; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. In 717, (Gyoki) was condemned by the imperial edict and was then punished for indoctrinating the populace and criticizing the government.
  2. In 717, he accompanied the eighth Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China led by TAJIHI no Agatamori and studied in Changan, the capital of Tang.
  3. In 717, he was granted jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and served at various posts including the Ministry of Making and Mending Palaces.
  4. In 717, the compilation of Yoro ritsuryo code (code promulgated in the Yoro period) started, which was led by FUJIWARA no Fuhito as the main editor.
  5. In 718 he was promoted to Ippon (First Order of an Imperial Prince) and in the following year, 719, he and his younger paternal half-brother Imperial Prince Niitabe were ordered by the Empress Gensho to support Crown Prince Obito.
  6. In 718, FUJIWARA no Fuhito and others were ordered to draft a new Yoro Ritsuryo (Yoro Code).
  7. In 718, he became Shikibukyo (Highness of Ceremonial).
  8. In 718, he returned to Japan, being considered the third transmission of the Japanese Sanron sect.
  9. In 719, as to exchanges of documents between Sogo (a monk of a managerial post)/Sango (three monastic positions with management roles at a temple) and Zokkan government officials, which should use cho, it was stipulated that a form of "I" (移) should be used by replacing Chinese characters "I" (移) with "cho" (牒).
  10. In 719, fields were distributed among minko (private houses) all over Japan.
  11. In 719, he received the rank of Jugoi (Junior Fifth Rank).
  12. In 719, households of the Fifth Rank or higher were allowed to have Jigyo, Boko and Joshin.
  13. In 719, the shrine was relocated from Manaihara to its current location, and Hiko Hoakari no Mikoto was enshrined as the main deity alongside Toyouke and Amaterasu, and the name of the shrine was changed to Kono Miya.
  14. In 720, "Nihon Shoki" (Chronicles of Japan) completed.
  15. In 720, a rebellion of Emishi arose in Mutsu Province, and a provincial inspector (azechi) KAMITSUKENO no Hirohito was killed.
  16. In 720, the Hayato War broke out and the Imperial Court sought the advice of an Usa Hachiman oracle on how to suppress the uprising.
  17. In 720, when Fuhito died, an administrative institution called the 'Office of Constructing a Buddha Hall in Kofuku-ji Temple' was established, and the construction of Kofuku-ji Temple, which had originally been a private temple of the Fujiwara clan, came to be done by the government.
  18. In 721
  19. In 721 she was promoted to Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank) but in the same year she became a nun when the Empress Genmei became critically ill.
  20. In 721, raising horses was regulated according to rank by stating that 'exercising abstention and moderation and prohibiting luxury are the first things for governance and the way how a king keeps his strong authority.'
  21. In 722, he advanced four ranks and became Senior Fourth Rank Upper Grade.
  22. In 723, Sanze isshin no ho (the law to assure the possession of the reclaimed land for three generations) was established in order to deal with the lack of rice fields.
  23. In 723, as a part of the land cultivation promotion program, Sanze-isshin Law (a law allowing farmers who cleared new lands to own them for a period of three generations) was promulgated and the private ownership of newly cultivated land was approved though it had a time limit.
  24. In 724 in the period of Emperor Shomu, 30,000 soldiers of the military located in nine countries of Bando (old Kanto region) started to take lessons in Kisha (to shoot an arrow with riding a horse) and received training in gunjin (battle array).
  25. In 724, Emperor Shomu had a dream of Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun Goddess) and got her message, 'There is a small island in Lake Biwa and as it is the holy place of Benzaiten, you must found a temple', so he sent Gyoki to Chikubushima Island as an Imperial envoy and had a temple built.
  26. In 724, he received the rank of Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  27. In 724, he was promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  28. In 724, the Prince Obito ascended the throne, and was conferred Ippon (First Order of an Imperial Prince) (Different theory exists.)
  29. In 724, there were rebellions bythe Emishi along the main coastal roads, where the senior secretary of the Mutsu provincial government, SAEKI no Koyamaro, was killed.
  30. In 725, he received the rank of Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank) and a medal for merit.
  31. In 726 during the early Nara period, Emperor Shomu ordered FUJIWARA no Umakai to build the Rikyu (an Imperial Villa) with tiled roofing at the Naniwa no miya.
  32. In 726 he became a Zontongushi (palace builder), and erected tongu (temporary palace) in Harima Province.
  33. In 726, they defined a list of prohibited techniques, 48 major sumo techniques, etiquette, and good manners.
  34. In 726, while he was Shikibukyo (the Highness of Ceremonial), he became Chief of Construction of Naniwa no Miya.
  35. In 727, Balhae sent an envoy to Japan asking for diplomatic relations in order to cope with Tang and Silla, and became a vassal to Japan.
  36. In 728, he received religious precepts at Asuka-dera Temple.
  37. In 728, when the myobo department was established in universities as a training institution for ritsuryo scholars, research on ritsuryo also flourished.
  38. In 729, Azumahito, who had been appointed to Mutsu-no-kuni Chinju Shogun (Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of Mutsu Province), proposed to the Emperor conferring of an award on those who suppressed warriors.
  39. In 729, he was appointed risshi (the third-rank priest following sojo and sozu) and assisted in the relocation of Daian-ji Temple to Heijo-kyo (the ancient capital of Nara).
  40. In 729, tencho setsu was renamed to 'senshusetsu,' but in 749, it was again renamed to 'tencho setsu.'
  41. In 729, the four brothers of Fujiwara slandered Nagayao, who had been promoted to sadaijin (minister of the left) as 'endangering the nation with the ways of the left' and forced him to commit suicide (an event known as Nagayao no Hen), grasping the reins of government.
  42. In 729, when he was the commander in chief, he was sent to the residence of the Prince Nagaya together with the Deputy Prime Minister, FUJIWARA no Muchimaro to deliberate on the prince's accusation.
  43. In 730 Seyaku-in and Hiden-in were established together based on the wish of Empress Komyo to accommodate, provide relief and dispense medicine for sick people and orphans.
  44. In 730, he was promoted to Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  45. In 730, in a bid to enhance the Onmyoryo, scholarships were given to three of the onmyo no sho as onmyo tokugyo no sho (onmyo students).
  46. In 730, the court selected the three "itokugosho" (best students of medicine) from among excellent students, and gave them almost the same treatment as the students of Daigakuryo.
  47. In 731 (?):
  48. In 731, Shigamaro was promoted to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  49. In 731, each of the four brothers rose to the position of Giseikan legislator.
  50. In 731, he became Ge-jugoinoge (Jugoinoge [Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade] given to persons outside Kyoto), assuming the post of Tonomo no kami (the Director of the Imperial Palace Keeper's Bureau), and in 738, he became Saigu Chokan (Director of the residence of an unmarried princess serving at Ise-jingu Shrine).
  51. In 731, the position of sokan (a military position with power over the provinces of the Kinai region) was created in the Kinai region, and the position of chinbushi (an official charged with pacifying public unrest) was established in Sanindo, Sanyodo and Nankaido.
  52. In 732, he became a military governor of Saikaido Road as Sangi (councilor) and Shikibukyo (the Highness of Ceremonial).
  53. In 732, he visited China as Kento-shi (Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China) rugakusho (overseas students).
  54. In 732, setsudoshi (military governors) were appointed in Tokaido, Tosando, Sanindo and Saikaido.
  55. In 733, Akita-jo Castle was built by relocating the Dewa stockade.
  56. In 733, Genso (Xuan Zong) of Tang China dispatched Mongei DAI to Yushu to form an army, and also ordered the King of Silla to attack Bokkai.
  57. In 733, another Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty led by TAJIHI no Hironari (a younger brother of Agatamori) arrived in Tang, but Nakamaro did not embark on the ship to Japan for pursuing further career as an official in Tang.
  58. In 733, he increased the number of these paths from 10 to 15, and he also placed a saihoshochishi responsible for each path.
  59. In 733, he set up Kensakuin (the official treasure-houses of the Todai-ji Temple) and led the construction of the large statue of Birushana Buddha and called the place Konshu-ji Temple.
  60. In 733, the empire under the Tang dynasty, which had previously been divided into 10 administrative regions called 'dao' circuits of inspection, was redivided into 15 dao circuits, each of which had a 'saiho shochishi' stationed.
  61. In 734, a massive earthquake caused extensive damage, then in 740, the preceding year when the Emperor Shomu issued a Mikotonori to construct the Kokubun-ji Temples, the FUJIWARA no Hirotsugu War occurred.
  62. In 735, a Champa merchant, who lived in Qinzhou in Tang China, helped them to escape to Qinzhou (present Qinzhou in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of People's Republic of China, facing the Gulf of Tonkin.)
  63. In 735, he was allocated six fuyoku-doji (assistants).
  64. In 735, however, many people died due to the plagues in the area of Dazaifu and then subsequently in Heijo-kyo, the ancient capital of Japan in current Nara, and as a result, similar festivals were held in various countries.
  65. In 736, he and his younger brother Sai no Okimi asked to succeed TACHIBANA no Sukune (sukune refers to the third highest of the eight hereditary titles), which was the surname of their mother TACHIBANA no Michiyo, and permitted.
  66. In 737 July, he came down with smallpox that was prevalent at that time and was awarded Senior First Rank Minister of the Left in his dying bed.
  67. In 737 in the mid Nara period, the ryoseikoku of 'Yamato' was renamed from '大倭国' to '大養徳国' under the TACHIBANA no Moroe government, but when its political force weakened in 747, the name was returned to '大倭国.'
  68. In 737, Gyoki, having heard of the legend, built Guho-ji Temple (Ichikawa City) to console the spirit of Tekona.
  69. In 737, Oshika stockade was established.
  70. In 737, a punitive expedition to Silla was discussed, but due the successive deaths of FUJIWARA no Muchimaro and his three brothers it was not materialized.
  71. In 737, a smallpox epidemic killed his father, Muchimaro, and his four brothers one after another, which greatly reduced the power of the FUJIWARA clan.
  72. In 737, because of the plague, four Fujiwara brothers passed away one after another, followed by the death of many government executives, such as the Imperial Prince Toneri.
  73. In 737, four brothers of the FUJIWARA family, FUJIWARA no Muchimaro, Fusasaki, Umakai, and Maro who were central to the politics of the day, subsequently passed away by smallpox which raging at that time.
  74. In 737, he became Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade.
  75. In 737, he was promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and Nakatsukasa-kyo.
  76. In 737, when Fujiwara four brothers who was holding tremendous authority in Imperial Court died one after another, he was appointed Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade.
  77. In 738, he became Guide of Yamato Province and Junior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Ceremonial.
  78. In 738, he was assigned Risshi (the third rank of priest following Sojo and Sozu), and around this time he started trying very hard to help restore the Toin (East Precinct) of Horyu-ji Temple.
  79. In 738, he was killed with sword by OTOMO no Komushi.
  80. In 738, the Imperial Court ordered to submit charts of province and county throughout the country.
  81. In 738, the oldest son of FUJIWARA no Umakai, Hirotsugu (the Ceremonial House of the Fujiwara clan) was assigned to Dazai no sochi from Kokushi (provincial governor) of 大養徳 (Yamato Province) and went to Dazai-fu.
  82. In 738, the operation of kondei was totally suspended in all regions except for the Hokuriku-do and the Nankai-do Regions.
  83. In 738, when TACHIBANA no Moroe was promoted to Udaijin and seized power of the feudal government, Makibi was assigned with an important role along with the priest Genbo who returned from Tang with Makibi, and was appointed Ueji no kami (Guard chief).
  84. In 739 when he was a Benkan (officials of the Dajokan), he was accused of adultery with KUME no Wakame, the wife of FUJIWARA no Umakai and exiled to Tosa Province.
  85. In 739, Azumahito, who was in the position of Mutsu no Azechi, Chinjufu Shogun, and also Yamato no kuni kokushi (Governor of Yamato Province), was appointed to Sangi (Councilor).
  86. In 739, he was promoted from Shorokuinojo (Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade) to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and became the governor of Mutsu in 743 when he was 46 years old.
  87. In 74, he visited Mino Province and stayed at Kukurinomiya (Kani City, Gifu Prefecture).
  88. In 740, FUJIWARA no Hirotsugu raised a rebellion in Dazai-fu (the local government office in the Kyushu region) in an attempt to remove Makibi and Genbo.
  89. In 740, Naramaro was assigned to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and promoted to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) in the same year.
  90. In 740, Roben invited Shinjo, a bonze in Silla, to Konshu-ji Temple as a lecturer and began to give lectures on "Kegon-kyo" (the Avatamsaka Sutra).
  91. In 740, Shinjo held Kegon-kyo Sutra (Avatamska doctrine sutra) Hoe (Buddhist mass), Jikun acted as the vice lecturer, and he became the Imperial Court lecturer in 755.
  92. In 740, he accompanied Emperor Shomu on his imperial sojourn to Ise Province.
  93. In 740, he followed the Emperor Shomu's visit to Togoku (eastern provinces) and became Ge-jugoinojo (Jugoinojo, Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade given to persons outside Kyoto).
  94. In 740, he joined the rebellion of FUJIWARA no Hirotsugu, his oldest brother, in Kitakyushu and led the force of five thousand soldiers from Bungo Province.
  95. In 740, he received the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  96. In 740, he was involved in his brother FUJIWARA no Hirotsugu's affair and exiled to Oki Province.
  97. In 740, he was promoted to Jushiijo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  98. In 740, in the middle of FUJIWARA no Hirotsugu's Revolt, Emperor Shomu suddenly made an imperial sojourn to Ise Province.
  99. In 740s, the period when Emperor Shoumu acceded to the throne, an epidemic was prevalent and social anxiety was spreading in Heijokyo Capital.
  100. In 741 an imperial edict for the establishment of the Kokubun-ji Temples was issued, and in 742 Konshu-ji Temple was included as a Kokubun-ji Temple; the name of the temple was changed to Kinkomyo-ji.
  101. In 741 he was dismissed from his post as Sanuki no kuni no suke (Assistant Governor of Sanuki Province).
  102. In 741 provincial monasteries were built around the country by an order of emperor Shomu, and provincial monasteries were built at the same time.
  103. In 741, Makibi taught "Kanjo" (Historical records of the Han Dynasty) and "Raiki" (Book of Rites) to the Imperial Princess Abe (later Empress Koken and Empress Shotoku) as Togugakushi (an educator of the Princess).
  104. In 741, Nakamaro joined the Minbu-sho (Ministry of Popular Affairs).
  105. In 741, at Kuninomiya (alternatively read Kunikyo, site of the ancient capital in the Nara period) he studied under the Chinese priest Daoxuan (Japanese transliteration: Dosen) and entered the Buddhist priesthood, taking his vows at Hokuso-in of the Kofuku-ji Temple in 743.
  106. In 741, he became Settsu no suke (an assistant secretary of an office).
  107. In 741, he was appointed to Nakatsukasa no Shoyu (Junior Assistant Minister of the Imperial Household Ministry).
  108. In 741, he was assigned to Daigaku no kami (Director of the Bureau of Education).
  109. In 741, he was promoted from Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) to Jusanmi (Junior Third Grade) in recognition of his merit in suppressing the rebellion of FUJIWARA no Hirotsugu, and he was appointed to Rusu (person representing the master during his absence) of the old capital Heijo-kyo since Emperor Shomu transferred the capital to Kuni-kyo.
  110. In 741, the Emperor Shomu issued an order of Mikotonori to build the Kokubun-ji Temple and Kokubun-niji Temple in each province.
  111. In 742, Dazaifu was abolished, chinzeifu being established the next year, but in 745, Dazaifu was reestablished.
  112. In 742, Lushan AN became the setsudoshi of Pinglu, and furthermore, Fanyang and Hedong were additionally placed under his control.
  113. In 742, he died.
  114. In 742, he was permitted to go into retirement in Mt. Ninabuchi.
  115. In 742, he went to Yangzhou with Yoei and Fusho in order to return to their country.
  116. In 742, when he was a chief priest of Daming Temple in Yangzhou, he was implored to transmit the Vinaya precepts to Japan by Yoei and Fusho, priests dispatched to Tang from Japan.
  117. In 743, Konden einen shizai Law (the Law Permitting Permanent Ownership of Newly Cultivated Land) was established because there were many uncultivated wastes.
  118. In 743, Naramaro leaked his conspiracy, which was planned with ONO no Azumahito, of enthroning Prince Kibumi as the next emperor to SAEKI no Matanari after Emperor Shomu became ill during the imperial visit to Nanba.
  119. In 743, Shogoinojo (Senior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  120. In 743, TACHIBANA no Naramaro urged Matanari to raise a rebellion by installing Prince Kibumi as the Crown Prince.
  121. In 743, he became Tosa no kami (the governor of Tosa Province), and after that he became Daikigashira (construction prefect).
  122. In 743, he received the rank of Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and was appointed to Yamato no kuni Kokushi (governor of Yamato province).
  123. In 743, he was promoted to Sangi (a councilor).
  124. In 743, he went to Yangzhou with Yoei and Fusho in order to return to their country.
  125. In 743, the Emperor Shomu fell ill and was unable to continue his work.
  126. In 744 he was appointed to Kuninomiya Rusukan (an officer to guard Kuninomiya [currently Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture] while master is away) together with FUJIWARA no Nakama ro, but died in the following year.
  127. In 744, the capital was transferred and it is considered that Naniwa-kyo was also in existence at that time.
  128. In 744, the change in Miya (palace) name (from Shigaraki no miya to Koka no miya) gradually appeared; in November, the body framework of Rushanabutsu (statue of Buddha) was built in Koga-ji Temple.
  129. In 744, the transfer of the capital from Kuni-kyo Capital to the Naniwa no miya Palace was carried out.
  130. In 745, daibu (master) of the Settsu Province.
  131. In 745, he received the rank of Shogoinojo (Senior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  132. In 745, the residence of Empress was made into gu-ji (temple associated with a shrine), which is the origin of Hokke-ji Temple.
  133. In 746, Minbusho taifu (Senior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Popular Affairs).
  134. In 746, he became a Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  135. In 746, he composed a waka poem at the palace of the Retired Empress Gensho.
  136. In 746, he received the rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  137. In 746, he was conferred Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  138. In 746, he was transferred to the Shikibu-sho (Ministry of Ceremonial).
  139. In 747, Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade).
  140. In 747, together with other seven members of his family, he was given a surname of Sena no Konikishi and called himself SENA no Konikishi Fukushin.
  141. In 748 he visited Ecchu no kami (Governor of Ecchu Province) OTOMO no Yakamochi as a messenger for TACHIBANA no Moroe.
  142. In 748, Yoei visited Ganjin at Daming Temple again.
  143. In 749 when the Emperor Shomu abdicated the throne to Imperial Princess Abe and she ascended to the Imperial Throne (the Empress Koken), Nakamaro was promoted to Dainagon (the chief councilor of the state).
  144. In 749, Kyofuku KUDARANOKONIKISHI, who was Mutsuno Kami (the governor of Mutsu Province) then, found gold in Japan, where gold had never been found until then, and presented it (900 ryo) to Emperor Shomu.
  145. In 749, during the erection of Todai-ji Temple and the statue of Birushana Buddha within Todai-ji Temple, there was a ceremonially transfer of the guardian god from Usa-jingu Shrine.
  146. In 749, gold was discovered in Mutsu Province, and 900 ryo of gold was sent from the governor of Mutsu, Kyofuku, to Heijo-kyo (the ancient capital of Japan in current Nara).
  147. In 749, he assumed the post of Chue no shosho (Minor Captain of the Imperial Guard) of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and Shibichudai shohitsu (Assistant Director of the office handling the principal empress Komyo's affairs), and further promoted to the rank of Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  148. In 749, he became Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade.
  149. In 749, he lived in Kumede-ji Temple, and later became a disciple of Gyoki.
  150. In 749, he was appointed to Sangi (councilor).
  151. In 749, he was appointed to the position of Sashoben (Minor Controller of the Left).
  152. In 749, his rank rose to Shoichii.
  153. In 749, when Emperor Shomu constructed the Great Buddha of Nara as the national symbol, Usa Hachiman rode to the capital in the same gilt-bronze Chinese phoenix palanquin, same as the Emperor's, and assisted in its construction.
  154. In 750, he became Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade.
  155. In 750, he was given a surname of Koma Ason and changed his name to KOMA no Fukushin.
  156. In 751 "Kaifuso" (Fond Recollections of Poetry), which is regarded as a very early collection of Kanshi in Japan, was compiled.
  157. In 751, Ganjin left Hannan Island to return to Yangzhou.
  158. In 751, he returned to the secular life under the imperial order, and received the kabane title of OMI no Mahito.
  159. In 751, he was appointed to Sojo (high-ranking Buddhist priest), and on April 9, 752, he served as a doshi (priest in charge of ceremonies) for Kaigan-kuyo (consecrating a newly made Buddhist statue or image by inserting the eyes) of the statue of Rushana-butsu in Todai-ji Temple.
  160. In 752, Chinu-O (King Chinu) and Ochi-O (King Ochi) were given the surname "Funya" by the Emperor.
  161. In 752, FUJIWARA accompanied a Kentoshi FUJIWARA no Kiyokawa as an exchange student and was characterized as a Zen artist more than Onmyo artist.
  162. In 752, Ganjin, who had decided to go to Japan without fail, promised FUJIWARA no Kiyokawa, who was a Kento-shi (a Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China) and visited him, to execute his decision.
  163. In 752, Retired Emperor Shomu Daijo, the Empress Komyo and his daughter Empress Koken visited Todai-ji Temple and held a ceremony to consecrate the daibutsu.
  164. In 752, a new Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty led by FUJIWARA no Kiyokawa arrived in Tang.
  165. In 752, he became Guide of Tai (Japan).
  166. In 752, he received the rank of Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade), and was appointed as the commander-in-chief of the Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China and also appointed to Minbukyo (Minister of the Finance and Tax Ministry).
  167. In 752, he was appointed to vice-commander of the Japanese envoy to Tang and visited China with commander-in-chief FUJIWARA no Kiyokawa.
  168. In 752, he was assigned to Azechi (inspector of the provincial government) of Tajima Province and Inaba Province.
  169. In 752, he was granted the Funya clan and demoted to subject, and changed his name to Kiyomi around 761.
  170. In 752, the casting of the Great Buddha was completed and the Kaigen-e ceremony of the Great Buddha was held in grand style by the priest, Bodai Senna, from Tenjiku (present, India), as a doshi (ceremony leader).
  171. In 753, Ganjin came to Japan from Tang after six voyages and established Kaidan (Buddhist ordination platform) at Todai-ji Temple and conferred commandments to the people such as the retired Emperor Shomu and Emperor Shotoku for the first time in Japan.
  172. In 753, MARUKO no Shimatari at the rank of Daishoige (Greater Initial Rank, Lower Grade) received the family name and kabane of Oshika no Muraji.
  173. In 753, he guided Ganjin, who came to Japan from Tang, to Dazaifu, Kyushu, and served as an interpreter for Ganjin when this reverend priest went to Kyoto in the following year 754.
  174. In 753, he served as an instructor in a sutra Urabonkyo at Todai-ji Temple, and in 780, he served as an instructor of the Yuimae, a religious service.
  175. In 753, on his 6th attempt, he was eventually successful in reaching Japan.
  176. In 754, Makibi was promoted to Dazai no shoni (Junior Assistant Governor-General) of Dazai-fu (a military base) in Chikuzen Province where he ordered to build Ito-jo Castle to reinforce the national defense against Shila (ancient Korean kingdom) in 756.
  177. In 754, a priest of Tang, Jianzhen, came to Japan and met the Empress and the Emperor and around the same time, the Emperor lost her mother Miyako who had suffered from the disease for a long time.
  178. In 754, he became Junior Third Rank.
  179. In 754, he became Taikotaigogu daijin (officer of the institution for serving to the grand Empress dowager) for making hill grave for the death.
  180. In 754, he was assigned to Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  181. In 754, kushige (a container used to hold hair accessories, including decorative combs) was floated down the old Yamato River from upstream in the hope of calming wind and flood damage in the Kawachi Province.
  182. In 754, the Tang priest named Ganjin (aka Janzen) was welcomed to Naniwa, and in the following year of 755, Kenkei abandoned the former Buddhist precepts and received gusokukai (i.e. full precepts) from Ganjin.
  183. In 754, when returning to Japan, the party of Kento-shi tried to board Ganjin (Jianzhen), but Tang officials did not allow it.
  184. In 755, Kiyokawa and Nakamaro returned to Changan.
  185. In 755, Moroe was informed that he blamed the Imperial Court in a feast, and as a result, he resigned in the following year and died in frustration in 757.
  186. In 755, SAMI no Miyamori, a servant of Moroe, leaked information that Moroe had slandered against the Imperial Court during a party.
  187. In 755, he took over control of the government from TACHIBANA no Moroe and in 757 he ousted TACHIBANA no Naramaro, who was a son of Moroe (TACHIBANA no Naramaro no hen).
  188. In 755, however, Moroe resigned his post in shame when it was revealed that he defamed the Imperial Court, and died in despair two years later.
  189. In 755, when the Anshi Rebellion occurred and Tang was thrown into disorder, FUJIWARA no Nakamaro made preparations for a punitive war against Silla, based on Japan's strengthening relationship with Balhae (who posed a serious threat to Silla).
  190. In 756, Emperor Shomu presented the manor to Todai-ji Temple.
  191. In 756, Shomu Daijo Tenno (the retired Emperor Shomu) died and Funado no Okimi became the Crown Prince according to the will of Shomu Daijo Tenno.
  192. In 756, Shomu Daijo Tenno (the retired Emperor) died and Prince Funado was formally installed as Crown Prince by his will.
  193. In 756, he became Capital Bureau and Palace staff of Ministry of Central Affairs.
  194. In 756, he became the funeral ceremony master and clothes coordinator when Emperor Shomu passed away.
  195. In 756, he passed away leaving his will to make Prince Funado, who was a grandchild prince of Emperor Tenmu, the Crown Prince.
  196. In 757 Tang added two more capitals, Fengxiang (the western capital) and Chengdu (in Shu County) and thus had five capitals, but these two capitals were abolished soon.
  197. In 757, FUJIWARA no Asakari, a son of Nakamaro, was appointed Mutsu no kami (the governor of Mutsu Province) newly building Momonou-jo Castle and Okachinoki Castle in an area which was formerly out of their control.
  198. In 757, Prince Oi became Crown Prince with the support of Namararo, and in 758, he was enthroned (Emperor Junnin).
  199. In 757, following the revolt of TACHIBANA no Naramaro, he was exiled to Sado Province.
  200. In 757, he became Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) Mutsu Province.
  201. In 757, he became Middle Counselor.
  202. In 757, he was conferred Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  203. In 757, he was given the rank of Shoshii (Senior Fourth Rank) and then appointed Shinbu no taifu/Nakatsukasa no taifu (Senior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Central Affairs) in 760.
  204. In 757, he was installed as the Crown Prince by the unmarried Empress Koken on behalf of Prince Funado who became the Crown Prince according to the will of Emperor Shomu.
  205. In 757, he was reassigned to the governor of Izumo.
  206. In 757, the Imperial government decided not to write down people with no hereditary title and people with group title as it is into the family register
  207. In 758, Emperor Junnin showed his compassion for Ganjin by an imperial order of his, appointing him Daiwajo (honorific title for Ganjin) and relieving him from the member of Sogo (Office of Monastic Affairs), so that Ganjin might only transmit the Vinaya precepts as he wanted.
  208. In 758, Empress Koken handed her throne to Prince Oi (Emperor Junnin).
  209. In 758, Empress Koken handed over her throne to Prince Oi (Emperor Junnin), who had been recommended by Asakari's father, Nakamaro.
  210. In 758, Nakamaro was appointed to Taiho, or Udaijin (minister of the right), and also given the name of EMI no Oshikatsu by Emperor Junnin, to whom Nakamaro strongly supported to become Emperor.
  211. In 758, Prince Oi ascended the throne, vacated by Empress Koken.
  212. In 758, Prince Oi was enthroned (Emperor Junnin) and Nakamaro was appointed Taiho (Udaijin) gaining the name of EMI no Oshikatsu.
  213. In 758, after the enthronement of Emperor Junnin, Prince Kusakabe was conferred the title "Okanomiyani amenoshita shiroshimeshishi Sumeramikoto or Okanomiya gyo tenno."
  214. In 758, he and his father were given the name FUJIWARA no Emi Ason.
  215. In 758, he dedicated a full set of 420 scrolls of Buddhist sutras to Toshodai-ji Temple.
  216. In 758, he had Prince Oi accept abdication by Empress Koken and ascend the throne (Emperor Junnin).
  217. In 758, he rejected the awarding of a court rank Ge-jugoinoge (Jugoinoge [Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade] given to persons outside Kyoto) because of his being a priest, but ikuro (stipends paid to people who were in the fourth rank and the fifth rank) and iden (fields given according to the court rank) were not confiscated due to the Imperial command.
  218. In 758, he was appointed to Saikaido Monminkushi (investigator for the common people of Saikai-do Road); he reported about the disease spread in the region to Daijokan (Grand Council of State) and Dazai-fu (local government office in Kyushu region) dealt with that.
  219. In 758, just before Jakusen passed away, he said, 'I will be reborn in 28 years as a prince of the Emperor, and will be called Shinno.'
  220. In 758, state monopolies on salt and iron were established to provide new revenue for the troubled national finances.
  221. In 758, the Emperor Koken abdicated the throne to Prince Oi and the Prince ascended to the Imperial Throne as the Emperor Junnin.
  222. In 758, the name saihoshochishi was changed to kansatsu shochishi (kansatsushi for short).
  223. In 758, upon the abdication of Empress Koken, Prince Oi assumed the throne to become Emperor Junnin who had the backing of Nakamaro.
  224. In 759 Ko Gendo was appointed to this position.
  225. In 759, Asakari was promoted to Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  226. In 759, Ganjin was given the former residence of Imperial Prince Niitabe to build Toshodai-ji Temple and set up a Kaidan platform.
  227. In 759, Ko Gendo was named "grand envoy sent to greet the envoy sent to Tang China" (in other words, he was a messenger sent to China to meet the actual envoy who had already been sent from Japan to Tang China and was currently in China).
  228. In 759, Ko Gendo's party crossed through Balhae (a kingdom in northwestern Korea, also known as Bokkai or Bohai) by means of the Balhae Kingdom Way (a road) and entered Tang China in order to meet FUJIWARA no Kiyokawa.
  229. In 759, Okachi-jo Castle and Momonou-jo Castle were built.
  230. In 759, an envoy for welcoming the envoy visiting Tang, which was lead by taishi (commander-in-chief) Kogendo, reached Tang via the country of Bo Hai.
  231. In 759, he was appointed as Kokushi (the governor) of Kii Province.
  232. In 759, he was appointed to Mino no kuni Kokushi (Governor of Mino Province) and promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade).
  233. In 759, he was promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  234. In 759, in the wake of the report that Shiragi (an ancient Korean kingdom) took a rude attitude to a Japanese missionary, Nakamaro ordered to be prepared for the conquest of Shiragi.
  235. In 759, it was decided that payment of remuneration and provision of servants for the shogun and for his subordinate officers should be the same as those for Kokushi (provincial governor) of Mutsu Province.
  236. In 759, supposedly due to the request of Bokkai, FUJIWARA no Nakamaro planned a full-scale expedition to Shiragi, involving 394 military vessels and 40,700 soldiers.
  237. In 759, when Prince Oi ascended the throne as Emperor Junnin, Imperial Prince Toneri was given a posthumous title Sudoujinkei Kotei (Emperor Sudojinkei) as the father of the Emperor.
  238. In 760, Empress Dowager Komyo passed away.
  239. In 760, Nakamaro became Taishi (Grand Minister) and rose to the highest rank (possible for the subject) in the country.
  240. In 760, Nakamaro became the first Taishi (Daijo-daijin [Grand Minister]) among subjects.
  241. In 760, Nakamaro finally won the position of Taishi, orDaijo-daijin.
  242. In 760, Nakamaro was appointed to Taishi (Grand Minister).
  243. In 760, Nakamaro was made the first Taishi (Daijo-daijin [Grand Minister]) not from the imperial family.
  244. In 760, he became the clothes coordinator when Empress Dowager Komyo (Nisho) passed away.
  245. In 760, he became 仁部卿 (Minister of Popular Affairs) and Tokaido Setsudoshi (Military Governor of the Tokai-do Road).
  246. In 760, together with Roben and others, Jikun proposed an amendment of the priest rank system to the Emperor.
  247. In 761
  248. In 761, Kusumaro was appointed to Yamato no kuni no kami (Governor of Yamato Province).
  249. In 761, Masaki became Jushiijo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) and Azechi (Inspector of the Provincial Government) of Mino Province, Hida Province and Shinano Province.
  250. In 761, Shikachi was promoted to the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and was appointed to the position of Sakohon no kami (Captain of the Left Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  251. In 761, conferred the Imperial Court Rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), he became Setsudoshi (military governor) of Saikaido region (Western-sea region).
  252. In 761, he was granted Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and was consecutively Saejinokami (Captain of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards) and Shikibu no taifu (Chief Judge) and then became Sanji (councilor) in 774.
  253. In 761, the Emperor Junnin and the retired Empress Koken were sent to Hora no Miya Palace (a detached palace) of Omi Province.
  254. In 762
  255. In 762, Nakamaro promoted his three sons, FUJIWARA no Masaki, FUJIWARA no Kusumaro and FUJIWARA no Asakari to Sangi (councilor).
  256. In 762, he promoted Imperial orders of Emperor Junnin as Mombu-taifu (post of Ministry of Education) and Shikibu no taifu (Senior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Ceremonial), and in December was appointed to be a Sangi (councilor).
  257. In 762, he renovated Taga-jo Castle into a grand facility suitable for holding feasts for Ezo.
  258. In 762, in order to reassume the supreme power as Emperor, Retired Empress Koken declared that "Current emperor should administer the ordinary state affairs and minor political matters. We'll administer a matter of national importance and justice."
  259. In 763 he was promoted to Ge-jugoinoge (Jugoinoge [Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade] given to persons outside Kyoto) and named the governor of Noto Province, but was implicated in FUJIWARA no Nakamaro's Revolt and punitively dismissed from his post and rank.
  260. In 763 in Japan, Kiyokawa was appointed to Hitachi no Kami (governor of Hitachi Province), remaining at commander-in-chief of the envoy to Tang, and in 764 he was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  261. In 763 they were arrested, but Sukunamaro took sole responsibility for the affair and due to his majesty, one of eight unpardonable crimes, he was dismissed from office and deprived of his surname.
  262. In 763, Imaemishi discussed the plan with FUJIWARA no Yoshitsugu, ISONOKAMI no Yakatsugu and OTOMO no Yakamochi to assassinate the tyrant Taishi (Grand Minister), EMI no Oshikatsu (FUJIWARA no Nakamaro); however, it did not succeed due to betrayal.
  263. In 763, Jushi was renamed Naiju and Jushidokoro was also renamed Naijudokoro (later Naijusho).
  264. In 763, Retired Empress Koken returned to Heijo Capital, moved to Hokke-ji Temple on June 23, and, 10 days later, appeared as a nun in front of senior vassals to declare that she would deprive Emperor Junnin of authority.
  265. In 763, appointed as Mino no kami (Governor of Mino Province), Uchuben (Middle Controller of the Right) and Gaie chujo (Outer Guards Lieutenant General), he became Mutsu Dewa Azechi (Inspector of the provincial government in Mutsu and Dewa).
  266. In 763, he also served as Tanba no kuni no kami (Governor of Tanba Province).
  267. In 763, he became the governor of Sanuki, and when FUJIWARA no Nakamaro's War broke out, he worked as the chief captain of outer guard and imprisoned Emperor Junnin who was able to become the emperor with the help of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro.
  268. In 763, he passed away at the Toshodai-ji Temple.
  269. In 763, he served for Hyobusho (Ministry of Military) (the Ministry of Ceremonial).
  270. In 763, he was concurrently appointed to Hitachi no Kami (governor of Hitachi Province).
  271. In 763, he was conferred Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  272. In 764 he changed his surname and kabane to Sakai no Sukune and worked as kyoji (a craftsman who mounts calligraphy or paintings on scroll or sliding doors).
  273. In 764 her husband was executed for joining in FUJIWARA no Nakamaro's War.
  274. In 764 when Nakamaro raised a rebellion (the Rebellion of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro), Sukunamaro was issued imperial rescript and defeated Nakamaro with leading several hundred troops and then gave Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  275. In 764, KIBI no Makibi who was close to retired Empress Koken emerged around this time.
  276. In 764, Makibi was appointed as the chief in the Todai-ji Temple construction and returned to Kyoto at the age of 70.
  277. In 764, Makibi was appointed as the chief in the Todaiji-Temple construction and returned to Kyoto at the age of 70.
  278. In 764, Nakamaro lost a coup (the Rebellion of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro) that he started and his clan perished.
  279. In 764, Oguromaro was invested as Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and a director of Ise Province by a determination of rewards according to each person's merits (after examining his services) at the time of Rebellion of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro.
  280. In 764, after the Rebellion of Emi no Oshikatsu, the Emperor Shotoku ordered the production of the Hyakuman-to Towers, as he followed the views of "Muku joko dai darani kyo," specifically from the period of the Jingo Keiun era (767-770).
  281. In 764, after the revolt of Fujiwara no Nakamaro, Emperor Junnin didn't act together with his supposed best guardian, Nakamaro.
  282. In 764, he became Senior Third Rank Major Counselor during the Rebellion of Fujiwara no Nakamaro.
  283. In 764, he became a provincial governor in Bizen Province.
  284. In 764, he became an inner palace guard.
  285. In 764, he raised a rebellion (Rebellion of Fujiwara no Nakamaro) to succeed to the throne being helped, ironically, by FUJIWARA no Nakamaro (EMI no Oshikatsu) who had once obstructed a possible succession of Prince Shioyaki to the Imperial Throne.
  286. In 764, he received the rank of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  287. In 764, he was appointed as Shonagon (the Minor Councilor).
  288. In 764, when FUJIWARA no Nakamaro raised a rebellion, the checking station was closed to stop him running away to Echizen Province where his son lived.
  289. In 765, Dokyo became daijodaijin zenji (grand minister of state and master of Zen Buddhism) and the next year, the Emperor of Buddhist Law.
  290. In 765, Prince Yamamura was appointed as Yamato no Kuni no Kami, which was the governor of Yamato Province.
  291. In 765, he became Order of Second Class because of his achievement in repression of the rebellion.
  292. In 765, he became the director official who handled important rituals.
  293. In 765, he left the Imperial Court, went to Mt. Katsuo for meditation, met two masters, Zenchu and Zensan, went into priesthood and received the religious precept.
  294. In 765, he was promoted to the Shogoinojo (Senior Fifth Court Rank, Upper Grade) and became Gaie taisho (Outer Guards General).
  295. In 765, she prohibited any kind of private ownership of land, except for temples and shrines, because the land was overly cultivated due to the Law Permitting Permanent Ownership of Newly Cultivated Land.
  296. In 765, she was given the surname 'Kibi no Fujinnowake no Mahito' and created 'Daini' (great female Buddhist monk) in 768.
  297. In 765, when he was Jingihaku (administrator of the institution for dedicating to religious ceremony), he was raised to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  298. In 766 he was promoted to Jusani (Junior Third Rank).
  299. In 766, he became Junior Second Rank, Minister of the Right, Senior Second Rank.
  300. In 766, he became Minister of the Left when Dokyo was appointed the Pope.
  301. In 766, he was appointed as Tanba no kami (Governor of Tanba Province), Dazai no daini (Senior Assistant Governor General of the Dazai-fu) and Hyobukyo (Minister for Military Affairs), promoted from the Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Court Rank, Lower Grade) to Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) and also appointed as Sangi (Councilor).
  302. In 766, he was granted 495,850 sq.m. of Kuden (Rice fields).
  303. In 766, he was promoted to Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade), and subsequently served as uchi-no-umaya-no-kami (manager of stables of the Imperial Palace) and Kuni-no-mikotomochi (provincial governor) of Shimousa Province, of Harima Province and so on.
  304. In 767, Iji-jo Castle was constructed.
  305. In 767, he became Dazai no daini (Senior Assistant Governor-General of the Dazai-fu offices), and the Usa Hachiman-gu Shrine oracle plot occurred before he became Minbu shoyu (Junior Assistant Minister of Popular Affairs) in 770, but it was unknown how he was involved in the plot.
  306. In 767, he became an inspector for Iyo Province and Tosa Province.
  307. In 767, he took up the post of Zogukyo (Minister of Making and Mending Palaces) and Hoogushiki daibu (Master of the domestic governing institution for Dokyo).
  308. In 767, he was appointed as Uhyoe no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  309. In 767, when Michikata served as the Ise no suke (Assistant Governor of Ise Province), he and ABE no Azumahito reported to the Emperor that there was an auspicious cloud above the outer shrine of Ise-jingu Shrine.
  310. In 768, he resigned Uhyoe no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  311. In 768, he was appointed the Governor of Kazusa Province and a Junior Assistant Minister of Edicts.
  312. In 769 her name was changed to Kuriya no mahito kuriyame for cursing the Empress Koken in conspiracy with Agata no inukai no aneme, Oshisaka no himemiko, Ishida no himemiko and others and for trying to propel her son Shikeshimaro to the Imperial Throne.
  313. In 769, NAKATOMI no Suge no Asomaro, Kantsukasa (ritual official) of Dazaifu (Government Headquarters in Kyushu), reported the oracle of Usa Hachiman God that 'Dokyo shall assume the throne.'
  314. In 769, he became Junior First Rank.
  315. In 769, he had jurisdiction over the Headquarters of the Inner Palace Guards, Gaiefu(guard)and Right Division of Middle Palace Guards, because of Emperor Koken's sickness.
  316. In 770
  317. In 770 after her father, Prince Shirakabe (Emperor Konin) succeeded to the throne, she was appointed as Sanbon (the third rank of Imperial Princess) on December 1.
  318. In 770 he changed his name to Yoshitsugu.
  319. In 770 he was restored to his original rank, and then in 771 he was named Sonoike no kami (director of gardens and ponds) before he was successively named, in 772, Izu no kami (governor of Izu province) and Izumo no suke (the assistant governor of Izumo province).
  320. In 770 the death of Emperor Shotoku caused Dokyo and Kiyohito's downfall, and Kiyohito was therefore banished to Tosa Province along with his three children.
  321. In 770, Empress Shotoku passed away.
  322. In 770, Shirakabe no okimi (Prince Shirakabe), the grandchild of Emperor Tenchi, was enthroned (as Emperor Konin) after Emperor Shotoku died.
  323. In 770, a chief of the Emishi/Ezo army was defeated in a battle with the Imperial army and was forced to retreat to his homeland, and in the following year, 771, a delegate from Bo-Hai Dynasty arrived at Noshiro of Dewa Province (modern day Noshiro City in Akita Prefecture).
  324. In 770, after Empress Shotoku died, Makibi backed FUNYA no Kiyomi and FUNYA no Ochi as candidates to the next Emperor, but his effort bore no fruit and it is believed Makibi later said 'I have never imagined to live to see myself humiliated this much'.
  325. In 770, at the end of the Nara period, Emperor Shotoku passed away and Emperor Konin, a descendent of Emperor Tenchi, ascended the throne although he was already around 60 years old.
  326. In 770, he was conferred the Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Court Rank, Lower Grade).
  327. In 770, her father, Shirakabe no okimi ascended to the throne.
  328. In 770, however, he was awarded the rank of Jushiijo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  329. In 770, she was allowed to return to the capital and created Jugoinoge.
  330. In 770, when Emperor Shotoku passed away, he compromised with Minister of the Right KIBI no Makibi and enthroned Shirakabe no okimi as Emperor Konin.
  331. In 770, when Ukuhau, the Lord Ukame of the Emishi, ran back to his homeplace, MICHISHIMA no Shimatari was dispatched to pursue him.
  332. In 771 it was discovered that she has been falsely charged and she returned to the capital.
  333. In 771, he again submitted his resignation, which was accepted.
  334. In 771, he became Togu Daibu of Imperial Prince Osabe.
  335. In 772
  336. In 772, Emperor Konin sent sixty Buddhist monks to hold a Buddhist service for the repose of the soul of the Emperor Junnin.
  337. In 772, Imperial Princess Inoe (Shotoku's sister) was deprived of Empress for suspicion of cursing, and her son, Imperial Prince Osabe also became the deposed Crown Prince.
  338. In 772, his mother, Empress Imperial Princess Inoe was dethroned on the charge of high treason for cursing her husband and Crown prince Osabe was subsequently demoted for his involvement in that case on June 16, 772.
  339. In 773, Fukushin's legitimate son, TAKAKURA no Ishimaro, was awarded the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) for the achievements Fukushin made as the Zogukyo (Minister of Making and Mending Palaces).
  340. In 773, Imperial Prince Yamanobe, the son of TAKANO no Niigasa, became the Crown Prince.
  341. In 774 and 775, KI no Hirozumi and OTOMO no Surugamaro went on an expedition to defeat Emishi/Ezo troops that had invaded Momonou-jo Castle.
  342. In 774, OTOMO no Surugamaro, a provincial inspector (azechi), was ordered to go on an expedition to subdue the Emishi/Ezo (northerners and northeasterners).
  343. In 774, he resigned Hyobukyo (Minister of Military Affairs).
  344. In 774, he served as Risshi (literally, preceptor, referring to the third rank of priest following Sojo and Sozu).
  345. In 774, he was born in Byobugaura Tado County, Sanuki Province (present Zentsuji City, Kagawa Prefecture).
  346. In 774, he was transferred from the Minister for Military Affairs to Dazai no sochi.
  347. In 774, however, Momonou-jo Castle was attacked by Ezo and abandoned.
  348. In 774, together with Kiyomaro, she was conferred the kabane (hereditary title) of Asomi and promoted steadily.
  349. In 775, he became Settsudaibu (a master of Settsu Province).
  350. In 776, he was appointed to the position of Zogukyo (Minister of Making and Mending Palaces) and Omi no kami (Governor of Omi Province).
  351. In 776, she was raised to Sanbon (the third rank of the Imperial Princes' rank).
  352. In 776, the Emishi in Mutsu Province were subdued.
  353. In 777 he passed away shortly after that he became Naidaijin (Minister) and was awarded Juichii (Junior First Rank).
  354. In 777, fighting against rebels continued in Dewa Province, and although the army of Dewa Province did succumb to the Emishi on one occasion, the rebellions were temporarily put down in the following year, 778.
  355. In 777, he was conferred Torii Sukune (third highest of the eight hereditary titles).
  356. In 777, he went to Tang as 遣唐使判官 (Third Officer of the Envoy to Tang China), and the following year, 778, he returned to Japan, drifted to Amakusa County, Higo Province
  357. In 777, when he met Shitomo, a Bokkaishi (delegate from Bo Hai), he was told that phrenologically his descendent would prosper, but he himself would have a mishap in the age of 32.
  358. In 778 he encountered Enchin but saying that he was going to Togoku (the eastern part of Japan, particularly Kanto region), he disappeared.
  359. In 778, at the age of 12, he entered The Provincial Monastery of Omi Province (Omi Kokubun-ji Temple) to become a disciple of Gyohyo.
  360. In 778, he taught Saicho and in 780, as shishu (master) he had Saicho take his vows.
  361. In 778, he was appointed as Chue gontaisho (Inner Guards Vice-general) and Nakatsukasakyo (Minister of the Central Affairs).
  362. In 778, the tomb was admitted as an imperial tomb.
  363. In 779
  364. In 779 the Princess gave birth to Imperial Princess Asahara.
  365. In 779, he died with the concurrent posts of an official of Shikibu-sho (the Ministry of Ceremonial) and an imperial guard with Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  366. In 779, he received postmortem promotion to Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  367. In 779, he was given a surname of Takakura Ason and changed his name to TAKAKURA no Fukushin.
  368. In 779, promoted to the Shosanmi (Senior Second Court Rank), he was appointed as Chunagon (Vice-councilor of the state) and Togu denso (Reporter to the Crown Prince's Palace).
  369. In 780 a plan for how to strengthen Akita-jo Castle was worked out, under which Dewa's provincial officers would make the castle their permanent home and the seat of provincial government.
  370. In 780 when he was 15 years old, he took Buddhist orders under the monk Gyohyo at Omi's provincial temple, and took the name Saicho.
  371. In 780, Hirozumi KINO visited Koreharu-jo Castle during the construction of Kakubetsu-jo Castle.
  372. In 780, KOREHARI no Azamaro killed KI no Hirozumi, the Mutsu no Azechi (Inspector of Mutsu), and burnt down Taga-jo Castle, spurring endless war thereafter known as Ezo Seito ("The Ezo Conquest").
  373. In 780, Kenkei built a three-storied pagoda at Jingu-ji Temple at Tado-taisha Shrine, and during the Hoki era (770-780) he established Murou-ji Temple.
  374. In 780, Kosami was appointed as Seito fukushi (Vice Commander for the conquest of eastern barbarians) and went to eastern provinces, accompanying Seito Taishogun FUJIWARA no Tsugutada.
  375. In 780, the Emishi invaded Nagaoka county of Mutsu Province.
  376. In 780, two years later, SAKANOUE no Tamuramaro (758-811) who wandered into Mt. Otowa while chasing a deer happened to meet Kenshin being in the middle of ascetic practices.
  377. In 781
  378. In 781 Kiyohito was pardoned and returned home in Kawachi Province, never to be permitted to re-enter Kyoto.
  379. In 781, Baochen LI of Chengde passed away, and the son, Weiyu LI, requested a hereditary succession.
  380. In 781, Emperor Konin enthroned Imperial Prince Yamabe, the Crowned Prince.
  381. In 781, FUJIWARA no Oguromaro was additionally sent.
  382. In 781, He was promoted to Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) and was appointed as Ueji no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Outer Palace Guards).
  383. In 781, although he resigned Togu denso, he was appointed as Dainagon (Great Councilor).
  384. In 781, he died at the age of 58, and his body was buried in the tomb of Prince Kaijo located in today's Meiji no Mori Mino Quasi-National Park, Mino City, Osaka Prefecture.
  385. In 781, he served as Kogenshi (Barrier Closer Dispatched on Emergencies) of Mino Province when Emperor Konin became sick.
  386. In 781, he was transferred to the post of Danjoin (President of the Board of Censors) and was appointed Yamatsukuri no Tsukasa (Official in charge of building the mausoleum) on the death of the retired Emperor Konin.
  387. In 781, it was given the name 'Hachiman Daibosatsu' as the deity of protecting Buddhism.
  388. In 781, one year after FUJIWARA no Oguromaro was appointed as Great General for the East Subjugation (seito taishi), all the rebellions are believed to have temporarily ended.
  389. In 781, the imperial court granted Furuhito a leave for the use of Kabane (hereditary title used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing) of the 'Sugawara' clan.
  390. In 781, when his older brother Emperor Kanmu ascended the throne, he returned to secular life following Emperor Konin's advice becoming the investiture of the Crown Prince.
  391. In 782 Imperial Princess Fuwa was banished to Awaji Province in connection with her son Kawatsugu who had been banished to Izu Province for starting a rebellion (HIKAMI no Kawatsugu's War).
  392. In 782, Junii Udaijin (Minister of the Right with Junior Second Rank) was conferred posthumously on him.
  393. In 782, he was implicated in the rebellion lead by HIKAMI no Kawatsugu (Hikami no Kawatsugu's rebellion) and fired due to it; however, he was forgiven soon and returned to the position.
  394. In 782, promoted to the Junii (Junior Second Court Rank), he became Udaijin (Minister of the Right) and Kotaishi denso (Reporter to the Crown Prince).
  395. In 783
  396. In 783, although he was appointed as Sadaijin (Minister of the Left), he passed away at the age of 62.
  397. In 783, he was promoted to Chunagon but died while staying in Mutsu Province to serve as Mutsu no Azechi (Inspector of Mutsu) and Jisetsu Seito Shogun (the general of conquering east-barbarians).
  398. In 783, the family name 'Shimotsukenu' was given to the surrendered Emishi.
  399. In 784 Emperor Kammu aspired to relocate the capital from Heijokyo (in current Nara) and remarked that 'the Emperor really entrusts Tanetsugu with decisions of entire internal and external matters,' so Tanetsugu advised him about transferring the national capital to Nagaoka, Otokuni District, Yamashiro Province.
  400. In 784, Emperor Kanmu relocated the capital to Yamashiro Province and built Nagaoka-Kyo.
  401. In 784, concurrent with the relocation of capital to Nagaoka-kyo (an ancient capital of Nagaoka) by Emperor Kanmu, buildings such as Daigokuden were dismantled and reconstructed in the new capital city.
  402. In 784, he was given the Buddhist priest rank of Daisozu.
  403. In 784, the Emperor Kanmu constructed a new capital (Nagaokakyo) in Nagaoka in Yamashiro Province in order to free himself from the influence of temples and shrines which had been getting more and more powerful.
  404. In 785
  405. In 785 when he was 20, he received the commandments of Buddhism at Nara's Todai-ji Temple, thereby officially becoming a monk.
  406. In 785, Prince Ate (Later to become Emperor Heizei) was installed as Crown Prince.
  407. In 785, a 'zo-nagaoka-kyo-shi' (造長岡京使) (one of the extra statutory officers who was in charge of building Nagaoka-kyo), FUJIWARA no Tanetsugu was murdered, and Emperor Kanmu's kotaitei (brother and the first heir to the throne), Imperial Prince Sawara became a suspect and was banished.
  408. In 785, at the age of 19, he received gusoku-kai (a higher form of ordination) at Todai-ji Temple.
  409. In 785, he assumed the post of Sangi (councillor).
  410. In 785, he carried out a work to directly connect Kanzaki-gawa River with the Yodogawa-River to ensure the commodity distribution route to Heiankyo
  411. In 785, he was arrested and executed as a mastermind of the assassination of FUJIWARA no Tanetsugu which occurred in Nagaoka-kyo (the ancient capital of Nagaoka) during Emperor Kanmu's visit.
  412. In 785, he was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), sent a message to the Emperor and, thereby, was allowed to have the family name of SUKUNE (SAKANOUE no SUKUNE no Karitamaro).
  413. In 785, she was created Jushiijo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  414. In 785, the Emperor Heizei became the crown prince to succeed his uncle, Prince Sawara.
  415. In 785, the involvement of his father, Tsuguhito, in the assassination of FUJIWARA no Tanetsugu also implicated his involvement, and he was also deported to Sado Province.
  416. In 786, he became an Udoneri, but as Shitomo had foreboded, he died at age of 32 in 789, three years after becoming an Udoneri.
  417. In 786, she gave birth to Prince Kamino (Later to become Emperor Saga).
  418. In 787, or 6th year of the Enryaku era, if any Shoo (a prince without imperial proclamation) of rokui (the sixth rank) was assigned to any government post of the same sixth rank, he could receive kiroku (a stipend paid to government officers) corresponding to his post, while other Shoo ranked at shichii (the seventh rank) or lower position was presented with jifuku instead of kiroku.
  419. In 788 Saicho built a small temple on the site of the present-day Konponchudo Hall, which consisted of Yakushido Hall, Monjudo Hall, and Kyozo (scripture repository), and he called it Ichijoshikan-in Temple.
  420. In 788, he died.
  421. In 789
  422. In 789 when he was 15 years old, he learned from ATO no Otari, who was a tutor of Imperial Prince Iyo, a prince of Emperor Kanmu and the father-in-law of his mother, Rongo Analects, Kokyo (the book of filial piety), shiden (history and related items) and monjo (literature).
  423. In 789, a large scale conquest of Emishi/Ezo's lands was launched by KI no Kosami, who had been appointed as a Seito Shogun (a general to subdue eastern barbarians) in the previous year.
  424. In 789, expeditions to subdue the Emishi/Ezo (northerners and northeasterners) were resumed by KI no Kosami and SAEKI no Kazuragi.
  425. In 789, he and FUJIWARA no Tsugutada pursued the status of defeated army for KI no Kosami, seii taishi (great general who subdues the barbarians) who was bitterly defeated by Aterui, the chief of Ezo at the Battle of Subushi.
  426. In 789, he died with the title of Junii Udaijin (Junior Second Rank Minister of the Right) and Chueitaisho, and received a higher rank, Juichii (Junior First Rank) after his death.
  427. In 789, it was ordained that children born between the Ryomin and the Senmin should become the Ryomin, and in 907, the nuhi system was abolished.
  428. In 789, she gave birth to Princess Koshi.
  429. In 790 he reached the position of Udaijin and also was Kotaishi fu (an official in charge of education of the Crown Prince) and Chue no daisho (Major Captain of the Imperial Guard).
  430. In 790, when Sugano no Asomi presented a change of the family name to the emperor, there was a name of Jintei KUDARANOKONIKISHI along with successors,and therefore it shows that he was in the highest position, and thus the head of the Kudara Clan ("Shoku Nihongi," July 17).
  431. In 791
  432. In 791, 7.35 acres of shikiden (office-rice fields) were provided.
  433. In 791, Emperor Kanmu, in the tenth year of his reign, gave OE no Morogami, with whom the Emperor was a relative, gave the Sei of Oe.
  434. In 791, FUNYA no Ohara, OTOMO no Otomaro, Shuntetsu KUDARANOKONISHIKI, Hamanari TAJIHI and Tamuramaro SAKANOUE were dispatched.
  435. In 791, Shitenno-ji Temple, Sofuku-ji Temple (Otsu City) and another temple (Kofuku-ji Temple or Saidai-ji Temple) were added to create the 'ten dai-ji temples.'
  436. In 792, Takahashi Ujibumi was released as Daijokanpu (official documents issued by Daijokan, Grand Council of State).
  437. In 792, he entered the Daigaku-ryo (the Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system) at the age of 18.
  438. In 793
  439. In 793 Emperor Kanmu abolished Naniwanomiya Palace which had been a secondary capital for a long period of time, as a result Japan discontinued the multi-capital system and shifted to single-capital system that has lasted long.
  440. In 793, he was assigned as the chief priest of the kuyo (a memorial service for the dead) at Monju-do Hall on Mt. Hiei, and the following year, in 794, he conducted the completion ceremony of Enryaku-ji Temple's Konpon-chudo Hall as the doshi (head priest).
  441. In 794, Emishi/Ezo troops were subjugated by Seii Fukushogun (a deputy general who subdues barbarians), Tamuramaro SAKANOUE.
  442. In 794, another expeditionary army was sent to subdue Emishi/Ezo lands, headed by Seii Tai-shogun (the great general who subdues the barbarians) OTOMO no Otomaro, and the deputy general Tamuramaro SAKANOUE.
  443. In 794, the capital was moved to Heian-kyo, becoming the political and cultural center of the nation.
  444. In 795, he was awarded the rank of Dentojui (literally, abiding place [jui] of the transmission of the Light [dento]).
  445. In 796 or 770, Kurama-dera Temple was established in the middle of the south slope of Mt. Kurama, with Bishamonten (Vaisravana) as the honzon (principal object of worship at a temple).
  446. In 796, as the doshi (head priest), he conducted the memorial ceremony with the Hokekyo (Lotus Sutra) for the late MONONOBE no Komaro held at the command of Emperor Kammu.
  447. In 796, at Iwabuchi-dera Temple located at the foot of Mt. Takamado, he started Hokke hakko (ceremonial series of eight lectures on the eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra) for the repose of the soul of Eiko, who had been in the same school.
  448. In 796, he was appointed Mutsu no Azechi (Inspector of Mutsu), Mutsu no kami (the governor of Mutsu Province) and Chinjufu Shogun (Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of the North), all at the same time, to be in full command of the army, and the following year he was also appointed Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians").
  449. In 797, Tamuramaro SAKANOUE was appointed as Seii Taishogun (a great general who subdues barbarians).
  450. In 797, he became one of the Ten Zen Priests of Naigubu.
  451. In 797, he was appointed Risshi, an administrative position, and in 806, appointed as Shosozu, another administrative position.
  452. In 797, he was assigned as the sojo (the official Buddhist priest in the highest position) due to his achievement in praying for the cure of the disease that had afflicted Imperial Prince Ate (Emperor Heizei).
  453. In 798
  454. In 798, he was awarded the rank of Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank) and was appointed Dainagon (a chief councilor of state) danjoin (President of the Board of Censors); he died while in the post.
  455. In 798, the kansha shrines were divided into Kanpeisha which continued to receive heihaku from Jingikan, and Kokuheisha which received heihaku from a kokushi (provincial governor) of the ryoseikoku (province) in where that shrine was.
  456. In 799
  457. In 8 A.D., Omo, a maternal relative of the emperor of Former Han, destroyed Han to establish the "Shin" dynasty.
  458. In 800, he was given the posthumous name "Emperor Sudo," and his body was transferred to Yamato Province and was buried there.
  459. In 801, Tamuramaro SAKANOUE extended his conquest of Emishi/Ezo lands as far as Hei-mura village.
  460. In 801, Tamuramaro SAKANOUE, who was newly appointed as Seii Taishogun (a great general who subdues barbarians), went on an expedition and successfully subjugated Emishi/Ezo barbarians.
  461. In 801, he set out on a military expedition, which resulted in his victory against the barbarians (Ezo).
  462. In 801, he was appointed Kento-shi (Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty, China) and traveled to Tang Dynasty China with Saicho and Kukai in 804.
  463. In 801, jifuku was bestowed on some members of the Imperial Family who were assigned to some jobs for the government but could not receive kiroku (stipend) due to shortage of their service days.
  464. In 802, Aterui and More surrendered to Imperial armies, and were executed.
  465. In 802, Saicho was approved to travel to Tang China as a Gengakusho (a short-term overseas training student).
  466. In 802, he became the lecturer of Hokke-e meeting at Takaosan-dera Temple (Jingo-ji Temple).
  467. In 802, he transferred out of the Imperial family and joined the subjects of the state.
  468. In 802, when SAKANOUE no Tamuramaro built Isawa-jo Castle, Chinju-fu was relocated from Taga-jo Castle to Isawa-jo Castle.
  469. In 803
  470. In 803, Shiwa-jo Castle was built.
  471. In 803, he built Shiwa Castle.
  472. In 803, he was assigned as both the betto (chief monk of the temple) of Bonshaku-ji Temple and the kengyo (administrator) of Sofuku-ji Temple, but in June 805, he was assigned as the risshi (the third priestly ranking after sojo and sozu), and in September he was assigned as the shosozu (priest, junior second rank).
  473. In 803, when the decree of pardon was issued, he returned to Kyoto.
  474. In 804, Hayanari went to T'ang China as an envoy along with Saicho and Kukai.
  475. In 804, Tamuramaro was appointed Seii taishogun once again for the third military expedition to Mutsu.
  476. In 804, an envoy was dispatched to Tang Dynasty China, and Saicho, Kukai, TACHIBANA no Hayanari, and others entered Tang China.
  477. In 804, he went to Tang as formal ryugakuso (foreign priest studying Buddhism) (who were scheduled to stay in Tang for study for 20 years) included in a Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China.
  478. In 805
  479. In 805, FUJIWARA no Otsugu submitted his suggestion for the Emperor to suspend expeditions to Emishi/Ezo and construction Heian-kyo capital city.
  480. In 805, he prayed for Emperor Kanmu's recovery from illness, and in 806, Genpin was appointed as Daisozu (the highest grade that can be held by one who has reached the second highest rank in the hierarchy of Buddhist priests) but declined it.
  481. In 805, he was raised to a Court noble as Councilor.
  482. In 806
  483. In 806 Chufun who was a shosozu (junior prelate) addressed to the emperor for the lifting of the Soniryo.
  484. In 806 Kukai introduced the system of practicing "Shoe Kongocho-kyo" to Japan for the first time.
  485. In 806 the first higan-e was held in Japan.
  486. In 806, Dainagon (Provincial Counselor), FUJIWARA no Oguromaro and Priest Kenkei structured the temple as ordered by Emperor Kanmu and the temple was originally called Asahi-dera Temple.
  487. In 806, Emperor Heizei who ascended the throne conferred the title of Empress Dowager to her posthumously.
  488. In 806, Emperor Kanmu died and the Crown Prince Ate acceded to the throne.
  489. In 806, Emperor Kanmu passed away, and when Imperial Prince Ate became the next Emperor (Emperor Heizei), Kusuko was again called back to serve at the Imperial Court and appointed to Naishi no Tsukasa (Palace Attendants Office).
  490. In 806, Mountain Buddhism officially became one of the kokka bukkyo (Buddhism for ruling the country) as well as the urban form of Buddhism.
  491. In 806, after the death of Emperor Kenmu, the crime of Kawatsugu was forgiven and he returned to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  492. In 806, at the time of enthronement of Emperor Heizei, she was conferred the title of Empress posthumously.
  493. In 806, he took up the additional post of Sachuben (middle controller of the left).
  494. In 806, he was appointed as a risshi (the third rank of priest following Sojo and Sozu).
  495. In 806, soon after he was enthroned, setsudoshi of Xichuan (western Sichuan) Pi LIU attacked Dongchuan (eastern Sichuan) with the intention to expand his forces.
  496. In 806, when Emperor Heizei ascended the throne, he was promoted to Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade), and he was appointed as Sanin-do Road Kansatsushi (inspector) in the following year 807, when the Kansatsushi system was established, and then in 809 he was ranked Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) as Tokai-do Road Kansatsushi.
  497. In 807 he wrote 'Kogo-shui' (History of the Inbe clan) by the order of Emperor Heijo.
  498. In 807, Sangi was temporarily abolished and Kansatsushi (inspector) was placed, but it was reintroduced in 810, and since then, the number appointed to the present post tend to be eight, thus it was also known as hachiza (eight seats).
  499. In 807, he was appointed Ukone no daisho (Major Captain of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards).
  500. In 807, she was suspected of rebellion with the conspiracy of FUJIWARA no Munenari who came from the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan, and confined in Kawahara-dera temple (Gufuku-jiTemple) with the Prince Iyo and fasted with no food and drink (Conspiracy of Iyo Imperial Prince).
  501. In 807, successfully becoming a monjosho (student of Literary Studies in the Imperial University), Sadanushi was appointed as Dainaiki (Senior Secretary of the Ministry of Central Affairs) in 815 whereby, with his father, he received the title of Ason (the second highest of the eight hereditary titles) and was given the surname in 823.
  502. In 808
  503. In 808, Edakumi no Tsukasa was integrated into the Naishoryo (Bureau of Skilled Artisans) and eshi then belonged to the bureau.
  504. In 808, he was appointed to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) Chikuzen no kami (Governor of the Chikuzen Province).
  505. In 808, it amalgamated with Kannushi (an office that belonged to the Imperial Household Ministry under the Ritsuryo system, which administered kubunden [the farm land given to each farmer] and Meiseki [cards that showed official ranks, names and ages]), and also managed Kannuhi (government-owned slaves) and Kanko (slaves to public ministries).
  506. In 808, the initial names under the Ritsuryo system were revived by changing the name from Shumeryo to Samaryo, and from Naikyuryo to Umaryo, and Samaryo and Umaryo absorbed Hyomashi (Office of Military Horses) which had belonged to Hyobusho (Ministry of Military).
  507. In 808, the number of Hyoe was reduced to 300 in the Left and Right Divisions, and then to 200 in 891.
  508. In 808, when FUJIWARA no Otsugu was appointed as the Tosando Road Supervisor, he handed Johyo three times on June 1, 21 and December 17 but his request of refusal was not accepted ("Nihonkoki" [Later Chronicle of Japan]).
  509. In 809
  510. In 809 after his father, Emperor Heizei passed the throne to Emperor Saga, he became Crown Prince.
  511. In 809 the Emperor Saga was enthroned.
  512. In 809, Emperor Heizei abdicated and Emperor Saga was enthroned.
  513. In 809, Emperor Heizei assigned his throne to Emperor Saga, and moved to Heijo-kyo (the ancient capital of Japan in current Nara) as the Retired Emperor Heizei.
  514. In 809, her father, Emperor Saga succeeded to the throne.
  515. In 809, she had the Emperor posthumously grant the title of Daijo Daijin (Grand minister of state) to her deceased father FUJIWARA no Tanetsugu.
  516. In 810
  517. In 810 he was involved in the Kusuko Incident and was relegated to Dazai no go no sochi (an official position of Dazaifu).
  518. In 810 when Kurododokoro was established, FUJIWARA no Fuyutsugu and KOSE no Notari were appointed to the first "Kurodo no to" posts.
  519. In 810, he was appointed to Kurodo no to along with FUJIWARA no Fuyutsugu, which shows he was highly valued also in the political community.
  520. In 810, he was awarded authority for shoden (access to the imperial court), appointed Kurodo (Chamberlain) in 814 and promoted to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) in 815.
  521. In 810, in Konkomyoe (annual assembly on Konkomyo-kyo (Golden Light Sutra)) held within the Imperial Court, he received his imperial order and entered the Buddhist priesthood.
  522. In 810, she was granted eight hundred koku (measure, unit of volume, about 180 liters) of crops in Omi Province, Harima Province, and Bizen Province by her uncle, Emperor Saga.
  523. In 810, the Saiin no Tsukasa (the Office of the High Priestess of Kamo) was built.
  524. In 810, the abdicated Emperor Heizei moved to the old capital of Heijo-kyo.
  525. In 810, together with Saicho, he created the Three Precepts of Buddhist law on Mt. Hiei, and established rules for dwelling at temples.
  526. In 811, Heimura village was conquered.
  527. In 811, it was FUNYA no Watamaro who subjugated Hei-mura village and instituted Waga, Hienuki and Shiwa counties.
  528. In 812
  529. In 812 he assumed the position of Sango (the Three Offices) of Jingo-ji Temple on Mt. Takao, and starting in 816, he began to assist Kukai in founding the monastery on Mt. Koya.
  530. In 812 the Soniryo was reinstituted.
  531. In 812, his kanjo (a ceremony to be the successor) was held by Kukai.
  532. In 812, jifuku bestowal to court ladies of goi (Fifth Rank) and higher ranks resumed, which had been suspended since the Daido era, and, in 820, detailed regulations on allocations of jifuku were set up in a form.
  533. In 812, when the reign of the Emperor Saga became stable after the Kusuko Incident in the previous year, Sonohito was assigned to udaijin (minister of the right) which was the chief of Daijokan (Grand Council of State) in those days with the deep confidence of the emperor.
  534. In 813
  535. In 813 an imperial order was issued, under which provincial governors in ryoseikoku (provinces) took on the additional responsibility of managing subjected barbarians, making them civilized, and protecting and nourishing them; the following year another imperial order was issued, making the Emishi the Emperor's people.
  536. In 813, Gonso argued the Hosso teachings down at Daigoku-den Saisho-ko and was designated as Risshi (the third rank of priest following Sojo and Sozu).
  537. In 813, after 'the Doen Kaicho Rules' (rules on official certificates of entrance into the priesthood and certificates of reception of Buddhist commandments) were revised, it became a norm to add the date of the reception of the religious precepts at the end of a Doen official certificate so that the certificate would serve as a Kaicho certificate.
  538. In 814
  539. In 814, Yoshifusa was allowed to take Kiyohime, a daughter of Emperor Saga, for his wife.
  540. In 814, after receiving the surname of Minamoto no Ason, she became the wife of FUJIWARA no Yoshifusa.
  541. In 814, he received the family name of MINAMOTO no Ason, and he was given Sakyo Ichijo-bo and he became the head of his clan.
  542. In 814, he was bestowed the surname of MINAMOTO Asomi.
  543. In 814, he was granted the title of Asomi of the MINAMOTO, together with MINAMOTO no Makoto (a court noble) and MINAMOTO no Hiromu, and was registered at Sakyoichijobo.
  544. In 814, the court added four more itokugosho, who were treated as members of the Naiyakushi, and in 820, the court similarly selected the five best students of acupuncture.
  545. In 815, ONO no Himi was appointed as seito vice shogun Mutsu no suke (vice shogun who subdues the eastern barbarians, and assistant governor of Mutsu Province); like this, appointments of vice shogun for the sake of conquest of Ezo in Ou were done several times.
  546. In 815, he was promoted to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  547. In 815, upon request by Wake clan he lectured at Daian-ji Temple, and he had a debate with Buddhist scholars from Nara.
  548. In 816 Kukai obtained the land of Koyasan (Koya-cho, Itogun, Wakayama Prefecture) and founded Kongobu-ji Temple there; later (in 823), the Emperor Saga gave him To-ji Temple, which was a national temple of Heian-kyo, and he made these temples the fundamental dojo of Shingon Mikkyo.
  549. In 816, Genpin made the government of Tetta County, Bicchu Province accept iron instead of rice as tax while he was alive, which reduced the people's burden.
  550. In 816, Taihan established temporary residence at Otokuni-dera temple, and when Kukai established the monastery of Mt. Koya, Taihan, along with Kukai's other disciple Jichie, worked hard, climbing the mountain and erecting a thatched hut.
  551. In 816, his honganchi (the place where his family register was placed) was moved to Ukyo of Heiankyo.
  552. In 816, when he was 23 years old, he was ordained, receiving the 250 Hinayana precepts, or gusokukai, in Todai-ji Temple, one of the Three Kaidan (Seats of Ordination).
  553. In 817, he sent his disciplines, including Taihan and Jichie, to Mt. Koya to start developing and founding a base for his religion.
  554. In 818
  555. In 818, he was ordained as a Buddhist priest by receiving the commandments of Buddhism at Todaiji Temple, and in 828, he studied Shingon Mikkyo, a form of Esoteric Buddhism, from Kukai at Jingoji Temple (or Toji Temple) and underwent the ritual of consecration.
  556. In 818, official documents issued by Daijokan (Grand Council of State) permitted men to enter the nunnery temples which forbid the entrance of men only during the daytime.
  557. In 819 Sonohito died at the age of 63.
  558. In 819 after the death of Tamuramaro, he was appointed Chinju-fu shogun (Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of the North) of Mutsu.
  559. In 819, the fixed number of Sogosho was determined as one Sojo, one Daisozu (the highest grade that can be held by one who has reached the second highest rank in the hierarchy of Buddhist priests), one Shosozu (the lower grade Buddhist priests of Sozu) and four Risshi.
  560. In 82, since Kumaso (a tribe living in the ancient Kyushu district) disobeyed him, the Emperor himself left for the west to conquer them in August.
  561. In 820, Kamonryo was formed by integrating Kanimori no Tsukasa (Housekeeping Office) of Okurasho (Ministry of the Treasury) with Uchi no Kanimori no Tsukasa (Inner House Keeping Office) of Kunaisho (Ministry of the Sovereign's Household) both of which had the same official duties, as a part of administrative reforms.
  562. In 821, he led the work to repair Manno-ike Pond (the largest-in-Japan irrigation pond for farming, located in present Kagawa Prefecture) and led to a successful accomplishment of the work using the latest technology at that time, for example, using arched banks
  563. In 822 he asked the emperor to change his kabane (official status title) from Kuwaharako (桑原公) to Miyako no Sukune with his family including his brother Haraka.
  564. In 822 he erected Hoke-ji Temple in Hino, Uji district, Yamashiro Province (Kyoto City) (now, Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Province) and enshrined a small statue of Yakushi Nyorai (the Healing Buddha).
  565. In 822, Iemune HINO, the grandson of FUJIWARA no Manatsu, who was a child of FUJIWARA no Uchimaro, built Houke-ji Temple in Hino, Uji County, Yamashiro Province (the present Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture), which was a traditional domain of the family, and worshiped a small statue of Yakushinyorai.
  566. In 822, after Saicho passed away, Gishin became the first priest in charge of transmitting the precepts at the Mahayana Buddhist ordination platform of Mt. Hiei.
  567. In 822, based on a Daijokanpu, he built Shingon-in, for offering prayer for the safety of Emperor and the Imperial Court, in Todai-ji Temple.
  568. In 823 Emperor Saga stepped down from the throne and passed the position to Prince Otomo, although FUJIWARA no Otsugu opposed this with respect to the financial problems (there was too great a financial burden to have two retired emperors).
  569. In 823 of his later years, the Otomo clan changed its name to "Tomo" to avoid using the name of Emperor Junna (Imperial Prince Otomo).
  570. In 823 the Kyoogokoku-ji Temple was given to Kukai from the Emperor Saga, and became the konpon dojo-seminary of Shingon Esoteric Buddhism.
  571. In 823 while he was assuming the post of Deputy Governor of Dazaifu, he proposed a scheme of introducing state-owned rice fields.
  572. In 823, he changed his family name from 'Otomo' to 'Tomo,' because the then emperor, Emperor Junna's personal name was coincidentally 'Otomo.'
  573. In 823, he was appointed Mimasaka no gon no shosakan (deputy lesser officer of Mimasaka Province) and raised to Ge-jugoinoge (Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) given to persons outside Kyoto).
  574. In 823, the Otomo clan changed their name to Tomo to avoid a conflict with Emperor Junna's name Otomo.
  575. In 823, the title Ingo came to be known as the different name of Daijo Tenno when Emperor Saga moved the Imperial Palace to Saga, Kyoto and was called Sagain.
  576. In 824 and later, naikan (officers living in Kyoto) in addition to kokushi (officers living outside Kyoto) were also audited by kageyushi.
  577. In 824 he assumed the position of the Head Priest of Tendai, becoming the first such head priest, and also participated in the Yuima-e (Buddhist debates) as a lecturer in 832; this was the first time a priest designated as a member of the Tendai sect had done so.
  578. In 824, Gishin was referred to as Tendai-zasu for the first time.
  579. In 824, he was raised to Junii (Junior Second Rank) after his death.
  580. In 825, an office-rank system was instituted, consisting of a groom, an administrator, a secretary, a clerk and a doctor, and this system was described in the Engishiki (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers).
  581. In 825, he made a request to the Emperor to have his sons and daughters adopt the family name Taira, and was approved.
  582. In 825, he was awarded the rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  583. In 826 he gave his children, Yukihira and Narihira and the others the surname of Ariwara and allowed them to be demoted from nobility to subject.
  584. In 826, Shurishiki was abolished by a merger with Moku-ryo.
  585. In 826, he was appointed to Mutsu no Azechi Kiji (Secretary of Mutsu Province Inspector), and in 828, he was transferred to Shonaiki (Junior Private Secretary).
  586. In 827, he was appointed as a Sojo (a priest ranked in the highest managerial position).
  587. In 828, he was appointed Azechi (inspector of the provincial government) of Mutsu, and died in Mutsu Province.
  588. In 828, he was finally appointed Dainagon (chief councilor of state).
  589. In 828, he was granted the title of Asomi of the Minamoto (and came to be called Sagadairoku-Genji, meaning the sixth Minamoto clan of Saga).
  590. In 828, he was promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and assigned to Hyobukyo (Minister of War) at the age of 17, and in 831 was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), and then in 832 was promoted to Chunagon without first becoming Sangi (councillor).
  591. In 828, he wrote "Shugeishuchiin shiki-narabini-jo," and took over the private residence of FUJIWARA no Mimori, located east of To-ji Temple, and opened 'Shugeishuchiin,' a private educational facility.
  592. In 829 he received Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  593. In 829 she gave birth to her daughter, FUJIWARA no Akirakeiko (Meishi) (Somedono no Kisaki).
  594. In 829, Dosho, a disciple of Kukai, enshrined the statue of Kokuzo Bosatsu and renamed the temple Horin-ji.
  595. In 830, as a representative of Ritsu sect, Buan presented to Emperor Junna three volumes of 'Kairitsu Denrai Shushi Mondo' (Questions and answers about the precepts of Buddhism).
  596. In 830, he completed Konin kyakushiki code (amendments to penal and administrative law compiled in 820) for which revisions had been made since the age of Emperor Saga.
  597. In 830, he had a post in the Kyoshoden (an archive building in the Imperial Palace precincts) and came to know Emperor Ninmyo.
  598. In 830, he wrote "Himitsu Mandala Jujushinron" (Ten Abiding Stages on the Secret Mandalas) of ten volumes and "Hizohoyaku" of three volumes, corresponding to an Imperial order from Emperor Junna.
  599. In 830, the Tencho Kyakushiki Code was compiled, and in 834, "Ryonogige" an official explanatory manual of the ryo, came into effect.
  600. In 830, when he attended Butsumyoe, a religious service, he had a talk with Emperor Junna.
  601. In 831, advancing to the court rank of Jugoinoge, Sadanushi, in cooperation with Confucian scholars, classified ancient and modern documents compiling 1000 volumes of "Hifuryaku" (2 volumes remain in existence today) and 20 volumes of "Keikoku-shu" (an anthology of Chinese poems compiled by Imperial command).
  602. In 831, he was transferred to Gyobukyo (Minister of Justice).
  603. In 831, the Ippon Shinno (the first-rank Imperial Prince) was granted to him, marking the first time in 80 years that such a distinction was given.
  604. In 832 he became a monjosho (student of literary studies in the Imperial University).
  605. In 832 he was assigned to the Governor of Musashi Province again.
  606. In 832, he assumed the post of Daijo (Senior Secretary) of Kazusa Province.
  607. In 832, he was appointed to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  608. In 832, he was given special treatment by being promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  609. In 833 she was promoted as nihon (the second of Imperial Princess' ranks).
  610. In 833, after Emperor Ninmyo ascended the throne, on April 6, Yoshitada was appointed to Togu gakushi (teacher of classics of the Crown Prince) for Imperial Prince Tsunesada (son of the Retired Emperor Junna).
  611. In 833, he became a Sangi (councilor) and took office as Jibukyo (Minister of the Ministry of Civil Administration) and Nakatsukasa-kyo (Minister of the Ministry of Central Affairs).
  612. In 833, he was granted the title of the Koremune clan with nineteen members from the same domain, and became a kebiishi (the imperial police) Uemon no jo (the third ranked official of the Right Division of Outer Palace Guards) during the Kanpei era.
  613. In 833, she withdrew from Saiin due to abdication by Emperor Junna.
  614. In 834, he became Kurodo (Chamberlain).
  615. In 834, he was appointed Azechi of Mutsu and Dewa and engaged in the management of Tohoku again.
  616. In 835 when Kukai died, he attended the burial of Kukai's remains as one of the Kukai's best disciples.
  617. In 835, he was granted the title of Asomi (second highest of the eight hereditary titles) of the MINAMOTO.
  618. In 835, he was promoted to Daisozu (the upper Buddhist priests in the second highest position).
  619. In 836 he became head priest of To-ji Temple, and afterwards established a second head priest position at To-ji Temple.
  620. In 836, he received postmortem promotion to Juichii (Junior First Rank).
  621. In 836, when King Heungdeok died, a race for successor among the royal family members occurred in Kyongju (Gyeongju City), the capital of Silla; King Sinmu who lost entrusted himself with Bogo JANG.
  622. In 837, when Taihan would have been about 60, his name appears on a document of Buddhist precepts as one of the established monks of To-ji Temple, but thereafter nothing is known of what became of him.
  623. In 838, he was promoted to the Minister of Right which was the 2nd highest position as a subject next to FUJIWARA no Otsugu of the Ceremonial House of the Fujiwara Clan.
  624. In 838, he went to Tang as a fourth-ranking officer of the Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China.
  625. In 839
  626. In 840 he was appointed to State Councilor.
  627. In 840, he was appointed to a Kurodo (emperor's secretary) for the Emperor Ninmyo and worked as a Jiju (chamberlain).
  628. In 840, she shaved her head to entered the priesthood upon Retired Emperor Junna's death,
  629. In 841 he became the Governor of Yamato Province.
  630. In 841 he was granted Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  631. In 841 she received Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank).
  632. In 841, he assumed Dainaiki (a post in charge of document management).
  633. In 841, he completed Nihon Kouki (one of the Rikkoku-shi, the authentic chronicles of Japan compiled by the central government between the 8th and the 9th centuries), together with FUJIWARA no Otsugu.
  634. In 841, he was appointed udoneri (Ministerial equerry) at the age of 20 and continued to be promoted : he became Sangi (Councilor) in 870, Udaijin (Minister of the Right) in 891, Junii (Junior Second Rank) in 893 and Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) in 896.
  635. In 842 he became Benkan (an official position in charge of making documents or communicating with other officials or other provinces).
  636. In 842, FUJIWARA no Yoshifusa committed the Imperial Prince Tsunesada Deposition Incident (the Jowa Incident) with the approval of Emperor Ninmyo.
  637. In 842, Imperial Prince Tsunesada abdicated as Prince due to the Jowa Incident and Imperial Princess Masako became a priest.
  638. In 842, he was appointed Kurodo (Officer of the Imperial Court Affairs Office) and Shikibu taijo (Senior Secretary of the Ministry of Ceremonial).
  639. In 842, her husband died.
  640. In 842, his plot with TOMO no Kowamine to establish a government headed by Imperial Prince Tsunesada was detected and he was arrested (The Jowa Era Accession Dispute).
  641. In 842, the Jowa Incident broke out.
  642. In 843 when he was Sani (a courtier without position) Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), he was accused of rebellion and banished to Izu Province.
  643. In 843, Jichie ajari (a master in esoteric Buddhism; a high priest) of To-ji Temple (Kyoogokoku-ji Temple) gave him the enthronement initiation known as kanjo to serve as the third ajari in the Nihon Shingon Sect.
  644. In 843, at the age of 19, he was appointed Konoefu Shoso (Secretary of the Inner Palace Guards).
  645. In 843, he was appointed to Kageyu no jo (Secretary of the Office of Investigators of the Records of Outgoing Officials)
  646. In 843, he was promoted to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and assigned as Gon no kami (official title of local governor) of Sanuki Province and benkan (an official in the Department of State).
  647. In 844, Imperial Prince Michiyasu was enthroned as Emperor Montoku.
  648. In 844, Sadanushi built his own residence into a temple setting up Jion-ji Temple.
  649. In 844, among the Imperial Families that had undergone demotion from nobility to subject, Prince Mineo (a great-grandchild of Imperial Princess Kibi) was given the surname of "TAKASHINA no Mahito", and became the ancestor of the Takashina clan.
  650. In 844, he was appointed Udaijin (minister of the right) and further promoted to Junii (Junior Second Rank) in 845.
  651. In 844, he was appointed as a lecturer in Dewa Province and it is said that he converted many local Hosso Sect believers into Tendai Sect believers.
  652. In 845 Horyu-ji Temple monk, Zengai sued Shonagon, TOMO no Tadana because of an injustice.
  653. In 845, he sold the Shugei Shuchiin, the school Kukai had founded in 828, and with the income from that and the revenue from his shoen (private estate) in Oyama in Tanba Province, he began to hold Buddhist religious assemblies at To-ji Temple.
  654. In 846 the priest Zengai filed a suit concerning the violation of the Soniryo, which developed into a political issue.
  655. In 846, he challenged Sadaiben (Major Executive Officer of the Left) Masamio on the principle of law at the time of the Case of Priest Zengai and brought down five of his co-worker benkan, including Masamio.
  656. In 846, he was appointed to Awa no suke (Assistant Provincial Govenor of Awa).
  657. In 847, he died at the age of 66, and was posthumously awarded Juichii (Junior First Rank).
  658. In 847, he was appointed to Betto (the head priest) of Todai-ji Temple and in the following 848 to Gon no Risshi (generally in Shingon sect, 15th-ranking Buddhist priest, literally, "supernumerary master of discipline").
  659. In 847, he was conferred the title of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  660. In 847, he was promoted to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) and appointed as Kurodo no to (Head Chamberlain) and Uchuben (Deputy-Major Executive Officer of the Right).
  661. In 848, he became an Ukone no shogen (Lieutenant of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards).
  662. In 848, he was further promoted to Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade) and assumed Sangi (councillor) and Udaiben (Major Executive Officer of the Right).
  663. In 848, he was transferred to Chunagon (vice-councilor of state.)
  664. In 848, however, he was displaced to Tosa Province as joint-punishment for his relative WAKE no Tadayuki's crime.
  665. In 849, he took such posts as Uemon no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Outer Palace Guards), Sangi, and Shikibu no taifu (Senior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Ceremonial), while being further promoted to Jushinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  666. In 849, he was appointed as the Nagato no kuni no kami (Governor of Nagato Province).
  667. In 850
  668. In 850, Akirakeiko and Emperor Montoku had a son, the fourth Imperial Prince (later Emperor Seiwa), who was installed as Crown Prince at the age of only eight months.
  669. In 850, he assumed Kotaigo gu no daibu (Master of the Empress Dowager's Household).
  670. In 850, he was promoted to Shonii (Senior Second Rank).
  671. In 850, it received the shrine rank of Shosanmi (The Third Rank, Senior Grade) and then, in 859, it got promoted to Junii (The Second Rank, Junior Grade).
  672. In 850, the Emperor Ninmyo died.
  673. In 851, he also assumed the post of Mimasaka no kuni no kami (governor of Mimakasa Province).
  674. In 851, shinkai of Shorokui or higher was granted to the enshrined deities in shrines nationwide.
  675. In 851, when he underwent the ceremony of attaining manhood at Togun-den, he was treated very kindly, as the Emperor Montoku himself had placed the court headgear on Mototsune's head, and he was also promoted to the court rank of Shorokuijo (Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade).
  676. In 852, he became Sakyo no suke (Assistant Secretary of the Eastern Capital Offices), and in August and September of 853, he was appointed to Sagami no gon no suke (Provisional Assistant Governor of Sagami Province), but resigned from the post because on account of his illness, and in January that year, he died at the age of 56.
  677. In 852, he built Jogan-ji Temple and in 860 he became To-ji choja (the chief abbot of To-ji Temple).
  678. In 852, it received the highest ranking of the god, Shonii and ranked among Myojin-taisha Shrines in Engishiki Jinmyocho (a list of the shrines compiled in 927).
  679. In 853, after his death, Hayanari was pardoned and awarded the rank of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  680. In 853, he was promoted to Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and also served as Chugu daibu (Master of the Consort's Household).
  681. In 854
  682. In 854, he also assumed Sanuki no kami (the governor of Sanuki Province).
  683. In 854, he assumed the position of betto (chief priest) of Enryaku-ji Temple.
  684. In 854, he served as an instructor in a religious service Saishoe held at the Council Hall in the Imperial Palace, in 857, served as the head priest at the Buddhist ceremony in the imperial presence 'Gozen Rongi', and in 864, he was appointed as Gonrisshi, an administrative position, and later promoted to a higher position Risshi.
  685. In 854, she became empress dowager.
  686. In 854, she became the Grand Empress Dowager.
  687. In 855
  688. In 855 during an earthquake, the head of a Buddhist statue fell off, specifically, it was the Rushana Bu of Todai-ji Temple, he was ordered by the Kengyo (supervisor of the temple affairs) of government office of the Great Buddha of Todai-ji Temple to repair the damage.
  689. In 855, he received Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and became Dazai no sotsu (the Minister of Dazaifu).
  690. In 855, he was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  691. In 856, he was promoted to Daijo-daijin.
  692. In 856, it was relocated to its current location at the foot of Matsuo-yama Mountain to avoid water damage.
  693. In 857
  694. In 857 he was raised to junior fifth rank, lower grade.
  695. In 857, he was discharged from the official post to mourn his mother's death but was reappointed later and was conferred Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  696. In 858
  697. In 858, Emperor Montoku died.
  698. In 859, he was awarded Shonii (Senior Second Rank).
  699. In 859, he was promoted to Dainagon (chief councilor of state.)
  700. In 859, he was promoted to Shosanmi (Junior Third Rank) and served as Minbukyo (Minister of Popular Affairs).
  701. In 859, he went into secluded life in the current Shinomiya, Yamashina Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture, at the top of the Mt. Moroha, after he got an eye disease (there was a common theory that the name of Shinomiya meant Emperor Ninmyo's fourth Prince).
  702. In 859, she acted as Gosechi no Maihime at the Daijo-sai festival (a festival to celebrate the succession of an emperor) when nine-year old Emperor Seiwa succeeded to the throne, and she was given Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  703. In 859, the following year, he once again confined himself for 90 days in Usa-Hachimangu Shrine to pray for the protection of the Emperor since Imperial Prince Korehito was enthroned soon after.
  704. In 859-877, he became Sakone no chujo (Middle Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards), was named Sangi (councilor), and became a member of Kugyo (the top court officials).
  705. In 860, "Gyochu Kokyo" (Kaigan Shichu), an annotation text written by Ryuki LI was adopted for the annotation of "Kokyo" by the advice of OKASUGA no Otsugu (however, the study of those of Ankoku KO were not restricted in any way).
  706. In 860, Chunagon (vice-councilor of state).
  707. In 860, he was appointed to Mino no kami (Governor of Mino Province) and was conferred Jushiinoge (Junior Forth Rank, Lower Grade).
  708. In 860, she received the orders of Buddhism by the head priest of the Tendai sect, Ennin, and her Buddhist name was Ryoso.
  709. In 860, the year following the year that Gyokyo received this message from God, Emperor Seiwa ordered construction of the building of the Shrine, which is considered to be the start of the Iwashimizu Hachiman Shrine.
  710. In 861 twenty three people of the Imperial Prince's group went from Nara to Kyushu.
  711. In 861, he was appointed to Sanuki koku no Gon no Jo (the third officer of regional administration in Sanuki Province).
  712. In 862
  713. In 862 he was appointed the Uhyoe gon no suke (provisional assistant Captain of the Right Division of the Middle Palace Guards), while in 866 he was raised to junior fifth rank, upper grade and appointed the Ukone no shosho (Minor Captain of the Right Division of the Inner Palace Guards) and simultaneously made the assistant governor of Awa Province.
  714. In 862 they sailed from Dazaifu and arrived at Meishu (Ningbo).
  715. In 862, each ho within Heiankyo was organized, and a hocho was selected from keishi (household superintendent) of koshin (Emperor's family) and nobles to protect the security of ho.
  716. In 862, he was created Ge-jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade, given to persons outside Kyoto).
  717. In 863 he also became the gon no kami of Echizen Province (the Minister of Echizen Province).
  718. In 863, an envoy was sent to pay tributes.
  719. In 863, he died of enzootic fever that occurred at the time.
  720. In 863, he was granted SUKUNE for his family name.
  721. In 864 they arrived at Changan.
  722. In 864, Soi as the official rank of Sogo was determined to give Hoin daiwajo-rank to Sojo, Hogen wajo-rank to Sozu and Hokkyo shonin-rank to Risshi.
  723. In 864, TOMO no Yoshio tried to make a federal case based on the rumour of rebellion by MINAMOTO no Makoto, but this did not get taken up.
  724. In 864, as soi that corresponds to Sogo (Office of Monastic Affairs), Hoindaiwajo-I (hoin for short) was given to Sojo (high-ranking Buddhist priest), Hogenwajo-I (hogen for short) to Sozu (second-ranking Buddhist priest), and Hokkyo-shonin-i (Hokkyo for short) to risshi (third-ranking Buddhist priest).
  725. In 864, he resigned as Sessho.
  726. In 864, he was appointed Gonrisshi, an administrative position, four years later as Risshi, a higher administrative position and in 874 up to Shosozu.
  727. In 864, promoted to Dainagon (chief councilor of state).
  728. In 864, she became Grand Empress Dowager.
  729. In 865
  730. In 865, after obtaining Emperor's Imperial sanction, he left for Tenjiku (India) from Canton with three other aides, however there was never any news heard about him since then.
  731. In 865, he was conferred Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank) posthumously because he was a good official.
  732. In 866
  733. In 866 there was the Oten-mon Gate fire incident, which was presumably started by TOMO no Yoshio.
  734. In 866 when he was in charge of sangi (councillar), sadaiben (major controller of the left), and Kageyushi no kami (chief Investigator of the records of outgoing officials), the Otenmon incident occurred, and he, together with FUJIWARA no Yoshitada, interrogated TOMO no Yoshio.
  735. In 866, Enchin was asked by Daijokan (Grand Council of State) to write Kugen (official documents authorized by kokushi (provincial governors) or Gunji (local magistrates) for transfer of the ownership of private property) but made a few mistakes in writing.
  736. In 866, OE no Otondo (大枝音人) changed Sei and became OE no Otondo (大江音人)
  737. In 866, during the Affair of Otenmon, he was charged with arson because of a false accusation by Dainagon (chief councilor of state) TOMO no Yoshio, with who he did not get along, and Tomo no Dainagon ekotoba depicts the people in the besieged mansion wailing in desperation.
  738. In 866, he changed his family name from '大枝' (large branch) to '大江' (large river) because he thought that: a large branch may cause the trunk of the tree to break, which is rather inauspicious.
  739. In 866, he wa appointed as a chamberlain.
  740. In 866, he was awarded kugen (official documents) of Enchin's denpo (teachings) from Dajokan (Grand Council of State).
  741. In 866, he was given an honorific posthumous name of Dengyo Daishi.
  742. In 866, however, the Otenmon incident occurred, in which KI no Toyoki who was Natsui's half-brother with a different mother was arrested as a main culprit, which resulted in implicating Natsui, who was thereby removed from the position of the Governor of Higo and banished to Tosa Province.
  743. In 866, the Oten-mon Gate fire incident occurred.
  744. In 867, Michizane was selected to be one of the two Monjo Tokugosho (honor student among the monjo-sho), was appointed to the Shorokuinoge (Senior Sixth Rank, Lower Grade), and became the Gonnoshojo (Deputy Junior Secretary) of Shimotsuke Province.
  745. In 868, Yoshio passed away in exile at Izu.
  746. In 870
  747. In 870, at the age of 61, he attained the position of Minister of the Right.
  748. In 870, he passed the government official examination and was appointed to the Shorokuinojo (Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade), became the Genbanosuke (Assistant Director of the Bureau of Buddhism and Diplomacy) the following year, and later was transferred to be the Shonaiki (a position at the Ministry of Central Affairs that required excellent writing skills).
  749. In 871, he was granted the rank of Jusangu, a title reserved for the nobility and members of the Imperial family.
  750. In 871, in stark contrast to Sando's waning prosperity, the official court rank equivalent to San hakase was raised to Shoshichiinoge (Senior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade), a result of the high regard given to the duties of the San hakase other than Sando.
  751. In 871, removed from Bicchu no kami.
  752. In 872
  753. In 872 he was reappointed the junior assistant governor-general of Dazaifu.
  754. In 872, Kangen entered the priesthood and received the religious precepts under Shinga, studied the doctrines of Sanron sect and Shingon Esoteric Buddhism under Shobo and went through Kanjo (the ceremony to be the successor) in 895.
  755. In 872, he became Kurodo (a chamberlain), doing the work of checking documents, and then became naiki (secretary of the ministry of central affairs) on MIYAKO no Yoshika's recommendation.
  756. In 872, he was appointed as Sangi (Royal Adviser), and afterward, he held the additional post of Kageyu no kami (Chief Investigator of the Records of Outgoing Officials).
  757. In 873, he became Monjosho.
  758. In 873, he was reappointed as the Sanuki no Gon no Suke (provisional vice governor of Sanuki Province).
  759. In 874 he was relieved of his duty to guard Dazaifu, and was appointed the provisional minor Captain of the Left Division of the Inner Palace Guards, while in 876 he was promoted to senior fifth rank, lower grade, and simultaneously appointed the assistant governor of Omi Province.
  760. In 874, Rigen Daishi Shobo, a second generation disciple of Kukai, built Daigo-ji Temple on Kasatori-yama Mountain (located in Kyoto Prefecture).
  761. In 874, he and his father relinquished their imperial descent and became commoners, taking the surname "Taira" and descending to subject status; Sadafumi took a position as deputy commander of the Palace Guard of the Left, Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) post.
  762. In 874, he became Monjo tokugosho.
  763. In 874, he was appointed to the Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), becoming Hyobu-shoyu (Junior Deputy Minister, Ministry of War) and then Minbu-shoyu (Junior Assisitant Minister, Ministry of People's Affairs).
  764. In 874, the Huang Chao Rebellion occurred in the Tang Dynasty.
  765. In 875, he was appointed as an assistant to the Emonfu (Headquarters of the Outer Palace Guards).
  766. In 876 a monk named Ennyo transferred a piece of Gozu -Tennou's spirit from Hiromine Shrine in Harima province; later Mototsune FUJIWARA built the Shoja and called it Kankei-ji temple (aka Gion-ji temple).
  767. In 876, Emperor Seiwa abdicated the throne in favor of his son; a prince, Imperial Prince Sadaakira (Emperor Yozei), and Mototsune, who was the uncle of Imperial Prince Sadaaki, was appointed as Sessho (regent).
  768. In 876, at age 27, he abruptly abdicated the throne and entered the priesthood.
  769. In 876, she left Murasakino Saiin due to her illness, and moved to Some-dono where her mother lived.
  770. In 876, the Emperor Seiwa abdicated, passing his title to Imperial Prince Sadaakira (Emperor Yozei).
  771. In 877 on his way back to Japan, he died an unnatural death from a shipwreck.
  772. In 877, he was appointed to Shikibu-shoyu (Junior Assisitant Minister, Ministry of Ceremonies).
  773. In 877, the year in which he was to die, he invited such intellects as OE no Otondo, FUJIWARA no Fuyuo, and SUGAWARA no Koreyoshi, and held shoshikai (a think tank) for the first time ever in Japan.
  774. In 878
  775. In 878, Ezo (northern part of Japan) Fushu prisoners caused a revolt in Dewa Province, andofficials such as FUJIWARA no Yasunori, ONO no Harukaze, who were known for their resourcefulness, were assigned the task of restoring the peace; by the following year they had succeeded in putting down the revolt (Gangyo War).
  776. In 878, he was appointed as naikubu-juzenshi (the 10 selected excellent priests for a Buddhist service in the Imperial Court), and in 883 was appointed as Gon no Risshi (a provisional rank in the lowest managerial position); then, in 885 he became Shosozu (junior secondary prelate) and the second manager of To-ji Temple.
  777. In 878, the half-assimilated Emishi in Dewa Province raised a rebellion (the rebellion in Gangyo era).
  778. In 879, Kinai kanden (imperial estates) of kanden (imperial estates) of the Heian period was placed in various provinces in Kinai.
  779. In 879, a total of 4000 cho of kanden was established in Gokinai capital region to allot for the salary of government officials.
  780. In 879, along with SUGAWARA no Koreyoshi and others, he completed work on the ten volume Nihon Montoku Tenno Jitsuroku (the fifth national history, covering years 850-858 (reign of Montoku)).
  781. In 879, he died at the Jogan-ji Temple at the age of 79.
  782. In 879, he was appointed to Kaga no kuni no Gon no kami (Provisional Governor of Kaga Province).
  783. In 879, he was appointed to the Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade).
  784. In 880
  785. In 881, he established a daigakubesso, which was called Shogakuin, as a gakumonsho (school) for the Arihara clan.
  786. In 881, the system was revised to allocate a part of kanden for shoshiyogekiryo (originally given to busy gekikan, but became common later) and banjororyo.
  787. In 882, Emperor Yozei reached adulthood and from that time onward their relationship worsened.
  788. In 883, Edayoshi was appointed to Shojo (Junior secretary) within Grand Empress Dowager's quarters.
  789. In 883, Emperor Yozei beat MINAMOTO no Susumu, the son of his wet nurse, KI no Matako, to death and was forced to abdicate the throne.
  790. In 883, the next year, she entered Nonomiya (Field Palace for imperial princesses to purify themselves), but before gunko (to go into Ise Shrine after the period of the purification), she resigned from Ise Saigu because of the Emperor Yozei's abdication from the throne in 884.
  791. In 884, Mototsune was trying to find a way to remove the Emperor, so he approached Prince Tsunesada, who had been made Haitaishi (defunct Prince) at the time of Emperor Nimmyo presumably to sound him out as to whether he would be interested in acceding to the throne, but the Prince had already taken the tonsure to become a monk, and refused.
  792. In 884, he resigned the post.
  793. In 884, he was appointed to Kurodo no to again after the enthronement of Emperor Koko and promoted to Sachuben and Udaiben (Major Controller of the Right) in 886.
  794. In 884, he was awarded a seasonal kimono as his salary and rose to the rank of Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) from no rank after the enthronement of his father Imperial Prince Tokiyasu as Emperor Koko.
  795. In 884, she became a Naishi-no-tsukasa (female palace attendant), and in 887, she was granted Juichii (Junior First Rank), an exceptionally high court rank for a woman.
  796. In 885, she entered into the imperial court to serve Emperor Uda as a Koi (court lady ranked lower than nyogo).
  797. In 885, she gave birth to her eldest son Korezane (later renamed Atsuhito).
  798. In 886, he was appointed Governor of Sanuki Province, and therefore resigned from his positions of Shikibu-shoyu and Monjo Hakase, and moved to Sanuki.
  799. In 886, he was granted the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), and then served as Shuri Oiseki-shi (a person who was in charge of the maintenance of the sluice of the Oi-gawa River) after experiencing a sani (courtier without post).
  800. In 887
  801. In 887 his father returned to the Imperial Family and was enthroned as an Emperor, whereupon Emperor Daigo became a member of the Imperial Family.
  802. In 887, Emperor Koko was on his deathbed, and Mototsune proposed to make the Emperor's seventh son, Prince Sadami (who subsequently became Emperor Uda) heir to the throne.
  803. In 887, he was assigned to be the Iyo no kuni no kami (Governor of Iyo Province) but declined the position and was assigned to be the Dazai no daini (Senior Assistant Governor-General of the Dazai-fu Offices) and gained the rank of Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  804. In 887, her husband Sadami returned to the Imperial Family and ascended to the throne (Emperor Uda).
  805. In 887, when Emperor Uda ascended the throne, he was appointed as Kurodo no to (Head Chamberlain).
  806. In 888, Mototsune's daughter, FUJIWARA no Onshi became a court lady.
  807. In 888, he resolved the Ako Incident by sending a written opinion to FUJIWARA no Mototsune, remonstrating against his actions.
  808. In 888, she became Koi (a court lady) and was allowed to use some colors which lower rank court nobles were prohibited to use.
  809. In 889 he received a Shino senge and became a crown prince on April 2, 889.
  810. In 889, MONONOBE no Nagauji, the head of a group of bandits, and others started the war.
  811. In 890
  812. In 890 he became Zusho no kami (head of the Documents Office), and thereafter succeeded to the posts of Monjo hakase (Chief Calligrapher to the Court) and Daigaku no kami (Headmaster of the Academy); in 902 he was appointed Sangi (Director of Palace Affairs), and then in 911 (Engi 11) he was promoted to Chunagon (vice-councilor of state).
  813. In 890, Shurishiki was revived and established.
  814. In 890, he returned to Kyoto from Sanuki Province.
  815. In 891, Enchin, then the fifth head priest of Enryaku-ji Temple, passed away with the rank of "Shozozu Hogenwajo"; after 36 years later, in 927, an imperial rescript was issued in his honour, bestowing upon him the rank of "Hoindaiwajo," and the posthumous Buddhist name of Chisho Daishi; this imperial rescript was written by the hand of Michikaze.
  816. In 891, Mototsune died.
  817. In 891, he fell ill and died.
  818. In 891, he was appointed Kurodonoto (Chief curator of the palace).
  819. In 893 the Emperor established Imperial Prince Atsuhito, who was not a blood related to Tokihira, as crown prince, thus intercepting Tokihira's connection as maternal relatives to the emperor.
  820. In 893, she became Saiin, who manages religious services held at Kamo-jinja Shrines (i.e., Kamowakeikazuchi-jinja Shrine and Kamomioya-jinja Shrine).
  821. In 893, she was awarded Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  822. In 894, TANBA no Yasuyori wrote "Ishinbo" (the oldest book on medicine of all remaining ones written by Japanese) and dedicated it to the emperor.
  823. In 894, he was appointed to be the Japanese envoy to the Tang Court in China, but the trip was cancelled at Michizane's suggestion (and, since the Tang dynasty fell in 907, the history of the envoy system ended here).
  824. In 895, he was appointed as Sangi (Royal Advisor) and was eventually promoted to Dainagon (chief councilor of state), but fell seriously ill in 900.
  825. In 895, he was appointed to the Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) and made Gon Chunagon (a provisional vice-councilor of state).
  826. In 896, he was appointed to the Kurodo-no-to (the head chamberlain) of Emperor Uda with the rank of Jushii-no-ge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) as well as the Udaiben (the Major Controller of the Right) and the governor of Yamashiro Province, and he remained in these positions after Emperor Daigo ascended to the throne in the following year.
  827. In 896, the Tenyakuryo absorbed the Naiyakushi, seizing a monopoly over all the court's medical needs.
  828. In 897, Emperor Uda abdicated and Emperor Daigo took the throne.
  829. In 897, Emperor Uda abdicated the throne to Crown Prince Atsugimi (Emperor Daigo), and became a priest in Ninna-ji Temple which he built himself and called himself Cloistered Emperor two years later, but there is an assumption that he in fact managed political affairs in place of the oft-ailing Emperor Daigo.
  830. In 897, a policy was announced to send Emishi back to the Ou region.
  831. In 897, he married one of his daughters off to Emperor Uda's son, Cloistered Imperial Prince Shinjaku.
  832. In 897, he returned to Kyoto due to expiration of his term in Bitchu no suke.
  833. In 897, she was posthumously conferred the title of Kotaigo (Empress dowager) in the wake of the enthronement of Emperor Daigo.
  834. In 897, when Emperor Uda abdicated in favor of Emperor Daigo, she was given the title of Kotaifujin (the title given to the previous emperor's wife).
  835. In 897, when Emperor Uda abdicated the throne and Emperor Daigo acceded, Tokihira (as the minister of the left) and Michizane (as the minister of the right) governed jointly, but soon afterward Michizane was brought down in a plot (the Shotai Incident).
  836. In 898, Yoshimitsu was posted to Daigaku-ryo (Bureau of Education under the Ritsuryo system).
  837. In 898, he left the capital for Bando region with his father Takamochi who was appointed Kazusa no kuni no suke (officer in charge of regional administration in Kazusa) and based on Higashi-ishita at the western foot of Mt. Tsukuba in Hitachi Province.
  838. In 899, Michizane was promoted to Udaijin and also served as Udaisho (short for Ukone no daisho) concurrently.
  839. In 899, Tokihira became both Minister of the Left and Sakone no daisho (Major Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards), but at the same time Michizane was made Minister of the Right alongside him.
  840. In 899, the Retired Emperor Uda made a royal visit to Nobukiko at the celebration of her fiftieth birthday held in Michizane's house and conferred Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) upon her.
  841. In 899, when the Retired Emperor Uda became a priest, he worked as Uda's mentor for his receiving the religious precept and later gave Uda kanjo as well.
  842. In 9 chome, Honmachi, the street is divided by the Tokaido Main Line and the Tokaido Shinkansen. (A pedestrian bridge exists over the train tracks.)
  843. In 900
  844. In 900 he was appointed as a sangi (consultant), but he petitioned the Emperor and had his uncle FUJIWARA no Kiyotsune appointed to the post instead, so that he could then himself be appointed as the major controller of the right.
  845. In 900 when Emperor Daigo built Kaju-ji Temple as a religious service for the repose of the soul of his real mother, FUJIWARA no Inshi, Shoshun was invited to the service and became a kaisan (founder of a temple as the first chief priest).
  846. In 900, he became betto (the head priest) of Ninna-ji Temple.
  847. In 900, he gave a letter to SUGAWARA no Michizane who was increasingly isolated in the Imperial Court, conflicting with FUJIWARA no Tokihira in order to advise him to resign, but Michizane refused due to their longstanding feud.
  848. In 901
  849. In 901, Tokihira conspired with Dainagon (chief councilor of state) MINAMOTO no Hikaru (Court noble) and brought false charges against Michizane.
  850. In 901, he was appointed to the Junii (Junior Second Rank), but was later falsely accused of plotting to have Imperial Prince Tokiyo ascend the throne and take away political power from Emperor Daigo, and after he was found guilty, he was demoted to Dazai Gon no sochi (Provisional Governor-General of the Dazaifu offices).
  851. In 902 he became the provincial governor of Saikaido and lived in Dazaifu.
  852. In 902, FUJIWARA no Tokihira put into effect the Manor Regulation Acts without success, resulting in a dysfunctional handen-sei (Ritsuryo land-allotment system).
  853. In 902, she was conferred a high rank of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  854. In 903, when Michizane died in Dazaifu, the seishi was changed to a mausoleum, and in 956, newly performed religious services were performed at the shrine.
  855. In 904
  856. In 905
  857. In 905 he was appointed as a compiler of the Kokinshu by imperial edict.
  858. In 905 it was selected as a Jogaku-ji temple (one of the temples next to national temples in rank) and nenbundo-sha were allowed (approved people who enter the Buddhist priesthood), and was known as dojo (place of Buddhist practice or meditation) of the Shingon and the Sanron sects.
  859. In 905, "Kokin Wakashu" (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry), the first Chokusen Wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command), was compiled and waka poetry came to be considered equal to Chinese poetry.
  860. In 905, FUJIWARA no Tokihira and others began the compilation by Emperor Daigo's order.
  861. In 905, by order of Emperor Daigo, he compiled "Kokinwakashu (Collection of Ancient and Modern)," the first collection of poems by imperial command, with KI no Tomonori, MIBU no Tadamine and OSHIKOCHI no Mitsune, and wrote the kanajo (preface written in Hiragana).
  862. In 905, due to an imperial order from the Emperor Daigo, the "Kokin wakashu" (Collection of Ancient and Modern Poems), which was the first of the Chokusen wakashu (anthologies of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command), was compiled and presented to the emperor by four people: KI no Tsurayuki, KI no Tomonori, OSHIKOCHI no Mitsune and MIBU no Tadamine.
  863. In 905, he was authorized by Priest Shobo of Daigo-ji Temple to establish a new Buddhist temple, Nenkakuin, through a Kanjo ceremony (succession ceremony for Buddhist priests) and was appointed as the head of Daigo-ji Temple in 925.
  864. In 905, she became a nun, and on June 8, 907, she died.
  865. In 907, he became the Shuri no daibu (Master of the Office of Palace Repairs) after holding other posts such as Uchuben (Middle Controller of the Right) and Togu gon no suke (Provisional Assistant Master of the Crown Prince's Quarters).
  866. In 907, the Tang Dynasty perished and this brought an end to Japanese missions to Tang China.
  867. In 909, Tokihira died at the young age of 39.
  868. In 909, she was given the rank of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), then officially became the second consort of the Emperor by royal edict in 923.
  869. In 911, he became monjosho (student of literary studies in the Imperial University).
  870. In 911, he was awarded the rank of Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  871. In 911, she became Imperial Princess and was conferred the court rank of Shihon (the fourth rank of Imperial Princess's rank).
  872. In 912, Ryogen was born as a son of the Kozu clan, then the local Gozoku (local ruling family), in Torahime, Asai-gun, Omi Province (present-day, Torahime-cho, Higashi-Asai-gun, Shiga Prefecture).
  873. In 913 he was promoted to Chunagon (vice-councilor of state), Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), and in the fourth month of the same year was also named the Chief of the Left Gate Guard.
  874. In 913, he became "monjosho" (a student of literary studies in the Imperial University) at the age of 22.
  875. In 913, he fell into mire, was entrenched and drowned while practicing falconry.
  876. In 913, he was appointed to Sangi (councilor) at the age of 69.
  877. In 914 he was appointed the minister of the right.
  878. In 914, Kiyoyuki MIYOSHI pointed out the deterioration of Daigaku-ryo in Article four of his 'Iken Junikajo' (12 opinions), but evidence that confirms the deterioration of Daigaku-ryo itself, such as a drop in the number of students, cannot be found in historical materials prior to or after the opinions.
  879. In 916, he bacame a monjosho (student of literary studies in the Imperial University).
  880. In 917
  881. In 917, Edayoshi passed away after successively serving as Sagami no kuni no kami (Governor of the Sagami Province) and as Sanuki no kuni no kami for the second time.
  882. In 918
  883. In 918 Saiko was assigned to the first chori (a chief priest and a common name of Monseki or Monzeki, the head priest who was born as Imperial Family) of the Kashu-ji Temple, which led to its prosperity.
  884. In 919, following the imperial command issued by Emperor Daigo, he went to Dazai-fu (local government office in Kyushu region) and constructed the main building of the Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine as a bugyo (shogunate administrator).
  885. In 919, he became Kurodo (Chamberlain), and in 924, he got the investiture of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  886. In 92 B.C., Amaterasu Omikami and Yamato no Okunitama no Kami, which until then were enshrined within the imperial palace were moved outside in order to suppress the plague.
  887. In 92 B.C., when she was asked by Emperor Sujin to read why disasters continued, Omononushi no kami of Mt. Miwa possessed her and spoken that if he were worshipped, the country would be at peace.
  888. In 920, at the age of 7, Takaakira demoted from nobility to subject and took the name Genji.
  889. In 921 he composed a waka on Cloistered Emperor Uda's pilgrimage to Kasuga.
  890. In 921, 86 years after Kukai's demise, the Emperor Daigo awarded him the posthumous title of Kobo Daishi.
  891. In 923, Morosuke received his first appointment to a post at age 16; in the following year, Moriko gave birth to the eldest son and heir FUJIWARA no Koretada.
  892. In 923, her father, Imperial Prince Yasuakira passed away at the age of 21 as being Crown Prince, after that her older brother, Yoshiyori also passed away in his infancy in 925.
  893. In 924 he was promoted to the senior second rank and appointed to serve as the minister of the left.
  894. In 924 it was hosted by FUJIWARA no Shoshi, which was clearly intended as a display of power for the Chugu (Palace of the Empress).
  895. In 924, the longevity celebration on Junshi's 50th birthday was held, but she suffered from serious illness in the same year, and died at 51 in May 925, the following year.
  896. In 924, when the Ono clan arrived to take up Musashi no kami (Governor of Musashi Province), the clan erected Hachimanyakumo-jinja Shrine to transfer a divided tutelary deity of Iwashimizu Hachiman-gu Shrine to a new location.
  897. In 926 a monk built Gion Tenjindo.
  898. In 926 in the middle of the Heian period, the designated starting point was the area around Tsubakiichi kannon hall.
  899. In 927, carrying on the great work of the deceased Tokihira, he completed "the Engi-kyaku-shiki," a collection of government regulations and procedures.
  900. In 929 he was promoted to Sangi (Director of Palace Affairs) from Kurodogashira (Chief Chamberlain) and took the office of Gonchunagon with Jusanmi in 932.
  901. In 929, he was promoted to Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade).
  902. In 929, the kokuga of Shimotsuke Province made a claim against the violent actions of Hidesato, and the imperial court sent the command to take Hidesato to kokuga of Shimotsuke Province and its neighboring five provinces, but there was no evidence that Hidesato was defeated.
  903. In 93 B.C., a great plague spread across Japan and killed many people.
  904. In 930, following the death of Emperor Daigo, he took over the throne (senso) in September and succeeded to the throne (sokui) in November at the age of eight.
  905. In 931 he became a sangi councillor under the reign of Emperor Suzaku.
  906. In 931, he assumed an additional post in Sanuki Province.
  907. In 931, she became the Empress Dowager.
  908. In 932 he was promoted to junior first rank.
  909. In 934
  910. In 934 conferred the court rank of Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank).
  911. In 934 he built Gion Kanshin-in.
  912. In 935
  913. In 935, during his reign, there was an incident caused by TAIRA no Masakado in the Kanto area, and the following year there was another one in the Inland Sea (of Japan) caused by FUJIWARA no Sumitomo.
  914. In 935, his title was changed from Kotaigogu no daibu to Chubu no daibu.
  915. In 936
  916. In 936 he became the grand minister of state, and by 939 his status was equal to that of the three empresses.
  917. In 936, he assumed the status of a subject and he was conferred Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  918. In 936, pirates of Hiburi Island in Iyo Province were making threatening moves, and in order to contain the menace, he was appointed Iyo no kami (the governer of Iyo Province) and Nankaido Tsuibushi (job title which has rights of government, military affair and police authority in Nankaido) and was sent down to Setouchi region.
  919. In 936, the current high priestess of Ise Shrine, Imperial Princess Saishi (daughter of Emperor Daigo), suddenly died, prompting Kishi to be chosen as the next high priestess of Ise, at the age of eight.
  920. In 938 he recommended Buddhist invocation in Kyoto.
  921. In 938, at the age of ten, she went down to Ise.
  922. In 938, he was appointed to a jiju (chamberlain) and he was promoted smoothly to konoefu (Headquarters of the Inner palace Guard) in 942, a chief official of the emperor's secretaries in 948 and the sangi (royal advisor) in 951.
  923. In 939 Tamenori lost in conflict with TAIRA no Masakado at Hitachi Province, and together with TAIRA no Sadamori did he evade pursuers from Masakado as they concealed themselves.
  924. In 939, 72-year-old TOMO no Yasuhira was promoted to Sangi, becoming the first Kugyo (high court noble) from the clan in some time, though no Kugyo was chosen from the Tomo clan upon his retirement in 950.
  925. In 939, Korechika tried to arrest Haruaki in accordance with the official order of Daijokan (Grand Council of State), but Haruaki hurriedly escaped with his wife and children to Toyoda County, Shimousa Province.
  926. In 939, Yoshifuru went to Kyushu as Tsuibu Sanyo and Nankai Ryodo Kyozokushi Chokan (Chief of the police officers who subdue the barbarians in the Sanyo and Nankai areas) to suppress the Johei and Tengyo War (FUJIWARA no Sumitomo's War).
  927. In 939, he was appointed as Kokushi (an officer of local government) in Wakasa Province.
  928. In 939, he was elevated to the position of Sangi (councilor).
  929. In 939, the Johei and Tengyo War (FUJIWARA no Sumitomo's War) broke out in the Seto Naikai (the Inland Sea of Japan).
  930. In 939, the fully-assimilated Emishi in Dewa Province rose in a revolt (the disturbance in Tengyo era in Dewa Province).
  931. In 940, FUJIWARA no Tadabumi was appointed as seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") to subdue TAIRA no Masakado's War and sent to Togoku (the eastern part of Japan, particularly Kanto region), however TAIRA no Masakado was killed before Tadabumi's arrival.
  932. In 940, Sumitomo attacked the Kokufu (ancient provincial offices) of the Awaji Province in February, and that of the Sanuki Province in August.
  933. In 940, he sent a letter to the King of Wu-yueh.
  934. In 940, in cooperation with FUJIWARA no Hidesato, he attacked and killed Masakado in 'Kitayama no Kessen' (the decisive battles of Kitayama) on February 14.
  935. In 941, FUJIWARA no Tadafumi was nominated for the first time in order to search and kill FUJIWARA no Sumitomo, who rebelled in the region of Seto Inland Sea.
  936. In 941, Koretada was promoted to Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  937. In 941, he was appointed Seisei-taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the western barbarians") to suppress an uprising in the Seto Inland Sea led by FUJIWARA no Sumitomo, and this time, he was successful.
  938. In 941, it fell in the Johei and Tengyo War (FUJIWARA no Sumitomo's War) in which Dazai gon no sochi TACHIBANA no Kimiyori fought against the attack of Fujiwara's troop.
  939. In 942, he became the Governor of Musashi Province as a successor of FUJIWARA no Hidesato and he is known to have rebuilt Kinryuzan Senso-ji Temple in Musashi Province, which was devastated by the Taira no Masakado Rebellion.
  940. In 942, it received imperial proclamation as a Jingugo.
  941. In 945, at the age of seventeen, she resigned from her post because of her mother's death, and returned to the capital.
  942. In 945, her mother, FUJIWARA no Nizeko passed away.
  943. In 946, he was appointed as the Governor of Suo Province.
  944. In 946, she became the Grand Empress Dowager when Emperor Murakami ascended the throne.
  945. In 947, Emperor Suzaku abdicated the throne and Emperor Murakami was enthroned.
  946. In 947, SUGAWARA no Michizane transferred the mausoleum to this location, and 無人如導堂宇 was restructured in 1596.
  947. In 948 he was given vows to follow the precepts by Ensho, the temple's head priest in Mt. Hiei-zan, but there is an opinion that he had a stronger relationship with Nara Buddhist society, particularly with the Sanron sect, as opposed to the Tendai sect.
  948. In 948 when he was seven years old, his father died.
  949. In 948, Yoshito was reappointed to as Kawachi no kami (Governor of Kawachi Province).
  950. In 948, at the age of twenty, she entered the Court at the request of her uncle Emperor Murakami, and received her official appointment as Court Lady in 949.
  951. In 949 his illness became more serious, and he passed away.
  952. In 949, in response to a story about seven pine trees growing overnight in front of the Taishogun sha, which was the northwestern point for peace and control of Naniwa-kyo, the Osaka-tenmangu Shrine (Tenman tenjin) was built under imperial command.
  953. In 950 when he was nine years old, he began to learn from Ryogen (912-985, commonly called Gansan Daishi), Chuko no So (father of restoration) of Mt. Hiei, because of the influence of his pious mother, and learned shikan-gyo (Tendai meditation) and Shana-gyo (a study of Mikkyo (esoteric Buddhism).
  954. In 950, he was appointed as Echizen no kuni Gon no kami (Provisional Governor of Echizen Province) and at the same time demoted from nobility to subject, given the family name of Taira.
  955. In 950, it caught fire, and later, it was restored by Emperor Murakami.
  956. In 951 he made some statues including Juichimen Kannon (Kannon with eleven faces) (which exists in Rokuharamitsu-ji Temple).
  957. In 951 he played the Wa-gon (Japanese harp) for the Emperor at a private dinner.
  958. In 951, Kuya founded Saiko-ji (Seiko-ji) Temple here and it is said that Chushin (a Buddhist priest) later changed the name to Rokuharamitsu-ji Temple and, therefore, the zone was called Rokuhara.
  959. In 951, he was chosen as one of the Nashitsubo no Gonin (Five Gentlemen of the Pear Chamber), edited the "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves) and selected waka for the "Gosen Wakashu" (Later selected collection of Japanese poetry).
  960. In 951, though he was still a student, he became a member (yoriudo) of the Wakadokoro (Bureau of Poetry), editing the Man'youshu and selecting waka for the Gosen Wakashu as one of the "Five Gentlemen of the Pear Chamber."
  961. In 953, he became Rokui no kurodo (kurodo, Sixth rank) from Kurodo (chamberlain) for retired Emperor Suzaku, and was awarded the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) at the age of thirty-six in 957, assuming Settsu no kami (a governor of Settsu Province) the same post as his father's.
  962. In 954, Emperor Murakami sought political advice from retainers, and in 957, Fumitoki offered his opinion composed of three clauses to the emperor.
  963. In 954, she passed away at Shoyosha in the Imperial Palace.
  964. In 955
  965. In 955 he received tokudo (entering the Buddhist priesthood).
  966. In 955, she gave birth to the eleventh son (who entered the priesthood later, and was named Shinkaku) of Morosuke at the later age of thirty six.
  967. In 956
  968. In 956 when he was fifteen years old, he lectured "Shosan Jodokyo" (a Buddhist sutra) and was selected as one of the lecturers of Hokke hakko (ceremonial series of eight lectures on the eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra) by the Emperor Murakami.
  969. In 956, he sponsored Bojo Udaijin Morosuke Zen Senzai.
  970. In 957, he received the investiture of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), and together with the enthronement of Emperor Reizei, he rose to Kurodo (Chamberlain).
  971. In 958
  972. In 958, Anshi became Empress because she was the Crown Prince's mother and also was Murakami's favorite.
  973. In 959 became Uhyoe no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  974. In 960
  975. In 960, Hozo served as instructor of Yuimae (a Buddhist service for the Yuima Sutra held at Kofuku-ji Temple).
  976. In 960, Morosuke fell ill, and following the custom at the time, decided to join the priesthood; however, Emperor Murakami sent an imperial messenger to persuade him that he was still needed and should remain.
  977. In 960, a rumor arose that remnants of TAIRA no Masakado's followers planned to enter the capital.
  978. In 960, he participated as a member of the judging panel in the 'Tentoku imperial poetry contest' and played a role in reciting the poems; however, an incident took place whereupon becoming stage-struck in front of the Emperor, he made the error of proceeding to read a poem different in title from the one announced.
  979. In 960, the manor's name was changed from Atsumi-no-sho to Akanabe-no-sho.
  980. In 961
  981. In 961 he was awarded the rank of Jusanmi, having served as Sachujo (Middle Captain of the Left) Sangi (Director of Palace Affairs).
  982. In 961, in the conflict with KAMO no Yasunori, Onmyoji (Master of Yin yang), over honmyoku (a ceremony of holding a service for the 12 zodiac signs in lunar maison) for Emperor Murakami, Hozo submitted a kanmon (written reports for what the Imperial Court requested).
  983. In 961, near the end of Tsunemoto's life, he expressed his last request; 'I ask to be interred on this site after my passing, as I will become a dragon god and dwell in the lake of my estate where I will pray for the prosperity of my descendants.'
  984. In 961, the Emperor conferred Sanbon (the third rank for Imperial Prince/Princess) on her at Shokoden of the Imperial Palace by conducting Uikogai (doing up one's hair as a part of coming-of -age ceremony) and giving Shinkan (Imperial letter).
  985. In 962, he held the 'Koshin Kawara no In Uta-awase (poetry contest).'
  986. In 962, he secluded himself on Mt. Mino in the Settsu Province and trained in Jodo practices.
  987. In 963 Hozo (Japan) made a dispute with KAMO no Yasunori of Onmyodo (way of Yin and Yang; occult divination system based on the Taoist theory of the five elements) over the date of 御本命供 of the Emperor Murakami in those days.
  988. In 963 he was appointed as Chunagon.
  989. In 963, Hozo engaged in debate known as the Owa Shoron debate against Ryogen of the Tendai sect.
  990. In 963, he celebrated his attainment of manhood and was awarded the rank of Sanbon (the third rank of the Imperial Prince's ranks); he later held the posts of Hyobukyo (Minister of Hyobusho Ministry of Military) and so on, but died at age 22 in 971.
  991. In 963, he lived in Tonomine (Sakurai City, Nara Prefecture) at the recommendation of FUJIWARA no Takamitsu and taught 'Makashikan' (Mahayana Practice of Cessation and Contemplation), 'Hokke Mongu' (Words and Phrases of the Lotus Sutra) and wrote 'Hokkegengisho,' 'Mugennennbutsukan.'
  992. In 963, he was appointed to a sangi (councilor).
  993. In 963, she entered into the court to marry Crown Prince Norihira (the Emperor Reizei).
  994. In 964, at the age of 20, he became monjosho (a student of literary studies in the Imperial University).
  995. In 965
  996. In 965 became Sachujo (Middle Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards).
  997. In 965 he had a coming-of-age ceremony and Sadaijin (Minister of the Left), MINAMOTO no Takaakira put the crown on him, then on the following year, he married Takaakira's daughter.
  998. In 965, Mogi (coming-of-age ceremony for girls) was held.
  999. In 965, he received the title of Imperial Prince by the emperor.
  1000. In 966, at the command of Emperor Murakami he prepared a compilation called 'Shinsen Gakufu' (Choshukyo Chikufu) (lit. New compilation of sheet music (hoshukyo Chiku Scores)) that are also known as 'Hakuga no Fuefu' (lit. 'Advanced sheet music for flute').

162001 ~ 163000

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