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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. For a while, after the start of distributing kyoho-gin, both genroku-gin and four types of hoei-gin were used.
  2. For a while, the Satsuma army occupied almost the whole castle town of Kagoshima, but the government forces made a seaborne invasion and occupied almost the whole castle town by September 3 and completed besieging Shiroyama by September 6.
  3. For a while, the people of the Kinai region continued in their construction of square tumulus and circle tumulus mounds; this period is known as the final stage of Kofun period.
  4. For a while, this name was merged into 'Tanigawa,' and disappeared.
  5. For a yoriki officer, a residence with around 300 tubo (approximately 3.3 square meters/tubo) of premises was given.
  6. For a young geisha girl to have a patron.
  7. For about 10 years from the Shinmon period, he made a great effort to cope with The Sango Wakuran Controversy which confused the inside of doctrine.
  8. For about 100 years up to 1580, Kaga had been a country where the Ikkoshu sect ruled.
  9. For about one year from 2007, diners were able to choose wavy noodles as well as the basic straight noodles.
  10. For about ten years after the end of the mutual extension operation, both stations were equipped with devices for mutual guidance regarding their respective train services.
  11. For about thirty years from 1488, Tsunehisa had focused on unifying the nation rather than conquering other provinces.
  12. For above reasons, it can be said that currently most mountains and forests have lost the fundamental nature.
  13. For above reasons, tato fumyo is regarded as a specialist of the myoden administration.
  14. For accompaniment, tsuzumi (Japanese hand drums), and sometimes pipes (or flutes) were used.
  15. For actual construction, technology for castle construction was utilized, although only a wooden bridge over the present-day Tamagawa River was built under the supervision of an Englishman (which was replaced with an iron bridge in the 10th year of the Meiji Era).
  16. For additional information, noodles with the diameter no less than 1.3 mm and no more than 1.7 mm is defined as cold noodles, and those with a diameter no less than 1.7 mm are classified as udon.
  17. For additional information, those formed in a cylindrical shape with a diameter no less than 1.7 mm are classified as 'tenobe udon.'
  18. For administrative purposes, the area is considered to be part of Kyoto Prefecture but it is also close to Heijo-kyo and Todai-ji Temple in Nara geographically, with the remains of Kuni-kyo (temporarily the capital city during the Nara period) and Yamashiro Provincial Temple also nearby.
  19. For adopting the gotokumon as a family crest, the pun for the Confucian gotoku ('humanity,' 'justice,' 'courtesy,' 'wisdom,' and 'faith') was intended, as well as for the other set of five Confucian virtues, 'calmness,' 'sincerity,' 'respect,' 'modesty,' and 'selflessness.'
  20. For adults, it is often used as a jockstrap.
  21. For agricultural development, the Stoke-fu confirmed the farming area by the land registry system and then set on the development of water supply.
  22. For all of these reasons, Daikandai-ji Temple does not chronologically match Takechidai-ji Temple, which was built during the Reign of Emperor Tenmu as mentioned above.
  23. For all practical purposes, the company was a Shochiku-affiliated production company.
  24. For all practical purposes, the value of the two certifications are completely different.
  25. For all the companies belonging to the Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group, please refer to the section "Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group."
  26. For all the routes of Choen-Honjo and Hatadani-Honjo and some of Honjo-Tsutsukawa and Tsutsukawa-Ine, a reservation to Tankai Bus is required by the day before (Tankai Bus: 0772-42-0321).
  27. For all these reasons, the court rank system became an empty formality in the early Heian period, resulting in that some high-ranking nobles monopolized the hereditary transfer of the official post.
  28. For all windows in the second and third layers, kato-mado (foliate-top window) are arranged, and in the top layer ornamental sotomawaribuchi (long and rod-like dressed lumber put in the part of ceiling surface and wall surface meeting) and koran (banister) are attached.
  29. For amphibians, as well as the Japanese giant salamanders, which are a protected species, one can find Japanese clawed salamanders, Hida salamander, forest green tree frogs and Japanese singing frogs.
  30. For an O (king), there applies a word 'Otaigo (in English, Queen Dowager)' but from an old custom of protocol to refer to all heads of the state as Emperors, this word has not ripened as a Japanese and Kotaigo is applied.
  31. For an average-built, the position of the Gyotai will be about one or one and a half stones from the right of the Sekitai.
  32. For an example of the temple where Taishakuten is enshrined, Shibamata Taishakuten (Daikyo-ji Temple) in Tokyo's Katsushika Ward, has been made famous by the movie "Otoko Wa Tsurai Yo (It's Tough Being a Man)."
  33. For an example, 'castle' was 'line the shields and pull the spiny ivy' or the emergency barricade tower to shoot arrows from until then and was not a permanent facility in contrast to a permanent 'castle' facility built after fifteenth century.
  34. For an example, Code of Civil Procedure: Article 192
  35. For an example, MINAMOTO no Mitsunaka had his base in Tada-no-sho estate of Settsu Province and MINAMOTO no Mitsunaka performed the military training of his servants through hunting.
  36. For an example, TAIRA no Masakado, TAIRA no Sadamori, and others stated 'there is a person called tsuwamono,' and FUJIWARA no Yasumasa wrote a very brave soldier 'does not exist in the house of tsuwamono.'
  37. For an example, Yoshimori WADA, who became Samurai-dokoro betto (the Chief Officer of Board of Retainers) during the early Kamakura bakufu.
  38. For an example, even MINAMOTO no Yorinobu or MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu were not in the position to do this.
  39. For an example, the United States established Tsinghua University (from 1911) in Beijing with the reparations.
  40. For an example, the master guest room of the kaisho was a hall to perform things such as renga and tocha popular at that time.
  41. For an example, there were Kamakura clan, Musashi-shichito Parties (seven parties of samurai in Musashi Province), Watanabe Party of Settsu Province, Matsuura Party of Kyushu, and Kishu (area near current Wakayama Prefecture).
  42. For an explanation of dishes in which ingredients are cooked using an iron plate, refer to the article "Teppanyaki."
  43. For animals, there are Kyubi no Kitsune, Nekomata (mythical two-tailed cat monster) and Inugami (dog deity).
  44. For another 100 years or so, any major disasters were feared as the curse of Michizane.
  45. For another example, the biggest reason that the Lake Toya area in Hokkaido has been selected as the venue for the 34th summit held in Japan in 2008 was also easier to guard since the area is isolated from the surroundings.
  46. For approximately 400 years from 810, after the model of Saigu of Ise-jingu Shrine, Saiin was placed and unmarried imperial princesses served as Saio (priestesses) at the shrine.
  47. For approximately 400 years from 810, unmarried imperial princesses served as Saiin and Saio (priestesses) at the Kamo-sha shrine.
  48. For architectures, he constructed many buildings in large scale for the time, such as prefectural offices, hospitals and schools.
  49. For around ten years after this, they kept up a relationship.
  50. For artillery units, the unit of `za' (8 cannons) was used.
  51. For assisting the administrative work, shashoshu who copied books or sokoshu who did bookbinding belonged to this.
  52. For attacking Omi shugo (Military Commissioner of the Omi Province, Takayori ROKKAKU, who stood against the shogun, in 1487, many daimyo of the areas near Kinai (provinces surrounding Kyoto and Nara) such as Owari and Wakasa joined and also for the attack on Kawachi by Yoshitane ASHIKAGA in 1492, many troops joined.
  53. For bakegaku (化学), see Chemistry.
  54. For bass drums and dora, sticks with round felt on the tip are normally used.
  55. For bathing, public bathhouses were used.
  56. For being a small Japanese-style restaurant with a little more than 1.83 meters wide by approximately 10.9 meters long, they served delicious dishes and had sophisticated furnishings, and plates and utensils.
  57. For being good at fighting, he was called 'the best in handling a bow along the Tokai-do road,' and was called 'God lord Ieyasu' in the Edo period.
  58. For being involved in the incident, Yoshitada was demoted to Director of Suo Province on September 4, but was appointed to Monjo hakase and called back to Heian-kyo (the ancient capital of Japan in current Kyoto) on March 14, 843.
  59. For being the last god to resist the conquest of Ashihara no nakatsukuni in Nihonshoki, it is at times viewed as the same god as Takeminakata.
  60. For best results, junmaishu (sake made without added alcohol or sugar) and old-fashioned salty umeboshi pickled in only salt and red shiso should be used.
  61. For better of worse he was depicted as having a clear, manly character.
  62. For better or worse, it can be said that the affairs of state in the Meiji period were under the leadership of Satchodohi.
  63. For boarding cards, ICOCA and IC Cards (see ICOCA), used interchangeably with ICOCA, they can be used at all stations and the J Through Card can be used by exchanging it with a boarding ticket at the automatic ticket machine with the exception of some stations.
  64. For both 'Kogata' and 'Otsugata,' several variations were prescribed.
  65. For both types, many were produced in the second century.
  66. For both, Kotobagaki and pictures are separated and made into gakuso (put in a frame) in paulownia boxes, not left in a scroll state, in consideration of storage.
  67. For business people, the Nanryo Nishu Gin loans were up to 10,000 ryo in Edo (Tokyo) and 40,000 ryo in Osaka, no-interest and no-collateral for three years.
  68. For calculating the integration of a complicated function, they skillfully used power series expansion and the formulae for the sum of series.
  69. For castles built in the middle ages, it is said that they were called Honjo, Mijo, Tsumenomaru, etc., depending on the castle.
  70. For categorization of hot springs, also refer to the quality of hot springs.
  71. For celebrating Nara mountains, their beautiful scenery, the blessings of the deity of Kasuga-taisha Shrine and the prosperity of the Imperial family, they would show the deity's dance, they said, and then they disappeared.
  72. For celebrating the 10th anniversary of his enthronement, a national festival was held on November 20, 1999 under the auspices of the government.
  73. For certain daimyo, vassals were disunited, or internal insurrection occurred resulting in weakening the foundation of the Toyotomi government.
  74. For certain types of sake quality targeted, it is better to leave moromi as it is for several days more and, especially for sake in the ginjo system, it is preferable to maintain such conditions further.
  75. For cheap juzu, glass beads and/or plastic beads which resemble stone beads or coral beads are used.
  76. For children
  77. For children's education, "Mogyu," "Senjimon" and "Rikyo Hyakunijuei" were primarily used, with "Wakan Roeishu" written by FUJIWARA no Kinto, "Sakumon Daitai" written by FUJIWARA no Munetada, "Zoku Senjimon" and "Domoshoin" written by MIOSHI no Tameyasu later added to the list of textbooks.
  78. For children, the Sanskrit character 'ha' (ka, or 訶, in kanji) is added before the posthumous Buddhist name.
  79. For children, western clothes were limited to only uniforms of private schools, and general children still wore wafuku during this period.
  80. For chodai for the emperor and the empress, a weight of Shishi lion (yellow-colored and with opened maw) is placed on the front end of left side drape.
  81. For civil engineering, juryotobi is responsible for assembling the main girders for bridges.
  82. For civil suits arising between Imperial family members, an Imperial courthouse was established as required as a special tribunal with jurisdiction over the proceedings.
  83. For civilians, the rate of tanhaku with fewer coins was established.
  84. For clothing and accessories for the Japanese Imperial family and the nobles during this period, see 'Heian Shozoku.'
  85. For commentaries, there is an annoted revision by Kimie ITOGA, "Kenrei Monin Ukyo no Daibu Shu" (Shincho nihon koten shusei), and the "Kenrei Monin Ukyo no Daibu Shu" (Iwanami bunko), an annotated revision by Senichi HISAMATSU and Jun KUBOTA, also includes the "Heike-kindachisoushi."
  86. For commercially used machines in the past, machines having a frame of cast iron equipped with a hand-driven handle on the side were main stream.
  87. For common people, the intellectual class such as Buddhist monks gathered children of common people together, and taught them basic reading and writing.
  88. For communication to the French soldiers, Masachika TAJIMA who had learned French at Yokohama Futsugo Denshu Sho (French school under direct control of Bakufu) and others were in charge of interpreters.
  89. For comparison, around 1960 when the price level was one-tenth that of the present time (the early twentieth century), yasaiyaki (fried vegetables) using cabbage as a main ingredient cost 15 to 20 yen and if some meat was added (nikuten), it cost 20 to 30 yen.
  90. For comparison, unlike okonomiyaki, meat used in Issen Yoshoku was largely beef.
  91. For condiments, green laver, pepper, shichimi togarashi (a mixture of red cayenne pepper and other aromatic spices) are used.
  92. For connections with the yakuza and gangsters, please refer to the article of yakuza and gangsters.
  93. For constructing Shinkansen
  94. For construction, the railroad was laid from Erbashui Station (today Ershuei Station) on the Western Line to the construction site to transport materials.
  95. For convenience of Saigu, Saiguryo took after the Imperial Court in Kyoto with a large organization of more than 120 officials including the head and its subordinate thirteen offices shared the duties including secretariat, cleaning, and medical care.
  96. For convenience of classification, we treat Chinese classics, which are not limited to history books, in this section.
  97. For convenience of delivery, details (contents or quantity) of food offered on 'Demae' service are sometimes different from those served at restaurants and shops.
  98. For convenience of reduction, data shown on the medium-sized maps, including geographical names, are simplified to some extent compared with those on the large maps, but the lines of latitude and longitude are shown on these maps instead.
  99. For convenience, dates are given according to the chronology of the Nihon Shoki.
  100. For convenience, the town numbers in this section are based on the numbers described in the 'Kadokawa.'
  101. For cooking
  102. For cooking rice, the "koshiki" was used.
  103. For counting two pieces as one kan, a logically consistent origin is not shown.
  104. For daily life of the toji (chief sake brewer) and other workers in the brewery (for food and washing their hands and face, etc.), tap water is used as it is in lives of other people.
  105. For delivery Moitoribe was put as Kanjin Zonin (lower-ranking government official) and Moitoriko as Zoshiki (low-level functionary government official).
  106. For descendents of Nobukatsu ODA, the fourth son Nobuyoshi ODA became a daimyo of Obata Domain of Kozuke Province and later the Takahata Domain and Tendo Domain of Dewa Province with a fief of 20,000 koku.
  107. For detail of the seasoning, refer to how to eat tamago kake gohan below.
  108. For detail, refer to 'a list of published articles' which is mentioned later.
  109. For detail, refer to Japanese liquor junmaishu.
  110. For detail, see the following:
  111. For detailed information on the renaming of government posts, refer to the corresponding section.
  112. For detailed information on these revisions, some scholars have studied the manuscript firsthand and a part of the results has become clear in some variorums published later (e.g. "Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei Genji Monogatari " from 1993 through 1997).
  113. For detailed information, please refer to the page on Bogutsuki karate.
  114. For detailed information, please refer to the page on Dentoha karate.
  115. For detailed information, please refer to the page on full-contact karate.
  116. For detailed information, see each of the articles.
  117. For detailed kinds of costumes and their details, refer to traditional Japanese clothes and the Category on traditional Japanese clothes.
  118. For details about aides-de-camp to the Emperor and details about chamberlains to the Crown Prince, refer to each section.
  119. For details about this foam, please refer to 'the form of Japanese sake foam.'
  120. For details of Korea in Japan colonial period, refer to Korea under Japanese rule.
  121. For details of Taiwan in Japan colonial period, refer to Taiwan under Japanese rule.
  122. For details of confusion caused by the reform, see the section on 'Gregorian Calendar: the Implementation of the Gregorian Calendar in Japan'.
  123. For details of each train series, please refer to the corresponding sections.
  124. For details of language in Japan, refer to a dialect of Japanese language or Japanese language.
  125. For details of the Tenshu of a specific castle, see the section under the castle.
  126. For details of the line's construction and integration with Kintetsu Corporation, please see the section of Nara Electric Railway.
  127. For details of the melodies signaling departure, refer to ' Hyper Subway Schedule' on the official website of the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau.
  128. For details of this naming issue, see Sea of Japan Naming Dispute.
  129. For details on ryoseikoku (province) of Yamato, refer to Yamato Province.
  130. For details on territorial rights or territorial disputes of this area see Sakhalin.
  131. For details on the Kansai-kan of the NDL and the International Library of Children's Literature, please refer to the article on each topic.
  132. For details on the Tibetan Tripitaka, see the article of 'The Tibetan Tripitaka.'
  133. For details on the battle fought between the Muromachi shogunate and Yoshihiro OUCHI, who was a shugo daimyo (shugo, which were Japanese provincial military governors, that became daimyo, which were Japanese feudal lords) in 1399, refer to the Oei War.
  134. For details on the successive iemoto, refer to the section on the Wakayagi school and its iemoto.
  135. For details on the temples that enshrine Arakan, see Rakan-ji Temple.
  136. For details refer to Kyoto Machi-Bugyo.
  137. For details refer to Nagasaki Bugyo.
  138. For details refer to Osaka Machi-Bugyo.
  139. For details refer to the listing on "Inu Oumono" (dog hunting).
  140. For details refer to the listing on "Kasagake."
  141. For details refer to the listing on "Yabusame."
  142. For details see 'Shiba clan.'
  143. For details see Moji-bake.
  144. For details, please refer to "Lines of Keihan Electric Railway."
  145. For details, please refer to 'Torahime'.
  146. For details, please refer to French Restauration.
  147. For details, please refer to Gakushikai's website.
  148. For details, please refer to Kenmu no Shinsei (Kenmu Restoration).
  149. For details, please refer to Oseifukko (Japan) (Restoration of Imperial Rule in Japan).
  150. For details, please refer to article of "The procedure of regular gongyo" and each event of "The annual events" below.
  151. For details, please refer to the 'Tickling Fetishism'.
  152. For details, please refer to the article "Etchu Fundoshi."
  153. For details, please refer to the article "Mawashi."
  154. For details, please refer to the article "Roku-shaku Fundoshi."
  155. For details, please refer to the article "Tanabata."
  156. For details, please refer to the article of "Shiroto Kabuki" (amateur Kabuki).
  157. For details, please refer to the article of Uchi-daka.
  158. For details, please refer to the article on "Astronomical observation."
  159. For details, please refer to the article on the shamisen.
  160. For details, please refer to the item of Hirotaka SHO; however, various studies have revealed that there are some mistakes in "Shokemonjo" of Okayama Prefecture.
  161. For details, please refer to the official website of Kyoto University's "Yosida-Ryo".
  162. For details, please refer to the section "Half Noh."
  163. For details, please refer to the section on ICOCA Electronic Money.
  164. For details, please refer to the section on each type and line.
  165. For details, please refer to the section on the Arisugawa no miya fraud incident.
  166. For details, please refer to the section regarding the direct operation with Nara Electric Railway and Keihan Electric Railway.
  167. For details, please see the section for the details of the Kintetsu Limited Express Train.
  168. For details, please see the section on Mobile Suica.
  169. For details, refer to "Jidaigeki" (historical play).
  170. For details, refer to "Kabuki".
  171. For details, refer to "Otose (Kaoru FUNAYAMA)."
  172. For details, refer to "Verification: The Legend of Ryoma" by Rei MATSUURA (Ronsosha, 2001), and "Dream for the Navy Jointly Owned by Asian-countries, Shared with Mentor" by Yusuke HAMAGUCHI ("New Historical Figures Series (4) Creation of the Restoration Ryoma SAKAMOTO" GAKKEN, 2006).
  173. For details, refer to 'Ritual.'
  174. For details, refer to Christian materials.
  175. For details, refer to Kamikaze of Genko described later.
  176. For details, refer to Laws regarding regulations which should be enforced in Taiwan).
  177. For details, refer to Sakai Bugyo.
  178. For details, refer to articles of Sanko (three high level bureaucrats) and Kyukei (nine lords).
  179. For details, refer to respective articles.
  180. For details, refer to the 'Ine Bus' section of the Ine Town Office's homepage.
  181. For details, refer to the article of 'Hanchin.'
  182. For details, refer to the article of 'The Katsuragi Dynasty Theory' from the argument in the Theory of the Existence of the Kesshi-Hachidai.
  183. For details, refer to the article, "Higashiyama Women's College."
  184. For details, refer to the chapter titled 'Hanokoku.'
  185. For details, refer to the column on the kinds of crossings.
  186. For details, refer to the form of operation of the Hakubi Line and the freight trains of the Yamaguchi Line.
  187. For details, refer to the legend of Minamijima-cho.
  188. For details, refer to the related articles of kukurio no hakama (Japanese male skirt with strings in the lower sleeve edge to be adjusted).
  189. For details, refer to the section for each yamakasa.
  190. For details, refer to the section for sushi terms.
  191. For details, refer to the section of Kunoichi.
  192. For details, refer to the section under Regional differences in yakitori.
  193. For details, refer to the sections on The Uiro in various places.
  194. For details, see "Isshi-no-hen."
  195. For details, see 'Bugyo-shu.'
  196. For details, see Chinzei Bugyo and Chinzei Tandai.
  197. For details, see Ikeda clan or Okayama Domain.) daughter, Kumako IKEDA had Kuranosuke Yoshio OISHI as their first son.
  198. For details, see Kaishin no Mikotonori.
  199. For details, see Soro-bun.
  200. For details, see Tenryujibune.
  201. For details, see section of 'A pleasure of kuge (court nobles) and common people' or matoya in this article.
  202. For details, see the Autumnal Equinox.
  203. For details, see the Liberal Party (Meiji period).
  204. For details, see the article on Kama (Hinduism).
  205. For details, see the article on Tenma.
  206. For details, see the article on makiwara (Kyudo)
  207. For details, see the article on mato (Kyudo) and Kyudo
  208. For details, see the article on the Kusanagi sword.
  209. For details, see the section of "Rebellion of Tagishimimi."
  210. For details, see the section on 'Kaburaya.'
  211. For details, see the section on the whistling arrow.
  212. For details, see the section on yabiraki.
  213. For details, see: Karafuto Railway.
  214. For dispatching the envoys, however, the vessels needed to be constructed first.
  215. For dispatching troops, Shiro IKEGAMI (feudal retainer of Satsuma) was in charge of recruiting, Kunimoto SHINOHARA, organization of troops, Shinpachi MURATA, procurement and arrangement of weapons, and Kirino collection and procurement of various armaments.
  216. For distinction, the former is called shi-chi and the latter gong-chi (refer to the article of Shizhi [Chinese units system of measurement]).
  217. For distinguished achievement in the war, Ieyasu was given Suruga Province by Nobunaga.
  218. For distinguishing the copy from the script (original) of the kuzen, the three Chinese characters '口宣案' (kuzen-an; draft of kuzen) were written on the reverse edge and the so-called 'mei,' the name of the shokei to whom the kuzen was submitted, was added on the upper right of the first line of the copy before being handed over.
  219. For doctrinal and distinct difference reasons, the Satoriconcept that appears in the Mahayana Sutra supposedly goes further than the 'mujoshotoshogaku' (greater enlightened being) concept of Anuttara samyaksaMbodhi (supreme perfect enlightenment).
  220. For domain duties, rice price rose exceptionally due to the heavy damage by the Tenmei Famine, many people died from starvation, and it was described as 'it was the indescribable year of strained circumstances' in the old record.
  221. For domestic use, green tea powder packed in airtight plastic bags is available on the market.
  222. For drafting of Article 11 of the Constitution on 1868, partial translated introduction regarding power and authority of national diets in the United States and Switzerland, which are covered in subsection 24 and 25 of volume 1, chapter 2 of "Bankoku Koho" was referred.
  223. For dramas, pine resin mixed with ink is used, nowadays, tooth wax (wax mixed with ink) is used.
  224. For drinking, it is important to keep the temperature of hot water as low as around 60 degrees (or even 40 degrees, depending on the tea leaves) centigrade in order for the distinct flavor and aroma of gyokuro to leach out.
  225. For drug pipes, see each item in Drugs.
  226. For dye the bark of time of bloom is used.
  227. For each annual event, banquets fit for the occasion were held.
  228. For each generation from the second to the fifth, the name Shobei TAMAYA is considered to have been taken over by a distinguished wind-up doll manipulator of those days.
  229. For each post of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), standards of rokudaka (stipend) were established (e.g. 5,000-koku [of rice], a unit of volume: rice 1-koku is 180.39 liter, lumber 1-koku is 0.278 cubic meter, for Obangashira [captains of the great guards]).
  230. For each style or school, the kakeri for "Utou" is a special hataraki-goto and it has more acts.
  231. For each ura-dora tile
  232. For early Tenshu, functions primarily as living quarters were considered important and some Tenshu were not constructed on the foundation in Kuruwa (castle compound), such as the four-story structure named 'Tenshu' built by Nobunaga ODA in Gifu-jo Castle.
  233. For earthenware, bisque (fired pottery) earthenware, which was fired in low temperature oxidative flames, called Yayoi earthenware was used.
  234. For ease of movement the gusset is made lower, and a divider inside is made correspondingly higher.
  235. For eating any food (except in liquid form) in Japan, it is basic manners to use chopsticks, unless forks, spoons, and other tableware are specially prepared on the table.
  236. For educational purposes, this research forest is used for field work and educational programs in each faculty or graduate courses for Kyoto University in addition to Faculty of Agriculture and Graduate School of Agriculture.
  237. For either route studless tires (winter tires) or snow chains are essential.
  238. For elderly people, the term Western dishes conjures up an image of French full-course dinner, because French cuisine was introduced to Japan between the Meiji period and the Showa period.
  239. For electric power, a single-phase 25,000 AC is supplied to the train-cars.
  240. For elementary learners, Kyoju-sho under the direct control of Gakumonjo were established in Fukagawa, Azabu and Kojimachi.
  241. For enjoy hiking in Mt. Odaigahara, `Higashi Odai hiking course,' approximately 9 kilometers is recommended starting at the visitor center.
  242. For events of each day, refer to 365 days.
  243. For example Toshitsura DOI, who was Roju (senior councilor of the Tokugawa shogunate) and a colleague of Tadakuni MIZUNO, governed the domain of Koga in the Province of Shimousa but also had outlands in the provinces of Kawachi and Settsu.
  244. For example at Chidoriya Nara Kojika Co. near Kintetsu Nara Station they sell not only the usual size Dorayaki but also large Dorayaki nearly 20 cm in diameter under the product name Mikasa.
  245. For example even if a territory could not produce rice in their land, the economic scale was expressed by the rice amount corresponding to the converged worth of rice and the converged rice amount became the standard for taxation.
  246. For example in Hyuga Province, people used to enjoy warmed shochu by placing a vessel unglazed or made of tin called 'Hyuga chirori' into irori fireplace (open hearth).
  247. For example in the Tomoyama Park (see picture) an attempt to extend the life of a trail lined with numerous cherry trees is accomplished through the efforts of alternately planting Someiyoshino trees, Kawazu cherry trees and Yoshino cherry trees.
  248. For example there are three Imperial Princes appearing in "The Tale of Genji."
  249. For example, "A guide to beam science" is given to students by Institute of Chemical Research.)
  250. For example, "Ban Dainagon Emaki" was originally named as "Ban Dainagon Ekotoba" in 1951 when it was designated as a national treasure, but now is called "Ban Dainagon Emaki" at Idemitsu Museum of Arts, the current owner of the subject.
  251. For example, "God" translated as "Jotei" (上帝) in Martin version but as "Zobutsusha" (造物者) in the book.
  252. For example, "Hokkekyo (Lotus sutra)" preaches to alter this corrupt world to the land of lapis lazuli of the Jodo world (Shabasoku jakko).
  253. For example, "Ise Monogatari" (The Tale of Ise) is a work that is called 'monogatari' because it was originally called that way and readers have enjoyed the work even though the main character was considered for a while to be a real person, ARIWARA no Narihira.
  254. For example, "Ise Monogatari" (The Tales of Ise) includes some waka poems that also appear in "Kokin Wakashu," and there are chapters that seem to be modifications of the kotobagaki of "Kokinshu" or stories made from adjacently aligned poems in the "Kokinshu."
  255. For example, "Kagaku-shu" (published around 1444) was a glossary in which the words were classified according to their meanings.
  256. For example, "Kamigata" (Kyoto and Osaka area), "Edo" (Kanto area) and "Owari" (Aichi area) each use a different proverb.
  257. For example, "Kennaiki" (diary of Tokifusa MADENOKOJI) says that the Imperial court established the following seven checking stations of Mizushidokoro (a government office) and assigned officials to levy taxes: Yase, Imamichi. Tojiguchi, Hossho-ji, Toba, Shichijoguchi, and Nagasakaguchi.
  258. For example, "Ojoyoshu" (The Essentials of Salvation) describes a logic employing muck of Jingi belief to explain Buddhism's own pure and impure thought.
  259. For example, "Shintaido" (martial arts uniquely combined with some body movement) regards jujutsu as such.
  260. For example, "The Prime Minister, Admiral of the Navy, Junior First Court Rank, Supreme Order of Merit, First Grade of the Order of the Golden Kite, his Lordship the Count, Gombei YAMAMOTO."
  261. For example, "Tsutomekata-cho," an old document which records the standard living of townspeople who served a merchant family in the Genroku era, says that they drank sake only about six days a month.
  262. For example, "命 (Life)" or "心 (Heart)."
  263. For example, 'Amenokoyane no Mikoto' (a legendary ancestral deity) is also called 'Kasuga Gongen,' because Kasuga-jinja (or Kasuga-taisha) Shrine is dedicated to 'Amenokoyane no Mikoto.'
  264. For example, 'Basho hears the storm at night through a basin' by Basho MATSUO, is a case of jiamari with 8-7-5 syllables.
  265. For example, 'Dolls' Festival with Thousand Hina Dolls on Thirty Tiers' (January 31 - April 7, World Folk Doll Museum) and 'Tanaka Honke Museum Feast of Hina Doll' are must-sees.
  266. For example, 'Gosan no Kiri' is often found on costumes for rent as it is a fairly commonly used Kamon.
  267. For example, 'Hatsuka Dango' (the twentieth dango) is made on January 20, dango is made at Busshoe (Buddha's birthday) on April 8, 'Tsukimi Dango' is made on August 15, and 'Makura Dango' is made at funerals (dango put beside the pillow of the deceased).
  268. For example, 'Hizen no kuni fudoki' (the topography of Hizen Province) contains an article as follows :
  269. For example, 'Hosokawa Ukyo no daibu Jushiinoge MINAMOTO no Katsumoto Ason.'
  270. For example, 'Lake Towada and the Oirase-gawa River' ranging from Akita Prefecture to Aomori Prefecture is designated in the two categories of 'Special Places of Scenic Beauty' and 'Natural Monuments' for its values.
  271. For example, 'Oshimabon,' which was handwritten by Masayasu ASUKAI, is considered to have the best quality of all the manuscripts of the 'Aobyoshibon' line and is still used today as the original text for many revised books.
  272. For example, 'Sendai Ko,' 'Owari Ko,' and 'Himeji Ko'.
  273. For example, 'Shin Aoyanagi' is a tegotomono as well as a Kyomono and a utaimono, but it can also be counted as one of the Ishikawa no mitsumono (three songs composed by Ishikawa).
  274. For example, 'Six Quires of Kumogakure,' a typical supplement of "The Tale of Genji," has six chapters, so it has been considered that these six chapters bring the original 54 chapters to a total of 60.
  275. For example, 'apprentice geisha,' 'wisteria maiden,' 'town maiden,' 'samurai daughter' or 'noble lady'.
  276. For example, 'ashihikino' means 'yama' (mountain).
  277. For example, 'circled single falcon wing' is the Mon which consists of Tansu 'one falcon wing' inside Gaikaku 'Maru,' and a 'circled and outlined falcon wing' is the Mon which consists of lined ('Narabi') Tansu 'one falcon wing ' inside Gaikaku 'Maru.'
  278. For example, 'conversation' between court women and meaningless 'sounds' which babies let out were considered 'monogatari,' too.
  279. For example, 'equipped with armors explored mountains and rivers' is an excerpt from "Master Zuo's Commentary to the Spring and Autumns".
  280. For example, 'petition to establish the Diet' drawn up by Emori UEKI in April 1880 and submitted by Kenkichi KATAOKA and Hironaka KONO is well-known.
  281. For example, 'yukke' (raw meat food) is spelled as '肉膾' (meat namasu) and is regarded as a kind of namasu.
  282. For example, '二塔天寳十七年戊戌中立在之' ("葛項寺造塔記," 758).
  283. For example, '単簡' for 簡単, '笑談' for 冗談, '八釜しい' for やかましい, '非道い' for ひどい, '浪漫' for ロマン, and '沢山' for たくさん.
  284. For example, 30 monme can be replaced with 30 me, and 300 monme with 300 me.
  285. For example, 50 monme 7 bu is mixed metal of gold and silver made by adding cupellated silver (genuine silver) 6 monme 7 bu to genuine gold 44 monme, and its carat is 44/50.70.8679.
  286. For example, Ajaseojuki Brahma No. 10, Volume 10 of "Shugokokkaishu-darani kyo" argues the following.
  287. For example, Akirakane was given one portion of the name of Yoshiakira ASHIKAGA, Mitsukane one portion of the name of Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA, Mochiyori one portion of the name of Yoshimochi ASHIKAGA, and Naonaga one portion of the name of Yoshinao ASHIKAGA.
  288. For example, Amane NISHI introduced terms of literature in 'Chisetsu' (知説) (No.25).
  289. For example, Arashiyama
  290. For example, Baiko ONOE (the seventh generation) also had a Haigo called 'Sensha.'
  291. For example, Baiko ONOE and Shoroku ONOE as a group of Kikugoro ONOE, Shikan NAKAMURA and Baigyoku NAKAMURA as a group of Utaemon NAKAMURA, and Gado KATAOKA, Gato KATAOKA, and Roen KATAOKA as a group of Nizaemon KATAOKA are successions of a family name derived from Haimyo.
  292. For example, Bamiyan (a restaurant chain) serves sprouted brown rice, but it has a texture that is coarser than the white rice served at the same restaurant.
  293. For example, Benkankyoku of the Daijokan (Grand Council of State) was held by Ozuki clan and the Gekikyoku (Secretaries' Office of the Council of State) was held by the Nakahara clan.
  294. For example, Chikugo 15 castles.
  295. For example, Chinju-fu shogun (Commander in Chief of the Defense of the North) could put Kenjo as a follower who was selected and admitted by Shogun.
  296. For example, Chokansai MIYAKE who is thought to have been a Keeper of Sakamoto-jo Castle was captured in Yokoyama (Fukuchiyama) and executed.
  297. For example, Chritmas cakes and decorations are sold at a loss after December 25, and this is seen above.
  298. For example, Dainagon (chief councilor of state) MINAMOTO no Tsunenobu (1016 - 1097), who was a leading figure in poetry circles but had not been chosen as the selector, wrote a book titled "Nan Goshui" (A Criticism on Goshui Wakashu) in order to criticize the anthology.
  299. For example, Ebizo ICHIKAWA (the eleventh) and Kikunosuke ONOE (the fifth) are onzoshi of the Naritaya family and the Otowaya family respectively.
  300. For example, Emperor Gomizunoo in the Edo period was unable to endure the deeds of the Edo bakufu which eroded the authority of the emperor, like the Shie Incident (the great conflict between the shogunate and the Imperial Court), and abdicated the throne to an infant Princess Okiko (later Emperor Meisho).
  301. For example, Emperor Juntoku's Prince, Prince Tadanari named Iwakuranomiya, and Imperial Prince Yoshimune named Yotsutsujinomiya during middle of the Kamakura period, these Miya go titles were passed down to their descendants.
  302. For example, Emperor Shirakawa in the Heian period handed over his throne to his son, Emperor Horikawa, he became Daijo Tenno (the retired Emperor) and held the real political power until 1129 when he died.
  303. For example, English Minister to Japan, Harry PARKES talked of his impression that the Japanese-Korea Treaty of Amity was similar to the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce.
  304. For example, FUJIWARA no Yorinaga who became the Yushi of his older brother FUJIWARA no Tadamichi fought with his brother at Hogen War, and Kugyo who became the Yushi of his uncle, MINAMOTO no Sanetomo, assassinated his uncle uncle.
  305. For example, Forestry Agency has announced that tree thinning will be carried out in three million and three hundred thousand hectares in six years from 2007 to 2012 to achieve the reduction target.
  306. For example, Francis BACON (a philosopher), Thomas HOBBES, Herbert SPENCER, Johann Kaspar BLUNTSCHLl, Henry BUCKLE and so on.
  307. For example, Fushu's warabite-to (curved swords) were developed into a kind of sword, Kenukigata Tachi (Tachi with a shape of tweezer), that would be used by samurai.
  308. For example, Gekkeikan, one of the nationwide sake manufacturers, has only one full-time toji worker.
  309. For example, Goshoseki who was called the last Bunjin in the Qing period was admired as Shizetsu (四絶,literally, a master of the four areas of art) because he was good at all of poetry, calligraphy and painting as well as seal-engraving.
  310. For example, Grand Prince Yixin, who asked permission from the throne to translate "Bankoku Koho," needed "Bankoku Koho" only to enable him to refute the arguments made by powerful western countries in their diplomatic requests.
  311. For example, Gyoko to the Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine is called 'Sumiyoshi Gyoko.'
  312. For example, Heibonsha's World Encyclopedia and Shokakukan's Encyclopedia of Japan list it under "To-ji", while Encyclop?dia Britannica lists it under "Kyoogokoku-ji".
  313. For example, Hisakaze SHIMAZU was concurrently appointed as the land steward of Izumi Village twice while he was serving also as the land steward of Kaseda Village.
  314. For example, Horikawa Gojo.
  315. For example, Houses which were separated from the Fujiwara clan, such as Nagaya (長家) and Nasu (那須) made 'Ichimonji-mon' as the representative Mon they used most often.
  316. For example, IKEDA asked a foreign rich person living in Japan at that time to let him investigate an important manuscript called 'Abutsuni-bon,' then he recorded that 'Not only that I was treated with contempt but also I was not allowed to investigate the manuscript.'
  317. For example, Ichijikinrinbuccho wins over evil deities with its weapon known as Rinpo, while Butsugenbutsumo enlightens and leads evil deities by teaching without pointing out mistaken beliefs.
  318. For example, Ieyasu TOKUGAWA made up a story that he belonged to Seiwa-Genji.
  319. For example, Japan's overseas territory is referred to as a colony in 'Requirements for making contracts borne by the national coffers' issued on September 3, 1932, but few other laws or regulations call such territory a colony.
  320. For example, Kamon were shaped to order on the grip of Gunto (saber) by silversmiths.
  321. For example, Kaneyori SHIBA from an illegitimate family of the Shiba clan which belonged to the Ashikaga clan, received a title of yakata-go and accordingly named himself as Mogami yakata so that he is regarded as the founder of the Mogami clan..
  322. For example, Kanpaku (Chancellor) Norifusa ICHIJO went down to his family's territory, Hatanosho district in Tosa Province (present-day Shimanto City, Kochi Prefecture), and later his descendants became Sengoku daimyo (Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period) as Tosa Ichijo clan.
  323. For example, Keisuke OKADA played a key role in the fall of the TOJO Cabinet.
  324. For example, Kinto TOKUDAIJI, the father of the family head (two generations ago) Tomoito SUMITOMO, Duke Kinmochi SAIONJI and Duke Sanetsune TOKUDAIJI, who was the former grand chamberlain, was adopted from the Takatsukasa Family by the Tokudaiji Family.
  325. For example, Kiraku-ryu jujutsu (Kiraku school of jujutsu) in Saitama Prefecture, Okuyama Nen-ryu jujutsu (Okuyama Nen school of jujutsu), and Shin Shinto-ryu jujutsu (Shin Shinto school of jujutsu) were called judo.
  326. For example, Kokura-jo Castle reconstructed Tenshu, which had been Sotogata without Hafu under the roof, was reconstructed as Borogata adding Hafu.
  327. For example, Kozui OTANI, who was a chief priest of the Jodo Shinshu sect at Nishi Hongwan-ji Temple, wrote a commentary on the Hannya Shingyo.
  328. For example, MA Rong and Saiyo in the Later Han, Keiko in the Wei dynasty (the Three States Period) and TAI Ki in the Eastern Jin, as well as Kantan who was mentioned above were the examples.
  329. For example, MINAMOTO no Yoritomo called his project 'Beginning of a unified country (tenka no shoshi),' however, his governing areas cannot be compared with the sixty or so provinces that Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI and Ieyasu TOKUGAWA governed.
  330. For example, Mameitagin were sometimes added to small Chogin to give a combined weight of 43 monme (approx. 161.25 g) and then wrapped in paper for use together.
  331. For example, Mamichi TSUDA described sexual desire in the affirmative as 'a natural disposition' in 'A theory of sexual desire' (No.34) and Amane NISHI described that 'wealth' was a treasure as well as health and knowledge in 'The three treasures of human life (No.38 and so on).
  332. For example, Masako HOJO, a wife of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo, became an ama and was called Ama Shogun because she wielded influence over government.
  333. For example, Mitsutoshi TAKAYANAGI says in his book "Mitsuhide AKECHI" that Mitsuhide and Nobunaga, who were both rationalists, could have gotten along well.
  334. For example, Moroyasu destroyed the graveyard of the Sugawara clan to build a mountain villa on it, and even killed SUGAWARA no Arinori who had complained to Moroyasu about it.
  335. For example, Mt. Nokogiri (Chiba Prefecture) used to have five hundred statues of arhats (Gohyakurakan zo) but all of them were destroyed.
  336. For example, Nachikatsuura in Wakayama Prefecture and Katsuura in Chiba Prefecture have many things in common, such as place names and culinary culture.
  337. For example, Naniwa-gumi (later Naniwa-ko) designated serious and high-grade hatago along main kaido (road) and had member hatago place a sign as a mark and handed a given kansatsu (license plate) over to each traveler who joined the association so that travelers could show it when staying in the inn.
  338. For example, Norinaga MOTOORI wrote the following in 'Secret book Tamakushige,'
  339. For example, OTOMO no Otomaro was appointed as Seito vice shogun in February, 784.
  340. For example, Ogura Hyakunin Isshu (the Ogura Anthology of One Hundred Tanka-poems by One Hundred Poets) used for Karuta competitions includes three poems that start with the letter "い" (i) as follows.
  341. For example, Ohatsu-tenjin Shrine (Tsuyunoten-jinja Shrine), Hattori-tenjingu Shrine, Nagae-hachimangu Shrine and Minami Nagae-hachimangu Shrine are those cases.
  342. For example, Ono-jo Castle (Chikuzen Province) near Dazai-fu (local government office in Kyushu region) was called "oononoki" and Dewanoki (Dewa Castle) in Yamagata Prefecture was called "dewanoki."
  343. For example, Osaka prefecture can be reformed to "Osaka Metropolis."
  344. For example, Oshirasama dislikes animal meat and eggs, and offering these can lead to serious illness.
  345. For example, Otari mostly stayed in Hokke-ji Temple in 758.
  346. For example, Otoshiyori Egima in the Ejima-Ikushima incident was Otoshiyori to Gekko-in, the real mother of Ietsugu TOKUGAWA, the seventh shogun.
  347. For example, Prime Ministers who made distinguished achievements are granted Juichii posthumously.
  348. For example, Rennyo prohibited monto from using the name 'Ikko Sect,' but opposite to what Hongan-ji Temple wanted, in actuality, Ikko believers were deeply related with the Hongan-ji religious group.
  349. For example, Residential Basic Book Act: Article 50
  350. For example, Ryokan, a priest of the Soto sect who was also famous in story book, described that 'If you are sick, it is better to be sick, and if you are dying, it is better to die. This is good medicine by which you can escape from disease and death.'
  351. For example, Saitansai, a Shinto festival held on January 1 each year to celebrate the new year, would be held on January 1 of the new calendar, not on the date that January 1 of the old lunar calendar would be converted to.
  352. For example, Sanesue SAIONJI used 'Saya-e,' Saneyoshi TOKUDAIJI used 'Mokko-mon' and the Sugawara and other clans used glitzy Kamon like Ume-mon.
  353. For example, Satoshi INOUE, half of the comedy duo Jicho-Kacho, answered 'ONO no Imoko' when asked 'who is a Japanese woman chosen as being among the world's three most beautiful women?' (the correct answer was 'ONO no Komachi).
  354. For example, Shigekane and Shigenobu were given one portion of the name of Chikashige OTOMO, Harunobu one portion of the name of Chikaharu OTOMO, Shigenobu and his sons Shigemoto and Shigemasa one portion of the name of Yoshishige OTOMO (later Sorin OTOMO).
  355. For example, Shijin appeared from among the newly-risen landlord class and many people passed the imperial examination and became bureaucrats.
  356. For example, Shikibu in Murasaki Shikibu was from her father FUJIWARA no Tametoki's title Shikibu taijo (Senior Secretary of the Ministry of Ceremonial), and Shonagon in Sei Shonagon was from shonagon (lesser counselor) (it is said that her brother became shonagon).
  357. For example, Shin-Yokohama is used at some places, and Shin-yokohama at other places.
  358. For example, Shogoro NAKAI, one of Totsukawa goshi, was walking the path along a river in Shijo of Kyoto with his friend who had left Tosa Domain; they were drunk and outran a sword by force of liquor, and began a confused fight with strangers.
  359. For example, Shozan SAKUMA argued that the barn, granary, lavatory, etc. should be detached, not be positioned in the east or southeast of the main house as the light from the east and the winter light from the southeast is blocked.
  360. For example, Sun Yat-sen told Tsuyoshi INUKAI, "the Meiji Restoration is the first step of the China's revolution, and the China's revolution is the second step of the Meiji Restoration" when he came to Japan as a refugee.
  361. For example, TAIRA no Kiyomori also conducted the affairs of state as a maternal relative.
  362. For example, Tadakuni MIZUNO who performed the Tenpo Reforms immediately ordered the withdrawal of the edict to repel foreign vessels when the Opium War occurred in China.
  363. For example, Takasaki City produces almost all of 'Election Daruma' dolls, in whose left eye a politician paints in black ink when running for an election, and at the victory in the right eye in black ink.
  364. For example, Tatsuhiko SHIMOMUKAI who argued that bushi centered around 'the kokuga forces system' to develop 'the theory of the kokuga forces system' and greatly opposed 'the theory of samurai function' of Susumu ISHII.
  365. For example, Teika has an entry on the 1054 supernova explosion in the Crab Nebula, despite the fact that this happened before he was born, meaning the entry was made as pure hearsay.
  366. For example, Teinosuke KINUGASA and Sachio KINUGASA
  367. For example, The Local Autonomy Law II, Ordinary local public entities, Clause 143
  368. For example, Tokyo Asahi (newspaper) dated October 6 reported "apart from worst hit areas, they had a large harvest."
  369. For example, Tsunayoshi Oyama, kenrei of Kagoshima Prefecture, served as kenrei for several years as if he had extraterritorial rights.
  370. For example, Tsunayoshi himself performed five sarugaku plays when he first visited Yoshiyasu YANAGISAWA's residence at the Kandabashi-mon Gate on April 20, 1691.
  371. For example, Ukai held in the Hiji-kawa River in Ozu City, Ehime Prefecture, began as 'Ozu sightseeing Ukai' in 1957.
  372. For example, Wang Bi wrote "Annotation of Zhouyi" which was an annotation for Hi-shi Eki (Mr. Hi's divination) and Ka An (He Yan) created "The Collected Annotations of the Analects of Confucius" (sound of Seishi - academic traditions starting from Seishi era).
  373. For example, Yamato race, yamato-damashii (Japanese spirit) and so on.
  374. For example, Yasaka-jinja Shrine is dedicated to Susanoo (Deity in Japanese Mythology) in the center as the chief god, Kushinadahime as God Empress, Kisakigami on its east side and 'Yahashira-mikogami' on its west side.
  375. For example, Yi Toegye's "Records of Learning" ("Jeonseup rok byeon") quite harshly criticized Yomeigaku.
  376. For example, Yoshifuru and Saneyuki used the same dish when Saneyuki lived off Yoshifuru.
  377. For example, Yoshimoto IMAGAWA was killed on the way to joraku by Nobunaga ODA's force and Kenshin UESUGI was blocked by fear of internal conflict or the snow and was not able to advance westward to Kaga Province.
  378. For example, Yoshiyasu YANAGISAWA's post was Tairo-kaku.
  379. For example, Yoshizane TANAKA's disciple, Ippei SAJI (dates unknown) argued that twelve roots out of fifteen were wrong (though in fact, most of SAJI's criticisms turned out to be off the mark).
  380. For example, Yoshoku such as escalope (Nemuro City, Hokkaido Prefecture) and Turkey rice (Nagasaki Prefecture) could be said to be local to Japan.
  381. For example, Yosuke YAMASHITA, a jazz pianist, is said to have said "enka and idol songs sound just the same," meaning "the two genres cannot be distinguished in terms of music theory."
  382. For example, Yukinaga hardly punished the Amakusa-shu (samurai group in Amakusa) having many Christians when the Amakusa gonin-shu (five samurai in Asakusa) rose in revolt in 1589.
  383. For example, Yushi Naishinno-ke no Kii, Baishi Naishinno-ke no Senji (as known as Rokujosaiin no senji), Taikenmonin Horikawa, Nijoin no Sanuki, Kokamonin no Betto, Inpumonin no Taifu, and 摂政家丹後 (as known as Gishumonin no Tango) were named in that manner.
  384. For example, \5,000 and \10,000 should be written as "金五阡円" and "金壱萬円" respectively, and use of other additional expressions, such as "也," as in "五千円也," should be avoided.
  385. For example, a Noh play "Eguchi," a Nagauta (a long epic song) "Shigure Saigyo," a vulgar painting entitled 'Fujimi Saigyo' and a legend about 'Saigyo no Noguso' (Saigyo has a shit in the woods) in various locations were created based on the life of the multi-dimensional person that was Saigyo.
  386. For example, a Tanka is made up of five sets of two bars, giving a total number of ten bars.
  387. For example, a book written in the middle Heian period, "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji), illustrated the presence of male family members and close male acquaintances (nobles, aristocrats) frequently visiting ladies of the court in Kokyu palace.
  388. For example, a catcher (toward a pitcher) in baseball games, and so on.
  389. For example, a chapter of 'Kiritsubo' (according to "Hearsays Books of The Tale of Genji" and Akiko YOSANO), three chapters of 'Hahakigi,' 'Utsusemi' and 'Yugao' (advocated by Keijiro KAZAMAKI), etc.
  390. For example, a division under Division head Nozu often staved off hunger by eating black millets or unpolished rice that people in lower stratums would not have eaten in Japan.
  391. For example, a fox spirit that just looks like a fox is easy to identify, but spirits who have ever committed wrong acts change themselves into other appearances in line with each time, so it is difficult to find out.
  392. For example, a grand sumo tournament was originally a matsuri for dedication as the Imperial Household Shinto, and was also the Shinto ritual.
  393. For example, a group of characteristic uchigatana-goshirae crafted mainly in the Tensho era is called Tensho-goshirae.
  394. For example, a harp is a typical music instrument originating from the bow and its form remains.
  395. For example, a historian Michiyo NAKA in the Meiji period criticized the description in Nihonshoki and explained that Kinen in the Kojiki and Nihonshoki had probably been made up by the editor on the basis of "Shinyu-kakumei-setsu" (a prediction of revolution in Kanototori of the Chinese astrological calendar).
  396. For example, a house of a ninja (a professional spy in feudal Japan highly trained in stealth and secrecy) was a karakuri yashiki.
  397. For example, a human bone with fatal wound across the forehead to right eye and broken right wrist, which is a typical defensive wound that happens when defending from attack, was excavated, and it is very likely that the person was wounded by fighting.
  398. For example, a lecture in the Johei era took seven years, although it was interrupted because of the Tengyo War.
  399. For example, a quantity of cinnabar would be used for such "witching" articles as the wall paintings of sepulchers.
  400. For example, a record (the Kofukuji Ruki [Records of Kofuku-ji Temple]) shows that a group of sozo (a statue made from a wood core, coated with clay) that depicted the Pure Land of Shaka, Amida, Miroku and Yakushi were placed in the first layer of the five-storey pagoda of the Kofuku-ji Temple in Nara built in 730.
  401. For example, a sequence could be the key of G - key of C - san kudari - honchoshi, as in "Toru."
  402. For example, a town called 'Imadegawa-cho,' other than in 'Imadegawa-dori Karasuma-nishiiru,' which is located in the northeast of Kyoto Gyoen National Garden, exists in 'Motoseiganji-dori Jofukuji-nishiiru' which is few hundred meters to the west.
  403. For example, a yagura located southeast (Tatsumi) is called 'Tatsumi Yagura.'
  404. For example, above mentioned "Bankoku Koho Yakugi" defines 'bankoku koho was made only for humanity (恕).'
  405. For example, according to "Kikimimizoshi," in the latter half of the synopsis, there is a tale of origin of the beginning of sericulture in which the girl who flew to heaven stood at the bedside of the parents and taught them to keep the silkworms in the mortar with mulberry leaves and have them lay silken threads.
  406. For example, according to "Nihonshoki," there is a description that kuzu (the indigenous people said to live in the Yoshino woods) in Yoshino presented kozake in 288.
  407. For example, according to "The Collection of Ordinance in Kyoto" in the Edo period, the gist of furegaki (bakufu orders) issued by Kyoto City Magistrates (Kyoto machi bugyo) in April, 1698 are as follows.
  408. For example, according to "Uetsufumi", Emperor Jinmu was the 73th emperor of the Ugayafukiaezu dynasty, and it was Japan which transmitted agriculture or characters to China and Japan had an accurate original solar calendar.
  409. For example, according to Article 71 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, if the (original) budget plan was not approved before a fiscal year started, the budget of the previous fiscal year would be adopted as the budget for the next fiscal year.
  410. For example, according to records of transporting sardines, fresh fishes were clearly differentiated from dried fishes and from sardines for fertilizer.
  411. For example, according to the "Kojiki" when Yamato Takeru climbed Mt. Ibuki he encountered an avatar of the god of the mountain, only to announce that since it was merely a messenger of the god, he would destroy it on his way back home.
  412. For example, according to the 'forecast of cherry blossom blooming dates' issued on March 14, 2007 by the Japan Meteorological Agency, cherry blossoms in Tokyo were expected to bloom earlier than those in Kagoshima City.
  413. For example, according to the entry from "Azuma Kagami" dated May 1, 1254, 'There is an announcement about taking hostages. … Taking hostages must be prohibited. This announcement has been sent from Soshu to Monchujo. 勧湛・實綱・寂阿奉行たり'
  414. For example, after Seii Taishogun (literally "great general who subdues the barbarians") Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA was appointed to Sadaijin on February 17, 1382, he concurrently held the post of Kurodo no betto on March 12, 1382.
  415. For example, all small bushidan that were called Musashi-shichito Parties (seven parties of samurai in Musashi Province) during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan) did not originate from the 'house of tsuwamono.'
  416. For example, although "natural law" is translated as "自然法," in modern language, Martin gave it a translation "性法."
  417. For example, although Kinmochi SAIONJI was ranked as the first Daikuni (Supreme order), the fourth Genro (elder statesman), the seventh ex-Prime Minister with courteous reception (ex-Prime Minister receives the same treatment as his previous post according to his contribution) and the 16th Koshaku (duke), only the first Daikuni was applied to his precedence.
  418. For example, although Munetaka INOUE and his Sharp Five sang a doenka-bushi song titled Tabigarasu Rock (Wanderer's Rock) at a time of group sounds, they are often thought not to be enka singers.
  419. For example, although a genealogy is usually written for a person who appeared for the first time in Nihonshoki, there are some people who had no genealogies.
  420. For example, although it is confirmed that in Kyoto the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) issued a prohibition against tokusei, no historical material is left to confirm that tokuseirei itself was issued.
  421. For example, although sea breams and Ise-ebi (lobsters) are not eaten daily even today, it cannot be said that "they are not important in food culture."
  422. For example, although there were only several hundred Japanese residents in Busan when the port was opened, this figure increased to a little less than 2,000 in 1882.
  423. For example, among the gidayu-bushi, accompaniment for ningyo joruri (traditional Japanese puppet theater) and kabuki (traditional Japanese drama), 'Akoya-no-kotozeme' is the most famous, and the sankyoku of jiuta shamisen, so and kokyu are all played in it.
  424. For example, among the variety of important changes that occurred in the government service system, the system of kurodo (keeper of imperial archives) and kebiishi (statutory office in the Heian and Kamakura periods) is notable.
  425. For example, an episode after MINAMOTO no Tametomo's exile to Izu Oshima Island has been added, although it was omitted from class 4.
  426. For example, an old text expert, Liu Kai, presented a genealogy of 'Koshi - Moshi - Junshi (Xun Zi) - Yo Yu (Yang Xiong) - Kan Yu (Han Yu),' and Seki Kai added O To of Sui to this.
  427. For example, as 'Hashiba, (government post), TOYOTOMI no Ason, personal name,' (ex. Ieyasu TOKUGAWA), he granted his sei and myoji, or, he did not grant his myoji, but made them call themselves as 'X, (government post), TOYOTOMI, personal name,' (ex. Katsumoto KATAGIRI), then he regarded them as his family members.
  428. For example, as Rizo TAKEUCHI explained in "Bushi no Tojo" (1965), 'aristocrats, including the retired emperor, could not stand those who, by receiving farms from peasants of many districts, became shoen landlords on a par with aristocrats.'
  429. For example, as Yamada nishiki, which is good for matured finishing, has such a large grain size that, only after polishing up to 35% does the shinpaku appear; therefore, it was referred to with the term 'YK35.'
  430. For example, as a cemetery designated exclusively to Shinsosai, the Aoyama cemetery was set up.
  431. For example, as of 2006, 'Yamada nishiki' was designated as the brand variety of growing districts in 28 prefectures.
  432. For example, as of December 2007, the common Hatsunori fare (minimum taxi fare which is the first amount of charge before charge goes up as the taxi runs a certain distance or a certain time passes) for ordinary taxis in Tokyo's 23 wards is 710 yen, but there are some companies which set their Hatsunori fares to 500 yen.
  433. For example, as the equal-field system before the Sui period was enforced only in the Northern Dynasties and not in the Southern Dynasties, it is considered that the it was enforced only around the North China in the early Tang Dynasty.
  434. For example, at the Joken-ji temple in Tono, the statues of kappa (a legendary creature, assumed to carry a dish filled with water on its head) are standing where Komainu are supposed to be, following the local legend of the kappa.
  435. For example, at the Seinan War, when they didn't wear an armor anymore, the Drawn Sword Squad made achievements in both armies.
  436. For example, at the end of Edo Period, Philipp Franz von Siebold visited Nagasaki Prefecture, where a whaling base existed and recorded that he was often served whale-based dishes, in particular a unique menu of "whalebone salad."
  437. For example, barbecues are prohibited near Hiiragino-entei Bank as well as in the vicinity of Demachiyanagi Station and Kamo-ohashi Bridge.
  438. For example, before the Edo period, in the documents such as journals, '雙六' and '双六' were clearly different except with a few exceptions by errors.
  439. For example, black Inoko mochi were given to Court nobles or other lower ranked retainers, and red ones to retainers of higher ranks than Court nobles but not higher than shihonno tenjobito (the fourth-ranked courtiers allowed into Imperial Court).
  440. For example, both Kashima-jingu Shrine and Katori-jingu Shrine perform a large-scale rite of Jinkosai in the year of the Horse which occurs every twelve years.
  441. For example, butsudan of 50 dai means the butsudan has a space to hang three hanging scrolls of 50 dai size.
  442. For example, chicken meat is used.
  443. For example, children of a pharmacy owner or medical practitioner will aim to enter a school of medicine, dentistry or pharmaceutical sciences in order to take over the clinic or pharmacy run by their parents, and if a biological child is not able to take over, then often an adopted child will become the successor.
  444. For example, classification by function is as follow.
  445. For example, during the Heian period Daijokanpu and Minbushofu (official documents issued by Minbusho [Ministry of Popular Affairs]) was needed to get approval to establish a new Shoen (manor) and these manors were called Kanshofu no sho (government-approved manors).
  446. For example, during the reign of Emperor Tenchi, a group of ordinances called the Omi Administrative Codes were created, and during the time of Emperor Tenmu, the legal codes of the ancient Japanese state, considered to be the first Ritsutyo Codes, were formulated.
  447. For example, electronic devices which put emphasis on fashion are sometimes designed with buttons so small so that people can't find them easily.
  448. For example, entering the mountain on the day of the kami's festival (generally the day with the number twelve, such as December 12 or January 12) is prohibited because the kami count the mountain's trees on that day.
  449. For example, even if cutting heads indiscriminately was supposed to be achievement by a special order, in order to prevent dishonest incidence after the battle, the general or an officer appointed by the general openly cut the body of enemies in front of everyone.
  450. For example, even imperial princes and other nobles ranked higher than Dainagon (a major councilor of state) had to get down from their palanquin at Chumon gate (an inner gate in the castle).
  451. For example, fatty bonito sashimi is called 'Toro bonito.'
  452. For example, flat-foldability, an issue as to whether or not a crease pattern can be folded into a two-dimensional model, is an example of a mathematical challenge.
  453. For example, foods commonly seen in Beijing City are: Tianjin Jianbing (Tianjin style egg crepe or pancake), roasted sweet potatoes, boiled corn, and broiled sweet chestnuts.
  454. For example, for yokai that belong to the kappa group, there were many forms and interpretations throughout Japan.
  455. For example, gold flowing out of the home country means that the private sector is repurchasing gold through their requests for conversion, and the reduction of the supply of its home currency will eventually bring equilibrium to domestic economy.
  456. For example, gyudon (rice covered with beef and vegetables) and nikujaga (simmered meat and potatoes) are considered nihon-ryori, because seasoning specific to Japan, such as soy sauce, soup stock, and mirin (sweet cooking rice wine), is used to give them flavor.
  457. For example, having wine and cheese in turn may deepen the flavor of each much more than having only either one of them.
  458. For example, he attended all the Privy Councils, and he also played an important role as an arbitrator of political situations during the regular prime ministers' resignations and change, as the constitutional politic was immature soon after the Diet was established.
  459. For example, he created the kata called 'binan' (the form of peace) for children and students to ensure easier learning while getting rid of dangerous techniques such as attacks to vulnerable body parts and the breaking of joints due to the existing kata.
  460. For example, he dispatched his younger brother, Hidenaga TOYOTOMI, to Yamato Province, where war had caused a great deal of damage to the temples but the warrior monks still held a lot of influence, and was able to bring about a peaceful settlement.
  461. For example, he gave "famous tea utensils" which had the same value as a province, as Onsho (reward grants) in stead of territory or money.
  462. For example, his book "Seio sanbun" is praised as 'it is concise but transmits a firm power.'
  463. For example, his initial representative works as a translator were "Omokage" (Vestiges) (joint translation) mentioned above and "Sokkyo Shijin" (Improvising Poet) intermittently published from 1892 to 1901.
  464. For example, honganchi of the Mori clan was Mori-no-sho in Sagami Province, and that of the Amago clan was Amago-go, Kora-no-sho in Omi Province.
  465. For example, human beings are responsible to the communities to which each person belongs in Shushigaku (Neo-Confucianism).
  466. For example, if May 3, May 4, or May 5 falls a Sunday, May 6 becomes a holiday.
  467. For example, if one is added to the number of a month under the old calendar, dates in both calendars will be approximately corresponding.
  468. For example, if one simply mentions 'soba' in Okinawa, it is generally referred to as Okinawa-style noodles such as the famed Soki soba (Okinawa noodles made from wheat flour).
  469. For example, if the brown (unpolished) rice of which weight is 100kg is polished to 85kg, then the rice-polishing ratio of the polished rice by weight is 85%.
  470. For example, if the capital is relocated from Tokyo or if Tokyo is renamed, the term "Tokyo period" may be used for collectively referring to the period since the Meiji era in order to distinguish the times before and after such relocation or rename.
  471. For example, if the north-south direction is tilted at a 7 degree angle, normally the east-west direction is also tilted so that they are at right angles to each other.
  472. For example, if the rate is 'Men-yottsu(4) roku(6)-bu yon(4)-rin kyu(9)-mo', 46.49% of the kokudaka, which is 46-koku four-to and seven-sho, is supposed to be paid.
  473. For example, if you purchase a commuter pass between Namase Station and Osaka Station at Takarazuka, on the surface of the ICOCA commuter pass the two sections are printed as 'Namase Station?Takarazuka Station/ Takarazuka Station?Osaka Station.'
  474. For example, in "Eimeiroku" written by Kai SHIMADA, he is referred to as the son of Mataemon SERIZAWA and is said to come from a branch family, but there are no corresponding words in the description for the house of Mataemon SERIZAWA in "Suifukeisan" which covers the lineage of Mito Clan warriors.
  475. For example, in "Kojiki" ("The Records of Ancient Matters"), there is described an anecdote of Emperor Kenzo and HEGURI no Shibi who had fought for the love of a woman by exchange of poems at Tsubakichi (or Tsubaichi) market.
  476. For example, in "Sarashina Nikki (Sarashina Diary)," written around 1060, the Amaterasu Omikami was cited as "天照御神" and the portion of "天照" was pronounced "amateru," while in "Sendai kujihongi," "天照?" is provided with the furigana readings "アマテルヒルメノムチ" ("amateru hirumenomuchi").
  477. For example, in "Yoshitsune" (NHK Taiga-dorama [Historical Drama]), produced in 2005, depicted as above (Of course authenticity as historical evidence is not very important since it was constructed as a dramatic production, but we can point out this theory was well circulate to the general audience.)
  478. For example, in 1757, the amount of rice crop from all bakufu territories was 4.42 million koku (approx. 180 litres/koku), compared with 580,000 for the Azukarichi.
  479. For example, in 1934 when TOGO passed away, the Brazilian company Castelloes sold cigarettes under the brand name "Cigarros Gensui" in 'homage to Togo.'
  480. For example, in 2006 it was forecast that 'airborne pollen levels will be 60% of an average year' but this was essentially equal to the average value reported 10 years before.
  481. For example, in Chinese cuisine, there was originally no such dish as 'ramen'; it is a dish that was developed uniquely in Japan.
  482. For example, in Fujiwara-kyo, the palaces (Fujiwara Palaces) including Daigokuden(Council Hall) were located in the center of the capital, however, in Chinese capital cities such as Chang'ancheng, the Imperial Palaces including Taikyokugu (太極宮) was normally located at the northern center of the city.
  483. For example, in Group B, there is a course of mathematics for students majoring in humanities, but this course is unacceptable as credits for students majoring in science.
  484. For example, in Inari-jinja Shrine, where a fox is the messenger, some have pictures of foxes.
  485. For example, in Japan, at the end of December 1913, the gold reserve of Bank of Japan was 130 million yen and the overseas gold reserve that all was in London was 246 million yen.
  486. For example, in Kagawa Prefecture, people customarily eat Sanuki Udon (udon noodles from Kagawa Prefecture, formerly Sanuki Province) instead of soba noodles.
  487. For example, in Kegon doctrine it's called 'Engi inbun.'
  488. For example, in Okinawa, where Shinto is said to remain in its original form, women were called 'kaminchu' (men were called uminchu) and no men were admitted in the place where Shinto priest (such as Noro) would perform religious services, as opposed to nyonin kinsei.
  489. For example, in Osaka, geisha always referred to male and geiko meant female.
  490. For example, in Spanish-speaking countries, it is served as 'arroz con leche,' and it is often eaten as a snack favored mainly by children.
  491. For example, in Taiji of Wakayama Prefecture where baleen whales have mostly been hunt, black whales belonging to odontoceti have traditionally been liked as a foodstuff.
  492. For example, in Tashibu no sho in Bungo-Takada City, Oita Prefecture, the view of shoens of the early medieval times remains unusually even across Japan and they promote regional development through this.
  493. For example, in Tokugawa family-related documents exhibited in Tojo History Museum in Matsudo City, Chiba Prefecture, usage examples of the title 'Nihonkoku Kotei' for domestic communication (e.g. the letter of appointment of Iesato TOKUGAWA to Chairman of the House of Peers in 1903) can be seen.
  494. For example, in a conference of Imperial Court during the Heian period, participants of a collegial body each gave opinions and discussed them and later they voted.
  495. For example, in a portion of vol. 1 of "The Tale of the Heike", the daughters of TAIRA no Kiyomori were introduced as follows:
  496. For example, in addition to Yamanashi Prefecture to where distribution routes from Shizuoka Prefecture have been established traditionally, such meat is also sold at the fish meat corners of supermarkets in Tokyo Prefecture.
  497. For example, in anger he blocked the love between his daughter Kumoi no Kari and Yugiri.
  498. For example, in article 19 'Because there were no boats to transport at Umatsu (馬津)..' and in article 25 'Motonaga collects 12,000 bundles of rice and more for clothing of kodokushi (購読師) and for an annual offering to monks and nuns' exactly describe the works kokushi should do as la ocal administrator..
  499. For example, in case of Noh, schools have differences in music, songs used in dramas, interpretation of dramas, tones and ideas for dances, selection of costumes, and so on.
  500. For example, in manga, one of the characters is doing something quicker than usual and, when asked by some other character the reason why, he or she answers that it is to save the page; this is also called 'gakuya ochi.'
  501. For example, in order to make a request for somebody to 'do something,' negative interrogatives by insinuation are used, such as '... shite morawashimahen yaroka' (... shite moraewashimasen deshoka, literally 'Won't you kindly do... ?').
  502. For example, in shrines dedicated to human gods, it is often performed on the birthday or the death day of the sacred person.
  503. For example, in some regions in the western Japan, there is a custom called 'sanja-mairi' in which people visit different shrines (about three shrines in most cases) during the first three days of the New Year.
  504. For example, in the Chinese Pangu legend "Gounrekinenki" there is a story of the origin of the sun and moon, which states that Pangu's left eye became the sun and his right eye the moon as he died, while in Greek mythology Apollo (the god of the sun) and Artemis (the god of the moon) are depicted as twins.
  505. For example, in the Garbha-mandala of Mikkyo he is depicted as having a red-colored body, with right hand holding Sankogeki (a three-pronged pike) and the left hand clenched and placed on the right side of the waist.
  506. For example, in the Imperial edict for the abolition of domains and the establishment of prefectures in 1871 states 'Recently, I appoint Chihanji'.
  507. For example, in the Kanto region and surrounding areas during the latter 20th century to 21st century, there appeared forests predominated by deciduous fagaceous vegetation, such as Quercus acutissima (sawtooth oak) and Quercus serrata.
  508. For example, in the Kingdom of Thailand, the mainstream is to use chili pepper and coconut milk as a base and shrimp and chicken as a main ingredient and they are categorized as red curry, green curry and yellow curry, depending on the spices (herbs) used.
  509. For example, in the Nara period, Emperor Shomu was ranked higher than Empress Koken, and it was the same in the cloistered governments that started at the end of the Heian period.
  510. For example, in the Ryokai Mandala (Mandala of the Two Realms) of Mikkyo, it is drawn as a figure that has a treasure club in the right hand and a pagoda in the left hand and is wearing armor.
  511. For example, in the article titled 'A Tea Party of the Japan Socialist Party' included in No. 11, Volume 1 of "Hikari" (Light) in April, 1906, it is reported '... when a talk ended, a musume-gidayu... as an entertainment...'
  512. For example, in the case of 'Azusa 2-go' sung by Kariudo, an image of running Azusa (train) is played.
  513. For example, in the case of kenjutsu of Tennenrishin-ryu school, first Kirigami was issued, and then Mokuroku, Chu-gokui, Menkyo, and Shinan-menkyo were issued in order, and at every grade the densho was given in which the catalog of the forms, the secret methods of the style, the origin of the style and so on were written.
  514. For example, in the desolated days after the war, while Japan was aiming at reconstruction as a democratic nation, unique feudal system and custom left in Japan were critically inspected, being compared with those in the U.S. and the Western European countries.
  515. For example, in the development stage theory of Marx, it is argued whether China in the Zhou period was a slavery society or an ancient manor-based society, therefore, it is not easy to settle the dispute.
  516. For example, in the early modern age, the third floor of Edo-shibai-theatre was used as the venue for feasting.
  517. For example, in the famous verse by Basho, 'An old pond-- a splashing sound of a frog jumping in,' there is a cut after 'an old pond' to allow for a momentary pause.
  518. For example, in the imperial rescript, when building the capital, Heijo-kyo is described as follows:
  519. For example, in the legend of Tono three mountains, which are seen in "Tono Monogatari (Tale of Tono)," each of three female gods lived in Mt. Hayachine-san and Mt. Rokkoshi-san, and they had kept nyonin kinsei for a long time.
  520. For example, in the line of the Gyeongju Kim clan of the royal family of Silla, the descendants of the third and fourth sons of the 56th King Gyeongsun (the last king of Silla) is the Gyeongju Kim clan.
  521. For example, in the north-eastern region of Chiba Prefecture, people eat zoni made with baked square mochi and strong soy-sauce soup sprinkled with 'Habanori no furikake' (dried and parched laver seaweed) (sometimes shaved bonito is mixed into it also).
  522. For example, in the section on the age of the gods, myths included as apocrypha in "Nihonshoki" were selected instead of mythologies introduced in the body of that book.
  523. For example, in the sport of sumo wrestling, even the most high-ranked sumo wrestlers do not always inherit their predecessor's Myoseki as their own professional name.
  524. For example, in the women's style, a rest for the kettle lid, or futaoki, and the bamboo ladle must be inside the rinse-water container called kensui, while in the men's style, the rest for the kettle lid must be inside the rinse-water container, and the bamboo ladle must be held in the right hand, which is, namely, (horse riding ladle way.)
  525. For example, including the crimes of striking, killing and wounding of grandparents, parents, grandparents, and parents of a husband as atrocities, and setting up rules for not permitting amnesty, is nothing more than the legislation of Confucian morals.
  526. For example, iron swords and Tachi were excavated from the Inariyama tumulus, Saitama Prefecture and the Tsukuriyama tumulus, Shimane Prefecture, which is a large square tumulus in Izumo representing the early Kofun period.
  527. For example, it appears in "Heike Monogatari".
  528. For example, it assigned a quota of the nengu to each so villager and enacted so-okite (rules), which established penalties (such as the confiscation of property) to be imposed on any member who failed to meet the required quota.
  529. For example, it can be a topic of daily conversation as to whether a particular fashion is yabo or not regardless of whether or not it is Japanese.
  530. For example, it can be seen in the township-neighborhood system at the tail end of the administrative organization under ritsuryo law.
  531. For example, it consists of five volumes and has nine stories; each of the eight short-length stories has an illustration covering two facing pages, but one medium-length story includes two illustrations ('A Serpent's Lust'), which is the same as the yomihon work by Teisho.
  532. For example, it had thirty groups in total, consisting of about ten groups of the Yumi (archery) troop and about twenty groups of matchlock infantry, with each group being stationed with one kumigashira (a head of the group), ten yoriki (police sergeants), and thirty to fifty doshin (police constables).
  533. For example, it has been pointed out that there is a possibility that the editing of Kiki itself was influenced by the Court of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito, and that arbitrary opinions of the Imperial Court and the Fujiwara clan may have been included.
  534. For example, it is believed that the camphor tree commonly seen in shrines did not originally grow in forests in southern central Japan.
  535. For example, it is known that the Japanese cedar trees on Kyushu produce little pollen (refer to the above prevalence rates by prefecture).
  536. For example, it is one of the typical examples that Keichu wrote 'if one says jokotoba, one speaks of long makurakotoba' ("Manyodaishoki").
  537. For example, it is said that a descendent of Sangi TACHIBANA no Kimiyori, who went down to Kyushu as Dazaifu to suppress FUJIWARA no Sumitomo, remained in Chikugo as a local samurai, and proclaimed himself the Chikugo Tachibana clan.
  538. For example, it is said that ihai ('lingpai' or 'paiwei' in Chinese, Buddhist memorial tablet) is a modification of shinshu ('shenzhu' or 'shenwei' in Chinese) at a Confucian funeral.
  539. For example, it is said that the baleen whales in the Antarctic ocean are lean and not fatty, when coming to the ocean to feed themselves, but become gradually fatty during their long stay there.
  540. For example, it is said that the shinpaku manifestation rate for 'Miyama nishiki' is approximately 20%, but it's approximately 9% for 'Kura no hana.'
  541. For example, it is used for 'mato of envy' and 'mato of attack.'
  542. For example, it is used such as 'Mt.Everest is Shiniki for mountain climbers,' 'Hollywood is Shiniki for cineast.'
  543. For example, it is used such as 'to act seriously, not only with Odaimoku.'
  544. For example, it may be called Dorokujin, Sai no kami, Sae no kami, Tamuke no kami, and so on.
  545. For example, it may have been a place where Jomon man held religious services.
  546. For example, it means Nohkan in the case of Noh and shinobue in the cases of folk music as well as many of rites and festivals.
  547. For example, it offers considerably more types of shelves for preference, and it favors such colorful temae (serving manner) like shikishi-date (a tea serving manner/method using colored paper) for chabako (a tea chest).
  548. For example, it was '4 bun when selling, 8 bun when buying' which means when money changers sell Nanryo Nishu Gin silver coins they would give 4 ichibu gin coins per ryo (0.6%) to the buyers but when they were buying they charged 8 ichibu gin coins (1.2%) to the sellers of Nanryo Nishu Gin.
  549. For example, it was called 'Koya-Kumano-kaido,' 'Nishi-Kumano-kaido,' 'Kumano-kaido' (according to "Kii Zoku Fudoki"), 'Koya-michi' and 'Kumano-michi,' and in the pilgrimage records written during the early-modern period, it was called 'Koya-michi' or 'Kumano-michi' (all these 'kaido' and 'michi' mean 'road').
  550. For example, it was common for 500 koku (2500 bushel) vassals to be allowed one Yonin.
  551. For example, it was common that the volume of grass allowed to be cut for manure was fixed to each household, and the mowing period (called Kuchiake (start)) was strictly set up in many villages.
  552. For example, it was printed to be published on March on the first issue, but actually it was published on April 2.
  553. For example, it was thought that ergot disease (causes the limbs to rot and leads to madness) caused by ergot fungus on rye, could be cured by taking a pilgrimage.
  554. For example, just consider the case that when people came home from their office, their home was located in the west, where Tenichi-jin God, for whom people should practice Katatagae, existed.
  555. For example, karate was taught at a remote cemetery or at night to avoid being conspicuous.
  556. For example, kelp, shaved bonito, or boiled-dried anchovy is used in the Inland Sea coastal regions, and dried squid in the north area of Okayama Prefecture.
  557. For example, korokke in sandwiches are called korokke pan (bread), soba and udon noodles with korokke on top are called korokke soba noodles and korokke udon noodles, and curry and rice with korokke on top is called korokke curry.
  558. For example, kujira-jaku (literally, whale shaku) and gofuku-jaku (literally, kimono [Japanese traditional cloth] shaku) and others were used among tailors of kimono.
  559. For example, large quantities of pollen are said to be distributed throughout Japan's Kanto Plain regardless of which direction the wind blows from due to the fact that the region is surrounded by mountains.
  560. For example, led by Tetsuro TANAKA who was an Official Appraiser of the National Tax Administration Agency, some voluntary sake breweries from all over Japan organized Kenjokai (the study group of sake brewing) in 1953 in order to produce high quality sake as opposed to sanzoshu which was popular at that time.
  561. For example, like the Oribe school, a style is divided into 'wabichaho' (tea ceremony in the style of wabi) and 'shikitenchaho' (method of tea ceremony for memorial ceremony).
  562. For example, local and Hakka people frequently opposed each other, resulting in a dispute called the Punti?Hakka Clan War, but the local officials often suppressed the Hakka, and seeking help, all the Hakka became believers of Christianity.
  563. For example, local officials served oban as a welcome banquet for the newly appointed Kokushi and this custom of oban spread from local officials to the bushi (samurai) class.
  564. For example, looking at the stone tools, large ground stone axes, stone spear-heads, inserted stone blades, half-moon shaped stone tools, pointed stone tools, shaft abraders, and stone arrowheads were invented during this period.
  565. For example, magishugyoku-shi (envoy), chugushoku-sokuto-shi, kenpaku-shi, runin (exiles), runin-kotori-shi and so on.
  566. For example, making ham-like food by processing dried bean curd (Chinese ham), shaping prawns or cuttlefish using konjac or making something like abalone soup or fried abalone using shiitake or other mushrooms.
  567. For example, many families with a household Shinto altar also have a Buddhist altar, belonging to two religions at the same time.
  568. For example, many historical documents indicating that local kokushi (provincial governors) developed manors for Todai-ji Temple have been found.
  569. For example, many places around Japan insist that yubeshi (a sweet citron-flavored steamed dumpling) is one of their unique local dishes.
  570. For example, middle or lower Kizoku families engaged in military art or military affairs were called "Tsuwamono no ie" (warrior families) and they became military Kizoku engaged in activities of seizing, searching, and capturing, or hunting down and killing criminals, constituting a base as samurai.
  571. For example, mikoshi (portable shrines carried in a festival) and dashi (festival floats) are familiar to ordinary people.
  572. For example, more historical detail survives in 'Ming Veritable Records' than 'The History of the Ming', the official history based on those records.
  573. For example, most of his letters were sent to Anju (administrative official of the Sutra copying office), Kaminoumakai and Shimonomichinushi.
  574. For example, most of the kosa observed in the Korean peninsula have been produced in the Loess Plateau, the Gobi Desert and others in its west, and rarely in the Takla Makan Desert.
  575. For example, nationalists as typified by Tetsujido INOUE tried to identify Bushido as the national morality of Japanese.
  576. For example, neither the Rinzai sect or the Soto sect inherited very much of the respective paths toward enlightenment as espoused by Rinzai and Soto.
  577. For example, neither the building nor the table was made by modern tenant companies, rather they are traditional tea-ceremony-room style of buildings or Japanese architecture.
  578. For example, noodles used in Korean style cold noodles are made by being forced through small holes of the special equipment, whereas, Italy's pizzoccheri is formed by rolling pins.
  579. For example, of 88 stories written in "Comic Storytelling of Tsuyu" (1691) by TSUYU no Gorobe I, 28 stories were based on Seisuisho.
  580. For example, on the Butsu Nehan-zu (painting of Buddha nirvana) of Kongobu-ji Temple in Mt. Koya in the late Heian period, and on Kinkan Shutsugenzu (Rising from the Gold Coffin) owned by Tokyo National Museum, delicate patterns are drawn using the kirikane technique deftly.
  581. For example, on the way to the Nariai-ji Temple where Amanohashidate can be seen, you can find a signboard on which a note of caution, 'Don't take Hedara,' is written along the road.
  582. For example, one must consider the fact that the new Buddhist sects that came into existence during the Kamakura period, such as the Pure Land sect and Rinzai sect, were severely criticized by the existing Buddhist schools, including those of Nara and Heian Buddhism.
  583. For example, original works of Wang Xi-zhi and Wang Xianzhi, a father and son who were known as 'two kings,' do not remain.
  584. For example, participants continued talking, or used cell phones within the hall, and a rampage in the hall by the group of some new adults impeded the ceremony.
  585. For example, people often call Katsuhiro KURODA (Sankei Newspaper, Seoul Branch Manager) a Korean Watcher, or Toru TAKANARITA calls himself a Washington Watcher.
  586. For example, people used to enjoy warm Chinese Huangjiu (yellow wine) from the old times.
  587. For example, pork cutlets are served with a cup of miso soup, pickles and chopsticks as a Japanese set meal in many restaurants.
  588. For example, preservable foods such as alcohol (beer or whiskey), coffee, ham, and sausage are usually preferred, but also fresh food such as sea food and beef are used as refridgerated transportation has become available.
  589. For example, radial moats were often used in the western region.
  590. For example, raising up the gankubi of the kiseru in mouth emphasizes anger or discomfort expressed by biting it hard and pushing his lower lip out.
  591. For example, rakugo-ka (a comic story teller) wears this attire on the occasion of a ceremony for announcement of his succession to the new name.
  592. For example, regarding the death of KIYOHARA no Sanehira, there is the line 'During this time Sanehira died of disease on the way to Dewa.'
  593. For example, rescue operations in 2004 caused by typhoon No. 23, the holding of the Fukuchiyama marathon and land improvement of Mt. Himekami as Mt. Daimonji for 'Mt. Himekami Farewell Fires' could not be not implemented without cooperation of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.
  594. For example, samurai and farmers in the nanushi (village headman) class were permitted to provide tokonoma (alcove in a traditional Japanese room where art or flowers are displayed), but the common people were generally prohibited from providing tokonoma and tiled roofs, because they were too extravagant for the common people.
  595. For example, schools and religious institutions are not subject to Fixed Property Tax which is imposed on the acquisition of real estate.
  596. For example, see the poems below:
  597. For example, shirodashi (white soy sauce with soup stock), which is used for udon (Japanese wheat noodles), soup dishes and pot dishes, is available in the marketplace, as is akadashi (a soup stock utilizing dark-brown soybean paste), which is used for foods boiled in broth.
  598. For example, shooting-up of fireworks is prohibited in some areas of this river.
  599. For example, since a wife of the third Shogun Iemitsu, Takako TAKATSUKASA was on extremely bad terms with her husband, she was transferred to her residence from Honmaru to Naka no maru (中丸) before being formally titled "Midaidokoro" and Kasuga no tsubone held the real power in O-oku.
  600. For example, since the latter half of the 17th century, several personnel had been took office of senior councillor (roju) (on monthly duty) except chief minister (tairo).
  601. For example, some common dishes, such as zoni (vegetable soup containing rice cakes), sekihan (festive red rice) and oden (Japanese hotchpotch foods served in a pot), have different seasonings (soy sauce, salt, sugar, white miso or red miso, etc.) according to each local community, so they differ greatly from each other.
  602. For example, some dishes are forcibly made out to be 'local dishes' or 'specialties' by a tie-up of local chamber of commerce and industry, a local commerce and industry association, a local government, the media etc, although these dishes originally have little relation to their local communities.
  603. For example, someone who was born on the 1st day of leap August in the 4th year of the Genroku era (1691) would not have had a birthday the following year as there was no leap month in the 5th year of the Genroku era (1692).
  604. For example, sometimes women read youth comics and adults read boys' comics.
  605. For example, suppose the all the seeds (a metaphor for Buddhism-style galaxies) in the Sanzen Daisen Sekai are ground to ink, even if you visited 1,000 Eastern galaxies, you will only draw a dot.'
  606. For example, tarako spaghetti
  607. For example, the "Kiki" ("Nihonshoki" and "Kojiki") refers to Miyakes in 'Yamato,' 'Mamuta,' 'Yosami,' and 'Awaji,' while the "Harimakoku Fudoki" mentions those in 'Shikama Sakoku,' and Shijimi Miyake is found in both books.
  608. For example, the "Kiki" says the great kings of Suinin and Keiko dynasties were personally involved in the process of establishing Yamato miyake in the area believed to be the surrounding area of today's Miyake-cho, Shiki-gun, Nara Prefecture.
  609. For example, the American film title "All the King's Men," which literally means "all the subjects of the king," is a citation from Humpty Dumpty through which the title suggests the tragic end of a powerful man.
  610. For example, the Austro-Hungarian ambassador Arthur von Rosthorn, who had to undergo the siege of Beijing stated, "if I were Chinese, I would have become a member of Boxers," and R. Hart stated that the appearance of the Boxers heralded the dawn of nationalism.
  611. For example, the Edo Magistrate's Office announced the directive to prohibit Fujiko seven times from 1774 to 1849.
  612. For example, the Gunji (district chief) of Nabari District, MINAMOTO no Toshikata, and the monks of Kofuku-ji Temple who broke into Kuroda no sho (Nabari District, Iga Province), a territory of Todai-ji Temple, in 1175 were referred to as akuto in documents of Todai-ji Temple.
  613. For example, the Imperial Archives that stored the "True Record" (the official records of the dynasty) and 'commandment' (imperial orders from the emperor) were attacked as well and these documents suffered severe damage.
  614. For example, the Kamakura-gu Shrine that enshrines the Prince, calls him Prince Morinaga, saying that "moriyoshi" is an mistaken pronunciation of the enshrined deity's name.
  615. For example, the Kiku-mon (chrysanthemum crest) of imperial family is a typical Kamon.
  616. For example, the Kyoji of Senju Kannon (Sahasrabhuja-arya-avalokites 'vara, "Thousand-armed Kannon" or Kannon with a thousand arms) Statue, the principal image of Buddha at Dojo-ji Temple in Wakayama Prefecture, are Nikko and Gakko Bosatsu.
  617. For example, the Left and Right Chuben (the middle posts of benkan), which were the assistant directors of the Benkan's Office, were given the Shogoinojo (Senior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) and as such, the Left and Right Chuben were selected from those who held the Shogoinojo.
  618. For example, the Mikawa dialect had been imported into the Bingo area since the Mizuno clan in Mikawa founded a domain in Bingo-fukuyama, while the Fukuyama dialect was mixed with the Mikawa dialect.
  619. For example, the Miura map fold allows a rigid body to be folded and has been used to fold large solar panels for space satellites.
  620. For example, the Naito clan of Iwakitaira Domain whose crop yields were 70,000 koku received 10,000 koku and established Yunagaya Domain as shindenbunchi in the form of 1, but the territory of 70,000 koku given with the relocation of Nobeoka Domain did not include the territory for Yunagaya Domain.
  621. For example, the Qing dynasty did not understand even diplomatic relations between Japan and Korea.
  622. For example, the Sarashina Nikki (Sarashina Diary) has a description in which a traveling party including the author in her girlhood appreciated singing of yujo in the lodging at the foot of Mt. Ashigara.
  623. For example, the Shimogyo Ward Office is located in Higashi Shiokoji-cho, Shimogyo Ward, and its address is indicated as 'Nishinotoin-dori Shiokoji-agaru Higashi Shiokoji-cho, Shimogyo Ward'.
  624. For example, the Shinkage-ryu school fixes the length at about 100 cm, or for kodachi (small sword) at about 53 cm, coating the leather sleeve that covers the sword with red lacquer to protect the surface from wear and tear; the seam of the sleeve is used to represent the sword's blade.
  625. For example, the Sosuke UNO government and Toshiki KAIFU government, which were established after the resignation of Noboru TAKESHITA, were once referred to as 'Takeshita insei' (although it is not clear whether this is a fact).
  626. For example, the Tsuruga clan of Echizen Province, the Atsuta-Daiguji family adopted a son from the Fujiwara clan and called themselves Fujiwara Ason; also they took the daughter of the Fujiwara clan in marriage and named 'Fujiwara Ason' by the maternal line; examples of other clan names and hereditary titles also exist.
  627. For example, the Yasoshima Festival (Festival of the Eighty Islands) held the following year of Daijoe (banquet on the occasion of the first ceremonial offering of rice by the newly-enthroned emperor) was discontinued during the beginning of the Kamakura period.
  628. For example, the beginning of 'Shikasandenho daiichi' is '常以月将加占時視日辰陰陽以立四課.'
  629. For example, the bronze statues at Horyu-ji Temple Kondo in Nara and at Kaniman-ji Temple in Kyoto are famous, as are the wooden figures of Muroo-ji Temple Kondo in Nara and Daihoon-ji Temple in Kyoto.
  630. For example, the brothers and children during that period were scattered across the go and myo in the surrounding area and they named their surnames after that myo when observing the family tree of the Hitachi no Daijo (Daijo clan of Hitachi Province), Chiba, and Kazusa clans.
  631. For example, the card that said, 'He wo hitte shiri tsubomeru,' which literally means, 'To try to close the anus after breaking the wind,' - the English equivalent is, 'It is too late to cast an anchor when the ship is on the rocks,' - was replaced with the card that says, 'Heta no naga dangi' (Brevity is the soul of wit) [This proverb is borrowed from Kamigata].
  632. For example, the card that said, 'Tsukiyo ni kama wo nukareru,' which literally means, 'The cauldron was stolen in the moonlight night,' - the English equivalent is, 'Danger comes soonest when it is despised,' - was replaced with the card that says, 'Tsuki to suppon' (As different as day and night).
  633. For example, the ceremony of the enthronement of the Emperor Showa (1928) and the commemorative ceremony for the 2,600th year of the founding of Japan (1940) were both held on November 10.
  634. For example, the commanders of various end-of-Edo-period corps are called by their official titles, such as, taicho (captain), sotoku (chief), sanbo (staff officer), and shimo-sanbo (lower staff officer).
  635. For example, the concept of damage by kosa is considered quite different in each nation as follows: Sand-hits in Mongolia, sandstorm-hits in China, damage by weather phenomena in South Korea, and air pollution in Japan.
  636. For example, the correct term for the daughters of the prince of the Principality of Monaco are either kojo or hime (both meaning princess), but they are generally called ojo as well.
  637. For example, the crane base has four angular corners, which are applied to a head and legs to facilitate the creation of animal models.
  638. For example, the crest of the Ashina clan was 'three horizontal lines' in a circle, as they were originally from Miura clan.
  639. For example, the date of departure was May 16 according to "the Narrow Road to the Deep North," while it was May 9 according to "Travel Diary of Sora."
  640. For example, the defender grabbing the attacker's right wrist with his/her right hand is called 'katate kosa dori' (grabbing one hand across the way), 'naname katate dori' (diagonal, grabbing one hand) or 'ai hanmi katate dori' (same stance, grabbing one hand).
  641. For example, the depth of water is sounded by passing the end of a fishing line down until it reaches to the bottom and then measuring the length of the line.
  642. For example, the document issued from Daijokan (Grand Council of State) to Michiaki HACHISUKA was addressed as 'To Hachisuka Tokushima Han-chiji (chiji of the Tokushima Domain)'.
  643. For example, the entry in "Azuma Kagami" dated August 13, 1181, says that an Imperial order to send a punitive force against Yoshinaka KISO was issued.
  644. For example, the establishment of the Seventeen Article Constitution was on 'heiin saku (first day of the month) boshin, April 604,' which showed that the Oriental zodiac of April 1 was heiin and that boshin was the third.
  645. For example, the festival called "Naomasa II kensho (honor a person publicly for an unrecognized good deed) ceremony" is held every year in Hikone City, Shiga Prefecture to honor Naomasa for having founded what is now Hikone City.
  646. For example, the feudal domain system employed by the Mori clan daimyo of the Sengoku period was nothing more than an ikki formed by the Kokujin (local samurai) in Aki Province under a karakasa renpanjo (a covenant entered into by both parties affixing their seals in a circle as a sign of their equality).
  647. For example, the formal name of the kami usually called 'Ninigi' is 'Amenigishiku ninigishi amatsuhiko hiko hononinigi no mikoto'.
  648. For example, the former indicates a composite panel with the size of 91 centimeters times 182 centimeters, and the latter indicates that of 90 centimeters times 180 centimeters.
  649. For example, the idea of ryuketsu (a specific area of land would become prosperous).
  650. For example, the inbound trains from Osaka Station depart in the following order: Special Rapid Service, Rapid Service (letting the connecting Special Rapid Service pass at Osaka Station) and Local Train (from Koshienguchi Station to Kyoto Station), Local Train (from Nishi-Akashi Station to Suita Station).
  651. For example, the intersection of Shijo-dori Street and Karasuma-dori Street is called 'Shijo-Karasuma,' and the one of Kawaramachi-dori Street and Marutamachi-dori Street is called 'Kawaramachi Marutamachi.'
  652. For example, the kanji for 'fuse' of Princess Fuse means 'a human being that obeys a dog,' and Shinbe's parents' name Fusahachi and Nui are the inverse of 'Yatsufusa, Inu (a dog).'
  653. For example, the location of Kyoto City Hall is Kami-Honnojimae-cho, Nakagyo Ward, but it is indicated as '488 Kami-Honnojimae-cho, Teramachi-dori Miike-agaru, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto City.'
  654. For example, the location of Kyoto Prefectural Government is in Yabunouchi-cho, Kamigyo Ward, but this is indicated as 'Shimotachiuri-dori Shinmachi-nishiiru Yabunouchi-cho, Kamigyo Ward.'
  655. For example, the name Tokaido Shinkansen was given because this line was built to increase the number of tracks of the Tokaido Main Line, a regular railway line.
  656. For example, the names of Hanshi in the Satsuma Domain preceded by 'Shimazu Family Retainer' as opposed to 'Satsuma Domain Retainer.'
  657. For example, the official name of the Statue of Liberty, which holds a torch in its right hand, is 'Liberty Enlightening the World.'
  658. For example, the one-child policy of China has played a significant role for controlling the population.
  659. For example, the outer material was white and the lining was light green for both the yanagigasane for the spring and the unohanagasane (deutzia flower color combination) for the summer.
  660. For example, the outer material was white and the lining was moegiiro (light green color) for yanagigasane (the willow color combination) for the springtime, whereas, if the outer material was light green and the lining was white, it was called tokusagasane (the scouring rush color combination) which was used year round.
  661. For example, the pesticidal effect described above is caused by the elution of copper ion from the coin, which of course causes the erosion of 10-yen coins.
  662. For example, the phrase 'mist at the foot of the mountain' from the poem 'Perusing the landscape, there is mist at the foot of the mountain and Minase-gawa River' is used to imply 'Minase-gawa River' without the explicit mentioning of it.
  663. For example, the play entitled "Kotobuki Soga no Taimen" is generally called by its nicknames "Kichirei Kotobuki Soga," "Soga no Taimen," and "Taimen."
  664. For example, the possible author of "Koyagire (Fragment from Kokin Waka Shu Poetry Anthology), Second Class" was believed to be KI no Tsuyayuki, but it has become clear that it was written by MINAMOTO no Kaneyuki.
  665. For example, the quality of Omachi, which was originally an excellent variety, was degraded because of efforts to increase the yield in various places.
  666. For example, the reasoning and process behind the construction of the Rokumeikan (Deer-cry Hall) shows the complicated emotions of the Japanese in relation to European and American civilization.
  667. For example, the rice and miso soup served first in chakaiseki are omitted and hassun (Japanese appetizer sampler) are served first in kaiseki at many restaurants.
  668. For example, the sacred gems on the tops of the pagoda lost their bulbous shapes as time went by, with the tip becoming sharper through the Muromachi and into the Edo periods.
  669. For example, the safety standards stipulates that headrests are set up in backseats (but often not set up in inexpensive private cars) and obliges that the separation between the front seat and backseat and the opening of the door, for example, must ensure more than the standards.
  670. For example, the sankin-kotai carried out by Nariyuki TOKUGAWA, the eleventh lord of the Kishu Tokugawa Family in 1841 consisted of 1639 warriors, 2337 laborers, 103 horses.
  671. For example, the scene of Daibutsu-den of Todai-ji Temple painted in "Shigisan Engi" produced in 12th century is the only one existing material depicting actual Daibutsu (Great Statue of the Buddha) and its hall in the age of their creation.
  672. For example, the section in the Kyoto area between Gojo Station and Sanjo Station was constructed using the special permission that Kyoto City had acquired to construct Kyoto City Trams under a borrowing arrangement in which Keihan rented the site from Kyoto City (for details, please see the section on Keihan Electric Railway Series 60).
  673. For example, the seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") SAKANOUE no Tamuramaro, who was famous as a military officer, was an excellent military officer but is not said to have been a bushi.
  674. For example, the shingo of Izanagi and Izanami at the time of their appearance was 'kami'.
  675. For example, the shinkai of the Fushimi Inari Taisha Shrine is 'Shoichii,' and hence, the Inari-jinja Shrines nationwide which were transferred from there, also identify themselves as 'Shoichii.'
  676. For example, the sohonsha (main shrine) of Inari-jinja Shrines is Fushimi Inari-jinja Shrine; most Inari-jinja Shrine received a deity separated from Fushimi Inari-jinja Shrine.
  677. For example, the spirit of Hitsuki Shinji describes one of the famous teachings of an existing religion, 'Whoever hits you on the cheek, offer him the other also' in chapter 15 of volume Kiwame as follows:
  678. For example, the statues of other animals like boars, dragons, or foxes, play a similar role as well.
  679. For example, the steamship business, flotation of an ironworks and a pottery, engineering enterprises including the cultivation of the countryside and the reclamation of the seashore, remodeling constructions of more than 100 houses and son on.
  680. For example, the term 'shakai' (society, '社会' in kanji) was the one which had originally appeared in "Kinshiroku" (a book of Chinese thought) (edited by CHU Hsi and RYO Soken), a book of Southern Sung Dynasty, so that it may be said that it was reimported to the continent with a new meaning.
  681. For example, the term of "Nihonshoki" appears in some documents such as the preface of "Koninshiki" and 'Engikoki' (延喜講記) which was cited from "Shaku Nihongi" (annotated text of the Nihon Shoki).
  682. For example, the term was used in Universal Postal Convention (Treaty No.11 of 1925).
  683. For example, the title of Buddhist scriptures '大楽金剛不空真実三摩耶経' is pronounced 'Taira kinko fuko shinji sanmaya kei.'
  684. For example, the tones of the Shamisen may change greatly even when only its bridge (a component of a stringed musical instrument) is replaced.
  685. For example, the tonkatsu (pork cutlet) restaurant chain Katsuya offers chicken katsudons and minchi katsudons (bowls of rice topped with minced pork cutlets) are available in Tokumasa, a curry-udon (thick Japanese wheat noodles with curry soup) restaurant chain.
  686. For example, the topic about pasteurization verifies that the technique was already performed in Japan nearly 500 years before when Louis PASTEUR, founder of bacteriology in the West, 'found' heat sterilization.
  687. For example, the tradition of representing 'hon-i' as 'ho-i' signifies that the hatsuon was not treated as a separate and distinct syllable.
  688. For example, the year 2000 by the Western calendar system corresponds to the year 2660 by the Jinmu Tenno Sokui Kigen (Koki).
  689. For example, the year from July 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007 is the 18th year of Heisei Era and labeled as 'BY18' or '18BY.'
  690. For example, there are 'national bond,' 'Philosophy,' 'society' and so on.
  691. For example, there are differentiations made based on whether a goshi was a Kyuzoku goshi (of ancient pedigree) and Toritate goshi (appointed goshi) owner of land or landless, receipt of a stipend (in the form of rice) from the fief), and whether or not they held a village role etc.
  692. For example, there are folding-screen paintings to depict the town and suburbs of Kyoto called 'Rakuchu-Rakugai-zu,' created mainly during the early modern period.
  693. For example, there are many Shinmei that end with 'chi', 'mi', 'hi', 'musu, 'mutsu', 'muchi', 'nushi, 'ushi', 'o', 'me', 'hiko', 'hime', and so on.
  694. For example, there are many cases in which storage is conducted in specific places such as in an abandoned mine or tunnel of dead track and the obtained taste is mellower than that of sake stored in other places even if conditions such as temperature and humidity are kept scientifically the same.
  695. For example, there are some sections that should have a quadruple track, but actually have only a double track.
  696. For example, there are two kinds of 'Hime Zuka' (princess mound); one is the appellative of ancient burial mounds, the other one is a mound dedicated to a certain princess in her memory.
  697. For example, there are various opinions such as 'the power of the breathing (muscles),' 'power of "qi,"' the 'way of using power in a natural and subconscious way like actual breathing,' and 'unification of the power of the entire body.'
  698. For example, there existed the shue by each Inge (a branch temple to support services of the main temple) which consisted of the temples or the shue by each status hierarchy, which were contrary to manji shue (all number temples' gathering) which gathered all the members of the temples.
  699. For example, there have been proposed opinions that succession of the throne by a female member of the Imperial family should be approved, that the former member of the Imperial family should be restored to the register of the Imperial family, etc.
  700. For example, there is a country that maintains its balance of current account.
  701. For example, there is a famous story about Sanyo RAI (1780-1832) who lived in Kyoto.
  702. For example, there is a memo which indicates Otari made Bosatsu zo hakku (eight statues of Bosatsu) in April 747 and in April 749 by the order of Roben, who was a Shosozu at that time, and this memo is the first historical material that we are able to know his footsteps.
  703. For example, there is a portrait of Kiyomasa KATO, a samurai who fought in Korea during the Azuchi-Momoyama period, who put s Chinese bell flower, of Hyo-mon design, on short-sleeved kimono, in Kinji-in Temple (勤持院) in Kyoto Prefecture.
  704. For example, there is a record suggesting that the Mingaku brought by Shun-Shui CHU was descended from generation to generation in the Yanagawa Domain ("Music Journal," Vol. 25, 1892).
  705. For example, there is a story about Jofuku of Qin traveling to Horai in search of an elixir of life.
  706. For example, there is a tendency to use katakana (one of the Japanese writing systems based on syllables, mainly used for writing loan words and the names of persons and geographical places that can't be written in kanji) for the name of cars and other products (the best examples are the titles of foreign movies).
  707. For example, there is a theory that the Imagawa family placed little Ieyasu under their custody in Suruga Province, treating him as a member of their junichimon (associate family), and Ieyasu was left to Yoshimoto's care as 'an apprentice of the government affairs,' rather than as a hostage.
  708. For example, there is a tradition within the rakugo community that the gesture of drawing a sword can be well conveyed to the audience by moving a folded fan like the hilt of a sword, and then by shifting the eyes from the end of the fan to a point of empty space representing the point of the sword to indicate the length of the blade.
  709. For example, there is hokku (the first line of a waka poem) of Sarumino "Hatsu shigure/saru mo komino wo/hoshige nari" (First rain of winter - the monkey too seems to want a little straw raincoat).
  710. For example, there is no Ekiben mark on 'Sandwich' sold at Ofuna Station, but the sentence 'SINCE 1898/ 日本デ最初ノ駅弁サンドウィッチ' (Our company produced the sandwich box lunch in 1898 for the first time in Japanese history) is printed on its wrapping paper.
  711. For example, there was a dispute on a nation's script which was published on the first issue.
  712. For example, there was a martial art sect that declared that it was originated by Yoshitsune and his martial art master Hogan KIICHI.
  713. For example, there was an anecdote that Ms. Naruko YANAGIHARA was able to say farewell to the Emperor Taisho (her son) in his last moment, at his bedside, this was because of her making an arrangement through the Empress Teimei.
  714. For example, there was an expression that 'What we are selling in here is Sazae no Tsuboyaki' at around Yui-cho (Shizuoka Prefecture) in "Tokai dochu hizakurige" (Shanks' Pony along the Tokaido Road) (Published from 1802 to 1822) written by JUPPENSHA Ikku.
  715. For example, there were cases that the payment duty of Ku-Suiko was imposed on lands.
  716. For example, there were imperial family, Shogun, court nobles, courtier, monk, and doboshu (servants of shogun who did various duties and contributed to art) during the Muromachi period.
  717. For example, there were multiple states that had "petit Sinocentrism" and recognized not China but themselves as the center ("ka") and, therefore, it was not that kaichitsujo of China covered uniformly international order of East Asia.
  718. For example, there were some people in the eta outcast group living in villages who were takamochi.
  719. For example, they refused to pay taxes to manorial lords and imperial officials or even misappropriated taxes on various pretexts, and when disputes arose between manorial lords and imperial officials, they contracted to provide them with fixed amounts of annual taxes and to manage manors.
  720. For example, they would go to Kyoto or Kamakura to perform a form of buyaku (labor service), such as Kyonoborihu (a statute labor in Kyoto) or Kamakurahu (a statute labor in Kamakura) by serving under a feudal lord.
  721. For example, thicker plates are preferred for cooking for which constant temperature is needed such as okonomiyaki (savory pancake with various ingredients).
  722. For example, this document was used, as it was, in the annual event part of "Seiji Yoryaku" and citations about national history in the augmented portion was made from "Ruiju Kokushi" (a national history compiled by SUGAWARA no Michizane).
  723. For example, those government posts in the Ritsuryo codes, provinces as a unit of local administration (ryoseikoku), the format of documents and so on are mentioned.
  724. For example, though people recalled the Constitution of Japan, they have to conform to the provisions and their actions are limited.
  725. For example, to make Misozuke of eggplants, pick eggplants in the beginning of fall and wash them with the calyx.
  726. For example, tsumagure daisu (daisu with red lacquered nails), kuwa daisu (made of mulberry wood), and oimatsu daisu (made from old pine) were preferred by those who like shindaisu, while icho daisu (daisu with ginkgo leaf design) was preferred by those who like kyu daisu.
  727. For example, unlike criminal law or rules governing administrative organizations, the ancient farmland allotment and reception law in Japan that was modeled on the equal-field system during the Tang dynasty, was a difficult system to implement without adjustments to the traditional landholding system.
  728. For example, various military swords including 'Shinbuto' that is strong in the bitter cold of Manchuria, and Japanese swords of stainless steel the Navy used ('Taiseito') were studied.
  729. For example, very few people call rice with natto 'dish.'
  730. For example, we can find an expression like "after three kon of the drinking party."
  731. For example, we can list Shinkage-ryu connected to Zen, Kito-ryu and Sekiguchi Shin Shin-ryu connected to the thoughts of Laozi and Zhuangzi, and so on.
  732. For example, when Amaterasu omikami hid herself in Amano iwa to (literally, "the rock cave of heaven"), Ame no Futotama no mikoto played a central role.
  733. For example, when Emperor Gotoba was exiled later years, the person who accompanied him was the nyobo who was not of the high birth, and Shumeimonin, who was favored by the emperor, did not accompany him.
  734. For example, when Emperor Seinei, son of Emperor Yuryaku, didn't have a successor, it is assumed that Emperor Ninken and Emperor Kenzo, grandsons of Emperor Richu, succeeded the Imperial throne, but there is also a theory stating that in fact, it was an usurpation of the Imperial throne.
  735. For example, when Nobushige SANADA and so on proposed to march on to Kyoto, Harunaga ONO and so on, strongly opposed and finally it was decided to hole up in Osaka-jo Castle.
  736. For example, when Yonhyu PAKU visited Japan he visited legations of some countries and called for conclusion of treaties without the Qing dynasty.
  737. For example, when a boy was born as a legitimate first son of a permanent chief retainer, he often started his career as a Kosho, advancing to a domestic econony officer and then eventually becoming a chief retainer, or beginning as a Kosho and becoming a chief retainer after serving as an apprentice to a chief retainer.
  738. For example, when a child was born in December and in February next year the child receives candy through the distribution system because the child was regarded as two years old.
  739. For example, when comparing "Etenraku" in the Hyojo tone and Banshikicho tone, the Hyojo tone has 'D-EEBBABEEEDE,' which would become 'G-AAEEDEAAAGA' after transposing a perfect fifth below, based on the principle of Western music.
  740. For example, when dispatching ministers, not only one party dispatches a minister, but, in usual case, both countries dispatch ministers to each other.
  741. For example, when he walked, he had to walk on the center of the road and turn at a right angle.
  742. For example, when her husband Hideyori TOYOTOMI's daughter borne of his concubine, Naahime, was on the verge of being executed, Senhime risked her own life in a plea to save Naahime. Senhime managed to secure her release.
  743. For example, when it is found that 'Roju' was written in an application form, it is necessary to conduct historical investigations to determine whether it indicated Karo under a lord or Roju at the bakufu.
  744. For example, when looking for books which relate to pedagogy and have been translated into Chinese, such catalogs were used to find the name of book.
  745. For example, when retired person A continues to retain real power and B who newly holds the reigns of the family is only a puppet of A.
  746. For example, when someone said '4 sun for height,' it meant 5 shaku and 4 sun, and this was almost common sense when the East Asian traditional system of weights and measures was widely used.
  747. For example, when sung during a marriage ceremony, "kimi" meant the bridegroom and the waka was sung as a song to cerebrate and make a wish for longevity of the bridegroom and peace in the family.
  748. For example, when the Kura no kami (head of the Bureau of Palace Storehouses) jointly assumed the post of Kurodo no to, he was known as the toto (head-head).
  749. For example, when the angles of hokaku sen are different by counties, there can be seen clear gaps of jori chiwari at the border of counties on flatlands.
  750. For example, when the barbarians of Shiragi attacked Tsushima in 894, BUNYA no Yoshitomo, the governor of Tsushima, was highly rewarded for fighting off those barbarians.
  751. For example, when the function of wisdom works too much, the naohi calls for reflection by suggesting,: 'You may be hated with too much analysis and evaluations.'
  752. For example, when the same embankment broke down by two floods in 1896 and 1907 due to heavy rain, the urban area was flooded above floor level on the second floor; people had to live on the roofs of their houses, and moved by boat until flood waters receded.
  753. For example, when the second scent seems to be the same as the fifth scent and the others all to be different, the Genjiko-no-Zu is Fujibakama (Thoroughwort Flowers).
  754. For example, when the style is used for the uppermost floor, the uchimawarien part protrudes from the room part, whose size is almost the same as that of the lower floors, as described below.
  755. For example, when there were 999 people of the numbers of 3000, the rest of people except a winner No. 3300 were paid back the principal.
  756. For example, when walking, he always lifted each foot forward like walking on a high scaffolding.
  757. For example, when you travel from Osaka Station to Shin-Osaka to Nagoya (using the Shinkansen line) and to Ogaki Station, a one-way ticket for the entire route can be purchased, without the section between Nagoya and Ogaki counted as duplicated.
  758. For example, while Nobunaga and Ieyasu retained the real power of politics, even after being retired, minor things were left for their sons.
  759. For example, while in kachi-u (cormorant fishing on foot) one ujo uses one or very few cormorants, in the general Ukai on a small boat one ujo uses 5 to 10 cormorants at a time.
  760. For example, while many schools set the rule that the object is viewed from the front, other schools try to represent a three-dimensional space in two dimensions.
  761. For example, while the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau indicates Ogimachi Station on the Sakaisuji Line as a transfer station to the JR Osaka Loop Line, in the diagram of Hankyu Railway it isn't mentioned.
  762. For example, while there is a town named 'Inari-cho' near the Shijo-Kawaramachi crossing (Kawaramachi-dori, Shijo-sagaru), another 'Inari-cho' exists several hundred meters south, near Shichijo-ohashi Bridge, at 'Shichijo-dori, Kiyamachi-higashi-iru.'
  763. For example, while there is a town named 'Shimomaruya-cho' in 'Kawaramachi-dori Oike-sagaru' near Kyoto City Hall and Honno-ji Temple, another exists in 'Ogawa-dori Ebisugawa-agaru' which is few hundred meters to the northwest from there.
  764. For example, while they might differ in actual influence, the Guji of a Beppyo-jinja shrine is of the same de jure rank as the Guji of a tiny rural shrine.
  765. For example, white sand and small stones are used to represent water, and a bridge is built over it to suggest that there is water below.
  766. For example, zan-shin used in kyudo refers to retaining the posture, both in mind and body, even after sending an arrow, with the eyes focused on the place struck by the arrow.
  767. For example, 仲麿 is used in "阿倍仲麿入唐記" (literally, a record of Nakamaro ABE's visit to Tang) written by Ryutaro HISHIYA in 1870.
  768. For example,cupellated silver that was the best silver (pure silver) by refining method at that time was bought by keicho-chogin by adding 10 % in ginza, and it was called "10% addition".
  769. For example: Higashiyama Sanjo, Higashiyama Gojo, Higashiyama Shichijo, Higashi-Ichijo (the intersection of Higashi-oji-dori Street and Higashi-Ichijo-dori Street)
  770. For example: Karasuma Marutamachi, Karasuma Miike and Nishi-no-Toin Takatsuji
  771. For example: Mi no take
  772. For example: Shijo-Karasuma, Shijo-Omiya and Imadegawa Shinmachi.
  773. For examples in which warmed Japanese sake is used for ingredient of cocktail, there are Orange Sakini and tamagozake (egg sake).
  774. For examples, in Kazusa Province, Owari Province, Tango Province and Hoki Province, and so on, the largest tumulus in each of these provinces appeared in relation to the sea as well.
  775. For examples, yabusame (horseback archery) in which a person shoots an arrow from a galloping horse, toshiya (long-range archery) and hamaya (ritual arrows to drive away devils) can be seen in almost the same style as those in past times.
  776. For exemple, it refers to food or altarage necessary for annual events which were held in the house of local lord, or cultivation service (rice planting, weeding, reaping) in the fields directly managed by them.
  777. For expeditions to fight barbarians, Seii Taishi (great general who subdues the barbarians) or Seito Taishi (great general who subdues the eastern barbarians) was appointed and Seitogun (expeditionary force) was organized under him.
  778. For express trains, please refer to the Services section.
  779. For famous persons of the Minamoto clan, see the list of the Minamoto clan persons.
  780. For fear of individual fortresses being attacked by Hideyoshi, Tanezane AKIZUKI abandoned and destroyed Masutomi-jo Castle, which was one of his branch castles, and all of his armed forces were besieged in Koshosan-jo Castle.
  781. For female Nagagi, Tanmono in width of 36 cm is generally used.
  782. For festival events that require participants to stand in lines, performers sometimes play while walking along and blending in.
  783. For festivals taking place within shrines, performances take place on stage areas within the temple grounds and in dedicated temple halls used for music.
  784. For festivals that require purification, in particular, the "jo-e" (a special outfit worn for religious ceremonies), which consists of a white kariginu, shirosashiko and eboshi (all without crests) are worn, regardless of status levels.
  785. For festivals, refer to "Japanese festivals" stated below.
  786. For festivals, refer to Category Japanese festivals.
  787. For fields, mountains, and forests, even though the acreage is capable of being represented only by the units of cho, tan, and se, 'bu' is usually applied to the end of those units so as to clarify the value is even.
  788. For fillings, those excellent in preserving property and bactericidal activity are the most suitable.
  789. For finishing, enhancement of the color was performed by applying agent such as salt, niter, chalcanthite, melanterite or kunroku (a sort of resin) to koban and warming koban over a flame to make gold color complete.
  790. For food
  791. For food, mainly birds and seafood had been eaten except for rabbits regarded as a kind of birds because of the long ears resembling feathers and the taste similar to that of birds, and wild boars regarded as mountain whales (whales living in the sea were regarded as a kind of fish).
  792. For foreign people, it sometimes seems strange that Japanese people eat seafood and eggs raw.
  793. For foreigners in Tokyo and Yokohama, the authenticity test for the nibukin they handed in through ministers of each country started on the 23rd, and the officials succeeded in finishing on the same day in Tokyo, and even in Yokohama, which was the Japan's leading trading port, they managed to finish by the 25th.
  794. For formation of the court noble law that is distinguished from ritsuryo law, cloister government that was started by the retired Emperor Shirakawa can be pointed out as a direct and significant momentum.
  795. For four years from 1501, Masamoto KUJO, the former chief adviser to the Emperor, stayed Hine and managed there directly, and he recorded about those days in the 'Masamoto-ko Tabi Hikitsuke' (The Diary of Masamoto KUJO) (property of the Imperial Household Archives).
  796. For frequent users, discount coupon books are sold.
  797. For frying, a box-shaped copper pan called 'makiyakinabe' is often used.
  798. For full dress with Otsugo type cap, the army forage cap may be worn, but other caps may be worn, and for other occasions it was specified as 'discretionary.'
  799. For funding its publication, OSANAI received assistance from his acquaintances.
  800. For furniture, refer to "Cultural lives in Japan."
  801. For furniture, refer to civilized life in Japan.
  802. For further details about yago, refer to the article "Kabuki Yakusha no Yago Ichiran" (the Catalogue of Yago of Kabuki Actors).
  803. For further details of the central governmental organization, see the section Japan's governmental organization, the Ritsuryo system (the Taiho Ritsuryo) and after.
  804. For further details of the method of producing Wafuku, see 'Wafuku.'
  805. For further details on Maizuru City prior to May 26, 1943, also refer to 'Nishi-Maizuru.'
  806. For further details on local governmental organization, see the section of 'Local government of ancient Japan: Local government under the Ritsuryo system.'
  807. For further details on military service, see the section 'military service' (ancient Japan).
  808. For further details on the family register and yearly tax records, see the section 'ancient family register system.'
  809. For further details on the part of Maizuru City that used to be called Higashi-Maizuru City, also refer to 'Higashi-Maizuru.'
  810. For further details on the rice field allotment system, see the section 'rice field allotment system.'
  811. For further details on the rice tax, tax in kind, and tributes, see the section 'rice tax, tax in kind, and tributes.'
  812. For further details on the road system of ancient Japan, see the section on 'Japan's ancient roads.'
  813. For further details, please refer to "Sendai Hatsuuri" and "Sasebo Hatsuuri."
  814. For further details, refer to "Hay Fever."
  815. For further details, refer to "Literature" clause.
  816. For further details, refer to the List of Titles by Military Rank.
  817. For further details, refer to the section of Junyoze.
  818. For further details, see "Gishiwajinden."
  819. For further details, see 'Amezaiku.'
  820. For further details, see 'Currently Performed Sukeroku' below.
  821. For further details, see 'Ikakeya.'
  822. For further details, see 'Kiseru.'
  823. For further details, see 'Naishi no kami.'
  824. For further details, see 'Renovation of the Lake Biwa Cannel accompanied with the construction of the Kosei Line'
  825. For further details, see 'Wasai.'
  826. For further details, see Shinroku NATSUME.
  827. For further details, see the contents of each individual chapter.
  828. For further details, see the section "About his names."
  829. For further details, see the section "Opinion about Shotoku Taishi as a fictitious figure."
  830. For further details, see the sections 'Emperor' and 'Retired Emperor.'
  831. For further details, see the sections 'Official Rank' and 'Rank.'
  832. For further information refer to History of "Matsukaze (train)," the express train connecting to various cities in Tottori and Shimane.
  833. For further information, refer to the section on Unbroken Line.
  834. For further interest
  835. For futsushu, rice is steamed with a machine called an automatic rice steamer.
  836. For gardens, refer to Japanese gardens.
  837. For geisha
  838. For general certification of Important Intangible Cultural Property, the following 11 groups are currently certified.
  839. For general everyday use.
  840. For general use, there are samue considerably different to those of monks which come with a chanchanko (padded sleeveless kimono jacket), worn on top of the upper section, and made of sashiko (an old needlework technology) or quilt.
  841. For generations the Arisugawa no miya used to send sons of the family, except for the eldest son, to Kan-ei-ji Temple in Ueno, Edo and to Chion-in Temple in Higashiyama, Kyoto, as imperial princes in holy orders, or so-called priest-princes.
  842. For generations the family managed the Kurita estate of Oishi manor (currently Oishi-Higashi cho and Oishi-Naka cho districts in Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture) under the Omi-no-kuni shugo (Military Commissioner of Omi-no-kuni) of the Sasaki clan, and thus the family name became OISHI.
  843. For generations the heads of the school were close to shite-kata (main roles) families of Noh, such as Nomura-Kongo family and Kuroemon KATAYAMA (Kanze school), which influenced the Inoue school to a great extent.
  844. For generations they identified themselves as Saemon no jo (third-ranked officer of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards).
  845. For generations, his family business was to provide fish to mikuriya (manors of Imperial family and powerful shrines).
  846. For generations, it was customary for the chieftain of Saikato to call himself 'Magoichi SAIKA' (written as 雑賀孫一).
  847. For generations, members of his family line called themselves Dewa no kami (Governor of Dewa Province) and worked at the Teikan no ma (room for fudai daimyo of Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade and Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  848. For generations, members of the Yamaji family had been assigned to the post of tenmonkata, or the officer in charge of astronomy, by bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  849. For generations, the MIURA clan served the MINAMOTO clan, and played a major role in the defeat of the TAIRA clan; as a major powerhouse, they held significant influence in the Kamakura bakufu.
  850. For generations, the Maekawa family had been parishioners of the Jodo (Pure Land) sect; therefore she was influenced by the sect since her childhood.
  851. For generations, the clan kept their territory in Tsuwano, Iwami Province and was known as one of the two most powerful kokujin in the Province together with the Masuda clan.
  852. For generations, the family head served as the administrator of Toyokuni-jinja Shrine (Kyoto City).
  853. For generations, the family head served as the administrator of Yoshida-jinja Shrine by succession.
  854. For generations, the family head served as the ritual performer and Jingikan (officer of the ritsuryo office in charge of the administration of Shinto worship) by succession.
  855. For generations, the family line was shodo(calligraphy) and its school succeeded as the Sesonji school.
  856. For generations, the family managed the operation of sumai no sechie (the Imperial ceremony of sumo wrestling) as Sumai no Tsukasa (person in charge of sumo matches held in the presence of the Emperor).
  857. For generations, this family was also responsible for the management of Hirano Jinja Shrine and the founder of the family was Mitsuyuki FUJII (Junii - Junior Second Rank, Minbusho (Ministry of Popular Affairs), and Kyoshiki (the Capital Bureau) (1722-1792).
  858. For gifts and bribes, unlike public employees today, who are able to pay at public expense, koke members and attendants for Imperial messengers had to pay their own expenses.
  859. For going to Kyoto from east orientation, it was considered to be faster to cross the Biwa-ko Lake from the port of Yabae to Otsu by boat, than to go south to Seta and cross the bridge, but this boat service was dangerous because of the sudden gust of wind blowing down from Mt. Hiei.
  860. For gold foil paper, it contains Tokubo soil, while for paper for silver foil contains Jato soil.
  861. For graves that have no headstones, the phrase "XXX Ushi (Toji) no Mikoto no Okutsuki" (Okutsuki for the soul of Mr.(s). XXX") is inscribed on graveposts.
  862. For half a year from February, 1894 he was sent to Europe, and in October after returning he participated in the Sino-Japanese War as the Second Army (Japanese Army) Sanbocho.
  863. For handmade buckwheat noodles, put buckwheat flour (which has been discussed under Sobako, buckwheat flour) in a wooden bowl referred to as hachi, add water and knead the mixture into dough.
  864. For hanjiri (short informal clothes) costume of court noble boys, either white okuchi bakama called "Saiharinookuchi" or sashinuki (a type of hakama, pleated trousers for formal wear) was worn.
  865. For he assumed the following.
  866. For henro (pilgrimage), it is usually 南無大師遍照金剛 "Namu Daishi Henjo Kongo" that is hogo (to chant the name of Kanzeon Bosatsu and bow repeatedly) of Kobo Daishi (Kukai).
  867. For high school, Shodo is placed in together with music, arts, and others in the art department as an elective.
  868. For high-class daimyo belonging to several tens of thousand koku class, it was possible to possess several multiple units of such sonae grouped into one te (a single unit) (that is, a single te unit of troops had military power equivalent to that of a daimyo belonging to 100,000 koku class).
  869. For high-class sake, rice is put into a large-sized steamer called "koshiki" that is placed on a Japanese-style pot and steamed with dry steam for approximately one hour.
  870. For him, it was not just about the Jodo sects idea of dying a happy death but, it was explained that to die a future happy death in the Jodo sect was to confirm ones faith in Buddhism by achieving rebirth in the present (gensho).
  871. For him, who was a missionary, translation of "Bankoku Koho" was a part of his missionary activities for Christianity in a broader sense.
  872. For his blunder, he was relegated from Kyoto to Mutsu Province (Tohoku region).
  873. For his distinguished deed, Tadatsuna was awarded the rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) and was henceforth called Kazusa Tayu hogan.
  874. For his distinguished military service at the Battle of Yamazaki in 1582, he received a territory worth of 500 koku.
  875. For his distinguished service in the war, he was given Tagawa District (Uzen province).
  876. For his distinguished war services, he received the permanent position of warrior class, 250 ryo (unit of currency) as reward grants, and Hatchinin fuchi (the equivalent of an annual eight-man rice stipend) on a permanent basis.
  877. For his efforts, he was given special treatment to be allowed to attend the court every other year in Kanazawa.
  878. For his great achievement, he was raised to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank) after his death in 1928.
  879. For his heroic actions in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, Shigemasa was rewarded with Kazusa Province and Musashi Province with fiefs of 5,000 and 5,000 in rice, respectively, thus becoming a "daimyo" (feudal lord) with a fief of 10,000 koku in rice in total.
  880. For his koto arrangements, Yoshizawa wrote all his own pieces by himself.
  881. For his lord, Sadazane UESUGI, Kenshin was the 'nephew of lawful wife' and 'younger brother of son-in-law'.
  882. For his many achievements in the Russo-Japanese War, dated on the same day, he was given the order of the Golden Kite for the 4th grade achievement with a pension of 500 yen; besides he was given the fourth grade cordon of the Rising Sun of Gold Rays and raised to the rank of Shorokui (Senior Sixth Rank).
  883. For his merits in Boshin War, he received the reward stipend of 200 koku of rice.
  884. For his outstanding achievement at this time, he was appointed as Shugo (provincial military governor) of Iga Province) (Sotsuibushi [government post in charge of police and military roles]).
  885. For his services, Nagamasa was awarded the province of Kai no kuni, worth 220,000 koku in 1593.
  886. For his success, Nobuyori rapidly rose to be the most powerful individual at court.
  887. For his support of Yoshiharu ASHIKAGA, Takakuni was appointed to the posts of kanrei and musashimori.
  888. For his wet nurse, Zenjo ANO's wife, AWA no Tsubone (a daughter of Tokimasa HOJO, and also a sister of Masako) was selected.
  889. For historical resources related to science and technology, there are the electrical works of Gennai HIRAGA, an early astronomical telescope, a celestial globe, a Morse telegraphic instrument, etc.
  890. For home use, the hand-driven type is popular and it uses ice produced using a dedicated cylindrical ice tray.
  891. For hoso-kanten (string-type agar), use an extruder to push out strings of tokoroten with square-cut sections five millimeters wide.
  892. For hot springs that have a long history, the record of their use is also found in old literature.
  893. For how the 'sakaya' business started, refer to the section of 'In the medieval period or before.'
  894. For humans, it was granted to those displaying deeds under arms, but was granted to others as well since the mid-7th century.
  895. For illustrated books, "Issunboshi" (published by Fukuinkan Shoten Publishers, Inc., 1965) retold by Momoko ISHII and illustrated by Fuku AKINO, is outstanding.
  896. For images of the interiors, please see the sections "MediaKitakyu 8000 inside" and "MediaShintetsu 5000").
  897. For impresarios a show that trumpets the inheriting of one artists stage name by another is considered a big business opportunity that carries "no-risk and high-return" (that is, notably `no-risk high-return` for the promoter, but not necessarily holding for the inheritor of the name).
  898. For improvements made from sanxian as a foreign instrument to the shamisen, blind musicians of Todo-za (the traditional guild for the blind) played an important part.
  899. For increasing the number of tracks of the Tokaido line, it would be traditional common sense to adopt the four-track line.
  900. For information about Dengaku in cooking, refer to Miso Dengaku.
  901. For information on mounds in terms of remains, see Kofun (Ancient Burial Mounds) and Funkyubo (grave mound of tumulus).
  902. For information on regional dolls, refer to the article on local dolls.
  903. For information on ritsuryo itself and systems based on ritsuryo, refer to the pages on ritsuryo and the ritsuryo system respectively.
  904. For information on the Ogasawara Clan of daimyo, see the relevant section.
  905. For information on the description of its history, please refer to the article of "Keihan Tokkyu (Keihan Limited Express)."
  906. For information on the next stations of the Limited Expresses 'Maizuru' and 'Tango Discovery,' refer to the article for that train.
  907. For information on the region and its history, refer to section of Hachiman (Omihachiman City).
  908. For information on the year of construction and architecture of older buildings, articles and reading matters on the respective castle should be referenced.
  909. For information, the current Imperial House Law of Japan prohibits a crown prince's secession from the Imperial Family, or his declining the right of succession to the Imperial Throne.
  910. For information, the method of making and shaping differ between Kakinoha-zushi in Nara and Wakayama Prefectures and Kakinoha-zushi in Ishikawa Prefecture.
  911. For insects, in addition to the Japanese rhinoceros beetles, stag beetles, and Alpine black swallowtail, a variety of insects, from large ones to small ones, popular to precious ones, live here.
  912. For instance Tatsuo KUMOI, who was a disciple of Sokken YASUI and a feudal retainer of the Yonezawa clan bought "Bankoku Koho" in Yokohama, then Kaishu KATSU lent it to Shungaku MATSUDAIRA.
  913. For instance, "Genji shaku" (commentaries of the Tale of Genji) (12th century) regarded 'Kumogakure' as 'the twenty-sixth' and a 'Genji catalogue' in "Hakuzoshi" (around 1200) has mention of 'the twenty-sixth Kumokakure'.
  914. For instance, "Ryukyu Shinpo" dated April 11, launched a fierce campaign against it, claiming it was like 'seeing us equal to the Seiban tribe (Taiwan's indigenous people who were incorporated into the Han people) or the Ainu tribe."
  915. For instance, '3 chobu' is used instead of '3 cho.'
  916. For instance, 'Genji monogatari shinshaku' (New Interpretations of The Tale of Genji), a commentary on The Tale of Genji by KAMO no Mabuchi, was written in the form of interlinear glossaries on a printed volume of the Kogetsusho.
  917. For instance, 'Seven Ken and five Men' means the number of Hashirama of Maguchi is seven and that of Okuyuki is five.
  918. For instance, Apollo's oracle in Delphi, Greece had great authority in ancient Greece.
  919. For instance, Chausuyama-kofun Tumulus in Sakurai City is one of them.
  920. For instance, FUJIWARA no Sadaie wrote in 'Okuiri' (Genji commentaries) that 'This chapter doesn't exist in the first place' after writing the name of this chapter next to 'Kiritsubo.'
  921. For instance, HATAKEYAMA no Shojiheijiro-Shigetada, who was a shoji in Hatakeyamano-sho, Musashi Province, owned that place as his territory, and Watarigon no Taifu FUJIWARA no Tsunekiyo, who was a gunji in Watari District, Mutsu Province, owned this place as his territory.
  922. For instance, Hikaru Genji's age in the "rainy night's judgment" scene in the 'Hahakigi' chapter, which is considered the restarting point when counting backwards from the 'Fuji no Uraba' chapter, is seventeen years old according to the new chronologies, and sixteen if the old chronologies are followed.
  923. For instance, Kenji USHIO, a regular supporting actor in Imai's films, introduces in his memoir a story about the filming of the final scene in "Kome" which took one week to finish because Imai was so concerned about the shape of the sail and position of a ship and even the cloud position.
  924. For instance, Kunihiro HORIKAWA who was the best new sword craftsman, imitated the work of Soshu artisans, but the difference in periods, in the iron quality and the Nioikuchi, between that in the Kamakura period and those whose iron is beautiful in the Keicho Genwa era is obvious
  925. For instance, Manyo-ken Co., Ltd. in Chiba Station, Takasaki Bento Co., Ltd. in Takasaki Station, Kiyoken Co., Ltd. in Yokohama Station, Tokaiken Co., Ltd. in Shizuoka Station, Shioso Co., Ltd. in Tsuruga Station and Hiroshima-Eki-Bento Co., Ltd. in Hiroshima Station are included in the group.
  926. For instance, Munenao TOKUGAWA of the Iyo-Saijo family became the head of the Kishu family when Yoshimune TOKUGAWA, previously the head of the Kishu family, joined the head family as the eighth shogun.
  927. For instance, Naonobu, the sixth son, was allotted territory with a yield of 3,000 koku, and built the manor house of Funabashi.
  928. For instance, Nintendo video-game designer Shigeru MIYAMOTO is so particular about game creation that he often instructs his subordinates to make drastic changes to a product which is almost completed.
  929. For instance, Nirayama Prefecture, whose capital was placed at Nirayama town, Izu Province, (today's Izunokuni city), controlled territories under direct rule of the former Tokugawa Shogunate (tenryo) and hatamoto-governed territories located not only in Izu Province but also in Sagami, Musashi and Kai Provinces.
  930. For instance, Shioso Co., Ltd. has the capability of supplying up to 25,000 box lunches a day.
  931. For instance, Takasaki Bento Co.,Ltd. insists that it sold "Onigiri Bento" (lunch box with rice ball) at Takasaki Station in 1884.
  932. For instance, Tenshu of Ogaki-jo Castle and Nagoya-jo Castle, which were externally restored after the War almost followed the appearance before the War; however, the windows of the top tier were reconstructed a little larger than they were in the bygone days, considering the function as an observation platform.
  933. For instance, Tokaiken Co., Ltd. insists that it had already sold the sandwich box lunch in 1889.)
  934. For instance, Tomosada met with Yoshiakira ASHIKAGA, Takauji's eldest son, who had visited Tomosada's residence after the outbreak of the disturbance (on September 8, 1350, "Gion Shigyonikki" (documents containing records of affairs and Buddhist services at Yasaka-jinja Shrine)).
  935. For instance, a 100th of the shaku, a basic unit of length, is called 1 bu (分), while a 100th of the ryo, a basic unit of mass, is called 1 fun.
  936. For instance, a man named TAIRA no Yoshifumi, who had a career as a chinjufu-shogun (general of the northern pacification command), called himself MURAOKA no Goro because he had his territory, or his myoden, in Muraoka, Sagami Province and he was the fifth eldest brother (Goro literally means a fifth boy).
  937. For instance, along Honmachi-suji which is the street on the north side of Imanishi-ke Jutaku, thatbuilding juts out into the street on the north with sharp turn to the south at the eastern and western ends of the building, presenting blind corners.
  938. For instance, chaya refers to an erotic teahouse (employing prostitutes) in Osaka.
  939. For instance, even in the presence Kyudo-shaho Hassetsu (the eight arts of shooting an arrow), the adopted terms such as 'E' (concentration at full draw) and 'Ri' (release) are related to the Buddhist expression "Esha-Jori" (meaning that those who meet must part).
  940. For instance, examining a case if Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA wished to defect, Parkes showed intention to accept this and answered "This is based on Bankoku Koho."
  941. For instance, he served as a chamberlain for the then Regent FUJIWARA no Morozane.
  942. For instance, in ancient writing such as "Genji Monogatari," 'Koto' indicates all plucked string instruments such as 'So (箏) no Koto' and Biwa (a four-string Japanese lute) besides 'Kin (琴) no Koto,' which is explained in this paragraph.
  943. For instance, in the Insai school, the way to grip the bow is called 'Momiji-gasane;' a method of gripping the bow with the left hand secretly handed down from the old days.
  944. For instance, in the age of the Han Dynasty, 1 koku was equal to about 31 kilograms because 1 kin (斤) was equal to about 258 grams.
  945. For instance, in the case of the family name of Kim, hongan was an effective measure in distinguishing clans, since there was the royal family of Gimhae Gaya (in Gaya) and the royal family of Silla, which were clans with completely different lineage.
  946. For instance, in the case where a Buddhist organization provides memorial service for the demised emperor before his posthumous title is conferred, they often use a temporary ihai (Buddhist mortuary tablet) made of plain wood or paper wherever necessary.
  947. For instance, incidents against Christianity called kyoan (教案) which put local officials in troubles frequently occurred in many places and even officials in remote place from coastline were troubled.
  948. For instance, it is important that the goods in question can only be produced in specific regions so that the production areas and productors are limited (it is desirable that the production areas are limited rather than scattered all over the nation in terms of control of production and distribution).
  949. For instance, it is very rare to have the fifth Noh drama "Ishibashi" followed by the third Noh drama "Izutsu".
  950. For instance, it was stated that he committed violence against MINAMOTO no Masamoto in Kaga Province on July 21, 1014 and against FUJIWARA no Sadayori, Benkan (Oversight Department: division of the daijokan responsible for controlling central and provincial governmental offices) on January 7, 1015.
  951. For instance, koikuchi soy-sauce in the Kinki region is particularly dark-colored in general.
  952. For instance, many assimilated Emishi (fushu) used to the family name of Kimiko-be, which was a common family name among subordinate people belonging to the Kenu clan.
  953. For instance, only about one out of ten shrines were abolished in Kyoto prefecture.
  954. For instance, several yakitori-ya restaurants have been operating since 1990s in Beijing City and Shanghai City, People's Republic of China.
  955. For instance, six ukiyoe pieces are included in the background of the work titled "Portrait of Pere Tanguy" (owner of an art shop).
  956. For instance, the "Yugen" in "Kakyo (literally flower mirror)" means "only a body of beauty and tenderness" such as the mode of behavior and atmosphere expressed by Kuge (court nobles) of the contemporary early Muromachi Period.
  957. For instance, the Moriyama Domain in Oshu (Mutsu Province) officially permitted Meakashi to belt on a sword instead of jitte, and granted them the privilege of Kuiste (leaving a restaurant without paying) as material compensation for necessary expenses.
  958. For instance, the color white denotes nobility, and bright red denotes a young woman.
  959. For instance, the entry for '洌' first cites the account in "Gyokuhen" (Chinese dictionary edited in the sixth century), which is indicated by the phrase '玉云' (according to "Gyoku") appears as follows:
  960. For instance, the following examples exist.
  961. For instance, the government stated, 'Korea, Taiwan, the Kwantung Leased Territory, the South Sea Islands were considered as Japan's territories' in "Colonial handbook" issued by Takushoku Office in 1923 (The handbook also mentioned about the land appurtenant to South Manchuria Railways).
  962. For instance, the names of sitting locations include yokoza (seat for the master of the house around the open hearth), Kakaza (seat for the housewife of a house, next to the master of a house, located near the kitchen, kyakuza (seat used by a guest, next to yokoza, near the entrance), Kijiri (seat for servants of a house, opposite yokoza) Shimoza (seat near the entrance).
  963. For instance, the reisai of Kashihara-jingu Shrine is called Kigensai and the reisai of Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine is called Iwashimizu-Sai Festival and the like, but the reisai of Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu Shrine is called 'Reitaisai Festival.'
  964. For instance, the route, which was once known as Totsukawa Road, was merged into National Route 168.
  965. For instance, the village council seemed to be a meeting of representative people in each oaza (an administrative unit) and spokespeople of residents in oaza.
  966. For instance, the word "Koho" can be seen in the Chapter 'Yudo' (having regulation) of "Han Fei Tzu" (a book of Chinese thought), but the word as "International Law" was used first time in "Bankoku Koho."
  967. For instance, there is a definition about the nation's right of preemption in the trading between Japan and gaiban (derogatory expression of foreign countries and foreigners) in Genshi Ryo (regulations of markets and checking stations) of Yoro-ryo (Yoro Code).
  968. For instance, there were treaties such as the Treaty of Aigun (1858) between the Qing dynasty and Russia and the Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875) between Japan and Russia were to confirm northern borders of the Qing dynasty and Japan.
  969. For instance, turban shells are harvested even in Aomori Prefecture on the side of the Sea of Japan, whereas, they are not found in areas north of the Kanto region on the side of the Pacific Ocean.
  970. For instance, when the charge for Masuseki C is 36,800 yen, the cost is 9,200 yen per person if the masuseki is occupied by four.
  971. For instance, while there are different features seen in British antiques, and so on, there are also some things in common.
  972. For investigation Yoichi ASARI rushes to the scene with his wife, Hangaku, but Nyudo does not allow them to enter the mansion for the reason that Hangaku is a younger female cousin of Heita.
  973. For it, 牢人 indicates a person who left (or lost) his master and lost his salary.
  974. For its convenience, low price, and high nutrition, it is often preferred by young people who just started to live alone to work or go to school.
  975. For its ingredients, kamaboko uses walleye pollack, drum, Nibe croaker, chicken grunt, big smelt-whiting, sablefish, pike conger, shark, golden thread and so on.
  976. For its mintage, the Toyotomi family consumed seventeen Nisenmai-fundo (columnar block of gold weighing 330kg) and eleven Senmai-fundo (columnar block of gold weighing 165kg) which had been stored in Osaka-jo Castle.
  977. For its official nature of the board, it was not allowed to relocate or reprint the written notes (because Kosatsu was written in black ink, it was very weak against winds and rains) without the permission of feudal lord.
  978. For its opening, it used Hino Rainbow RB/ AB, and these cars are now used as backup vehicles.
  979. For joko in Japan, refer to the Daijo Tenno section.
  980. For kaiawase in the Edo period, they used clamshells with makie (Japanese lacquer sprinkled with gold or silver powder) or gold-leaf decoration inside.
  981. For kaku-kanten (agar in the shape of a rectangular bar), cut the congealed tokoroten jelly into the shape of rectangular columns with sides four centimeters wide.
  982. For katugiyama-gata or hikiyama-gata, there is a drum stand used.
  983. For kendo, it refers to the same posture as for sumo, or the posture of kneeling down on one knee with the upper body straight.
  984. For killing Masakado, Hidesato and Sadamori were given the titles of Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) and Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), respectively.
  985. For ko operation, officers such as komoto (host of the ko), fuku-komoto (vice komoto), and sewanin (manager) are appointed.
  986. For koikuchi soy-sauce, it is lighter in color (the color is between the koikuchi soy-sauce in the Kanto region and the usukuchi soy-sauce in the Kansai region).
  987. For kojimai, sakamai (shuzo kotekimai - literally, rice suitable for brewing sake) is usually used.
  988. For koke to receive gifts from feudal lords who appointed them as attendants, it was considered more as tuition and necessary expense and nothing greedy at that time.
  989. For kori-dofu (frozen bean curd) made by freeze-drying, refer to the article on koyadofu (freeze-dried bean curd).
  990. For large abalone about 3.6kg of salt is required for 37.5kg of meat, for middle-sized abalone about 3kg of salt, and about 2.7kg of salt for those of smaller size.
  991. For large kumade that are classified as being agricultural machinery, the bar on which the curved steel teeth are mounted is equipped with wheels, enabling it to be pulled by a tractor.
  992. For large-amount transactions, chogin and mameitagin silver coins were put together to make a packet called 'tsutsumigin,' each of which was worth 1 silver coin, i.e., 43 monme of silver, or 500 monme of silver.
  993. For legends about Kobo Daishi or Kobo-water, refer to the following web sites if necessary:
  994. For likenesses and pictures, follow the external links.
  995. For limited expresses, please refer to the section 'Types of operations.'
  996. For line of Takasagoya Fukusuke, family lineage ceased after Fukusuke the fifth died, and Utaemon the sixth made his eldest son carry Baigyoku the fourth, therefore the professional name of Takasagoya Fukusuke has practically disappeared.
  997. For lining cloth, the Yamashina family and the Takakura family used Ki hiraginu (yellow plain silk) and Suo hiraginu (dark red plain silk) respectively.
  998. For local autonomy, machi bugyo (town magistrates) were established in the Edo period, and autonomy was given to each machi (town).
  999. For local people it was a tomb of 'Hitsuji Tayu' (a sheep officer) and they respected and worshiped it as a god, calling it 'Hitsuji-sama' (a god of sheep).
  1000. For local residents and ujiko (shrine parishioner) to enjoy a festive day merrily while being friendly with gods and eat food offered to gods as an offering means 'staying close beside gods' and thereby satisfying and relaxing them.

80001 ~ 81000

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