; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. During 810's, Udaijin (minister of the right), FUJIWARA no Sonohito took the initiative in policies that controlled powerful peerage and temples, shrines, and focused on relief of the poor.
  2. During 854-857 and 857-859, he held the positions of Sahyoe no jo (third-ranked officer of Sahyoe-fu, the Left Division of Middle Palace Guards), Shonagon (Lesser counselor), and Sakone no shosho (Minor Captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards), eventually becoming Kurodo no To (Head Chamberlain).
  3. During April 11 the same year, events like the opening of Edo castle, that went off without a hitch, grabbed attention from Osaka to Edo.
  4. During April, Nobunaga went to Kyoto and was conferred Jusanmi Sangi (councilor in the Junior Third Rank).
  5. During August of the same year, Tsukigata's group joined Shochiku Kyoto Studio and Tsukigata changed his name back to 'Ryunosuke TSUKIGATA.'
  6. During Azuchi-Momoyama period, in the time of Kokin denju (the secret transmissions of the "Kokinshu," Anthology of Old and New Japanese Poems) from Yusai HOSOKAWA to Mitsuhiro KARASUMARU, Fujitaka gave it to Mitsuhiro, which is why this name was given.
  7. During Christmas season, a Christmas market (in French, "March? du No?l"), many street stalls are constructed from wood, built in the central plaza of a town to sell food and small articles (items).
  8. During Daidoshi saho in shoya, "Jinmyocho" (the list of deities) was read.
  9. During December of the same year, Sumimoto and Yukinaga landed in Hyogo in the Settsu Province and captured Koshimizu-jo Castle, owned by Masayori KAWARABAYASHI (瓦林正頼, also known as 河原林政頼) (The Battle of Koshimizu-jo Castle).
  10. During December of the same year, he joined Shinsaku TAKASUGI, who rose up to fight against 'conventional party' which was supporting the doctorine of allegiance to Bakufu and ruling the Domain, defeating and removing them.
  11. During Edo period, exchanges with foreign countries were prohibited by the ordinance of national isolation and only the Netherlands was permitted to do trade in Dejima of Nagasaki.
  12. During Edo period, predominance of the Yoshida family in Shinto priesthood was settled by the establishment of the shosha neki kannushi hatto (ordinances for shrine priests) in 1665.
  13. During Emperor Ichijo's reign, the Emperor Murakami was already called 'former Emperor Murakami' instead of 'Murakami in, Retired Emperor Murakami.'
  14. During Emperor Kanmu's reign, the capital was relocated to Nagaoka-kyo and then to Heian-kyo, and aggressively pursued the conquest of Ezo.
  15. During Emperor Meiji's era, a former Imperial Family Law was issued which included the prohibition of abdication, prohibition of adoption, and a priority for a male, direct Imperial member's, succession to the throne.
  16. During Emperor Saga's reign, an ordinance was issued on May 10, 817 to establish the 'Kangosei' (students of Chinese), which composed of six students including four Onsei and Hakucho.
  17. During FUJIWARA no Nakamaro's Revolt in 764, Mushimaro served under Nakamaro's son FUJIWARA no Kokachi as Echizen no suke (assistant governor of Echizen Province), and was stripped of his rank and position after being implicated in Nakamaro's revolt, but was restored to his original rank in 766.
  18. During February the following year (1598), Ulsan Castle was run down to just about to fall because of starvation.
  19. During February there is a series of performance during the Setsubun holiday (Bean Throwing Festival), called the Setsubun-e, which starts on the day before Setsubun, with the final performance on the day of the Setsubun Festival.
  20. During Genki period (1570 - 1573) the incursion by the Takeda clan into Mikawa Province led him to switch sides to the Takeda clan.
  21. During Genna era (1615-1623), tsukaiban (a person responsible for inspecting and patrolling a battle field) were appointed as envoys to carry the tea leaves.
  22. During Haibutsu kishaku (historic movements of abolishing Buddhism and destroying Buddhist temples and images), Fugen-ji Temple was abolished.
  23. During Haiden mawashi, to go around the front shrine wildly, the bearers move the mikoshi forward keep turning sharply to negotiate corners while wildly shaking the mikoshi in a seesaw fashion as mentioned above.
  24. During Heian period, as an athletic sport at Court, kemari was popular among noblemen, therefore nobleman built a private practice ground called "mari-ba" (ball ground) on their own residences, and they spent the whole day practicing, every day.
  25. During Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI's Bunei-Keicho War (invasion of Korea), he conducted Benevolent Kings Wisdom Sutra services at To-ji Temple.
  26. During Hideyoshi's invasion of Korea he served as an overseer.
  27. During Hideyoshi's invasion of Korea, Tomoharu earned distinction as fune bugyo (naval commander), receiving 3100 koku of land in Ako in Harima province and Haneda in Ise province.
  28. During Hideyoshi's invasion, powerful local clans in various provinces yielded to Hideyoshi one after another in fear of Hideyoshi's power.
  29. During Higan, the autumn equinoctial week, both sides of the stone stairway going up to the temple are filled with the blossoms of red spider lily flowers.
  30. During Honnoji Incident in 1582, Sadakatsu was at his own residence, on the opposite side of Honno-ji Temple, but he rushed to Myokaku-ji Temple, the residence of Nobunaga's legal son, Nobutada ODA.
  31. During Horeki Era (1751 ? 1763), he served as the chief priest of Kihaku-in at Amida-ji Temple (Pure Land Sect).
  32. During Ieyasu's absence, Mitsunari ISHIDA of Gobugyo (five major magistrates) and others raised an army against Ieyasu and fought a skirmish at Fushimi-jo Castle where Mototada held in with 1,800 soldiers (the Battle of Fushimi-jo Castle).
  33. During Iwato-gakure (the hiding of Amaterasu Omikami, the sun goddess, in the heavenly rock cave), he sang norito (Shinto prayer) in front of the rock cave.
  34. During Japan's medieval period, a taxation system was established with nengu (land tax) and kuji (public duties).
  35. During Japan's middle ages, powerful and influential families or other groups, including the Imperial Court, the various warrior governments, lords of private estates, and powerful temples and shrines all established their own dedicated barrier stations, levying a "barrier toll" (also known as a "passage tax") at such barriers in order to make money.
  36. During Jikatachigyo system (provision of lands from a feudal government or domains to retainers as salary) changed into horoku system (salary) in villages, Samurai's (warrior's) direct engagement to villages weakened and the Murauke system (Village taxation system) did not move ahead.
  37. During Jisho War, the influential anti-Heishi (anti-Taira clan) group such as MINAMOTO no Yoritomo declared to confiscate the Taira territories which they occupied, and distributed them to their own gokenin (immediate vassals), which was later permitted by the Imperial Court as a part of the subjugation of the Taira family.
  38. During Jisho-Juei War, Tanzo and other persons made achievements in Dannoura and other places.
  39. During July Nobunaga completely besieged Nagashima-cho in Ise Province (Mie Prefecture) with an amphibian operation leading 30,000 soldiers and brought a way of siege warfare.
  40. During July of the same year, there was an incident where the film's negatives for "Eigoro Futari" (Two Eigoros), directed by Hirofumi OKI and starring Bando, were burned due to a fire occurring at the studio.
  41. During Kennyo's time, the Hongan-ji Temple sect tried to take control of the Ikko uprisings by their followers, which had been in progress since his father's era, while at the same time cultivating alliances with relatives of the shogunal deputy, the Hosokawa family and the Kyo no Kuge, or court nobles.
  42. During King Ohodo's reign, the Tsukushinokimi-Iwai, a powerful family from northern Kyushu, allied with the Korean kingdom of Silla and started hostilities (the Iwai War) with the Yamato Kingdom, though these were immediately suppressed.
  43. During Kongokai-kegyo and Taizokai-kegyo, the principal object of worship is Kongokai Mandala, and during Taizokai-shogyo, Taizo Mandala is the object of worship.
  44. During Koro Bekka, they prepare hogu (ritual implements) for hongyo and at night practice Shomyo (chanting of Buddhist hymns).
  45. During Kyoho era, Sorai OGYU and Shundai DAZAI proposed similar ideas.
  46. During Kyoho-no-kaikaku (Kyoho reform), Yoshimune launched medicinal reform.
  47. During Late Showa Era
  48. During March of 1531, Takakuni suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of Nakajima in Settsu Province due to a counterattack made by Motonaga MIYOSHI.
  49. During Masako's pregnancy, Yoritomo had an affair with Kame no mae, moving her closer to him and visiting her often.
  50. During Masako's pregnancy, he again had an affair with a woman named Daishin no Tsubone, who gave birth to a boy (Jyogyo); however, fearing Masako's anger, no birth ceremony was held.
  51. During May of the same year, "Soma Daisaku Budo Kassatsu no Maki" and "Ehon Musha Shugyo" were distributed by Nikkatsu through mediation by Hirohisa IKENAGA of Nikkatsu Studio.
  52. During May of the same year, Bando Tsumasaburo Productions decided to return the land and the building for their studio to Keisei Dentetsu and join Shinko Kinema since they had continued to make silent movies, going against the times, and became unable to handle their debts due to film production expenses.
  53. During Meiji Restoration, by the order of the head clan that participated in Ouetsu Reppan Domei (known as Northern Alliance), he battled with the Imperial Army.
  54. During Meiji period, 1 shaku was redefined and specified as 10 over 33 meters, therefore 1 tsubo equals 10 over 33 times 6 times 2, that is, about 3.305785 square meters.
  55. During Meiji period, the aforementioned section, combined with the road section from Rokujizo, running along Uji-gawa River's right bank in the downstream direction until it reaches Kangetsu-kyo Bridge, was designated 'Nara-kaido Road.'
  56. During Meiji period, the village residents living near the tumulus of Kuroishi-yama Mountain were suspected of robbing the tomb and questioned by the police (the result was not guilty.)
  57. During Meiji period, this road, along with the section from Fukakusa, passing through Okamedani and Yashina-toge Pass and onward to Rokujizo (present-day Sumizome-dori Street), was regarded part of 'Koriyama-kaido Road.'
  58. During Modern times, worshipers of mountaineering asceticism suffered heavy blows.
  59. During Munesada's own time Japan was in the Warring States period; he followed Kunisada NAITO, the deputy governor of Tanba Province, in making war on the Hatano clan.
  60. During Munesuke's service as Daijodaijin, the situation drastically changed, with quarrel occuring between the Retired Emperor Goshirakawa and the Emperor Nijo, and a confrontation springing up between the Cloistered Governments which fostered the Heiji War.
  61. During Naotaka's day, he become a fudai daimyo (a daimyo in hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family) with 35, 000 koku (approximately 63 million liters of crop yield).
  62. During Nara period, Inbe clan (忌部氏, later 斎部氏) administered Shinto rituals in the Imperial court.
  63. During Natsu no jin (summer battle) in Yao, he pounced again on the troops headed by Morichika CHOSOKABE and Moritsugu MASUDA to retrieve his honor and killed over 300 warriors.
  64. During New Year period (until January 15th at hanamachi or entertainment district in Kyoto), maiko attach 'inaho' (rice ears) on the right side and geigi on the left side of mage.
  65. During Nobunaga's Lifetime
  66. During Nobunaga's lifetime
  67. During OKUMA's absence, ITO and other members decided on a plan to solve the problem.
  68. During October also, Yi Sun-sin, who returned to the Naval Commander of the Three Provinces, defeated the advancing Japanese navy, which at first moved to the south from the Namwon Castle and then moved west, in the Naval Battle at Meiryo.
  69. During October of the same year, in order to hunt down and kill the Taira clan in Saikai (provinces on the western seacoast), Yoshikiyo left Kyoto leading troops as the supreme commander of Yoshinaka's army with Yukihiro UNNO.
  70. During Prince Nicholas's stay in Japan, the Otsu Incident occurred in Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, this was the first major incident in Japanese history of Japanese authorities harming the Imperial family from overseas.
  71. During Rokuhara tandai's age of prospertity, horse moorings existed in order to send them to Kamakura, which many people came to see, and it became known as Umamachi (horse town).
  72. During Ryoo's ascetic practices period, at age 18, he prayed at Kameoka Monju-do Hall in Yonezawa (present-day Takahata-cho, Yamagata Prefecture).
  73. During Satsuma Rebellion (Southwestern War) in 1877, HORI went to the front as the Colonel of the Army of Meiji Government by leading the ex-legionary troops.
  74. During Sengoku Period, the Kiso clan called themselves as the descendants of Yoshinaka.
  75. During September of the same year, the partnership company placed a contract with the U.S. company, Universal Pictures, Inc., to produce films for them.
  76. During September of the same year, the stage was rented to Masaichi NAGATA's 'Daiichi Eiga,' which was to produce "Kensetsu no Hitobito" directed by Daisuke Ito (film director), but the stage collapsed in Typhoon Muroto.
  77. During Shushi saho of goya on March 12 (at 1 am on March 13), being illuminated with the Taimatsu torch called Hasu taimatsu (a torch five-feet long, hasu means lotus), Shushi goes down stone stairway in the south side with five Rengyoshu and head for Akaiya (a well) (alias, Wakasai).
  78. During Sui Dynasty, new units da-chi (a large shaku) and xiao-chi (a small shaku) based on the kane-jaku were enacted as official shaku units which the government of Tang succeeded as well.
  79. During Tenmanya Incident, he helped Hajime SAITO who had a hard fight and was seriously injured.
  80. During Tenmei era, in "Strategic theory for maritime defense," Shihei HAYASHI wrote the following and clearly argued about harmful results of senkinkikoku.
  81. During Tensonkorin (the descent to earth by the grandson of the sun goddess), Amaterasu Omikami gave the mirror to her grandson Ninigi.
  82. During Togo's state funeral, memorial messages for him were broadcast by radio from both England and America to Japan.
  83. During World War II stand-up comedians and comic-chat artists were sent as 'Warawashi-tai' (Funny Group) to China and other fronts to entertain the soldiers.
  84. During World War II, a connecting line was provided between the Keishin Line and the Higashiyama Line, where freight trains for night-soil transportation entered the Keishin Line from the line of the Kyoto City Trams during and after the war.
  85. During World War II, he was sent to the battlefront in China, and at the end of the war his eldest son was born (1946 Tatsunosuke Onoe (I)).
  86. During World War II, houses along the section between Higashioji Street and Senbon-dori Street were forced to move in order to build a fire-blocking belt, like in Oike-dori Street and Horikawa-dori Street; however, after the war, the street was widened to about 50 meters using the site.
  87. During World War II, however, Imai went against his nature and produced numerous propaganda films for the war.
  88. During World War II, in the United States of America, there used to be a campaign to eat hamburger steak instead of luxurious beef steak.
  89. During World War II, it was in the 'do not bomb list of cultural properties in Japan' which was submitted by Dr. Landon WARNER.
  90. During World War II, the Japanese government's policy on religion forced Kogi (old) and Singi (new) Shingon sects to be integrated into Dai Shingon (literally, "Large Shingon"), but in 1946, after the war it became independent and began referring to itself as the Omuro School of the Shingon Sect.
  91. During World War II, the Kogi, Shingi both schools of the Shingon sect were integrated into the Daishingon sect by according to the religious policy of the Japanese government, but it gained independence as the present Yamashina school of the Shingon sect in 1952.
  92. During World War II, the pavement ratio of even National Routes was very low, and the improvement of roads for automobiles was not promoted well.
  93. During World War Ⅱ, it was renamed 'Kyoto Seni Senmon Gakko' abbreviated as 'Kyoto Sen-sen' (Kyoto Textile Vocational School).
  94. During World War Ⅱ, the custom was completely restrained for the reasons of air defense and shortage of paper, but it made an early comeback in the wake of the war.
  95. During Yoiyama and Yoiyoiyama (event in two days before the main festival), old family houses and established business houses show their family heirlooms; the festival is also known as the Byobu Matsuri Festival, or Folding Screen Festival.
  96. During Zeami's (renowned Noh writer) time, it had been adopted in Sarugaku (form of theater popular during the 11th to 14th centuries) and Dengaku (style of dancing associated with rice planting rituals).
  97. During a break in the early summer rain, Genji visits lady Reikeiden, one of the court ladies of the late Emperor Kiritsubo.
  98. During a certain period from the late 1980's, in the New Japan Pro-wrestling, Seiji SAKAGUCHI who was the vice president employed a cook serving concurrently as a janitor of the dojo because young wrestlers said "chankoban is a hard job" (but the cook and young wrestlers cook it together now).
  99. During a certain time slot in the daytime, instead of an express this type of train, which arrives at and departs from Hirakatashi Station, is operated.
  100. During a couple of hundred years from the Insei period until the first half of the medieval period, collecting anecdotes from high-rank court nobles, government official in the middle and low rank, or priests, and compiling those anecdotes into a collection of anecdotes became popular.
  101. During a discussion about secession from the Imperial Family, he took a firm stand against it, because he thought it would take security away from the Family, however he renounced his membership in the Imperial Family in 1947.
  102. During a festival, people wore Akome of their favourite colors (called "Someakome".)
  103. During a few hundred years after the death of Yoshitsune, many stories that were exaggerated from his real figure were been produced, however, following are Yoshitsune's words, acts, and his profile as commented upon by other people directly related to him, as found in historical materials.
  104. During a journey, the Kunin-chojakunin was positioned at the right and left of the attendants in the second row of the parade, issuing warnings.
  105. During a month he did not had a stage, he was mostly on overseas travels, and especially since he had the first kabuki stage in the United States in 1960, he was fond of visiting Las Vegas and often enjoyed the casino all day long.
  106. During a negotiation of making peace under the terms that the castle would surrender and the lives of people in the castle would be spared in exchange for the seppuku of Mitsunari's older brother and father, Yoshimasa's forces broke into the castle and it brought many deaths.
  107. During a party, Taketoki became upset when he had a vision of Yoshiaki in a white shroud.
  108. During a period from April 1872 to December 1873, during which Akashi Domain became Akashi Prefecture and then a part of Shikama Prefecture as a result of Haihan-chiken after the Meiji Restoration, han bills were exchanged to the new currency.
  109. During a period from the early to mid Edo period, this was lent to visitors to Yoshiwara (Tokyo) by Machiai-jaya (tea house to lend seats and tables, or rooms) when they were caught in the rain.
  110. During a period of obscurity as long as 30 years, he at first took the name Hyozo SAKURADA, then Hyozo SAWA, and Hyozo KATSU.
  111. During a power struggle with the Azumi clan, the Takahashi clan, who served at the Naizenshi (Imperial Table Office) of the Ministry of the Sovereign's Household, compiled oral traditions and presented it to the Imperial Court as the record of family in 789.
  112. During a religious service, it is rung to signal a start, pause, and end of a chant, such as Buddhist scripture.
  113. During a series of the Boshin Civil War, his fought for the first time in the Aizu War, and although he was injured seriously in the battle of Shirakawaguchi on June 10, 1869, he went over to Ezo (present Hokkaido), following Toshizo HIJIKATA.
  114. During a ten-year period in 1458, he also assumed Naikyobo no Betto (the chief of Naikyobo - posts for teaching singing and dancing) and Choku-betto (literally, a betto - chief officer appointed by an emperor) of an Imperial Prince's family additionally.
  115. During a wedding ceremony in which Saimon participated as one of he Shinto priests, the bride cancelled the ceremony that was already underway upon recognizing Saimon as her former lover, resulting in Saimon's father becoming so angry that he stopped sending him allowance money and Saimon moving in with his real parents.
  116. During all this, Sando's position did not change greatly from what it had been before, and, as Myobodo and Kidendo were on the rise, it decreased by comparison.
  117. During an age when only natural ice was available, only those in power, such as the imperial court and shogun families could use ice during the summer because it was valuable.
  118. During an attack on the Kanoya Base, it is said that the unit's commander, Lieutenant Commander Goro NONAKA, muttered the words 'This is Minatogawa' (meaning that the situation resembled the Battle of Minatogawa).
  119. During an era in which the top-level ministers in the government were being paid monthly salaries of a few hundred yen, foreigners were being paid a monthly wage that ranged between several hundred yen to over one thousand.
  120. During an imperial visit, one Rokoku Hakase and 12 Shushincho were obliged to join the procession, along with the rokoku.
  121. During an official ceremony, he took off his crown suddenly and, saying, 'I cannot wear this heavy thing anymore,' he pulled Uma no myobu's arm aggressively, who was serving near him, into the room with a partition and raped her.
  122. During an official visit to Japan, Turkish president Abdullah G?l visited the site of the disaster for the first time as the president of his country.
  123. During and after Heian era
  124. During and after World War II
  125. During and after reclamation
  126. During and after the Edo era, a technique called shakkei (making use of the surrounding landscape in the design of a garden) that uses not only the objects in the garden, but also objects outside the garden has also been used widely.
  127. During and after the Edo period, researchers of yusoku kojitsu emerged among ordinary citizens along with the development of the study of classical literature, and made original studies free from the traditions of kuge and buke yusoku kojitsu, which showed stagnation as academics because they were transferred by heredity.
  128. During and after the Heian period, a unique Japanese style of architecture developed called Wayo Kenchiku (Japanese-style architecture).
  129. During and after the Korean government launched its own postal service, Japan Post Office not only continued its service but also expanded its operation area.
  130. During and after the Meiji Period
  131. During and after the Meiji period, Kabuki was still quite popular, but it also began to be criticized from intellectuals and others as inappropriate content for a civilized country.
  132. During and after the Muromachi period, the idea of karesansui was being connected to the thoughts of Zen Buddhism and many karesansui were constructed in Zen temples, etc.
  133. During and after the Sengoku period, Kantojo was often used as a reward for military exploits.
  134. During and after the Shinkokin period (transitional period of Japanese literature between the Heian and the Kamakura periods), a style of judgment called shugihan became common, in which participants are all involved in evaluating poems.
  135. During and after the food shortage era after World War II, whale meat became to be eaten throughout Japan, helped by development of meat preservation technique on distribution route as well, beyond the boundaries of former limited distribution areas.
  136. During and after the reign of the Emperor Suzong (Tang), the 'saiho shochishi' was renamed as 'kansatsushi' (an imperial inspector), and the empire was divided into 40 or more dao circuits.
  137. During and before the Edo period, the color of used tokkuri was different in Kamigata (Kansai District) and Edo.
  138. During around ten years after that, no new movement appeared, and the Chinese styles developed for a while.
  139. During attacking on Iga in 1581, the Taisho (general) was Nobuo ODA but Hidemasa led an army which came from Shigarakiguchi.
  140. During attacking on the Saiga-shu (the gun troop) in Kii Province in 1577, he led a troop with Nobumori SAKUMA and Hideyoshi HASHIBA away from headquarters of Nobunaga.
  141. During battle he wore two overlapping suits of armor, which led to his nickname, Niryo gusoku (Double-collared armor; note that this has no connection to the Ichiryo gusoku of the Chosokabe family).
  142. During both "Senko-no-gi" and "Kanko-no-gi," turning on lights, taking photographs, and recording video tapes are prohibited.
  143. During busy seasons, between car nos. 2 and 5, two cars--nos. 3 and 4--are coupled.
  144. During certain hours there are trains that depart from and arrive at Shojaku Station (in this case the trains belonging to the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau are often used for through-operation to the Sakaisuji Line due to putting in and taking out the trains from the depot).
  145. During childhood, he entered the Santo SHINOZAKI's Baika Juku (Baika private school) in Osaka to study keigaku (study of Keisho in Confucianism) in his childhood.
  146. During compilation, the laws that had been already shown in the 'Konin-kyaku Code' or had been abolished at the time were removed.
  147. During confusion in wartime, various powers destroyed and despoiled palaces, tombs of kings, governmental offices and cultural properties.
  148. During construction, improvements are also made to the local infrastructure to ensure that it is compatible with the completed development.
  149. During daytime of weekends and holidays, direct trains are run on the Kurama Line at 15-minute intervals between Demachiyanagi Station and Kurama Station, with regular trains running at the same interval between Demachiyanagi Station and Yase-Hieizanguchi Station.
  150. During defecation or when standing up after defecation, you are likely to be off-balance.
  151. During development, the target for comparison (deemed as a rival) was Miyama nishiki.
  152. During dinner, family members naturally sit around the Irori fireplace, and conversations are raised.
  153. During dusk on January 12, KONDO was attacked by goryo eishi zanto (the remaining group of imperial guards) (he later went to Osaka to heal).
  154. During early first century Han Dynasty and the Nara period in Japan, yokai was a word that described 'suspicious and bizarre phenomena.'
  155. During early modern times, the temple buildings were repaired with a donation by Keishoin who was the mother of the fifth Tokugawa shogun, Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA.
  156. During early morning, evening and some late-night time slots, including trains entering or leaving the Saiin garage, there are trains originating from Saiin (departing for Shijo-Omiya, Arashiyama or Kitano Hakubaicho), and from Nishioji-Sanjo (for Arashiyama), and trains which terminate at Saiin (originating from Arashiyama).
  157. During fire fighting, firefighters referred to as "Matoimochi" climbed onto the roof on the lee side with holding Matoi, and Matoi was used for signs of firefighting such as water-discharge and destruction of buildings.
  158. During first few years after the opening of the clinic, Ginko was the darling of newspapers and magazines as the first female doctor, and her clinic was crowded with patients for a while.
  159. During her performance, Mai, who was a student of a university in Kyoto at that time, talked enthusiastically rapped about the beauty of Kyoto, especially the changing of the four seasons, and the crowd were fascinated by her and her passion.
  160. During her reign she often participated in Taime Girai such as Shorei (New Year's celebration).
  161. During her reign she relied heavily on her minister SOGA no Emishi, and his son SOGA no Iruka himself took the helm of the state.
  162. During her reign, she did not have any political control within the Imperial Palace instead, retired Emperor Gomizunoo ruled the cloistered government.
  163. During her reign, when the Soga clan was at the height of its prosperity, the Emperor did not go as far as to damage the interest of the country by compromising even with Umako, her maternal relative and a senior vassal.
  164. During her time at Haginoya, Ichiyo met her close friends Natsuko ITO and Tatsuko TANABE and gave lectures as an assistant teacher.
  165. During his absence, in the head office of Sumitomo, some executives began to insist that Sumitomo should start a trading business to keep up with the times, partly because they felt overwhelmed by the prosperities of the other conglomerates including the Mitsui-zaibatsu and the Mitsubishi-zaibatsu.
  166. During his adolescence, he went to the Tang Dynasty China following the great achievement of Rookataksya and An Shigao.
  167. During his assistant director years at Shochiku, Suzuki tended to work with people such as a low-profile director (Tsuruo IWAMA) and eccentric assistant directors who were referred to as the '3 emperors of Ofuna.'
  168. During his boyhood
  169. During his boyhood, he worked hard at literary and military arts, he excelled in the spearmanship.
  170. During his childhood, Chido learned under Soboku of the Chinzen-in Temple.
  171. During his childhood, he studied under a Chinese classical literary scholar Tosai TOYOSHIMA.
  172. During his college years he developed a wish to include busshin (mercy like Buddha) in movies, and joined the Assistant Director Division of the Toho File Studio.
  173. During his duties in Sakura Domain, he made efforts to improve traffic routes etc.
  174. During his early 30s, he changed his name to Korin.
  175. During his exile in Sado in 1132, Yoshitsuna was again hunted down by MINAMOTO no Tameyoshi and committed suicide.
  176. During his house arrest, a coup occurred in the Tosa Domain.
  177. During his later life, he was involved in the Graduate School of Tamagawa University by the request of Kuniyoshi OBARA, his colleague at Kyoto Imperial University while he was enrolled in Tokai University, and he deepened his interest in broad philosophical anthropology and pedagogy.
  178. During his life as a student, he studied under Masamichi INOKI who was employed as the president of the National Defense Academy.
  179. During his life, he put a frame, which had a word "Yudan" (be off one's guard or inattention) on a wall, and always told his family "The only thing people should do is not to lose his sharpness."
  180. During his life, he took 5 wives but he was bereaved by 4 wives.
  181. During his life, he was called "vice-shogun."
  182. During his lifetime he achieved the court rank of Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) Daizen no daibu (Master of the Office of the Palace Table) and served as Shobanshu (an official who accompanies a shogun).
  183. During his lifetime he wrote a vast amount of writings, comprising more than 70 books.
  184. During his lifetime, Hakyo socialized with many painters such as Okyo MARUYAMA, Ganku, and Goshun MATSUMURA etc. from Maruyama-Shijo School, and literary men, Chazan KAN, and Rikunyo etc. who were composers of Chinese poems.
  185. During his lifetime, he attained the court rank of Shogoi (Senior Fifth Rank) and became Governor of Sagami Province.
  186. During his lifetime, he donated many of his representative works, including works sent to the Nitten exhibitions, to The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo and Nagano Prefecture.
  187. During his lifetime, he moved up the social ladder to become Sadaijin (minister of the left), which was one rank higher than his father, Uchimaro, and he established the foundation for the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan.
  188. During his lifetime, he wrote many haiku poems (approximately 20,000) and used his poetic talent to forge his own reputation within the haiku world.
  189. During his office, he made efforts to issue the Imperial Rescript on Education.
  190. During his official travel in Paris Tomozane recommended match manufacturing to Makoto SHIMIZU who was studying there.
  191. During his one-month stay, he was visited by Takamori SAIGO of Satsuma Domain and Shinsaku TAKASUGI of Choshu Domain and discussed with them in what direction things had been moving.
  192. During his one-year stay in Europe, he traveled to cities in Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, France and Switzerland, and he contributed a lot of sketches done there to magazines in Japan.
  193. During his reign as lord of the domain
  194. During his reign he did not in fact control politics since the Retired Emperor Gosaga ruled the cloistered government.
  195. During his reign he tried to control the court nobles in order to abolish the politics; and after the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) started getting involved in politics, he passed the throne to Emperor Gofushimi in 1298 and started ruling the cloister government.
  196. During his reign there was a court in Naniwa-no-miya (Naniwa Palace), and thus later the period of his reign including its policies (known later as the Taika Reforms) and such were sometimes referred to as Naniwa-cho (Naniwa Court).
  197. During his reign there was an invasion by the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty, Koryo; Goryeo, and what is called Bunei no Eki (the first Mongolian Invasion), Koan no Eki (the second Mongolian Invasion) occurred.
  198. During his reign, Chinese Buddhism (Tendai sect and Esoteric Buddhism), was introduced to Japan by Saicho and Kukai, respectively, for the first time.
  199. During his reign, Ise-jingu Shrine, Osaka-jo Castle and the Imperial Palace were burned down; additionally, there was a great fire in Meireki, or an earthquake in a rural area and the occurrence of flooding; therefore it is said that people in those days criticized the Emperor as being immoral.
  200. During his reign, he destroyed the Korean kingdom of Goguryeo and unified the Korean peninsula by driving the Tang Dynasty's power out of the peninsula.
  201. During his reign, he held the important posts in succession such as jisha-bugyo (magistrate of temples and shrines), Kyoto shoshidai (Kyoto deputy), and roju (senior councilor), and he obtained additional 10,000 koku (approximately 1.8 million liters of crop yield) to his salary.
  202. During his reign, he imposed the tax on the merchants who came by sea to Echigo Province from other provinces for aoso, thereby gaining control over the distribution network of aoso from Echigo Province to the Kinai region.
  203. During his reign, he sent first Kento-shi (Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China) and received the return visitor, Gao Biaoren from Tang Dynasty China.
  204. During his reign, the government was changed from an Ieyasu TOKUGAWA force to an Ietsuna TOKUGAWA force.
  205. During his rule, the castle in his domain (Yodo Castle) was burned down in a fire.
  206. During his samurai training, he became a live-in apprentice of Isami KONDO of the Tennenrishin school who had a training hall, Shieikan in Ichigaya in Edo and had disciples in the Tama area in Bushu (Musashi Province).
  207. During his service as Kanpaku, Sanetomi SANJO and Kintomo ANEKOJI, who were radical activists of the Sonno Joi (19th century slogan advocating reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners) and connected to the Choshu clan, started to gradually increase their influence over the imperial court.
  208. During his service as Musashi no kami (Governor of Musashi Province), he promptly finished construction of Kokubun-ji Temple, which had been behind schedule, and, in 756, built Niikura district in the Province.
  209. During his service as Shinto Priest, he restored the Shikinaisha (Shrine registered with Jinmyocho of Engishiki) of the Kayanaru-no-mikoto-jinja Shrine in Yamato.
  210. During his service, a murder occured in Tsuruga District, Echizen Province and a jinin (associates of Shinto shrines) of Hiyoshi-jinja Shrine was arrested.
  211. During his service, he became Uchisaki KONOE's adopted son in 1751.
  212. During his service, he successively held the posts of Sakone no shogen (Lieutenant of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards), Sanuki no kami (the governor of Sanuki Province), and Musashi no kami (the governor of Musashi Province).
  213. During his service, he was transferred to Uemon no kami (Captain of the Right Division of Outer Palace Guards) from Sahyoe no kami.
  214. During his service, he worked hard to transcribe literature and tried to improve Kanazawa Library.
  215. During his sojourn in Turkey he contributed to commerce and cultural exchange and besides introducing the Turkish royal court to the Japanese tea ceremony, there is anecdotal evidence that, during the Russo-Japanese War, he telegraphed Japan the movements of Russian battleships in the Bosporus Sea.
  216. During his stay in Busan, he recognized Joseon's hardened attitude as 'fear' resulting from the Bunroku-Keicho Wars.
  217. During his stay in Edo in 1774, Naotake drew paintings for "Kaitai Shinsho" (New Text on Anatomy).
  218. During his stay in France, he met Masayoshi MATSUKATA, the vice-director of the exhibition, and since then their relationship grew.
  219. During his stay in Japan, he submitted 57 reports, received decorations twice, and upon his departure from Japan he was awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Gold and Silver Star as a person establishing the foundation for civil engineering in Japan.
  220. During his stay in Kyoto in 1559, Kenshin put a lord of an inn in Sakai to death as he was rude, then drove out the citizens who protested against such an act, and furthermore, set fire to the town.
  221. During his stay in Kyoto, he kept company with Cloistered Imperial Prince Kanin no Miya Masahito, Kinnori OGIMACHISANJO, Roan OZAWA, Kenkado KIMURA, Kokei BAN, Kotei MURASE, Dohachi TAKAHASHI the First, Nanbo OTA in Edo, and so on.
  222. During his stay in Sosen-ji Temple in Izumo Province, Rokuzo OGURA (later known as the 11th master, Tsutsumi Rokudayu Shigemasa), a disciple of Sadenji ISHIHARA, who was the 10th master of Jikishin-ryu school in Matsue Domain, fought with Motsugai and won.
  223. During his stay in Tang, Makibi learned Chinese writing from Chokyoku, and spread the calligraphy which originated in Jin (a dynasty of China) across Japan after his return.
  224. During his stay in Toyohashi, he witnessed numerous fellow soldiers' deaths, and he conceived a great anger to the war.
  225. During his stay of almost over a half year, he invited a few Japanese guests on board to demonstrate a model steam locomotive in operation.
  226. During his stay, he issued 'the Ten Instructions' to his comrades, which showed the outline of their general plan.
  227. During his tenure as Shoshidai, he arrested Shikibu TAKEUCHI (The Meiwa Incident).
  228. During his tenure, he held the post of chairperson of the Commerce and Welfare Standing Committee and many other posts.
  229. During his term, he formed a friendship with FUJIWARA no Motohira, the head of the Oshu Fujiwara clan, who was the actual ruler of Oshu.
  230. During his term, he served as a guide for both Emperors (and later Cloistered Emperors) Toba and Emperor Goshirakawa's imperial visits to Kumano 20 times.
  231. During his time as a master of the tea ceremony he went by the name `寧拙`.
  232. During his trip he was confined to his bed several times due to illness.
  233. During his visit at Kiyomizu-dera Temple he asks a temple employee if there is anything worth seeing in the neighborhood, and is told that there is a boy (Kagetsu) in front of the gate who performs interesting music and dances.
  234. During his wandering, he visited Kyoto repeatedly and opened his private school at Tomikoji Nijo agaru.
  235. During his youth, he studied at Kobayashi-juku, a private school run by his brother-in-law Toyo YOSHIDA.
  236. During his youth, he studied the works of his predecessors and trained directly under the Meiji-period master Shikan NAKAMURA IV; in adulthood he possessed outstanding knowledge and buyo (Japanese traditional dance) skills, which he had cultivated through years of devotion and training.
  237. During his youth, he was often sent to play with Sachinomiya (later Emperor Meiji) because he lived near Gosho (the Imperial Palace) and because they were close in age.
  238. During holidays, direct trains on the Kurama Line basically arrived at and departed from Yase-Yuen Station every 15 minutes while they arrived at and departed from Yase-Yuen Station every 7.5 minutes during the 'on-season,' when there were many passengers,
  239. During hongyo, Jyuichimen Keka Ho is done six times a day (called rokuji).
  240. During hongyo, Rengyoshu stay in "Jiki-do Hall" (dining hall) under the stone stairway called Noboriro (stone steps at both sides of Nigatsudo hall in Todaiji Temple) and the long and thin building called "Sanrojukusho" (lodging at the north of Nigatsudo hall in Todaiji Temple) in the north side of Nigatsu-do Hall.
  241. During incense burning, Koshitsu (quality of Ko) of Koboku is likened to flavors, and categorized into the following five kinds: hot, sweet, sour, salty, and bitter.
  242. During its rebuilding, seats for customers on the second floor were made and, on the first floor, a window with glass measuring five meters was provided.
  243. During its translation work, several new words were created, like 'shinkei' (nerve), 'nankotsu' (cartilage), 'domyaku' (artery), 'shojomaku' (hymen) and so on, all of which are still used today.
  244. During karikudari, it is possible to get a close look since ubune and yakata-bune go down the river side by side.
  245. During learning at Gakushuin, he became an ace and captain in the baseball club, and also played at the first string in the boat club.
  246. During life in exile, Yoritomo married Masako HOJO, the eldest daughter of Tokimasa HOJO, a Gozoku (local ruling family) in Izu, and fathered a daughter, Ohime.
  247. During longer battles, a Hyoro Bugyo was in charge of leading a Konidatai (caravan of men and animals carrying supplies) to transport provisions from the domain.
  248. During lunch time, street stall vendors serve food to their customers that is suited for lunch, such as noodles; the stalls are opened for customer convenience, in locations similar to breakfast.
  249. During lunch time, they serve foods at low prices, but they are a little bit more expensive than those served at the school cafeteria of Doshisha Co-op.
  250. During makiwara practice, an arrow known as a makiwaraya or waraya (an arrow for makiwara shooting) is used with a special arrowhead (with a clasp at the tip) is used.
  251. During manufacture, the roe must not come into contact with fresh water.
  252. During many talks to kill time, he heard a rumor about Lady Akashi.
  253. During matches and training, in principle such kendo implements as Tare (waist protector), Do, Men and Kote (gloves) as Yoroi (armour) are worn.
  254. During maturation, amylase enzymes from the yeast break down the glutinous rice starch into sugar to give sweetness.
  255. During medieval times, Japanese warriors used to practice martial arts in a variety of ways.
  256. During meetings, he would deliberately provoke the wrath of Yoshimitsu so that subsequent admonishment would be seen by the others in attendance and promote Yoshimitsu's authority.
  257. During michikiri, where the road enters the village, Doso-shin (traveler's guardian deity) is enshrined, sacred shimenawa ropes (or sometimes snakes made of straw) are hung and 'zori' or 'waraji' sandals are offered to the gods in order to prevent or drive away evil spirits.
  258. During mid Muromachi period, complicated honzen ryori (formally arranged meal) emerged from schools specializing in preparing cuisine.
  259. During mid-Ming Dynasty, O Shujin (priestly name was Yomei) presented a new interpretation of 'Kakubutsu Chichi' (Kakubutsu leads to maximum activation of wisdom) in "Daigaku" (a book describing educational philosophy of Daigaku), which Chu His set forth as a way of attaining law.
  260. During modern times the Hokke-kyo sutra also influenced many writers and thinkers, mainly through Nichiren.
  261. During modern times, in 1933 the Old Keihan-kokudo National Road (Kyoto-Moriguchi-sen, Kyoto Fudo 13 Go and Osaka Fudo 13 Go (Kyoto/Osaka Prefectural Road 13)), which ran parallel to the Toba-kaido Road, was completed, and it turned into a primary highway between Kyoto and Osaka.
  262. During modern times, the border between Rakuchu and Rakugai was around Nanajo-Senbon, from which Sanin-kaido Road ran in such a manner that Shichijo-dori Street was extended westward.
  263. During night tea ceremony, a light (a candlestick, for example) is placed on the stone.
  264. During normal operation, trains depart every 30 minutes, with about 3 minutes spent in transit.
  265. During on-location shooting for "Shinken Shobu" (a fighting with a real sword), the sequel to "Miyamoto Musashi" written by Daisuke ITO, Tomu collapsed and was admitted to hospital.
  266. During once-in-a-lifetime events, such as ceremonies involving marriage, sakurayu is used in place of green tea because tea is used in the saying 'cha o nigosu,' which has the meaning of glossing over something or making things look right only on the surface and therefore gives green tea a negative image.
  267. During peacetime, Hokoshu commuted, for example, to Bannai (the squad room) placed within the palace, and functioned as military power in emergencioes.
  268. During performances of kabuki, audience in the seats of o-muko does kakegoe to create a particular mood for each performance.
  269. During periods in which the station is manned, the automatic ticket gate at the entrance is roped off to prevent anyone from entering the station until all the passengers have left the train arriving from Demachiyanagi Station.
  270. During periods when the dignity of central authority declined, legal means to resolve territorial disputes were ineffective, and instead these wars were often waged as a form of self-preservation.
  271. During reformation of domain duties by Nariakira SHIMAZU, lord of the domain, Tomozane forged close ties with royalists of other domains, as a rusuiyaku (a person representing the master during his absence) of Ozaka hantei (a residence of the domain in Ozaka [Osaka] maintained by daimyo), thus playing an active role as a younger reformist.
  272. During reigns of the family, appointment to the jiju (a chamberlain) of Fourth Rank (jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade)) or higher.
  273. During rokubango with Sanetsu, he lived in the mansion of Masayuki HOSHINA, who was Sanchi's sponsor.
  274. During rush hours in the morning, on weekdays and at midnight, they run every twenty minutes.
  275. During rush hours, the trains that double back at Tenmabashi Station and the trains that arrive at and depart from Kuzuha Station are also operated.
  276. During sake mash-making, as the cover of the tank is left open, a lot of undesirable bacteria or natural yeast in the air easily enter into the tank.
  277. During service as a foreign minister
  278. During shogatsu, people actively and gorgeously celebrate the new year by attending shogatsu events and enjoying shogatsu dishes.
  279. During sixteenth century aruheito (toffee), made as nanbangashi (a variety of sweets derived from Portuguese or Spanish recipes), was praised as a high-level production technique called aruheizaiku.
  280. During some New Year holidays the train would arrive at and depart from Momoyama Station.
  281. During special occasions such as a visit by the emperor, they placed the oshiita and decorated the place.
  282. During spring and summer holidays, special events are held, where scientific technologies, experiments/manual work on light which cannot be dealt with in the permanent exhibits can be experienced.
  283. During such an attack on Kawachi, in April 1493, kanrei (shogunal deputy), Masamoto HOSOKAWA succeeded in the Coup of Meio, which was a coup d'etat to abolish and elect the shogun, and real power was shifted to the Hosokawa clan.
  284. During summertime displaying severed heads on pikes was halted in certain cases.
  285. During taking charge of the building of Kobu Railway, he was troubled about laying a railroad between Nakano and Tachikawa.
  286. During tea ceremony, visitors purify themselves by washing their hands using a scoop of water from the chozubachi before entering the teahouse.
  287. During tegoto, keys are often changed in places, and in some cases tuning may be changed at a turn of stages, causing a significant changing of keys.
  288. During test operation for the first four months the fare was free, and since July 1, 2005 when the official operation has started, the fare has been fixed to 100 yen.
  289. During that Rebellion of Yoshimori WADA, Yoshimura MIURA, who was the Soryo of the Miura clan, made it seem as if he agreed with Yoshimori WADA by writing even kishomon (sworn oath), but stood on the side of Yoshitoki HOJO when the real war began.
  290. During that period in 1298, there was no choice but to stop the compilation of the imperial anthology because Tamekane KYOGOKU was exiled to Sado Province by the bakufu and Emperor Fushimi was forced to abdicate the throne.
  291. During that period the Hakusan Incident occurred.
  292. During that period, Crown Prince Hirohito is also known as Sessho no Miya.
  293. During that period, Hongwan-ji Temple became more influential and established itself as one of the largest religious sects as well as a strong social group.
  294. During that period, Iitoyo ao no himemiko (the term himemiko refers to imperial princess) administered the affairs of state.
  295. During that period, New Wing was completed in 1972 after the design of Junzo YOSHIMURA, and the Shosoin ten came to be held in the New Wing.
  296. During that period, Sanesuke, who was the Minister of the Right, died in 1046, and in continuation, Tsunemichi also died in 1051, and gradually Sukehira came to be obliged to assume a heavy responsibility as the legitimate successor of the main line of the Ononomiya Line.
  297. During that period, Soseki kept his associations with the other Japanese students in England to a minimum, and reputed to be 'suffered from mental disorder' among them.
  298. During that period, Tama was waited upon by Kojiu (chamberlain), whom Mitsuhide had made escort Tama when she got married, and by the maids of Ito KIYOHARA (daughter of a noble Shigekata KIYOHARA) of the Kiyohara family, who were relatives of the Hosokawa family.
  299. During that period, he also served as Sakone no daisho (major captain of the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards).
  300. During that period, he began to have great interest in Japanese culture.
  301. During that period, he concurrently held the posts of Kii no Kami (Governor of Kii Province) and Chikuzen no Kami (Governor of Chikuzen Province).
  302. During that period, he opened law offices in Ginza and in Yokohama.
  303. During that period, he was promoted to Juichii.
  304. During that period, he wrote "Kazarisho" (record of costume and lore), a book about Yushoku kojitsu (court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette) such as dress code in the events and rituals in the Imperial Court.
  305. During that period, however, the Ritsuryo system had lost touch with realities in society producing a need to adapt.
  306. During that period, in 804, he was appointed Inspector of the envoy to Tang China, and as such crossed over to China together with Kukai, Saicho, and the rest of the emissaries.
  307. During that period, mikomai came to be regarded as having an element of prayer in pursuit of clients' interests in the secular world, in addition to its conventional feature of spiritual possession.
  308. During that period, the Ritsuryo system was at its zenith from the beginning to the middle and latter half of the 8th century.
  309. During that return journey to Yangzhou, the climate in the southern region and exhaustion deprived Ganjin of his sight (one theory says that he didn't totally lose his sight).
  310. During that time the establishment of the Seshu shinnoke (the Hereditary family) was undesirable thing for each Emperor in different eras.
  311. During that time, Komahime, the daughter of Yoshiaki MOGAMI and maternal cousin of Masamune, was executed together with the other wives and children of Hidetsugu just after she arrived in Kyoto to become the concubine of Hidetsugu.
  312. During that time, Prince Asaka also died at an early age (There is a theory that he was killed with poison by FUJIWARA no Nakamaro).
  313. During that time, Takauji secretly made contact with Emperor Kogon of the Jimyo-in line to justify his entering Kyoto.
  314. During that time, Yoshimune is said to have been adopted by Iekuni and called himself 'Yoshimune NUMATA.'
  315. During that time, Yoshitomo and others burn down Shirakawadono and Hossho-ji Temple, into which the rest of the enemy had fled.
  316. During that time, a jar type thermos lunchbox was developed and sold.
  317. During that time, he also served as Ukyujoshi and Sayukyujoshi (Secretary of the left Office of Palace Repairs and Secretary of the right Office of Palace Repairs), Zo Kofuku-ji Temple chokan (Kofuku-ji Temple zojishi, the director for the construction of Kofuku-ji Temple), and Inshi (official of the retired emperor's office) of the Retired Emperor Kameyama.
  318. During that time, he also worked as To-ji Choja Homu (Director of Temple Affairs and the chief abbot of To-ji Temple), Todai-ji Betto and Kengyo (temple or shrine administrator) of Iwashimizu Hachiman-gu Shrine.
  319. During that time, he became close to Unzen KUSHIRO.
  320. During that time, he made landmark proposals such as the Land Tax Reforms and liberalization of land sales for peasants from 1870, and he chaired the local administrative assembly and contributed to the achievement of his proposals in 1873.
  321. During that time, he served successively as To-ji Choja (the chief abbot of To-ji Temple), To-ji Homu (the director of To-ji Temple Affairs) and Todai-ji Betto.
  322. During that time, he studied San-lun Teachings under Jishobo Ryonen who was engaged in syncretic study of all eight Buddhism teachings.
  323. During that time, he went into retirement by Hamana-ko Lake.
  324. During that time, in 1577, the Emperor gave an imperial order to Nobunaga to become a Udaijin (Minister of the Right) (Nobunaga's highest position).
  325. During that time, in August 1488 Masatsune fought and lost against Takakiyo at Matsuo in Omi Province and, together with retainers, Tsuneie TAGA escaped to Umezu in Ise Province.
  326. During that time, it was burned because of the attack on Nara by the Taira family in 1180 and a peasants' uprising in 1451, but two able Inju, Kyogaku and Jinson appeared successively during the Muromachi period, who had trade guilds throughout Nara in control to flourish to a great extent.
  327. During that time, it was difficult to classify every official as a Kurodo because there was a clear distinction between the Fifth and Sixth ranks in terms of social status, as well as considerable differences between their social activities and custom rituals.
  328. During that time, music performed sitting down indoors was called 'Uzagaku' (lit. seated music), while music performed outdoors to accompany processions was called 'Rujigaku' (lit. route music).
  329. During that time, people including the remnants of the Isshiki clan rose in a rebellion in Wakasa Province, and he is said to have returned his army to Wakasa to subdue it.
  330. During that time, people used sudamari that was used for tokoroten (gelidium jelly).
  331. During that time, priests pick up the balls, put them into bowls, and arrange them as they were; then, the second match starts.
  332. During that time, soldiers under Mochitoyo attacked doso (underground warehouse) and pawnshops in the capital and robbed properties calling it as a "battle array."
  333. During that time, the Mikawa-Kira clan received pressure from the Imagawa clan, who was a branch family and the shugo (a provincial constable of Suruga Province) of Suruga Province.
  334. During that time, the incident took place so that he was not involved in it.
  335. During that time, the position of the Osaka branch manager of Bank of Japan gave him the power to control the Kansai region financial world and his tenure at the Bank of Japan era contributed in building his aspirations of becoming a businessman.
  336. During that time, there was a rumor of her dating an actor, Shintaro KATSU, and she also appeared in the Suntory Whiskey commercial.
  337. During that year, Yoshiie was in Kyoto and battled with MINAMOTO no Kunifusa, the ancestor of the Mino-Genji (Minamoto clan) at Mino.
  338. During the 'Kibune Momiji-toro' (held in November), the autumn leaves in the station are illuminated.
  339. During the 'Nara Silk Road Exposition' in 1988, special rapid trains were operated between Shin-Osaka, Nishikujo, Tennoji, Oji and Nara (Kamo).
  340. During the 'Yugao' chapter (The Tale of Genji), the chapter in which he becomes a central character, he holds the position of Tono Chujo, so this is how he was known by later readers.
  341. During the 10-year stay in Kyoto, he came to practice Zen under Reverend Gudo of Myoshin-ji Temple, as he temporary resided close to Myoshin-ji Temple in Hanazono (Kyoto City).
  342. During the 1140s, she was married to Yukinori and began to be called Tatsutahara no nyobo (the wife of Tatsutahara).
  343. During the 1180's a civil war (Jisho-Juei War) to overthrow the Taira administration broke out, and the samurai government of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo (later to become the Kamakura bakufu), consisting of local ryoshu (samurai lord) and samurais in Kanto who were originally military aristocrats, won.
  344. During the 13th century (the Kamakura period), an illustrated scroll of color painting on paper called "Murasaki Shikibu Nikki Emaki" was made.
  345. During the 1880's, Seiji TAGUCHI, an elementary school teacher, came up with the idea of making liquid sumi when he saw his students grinding sumi with cold water during winter.
  346. During the 1960s, there was a trend among western intellectuals and rock musicians to study Eastern Thoughts and religions, and some of them wore Kimono or clothes modeled after Kimono.
  347. During the 1970's, many books were published that introduced yokai in the form of encyclopedia, illustrations and dictionary as a part of children's horror books.
  348. During the 1970s, soba (Chinese noodle) or udon was included.
  349. During the 30's of the Meiji period, the existing Nankai Railway and Koya Railway systems were inadequate in connecting Osaka City and Kishu (present Wakayama prefecture) as the commute took over two hours by Nankai Main Line.
  350. During the 4 years until graduation, he won gold and silver medals thus achieving excellent results, and also, he received the honor of having his graduation work titled "Kantei" be purchased by his own school.
  351. During the 40 years since the Tokaido Shinkansen line, the first Shinkansen line, started operation on October 1, 1964, no fatal passenger accident (due to the Shinkansen) has occurred on the Shinkansen.
  352. During the 40's of the Meiji era (1906 ? 1915), this temple was relocated to Taishido, Setagaya Ward and began to refer itself to as 'Meao Fudo' at that time.
  353. During the 40-day period of public appeal, there were 2,581 applications for the one-yen coin alone.
  354. During the 9th and the 10th centuries, however, there appeared a wealthy class of peasants, who independently developed and integrated the cultivation fields.
  355. During the Abura-no-koji Incident in November 1867, Oishi assassinated Kashitaro ITO.
  356. During the Abura-no-koji Incident, NAGAKURA purged Goryo-eji (guards of Imperial mausoleums) with Sanosuke HARADA and others.
  357. During the Aizu War, he left the Shinsengumi while he was in Sendai and returned to his home town.
  358. During the Anei era, Shigemasa KITAO enjoyed popularity for his Bijinga.
  359. During the Anei era, there were Kengyo who accumulated a large fortune, such as Kengyo Nagoya, who accumulated more than 100 thousand ryo, and Kengyo Toriyama, who accumulated 15 thousand ryo and astonished society by going on a spree at Yoshiwara (the red-light district in Edo).
  360. During the Annual Festival in October, 'Tanba Mitsuhide Kikyo (a balloon flower) Festival' is also held.
  361. During the Ansei Purge ('Ansei no Taigoku' in Japanese) in 1858, he was implicated as one of the eighty-eight courtiers which included his son Chikayoshi and grandson Yasutaka.
  362. During the Ansei Purge which began in August of 1858, he became a wanted man as Naosuke viewed him as a dangerous member of the Sonno Joi School, leading him to flee Kyoto with Takamori.
  363. During the Asuka Period, Asuka culture prospered in the age of Empress Suiko and Hakuho culture flowered in the ages of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito.
  364. During the Asuka and Nara periods, Japan adopted architectural techniques from China and the Korean Peninsula.
  365. During the Asuka period, temples with outstanding stupa, such as Hoko-ji Temple, Ikaruga-dera Temple (now Horyu-ji Temple), and the existing Shitenno-ji Temple, were built, whose stupa were dedicated to Buddha's sariras.
  366. During the Azuchi Momoyama period, Mitsuhide AKECHI built Tanba Kameyama-jo Castle to rule Tanba and developed the castle town in the Kose area, which made way for modern development of Kameoka in recent times.
  367. During the Azuchi-Momoyama period (Tensho era), when this shrine was relocated to its current location on the west bank of Hongo-gawa River, the name of the shrine was changed into the present one.
  368. During the Azuchi-Momoyama period a facility called Taiko Gesui (or called Sewari Gesui, sewari sewer, stone built sewer ditches) was built near Osaka castle by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI and is used even now.
  369. During the Azuchi-Momoyama period tea ceremony became widespread.
  370. During the Baku-cho War (war between bakufu and Choshu), he joined the Choshu force and was victorious.
  371. During the Battle of Anegawa, he defended the Yokoyama-jo Castle.
  372. During the Battle of Dan no Ura, TAIRA no Tokuko (Kenreimonin) was rescued against her will.
  373. During the Battle of Dan-no-ura, the divine sword sunk in the sea along with Nii no Ama when he committed suicide by drowning while holding Emperor Antoku and wearing the sword on his side.
  374. During the Battle of Enkyu Ezo, which began in 1070 by the Imperial order of Emperor Gosanjo, he stole the Governor's seal and the key of the provincial shoso (public repository) and ran away from the province while MINAMOTO no Yoritoshi, the Governor of Mutsu Province, was away from the province in battle.
  375. During the Battle of Ichinotani in 1184, he fought under the command of his brother-in-law, TAIRA no Tomonori, and kept watch over the Siege of Ikutanomori.
  376. During the Battle of Ichinotani in March 1184, he also went to the front with MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune's army and participated in the battle.
  377. During the Battle of Jugorigahara, which was fought in September and October 1588, the allied troops of Kagekatsu UESUGI and Yoshikatsu DAIHOJI, led by Shigenaga HONJO, fought against Yoshiaki MOGAMI's troops, which were led by the brothers Yoshinaga and Katsumasa TOZENJI.
  378. During the Battle of Komaki and Nagakute, he performed great feats including capture of Katsutoshi TAKIGAWA's Iga Ueno Castle in the Ise and Iga areas and, in May 1585, Hideyoshi granted him the district of Nose-gun in Settsu no Kuni, worth 10,000 koku
  379. During the Battle of Koriyama in 1588, he captured the Nawashiroda-jo Castle as a Japanese military commander of the Ashina clan, but retuned to the Date clan with his younger brother, Chikatsuna KATAHIRA, at the invitation of Shigezane DATE.
  380. During the Battle of Mimi-kawa in 1578, he fought actively and made an outstanding military achievement.
  381. During the Battle of Odawara in 1590, he sent a firearm troop to the battle and also fought as a member of the sixth troop under the command of Hidemasa HORI who was General of the Left Army.
  382. During the Battle of Okehazama, the battle between them went back and forth.
  383. During the Battle of Sekigahara (1600), Moritomo, together with Shigekatsu ONOGI, joined the Western Camp as it besieged Tanabe-jo Castle in Tango Province, owned by Yusai HOSOKAWA who belonged to the Eastern Camp.
  384. During the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, Kanetoshi sided with the 'western' army, and at a preliminary skirmish on August 16th, Kanetoshi fought a loosing battle against the enemy troops of the 'eastern' army led by Nagakatsu ICHIHASHI and Nagamasa TOKUNAGA, resulting in abandoning his Fukutsuka-jo Castle and taking refuge at Ogaki-jo Castle.
  385. During the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, as head of the clan he allied with the Western forces however, it was only he who joined the battle.
  386. During the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, he had his nephew Masanari OTA join the Eastern (Tokugawa) army and his son Kazunari join the Western (Ishida) army, while he himself remained holed up in Uzuki-jo Castle, claiming illness.
  387. During the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, he sided with Tokugawa, and took part not only in the final battle but also in the capture of Gifu-jo Castle, a preliminary skirmish, and rendered distinguished service along with Masanori FUKUSHIMA (Battle of Gifu-jo Castle).
  388. During the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, he stood by the side of the East squad and he firstly took a part in the troop heading toward Aizu as the East squad (Tokugawa side).
  389. During the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, he supported the West squad, joined Tamehiro HIRATSUKA's army with his younger brother Nagatsugu ODA., and set out to the front with 500 soldiers as a defensive force for the Yoshitsugu OTANI troops.
  390. During the Battle of Sekigahara, Masamune took in Tadachika WADA to promote a revolt in order to invade the territory of Toshinao NANBU, but his scheme failed.
  391. During the Battle of Sekigahara, Toyokuni obeyed Ieyasu TOYOTOMI.
  392. During the Battle of Sekigahara, Toyonao himself did not go to the front, but he was punished by 'joho' sanction (also known as 'kaieki' which was shogunal sanction by means of sudden dismissal and deprivation of position, privileges and properties) for siding with the 'western' army.
  393. During the Battle of Sekigahara, he changed sides from West squad to East squad together with his father, and rendered distinguished service, however, after the war, he underwent Kaieki sanction (sudden dismissal and deprivation of position, privileges and properties).
  394. During the Battle of Sekigahara, he served with Sadayoshi KUSAKABE as the flag commissioner for Hidetada TOKUGAWA, and was later granted 2,100 koku in Musashi and Omi Provinces.
  395. During the Battle of Sekigahara, there was a rebellion by his vassals in his domain and his residential castle was occupied, but when the news of the western army's defeat arrived, the rebels lost the will to fight and were hunted down (refer to the history of Ozaki-jo Castle for details).
  396. During the Battle of Shijonawate, a fierce attack by the Southern Court led by Masatsura KUSUNOKI chased Moronao into a corner.
  397. During the Battle of Shizugatake in 1583, he supported Katsuie SHIBATA.
  398. During the Battle of Takatenjin-jo Castle, he established a coalition among the six fortresses, Mount Ogasa, Nakamura, Nogasaka, Higamine, Shishigahana, and Mount Mii, with Sadayoshi KUSAKABE in 1580 to strengthen the siege, and captured the Takatenjin-jo Castle in 1581.
  399. During the Battle of Toba Fushimi in 1868, the shrine served as the imperial army (Satsuma Domain) headquarters in Fushimi-cho but the shrine buildings were undamaged.
  400. During the Battle of Toba-Fushimi in 1868, he was appointed a staff officer of the navy on the side of the new government in March, but returned briefly to his hometown because of illness.
  401. During the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, he served as purveyors to the Satsuma Domain, but he went bankrupt because the Satsuma Domain bilked Shohei for his accounts receivable.
  402. During the Battle of Ueno, in 1868, Kenkichi became a guard of the Monk-Prince of Rinoji (later Imperial Prince Yoshihisa of Kitashirakawa) although he did not join the Shogitai troops.
  403. During the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, he was defeated and forced out of the castle by Keisuke OTORI and Toshizo HIJIKATA, but he recaptured the castle with help of relief soldiers.
  404. During the Battle of anti-shogunate
  405. During the Bon Festival or around New Year's, the trains may run on the weekend/holiday schedule even on weekdays, and during the sightseeing seasons, there is a special holiday schedule, with trains traveling between Demachiyanagi Station and Kurama Station at 12-minute intervals.
  406. During the Bon Festival or near New Year's, the trains may run on a weekend/holiday schedule, even on weekdays.
  407. During the Boshin War that broke out in January 1868, Jingoro joined the forces of the Tokugawa shogunate headed by Keisuke OTORI and took part in the battles in Imaichi City and the Aizu Domain.
  408. During the Boshin War that broke out in January 1868, Jingoro took part in the Battle of Toba-Fushimi, the Battle of Koshu-Katsunuma and the Aizu War, and he subsequently headed for Sendai City where he joined Takeaki ENOMOTO's fleet and went to Ezo by ship.
  409. During the Boshin War, Shinpei was appointed as an officer of the army organized to defeat the Tokugawa shogunate and conducted a reconnaissance mission to Edo with Tosa Domain samurai Tadahachi OGASAWARA.
  410. During the Boshin War, Takamori SAIGO and others continuously consulted with Harry PARKES and other foreign ministers about treatment of the Tokugawa family after the war.
  411. During the Boshin War, because the lord of the domain Nagamichi OGASAWARA agreed to go to Ezo with Takeaki ENOMOTO, he joined Shinsengumi under control of Toshizo HIJIKATA and went to Ezo with him.
  412. During the Boshin War, he became an army surgeon of the Ou (Mutsu Province and Dewa Province) allied troops and was imprisoned for a while after the war, but he was discharged and became a surgeon general with encouragement from Aritomo YAMAGATA and so on.
  413. During the Boshin War, he fought at the front in the Hokuetsu and Aizu area.
  414. During the Boshin War, he moved from place to place to fight as a member of Kaitentai, and then he went to Ezo.
  415. During the Boshin War, he participated in the Battle of Toba and Fushimi and The Battle of Koshu-Katsunuma.
  416. During the Boshin War, he served as a general staff at Ou Chinbu Sotoku (Commander Office of Ou region suppression campaign), and at the Seibutai corps.
  417. During the Boshin War, he was posted to the staff of the Admiral in charge during the Hokurikudo repression and similarly during the Aizu subjugation.
  418. During the Boshin War, he was with the Satsuma clan.
  419. During the Boshin War, he went to Edo as the Kanto Kansatsu-shi (Inspector of the Kanto Region).
  420. During the Boshin War, she wrote to her nephew, Emperor Meiji asking to spare the Shogun, Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA's life.
  421. During the Boshin War, the Imperial Court confiscated 1,500,000 koku from the domains of the bakufu and the Sabaku-ha (supporters of the Shogun), incorporating all of it into Imperial property.
  422. During the Boshin war, he changed his surname from Matsudaira to Hisamatsu for putting an end to the relationship with the Tokugawa clan in February 1868.
  423. During the Bummei years (1469-1487) at the end of the Muromachi period, Kanetomo YOSHIDA founded Yoshida Shinto (Yuiitsu Shinto), building Massha Shrine Saijosho Daigengu on the grounds as its focal point in 1484.
  424. During the Bunei era, the costs of building fences and low lattices were imposed on Shimogamo-jinja Shrine.
  425. During the Bunka era (1804 to 1817) in the late Edo period, it came to be used also as a obijime (decorative string used to hold a kimono sash in place) for women.
  426. During the Bunmei era, they replaced Sadachika ISE, and Norimune was placed in charge of stratagem which made Takakage ASAKURA (seventh head of the Asakura family) go over to the Eastern army from the Western army, resulting in Norimune's success.
  427. During the Bunroku War he commanded an army of 650 as Ujimune's funate kumigashira (a head of the group).
  428. During the Bunroku War, he remained at Yoshida-jo Castle for guarding the eastern part of Japan.
  429. During the Bunroku campaign in 1592, he joined the camp at Nagoya-jo Castle in Hizen Province (a part of Saga Prefecture and a part of Nagasaki Prefecture).
  430. During the Bunroku-Keicho War in 1592, he was in charge of bookkeeping at Nagoya-jo Castle in Hizen Province (the present Saga and a part of Nagasaki Prefecture) with Masatsugu ISHIDA, who was the father of Mitsunari ISHIDA.
  431. During the Bunroku-Keicho War, he led ushirosonaeshu (literally, a covering force) of 300 soldiers and stationed in Nagoya-jo Castle, Hizen Province.
  432. During the Bunroku-Keicho War, he was exempt from war duty like other feudal lord of the chief-vassal class of Hidetsugu, but he provided manpower for building war ships and constructing Fushimi-jo Castle.
  433. During the Bunsei era, Philipp Franz von SIEBOLD came to Japan and founded his school, Narutaki-juku in the suburbs of Nagasaki and taught pupils including Choei TAKANO and Sanei KOSEKI.
  434. During the Ching dynasty, instead of the imperial manor, the Imperial Household manor or Shengjing Ministry of Revenue and Ministry of Rites are set up in Hokuchokurei or Manchuria which were the bases.
  435. During the Choji era (1104-1106) which was about 20 years after Gosannen no Eki, KAMAKURA no Gongoro Kagemasa began to develop the Kugenuma-go district in the Sagami Province as an ancestral estate by many landlopers and applied to kokuga for its donation to the Ise Jingu Shrine.
  436. During the Choshu Campaign, his cannon firing skills were valued and so he was reassigned and fought as the Ozutsu gumi (a group in charge of cannon).
  437. During the Choshu Conquest in 1865, he became lieutenant governor under Yoshikatsu TOKUGAWA, the governor-general (the lord of the Owari Domain).
  438. During the Chusendai War that occurred in 1335, in which the remnants of Hojo clan in Shinano Province occupied Kamakura, exalting Takatoki's son Tokiyuki HOJO as their head, Takauji ASHIKAGA went to Kamakura in order to suppress them without obtaining the Emperor Godaigo's approval.
  439. During the Daiei era (1521-1528) the battles against external forces became severer and in 1524, Nobutora joined the battle between the both Uesugi clans and the emerging power of the Hojo clan in the Kanto region and fought against the Hojo force around the border of Sagami Province and Kai Province in Tsuru County.
  440. During the Daiei era (A.D. 1521- 1528), the Nagao clan gave both the kuji collection right and the distribution control right of aoso to the Kurata clan, which was "tonin" (the director) of Echigo so-za.
  441. During the Dang Dynasty, Shenxiu who was the sixth head of the Hokushu school of the Zen sect had the Kokushi title.
  442. During the Edo Period and from Hansekihokan (return of lands and people to the emperor) in 1869 through Haihanchiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures) in 1871, the office of Hikone Domain was placed in the castle.
  443. During the Edo Period he ruled Yonezawa domain, worth 300,000 koku (in reality 510,000 koku).
  444. During the Edo Period, Ansai YAMAZAKI, Chikuzan NAKAI, Gakuraku KATO, Nobuhiro SATO, and Shoin YOSHIDA created their own Giso concept.
  445. During the Edo Period, Ishibe-juku flourished as the 51st of 53 stations along the Tokaido Road, and it has been restored to its former state, complete with checkpoint, farms, ryokan inn, merchant residences, a tea house, a storehouse, a Hachikoku Kyokai and the like.
  446. During the Edo Period, Karoku (hereditary stipend) of the family initially was approximately 269 koku which subsequently increased to 469 koku.
  447. During the Edo Period, because the successive generations of shoguns such as Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, Hidetada TOKUGAWA, Iemitsu TOKUGAWA, all liked Noh, Sarugaku came to have a significant meaning as a cultural capital of the community of samurai.
  448. During the Edo Period, four vassals, including the Rusu clan (the Mizusawa-Date clan), the Shiraishi clan (the Tome-Date clan), the Watari clan (the Wakudani-Date clan) and the Iwaki clan (the Iwayado-Date clan), were allowed to use the family name of DATE.
  449. During the Edo Period, ghost stories became very popular and fine pieces of literature, such as Ugetsu Monogatari, The Peony Lantern, and Yotsuya Kaidan, were created.
  450. During the Edo Period, it was spread by copied books only.
  451. During the Edo Period, karinto spread into the Kanto region and, in the early Meiji period, starting from the Tokyo Asakusa area, it began to gain popularity as a food for ordinary people.
  452. During the Edo Period, the number of Kamon increased more and more.
  453. During the Edo Period, they took control of Uji as 'Gomotsuchashi (tea dealer patronized by the shogunate).'
  454. During the Edo Period, three leading figures of Yusoku kojitsu (court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette) in successive generations, Kinzumi SHIGENOI, Sanemasa SHIGENOI and Kinkazu SHIGENOI, were produced.
  455. During the Edo Period, when kabuki was popular, it was used in theatre music and incorporated as a sound effect.
  456. During the Edo era it was also called 'Anekoji,' and 'Anenokoji.'
  457. During the Edo period Fushimi was a traffic hub because the Takeda-kaido Road and the Takase-gawa River (Kyoto Prefecture) channel were developed at the same time as the Fushimi-kaido Road for use as a land route and water route respectively to transport goods between Kyo and Fushimi.
  458. During the Edo period Haikairenga reached its zenith, and Saikaku IHARA and Basho MATSUO appeared from the Kyoto-Osaka area; however, renga had become obsolete.
  459. During the Edo period Yoritsugu served Ieyasu as hatamoto (direct retainers of the bakufu), and his descendants branched into several families, each continuing as hatamoto.
  460. During the Edo period and later, people in Edo city ate polished white rice, causing many people to suffer from beriberi.
  461. During the Edo period governed by the Tokugawa shogunate, organized religions hardly influenced the life of people, and most of the remained arts were nonreligious arts.
  462. During the Edo period he was publicly acknowledged as a legendary thief.
  463. During the Edo period in 1788, Shoren-in Temple served as the temporary palace of Emperor Gosakuramachi at the time of the Dairi Castle Fires.
  464. During the Edo period it flourished as an important port for domestic water route in an east-to-west route.
  465. During the Edo period it was mixed with the faith for Fuji, and trainees of Fuji-ko and Jikigyo Miroku were seen from 1688 to 1703.
  466. During the Edo period it was thereby called 'Kyo-kaido,' because its final destination being Kyoto, or called 'Osaka-kaido' because it lead to Osaka.
  467. During the Edo period mathematics greatly developed in Japan.
  468. During the Edo period the Koda family served as "Omote Obozushu" (footmen) whose duties included admitting feudal lords who visited Edo Castle.
  469. During the Edo period the area along the street was known as a district of craftsmen.
  470. During the Edo period the area still had traces of such mansions and were occupied by Kyoto mansions of feudal domains such as Arima Domain, Ogasawara Domain, Uesugi Domain of Yonezawa, and Satake Domain of Akita.
  471. During the Edo period the family members held the ranks of daimyo (Japanese territorial lords) or hatamoto (samurai in the direct service of Tokugawa family), and produced prominent characters such as Nobutsuna MATSUDAIRA, a roju (elder) whose nickname meant "The Wisdom of Izu."
  472. During the Edo period the haiku poet Matsuo BASHO visited the Aobaka grave of Tomonaga and composed the poem: 'Cloaked entirely in lichen and ivy, is this Buddha?'
  473. During the Edo period the house was on the premises of what is now Doshisha University.
  474. During the Edo period the role of the Nenbutsu Kyogen as a vehicle for spreading Buddhist teachings gradually became diluted, with the Kyogen taking on more of a form of entertainment for the masses.
  475. During the Edo period the shakuhachi was recognized as a Buddhist religious implement used for transmitting the Dharma, and only the komuso of Fuke sect were permitted to play the shakuhachi.
  476. During the Edo period the society was stabilized, bushis as a ruling class aimed to moderate governance according to the spirit of Confucius, that is, governance by humanity and justice.
  477. During the Edo period the stipend was 1000 koku, but later it was 1500 koku.
  478. During the Edo period the street was regarded as a boundary between Rakuchu and Rakugai.
  479. During the Edo period the term 'Gokenin' came refer to immediate retainers of the Tokugawa Shogun family who held lands of less than 10,000 koku (1 koku = 4.96 bushels): in particular, individuals lacking the rank to be granted a direct audience with the shogun.
  480. During the Edo period there were also ashigaru who served to command chugen (a rank below common soldier) and komono (a lower servant).
  481. During the Edo period there were many kimono fabric shops along the street, much like Muromachi-dori Street running a block east, which became the origin for the name of the street.
  482. During the Edo period when sokuikanjo was completed as a ritual, it was treated as an important matter for the Imperial Court.
  483. During the Edo period when the Shogun held absolute authority, relations between Kinsei daimyo (early modern lords), who were Jikishin (great vassals), and their Kashindan, who were Baishin (indirect vassals), became a categorical master-subordinate relationship.
  484. During the Edo period when the society was peaceful and stabilized, chigyo-daka played the role of an index indicating the social status of a samurai within the samurai class where a strict system existed.
  485. During the Edo period when universal peace was maintained, bento became a wide ranging culture and at the same time a graceful culture.
  486. During the Edo period, "Koyo Gunkan" became popular, and the image of Shingen, as Hoshi-musha (armed priests) with a red clerical garment and the helmet of Suwahossho, was established.
  487. During the Edo period, Ano was originally the land of Yamato Gojo Domain of the Matsukura clan, and later became the shogunal demesne (land directly controlled by Edo bakufu).
  488. During the Edo period, Choon and others compiled "Sendai Kujihongi Taiseikyo" containing "Mizenhongi," which was banned by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) as a forgery to mislead the public and compilers of which were punished; the text can be considered to be an emulation of Miraiki.
  489. During the Edo period, E-shin-gyo (Heart Sutra in Picture Version), was produced for illiterates.
  490. During the Edo period, Edo Castle had the largest outer enclosure, and the spiral arrangement of its moat, stone wall and fence contained the whole of Edo city.
  491. During the Edo period, Ekken KAIBARA, Gonzan GOTO and Yoan UDAGAWA etc. published books concerning spa therapy as well as picture guides of hot springs and hot springs became popular among ordinary citizens.
  492. During the Edo period, Enomoto Myojin was identified with Sarutahiko (leader of the Earthly Gods), but prior to that, a deity known as 'Kose no Hafuri' or 'Kose no Hime Myojin' had been worshiped.
  493. During the Edo period, Fusamori HINONISHI, Emonfu (Headquarters of the Outer Palace Guards), the third son of Fusamitsu HIROHASHI, reestablished the family as Hinonishi.
  494. During the Edo period, Gundai was a post set within the bakufu as well as in each domain.
  495. During the Edo period, Hina-matsuri is said to have observed as a holiday' as one of the "go-sekku" (five seasonal festivals).
  496. During the Edo period, Imperial posts assigned to buke such as daimyo were regarded as ingai-kan (supernumerary positions), and these positions had nothing to do with traditional posts given to kuge even if they had the same post names; additionally, samurai at these positions were excluded from the prescribed number of personnel of such traditional posts.
  497. During the Edo period, Kita Shirakawa solely formed 'Shirakawa-mura village', which became Shirakawa-mura, Otagi County (Kyoto Prefecture) in the Meiji Era.
  498. During the Edo period, Mikawa manzai, which were preferentially treated by the Tokugawa family from Mikawa province, were allowed to belt on a sword and to wear a "hitatare" (a kind of court dress in old days) with large family crests.
  499. During the Edo period, Morisue OMIYA (1768 - 1835) held the position of Chunagon (Middle Counselor) and was awarded the rank of Shonii (Senior Second Rank), which was the highest rank ever achieved by any member of the family.
  500. During the Edo period, Muneko MATSUNOKI (Keihomonin), Emperor Reigen's naishi no suke (a court lady of the first rank), gave birth to a child who would later become Emperor Higashiyama.
  501. During the Edo period, Natto vendors were popular along with the clam vendors so that there remains a satirical short poem, 'Natto and Clam wake me up in the morning.'
  502. During the Edo period, Nobunaga was known by Nobunagaki (The Record of Nobunaga) written by Hoan OZE.
  503. During the Edo period, Sekiyado was located at the fork of the Tone-gawa River and the Edo-gawa River, and was regarded as an important traffic point.
  504. During the Edo period, Shingen as well as other Sengoku daimyos (Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period) together attempted to record, in the form of a gunkimono (war tales), various images of Kenshin such as a military warrior, Hottai (religious appearance) busho or a Buddhist monk, in the style of Buddhist painting.
  505. During the Edo period, Shosetsu YUI, who was the catalyst of Keian Incident, learned military science from Masatatsu (or Fuden) KUSUNOKI and became the husband of his daughter.
  506. During the Edo period, Suika Shinto, which integrated both schools with the theory of Neo-Confucianism, appeared.
  507. During the Edo period, Taishiko became much more popular as it began to be held not only by carpenters but also by various other groups of people in the same vocations like plasterers, coopers, and smiths.
  508. During the Edo period, Tenjin was worshipped as the god of learning, due to the fact that Michizane was a great scholar and poet in real life.
  509. During the Edo period, Toshiya became quite popular, but even in those days, some people were critical about its excessive sensationalization, and so, for example, Sadatake ISE said Toshiya was just play shooting and had no use in actual fighting.
  510. During the Edo period, Uta Bikuni who served at a banquet appeared and some ama fell into prostitution.
  511. During the Edo period, Utaizome (first-song performance of the year), which was performed in Edo-jo Castle on the night of January 2 (later January 3) by feudal lords, came to be called the Matsubayashi, and this custom supposedly spread among the merchants.
  512. During the Edo period, Yoshiki OTSUKA etc. wrote the commentary of this book.
  513. During the Edo period, a Japanese poet YOSA no Buson composed the poem 'A plum tree standing beside the Sumiya (a Geisha house established at the Korokan site), did you watch the prosperity of Korokan in those days?'
  514. During the Edo period, a book on cooking entitled "Selected Fucha Ryori" was published.
  515. During the Edo period, a farming rank was one of social status in which a farmer had 'kokudaka' (crop yield) in his village and his duties and rights were approved by paying his nengu' (land tax) to the landlord, whichever his regular vocation was agriculture, labor industry, or commerce.
  516. During the Edo period, a kiln of Asahi yaki was counted among the Enshu Shichiyo (best seven kilns selected by Enshu KOBORI, a famous master of ceremonial tea).
  517. During the Edo period, a method was adopted using Nitokudari in which rice paddies producing 9 To (162 liters) as bottom-ranked rice paddies and fields producing 1 Koku and 2 To (about 216 liters) as high-grade fields.
  518. During the Edo period, a movement occurred which moved Ju-kyo away from its previous role as accomplishments for Buddhist monks to learn, and establish it as a single learning (the separation of Confucianism from Buddhism).
  519. During the Edo period, a target practicing game used for gambling was created originating from Yokyu of kuge and matsuriya (festival arrow) or matshriyumi.
  520. During the Edo period, all families of the Nakamikado line ranked as Urinke; three of the Matsunoki family, the Jimyoin family, and the Sono family ranked as the Old Family; and six branches of the Jimyoin family line ranked as the New Family.
  521. During the Edo period, amateur story tellers including those who were involved in kyoka (comic and satirical tanka) and playful literature originating from haiku were active.
  522. During the Edo period, based on "Kinchu Narabini Kuge Shohatto (禁中並公家諸法度)," Edo Bakufu began to intervene significantly in the Imperial Court, and as a result it became nearly impossible for a member of the Imperial Family to participate in political affairs.
  523. During the Edo period, because the Buke Shohatto basically prohibited expansion of castles, large "daimyo gardens", which can serve as a demaru, were built, such as Korakuen of Okayama-jo Castle.
  524. During the Edo period, both in Kamigata and Edo, sake was received with sakazuki at the beginning of the party and, in the latter half of the party where the mood changed to a relaxed one, choko was used instead.
  525. During the Edo period, buyaku became a variety of komononari (miscellaneous tax).
  526. During the Edo period, children of those who were well-educated started to learn "The Tale of Genji" from this chapter Hatsune.
  527. During the Edo period, choshi was used to warm sake in Kamigata in a palace and a house of prostitution, but, in Edo, choshi was used only for shikijo which was a formal meal.
  528. During the Edo period, chozubachi came to be considered essential in roji, and many chozubachi came into existence such as those made of natural materials and those designed especially for the chozubachi at roji.
  529. During the Edo period, common people became rich and began to enjoy an affluent life, promoting court noble culture among them as a culture or manners and customs.
  530. During the Edo period, despite the slight demographic changes observed over the time, the estimated population was more than one million in Edo, and 400,000 in Kyoto as well as in Osaka.
  531. During the Edo period, each domain employed its own grand master of archery, however, they were mostly archers from the Heki school.
  532. During the Edo period, eel vendors, in their early period, cut open and cleaned raw eels in front of customers and sold them, and later, some of them began to sell broiled eels or cook eels in front of customers and sold them.
  533. During the Edo period, feudal lords were also called jito.
  534. During the Edo period, food stalls cooked foods in front of customers and sold them, and monouri sold processed foods like fried fish and broiled eel by carrying them in a wooden box.
  535. During the Edo period, having a tokonoma was restricted because tokonoma was regarded as too luxurious for ordinary people, but after the Meiji period, installing tokonoma in a guest room became common.
  536. During the Edo period, however, nobody paid attention to it after the benreibun came to be rejected.
  537. During the Edo period, incumbent or predecessor dainagon (chief councilor of state) and chunagon (vice-councilor of state) were appointed as Indenso and Buke tenso concurrently.
  538. During the Edo period, information on damages caused by the earthquake and the status of restoration were transmitted to other districts by kawaraban.
  539. During the Edo period, it became an event for venting among the privileged class.
  540. During the Edo period, it became popular with the townspeople, having a great influence on Edo culture; Bansai KATO wrote "Tsurezuregusa sho" (a commentary on Tsurezuregusa) in 1661 and Kigin KITAMURA wrote a commentary called "Tsurezuregusa mondan sho" in 1667.
  541. During the Edo period, it developed as a wholesale street lined with kimono shops (drapers).
  542. During the Edo period, it prospered as the approach of okage mairi (a group pilgrimage to the Ise-jingu Shrine).
  543. During the Edo period, it served as a temporary palace, which led to it becoming called 'Awata-gosho.'
  544. During the Edo period, it temporarily served as a sub-temple of Jizo-ji Temple but it now belongs to the Tofuku-ji School of the Rinzai Sect.
  545. During the Edo period, it was a castle town (of Yodo-jo Castle) and was an important traffic point as a post station.
  546. During the Edo period, it was conducted under the protection of Tokugawa bakufu and Owari Tokugawa family.
  547. During the Edo period, it was established as a popular means of financiing regardless of status or region, and some Ko establishments became large-scale.
  548. During the Edo period, it was not considered as one sect but seen as one school of the Rinzai sect.
  549. During the Edo period, it was under the patronage of the Oda clan of Yanagimoto Domain and was called Yanagimoto Domain Shrine.
  550. During the Edo period, it was unglued from the board and redecorated as a hanging scroll again.
  551. During the Edo period, its scale was reduced with the dedication of parts of its premises to building Kodai-ji Temple and Otani Sobyo graves.
  552. During the Edo period, koku-data (the amount of rice to be produced in the chigyo) became used for expressing chigyo-daka.
  553. During the Edo period, male nobles' clothes also came to be furnished under the control of the Yamashina family, the official of Kuraryo, and stocked in the 'Government warehouse' in the Imperial palace, and it became common to lend clothes to nobles (they were allowed to make new clothes by themselves), which helped standardize their clothing.
  554. During the Edo period, many boats were used as an important means of distribution that linked Kyoto and Fushimi.
  555. During the Edo period, many chosan peasants generally left for urban areas where they lived on low wages.
  556. During the Edo period, many clans prohibited their samurai from eating pufferfish.
  557. During the Edo period, many meibutsuki such as "Ganka meibutsuki" (Record of Named Objects for Appreciation) were published and their senses of values became widespread among the general public.
  558. During the Edo period, many printed books of The Tale of Genji were published, and among them, Eiri Genji monogatari was published the earliest and circulated widely.
  559. During the Edo period, mausoleums were repaired in the Genroku, Manji, Enpo, Kyoho and Bunkyu eras.
  560. During the Edo period, miso was first recognized as a seasoning just like today.
  561. During the Edo period, not only in the bakufu, but also in territories controlled by Daimyo (Japanese feudal lord), and from the middle of the period, strong governing systems with the characteristics of a bureaucracy called Han (or Domain) were formed.
  562. During the Edo period, ordinary people were not allowed to become professional Soh musician because this profession was exclusive for blind persons under Todo system.
  563. During the Edo period, people were forbidden to form a political community by concluding an ikki in any form other than that which accorded with the existing order that was officially recognized by the shogunate government.
  564. During the Edo period, people with reverence for emperors emphasized the long duration and consistency of the Imperial family so as to enhance respect and increase support for emperors.
  565. During the Edo period, seppuku became established as a complicated and refined ritual in which kaishaku assistants were present.
  566. During the Edo period, soba was mainly steamed and served in a steamer and was not boiled as it is commonly done today.
  567. During the Edo period, some of the common people wore kimono made of relatively low-priced silk, but when the great famine of 1783 to 1788 occurred, the Edo bakufu forbade the common people from wearing any silk products in 1785.
  568. During the Edo period, suo became full dress of hatamoto (a direct vassal of the shogun) because hatamoto was ranked below Ikai.
  569. During the Edo period, takanoha-mon was popular among samurai.
  570. During the Edo period, tempura cooking was prohibited in the Edo Castle.
  571. During the Edo period, the Dairi was reconstructed eight times (six of them were caused by destruction by fire), and the existing building is called Ansei Dairi, which was reconstructed in accordance with the Heian style in 1855.
  572. During the Edo period, the Edo bakufu carried out a new control measure over religions, against Buddhist sects.
  573. During the Edo period, the Funabashi and Fusehara families, as descendants of the Nakahara clan, inherited the position of hakase (professor); the inherited position was in name only, however, since it had become the golden days of the newly emerged Sogaku (Song-period neo-Confucianism).
  574. During the Edo period, the Hikone domain family became the top fudai daimyo family producing five Tairo (chief ministers) in six terms: Naozumi II, Naooki II, Naohide II, Naohide II, Naoaki II, and Naosuke II, among which Naomori assumed the position twice.
  575. During the Edo period, the Iwamatsu clan barely managed to continue to exist as a quasi-kotaiyoriai family (a family next to four kotaiyoriai families).
  576. During the Edo period, the Nijo family, who were mainly responsible for maintaining sokuikanjo, prayed for a satisfactory completion of the ritual to Chinju (local Shinto deity) and Tenjin (literally, heavenly gods) before sokuikanjo and, immediately before inmyodenju, the whole family conducted Shinto ritual of purification.
  577. During the Edo period, the Oshikoji family used the authority of Kyokumu in mobilizing not only Shisho but also Jigekanjin in the respective ministries to perform ceremonies and public affairs of the Imperial Court.
  578. During the Edo period, the Ryukyu kingdom was nominally a tributary state of Ming, and later Qing China, but in real terms was ruled by the Satsuma clan.
  579. During the Edo period, the Sakurai family was founded by Kanesato, the son of Kanetoshi MINASE.
  580. During the Edo period, the Sanyodo (otherwise known as Saigoku-kaido) connected Kyoto to Shimonoseki City and further extended to Kokura City by crossing the Kammon-kaikyo Strait from Shimonoseki.
  581. During the Edo period, the Sendai Domain, the Owari Domain, and the Kaga Domain had supported the Hiraiwa head family, the family originated from Kanshichi's younger brother named Kahei, and the Yamamoto family who was a follower family of the Hiraiwa family respectively, although these three families stayed in Kyoto.
  582. During the Edo period, the bakufu and daimyos that possessed their territory along coastal areas had suigun navies called funategumi, funatekata, or funateshu.
  583. During the Edo period, the bakufu encouraged the blind to join the Todo-za, consolidating the organization which started to enjoy considerable autonomy even though it was under the jurisdiction of the Jisha-bugyo (magistrate of temples and shrines).
  584. During the Edo period, the bushi corresponding to a civil officer was called 'yakugata' and the bushi corresponding to a military officer 'bankata.'
  585. During the Edo period, the clothes were further simplified and 'Kamishimo' that is the combination of a sleeveless jacket called 'Kataginu' and trousers called 'Hakama' appeared.
  586. During the Edo period, the custom of offering somen as an altarage during Tanabata became popular.
  587. During the Edo period, the deity was regarded as that of the Tokugawa family, and since the Meiji period, it has been regarded as the guardian deity of the imperial palace.
  588. During the Edo period, the document was questioned as being forged, and the study conducted by Mitsukuni TOKUGAWA and Sadatake ISE revealed that the document was in fact a forgery.
  589. During the Edo period, the economy grew rapidly, and the accumulated capital contributed to the economic development following the Meiji Restoration.
  590. During the Edo period, the family had a grand-scale residence that also served as a research laboratory in Umekoji away from Kugemachi (court noble village) around the Imperial Palace.
  591. During the Edo period, the family had a revenue of 700 koku and the family rank of Seiga, next to the Sekkan, the regent house.
  592. During the Edo period, the family held the status of Toshoke of court nobles; after the Meji period, the family ranked as viscount.
  593. During the Edo period, the family supplied costumes and instructed the Tokugawa shogunate in Emondo for generations, and, when staying in Edo, worked to spread the knowledge of Emondo and other court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette among the feudal lords.
  594. During the Edo period, the family was a low ranked court official family next to the Oshinokoji family that served as the head secretary 'kyokumu' at the Council of State Secretaries, and the Mibu family which served as the head secretary kanmu at the Senior Recorders of the Left.
  595. During the Edo period, the fundamental sense of beauty of tea ceremony became established and even apocryphal books emerged such as "Shoo Wabi no Bun" (Shoo essay on wabi) defining wabi as 'honestly and prudence,' and "Nanporoku" which described wabi as 'Buddha's world of purity.'
  596. During the Edo period, the general public as well came to participate in cultural activities actively, and Kabuki, Haikai (seventeen-syllable verses), Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints) and Okage mairi (a pilgrimage to the Ise Shrine) became popular.
  597. During the Edo period, the girls' 'doll play' was combined with the 'ceremony of the seasonal festival' with the features of the season, which spread across the country and dolls began to be displayed.
  598. During the Edo period, the image of Michizane as a vengeful spirit began to lose favor as he came to be regarded as the patron of scholars, and divisions of Kitano-tenmangu Shrine's Tenjin deity enshrined in Terakoya (private elementary schools in Edo period).
  599. During the Edo period, the kin-za (literally, gold za, or gold mint) and the gin-za (literally, silver za, or silver mint) were established under the control of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  600. During the Edo period, the kuge society gained protection from the bakufu, while the "Kinchu narabini kuge shohatto" (a set of legal regulations that applied to emperors and Kyoto nobles) that regulated emperors and kuge was established and defined the relationship between kuge and samurai of the Edo period.
  601. During the Edo period, the mere mention of reiheishi often referred to Nikko reiheishi.
  602. During the Edo period, the name Daigaku no kami became the title that had been inherited for generations by the heads of the Hayashi family, a Confucian scholar family, thus being incorporated into the organizations of the Edo bakufu (Japanese federal government headed by a shogun) as the name of its supreme educational officer.
  603. During the Edo period, the performance became less important as a method of preaching and developed as a form of entertainment.
  604. During the Edo period, the plain colored all black fabric with five family crests was used as a ceremonial dress rather than a mourning dress, and it is thought that there was a region that spread the haori coat with a black family crest.
  605. During the Edo period, the population was over one million and had a heavy demand for paper, which increased rapidly due to the prevalence of karakami and successive big fires, and consequently, a paper making area in the Kanto region played an important role to provide paper for daily use to the residents of Edo.
  606. During the Edo period, the post was inherited by the Shimazu clan that was the lord of Satsuma province for generations while Tadayoshi MATSUDAIRA was also appointed the post.
  607. During the Edo period, the road became a primary highway connected to Takeda-kaido Road, and became so busy that one-way northbound traffic was imposed during the Kyoho era.
  608. During the Edo period, the school worked in Kanze-za and turned out many masters for generations.
  609. During the Edo period, the story became well known even among the general public and a number of kyoka (comic tanka (satire)) were written using the affair as a subject.
  610. During the Edo period, the temple had four lodges for priests (Rikakubo lodge for the priest Rikaku, Jikkobo lodge for the priest Jikko, Hosenbo lodge for the priest Hosen and Fugyobo lodge for the priest Fugyo), but now only two of them exist under the names Hosen-in and Jikko-in.
  611. During the Edo period, the thing that was most distributed took the name of its sales territory and seller, and this is an example of the practice.
  612. During the Edo period, the word 'Hayabusa' (meaning 'falcon') became corrupted to 'Hayakusa' (with 'kusa' meaning a type of skin disease) and it came to be believed that the shrine had the ability to cure such ailments.
  613. During the Edo period, the yomi-te would sometimes read the name of the poet and only ue-no-ku, as another way of playing the game.
  614. During the Edo period, there was a powdered medicine called 'Sode no Ume' to get one sober after drinking.
  615. During the Edo period, there was a vogue phrase that lists things that were abundant in Edo (the old name of Tokyo); fires, quarrels, Iseya (the name of shops), Inari, and dogs' droppings.
  616. During the Edo period, there was no legislated sake grading system like that which existed in the Showa period, but consumers roughly ranked sake as shown below.
  617. During the Edo period, there were many Kengyo who became excellent musicians in the three capital cities as professionals of jiuta sangen, sokyoku, kokyu (Chinese fiddle) music and heikyoku, which lead to them having an important role as a driving power in the development of Japanese music in the modern ages.
  618. During the Edo period, there were more than 460 Jigeke.
  619. During the Edo period, there were more than 60,000 spontaneous villages.
  620. During the Edo period, there were no such term as kyakkan or shasei.
  621. During the Edo period, there were three daimyo in the family.
  622. During the Edo period, there were two teppo gumi placed within one sonae, and they became the principal force of the foot soldiers.
  623. During the Edo period, they were also referred to as Monogashira.
  624. During the Edo period, this book was used as a child's book on calligraphy as well as moral training at terakoya (temple elementary school).
  625. During the Edo period, travel became more widespread and, although until then people only visited nearby temples and shrines, it became the practice for people to visit distant temples and shrines and say various prayers in different locations such as Zenko-ji Temple and the Shikoku Pilgrimage.
  626. During the Edo period, two people, the fixed number of positions were appointed by the bakufu and given 250 hyo as an executive allowance and some money or textiles as a salary.
  627. During the Edo period, urban culture flourished, and it is known that the contents of dishes were rich, according to menus and cook books at that time.
  628. During the Edo period, watermark paper (a transparent paper), combined with pattern paper (for cutting out patterns), and adding more fibers on the paper produced a technique for processing a wrinkled pattern.
  629. During the Edo period, when Waho Igaku (ancient Japanese medicine) became an active area of study along with the promotion of the study of Japanese classical literature, the Daidoruijuho was treated as a sacred textbook for Wahoka (doctors in ancient Japanese medicine).
  630. During the Edo period, when a head of a samurai family, without a son to carry on the family name, was on his deathbed due to an accident or disease, a son was urgently adopted in order to prevent the extinction of the family name.
  631. During the Edo period, when building a house or when noble people move, the direction of the kimon was considered to be best avoided.
  632. During the Edo period, women usually undid their hair in the bedroom of shogun or daimyo (feudal lord).
  633. During the Eikyu no Goso (Eikyu Petition) in 1113, when the priests of Kofuku-ji Temple rioted, calling for the replacement of the appointed head of the temple, he was orderd by the Retired Emperor Shirakawa to prevent the priests from coming into Kyoto.
  634. During the Eiroku era (1558 - 1570) he became the chief priest of Shofuku-ji Temple in Hakata.
  635. During the Eiroku era, Takayo EMURA, the lord of Mitsuishi-jo Castle in Harima Ptovince, was overwhelmed by Nobunaga ODA and fled to Kyoto where he retreated into seclusion.
  636. During the Emperor Enyu's visit in the year 970, he ordered that a special festival be held.
  637. During the Emperor's travel, he was appointed to the post of Shogoi meryo (Senior Fifth Rank, horse caretaker) on March 24; thereafter, he was promoted to Jushii (Junior Fourth Rank) on the 28th of the same month.
  638. During the First Katsura Cabinet, which was formed after Ito's, Ito took both compromising and opposing policies toward the Cabinet and in 1902, the Seiyu Party occupied 190 seats and got a majority in the seventh general election of members of the House of Representatives.
  639. During the Former Han Dynasty, a music bureau called Gakufu was set up, where folk kayo were collected.
  640. During the Freedom and People's Rights Movement since 1874, many common people all over Japan published their own ideas for a constitution.
  641. During the GHQ (General Headquarters) occupation period, the shrine's name was changed to Kyoto-jinja Shrine but the previous name was restored following independence.
  642. During the Gangyo era, which was the time of Emperor Yozei, he was appointed to the Junior Assistant Minister of the Hyobunosho (Ministry of Military) and the governor of Ise Province at the same time, and then he was appointed as the Provisional Minor Captain of the Konoefu (the Headquarters of the Inner Palace Guards) and the governor of Mutsu Province after the Gangyo War.
  643. During the Genki era and the Tensho era (between 1570 and 1592) Keibu's descendants fought in the fierce battles.
  644. During the Genko War he went to Mt. Kasagi with his father, however they lost the battle and both himself and his father were caught by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) forces and sentenced to banished to Tosa Province.
  645. During the Genko War, a warthat occurred near the end of the Kamakura period in which Emperor Godaigo raised an army, the clan followed the Hojo clan of Kamakura and attacked Mt. Kasagi.
  646. During the Genko War, he fought under the command of Takauji ASHIKAGA to overthrow the Shogunate.
  647. During the Genko War, he was retained by Rokuhara Tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto), because his two sons were involved in the anti-shogunate movement.
  648. During the Genko War, in which Emperor Godaigo raised an army to overthrow the Kamakura bakufu, Norimura took up arms against the shogunate at ryoji (orders issued by princes, empresses, etc.) of Imperial Prince Moriyoshi, the son of Godaigo, in 1333.
  649. During the Genna era (1615 - 1623) Hino merchants vigorously promoted Hino lacquerware, which was thereby restored.
  650. During the Genpei War (the twelfth-century war between the Minamoto and Taira clans), the Kawachi Genji (the Minamoto clan) and the Taira family each asked various provinces to shoulder the burden of supplying their armies with provisions.
  651. During the Genpei War (the war between the Minamoto and the Taira clans), Yukitsuna was active as the leader of the Tada-Genji, who formed a part of MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune's army.
  652. During the Genpei War, then-Onmyoryo ABE no Yasuchika (1110-1183) who was the great-great-grandson of ABE no Yoshihira, moved up to Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank Upper Grade), and his son ABE no Suehiro (1136-1199) also moved up to Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  653. During the Genpei period (the period of the Minamoto clan and the Taira clan; late 11th century to late 12th century CE), all available swords were wanto, and sharp, strong, and light swords were manufactured.
  654. During the Genroku era (from 1688 to 1703), sobakiri was presented to Monk Imperial Prince Koben, the chief priest of Toeizan Kanei-ji Temple of the Tendai winning plaudits from the same.
  655. During the Genroku era in the Edo period, the picture Sugoroku such as 'Dochu Sugoroku' (a Sugoroku with pictures from the 53 stations of the Tokaido Road) and 'Yaro Sugoroku or Shibai Sugoroku' (a Sugoroku with actors' pictures), were played.
  656. During the Genroku era life gradually became more extravagant so, people without Kamon were offered the opportunity to have Kamon; for example, lower-class people favored 'Gosan no Kiri' according to the time-honored custom of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI.
  657. During the Genroku era of the Edo period, Kinen-sai festival in Imperial Court was planned to be revived but failed, so the revival came true only after Jingikan was reestablished in Court in the Meiji period.
  658. During the Genroku era, criticisms of conventions and traditions led to the appearance of kokugaku (the study of Japanese literature and culture) in order to interpret the essence of ancient literature.
  659. During the Genroku era, it became popular around Osaka and many works were written on wide variety of common people's lives (Ukiyo means not only world in general but matters of love and sensuality).
  660. During the Gion Festival, Genroku period style clothing, hairstyles and thick make-up are worn and elegant and beautiful dances performed by both elementary school age girls during the omukae-chochin (welcoming lantern ceremony) on July 10, and by Geisha and Maiko during the Hanagasa parade on July 24.
  661. During the Gion Festival, the street is the last parade route taken by Yamahoko, Gion Festival floats: all floats carried west along Oike-dori Street turn south along Shinmachi-dori Street and return to their own hokocho (towns with hoko, float).
  662. During the Gion-matsuri Festival, the parade of those Yama-hoko (festival floats of the Gion-matsuri) will change their direction by rotating the Yama-hoko at this intersection (those Yama-hoko touring from Sijo Kawaramachi toward north will change their direction to Karasuma Oike.)
  663. During the Giwadan War (The Boxer Rebellion) in 1900, he was besieged in Beijing.
  664. During the Hakodate War, he took the charge of the leader for the second squad of Benten Daiba.
  665. During the Hakodate War, he was treated as a noncombatant and learned French from an interpreter, Masachika TAJIMA.
  666. During the Hamaguri Rebellion in 1864, the temple served as a base for the seventeen patriots including Maki Izuminokami of the Sonno joi (lit. Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians) faction.
  667. During the Han dynasty era, this notion of "China = Tenka" changed under the influence of actual sakuho relations, and the contemporary notion of "Tenka," which means the world including other surrounding ethnic groups, was established.
  668. During the Hayato IKEDA's administration, the institution of decoration was restored first time after WWII, and the institution has been observed to date.
  669. During the Heian Period and later, men in higher positions such as the Imperial Family and Kugyo, as well as upper ranked government officials and Hakase (Professors), were also receiving remuneration.
  670. During the Heian and Kamakura periods, Rikujinshinka was regarded as the essential divination for Ommyoji belonging to Onmyoryo (Bureau of Divination).
  671. During the Heian period (794 to 1192), the Tendai and Shingon sects were established by Saicho and Kukai, respectively, who practiced asceticism and had learned orthodox Mountain Buddhism in Tang, and some temples (including those of Mt. Hiei and Mt. Koya) were founded.
  672. During the Heian period and after, however, very few statues were made by this method, due to the large amount of costly urushi required, and the time-consuming process.
  673. During the Heian period and later, calligraphy was a practice of people only in the upper society, but during this period, calligraphy became popular among common people as well.
  674. During the Heian period and later, kageyushi conducted administrative audits based on geyujo.
  675. During the Heian period and onwards, "zuryo" referred to the head of kokushi shitokan (four officials of the provincial governor), who was dispatched to an appointed province with administrative responsibility.
  676. During the Heian period large mansions were located along this street; the residence of KI no Tsurayuki was in the northern area of the street; Kawaranoin's (MINAMOTO no Toru's) mansion was in the southern area.
  677. During the Heian period some of otoneri sometimes became naiju (government official especially one of low to medium rank as royal pages) or vice versa.
  678. During the Heian period there was the kouchikominsei (a system of complete state ownership of land and citizens) which was effectively dysfunctional.
  679. During the Heian period, Kikkoten was often held in the court and among court nobles.
  680. During the Heian period, Konoe-fu (the agency to guard the Palace) guarded at night the Imperial Palace and Okura (financial department) and Uchikura (Inner Treasury)
  681. During the Heian period, Kyoke produced many talents in culture and art: FUJIWARA no Sadatoshi (biwa, Japanese lute), FUJIWARA no Fuyuo (Confucianism), FUJIWARA no Okikaze (waka, Japanese poetry), and FUJIWARA no Tadafusa (waka and bugaku, or Japanese court dance and music) among others.
  682. During the Heian period, Matsuri (Festival) simply means Kamo Matsuri.
  683. During the Heian period, ONAKATOMI no Yoshinobu, his son ONAKATOMI no Sukechika, and his granddaughter Ise no Taifu also achieved prominence as kajin (waka poets).
  684. During the Heian period, a temporary sumo office, the Sumai no tsukasa, was set up and supervised by Imperial princes given honorary roles as Betto (chief of the sumo office).
  685. During the Heian period, a woman with long hair was a woman of beauty.
  686. During the Heian period, as Ryoge no kan (class outside of the Ritsuryo system) increased, office organizations regulated by Ritsuryo became in names only, and obtaining information necessary for actual government affairs became difficult with kyaku (administrative regulations) that is organized by traditional authority.
  687. During the Heian period, belief in Buddhism spread throughout the noble classes, with each clan constructed temples in which to pray for the prosperity of the clan, although some clans had practiced this since the Nara period.
  688. During the Heian period, both right and left sides had their own kojis but in the later period, one koji was in charge for the two teams.
  689. During the Heian period, edokoro (Imperial office treating about pictures) succeeded to the work.
  690. During the Heian period, establishing a soja near the kokufu (provincial office) and worshiping at it became wide spread to save the tour of every shrine.
  691. During the Heian period, however, imperial princes were appointed but did not actually go to the post in most cases, while the next position, Dazai gon no sochi, attended actual government affairs (when an ex-minister was demoted, he did not have power over practical affairs).
  692. During the Heian period, in 792 during the reign of Emperor Kanmu, the Kondei-no-sei (national militant organization) was established which abolished legions and troops, and the Imperial Court, which placed importance on the quantity rather than the quality of soldiers for national defense, postponed the abolition of sakimori.
  693. During the Heian period, instead of miyake, they established chokushiden (imperial proprietorships and land) and chokushimaki or chokushiboku (mandate pastures, or Imperial pastures).
  694. During the Heian period, it was a popular vehicle for the aristocracy.
  695. During the Heian period, it was used as a yusoku monyo (traditional design motifs of court nobles) for furnishing goods and costumes of court nobles
  696. During the Heian period, its meaning changed from shiryo (spirit of a dead person) of someone who died in an accident caused by onryo (revengeful ghost).
  697. During the Heian period, nobles seriously believed that there were taboo directions that varied from day to day.
  698. During the Heian period, occasionally those from the lower class were allowed to create poems.
  699. During the Heian period, people in urban areas started to worship him and he became the object of worship in Gion Goryo-e (the Gion Matsuri Festival).
  700. During the Heian period, samurai in the service of an aristocrat or samurai chief were called 'kenin' (retainers) and with the establishment of the Kamakura period, those warriors who served as attendants to the Lord of Kamakura came to be called 'gokenin' out of respect for the Lord of Kamakura.
  701. During the Heian period, scheduled and temporary court events such as Sechie and Sechiku (seasonal festivals) had Himeii (cooked rice) piled high in a bowl as the centerpiece with side dishes such as dishes for drinking and snacks.
  702. During the Heian period, stations existed on the Higashi Koya-kaido road and was also important as an administrative road connecting Kyoto and Kawachi-Kokufu.
  703. During the Heian period, the Higashi Sanjo-dono Residence was built in an area of 1-cho and 2-cho (placed in the north-south direction) of 3-jo and 3-bo in Sakyo (the left-side area of the capital) (present Nijo-oji Minami Nishino Toin-oji Higashi).
  704. During the Heian period, the Shinsen-en Garden and the imperial villas in Kyoto's suburbs have wide ponds, however, Japanese gardens had so far adopted a style based on landscapes representing natural scenery including actual water.
  705. During the Heian period, the manor was a zoyakumen (land that was excepted from all levies except the regular land tax), and the estate of a Sekkan-ke (family which produced regents and advisers).
  706. During the Heian period, the road bustled with pilgrims for Yoshino.
  707. During the Heian period, the structures built in the precincts of Todai-ji Temple began to deteriorate, and damaged temple buildings were becoming a serious problem.
  708. During the Heian period, the tax-exempt shoen estates which consisted of small scale farmlands developed first and later the donated-type of shoen (manor) became mainstream, which was donated to powerful people such as the Imperial Family, sekkan-ke (the families which produced regents), main temples, shrines, and so on.
  709. During the Heian period, the word, 'yujo,' came into existence, and especially yujo in Eguchi and Kanzaki region (Amagasaki City), which had flourished for water transport of Osaka Bay and Yodo-gawa Water System, were known.
  710. During the Heian period, there emerged some emaki which were produced as subjects of dynastic styled literature, preaching type stories.
  711. During the Heian period, there was another Yumiya called suzume koyumi (sparrow short bow, very short bow) which was used as a toy for children, and the name of suzume was regarded to show small things or children.
  712. During the Heian period, they were called Miyasudokoro (Lady of the Bedchamber).
  713. During the Heian period, they were placed in the eight ministries and Dazaifu, and gained importance.
  714. During the Heian period, with the move to the system where the reins of power were concentrated on the zuryo who were hitto-kokushi (the head of the provincial governors) in the Imperial Court's governance of the local regions, the class of rich farmers' attacks against the deprivation by zuryo happened frequently.
  715. During the Heiji War in December 1159, he was appointed as Sahyoe no jo (third-ranked officer of Sahyoe-fu, the Left Division of Middle Palace Guards) in the appointment ceremony led by FUJIWARA no Nobuyori who occupied the Imperial Palace.
  716. During the Heiji War, Narichika and Nobuyori armed themselves and joined in the battle.
  717. During the Heiji War, he accepted defeat from the general FUJIWARA no Shigenori, the second son of FUJIWARA no Shinzei.
  718. During the Heiji War, he was torn between his nephew and his cousin, whose painful experience led him to seclude himself.
  719. During the Heisei era, Seimei ABE became extremely popular and worshipers have come to visit the shrine from all over the country.
  720. During the Heisei period after 1989
  721. During the Higashiyama Culture that flourished in the Muromachi period, incense burning rituals were established almost at about the same time Sado (tea ceremony) and Kado (flower arrangement) were established, and it is believed that incense burning had become close to the contemporary style.
  722. During the Hoan era (1120-1125), FUJIWARA no Mototoshi wrote "Shinsen Roei Shu" (New Selection of Sung Poems).
  723. During the Hogen Disturbance in 1156, he followed MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo, and during the Heiji Disturbance in 1159, he was with MINAMOTO no Yoshihira, Yoshitomo's first son, and fought against TAIRA no Shigemori's forces of five hundreds horsemen, leading only seventeen horsemen in the fight at Taikenmon.
  724. During the Hogen War in 1156, Tameyoshi, in command of the clan, including his sons, MINAMOTO no Yorikata and Tametomo, was defeated fighting for Daijo-tenno (a retired emperor) against Yoshitomo and TAIRA no Kiyomori on the Emperor's side.
  725. During the Hogen War in 1156, and the Heiji War in 1159, the party followed the troops under MINAMOTO no Tameyoshi's command (some say that the party was subordinate to the Hatakeyama clan) and they fought bravely.
  726. During the Hogen War in 1156, he joined the Retired Emperor Sutoku side with Yorinaga.
  727. During the Hogen War in 1156, he took the side of Yoshimoto and during the Heiji War in 1159, he followed MINAMOTO no Yoshihira, the eldest son of Yoshitomo, and performed well.
  728. During the Hogen War in 1156, her father Tadamichi and husband Retired Emperor Sutoku fought against each other, and the defeated Retired Emperor Sutoku was exiled to Sanuki Province.
  729. During the Hogen War in July 1156, Masakiyo, who sided with Yoshitomo, fought against MINAMOTO no Tametomo, but retreated because of the enemy's overwhelming power.
  730. During the Hogen War, he sided with the Emperor Goshirakawa whom Yoshitomo served, but took some actions to avoid the Minamoto clan infighting such as asking MINAMOTO no Tameyoshi (brother-in-law) to restrain himself but without success.
  731. During the Honnoji Incident in 1582, Katahide and his son Ujisato GAMO ushered the families of the wives and concubines of Nobunaga ODA into the castle.
  732. During the Honnoji Incident in 1582, he fought against Mitsuhide AKECHI's rebellion army to protect Nobunaga but was killed in the battle.
  733. During the Honnoji Incident in 1582, he fought to protect Nobunaga as his bodyguard but was killed in the battle.
  734. During the Ienobu administration, Nagashige made efforts to revive ceremonies such as: The practice-starting ceremony in the new year season of the Shinkage-ryu school and Itto-ryu school which had been abolished in the days of Tsunayoshi; exhibition matches in front of the shogun; etc.
  735. During the Ikedaya Incident (an armed encounter between Activists and the Shinsengumi special police) of July 8, 1864, YOSHIDA was at the inn, but had left temporarily to return to his quarters.
  736. During the Ikedaya Incident, he was slashed in the forehead when he carelessly removed his hachigane (helmet).
  737. During the Imperial funeral of Emperor Showa, the heads and leaders of 163 countries of the world, and concerned people of 17 international organizations attended.
  738. During the Imperial tour, the Emperor granted an item to the honor student and the prefecture government will pass it on to you, and therefore you are requested to come to receive it at three o'clock in the afternoon on October 8.
  739. During the Imperial visit to Niigata Prefecture, he visited former Yamakoshi Village (present Nagaoka City) on September 8, 2008, where was seriously damaged by the earthquake in 2004.
  740. During the Imperial visit to Saga Prefecture in 2007, there was an episode that some citizens welcomed the Emperor spontaneously started singing Japan's national anthem.
  741. During the Inamura incident that occurred within the Satomi clan, Yoshiaki ordered Nobuyasu MARIYA to support Yoshitoyo SATOMI, who was cooperating with Oyumi-kubo.
  742. During the Indian age of Buddhism, the collection of buildings in which monks lived was called so-do but this definition is now covered by the words a temple or monastery.
  743. During the Insei period (period of government ruled by the Retired Emperor), Retired Emperor Shirakawa held great confidence in Ieyasu and he held such positions as Shirakawa-innotsukasa (an official within the Retired Emperor's office) and Innocho Betto (chief administrator of the Retired Emperor's Office), along with his post of Zuryo.
  744. During the Insei period, history books officially selected, for example Rikkokushi, were not made while historical tales, mentioned earlier, were actively written.
  745. During the Insei period, it was treated as the ujigami (a guardian god or spirit of a particular place in the Shinto religion) of the Taira clan, and in 1164, the entire 33 scrolls of "Heike-nokyo" (sutras dedicated by the Taira family) were contributed.
  746. During the Insei period, large temples such as 'Nanto Hokurei' (temples in Nara and Mt. Hiei) became secular and powerful as a feudal lords of shoen (a manor in medieval Japan), taking advantage of Buddhist protection measures stated as above.
  747. During the Insei period, the three Retired Emperors; Emperor Shirakawa, Emperor Toba, and Emperor Goshirakawa entered into priesthood by their own will to become a priest, and intensified one's authority through Buddhism.
  748. During the Insei period, under the influence of spreading Jodo sect and thought of Mappo, people wished gokuraku ojo, and they competed to create the best soshokukyo.
  749. During the Japanese National Railways age, the San-in main line was used almost exclusively by long-distance limited express trains or long-distance local trains, and the demand created by those commuting to school or work from the outskirts of Kyoto was hardly considered.
  750. During the Japanese National Railways era, the West Japan Railway (JR West) Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line) placed great emphasis on Express Limited trains and Express trains, the main form of long-distance transportation.
  751. During the Japanese invasions of Korea, he was stationed, along with Masatora KUSUNOKI, at Hizen-Nagoya-jo Castle as an accountant.
  752. During the Jimoku performed while Koretada was young, he, along with FUJIWARA no Asahira, became a candidate for Kurodo no to.
  753. During the Jin period, the 'Jin edition' was produced from 1147 to 1173.
  754. During the Jingo Keiun era (767 -770), he was the manager of Todai-ji Temple and concurrently served as Daigakunokami Daihoshi (Director of the Bureau of Education, Daihoshi).
  755. During the Jinmu tosei (Eastern expedition of the Emperor Jinmu), he opened the way to Uda guided by Yatagarasu (Japanese mythological big crow), leading the troops of the Kume clan.
  756. During the Jinshin War (671), this area became the battlefield of the decisive battle between Kobun Emperor (Otomo Prince) and Tenmu Emperor (Oama Prince).
  757. During the Jinshin War in 672, OTOMO no Hukei sided with Prince Oama and raised an army in the Wa Province (Yamato Province), and first seized Wakyo (the city in Yamato), then proceeded north with the army.
  758. During the Jinshin War in 672, Prince Oama, who was shot in the back with an arrow, built a steam bath to heal his wound; the place was called 'Yase' (矢背) in which 'ya' means 'an arrow' and 'se' means 'the back,' or '癒背' (healing the back), it then became known as 'Yase' (八瀬).
  759. During the Jinshin War in 672, he provided Prince Oama (Emperor Tenmu) his private house.
  760. During the Jinshin War in 672, he sided with Prince Oama (Emperor Tenmu) and protected Wakyo.
  761. During the Jinshin War of 672, Ato took side of Oama no Miko (Prince Oama, who later became Emperor Tenmu), and became a messenger to mobilize troops from the Tokaido region.
  762. During the Jinshin War of 672, Hatsukashibe took side of Oama no Miko (Prince Oama, who later became Emperor Tenmu), and accompanied in Prince Otsu's escape.
  763. During the Jinshin War of 672, NE accompanied Prince Otsu in his escape from the capital.
  764. During the Jinshin War of 672, Nuribe took side of Oama no Miko (Prince Oama, who later became Emperor Tenmu), and accompanied Prince Otsu in his escape from the capital.
  765. During the Jinshin War of 672, Okida took side of Oama no Miko (Prince Oama, who later became Emperor Tenmu), and led the Battle of Seta on July 22 to break through the bridge.
  766. During the Jinshin War of 672, Yamashirobe took side of Oama no Miko (Prince Oama, who later became Emperor Tenmu), and became a messenger to mobilize troops from the Tokaido region.
  767. During the Jinshin War which broke out in 672, he fought for Prince Otomo (Emperor Kobun) as a commander, but died in the Battle of Seta when he led the vanguard.
  768. During the Jinshin War, Haji clan fought among themselves for some took the side of Prince Otomo and others Prince Oama (later Emperor Tenmu, the enemy).
  769. During the Jinshin War, he said that Tsukushi army was against foreign enemies and should not be used for domestic fights and declared neutrality.
  770. During the Jinshin War, the Tani clan fought among themselves and became sallies and enemies.
  771. During the Jinshin war, the Imperial Court based in Omi no miya palace in Otsu sent tens of thousands of soldiers to Mino Province where the headquarters of the Prince Oama (the Emperor Tenmu) was located.
  772. During the Jinshin war, the name of Ishikawa no Okimi appeared as not related to his action.
  773. During the Jisho era (1177-1180), the main building of the shrine was burned down by the monks of Onjo-ji Temple and all of the old documents were burned as well.
  774. During the Jisho era, four associated deities were enshrined in the shrine.
  775. During the Jisho-Juei War at the end of the Heian period, the Taira administration levied military provisions from many provinces, and this was also considered as ikkoku heikinyaku.
  776. During the Jisho-Juei War, Shigetada's father Shigemitsu joined the army of MINAMOTO no Yukiie in the Battle of Sunomatagawa and died on the battle field.
  777. During the Jisho-Juei War, he joined the battle of Kurikara Pass, the battle of Mikusayama, the battle of Fujito, the battle of Okushima, etc.
  778. During the Jisho-Juei War, he led a large force to fight against MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka and the Taira clan and destroyed them in cooperation with Yoshitsune.
  779. During the Jogan era (Japan) the order to suppress pirates in Seto Inland Sea was issued.
  780. During the Jogan era (Japan, 859 - 877), when Dainagon (chief councilor of state) and General of the Left FUJIWARA no Tsuneyuki, the oldest son of Udaijin (Minister of the Right) FUJIWARA no Yoshimi, was on his way to his mistress, he came across about 100 demons in a group walking from Higashi Omiya Oji near the Bifukumon Gate.
  781. During the Jogan era, upon emperor's orders, Deno the 32nd and others completed "Kono-myojin-yashiro Hafuribe-uji Keizu" (today's Hon-keizu) as Honke-cho (record of the main lineage) by updating the above-mentioned "Yoro Hongi" through the addition of ensuing several generations.
  782. During the Johei and Tengyo eras, pirates caused frequent damage in the area around the Seto Inland Sea.
  783. During the Jokyo era, Sakai family had a vassal who possessed 1,000 koku but whose legitimate son did not possess enough merit to become head of the family, and what is worse, the vassal did not have any other son to disinherit the son.
  784. During the Jokyu Disturbance, he had a conflict with his eldest son, OE no Chikahiro who was on the emperor's side.
  785. During the Jokyu War in 1221, Hideyasu attacked and killed Kyoto-shugo (military governor of Kyoto) Mitsusue IGA when raising an army.
  786. During the Jokyu War in 1221, he took the side of the retired Emperor Gotoba and joined the battle.
  787. During the Jokyu War, he was placed under house arrest together with his father on the orders of the Retired Emperor Gotoba.
  788. During the Jokyu era, Togu (the Crown Prince) (later Emperor Chukyo) used this type of fan for chakko (ceremony of first-time wearing of a hakama).
  789. During the Jokyu war, he took the side of the bakufu and joined the army of Tomotoki HOJO that advanced along the Hokuriku-do Road (article dated June 8, 1221, in "Azuma Kagami" [The Mirror of the East]).
  790. During the Jowa Incident in August 842, he defended Uji-bashi Bridge in Yamashiro Province.
  791. During the Kaiyuan era (713-741) of the Tang Dynasty, he entered Tang with Bodai Senna.
  792. During the Kamakura Period, Hitachi-nyudo Nensai, who joined the army of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo in the Battle of Oshu, was granted Date County from Yoritomo for his distinguished war service in the Battle of Ishinazaka, and later changed his name from Tomomune NAKAMURA to Tomomune DATE.
  793. During the Kamakura Period, when there were many wars raging, like the Jokyu no ran and Bunei-Koan no eki, they provide many opportunities for samurai to prove themselves in battle.
  794. During the Kamakura and Muromachi periods, the dimensions of rice fields were represented in units of 'kan,' which were converted from the average rice yield from the rice field.
  795. During the Kamakura and Muromachi periods, the style of buildings was shifted from Shinden-zukuri style to Shoin-zukuri style, which developed and was completed as a housing style for the samurai class during the Edo period.
  796. During the Kamakura and Muromashi periods, southern end of Oshima Peninsula was put under the influence of the Ando clan in Honshu (Refer to Donan Juni Kan [12 castles of the Oshima Peninsula] and Watarito [migratory group].)
  797. During the Kamakura and later periods, the post was assigned to each province, and shogo in each province was responsible for selecting the gokenin to assume the post in the province (oban saisoku).
  798. During the Kamakura period it split into To-no-sho (東荘: east manor) and Nishi-no-sho (西荘: west manor).
  799. During the Kamakura period the imperial messages of Chiten no kimi or from the emperor were sent to the Kamakura bakufu or Rokuhara tandai (the bakufu's regional office) through Kanto moshitsugi (court-appointed liaison with the bakufu).
  800. During the Kamakura period three generations, namely Iesue, Suenori, and Akinori, all were ranked among the court nobility, but in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts their family line died out.
  801. During the Kamakura period, Emperor Gotoba was especially fond of the Chrysanthemum, and used it regularly as his symbol.
  802. During the Kamakura period, Hitatare became the formal clothing for the military family.
  803. During the Kamakura period, Hyojoshu was the highest organ of government, which presided over all of administration, jurisdiction, and legislation.
  804. During the Kamakura period, MINAMOTO no Sanetomo's wife Hongakuni built Henjo Shinin (Daitsu-ji Temple) on the site and Rokusonno-jinja Shrine became its guardian shrine.
  805. During the Kamakura period, MINAMOTO no Yoritomo encouraged sumo.
  806. During the Kamakura period, Mandokoro-betto in In-no-cho (department under the direct control of the retired emperor) was also called Shikken by following the way that the bakufu called it.
  807. During the Kamakura period, Manju-ji Temple was ranked as the 4th of the 10 temples and later promoted to one of the Gozan (five temples) as well as the 5th of the Kyoto Gozan but fell into decline following a fire that broke out in 1434.
  808. During the Kamakura period, Motoie JIMYOIN's daughter Nobuko JIMYOIN (who later became Kitashirakawain) became the consort of Imperial Prince Morisada and gave birth to Imperial Prince Shigehito (who went on to become Emperor Gohorikawa).
  809. During the Kamakura period, Myoe, the restorer of the Kegon sect of Buddhism, temporarily entered the temple and tried to restore it.
  810. During the Kamakura period, Sansho-ji Temple was a highly influential temple with a complex of Zen style buildings but it gradually fell into decline and merged with Manju-ji Temple in 1873.
  811. During the Kamakura period, another important legend was added to the traditional repertoire, in which Tamuramaro fights off the oni of Mt. Suzuka.
  812. During the Kamakura period, he was treated as Monyo (meaning a blood relation) having won the trust of the bakufu because he was a distant relative to MINAMOTO no Yoritomo, his father had a close relationship with Yoritomo's father (Yoshitomo), and his legitimate wife was a sister of Masako HOJO, who was Yoritomo's wife.
  813. During the Kamakura period, it split into Minami-no-sho (南荘) (south manor) and Kita-no-sho (北荘) (north manor).
  814. During the Kamakura period, it was fixed as a literary style used for sentences in letters.
  815. During the Kamakura period, it was the estate of the Konoe family.
  816. During the Kamakura period, jito made an aggressive attempt to control soen and koryo, and in particular, they focused on acquisition of the right to control shitaji (shitaji-shinshi ken - the right to appropriate land).
  817. During the Kamakura period, kashu's popularity matched that of the Chokusenshu (the anthology of poems collected by Imperial command).
  818. During the Kamakura period, many emaki were produced, including kasen emaki (illustrated scrolls of celebrated poets), senki emaki (illustrated scrolls of war tales), jisha engi (illustrated legends of temples and shrines) and denki emaki (scrolls of illustrated biographies of well-known priests).
  819. During the Kamakura period, some landlords of Zoyakumen became jito (manager and lord of shoen), and they imposed zatsukuji, which corresponded to kuji other than buyaku (compulsory labor service), and zaikeeki, which corresponded to zatsueki, for their own interest while calling farmers zaike.
  820. During the Kamakura period, tea came to be drunk widely corresponding to the penetration of the Zen sect.
  821. During the Kamakura period, the "Shin Kokin wakashu" (New Imperial Anthology of Japanese Poetry), which is characterized by the elaborate techniques used, was compiled by FUJIWARA no Sadaie and other poets.
  822. During the Kamakura period, the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) played an central role to exercise the right based upon a delegation from the central government, but lords continued to have the power in principle at least.
  823. During the Kamakura period, the Kawachi-bon manuscripts were dominant, so Ryoshun IMAGAWA even said, 'The Aobyoshi-bon manuscripts were lost.'
  824. During the Kamakura period, the Rokuhara tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto) of the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) established this street on the Kyoto side, making it an an important entrance from the east to the Kyo.
  825. During the Kamakura period, the Toki clan made its branch families settle down in Mino Province, where it formed a powerful samurai group called "Kikyo ikki" which was named after its family crest.
  826. During the Kamakura period, the Yamabushi monks of Shugendo were also called Tengu.
  827. During the Kamakura period, the dominion of shoens began to be usurped frequently by shugo (provincial constable) or jito (manager and lord of manor).
  828. During the Kamakura period, the intercommunication with China which was interrupted since the abolishment of Kentoshi (Japanese envoy to China in the Tang Dynasty) began and trade with the Sung (dynasty) became active.
  829. During the Kamakura period, the route connecting Kyo (the ancient capital) and Kamakura became significant when the administration founded its headquarters in the middle of a remote area outside of the Kinai region.
  830. During the Kamakura period, the sacred mirror was housed in this hall and it became the Naishidokoro (or Kashikodokoro; place where sacred mirror is enshrined).
  831. During the Kamakura period, the shogunate was particularly on the alert for the Sasaki clan, partly because most of the Sasaki clan had a history of belonging to the court's side in the Jokyu-no-ran War.
  832. During the Kamakura period, there was a ceremony in which samurai presented the dish 'Ohan' to his master shogun at the beginning of the New Year.
  833. During the Kamakura period, there were Kugonin (Karako kugonin) who paid a tribute of Karako to the Imperial household.
  834. During the Kamakura period, they were sometimes referred to as 'akuto' (rebels), implying they are rebellious against the rulers.
  835. During the Kamakura period, yabusame, inuoumono, and kasagake were called 'Kisha-Mitsumono' (the three archeries of riding a horse) and were very popular in various places.
  836. During the Kamakura period, yujo such as shirabyoshi and shukushuku no yukun appeared, but both Kamakura and Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) exercised strict control over yujo and collected taxes.
  837. During the Kanbun era, this temple was repaired by the lord of the Kishiwada Domain named the Okabe clan, and Nakanobo was given the present Ingo (a title given to a Buddhist temple) 'Jigen-in' by Shojo Monzeki (successor of a temple) of Ninna-ji Temple in 1665, then this temple became a branch temple of Ninna-ji Temple.
  838. During the Kanbun years, the Kyoto Machi-bugyo was formally treated as a non-member of the Fushimi Bugyo, although in the Genroku and Bunka years the Fushimi Bugyo was integrated with the Kyoto Machi-bugyo.
  839. During the Kanei era (1624-1644), Otsu-e began to be painted as Buddhist paintings.
  840. During the Kanei era, Seki served for the domain of Kururi in Kazusa Province.
  841. During the Kangzi period (1521 - 1566) during the Ming dynasty, wako (Japanese pirates) repeatedly raided China's coasts.
  842. During the Kanjin noh of 1444, he made efforts such as lowering the price of audience seats.
  843. During the Kanno Disturbance that developed from an internal discord in the Ashikaga shogunate, he belonged to the side of Takauji ASHIKAGA, who was the shogun, together with Doyo, but surrendered to the side of Tadayoshi ASHIKAGA, the true younger brother of the shogun, in 1351 when the situation became favorable for Tadayoshi's side.
  844. During the Kanno Disturbance that was caused by an internal conflict within the Muromachi bakufu, he followed his father Yoriharu and fought in Kyoto on shogun Takauji ASHIKAGA's side.
  845. During the Kanpyo ear (889 to 898) the huge rock of yin was worshiped as Takuhatachijihime no Mikoto, and the huge rock of yang was worshiped as Amenooshihomii no Mikoto while the small shrine in front of the rocks was worshiped as Nigihaya no Mikoto.
  846. During the Kanpyo era (889 - 898) he was promoted to the junior fifth rank, lower grade and was appointed as jiju (chamberlain), simultaneously serving as zuryo (governor) of Higo.
  847. During the Kansei Reforms at the end of eighteenth century, the authorities censored senryu; for example, some senryu poems including politics, gambling and erotica in the "Haifu-Yanagidaru" were expurgated because they were regarded as corrupting public morals.
  848. During the Kansei era, between the end of the eighteenth century and the early nineteenth century, Bunrakuken UEMURA I created a za (theater) at Kozu-bashi Bridge (Chuo Ward, Osaka City), inheriting the tradition of ningyo joruri, which was about to go out of fashion with the popularity of kabuki.
  849. During the Kansei period, more sensual, beautiful women drawn by Utamaro KITAGAWA became predominant.
  850. During the Keicho period, he obtained an Imperial sanction from Emperor Goyozei to reconstruct Hirano-jinja Shrine, which was in ruins.
  851. During the Keihan Uji Transport Co., Ltd. management period, those spare vehicles for substitute operations were the medium-sized vehicles made by the Nissan Diesel Motors Co., Ltd..
  852. During the Kemmu Restoration after the fall of the Kamakura bakufu, Enshin was dismissed from the governor of Harima Province that he had assumed; it is known that he was not given favorable treatment during this period.
  853. During the Kenmu Restoration, he was pardoned, allowed to return to Hossho-ji Temple and appointed Daikanjin (position in charge of collecting donations for the temple) of Todai-ji Temple but worked for the Northern Court after the imperial line split into the Northern and Southern Courts.
  854. During the Kenmu era, the divided guardian deity of Todai-ji Temple, Tamukaiyama Hachimangu Shrine, was transferred to the manor (present Ogaki Hachiman-jinja Shrine).
  855. During the Kennin War, which started in 1201, FUJIWARA no Takahira, one of the ring-leaders, temporarily took refuge in his residence.
  856. During the Kinmon Incident in 1864, he first served as commander of Hachimantai corps and later formed the Mitatetai corps with Akiyoshi YAMADA.
  857. During the Kofun and Asuka periods, (middle of sixth century to later seventh century) disputes often took place due to the issue of the Imperial succession.
  858. During the Kofun period, Sueki was used mainly for a religious service or as burial accessories.
  859. During the Koryaku Coup in 1379, Yoriyasu colluded with Yoshimasa SHIBA; he advised Yoshimitsu to banish Yoriyuki HOSOKAWA, his political enemy and Yoriyuki was ousted from power.
  860. During the Koryaku no Seihen that occurred in 1379, he sought the post of Kanrei along with Yoriyasu TOKI of Mino Province, and formed a force in Omi.
  861. During the Kusuko Incident occurred, Hirono, together with his father, supported the Emperor Saga.
  862. During the Kusuko no Hen Conspiracy of 810, Tamuramaro prevented Emperor Heijo's escape.
  863. During the Kyoho era (1716-1735), the duties of Machidai were expanded to cover supervising temples and shrines, examination of replacement of the town officials and purchase and sale of an estate, guard at festivals and events, arrest of a criminal, participation in city magistrates' examination, and so on.
  864. During the Kyoho era in the early 18th century, a new land-ship car (today's tricycle) was invented by Kuheiji Tokimitsu HIRAISHI, a feudal retainer of the Hikone domain.
  865. During the Kyoho era, when the province suffered successive natural disasters, he introduced provincial reforms including issuance of a han bill (bills usable only in a particular feudal clan), a rice-tax delivery system, and imposition of goyokin (the money the Edo bakufu charged temporarily on farmers and merchants).
  866. During the Kyoto Higashiyama Lantern Festival, lanterns are placed outside the ticket gate on the concourse floor.
  867. During the Kyotoku War, Shigeuji ASHIKAGA, a Kanto Kubo, disobeyed the Bakufu administration, and the Imagawa clan was ordered by the Shogun to attack and capture Kamakura City.
  868. During the Kyotoku War, the Hachijo Uesugi family joined with the Yamauchi and Echigo Uesugi clans, who all sent their soldiers to camp at Irako.
  869. During the Kyotoku War, the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) told the Imagawa clan to suppress Shigeuji ASHIKAGA, Kanto kubo, in 1454.
  870. During the Kyuan era (1145-1150) under the reign of Emperor Konoe, it was declared that no one could perform Soshimari anymore.
  871. During the Kyushu Campaign in 1587, he worked as a supervisor for the troops of the Mori clan and the Ukita clan contributing to their victory.
  872. During the Kyushu Conquest, the Odawara Campaign and Bunroku-Keicho invasions of Korea, he was the Hyoro bugyo in charge of sending food provisions for soldiers.
  873. During the Manji era in Edo, Kanzaburo NAKAMURA decided to choose a kyogen (farce) performance that matched the season.
  874. During the Matsuzaka era, Ujisato brought many merchants and tradespersons from Hino to help build the town, but was transferred out of Aizu before the work was completed and the subsequently assigned Kazutada HATTORI and Shigekatsu FURUTA were left to carry on the work.
  875. During the Medieval Period, members of the clan such as NAKAHARA no Chikayoshi came to have contacts with the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  876. During the Medieval Period, these Sanshin-shichiso flourished through trading with the Korean Peninsula and the Chinese continent when the Japan Sea Trade was active.
  877. During the Medieval period, education was increasingly offered in temples, and samurais as well as common people were able to send their children tom temples to receive their education.
  878. During the Meiji Era the forty-second family head was Sangi (councillor) Katsunaga KANROJI, and the family was raised to the peer level and count.
  879. During the Meiji Era, the tenth family head was Jibukyo (Minister of the Ministry of Civil Administration) Yasutoshi KURAHASHI, and the family was raised to the peer level and viscount.
  880. During the Meiji Era, the tenth family head was Yoshitoyo SHIBAYAMA, and the family was raised to the peer level and to viscount.
  881. During the Meiji Period the title of viscount was granted.
  882. During the Meiji Period they were included in the new nobility and given the title of earl.
  883. During the Meiji Period, Sazanami IWAYA changed the established story into one for children, focusing on the returning of the favor, and the summary of the story appeared in national textbooks for 35 years from 1910.
  884. During the Meiji Period, Shingen's image became prevalent, and in Yamanashi Prefecture, which was tenryo (bakufu-owned land) during the Edo period, Shingen was recognized as a person who represented local history.
  885. During the Meiji Period, he became a member of Kizokuin (the House of Peers) and played an active role as a politician.
  886. During the Meiji Period, he became a member of the peerage (marquis), and when the Imperial Diet was celebrated, he was appointed to a member of Kizokuin (the House of Peers) and had an active role.
  887. During the Meiji Period, people started to eat beef under the influence of the western culture and Omi shonin (Omi merchants) reportedly contributed to the spread of beef consumption as Ise shonin (Ise merchants) did to the spread of Matsuzaka beef.
  888. During the Meiji Restoration and the Boshin War, he barricaded himself in Goryokaku castle of Hakodate City with Takeaki ENOMOTO and other, and resisted the army of the new government.
  889. During the Meiji Restoration the government thoroughly revamped the Shinto shrine system and its religious services in a way that would support the restoration of the imperial regime.
  890. During the Meiji Restoration, Ujiyoshi was pardoned and conferred Shoshii (Senior Fourth Rank) posthumously, and on July 8, 1884, the title of viscount was bestowed upon Tomoatsu SAKURAI.
  891. During the Meiji Restoration, he joined the army led by Takeaki ENOMOTO although he had been just a citizen, and he fought in the Boshin War.
  892. During the Meiji Restoration, he led the Okazaki domain to obey the rule.
  893. During the Meiji Restoration, head priest, former prince Shonin Hosshinno left the priesthood, reestablished the Nashimoto-no-miya Imperial family and sent all of the Buddhist statues and artifacts in Tera-machi Hirokoji to the administrative office in Ohara.
  894. During the Meiji Restoration, in the time of the tenth master, Soyu KOBORI, he became a member of the warrior class and widely conveyed the Enshu school of tea ceremony to common people.
  895. During the Meiji Restoration, partisans of the Emperor formed the Yamaguni-tai in Yamagunigou, Kitakuwada District (the present Keihoku, Ukyo-ward, Kyoto city) and the Yumiya-tai in Umajimura, Minamikuwada District, following San'indo Chinbu Sotoku Kinmochi SAIONJI from one place to another to fight.
  896. During the Meiji Restoration, the Yamaga Domain was one of the first to pronounce its obedience to the new government.
  897. During the Meiji Restoration, the clan which established the Muraoka clan, as a review was carried out for the purpose of increasing the amount of rice produced, issued Hatamoto-satsu while having been a Hatamoto.
  898. During the Meiji and Taisho periods after that, large-scale yose also appeared.
  899. During the Meiji and Taisho periods, a style of wearing a pleated skirt over kimono was popular among female students as their daily clothes both inside and outside of school.
  900. During the Meiji and Taisho periods, most female students liked to wear female Hakama as everyday clothes in school so that Hakama prevailed among Japanese female students, which took root in Japanese culture.
  901. During the Meiji and Taisho periods, the street between Sanjo and Imadegawa-dori Street was an area for shopping and entertainment that compared to Kawaramachi-dori Street.
  902. During the Meiji era the Sumitomo family was engaged in cultural enterprises, and the fifteenth-generation kichizaemon Tomoito SUMITOMO donated the building that would become the Osaka Prefectural Nakanoshima Library.
  903. During the Meiji era, the temple briefly underwent a period during which it was not served by a head priest as a result of factors including the anti-Buddhist movement.
  904. During the Meiji period
  905. During the Meiji period and later, Tokyo led the industry of fusuma paper.
  906. During the Meiji period it was an important issue to have railroad facilities to Maizuru City, the second-largest city (followed by Kyoto City in Kyoto Prefecture), which had a valuable commercial port on the Sea of Japan.
  907. During the Meiji period it was decided that his mausoleum should be called Amidaji-no-misasagi, having been sited next to Amida-ji Temple, which was chosen out of more than ten traditional places.
  908. During the Meiji period sokyoku developed on its own, and fewer jiuta compositions were created.
  909. During the Meiji period the Big Four broke up when Bunshi II succeeded to Bunshi I.
  910. During the Meiji period the route via Toba-kaido Road began to be recognized as Osaka-kaido Road, and this route was chosen as a national route between Kyoto and Osaka (Old Keihan-kokudo National Road) instead of the route via Fushimi.
  911. During the Meiji period, Gengensai, 11th master of the Urasenke school permitted it to be used when holding the first tea ceremony in the new year.
  912. During the Meiji period, Goban-cho was permitted as an independent prostitution district along with Yonban-cho, and "Nyokoba" (Women's School); however, Nyokoba became a nominal institution, and Goban-cho was divided into two areas; an eastern area with geisha and the western area with prostitutes.
  913. During the Meiji period, Ippodo, as a wholesaler of Japanese green tea for export, had exported teas to the United States of America, but since the Taisho period it has been engaged mainly in retail business of teas.
  914. During the Meiji period, Japan had an increased need for traffic network to become a modern state.
  915. During the Meiji period, Japan had to expand the transportation network connecting Maizuru Port in preparation for the Russo-Japanese War, which started the development of its railroads early on.
  916. During the Meiji period, Kenkun-jinja Shrine was transferred to the precincts of a shrine.
  917. During the Meiji period, Kichigoro was given Jugoi (Junior Fifth Rank).
  918. During the Meiji period, Maizuru Chinju-fu--the only navy base on the Japan Sea side of Japan--opened and flourished as a naval port.
  919. During the Meiji period, Motoyuki HIGASHISONO was bestowed the title of viscount.
  920. During the Meiji period, Odoi changed hands from the bakufu to the people, and the mounds were turned into fields with their bamboo trees being cut down.
  921. During the Meiji period, Ryobu Shinto was dealt a devastating blow by the separation of Buddhism and Shintoism in the first year of Meiji. This resulted in it losing its status as the mainstream Shinto doctrine.
  922. During the Meiji period, Shiki MASAOKA emphasized creativity within the individual and ultimately established haiku poetry as modern literature.
  923. During the Meiji period, Tonden soldiers opened up new land in Hokkaido.
  924. During the Meiji period, an architectural historian Tadashi SEKINO discovered a grassy mound in the rice paddies to be a stylobate for Daigokuden (the Imperial Audience Hall) (latter), and published "Heijo-kyo oyobi dai-dairi ko" (A Study of Heijo-kyo and Dai-dairi) in Nara Newspaper in 1907.
  925. During the Meiji period, as an increasing number of students came from China to study in Japan, the enthusiasm of the Japanese people for studying Yomeigaku infected these Chinese students so that Yomeigaku began to be re-evaluated in China.
  926. During the Meiji period, backed by government measures to promote industry, modern silk spinning mills were constructed, which further increased the production of silk.
  927. During the Meiji period, because of 'each emperor one era system,' an era name was used until emperor died and it is not considered that emperor in fact retired and became a retired emperor.
  928. During the Meiji period, even more manzai which have the names of the place, appeared separately in many regions, but many of them originated from Mikawa-manzai and Owari-manzai.
  929. During the Meiji period, habutae was the main item among silk fabrics exported from Japan.
  930. During the Meiji period, he worked for the Inspector of Nara Prefectural Police through an arrangement of a person of the new government (said to be someone from the Satsuma domain).
  931. During the Meiji period, hoiro with iron framework appeared and a technique to dry the leaves on hoiro by kneading them was advanced and various schools were generated.
  932. During the Meiji period, in Japan, railway stations started to sell bentos, and supermarkets and the above-mentioned outlet stores started to sell them after World War II.
  933. During the Meiji period, in which modern agriculture was formed, farmers called 'Rono' (elderly farmers) took the leadership of agricultural improvements in private sector, in contrast to modern science of agriculture led by the government.
  934. During the Meiji period, katsuobushi also started being produced in Uotsurijima Island, of the Senkaku Islands, and in the South Sea Islands (which were then Japanese territories as mandated by the League of Nations).
  935. During the Meiji period, large-scale operation-oriented Mujin dealers developed.
  936. During the Meiji period, most intellectuals accepted the dogma of the consistency of the Imperial family.
  937. During the Meiji period, numerous tea stalls lined the path to the shrine and these thrived by offering somewhere to rest or selling clay disks (called kawarakenage) on which a wish is written and then thrown.
  938. During the Meiji period, only feudal retainers of the former Satsuma Domain and their followers were virtually treated as a "rebel army".
  939. During the Meiji period, rekichu with fortune was regarded as a superstition and banned by the government, but only rokuyo was considered not to be a kind of superstition and continued to be described.
  940. During the Meiji period, researchers of local history conducted the study mainly on war history with the aim of characterizing Shingen as an imperialist or a local hero.
  941. During the Meiji period, scientific research of hot springs became vigorous.
  942. During the Meiji period, the Iwasaki family of Mitsubishi zaibatsu (Mitsubishi financial combine) acquired former daimyo residences one after another.
  943. During the Meiji period, the Katsuranomiya family (descendants of the Hachijonomiya family) died out because there was no successor, therefore the Ikama family also retired and their cooking techniques were handed down in limited restaurants in Kyoto.
  944. During the Meiji period, the Minase family became the only Kazoku (nobility) from Osaka Prefecture.
  945. During the Meiji period, the clan restored the Okochi name.
  946. During the Meiji period, the control of land and of collecting taxes by samurai was abolished in the trend of modernizing the nation, and the concept of chigyo disappeared.
  947. During the Meiji period, the family ranked as gentry or middle class ex-samurai warrior Shizoku.
  948. During the Meiji period, the family ranked as nobility; and in 1884, Yasutake TAKANO (Jusanmi -Junior Third Rank, the Headquarters of the Inner Palace Guards) became a viscount.
  949. During the Meiji period, the family was raised to the peerage, and Mochisue OMIYA became a viscount in 1884.
  950. During the Meiji period, the haori coat was a pronoun for splendid kimono.
  951. During the Meiji period, the prerogatives of honoring belonged to the Emperor, and Decoration Bureau of the cabinet was in charge of zoi, but as joi for the survivors was suspended after the Pacific War, zoi also stopped at one point.
  952. During the Meiji period, there were many genkun who were good at calligraphy, including Hirobumi ITO (Hirobumi), Taneomi SOEJIMA (Taneomi), Takayoshi KIDO (Takayoshi), Toshimichi OKUBO (Toshimichi), Sanetomi SANJO (Sanetomi), and Takamori SAIGO (Takamori).
  953. During the Meiji period, through the introduction of microbiology, selection and breeding of useful seed bacteria and thanks to distribution of such seed bacteria, the stabilization of and improvement in quality could be realized.
  954. During the Meiji period, under the view of Kokokushikan (historical view to put the Imperial family in the center of the Japanese history), the government insisted it was inappropriate that SOGA no Iruka, who was a traitor, was enshrined as a god.
  955. During the Meiji period, uniting spontenuous villages was promoted because of the centralization of power.
  956. During the Meiji period, western clothes were mainly worn by men as their street clothes and formal clothing, and they wore Japanese clothes in daily life.
  957. During the Meiji period, western mathematics were introduced on a full scale (The word 'wasan,' meaning Japanese mathematics, was coined around this time as a term that counters 'yosan,' or western mathematics).
  958. During the Meiji to Showa periods, people tried to get rid of keren in order to sophisticate Kabuki.
  959. During the Meireki era, 'Nakanoke' was just a peasant, but by the time Eichi was born, they were the second wealthy family in the village.
  960. During the Meitoku War started by Mitsuyuki YAMANA in 1391, the Mitoya clan seceded from the Yamana clan and participated in the punitive force against it under the command of the government headed by a shogun.
  961. During the Meiwa era, Teikan TO (also called Sadamoto FUJIWARA, or mistakenly Sadamoto FUJII) saw the monument, and taking "Todaiji Yoroku" (literally, Digest Record of Todai-ji Temple) into consideration, he identified it as the Empress Genmei's inscribed monument that used to stand at her mausoleum.
  962. During the Meiwa era, he was also an entrepreneur.
  963. During the Middle Ages in Japan, a kojichi was the act of privately seizing the assets of a debtor whose credit had fallen into default.
  964. During the Middle Ages, Nohwaki took the leadership of the Noh chorus (jiutai) and because of this influence, even during the Edo period when a pro protagonists (shitekata) and pro Nohwaki (wakikata) were separated, Noh chorus was taken up mostly by pro Nohwaki.
  965. During the Middle Ages, the Abe clan transferred the post of Ommyo-no kami (the head of the Ommyoryo (Bureau of Yin and Yang)) by succession while the Kamo clan, who held the post of Ommyo-no suke (deputy minister of Ommyoryo), played a subservient role.
  966. During the Middle Ages, the temple met with fire on six occasions; in 1358, 1367, 1373, 1380, 1447, and in 1467.
  967. During the Middle Ages, they were done in the form of 'tokusei (benevolent rule) of miyohajime' from the monarch to the people, and in the form of demonstrational actions from the people to the monarch such as the uprising of tokusei to demand the enforcement of tokusei.
  968. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), China closed its seaports giving rise to an increase in illegal trade including one by wako (Japanese pirates).
  969. During the Ming Dynasty a powerful navy was developed to maintain Kaikin Policy (a policy forbidding private people to trade with foreign countries) and to destroy wako.
  970. During the Ming Dynasty in China, He ZHENG journeyed across the seas from Southeast Asia to the east coast of Africa.
  971. During the Momoyama period in particular, it was essential for connoisseurs to be able to judge the quality of chaire and so they spent enormous effort trying to see "masterpieces."
  972. During the Mongol Invasion, when Emperor Gouda ordered the shrine to pray to fight off the izoku (barbarians), all of the ships of Yuan sank, and the Emperor presented a plaque to the shrine that says "Tenka muteki hisshori un."
  973. During the Muromachi Period (1333-1573), Japanese Sado changed from 'tea at the Shoin (reception room)' to 'tea at the Soan (thatched hut)' with an emphasis on 'wabi' (taste for the simple and quiet) and 'sabi' (quiet simplicity).
  974. During the Muromachi Period he proved himself as a kokujin ryoshu (local samurai lord) serving the Kyogoku clan, provincial constables.
  975. During the Muromachi Period they passed on the stewardship of the Kamakura Kubo and subsequently the Kanto Kanrei position (a shogunal deputy for the Kanto region) through hereditary succession, and they also prospered as a powerful shugo daimyo family that held the governorship of Sagami, Musashi, Kozuke and Echigo Provinces.
  976. During the Muromachi Period, "Inryoken Nichiroku" (Inryoken Diary) of 1466 contains a description of 'Nerinukizake (練緯酒) from Hakata, Chikuzen,' and "Hekizan Nichiroku" (Hekizan Diary) of 1468 contains a description of 'Nerinukizake (練貫酒) from Bungo.'
  977. During the Muromachi Period, clans such as Toki, Akechi, Sasaki and Shimada enhanced their power as jito (manager and lord of a manor), and the manor was requisitioned at the end of the 15th century when the Saito clan became jito.
  978. During the Muromachi Period, clothes with emblems were called ceremonial robes, but the idea that an emblem sewn on a ceremonial robe should have been a Kamon was not a common one.
  979. During the Muromachi and Edo periods the Saionji Family was also known for having biwa (Japanese lute) players as a family business.
  980. During the Muromachi era, many war chronicles inspired by the 'Taiheiki' were written.
  981. During the Muromachi period and later eras, temples and tea rooms employing a continental-style rokaku increasingly corresponded to the increasing popularity of the zen sect.
  982. During the Muromachi period being enrolled on the hokoshu (or banshu; the shogunal military guard), the Nose clan became gokenin (immediate vassal of the shogunate) and grew into a powerful local lord in Settsu Province.
  983. During the Muromachi period the authority of the shugo (provincial constable) was strengthened, and the intervention by the shugo in the governance of the manor and public land increased.
  984. During the Muromachi period the temple became embroiled in political problems with the traditional temples Enryaku-ji Temple and Onjo-ji Temple and the Kanre Yoriyuki HOSOKAWA stepped in to mediate.
  985. During the Muromachi period, 'Monzeki,' as the status of a temple, was established so that the post of Monzeki bugyo (shogunate administrator, 門跡奉行) to govern Monzeki temples was assigned by the Muromachi shogunate.
  986. During the Muromachi period, 'Okazaki' was established as a name for Minami Shirakawa, whereas 'Shirakawa' became to refer to Kita Shirakawa, the area on the north side of the Shira-kawa River.
  987. During the Muromachi period, Hitatare became the full-dress for the military family.
  988. During the Muromachi period, Hyojoshu was established as an organization of the Muromachi bakufu mainly as just an honorary post with little authority.
  989. During the Muromachi period, Kanetomo YOSHIDA of the Urabe clan, who inherited the title of Jingi taifu (Senior Assistant Head of the Department of Shinto), established Yoshida Shinto and began to call himself "Jingi kanrei chojo" (Shinto-in-Chief).
  990. During the Muromachi period, Kengyo Kakuichi AKASHI compiled "Heike Monogatari" (The Tale of the Heike), and because he was from a family of the Ashikaga clan, he set up the Todo-za where he presided under the protection of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by the shogun).
  991. During the Muromachi period, Migyosho drove out Kudashibumi as well as Gejijo and became the highest ranking document style among documents issued by the bakufu.
  992. During the Muromachi period, Rengashi (poets who wrote only renga) such as Yoshimoto NIJO, Sogi, Shinkei and others appeared, and rengakai were held at the residences of court nobles and leading temples.
  993. During the Muromachi period, a bashaku guild was organized in Yagi, Yamato Province (present Kashihara City, Nara Prefecture), and similar occupations prevailed in various areas.
  994. During the Muromachi period, before Asahi yaki was born, the Uji region had produced another type of earthenware called Uji yaki which had no clear historical background, but some famous wares remain.
  995. During the Muromachi period, ikkoku heikinyaku changed into tansen (a kind of provisional tax in medieval Japan).
  996. During the Muromachi period, it became treasured as important especially in the world of haikai (seventeen-syllable verse) and was even incorporated into the Noh music, and so on, and was systematized into theory.
  997. During the Muromachi period, it was also used as a style for the narrative part of yokyoku (Noh) (Noh song).
  998. During the Muromachi period, it was authorized with the formalization of shitsurai (putting decorations suitable for a season or ritual onto an appropriate indoor place) in shoin (reception room).
  999. During the Muromachi period, it was mainly boiled, washed, and then steamed to eat, which was also referred to as "mushimugi" (literally meaning steamed noodles) and "atsumushi" (literally meaning hot-steamed).
  1000. During the Muromachi period, manorial lords lost much of their control in eastern regions, causing myoshu rights to deteriorate considerably.

67001 ~ 68000

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