; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. In 1828, Masayasu was conferred 300 bales (1,800 kilograms) of rice, and the Kobori family was reinstated as the hatamoto.
  2. In 1828, he became an actor as expected by Danjuro ICHIKAWA the seventh, and he was named Koikichi ICHIKAWA (市川鯉吉) after his father's business 'Uoyoshi' (魚吉).
  3. In 1828, he did "genpuku" (celebrated his coming of age); He became Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) in 1831, which gave him the title Kugyo.
  4. In 1828, he followed the interpreter Gonosuke YOSHIO who was from Dejima, Nagasaki City and went oversea to study.
  5. In 1828, he inherited the Tsurumaki Domain upon his father's death.
  6. In 1828, he was 34 years old.
  7. In 1828, he was given the title of Imperial Prince and celebrated his coming of age.
  8. In 1828, the Siebold Incident happened, and he was expelled overseas.
  9. In 1828, the honorific title Hoko Daishi was conferred on him posthumously for the 950th anniversary of his birth.
  10. In 1828, when the Siebold Incident occurred, some of his disciples such as Keisaku NINOMIYA and Ryosai Ko were arrested and faced harsh investigation, but Choei managed to elude the arrest cleverly.
  11. In 1829
  12. In 1829, a ceremonial go-playing parlor was held by his disciples such as Konosuke KAWAKITA.
  13. In 1829, he advanced to seventh-dan Jozu (a player above seventh-dan).
  14. In 1830 - 1844, the signature and seal were Zen Hokusai Manji.
  15. In 1830 Kenkichi SAKAKIBARA was born in Hiro, Azabu, Edo.
  16. In 1830, Choei returned to Edo to practice medicine as a town doctor and established a private school for Western studies.
  17. In 1830, Narinao NABESHIMA, the lord of the Saga Domain, retired and Naomasa NABESHIMA became the 10th lord of the domain.
  18. In 1830, he became the tenth lord of the Saga Domain.
  19. In 1830, he changed his name to Hiroshige ICHIYUSAI, and began painting flowers and birds, but after the death of Toyohiro in 1828 he painted mainly landscapes.
  20. In 1830, he learned Ansai YAMAZAKI's study from a Confucian scholar of the domain, Kanzan YAMAGUCHI, and after that, he succeeded his grandfather's family line, the Umeda clan.
  21. In 1831 Jowa became Meijin Godokoro but did not allow promotion of Genbi and ended up with Genbi deceiving Nariaki.
  22. In 1831, after the death of Ryozo, the ancient document was passed on to Haesaka SACHIMATSU, a scholar of Japanese classical literature in Kyoto, and decipherment was done.
  23. In 1831, before losing his post as Ukeyaku, Shigeyoshi imported a flintlock (gun) operable in rainy weather from the Netherlands.
  24. In 1831, he became an adopted son of Tsunemi SANO, who was a doctor of the Saga Domain, and he received the name Eiju from former lord of the domain.
  25. In 1831, he died at the age of 75.
  26. In 1831, he entered priesthood, and he called himself the priestly Imperial Prince Yunin.
  27. In 1831, he was born a son of a retainer of Satsuma Domain.
  28. In 1831, he was born in Fukuoka City, Sawara County, as the second son of Chokunai HAYASHI, a feudal retainer of Fukuoka Domain and instructor of gun shooting.
  29. In 1832 at the age of 53 he stayed at Hidenobu KANO`s residence in Kyoto, and Ittei`s works on silk were viewed by Emperor Ninko.
  30. In 1832 he was assigned to an officer of Konoefu.
  31. In 1832 towards the end of Yi Dynasty (1392 ? 1910), England arrived seeking commerce and from 1840 onwards European ships appeared frequently along the Korean coast.
  32. In 1832, "Geiniku chomi-kata," a book specialized in whale meat-based dishes, was published as an attachment to an illustrated story book in which whale-hunting scenes are depicted.
  33. In 1832, Choei joined Shoshi-kai, which was founded as an academic circle addressing the Tempo Famine by Shosuke ENDO, a Confucianism teacher of the Kishu Domain, and played a central role in it along with Kazan.
  34. In 1832, Hiroshige is said to have obtained a chance to travel back and forth to Kyoto by joining the shogunate procession which was the envoy to present horses to the emperor.
  35. In 1832, Sanei became a doctor of Kishiwada in Izumi Province and was later appointed as a translator belonging to Tenmonkata (Astronomical Institute) of bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  36. In 1832, Shigeyoshi made his vassal Junzaemon HIRAYAMA become a disciple of Shuhan TAKASHIMA, Nagasaki machi toshiyori (an important local officer under the Tokugawa Shogunate of Nagasaki-machi Town), to learn Western gunnery.
  37. In 1832, he changed his pseudonym to Ichiryusai.
  38. In 1832, he was appointed as Joban (Guards) of Osaka-jo Castle.
  39. In 1832, however, he was dismissed as the Ukeyaku because he severely warned Narinao NABESHIMA, the former lord of the Saga Domain, not to go to Edo due to the serious financial situation of the Saga Domain.
  40. In 1833 he was assigned to Jusani (Junior Third Rank) Sangi (councilor) and conferred to Kugyo (the top court officials).
  41. In 1833, Kinji SHINODA the second, a disciple of Gohei NAMIKI the second, succeeded to Gohei NAMIKI the third.
  42. In 1833, he became a student of Ryohei YANAGIDA, a disciple of Asai, in Nagoya to study medical science.
  43. In 1833, he painted "Tokaido Gojusan-tsugi" (Fifty-three Stations of the Tokaido), which is regarded as his masterpiece.
  44. In 1833, he returned to Sanda City, where he was appointed to a doctor working for the domain like his father.
  45. In 1833, he started studying Japanese classical culture as recommended by his father who became a disciple of Atsutane HIRATA.
  46. In 1833, he was appointed Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) and in 1839, he reached the manhood and became a Jugoinojo Daizen no daibu (Master of the Palace Table).
  47. In 1833, he was born as an oldest son of Hisamochi HIJIKATA who was a Joshi (superior warrior) of the Tosa clan and his mother Tokiko.
  48. In 1833, he went to Edo and studied Shushigaku (Neo-Confucianism) under Issai SATO, the leading authority on Confucianism in those days, and became collectively to be known as 'Niketsu' (two masters) with Hokoku YAMADA.
  49. In 1833, the Meiji Government awarded a posthumous prize to Yaemon.
  50. In 1834
  51. In 1834 he attained the highest rank for a Buddhist priest, Hoin.
  52. In 1834 he was assigned Chunagon (vice-councilor of state).
  53. In 1834, Shigeyoshi himself also became a disciple of Shuhan TAKASHIMA and was conferred full mastership in the following year.
  54. In 1834, age 40.
  55. In 1834, he became an apprentice of Tenmonkata and joined a calendar amendment project for the Tenpo reki (Tenpo calendar) coordinated by his father and Kagesuke SHIBUKAWA, after which he also compiled the almanac of "Shinpo Rekisho" as Rekisho (expository books about the calendar).
  56. In 1834, he changed his name to Kiyonori.
  57. In 1834, he was assigned to kone no daisho (Major Captain of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards) and Umaryo gogen (Inspector of the Right Division of Bureau of Horses).
  58. In 1834, he went back to Hikone as he became 母衣役.
  59. In 1834, she attended the imperial court for the first time.
  60. In 1834, shiroban and defeat by Chuoshi against Shuntetsu YASUI
  61. In 1835
  62. In 1835 he became a disciple of Nanboku TSURUYA, thereafter calling himself Genzo KATSU.
  63. In 1835 he succeeded to Kajii Enyu-in Temple and his name was changed to Nashimoto no Miyain.
  64. In 1835, Fukuoka was born as a second son of Kyojun FUKUOKA, a feudal retainer of the Tosa Domain.
  65. In 1835, he married Hiroko TAKATSUKASA, a daughter of Masahiro TAKATSUKASA.
  66. In 1835, he was born as a son of Arihisa KARAHASHI.
  67. In 1835, he was born as the second son of MONAI, a yonin (officer handling domestic economy) of Tsugaru Domain.
  68. In 1835, one of his painter friends Kinrei TAKIZAWA died, and Kazan was asked by Kinrei's father Kyokutei Bakin to draw Kinrei's portrait at the funeral.
  69. In 1835, the prince became the head of the Katsura-no-miya family under the order of his father, the Emperor Ninko.
  70. In 1835, the signature and seal were Hokusai Manji.
  71. In 1835, the sixth owner of Yamamotoyama, Kahei (Tokuo) YAMAMOTO roasted tea leaves and rounded them into dew-like shapes at the house of the Kinoshita family located in Ogura, Uji City, which later became the original form of 'gyokuro' (which literally translates as "jade dew").
  72. In 1835, with a hymn written by the artist.
  73. In 1836, Anegakoji became a Joro-otoshiyori.
  74. In 1836, Jushiijo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) Minbusho (Ministry of Popular Affairs).
  75. In 1836, Tsuratane, at the age of 42, transferred the head of the family to his oldest son Nagaari SUZUKA, and retired from the Yoshida family.
  76. In 1836, after he visited Koan OGATA at his school of western sciences in Osaka, under Koan's instruction he entered the school of Shindo TSUBOI, who was a Dutch scholar in Edo, and became the head of the school.
  77. In 1836, at the age of one and a half, when his father died, he returned to the Nakatsu domain and lived there.
  78. In 1836, he was born as the fifth son of Kinsui ANEGAKOJI who was a Kugyo.
  79. In 1836, his father died.
  80. In 1836, she began to serve Emperor Ninko as Naishi no suke.
  81. In 1837 Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank).
  82. In 1837, Heihachiro OSHIO, a former police sergeant (yoriki) of the magistrate's office of Osaka, became indignant at the do-nothing government and conducted an armed uprising in Osaka.
  83. In 1837, after her husband Ienari retired as Ogosho (leading figure) and moved their quarters to Nishinomaru, she moved along with him and was called "Omidaisama."
  84. In 1837, he was born in Habiro Village, Yuri County, Dewa Province as a second son of Tarobe ABE, a farmer.
  85. In 1837, he was born in the Shizuku Domain as the second son of Senemon Tadaaki SUZUKI, a statesman (Gometsuke [inspector of villages]) of the Shizuku clan.
  86. In 1837, the Morrison Incident occurred when an American merchant ship named Morrison was driven away from a Japanese coast by cannon fire in accordance with the Order for the Repelling of Foreign Ships.
  87. In 1838, Genbi submitted a request for Sogo (official challenge match) of Nijuban against Jowa, with Gennaninseki INOUE as tengannin, since Sanchi (Shuntetsu) YASUI, the heir of Yasui family, was approved to be promoted to seventh-dan.
  88. In 1838, Keisho changed his domicile to present Tsu City from Kyoto, upon the requests of the lord of domain and his disciples.
  89. In 1838, he entered the Buddhist priesthood, was given the name Sono, and assigned as the Head Priest of Ichijoin, a subtemple of Kofuku-ji Temple in Nara.
  90. In 1838, he practiced in Nagasaki to study Western studies and Dutch medical science.
  91. In 1838, he was adopted by Tomoyoshi IWAKURA.
  92. In 1838, shiroban and defeat by Chuoshi against Josaku HONINBO
  93. In 1838, the Edo bakufu ordered that farmland in the shooting practice field be left fallow.
  94. In 1839 he was promoted to Joshu daimyo (daimyo who is allowed to live in a castle) by his distinguished service as a gatekeeper at Kanda-bashi Bridge and Tokiwa-bashi Bridge of Edo-jo Castle during the Bunka era (1894 to 1817).
  95. In 1839 he was raised to Shonii (Senior Second Rank) Gon Dainagon (Provisional Chief Councilor of State).
  96. In 1839, Bansha no goku (Imprisonment of scholars of Western learning) broke out.
  97. In 1839, Shusuke moved to the residence in Ichigayakora, Edo (present-day 25, Ichigayayanagi-cho, Shinjuku Ward), and opened the Shieikan, a training hall for the Tennen Rishin school of swordplay.
  98. In 1839, he ran a private school 'Shozan Shoin' in Edo and taught Confucianism.
  99. In 1839, he returned to Saga and learned the study of old documents at Kodokan, and surgery at Matsuo-juku.
  100. In 1839, he was born as the first son of Bampei TAKANO in Kano Village, Kamo County, Izu Province.
  101. In 1839, he was born as the second son of Hyobu YOSHIOKA, a merchant in Minamiosaka-cho, Shinbashi, Edo (according to another opinion, Okubo, Toshima-gun, Bushu).
  102. In 1839, he was born as the second son of Seibei SHIMAZU.
  103. In 1839, on a monthly visit to a shrine with friends he had in Goju (Satsuma's educational organization), he tried to intervene in a fight between some of his friends and other Goju, and the Kamigumi Goju took a knife and cut the nerve inside Saigo's right arm.
  104. In 1839, she went up to the empress's residence of the Imperial Palace, and received the rank of Naishi no suke (a court lady of the first rank) with an official name of Shin-Naishi no suke.
  105. In 1839, the temple became the Arisugawanomiya family's place of prayer.
  106. In 1840 at the age of 7 he was adopted, upon the head's deathbed, by the Katsura family, who lived across the street.
  107. In 1840, he became a disciple of Hakugan KUSAKA (a professor of Meikyokan).
  108. In 1840, the first production of "Kanjincho" was performed by Danjuro the seventh who had succeeded to the name of Ebizo, and Yoshijiro was engaged in the performance as an assistant choreographer of Senzo.
  109. In 1841
  110. In 1841 he was born as a son of Dr. Koan (苟庵) FUKUCHI in Nagasaki.
  111. In 1841, at the age of 19, he changed his name to 'Takamichi' and was called 'fusoshinjinisho'.
  112. In 1841, at the young age of 11, he began serving the Imperial Court in the Hyoe-fu (Imperial Guard Division), for which he was awarded Shorokuinoge (Senior Sixth Rank, Lower Grade).
  113. In 1841, due to her husband Ienari's death, she took the tonsure and announced her name as "Kodaiin."
  114. In 1841, he became Monogashira (Military Commanders), and in 1846, he became 表用人.
  115. In 1841, he succeeded to a stage name of Shinsuke SHIBA (where the last name Shiba was written as both 芝 and 斯波 in kanji) and to Shinshichi KAWATAKE II (the Second) in 1843, thus becoming a Tatesakusha (the head of the playwrights' room in a Kabuki theater during the Edo period or the Meiji period).
  116. In 1841, he was renamed Takanaga YOSHINOSUKE when he came-of-age.
  117. In 1841, since his father, Imperial Prince Sadayuki, passed away, and he succeeded to the Fushiminomiya family.
  118. In 1841, the Ogosho (leading or influential figure), Ienari TOKUGAWA (the eleventh Shogun and the grandfather of Iesada), died.
  119. In 1842 Kenkichi entered the Nobutomo ODANI's dojo, the Jikishinkage school of swordplay when he was 13 years old.
  120. In 1842 the 'Koka incident' occurred, in which tens of thousands of farmers got together in front of the main building of this shrine and rose against the land survey conducted by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  121. In 1842, Hayataro ANDO, who was a vassal of the Koromo Clan at that time and later became a member of Shinsengumi (a Kyoto city guard unit), shot 8,685 arrows through the hallway out of 11,500 (the success rate - 75.5%) from around 6:00 p.m. on April 20 to around 3:00 p.m. on the following day.
  122. In 1842, Yasushi was born as a feudal retainer's son in Choshu Domain.
  123. In 1842, a fire was caused due to the tempura that Anegakoji was eating, and Honmaru (the keep of a castle) was burnt down.
  124. In 1842, another tenmondai was established at Kudanzaka thanks to the efforts of Kagesuke SHIBUKAWA, etc.
  125. In 1842, appointed as Sojaban (officer who conducted a ceremony).
  126. In 1842, he achieved a record; 8,685 out of 11,500 arrows shot through, in Tosiya at the west cloister of the Great Buddha Hall, Todai-ji Temple.
  127. In 1842, he became the Onmyo no kami (Director of Onmyoryo, or Buereau of Divination).
  128. In 1842, he came to Osaka and became a trainee at Shimaya dealing with futomono (cotton cloth and hemp cloth) and in 1856, he had a shop of Jisuke ABURAYA which was a branch family of Shimaya and started as a cotton merchant and became one of the best cotton warehouse merchant in Osaka.
  129. In 1842, he got married to Komako who was an adopted daughter of the Sano family.
  130. In 1842, he learned medicine and rangaku (Western studies) from Yusai UMEDA in Hofu City and, from April 1843, at Yusai's recommendation, he studied under Tanso HIROSE from Hita City, Bungo Province till July 1844.
  131. In 1842, he was born as the second son of a feudal retainer of the Choshu clan, Tadasuke ARIYOSHI (a younger brother of a kinju [attendant], Denjuro [傳十郎] ARIYOSHI).
  132. In 1842, his mother died.
  133. In 1842, she was given the title "Shogoinoge"(Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade); She called herself "Todainagon no tsubone" the next year.
  134. In 1842, she was raised to Jusanmi (junior third rank).
  135. In 1842, shiroban and defeat by Chuoshi against Sentoku SAKAGUCHI
  136. In 1842, when Yukitsura SANADA, the lord of Matsushiro Domain, whom Shozan served, was appointed Kaibo gakari (coastal defense) concurrently with Roju (member of shogun's council of elders), circumstances turned 180 degrees for Shozan.
  137. In 1843 Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  138. In 1843, Hachiro studied hard under Yasuemon HATAKEDA, a public officer of Kiyokawa Barrier.
  139. In 1843, he passed on the name Zengoro to his son, Wazen EIRAKU, and called himself Zenichiro, and in 1848 he changed his name to Yasutake (written as 保全, which can also be read as Hozen).
  140. In 1843, he passed on the name Zengoro to his son, Wazen EIRAKU, and called himself Zenichiro.
  141. In 1843, he was born as a son of a feudal retainer of Satsuma.
  142. In 1843, he was born as the third son of Katsuyuki INOUE, a feudal retainer of Choshu Domain, in Hagi.
  143. In 1843, he was born as the third son of Katsuyuki INOUE, a feudal retainer of Choshu Domain, in the castle town of Hagi.
  144. In 1843, he was born first son to an ashigaru (common foot soldier) of Choshu clan, Yaichiuemon SHINAGAWA.
  145. In 1843, he was born in Kyoto as the first son of Katsunojo HITOMI (a vassal with 10 Goku crop yield and an annual three-man rice stipend) who served in Nijo-jo Castle as a teppobugyogumi doshin (a constable in firearms section).
  146. In 1843, he was born the second child to Shogun's retainer Sendayu TAKANASHI in Ushigome, Edo.
  147. In 1843, he went up to Kyoto to become an instructor of the domain school, the Bonanken.
  148. In 1843, it caused a sharp backlash that the bakufu imposed Agechi-rei to have feudal lords and direct retainers in the vicinity of Edo and Osaka surrender their holdings for restructuring the territory directly controlled by the bakufu.
  149. In 1843, she died.
  150. In 1844
  151. In 1844 he returned to secular life and departed for an expedition to Ezochi (current day Hokkaido).
  152. In 1844, Gesshin SAITO made further additions and renamed this work "Zoho Ukiyo-e Ruiko" (Enlarged History of Ukiyoe Prints), which contained the stories about 86 ukiyo-e artists.
  153. In 1844, Willem II (king of the Netherlands) sent a letter encouraging the feudal government to open the country.
  154. In 1844, dismissed Sojaban.
  155. In 1844, he became a magistrate of a county under Toshinari SAKOTA and worked as Korikata-kakiyakusuke (government cleric of rice customs), then was elevated to the family rank of Okoshogumi (Ichiban-gumi, Koyo Hachiban).
  156. In 1844, he began to teach Western studies to Shozan SAKUMA.
  157. In 1844, he got married to Teruko, a daughter of Gencho SUZUKI who was an oku ishi (inner physician treating the Tokugawa family) in the Mito Domain as well as a sister of Souyo SUZUKI (not the author of "Kyuminmyoyaku" [household medication]).
  158. In 1844, he made the decision to move to Edo to follow the chief retainer INADA at the Yushima Seido
  159. In 1844, he was assigned to Gon Dainagon (a provisional chief councilor of state).
  160. In 1844, he was born in Nekonokusurikoji (猫之薬小路), Kajiya-machi (Hogiri, Shitakajiya-machi), near Kagoshima-jo Castle in Satsuma Province, as the son of a feudal retainer of Satsuma clan, Tameuemon CHOSA.
  161. In 1844, the signature and seal were Gakyo rojin Manji.
  162. In 1845 Shogo published Japan's first map of the world "Shinsei yochi zenzu" (A New Complete Map of the World) and "Konyo zushiki" (An Overview of the Geography of the World) that explains the former as well as Western geography.
  163. In 1845 after the arrival of the Black Ships, a bureau of military system improvement was placed under the reform by Masahiro ABE, roju (member of shogun's council of elders).
  164. In 1845 and later, only an Ometsuke officer came to assume the post additionally.
  165. In 1845, Tadakata was born as the fourth son of Tadafusa HAYASHI.
  166. In 1845, he became a chief priest of Kyoon-ji Temple in Yao and instructed Japanese classical literature and the art of waka poetry to many pupils.
  167. In 1845, he changed his name to Kanemon.
  168. In 1845, he died at the age of 85.
  169. In 1845, he had a chance meeting with Zuikoin Nichiyu who was Inju (the head) of Choon-in of Honno-ji Temple, when he entered the religion of Happon School of the Nichiren Sect (Honmon Hokke Sect in later years).
  170. In 1845, he learned jujutsu (classical Japanese martial art, usually referring to fighting without a weapon) from Gorobe SHIMOSAKA, a grand master of Ryoi Shinto-ryu School.
  171. In 1845, he started to call himself Kichihei FUJIMOTO, and for a while he also called himself Kichihei SAWAMURA.
  172. In 1845, he succeeded to the position of family head.
  173. In 1845, he was born as the son of Yahei HIROMA and Yae in Enokoshima, Osaka.
  174. In 1845, he was ordered to carry out Edo Kinban (a duty in Edo).
  175. In 1845, he went to Kyoto and entered the school, 'Junsei shoin' run by Ryotei SHINGU.
  176. In 1845, his salary increased to 330 Koku crop of yield, but he was dismissed from the office in 1846 and retired in Koga.
  177. In 1845, she was conferred the posthumous title Jusango Higashikyogokuin.
  178. In 1846 Kogoro entered a dojo run by Sakube NAITO of the Sinkage Swordplay School, who also served as Assistant Trainer of the Choshu clan.
  179. In 1846 Shonii (Senior Second Rank).
  180. In 1846 he was adopted by the 8th Chief of Aizu Clan, Katataka, whom he succeeded in 1852.
  181. In 1846 he was invited to Echizen Province (currently Fukui Prefecture) and gave lecture about the Manyoshu (Suzuya Manyo Kosetsu) as he had been taught by Norinaga 45 years ago, along with his own theories.
  182. In 1846, East India fleet admiral James BIDDLE was sent to Japan seeking diplomatic relations, but the Edo bakufu and he went back to his country because of the outbreak of the Mexican-American War.
  183. In 1846, he died in Horikawa, Kyoto.
  184. In 1846, he entered Genkyo HIROSE's Jishudo school in Kyoto, and then in 1848, he studied in the Tekijuku (the school of the Western studies) opened by Koan OGATA in Osaka and also entered Shunrinken (Medical school, hospital and accommodation in Edo period) founded by Seishu HANAOKA in Kii.
  185. In 1846, he married with the eldest daughter of Kunisada to be his son-in-law, and he succeeded Kunisada the second.
  186. In 1846, reappointed as Sojaban.
  187. In 1846, the Emperor Ninko died and the Imperial Prince Osahito, Yasuko's adopted child, ascended the throne.
  188. In 1847
  189. In 1847 Takahiro established a cotton syndicate and introduced a system of monopoly, and was successful in reviving the finances of the domain to some extent.
  190. In 1847 he was assigned to Dainagon.
  191. In 1847, Banri suddenly went up to Kyoto leading several disciples and stayed there until next year.
  192. In 1847, Chikuun temporarily lived in Meien-ji Temple where the family of his elder sister's husband lived) located in Niita Village (part of today's Yamagata City).
  193. In 1847, Emperor Ninko set up Gakushuin in Kyoto Imperial Place for the purpose of re-establishing educational institutions.
  194. In 1847, a monument of Emperor Keitai genealogy was erected in the precinct of Asuwa-jinja Shrine, which was proposed by Ohide TANAKA, a scholar of Japanese classical literature and materialized by his disciples, TACHIBANA no Akemi, 武万侶 IKEDA, 春村 YAMAGUCHI and 馬来田善包, the Asuwa-jinja Shrine priest.
  195. In 1847, at the age of twenty-six, he helped Usuke complete Reidai-kyo Bridge (present-day Misato-machi [Kumamoto Prefecture]) in six months, and five years later he built Tsujun-kyo Bridge (present-day Yamato-cho), this time under the leadership of Uichi.
  196. In 1847, he became a pupil of a wrestler Kyugoro HATSUSHIO of Onomichi, Hiroshima Prefecture.
  197. In 1847, he became the Nito-Gashira.
  198. In 1847, he came to Edo and studied under Ichido TOJO of Kogaku Sect.
  199. In 1847, he entered the Zoshikan, hanko (domain school) for samurai children in Satsuma.
  200. In 1847, he translated the book on the principle of smallpox vaccination called "Intoryaku" and wrote "Into Shinpo Zensho" (The Principle of New Smallpox Vaccination).
  201. In 1847, he was appointed as Naidaijin (Minister of the Center).
  202. In 1848 Kogoro WADA underwent his coming-of-age ceremony and became Kogoro KATSURA the Okumishi.
  203. In 1848 Tamaki was adopted by Taika YAMAGATA, a Confucian scholar who worked for the domain, and called himself Hanzo.
  204. In 1848 he was adopted by Haruyoshi KAWASE, who was Karo (chief retainer), as a son because of his talent and identified himself as 'Hideji,' and given a Chinese character from Munehide HONJO, the lord of domain.
  205. In 1848 he was promoted to Jusani (Junior Third Rank) Sangi (councilor) and ranked with Kugyo.
  206. In 1848 he was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  207. In 1848 his elder sister and biological mother died from diseases one after another.
  208. In 1848, Kaio NUKINA, who was known as a good literati painter, visited Motsugai and asked him to show his power.
  209. In 1848, Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank).
  210. In 1848, Tadahiko was invited by his close friend, Shigefumi TOYOSHIMA, who was shodaibu (aristocracy lower than Kugyo) of Arisugawanomiya, and returned to Kyoto and resumed his position in miyake as a retainer of Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Takahito, the heir of Imperial Prince Tsunahito.
  211. In 1848, he became a Buddhist monk by getting Nichiyo to act as his master.
  212. In 1848, he became a disciple of Kunisada UTAGAWA (who also referred to himself as Toyo-no-kuni III).
  213. In 1848, he became buke tenso (liaison officers between the imperial court and the military government), and frequently went down again to Edo to negotiate with the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) on the policy toward the United States.
  214. In 1848, he became the principal play writer attached to Nakamura-za Theater and in 1850, he assumed an ancestral name, Joko SEGAWA, the third.
  215. In 1848, he changed his name to Yasutake.
  216. In 1848, he entered the Kodokan hanko (domain school of the Saga Domain) and achieved excellent results during his elementary and secondary levels so his school fees were partially paid by the government.
  217. In 1848, he professionally learned English from Ranald MacDonald, an American who had entered Japan disguising himself as a castaway; he became an interpreter who could used Dutch and English perfectly and played very important role in those days.
  218. In 1848, he resigned all the job grades.
  219. In 1848, he was conferred Menkyo-kaiden (full proficiency).
  220. In 1848, his father Yoshihira was enlisted as the domain's ashigaru (common foot soldier) to guard the seaside against ships from overseas that appeared off the coast of Tosa; he continued to live in Shichiken machi inside the castle town, and Izo himself succeeded the status as ashigaru.
  221. In 1849
  222. In 1849 Odani who understood Kenkichi's situation made arrangements to grant him a license of 'menkyo-kaiden' (full proficiency).
  223. In 1849 Tetcho was born in Sasa-machi, a castle town of the Uwajima-jo Castle in Iyo Province (present Uwajima City, Ehime Prefecture) as a son of a retainer of the Uwajima domain.
  224. In 1849 he became Ukone no daisho (major captain of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards) and Umaryo gogen (inspector of the Right Division of Bureau of Horses).
  225. In 1849 he studied military science with Shoin YOSHIDA.
  226. In 1849, SHIMIZU moved to Edo, and became a merchant to deal with soybean products.
  227. In 1849, at the age of 19, he enrolled in Yoro College, a domain school, where he studied Sinology and Yamagaryu (Yamaga school) military science.
  228. In 1849, he also served as the Uhyoe no suke (assistant captain of the Right Division of Middle Palace Guards).
  229. In 1849, he developed gyukajintobyo, which was a high-immunity smallpox vaccine.
  230. In 1849, he entered Shosendojuku founded by Genboku ITO in Edo, and became a school manager.
  231. In 1849, he was born as a child of Sakuemon SUGIMOTO, a retainer of the Kaga Domain.
  232. In 1849, he was given Juichii (Junior First Rank).
  233. In 1849, he was transferred to the Division of Inner Palace Guards and served concurrently as Genba no Kami (Director of the Bureau of Buddhism and Aliens).
  234. In 1849, his father Goroemon did Seppuku (suicide by disembowelment) for the Oyura feud and the next year, 1850, Masakaze was also implicated in it and deported to Amami-Oshima Island.
  235. In 1849, his foster father Mitsumichi passed away and Mitsuosa became the family head of Sennodo Irako school at the age of 26.
  236. In 1850 he joined the Nankogisai Alliance where his older brother Shinyo EDAYOSHI was central in its formation.
  237. In 1850 he was adopted as the heir of the Okada family who was Kurodo tokoro no shu (officials of the Court).
  238. In 1850 he was assigned to Dainagon.
  239. In 1850, Hikozo HAMADA (later baptized as Joseph Heco) was rescued after a shipwreck along with other 17 sailors by an American ship, and they safely continued on to San Francisco.
  240. In 1850, Naosuke became the lord of domain because his elder brother Naoaki died.
  241. In 1850, Yukie AKAYAMA committed Seppuku (hara-kiri, or ritual suicide) for Takasaki-Kuzure (the family feud of Satsuma domain); his father who was a Goyonin (officer handling domestic economy) of Akayama told him about this act of Seppuku (hara-kiri), and showed him bloodstained clothes.
  242. In 1850, at the age of 18, he aspired to study medicine, studied Western learning in Nagasaki, and he became a disciple of a reputable doctor, Tsunoyama, in Kyoto.
  243. In 1850, he became a pupil of Kuniyoshi UTAGAWA at the age of twelve.
  244. In 1850, he began working as a clerk accountant in the treasury (office of the domain government), and earned 4 koku of Fuchimai (salary rice).
  245. In 1850, he built a reverberating furnace in the present Saga City.
  246. In 1850, he engaged in editing of 'English explained in Japanese', and showed a great performance as the interpreter for Toshiakira KAWAJI during the visit of Evfimiy Vasil'evich Putyatin to Japan in 1853.
  247. In 1850, he had his first sumo bout in Osakazumo (Osaka Sumo).
  248. In 1850, he left Koromo Domain, and entered Isshin-ji Temple of Chion-in Temple as a priest.
  249. In 1850, he moved to Edo (Tokyo) and became a pupil of Raigoro HIDENOYAMA (the ninth Yokozuna).
  250. In 1850, he was born in Liverpool, England.
  251. In 1850, he was born in Yashikimachi, the Sanda Domain (current, Sanda City, Hyogo Prefecture), as the second son of 星崎貞幹 who was a vassal of the Sanda Domain and was granted 180 koku (a volume measure for rice [approximately, 180 liters]).
  252. In 1850, he was expelled from Sorin-ji Temple Saigyoan, so thereafter he wandered around Kyoto for some years.
  253. In 1850, he was implicated in the Oyura-sodo (the Kaei Hoto incident; family feud over Narioki SHIMAZU's heir) and was dismissed and put under house arrest.
  254. In 1850, the shooting practice field was extended to the Katase, Kugenuma and Tsujido villages.
  255. In 1850, there was an incident whereby Nissei (also called Shushin) was confuted by Yorikane, so Shushin asking help from Nichinen at Sakai Kenpon-ji Temple and Nissho at Amagasaki Danrin, and meanwhile Nikkei at Honno-ji Temple and Nichiyo at Myoren-ji Temple sided with Yorikane.
  256. In 1851 she was engaged to the eldest son of the Arisugawanomiya Imperial Prince Takahito, Prince Taruhito, however the engagement was cancelled due to the union of the Imperial Court and the Shogunate promoted by Tomomi IWAKURA.
  257. In 1851 the senior councilor Masahiro ABE called commissioner of shrines and temples Yasuori WAKISAKA (Tatsuno domain), finance commissioner Yoritaka IKEDA and South Edo magistrate Kagemoto TOYAMA (Kinshiro) and ordered them to lay down an official law on pardon.
  258. In 1851, Hisashige completed his masterpiece, 'Mannen Jimeisho' (a mechanical stand clock), which is now designated as a national important cultural property.
  259. In 1851, he changed his name to Eikichi NAKAJIMA when he was adopted by a long time Confucian Ryoin NAKAJIMA after becoming his disciple.
  260. In 1851, he died young of disease.
  261. In 1851, he founded Sakuradani-juku School in Yanase-mura Village near Kumyo-mura Village where his native home was (both villages are now a part of Ihara City) with the help of his uncle Hozo YAMANARI (Dainen YAMANARI).
  262. In 1851, he reached manhood and was adopted by the Sakurai family.
  263. In 1851, he started konan-yaki in Otsu City.
  264. In 1851, he studied history and shishogokyo (the Four Books and Five Classics of Confucianism) at Meishinkan (the Kaminoyama domain's hanko), and also learned calligraphy from Ryukei IGARASHI.
  265. In 1851, he was appointed to provide medical treatments for hemorrhoid of the Emperor Komei.
  266. In 1851, he was invited to become a professor of Western gunnery in Seki-juku.
  267. In 1851, he was raised to the peerage, and two years later, he was appointed to Kokushi (official) of Yamato Province.
  268. In 1852 at the time his father retired, he succeeded the name.
  269. In 1852 he decided to go to Edo to improve his swordplay.
  270. In 1852 he travelled to Kyoto to study Sinology and Japanese literature.
  271. In 1852, Mikisaburo presided over a private school at the age of 16 after the death of his father Tadaaki.
  272. In 1852, a government official at the magistrate's office Sadamasa KITAURA estimated the site of Heijo-kyo by drawing "Heijokyu daidairi ato tsubowari no zu" (Heijo-kyu Palace Dai-dairi site zoning map).
  273. In 1852, he assumed the position of the Head Priest of Shorenin Monzeki Temple and changed his "hoi" (Buddhist name) to Sonyu.
  274. In 1852, he became a disciple of Kajii-monzeki Temple.
  275. In 1852, he became a disciple of Kanetane HIRATA.
  276. In 1852, he became chugen (a rank below common soldier) for Ukon ARIMA, Karo (chief retainer), after serving Ichinoshin OGURA, a feudal retainer.
  277. In 1852, he handed over the family business to the second son, Bunjiro, and concentrated in academic learning.
  278. In 1852, he was imprisoned for the Sakuradamon incident for having contact with Magojiro KANEKO and Taichiro TAKAHASHI but was later forgiven.
  279. In 1852, he was invited by Naoteru NAGAI, the lord of Takatsuki-jo Castle, and established takatsuki-yo (pottery).
  280. In 1852, he was permitted for eighth-dan.
  281. In 1852, shiroban and defeat by 7 points against Shuwa HONINBO
  282. In 1852, 向二子and defeat by Chuoshi against Matsumotoinseki INOUE
  283. In 1853
  284. In 1853 he died.
  285. In 1853 the coastal area of Musashi Province, as well as Edo, was threatened by the arrival of the "black ships" of Commodore Perry.
  286. In 1853, Bakufu lifted `the ban on the production of big ships,' and encouraged each domain to produce warships.
  287. In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry's four-ship squadron, which was sent by the United States, arrived off the shore of Uraga, with an official letter from the President of the United States to urge Japan to open the country.
  288. In 1853, Eigaku accompanied Hisatada on his official visit to Edo as sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and saw Mt. Fuji, which inspired him to paint 'Fuji Hyappuku' (one hundred paintings of Mt. Fuji).
  289. In 1853, He was born in Mikage, Settu Province (currently Mikage, Higashinada Ward, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture).
  290. In 1853, Ieyoshi died of an illness following the arrival of the Black Ships.
  291. In 1853, Jutaro became in charge of Chiba-dojo after his father, Sadakichi, was appointed as a swordplay instructor for Tottori clan at Edo residence of Tottori Domain.
  292. In 1853, Ryoma moved to Edo (Tokyo) to master swordsmanship, and joined the dojo of Sadakichi CHIBA (commonly known as Kochiba dojo in Chiyoda-ku Ward, Tokyo), whose elder brother is Shusaku CHIBA, the founder of the Hokushin Itto-ryu style at Oke-cho.
  293. In 1853, Toyoshige appointed Toyo to the newly established position of 'shiokiyaku' (a councilor of a shogunate), the office of an administrator, and forced domain duties to be restructured by pushing aside the chief retainer.
  294. In 1853, due to the changes of social conditions caused by the arrival of Commodore Perry, he was pardoned and discharged from prison.
  295. In 1853, he began his carrier by illustrating the book "Ehon jitsugo kyodoji kyoyoshi" under the name Yoshitoshi YOSHIOKA.
  296. In 1853, he returned to Saga and became a tonin (a chief) of Seirenkata (an institution established in Saga for researches and experiments of physics and chemistry).
  297. In 1853, he took an active part in the defense of Edo Bay (Tokyo Bay) against Matthew PERRY's fleet from the United States of America.
  298. In 1853, the 12th shogun, Ieyoshi TOKUGAWA died and his fourth son, Iesada TOKUGAWA ascended to be the 13th Shogun, but was in poor health and had no hope to have a son.
  299. In 1853, the East India Squadron of the United States Navy arrived in Japan at Uraga, near the entrance of Tokyo Bay (Uraga, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture)--an incident that came to be known as the "Arrival of the Black Ships."
  300. In 1853, the United States Fleet commanded by Matthew PERRY came to Japan.
  301. In 1853, when the magistrate's office established Kojokan School (latter-day Kojokan High-school) as a Confucian school, he was appointed as the first head of the school and taught young people in his hometown.
  302. In 1854 Tamaki made a round of inspection of Ezochi (roughly corresponding to present-day Hokkaido island), Sakhalin, and the Russian Empire, accompanying Norimasa MURAGAKI: a government official in the Edo bakufu (the last feudal government headed by a shogun).
  303. In 1854 U.S. naval officer Commodore Matthew Calbraith PERRY arrived in Ryukyu, so that a Treaty of Amity between the Ryukyu Kingdom and the United States was concluded.
  304. In 1854 great repairs of tenbin yagura was conducted, when half of the stones in the stonewall was piled up again.
  305. In 1854 he was raised to Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank), but along with Tomomi IWAKURA, his adopted child, and Tomotsuna IWAKURA, his grandson, he was implicated in the incident involving eighty-eight retainers of the Imperial Court in Ansei no Taigoku (suppression of extremists by the Shogunate).
  306. In 1854, GYOTOKU went to Izumo Province and stayed there as long as 3 years, shortly after his marriage.
  307. In 1854, Perry came again, resulting in the conclusion of "The Treaty between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan."
  308. In 1854, Ryoma returned to hometown in Tosa.
  309. In 1854, Shigeyoshi NABESHIMA was appointed as a leader in charge of steamship construction in the seirengata by Naomasa NABESHIMA, the lord of the Saga Domain, which also implies that Shigeyoshi already had knowledge about steam engines.
  310. In 1854, at the age of 19, he studied Rangaku in Nagasaki City.
  311. In 1854, during the visit of Matthew (Calbraith) PERRY to Japan, he served as an interpreter; after that, he founded an English school at Koishikawa, Edo.
  312. In 1854, he became a jiju (chamberlain) of Emperor Komei.
  313. In 1854, he had a chance to meet Russian plenipotentiary Yevfimy Putyatin in Shimoda as an attendant of Masanori TSUTSUI, and he studied Russian.
  314. In 1854, he studied under Toyo YOSHIDA as his disciple with Shojiro GOTO, Taisuke ITAGAKI and others.
  315. In 1854, he was born as a son of Sadaho OKAZAKI who was a tea kettle caster in Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  316. In 1854, he was born as the third son of Hanzaemon ICHIMURA, a retainer of the Ogaki Domain.
  317. In 1854, he was born into a family of feudal warriors of Choshu Province in Hagi City.
  318. In 1854, however, some of the shoji had been destroyed when the Palace went up in flames.
  319. In 1854, the Treaty between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan (the Treaty of Kanagawa) was concluded in Yokohama Village, Kanagawa, Musashi-no-kuni (Musashi Province).
  320. In 1854, the memorial to the throne was approved, and on the occasion of Edo-sankin (daimyo's alternate-year residence in Edo), he was appointed to the positions of Chuo-kosho to fulfill general duties, Jo-otomo (permanent attendant), and retainer in Edo, and went to Edo.
  321. In 1854, when the news broke that the fleet led by Matthew Perry of the United States of America had forced Japan to open the country, Montblanc became interested in Japan and eager to travel there.
  322. In 1854: Born in Aichi.
  323. In 1855 Awaji no kami WAKISAKA measured the tomb and noted that the dromos was '11 ken (about 1.8 meters) 3 shaku (about 30 centimeters) 4 sun (about 3 centimeters)'.
  324. In 1855 a Treaty of Amity was concluded between the Ryukyu Kingdom and France, which was followed by the conclusion of a Treaty of Amity between the Ryukyu Kingdom and Holland in 1859.
  325. In 1855 he was chosen for official Ezo duty, travelling again to Ezo to survey the area and publishing the 'Geographical Map of East and West Ezo Mountains and Rivers.'
  326. In 1855 of the end of Edo Period, the Tokugawa shogunate established a Japanese Naval School in Nagasaki and invited several Dutchmen, notably Willem Huyssen van KATTENDIJKE, to serve as advisers on military affairs.
  327. In 1855 this palace was built under Ritsuryo Style (a system of centralized government based on ritsuryo codes) having Sadanobu MATSUDAIRA (he was not the same famous person as a Senior Councilor in the Kansei Reforms) as Sobugyo (Grand Magistrate).
  328. In 1855, He accompanied the emperor as a lieutenant general at the time Emperor Komei departed from the capital.
  329. In 1855, Junii (Junior Second Rank).
  330. In 1855, Sumiyoshi entered the Kaigun Denshu-sho (Japanese Naval School) established by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) through the selection from the Satsuma Domain.
  331. In 1855, by the domain's command, he cultivated 13 chobu (hectare) of the land of Sonoyama which used to be waste land, and opened Sonoyama tea garden.
  332. In 1855, he accompanied Shuwa on the trip to Mino Province, Kyoto and Osaka Prefecture and was given the rank equivalent to 5-dan.
  333. In 1855, he became Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade), and in 1858, he participated in the Teishin 88-kyo Ressan Jiken (Incident of Demonstration by 88 Courtiers).
  334. In 1855, he became a discipline of Uchitoo MOTOORI.
  335. In 1855, he did the exclaustration.
  336. In 1855, he entered government service, and enrolled in Rangaku Juku (Institute for Dutch Studies) in Edo to study English among other subjects under Einosuke MORIYAMA.
  337. In 1855, he left home intended to become a sumo wrestler, and became a disciple of Shugoro ONOKAWA in Osaka.
  338. In 1855, he received a message from his family that they wanted him to return to Nakatsu because they came in discord with Iki OKUDAIRA, who introduced the Yamamoto family to Yukichi, and the Okuraida family, the home of the parents of Iki (the family with the status of producing the chief retainer of the Nakatsu domain.)
  339. In 1855, he started writing "Kotenyoku" which was one of his life's works.
  340. In 1855, he succeeded to the position of head of the Saigo family, and changed his name from Yoshibei to Kichibei (The eighth Kichibei)
  341. In 1855, he was promoted to Sakone Gon no Chujo (Provisional Middle Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards) and served concurrently as Kamon no Kami (Director of the Bureau of Palace Upkeep).
  342. In 1855, when he was 18 years old, he was sent to Rengetsu OTAGAKI, a nun and female poet, to receive further education.
  343. In 1856 (from "Shomukijimensirabesho" (detailed records of the residences of daimyo and bakufu's retainers)
  344. In 1856, he entered the Naval Training Center in Nagasaki, which had been newly established by bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), where he studied the international situation, Western studies called Rangaku, seamanship, chemistry, etc.
  345. In 1856, he moved to Osaka City and entered Teki-juku, a private school established by Koan OGATA.
  346. In 1856, he started to learn Dutch studies in Nagasaki, but later changed to learn English.
  347. In 1856, he studied in Naoe NIIYAMA juku in Matsumoto village.
  348. In 1856, he went to Osaka again and studied there.
  349. In 1856, it was first staged at the Ichimra-za Theater.
  350. In 1856, seeing a lay believer, Yorikane, having an argument for the Jikkai Kuon doctrine against Jikkai Kaisei doctrine, he sent an epistle to Yorikane.
  351. In 1856, when Masayoshi HOTTA became the head of Roju (senior councilor of the Tokugawa shognate) and came to be in charge of foreign affairs, Nishimura was appointed to Boeki Torishirabe Goyogakari (general affairs official of the Imperial Household in charge of trade) to handle classified diplomatic documents.
  352. In 1857 Sengan Park in Kagoshima City, Kagoshima Prefecture attached a gas pipe to an existing stone lantern to burn gas for illumination.
  353. In 1857 a dry field on the north and south sides of the new road of Otani was purchased.
  354. In 1857 after opening a country to the world, the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) invited Johannes Pompe van Meerdervoort as a medical science teacher at Nagasaki Kaigun Denshu-sho (Japanese Naval School).
  355. In 1857 he died soon after he resigned Chunagon because of disease.
  356. In 1857 he was appointed the superintendent officer of foot soldiers.
  357. In 1857 he was assigned to giso (a position conveying what the congress decides to the Emperor).
  358. In 1857 she was promoted to the rank of Shin-daitenji, and when she retired in 1862, she was conferred Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) and the title of To-dainagon.
  359. In 1857, Ryoma let one of his peers Takuma SAWABE go, who was forced to commit seppuku (ritual hara-kiri suicide) for stealing.
  360. In 1857, at the end of Edo period, it was at last rebuilt as a stone bridge, and then into a steel bridge in 1874.
  361. In 1857, fraud committed by an officer of Sakuraidani jinya (a regional government office of a detached land) caused a commotion and demands for drastic financial reform.
  362. In 1857, he assumed the office of Kyoto-shoshidai, working hard as the liaison between the Imperial Court and the bakufu, especially over problems concerning the conclusion of treaties.
  363. In 1857, he became a professor at Kogakukan academy of ancient learning) of Wakayama Domain, and in 1862 he became a lecturer at Wagaku-kodansho (institute of national learning) of Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  364. In 1857, he became a strong candidate for the heir to Iesada TOKUGAWA.
  365. In 1857, he became a teacher at the shogunate's military academy.
  366. In 1857, he became angry when a subordinate official called him by name without any honorific title, and caused an incident whereby a written complain was submitted jointly with other big shoya.
  367. In 1857, he became the captain of Hiunmaru (a name of a warship) that the Saga Domain bought from Netherlands, and the following year, 1858, he became a director of Kaigun-sho in Tsu, Mie.
  368. In 1857, he became the head teacher of Tekijuku.
  369. In 1857, he entered Shoka Sonjuku, a private school headed by Shoin YOSHIDA, and in 1858 was sent by the clan to study in Edo.
  370. In 1857, he founded the Karaku Honmon Butsuryu association.
  371. In 1857, he got married with Masu ANDO of the same village.
  372. In 1857, he left his hometown to study in Edo as a Joshi, and he became a student of Confucian Totsuan OHASHI and got to devote himself to the thought of Sonno Joi (19th century slogan advocating reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners).
  373. In 1857, he returned to the Tsuwano Domain and worked as a lecturer at Yoro College.
  374. In 1857, he was promoted to Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank).
  375. In 1857, he went to Ryuku to negotiate with France on the secret order of Nariakira.
  376. In 1857, his wife Teruko died.
  377. In 1857, she gave birth to an heir child, Haruwaka-gimi, but three years later, Tosa no kami died young age of 44, giving an end to their newly married life.
  378. In 1857, she was married to Minoru KUSUNOSE who was an instructor of Kendo (Japanese art of fencing) of Tosa Domain, but became a widow in 1874.
  379. In 1857, soon after Masahiro ABE passed away, Masayoshi HOTTA reappointed Tadakata MATSUDAIRA to the Roju, and then the shogunate shifted to the coalition cabinet of Hotta-Matsudaira, reflecting the intentions of the Tamarinoma.
  380. In 1857, the Eitaro Sohonnpo store started to make and sell amanatto.
  381. In 1858
  382. In 1858 Naosuke II became tairo (chief minister) and concluded the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan and set the lord of Kii Province Iemochi TOKUGAWA up as the 14th shogun.
  383. In 1858 he joined Teishin hachiju-hachi kyo ressan jiken (Demo of eighty-eight retainers of Imperial Court) with his adopted son Nobuyoshi SAWA and opposed the imperial sanction of The Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan.
  384. In 1858 he was conferred Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  385. In 1858 he was given the title of Imperial Prince as an adopted child of Emperor Ninko at the age of 11.
  386. In 1858 when Dutch-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was concluded, Siebold's banishment was withdrawn, and she reunited with her father Siebold, who came over to Japan again, in Nagasaki and she learned Western medical science (Western studies) under her father.
  387. In 1858 when Kanematsu was 14, he quit working at the shop and became an apprentice in a candle shop in Kyoto.
  388. In 1858 when the Bakufu requested the Emperor to sign the Harris Treaty with the US to initiate trade with foreign countries including the US, Hisatada promoted cooperation with the Bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and demanded permission to carry out the treaty.
  389. In 1858, Kinakira opposed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan and participated in Teishin Hachiju-hachi-kyo Ressan Jiken (the demo of eighty-eight retainers of imperial court).
  390. In 1858, Mutsu left for Edo to study under Sokken YASUI and Seibi MIZUMOTO, and became friends with patriots such as Ryoma SAKAMOTO of Tosa Province, Kogoro KATSURA (Takayoshi KIDO) and Shunsuke ITO (Hirobumi ITO) of Choshu Province.
  391. In 1858, Naosuke assumed Tairo.
  392. In 1858, Ryoma returned home finishing his swordsmanship training.
  393. In 1858, a training center for musket units were established in Fukagawa Ecchu shima.
  394. In 1858, accused of his sealing a written pledge of the assassination scheme of Roju (senior councils of the Tokugawa shogunate) Akikatsu MANABE planned by Shoin with his blood, he was put under house arrest by his uncle in his mother's line, Tasuke SHIRANE.
  395. In 1858, for the purpose of serving as an instructor at the Rangaku school opened at the residence of the lord of Nakatsu domain in Edo, Yukichi went to Edo accompanied by Masao YOSHIKAWA (in those days, his name was Shukichi OKAMOTO, and was later changed to Setsuzo FURUKAWA.)
  396. In 1858, he became the first Japanese to obtain U.S. citizenship.
  397. In 1858, he died in the retirement residence (present Takami Senseki Memorial Hall in Koga Historical Museum) in Hasemachi, Koga City,
  398. In 1858, he lived as a "ronin" (masterless samurai) due to his father's forfeit of his "hanseki" (registration for the domain), and in 1867 when the group recruited its members, he joined the group with his younger brother, Tetsunosuke.
  399. In 1858, he opposed the bakufu's submission of the imperial sanction to the Imperial Court for the Treaty of amity and commerce between the United states and Japan, and participated in the Demonstration of eighty-eight retainers of Imperial Court.
  400. In 1858, he took part in the Demo of eighty-eight retainers of Imperial Court with IWAKURA and so on, and went to the Imperial Court to object to an Imperial sanction to the Treaty of amity and commerce between the United States and Japan.
  401. In 1858, he traveled to Kyoto and Edo to study there.
  402. In 1858, he was adopted into the Tokugawa Shogun family to become the fourteenth Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA.
  403. In 1858, he was appointed Naidaijin (Minister of the Center) and remained in the position until 1859.
  404. In 1858, he was appointed as Daikansatsu (senior inspector) with Yoshida's return to the politics of the Tosa Domain and formed a group of young reformists named 'Shin Okozegumi' to reform the politics of the domain.
  405. In 1858, he went to Edo to accompany Arima to reside on duty in Edo, and learned Hokushin Itto-ryu.
  406. In 1858, he worked in Bakufu kobusho (military training school), and since October of the year, he worked in Nagasaki Learning Place to study mechanics.
  407. In 1858, the president of Teki-juku, Yukichi FUKUZAWA was ordered by the Nakatsu clan to open a school of Western studies in Edo, and recruited company from the alumni.
  408. In 1858, together with Genboku ITO, Seikai TOTSUKA, and others, he opened the Otama ga Ike Vaccination Institute.
  409. In 1858, when Nariakira died, according to his last will, Tadatoku, Tadanori's son, assumed the position as the lord of domain.
  410. In 1859
  411. In 1859 Tomoari died away from his home while conducting investigation in Kumano region, and was buried at the hongu (main shrine) in that place (Hongu-cho, Tanabe City).
  412. In 1859, Sensho was born as the second son of Senkai FUJII at Kosai-ji Temple in Motoyoita-mura, Mishima-gun, Echigo Province (the present Motoyoita, Yoita-machi, Nagaoka City, Niigata Prefecture).
  413. In 1859, after he was placed on probation during Ansei no Taigoku (suppression of extremists by the Shogunate), he entered into priesthood and named himself Tanku (澹空).
  414. In 1859, as Nagasaki Learning Place was closed due to Ansei no Taigoku (suppression of extremists by the Shogunate), he returned to Edo, worked in Warship Training Center, and became a crew of Kanrin Maru (the first Japanese ship ever to cross the Pacific) (he did not join the Kanrin Maru missionary to go to America).
  415. In 1859, at the age of 17, he accompanied his adoptive father, who was installed as a staff member of Nagasaki magistrate, and learned British studies from an English man named Zellar ゼラール.
  416. In 1859, during the Ansei Purge ('Ansei no Taigoku' in Japanese), he was initially on the list of purgees, but as he had retired as Buke Tenso in advance, his sentence was commuted to probation of 30 days.
  417. In 1859, five ports including Hakodate Port, Yokohama Port, Nagasaki Port, Niigata Port, Kobe Port (Shimoda Port was closed) were opened thus markets in cities such as Edo and Osaka were opened and started to trade primarily with England.
  418. In 1859, he became the headmaster of a clan school in the Satsuma Domain and a professor of the research institution for Western education operated by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  419. In 1859, he came back to Japan as an adviser of the Dutch Trading Company.
  420. In 1859, he completed his studies in Edo and returned to Satsuma.
  421. In 1859, he joined the Seichu-gumi Squad.
  422. In 1859, he visited Yokohama City to observe the foreign concession that was located there according to the Treaty of amity and commerce between the United States and Japan.
  423. In 1859, he was appointed Sadaijin (Minister of the Left).
  424. In 1859, he was promoted to Dainagon (Major Counselor).
  425. In 1859, he was promoted to Monogashira-kaku Otsukaiban (a person responsible for order and patrol in the battlefield, at Military Commanders status) with a stipend of 100 koku by a roju (senior councilor) Hirochika KUZE and became a grand master of Western gunnery and Western studies in bakufu.
  426. In 1859, he was promoted to Shoshii (Senior Fourth Rank).
  427. In 1859, he was transferred to the big shoya of Yusuhara Village and he worked well and achieved a lot.
  428. In 1859, his father Hanzaemon was cast out from the domain, and he grew up in Kunitomo-mura Village, Omi Province (present Nagahama City Shiga Prefecture), where his relatives were living.
  429. In 1859, his father Kashiro died and the following year his older brother died, making him head of the household.
  430. In 1859, the Edo bakufu feudal government set an regulation that one Spanish dollar should be equivalent to sanbu-kin gold coins, and on February 20, 1868, the Meiji government also established a rule following this.
  431. In 1859, the following year, he succeeded the family at the age of 11.
  432. In 1859, when Sadamichi MATSUDAIRA, Lord of Kuwana Domain, died, his eldest son, Mannosuke (later the Lord of Kuwana Domain, Sadanori MATSUDAIRA), was only 3 years old; and Sadaaki, aged 14 at the time, married into the MATSUDAIRA family, as the husband to their then three-year-old daughter, Hatsuhime.
  433. In 1859, when he was just 15, his mother passed away.
  434. In 1859, when the Chokusho Hokan Incident broke out, he took part in the Nagaoka activist group who gathered in present Nagaoka, Ibaragi-machi as a member of Shinkan-domei (Shinto priest association).
  435. In 1859, when the Yokohama Port was opened, large quantities of beef were brought in from rural areas (such as Kobe) on behalf of foreigners living at enclaves who hankered for beef.
  436. In 1860 Tamaki followed Sadahiro to Edo and was active in national affairs.
  437. In 1860 at the end of the Edo period, Tesshu YAMAOKA wrote "Bushido".
  438. In 1860 he changed his name to Shuho MURASE.
  439. In 1860 he translated a book "Bankoku Seihyo" under a pen name of Hakukei OKAMOTO, and this book is considered a very unique material in the history of Japanese statistical science and regarded as the first book in Japan gathering statistics of world and translated from Dutch.
  440. In 1860 he was assigned to Goyogakari (a general affairs official of the Imperial Household) for the marriage between the Imperial Princess Kazunomiya Chikako and the 14th Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA by the Emperor Komei as the kuge of kobu-gattai (integration of the imperial court and the shogunate) group.
  441. In 1860, Imperial Prince Fushimi Sadanaru became the successor of Myoho-in Temple, and some time later he was adopted by the Emperor Komei.
  442. In 1860, Yukichi went to the USA as an attendant to Kimura Settsu no kami, the commissioner of warships and the Captain of the Kanrin Maru.
  443. In 1860, a force called the 'Kyoryuchi Mimawariyaku' (Settlement Patrollers) was established under the jurisdiction of the Magistrate of Kanagawa.
  444. In 1860, a police force was created by the self-governing body of the foreign settlement.
  445. In 1860, at Choshu's request, he was made a samurai of Choshu with an annual stipend of 25 sacks of rice at, although he remained in Edo.
  446. In 1860, he followed TAKECHI and practiced martial arts in the Chugoku district and the Kyushu region.
  447. In 1860, he married Tsune MATSUI, the oldest daughter of Yasogoro MATSUI, who was serving the Shimizu family.
  448. In 1860, he opposed the punishment of the Mito Clan, whose Ronin had killed Tairo Naosuke II in the Incident Outside the Sakurada Gate.
  449. In 1860, he received his Menkyo-kaiden (full proficiency).
  450. In 1860, he took over as head of the family due to his father, Shigekata's death.
  451. In 1860, he was promoted to Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank) and concurrently held the post of Jiju (chamberlain).
  452. In 1860, once her husband, Nariaki died under confinement, she became a Buddhist nun and called herself as "Teihoin."
  453. In 1860, when the imperial court and the Tokugawa shogunate decided the marriage of Emperor Komei's sister Kazunomiya to Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA, Fujiko was ordered to attend Kazunomiya to go to Edo (the hub of the shogunate).
  454. In 1861 and 1865, he visited Europe as a member of the envoy of bakufu and observed the Western world.
  455. In 1861 he became 6-dan and took the tonsure to prepare himself for participating in the oshirogo (castle game of Go), but he never had a chance to do so because the oshirogo was discontinued from the following year.
  456. In 1861 he entered the Meirinkan school (disambiguation).
  457. In 1861 he was elected to okonanndo yaku (the post of assistant to the lord of the domain), whereby his family status rose to ichidai shimban (the new escort of the lord of the domain within one generation).
  458. In 1861 it was given the title of gosha (village shrine) and in 1921 was promoted to prefectural shrine.
  459. In 1861, Shusuke yielded the head position to Isami, retired and changed his name to Shusai.
  460. In 1861, a Japanese by the name of Kinzo SUZUKI travelled by boat to Portland, Oregon, and settled down there.
  461. In 1861, after coming back to Edo, he learned naval engineering from Ko YATABORI, the Secretary of the Navy.
  462. In 1861, age 67.
  463. In 1861, he joined the Tosaginno Party that TAKEICHI had formed, taking an active part in its political activities.
  464. In 1861, he moved to his relative, Torakichi's house, and in 1863 he visited Mankichi ECHIGOYA's, a mercantile house in Kamiya-cho Edo.
  465. In 1861, he organized an association formed by 23 vegetable warehouse merchants and became its director.
  466. In 1861, he succeeded in having the sister of Emperor Komei, Princess Kazunomiya, become the wife of the 14th Shogun, Iemochi TOKUGAWA, on condition that the Shogunate eliminate contact with foreigners.
  467. In 1861, he travelled overseas as a member of bakufu's first Ken-o Shisetsu (Mission to Europe).
  468. In 1861, he was adopted by his wife Hatsuko's family.
  469. In 1861, he went back to Tosa Province, and entered Tosa kinnoto (loyalist clique of Tosa) of Zuizan TAKECHI.
  470. In 1861, he went to Edo as an obante (a guard to defend Edo Bay) accompanying Shinsaku TAKASUGI for study purposes, and stayed in Yubikan on the premises of the Choshu hantei (the residence maintained by a daimyo) in Sakurada.
  471. In 1861, he went to Nagasaki to receive training at the Nagasaki Nanga school of art from Tetsuo SOMON and Itsuun KINOSHITA.
  472. In 1861, he went up to the capital, Kyoto.
  473. In 1861, mizu-yokan, containing less agar and more water, was first made by Edo Seijuken.
  474. In 1861, when Hanpeita TAKECHI set up Tosa Kinnoto, he joined it.
  475. In 1862
  476. In 1862 Montblanc again visited Japan and stayed in Yokohama, where he got to know the minister Duchesne de Bellecour,
  477. In 1862 Tamaki and Genzui KUSAKA who were both from the same domain, plus Shintaro NAKAOKA from the Tosa Domain, along with others, visited a scholar, Shozan SAKUMA, who had confined himself in the Matsushiro Domain.
  478. In 1862 he and Okubo petitioned Hisamitsu SHIMAZU for the release and return of Saigo who had been exiled to Amami-oshima Island to the domain.
  479. In 1862 he was appointed jiju (a chamberlain).
  480. In 1862 he was promoted to the post of chief of assistants to the lord.
  481. In 1862 he went to Kyoto, leading his army in order to promote Kobu Gattai (Union of Court and Camp) movement (he left Kagoshima on April 14 and arrived to Kyoto on May 14).
  482. In 1862 instead of raw silk thread, its material a silkworm-egg card, which increased in exports, was prohibited from exporting as a secret passage, but this was also abolished under the pressure from powerful countries in a year.
  483. In 1862 older sister, Katsuranomiya Imperial Princess Sumiko succeeded to the family, but after she died in 1881, Katsuranomiya discontinued.
  484. In 1862, Cloistered Imperial Prince Sonyu was pardoned and regained his former title, and in the same year he became involved in politics as Kokuji Goyogakari (state affairs official).
  485. In 1862, Hisamitsu SHIMIZU gathered an army and headed for Edo, where he sent the Imperial envoy, Shigetomi OHARA to demand the reform of the Shogunate government, but with Yoshinaga MATSUDAIRA leading the Shogunate, the Ii government was cleared off.
  486. In 1862, Iemochi was married to Imperial Princess Kazunomiya Chikako as a part of a union of the Imperial Court and the Shogunate.
  487. In 1862, Imperial Prince Fushimi Sadanaru returned to the Fushimi no Miya family and then became the successor of Fushimi no Miya (The twenty second).
  488. In 1862, Kaiseki wrote "Tsui Chikyu Ryakusetsu (鎚地球略説, Outline of the Earth)"
  489. In 1862, Munetada's followers including Tadaharu AKAGI received part of the precinct of Yoshida-jinja Shrine on which they founded a shrine enshrining Munetada.
  490. In 1862, Nariyuki further advanced to the post of Udaijin (Minister of the Right).
  491. In 1862, Sasaki went to Kyoto to coincide with formation of Roshigumi (an organization of unemployed samurai).
  492. In 1862, Shunpei was chosen as one of the engineers, who were dispatched to the Netherlands by the Tokugawa shogunate when building Kaiyo Maru Warship was ordered.
  493. In 1862, Tanetatsu was assigned to bugyo (Commissioner) of Bakufu Gakumonjo (National College managed directly by bakufu), although his status was still heyazumi (second sons and younger who were in their adolescence and has yet to be independent from the family headed by the eldest son).
  494. In 1862, a Shinto funeral was held by supporters at the Reimei-sha Shrine Shinto funeral place within the territory authorized to be held by the Jishu Ryozan-school's Shobo-ji Temple.
  495. In 1862, a comic magazine "The Japan Punch" was published in Yokohama City's Enclave for foreign residents and gained popularity.
  496. In 1862, after the Sakuradamongai Incident, `rikugun,' the full-scale western-style army as a part of Bunkyu Reform, was established.
  497. In 1862, by the petition of the lord of Utsunomiya Domain, Tadayuki TODA, Utsunomiya Domain was entrusted all the maintenance matters of the shoryo (tombs).
  498. In 1862, guarded by the Satsuma-han Clan army under the command of Hisamitsu SHIMAZU, the Emperor's messenger, Shigetomi OHARA, entered Edo and delivered Emperor Komei's order to "promote Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA to the Shogun's guardian (Shogun Kokenshoku) and Shungaku (Yoshinaga) MATSUDAIRA to Tairo."
  499. In 1862, he accompanied Katamori MATSUDAIRA, a lord of domain, who was appointed as Kyoto Shugoshoku ((Military governor of Kyoto), to Kyoto.
  500. In 1862, he and his son Saneyoshi ICHIJO assumed newly created positions as Kokuji Goyo-gakari (board of national affairs, where the board members selected from among the Kuge nobles freely discussed national affairs regardless of their lineage, office and rank).
  501. In 1862, he attempted to assassinate a foreign minister in Kanazawa, Musashi Province with his fellow members including Takasugi, but the scheme was known to the heir of the lord of the domain, Sadahiro MORI, in advance and was not put into practice, and then the members were ordered confinement to the hantei.
  502. In 1862, he became Jushii-jo Uma no kami (captain of the right division of bureau of horses at junior fourth rank, upper grade).
  503. In 1862, he became a Bakufu's Bansho Shirabesho teacher.
  504. In 1862, he built Hokke hall of Butsuryu-ji Temple on Mt. Chosho in Otsu.
  505. In 1862, he came up to the capital following Hisamitsu SHIMAZU.
  506. In 1862, he died at the age of 78.
  507. In 1862, he founded Kanazawa Vaccination Institute.
  508. In 1862, he landed at the port of Marseille by way of Hong Kong, Singapore, the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.
  509. In 1862, he left for England by a ship which Alcock also took and joined a mission and served as interpreter; the mission was led by Yasunori TAKEUCHI and had been sent to Europe in order to settle the issue of the postponement of opening the port.
  510. In 1862, he planned to raise an army to in response to Hisamitsu SHIMAZU's move to Kyoto, however he was defeated in The Teradaya Incident and sent to prison.
  511. In 1862, he ran away to Kyoto since he was involved in a sword-cut incident in Edo, and changed his name to Hajime SAITO.
  512. In 1862, he resigned from Udaijin.
  513. In 1862, he returned home.
  514. In 1862, he served as a translator in the Navy Training Center of Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  515. In 1862, he smuggled into Shanghai City to make a deep study of English.
  516. In 1862, he studied under James Curtis Hepburn, who had been asked by the government to teach taught English and math at the request of the government.
  517. In 1862, he took part in Gojuningumi (a group to guard Toyoshige YAMAUCHI) and worked for the affairs of the state between Kyoto and Edo.
  518. In 1862, he visited Shozan SAKUMA at Matsushiro with Gensui KUSAKA and Tamaki SHISHIDO, who were both of outstanding ability from Choshu clan, where they discussed national defense and political reform, which heightened their motivation for political activity.
  519. In 1862, he was accused of misgovernment during his years of service, and had to hand over the position of lord of the domain to his adopted son-in-law, Tadauji, and was driven to abdication of the headship of a family and suspension from the office.
  520. In 1862, he was adopted by Hakueimonnyu HAYASHI the 12th, and changed the name to Shuei HAYASHI at the age of 11.
  521. In 1862, his first daughter, Tama KONDO, was born.
  522. In 1862, members of Seichugumi gathered in Kyoto for showing their loyalty to the Emperor and overthrowing the Shogunate, and he joined a party which was organized mainly by Shinshichi ARIMA within Seichugumi.
  523. In 1862, the Imperial court in Kyoto and the Satsuma domain pressured the bakufu so as to appoint Yoshinaga MATSUDAIRA, the lord of the Fukui domain of Echigo Province, to Tairo (the highest post in the bakufu government) and Yoshinobu HITOTSUBASHI to Shogun-kokenshoku.
  524. In 1862, the post became the one to be assumed independently, not to be assumed additionally as well as temporarily.
  525. In 1862, the temple became the headquarters for Kyoto shugoshoku (military governor of Kyoto).
  526. In 1862, they started to construct the domestic steamboat, `Chiyodagata maru.'
  527. In 1862, upon the visit of Iemochi TOKUGAWA, Seii Taishogun, to Kyoto, the Edo shogunate recruited roshi for the purpose of guarding the Shogun.
  528. In 1863
  529. In 1863 Kenkichi went to Kyoto, accompanying the shogun.
  530. In 1863 he followed the Emperor Komei's gyoko (Emperor's going out) to Iwashimizuhachiman-gu Shrine.
  531. In 1863 he joined the Shinsengumi with Kai SHIMADA and Shuntaro OGATA.
  532. In 1863 he presented 10,000 ryo (old currency unit) to the Imperial Court and sent a letter to carry out thorough Sonno Joi to the whole religious community.
  533. In 1863 he resigned as giso and fell from power.
  534. In 1863 he was promoted to osoba yaku (the personal attendant to the lord) serving concurrently as chief of attendants.
  535. In 1863 when the Tenchu-gumi (royalist party to inflict punishment) Incident occurred, he rushed to Gojo and served as a recorder for Tenchu-gumi.
  536. In 1863, Heungseon Daewongun, regent of the regime of the father of the 26th king of Yi Dynasty of Gao Zong (reign 1863 ? 1907), implemented a policy to exclude the coming powerful countries of imperialism.
  537. In 1863, Iemochi went to the capital (Kyoto) as Shogun, something which had not occurred for 229 years, and made a pledge to Emperor Komei, his brother-in-law, to expel foreigners from Japan.
  538. In 1863, Isami, her father, left for Kyoto as the member of the Roshigumi (an organization of masterless samurai) when she was two years old, and later he formed the Shinsengumi.
  539. In 1863, Kobi no Kai was formed, with Hachiro as the Leader.
  540. In 1863, Sasaki returned to Edo and, with other samurai including assassinated Hachiro KIYOKAWA of Roshigumi in Azabu.
  541. In 1863, a channel between Saga (upstream from Togetsu-kyo Bridge) and Senbon-sanjo was excavated to build a canal to bring in lumber of Tanba region and the like carried down by the Oi-gawa River from upstream from Togetsu-kyo Bridge, the endpoint in Kyoto, to the city center.
  542. In 1863, accepting Hachiro KIYOKAWA's suggestion, the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) recruited participants of the 'Roshigumi (Ronin Corps),' which was an organization consisting of ronin, or lordless samurai, for guarding the 14th Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA on the way to the capital.
  543. In 1863, after feudal retainers of the Satsuma Domain killed each other in the Teradaya Inn (the Teradaya Incident), Otose ordered her servants to replace battered tatami (mats) and fusuma (sliding doors) immediately to prepare for resuming a business.
  544. In 1863, at the age of 30, he was recommended to be the chief equivalent to Teizo MIYABE in the selection of army for the Kumamoto clan.
  545. In 1863, at the time of the formation of roshi-gumi (an organization of masterless samurai), he joined roshi-gumi.
  546. In 1863, getting an order from the bakufu, he manufactured a boiler in Kaigun-sho in Tsu, Mie.
  547. In 1863, he also held the post of Wakadoshiyori (executive post for younger generations).
  548. In 1863, he assumed the post of Sobayaku (Secretary) to the lord of the clan, Toyonori YAMAUCHI, and made efforts for the movement of Kobu Gattai (union of the imperial court and the shogunate).
  549. In 1863, he attended Shogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA when he went to the capital as a police escort.
  550. In 1863, he became "Ukone no daisho" (Major Captain of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards) and "Umaryo gogen" (Inspector of the Right Division of Bureau of Horses).
  551. In 1863, he became roju for the third time, but resigned after one month.
  552. In 1863, he came back to the political arena of Tosa Domain, won the confidence of Yodo YAMAUCHI, a former lord of Tosa Domain, and learned Rangaku (western studies), seamanship and English studies at Kaiseijo (a school run by Bakufu [Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun] for western studies) in Edo.
  553. In 1863, he changed his name to Toshimaro.
  554. In 1863, he completed the first domestic Armstrong Cannon by using a reverberatory furnace installed in the Saga Domain.
  555. In 1863, he died.
  556. In 1863, he encountered the group of Nagaoki IKEDA, the Mission to Europe, dispatched by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) when they were visiting to the Shanghai port, and attempted to go to Europe together with them, but failed.
  557. In 1863, he entered Kobe Naval Training Center of Kaishu KATSU, and in 1867 he joined Kaientai (also called Roshikessha; an association of roshi [masterless samurai] organized by Ryoma SAKAMOTO) of Ryoma SAKAMOTO; as such, Mutsu was always with SAKAMOTO.
  558. In 1863, he escaped from Choshu Domain and became a lordless samurai.
  559. In 1863, he established 'Roshigumi' with Hachiro KIYOKAWA, Tesshu YAMAOKA, Shungoro MURAKAMI, and Shuzo ISHIZAKA, who were the key persons of 'Torao no kai,' a Sonno Joi kyushinha group (radical group of Sonno Joi, expulsion of foreigners).
  560. In 1863, he joined Shinsengumi.
  561. In 1863, he joined the roshi-gumi founded by Hachiro KIYOKAWA, and was granted the title of superintendent officer, but was demoted for his failures.
  562. In 1863, he played an important role as the assistant deputy general of Kihei-tai on behalf of Shinsaku TAKASUGI, who had gone to Shanghai City.
  563. In 1863, he smuggled himself to Glasgow, London to study with Hirobumi ITO, Kaoru INOUE, Masaru INOUE and Kinsuke ENDO, who were together called Choshu-Goketsu (five feudal retainers in Chosyu Domain) and learned the various kinds of engineering.
  564. In 1863, he studied in England with Kaoru INOUE, Kinsuke ENDO, Yozo YAMAO, and Hirobumi ITO.
  565. In 1863, he studied seamanship by orders of his clan, and then was ordered to serve in Kyoto Gakushuin School, where in capital Kyoto he pushed forward with the Sonjo (Sonno-Joi) movement.
  566. In 1863, he was allowed to go to Edo and entered Genbukan, which was a school for Hokushin-Ittoryu.
  567. In 1863, he was called upon by the Imperial Court to serve Emperor Komei.
  568. In 1863, he was captured by the bakufu for the Coup of August 18 and sentenced to five-year imprisonment.
  569. In 1863, he was captured during the Anglo-Satsuma War.
  570. In 1863, he was employed by the Kanagawa Magistrate's office to guard foreign settlement in Yokohama City.
  571. In 1863, he was maneuvered out of the capital by the party of advocating Kobu-Gattai which unites the court and the shogunate, and went down to Choshu.
  572. In 1863, he was mobilized to guard Kyoto when Iemochi TOKUGAWA, the fourteenth Shogun went up to Kyoto.
  573. In 1863, he went to Kyoto and guarded Kyoto Imperial Palace.
  574. In 1863, he went to Kyoto as Iemochi TOKUGAWA's harbinger, and he endeavored to negotiate with the members of the Imperial Court who urged the execution of Joi (expulsion of foreigners from Japan).
  575. In 1863, he went to the capital (Kyoto) following the lord of domain Yoshiatsu TOKUGAWA as a member of the Shinkan-domei, and deepened a friendly tie with loyal supporters in various domains.
  576. In 1863, he went to the capital in place of the father to have an audience with the Emperor Komei, and guarded Kyoto Imperial Palace.
  577. In 1863, he went up to Kyoto under the order of the domain, and after that, he associated with Kinno no shishi (patriots with reverence for the Emperor) of the domains such as Choshu Domain which was the stronghold of Sonjo-ha party (people supporting the principle of 'Sonno Joi' advocating reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners).
  578. In 1863, seeing Indians having a meal on a ship, Hiizu MIYAKE, Ken-o Shisetsu (Embassy to Europe) of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), wrote the following in his journal.
  579. In 1863, some of the Roshigumi (an organization of masterless samurai formed by the Shogunate) stayed at the Yagi family's house on their way from Edo (Tokyo) to Kyoto.
  580. In 1863, the Emperor Komei granted Setto to Iemochi TOKUGAWA who went up to Kyoto in order to encourage expulsion of foreigners.
  581. In 1863, the opinion of Tosa Domain had changed to Sabaku-ha (supporters of the Shogun), and this made him imprisoned.
  582. In 1864
  583. In 1864 OSHIMA submitted a petition to expand military activities to Korea.
  584. In 1864 Shinsengumi (a garrison of Kyoto in custody of the Aizu clan) assaulted royalists.
  585. In 1864 he became the director of English studies at the Yogakko (School of Western Studies) Chienkan, which was set up by Saga Domain in Nagasaki City, and studied English.
  586. In 1864 he played a sogo (official challenge match) with Matsumoto Inseki INOUE, finishing in his three consecutive wins and he was promoted to 7-dan.
  587. In 1864, Imperial Prince Fushimi Sadanaru left the Fushimi no Miya family.
  588. In 1864, Imperial Prince Fushimi Sadanaru once separated from the Fushiminomiya and returned in headship to the family of his father Imperial Prince Fushiminomiya Kuniie.
  589. In 1864, Kobe Navy Training Center was founded, but some researchers point out that Ryoma might not have been able to enroll in the Center partly because master less samurai was not entitled to enroll ("Verification: The Legend of Ryoma" by Rei MATSUURA).
  590. In 1864, Lawrence published the seventh edition, but, as a trouble occurred between Wheaton's bereaved family and Lawrence, revision work was left to R.H. Dana.
  591. In 1864, Naonori regained properties bearing 30,000 koku among former territories because of his distinguished service in the Kinmon Incident.
  592. In 1864, Saigo, who was set free, stopped by Kikai-jima Island to take Murata back to Kagoshima.
  593. In 1864, Sasaki led Kyoto Mimawarigumi that, along with Shinsengumi, was feared by the pro-Emperor faction.
  594. In 1864, Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA and others asked the Emperor Komei for his secularization.
  595. In 1864, Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA invited him to Kyoto where he taught Yoshinobu Kobugatai-ron (theory of reconciliation between the Imperial court and the shogunate) and Kaikoku-ron (theory of opening of a country to the world).
  596. In 1864, an attempt was made to separate Katsuragimiagata-jinja Shrine from Morokuwa-jinja Shrine, and return it to where it once stood but Saiko-ji Temple was already standing there so it was transferred to its current site west of the temple.
  597. In 1864, at the time of 'the Kinmon Incident' in Kyoto, he participated in the battle as leader of Rokugotai unit (consisting of approximately 600 soldiers)
  598. In 1864, he became Sakone gon no shosho (Provisional Minor Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards).
  599. In 1864, he became an instructor at hanko (a domain school) of the Satsuma Domain, Zoshikan school, and by the order of the so called 'adored leader as father of the Satsuma Domain,' Hisamitsu SHIMAZU, he wrote "Kochoseikan" (imperial court almanac).
  600. In 1864, he joined the Shinsengumi and belonged to the Nanaban Ozutsu gumi (seventh platoon in charge of cannon), and in 1865, he held the position of corporal.
  601. In 1864, he joined the Shinsengumi.
  602. In 1864, he joined the camp of Genzui KUSAKA and Izumi MAKI, which was lining up at Yamazaki, in Kinmon Incident, and Yamada escaped to Choshu with them, as the Choshu army was beaten.
  603. In 1864, he participated in establishment of 'Satsuma-han Kaiseijo' (the Satsuma domain school of Western studies).
  604. In 1864, he pleaded for the return of SAIGO, who had been in exile, and visited the island as a messenger to recall him.
  605. In 1864, he returned to his native Kurume Domain and got involved in the process of purchasing warships and creating guns and cannons for the Domain, contributing to the development of the military industry.
  606. In 1864, he stepped down from Bugyo.
  607. In 1864, he took over the head family of the Abe family who held a fief of 100,000 koku in Shirakawa Domain in Mutsu Province under the shogunal command.
  608. In 1864, he visited Baito of Hosho-in of Zenko-ji Temple, stayed there for around 100 days and compiled "Ietsuto shu."
  609. In 1864, he was appointed Kyoto Shoshidai (local governor of Kyoto), and during the Kinmon Incident, he fought off the Choshu Domain army with the Aizu Clan.
  610. In 1864, he was assigned to Daikansatsu (chief inspector).
  611. In 1864, he was in Kyoto to guard Kyoto Imperial Palace in place of his father, but he left Kyoto after being defeated in the Kinmon Incident and throwing up his duty as the guard at Imperial Palace.
  612. In 1864, he was ordained hogen (the second highest rank for Buddhist priests).
  613. In 1864, he was pardoned, but in 1866 he was confined after the abortion of his attempt to expel pro-Tokugawa nobles such as Imperial Prince Kuninomiya Asahiko or Nariyuki NIJO.
  614. In 1864, he was raised to Shoshiinoge Konoefu (imperial palace guard at senior fourth rank, lower grade), however, on August 21 of the same year, he died.
  615. In 1864, he went to Kyoto under the name of Seinosuke ISHIKAWA.
  616. In 1864, in accordance with the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and Japan, Oura Catholic Church (Oura tenshudo) was built for French residents in the Minamiyamate foreign settlement in Nagasaki.
  617. In 1864, it was placed under the custody of Shonai clan.
  618. In 1864, on the way to the headquarters of Kyoto Shugoshoku (Military governor of Kyoto), Mondo cut down a feudal retainer of Kuwana Domain and he was put into jail after the arrival.
  619. In 1864, some anti-Shogunate samurai, planning to set fire to the residence of Imperial Prince Asahiko and murder Katamori, had Shuntaro FURUTAKA, an arms dealer who also served as a liaison between the Choshu clan and pro-Choshu nobles, procure a large number of weapons.
  620. In 1864, the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) appointed Hirotaka MAITA and Yasumasa MATSUDAIRA to Kyoto Mimawariyaku under the command of the Kyoto shugoshoku (Military governor of Kyoto).
  621. In 1864, the Kariudo burned down during the Kimmon no Hen (Conspiracy of Kimmon).
  622. In 1864, the Kinmon no Hen (the Rebellion at the Hamaguri-gomon Gate), which was the battle between the faction (the Choshu clan) under the slogan advocating reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners, and the faction (the Aizu clan) supporting the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), broke out.
  623. In 1864, the Tenguto no Ran (Rebellion of Tenguto) occurred, where retainers of the Hikone clan, seeking revenge for their late master Naosuke, blocked Nakasen-do Road and intercepted retainers of the Mito clan who were heading toward Kyoto from Mt. Tsukuba.
  624. In 1864, the following year, as the Domain employed a Western military style, he learned Western gunnery at the Takashima school and Dutch and British military sciences, and received a license to teach gunnery from the Takashima school in 1868.
  625. In 1864, the pro-imperialists took back power on Sumihiro's resignation of the Nagasaki magistrate.
  626. In 1864, the shogunate government, which raised an army for the Choshu Conquest due to Kinmon Incident, decided that military uniforms would be made in a western style.
  627. In 1864, when Kyoto saw the Kinmon Incident (the war waged by Choshu Domain for regaining its force in Kyoto, which resulted in its defeat), this tendency was accelerated, and when the Edo bakufu decided to set out the Choshu Expedition, the rice price rose nationwide.
  628. In 1865
  629. In 1865 at the age of eleven Juntaro was selected as an honor student and was dispatched to Nagasaki by the domain to study.
  630. In 1865 he became disciple of Shokaku SHOFUKUTEI the first, then he performed on the stage of Shofukutei in Kyoto and became Shochiku SHOFUKUTEI the second.
  631. In 1865 he changed his first name to "Toshimichi".
  632. In 1865 he went to Nagasaki and became good friends with Ryoma SAKAMOTO, Tomoatsu GODAI and others.
  633. In 1865 in the Choshu Domain, Shinsaku TAKASUGI who was a graduate from Shokason Juku (a private school to foster young intellectuals), raised an army in Bakan to stage a coup to beat the conservatives in the domain, and established a domain government to overthrow the bakufu (raising an army at Kozan-ji Temple).
  634. In 1865, Gonrokuro recommended Kagenao MORISHITA to a magistrate of the county (Bicchu Province) and later made Kagenao his own right-hand man.
  635. In 1865, Kagenori served as the interpreter with Thomas WALTERS, an Irish "Surveyor General," who was involved with the construction of a sugar refining plant in the Amami-Oshima Island.
  636. In 1865, Shinsaku TAKASUGI, who was living in exile, launched a military coup d'etat, persuading Shunsuke ITO, Kyosuke YAMAGATA and others to join, and the Justice Party succeeded in regaining the control of the Choshu clan.
  637. In 1865, Shintaro NAKAOKA and other royalists visited Ryoma who moved to Satsuma clan's house in Kyoto.
  638. In 1865, YOSHIDA studied in England and the United States of America as an overseas student of the Satsuma Domain, first on navigation, and later politics and economics.
  639. In 1865, a manual for military drills named 'Hoso Shinshiki' (a book on military drills completed by Shuhan TAKASHIMA) was compiled under the name 'Shuhan TAKASHIMA Yoshi' (Hirotake HONMA was the author, and Shuhan was the editor.)
  640. In 1865, after being promoted to Shogoinoge (Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), he passed the jogei (top ranked skill) test, the highest test for Imperial Court gagaku, with a perfect score.
  641. In 1865, he departed for England to study there, leading 15 students of the Satsuma clan.
  642. In 1865, he entered Bakufu Rikugun Denshujo (the bakufu's military school).
  643. In 1865, he formed an alliance with the Satsuma Domain through Ryoma SAKAMOTO (Satsuma-Choshu Alliance), beating the Bakufu army in the Second conquest of Choshu.
  644. In 1865, he got acquainted with a court noble Tomomi IWAKURA.
  645. In 1865, he inherited the pseudonym Sessai TSUKIOKA, a younger brother of his grandfather.
  646. In 1865, he joined the second Ken-o Shisetsu.
  647. In 1865, he left for Hiroshima to serve as Naoyuki NAGAI's squire.
  648. In 1865, he left the Morioka domain.
  649. In 1865, he moved to Nagasaki and studied Ranpo-igaku (Western medicine by means of the Dutch language) at Nagasaki Yojosho (current Nagasaki University, School of Medicine).
  650. In 1865, he moved to Tokyo with Takayoshi KIDO, where he helped realizing the Satsuma-Choshu Alliance by gathering information and acting as a liaison.
  651. In 1865, he retired at the age of 71.
  652. In 1865, he served as Toka no sechie Naiben (a kugyo who supervised inside the Jomei gate at the Imperial Court ceremony called Toka no sechie).
  653. In 1865, he was appointed a trainer of gun shooting at Fukuoka Domain.
  654. In 1865, he was appointed an assistant of political affairs.
  655. In 1865, he was born in Osaka.
  656. In 1865, he was transferred to the post of Konoe-fu (the Imperial Guard Division).
  657. In 1865, he went to England to study there with 18 other students.
  658. In 1865, his uncle, Senzo TSUKIGATA, resisted Edo bakufu as a chieftain of Chikuzen Kinnoto (loyalist clique), so his whole family including young Kiyoshi was restrained and imprisoned.
  659. In 1865, the French painter Bracquemond showed his friends "Hokusai Manga," which were on the wrapping papers of earthenware goods, and ultimately this had a great influence on the Impressionists.
  660. In 1865, the imperial court that was becoming more influential requested Seiitaishogun Iemochi TOKUGAWA to come to Kyoto again and expel the foreigners.
  661. In 1865, when a roju (a member of the shogun's council of elders) named Masato ABE and a group his supporters were punished by the Chotei (Imperial Court) for making the decision to open the port in Hyogo, Iemochi offered his resignation from the shogunate to the Chotei on his own.
  662. In 1866
  663. In 1866 he underwent his coming of age ceremony and began his jushi (junior samurai) training, but in January 1867 the jushi system was abolished through military reforms of the shoganate and he was assigned to the rifle corps.
  664. In 1866 the Shogunate ordered a second punitive expedition to Choshu, with operations starting in July.
  665. In 1866 when he was 66 years old, Jozan MIIZUMI found a hot spring source at Jozankei Onsen, present-day in Minami Ward, Sapporo City and opened Toji ba (therapeutic bath) there.
  666. In 1866, Abe was ordered to retire and be under house arrest with the reduction of 40,000 koku.
  667. In 1866, Endo returned to Japan from England where he had stayed to study.
  668. In 1866, Iemochi suffered from a disease in Osaka Castle during the second conquest of Choshu.
  669. In 1866, Jinzo KISHIMOTO in Okayama Prefecture established Bisen Omachi from a native variety.
  670. In 1866, Takakuni served as a guard of Yamashiro Uji-bashi Bridge and Ise Yamada.
  671. In 1866, a Navy of the Military Affairs Bureau was founded, and he was appointed assistant commissioner for ships and placed in charge of the warship.
  672. In 1866, he became a disciple of Kanetane HIRATA.
  673. In 1866, he died at the age of 69.
  674. In 1866, he succeeded his father as the family head and became the lord of the domain; however, his father controlled the real power and thus he was not substantially independent.
  675. In 1866, he took over the family estate and became the head of the Kuki family.
  676. In 1866, he vied with fellow disciple Yoshitoshi UTAGAWA and published 'Eimeinijuhatishuku' which gained popularity.
  677. In 1866, he was appointed as a head of the cannon party of Yang Fire Tiger Maru by Shinsaku TAKASUGI, governor of the Domain navy, in Second conquest of Choshu, making a surprise attack on the warship of Bakufu in June of the same year.
  678. In 1866, he was appointed by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) to the teacher of swordsmanship at Kobusho (a military training institute) and promoted to the Shogun's retainer.
  679. In 1866, he went to Nagasaki to study Western learning.
  680. In 1866, his father Munehide served as the assistant for subjugation of Choshu by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) on the Second conquest of Choshu in 1866.
  681. In 1866, nine French priests and 8,000 Catholics were captured and executed (Byeongin Persecution) and Christianity was thoroughly oppressed.
  682. In 1866, she married Morobuchi MISE.
  683. In 1866, the Tokugawa Shogunate lifted the ban on Japanese sailing abroad.
  684. In 1867
  685. In 1867 after the opinion of people in the domain was integrated into that of overthrowing the bakufu, Takayoshi KUKI took the side of Imperial army commanding western style army at the Battle of Toba and Fushimi.
  686. In 1867 at the age of 20, he went to Kyoto and studied sovereign's message under Misao TAMAMATSU and Yoshika MUTOBE.
  687. In 1867 he became a member of Shinsengumi and in 1868 he participated in the Battle of Toba and Fushimi, and Koyo Chinbutai (a military unit specially formed for the campaign in Kai Province).
  688. In 1867 he edited the first ever "A Japanese and English Dictionary" (Waeigorin Shusei), and published it as Hebon of the United States (美国平文).
  689. In 1867 he left the domain to conceal himself in Kyoto and became active as pro-Imperialist.
  690. In 1867 he met Tomomi IWAKURA through Mikami and became his trustworthy assistant.
  691. In 1867 he was continuously promoted to Kimoiri-suke (an assistant manager) and Kimoiri (manager) of Kyoto mimawarigumi, starting from Oyatoi Shichinin-buchi (御雇七人扶持) (name of rank).
  692. In 1867 he was given the title of Imperial Prince.
  693. In 1867 he was six.
  694. In 1867 when the 15th Shogun, Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA, restored government to the emperor and ended the Edo Shogunate, the Kyoto Shugoshoku was also abolished.
  695. In 1867, FUKUOKA assumed the post of Sansei (councilor).
  696. In 1867, Kyuzaemon HARIO and Banzan MATSUBAYASHI, the leaders of the alliance for reform group, were assassinated.
  697. In 1867, Louis NAPOLEON presented twenty-six Arabian horses to the bakufu for breeding improvements of their military horses as a gift.
  698. In 1867, Ryoma mended his relationship with Tosa clan and founded Kaientai.
  699. In 1867, Shinsengumi was appointed to the vassal of Shogun and YOSHIMURA was given the similar status of Mimawarigumi (Tokugawa sided faction that fought during the Meiji Revolution).
  700. In 1867, Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA, the 15th Shogun of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) transferred power back to the Emperor.
  701. In 1867, a Karo (chief retainer) of the Tsushima clan who visited Busan Wakan notified the Heungseon Daewongun administration that the new Meiji government had been established, but the Korean government rejected receipt of the Japanese sovereign's message, saying Japan's new sovereign identified himself as 'Emperor.'
  702. In 1867, a free-rate system was employed, resulting in the following rates, with the standard rate of Tetsu ichimonsen equal to one mon:
  703. In 1867, all Shinsengumi members including Kondo were recruited as shogunate retainers, but in October of the same year, Shusuke died of disease at the temporary residence in Nijukki-cho, Ushigome.
  704. In 1867, along with Shigenobu OKUMA he abandoned his domain and was active in the Shishi movement that promoted the sonno joi doctrine and loyalty to the emperor, but he was apprehended and sent back to Saga to serve house arrest.
  705. In 1867, four memorials were addressed to the Imperial Court.
  706. In 1867, he assumed the positions which were Naidaijin (Minister of the Center) and then Udaijin (Minister of the Right).
  707. In 1867, he attended the Paris Universal Exposition and he saw and heard about the International Red Cross Society and its activity there.
  708. In 1867, he broke away from the Shinsengumi with Kashitaro ITO and other people, and formed Goryo-eji (guards of Imperial mausoleums).
  709. In 1867, he changed his name to Jiro YAMAGUCHI.
  710. In 1867, he changed his political attitude and supported the principle of excluding foreigners.
  711. In 1867, he entered yugekitai (mobile forces).
  712. In 1867, he founded Kanazawa Clan Medical Center.
  713. In 1867, he joined the Shinsengumi at the age of 12 with his older brothers, Ichiro TAMURA and Rokushiro TAMURA.
  714. In 1867, he joined the Shinsengumi at the age of 14 with his older brother Tatsunosuke as it was accepting application.
  715. In 1867, he left Yokohama for the USA again and visited New York, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C.
  716. In 1867, he made imperial seal and seal of state by order of the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  717. In 1867, he returned to Japan.
  718. In 1867, he returned to his domain; however, because the real power for Kumamoto Domain had been held by the Sabaku-ha (supporters of the Shogun), he was imprisoned.
  719. In 1867, he returned to his home town again, became tokugaku (a school inspector) of Meishinkan in Kaminoyama City, and taught the younger generation.
  720. In 1867, he was appointed as Wakadoshiyori, but did not attend executive meetings and resigned from the post in a half year.
  721. In 1867, he was appointed as a Shinsengumi corporal.
  722. In 1867, he was appointed to Yugeki-tai Todorinami (the corresponding post of a chief of the commando unit).
  723. In 1867, he was dispatched to the United States to study there, upon the decree of the lord of the domain.
  724. In 1867, he was placed in charge of military preparation as well, and traveled back and forth between Nagasaki and Kagoshima, purchasing warships.
  725. In 1867, he was promoted to Fukutaicho-kaku (vice- commander) of the Rikuentai (an association of masterless samurai), which had been organized by Shintaro NAKAOKA.
  726. In 1867, he was temporarily adopted by Senzo NISHIKAWA and announced himself as Senzo NISHIKAWA VI.
  727. In 1867, his plan was discussed in the Imperial Court and they came to an agreement on setting up schools.
  728. In 1867, many people of Urakami village who had kept their faith as crypto-Christians expressed their Christianity and captured and tortured by order of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  729. In 1867, she died in the inner palace of Edo Castle.
  730. In 1867, she engaged in the composition of "Mikagura Uta" and started practicing Kagura (sacred music and dancing performed at a shrine) and musical instruments.
  731. In 1867, she made a plea to the Yoshida family, the Jingi Kanrei (person in control of the Shinto worship) in Kyoto, and obtained a license for missionary in which helped to subside the persecution against them.
  732. In 1867, the Emperor Meiji granted the Impeiral standard (made of gold brocade) and Setto to Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Taruhito who was appointed to Tosei-daisotoku (great general) for a military expedition to the east.
  733. In 1867, the entire Shinsengumi became a shogunate vassal, and Isami KONDO held rank as the vassal with the privilege to have an audience with the shogun.
  734. In 1867, when he was 11 years old, he joined the Shinsengumi.
  735. In 1867, when the ceremony of promotion to Shogun's retainer was held, he was conferred the status of Mimawarigumi Namioyatoi (junior member of the Shogunate patrol), although he was still a member with no title.
  736. In 1868
  737. In 1868 (the first year of Meiji Period), the shooting practice field was abolished.
  738. In 1868 (the first year of the Meiji Period), Edo was renamed Tokyo in accordance with an imperial edict, and Edo Castle became the Imperial Palace in Tokyo after the Emperor's arrival.
  739. In 1868 (the first year of the Meiji period), he was appointed to Jingikan Hanji (judge of the department of worship) and Jiko (teacher) of Emperor Meiji; later he became Daigaku Daihakusi (senior doctor of college), then finally became Daikyosei (the highest-ranking post of the department of worship).
  740. In 1868 (the start of the Meiji era), the title 'Chugu' ended since Shoken Taigo, who was Emperor Meiji's wife, became 'Kisainomiya' the following year.
  741. In 1868 Gohojo was added for research and education in fields other than Buddhist studies.
  742. In 1868 Takanaka was appointed Councilor (which is called 'sanyo' in Japanese) and Assistant Judicial Officer (which is called 'gonhanji' in Japanese) of the Department of Home Affairs (which is called the 'naikoku jimu kyoku), and became a Minor Controller (which is called 'shoben' in Japanese based on the ritsuryo system) in 1869.
  743. In 1868 Tanabe was established as an independent domain by approval of the Meiji Government.
  744. In 1868 a race track was built north of the settlement to the east of Ikuta-jinja Shrine, but was abandoned a few years later.
  745. In 1868 after the Boshin War, he endeavored to build the Tokyo Shokonsha Shrine (the precursor of the present Yasukuni-jinja Shrine), together with his trusted aide Masujiro OMURA.
  746. In 1868 he entered the government service, experienced Goyogakari (a general affairs official of the Imperial Household) of Niigata Prefecture and Syosanji of Shinagawa Prefecture, and then joined the Ministry of Justice in December 1870.
  747. In 1868 he joined the Battle of Toba-Fushimi as a member of the former bakufu force.
  748. In 1868 he requested the transfer of the capital to Osaka.
  749. In 1868 he returned to secular life and named Kaji no Miya, he was renamed again as Nashimoto no Miya in 1871.
  750. In 1868 he served as an official in the new government.
  751. In 1868 he was seven.
  752. In 1868 however, Yoshinaga MATSUDAIRA and others proposed permission of audience on ground of 'Bankoku Koho' and ministers from France and the Netherlands were invited to the Imperial Court and had an audience with the Emperor.
  753. In 1868 of the late Edo period a conflict that occurred between the new government army and the Bakufu-gun (Shogunate army) around Koeda-bashi Bridge along the Toba-kaido Road triggered the Battle of Toba and Fushimi, turning the areas along the road into battle fields.
  754. In 1868 the pro-bakufu rebel army occupied Hakodate, leading to the outbreak of the Hakodate War at Goryokaku.
  755. In 1868 they fought on the side of the bakufu in the Battle of Toba, Fushimi, but were defeated and thereafter obeyed the Meiji government.
  756. In 1868 when the Tokugawa family relocated to Shizuoka he moved to Numazu and lodged at the house of Otsukotsu who was working as an English instructor at the Numazu Officer Academy.
  757. In 1868, Emperor Meiji, who moved to Tokyo, sent an Imperial messenger to Sengaku-ji Temple and gave the ordinance to praise Oishi and others.
  758. In 1868, Eugene van REED, a Dutch American, led 149 immigrants (153 according to a document of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), who were called 'first-years,' to Hawaii.
  759. In 1868, Hachiman Daibosatsu was forbidden by the Meiji government because of its strong Buddhist influence.
  760. In 1868, Numazu heigakko (Numazu Officer Academy) was established, and Munizo entered the attached elementary school.
  761. In 1868, Shuei asked for a promotion to the 4th dan level at the age of 17 with the consent of Honinbo and the Yasui family, but Matsumotoinseki INOUE opposed this and designated Tetsujiro KOBAYASHI, his disciple, as the opponent of Sogo (official challenge match).
  762. In 1868, a big fire hit Shibai-cho, and her residence which had been most extravagant burnt up.
  763. In 1868, a cattle slaughterhouse was built to meet larger demands of foreigners for beef.
  764. In 1868, a treasured sword of honor was given to Goto and Hiroshi NAKAI from Victoria (Queen of England) because of his contribution to suppress the incident of the attack on Parkes, a British consul.
  765. In 1868, due to the separation of Buddhism and Shintoism, the Meiji government prohibited their enshrinement.
  766. In 1868, entering modern times, in order to dispel the close relationship between Higashi Hongan-ji Temple and the Edo bakufu (feudal government headed by a shogun) and to improve relations with the new Meiji government, he defined his position as an imperialist.
  767. In 1868, from Tadauji's retirement due to suspension with actions supportive of the shogunate, he changed his name to Tadatoshi and regained his position as the lord of the domain.
  768. In 1868, he advocated reforms of Nishi Hongan-ji Temple with Renjo AKAMATSU in Kyoto, such as abolishment of the Bokan system (bokan was a priest who served the Monzeki families) and promotion from adherents, and in 1870, he became a 'sansei' (a post in the office) of Nishi Hongan-ji Temple.
  769. In 1868, he attended at the New Government as Sanyo (Counselor), however, he was assassinated in Higashigawa, Marutamachi-dori Street Sagaru, Teramachi-dori Street, Kyoto (current Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto City) by samurais from Totsugawa area on the way back from sandai (a visit to the Imperial Palace).
  770. In 1868, he became the first president of Keio Gijuku.
  771. In 1868, he drew for "Kaidai hyakusenso."
  772. In 1868, he filled a post of the lieutenant governor of the force calming Tokaido in the Boshin War.
  773. In 1868, he fought against the army of former bakufu at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, as a feudal retainer of Satsuma Domain.
  774. In 1868, he fought the Battle of Hokuetsu.
  775. In 1868, he named the Rangaku school 'Keio Gijuku', and thereafter, he devoted himself to education.
  776. In 1868, he resigned from Minbukyo.
  777. In 1868, he resigned the positions.
  778. In 1868, he returned from abroad.
  779. In 1868, he returned from priesthood by Imperial order, founded a family, and changed his name back to Hirotsune with Miyago (reigning name) being Kachonomiya.
  780. In 1868, he returned to Sanda City and founded a private school named Eiran juku.
  781. In 1868, he succeeded his grandfather's business and broadened the market of his manure sales from Osaka to the whole Kinki region, so that he could establish the solid footing.
  782. In 1868, he was adopted out to Shonosuke SHIOBARA.
  783. In 1868, he was appointed a squad commander of Kanko-tai.
  784. In 1868, he was appointed as In no tsukasa.
  785. In 1868, he was appointed as Sangi (councilor), and he was also successful under the new government, being appointed 補相職 of administrative officers as Uhyoe no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Middle Palace Guards), Vice President and Gijo (an official post) in the Grand Government General.
  786. In 1868, he was appointed to Goyogakari (a general affairs official) in Foreign Affairs Bureau under the patronage of Munenori TERASHIMA in the New Meiji Government.
  787. In 1868, he was appointed to Jingikan (Department of Divinities) hanji (a judge), and then to jiko (teacher) of the Emperor Meiji.
  788. In 1868, he was appointed to Jusanmi Gon Chunagon (Junior Third Rank, Provisional Vice-councilor of State).
  789. In 1868, he was enlisted by the Meiji Government as the first ranked interpreter.
  790. In 1868, he was involved in Otsu Persecution.
  791. In 1868, he was ordered to return home from the new government, so he departed for home.
  792. In 1868, he went to Nagasaki for the investigation of the establishment of a medical school.
  793. In 1868, his maternal grand-uncle Takafusa SUZUKI died at the age of 75, and Takafusa's adopted son Morifusa also died in the battle of the Boshin War at the age of 27.
  794. In 1868, kumigashira (head of the group) of the Accounting Bureau of Chinshofu (government office)
  795. In 1868, the Boshin War broke out.
  796. In 1868, the Buddhist name Hachiman Daibosatsu was banned to use by the Meiji Government.
  797. In 1868, the Ezo Republic occupied Hakodate and in 1869, a 99-year lease was signed between Gaertner and the Ezo Island government.
  798. In 1868, the Kizu-gawa River dikes were washed out and, in cooperation with the Yodo clan, Kyoto Prefecture shifted the confluence where the Kizu-gawa River and the Uji-gawa River met downstream.
  799. In 1868, the Niigata Plain again got hit by a flood.
  800. In 1868, the Ordinance to separate Buddhism and Shintoism (Buddhism and Shintoism Separation Order) was issued by Daijokan (Grand Council of State).
  801. In 1868, the eighth family head, Kudai-taifu (post of Imperial Household Ministry) Kuninori SHIBAYAMA's adopted son Kokuei, who was the chief priest of Kofuku-ji Kensho-in Temple (also a son of Sangi (councillor) Toshimasa BOJO), created the Imazono family after exclaustration.
  802. In 1868, the family moved to Minatomachi, Shinmachi.
  803. In 1868, the new government army (the imperial court) decided to march to Edo, then, Fujiko was appointed to the envoy and went to Kyoto bearing Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA's petition and Kazunomiya's letter to Saneakira HASHIMOTO and to his son Saneyana HASHIMOTO.
  804. In 1868, the new government rejected the Yonezawa domain's surrender with arms, and ordered the powerful domains in Tohoku such as; the Sendai and Yonezawa Domains, to deploy their forces to crush the Aizu Domain.
  805. In 1868, they were ordered by the Imperial Court to go back to the Mito Domain and left Sagaki.
  806. In 1868, todori (chief) commander of kohei (military engineer)
  807. In 1868, when Iesato TOKUGAWA entered into a new domain, the Sunpu Domain, 23,700 koku of their 50,000 koku was moved to the Kikuma Domain.
  808. In 1868, when his foster father, Gonnosuke KAWARAZAKI, was killed by robbers, he heard his father's bloodcurdling groans.
  809. In 1868, when the Boshin Civil War began, Mochitsugu was suffering from disease.
  810. In 1868, when the Boshin War broke out, he went to Tohoku district with his troops and fought as a member of the New government army.
  811. In 1868, when the Meiji Restoration took place, he called himself Shogoinnomiya, and then he returned to secular life and called himself the Imperial Prince Yoshikoto again.
  812. In 1869
  813. In 1869 after the Boshin War, surrender of domain registers was undertaken, and the domains became local administrative divisions of the government.
  814. In 1869 after the Meiji Restoration, he visited Europe to inspect the Franco-Prussian War.
  815. In 1869 after the Meiji Restoration, the Imperial Household Ministry was organized modeled after ancient Dajokan (Great Council of State) System and Kunaikyo was appointed as the Grand Steward of the Ministry.
  816. In 1869 he became a Sangi (councilor) and in 1871 became the chief of the Foreign Ministry where handled the Maria Luz Incident.
  817. In 1869 he became a government urban planner, and was responsible for naming Ezochi 'Hokkaido' and assigning Ainu names to the provinces and districts.
  818. In 1869 he became a member of Toshoke (the hereditary lineage of Court nobles occupying relatively high ranks) and was supplied with 30-koku karoku (hereditary stipend) for san-nin fuchi (the equivalent of an annual three-man rice stipend).
  819. In 1869 he became a professor of the Meirinkan school.
  820. In 1869 he followed the lead of Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA and moved to Shizuoka.
  821. In 1869 he was appointed to the Danjodai (Board of Censors) established in Kyoto by the new government of Japan.
  822. In 1869 he was eight.
  823. In 1869 he was pardoned and restored to Fushiminomiya.
  824. In 1869 he was to be attached to the Seiikugata (生育方), but it was abolished in October of the same year, and at the recommendation of his bother-in-law Kumaji and his father's house, the Nishiyama family, he was assigned to the Numazu Kinbangumi.
  825. In 1869 it was renamed the domain of Kameoka.
  826. In 1869 the Imperial Palace was moved to Tokyo and it was renamed Tokyo-jo Castle (the former Edo-jo Castle), the Emperor permitted the Imperial sanction of the documents of the return of the han (domain) register to the Meiji Emperor on July 25.
  827. In 1869 with abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures, Nagayasu became the governor of Shibamura Domain; in 1871 Shibamura Domain was abolished.
  828. In 1869, Hansekihokan (the return of the land and people from the feudal lords to the Emperor) was carried out, a year after the Meiji Restoration.
  829. In 1869, Itagaki became Sanyo (Councilor) in the new Meiji government.
  830. In 1869, Kyoto Rokuhara Elementary school was founded named after 'Rokuhara.'
  831. In 1869, Masaya was registered as an adopted child of the war-dead Morifusa to rebuild the Suzuki family and inherit the family headship.
  832. In 1869, Noh was performed before the Duke of Edinburgh when he visited Japan.
  833. In 1869, Oki Prefecture was established in Oki Province and then incorporated into Omori Prefecture.
  834. In 1869, Shigenobu OKUMA, who was a taifu (vice-minister) of so-called 'Minbu Okura-sho' (he was a taifu for both Okura-sho and Minbu-sho) to which a personnel integration was applied, was recommended by Junzo GO and intended to install Eiichi SHIBUSAWA who was a former retainer of shogun.
  835. In 1869, Shojo (Junior Secretary) of the Ministry of the Treasury
  836. In 1869, Sosha Myojin, Gosho Myojin and Hakusan Gongen, which were enshrined in the precinct of Horyu-ji Temple, were transferred to the shrine to be re-enshrined.
  837. In 1869, Yoshinari YAMANA was allowed to increase the koku to 11,000 by the Meiji government; with this increase of koku, the Yamana clan founded the Oka clan in Tajima village.
  838. In 1869, a coal-mine railway (Kayanuma coal-mine railway) started running in the Kayanuma coal mine in Hokkaido.
  839. In 1869, about 40 of the 'first-years' returned to Japan before the three-year contract was fulfilled.
  840. In 1869, after released, he established an English school in Setomono-cho, Nihonbashi; however, he was suspected that 'he gathers people to plot for the downfall of the government' and arrested for a while.
  841. In 1869, approximately 27 "machi" (a neighborhood) formed a single bangumi and the system was again reorganized in the same year, in which there were thirty-three in Kamigyo and thirty-two in Shimo-gyo, for a total of sixty-five (during the same year, a bangumi in Shimogyo was split, bringing the total to sixty-six).
  842. In 1869, as Kazunomiya came back to Kyoto, Fujiko attended her and came home too.
  843. In 1869, he became a Sanyo (councilor) of foreign affairs (his colleagues included Tomoatsu GODAI, Munenori TERASHIMA, Hirobumi ITO and Kaoru INOUE).
  844. In 1869, he became the governor of Hyogo Prefecture.
  845. In 1869, he became the governor of the Kameyama Domain as a result of the Hansekihokan (return of lands and people to the emperor), and changed the name Kameyama to Kameoka.
  846. In 1869, he became the governor of the inner Court and finally got promoted to the chief councilor of state.
  847. In 1869, he built a gravestone of Goryo-eji in Kaiko-ji Temple.
  848. In 1869, he came to work for the national government and later became a judge of Chosho-shi (court for civil suits), gonhanji (assistant judicial officer) of Hakodate-fu government and kaitaku hangan (magistrate of Hokkaido Development Commissioner).
  849. In 1869, he demonstrated his skills by producing a large series of okubi-e (large-head pictures) of Kabuki actors with woodcrafter Shokichi OTA, and armor maker Kahei GUSOKUYA in Ningyocho district as publisher.
  850. In 1869, he entered the government service at Tsukiji Navy Training Center, and served in a variety of posts such as the senior assistant professor on military science, the junior assistant professor on military science and a middle professor on military science, and in the end, he was promoted to the Lieutenant Colonel of the Navy.
  851. In 1869, he inaugurated a study group 'Rokuninkai' (six-people society) with Honinbo Shuetsu, Kamesaburo NAKAGAWA, and others.
  852. In 1869, he participated in the naval battle of Miyako Bay as the captain of the warship Takao with Takeaki ENOMOTO and Toshizo HIJIKATA.
  853. In 1869, he resigned Chihanji (Minbu taifu) of the Mito domain due to Hanseki-hokan (return of lands and people to the emperor).
  854. In 1869, he returned to Yokohama, admitting defeat, and he was given absolution on January 6, 1872.
  855. In 1869, he served the government as Dajokan (Great Council of State) and also took the post of Daigaku Chujokyo (middle assistant professor of higher education).
  856. In 1869, he succeeded as head of the family due to the death of his adoptive father, but the Shogun family had already disappeared and he took pains to maintain the family business during the decline of the tea ceremony.
  857. In 1869, he succeeded to the Mito Tokugawa family and was appointed to the last lord of the Mito domain.
  858. In 1869, he took the post of rusu chokan (a person representing the chief officer during his absence).
  859. In 1869, he was adopted by the Yamashinanomiya family and called Prince Yamashinanomiya Sadamaro.
  860. In 1869, he was appointed a chief judge of Hokkaido Development Commissioner, and took charge of the boosting local development in Sapporo City.
  861. In 1869, he was appointed a director of Hokkaido Development Commissioner but he died in 1871 without visiting the place of his appointment.
  862. In 1869, he was appointed as Daisanji (Major Councilor) of Isawa Prefecture.
  863. In 1869, he was appointed to the Governor of Otaki Domain when the return of lands and people to the emperor was carried out.
  864. In 1869, he was assigned to Shosakan (Junior clerk) of Juhoso (gunnery division) and became in charge of manufacturing gunpowder, and he started working in Nakagawa-machi, Naka County (Chikuzen Province) (Fukuoka Prefecture).
  865. In 1869, he was called on to move out of Unryuin of Honno-ji Temple, when he entreated Nissei at Myoren-ji Temple to lease Yusei-ji Temple, and he made Yusei-ji Temple the first Butsuryu association temple within Honmon Butsuryu Sect.
  866. In 1869, he was given the title of Shogoinoge; however, because of the governmental reform of the same year due to the Meiji Restoration, Tenyakuryo was abolished and he came to lose the official ranks of Oribe no kami and Mutsu no kami.
  867. In 1869, he was invited to Ritsumeikan, the private school of Kinmochi SAIONJI and became a teacher with Tenka EMA, Aizan TANIGUCHI, Seison HIROSE and Tessai TOMIOKA.
  868. In 1869, he was invited to Shijuku Ritsumeikan (Ritsumeikan Private Academy) established by Kinmochi SAIONJI, as an instructor along with Tessai TOMIOKA, Seiitsu YAMANAKA and others.
  869. In 1869, he was recommended by the Owari Domain and became a koshinsei (government supported student) at Daigaku Toko (the predecessor of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo).
  870. In 1869, he went on an inspection tour to Europe and returned the following year in 1870.
  871. In 1869, he went to Europe to inspect the military systems of various countries.
  872. In 1869, he went to Europe with Aritomo YAMAGATA to research the military system.
  873. In 1869, he wrote honogaku (votive tablet) with a brush for Hie-jinja Shrine in Tomigata-mura (present-day Ina City).
  874. In 1869, it was decided that chamberlains should belong to the Ministry of Imperial Household.
  875. In 1869, she made a plea for sparing a life of the Tostugawagoshi (a samurai from Totsugawa area of Nara) who assassinated Shonan YOKOI and this brought a displeasure to the new government and she was placed under house arrest away from the Empress.
  876. In 1869, soto (Buddhist priests) were ordered to return to secular life.
  877. In 1869, the Emperor's stay in Tokyo was announced at his second visit to Tokyo and Tokyo-jo Castle was named Kojo (Imperial Palace).
  878. In 1869, the Hokkaido Development Project was commissioned to him.
  879. In 1869, the Meiji Government announced a construction project for the railroad between Tokyo and Kyoto.
  880. In 1869, the Meiji government created the Kazoku system for the new Kizoku class.
  881. In 1869, the Meiji government spent a total of 745,750 koku plus 203,376 ryo (Japanese currency unit) to pay Shotenroku, a special privilege for people who rendered distinguished services for the restoration, and payment of Karoku, stipends paid to nobles and samurai warriors, accounted for more than 30% of government's total expenditure.
  882. In 1869, the Sanbangumi elementary school (the third elementary school) (later Meirin elementary school) was opened on the former Meirinsha site.
  883. In 1869, the decision was made to build a shrine honoring Nobunaga ODA who promoted the unification the country and the restoration the court council during the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States).
  884. In 1869, the first shop selling shaved ice with syrup was opened in Bashamichi in Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture (This shop is also the first shop from which ice cream originated).
  885. In 1869, the following year, they were defeated in Hakodate war, and the remained warships were transferred to the new government.
  886. In 1869, the next year of his arrival at Hakodate, he transferred to the Hokkaido Development Commissioner to be appointed as the Hokkaido Development Chu-hangan, (middle rank magistrate) and successively held various posts, as the Great Secretary of the Hokkaido Development, and the Chief Secretariat of ex-legionary Settlement Office.
  887. In 1869, the post of Tenmonkata was abolished, after that he worked for Seigakukyoku of the Greate Learning for a while and finally became an official at Tokyo astronomical observatory.
  888. In 1869, these Four Domains simultaneously took the role of national leadership in submitting a plan of Hanseki-hokan (return of lands and people to the emperor), and led the returning of lands and people of the various domains of the entire nation to the emperor.
  889. In 1869, to avoid confusion with Kameyama City, Mie Prefecture, the name was changed from Kameyama to Kameoka.
  890. In 1869, when the Choshu Domain abolished the Land Transport Bureau and disposed of artillery guns, rifles, artillery shells and bullets, Fujita purchased all of them and made a large profit by delivering them to Osaka.
  891. In 1869, when the Kagoshima regular army was assembled, Murata became a leader of an artillery unit.
  892. In 1869, when the Kagoshima regular army was established, he was appointed to the commander of the first battalion.
  893. In 1870
  894. In 1870 Daigaku Nanko (literally, the Southern College of the University), a former Kaisei Gakko, republished "The Surveyed Map of Japan, official edition" and "Dainihon Enkai Jissokuroku" was also published.
  895. In 1870 Meiji government established the ministry of industry, employed many foreign specialists, and promoted new industries and improved infrastructure such as railway, shipbuilding, mine, iron manufacture, telegraph, lighthouse, etc.
  896. In 1870 Nobutoshi ODA, governor of the Tendo Domain (present Tendo City, Yamagata Prefecture) had shrines of Nobunaga ODA built in the residence of Tokyo and Mt. Maizuru in the domain.
  897. In 1870 Takahira KANDA also submitted 'A Proposal for Land-Tax Reform'; in the proposal he suggested to correct inequality in taxes among domains and make a fair tax system.
  898. In 1870 he travelled to Germany for studying abroad.
  899. In 1870 he was nine.
  900. In 1870 he was recognized as Emperor and was given the Tsuigo of Emperor Chukyo.
  901. In 1870 his Miya go title was changed to Higashi Fushimi no Miya.
  902. In 1870, Hoshi Koen OTANI was dispatched to Hokkaido.
  903. In 1870, Kataharu MATSUDAIRA, a son of Katamori, became the governor of Tonami Domain.
  904. In 1870, Ms. Naruko YANAGIHARA started her service at the Imperial court as a Kojoro (certain daughters or granddaughters of daijin [the Ministers of State], nagon [the Counselors], and sangi [the Consultants] and other kugyo [senior nobles]) for the Empress Dowager.
  905. In 1870, Okura taijo (Senior Secretary of the Minister of the Treasury
  906. In 1870, School of Science was annexed to School of Western Learning, and was transformed into Kaiseijo.
  907. In 1870, Tokyo Prefecture gave them permission to build and sell jinrikisha.
  908. In 1870, Yukichi decided to establish an English-style medical school for Seishiro MAEDA, a student of Keio Gijuku.
  909. In 1870, after returning, he joined the Ministry of Finance and served as the head of land tax and Okura no shofu (Junior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of the Finance).
  910. In 1870, after the Meiji Restoration, he travelled to Europe to observe the Franco-Prussian War, and further stayed in Germany and Great Britain for studies.
  911. In 1870, carrying a sword was banned for the common people.
  912. In 1870, he assumed the post of Daisanji (second to a governor) of the Kochi Domain.
  913. In 1870, he became Tokyo-fu Gonnosho Sanji (junior councilor of Tokyo Prefecture), later held important posts such as Naimu Gonnosho Shokikan (junior secretary of the department of home affair).
  914. In 1870, he changed his reigning name to Kitashirakawanomiya because it was hard to distinguish it from the former monzeki (temple formerly led by founder of sect, temple in which resided a member of nobility or the Imperial family).
  915. In 1870, he completed his great literature "Jinjakakuroku" after his 30 years of work, and provided that to Jingikan, but he died on January 10, 1871 (his death was published on February 23, 1871).
  916. In 1870, he contracted smallpox caused by vaccination and was slightly scarred on his face.
  917. In 1870, he endeavored to reorganize Kanazawa Domain Medical School.
  918. In 1870, he entered Okura-sho (Ministry of the Treasury) and in the following year, he visited various countries as the first secretary of Iwakura Mission.
  919. In 1870, he entered the Osaka Kaisei Gakko (Kaisei School) to study French and, in 1873, he was admitted to the French Department of the Tokyo Gaikokugo Gakko (Tokyo School of Foreign Language [old education system]) in Kanda.
  920. In 1870, he met with Kaishu KATSU, who was visiting Suruga.
  921. In 1870, he opened a tea manufacturing and trading store in Sakaecho-dori in Kobe City with a capital of 300,000 yen, but he went bankrupt because of slump in business.
  922. In 1870, he played Jubango (10 game match) against Showa ITO the 7th dan level (Shuei, Sen [playing 1st in all 3 matches]), 7 wins, 2 losses, and 1 draw.
  923. In 1870, he spent his days travelling back and forth between Osaka Hyobusho (ministry of the military) branch office constructed in Osaka-jo Castle ruins and the head office in Tokyo, on Omura's plan.
  924. In 1870, he studied at Saint Petersburg State University in Russia.
  925. In 1870, he was appointed as Daisanji (Major Councilor) of Sakata Prefecture.
  926. In 1870, he was assigned to Ihogata (department in charge of casting cannon) and given the semi 15th grade.
  927. In 1870, on the day after the Dajokan Fukoku (Decrees of the Cabinet) which ordered demolition of castles, the feudal retainers of the domain who wanted a quick change of government tore down the castle, including the tenshu.
  928. In 1870, the authority of astronomical calendar study was transferred to the Tenmon Rekido-kyoku (Astronomical Calendar Study Bureau) of Ministry of Education.
  929. In 1870, the designation started; however, it was abolished two years later.
  930. In 1870, the government carried out a reform of the stipend system for nobles.
  931. In 1870, the government was borrowing the Enryo-kan Mansion of the Hama-rikyu Imperial Villa that was repaired in haste, the Hachisuka-tei Residence in Mita, and so on.
  932. In 1870, the next year of Haruo's death, the new government resolutely carried out the dismantlement of Onmyoryo.
  933. In 1870, together with Emperor Kobun (Prince Otomo) and Emperor Chukyo, he received a posthumous name, "Emperor Junnin" from Emperor Meiji.
  934. In 1870, when he was working for Bussan-kyoku (Domestic Products Research Center) of Daigaku Nanko (predecessor of the University of Tokyo) as Senior Secretary of Universities, he met Yoshio TANAKA again (who had participated in the Paris Universal Exposition as an envoy of the shogunate).
  935. In 1870: Became a koshinsei (referral student from each domain) and enrolled in Kaisei Gakko (Kaisei School, later The University of Tokyo).
  936. In 1870: Enrolled in Kaisei Gakko (Kaisei School, later The University of Tokyo) as a koushinsei (referral student from each domain).
  937. In 1870: Minbu-shoyu (Junior Assistant Minister of Popular Affairs) concurrently serving as Okura no shoyu (Junior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of the Treasury), Minbu-taijo (Senior Secretary of the Ministry of Popular Affairs).
  938. In 1871
  939. In 1871 Imperial Prince Kotohito, who succeeded to Kan in no Miya, went to France to study.
  940. In 1871 Jiryo Agechi-rei (Decree Confiscating Temples' Estates) and Shidokin Haishi-rei (Decree Abolishing Offerings) were issued and the temples of the Ji sect experienced the biggest difficulties.
  941. In 1871 Shizuoka Domain was dissolved at the Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), and many men of talent, Ukichi and Otsukotsu, moved to Tokyo.
  942. In 1871 after the Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), SUGI was assigned as Kunai-taijo (post of Imperial Household Ministry), prefectural governor of the Akita Prefecture, and Kunai-taijo again.
  943. In 1871 he became the governor of the Fukuoka Domain, (later called the governor of Fukuoka Prefecture, kenrei) and he governed Fukuoka well after the disturbance of the Nisesatsu affair (fake money affair).
  944. In 1871 he changed his surname to Saga.
  945. In 1871 he returned to Edo and played eight games on Sen ai sen against Shuwa, resulting in Shuho's five wins and three losses.
  946. In 1871 he took the office of Finance Secretary and made a trip abroad as the Vice Commander of a mission headed by IWAKURA.
  947. In 1871 he was assigned to the position of the 21st hoshu of the Hongan-ji Temple in accordance with the death of Konyo.
  948. In 1871 he was ten.
  949. In 1871 he was transferred to the governor of the Inba Prefecture which was newly founded in accordance with the reorganization of prefectures after Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures).
  950. In 1871 it became Miyazu Prefecture by abolishing the han and establishing the prefecture of Toyooka, so that eventually it was incorporated into Kyoto Prefecture.
  951. In 1871 it was ranked as a Kanpei Chusha as Umenomiya-jinja Shrine.
  952. In 1871 the Meiji government implemented Haihan-chiken throughout Japan.
  953. In 1871 the designation of the Tendai-zasu was repealed by the Dajokan (Grand Council of State) and the position of Tendai-zasu disappeared, but following the many calls for its restoration both from within the Tendai sect and without, in 1885 it was revived in the form of a private title.
  954. In 1871 the shrine became Kanpe Taisya and was renamed "Otokoyama Hachimangu " and resumed the name of Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine in 1918.
  955. In 1871, Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures) finally abolished "han" domains, and the prefectural system was fully in place.
  956. In 1871, Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures) took place with a military force by Goshimpei (army to convoy the Emperor) mainly consisting of samurai of Sacho (Satsuma and Choshu domains), leading to the establishment of a prefecture system.
  957. In 1871, Hikone Prefecture was formed by Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures).
  958. In 1871, Imperial Prince Fushimi Sadanaru was given the title of Imperial Prince and then given the real name of Sadanaru, for his genpuku (to celebrate one's coming of age) ceremony, and was given the Imperial court ranking of nihon (the second court rank for an Imperial Prince).
  959. In 1871, Japan introduced gold standard system with a new currency unit, yen (circulated money), by enacting 'New Currency Act,' but vulnerable economic infrastructure in Japan at that time allowed gold coin, specie, to flow out continuously.
  960. In 1871, Kumihama Prefecture was abolished and consolidated into Toyooka Prefecture.
  961. In 1871, Masaru INOUE (Father of Japan's railroad) joined the project from the Japan side by taking up the position of Mine and Railroad head.
  962. In 1871, Murata was assigned to the Kunai-taijo (a post of Imperial Household Ministry) on the recommendation of Saigo.
  963. In 1871, New Currency Regulation was issued and the first modern monetary system was introduced to Japan which designated 'yen (currency)' as Japanese currency.
  964. In 1871, Nishi-Maizuru was then designated as the capital of Maizuru-ken (Prefecture) following Haihanchiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures). However, in October of the same year, it was incorporated into Toyooka ken, (Prefecture) and in 1876, was incorporated again into Kyoto Fu (Prefecture).
  965. In 1871, Russia dispatched military units and seized the Ili region.
  966. In 1871, Sanda Domain was changed its name to Sanda Prefecture due to Haihan-chiken.
  967. In 1871, a modern public postal service was established to connect between Tokyo and Osaka, and the service area was expanded throughout Japan in 1872.
  968. In 1871, after the Meiji Restoration, though the mail system was already well established, nengajo were sent as notes in most cases, but still there weren't so many.
  969. In 1871, again, the Four Domains simultaneously took the role of national leadership in reporting a plan of the Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures) to the emperor, and led the abolition of the various domains of the entire nation.
  970. In 1871, as a result of the Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), he was discharged from the governor of the domain.
  971. In 1871, because of various negative effects, heredity priesthood was abolished by an edict from the Dajokan (Grand Council of State).
  972. In 1871, by the act of Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), the Minakuchi Domain was abolished to establish Minakuchi Prefecture.
  973. In 1871, councilors were placed in prefectures and the government post of Daisanji was abolished due to the establishment of governmental regulation of prefectures accompanying Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures).
  974. In 1871, he accompanied the Iwakura Mission lead by the plenipotentiary delegate Tomomi IWAKURA, and enriched his experience.
  975. In 1871, he became Shosanji (junior councilor) and Gondaisanji (second to governor) of the domain after serving as Goyogakari (person in charge of the command from the Imperial Household Ministry) at Gijiteisaitorishirabesho (the office to examine parliamentary system).
  976. In 1871, he became a member of Goshimpei (army to convoy the emperor) and he held the post of Konoe taii (Senior Lieutenant of Imperial Guard).
  977. In 1871, he became gon-sanji of Kumihama Prefecture and gon-sanji of Toyooka Prefecture.
  978. In 1871, he changed his name to Yoshie SUGIMURA.
  979. In 1871, he entered Imperial Household Ministry, worked concurrently as the grand chamberlain and Kunaikyo (Minister of the Sovereign's Household).
  980. In 1871, he entered the Ministry of Finance.
  981. In 1871, he established a school educational system as Minbukyo (Minister of Popular Affairs) and Monbukyo (Minister of Education).
  982. In 1871, he established the Iwakura shisetsudan (Iwakura Mission) as a Tokumei-zenken-taishi (extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador) together with Takayoshi KIDO and others, and studied foreign cultures and systems.
  983. In 1871, he joined the Iwakura Mission and visited Europe.
  984. In 1871, he moved back to Tokyo again and entered the Department of War of the Meiji Government.
  985. In 1871, he resigned the position at the Domain, and returned to Fukuoka City, Sawara County to farm.
  986. In 1871, he retired from Kanazawa Domain Medicine School.
  987. In 1871, he served in a new government.
  988. In 1871, he succeeded to the position of family head.
  989. In 1871, he was adopted to Jinko NANJO in the Okunen-ji Temple who taught at the Takakura Gakuryo, and changed his last name to Nanjo.
  990. In 1871, he was appointed Akita Kenrei (the present Akita Prefectural Governor).
  991. In 1871, he was appointed as Shosanji (Minor Councilor) of the Kumamoto domain.
  992. In 1871, he was appointed to Gaimu gon no daisakan (a post in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) while he was still overseas.
  993. In 1871, he was awarded the Shotenroku (premium) of 400 koku in recognition of his contribution to the restoration of Imperial rule.
  994. In 1871, he was invited by the Meiji Government to work in Civil Engineering Bureau in Kunaisho (Ministry of the Sovereign's Household), and built Mansei-bashi Bridge in 1873, Asakusa-bashi Bridge and Horai-bashi Bridge the following year, and in1875, Edo-bashi Bridge and Kyo-bashi Bridge.
  995. In 1871, he was ordered by the Meiji Government to carve gyoji (imperial seal) and seal of state.
  996. In 1871, he was resigned from the governor's post due to Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures).
  997. In 1871, he went to the United States for the purpose of inspecting the San Francisco Exhibition, and stayed there to study.
  998. In 1871, he went up to Tokyo, and from 1875, he was involved the historiography project carried out by the Meiji government at Shushikan affiliated to the Bureau of Historiography, Dajokan-Seiin (the Grand Council of state).
  999. In 1871, he worked as a temporary employee for Hokkaido Development Commission established by the Meiji Government.
  1000. In 1871, it was established by an edict of Daijokan (The Grand Council of State), 'Kansha ika teikaku, Shinkan shokusei to kisoku' (literally, regulations for official shrines and others in number of priests allocated to a shrine, office organization of Shinto priest, and so on).

157001 ~ 158000

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