; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. Around that time, he called himself Saburo Miki.
  2. Around that time, he changed his name to Momokawa.
  3. Around that time, he changed his name to Yoshisuke.
  4. Around that time, he developed a deep friendship with Junan KINOSHITA, Ansai YAMAZAKI and Sekigo MATSUNAGA.
  5. Around that time, he had been afflicted with lower back pain, and added to the fact that he was of such advanced age, he seemed to have felt that the time of his own death was drawing near.
  6. Around that time, he had territories that yielded 11,000 koku in rice including a local governor territory vested to him.
  7. Around that time, he looked up to Fukyu I, a trader and painter in the Qing dynasty, as his model and was influenced by him.
  8. Around that time, he often made personal contacts with royalists including Takamori SAIGO, Toshimichi OKUBO and so on.
  9. Around that time, he started to aspire to enter into priesthood.
  10. Around that time, he started to practice the so-called "Minimum Possible," leading a life of abstinence and self-denial with minimal comfort.
  11. Around that time, he successively joined Shikkei Shingetsu, Kido Chigu, Mossho Taikan and Kankei Iitsu.
  12. Around that time, he suffered from digestive disease and asthma.
  13. Around that time, he worked on plays particularly and wrote his first in December.
  14. Around that time, his father Shigemitsu died.
  15. Around that time, however, the situation exceeded beyond the efforts of relevant parties.
  16. Around that time, however, vagrancy and defection of heavily-burdened farmers increased and social unease came to the surface.
  17. Around that time, itohiki natto also appeared and, in order to differentiate itohiki natto from shiokara natto, shiokara natto came to be called as kuki and itohiki natto as natto.
  18. Around that time, many daimyo and kuge (nobles) invited Yoshinori to celebrate the victory.
  19. Around that time, netsuke got to be carved finely and netsuke itself became the target of collectable art objects.
  20. Around that time, preservation methods for fresh food were limited, so it had to be sold as soon as it was purchased.
  21. Around that time, several of the major political players died, such as former Imperial Regent FUJIWARA no Tadamichi (1164), Grand Minister of State FUJIWARA no Koremichi (1165) and Regent FUJIWARA no Motozane (1166).
  22. Around that time, she changed her name from 'Shoko' to 'Mikako'.
  23. Around that time, since Yoshiaki gave one character of his name, 'Aki' to Nobuyoshi, Nobuyoshi changed his name into 'Akimoto HOSOKAWA,' a suitable name for the family head of Keicho family.
  24. Around that time, temporary assignments started to become particularly common which subsequently were made permanent positions, however, it was not due to respect for those in the priesthood but mainly for the purpose of offering job satisfaction to court nobles.
  25. Around that time, tenkoku (seal-engraving) took a firm hold in calligraphy, and through Chinese compilation of seal marks, people gradually started appreciating kanin.
  26. Around that time, the Aizu domain secretly ordered Kondo, Hijikata, Yamanami and others to punish Serizawa.
  27. Around that time, the Keihanshin Local Line underwent no significant change, except for the conversion of two sets of train series 103 that were air-conditioned from 1987 through 1988.
  28. Around that time, the Kikkawa clan also owned shoryo (territory) in Aki and Harima Provinces other than honryo (main domain) in Suruga Province.
  29. Around that time, the Peiyang militarists with Yuan Shikai as the central figure had great interest in Manchuria among bureaucrats of Qing Dynasty, and many of Yuan's trusted followers were put in important positions for establishing the Dongsansheng Provinces (the North-East Three Provinces).
  30. Around that time, the Rinzai sect became popular, especially in Tonobara-shu, mainly composed of the samurai class people, and Shozui-ji Temple was established.
  31. Around that time, the Sansei (三清), composed of 'Genshi-tenson' (Primeval lord of heaven), 'Reihou-tenson' (Sacred treasure lord of heaven) and 'Dotoku-tenson' (Moral lord of heaven), all of which are metamorphosed Tao- gods, appeared in historical documents.
  32. Around that time, the arrangement of Haniwa began to change.
  33. Around that time, the company allowed, on referral from Hirotaka HAYASHI of Yoshimoto Kogyo, Kazuo TAKIMURA of Toho to enter the studio for a few days under the guise of learning about talkie.
  34. Around that time, the confrontation between Takauji and his younger brother, Naoyoshi ASHIKAGA was intensified, and as Naoyoshi's adopted son, Tadafuyu ASHIKAGA came down to Kyushu, the Kyushu was divided into three powers.
  35. Around that time, the government introduced economic control centering on strategic items and advocated abstaining from luxuries.
  36. Around that time, the influence of the Fujiwara clan was temporarily becoming weaker because four Fujiwara brothers died one after another due to smallpox.
  37. Around that time, the movement of commoners, especially of peasants, was strictly regulated, but in most cases they were allowed to make a pilgrimage to the Ise-jingu Shrine.
  38. Around that time, the shape of the Japanese sword changed into that of the current one, whose hilt is longer than the previous one, and it became suitable to hold it with both hands rather than with one hand.
  39. Around that time, the study of family crests became popular among warriors.
  40. Around that time, there was an episode as shown below.
  41. Around that time, there was an imperial prince who fell into oblivion.
  42. Around that time, various trends were being mixed in the art world, and in a sense, the art world was in the middle of an unstable phase of internal changes.
  43. Around that time, whether SAIGO participated in the rebellion in Satsuma or not was a question.
  44. Around that time, while making efforts to establish an academic work system in Shinshu sect Otani school without thought of himself, he explained importance of modern Buddhist studies in the societies of Buddhist and Oriental studies and strove for its education and permeation.
  45. Around that time, with the support of Tsunanori MAEDA, who was the load of the Kaga Domain, the Hosho school became dominant and took the place of the Konparu school in Kaga Province.
  46. Around the 10th century after the Moche Culture disappeared, the Sican Culture developed mainly in Batan Grande along the Jequetepeque River located north of the North Coast, and there are wall paintings in the Ventanas Shrine built at that time.
  47. Around the 12th century, the Otsuki clan conventionally monopolized the post of Sadaishi.
  48. Around the 15th night of August, when Genji plays the kokin (ancient stringed instrument) at Onna Sannomiya's residence, Hotaru Hyobukyo no Miya and Yugiri come over and they have a banquet with wind and string instruments there.
  49. Around the 1640's, Edo and around Edo which was one of the places where soy-sauce was consumed the most because of its large population, the idea of 'koikuchi soy-sauce' which took a year to make came out.
  50. Around the 18th century Kamigata Kabuki was more advanced, as evident from the fact that stage setting mechanisms such as mawari-butai (revolving stage) and seriage (stage elevator) were invented in Kamigata.
  51. Around the 1970s, Jun KAJII, Junzo ISHIKO and Shunsuke TSURUMI started to deliver their commentaries.
  52. Around the 5th century B.C.: Buddhism was founded in India (Indian Buddhism)
  53. Around the 7th Century, esoteric Buddhism with close ties to Tantra (or Tantrism), a sect of Hinduism mysticism, became popular in the Bengal area.
  54. Around the 9th or 10th century, the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code) and the Soyocho tax system collapsed and as a result, the taxes due changed into kanmotsu (tribute goods paid as taxes or tithes) and zatsueki (odd-job tasks).
  55. Around the Bunka era, kengyo ICHIURA exercised his ingenuity in creating melodies differently from the shamisen melody of the original song when playing the koto for jiuta song (we call this "kaede shiki sokyoku" (koto music with accompanying melody style)) and enhanced the ensemble effect.
  56. Around the Edo period, Nanakusa-gayu became popular among samurai families and ordinary people; the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) held the ceremony as their official event in which all samurai warriors including the seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") ate Nanakusa-gayu.
  57. Around the Edo period, metal tiles made of such as copper and lead have started to be used to reduce the roof weight.
  58. Around the Enpo era (1673), Mitsukuni TOKUGAWA, the Lord of Mito Domain, moved Ganryu-ji Temple to the current address of Iwafune, Oarai-machi, Higashi-ibaraki County, Ibaraki Prefecture.
  59. Around the Genko an-mae bus stop of the Kyoto City Bus.
  60. Around the Genroku Era his wisdom became well-known, and Tsunanori MAEDA who was the lord of Kaga Domain, Kaga Province heard of his fame and took Jakusui into his service in 1693 as a Confucian.
  61. Around the Genroku era, he began to produce Toran midare (a temper pattern) (涛瀾乱れ) influenced by Tsuda Echizen no kami (the governor of the Echizen Province) Sukehiro and Suguha (a temper pattern)(直刃) with nie (grainy martensite) and nioi (fine-grained martensite) like the style of Shinkai INOUE, and finally started carving by himself.
  62. Around the Kamakura period, it became fashionable to put large patterns on Hitatare (a kind of court dress in old days).
  63. Around the Kinza (where gold coins were minted, appraised and traded) and Ginza where money changers concentrated, gold and silver were traded.
  64. Around the Kokucho, there were workshops for making office stationery and expendable supplies, equipment and weapons and Kuriya (kitchen) for dining and other functional places (this place was called a zoshi [a room in the Imperial court especially made for ladies of the court]).
  65. Around the Kuronuma-jinja Shrine in Mt.Shinobu where Masamune set up the headquarters, the Shinobu-yama Park was built and has become a cherry blossom viewing spot now.
  66. Around the Meiji Restoration
  67. Around the Meiji Restoration, he was engaged in the business of cotton and general merchandise in Osaka and Yokohama, and from 1873 to 1881, he worked at the Osaka branch of Mitsuigumi Ginkoubu (currently known as Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation) and became the CEO and executive of Dojima Rice Market Firm.
  68. Around the Mid-Edo period, Goshun MATSUMURA founded it and Toyohiko OKAMOTO, Keibun MATSUMURA and others developed it to a force of the Kyoto painting circles, then Bunrin SHIOKAWA, Bairei KONO, Seiho TAKEUCHI, Suisho NISHIYAMA, Insho DOMOTO and others took over and it continues to this day.
  69. Around the Muromachi period, increasingly more money became circulated corresponding to progress in commodity economy, and use of money for paying taxes was promoted.
  70. Around the Muromachi period, with development of light manufacturing, consumer society started to become a trend in and around major cities.
  71. Around the Nobel Prize: Dr. Kenichi FUKUI and Kyoto University's Liberal Atmosphere (1999, Kagakudojin Publishing) ISBN 4759808183
  72. Around the Onin War, hokoshu such as the Yukawa clan increasingly joined the internal insurrection of the Hatakeyama clan and changed into a position supporting Shugo's power, accepted with the military mobilization of the Hatakeyama clan (the Battle of Kyoko-ji Temple and so on).
  73. Around the Rebellion of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro in 764, Dokyo was appointed Shosozu (Lesser Secondary Prelate) in 763, and Daijo Daijin Zenji (the First Minister and Master of Meditation) in 765, and was granted the title of Ho-o (Dharma King) in 766, thereby pursuing political policies based on Buddhist philosophy.
  74. Around the Respect-for-Senior-Citizens Day (mid-September): Ishioka no Omatsuri Festival (Ishioka City)
  75. Around the Tembun era, he went to Tosa Province to avoid uprisings in Kyoto, stayed at the (Tosa) Ichijo clan (his relatives), and later became a member of the five greatest families.
  76. Around the Tenmei era, it was held on the third floor of a backstage or theatre caf?.
  77. Around the age of 17, he began practicing the tea ceremony under the master Ryuho OEDA in Kyoto and kept a teacher-pupil relationship for long years.
  78. Around the age of 40, he studied under Nio (Xizhi WANG and Xianzhi WANG) and committed himself to studying calligraphy.
  79. Around the age of twenty she started contributing her poems to magazines while she helped her family business.
  80. Around the area where a kosa originates, the distribution of dust density and that of sand gain sizes are quite complicated.
  81. Around the autumn in 1885, he published a collection of haiku, "Nagori no mizuguki."
  82. Around the autumn of 1812, he stayed at the home of Bokusen MAKI (1775 to 1824), Hokusai's patron and pupil, for approximately a half year and drew over 300 sketches.
  83. Around the campus, there exist many things related to the teaching staff and students, such as, "Tetsugaku no Michi (Path of Philosophy)" related to Kitaro NISHIDA, the great philosopher and the professor of Kyoto Imperial University, and the monument in Mt. Yoshida inscribed with the words of "Shoyo no Uta (Song of Wandering Kyoto)".
  84. Around the dawn of May 30, the government army attacked the fort in the left flank in Kakutei and defeated the Satsuma army.
  85. Around the early Eisho era, Nobuyasu had Konen return to secular life by changing his name to Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA, and brought him into Oyumi-jo Castle in Shimousa Province to make him Oyumi-kubo.
  86. Around the early part of the Heian period, the Imperial Court gave up the individual-based tax system, and moved into the land-based tax system.
  87. Around the eleventh century, as leading samurai like MINAMOTO no Yorinobu who should be called toryo (a leader) appeared, many samurai connected master to servant relationships with toryo and become roto for the toryo.
  88. Around the eleventh to the thirteenth century when shoen koryo sei (the system of public land and private estates) was established, jiden fields were dealt with in the same way as that for joden fields (fields for which tax was exempted) of manors or Kokugaryo (territories governed by provincial government offices).
  89. Around the end of 1186 (November 1185 under the old lunar calendar), Yoritomo strongly protested against the Imperial Court, as following.
  90. Around the end of 2010, Yodo station is expected to be moved to the place near the entrance of Kyoto Racecourse and be elevated.
  91. Around the end of April to the beginning of May 1195 (March 1195 under the old lunar calendar), Yoritomo held large-scaled yabusame (horseback archery demonstration), gathering gokenin of bakufu at Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine in Settsu Province.
  92. Around the end of December, 1886, he was found falling on the street because of sickness in Ina-mura.
  93. Around the end of Eiroku era (1558-1570), after defeating the Motoyama clan, Motochika CHOSOKABE let his biological younger brother and Nobunao's son-in-law, Chikasada, succeed to the family name of Kira.
  94. Around the end of Heian Period, Kuge such as; Sanesue SAIONJI (西園寺実季) and Saneyoshi TOKUDAIJI, began placing their own Mon on their oxcarts and walked around Miyako-oji Street (都大路), showing off their Mon.
  95. Around the end of May or beginning of June, Kyushu and Shikoku regions begin to be influenced by the baiu front.
  96. Around the end of eighth century, Japanese envoys to Silla were discontinued, but merchants of Silla intensified their activities.
  97. Around the end of hogo, one of Hirashu goes to rai-do hall, does gotai-tochi (a prostration in which both hands, legs and head are pressed to the ground) and expresses his heart of repentance through his body.
  98. Around the end of that year, some began to drop out of the struggle, amongst them Gunbe TAKADA, who had been a central figure of the radical Tokyo faction.
  99. Around the end of the 19th century Ganjiro NAKAMURA I (shodai), whose existence was decisive for Kansai Kabuki, entered the picture.
  100. Around the end of the Edo period, Sanetake MUSHANOKOJI the eighth joined the Teishin hachiju-hachi kyo (eighty-eight retainers of Imperial Court) to oppose the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan (Demo of eighty-eight retainers of Imperial Court).
  101. Around the end of the Kamakura period, families of kagaku were established, whereby the Kyogoku family and Nijo family (Reizei family) were opposed to each other.
  102. Around the end of the Later Han, Chinese poetry became popular and it is said that royalty and nobility often held a feast, gathering Bunjin who were good at making poems and enjoyed it.
  103. Around the end of the Meiji period, '五條 Prefecture' was established and has also been recognized from official documents, etc. at that time that it was described as "五條;" this is because of the fact that there used to be the 五條 daikansho (regional office of administrative official) here.
  104. Around the end of the Meiji period, Aijiro TEZUKA, the author of the History of Awa Province had doubts about this story and asked the government office of Chita district to investigate it.
  105. Around the end of the Yayoi period to the beginning of the Kofun period (tumulus period), Sobashira-shiki building (dug-standing pillar building with a pillar per ken (unit of distance between two pillars), grid type structure) with size of 2 ken x 2 ken emerged, and this became the main structure of a warehouse.
  106. Around the end of the ninth century kokushi (provincial officials) (in the kokuga [provincial office structure]) who received 'tsuibu kanpu' (Warrants of Pursuit and Capture) from the Imperial Court were able to form, at their discretion, troops with gunji and the rich and powerful class.
  107. Around the end of the year, a couple of actor Douglas FAIRBANKS and Mary PICKFORD, who established United Artists Entertainment LLC in 1919, the same year in which Shozo MAKINO established 'Mikado Shokai,' visited the company's 'Omuro Studio.'
  108. Around the end of the year, shrines usually distribute Shinsatsu such as Jingu taima or Shrine amulet, Ujigami taima, Kamado kojin fuda, Otoshi no kamisama, sekifuda (paper charm - for a door, pillar or ceiling) so that each home places it on the household Shinto altar.
  109. Around the fifth century B.C., life style of rice-paddy cultivation was introduced from the continent to northern Kyushu, and it spread to Kyushu, Shikoku, and Honshu (the main island of Japan).
  110. Around the first century, dotaku with 60 centimeters in height were started to be produced and, further getting bigger, they exceeded 1 meter in the second century and then finally reached 134 centimeters.
  111. Around the former half of the 10th century, the rule over people under the Ritsuryo system was destructed in which people and farmers were controlled with family register and keicho (the yearly tax registers).
  112. Around the gejin, there is a hisashi (a long, thin hallway which surrounded the main wing of an aristocrat's home, in traditional Heian architecture) called mokoshi (double-roof structure) which is the only place to permit ordinary visitors to enter.
  113. Around the last days of the Tokugawa shogunate, Edo period
  114. Around the latter half of the Kamakura period, the multi-tiered relationship disappeared mainly due to the appearance of jito, and it was oriented so as to introduce a unified control system.
  115. Around the market, the street is wide with parking lots on both sides.
  116. Around the mid Heian period, Japanese plums came to be endangered by the presence of cherry blossoms.
  117. Around the mid seventh century in the Korean Peninsula, Silla of the three kingdoms of Korea adopted Luli tentatively during the period when the tensions against Koguryo and Baekje ran high.
  118. Around the mid-18th century, senior courtesans were addressed as "oiran" by their underlings such as kamuro or shinzo.
  119. Around the middle 1140s, Torii zenni successively gave birth to some sons and daughters, and her sons were Noriyo, Gyokai (1146 - 1202), Hanmyo (1148 - 1208), Gyohen, Gyosen, Gyozo and others.
  120. Around the middle ages, 'Toshigami (年神 or 歳神)' began being referred to as 'Toshitoku-jin (年徳神 or 歳徳神).'
  121. Around the middle of 12th century, it became a Saisho (provincial government office (kokuga) in charge of tax collection and management of official articles) for the articles related to the shrine estates that circulated in Mino Province.
  122. Around the middle of December, Takako died.
  123. Around the middle of May, the baiu front appears clearly on the weather chart and becomes stationary in South China and the vicinity of Nansei Islands.
  124. Around the middle of September, Mochitoyo YAMANA pushed into Mayumi Pass, a border between Tajima and Harima Provinces, with his 4,500 horsemen and engaged in fierce battles for several days against Yoshimasa Akamatsu who was defending in those area.
  125. Around the middle of the 10th century, kana arose as "sogana" (a cursive style of writing Chinese characters used for their phonetic value) developed into "onnade" (hiragana syllabary) and the "Tsugi-shikishi" is written in sogana.
  126. Around the middle of the 12th century, conflicts among the aristocracy were solved by force, which increased the status of warriors who were recruited solely for this purpose.
  127. Around the middle of the 14th century, villages within manors and government territories increased their autonomy and grew into self-governing communities, which were called soson in Kinai and western regions and goson in eastern regions and Kyushu.
  128. Around the middle of the 9th century, in 858 in concrete, Imperial Prince Korehito (later Emperor Seiwa) was born after the empress of Emperor Montoku, Some-dono, offered a fervent prayer to this temple, wishing to have a child.
  129. Around the middle of the Edo period, farmers started to place shelves for raising silkworms in this space under their roof when the sericultural industry grew.
  130. Around the middle of the Heian period, the ritsuryo governmental system collapsed, a system whereby shoen and kokuga region were governing units was established and the contents of kanno gradually changed.
  131. Around the middle of the fourth century, in the Kofun period (tumulus period), the largest keyhole-shaped tomb mound on the Japan Sea side, Aminochoshiyama-kofun Tumulus (198 meter in entire length) was established in Amino-cho and Shinmeiyama-kofun Tumulus (190 meter in entire length) in Tango-cho.
  132. Around the midnight of January 10, Kanezane saw black smoke in the sky.
  133. Around the midnight on May 7 (or around 0 AM on May 8), an express messenger from Kanto (the Kamakura bakufu) arrived, bringing Kanto Migyosho (an official message from Kanto) from Morotoki HOJO, shikken at Kamakura.
  134. Around the mountaintop are transmitting facilities for FM radio stations in Kyoto which enable broadcast in the extensive area of the southern Kyoto Prefecture.
  135. Around the ninth and tenth centuries, the nation-governing system based on a framework like the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code) had changed into a decentralized system called myoden (rice field lots in charge of a nominal holder) relying on rich farmers called tato who constituted a new wealthy class.
  136. Around the old battlefield of Wada-toge in the Shimosuwa Town, Suwa District, Nagano Prefecture, there is a 'ronin-zuka' for the souls of the dead Tenguto members.
  137. Around the paddock, broadcasting rooms are allocated, starting from the northeast, to ITV paddock broadcasting, Radio Nikkei, NHK, Radio Osaka, Nippon Broadcasting System, Mainichi Broadcasting System, Kyoto Broadcasting System, Kansai Telecasting Corporation and Green Channel.
  138. Around the pagoda are Hachidai Ryuo (Eight Dragon Kings), evil fish and alligators.
  139. Around the period of Yoritomo's death, the power of the anti-bakufu group in the Imperial Court was strengthened by the failure of the judai (an Imperial Consort's bridal entry into court) campaign of Ohime (a daughter of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo).
  140. Around the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan), when the wars became intensified with group and the close attacks of walking troops, armor around the torso and belly bands became commonly used, and the large armor disappeared from the actual combat.
  141. Around the period when the student movement in the Showa period flourished, there was a tendency toward sovereign independence among the Japanese universities, and at the Doshisha University dormitory such an ideology was born, thus creating the trend which took the idea of gaining autonomy seriously.
  142. Around the pot, various prayers, norito (ritual prayers), and dances such as kagura by jinin (shrine associates) are performed through the night.
  143. Around the present-day Hozukyo Torokko Station
  144. Around the rainy season, he asks Yugiri to arrange for the first anniversary of Murasaki no ue's death.
  145. Around the same period of time as the Oshu Tandai was established, the Ushu Tandai was also established in Dewa province, and its position was kept in the order of the succession by the Shiba Dewa family, a branch family of the Shiba Oshu family.
  146. Around the same period, he stayed at Jigen-in Temple and wrote "Jigenin Nikki"(diary at Jigen-in Temple) (stock of Imperial Household Ministry).
  147. Around the same period, his second son, Kunihisa AMAGO, was renamed after Takakuni HOSOKAWA and his third son, Okihisa ENYA, was renamed after Yoshioki OUCHI, indicating that Tsunehisa tried to have a closer relationship with these two clans.
  148. Around the same time as the outbreak of the rebellion in the Kanto region led by TAIRA no Masakado, Sumitomo rose in revolt by commanding the pirates in the Setouchi region.
  149. Around the same time at Shijo Gawara in Kyoto, TSUYU no Gorobei (the first) was busily engaged in rakugo, and he sometimes performed in front of the imperial princesses of Emperor Gomizunoo.
  150. Around the same time during the death of Fujitsubo, Genji's uncle, Momozono Shikibukyo no Miya passed away, so his daughter, Asagao, resigned from the post of Sai-in (Imperial Princess appointed to serve the deities of the Kamo-jinja Shrines), shut herself up in the residence.
  151. Around the same time his younger half-brother Yoritomo served as Kurodo (palace officer) to an individual going by the royal title of Imperial Princess Toko.
  152. Around the same time that Makino Productions was established, "Ijin Musume to Bushi" was shot at Azuma Studio in Tokyo by borrowing it from Takamatsu Azuma Productions, founded by Toyojiro TAKAMATSU, to use it as 'Bando Tsumasaburo Productions' Azuma Studio.'
  153. Around the same time, FUJIWARA no Akihira also wrote about the topic in his work "Account of the New Sarugaku."
  154. Around the same time, Hakudo shonin, who had passed down Kinu-Gyokuto shu to Seimei, came to Japan being aware that Seimei had been killed.
  155. Around the same time, Honpuku-ji Temple of the Jodo Shinshu sect (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) was established in Katata.
  156. Around the same time, Mimaki-bashi merged with Kitakawazura.
  157. Around the same time, Moriko, a daughter of Kiyomori, died, and Goshirakawa started to control the land of the Sekkan-ke that Moriko inherited and increased pressure on the Taira clan.
  158. Around the same time, Okihisa called for support from the Ouchi clan, while Tsunehisa also sent a letter to ask for support from the Ouchi clan.
  159. Around the same time, Priest Akashi, who lives in a neighboring province, knows that Genji is staying temporarily in Suma, so he plans to make his daughter marry Genji.
  160. Around the same time, Tadaoki received a fiefdom from his father and became the lord of Tango-Miyazu Castle.
  161. Around the same time, Takamatsuin (Imperial Princess Shushi), Emperor Rokujo and Kujyoin (FUJIWARA no Shimeko) died and the political scene fell into turmoil.
  162. Around the same time, Yuko's failing health resulted in lung disease and she was hospitalized.
  163. Around the same time, a knight-errant from Kyushu visited Saiho-ji Temple.
  164. Around the same time, also on the sea in the middle of Pacific Ocean, an anticyclone increases its strength and enlarges its area to the west.
  165. Around the same time, an assistant in Faculty of Economics, Kyoto University, Nobuhiro TAKEMOTO was placed on a nation-wanted list on suspicion of murdering a self-defense official at Asaka garrison.
  166. Around the same time, black books were also popular.
  167. Around the same time, haori (a Japanese formal coat) was created.
  168. Around the same time, he also wrote an essay on poetry, "Mumyosho (The Nameless Treatise)," "Hosshinshu (Tales of Awakening)" (written before 1216) and a collection of poems, "Kamo no Chomei shu" (1181).
  169. Around the same time, he chastised a group of three tsujikiri (killing in the street to test a new sword) who appeared in the neighborhood of Shiba, and mediated between samurai of Aizu and Higo, who fought with real swords because the tip of a sheath hit the samurai.
  170. Around the same time, he took lessons from Hogai KANO, a great master of the Kano School, and others.
  171. Around the same time, in the Imperial court in Heian-kyo Capital as well, the struggle between Daikakuji-to (imperial lineage starting with Emperor Kameyama) and Jimyoin-to (imperial lineage starting with Emperor Fukakusa) to succeed the emperor had become serious.
  172. Around the same time, in various places, rebellions were frequently held by the warrior class who had complaints about the government, and it deteriorated public security in Japan.
  173. Around the same time, similar organizations were seen in cities such as Yamada (Ise City) (Ise Province), Ominato (Ise City) (Ise Province), Hakata or Sakata City.
  174. Around the same time, the Imagawa clan of Suruga Province was on the verge of falling, as Yoshimoto IMAGAWA was killed by Nobunaga ODA.
  175. Around the same time, the Jinbo family also further seized territories in Ecchu which were held by temples, shrines, kuge (court nobles), territorial lords and jikishin (direct retainers to the lord) of the bakufu.
  176. Around the same time, the Sugiwaka troops were also defeated by the Yamamoto troops at Sanpojigawara (Sanpoji shores) (present Kamitonda-cho), which interrupted punitive expedition.
  177. Around the same time, the expression of 'Todai no ji' was also used occasionally.
  178. Around the same time, there appeared poets known as the New Wave that included Jiro KATO, Hiroyuki OGIHARA, and Hiroshi HOMURA.
  179. Around the same time, traditional Japanese martial arts, which were introduced to Okinawa via Satsuma Province, allegedly influenced the development of toudee.
  180. Around the same time, women who prostituted themselves at shukueki (relay station) were called kugutsume.
  181. Around the seventeenth century, when the study of commentary became popular, "Oral Records of the Tosa Diary" was written by Yuzuru KISHIMOTO in the various shoron, becoming the first example.
  182. Around the site there was no tumulus whose mound was constructed by the hanchiku technique.
  183. Around the spring of 1201, when Shinran was 29, he left Mt. Hiei and for the purpose of praying for the coming generations he went to Choho-ji Temple (located in present Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto City), which was founded by Prince Shotoku, and secluded himself for 100 days there.
  184. Around the station there are many sightseeing spots, such as Shisen-do Hall and Ichijoji-Sagarimatsu.
  185. Around the station, sea-bathing beaches in the summer and oyster cuisine in the winter are famous, and the Shotenkyo sea-bathing beach is close by too.
  186. Around the tenth century, the Imperial Court abandoned the system of ruling over people which had originated in the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code) and moved to a system based of taxation of land (the system of the dynasty state).
  187. Around the third station on the trail path, a lot of wild grass is growing or planted.
  188. Around the time after Russo-Japanese War, controversy erupted over abolition of Gunsei.
  189. Around the time of Emperor Kokaku, the Imperial Court tried to regain its authority, and negotiations, such as the Songo Case (an effort by the emperor to give an honorary title), were conducted with the Shogunate.
  190. Around the time of Nobunao who succeeded the family estate after Nobutsune's death, joined the Ichijo clan to break the situation in being caught between the two clans; the Motoyama clan which had expanded power to the center part and the Tosa Ichijo clan in the west part.
  191. Around the time of Sanetomo MINAMOTO, Third Shogun of the Kamakura period, deceived with a tactic of a gyakushin (rebellious subject), Nyudo FUJISAWA and his son, Shiro, friction between Yoshitoki HOJO and Tsunemori WADA who are both the Shogun's senior vassals is increasing.
  192. Around the time of Tadahira's administration, Myoden (rice field lots under the control of nominal holders) or Fumyo (tillers of public rice fields) were started; under either system, powerful farmers (the rich class) undertook management of rice fields and tax payments.
  193. Around the time of setsubun, geisha (maiko, geiko) (Japanese professional female entertainers at drinking parties) as well as other hostesses in such places as Asakusa in Tokyo, Kyo no Hanamachi (Kagai) in Kyoto and Kita-Shinchi in Osaka make themselves up in costumes other than their usual attire.
  194. Around the time of the Boshin War, Sacchodo and the Hizen Domain were combined and called, 'Saccho Dohi' (Satsuma, Choshu, Tosa, Hizen), and was one of the main political forces during the Meiji Era.
  195. Around the time of the First conquest of Choshu
  196. Around the time of the Meiji Restoration
  197. Around the time of the Meiji Restoration, when many western books were imported, many vocabularies which had Chinese origin were adopted as they were translated, so there was a time when Chinese poetry became popular.
  198. Around the time of the Sino-Japanese War, a newspaper publishing company held a forum with 'swordsmen' at the end of Edo period who were alive in those days.
  199. Around the time of the Teradaya-sodo (oppression of Sonjo group)
  200. Around the time of the birth of Christ, Buddhism came down from Afghanistan via Central Asia to the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, and Japan (Hokuden Buddhism).
  201. Around the time of the collapse on August 11, 1032, there are no records indicating that an earthquake occurred or that a strong wind blew on that day.
  202. Around the time of the early summer rains, a letter arrived for Tamakazura from Hotaru Hyobukyonomiya, so Genji had her write a reply.
  203. Around the time of the opening of the Kansai-kan, there was a plan to refurbish the facility of the Ueno Branch Library and use it as the International Library of Children's Literature.
  204. Around the time that Motoko HANI established Jiyu Gakuen, Akiko devoted her time to found the Bunka Gakuin (Institute of Culture), a coeducational school against the specifications by the Ministry of Education.
  205. Around the time that Tosai moved to Osaka, he became celebrated as a calligrapher gaining popularity as the leading expert on 'karayo' (Chinese style) attracting numerous pupils.
  206. Around the time these route revisions were made, Shimotsuya bus stop was newly installed between Kinki-hoso-mae and Shimotsuya-guchi.
  207. Around the time when I got accustomed to extortion, I entered Genjidana.
  208. Around the time when Shimoji was just hired at the police station, the wife of Matsu KANESHIRO living in Nishinakasone of the island happened to encounter Shimoji at Aiyaka while she was telling other lady that 'Shimoji should be killed'.
  209. Around the time when he was born, his family was prosperous because Kanemichi, who was alive at the time, had just become Kanpaku to the Emperor Enyu, and Asateru also became Kugyo after being appointed to Sangi (councillor) and was promoted to Gon Chunagon in the next year.
  210. Around the time when the early summer rain keeps falling, illustrated stories become popular at the Rokujo estate, so Genji and Tamakazura debate about their tales.
  211. Around the time when the tea drinking custom was introduced to Japan for the first time, a medicine spoon was used, which was made of ivory or turtle shells.
  212. Around the time, he built a temporary hermitage in precincts of Hisaizu-jinja Shrine that is in current Koshigaya City, Saitama Prefecture.
  213. Around the time, he preached to the lord of the domain, Naomasa NABESHIMA, the need for the foundation of a navy and he became a person in charge of Kaigun-sho (navy).
  214. Around the winter of 993, during the reign of Emperor Ichijo, she began to serve FUJIWARA no Teishi/Sadako as a court lady.
  215. Around the year 931, it is said that the relationship between Masakado and his uncle Yoshikane deteriorated over a woman.
  216. Around the year of 806, the name of Miyoshi no Sukune (third highest of the eight hereditary titles) was bestowed on the family of these court ladies.
  217. Around the year of 977, the clan was given the surname of Miyoshi Ason, and among the members of the clan, Shigeaki MIYOSHI was appointed as Shuzeiryo (a position in Bureau of Taxation) in addition to Sanhakase (a position with responsibility for teaching mathematics and looking after mathematicians), the position that his descendants inherited for generations.
  218. Around this airport, a reinforced concrete semisubterranean bomb shelter called Entaigo was built which was concurrently used as an evacuation center and waiting room for soldiers.
  219. Around this area, residence for monks and Tamon (lodging for the visiting believers) stood, and a terauchi machi began to take shape.
  220. Around this period Emperor Yuryaku tried to carry out a project of reforms, aiming to create 'a powerful Imperial family,' and the Soga clan supported him, thus establishing their political power, however, later this political power was taken by the sudden rise to prominence of other court nobles.
  221. Around this period he adopted Hideyoshi's nephew (later Hidetsugu TOYOTOMI), but the nephew seemed to be a virtual hostage and was returned to Hideyoshi after the fall of the Azai clan.
  222. Around this period, Myoitsu operated Todaiji Temple as a high-ranked monk called Joza among the administrative positions called Sango, and in 794, he served as one of monks called Shokushu to take part in the memorial service of the main building Konponchudo in Mount Hiei.
  223. Around this period, accused guilty upon his colleague's peculation, he was exiled to a remote island, where he met Takamori SAIGO.
  224. Around this period, he began to devote himself to the study of the classics of Japanese indigenous culture and literature; moreover, influenced by Sorai OGYU and Keichu, he decided that he would become a scholar of Japanese ancient culture and literature.
  225. Around this period, like the Nazis in Germany and the Benito MUSSOLINI government in Italy, Fascist systems were established, and because the Tripartite Pact between Japan, Germany, and Italy was formed, the system of Imperial Household at this time was called Tennosei Fascism.
  226. Around this period, on the other hand, Mokkan was carried out by the manor lords according to honjo-ho (the law for the proprietors of manor) alongside with the executions and banishments of the serious criminals such as murderers.
  227. Around this period, scholars of historic studies of Ancient Japan, like Sokichi TSUDA, were forced to resign simply because he regarded myths to be different from historical facts.
  228. Around this period, she composed poems at various utaawase (poetry contest) such as 'Jotomonin Kikuawase' (1028), 'Dairi Utaawase' (the palace poetry contest) (1049), and 'Imperial Princess Yushi's Utaawase' (1050).
  229. Around this period, the Seto Inland Sea, part of the sea route in trade between Japan and Song, was infested with pirates.
  230. Around this time Kogoro attempted to persuade the Tottori clan to take sides with the Choshu camp.
  231. Around this time Shoho was given Dogo (a pseudonym as a priest) 'Baigaku' and identified himself as Shogiku BAIGAKU and later changed his name to Sufu TAIGEN (Sessai).
  232. Around this time Shusaku and Shuho were called Dragon and Tiger of the Hoinbo Disciples or the Treasure of the Go world.
  233. Around this time Takashige took ill, and joined the new government during the Boshin Civil War in 1868.
  234. Around this time Yamato Dynasty was losing its clout on Miman, and Silla was giving pressure against Mimana.
  235. Around this time both "Fushikaden" (The Flowering Spirit) (circa 1400) and "Shikado" were written.
  236. Around this time he came under pressure from Mt. Hiei.
  237. Around this time he deepened friendship with Sogyu TSUDA, a wealthy merchant in Sakai.
  238. Around this time he learned under a retainer of the Kurobane clan, Ichoken SUZUKI.
  239. Around this time he started to express concerns about his health, but he continued to paint.
  240. Around this time he went to Kamakura to teach, at the invitation of Regent Tokiyori HOJO and Yoshishige HATANO.
  241. Around this time however, an epidemic broke out causing heavy casualties.
  242. Around this time in 1806, he was adopted by Zengoro the tenth (Ryozen EIRAKU).
  243. Around this time in his life, he lived in many temples such as Myoshin-ji Temple.
  244. Around this time it is said that he was nicknamed 'monkey' or 'bald mouse' by Nobunaga from his appearance (see the subject of appearance).
  245. Around this time modern style poetry, such as a zekku (quatrain) or a risshi (a poem of eight syllables), was added to the old, conventional poetry.
  246. Around this time on, his idiom was changing to a realistic one remarkably influenced by the great masters of the European Renaissance and Baroque, especially Albrecht D?rer.
  247. Around this time the class of honbyakusho (farmers who had land as well as the obligation to pay land tax,) began to decline due to divisional succession of agricultural lands.
  248. Around this time the custom emerged where Hagoita racquets were given to women at new year time as talisman to ward off evil.
  249. Around this time the rumor was going around that Mochiuji tried to assassinate Norizane, therefore Norizane was absent from the ceremony of Yoshihisa's genpuku (celebrate one's coming of age).
  250. Around this time there was a priest called Bodai Daruma in the western region of China.
  251. Around this time two major techniques of Nishijin ori, mon ori (brilliant weavings textured with motifs in relief) and tsuzure ori (figured brocade with a sculptured effect) were established.
  252. Around this time, 'Nishiki-ga-hyakuji Shinbun' started to be published.
  253. Around this time, Akinau TOKI, who had formed an alliance with Yoshihiro, raised an army and invaded Owari Province, penetrating as far as Mino Province.
  254. Around this time, Emperor Godaigo had many of his Imperial Princes, including the above-mentioned two, go down to local provinces.
  255. Around this time, Gofukakusa schemed, lodging a complaint to the bakufu that Gosaga did not name Kameyama as his heir.
  256. Around this time, Goshirakawa visited Fukuhara to meet people from the Sung Dynasty, Kiyomori's daughter Tokuko was married off to Takakura, and Goshirakawa and Kiyomori performed senso-kuyo (a memorial service conducted by one thousand priests) in Fukuhara; therefore, they had a good relationship.
  257. Around this time, Gyokuunin from the Inaba clan married into his family and became his lawful wife.
  258. Around this time, Heikyoku became gradually unpopular and the main jobs of Todo-za became the players or composers of jiuta shamisen (traditional Japanese shamisen music), sokyoku (koto music), kokyu (Chinese fiddle), acupunctures, and masseurs.
  259. Around this time, Hidenaga invited Soji YAMANOUE and also studied under SEN no Rikyu.As a result, chanoyu (Japanese tea ceremony) in Koriyama became as poplar as it was in Kyoto, Sakai and Nara.
  260. Around this time, Hideyoshi gave him 3 long chests from the elegant collection left by Rikyu (according to a book of "Shigetsushu").
  261. Around this time, Higashiyama Bunka (the Higashiyama culture) led by Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA flourished.
  262. Around this time, Ieyasu questioned Razan HAYASHI whether it was wise to destroy the Toyotomi family, which still was his master family in theory.
  263. Around this time, Ieyoshi's son, Sogon met the founder of Shinkage-ryu, KAMIIZUMI Ise no kami (Governor of Ise Province) Hidetsuna and had him as his teacher.
  264. Around this time, Kojima-dera Temple, where monks practiced Hasshu Kengaku (learning eight Buddhist sects together) putting the Hosso sect as a main school, was thriving as a training place for the Shingon sect and it was named 'Kankaku-ji Temple.'
  265. Around this time, Konoe successfully ousted Sugiyama after laying the groundwork with Army Staff Office General Secretary Kaninnomiya.
  266. Around this time, Kyoto Imperial University decided to employ a departmental system, replacing the university system composed of separate colleges, and decided to establish an agricultural faculty in 1923.
  267. Around this time, Kyoto was seething from the Tsuchi Ikki (peasant riot).
  268. Around this time, MINAMOTO no Sanetomo became the third Shogun, and Tomonari became a waka reciting partner of Sanetomo.
  269. Around this time, Nobunaga mobilized 70,000 or 80,000 soldiers with the commanders of Nobumori SAKUMA and his son and attacked Saiga again, but he failed again at this time.
  270. Around this time, Shigeharu TAKENAKA (Hanbei TAKENAKA) from Mino ruled by SAITO clan and two Kawanami-shu local warriors, Masakatsu HACHISUKA and Nagayasu MAENO, became Hideyoshi's subordinates.
  271. Around this time, Shingen changed the traditional strategy to advance northward, carrying out the invasion of Shinano and Tokai region in alliance with the Oda family, and there was a conflict between some of his vassals and the group of Yoshinobu whose wife was the daughter of the Imagawa clan.
  272. Around this time, Shuei was not going well with his foster mother, and had been forced to live separately.
  273. Around this time, Sonohito aggressively proposed policies, many of which were implemented.
  274. Around this time, TAKAHATA completely turned into a villain himself; invaded the estates in the north part of the Iga Province which belonged to Todai-ji Temple (including Tomoda, Tamataki and Yubune estates) and TAKAHATA himself was called 'great and honorable villain, chief of all the province.'
  275. Around this time, Tadafuyu ASHIKAGAWA, who was being protected by the Shoni clan, was chased out of Kyushu and in November of the same year, he joined the Southern Court and rebelled against Takauji.
  276. Around this time, Tsukurizakaya generally brewed and sold wholesale in various parts of Japan.
  277. Around this time, Tsunayoshi introduced successive policies which would later be labeled "maladministration," including the famous Shorui Awaremi no Rei (prohibiting the killing of animals).
  278. Around this time, Tsunemune visited FUJIWARA no Tadazane, who had been confined in Chisoku-in Temple because of Hogen War, and asked for guidance on fine points of political affairs and reportedly grew ambition for the position of regent and adviser to the Emperor ("Gukansho" (Jottings of a Fool)).
  279. Around this time, Vories was acquainted with Mr. Bates who later became the fourth Chancellor of Kwansei Gakuin.
  280. Around this time, Yorinaga's death is reported to the Emperor's side.
  281. Around this time, a calligrapher Ichiroku IWAYA gave him the copybook printed from the works of old masters of calligraphy which had previously owned by Suo NUKINA and also offered the name Hoshogan
  282. Around this time, a large sheet called ganseki-toshi (rock-tapped look karakami), which was so-called sanroku-ban with about 0.9 m wide and about 1.8 m long, started to be made.
  283. Around this time, a relocation of Nakano Prison in Tokyo was under consideration, and thanks to the movement, Tsukigata Prison was set up in 1983.
  284. Around this time, anti-Hideyoshi hardliners, such as Tadatsugu SAKAI and Tadakatsu HONDA, confronted soft-liners supporting Hideyoshi, such as Kazumasa ISHIKAWA, within the Tokugawa family, making the family face the crisis that it might be split.
  285. Around this time, based on the 'charter to send troops' issued by the Daijokan, the kokuga military system had been established in which provincial governors formed forces with provincial samurais to hunt down and catch 'outlaws.'
  286. Around this time, between the Kaei era and Ansei era, the shogunate was led by Masahiro ABE, head of the Roju.
  287. Around this time, building keyhole-shaped mounds was winding down in Kinai region (provinces surrounding Kyoto and Nara).
  288. Around this time, contrary to the splendid culture in the Zen sect temples, the old good days of the vassals were brought to an end, and the dictatorship of the Hojo-Tokuso family began, established by the under secretary of Tokuso family, leading to the collapse of the Kamakura bakufu in 1333.
  289. Around this time, due to an increase in the number of manors, the nation's finances were in a critical condition and required reorganizing.
  290. Around this time, he adopted the surname of Manase.
  291. Around this time, he called himself as Shizuma or Takeo and used Kyoen as his pseudonym.
  292. Around this time, he called himself by the title Shunzei.
  293. Around this time, he carried out railway construction with Masaru INOUE, a railway official in Minbusho, Edmund MOREL, a British chief engineer, and others (In June 12, 1872, the first Japanese railway tentatively opened for 18 miles between 'Shiodome Station [former Japan National Railways] and Sakuragicho Station).
  294. Around this time, he changed from the Hashiba clan back to the Hori clan, and he also changed his given name from Hideie to Chikayoshi.
  295. Around this time, he changed his name from Kichinosuke to Zenbei.
  296. Around this time, he changed his name to Shinsen.
  297. Around this time, he changed surname from KINOSHITA to HASHIBA, taken each one Chinese character from Nagahide NIWA and Katsuie SHIBATA.
  298. Around this time, he enthusiastically learned and excelled at the Sekishu School of Sado (tea ceremony).
  299. Around this time, he formed close friendships with Hansai HOSOAI and Nagayasu EDA.
  300. Around this time, he gained the position of jito (manager and lord of manor) at the Harada no sho (manor) in Mikasa Country, Chikuzen Province.
  301. Around this time, he kept company with Kashitaro ITO.
  302. Around this time, he kept company with Takeo HATTORI, Washio KANO and Shimenosuke SANO.
  303. Around this time, he learned about Sun Yat-sen through Chin-shohaku (陳少白) who was exiled in Japan as the coupe in Canton by Kochukai (興中会) led by Sun Yat-sen was unsuccessful, which further strengthened his will to go to China.
  304. Around this time, he left home because his conflict with his father, who had always been opposed to his becoming a novelist, worsened over his marriage and other issues.
  305. Around this time, he made sure of his ambition for developing Hokkaido.
  306. Around this time, he married Ikuko UENO, the first daughter of Seizaburo YASOOKA, a former retainer of shogun, and later had four children.
  307. Around this time, he named himself as Kawachi HATA.
  308. Around this time, he received a political donation from Saiakira.
  309. Around this time, he requested the purchase of rice for the military to Ryoma from Choshu, but an important motive in this was to solidify the achievement of Saccho peace.
  310. Around this time, he returned to the Kawasaki Castle.
  311. Around this time, he returned to the domain and formed the Komyoji-to Party in Shimonoseki.
  312. Around this time, he served MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune, who was a younger brother of Yoritomo, as yoriki (mounted warrior belonged to a general in the Sengoku period).
  313. Around this time, he started aspiring to travel abroad.
  314. Around this time, he used the go (byname) of 'Shunro,' which originated from each letter of his master's name Shunsho and his other go, Kyokurosei.
  315. Around this time, he was appointed as Wakadoshiyori (a managerial position in Edo bakufu) of the Aizu Domain and contributed to fund raising for fight and westernization of warriors of the domain.
  316. Around this time, he was deteriorated and he treated himself in Hinatayama Onsen Hot Spring.
  317. Around this time, he was nicknamed 'Chakapon' (cha=tea, ka=poem, pon=hand drum).
  318. Around this time, he was taught Hakuwa Shosetsu (Chinese novel) by Teisho TSUGA, a Confucian doctor at Tenma.
  319. Around this time, he wrote "Ben Kenmitsu Nikyo Ron."
  320. Around this time, he wrote "Sokushin Jobutsu gi," "Shojijissogi," "Unjigi," "Bunkyo-hifuron," and "Tenrei-Bansho-Meigi" one after another.
  321. Around this time, he wrote a draft of 'Odaegoto' (a study of ancient history).
  322. Around this time, his enthusiasts began to emerge even internationally, and at the same festival in 1954, he won the Silver Lion again with 'Sansho dayu' (Sansho the Bailiff), which was based on Ogai MORI's novel.
  323. Around this time, his older brother Tatsunosuke ICHIMURA ran away from the Shinsengumi.
  324. Around this time, in relation to Nobunaga's movements, each region started to move toward unification.
  325. Around this time, in the eastern part of the baiu front, the Okhotsk air mass and the Ogasawara air mass frequently collide with each other.
  326. Around this time, in the middle of the fourth century (around 350), the Yamato Kingdom (Wakoku) began trading with the Korean Peninsula.
  327. Around this time, infighting began between the group aiming to install Joan NAITO as a lord of the castle and the group backing the birth child of Kunisada NAITO, Senshomaru (later known as Sadakatsu NAITO).
  328. Around this time, it became popular among court ladies at the Imperial Court to visit Ishiyama-dera Temple which was described in "Kagero Nikki" (The Gossamer Years) and "Sarashina Nikki" (The Sarashina Diary).
  329. Around this time, it is recorded that the disturbances such as the leave in alliance frequently occurred in general junior high schools, and this episode shows that it was the same even in the military academy.
  330. Around this time, it seems that it have dropped out of usage as spoken language (However, it is said that 'desu' (a word used at the end of a sentence) originated from 'nite soro').
  331. Around this time, it was becoming difficult to read the original text in the course of changing language and culture, so commentaries to add the study of poetry quotations and historical events, and explanations of difficult words were generated.
  332. Around this time, missionaries and engineers captured in the Bunroku-Keicho War introduced the technique of movable type, and publications started appearing.
  333. Around this time, numerous gas companies were established in the major cities around the country.
  334. Around this time, people's interest had clearly shifted from the calligraphy for practical use to the one for artistic purposes which emphasized artistic quality of calligraphy, and documents on calligraphic art began to appear.
  335. Around this time, she started to actively involved in missionary work in various places.
  336. Around this time, she was thirteen, and began to write Sarashina Nikki.
  337. Around this time, talented government officials (especially one of low to medium rank), such as Yukimasa NIKAIDO and Moritoki TAIRA (Chikeji - an official working under mandokoro betto, or a director of the administrative board of the Kamakura bakufu Mandokoro), left the capital to Kamakura to search for an opportunity to show their abilities.
  338. Around this time, the 'Rikkoku-gomi,' method of categorizing Koboku into various kinds of incense, was also systematized.
  339. Around this time, the 'Trunk railway investigation committee' was established by Japanese Government Railways (JGR), and how to increase transportation capacities of major trunk railways were investigated there.
  340. Around this time, the Chinju-fu shogun started to be appointed around every four years.
  341. Around this time, the Oda army repeatedly fought a little war against the Azai and Asakura allied forces.
  342. Around this time, the Satsuma army recruited from villages and organized 15 companies for the new Shinbu-tai troop.
  343. Around this time, the Tang culture started to decline.
  344. Around this time, the authority of the head family had returned to the original status; and although the family began to make a strong case against Minoru UMEWAKA, the second, about the issue of diploma, the negotiation was so tough as to made slow progress.
  345. Around this time, the calligrapher, seal engraver and priest of the Obaku sect, Shunan, lived next door.
  346. Around this time, the construction of a city planned road was proposed to cover the Takase-gawa River in order to widen a lane of the Kyoto City Trams, but the lane was instead laid out on the Kawaramachi-dori Street due to opposition from residents.
  347. Around this time, the custom of the revolt of vassals against their lords became accepted, and the Onin War weakened the power of the feudal government.
  348. Around this time, the disturbances break out in Omi and Kyo, Katsushiro remembers Miyagi.
  349. Around this time, the fortification of the Kawasaki Castle began.
  350. Around this time, the government army was deployed as follows:
  351. Around this time, the influence of the Hanayagi school had already declined.
  352. Around this time, the military force of the Satsuma army became insufficient due to the battle intensified in the Tabaru area.
  353. Around this time, the most powerful KUMAGAI clan living in Aki Province was the Shinjo-line KUMAGAI clan.
  354. Around this time, the relationship between Kenshin UESUGI in Echigo Province and Nobunaga worsened and Kenshin made peace with the Ishiyama Hongan-ji Temple in 1576.
  355. Around this time, the second Kiheitai Army (south Kiheitai Army) was also formed in Suo Province.
  356. Around this time, the struggle against Yoshisuke ITO in Hyuga intensified, and in June 1572, Yoshisuke ITO ordered Sukeyasu ITO to invade the Shimazu camp.
  357. Around this time, the temple was given the name 'Amida Bukko-ji' (lit. Amida Buddha's Light) by Emperor Godaigo.
  358. Around this time, to distinguish the property from kubo goryo (Imperial property), the Muromachi bakufu began to call the acquired property "kinri goryo" or "koushitsu goryo."
  359. Around this time, under Tadaoki's instructions, Chon-Hae KIM (aka Sonkai KIN) and his eldest son Chube established Koda-yaki (Koda ceramics) at a place called Koda-go (Koda hamlet) in Yatsushiro County.
  360. Around this time, various companies were developing plans to build new high-standard railway lines along the right bank of the Yodo-gawa River, and the Keihan Electric Railway also applied for a license to build a new line based on the Local Railways Act in order to defend its interests.
  361. Around this time, what began as a "curious technology from an advanced country" moved on to serve as a means of travel, an indispensable means of transportation for industrial development, and a tool for war and other functions.
  362. Around those days, the temple was divided into three temples: 'Gokuraku-in Temple' enshrining Chiko Mandala, 'Gango-ji Temple Kannon-do Hall (a temple dedicated to Kannon)' developing around the Five-Storied Pagoda, and 'Shoto-in Temple.'
  363. Around twelve o'clock at night, he ran through the siege through Mt. Enotake accompanying Saigo.
  364. Around two fifteen all the lights in Nigatsu-do Hall are put off and the door is closed.
  365. Around two o'clock in the morning, 'Kanko-sai Festival' is held in which the portable shrine is brought back from otabisho to the shrine, which signals the end of the festival.
  366. Around two o'clock on the afternoon on July 18, Yoshitoki, who came back to Kamakura with his army, was asked about the battle by Tokimasa; he told him that the attempted rebellion against Tokimasa was just a rumor, and that he was innocent, as his army was small, due to the fact that his family had gone away.
  367. Arquebus
  368. Arrange takoyaki on a small dish when it is baked until it turns light brown and becomes savory.
  369. Arranged and sung by the a cappella circle of the University, 'One Voices.'
  370. Arranged for Japanese life, many Sechinichi were handed down to later generations, and during the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate designated five of them as the public event days or national holidays, and this was the beginning of Sekku.
  371. Arrangement
  372. Arrangement and Reading of Materials
  373. Arrangement and song is by the a cappella circle 'One Voices'.
  374. Arrangement of Law of Men and Women.
  375. Arrangement of kuruwas
  376. Arrangement of sanposon
  377. Arrest of the Suspect
  378. Arrested for publishing brochures such as "Anarchist Communism" in 1908, implicated in the Kotoku Incident in 1910 and executed.
  379. Arresting and firefighting devices were installed inside ban-ya.
  380. Arrests and punishment
  381. Arrival and departure platforms
  382. Arrival of "Bankoku Koho"
  383. Arrival of "Bankoku Koho" resulted in change of diplomatic policy of Satcho (the Satsuma and Choshu Domains) and diplomatic policy was changed from Joi-ron (principle of excluding foreigners) to Kaikoku-ron (theory of opening of a country to the world).
  384. Arrival of "Bankoku Koho" was not an encounter with Western Europe origin thought of law and it gave big impact on Japan in the late Edo and the early Meiji periods.
  385. Arrival of Evfimiy Vasil'evich PUTYATIN squadron
  386. Arrival of the Matthew PERRY squadron
  387. Arrived in Dewa Province after traveling in the mountains for days, how lovely the color of early eggplants.
  388. Arriving at Kamo Shrine, the priest sees a platform with a white arrow sticking it built on the riverside.
  389. Arriving at Nijoin on February 7 (old lunar calendar), Naka no kimi was given a warm reception by Nioumiya.
  390. Arriving at the Kagami no Shuku in the evening, he waited until the fall of night before arranging his own hair and donning the eboshi (formal headwear for court nobles), thus celebrating his entrance into manhood.
  391. Arriving home, he looked to the female to thank her, but the face was a skeleton.
  392. Arriving in 1864, those in Choshu debated whether to adopt a proactive plan to march on Kyoto in a second attempt to win Emperor Komei over to the Choshu camp (at this point, the two arguing for the active advance on Kyoto were Matabe KIJIMA and Genzui KUSAKA.)
  393. Arriving in Ojiya, Echigo Province, Kobunji met Sosuke again when he was attacked by Funamushi.
  394. Arriving in Yomi, Izanagi called to Izanami from the other side of a door:
  395. Arrogating himself to be Imperial Prince, he committed seppuku in place of him.
  396. Arrow
  397. Arrow feathers
  398. Arrow protection net' is installed to prevent an arrow from flying out of the iba, and 'acrylic board' and 'tempered glass' are installed for a kantekijo with window.
  399. Arrow-shooting, traditional horse racing, and miscellaneous affairs in court
  400. Arrowhead
  401. Arrowheads of the early Jomon period were made light, so they were able to fly fast and far to hunt deer and wild boar effectively.
  402. Arrowroot
  403. Arrowroot paste
  404. Arrows are held in a thin light basket called yazutsu or ebira (arrow quiver).
  405. Arrows which whiz and was used for Shinto rituals and signs to start a battle.
  406. Arroz con Leche
  407. Arroz con pollo is a dish popular in South and Central America, and is also known as chicken rice.
  408. Arson at Nagoya Denki Tetsudo (former name of Nagoya Shiden) (Nagoya City Train).
  409. Art
  410. Art (good or bad) is sufficient at an inconspicuous level.
  411. Art Craft Technique
  412. Art Style
  413. Art Works
  414. Art and Education
  415. Art and Football at the German Bundestag"
  416. Art and craftworks
  417. Art for amusement
  418. Art for amusement…A performance art.
  419. Art gallery
  420. Art historian Taichiro KOBAYASHI pointed out that the scenes of hell depicted in this scroll were based on "Hotatsu mondo hoo shamon kyo" (also called "Mezurasetsu kyo") in "Butsumyokyo" sutra.
  421. Art in the 1920s
  422. Art objects not reaching 50 years since their production were not subject to the accreditation, and none of the calligraphy of the Emperor Meiji, for example, was accredited.
  423. Art of handling
  424. Art of the spearmanship…A martial art using a spear.
  425. Art studies course
  426. Art work
  427. Art works and crafts - 10,283 cases (among which 861 cases are national treasures) (designated up to June 8, 2007)
  428. Art works in relation to yukimi
  429. Art works set in Karafuto
  430. Art, music, literature, movies, etc.
  431. Artemis
  432. Artemis is the son between Zeus and Leto and is the twin brother of Apollo, and he is the god of Yumiya with 'a silver arrow' because he is the moon god.
  433. Arterial high-standard highway
  434. Arthur Moeller van den Bruck
  435. Article 1
  436. Article 1 The government of Korea shall follow the directions of the inspector general when it implements the reform of administration.
  437. Article 1 Those who loot money and goods for private benefits shall be slain.
  438. Article 1 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan: The Empire of Japan shall be reigned over and governed by a line of Emperors unbroken for ages eternal (imperial sovereignty).
  439. Article 1 provided that "all of Koshiro people groups ruled by the previous emperors, Miyake lands set up by the previous emperors, and Kakibe people groups and Tadokoro lands controlled by their owners titled Omi, Muraji, Tomo no miyatsuko, Kuni no miyatsuko and Mura no obito should be abolished."
  440. Article 1 specified that the purpose of Fuken-kai was "to set the expense budget needed, based on local taxes, as well as the method for its collection."
  441. Article 1 specified the suspension of appeal made directly to a senior official without going through formalities (request for retrial made by a person who lost in the trial).
  442. Article 1 was to abolish ownership of lands and people by the Emperor, royal families and gozoku (local ruling families).
  443. Article 1. Areas of towns and villages
  444. Article 1. Organization/Election
  445. Article 1. Organizational election of municipal public servants
  446. Article 1. Properties owned by towns and villages/Municipal tax
  447. Article 1. The emperor's sovereignty
  448. Article 10
  449. Article 10 of Goseibai-shikimoku, or Joei-shikimoku (another term for Goseibai-shikimoku, later named after the Joei period during which Goseibai-shikimoku was established), contains provisions on murder, injury, murder targeted at a post, and murder-robbery; the prohibition of Katakiuchi is stipulated therein.
  450. Article 10 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan defined that the emperor held the prerogative to control official affairs.
  451. Article 10. Prerogative to organize branches of the administration, and to appoint and dismiss all civil and military officers
  452. Article 10: Crimes of murder and bodily injury
  453. Article 10: Ministers of State not placed in charge of any ministries may be made members of the Cabinet by special order.
  454. Article 11
  455. Article 11. Supreme command of the Army and Navy
  456. Article 116 of the former Penal Code: Any person who inflicts or attempts to inflict harm on Emperor, grandmother or mother of the Emperor, Empress, or Crown Prince shall be sentenced to death.
  457. Article 11: Education of Doji ogre
  458. Article 12
  459. Article 12. Prerogative to organize the Army and Navy
  460. Article 12: Charge of abuse
  461. Article 12: behavior and matters that should be forbidden
  462. Article 13
  463. Article 13. Prerogative to control diplomatic affairs
  464. Article 13: Charge of violence
  465. Article 14 and 15
  466. Article 14. Prerogative to declare a state of siege
  467. Article 14: About gotsuifuku (memorial service)
  468. Article 15 of the Former Imperial House Law specified that a prince who was an heir was crown prince.
  469. Article 15: About the Misasagi (Imperial mausoleum)
  470. Article 16
  471. Article 17
  472. Article 17 was to regulate strikes but was eliminated by Taisho jugonen horitsu (the law of 1926), no 58.
  473. Article 19 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan guaranteed equal rights of all the people to engage in public services, and article 20 defined the people's duty of military service.
  474. Article 19. Right to be appointed to civil or military or any other public offices equally
  475. Article 1: The Cabinet shall be under the direct control of the Emperor, and when appropriate, the State Ministers shall advise the Emperor and shall have full responsibility for the outcome.
  476. Article 1: The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded to by a male offspring in the male line belonging to the Imperial Lineage.
  477. Article 1: The Korean government should commission the control of domestic post, telegraph and telecommunication services to the Japanese government.
  478. Article 1: The several Ministers of State shall form the Cabinet.
  479. Article 1: This law aims to plan and construct Tokyo Metropolis so as to develop fully the functions of politics, economy and culture of Tokyo as the capital of the peace state.
  480. Article 1: When war breaks out between the Choshu clan and bakufu, the Satsuma Domain shall immediately dispatch its approximately 2000 soldiers to Kyoto, make them guard Kyoto together with the soldiers already there at present, and keep about 1000 soldiers in Osaka, thereby taking control of Kyoto and Osaka.
  481. Article 1: biography of the Emperor Gouda and his wish for esoteric Buddhism prosperity.
  482. Article 2
  483. Article 2 : The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded to the members of the Imperial Family according to the following order:
  484. Article 2 : When the Choshu Domain's victory is near at hand, the Satsuma Domain shall immediately appeal to the Imperial Court to back up Choshu and make every effort to mediate a peace.
  485. Article 2 Korea shall not enact any law or ordinance or carry out any critical administrative measure unless it gets prior approval of the inspector general.
  486. Article 2 Those who commit rapes shall be slain.
  487. Article 2 of National Shinkansen Network Law defines Shinkansen railways as 'the trunk railways that enable trains to run at a speed of 200 km/h or more in major railway sections.'
  488. Article 2 of the treaty says, "If other countries impose an unequal demand upon or despise either country, both countries will mutually assist each other when informed of such an event on the basis of their friendly relations."
  489. Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item (2) of the Act on Protection of Cultural Properties defines 'intangible cultural properties' as art and skill employed in drama, music and applied arts, and other intangible cultural products which possess a high historical and/or artistic value in and for Japan.
  490. Article 2, Paragraph 1, Item (4) of the Act on Protection of Cultural Properties stipulates as follows.
  491. Article 2-a specified the prohibition of trading and pawnage of shoryo (territory) of Gokenin (shogunal retainers of the Kamakura bakufu).
  492. Article 2-b specified that shoryo (territory) which had been already sold or foreclosed should be possessed by the original feudal lord.
  493. Article 2-c specified that a land purchased by higokenin (non-Gokenin) and bonge (common people, peasants, merchants, and traders other than samurai) should be possessed by the original feudal lord irrespective of length of term.
  494. Article 2. Budget and settlement of accounts for income and outcome of towns and villages
  495. Article 2. Functional authority/Code of practice
  496. Article 2. Imperial succession
  497. Article 2. Official authority of public servants
  498. Article 2. Residents of towns and villages/Their rights and duties
  499. Article 20
  500. Article 20. Duty of military service
  501. Article 21: Repayment of a kindness to zenjo
  502. Article 21: The field should be supplied every six years.
  503. Article 22. Freedom of movement
  504. Article 23, Item 7 of "the regulations for physical examination of the army" (March 26, 1928, Ordinance No. 9 of Ministry of Army/the third year of the Showa era [1928], No.15) is described as follows.
  505. Article 23: To have a field supplied, its application must be made to Daijokan (Grand Council of State) by the 30th of January of a kubunden-supplying year.
  506. Article 24. When imperial throne is succeeded, the Sokui-no-rei (ceremony of the enthronement) shall be held.
  507. Article 27: To each slave owned by the government (slaves in the kanko status), the same amount of kubunden as that for an ordinary person (called ryojin) must be supplied.
  508. Article 29. Freedom of speech, assembly and association
  509. Article 2: In this law, 'national capital region' means the wide area incorporating Tokyo and its nearby area.
  510. Article 2: Meaning of the prayer in esoteric Buddhism
  511. Article 2: The Imperial Throne shall be dynastic and succeeded to in accordance with the Imperial House Law passed by the Diet.
  512. Article 2: The Prime Minister shall be the head of the Cabinet and indicate the political direction on behalf of the Emperor after informing the Emperor of important political affairs.
  513. Article 2: The Prime Minister shall report on the affairs of state to the Emperor, receive the Emperor's instructions and direct the course of policies as the first among ministers.
  514. Article 2: The Prime Minister, as the head among the ministers, shall report affairs of state to the Emperor, receive his instructions, direct the course of policies, and supervise each organ of the administration.
  515. Article 3
  516. Article 3 : Even if worst comes to worst, the total destruction of the Choshu Domain would not come in a year, or at least half a year, so the Satsuma Domain shall make every effort to help Choshu during this period.
  517. Article 3 The judicial affairs of Korea shall be kept distinct from ordinary administrative affairs.
  518. Article 3 Those who give a feast shall be slain.
  519. Article 3 and 4 won assurance that the Emperor would not reject ceremonies depending on his likes and dislikes.
  520. Article 3 of its supplementary provision also states, "Prime minister shall consult Council for National Foundation Day and respect its report when planning to establish an ordinance to designate the date of National Foundation Day as stipulated in Article 2 of the revised National Holiday Law."
  521. Article 3 specified that any suit concerning dispute over debts and credits should not be accepted.
  522. Article 3 was to specify a people-controlling system called ancient Koseki seido (family registration) and keicho (yearly-tax registers) and a land-controlling system called Handen Shuju ho (periodic reallocations of rice land).
  523. Article 3. Regulation on towns and villages
  524. Article 31. Exercises of powers in cases of a national emergency
  525. Article 32 of the Goseibai shikimoku (code of conduct for samurai), established by the bakufu in the early 13th century, specified that concealment of thieves and akuto in the territory was a crime, but bakufu was not active in suppressing the akuto.
  526. Article 34 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan provided Kazoku with the right to be members of the House of Peers (Japan).
  527. Article 34. The House of Peers
  528. Article 3: A kubunden of approx. 24 ares should be supplied to each male, and that of a female should be reduced by one-third.
  529. Article 3: In case the Imperial Heir is affected with an incurable and serious disease, mentally or physically, or there is a serious hindrance, the order of succession may be changed by decision of the Imperial Household Council and in accordance with the order stipulated in the preceding Article..
  530. Article 3: Rise and fall of a state and Buddhism.
  531. Article 3: Shugonin-bugyo (post of provincial constable in Kamakura period) in various districts
  532. Article 3: The Prime Minister has the right to cancel proceedings or orders of any organ of the administration and when necessary to request the Emperor make a decision.
  533. Article 3: The Prime Minister shall be in charge of Cabinet meetings and direct the proceedings.
  534. Article 3: The Prime Minister shall sum up the Cabinet meeting and arrange its proceedings.
  535. Article 3:This law defines 'keidai kenbutsu' as fixed buildings and structures belonging to a religious corporation as described in item 1 that are necessary for said religious corporation to conduct activities as stipulated in the previous article.
  536. Article 4
  537. Article 4 : When the war ends in stalemate and bakufu returns to the Kanto region, the Satsuma Domain shall definitely appeal to the Imperial Court to clear up the false charge of being the enemy of the emperor, which was imposed on Choshu on the occasion of Coup on August 18.
  538. Article 4 The government of Korea shall get the consent of the inspector general before it appoints or dismisses Korean officials of high grade.
  539. Article 4 Those who set fire, use violence and so on from personal grudges shall be slain.
  540. Article 4 and 5
  541. Article 4 of Kizokuin Kisoku (the rules of Kizokuin) states "The seats for the imperial family councilors should be right at the front and their order of seating should follow their hierarchy in the palace."
  542. Article 4 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan: The Emperor is the head of the Empire, combining in Himself the rights of sovereignty, and exercises them, according to the provisions of the present Constitution (governing right).
  543. Article 4 was to orient a new taxation system.
  544. Article 4. Prerogative of Sovereignty
  545. Article 4. When the emperor has demised, the crown prince shall immediately assume the throne.
  546. Article 4: Construction of Kyoojujo-in Temple
  547. Article 4: Imperial edicts concerning laws and general administration shall be countersigned by the Prime Minister and the State Minister, and imperial edicts concerning each ministry's duties shall be countersigned by the Minister of State of the ministry in question.
  548. Article 4: The Prime Minister has the right, either through his own authority or by special commission, to issue cabinet orders.
  549. Article 4: The Prime Minister shall oversee the entire administration and shall possess the right to demand an explanation of and investigate into each minister's performance.
  550. Article 4: The Prime minister shall preside over the entire administration and call for the explanation of the performance of each ministry to review it.
  551. Article 4: The types of railways defined in Number 6 of Paragraph 1 of Article 4 by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism are as follows:
  552. Article 5 : We will make our forces come into Kyoto and Osaka, so if the clan of Hitotsubashi, Kuwana and Aizu (the allies of Bakufu) continue to commit the sacrilege of utilizing the Imperial Court, reject the implementation of the right, and block the mediation of the Satsuma Domain, we cannot help but fight a decisive battle against bakufu.
  553. Article 5 The government of Korea shall appoint to official positions such Japanese as are recommended by the inspector general.
  554. Article 5 Those who do something private against orders of commanders shall be slain.
  555. Article 5: All the items described below shall be discussed at a Cabinet meeting:
  556. Article 5: Law and imperial edict shall be countersigned by the Prime Minister, and other regulations belonging to administrative affairs of each ministry shall be countersigned by the Prime Minister and the Minister in charge.
  557. Article 5: Laws and ordinances shall be countersigned by the Prime Minister, and the work of each ministry shall be countersigned by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet Minister of the ministry in question.
  558. Article 6
  559. Article 6 : When the false charge is cleared up, both the Satsuma Domain and Choshu Domain are sure to be reconciled sincerely with each other and to do their best for the sake of the Japanese Empire, and regardless of the result of the Satsuma Domain's appeal about the charge, both clans shall make every effort from today with sincerity to revive and extend the imperial authority for the empire's sake.
  560. Article 6 The government of Korea shall not engage any foreigner without the consent of the inspector general.
  561. Article 6 of the petition discussed 'the re-appointment of Takamori SAIGO and Taneomi SOEJIMA to establish a democratically elected local council in every prefecture.'
  562. Article 6: Any appointments or dismissals of Cabinet Ministers shall be reported to the Emperor by the Prime Minister, and the appointment or dismissal of the Prime Minister shall be reported to the Emperor by the ranking Minister of State.
  563. Article 6: Each minister has the right to submit any matter for which he or she is responsible to the Prime Minister, and may request a Cabinet meeting.
  564. Article 6: The appointment and dismissal of each Minister of State shall be stated by the Prime Minister to the Emperor, and the appointment and dismissal of the Prime Minister shall be informed by the head of the Minister of State.
  565. Article 7
  566. Article 7 The first clause of the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty signed on August 22, 1904 is hereby abrogated.
  567. Article 73 of the Penal Code, before the revision in 1947: Any person who inflicts or attempts to inflict harm on Emperor, grandmother or mother of the Emperor, Empress, Crown Prince, or the heir of the Crown Prince, shall be sentenced to death.
  568. Article 73. Provisions of the Constitution
  569. Article 76
  570. Article 7: In the event a Minister of State is incapacitated, a temporary order shall be issued assigning his or her duties to another Minister of State.
  571. Article 7: In wartime, military strategy and orders shall be reported to the Emperor, and with the exception of any directives sent to the Cabinet by order of the Emperor, all such military decisions shall be reported to the Prime Minister by the Minister of the Army or Navy.
  572. Article 7: Territories
  573. Article 8
  574. Article 8: In the event the Prime Minister is incapacitated, a temporary order shall be issued assigning his or her duties to another Minister of State.
  575. Article 8: Possession of land
  576. Article 9
  577. Article 9: In the event the State Minister is incapacitated, either a temporary order shall be issued transferring his or her duties to another Minister of State or an order shall be issued assigning the tasks of his office to be managed by another State Minister.
  578. Article 9: Rebels
  579. Article 9: The principles of priests' education
  580. Article one of the Goseibai shikimoku of the Kamakura bakufu stipulated repairing shrines and devotion to religious services, and Article two stipulated repaiing and rebuilding of pagodas in the temples and religious services at the temples.
  581. Article1: The Cabinet shall be placed under direct control of the Emperor and shall be the place where the Ministers of State fulfill their duty to make advices to the Emperor with respect to the implementation of prerogative.
  582. Article7: In case that a Minister of State has an accident, other Minister shall manage administrative affairs under temporary order.
  583. Articles 1 to 12 are regulations what the Imperial family and the court nobles should have observed; and Articles 13 to the end are regulations on the official court rank of monks.
  584. Articles 5 to13 were all related to Myogyodo that dealt with Confucianism (after all, it is thought that at the time of establishing Daigakuryo only a regular course corresponding to later Myokyodo and sanka corresponding to arithmetic virtually existed.
  585. Articles belonged to Kobo Daishi have been offered to the shrine.
  586. Articles excavated from the Ruin of Kyozuka, which are items born from the idea of the Latter Day of the Law during the latter half of the Heian period can also be seen here.
  587. Articles for lighting, such as oil or candles, were too expensive for common people to use.
  588. Articles from the early-modern times still exist today as Imperial treasures (御服御目録).
  589. Articles left by members of the Reizei family are published in photographs in many books.
  590. Articles left by the deceased of Shoso-in gyobutsu (Shoso-in's Imperial Property) show that the opening of the underarm potions is commonly around 50cm long from the hem.
  591. Articles marked with a ○ are National Treasures and those with no mark are Important Cultural Properties.
  592. Articles of the Kojindani Ruins
  593. Articles on Moritoki disappeared after the one dated March 30, 1212, and it seems that he passed away soon afterwards.
  594. Artifacts
  595. Artifacts bundles of these sticks, which could be the origin of the comb, are in existence.
  596. Artifacts from the tomb of Ninsho at Chikurin-ji Temple are Important Cultural Properties.
  597. Artifacts unearthed include Haji plates and Chinese porcelain.
  598. Artificial cherry blossoms were decorated from the stage to the hanamichi for the first time in this performance during the history of Sukeroku, and here, a style of likening the entire auditorium to the quarters of Yoshiwara was completed in this performance.
  599. Artificial horses for sending paper were also displayed.
  600. Artificial horses were also placed in order to send the petition.
  601. Artificial incubation of eels was achieved for the first time in 1973 at Hokkaido University.
  602. Artificial plastic leaves came into use during the 1970s.
  603. Artificial salmon roe
  604. Artificial samon
  605. Artificial sweeteners like "acesulfame-K" and "sucralose" mainly be used to add sweetness because trace-sugar coffee is considerably resistant to enzymes and microorganisms and are highly stable in their constituents.
  606. Artificial trees are used in many cases due to adjustment of illumination.
  607. Artillery
  608. Artillery unit: Hiroemon SEKI
  609. Artisan An Amida Butsu' Period
  610. Artisans specializing in bokuto often make these school-specific weapons to order as today, for various reasons, they are difficult to produce.
  611. Artist-monks who heard the rumor feared that no food may be served to them; however, a trainee priest of the temple who explained the circumstances informed the artist-monks that food can still be prepared with the saving of Kannon.
  612. Artist-monks, in wonder, were led by the trainee priest to the well where a young girl was washing rice.
  613. Artistic expression with a simple structure of delicate tones
  614. Artistic style
  615. Artists
  616. Artists who were supporting a famous historic movement, the Mexican wall painting Movement, were Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros and Jose Clemente Orozco.
  617. Artists' Society
  618. Artists' last claim is "Return to nature," and I think that, in calligraphy, there are so-called "many natural things to be found " in inscriptions on monuments in the six Han-Wei dynasties.
  619. Arts
  620. Arts and Crafts
  621. Arts and crafts
  622. Arts and crafts related to Kyoto are displayed, and movies owned by Kyoto Prefecture are played here as well
  623. Arts and skills employed in drama, music and applied arts, and other intangible cultural products which possess a high historical and/or artistic value in and for this country.
  624. Arts, such as 'Kifudo painting' and 'Shinra Myojin zo', which inspired Enchin, and a lot of documents written by him remain in Mii-dera Temple, and they are regarded as important materials in the Japanese art history.
  625. Arude Tango - Antenna Shop for Products of Tango'
  626. Aruheito (toffee)
  627. Arukimiko toured many places in Japan and performed tricks and traditional Japanese dances, and occasionally provided sex for money.
  628. Arukimiko were called 'Nono,' and in Netsu Village, Nonokoji Street on which the miko's houses used to stand, and their graves still exist.
  629. As "Bushosho" by Tokuitsu was the book of critique of Hokekyo, which could not be ignored by Saicho, he had to fiercely oppose this opponent to secure the raison d'etre for his own sect.
  630. As "Color painting on silk, MINAMOTO no Yoritomo's portrait, unconfirmed, TAIRA no Shigemori's portrait, unconfirmed, and FUJIWARA no Mitsuyoshi's portrait, unconfirmed," were designated as National Treasures in 1951.
  631. As "Dankyo" was passed down by generations of priest masters as evidence of shiho (to inherit the Dharma from a priest master), it was not public.
  632. As "Fucha" means " diffusing tea," Fucha ryori cuisine contributed to diffuse Sencha (natural leaf tea).
  633. As "Kanadehon Chushingura" is often performed in the form of toshi kyogen, such a problem becomes relatively conspicuous.
  634. As "Kanmon Nikki" (Diary of Imperial Prince Fushimi no miya Sadafusa) described the Seho clan as 'the successor of the Toki clan', the Seho clan seems to have been considered as the original direct descendant of the Toki clan.
  635. As "Kinkin sensei eigano yume" suggests, the plot of kibyoshi itself was silly, but it was fun to find out elements of amusement hidden in the words and every corner of illustrations.
  636. As "Kojiki" (the Records of Ancient Matters) and 'Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) suggested, this is because the Emperor Yuryaku coincidentally met a manifestation of Hitokotononushi no kami.
  637. As "Musashino Sosho" mentions, the tumulus was open to the public and people could enter the burial chamber in the Meiji period.
  638. As "Sakutei-ki" was written by a court noble, court nobles at the time were also first class landscape gardeners.
  639. As "Shin sarugoki" (a kind of textbook about manners and cultures of Kyoto in Heian era), where parts of the entertainment and social situation during the 11th century were written, has the description 'senzumanzai no sakahogai,' we can know that manzai as an entertainment already existed around the Heian period.
  640. As "Teikin Orai" covers and plainly explains the practical knowledge necessary for life in samurai society of the time, this text book served as a standard oraimono until the Edo period.
  641. As "koji" (Aspergillus oryzae) is cultivated, the rice begins to taste sweet at first because of the saccharification of the starch, before developing a bitter and spicy taste, and this is when soe should be started.
  642. As "namashu" is a different concept from "namazake," we have to be careful in this regard.
  643. As "persons who made distinguished contributions to the nation," the Kido family (due to the contribution of Takayoshi KIDO) and the Okubo family (due to the contribution of Toshimichi OKUBO) were ranked as Koshaku (侯爵).
  644. As "toku" (virtue) governs the other five virtues, it is presumed that it was allocated 'purple' since that had been valued as the color of the sovereign (emperor) since the Han dynasty (Tenmonshi of "Kanjo" (Historical records of the Han Dynasty)).
  645. As 'Murakami Sanin' pointed out in an article concerning the pilgrimage road to Mt. Koya, during the early-modern period, most pilgrims did not appreciate the religious significance of just walking pilgrimage roads.
  646. As 'PiTaPa' can be used as an electric money card, department stores and local public bodies have participated in the system (please see the PiTaPa section for the details of participants and the introduction period).
  647. As 'Seishun Dream Osaka-go,' a low-priced bus which ran between Tokyo and Osaka, had become profitable, December 20, 2002, they began the operation of 'Seishun Dream Kyoto/Nara-go,' a low-priced bus between Tokyo and Kyoto/Nara.
  648. As 'The Last Swordsman'
  649. As 'Wakamurasaki' (Lady Murasaki) is a fictional character appearing in The Tale of Genji, this description is the first historical record of the Tale of Genji, which is the most notable example of Japanese classical literature.
  650. As 'Yes' sounds differently when it is said happily or unhappily, you will find if it is false words by listening calmly.
  651. As 'Zeshi (the honorific title of Zeami) rokuju igo (after 60 years old)' indicates, the book was to pass Zeami's theory of Noh after he had handed over his position of KANZE dayu to his first son Motomasa KANZE and entered the priesthood when he was 60.
  652. As 'persons who made distinguished contributions to the nation,' Hirobumi ITO, Kiyotaka KURODA, Kaoru INOUE, Tsugumichi SAIGO, Aritomo YAMAGATA, and Iwao OYAMA, all of whom contributed significantly to the Meiji Restoration, were ranked as hakushaku.
  653. As 'saba no heshiko,' it was chosen as one of the hundred best local dishes from rural areas in December, 2007.
  654. As '共' (Tomo) of Manyogana (early Japanese syllabary composed of Chinese characters used phonetically) has never been used as conjunctions of 'domo' and 'tomo' indicating fixed conditions of paradox, both of the above reading have been interpreted as 'sleep together.'
  655. As 1 cho is very close to 1 hectare, Japan's transfer to the metric system in terms of areas went smoothly.
  656. As 10-yen coins produced between 1951 and 1958 have an engrailed rim, they are nicknamed 'Giza-ju' (jaggy 10-yen).
  657. As 13 is the time of coming of age, this ritual became a tradition as a sort of rite of passage.
  658. As 20 Hiten mural paintings on the kokabe of the naijin were removed and stored in another place at the time of the fire, they spared from the tragedy.
  659. As 710 can be pronounced as 'nanto,' meaning both 'how' and 'Nanto' in Japanese, there are some puns to describe the year of the transfer of the capital, such as 'how beautiful Heijo-kyo is,' 'how big Heijo-kyo is,' 'how nice Heijo-kyo is' and 'how lovely Heijo-kyo is.'
  660. As ???? (ma??a) means 'real nature, quintessence or essence' and ? (la) means 'have' respectively, ????? means 'something that has the essence.'
  661. As A Court Lady
  662. As A Waka Poet
  663. As ABE no Seimei, who appeared in many episodes, was a legendary figure in Onmyodo, he is often mentioned as the author of Onmyodo-related books.
  664. As Agemaki is intoxicated in the plot, this scene requires the superior acting ability.
  665. As Ajisukitakahikone got angry for being confused with a dead person, he cut down the funeral house with a sword and destroyed it.
  666. As Akiteru wanted to make his biological son, Takemaru (later Tsunenori HONAMI), the heir to the reigns of the Kashuji family, confrontation was raised between him and some vassals who wanted one of the Tsunetoki's biological sons to be an heir to abide by the will left by Tsunenori who died in 1836.
  667. As Akiyoshi was the ninth prince of Emperor Gokosei, he was called 'Kumiya' (ninth prince) in his childhood.
  668. As Akizuki clan was tozama daimyo (outside feudal lords) with 27,000 koku (fief), this appointment was unprecedented promotion by selection.
  669. As Amenohohi was trying to convince Okuninushi to give up his power over Ashinohara no Nakatsukuni, Amenohohi came to have a high regard for Okuninushi, and became his retainer.
  670. As Amenouzume revealed the name of Sarutahiko, she started to serve under this name and became the soshin (ancestor honored as deity) of Sarumenokimi.
  671. As Anan Railway was nationalized in July 1936, it was registered by Japan National Railway for the third time.
  672. As Antoku, who was still in his infancy, was not capable of adminstering to affairs of state, there was no way to avoid reinstating Goshirakawa-insei.
  673. As Arimasa, who was the heir, followed Luis Frois in travel for propagation to Saigoku (western part of Japan esp. Kyushu, but ranging as far east as Kinki) and his rank remained unchanged from Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank) this father and son did not settle amicably and Aritomi died.
  674. As Arioka-jo Castle was a sogamae castle (castle surrounded with a wall with castle town inside the wall), which was a rare case in the Sengoku Period (Japan), and the defense was tight, however, troops of Nobunaga ODA could not bring down partly because of darkness in the night.
  675. As Baekje was destroyed by the Silla (Kingdom) and Tang in 660, the Baekje prince, Buyeo Pung, who was staying at the Imperial Court, was sent back to his country to save Baekje.
  676. As British people whose country was India's former colonial power called those dishes 'curry,' however, many tourist restaurants in India call them curry on their menu.
  677. As Buddhism became established, there arose the theory of 'honji-suijaku' in which Japanese gods were held to actually be incarnations of Buddha.
  678. As Buddhist eschatology diffused in the middle of the Heian period, some priests began to propagate "Jodoshu" (Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) to the public.
  679. As Bunraku-za became the only theater specialized in ningyo joruri at the end of the Meiji period, it represented ningyo joruri.
  680. As Calligrapher
  681. As Chapter Gazan in Volume 3, "Seizankyo," of "Sankaikyo," a Chinese curiosa mentions, 'There is a beast.
  682. As Chief Engineer on a river improvement project in China and thereafter
  683. As Chigi pointed out, "the Nirvana Sutra" is a re-exposition of the teachings that Buddha preached after he achieved nirvana.
  684. As Chinese historiography was written in a style called kidentai (biographical historiography), it was also called 'kiden,' becoming a synonym for history (study).
  685. As Christianity was banned by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), daimyo (Japanese feudal lord) of domains decided to investigate what kind of a faith their subjects had and record results in a register as a measure of policing.
  686. As Chufurisode are worn for ceremonies like the coming-of-age ceremony these days, it requires care in choosing Furisode.
  687. As Chui part the national uniform was not an undershirt, people could appear in public in only Chui without wearing Joi.
  688. As Cloistered Imperial Prince Koben was close to Tsunayoshi because his maternal aunt was a lady-in-waiting of Nobuko TAKATSUKASA, Tsunayoshi's legal wife, Cloistered Imperial Prince Koben was in a position to be consulted by Tsunayoshi even though he was far younger than Tsunayoshi.
  689. As Cloistered Imperial Prince Sonko's aunt, Princess Sananomiya Masako was the wife of Kishu Domain Shogun Yoshimune TOKUGAWA, approximately 100 temples in Kii Province became branch temples of Kaju-ji Temple.
  690. As Commander-in-Chief he killed himself while commanding the rest of his army to retreat to Mt. Tenno.
  691. As Council of State, he served concurrently as Director of procession of Daijoosai (the enthronement ceremony followed by the first Thanksgiving Ceremony of the new emperor), Junior Governor of Kaga Province, Chugushoku Daibu (Steward to the Empress (Risshi KUJO)) and Azechi (inspector of the provincial government).
  692. As Daigaku-besso focused on supporting the study and living of the students of their families, Gakumonryo was granted in order to encourage these students.
  693. As Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state), which was above Sadaijin in rank, was not a permanent position, it was not appointed in the absence of a qualified person; therefore, in such a case, Sadaijin was the top rank in Daijokan.
  694. As Daijoe was once discontinued after Emperor Gokashiwabara, this could be the reason why there were no other records.
  695. As Daikokuten was introduced together with Mikkyo, it was worshipped by the Shingon and the Tendai Sects.
  696. As Dajodaijin, Koremichi, was very old and Sadaijin, Motofusa MATSUDONO, and Naidaijin, Kanezane KUJO, were too young, Tsunemune actually managed all for Daijokan (Grand Council of State) by himself.
  697. As Densuke OWAKI and Shochi TAKEBE had created the disturbance, Shochi TAKEBE was also beheaded.
  698. As Doburoku is filtered less than Seishu, it has a soft sweet flavor with starch contained in unfermented rice and sugars converted by starch.
  699. As Dokyo's secular family name was YUGE no Muraji (one of the ancient Japanese titles), he was also called UGE no Dokyo.
  700. As Doshisha University's Imadegawa-kochi, Shinmachi-kochi and Muromachi-kochi are located in proximity, these three campuses are being used in an integrated fashion and they are often collectively called Imadegawa-kochi.
  701. As Doshisha was a school that believed in Christianity, opposition movements were vigorously organized by residents since the social environment in Kyoto was not in favor of Christianity at the time.
  702. As Ecchu fundoshi was easy to make, it was made at home rather than bought at store up until 1945.
  703. As Eisai put much effort into reconstruction of the nine-story pagoda of Hossho-ji Temple, which was destroyed due to a stroke of lightning in 1208, it was Gyoyu, the third great fund raiser, that worked hard for Todai-ji Temple.
  704. As Eka thought it impossible to orally transmit the in-depth teachings of Esoteric Buddhism, he made a Tang painter draw Ryokai-mandala and gave it to Kukai.
  705. As Emperor Bidatsu was close to anti-Buddhist faction, MONONOBE no Moriya and Nakatomi clan, who belonged to anti-Buddhist faction got the boost from the Emperor, and SOGA no Umako, who belonged to pro-Buddhist faction, was opposed to the Emperor.
  706. As Emperor Godaigo was expelled to Oki Province in 1331, armies were raised in various parts of the country in response to the call from the emperor to overthrow the Shogunate.
  707. As Emperor Gohorikawa was referred to as togin, it is considered that "Rokudai Shojiki" was written immediately after the Jokyu War.
  708. As Emperor Goreizei had no heirs after all, we might say that her death was the beginning of the decline of Sekkan-ke (the families which produced the Regent and the Chief Adviser to the Emperor).
  709. As Emperor Nijo died in 1165 and Motozane KONOE, Sessho (regent), in 1166, the group directly responsible for the administration of the government under Emperor Nijo collapsed, and political faction supporting Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa was revived.
  710. As Emperor Reizei was mentally ill, there was an urgent need to install a successor; Imperial Prince Tamehira, his younger brother from the same mother, was a front runner for Crown Prince.
  711. As Emperor Saga gave the childhood name Taro to the first prince, Jiro to the second prince, Saburo to the third prince and so forth, these names spread to the general populace over time.
  712. As Emperor Sanjo succeeded to the throne in 1012, she was given the posthumous rank of the Empress Dowager.
  713. As Emperor Sanjo was at that time estranged from FUJIWARA no Michinaga, who presided over the imperial court, he tended to count on Sanesuke as an adviser, and at the occasion of Sukehira's promotion to Kurodo no to, the Emperor forced through his decision after having a vigorous argument with Michinaga.
  714. As Emperor Shomu was the central person of the Tenpyo culture, the Konin culture in this period developed greatly centered on Emperor Saga.
  715. As Emperor Suiko composed, 'A colt from Hyuga Province is the best horse, and Masabi from Wu is the best Tachi,' swords from Wu (collective name of southeast area of China) was supposed to be the best during this period.
  716. As Emperor Yuryaku heard KIBI no Kamitsumichi no omi Tasa boast the beauty of his wife Wakahime, he dispatched Tasa to Mimana (in the Korean Peninsula) as kokushi (the provincial governor), and seized the occasion to kidnap Tasa's wife and took her as his own wife.
  717. As Empress Saimei was the widow of Emperor Jomei, she consequently selected the site of the old Palace of her late husband.
  718. As Ennen no mai was sometimes incorporated into other arts, we can gather from them the image of Ennen in the old days.
  719. As Enya Hangan and Wakasanosuke MOMONOI are appointed to kyooyaku (person in charge of entertainment) and Moronao KO is in charge of instructing them, these three men also visit Hachiman-gu shrine together with Naoyoshi, and the three men wait behind him.
  720. As FUJIWARA no Hidehira was worried about the extending influence of Yoritomo, who had already dominated the Kanto region and the area to the west, he tried to back up Yoshitsune in order to compete against the Kamakura side, however he died of illness on October 29, 1187 (old lunar calendar).
  721. As FUJIWARA no Manatsu and FUNYA no Watamaro had returned to the capital that day, Watamaro, who was considered a supporter of the Retired Emperor Heizei, was incarcerated at saeji-fu (Left division of guards).
  722. As FUJIWARA no Muneyoshi, who was Daibu, was already old, being over seventy, Tsunemune actually managed the Togubo (Crown Prince's Quarters) by himself.
  723. As FUJIWARA no Yorinaga criticized his brother, Ieakira, being 'shodaibu no senjo' (a low ranking official who was promoted quickly) when Ieakira was appointed sashosho (Major General of the left), inner palace guard was a position held by an upper class nobleman.
  724. As FUJIWARA noYoshikane (the fifth son of Koretada and uncle of Kazan), who was still young, obtained the qualification of the future daijin and kanpaku by being selected as being the chunagon, assistant to the new emperor, Yoritada's position was compromised even further.
  725. As February of the old lunar calendar corresponds to New Year in India, kuyo (a memorial service for the dead) is said to be done, but in foreign countries there are no Shuni-e and the origin is not clear.
  726. As Frois expressed it 'like one town,' Ota-jo Castle was not only a military base but also a town surrounded by a moat.
  727. As Fukuchiyama is surrounded by mountains, water resources from rivers such as the Yura-gawa River, Haze-gawa River and Maki-gawa River are comparatively rich, with the cost of water for Fukuchiyama City being among the twentieth cheapest among 194 municipalities in Kinki.
  728. As Fuyu no ken was for kokushi to prepare for life after retirement, the right was exercised more towards the end of his term, but in many cases what he had gained was confiscated by the incoming kokushi.
  729. As Geki achieved so many duties, they rose to higher positions so that some Geki were promoted to as high as Fifth Rank in the middle of the Heian period.
  730. As Gengobei could not just watch their miserable situation, he decides to take care of them and advised them to live separately until the two families accepted them.
  731. As Genji considered the young lady as a candidate for empress in the future, he wanted her to move on to the capital as soon as possible to cover her humble origins.
  732. As Genrin, a Buddhist monk who later became the chief priest of Myoshin-ji Temple, was Mitsuhide's son and no other equivalent sons were recorded in his genealogical table, a view asserting that Mitsuyoshi survived in fact and became Genrin is now emerging.
  733. As Gizaemon MIHOGI kept the professional name, he was counted as the sixth of Kataoka family.
  734. As Gozan Bungaku (literally, five mountain literature) became prosperous, the Gozan style, in which Japanese tastes were added to the calligraphic style by Zen priests, became popular.
  735. As Guardian of Akai Clan
  736. As HAJI fought for Prince Otomo (Emperor Kobun) in the Jinshin War which broke out in 672, he was defeated and captured at Yasukawa no Hama in Omi Province (coast side of Omi province) in August 14, 672.
  737. As Hakuren hands them some koban (former Japanese oval gold coin) to get rid of them, Seikichi finds on the wrapping paper of the koban a seal which he carved as a sexton of the Gokuraku-ji Temple.
  738. As Hanatei became the gosho (Imperial Palace) of the Retired Emperor Suko, people began to call it the 'Hana no gosho Palace' but soon it dropped out of use.
  739. As Harutoki was young, Takasada NAGASAKI (younger brother of Takasuke NAGASAKI), Harutoki's Miuchibito (private vassal of the tokuso), advised Harutoki as the military commissioner.
  740. As Hatayasu noticed shields standing at each road, he was so afraid of Fukei's ambush that he turned back.
  741. As Hida region and Tono region and Chuno region join each other, sometimes two recipes are found in a part and it is difficult to draw a clear line; however since in mainly around those regions Hoba-zushi has been made, it can be said that this sushi had spread from Gifu Prefecture.
  742. As Hidesato's descendants did not go up to Kyoto, the political center, they became ancestors of samurai clans which came to control the central part of Kanto.
  743. As Hidetomo's father died on January 23, 1620, he succeeded to his father to take over the position of the family head in the same year.
  744. As Hidetsugu TOYOTOMI, who had been assigned to the position of Kanpaku (chief adviser to the Emperor) from Hideyoshi as his adopted heir and who was his cousin and brother-in-law, was ousted and forced to commit seppuku in 1595, Hideyori was brought up in Fushimi-jo Castle as the successor of the Toyotomi clan.
  745. As Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI was not very good at reading and writing, in order to make up for that he had many otogishu for learning by the ear.
  746. As Hideyoshi died in 1598, Hideyori took over as head of the family and moved to Osaka-jo Castle.
  747. As Hideyoshi obtained information on Nobunaga's death very quickly and he had not lost his military power by enveloping attack of the Takamatsu-jo Castle in Bicchu Province, it is said that he must have known about the Honnoji Incident in advance.
  748. As Hideyoshi wanted to put someone trustworthy among his family members or relatives in charge of Yamato, Sadatsugu was transferred to Ueno-jo Castle in Iga Province in 1585.
  749. As Hideyoshi was from a farmer's family, exceptional for a sengoku daimyo (Japanese territorial lord during the Sengoku period), he had no interest in pederasty, but on the other hand, he loved a large number of ladies.
  750. As Hideyoshi, who waited for the moment, returned to the battle field in a forced march as planned, Morimasa was isolated in the middle of the enemy.
  751. As Hikone attracted many warlords' attention as their strategic point, Nobunaga ODA placed Nagahide NIWA in Sawayama-jo Castle and gave Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI Nagahama-jo Castle (in Omi Province) which was near NIWA's castle.
  752. As Hirohide had asthma, the shrine was known to have healing effects of asthma for the prayers.
  753. As Hiroshima Bus had withdrawn from intercity highway bus business, Bocho Kotsu took over the management of SANYO EXPRESS and Momiji-go that had been operated by Hiroshima Bus.
  754. As Hiroto's lines on page 68 of the second volume predict in 'Okina-tsuki Yoro' (Longevity Springs with an Old Man), Norito will perform the shite 48 years later, meaning that it is possible that Norito will succeed the family name.
  755. As Hirotsuna's younger brother-in-law, Aritsuna, who became a husband of MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune's daughter, Aritsuna consistently acted together with Yoshitsune, and for this reason, Aritsuna was forced to kill himself by Yoritomo.
  756. As His priestly name, he was called Gakuritsu-bo and also Kyujo-bo.
  757. As Hisahide did not have an heir, the fief of the Izumisawa family was forfeited after his death.
  758. As Hoin continues the memorial service in the evening, a woman in a purple silk outfit and red Oguchibakama (a wide-sleeved hakama, a pleated and divided skirt made in fine stripes) appears and answers, 'I am ashamed to appear' to Hoin's question, 'Are you Murasaki Shikibu?'
  759. As Hokuriku-do, where MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka established his influence, was an important route to supply food to Kyoto, in April 1183 the Taira clan devoted a great army of purportedly one hundred thousand to suppress Hokuriku.
  760. As Honno-ji Temple was early to disseminate its teachings to Tanegashima, it became deeply involved with the daimyo (Japanese territorial lord) in the Sengoku Period through the acquisition of guns and gunpowder.
  761. As Honnyo succeeded the suzerain at the age of 22, he was nearly helpless to Gakurin-ha whose top was the seventh Nokeshoku Chido (inaugurated in 1797).
  762. As Hyojoshu was headed by the regent, the head was handed down by the HOJO clan for generations.
  763. As Hyuga no kami was the title used by Mitsuhide AKECHI, everybody avoided it's use, but Katsunari simply laughed such concerns off, and in fact, wanted to have the name Hyuga no kami.
  764. As I am a person who won't live long, how could I make a temporary match ?'
  765. As I gaze upon the cuckoo, who continues his plaintive cry, only the moon remains to light the dawn (the 161st verse in the summer section of 'Senzai wakashu' (Collected Waka of 1000 Years)).
  766. As I have become uncertain of the strength of my heart, I've resolved not to dwell on the things of the past, and not to send letters to your door of tidings from whatever port I may find myself at; I beseech you not to think of my lack of correspondence as neglect or a lack of regard.
  767. As I row out into the wide open sea, the foaming crests of far off waves appear as one with the clouds shining in the sky.' (Hosshoji no nyudo, the former Kampaku Grand Minister)
  768. As I see the moon reflected on the pond, I realize it is the middle of autumn tonight.
  769. As I wish to receive the salvation based on Buddha's purpose, why should my wish not come true?
  770. As ISHIKAWA no Maro carried on reading the memorials, he began sweating and his voice and hands started shaking since Komaro did not show up.
  771. As ITO's proposal, though the gold standard system was becoming a mainstream in Europe and the United States at that time, Asian countries including Qing were still a silver-oriented economic area and nickel silver (Mexican dollar silver coin) was used for foreign trade.
  772. As Ichiyo's nearsightedness made her bad at detail work, she searched for other ways to earn income.
  773. As Ichizawa Hanpu kakosho Ltd. operated by Shinzaburo was using the store and factory of Ichizawa Hanpu Co., Ltd., Shintaro further filed an application for provisional disposition with the district court to obtain evacuation of the store and factory.
  774. As Ieharu had no other sons, in June 1781, he adopted Ienari and moved him to Nishinomaru of Edo Castle.
  775. As Iemoto TOKUGAWA, the heir of Ieharu suddenly died at the age of 18 in 1779, Ieharu adopted, in 1781, Toyochiyo (who was later to become the 11th Shogun, Ienari TOKUGAWA), the eldest son of Harusada TOKUGAWA, the head of the Hitotsubashi family.
  776. As Ienari took to ingesting seal penis powder to boost his sexual drive, he was referred to as the 'seal shogun.'
  777. As Ieshige was of a delicate constitution and had an impediment in his speech, there was a rumor that he peed in his underwear at the palace.
  778. As Ietada called himself 'Kazanin', his descendants were called the 'Kazanin-ryu line', and the head family of the Kazanin-ryu line had owned the Kazanin residence for generations.
  779. As Ietsuna TOKUGAWA had no hair, Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA, the lord of the Tatebayashi domain and Ietsuna's younger brother, succeeded to the position of shogun.
  780. As Ietsuna had bean physically weak since birth and even in his mid-thirties had no son, there was great concern over the issue of a Shogunal heir.
  781. As Ieyasu TOKUGAWA loved go and shogi, he created Goshogidokoro (a title given to a go or shogi master) and Sansa originally had both the go and shogi master titles; however, the Shogidokoro (a title given to a shogi master) was separated in 1612.
  782. As Ieyasu accepted Naomasa's opinion, Hidetada's late arrival to Sekigahara became unavoidable at that moment.
  783. As Ieyoshi succeeded to become the Shogun on May 6, 1837, she moved into O-oku, the inner palace of the keep, and was addressed to Midaidokoro, the honorific title of shogun's legal wife.
  784. As Imperial Prince Kuniyoshi got older, Gouda became worried about the split of the imperial lineage again, thus announced that Imperial Prince Kuniyoshi would succeed Imperial Prince Takaharu as the next Crown Prince.
  785. As Imperial Prince Naruhito had no heirs, Imperial Prince Kanin-no-miya Kotohito, the 16th son of Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Kuniie, succeeded to the family in the Meiji period.
  786. As Imperial Princess Teishi, who had become Chugu earlier, was forced to become Kogo (the title of empress consort which is conferred when another woman becomes Chugu) when Genshi became Chugu, it was purported that her relationship with Yorimichi became worse.
  787. As Ise ebi are often served in the form of sugata zukuri (sashimi arranged in the original shape of a fish), its appearance is more strictly valued than other edible ebi (lobsters, shrimps, and prawns).
  788. As Ise shonin had a character of running considerably sound businesses, a saying 'Omi-dorobo, Ise-kojiki' (Omi shonin are thieves, while Ise shonin are beggars) remains to represent such a unique character.
  789. As Ito, who was often in conflict with him on political matters, lived near Okuma's second residence in Oiso, Okuma rarely used the house, and so he settled into another second residence in Kozu, vacating his residence in Oiso just 10 years later.
  790. As Iwao YOSHII once pointed out, the tale of Yamato Takeru has the feature that the name of the main character changes as the scenes change.
  791. As Iwasuki expected, they were ambushed and interrupted between Iwasuki and others.
  792. As Izan Reiyu and Obaku Kiun (Huangbo Xiyun) of the Obaku Sect (Huangbo-zong) were students of Hyakujo and Rinzai Gigen was a student of Obaku Kiun, their thoughts were handed down to the Igyo sect and the Rinzai sect.
  793. As Izumi school Kyogen performers in Nagoya were mostly half-amateur noh performers, who had other jobs to make their livings, they tended to be open and liberal and to have a relatively loose bond among them.
  794. As Jam appeared on the market in those days, he also loved Jam so badly that he ate it every day and was advised by the doctor to stop that (there is a description that Mister Kushami eats eight cans of Jam a month in "Wagahai wa neko dearu").
  795. As Japan also started to scheme to put Korea under their control, the conflict between Japan and the Qing dynasty became more serious, and this became an indirect cause of the Sino-Japanese War.
  796. As Japan and Qing China collided and embarked on war in Summer 1894 (Japan made the proclamation of war on August 1), Ogai left Tokyo on August 29, then departed from Ujina Port in Hiroshima on September 2.
  797. As Japan and other countries are different, the reflections of each country in heaven are also different.
  798. As Japan became increasingly militaristic, he opposed such a tendency and opened the cafe as a place for enlightening people on socialism.
  799. As Japan expanded its territory, the Emishi often fought for self-defense, carried out revolts and performed attacks across borders.
  800. As Japan had participated in international exhibitions since the end of the Edo period, it began to actively hold 'the National Industrial Exhibitions' as a means of fukoku kyohei (fortifying the country, strengthening the military) in the Meiji period.
  801. As Japan had restored sovereignty in the previous year, the Crown Prince Akihito's visit to Europe was expected to be the first step for Japan to come back to the international society.
  802. As Japan implemented the seclusion policy and raw silk was no longer imported from abroad, most of the raw silk consumed domestically was produced in Japan.
  803. As Japan opened the country and trade with countries abroad grew, the export of silk yarn and silk products accounted for a major part of the total amount of export; Japan began to be regarded as the world's silk supplier.
  804. As Japan was fighting a war with China, many objected to accept the Taiwanese of the Han race as soldiers, but the shortage of soldiers caused the government to introduce the volunteer soldier system and then the draft system in 1945.
  805. As Japan was in the process of establishing a unified country, the composing of poems expressing individual feelings became popular, part in due to the influx of the Chinese poems into Japan about that time.
  806. As Japan was in the state of civil war during the Northern and Southern period (Japan), kuji (political operations of the Imperial Court) and chogi (ceremonies at the Imperial Court) were inert at that time and the art of waka poetry was also affected.
  807. As Japan was not yet economically developed enough to adequately sustain a long drawn-out war, Foreign Minister Jutaro KOBAYASHI began negotiations for the peace treaty under the mediation of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.
  808. As Japanese culture developed, the design of kimono changed greatly, with the sleeves becoming longer and uchiki came to serve an important role.
  809. As Japanese dishes have been well known overseas, the number of restaurants that call themselves Japanese restaurants, but use foodstuffs and cooking methods totally different from genuine Japanese dishes has increased (many of them are operated by Chinese or Koreans).
  810. As Japanese people come across lots of opportunities to eat tempura from a standing-up-eating shops to high-class Japanese-style restaurants, it is a very familiar dish in Japan, and is recognized as a typical Japanese dish as well as sushi and sukiyaki abroad.
  811. As Japanese people realized that the Buddha had a nature different from Japanese deities, they began to regard deities and human beings on the same level and thought that like human beings, Japanese deities also wish deliverance for salvation of the Buddha to end suffering.
  812. As Japanese society became industrialized after a period of high economic growth, regional areas dependent on agriculture and fishing faced decline.
  813. As Jie Daishi (Ryogen) is believed to be the incarnation of Kannon, this painting depicts 33 images of Jie Daishi based on the teaching of 'Hoke-kyo Sutra' that advocates that Kannon transforms itself into 33 figures in order to rescue Sattva.
  814. As Jochi was running his territories such as Echizen and other provinces aggressively with support from Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA, the eighth shogun of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and Takakage ASAKURA (the seventh head of the ASAKURA clan), Yoshitoshi made a complaint to the bakufu about Jochi's tyrannical behavior.
  815. As Jodo Shinshu Sect denies the notion of boso (the properties of a grave, such as its style and shape, which may affect one's fortune) as a groundless superstition, it prohibits the building of Kissobaka (a grave with properties which may lead to good fortune).
  816. As Jodo Shinshu Sect doesn't understand a death as uncleanness, monoimi is not conducted.
  817. As Jodo Shinshu sect, in its doctrine, has no commandments, commandments are not given and a Hosha (thanks for a virtue) prayer is offered praising Buttoku (the virtues of Buddha) and remembering a person who has died at the funeral ceremony.
  818. As Jokan also took charge of katanashi (a ritual for reading out bound documents on the government affairs before the actual work starts) in Kansei (Imperial meetings at a Daijokan agency) and Gekisei (meetings at a Geki agency), it increased its role and the status of Geki and Shi in particular much improved.
  819. As Joruri comes to the passage, 'as a single quail got lost, Omiwa runs, tracing footsteps on grass and losing her breath,' Omiwa, after the thread has broken, finally reaches the palace.
  820. As Juko was acquainted with other artists, his remark saying 'I love the moonlight peeping through the cloud. It is interesting' was introduced in "Zenpo Zodan" (Miscellaneous conversations with Zenpo), a book written by Noh player Zenpo KONPARU, as a famous anecdote concerning Juko.
  821. As July 7 is the day which seven is doubled, it was also called "soshichi" (double seven).
  822. As July 7 of the Gregorian calendar falls in the midst of the rainy season in most regions of Japan, it is pointed out that this is one of disadvantages in holding traditional events according to the Gregorian calendar.
  823. As July 7 of the lunar-solar calendar, used in China and Japan, is the day of the waxing moon, such a moon was sometimes likened to a ship.
  824. As KI no Tsurayuki knew this fact, he suppressed it and inserted the waka as "title not known" and "author not known".
  825. As Kamakura kubo, Motouji controlled ten provinces in the Kanto region (later controlling Mutsu Province and Dewa Province as well) along with the Kantokanryo (estate officer of Kanto)as his assistant, but with each generation conflict became more serious with the bakufu in Kyoto.
  826. As Kameyama was renamed Kameoka in the Meiji period, the area is also known as the Kameoka Domain.
  827. As Kaneie could not find any pretext to remove Yoritada or Masanobu, he himself resigned his post as minister of the right and was treated as jusangu in exchange for it, then took a higher rank than any other officer as chancellor, after taking the post of regent, even though he was an ex-minister.
  828. As Kanjin Zonin (lower-ranking government official), Mebu which actually raised horses existed, and retained and governed Shiko which was in charge of raising horses.
  829. As Kanrei, he dominated the shogunate government and led the Keicho branch of the family to its heyday, but his adoption of the three children triggered fights over the headship of the family, and after getting involved in the struggle, he was assassinated by a retainer (known as the Eisho Disturbance).
  830. As Kansai Maruwa Logistics took over the operations, some routes were changed.
  831. As Kansai Railway constructed the track from Kusatsu toward Tsuge, trains on the Kusatsu line run straight while trains on the Kansai Main Line diverge toward the left when coming from the Kameyama side.
  832. As Kaoru respected Hachi no Miya and helped with his living expenses, messengers sent from Reizeiin, who favored Kaoru, also came to visit frequently.
  833. As Kasahara army was reinforced by armies from Norimasa UESUGI of Kozuke Province, Harunobu's army endured an uphill battle.
  834. As Kasai clan's family head, he was a person whose actions were not so clear.
  835. As Kashiwagi felt secretly drawn to Tamakazura, his hands became tense.
  836. As Katsuie SHIBATA deepened its confrontation against Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI after the Kiyosu conference, the two finally faced each other by the Lake Yogo of Omi Province in 1583.
  837. As Katsuyori TAKEDA, his opposition also aimed at making peace and an alliance with the Oda clan, the move by Ujimasa to forestall his enemy and formed an alliance before Katsuyori was a sophisticated diplomacy.
  838. As Kawachi no kami, Yoshitada was the governor of a Jogoku province, (the second highest of four classes of provinces), while Yoshichika, who was the more likely successor and who is believed to have risen through rebellion, was only Tsushima no kami, the governor of a Gekoku province (the lowest class of provinces).
  839. As Kazuhiko YOSHIDA (a historian) has pointed out, those who were punished for lay priesthood were limited to those who pretended to be priests to evade taxation.
  840. As Kazumasu TAKIGAWA was routed, Oda's territory Shinano, Kai, and Ueno became void at once, and neighboring forces such as Kagekatsu UESUGI in Echigo, Ujinao HOJO in Sagami, and Ieyasu TOKUGAWA in Mikawa invaded, and Tenshojingo no ran (Tenshojingo Rebellion) occurred in the former Oda territory.
  841. As Kenjutsu developed considerably during the Edo period, most of kata (forms of Kenjutsu) were created under the assumption that the fight would be in a peaceful time between people wearing ordinary clothes, not a fight on a battlefield in which people would wear kacchu (armor).
  842. As Kenshin did not appoint his successor before his death, this matter triggered an occurrence of the Otate War.
  843. As Kikkoten mentioned above is a festival to pray for improving the technique of the arts, it is believed that wishes to be written on tanzaku are supposed to be about accomplishments.
  844. As Kimiharu suffered from diabetes mellitus, Yorinaga sometimes made a Buddhist service (a Buddhist service for the dead) to pray for recovery.
  845. As Kinga did not have a son, he adopted Nandai INOUE as his heir.
  846. As Kinmochi SAIONJI himself mentioned that he established the academy with 'big ambitions to foster people loyal to the Emperor,' Shijuku Ritsumeikan was a general educational institute from the start, and different form other private academies of court nobles.
  847. As Kishimojin (a goddess of childbirth and children) is often enshrined at temples of Nichiren Sect, Oeshiki is often held as the one that is combined with the festival of Kishimojin.
  848. As Kiyomaro suspected the truth of the matter, he asked Yosome to inquire the oracle once again, and when Yosome asked the god again for his appearance, a great god revealed himself transforming into a some 9-meter-high gigantesque monk.
  849. As Kiyomizu-dera Temple has a connection with SAKANOUE no Tamuramaro, there is a stone monument erected in 1994 for performing the memorial service for Aterui and More (both of them were military leaders of Ezo in the Heian period, and were killed after being defeated by Tamuramaro).
  850. As Kiyomori could not take any measure before Takakura would get an Imperial Prince, the situation was stagnated.
  851. As Kiyomori responded that he 'would not make any actions unless ordered by Kiyomori,' the Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa thought a conversation with Shigemori would be a waste of time and therefore called Kiyomori over from Fukuhara.
  852. As Kiyomori was appointed to the post of Harima no kuni no kami (the governor of Harima Province), in recognition of his meritorious deeds during the Hogen War, and Yorimori became Zuryo for Aki no kuni (Aki Province), which was Kiyomori's chigyo koku (provincial fiefdom).
  853. As Kjellmaniella crassifolia which grows in shallow waters coexists with L. japonica, it used to be classified into coarse seaweed.
  854. As Kobo Daishi decided that it was the temple of the Shingon sect before he opened Koyasan Mountain (the holy place of the Shingon sect), Okura-ji Temple has also been called 'Moto Koya' (original Koya), and has been regarded as a religious site of the sect.
  855. As Kobungo told all that had happened since the previous night and the flute was discovered in the house, he was cleared of suspicion and Funamushi was arrested.
  856. As Kobungo went out to mediate a fight among his fellows and Bungobe was summoned by shokan (an officer governing shoen - manor), only Kobungo's sister Nui and her little son Daihachi were left to hold the fort at Konaya's.
  857. As Kodanji sought to achieve realistic acting, the Shiranami-mono plays is an excellent historical material to know the social situation of the late 19th century.
  858. As Kokan wanted to get away from all the annoyance associated with human relationship in his later years, he sent his own death notice to his acquaintances and shut himself away from society.
  859. As Koki MITANI described in his essay, a considerable number of people understand sukiyaki to be 'a dish in which meat is lightly grilled, then water is added and boiled together with sauce, sugar, vegetables and shirataki.'
  860. As Kokushi (provincial governors) and Chigyo-kokushi (sovereign of the fief) of Musashi Province, TAIRA no Tomomori acquired a large number of Heishi Iebito (servants of the Taira family) from Musashi Province.
  861. As Komahime was amazingly beautiful, her parents doted on her.
  862. As Komatsumaru's guardian, he achieved military success with his ingenious tactics in the conquest of Kagamiyama Castle in Saijo, Aki Province.
  863. As Komatsumaru's surrogate, Motonari led his army to save Arita Castle which was under attack by Takeda's troops,
  864. As Konishi indicated, it can be deemed that Kukai himself insisted that the order of the volume should be Heaven, Earth, East, West, South, and North.
  865. As Korea relied on the import of copper, the material of currency, they worried that copper would flow out of Korea to Japan.
  866. As Korea was ignorant about international affairs, the provisions prepared by Japan were concluded without any amendments.
  867. As Kosho were always stationed close to their lord, Konando-yaku (a job to do chores) was created for them to act as a foot page.
  868. As Kotobagaki of picture scrolls, texts of The Tale of Genji that correspond to the pictures are excerpted.
  869. As Kotoshironushi-no-mikoto was the deity believed by the Kamo clan, this shrine has become the foundation of the Kotoshironushi-no-mikoto belief.
  870. As Kuden is a feature of the Buddhist altar, it is generally not seen in western furniture style Buddhist altars.
  871. As Kumano belief was popular among the Retired Emperors and their close aides in the cloister government period, the Emperor Toba issued a few years later innocho kudashibumi (a letter issued by innocho, the retired Emperor's office) prohibiting the intervention of kokushi (provincial governor) as well as imposition of koso (public tax).
  872. As Kunimichi was an intelligent and excellent person, Sado no kuni no kami (Governor of Sado Province) gave him a special treatment, respecting him as his master and friend, counting on his assistance in the administration.
  873. As Kunitokotachi no Kami, who came into being after him, has been worshiped longer than he, he is probably created to form a pair with Kunitokotachi no Kami.
  874. As Kuranosuke OISHI wanted to confirm the members' commitment, he asked them to return their blood-sealed pledges.
  875. As Kurayami-goe Nara Kaido, the shortest route between the two places, had a steep mountain path, Tatsuta-goe Nara Kaido was found useful as a flat route having relatively gentle ups and downs.
  876. As Kyoho-Koban Kyoho-Chogin came to have its content of gold equivalent to that of Keicho-Koban Keicho-Chogin due to the currency reform of 1714, the Oban did the same to Keicho-Oban.
  877. As Kyoji, the statue of Bishamonten and that of Jizo Bosatsu are enshrined.
  878. As Kyoto Animation has dedicated itself to its own prime productions, Animation Do has been devoted to the gross subcontract of Kyoto Animation.
  879. As Kyoto Kotsu in Kameoka City had abolished the services, Keihan Kyoto Kotsu took over the management of SANYO EXPRESS and Maiko-go.
  880. As Kyoto-fuchishu (a corps of special support troops in Kyoto), the Ishibashi Shionomatsu clan was opposed to the ruling of the Oshu region by the Kamakura-fu (Kamakura government)
  881. As L. angustata cooks tender quickly, it is suitable for such dishes as kobu maki (a kelp roll), tsukudani (konbu boiled in sweetened soy sauce) and oden (a Japanese pot-au-feu) in which people can eat kelp itself.
  882. As MINAMOTO no Noriyori was granted kanpu to pursue the Taira clan on 29th, he received it earlier.
  883. As MINAMOTO no Yoritomo's retainer, Nobufusa UTSUNOMIYA was charged with the protection of Buzen Province and was devoted to Shunjo.
  884. As Manen nibuban, it was casted with less purity of gold than Manen koban to earn profit by recasting.
  885. As Martin had lived in China for many years, he had no difficulty in reading and writing Chinese language.
  886. As Martin himself admitted, the translation was such that summarized the original using its drift, and detailed explanation of cases, data on timing and commentaries shown in the original were often omitted.
  887. As Masako HOJO, the lawful wife of Yoritomo, noticed her pregnancy, Daishin no Tsubone was kept at a distance by Yoritomo who feared Masako's anger, and she bore a baby boy at the residence of Kageto NAGATO, one of his retainers.
  888. As Masako completely controlled them, she could act as an arbitrator.
  889. As Masamori contributed his domain in Iga Province to the Retired Emperor Shirakawa, and was appointed to important posts, such as kebiishi (a police and judicial chief), and Tsuibushi (envoys to purse and capture), whereby he assumed responsibilities for subduing and apprehending local bandits across the various Provinces, etc.
  890. As Masamoto did not have a biological child, he adopted three sons: Sumiyuki HOSOKAWA, the youngest child of the kanpaku (chief advisor to the Emperor) Masamoto KUJO, Sumimoto HOSOKAWA from the Awa Hosokawa clan and Takakuni HOSOKAWA from the Yasu family of the Hosokawa clan.
  891. As Masaru SATO, who had produced the music for "Donzoko" (the Lower Depths, 1957) and "Akahige" (Red Beard), clashed with Kurosawa and left the movie, Shinichiro IKEBE was used in place of him at the recommendation of Toru TAKEMITSU.
  892. As Masataro OSHIMA collected old manuscripts of various kinds of books, there are many old manuscripts called by the name 'Oshima-bon.'
  893. As Masatomo ASHIKAGA (Yoshinori's son), who was appointed in place of Shigeuji, was based at Horikoshi palace (Horikoshi kubo) in Izu Province due to a feud with the Uesugi clan, the Kamakurafu ceased to exist in effect.
  894. As Masatsugu suddenly died in 1604, Masayuki was given a territory of 2,000 koku from the property left by Masatsugu, and his territory increased to 3,000 koku.
  895. As Masayoshi had many children (24 children of 13 sons and 11 daughters), one day, when he was asked by the Emperor Meiji how many children he had, he couldn't remember, and answered that he would research and report it later.
  896. As May 5 is a national holiday and in the middle of the Golden Week holidays (early-May holiday season in Japan), the day is usually celebrated by members of the clan more so than the Dolls' Festival (March 3, a sekku for girls).
  897. As Michinaga had wished, Prince Atsunaga became the Crown Prince.
  898. As Michitaka raised his son to higher official ranks ignoring the competitors, resentment smoldered among all the people in and out of the Imperial Court, from the biological mother of Emperor Ichijo, FUJIWARA no Senshi (younger sister of Michitaka) on down.
  899. As Minister of Education, he tried to build an imperial university with a 'free' school environment, compared to Tokyo Imperial University, and realized the establishment of 'Kyoto Imperial University.'
  900. As Minoru SAITO and Minister of Education Hatoyama talked at that time, the reason why the government used force was to place Kyoto University, which was thought to be the 'stronghold of university freedom,' under the power of the government.
  901. As Mitamashiro (revered deity spirits and objects) and Yorishiro (objects representing divine spirits) the ropes convey a sense that the gods can reside in that location.
  902. As Mitsuhide was killed during the Battle of Yamasaki, the conference was held at Kiyosu-jo Castle in Owari Province (Kiyosu City, Aichi Prefecture) for the purpose of deciding who should succeed the Oda family and how to distribute properties inherited from Nobunaga.
  903. As Mitsukuni was influenced by "Jinnoshotoki" by KITABATAKE Chikafusa, he was furious that he found the description that the Yamato race (Japanese) 'are the descendants of Taihaku in Go (China)' in a draft of "Honchotsukan" HAYASHI Razan and his son were writing.
  904. As Mitsumori was born in 1172, it is inferred that they were married in 1171 or earlier.
  905. As Mitsuyoshi's army achieved distinguished services, standing by the East squad, his stipend was increased to 18,000-koku (3,247.02 cubic meters) crop yields after the Battle.
  906. As Miya Sodo (failed attempt at rebellion) occurred in 1246, he plotted with Regent Tokiyori HOJO.
  907. As Monjo hakase (professor of literature) FUJIWARA no Sukeyo told Mototsune that "Ako was a high-ranking position with no jobs," this phrase developed into a big problem.
  908. As Mori's support troops were unable to move on in face of the lake built by Hideyoshi, and finding that Nobunaga's support troops were coming, they decided to make peace with Hideyoshi.
  909. As Morichika did not ease attack, the Todo troops were almost annihilated and Takanori TODO, who was Takatora's nephew, etc. were killed in the battle and Takatora also was forced to run from place to place.
  910. As Morichika killed his elder brother, Chikatada TSUNO because of slander by Morichika's vassal, Chikanao HISATAKE, he invited Ieyasu's anger and was deprived of his position and territory.
  911. As Morimasa's forces had fought a good fight, Hideyoshi changed the focus of his attack to Katsumasa SHIBATA, who was heading to help Morimasa.
  912. As Morokazu and his son Morotsura frequently appear in a chronicle of the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) "Azumakagami" with their real names, it is highly possible that the compiler of "Azumakagami" used their diaries and records as source materials.
  913. As Morotsura frequently appear in a chronicle of the Kamakura bakufu "Azumakagami" with his real name, it is highly possible that the compiler of "Azumakagami" used his diary and records as source materials.
  914. As Motochika refused this order, it is decided to conduct conquest of Shikoku with Nobutaka ODA (the third son of Nobunaga; it had been informally decided that, after conquest of Shikoku, he should be adopted by the Miyoshi clan and succeed the Miyoshi family.) as the chief commander.
  915. As Motonari MORI betrayed the Amako clan and joined the side of the Ouchi clan, Haruhisa AMAKO marched on Yoshida Koriyama-jo Castle.
  916. As Mt. Nijo is an extinct volcano, there is no possibility of an eruption in the future so that it is not classified as a volcano on a map.
  917. As Munemori was raised as nobility earlier than Kiyomori and Shigemori, it can be surmised that Munemori received privileged treatment as the firstborn child of Tokiko, his father's lawful wife.
  918. As Munemori, who had remained obedient, voiced his opinion in favour of changing the capital, this caused a wave of such opinion, suppressed up to that point, to emerge.
  919. As Musashi was in an area in which the Minamoto clan had great influence, it is thought that Tomomori's capability as a warlord and his personal magnetism worked effectively.
  920. As Myocho stood tall when he first met with Emperor Hanazono, the Emperor said 'A Buddhist priest is strange because you stand tall even when meeting with the emperor,' but Myocho immediately responded 'The emperor is strange because you stand tall even when meeting with a Buddhist priest.'
  921. As NAKAGAWA was actively involved in political and economic circles, many prominent figures sent their condolences and telegrams to his funeral.
  922. As Nagagi is worn by wrapping the right side over the body and then the left side overlaps it, the left side comes over top of the right side--This is called Migimae or Ujin.
  923. As Nagagi is worn by wrapping the right side over the body and then the left side overlaps it, the right side comes back over the left side--This is called Migimae or Ujin as stated above.
  924. As Nagamochi JO raised a rebellion in Heiankyo in January 1200 after the Kagetoki KAJIWARA Incident, the internal conflicts disturbed the peace of the capital.
  925. As Nagatoshi was the Governor of HOKI province, he was collectively called the 'Three trees and one plant' (three Ki and one Gusa) as one of four meritorious retainers Masashige KUSUNOKI, Chikamitsu YUKI, and Tadaaki CHIGUSA.
  926. As Nairan, Korechika promulgated sumptuary laws, which strictly regulated every detail, including the length of the train of kimono; this was severely criticized by the court nobles, and people cast doubt on Korechika's capability.
  927. As Nakagawa's and Takayama's corps went to Kameyama-jo Castle (in Tanba Province), forced Mitsuyoshi AKECHI to commit jijin, and then occupied the castle, the Akechi family became extinct except for its priest members.
  928. As Nakamaro mainly assumed the posts of the literature department in the Imperial Court of Tang, he seemed to have fellowship with many Tang poets including Li Po (Rihaku), Wei WANG and Chu Guang-xi, and "Zentoshi" (The Whole Collection of Tang Poetry) contains several poems of Tang poets featuring Nakamaro.
  929. As Nanboku TSURUYA IV was distinguished in the achievements among the five Nanboku TSURUYA, he is particularly called DaiNanboku, meaning the Big Nanboku.
  930. As Naotaka approached the cat, the tree under which he had taken cover from the rain just a few moments earlier was struck by lightning.
  931. As Naoyuki distributed territory among his brothers, he succeeded to territory with a yield of 73,600 koku.
  932. As National Route 162 is a main road connecting Kyoto City and Wakasa Bay, there is heavy traffic with large vehicles including freight and trailer vehicles.
  933. As Nichiko from Chomyo-ji Temple could not answer the question about the letter 'Myo,' he was beaten by the crowd immediately after the debate, and the eight volumes of the sutra Hokkekyo they had carried were broken and thrown away.
  934. As Nichiren, in his literary work, "Kaimokusho" (Liberation from Blindness) judged that shakubuku was a more suitable propagation method than shoju in the era of Mappo (the phase of decadent after Zoho) in Japan, it has been the word frequently used especially by various schools of Hokkeshu sect.
  935. As Ninigi's wife she gave birth to Hoderi (Umisachihiko), Hosuseri and Hoori (Yamasachihiko).
  936. As Nobunaga ODA had killed 3,000 persons including noncombatants in the fire attack against Mt. Hiei (1571), it did not seem just a threat.
  937. As Nobunaga ODA's busho, he fought at various locations, such as in the Ishiyama War.
  938. As Nobunaga did not want to have Shikoku unified by the Chosokabe clan, he ordered Motochika in March and April 1582 to govern only two Provinces, Tosa and Awa, and visit Kyoto.
  939. As Nobunori was dealing with this incident, he and his nephew TAIRA no Tokitada were brought to the attention of the Cloistered Emperor who wanted them removed from office with the charge that their "report to the throne included falsehoods" and unfortunately exiled them to Bingo Province.
  940. As Nobushige SANADA's graveyards (more precisely, memorial tombs and towers), the following are identified:
  941. As Nobuyori appealed to Emperor Goshirakawa, the Emperor expelled Nobunori, who was then keishi for Tadamichi, and FUJIWARA no Kunitsuna from the register and placed them on effective probation.
  942. As Nobuyori had built the Musashi Province centered power base, he could provide the Kanto samurais to the nobles in Kyoto after dismantling the military power based on the regent family due to the Hogen Rebellion.
  943. As Norimori was the Awaji no kuni no kami (the governor of Awaji Province), theTaira brothers had secured four chigyo koku.
  944. As Norinaga MOTOORI and the successors pointed out, however, Amatsu tsumi and Kunitsu tsumi were crimes that were closely related to religion.
  945. As Noritoki, who was a hyojoshu, was a close adviser to Shogun, Imperial Prince Munetaka, it is said he was being watched out, when the Imperial Prince was banished.
  946. As Norizane felt uneasiness, Shigeuji, who thought that Norizane was a desire for revenge for the death of his father, assassinated Noritada in 1454 and started Kyotoku War.
  947. As November began, Yoshiyasu ICHIJO (Yoritomo's brother-in-law) and Yasuie JIMYOIN (Yorimori's son-in-law), who were in the pro-Kamakura faction, perceived that they were in danger, and fled to Kamakura.
  948. As Nylon was a fiber that substituted silk, the Japanese export of silk yarn and silk products started to decrease.
  949. As Nyobon (sexual indulgence) is a sin for Buddhist monks, some infidel monks went to play at Yoshihara yukaku (red-light district) pretending to be a doctor or a master of haiku (a Japanese poem in seventeen syllables having a 5-7-5 syllabic form and traditionally containing a reference to the seasons).
  950. As Official Actor
  951. As Oharano-jinja Shrine enshrined same Fujiwara clan ujigami as Nara Kasuga-sha Shrine, it received the same treatment and was included in the Twenty-Two Shrines.
  952. As Okiku counts up to 18 plates, she is going to enter the well saying, 'That's all.', so one of the spectators says, 'It's the rule that Okiku's plates consist of nine.'
  953. As Okinawa Prefecture used to be a relay exchange point to export kelp produced in Japan to China, a food culture of using kelp for cooking was produced, which resulted in high kelp consumption.
  954. As Okoshi was concerned about this incident, he let some of his Bemin (officers and people serving the Yamato state) serve the Empress.
  955. As Okuni became popular, many imitators appeared, including "Yujo-kabuki" (courtesans' Kabuki, or women's Kabuki), performed by "yujo" (prostitutes) & "Wakashu-kabuki" (young men's Kabuki), performed by boy actors who did not undergo genpuku (the coming-of-age ceremony for boys) yet.
  956. As Okura YAMANOUE, a poet in the Nara period left a poem including the term "kasuyuzake" (literally sakekasu soup sake) in his anthology "Hinkyu-mondoka", it can be considered that amazake was already made from sakekasu at that time.
  957. As Omachi (Wataribune) was a line selected from Bizen omachi in 1895 by Shiga Agricultural Experiment Station, it is often described as 'Omachi wataribune.'
  958. As Omiyamairi is made to ubusunagami the guardian god of a child's birthplace, ubusunagami is often treated as ujigami or the tutelary.
  959. As Omura lived in the Fumon-ji Temple while in Yamaguchi, the military school was called "Fumon-ji juku" or "Sanpei juku."
  960. As Onmyodo has become diversified over the years, its rituals have varied.
  961. As Onmyodo students,
  962. As Onsho (reward grants) of Jokyu War, Sanekazu was appointed to Shugo of Harima Province (provincial constable of Harima Province.)
  963. As Osauji was based in Saijo of Kiranosho, Yoshitsugu owned Tojo, then called the Tojokira clan.
  964. As Otose originally liked taking care of people, she voluntarily protected soldiers who had the thought of Sonno Joi (reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners) such as Ryoma SAKAMOTO from the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), although the bakufu wanted to expel them.
  965. As Oyumi-jo Castle was retaken by the Chiba clan under the support of the Hojo clan after Yoshiaki's death, the surviving members of his family fled to Awa Province asking for the help of the Satomi clan.
  966. As Platform 1 is originally for Kyoto bound trains and the thoroughfare, trains bound for Nara also come in on Platform 1 when they don't pass each other or pass others at this station.
  967. As Platform 2 on the side of the station building is the thoroughfare, trains that pass without stopping and trains that stop and do not pass each other or pass others, whether inbound or outbound, all go through Platform 2.
  968. As Prince Yasuakira's mother was a sister of FUJIWARA no Tokihira and his wife was a daughter of Tokihira, he had a strong connection with Tokihira, thus the rumor spread that the death of Yasuakira and his son were under the direct influence of the evil spirit of SUGAWARA no Michizane who was expelled by Tokihira.
  969. As Qing Dynasty went into the Opium War with England in southern China and lost Hong Kong, Japan began to face growing tension after the incidents such as the Golovnin Affair in Hokkaido and the Phaeton Incident in Kyushu.
  970. As Rangaku flourished, bakufu adopted a proposal by Kageyasu TAKAHASHI, and established Bansho-wage Goyo (Government Office for Translation of Barbarian Books) and made them translate foreign books, but the project was left unfinished.
  971. As Razan HAYASHI mentioned that Ieyasu TOKUGAWA was an Imperial descendant (it means Ieyasu was one of Seiwa-Genji or Minamoto clan), generation difference is not considered.
  972. As Retainer of Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA
  973. As Retired Empress Koken's favoritism toward Dokyo further deepened, Nakamaro sensed his political influence was in danger.
  974. As Rikken seiyukai promoted its power, the number of the club members increased to constantly exceed 30, reaching 47 at its peak.
  975. As Rikyu's reputation as a tea master culminated, he took up residence in the Juraku-jo Castle owned by Hideyoshi, got involved in designing a garden in the castle, and received a fief of 3000 koku.
  976. As Ritsuryo system (the system of the centralized regime based on the ritsuryo code) broke down, local provinces, later, local manors, began to use sho of their own.
  977. As Rokuhara Tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto) fell, he laid siege to the Chihaya-jo Castle, held up in the Kofuku-ji Temple with Sadamune OSARAGI and Takanao OSARAGI brothers and continued the resistance.
  978. As Rokuhara Tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto) was founded after the war, the system of gokenin in Kyoto was reconstructed under its control.
  979. As Ryoge no kan posts were being created whenever the need arise, they gradually came to have more control over administrative activities than the officials within the Ritsuryo government.
  980. As Ryoma SAKAMOTO, a goshi (generally meaning a low-status samurai living in a village), was, there were many 浪人 who severed their ties with domains full of restrictions and acted freely.
  981. As Ryoo wrote, his life came to end on May 22 in Japanese old calendar (June 21, 1707).
  982. As Ryoto tetsuritsu became established and both lines were able to govern as long as they could wait, the next thing that happened was that they tried to move that event forward.
  983. As Ryoto tetsuritsu became established, aristocrats that served only one of the Imperial lines started to appear, and the Chiten side also asked that of its aristocrats.
  984. As SAKANOUE no Okina was one of the same 'atai' clans as Kumake, it is highly likely that he was one of those who colluded with Kumake then and there.
  985. As Sadamasa gave Sadaharu KATAGIRI, his younger brother, 3,000 koku crop yields, Koizumi Domain came to own 13,000 koku yield crops.
  986. As Saicho advocated the doctrine of Hokke ichijo which asserted all people were able to become Buddha, disputes arose between Nara Buddhism (Nanto rokushu) which stuck to the position of Theravada Buddhism.
  987. As Saicho worried that Japanese Esoteric Buddhism was imperfect, he received Kanjo (a ceremony to be the successor) of Esoteric Buddhism from Jungyo and returned to Japan with the intention of systemizing Buddhism as a whole, including Esoteric Buddhism.
  988. As Saiko and Narichika were killed, it was as if Goshirakawa had lost his arms and legs, and he was obliged to surrender to the Taira clan.
  989. As Samurai, Takamochi's sons were placed in charge of security in Bando (old Kanto region) and acquired territories in various parts of northern Kanto, where they settled.
  990. As Sanesuke was adopted as the main line of the family of Saneyori (Ononomiya Line), Sukehira also benefitted to move up the promotional ladder as a government officer together with his elder brother by blood, FUJIWARA no Tsunemichi.
  991. As Sangi and Chunagon were concurrently appointed Dazai no sochi at that time, some officials abused this situation so as to avoid going to Dazaifu on the pretext of the importance of their duty at a position other than Dazai no sochi so that they received seasonal stipends and untaxed lands as absentee officials.
  992. As Saran Wrap did not exist at that time, the dish was wrapped up in newspaper and the newspaper was often soaked with the sauce by the time it reached home.
  993. As Seii Taishogun (literally, great general who subdues the barbarians), Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA's favorite retainer, Shigemasa KITAMI became a daimyo (Japanese feudal lord) and established the Kitami Domain.
  994. As Seishichisai was a ceremony in which living people pray for their posthumous peace, the term 'Yoshu' (預修) or 'Gyakushu' (逆修) was used.
  995. As Seki implies, it can be interpreted that Sumiyoshi Okami bestowed Issunboshi, who looked just like Emperor Ojin, to Empress Jingu.
  996. As Sengoku Daimyo (feudal lords) established their sovereignty, they made their Kokujin Ryoshu (local samurai lords) in various provinces live within the castle towns in order to ensure that the latter was completely obedient to the former.
  997. As Sengoku daimyo (Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period)
  998. As Sengoku-daimyos established their own regions of influence by force, they dissolved the previous rights and often gave their regions to the retainers, temples or shrines.
  999. As Shigai was originated from 'Makai,' hemp yarn shoes worn by low-ranking military officers at and under the rank of Rokui (Sixth Rank), it was light and comfortable as well as suitable for active movements.
  1000. As Shigemasa's father Yoshisuke was ordered by the sixth Shogun Yoshinori ASHIKAGA to be placed under house arrest, Shigemasa succeeded Head of the family.

33001 ~ 34000

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