoku (553 B.C. - October 1, 477 B.C.) was the fourth emperor (reign: March 9, 510 B.C.- October 1, 477 B.C.), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  353. Emperor Itoku - Oyamatohikosukitomo no Sumeramikoto
  354. Emperor Itoku was buried in Unebiyama no minami no masagotani no e no misasagi (the Unebiyama-no-minami-no-masagotani-no-e Mausoleum).
  355. Emperor Jimmu
  356. Emperor Jimmu (February 13, 711 B.C. ? - April 9, 585 B.C. ?) was legendarily the first emperor in Japan.
  357. Emperor Jinmei changed the era name to 'Kasho'.
  358. Emperor Jinmu
  359. Emperor Jinmu and Emperor Ojin took a similar route to the east, and there is a view that these two emperors could have been the same person.
  360. Emperor Jinmu and Himetataraisuzuhime had children in the order of: Hikoyainomikoto, Kanyaimiminomikoto and Emperor Suizei.
  361. Emperor Jinmu died in March 585 B.C.(?)
  362. Emperor Jinmu had already married Ahiratsuhime and had two children in Hyuga Province before his Tosei (eastern expedition); however, after conquering the Yamato region he sought to win over the local ruling families by marrying one of their daughters as his legitimate empress.
  363. Emperor Jinmu headed for the expedition on the ship, so it can't be the present-day Takachiho-no-mine Mountain.
  364. Emperor Jinmu was the grandson of Hoori.
  365. Emperor Jinmu who sat on this rock gave orders at the departure of his ship.
  366. Emperor Jito (her reign was 686 - 697) (the forty first)
  367. Emperor Jito is described as 'Daijo Tenno' (ex-Emperor), and Emperor Monmu is described as 'Taiko Tenno' (a deceased emperor before having been given a posthumous title).
  368. Emperor Jomei
  369. Emperor Jomei (593? - November 20, 641) was the thirty-fourth emperor in Japan (reigned: February 5, 629 - November 20, 641).
  370. Emperor Jomei accedes to throne
  371. Emperor Jomei and Prince Yamashiro no Oe (a son of Prince Shotoku) claimed the right of succession to the Imperial Throne.
  372. Emperor Jomei ascended the throne in February 629 and moved the Palace to the foot of Asuka no oka Hill (also known as Ikazuchi no oka [The Thunder's Hill]) naming it Okamoto no Miya in November in the following year (630).
  373. Emperor Junjin built Horano-kyo as the northern capital besides Heijo and Naniwa.
  374. Emperor Junna
  375. Emperor Junna (786 - June 7, 840) (his reign was from May 30, 823 to March 22, 833) was the fifty-third Emperor during the early Heian Period.
  376. Emperor Junna abdicated in 833, and she became the empress dowager.
  377. Emperor Junna was so disappointed with his son's death that he could not attend to the government affairs, thereafter he got custody of Prince Masamichi and adopted him (who would later be adopted by Emperor Ninmyo).
  378. Emperor Junna's son (grandson of Emperor Saga) Imperial Prince Tsunesada (Kojaku-Hosshinno, disinherited heir of Emperor Nimmyo) served as kaisan (first chief priest).
  379. Emperor Junnin
  380. Emperor Junnin (733 - November 10, 765) was the forty seventh emperor of Japan (the period of reign: September 7, 758 - November 6, 764).
  381. Emperor Junnin protested against the relationship between Retired Empress Koken and Dokyo, which led to the confrontation between them.
  382. Emperor Junnin was exiled to Awaji Province, and the retired Empress Koken was enthroned once again and became Empress Shotoku.
  383. Emperor Juntoku
  384. Emperor Juntoku (October 22, 1197 - October 7, 1242) was the eighty fourth Emperor during the Kamakura period.
  385. Emperor Juntoku enthusiastically supported the plan to overthrow the shogunate, so in 1221, he abdicated in favor of Imperial Prince Kanenari (who became Emperor Chukyo), and with his newfound freedom from official duties he actively worked to aid the plan to topple the shogunate.
  386. Emperor Juntoku helped his father defeat the Kamakura government, but he was then sent to Sado ga-shima Island; the Emperor Tsuchimikado also went to Tosa Province by his own will, although he was not involved in the incident.
  387. Emperor Juntoku was his older brother.
  388. Emperor Juntoku's grandchild (It is said he was from Iwakuranomiya.)
  389. Emperor Juntoku's great grandchild.
  390. Emperor KAZAN
  391. Emperor KONOE
  392. Emperor Kaika
  393. Emperor Kaika (208 B.C. ? May 21, 98 B.C.) is the ninth emperor (reigned from November 12, 158 B.C. to May 21, 98 B.C.) written in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  394. Emperor Kaika - Wakayamatonekohikoobibi no Sumeramikoto
  395. Emperor Kameyama
  396. Emperor Kameyama (July 9, 1249 - October 4, 1305) was the ninetieth Emperor during the Kamakura period (his reign was from January 9, 1259 to March 6, 1274).
  397. Emperor Kameyama (who reigned from 1259 to 1274) gave the title of "Kuon Jitsujo Amida Hongwan-ji Temple," but the mausoleum was ultimately destroyed because of infighting.
  398. Emperor Kameyama abdicated and passed the throne to the Crown Prince, Prince Yohito in the New Year of 1274 and started the cloistered government.
  399. Emperor Kameyama who worked on improving the system of council supervised by a retired emperor; In Hyojo Sei, based upon his achievements, was thought to be an Emperor who exercises 'strict self discipline' and yet, operates a 'benevolent government.'
  400. Emperor Kameyama': the brother of Gofukakusa-in.
  401. Emperor Kameyama's shinkan, Zenrin-ji Temple Gokigan Monan (Nanzen-ji Temple)
  402. Emperor Kammu
  403. Emperor Kammu (737 - April 3, 806) was the 50th Japanese Emperor.
  404. Emperor Kammu expressed a strong desire to be buried in Utano when he died; however, on the advice of a fortune teller, he was buried in Kashiwabara no Misasagi, which is located in Fushimi.
  405. Emperor Kammu had a strong trust and confidence in Tanetsugu and he was given the position of Sangi (Councilor), Shikibu-sho (Ministry of Ceremonial) in 782 and became Chunagon (Middle Counselor) in 784.
  406. Emperor Kammu transferred it to his daughter, Imperial Princess Asahara, and on May 9, 818, the land was donated to Todai-ji Temple by her mother, Imperial Princess Sakahito, according to her will.
  407. Emperor Kammu was born in 737 as the first prince of Shirakabe no Okimi (later called Emperor Konin).
  408. Emperor Kammu's original name, that is his name prior to ascending the throne, was Yamabe no Okimi.
  409. Emperor Kanmu (from 781 to 806) and several later generations conducted Tenno shinsei (direct rule by emperors).
  410. Emperor Kanmu became Crown Prince.
  411. Emperor Kanmu became angry and ousted Kusuko from the Crown Prince's Palace.
  412. Emperor Kanmu gave an order to compile the latter half of the book that was supposed to deal with the history dating from 758 to perhaps 777 (the reigns of Emperor Junnin to Emperor Konin).
  413. Emperor Kanmu had many Princes and Princesses.
  414. Emperor Kanmu lamented over his death and he awarded the rank of Junii (Junior Second Rank) posthumously to Prince Ichishino.
  415. Emperor Kanmu loved her so much but her character was selfish and moody.
  416. Emperor Kanmu moved the capital to Heian-kyo (present-day Kyoto) in order to weaken their influence and sent Kukai and Saicho to China with the Japanese envoy to the Tang Dynasty to learn Esoteric Buddhism.
  417. Emperor Kanmu ordered SUGANO no Mamichi, AKISHINO no Yasuhito, and NAKASHINA no Kotsuo to complete the work, and thus the volumes totaled 20.
  418. Emperor Kanmu possessed enough authority to allow him to relocate the capital twice, although he had not experienced such privileged circumstances until Emperor Konin's ascension.
  419. Emperor Kanmu was strongly aware of the start of the new dynasty and promoted various reformations.
  420. Emperor Kanmu's Prince
  421. Emperor Kanmu's grandchild
  422. Emperor Kanmu's grandchild or great grandchild
  423. Emperor Kanmu's political group paid its respects to Imperial Princess Inoue's political group by twice moving Imperial Princess Inoue's remains to another grave site during this time.
  424. Emperor Kanmu, having learnt a lesson from the fact that the stream of Tenmu-descendent emperors was extinguished after the death of Emperor Shotoku, had many princes of his own.
  425. Emperor Kanmu, who established Heian-kyo, had many wives, concubines, and princes, and princesses, but the three princes that were thought to be in an advantageous position for Imperial succession were Ate, Kamino, and Otomo.
  426. Emperor Kanmu, who was considering the establishment of a new Imperial Court, paid attention to and supported Saicho, who led the Tendai sect, towards a new religion based on national protection and intentionally diverted the Nanto Buddhism temples as mentioned above.
  427. Emperor Kasuganomiya (also called Shiki Shinno, Shiki no Miko and the Emperor Tahara) is enshrined in the saden (left space).
  428. Emperor Kazan (November 29, 968 - March 17, 1008) reigned from November 5, 984 - July 31, 986, as the sixty-fifth Emperor.
  429. Emperor Kazan became the crown prince in 969 concurrently with the enthronement of his uncle, Emperor Enyu; he succeeded to the throne after Emperor Enyu in 984.
  430. Emperor Kazan then found the hoin at the Nakayama-dera Temple, made the pilgrimage to the thirty-three holy places of Kannon accompanied by Saint Shoku in Mt. Shosha in Harima Province and Saint Butsugen at the Ishikawa-dera Temple in Kawachi Province, and as a result, the pilgrimage began to spread among people.
  431. Emperor Kazan was commented upon by the people in those days, who said 'the Emperor himself is not so smart but his aids are'; there are many anecdotes in "Okagami (The Great Mirror)" and "Kojidan" describing Emperor Kazan's abnormal behavior.
  432. Emperor Kazan was deeply interested in waka (a traditional Japanese poem of thirty-one syllables) and held another utaawase on September 2, 985.
  433. Emperor Kazan was her half younger brother.
  434. Emperor Kazan was not only lustful but also emotional, and upon the sudden death of his empress FUJIWARA no Shishi that he cared for deeply, he was so disheartened that he said he would enter the priesthood.
  435. Emperor Kazan was so emotional that he was grief-stricken and depressed over the death of FUJIWARA no Shishi, his beloved nyogo (high rank lady serving at court).
  436. Emperor Kazan was trapped in a ruse by the Sekkan-ke to abdicate the throne in 986, and the Sekkan-ke subsequently came into power again.
  437. Emperor Kazan's grandchild
  438. Emperor Kazan's mother was FUJIWARA no Kaishi, a daughter of Kaneie's elder brother, the deceased Koretada, whereby Gon Chunagon (a provisional vice-councilor of state) FUJIWARA no Yoshichika, a son of Koretada, governed the Imperial Court by assisting the Emperor.
  439. Emperor Kazan's pilgrimage statue of the Goddess of Kannon has been inherited to the present as pilgrimage through 33 places in the western region, and each of the poems made by the Emperor in different sacred places has become a Buddhist (pilgrim's) hymn [chant].
  440. Emperor Keiko
  441. Emperor Keiko (13 B.C. - December 23, A.D. 130) was the twelfth emperor (reign: August 22, A.D. 71-December 23, A.D. 130), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  442. Emperor Keiko visited Harima to ask Inami no Wakiiratsume to marry him.
  443. Emperor Keitai
  444. Emperor Keitai (450 - March 10, 531), the twenty-sixth Japanese emperor, was in power from March 3, 507 to March 10, 531.
  445. Emperor Keitai, Emperor Ankan, and Emperor Senka, succeeded to the throne for a few years followed by Emperor Kinmei, however there is a theory that it was because of usurpation of Imperial succession by Emperor Kinmei.
  446. Emperor Keitai, who was from the collateral line, seems to have tried to prove his legitimacy as Emperor by marrying to Princess Tashiraka, who was the younger sister of late Emperor with legitimate and direct bloodline, taking the form of Irimuko (man who takes his wife's premarital family name).
  447. Emperor Kenzo
  448. Emperor Kinjo or Kinjo no Mikado is the fourth Emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (the period of his reign: after the second volume of 'Wakana' (Spring Shoots)).
  449. Emperor Kinmei
  450. Emperor Kinmei (509 - May 24, 571) was the 29th emperor of Japan (the reign: December 30, 539 - April 15, 571 [old calendar]).
  451. Emperor Kinmei Mausoleum
  452. Emperor Kinmei gave the statue to Iname and assigned him to Buddhist services, but a plague broke out after a short while.
  453. Emperor Kinmei is the direct ancestor of the present Imperial family and, at least, he definitely inherited the imperial bloodline from the maternal side.
  454. Emperor Kinmei is the legitimate child between Emperor Keitai and Princess Tashiraka no Himemiko (an princess of Emperor Ninken, a granddaughter of Emperor Yuryaku).
  455. Emperor Kinmei is the son of Empror Keitai and Pincess Tashiraka.
  456. Emperor Kinmei too received Prince Ishihime no Himemiko, the Princess between Emperor Senka and one of the sisters of Princess Tashiraka, as his wife and Emperor Bidatsu was born between them.
  457. Emperor Kinmei, who ascended to the throne in 539 (or 531), saw a dream when he was a child; in it, he was told that if he gave promotions to a person named "HATA no Otsuchi," he would be surely successful in ruling the country when he grew up.
  458. Emperor Kiritsubo
  459. Emperor Kiritsubo abdicates and Emperor Suzaku, Hikaru Genji's older brother, ascends the throne.
  460. Emperor Kiritsubo has already abdicated the throne and Genji's older brother (Emperor Suzaku) has ascended to it.
  461. Emperor Kiritsubo was carried away due to his beloved Fujitsubo's pregnancy, planning to make the auspicious event of Ichi no In's fiftieth birthday ceremony more impressive, so his retainers also became restless, preparing for bugaku (traditional Japanese court music accompanied by dancing).
  462. Emperor Kiritsubo was delighted to have a beautiful prince who looked like exactly his beloved Genji, but Genji and Fujitsubo felt guilty in their heart to see that.
  463. Emperor Kiritsubo's brother
  464. Emperor Kiritsubo's sister
  465. Emperor Kiritsubo, who did not know about the affair, was delighted and doted on the imperial prince born from noble Fujitsubo as his 'flawless gem,' but Fujitsubo had mixed feelings.
  466. Emperor Kiritsubo/Kiritsubo-in is the first Emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (the period of reign: from the chapter of 'Kiritsubo' [The Paulownia Court] to 'Hana no En' [The Festival of the Cherry Blossoms]).
  467. Emperor Kiritsubo: Hikaru Genji's father.
  468. Emperor Koan
  469. Emperor Koan (427 B.C. - February 23, 291 B.C.) was the sixth emperor (reign: February 26, 392 B.C. - February 23, 291 B.C.), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  470. Emperor Koan - Yamatotarashihikokunioshihito no Sumeramikoto
  471. Emperor Kobun
  472. Emperor Kobun (648 - August 24, 672) was the 39th emperor (the period of reign: January 12, 672 -August 24, 672).
  473. Emperor Kobun who led the imperial court after the death of Emperor Tenchi in 671 lost in the Jinshin War against Prince Oama (Emperor Tenmu) and died in 672.
  474. Emperor Kogen
  475. Emperor Kogen (273 B.C. ? October 14, 158 B.C.) is the eighth emperor (reigned from February 21, 214 B.C. to October 14, 158 B.C.) written in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  476. Emperor Kogen - Oyamatonekohikokunikuru no Sumeramikoto
  477. Emperor Kogen selected poems under the supervision of Emperor Hanazono, who was excellent in arts and sciences.
  478. Emperor Kogen who was of Jimyoin Line was put up to the Imperial Throne.
  479. Emperor Kogon
  480. Emperor Kogon (August 1, 1313 - August 5, 1364), his reign was from October 22, 1331 to July 7, 1333) and he was the first Emperor of Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  481. Emperor Kogon and Emperor Komyo were his brothers of different mothers; Monk-Imperial Prince Chojo, Monk-Imperial Prince Ryosho, Imperial Princess Koshi (Shotokumonin) were his brothers with of same mother.
  482. Emperor Kogyoku (Emperor Saimei) was his elder maternal half-sister, and Emperor Tenchi (Naka no Oe no Oji) was his nephew.
  483. Emperor Kogyoku (her reign was 642 - 645) (the thirty fifth)
  484. Emperor Kogyoku abdicated the throne, and a new government was inaugurated as Emperor Kotoku was enthroned.
  485. Emperor Kogyoku stalled for time due to political speculation of his son Emperor Tenchi.
  486. Emperor Kokaku
  487. Emperor Kokaku (September 23, 1771 - December 11, 1840), the 119th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period from December 16, 1779 to May 7, 1817.
  488. Emperor Koken (her reign was 749 - 758) (the forty six)
  489. Emperor Koken once transferred the throne to Emperor Junnin due to his political calculation, but took it back forcibly.
  490. Emperor Koko
  491. Emperor Koko (830 - September 17, 887) was the fifty-eighth Emperor (his reign was from March 23, 884 to September 17, 887).
  492. Emperor Koko died on the same day, and Prince Sadami ascended to the throne as Emperor Uda.
  493. Emperor Koko does not mention that he took the Throne according to the law that Emperor Tenchi established for the first time, but he also touches on this law.
  494. Emperor Koko was enthroned after the death of his brother's grandchild, Emperor Yozei, and his descendants kept the succession to the Imperial Throne for a long time.
  495. Emperor Koko was often openly receptive to Mototsune's opinions.
  496. Emperor Koko's Prince
  497. Emperor Koko's grandchild
  498. Emperor Kokoku
  499. Emperor Kokoku (September 1328 - March 1397) was an ancestor of Yoshimasa MIURA, who advocated the Legitimate Succession of the Southern Court after World War II, and was the second Emperor of the MIURA Imperial Line.
  500. Emperor Komatsu
  501. Emperor Komatsu (March 14, 1334 - 1375) was an ancestor of Yoshimasa MIURA, who advocated the Legitimate Succession of the Southern Court after World War II, and was the third Emperor of the Miura Imperial Line.
  502. Emperor Komei
  503. Emperor Komei (July 22, 1831 - January 30, 1867) was the Emperor during late Edo period. (the hundred twenty first Emperor, his reign was from March 10, 1846 to January 30, 1867)
  504. Emperor Komei and court nobles who were not prepared to really fight against the shogunate and the Aizu clan quickly retreated.
  505. Emperor Komei died in 1866, and though Katamori appealed over and over to resign from his position as Kyoto Shugoshoku, neither the Imperial Court nor the shogunate would approve it.
  506. Emperor Komei gave an Imperial letter concerning the exclusion of foreigners to seii taishogun (literally "great general who subdues the barbarians") Iemochi TOKUGAWA in January, 1863.
  507. Emperor Komei made gyoko (an imperial visit) to Kamo-jinja Shrine and Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine accompanied by Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA and, in addition, he was requested to make another imperial visit to Yamato Province and to make an imperial departure for the front in September, 1863.
  508. Emperor Komei reposed trust in Masamichi so that he had authorization for Nairan (a preliminary inspection of official documents submitted from the Great Council of State to the Emperor) even after his resignation from his post as the chancellor (which was succeeded by Hisatada KUJO) and remained as a background influence in the Court Council.
  509. Emperor Komei visited Kamo-jinja Shrine and Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine to pray for the exclusion of foreigners.
  510. Emperor Komei wanted Asako to become an empress, but he met Shogunate's opposition that maintained that she should first have the court rank of Jusangu, so on June 13, 1853, Asako was promoted to Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank) and Jusangu.
  511. Emperor Komei was a strong believer of exclusionism, he let his younger sister Imperial Princess Kazunomiya Chikako marry to the fourteenth Seii Taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians"), Iemochi TOKUGAWA, and he encouraged the movement of the union of the Imperial Court and the Shogunate, he strongly wished isolation for the country.
  512. Emperor Komei was enthroned in the year following their marriage, and on January 1, 1849, she received Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), then on January 9 of the same year, she officially entered the Imperial Palace and was proclaimed Nyogo (a high-ranking lady in the court).
  513. Emperor Komei, who was enraged at this sanction, sent the Minister of the Right Sukehiro TAKATSUKASA and Gon Dainagon (provisional chief councilor) Nariyuki NIJO to the residences of the Konoe family and the Sanjo family respectively, as Imperial envoys, and gave KONOE and SANJO the imperial order of sandai (a visit to the Imperial Palace).
  514. Emperor Komei, who wished for Kobu gattai, issued an unofficial Secret Order of Bogo (Bogo was the zodiac of the year) to the Gosanke (Three Tokugawa Families just below the house of Shogun) and Gosankyo (Three Tokugawa branches besides Gosanke).
  515. Emperor Komyo
  516. Emperor Komyo (January 11, 1322 - July 26, 1380) his reign was from September 20, 1336 to November 18, 1348, he was the second Emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  517. Emperor Konin
  518. Emperor Konin (November 22, 709 - January 15, 782) was the 49th Emperor who reigned from October 27, 770 to May 4, 781.
  519. Emperor Konin enthroned on October 27, 770, and she became empress on November 6, in the same year.
  520. Emperor Konin reburied their remains and renamed their graves respectfully in 777.
  521. Emperor Konin' Prince
  522. Emperor Konoe (June 16, 1139 - August 22, 1155) was the seventy-sixth Japanese Emperor (his reign was from January 5, 1142 to August 22, 1155).
  523. Emperor Konoe passed away
  524. Emperor Konoe was her maternal brother, and Imperial Princess Eishi (Toshiko) and Imperial Princess Akiko (Shoshi) (Hachijoin) were her maternal sisters.
  525. Emperor Konoe was inclined to ill health and finally experienced premature death on August 29, 1155.
  526. Emperor Konoe was twelve years old, and Masaruko was eleven years old then.
  527. Emperor Konoe who was not in good health passed away in July 1155.
  528. Emperor Korei
  529. Emperor Korei (342 B.C. ? March 23, 215 B.C.) is the seventh emperor (the period of reign: February 15, 290 B.C. ? March 23, 215 B.C.) recorded in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  530. Emperor Korei - Oyamatonekohikofutoni no Sumeramikoto
  531. Emperor Kosho
  532. Emperor Kosho (506 B.C. - September 5, 393 B.C.) was the fifth emperor (reign: February 21, 475 B.C. - September 5, 393 B.C.), being described in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  533. Emperor Kosho - Mimatsuhikokaeshine no Sumeramikoto
  534. Emperor Kosho was buried in Wakigami no hakata no yamanoe no misasagi.
  535. Emperor Kotoku (596 - November 24, 654) was the thirty-sixth Emperor of Japan (reign: July 12, 645 - November 24, 654).
  536. Emperor Kotoku built Naniwa no Nagara no Toyosaki no Miya Palace (Chuo Ward, Osaka City [Osaka City]) and designated the city as the capital of Japan.
  537. Emperor Kotoku gave her the title Sumemioya no Mikoto, meaning Founder of the Imperial Family.
  538. Emperor Kotoku mourned for Uchimaro by coming to the Suzaku-mon Gate, and beginning with the Retired Emperor Kogoyoku and the Crown Prince, all the retainers wailed his death.
  539. Emperor Kotoku moved the capital to the Naniwa no miya (Naniwa Palace) on January 4, 646.
  540. Emperor Kotoku set up his palace in Naniwa no Nagara no Toyosaki.
  541. Emperor Kotoku who enthroned after eliminating the Soga clan in the Isshi Coup (the Murder in the Year of Isshi) in 645 showed his new administrative policy on the first day of the year in 646.
  542. Emperor Kotoku who is thought to have enacted the Edict did not follow the Law of Funeral (Emperor Kotoku and Empress Jito passed away in 654 and 703, respectively).
  543. Emperor Kotoku, who had recently ascended to the throne, promoted a succession of reforms which have come to be known as the Taika Reform.
  544. Emperor Kotoku, who is said to have ascended to the throne in 645, and Emperor Monmu, who is said to have ascended to the throne in 696, referred to themselves as Prince Karu before their enthronement.
  545. Emperor Kotoku, who was enthroned immediately after the incident, replaced Ooomi with Sadaijin and Udaijin to prevent one post from grasping the authority.
  546. Emperor Kotoku.
  547. Emperor Matsunaga
  548. Emperor Matsunaga (August 8, 1364 - May 24, 1417) was an ancestor of Yoshimasa MIURA, who advocated the orthodoxy of the Southern Court after World War II, and was the fourth Emperor of the MIURA Imperial Line.
  549. Emperor Meiji
  550. Emperor Meiji (November 3, 1852 - July 30, 1912) was the hundred and twenty second Emperor. (his reign was 1867 - 1912)
  551. Emperor Meiji accepted the request of Imperial Prince Takehito immediately, and ordered him to guard Nicholas until the Emperor arrived in Kyoto, and hastened to send Imperial Prince Kitashirakawanomiya Yoshihisa to Kyoto on behalf of him.
  552. Emperor Meiji and his wife the Empress Shoken were opposed to the educational policies championed by Takayuki SASAKI and Utako SHIMODA over how to educate imperial princes and princesses, and in accordance with their wishes, Keizo worked to obstruct Sasaki and Shimoda's policies.
  553. Emperor Meiji commented on Masamune as follows;
  554. Emperor Meiji gave Tokyo Shokonsha Shrine an estate worth 5000 koku (nominally 10,000 koku) as 'eitai saishiryo' (permanent grant of money for funeral expenses) which became a source of annual income of the shrine.
  555. Emperor Meiji is said to have carried the sword, even when the Imperial headquarters were relocated to Hiroshima.
  556. Emperor Meiji made a stopover at the temple in 1877.
  557. Emperor Meiji passed away and the era name was changed to Taisho with the accession of Emperor Taisho to the throne.
  558. Emperor Meiji proclaimed the restoration of Toyokuni-jinja Shrine during a visit to Osaka in 1868 when it was deemed that Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI was a loyal retainer who revered the emperor, united the nation and did not establish the bakufu.
  559. Emperor Meiji trusted Hiroumi ITO, who was bright, cheerful and calm; Taro KATSURA, who led the Russo-Japanese War; and Kinmochi SAIONJI, who was his childhood friend more than Yamagata, who was disingenuous.
  560. Emperor Meiji was fond of waka poems and left many poems of his own (Emperor's own poems).
  561. Emperor Meiji was the Emperor during a time when the modern Emperor system was established.
  562. Emperor Meiji's Seishi was built in Port of Ishinomaki in Miyagi Prefecture in 1876, and also in the site of Yahiko-jinja Shrine in Ono-mura, Kamiina-gun in 1893.
  563. Emperor Meiji's death
  564. Emperor Meiji's seventh Princess
  565. Emperor Meiji's visit to Hokuriku and granting of a silver coin of fifty sen
  566. Emperor Meiji, who became the symbol of this revolution and the constitutional monarch for the first time in Asia, is sometimes more valued in foreign countries than in Japan.
  567. Emperor Meiji, who had been living in the Imperial Palace in Tokyo for nearly ten years after his visit to Tokyo, visited Kyoto in 1877 and regretted to find the Kyoto Gosho being devastated; he ordered the preservation of the Kyoto Gosho to maintain its original scenery.
  568. Emperor Meisho (her reign was 1629 - 1643) (the hundred and ninth)
  569. Emperor Meisho's birth mother.
  570. Emperor Momozono
  571. Emperor Momozono (April 14, 1741 - August 31, 1762) was the hundred sixteenth Emperor during the Edo period. (his reign was from June 9, 1747 to August 31, 1762.)
  572. Emperor Momozono was enthroned at the age of just seven and thus the retired Emperor Sakuramachi ruled the country, but the retired Emperor Sakuramachi died in 1750, just three years after the enthronement.
  573. Emperor Monmu
  574. Emperor Monmu (683 - July 18, 707) was the forty-second Emperor (who reigned from September 7, 697, to July 18, 707).
  575. Emperor Monmu is a son of Prince Kusakabe, and after his enthronement, he ruled in power shared with Emperor Jito.
  576. Emperor Monmu sent Yakio (夜気王) and other vassals to impose an imperial edict that granted shokosan (the sixth grade of shoko rank for vassals of the forty-eight grades of cap rank) for his achievements in the Jinshin War.
  577. Emperor Monmu was entombed in the Hi-no kuma-no akonoue-no misasagi Mausoleum.
  578. Emperor Montoku
  579. Emperor Montoku (827 - October 7, 858), the fifty-fifth Emperor, reigned from May 31, 850 to October 7, 858.
  580. Emperor Montoku succeeded the throne.
  581. Emperor Montoku's first Prince
  582. Emperor Murakami
  583. Emperor Murakami (July 14, 926 - July 5, 967) reigned in the mid-Heian period (from May 31, 946 to July 5, 967).
  584. Emperor Murakami gave her deep affection.
  585. Emperor Murakami heard of this rumor and on the day of abstinence tested whether she had truly memorized it.
  586. Emperor Murakami intended to present an imperial letter of Sogo (Office of Monastic Affairs) to praise his achievements but Nichien declined, going down to Dazaifu in Kyushu and erecting the Oura-dera Temple for FUJIWARA no Morosuke during the Koho era (964-968).
  587. Emperor Murakami loved Imperial Prince Tamehira, he let the Prince follow his example of having the Prince's wedding at Shoyosha of the Imperial Palace where the Emperor had his own wedding with Anshi (Yasuko), the Prince was treated as the future successor to the Imperial throne.
  588. Emperor Murakami's Grandchild
  589. Emperor Murakami's Prince
  590. Emperor Murakami's grandchild
  591. Emperor Murakami's spirit apperaed and bestowed on Moronaga a famous biwa called Shishimaru, which the Dragon God was ordered to bring from his Palace.
  592. Emperor Murakami, her uncle, felt pity for the Imperial Princess who lost her parent in her infancy and patronized her warmly.
  593. Emperor Nakamikado
  594. Emperor Nakamikado (January 14, 1702 - May 10, 1737), his reign was From July 27, 1709 to April 13, 1735, he was the hundred fourteenth Emperor during Edo period.
  595. Emperor Nakamikado Shinkan Daienkaku-shinsho-kokushi-go Chokusho
  596. Emperor Nan
  597. Emperor Nan (year of birth unknown-January 24, 1459) was an emperor of the Gonan-cho Dynasty.
  598. Emperor Nijo
  599. Emperor Nijo (July 31, 1143 - September 5, 1165) was the seventy-eighth Emperor (his reign was from September 5, 1158 to August 3, 1165).
  600. Emperor Nijo died in 1165.
  601. Emperor Nijo issued an imperial letter to hunt down Nobuyori and Yoshitomo on the 26th.
  602. Emperor Nijo passed away
  603. Emperor Nijo passed away, however, while Kiyosuke was still revising the anthology, so he completed it as a personal collection of poetry.
  604. Emperor Nijo pays a state visit to Rokuhara
  605. Emperor Nijo released In no Kinshin (retired Emperor's courtier) to suspend political intervention by the Goshirakawa.
  606. Emperor Nijo was a fine person, praised as 'a good Emperor in a degenerate age' ("Imakagami"), opposite to his ignorant father, Emperor Goshirakawa.
  607. Emperor Nijo was ill in bed from June 1165, and his condition became serious despite prayers for his cure, and so on August 10, he transferred the throne to his son Imperial Prince Nobuhito (later, Emperor Rokujo).
  608. Emperor Nimmyo
  609. Emperor Nimmyo (810 - May 6, 850), the fifty-fourth Emperior, reigned from March 30, 833 to May 4, 850 (in the early Heian period).
  610. Emperor Nimyo compared Ujinushi as Ujinaga and Tanetsugu as Netsugu to compete for their strengths.
  611. Emperor Nimyo deeply honored keigaku (study of Keisho in Confucianism) and occasionally summoned Confucian scholars, but no one dared to debate in the presence of the Emperor.
  612. Emperor Ninken
  613. Emperor Ninken (449 ? September 9, 498) was the twenty-fourth emperor of Japan (who reigned from February 4, 488, to September 9, 498.)
  614. Emperor Ninken is his older brother.
  615. Emperor Ninko
  616. Emperor Ninko (March 16, 1800 - February 21, 1846) was the 120th Emperor (his reign was from October 31, 1817 to February 21, 1846).
  617. Emperor Ninko demised in 1846 but Tsuguko was not allowed to retire.
  618. Emperor Ninmyo acceded the throne in 833.
  619. Emperor Ninmyo's Prince
  620. Emperor Nintoku
  621. Emperor Nintoku (257-February 7, 399) was the sixteenth Emperor of Japan, who was in the reign from February 14, 313 to February 7, 399.
  622. Emperor Nintoku married Iwa no Hime, the daughter of KATSURAGI no Sotsuhiko, as his wife to have three later emperors such as Richu, Hanzei, and Ingyo.
  623. Emperor Ogimachi
  624. Emperor Ogimachi (June 18, 1517 - February 6, 1593) was the 106th Emperor (his reign was from November 17, 1557 to December 17, 1586).
  625. Emperor Ogimachi ordered monk Shuryo SAKUGEN to write a preface to it.
  626. Emperor Ogimachi shinkan nyobo hosho (an official document recording of the orders and words of the Emperor written by female court members)
  627. Emperor Ogimachi was delighted by the good treatment from the Nobunaga side during the great military parade in Kyoto, sent a letter to Nobunaga presenting clothes and gave an award to Nobutada as well.
  628. Emperor Ogimachi was invited to this parade.
  629. Emperor Ogimachi was invited, and those court nobles, who were well acquainted with horse-back archery technique including Sakihisa KONOE, were given permission to take part in the parade.
  630. Emperor Ogimachi's great grandchild
  631. Emperor Ojin
  632. Emperor Ojin (January 5, 201-March 31, 310) was the fifteenth Emperor, who was in the reign from February 8, 270 to March 31, 310.
  633. Emperor Ojin enshrined at Iwashimizu Hachiman-gu Shrine (presently at Yawata City, Kyoto Prefecture) looks very much like Issunboshi, and it is said that he was born riding on a bamboo leaf at the age of three.
  634. Emperor Reigen
  635. Emperor Reigen (July 9, 1654 - September 24, 1732) was the 112th Emperor, counting from Emperor Jimmu.
  636. Emperor Reigen during the Edo period was the last Dajo Hoo.
  637. Emperor Reigen introduced Sanenari to an oral tradition on usage of words in Waka in 1688, and Sanenari was actively involved in Reigen-in poetry circle as one of the major Kajin together with Michishige NAKANOIN and Sanekage MUSHANOKOJI.
  638. Emperor Reigen transferred his imperial throne to Emperor Higashiyama on March 21, 1687.
  639. Emperor Reigen was known for having a distaste for the bakufu, and Motohiro himself was also treated with hostility as one of 'pro-bakufu clique.'
  640. Emperor Reigen, who came to know the reputation of Dohaku, invited him for monbo (hearing of Buddhism teachings) but he declined with the excuse of illness.
  641. Emperor Reizei
  642. Emperor Reizei (June 12, 950 - November 21, 1011) was the sixty-third emperor (his reign was in the mid-Heian period, from November 15, 967 to September 27, 969).
  643. Emperor Reizei abdicated from the throne in 969.
  644. Emperor Reizei appeared physically healthy, but since his days as the crown prince he had exhibited strange behavior that belied his insanity.
  645. Emperor Reizei ascended to the throne in 967 and she became Chugu accordingly.
  646. Emperor Reizei had a mental illness which made him go mad and he was not granted a long reign; his younger maternal brothers, Imperial Princes Tamehira and Morihira, were seen as likely candidates for the Togu, and in the end the younger of the brothers, Imperial Prince Morihira, was chosen.
  647. Emperor Reizei had no child at the time, and was in poor health (suffering mental illness), so the Crown Prince had to be promptly appointed.
  648. Emperor Reizei passed over his position in the same year and Imperial Prince Morihira abdicated the throne (Emperor Enyu).
  649. Emperor Reizei was a son born to Empress Anshi, eldest daughter of Morosuke, but Morosuke and Anshi were already dead, and Morosuke's sons, FUJIWARA no Koretada, FUJIWARA no Kanemichi, and FUJIWARA no Kaneie, were still young.
  650. Emperor Reizei was greatly pleased, but Oigimi came to go back home frequently due to mental exhaustion because those around her were jealous.
  651. Emperor Reizei's aberration
  652. Emperor Reizei, however, abdicated the throne after being on the throne for only two years and thereafter, Imperial Princess Shoshi became Empress Dowager in 973, Grand Empress Dowager in 986 and died in 1000.
  653. Emperor Reizei, who immediately visited Tamakazura, was charmed by her beauty which was even greater than he had heard, and confessed his love for her eagerly.
  654. Emperor Reizei/Reizei-in is the third Emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (period of reign: 'Miotsukushi' (Channel Buoys) to the second volume of 'Wakana' (Spring Shoots), the 18 years of his reign were the golden days of Hikaru Genji).
  655. Emperor Reizei: The tenth prince of Emperor Kiritsubo.
  656. Emperor Richu
  657. Emperor Richu (circa 336 - April 29, 405) was the seventeenth Emperor who reigned from March 12, 400, to April 29, 405.
  658. Emperor Richu married Kurohime, the grandchild of Sotsuhiko, as his wife to have ICHIBE no Oshiwa no Miko who married Haehime, the great-grandchild of Sotsuhiko, as his wife to have the later two emperors, Kenzo and Ninken.
  659. Emperor Rokujo
  660. Emperor Rokujo (December 28, 1164 - August 23, 1176) was the seventy-ninth Emperor in Japan. (his reign was from August 3, 1165 to March 30, 1168.)
  661. Emperor Rokujo was born from the daughter of the lower-ranking noble IKI no Muneto (Yoshimori), and the emperor's maternal relatives were so low in their social position that they could never look after the emperor.
  662. Emperor Rokujo's posthumous title.
  663. Emperor Rokujo, the successor to Emperor Nijo, was still young, and Motozane therefore took political leadership as regent, and Kiyomori was promoted to Dai-nagon (Chief of the Councilor of State) and assisted Motozane.
  664. Emperor SHIRAKAWA
  665. Emperor SHIRAKAWA (7th July 1053 - 24th July 1129) was the 72nd Emperor.
  666. Emperor Saga
  667. Emperor Saga (October 3, 786 - August 24, 842) was the fifty-second Emperor (his reign lasted from May 8, 809 to May 29, 823).
  668. Emperor Saga abdicates the throne and the Crown Prince is crowned (Emperor Goichijo) but Genji no Miya, who was expected to become the consort of the new emperor is appointed a Sai-in (Imperial Princess appointed to serve the deities of the Kamo-jinja Shrines) by an oracle.
  669. Emperor Saga also placed Kebiishi (police and judicial chief) in 824 in order to maintain security and handle civil affairs.
  670. Emperor Saga became the second prince when his brother, Emperor Heizei, was enthroned.
  671. Emperor Saga built Saga-rikyu (Imperial villa) (later Daikaku-ji Temple) and many other nobles adopted the area, enjoying themselves in Arashiyma.
  672. Emperor Saga established the office of Kurodo no to (Head Chamberlain) in March, and discontinued kansatsushi and restored Sangi (councillor) in June.
  673. Emperor Saga gave the surname of Genji to many princes and princesses, whereupon they ceased to be members of the imperial family.
  674. Emperor Saga is one of the Noshoka (master of calligraphy) called Sanpitsu (the three great calligraphers) along with Kukai and TACHIBANA no Hayanari, and calligraphy products believed to be Emperor Saga's shinkan are as follows:
  675. Emperor Saga opposed this and swiftly raised an army, and the retired Emperor Heizei became a Buddhist monk on September 12 (known as the Kusuko Incident).
  676. Emperor Saga promoted SAKANOUE no Tamuramaro, who was a zogushi, to Dainagon (chief councilor of state).
  677. Emperor Saga regretted his death greatly and posthumously conferred to sadaijin (minister of the left) and Shoichii (Senior First Rank) as well as sending an emissary to his funeral.
  678. Emperor Saga restored 'Uneme no Tsukasa', but thereafter, Uneme were selected from the daughters of the nobles in the capital and became a mere formality.
  679. Emperor Saga took the first move by capturing Nakanari and shot him to death in September of the same year.
  680. Emperor Saga was determined to reject the relocation of the capital.
  681. Emperor Saga was the second prince of Emperor Kammu, and his mother was Empress FUJIWARA no Otomuro.
  682. Emperor Saga was the temple's kaiki (patron of a temple in its founding) and the principal objects of veneration are the Five Great Wisdom Kings centered around Fudo Myoo.
  683. Emperor Saga wrote Chinese-style poems on Taka-gari and wrote 'Shinshu-yokyo' edited as a book of techniques for falconry (818).
  684. Emperor Saga's Prince
  685. Emperor Saga's nyogo.
  686. Emperor Saga's shinkan
  687. Emperor Saga's shinkan, Kojokaijo (Enryaku-ji Temple)
  688. Emperor Saga's twelfth Prince
  689. Emperor Saga, a son of Emperor Kanmu, had also deep confidence in Genpin and, by his order, Genpin prayed for the recovery from illness of Emperor Heizei, Emperor Saga's older brother in 809, and received summer and winter gifts such as books and cloth for seven years starting in 811.
  690. Emperor Saga, knowing how the Retired Emperor Heizei had responded, ordered SAKANOUE no Tamuramaro to prevent the Retired Emperor from heading for the east.
  691. Emperor Saga, who became the crown prince, was the Emperor Heizei's younger half-brother.
  692. Emperor Saimei (her reign was 655 - 661) (the thirty seventh, the second accession to the imperial throne of Emperor Kogyoku)
  693. Emperor Sakuramachi
  694. Emperor Sakuramachi (February 8, 1720 - May 28, 1750), the 115th Emperor, reigned during the Edo period (from April 13, 1735 to June 9, 1747).
  695. Emperor Sanjo
  696. Emperor Sanjo (February 5, 976 - June 5, 1017) was the sixty-seventh Emperor.
  697. Emperor Sanjo and Imperial Prince Tametaka were his older maternal half-brothers.
  698. Emperor Sanjo named the 4-year old Prince Atsuhira as the Crown Prince.
  699. Emperor Sanjo passed away on June 11, 1017, the next year of his abdication.
  700. Emperor Sanjo retired in 1016 and passed away in 1017.
  701. Emperor Sanjo was his elder uterine brother and Imperial Prince Atsumichi was his younger uterine brother.
  702. Emperor Sanjo, who was infuriated at the above rumor, censured Michimasa and purged Menoto no Chujo Naishi (a court noble lady) who mediated between them in spite of the efforts of the Empress consort and imperial princes to calm him down.
  703. Emperor Seimu
  704. Emperor Seimu (84 ? July 29, 190) was the 13th emperor (reigned from February 18, 131 to July 29, 190) written in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  705. Emperor Seimu was the 13th emperor of Japan and lived in the 4th century before Emperor Ojin (15th), Emperor Nintoku (16th) and the five kings of Wa (Japan) in what was the first half of the Kofun period.
  706. Emperor Seinei
  707. Emperor Seinei (c. 444 - February 27, 484), who reigned from February 11, 480, to February 27, 484, was the twenty-second Emperor of Japan.
  708. Emperor Seinei accused the Kibi clan of this move and confiscated the mountain area that had been under the control of the Kibi no Kamitsumichi no omi clan.
  709. Emperor Seinei demised on New Year's day in 484.
  710. Emperor Seinei was born with white hair, which awed his father Emperor Yuryaku into appoint Seinei as Crown Prince.
  711. Emperor Seinei was the third son (imperial prince) of Emperor Yuryaku.
  712. Emperor Seinei was worried about having no children.
  713. Emperor Seinei's body was buried in Kawachi no sakato no hara no misasagi Mausoleum.
  714. Emperor Seinei, who had no children, was delighted to learn this, sent a messenger to meet them, welcomed the two princes into the Imperial court the next year (in 482), and in April he made the elder Oke no miko the Crown Prince and the younger Oke no miko an Imperial Prince.
  715. Emperor Seiwa
  716. Emperor Seiwa (May 10, 850 - January 7, 881) was the fifty-sixth Emperor (he reigned during the early Heian period).
  717. Emperor Seiwa succeeded the throne.
  718. Emperor Seiwa succeeded to the throne after Emperor Montoku when he was nine years old, so Yoshifusa took control of politics as the Emperor's maternal relative.
  719. Emperor Seiwa's grandchild
  720. Emperor Senka
  721. Emperor Senka (467-March 15, 539) was the 28th Emperor (whose reign lasted from January 14, 537 to March 15, 539).
  722. Emperor Shijo
  723. Emperor Shijo (March 17, 1231 - February 10, 1242) was the eighty seventh Emperor (his reign was from October 26, 1232 to February 10, 1242).
  724. Emperor Shijo passed away without having any Prince or Princess, thus Imperial Prince Morisada's (the Retired Emperor Gotakakura) lineage ended.
  725. Emperor Shirakawa cited 'water of the Kamo River (flow of Kamo-gawa River), cast of sugoroku and Yama-hoshi (Mt. Hiei)' as being beyond his control and from this anecdote, it can be guessed that the high-handedness of the Sohei was a worry for the imperial court.
  726. Emperor Shirakawa gave an order, and FUJIWARA no Michitoshi selected the poems.
  727. Emperor Shirakawa ordered MINAMOTO no Toshiyori to compile the anthology.
  728. Emperor Shirakawa undertook a huge scale expansion.
  729. Emperor Shirakawa was afraid of Raigo's curse and relied on prayer but without success, and it is said that Imperial Prince Atsufumi passed away at the age of only four.
  730. Emperor Shirakawa, Emperor Toba, and Emperor Goshirakawa ruled the cloistered government as Hoo during the Heian period.
  731. Emperor Shirakawa, a son of Emeror Gosanjo, positively coped with political challenges.
  732. Emperor Shirakawa, whose favorite was Kenshi, did not permit her to retire from the Imperial Court customs, and when she died, he cried heavily while cradling her dead body and lost his appetite.
  733. Emperor Shoko
  734. Emperor Shoko (May 12, 1401 - August 30, 1428), his reign was from October 5, 1412 to August 30, 1428, he was the hundred and first Emperor of the Muromachi period.
  735. Emperor Shoko was not well and had been in critical condition since 1422, and because he did not have any children, the Retired Emperor Gokomatsu felt the need to restrain the progression of the Daikaku-ji Imperial line.
  736. Emperor Shomu
  737. Emperor Shomu (whose reign was from 724 to 749) issued an Imperial order in order to almost forcibly recruit sumo wrestlers from rural communities throughout the country.
  738. Emperor Shomu Festival at Todai-ji Temple (from May 1 to May 3)
  739. Emperor Shomu assigned ONO no Azumahito to Daishogun (commander-in-chief) and gave him a setto (a sword given by the emperor in the symbol of his trust to the appointment of someone to a mission), and assigned KI no Iimaro to Fuku-shogun (sub commander-in-chief).
  740. Emperor Shomu decided to construct provincial monasteries (kokubun-ji) and provincial nunneries (kokubun-niji) in all provinces, each of which had a seven-story pagoda and one copy each of the Golden Light Sutra and the Lotus Sutra.
  741. Emperor Shomu did not have a male successor to succeed to the throne, thus female Emperor, Empress Koken succeeded to the throne.
  742. Emperor Shomu had Empress Komyo as second wife with whom they had Prince Motoi and Princess Abe (later, ascended to the throne as Empress Koken).
  743. Emperor Shomu ordered the construction of Kokubun-ji Temples for every corner of Japan and enshrined the statue of Shakyamuni and Konkomyo Saisho-o kyo Sutra.
  744. Emperor Shomu paid respect to Roben and designated Konshu-ji Temple as a kokubunji (provincial temple) of Yamato Province in 742.
  745. Emperor Shomu planned to construct Kuni-kyo (located on the other side of the Kizu river [Kyoto Prefecture]) besides Heijo-kyo and Naniwa-kyo.
  746. Emperor Shomu returned to the Heijo-kyo capital in 745, the following year after the transfer of the capital; however, Naniwa-kyo prospered as the second capital city (Baito) and as a port for a Japanese envoy travelling to the Tang Dynasty China.
  747. Emperor Shomu thought of going to Kanto suddenly and left the capital before a report of suppression of the war arrived at the Heijo-kyo.
  748. Emperor Shomu traveled to Iga Province, Ise Province, Mino Province and Omi Province and went to the ancient capital of Kuni-kyo (Yamashiro Province).
  749. Emperor Shomu was poor in health and had the only son Prince Asaka of the non-Fujiwara clan at the time of the incident.
  750. Emperor Shomu was very pleased and visited Todai-ji Temple to display the Imperial edict and placed Heihaku in every shrine in Japan to grant an amnesty.
  751. Emperor Shomu was well known for a master of calligraphy in the Nara Period as well as Empress Komyo, and shinkan documents which are believed to have been handwritten by Emperor Shomu are as follows:
  752. Emperor Shomu' shinkan
  753. Emperor Shomu's Princess
  754. Emperor Shomu, influenced by Empress Komyo, was deeply religious.
  755. Emperor Shotoku (her reign was 764 - 770) (the forty eighth, the second accession to the imperial throne of Emperor Koken)
  756. Emperor Shotoku was forced to remain single her entire life and never had children because she was a successor of the imperial throne.
  757. Emperor Showa
  758. Emperor Showa showed his intension to abdicate at first, but because of strong opposing opinions, which suggest that abdication would admit the responsibility of the war, withdrew his intention.
  759. Emperor Showa's Empress, Empress Kojun, was also from the Kuninomiya family.
  760. Emperor Showa's funeral ceremony
  761. Emperor Showa's funeral ceremony was held at the Shinjuku Imperial Gardens on February 24, 1989.
  762. Emperor Showa, after declaring himself as a human, started Junko (visit by the Emperor) to various places in Japan, but Okinawa, where the Battle of Okinawa took place causing great casualties, and was placed under direct control of the Allied Forces, apart from Japan at that time, was not included.
  763. Emperor Showa, concerned about these events, strongly backed Yonai, who was known as 'a Navy man of good sense,' to form a cabinet, but the Army had no reason to support this.
  764. Emperor Showa. Detailed in E8.A1.8C.E5.B9.B8.
  765. Emperor Sudo (son of Emperor Kanmu, Imperial Prince Sawara)
  766. Emperor Sudo, Imperial Prince Iyo, Fujiwara no Yoshiko, Tachibana no Hayanari, and Funya no Miyatamaro were referred to as such, and became objects of Goryo-e.
  767. Emperor Suiko (her reign was 592 - 628) (the thirty third)
  768. Emperor Suiko refused this demand.
  769. Emperor Suiko was a bright person who balanced the influences of the Crown Prince and the minister Umako, so as not to provoke antipathy of Gozoku (local ruling families), and labored skillfully for the endurance of sovereignty.
  770. Emperor Suinin
  771. Emperor Suinin (January 26, 69 B.C. - August 8, 70) was the eleventh emperor according to "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) (reigning from February 2, 29 B.C. to August 6, 70).
  772. Emperor Suinin had the Empress called Sahohime.
  773. Emperor Suinin ordered Inishikiiribiko no mikoto to take control over the sacred treasures of the Shrine.
  774. Emperor Suinin, who took pity on this, issued a ban of junshi.
  775. Emperor Suizei
  776. Emperor Suizei (632 B.C. ? - June 28, 549 B.C. ?) was the second emperor (tenure: February 23, 581 B.C. ? - June 28, 549 B.C. ?) of Japan.
  777. Emperor Suizei - Kamununakawamimi no Sumeramikoto
  778. Emperor Suizei celebrated his investiture as Crown Prince in 619 B.C. (?).
  779. Emperor Suizei defeated him and succeeded to the throne.
  780. Emperor Suizei is also called Kamunuka Kawamimi no Mikoto in both "Nihon Shoki" (The Chronicles of Japan) and "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), although different Chinese characters are used in these two documents.
  781. Emperor Suizei moved the capital to Kazuraki-no-Takaoka-no-miya (presently, Mitokoro City in Nara Prefecture?).
  782. Emperor Suizei was one of the so-called eight generations missing from history and it is generally held that Emperor Suizei did not actually exist (however, there is also an opinion that this emperor actually existed).
  783. Emperor Sujin
  784. Emperor Sujin (10th emperor) is also known as Hatsukunishirasu Sumeramikoto and this name (literally meaning the "first emperor who ruled the country") implies that he was the first emperor to govern the country.
  785. Emperor Sujin (148 B.C. - January 9, 29 B.C.) was the tenth emperor of Japan (reigned from February 17, 97 B.C. to January 9, 29 B.C.) recorded in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and "Nihon Shoki" (The Chronicles of Japan).
  786. Emperor Sujin was his maternal half-brother.
  787. Emperor Sujin was posthumously named Mimakiirihiko and his successor, Emperor Suinin, was posthumously named Ikumeirihiko, with both referred to as Irihiko.
  788. Emperor Suko
  789. Emperor Suko (May 25, 1334 - January 31, 1398), his reign was from November 18, 1348 to November 26, 1351, he was the third Emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  790. Emperor Sushun
  791. Emperor Sushun (Hassebe no Oji)
  792. Emperor Sushun (Year of birth unknown - December 12, 592), the thirty-second Japanese Emperor, was in power from September 9, 587 to December 12, 592.
  793. Emperor Sushun accedes to throne
  794. Emperor Sushun assassinated
  795. Emperor Sushun drew his kogai (Japanese hairpin sword), thrusted it into the eye of the boar and said, "someday, like slashing the throat of this boar, I want to slash the man I hate."
  796. Emperor Sushun was assassinated by a plot of SOGA no Umako in '592'.
  797. Emperor Sushun was resentful of Umako, who held de facto power, and opposed him.
  798. Emperor Sutoku
  799. Emperor Sutoku (July 7, 1119 - September 14, 1164) was the seventy-fifth Japanese Emperor (his reign lasted from 1123 to 1142).
  800. Emperor Sutoku became very attached to the religion while living under house arrest in Sanuki, and his dream was to enter (the Buddhist) paradise.
  801. Emperor Sutoku was forced to abdicate the throne by Emperor Toba, so Sutoku-in raised an army upon the demise of the Cloistered Emperor Toba.
  802. Emperor Sutoku was rumored to be a son of Emperor Shirakawa, Cloistered Emperor Toba's grandfather, and it is believed that Cloistered Emperor Toba loathed Emperor Sutoku, calling him 'uncle child.'
  803. Emperor Suzaku
  804. Emperor Suzaku (September 7, 923 - September 6, 952) was the sixty-first Emperor (his reign was from December 14, 930 to May 16, 946).
  805. Emperor Suzaku (Suzaku no Mikado), or Suzakuin, is the second emperor in "The Tale of Genji" (the period of his reign, the chapter of 'Aoi' (Hollyhock) to 'Miotsukushi' (Channel Buoys)).
  806. Emperor Suzaku admitted that Genji's magnetism outdid his own and did not blame Oborozukiyo.
  807. Emperor Suzaku ascended the throne.
  808. Emperor Suzaku met the saigu at the court ceremony fpr departing to Ise and fell in love at first sight because of her beauty and could not forget her after that.
  809. Emperor Suzaku recommends her moving to the Sanjo no miya residence which he gave to her, but Genji, who is reluctant to lose his young wife, will not agree.
  810. Emperor Suzaku took this opportunity to abdicate the throne.
  811. Emperor Suzaku's mother (Grand Empress Kokiden) is her aunt.
  812. Emperor Suzaku, who was also reprimanded by Emperor Kiritsubo in his dreams, became timid due to eye trouble and finally decided to recall Genji.
  813. Emperor Suzaku: The first prince of Emperor Kiritsubo.
  814. Emperor Taiho
  815. Emperor Taisho
  816. Emperor Taisho was the third Imperial prince and was supposed to be the head of one of Jikimiyakes, but became the Crown Prince because his two older brothers had died young.
  817. Emperor Takakura
  818. Emperor Takakura (September 23, 1161 - February 6 1181, his reign was from March 30, 1168 to March 18, 1180, cloister government was 1180), he was the eightieth Emperor.
  819. Emperor Takakura Shinkan Shosoku - "Shinkan" means "written by the Emperor", and "Shosoku" means a letter.
  820. Emperor Takakura had come of age and was interested in participating in politics, but Goshirakawa wished for a continued cloistered government, which led to strong conflicts over promotions between the Taira clan who supported Takakura, and the close aides that supported Goshirakawa.
  821. Emperor Takakura passed his position over to Imperial Prince Tokihito (Emperor Antoku) in March (February in old lunar calendar) 1180, and the government by the Cloistered Emperor Takakura started as a puppet of the Taira clan.
  822. Emperor Takakura's fourth prince's mother was Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), Nobutaka BOMON's daughter, FUJIWARA no Shokushi.
  823. Emperor Takakura's shinkan, Shosoku (Ninna-ji Temple)
  824. Emperor Takakura, Motomichi KONOE, and TAIRA no Munemori were all inexperienced in politics; therefore, Kiyomori had to play the central role in the political scene.
  825. Emperor Takakura, Sessho (regent) MATSUDONO no Motofusa, and Myoun of Tendai-zasu (head priest of the Tendai sect) were in the dairi.
  826. Emperor Takakura, who was weak, got sick during this disturbance, he died in the New Year of 1181.
  827. Emperor Tenchi (Tenji)
  828. Emperor Tenchi accepted Prince Oama's offer.
  829. Emperor Tenchi died on December 3.
  830. Emperor Tenchi had Prince Otomo (Emperor Kobun) with IGA no Uneme, but he had no child with Empress Yamatohime no Okimi.
  831. Emperor Tenchi/Tenji's Prince, Uno no Sarara no Himemiko conducted the Shosei since she wished to secure her son, Prince Kusakabe to succeed the blood line to the throne.
  832. Emperor Tenji and FUJIWARA no Kamatari became intimate because of kemari, and it is widely known that, this brought about the Taika Reform in 645.
  833. Emperor Tenji passed the Imperial throne to his direct line, Prince Otomo (Emperor Kobun), however, Prince Oama, who was against it, caused a large dispute, and killed Emperor Kobun, and became Emperor Tenmu.
  834. Emperor Tenji's great great grandchild
  835. Emperor Tenji, Kamatari FUJIWARA and others assassinate Iruka SOGA at Imperial Court
  836. Emperor Tenmu
  837. Emperor Tenmu advanced reforms to build a stronger centralized administrative system.
  838. Emperor Tenmu announced in 683 as follows:
  839. Emperor Tenmu appointed princes, instead of the usual powerful clans, to major political posts and established laws for regulating the appointment, evaluation, and selection of officials working under the princes.
  840. Emperor Tenmu did not send any envoys to the Tang Dynasty, but instead envoys from Silla paid visits to the Imperial Court.
  841. Emperor Tenmu discontinued the Imperial succession between brothers to stop disputes due to the Imperial succession after his era, it was said he tried to set up a rule for the male in his direct line to succeed the throne, he allowed Prince Kusakabe become Crown Prince.
  842. Emperor Tenmu had Daikandai-ji Temple (later Daian-ji Temple) built and Emperor Jito had Yakushi-ji Temple built.
  843. Emperor Tenmu held the real power of government and gave important posts to the Imperial family.
  844. Emperor Tenmu is considered to have made the above arrangements for fear that a succession struggle like the Jinshin War would occur after his death.
  845. Emperor Tenmu is surmised to have adopted the notation of tenno following Empress Sokuten of the Tang who changed her title from 'Kotei' (emperor) to 'Tenno' (emperor) in 674.
  846. Emperor Tenmu issued an order concerning tactics and training for horse riding to military officers, and horse soldier troops were enhanced based on the educational system through Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code) and Yoro ritsuryo code (code promulgated in the Yoro era).
  847. Emperor Tenmu issued the order concerning tactics and training for horse-riding to military officers, and horse soldier troops were enhanced based on the educational system through Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code) and Yoro ritsuryo code (code promulgated in the Yoro period).
  848. Emperor Tenmu often dispatched his vassals to various cities to investigate with a view to construct new capital during his reign.
  849. Emperor Tenmu proceeded with the centralized system more than Emperor Tenchi did.
  850. Emperor Tenmu strived to develop a centralized national system of government.
  851. Emperor Tenmu's a descendant
  852. Emperor Tenmu's grandchild
  853. Emperor Tenmu's great grandchild
  854. Emperor Tenmu's great-grandchild
  855. Emperor Tenmu's princes as the candidate
  856. Emperor Tenmu's second Prince
  857. Emperor Tenmu, backed by military force, established an autocratic regime, and pushed forward with a new nation-building plan.
  858. Emperor Tenmu, who had already moved to Yoshinomiya, decided to go ahead with the war on June 22 of the following year.
  859. Emperor Tenmu, who had seized political power by force of arms from Emperor Kobun, the successor of Emperor Tenchi, began conducting Koshin politics, under which Imperial princes and other Imperial family members assumed key posts in the government, and thus strengthened the autocracy.
  860. Emperor Toba
  861. Emperor Toba (February 24, 1103 - July 20, 1156) was the seventy-fourth Emperor in the late Heian period (his reign was from 1107 - 1123).
  862. Emperor Toba, the successor of Shirakawa, dominated more strongly than Shirakawa.
  863. Emperor Tsuchimikado
  864. Emperor Tsuchimikado (January 3, 1196 - November 6, 1231) was the eighty-third Emperor during the Kamakura period. (his reign was from February 18, 1198 to December 12, 1210.)
  865. Emperor Uda
  866. Emperor Uda (June 14, 867 - September 8, 931), the fifty-ninth Japanese Emperor, was in power from December 9, 887 to August 8, 897.
  867. Emperor Uda (demoted from nobility to subject in 884 and returned to the Imperial Family in 887)
  868. Emperor Uda did not appoint Sekkan (regents and advisers) after the death of Kanpaku (chief adviser to the Emperor) FUJIWARA no Mototsune in 891, and carried out various political reforms using MINAMOTO no Yoshiari as a virtual leader, promoting trusted vassals such as FUJIWARA no Tokihira, SUGAWARA no Michizane, and TAIRA no Suenaga.
  869. Emperor Uda highly valued the skill of Yasunori and assigned him to be the Sadaiben (Major Controller of the Left) in 891, Sangi (Royal Advisor), Omi no kuni Gon no kami (Provisional Governor of Omi Province), and Minbukyo (Minister of Popular Affairs).
  870. Emperor Uda mentioned in "Kampyo-Goyuikai"/"Kampyo-no-Goyuikai (a group of precepts for governing)" that he was greatly shocked by the death of Udaijin, MINAMOTO no Yoshiari, which could have been one of the reasons he left the throne.
  871. Emperor Uda was the seventh prince of Emperor Koko.
  872. Emperor Uda's grandchild
  873. Emperor Uda, who ascended the throne in 887, began to develop emperor-centric policies when Mototsune passed away a few years later.
  874. Emperor Wu accepted this proposal, and established Gokyo hakase in 136 B.C.
  875. Emperor Wu did not like Daruma's response.
  876. Emperor Wu of the Former Han (dynasty of China) had soldiers who guarded the outlying areas farm the land (Gunton).
  877. Emperor Wu questioned Daruma as follows.
  878. Emperor Yomei
  879. Emperor Yomei (Tachibana no Toyohi no Oe)
  880. Emperor Yomei (circa 540 - May 21, 587) was the thirty-first Emperor (reigned from October 3, 585, to May 21, 587).
  881. Emperor Yomei's son Prince Umayado, commonly known as Prince Shotoku, became a devout believer in Buddhism, so he constructed Shitenno-ji Temple in the end of the sixth century, and Horyu-ji Temple in the early seventh century.
  882. Emperor Yongle of Nanjing, in the early Ming Dynasty, or Gongqinwan of Beijing in Qing Dynasty.
  883. Emperor Yozei
  884. Emperor Yozei (January 2, 869 - October 23, 949), the fifty-seventh Emperor, reigned from November 29, 876 to February 4, 884.
  885. Emperor Yozei is described as a tyrant in later records, which recount that he was said to have enjoyed catching frogs and snakes, having dogs and monkeys fight with each other, and ordering people to climb trees so he could watch them fall to their deaths.
  886. Emperor Yozei was known for his lack of self-discipline.
  887. Emperor Yozei was supposed to have some poetic talent, and on various occasions he organized tanka matches (tanka (writing) contests) by himself; there is only one existing song made by the Emperor, which won a prize from Gosen Wakashu (Later Collection of Japanese Poetry) and was later recorded in (A Hundred Poems by a Hundred Poets).
  888. Emperor Yuryaku
  889. Emperor Yuryaku (January 419 ? September 9, 479; reign: December 26, 456 ? September 9, 479) was the twenty-first emperor of Japan.
  890. Emperor Yuryaku is also known for having promoted the sericultural industry by inviting handicraftsmen such as Ayahatori and Kurehartori from Wu (Sung (Southern Dynasty)) and by gathering and controlling scattered people of the Hata clan.
  891. Emperor and his second consort, Fusako temporarily stayed at Kanetsura YOSHIDA's residence, then entered the new Imperial Palace on November 27.
  892. Emperor asks subjects for the worship of Buddha images
  893. Emperor consults subjects on becoming a believer in Buddhism
  894. Emperor continued the imperial visit to iratsume using hunting as his excuse, but in 421, he was warned by the Empress, thereafter rarely visiting Chinu.
  895. Emperor gave hope to FUJIWARA no Koremichi and TAIRA no Kiyomori.
  896. Emperor under the Constitution of Japan
  897. Emperor under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan
  898. Emperor's attending doctor: Tsuneyoshi TAKASHINA (Jushiinoge [Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade], Tenyaku shojo [Tenyaku Junior Bureau Secretary] and Aki no kami [Governor of Aki Province] concurrently)
  899. Emperor's illness
  900. Emperor's personality and his influence
  901. Emperor's power under the ritsuryo system
  902. Emperor's prerogative
  903. Emperor: Emperor Kotoku, Crown Prince: Emperor Tenchi
  904. Emperors
  905. Emperors and court nobles as supporters of culture were forced to find their significance of existence in handing down culture and they themselves did so.
  906. Emperors and the five kings of Wa
  907. Emperors are not supposed to omit their hanbi.
  908. Emperors during the Sekkanseiji period (regency period) intensified their authority through hohei (offering a wand with hemp and paper streamers to a Shinto god) or by visits to shrines such as Ise-jingu Shrine, Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine, and Kamo-sha Shrine.
  909. Emperors from the Seshu-Shinno-ke
  910. Emperors in Ancient Times
  911. Emperors in China
  912. Emperors in Japan
  913. Emperors often made impromptu tours of areas damaged by the War (the Great Tokyo Air Raids) or disaster.
  914. Emperors upon reaching adulthood were appointed Professors of Monjodo (Department of Chinese poetry and history), and regent families to an emperor were appointed famous scholars as Keishi to work as court scholars.
  915. Emperors used the Imperial Crest of the Chrysanthemum as their heraldry, and when they were younger than forty, nagakazari was added.
  916. Emperors' mausoleums that were repaired during this period, without counting other graves, amounted to 34 in Yamashiro, 34 in Yamato, 24 in Kawachi, 3 in Izumi, 1 in Settsu and 2 in Tanba, amounting to 76 in total.
  917. Emperors' reign of Japan was based on the following legend:
  918. Emperors, meals in the imperial court, pardon, documents, and seals
  919. Emphasis is placed on Daruma in Zen, and sometimes the word 'Soshi' (founder) is used to refer to him.
  920. Emphasis of the emperor's lineage from naturalized settlers was done in order to overcome the negative image of having deposed and expelled Empress Inoe and her followers, and it is natural to regard the move as a plan formulated by the backers of Emperor Kanmu.
  921. Emphasis on understanding of natural law
  922. Emphasized understanding based on natural law
  923. Emphasizing Otari's "peculiarity" will relate to how we understand the actual condition of government officials.
  924. Emphasizing autonomy and unity, it developed its unique culture.
  925. Emphasizing the need for public morality, he founded the Nihon Kodo-kai (Society for Promoting the Japanese Way).
  926. Emphasizing the relationship between associates
  927. Empire Agricultural Association
  928. Empire Agricultural Association refers to the central agricultural administration organization approved in 1910.
  929. Empire Day (Kigensetsu)
  930. Empire Day was established as a national holiday on which, according to "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), Emperor Jinmu ascended the throne.
  931. Employed Engineer at the Ministry of the Interior
  932. Employees started work at around age 10, working as apprentice ("decchi" in Osaka area and "kozo" in Edo area) and running errands and minor duties and eventually working their way up to "tedai" (clerk) or the banto (head clerk).
  933. Employees went on strike in December 1930, protesting unpaid wages.
  934. Employees who did not follow in step left the company one after another, and in 1898, "Kokumin no Tomo" was discontinued.
  935. Employing the Crossing the T tactic, later called the "Togo Turn," he led the Imperial Navy to victory.
  936. Employing the Effective & Speedy Container Handling System (E&S System), the station has one island platform and two tracks for a container train.
  937. Employment as a steward.
  938. Employment measures
  939. Empowered Muramune accepted the request from Takakuni HOSOKAWA, who was ousted from the capital due to the conflict with Harumoto HOSOKAWA, and became involved in the succession dispute of the Hosokawa clan by forming the military force to go to the capital after temporary reconciling with the Lord Masamura.
  940. Empress
  941. Empress (Chugu): Kishi SAIONJI (1303-1333), a daughter of Sanekane SAIONJI
  942. Empress (Chugu): Princess Junshi (1311-1337), a daughter of the Emperor Go-Fushimi
  943. Empress Akashi's son San no Miya is particularly well known for his amorousness, and popular with people along with Kaoru.
  944. Empress Akikonomu (also addressed as the high priestess of Ise and Lady Plum Pavilion): Her father was the former Crown Prince and the younger brother of Emperor Kiritsubo.
  945. Empress Akikonomu was received at the imperial court, the Gyokasha building was given to her, and she became a nyogo (consort) under the guardianship of Hikaru Genji, who was ranked as the naidaijin (Minister of the Palace) at that time.
  946. Empress Danrin.
  947. Empress Dowager
  948. Empress Dowager Cixi acknowledged the need for post-war political reform involving western techniques, and started the new Guangxu government based on the Hundred Days' Reform that she had previously made to fail.
  949. Empress Dowager Cixi disguised herself as a poor peasant and escaped before Beijing was conquered, stopping at Datong City, Shanxi Province, before finally arriving at Xi'an in October.
  950. Empress Dowager Cixi gave out an imperial order to suppress the Boxers in the midst of fleeing from Beijing, but instructed Li Hongzhang to compromise with the allied western powers at the same time.
  951. Empress Dowager Cixi reformed her anti-foreign attitude after returning to Beijing, and started to show tolerance toward western cultures by beginning to learn English despite being close to 70 years old.
  952. Empress Dowager Cixi was not persecuted for the Boxer Rebellion as described later.
  953. Empress Dowager Eisho
  954. Empress Dowager Eisho (maiden name: Asako KUJO, December 23, 1833 - January 11, 1897) was Emperor Komei's Nyogo (consort) and Emperor Meiji's mother.
  955. Empress Dowager Eisho who was nyogo (a high-ranking lady in the court [a consort of an emperor]) of Emperor Komei was his elder sister.
  956. Empress Dowager Ieko took the tonsure and entered the priesthood after receiving the title of nyoingo by Imperial order.
  957. Empress Dowager Shoken
  958. Empress Dowager Shoken (May 9, 1849 ? April 9, 1914) was a member of the Japanese Imperial family.
  959. Empress Dowager Shoken died on April 9, 1914 at 2:10 AM, at the Numazu Imperial Villa.
  960. Empress Dowager Shoken had a sharp nose, which was rare for a Japanese female during her time, so her husband, Emperor Meiji, is said to have teasingly nicknamed her 'Mrs. Tengu.'
  961. Empress Dowager Shoken was born on April 17, 1849.
  962. Empress Dowager Shoken was her sister-in-law.
  963. Empress Dowager Shoken was sickly and did not have a biological child, but as a lawful wife she adopted the child (Emperor Taisho) between her husband and his concubine.
  964. Empress Dowager Shoken who became empress in 1868 was called chugu first, but renamed to Kisai no miya the next year.
  965. Empress Dowager Shoken's imperial mausoleum is in Fushimi Momoyama Higashi no Misaki.
  966. Empress Dowager's nephew FUJIWARA no Nakamaro (later EMI no Oshikatsu) was appointed as director general of the Shibi chudai and he rapidly extended his influence with the backing of Empress Dowager.
  967. Empress Fujitsubo: The fourth imperial princess of the former emperor.
  968. Empress Genmei
  969. Empress Genmei (also known as Empress Genmyo) (661 ? December 29, 721) was the first tenno (emperor) in the Nara period and the forty-third tenno (empress regnant) who reigned from August 18, 707 ? October 3, 715).
  970. Empress Genmei mourned over his death and offered him Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  971. Empress Genmei passed away on December 29, 721.
  972. Empress Genmei sent an envoy to state an imperial edict and granted Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank Upper Grade) together with thick silk fabric (silk cloth) and cloth for his achievements in the Jinshin War.
  973. Empress Genmei's mausoleum is the Nahoyama no higashi no misasagi (literally, Mt. Naho east mausoleum) in Narazaka-cho, Nara City, Nara Prefecture.
  974. Empress Genmei's mother was Mei no iratsume, a daughter of SOGA no Kura yamada ishikawa no maro.
  975. Empress Gensho
  976. Empress Gensho (680 ? May 22, 748) was the forty-fourth emperor of Japan (empress regnant who reigned from October 3, 715, to March 3, 724), who lived in the Nara period.
  977. Empress Gosakuramachi
  978. Empress Gosakuramachi (September 23, 1740 - December 24, 1813) was the hundred seventeenth Emperor, her reign was from September 15, 1762 - January 9, 1771.
  979. Empress Itoko acted as 'the last noblewoman' after Prince Morimasa died, she adopted Princess Noriko's second son, 広橋儀光 followed by Kuni no Miya Prince Taka's third son, Norihiko TATSUTA, and she died in 1976.
  980. Empress Jingu
  981. Empress Jingu (A.D. 170 - June 3, A.D. 269) was a wife of Emperor Chuai.
  982. Empress Jingu The 5th grandchild of the Emperor Kaika
  983. Empress Jingu is enshrined next to Sumiyoshi Okami (the great gods of Sumiyoshi).
  984. Empress Jingu was 'a descendant of clans that had migrated from Baekje.'
  985. Empress Jingu was a mysterious character because she is thought to have had an 'extramarital affair' with Sumiyoshi Okami when her husband, Emperor Chuai, died while she was in present-day northern Kyushu region.
  986. Empress Jingu was the mother of Emperor Ojin and the two are said to have been the basis of the belief in Oyako-gami (Bashi-gami), or parent-child deities.
  987. Empress Jingu's Regent
  988. Empress Jito
  989. Empress Jito (645 ? January 17, 703) was the forty-first imperial ruler (empress regnant) of Japan.
  990. Empress Jito abdicates; Emperor Monmu accedes to throne
  991. Empress Jito has abdicated the throne in favor of her grandson Emperor Monmu; during his reign, the establishment of Ritsuryo Code, which was to become the culmination of the reform since the time of the emperors Tenmu and Jito, was implemented, and it came to a realization in the form of Taiho Code in 701.
  992. Empress Jito honored King Zenko by giving him the hereditary title of Kudaranokonikishi and allowed him to pass on his royal lineage to future generations.
  993. Empress Jito intended to hand over the throne to her son, Prince Kusakabe, but as he died young she ensured her grandson, Emperor Monmu, acceded to the throne after her abdication.
  994. Empress Jito was also buried in Hinokuma no Ouchi no Misasagi.
  995. Empress Kitsushi TOIN had been an empress by that time.
  996. Empress Kogyoku (594 - August24, 661) was the thirty-fifth Emperor of Japan (reign: February 19, 642 - July 12, 645).
  997. Empress Kogyoku immediately left to the inside of the palace.
  998. Empress Kogyoku.
  999. Empress Kojun who became an empress dowager stayed in the Emperor Showa's Fukiage Gosho (the old imperial palace of Fukiage) and used it as the Fukiage Omiya Palace; therefore, there was no need to construct a new Omiya Gosho.
  1000. Empress Kojun's younger brother, Jigo HIGASHIFUSHIMI (the former Prince Kunihide, the former Count Kunihide HIGASHIFUSHIMI) succeeded the ritual of the family)

71001 ~ 72000

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