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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. In the Kanto region where the dish known as zenzai in the Kansai region is called shiruko, 'zenzai' refers to the mochi or shiratama dumpling dish with a dry azuki bean paste.
  2. In the Kanto region, Mofuku is made of silk fabric used as a cloth for lining high-quality kimono, and in Kansai region, it is made of a kind of silk crepe called hitokoshi Chirimen.
  3. In the Kanto region, Udon noodles with toppings are called 'Tanemono.'
  4. In the Kanto region, Washinomiya-jinja Shrine (in Washimiya-machi, Kitakatsushika-gun, Saitama Prefecture) is said to be the main shrine of Otori-jinja Shrines.
  5. In the Kanto region, Yoshisada NITTA fought bravely with Kamakura to end the Genko War.
  6. In the Kanto region, a basic sauce called "Kaeshi" is inevitably used for soup broth, made by heating up dark-colored soy sauce while applying Mirin (sweet cooking rice wine) and sugar (some restaurants use 'Nama-Kaeshi' [literally, raw Kaeshi], unheated basic sauce).
  7. In the Kanto region, donburimono using beef is called "kaika-don."
  8. In the Kanto region, eel is broiled after it is cut open along the back and steamed first.
  9. In the Kanto region, imported products account for 70% to 80% of the market of cheap Senko used for grave visits.
  10. In the Kanto region, kushikatsu refers to a skewer of pork sliced in three to four centimeters cubes and onions or green onions arranged alternately one by one, breaded and deep fried like a pork cutlet.
  11. In the Kanto region, strong soy sauce was invented and came to be used for seasoning or coloring many dishes.
  12. In the Kanto region, strong soy sauce was used as seasoning even for shiru-mono dishes (soup dishes) and nimono (boiled and seasoned foods) so that the tastes of these dishes could be enjoyed even when they became cold, and dishes using such seasoning developed as souvenir dishes, for example, in the form of box lunches.
  13. In the Kanto region, such customs and names are not heard.
  14. In the Kanto region, the existence of sosho or sogo was not identified; however, as an exception the 'Katori monjo' (Katori document) contained information that a community close to a sosho or a sogo existed in Sahara, Shimousa Province.
  15. In the Kanto region, the following minka, residence of Tarozaemon EGAWA, Daikan (local governor) of Nirayama, is famous:
  16. In the Kanto region, there are many fudekozuka found in various places.
  17. In the Kanto region, there is a number of senbei shops which specialize in making and selling beika-senbei.
  18. In the Kanto region, this is the northernmost village where an oral tradition of Ochudo has been passed down.
  19. In the Kanto region, various types of stone Buddhist images were carved.
  20. In the Kariyado community on the east side of the Shimousazuka tumulus, the former site of a temple (called Kariyadohai-ji Temple) was found, and at the location in an approx. 5 km north of the Shimousazuka tumulus, the former site of Sekiwagu Kanga, a governmental office in the ritsuryo (codes-based) period, exists.
  21. In the Karoku Persecution in 1227, he was exempted from exile along with Shinku (Jodo sect) who was also the leading disciple of Honen.
  22. In the Kashikodokoro in the Imperial Palace, there are mihishiro (containers) for two pieces of shintai, one of which is a newly made mihishiro that contains the remains of an item burnt in a fire.
  23. In the Katsuragi region, construction of famous tumulus started from the middle of the early Kofun period (Tumulus period).
  24. In the Katsuyori period, Nobutoyo took charge of negotiation in the alliance with Sagami and Echigo formed through Shogun Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA's good offices.
  25. In the Katsuyori period, the Battle of Nagashino took place in 1575, and Nobutoyo went into battle as the fourth soldier on the left wing, but withdrew soon after he learned that the Takeda side was inferior.
  26. In the Kawachi Region, large drums, small drums and sho are used.
  27. In the Kazuyoshi MIURA case, he shared command with Masahiro TERAO (former head of crime squad 1 of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department) in the U.S.-Japanese investigation.
  28. In the Keicho War of 1597, Kiyomasa again led the advance guard on a different route from that of Yukinaga KONISHI and after he attacked the Hwangsoksan Castle and forced it to surrender, he occupied Chonju, the capital of Jeolla Province.
  29. In the Keicho War, he served as rusuyaku (a person in charge of holding a fort) of Itashima-jo Castle and only his vassals entered the war at first, but he later went out on the sea and achieved victories at sea fights.
  30. In the Keicho era, Ryoi SUMINOKURA improved it with the excavation of the Takase-gawa River.
  31. In the Keihan Electric Railway, the Keishin Line and the Ishiyama-sakamoto Main Line were above the Tramways Act, and thus their operation service was different from that of the Keihan Main Line in that, for example, vehicles running are in a tram style.
  32. In the Keihanshin area, soup is generally called otsuyu.
  33. In the Kengun and Kiyama areas
  34. In the Kenkyu-kai at that time the viscount councilors who were focal members for forming the faction as well as the nominated members of the House of Peers who were sufficient for know-how including Keigo KIYOURA had power, thus baronial members were in a vulnerable position.
  35. In the Kenmu Restoration period led by the Emperor Godaigo, Mutsu Province was also designated as Shinno-ningoku for a while and Imperial Prince Norinaga actually went to Mutsu Province as the Taishu of Mutsu Province.
  36. In the Kenmu Restoration started by Emperor Godaigo after the bakufu was overthrown, Morinaga was assigned to seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") and Hyobusho (ministry of military) and went to Kyoto.
  37. In the Kenmu Restoration, Masashige KUSUNOKI praised him saying 'Taketoki was the most loyal subject who risked his life on the emperor (Emperor Godaigo),' and Takeshige KIKUCHI who succeeded to Taketoki was awarded a territory of Higo Province as reward grants.
  38. In the Kenmu Restoration, Tadaaki, Chikamitsu YUKI, Masashige KUSUNOKI, and Nagatoshi NAWA were called ' Samboku-Isso' (four meritorious retainers).
  39. In the Kenshin style, gakunodo indicated a tsumesho (a station) for warriors.
  40. In the Kii Province, the power of temples and shrines, such as Koyasan, Negoro-ji Temple, Kumano Sanzan (three major shrines, Kumano-Hongu-Taisha Shrine, Kumano-Hayatama-Taisha Shrine and Kumano-Nachi-Taisha Shrine) and so on, was strong and power to control shugo, the Hatakeyama clan, was limited.
  41. In the Kii-Tokugawa family
  42. In the Kikkawa clan, books such as "Kokin Wakashu" (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry), "Nenju Hihokku" and "Shui Wakashu" (Collection of Gleanings of Japanese Poems) written in Tsunemoto's own hand have been passed down.
  43. In the Kinai Region (countries near Kyoto), the standard for lumber was 12.12 cm squared and 4.09 m long.
  44. In the Kinai region (provinces surrounding Kyoto and Nara), which was an advanced region at that time, so-okite was most developed quantitatively as well as qualitatively.
  45. In the Kinai region, Nobunaga ODA successfully arrived at Kyoto, exterminated his opposing forces known as the anti-Nobunaga network, drove out shogun Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA, put the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) to an end, and carried out his task of unification of the whole country.
  46. In the Kinai region, the conflicts between Shogun and the Keicho family continued in the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States).
  47. In the Kinai region, the formation of soson was tremendous and the common people's tendency for solidarity and independence was strong.
  48. In the Kingdom of Great Britain, the above calendar was used until January 1st, 1752 (except Scotland, which employed a Circumcision-style calendar on January 1st, 1600 which had its new year on January 1st).
  49. In the Kingdom of Greece which became officially independent from the Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Constantinople in 1832, the 'Monuments Law' was enacted under the reign of Otto von Wittelsbach in 1834.
  50. In the Kinki Region, tamagoyaki is typically prepared with dashi (Japanese soup stock made from kelp and/or bonito shavings) and the dish prepared this way is called dashimaki.
  51. In the Kinki and Chugoku regions, Doku-shin (also pronounced Doko-jin), a god of Onmyodo (the way of Yin and Yang; an occult divination system based on the Taoist theory of the five elements), is worshiped as Kamado-gami.
  52. In the Kinki and Shikoku regions, also the Chukyo area, and so on, 'Ebisu-ko' (a festival honoring Ebisu [the God of Wealth] held for the purpose of praying for good harvests, a good catch of fish, and business success), as seen in Atsuta-jingu Shrine in Nagoya City, is historically the mainstream.
  53. In the Kinki area, amanatto can be simply called natto.
  54. In the Kinki region
  55. In the Kinki region centering on Osaka and Kobe, beef is often used as the ingredient.
  56. In the Kinki region eels are called 'mamushi.'
  57. In the Kinki region many Japanese cake shops sell this kind of product under the name Mikasa (said to be named after Mt. Mikasa in Nara Prefecture) and Dorayaki are commonly called "Mikasa Manju" (Mikasa bean cakes).
  58. In the Kinki region, "kachiwari (gori)" and in the Ou region, "Korimizu," etc.
  59. In the Kinki region, Kizami Udon is distinguished from Kitsune Udon on the menu.
  60. In the Kinki region, Otori Taisha Shrine (in Nishi Ward, Sakai City, Osaka Prefecture) is said to be the main shrine.
  61. In the Kinki region, Tennozan Tunnel is famous for the traffic congestion on Meishin Expressway.
  62. In the Kinki region, basic ingredients for making soup broth include Konbu, dried mackerel, dried bonito.
  63. In the Kinki region, major manufacturers such as Ikari Sauce Co. in Osaka City, Oliver Sauce Co., Ltd. in Kobe City and so on have sold okonomiyaki sauce for a long time and recently those from OTAFUKU SAUCE Co., Ltd. in Hiroshima City have also been sold.
  64. In the Kinki region, moat settlement emerged at the end of the early Yayoi period and spread on and after the middle period.
  65. In the Kinki region, soup is made by adding curry powder to flavorful Kansai-styled soup broth seasoned with light-colored soy sauce.
  66. In the Kinki region, the standard curry is beef curry, whereas the standard in the Kanto region is pork curry.
  67. In the Kinki region, the use of the word "natto" can sometimes refer to ama natto.
  68. In the Kinmon Incident on July 19, he was responsible for strategy as a military commissioner and demonstrated his mastery of the Koshu-ryu military science in the capture of Mt. Tenno and so on.
  69. In the Kintoki-jinja Shrine, Oyama town, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka Prefecture, there are legends associated with Kintaro surrounding the Chorori nanataki waterfall and the Dairokutensha shrine.
  70. In the Kishu Province, incidentally, the tea ceremony of Omote-senke became widespread from the domain head to the common people and, even today, it remains very popular.
  71. In the Kishu domain, the kusurigomeyaku officially worked as security guard of the O-oku (the inner halls of Edo Castle where the wife of the Shogun and her servants reside,) but also conducted intelligence-gathering activities under the direct command of the lord like the oniwaban.
  72. In the Kissho-hajime (the ceremony announcing the start of new official works) of a newly-built Kumonjo in October 6, 1184, he participated in the ceremony as a yoriudo (an officer for Kumonjo) under the bettor, OE no Hiromoto (then called, NAKAHARA no Hiromoto).
  73. In the Kita Ward of Niigata City (formerly Toyosaka City,) it is common to eat soba noodles at midnight on New Year's Eve.
  74. In the Kitakyushu area, Fukuoka Prefecture as well as in Yamaguchi Prefecture, which are considered the homes of pufferfish cooking, they are called 'Fuku dishes' without the sonant 'gu,' while in Osaka, they are also called 'Teppo dishes' or 'Tetsu dishes.'
  75. In the Kitashinchi district there is presently a movement to restore Maiko.
  76. In the Kiyosu conference which was held to reallocate the territory of the Oda clan, Hidekatsu was given Kameyama Castle (Tanba Province) which was a strategically important place close to Kyoto and previously owned by Mitsuhide AKECHI.
  77. In the Kiyosu conference, the influence of Katsuie, who had had the biggest say as a head of vassals, was diminished.
  78. In the Kizokuin (the House of Peers), the two major factions, the study group led by Keigo KIYOURA, who was the close associate of Yamagata, and the Sawakai led by Tosuke HIRATA, continued to believe in transcendentalism and tried to eliminate party politics.
  79. In the Koan War of 1281, military instructions were given in the name of Tokimune, and officers appointed by the Tokuso family were sent to the battlefield to command the army.
  80. In the Koazusa-toge Pass and Mt. Nagao
  81. In the Kobayashi and Takahara areas
  82. In the Kobu jo which opened in April 1856, not only ancient swordplay but also the western-style gunnery and tactics were studied.
  83. In the Kobut calendar, the origin of the date and the time corresponds to Mihrag?n, the autumnal equinox, which is the counterpart of the vernal equinox.
  84. In the Kochi Prefecture, the Nagoshi no harae is called 'wanuke sama,' and festivals are held in many shrines.
  85. In the Kofun (tumulus) period, beni had not been introduced into Japan yet and people used mineral pigments such as minium and cinnabar to decorate their bodies with red, and noble men mainly applied such pigments to their faces and bodies in order to enhance their vitality.
  86. In the Kofun (tumulus) period, steel swords had already been made.
  87. In the Kofun period (tumulus period), it was made of gold or silver and used for the exterior of Kazari-tachi (decorated sword) for the guard.
  88. In the Kofun period, a dead body was placed in a coffin and then buried.
  89. In the Kogosho kaigi (a meeting), held under the guard of the Satsuma troops, Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA was required to resign from the official position (Minister of the Interior) and return to the domains.
  90. In the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters), "Takiri-bime" is written "多紀理毘売命", whereas in the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), the name is recorded as "田心姫"(Tagori-hime) or "田霧姫" (Tagiri-hime).
  91. In the Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters), it is written in Japanese kanji as "阿遅?高日子根神," "阿遅志貴高日子根神," or "阿治志貴高日子根神."
  92. In the Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters), TAKENOUCHI no Sukune appears as the prince of Hikofutsuoshinomakoto no mikoto, however, there exists no description about Yanushioshiotakeogokoro no mikoto.
  93. In the Kojiki it is written as 'Yomikoku' (The Yomi Country).
  94. In the Kojiki, Mizuno focusing on that the Oriental zodiac signs of the year that emperor died were written for 15 emperors, short of half among the 33 emperors from Emperor Jinmu to Empress Suiko, pointed out the 18 rest emperors might not exist (fictional emperors).
  95. In the Kojiki, he appears in Ashihara no Nakatsukuni heitei (the conquest of the world between Heaven and Hell - the human world).
  96. In the Kojiki, it is stated that Hayaakitsuhiko and Hayaakitsuhime are also known as Minato no kami.
  97. In the Kojiki, it says that Amaterasu took on Kachihayahi and looked after him.
  98. In the Kojiki, the Emperor Yuryaku before enthronement is often referred to as Ohatsuse no miko.
  99. In the Kojiki, the only description about him is that he crossed the sea over the waves to Tokoyo (the perpetual country).
  100. In the Kojiki, the three goddesses are considered to have been born in the following order.
  101. In the Kokoku era, after taking the side of the Southern Court (Japan) (headed by Emperor Godaigo), Yukimune placed his military base in the Isa Castle of Isa County (Hitachi Province), a main castle of his relative Ise clan, and fought against KO no Morofuyu of the Northern Court (Japan) (headed by the Ashikaga clan).
  102. In the Kokoku-ji Temple there, he shaved his head and became a priest together with seventeen people, including Ujichika and Tokimichi, his sons.
  103. In the Kokufu with the most sophisticated appearance, intersecting roads running north to south and east to west--the former started at the main gate of Kokucho--were the main streets.
  104. In the Komeno War, Tsunaie set up a camp in Komeno and fought hard enough to give a tough time to the East squad, directing 2500 soldiers together with Nagasuke IINUMA and Tozaemon TSUDA--but were forced to pull back, as they were threatened with losing the war due to the enemies size being five times their own.
  105. In the Konose and Kobayashi areas
  106. In the Konose area
  107. In the Korea at that time, Heungseon Daewongun took the reins of government, he started to adopt a national policy that revives the Confucianism and expulsion of foreigners, and caused to develop an opinion that break off relations with Japan.
  108. In the Korean Dynasties at that time, government officials who cast off the Petit Sinocentrism, lineage, and Keibatsu blood connection were quite a minority.
  109. In the Korean Peninsula, in the late Yi Dynasty Korea (1392 - 1910) or around the nineteenth century, 'sedo jeongchi' or politics by the Kim clan of Andong district, the maternal relative of the king, was conducted.
  110. In the Korean Peninsula, seiza is considered the sitting style of criminals.
  111. In the Korean Peninsula, small bells without any letters and paintings, which are called Korean dotaku, have been discovered.
  112. In the Korean peninsula the Gregorian reform was implemented in 1896 and in China it was introduced in 1912 when the Republic of China was established.
  113. In the Korean peninsula, there exists a 12-stringed instrument called "kayagumu," and people play it with their fingertips while placing the front part on their knee.
  114. In the Korean peninsula, which was split into three countries in ancient times, official introduction of Buddhism was implemented separately in the respective countries.
  115. In the Korean peninsular, thin belt-like straight gold leaf for the kikkomon (hexagonal pattern) is confirmed on the red-colored (presumably, red-lacquered) surface of the wooden pillow for a princess unearthed from the tomb of King Muryeong in Sud Chungcheong in Baekje, in the early sixth century.
  116. In the Koryaku Coup, occurred in 1379, Yoriyasu worked with Yoshimasa SHIBA to expel Yoriyuki HOSOKAWA.
  117. In the Kosagi odori dance, six elementary-age boys and girls are wrapped with white silk feathers, like the Sagi mai, wearing a lot of stage makeup, and dance elegantly.
  118. In the Koshu style, it indicated a sentry box.
  119. In the Koshu war, he got shot and was seriously wounded.
  120. In the Koso Alliance (an alliance between the Takeda clan in Kai Province and the Hojo clan in Sagami Province) in 1571, he was taken by the Takeda clan as a hostage together with Ujitada HOJO.
  121. In the Kozokufu, thin booklets are divided per source Emperor (the Emperor who was the direct ancestor), and columns are provided for each Shinno, Naishinno, O and Nyo-o, and as for Empress consort one column is provided in a thin booklet of her husband, source Emperor (the old Article 22).
  122. In the Kozuke district, Ujikuni HOJO put pressure on Takahiro HOJO in Maebashi-jo Castle, and further threatened the territory of Masayuki SANADA.
  123. In the Kubota Domain, Dewa Province, under Gennai's guidance on Ranga (Western painting), Akita Ranga flourished.
  124. In the Kuchi Tanba area near Kyoto, the Tanba-Kameyama clan was in charge of guarding the Sanindo road, and Tanba-Kameyama-jo Castle was used as the lord's residence.
  125. In the Kumamoto Domain, there was the Kyoto Ogasawara clan (the Bizen Ogasawara family) who was the master of Kyuba in the Muromachi period also inherited the ancient practices.
  126. In the Kumano set of beliefs, Sansho (three-place) Gongen, Gosho (five-place) Oji, and Yonsho (four-place) Miyano-saishin (an enshrined deity of a miya, or royal person) occupy important positions, and the Kujuku (ninety-nine) Oji which stem from here are famous.
  127. In the Kuroda village there were seven Oaza (Seryo, Haiya, Katanami, Kamikuroda, Miya, Shimokuroda and Hirogawara)
  128. In the Kuta area, many traditional events, such as Hanagasa-odori Dance (flower-hat dance), remain, and many of them are designated and registered as cultural assets by the nation or Kyoto City.
  129. In the Kuwana domain's memorandum, it is said that 'about 40 loyal retainers and 180 low ranking soldiers were sent by Danjo UESUGI (Tsunanori UESUGI) to Sahei KIRA (Yoshimasa KIRA).'
  130. In the Kyogen (farce played during a Noh cycle) "Satsuma no kami," there is depicted a priest who tried to get off the boat without paying the fare, so it has long been known as a kakekotoba (a pun used in Waka, what is now called dajare).
  131. In the Kyoho Reforms (a series of reforms carried out in the Kyoho era) a rollback order was issued to the merchants, alleging that the shoshiki showed no sign of easing in spite of the declined rice price because the merchants profited unfairly.
  132. In the Kyoho era (1716 - 1736), the post was separated into Ginmi-yaku (audit post) for financial affairs and Ginmi-yaku for law suits.
  133. In the Kyoho era (1716 to 1736), the bales were reduced by half in size and the lower half portions of the bales were buried underground, resulting in a ichiju-dohyo (single circular dohyo).
  134. In the Kyoroku era (1528 - 1531), Tamekazu moved down to Suruga Province, where he had a fief, and protected by the Imagawa clan.
  135. In the Kyoto Line, due to the structure of the station, the L/C cars (long/cross changeable seat cars) are set up with long seats regardless of the hours.
  136. In the Kyotoku War, a person named Yoshinaka ISHIBASHI proved himself in Oshu.
  137. In the Kyotoku War, the Kamakura kubo (governor-general of the Kanto region) Shigeuji ASHIKAGA feuded with Kanto kanrei, the Uesugi clan.
  138. In the Kyushu Conquest of 1587, Nagamasa rendered distinguished service in the Siege of Takarabe-jo Castle, in Hyuga Province.
  139. In the Kyushu Conquest of 1587, he was ordered to take charge of supplying army provisions.
  140. In the Kyushu region it's used as a seasoning called yuzu kosho, which is a spicy, hot Japanese condiment made from yuzu rind, chili and salt.
  141. In the Kyushu region where it is difficult to produce Yamahaimoto or kimoto due to its air temperature, Koon-toka-moto is used as shubo for making junmaishu (sake made without added alcohol or sugar) and ginjoshu (high-quality sake brewed at low temperatures from rice grains polished to 60 % or less in weight).
  142. In the Kyushu region, the title 'Tempura Udon' sometimes refers to this Maruten Udon.
  143. In the Kyushu theory, there is the 'Tosen theory' (literally, the theory of the capital relocating toward the east) in which Yamatai is considered to have been relocated, and the Kyushu dynasty theory.
  144. In the Later Han dynasty, literati started to produce five-syllable poems.
  145. In the Later Han period, it virtually became a pension system, turning into a formality, and continued as a system to grant peerage.
  146. In the Later Han, because young emperors continued, the maternal relatives were used as a power to oppose eunuchs, or eunuchs were used to put a brake on the maternal relatives.
  147. In the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, important cultural properties are broadly divided into "buildings and structures" and "works of arts and crafts," and this section highlights the buildings and structures only.
  148. In the Lecture Hall of To-ji Temple (Kyoogokoku-ji Temple) in Kyoto, there is a three dimensional Mandala, which consists of 21 statues, that was made by the initiative of Kukai.
  149. In the Lotus Sutra, Buddha told a story of Hokekyo that made these demonesses realize that they could attain Buddhahood, and they swore to protect those who possess and hand down the Hokekyo.
  150. In the Lotus Sutra, Siddhartha's enlightenment is described as follows: 'It has been muryomuhen hyakusenman no kunayutako since I became Buddha.'
  151. In the Mae area
  152. In the Magariya (a L-shaped house having a staple block) found across the Tohoku region centering on Iwate prefecture, and in the multistoried "gassho-zukuri" (a house built of wooden beams combined to form a steep thatched roof that resembles two hands together) in Shirakawago we can see specific and unique kinds of Japanese traditional house.
  153. In the Mahaprajnaparamita-sutra, Daihannyaharamitta-kyo Sutra translated by Genjo, it was described as Bodhisattva Mahasattva (菩薩摩訶薩).
  154. In the Mahayana Sutra, 'awakening' is a translation of 'bodhi.'
  155. In the Mainland China area, the Yangzi jiang air mass in the north and the tropical monsoon air mass in the south struggle with each other.
  156. In the Mainlnad China, local meteorological observatory in each city and in Taiwan, Central Weather Bureau announce tsuyuiri and tsuyuake.
  157. In the Makimuku ruins it may possibly be the oldest tumulus.
  158. In the Makishi Incident, he joined the army to defeat Tomomasa who was in Kyoto, on leap July 26, 1205.
  159. In the Man'yoshu ("The Anthology of Myriad Leaves)," "Nakatsusumera-mikoto" is considered to be Hashihito no Himemiko, and it is said that the one named "Nakatsusumera-mikoto" was a temporary Emperor until the enthronement of Emperor Tenchi (Tenji).
  160. In the Manchurian Incident: about 9,000
  161. In the Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), the Three Mountains of Yamato are sung 'kaguyama wa unebi o oshi to miminashi to aiarasohiki shindai yori kakuni arurashi konseki mo zen ni arekoso utsusemi mo ju wo arasourashiki' (Emperor Tenchi).
  162. In the Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), the following poem was included.
  163. In the Manyoshu, his four poems are included.
  164. In the March 1, 1250 section of the "Azuma kagami" (The Mirror of the East), there is an article about the visit to temples and shrines at Izu and Hakone of the seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") FUJIWARA no Yoritsugu, in which the names of the accompanying Gokenins appear.
  165. In the Masahiro's day, Hironori played an important role as a senior vassal of the Ouchi clan together with Hiromori SUE, the shugo daimyo of Suo Province, and held the fort while Masahiro stayed in Kyoto.
  166. In the Medieval Period wakan trade, Japan exported copper, sulfur, and gold, and also resold the products of the south seas like sappanwood, a red dye, and spices like pepper to Korea via the Ryukyu Islands.
  167. In the Medieval Period, including an arrow with Kaburaya combined along with regular arrows in the ebira (quiver) as uwazashiya was typical.
  168. In the Medieval Period, it was carried with regular arrows in ebira (quiver) as uwazashiya, and it was shot to inform someone far by its sound as a signal for the same side or for the starting a battle.
  169. In the Medieval Period, it was the family temple of the lord of Gose Castle, of the Narahara clan.
  170. In the Medieval Period, it was under the control of the Ichijo-in Temple, a branch temple of the Kofuku-ji Temple, and also regarded as a branch temple of the Horyu-ji Temple.
  171. In the Medieval Period, many copies of the Zenko-ji-nyorai (Zenko-ji-shiki Amida Sanzon) in Nagano were made and the two Bosatsu, Kannon and Seishi, are shown with hands on top of each other and placed in front of their chest.
  172. In the Medieval period he left behind great achievements in the study of Manyoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves).
  173. In the Medieval period remarkable numbers of stone construction arts were produced compared to the Heian period.
  174. In the Medieval period, Kariginu was worn by upper class court nobles, the formal headwear for court nobles and the Noshi became unpopular and it was commonly worn by people who had permission from a retired emperor to enter the retired emperor's Imperial Palace.
  175. In the Medieval period, architectural styles according to the Buddhist sect were categorized such that Zenshu-yo (Zen-sect-style architecture) was used for Temples of the Zen sect and Wayo (some included Setchu-yo (mixed style between the Wayo style's basic plan and the features of the Zen sect style) adopting Great Buddha) was used for esoteric Buddhism temples.
  176. In the Medieval period, it often happened that Mikuriya were pillaged by samurai troops (and converted to samurai-owned estates).
  177. In the Medieval period, its riverside adjacent to the urban area of Kyoto City prospered as an entertainment spot and attracted many entertainers.
  178. In the Medieval period, some kofun were used as castles and some parts of a kofun were changed (e.g. Kurozuka Kofun).
  179. In the Medieval period, the 'Urashima Taro' from "Otogi zoshi" became a theme for picture scrolls, Noh plays, and Kyogen (a farce played during a Noh play cycle), and the story reached a much wider audience, becoming further popularized during the Edo Period.
  180. In the Medieval period, with the development of urban areas, land transport was improved because of the necessity for transporting nengu, and periodical markets and other events were also opened.
  181. In the Medieval period, only a person of high rank (samurai or knight) was able to join cavalry.
  182. In the Meiji Kyuden Imperial Palace, Okukyuden, where the Emperor lived, was connected to the place for receptions/government affairs, which includes Okurumayose entrance, Hiroma (a large room occupying the full cross section of a building), Seiden (main palace), Hoo no ma Hall, East and West waiting rooms, Homeiden State Banquet Hall, and Chigusa no ma Hall.
  183. In the Meiji Period the precincts of Kofuku-ji Temple were integrated into Nara Park, and the walls and the Nandai-mon Gate which marked the boundary were lost, so it is hard to imagine the original location of temple buildings in the Tenpyo Period.
  184. In the Meiji Period, Michitoshi served as an official of No-Shomusho (Japanese Agriculture and Commerce Ministry), an imperial court councilor and the director of the Hokkaido Agency (1886-1947).
  185. In the Meiji Period, a dispute called 'Nanbokucho-Seijunron' occurred where both the Northern and Southern dynasties argued over the legitimacy of the imperial line.
  186. In the Meiji Period, former Hanshi (samurais who served a domain) tried to restart construction, but they didn't have enough funds and asked Denzaburo for financial assistance.
  187. In the Meiji Period, he served in a variety of high ranking positions, such as Director General of the Hokkaido government, Chief of the 7th division of the Japanese Imperial Army and a Member of Kizokuin (the House of Peers).
  188. In the Meiji Period, in 1869 it was newly established in Kyoto City as an inspection agency of the new government.
  189. In the Meiji Period, it became a branch temple of Yakushi-ji Temple.
  190. In the Meiji Period, it came into the hands of Yanosuke IWASAKI of the Mitsubishi Zaibatsu (financial and industrial conglomerate).
  191. In the Meiji Period, the Kami Reizei family were awarded the title of count and the Shimo Reizei family were awarded the title of viscount.
  192. In the Meiji Period, the New Meiji Government issued the Ordinance Distinguishing Shinto and Buddhism.
  193. In the Meiji Period, the contents of the ceremonies were stipulated in detail by the Tokyoku-rei (former Imperial House Law).
  194. In the Meiji Period, the system which the Emperor had the right of all authorities including the supreme command (Article 11 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan) was improved and under the national policy of increasing wealth and military power, military authority of the Emperor was also increased.
  195. In the Meiji Period, they required a peerage as legitimate descendant of the Ashikaga Shogun Family, but not only was it rejected but also they couldn't become even a Shizoku (warrior class), namely, their social status was just a Heimin (commoner) because they left Awa which had been their territory.
  196. In the Meiji Restoration, its thirtieth chief priest, Sumihito (Ryogenjoin omuro), became a layman by imperial order.
  197. In the Meiji Restoration, the new government formulated a policy causing an anti-Buddhist movement, which further deteriorated the management of Todai-ji Temple.
  198. In the Meiji era, the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) established jukenjutsu, a Japanese style martial art using the bayonet (currently called jukendo) based on the Japanese traditional art of spearmanship,
  199. In the Meiji era, the Japanese Imperial Army (refer to 'the Military Equestrian School of Japan') discarded the Japanese traditional equestrianism, adopted mainly the European equestrianism, and developed it.
  200. In the Meiji era, the house of Matsuzono and the house of Tsurudono were established.
  201. In the Meiji period
  202. In the Meiji period 1 shaku was fixed as 10 over 33 meters, so 1 ken is equivalent to about 1.8182 meters.
  203. In the Meiji period Kan in no Miya Imperial Prince Kotohito (the Prince of Fushimi no Miya Prince Kuniie), joined the family.
  204. In the Meiji period Maedakebon and Sanjonishikebon were revealed, and textual criticism was conducted by Junichi TACHIBANA and Yoshio YAMADA, etc.
  205. In the Meiji period and after World War II, various new religions emerged in Japan.
  206. In the Meiji period and after, Bunrin adopted the techniques of Western paintings, which changed the painting style of the Shijo school.
  207. In the Meiji period and later, along with the formation of several zaibatsu (company syndicates), kaken and kakun were known to be established in order to maintain the management mainly by the head family, including family members and executive officers.
  208. In the Meiji period and later, it should be considered that sakaya came to take either of two major different business styles.
  209. In the Meiji period and later, preservation technology advanced so that more and more fresh fishes were distributed and consumed, this brought big profits to fishing villages.
  210. In the Meiji period and later, these sake retail shops came to be provided with general store-like factors, becoming a place inseparable from lives of the general public.
  211. In the Meiji period and later, this nickname has become used publicly for indicating Ieyasu.
  212. In the Meiji period and onwards the money changers began to deal with banking business as banks, which are sometimes called "money changers."
  213. In the Meiji period full-fledged lighting equipments in Western style came to be used.
  214. In the Meiji period he became a Viscount.
  215. In the Meiji period investigation was made by William Gowland, who was a British engineer in Osaka Mint Bureau and also a mountaineer.
  216. In the Meiji period many intellectuals proudly accepted the dogma of the continuance of the Imperial household.
  217. In the Meiji period many old Buddha paintings were reproduced by painters of the Nihon Bijitsuin (The Japan Art Institute) under the direction of Tenshin OKAKURA and also new Buddhist paintings were made.
  218. In the Meiji period of Japan, social movements became active including the formation of Rodo Kumiai Kiseikai (association for establishment of labor unions) as a backlash against extremely harsh labor environments.
  219. In the Meiji period of modern history and literature, Rohan KODA and Aizan YAMAJI decided that the simple sympathy of rooting for the underdog as tragic hero was not good and wrote defenses of Kagetoki as "a man who volunteered a thankless role for Yoritomo."
  220. In the Meiji period or later, Ukiyoe received little attention in Japan, and many of the works were taken out of the country.
  221. In the Meiji period the posts of regent and chancellor were abandoned, and at the same time, the regency completely disappeared.
  222. In the Meiji period they were designated as Sampu (Three Urban Prefectures), and even after the city system was established, these three cities enjoyed an exceptional treatment for quite a while, and thus, they maintained the highly valued status over long period of time.
  223. In the Meiji period when synthesized dyes were introduced, time-consuming safflower dyes made from Ubai were phased out, causing the price of Ubai to nosedive.
  224. In the Meiji period, 'the guideline for visitors' was defined based on the tradition.
  225. In the Meiji period, 1 monme was set at 3.75 grams, so 1 kin became 600 grams.
  226. In the Meiji period, 1 ri was fixed to be equal to 36 cho and other kinds of ri were banned by The Weights and Measures Act which was established in 1891 after joining the treaty of the meter.
  227. In the Meiji period, 1 shaku (a Japanese unit of length) was set at 10 over 33 meter, so 1 bu (calculated by multiplying 6 shaku by 6 shaku) was roughly equal to 3.305785 square meters, so 1 se became about 99.174 square meters.
  228. In the Meiji period, 1 shaku (unit of length) was set to be 10 over 33 meters, therefore 1 tan now is equal to about 991.74 square meters, about 9.9174 ares.
  229. In the Meiji period, Emperor Meiji's visit to the Ise-jingu Shrine transformed the nature of the shrine and the Meiji government prohibited onshi's activities, and as a result, people lost their interest in visiting the Ise-jingu Shrine.
  230. In the Meiji period, Enba SANYUTEI the second who moved from Tokyo to Osaka and Sanba OKINAYA the fifth performed Ninjo-banashi in Kamigata (Kyoto and Osaka area).
  231. In the Meiji period, Gion Higashi was separated from Gion Kobu, and became independent.
  232. In the Meiji period, Jushii corresponded to the first court rank granted to a baron in the title for nobility, and in the army and navy, it corresponded to lieutenant general.
  233. In the Meiji period, Kazue SOMA was sentenced to exile to Hachijo Island on the charge of assassinating Ito.
  234. In the Meiji period, Kugo instruments and Gogenbiwa instruments were also restored, with reference to the remaining pieces kept in Shosoin.
  235. In the Meiji period, Kyubajyutsu Reihou Ogasawara Kyohjyo Ogasawara Kyojo (school of Japanese archery, horsemanship and courtesy) was opened in Kanda, Tokyo.
  236. In the Meiji period, Mondo didn't move to Tonami but lived in 52 banch, Wakamatsu Kitakoji to commit to the reconstruction effort of this place.
  237. In the Meiji period, Soseki NATSUME wrote of Hoshaku-ji Temple in his diary 'Soseki Nikki.'
  238. In the Meiji period, Tadashige DAIGO from the Daigo family joined the Imperial Japanese Navy and was promoted to the vice admiral, with an excellent reputation as the expert of submarines.
  239. In the Meiji period, Takahira KANDA used the term 'ishisaji' in his study, and Jiujiro NAKAYA conducted a systematic study of it.
  240. In the Meiji period, Uchiwa fan with beautiful pattern fascinated foreigners, with the result that Uchiwa fan was exported in large quantities.
  241. In the Meiji period, after Lake Biwa Canal (Kamogawa Canal) opened in 1894, the volume of goods transported through Takase-gawa River declined despite efforts to share the River's transportation capabilities with Lake Biwa Canal, and transportation through the Takase-gawa River came to an end in 1920.
  242. In the Meiji period, as the result that theaters were corporatized and Zamoto lost the management right, 'Kanzaburo NAKAMURA' became simply one of professional names of actors.
  243. In the Meiji period, bujutsu became old-fashioned and survived only through means of bujutsu performances.
  244. In the Meiji period, court ranks were posthumously conferred to those who had fought in the Mongolian invasions, including Tokimune who was awarded Juichii (Junior First Rank), and in the Showa period, many biographies about him were written in the period that led up to the Pacific War.
  245. In the Meiji period, general purpose cups, such as water glass or a koakutsu (a type of cup) were used for serving shaved ice.
  246. In the Meiji period, he became a Shinto priest of Konda Hachiman-gu Shrine in Osaka.
  247. In the Meiji period, he changed his name to Hiroyasu KAGAWA, and later to the current name.
  248. In the Meiji period, he was appointed to important positions such as the governor of Shimane Prefecture and the governor of Hamada Prefecture.
  249. In the Meiji period, he was given the title of viscount and given posthumously the rank of Shoshii (Senior Fourth Rank).
  250. In the Meiji period, he was promoted by Keishi-kyoku (a precursor to the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department) of the Interior Ministry and became a commissary (as a police officer was then called).
  251. In the Meiji period, he was raised to a count.
  252. In the Meiji period, he worked as the Junior Assistant Minister of the Navy, a councilor of Genroin (the Chamber of Elders), and a member of the House of Peers.
  253. In the Meiji period, however, Shiki MASAOKA brought the traditional literature, haikai renga, to the status of the modern haiku composed by a single poet, making hokku independent from renga.
  254. In the Meiji period, in certain regions, there were well-spread rumors that 'Virgin's lifeblood is painted on electric wires.'
  255. In the Meiji period, instruction books were issued about "minteki" (Ming flute), shakuhachi, accordion and harmonica, and these books often include the Japanese songs at that time as well as the Shingaku songs, such as 'Kyurenkan,' 'Sanminkyo' and 'Matsurika.'
  256. In the Meiji period, it spread to Hiroshima, then to Tokyo and Kumamoto.
  257. In the Meiji period, it was believed that if a baishin (indirect vassal) was ranked as being of the warrior class affairs of state would begin to worsen, so they were treated as heimin (commoners) even though they had been 'samurai' in the Edo period.
  258. In the Meiji period, it was integrated with the Jodo Sect (Chinzei school), but spun off later.
  259. In the Meiji period, it was particularly believed by the army that the Oda army attacked by way of a detour, but in recent years, the belief that they attacked head-on has been favored, based on Shincho Koki (Biography of Nobunaga ODA).
  260. In the Meiji period, it was placed under direct control of Kyoto Prefecture.
  261. In the Meiji period, it was provided that 1 hiro equals 6 shaku.
  262. In the Meiji period, it was spread to Gunma.
  263. In the Meiji period, its new route was developed by building Kunitoyo-bashi Bridge at the north of Kokubu-mura village and laying a road on the south bank of the River Yamato.
  264. In the Meiji period, jishi disappeared as the modern tax system was established.
  265. In the Meiji period, kandokuri was commonly used, and rarely, chirori and hatodokkuri (a kind of tokkuri bottle) were used.
  266. In the Meiji period, musical notation using numerals modeled on the numeric musical notation of the harmonica came to be used in Fukuhara School nagauta bayashi, and became widespread among other schools and fields.
  267. In the Meiji period, only a small number of persons in limited social classes, such as politicians and successful businessmen, lived in western style houses, and most people lived in traditional Japanese style houses.
  268. In the Meiji period, people of a town of hot spring were trying to make a new confectionery to be sold as a specialty, and the people gained some hints from Usukawa-manju (steamed yeast bun with filling with thin skin).
  269. In the Meiji period, photographs came to replace shunga.
  270. In the Meiji period, products of culture and systems were introduced to Japan from Western in various ways and exhibition was one of them.
  271. In the Meiji period, promotions to Juichii increased compared to the Edo period.
  272. In the Meiji period, receiving high acclaim from foreigners for their beautiful pattern, Uchiwa fan were exported in large quantities.
  273. In the Meiji period, sen was ranked the secondary currency unit of a hundredth value of 1 yen in Japan.
  274. In the Meiji period, seppuku was outlawed but the idea of seppuku as an honorable, samurai-like method of suicide remained.
  275. In the Meiji period, sokyoku became increasingly independent from jiuta, and many pieces of so-called 'New Meiji music' were composed solely for the koto, one of these being 'Shin Takasago' (literally, "new version of Takasago") by Hanano TERASHIMA.
  276. In the Meiji period, the Imperial household declared the Southern Court to be the legitimate Court, and the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sports ordered that government-controlled textbooks begin using the term 'Yoshino period' instead of Nanbokucho.
  277. In the Meiji period, the Japanese government set a national goal of westernization and modernization, and therefore, also in the art field, hired foreigners taught Japanese, and since France was deemed the home of art, some Japanese went there for study.
  278. In the Meiji period, the Jingikan adopted a policy of not reorganizing shrines until its investigations were finished.
  279. In the Meiji period, the Kira family relocated to the lands of their chigyo-chi (a land given to a feudal load or a samurai as an annual stipend): Terasaki, Chosei County, and Chiba Prefecture.
  280. In the Meiji period, the Lake Biwa Canal (Kamo-gawa Canal) was opened to traffic to connect Fushimi-ko Port, completing the water traffic system with operations of steamboats.
  281. In the Meiji period, the Lake Biwa Canal was extended to the Keage area which bordered Okazaki to the east, and Japan's first hydroelectric power station was constructed.
  282. In the Meiji period, the age of samurai ended in effect, but the Bushido way of thought was used unnecessarily during its mature period, therefore mainly ex-samurais carried out subject education policy and the catch-phrase was made when the historical view was changed.
  283. In the Meiji period, the book was appreciated again by scholars including Manshi KIYOZAWA, and it was gradually introduced to people.
  284. In the Meiji period, the citadels in each region were destroyed according to haijorei (an order to abandon castles) in 1873 or burnt due to being abandoned by management or collapsed after materials were seized by the Imperial Japanese Army.
  285. In the Meiji period, the class system such as bushi and so on disappeared.
  286. In the Meiji period, the family became alienated from the main school, and in 1959 Sotsu KOBORI, the fifth tea master, requested independence; as a result, his way of tea ceremony became called the Kobori Enshu school.
  287. In the Meiji period, the family of lord of the Kokura Domain was raised to Count and the branch families of lords of Karatsu, Anji, Senzoku Domains as well as the family of lord of Katsuyama Domain were raised to viscounts.
  288. In the Meiji period, the murals were gradually recognized their artistic value and preciousness to be reproduced by a painter Koun SAKURAI around 1887 (The reproductions are owned by Tokyo National Museum).
  289. In the Meiji period, the officer of land forces, Maresuke Nogi, committed junshi upon the death of Emperor Meiji in 1912, which exercised a social influence.
  290. In the Meiji period, the reading of 賀名生 was changed from "Kanau" back to "Ano," which was closer to the original sound.
  291. In the Meiji period, the revival of old festivals and the creation of new festivals were brought by the separation of Shinto and Buddhism and the deification of the Emperor that people regarded the Emperor as an 'arahitogami' (a living god).
  292. In the Meiji period, the second son of Kiyoyuki KANZE (the fourth Tetsunojo KANZE), Genjiro married a daughter of the first Minoru UMEWAKA and succeeded to the name of the 53rd Rokuro UMEWAKA.
  293. In the Meiji period, the son of Prince Motonori MORI, Shiro restored the Kobayakawa family and was in the peerage to become a Baron.
  294. In the Meiji period, the style of Hoya was changed from Azumaya-zukuri to Sinmei-zukuri with gables having decoration of Chigi (forked finials) and Katsuogi (wooden billets placed atop and at right angle to a roof ridge).
  295. In the Meiji period, the tomb of Emperor Goshirakawa and the graves of the Myoho-in Temple Monzeki princes were separated from the temple grounds and placed under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Imperial Household.
  296. In the Meiji period, their cultivation spread to ordinary farmers, who started to sell them.
  297. In the Meiji period, there was a movement to revive Inuyama ukai, and in 1899, it started again with ujo invited from Nagara Village, Inaba District, Gifu Prefecture (present-day Gifu City; ujo of Nagara-gawa ukai).
  298. In the Meiji period, there was a scene, before the curtain fell, where she flipped after picking a fight with Fukashichi, and then a skilled actress beautifully swings her long red Hakama (skirt).
  299. In the Meiji period, they were granted the rank of earl, and the famous 'Lord Ogasawara's residence', built in Shinjuku, Tokyo by the 30th head of the Soryo-ke family, Nagayoshi OGASAWARA, is still standing.
  300. In the Meiji period, this shrine was categorized as Sonsha, and then identified as Shikinai Myojin-taisha in 1877, as the confirmation written under the name of Kyoto Prefecture in June 1877 says that 'Tsukiyomi-sha is definitely the Engishikinaisha Ogawatsuki-jinja Shrine.'
  301. In the Meiji period, uprisings in objection to the policies of the new government, including choheirei hantai ikki (conscription ordinance objection uprising), kaihorei hantai ikki (edict of Grand Council of State objection uprising), and chiso kaisei hantai ikki (land-tax reform objection reform), occurred.
  302. In the Meiji period, western-style roof tiles have started to be developed and imported, and Hikkake sangawara (hanging tiles), an improved type of pantile have also been developed.
  303. In the Meiji period, yen was introduced as the currency unit, however, '1 yen was equivalent to 1 ryo' in changeover phase, so 'yen' was called 'ryo' for a while.
  304. In the Meireki era, Fukagawa flourished as a commercial harbor mainly for the distribution of lumber, having a massive red-light district.
  305. In the Meji period, Seiho TAKEUCHI succeeded the Shijo school practically.
  306. In the Mera Area
  307. In the Michelin Tokyo version issued in 2007, it was granted the highest rank of three stars.
  308. In the Middle Ages (from the end of the twelfth century to the end of sixteenth century in Japanese history), Kiko-ji Temple became a branch temple of Kofuku-ji Temple, and more precisely, it belonged to Ichijo-in (a temple where priests from families of emperors' chief advisors lived), a sub-temple of Kofuku-ji Temple.
  309. In the Middle Ages an inflow of currencies from the East continued although commerce declined in Europe.
  310. In the Middle Ages it changed to the punishment for the similar crime by the bukeho (samurai law) to sentence the person who made a false statement to a legal institution which was an agent of the Emperor or Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians").
  311. In the Middle Ages it meant a declaration of extinction of a family relationship by grandparent(s)/parent(s) on their descendants.
  312. In the Middle Ages there was a high risk of experiencing misfortune, such as disasters and theft.
  313. In the Middle Ages there was the realm of Tengu other than the six realms of Buddhism, which was assumed and interpreted as Avici for those who were not going to fall into Hell because they had learned Buddhism but were not going to Heaven either because they had done wrong.
  314. In the Middle Ages when Shoen declined, however, the domestic economy run by the court nobles stagnated and the essence of the Mandokoro was gradually lost.
  315. In the Middle Ages, great efforts were put into the revival of Jingo-ji Temple by the Buddhist monk Mongaku, who came from a Samurai family and is well known from the "The Tale of the Taira clan."
  316. In the Middle Ages, many families having their origin in the Murakami-Genji called themselves Chigusa and an example is Michisuke CHIGUSA, the child of Michiteru and the greatgreat-grandchild of Michitada KOGA, who was called Chigusa Saki no Daijo-daijin (former grand minister of state).
  317. In the Middle Ages, sake was poured into kawarake and dried up in a party of court nobles and high-rank samurai.
  318. In the Middle Ages, unlike Ritsuryo law and the modern law, it referred to the disownment of children (grandchildren) by their parent(s) (or grandparent(s)).
  319. In the Middle ages, anti-Bakufu forces led by Emperor Godaigo started to build castles on mountains by in order to resist the power of the Bakufu from the latter Kamakura period to the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).
  320. In the Midori-ku Ward of Nagoya City (Aichi Prefecture) festivals are held, in which Shojo plays a major role.
  321. In the Mii-dera Temple, a representative priest of Issan is called 'chori' (a chief administrator), whereas the post is called 'kancho" (a chief abbot) or 'betto' (administrator of a Buddhist temple) in other temples.
  322. In the Mikawa Ikko Ikki uprising (the uprising of the Ikko Sect followers in Mikawa Province) of 1563, Tadatsugu faithfully followed Ieyasu while many of the Sakai Clan contributed to the uprising.
  323. In the Mikawa Province area where more of Takeda's troops separate from the main army had begun to invade, he could not make defensive preparations adequately either, and consequently, his inferior position was fixed after this battle.
  324. In the Mimitsu Area
  325. In the Minamitaneyama and Gokasho
  326. In the Minamoto clan, Genji choja had various authorities relating to religious service, summons, litigations and recommendation of promotion.
  327. In the Minatogawa Battle (Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture), in which he allied with Masashige KUSUNOKI, Yoshisada pitched camp at Cape Wada but failed to hinder the landing of Ashikaga marine forces.
  328. In the Ming Dynasty Chengjufang and Fang Yulu, who were called masters of making ink sticks, appeared, and the form of ink sticks became the one used in these days.
  329. In the Ming Dynasty prior to the Qing Dynasty, the use of copper coins was prohibited, and copper coins were replaced by paper money, but in the Qing Dynasty, the use of coins was revived.
  330. In the Ming and Qing periods, Bunjin spent a life as an ordinary man, so that many Bunjin neither had a motivation for governing a nation and providing relief to people nor held official positions.
  331. In the Ming dynasty during the reign of the founder Emperor Kobu (Shu GENSHO), the use of metal coins was prohibited and all the money were switched to paper money (later switched again to Ginjo - silver coins used in China until early in the 20th century).
  332. In the Ming period, the rice tax on kanden was also called tax.
  333. In the Ministry of Central Affairs, a naiki (secretary of the Ministry of Central Affairs) prepares a preliminary draft based on the Choku, and then it is returned to the emperor, the contents are confirmed.
  334. In the Ministry of the Navy, Prince Fushiminomiya Hiroyasu, the President of the Naval General Staff, and TOGO were called 'Imperial Highness and God,' regarded as interferences with military government.
  335. In the Mirai Hall in Gifu City, Gifu Prefecture, there is a permanent space for the display of Oribe Award-winning art products.
  336. In the Mitai, Bungo and Hyuga Areas
  337. In the Mitarai district of Osakishimo-jima Island, a mansion where the five nobles are said to have stopped remains as a monument to the seven nobles' rustication.
  338. In the Mito Komon series, since there are no domain lords as villains, real domain names are used.
  339. In the Mito-Tokugawa family
  340. In the Miyakonojo area
  341. In the Miyazaki Area
  342. In the Modern Ages onwards, Sokichi TSUDA evaluated this book in his book "Research on Kogo Shui" in 1928 as being good enough to be treated as a history book of the time the book was written, but of little value as history records showing the times before Kojiki and Nihonshoki.
  343. In the Modern Period wakan trade, Japan exported silver, sulfur, gold, and other products of the south seas to Korea.
  344. In the Momoyama period, Drawings for Secret Plays in a Bedchamber was introduced from the Ming Dynasty and published.
  345. In the Mori family who successively served as goteni (doctor hired by the bakufu) for Lord KAMEI of Tsuwano Domain, his grandfather and father had both been adopted in the family as son-in-laws for lack of a male successor, so Ogai was the first heir born for a long time.
  346. In the Mori-no-sho Manor Yuyama Incident of Sagami province in December 1350, Yoshifusa seized Motouji ASHIKAGA from KO no Morofuyu in the Takauji side and reported the state of affairs to Tadayoshi ASHIKAGA.
  347. In the Motonari MORI (Taiga-dorama (NHK Historical Drama)) there was a scene based on this theory that Takafusa wished to revive the Ouchi clan by putting Yoshitaka (義尊) as an heir but regretted the undesirable result caused by a warrior who did not know his intention.
  348. In the Mt. Amatsutsumi and Odomari Areas
  349. In the Muromachi Period it was called "Shiki/Shikisho no yoroi" (armor for formal ceremony).
  350. In the Muromachi Period, 'TAWARA no Tota emaki' (illustrated hand scroll of TAWARA no Tota) was completed and he is famous for the legend of killing a giant centipede in Mt. Mikami-yama in the Omi Province.
  351. In the Muromachi Period, Shugo was given not only the right to judge criminal cases but also more powerful authority of administration.
  352. In the Muromachi Period, ancient practices were consolidated and conveyed to these schools.
  353. In the Muromachi Period, many painters appeared in local regions, many of whom originated from a samurai family.
  354. In the Muromachi Period, the Kanto region was ruled by Kamakura Kubo, who was the representative of the Seii Taishogun and acted in the role as head of the Kamakura-fu.
  355. In the Muromachi and Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") concurrently took the post of Meryo gogen ranked higher than it.
  356. In the Muromachi bakufu
  357. In the Muromachi bakufu, Jisha-bugyo was subdivided into Temple-bugyo (in charge of Buddhist temples) and Shake-bugyo (in charge of shrines).
  358. In the Muromachi bakufu, Tadayoshi, who had conducted political affairs in tandem with the Shogun, Takauji, came into contention with the major-domo Moronao KO, who had achieved military successes in various regions; later this contention developed into internal strife, and led to the Kano Disturbance.
  359. In the Muromachi bakufu, although positions called Shitsuji and Kanrei that were equivalent to the Shikken in the Kamakura bakufu were established, they were not referred to as tandai; instead, tandai was the title used for the position that held extensive executive power in Saigoku and the Ou region (the northern part of Japan).
  360. In the Muromachi bakufu, the families who mediated for Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians"), were limited to several specific families called Moshitsugishu (a civil servant post in Muromachi Shogunate).
  361. In the Muromachi bakufu, the same system was used, and later it developed into the Hokoshu (the shogunal military guard), which was made up of five teams.
  362. In the Muromachi bakufu, the third shogun Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA abdicated from his position as shogun and gave it to his 9-year old legitimate eldest son Yoshimochi ASHIKAGA in 1394, and became a priest and also moved his residence to Kitayama Gosho (Kitayama Palace).
  363. In the Muromachi bakuhu, Yuhitsu was separated into some roles such as Hakaraikata-yuhitsu, which took charge of the administrative affairs, Tono-yuhitsu, which took charge of writing official documents, and Sakuji-yuhitsu, which took charge of constructing buildings.
  364. In the Muromachi era, reki hakase occasionally carried out tenmon misso (reporting unusual astronomical phenomena to the emperor).
  365. In the Muromachi period it became a customary practice among shugo daimyo that their vassals were allowed to call themselves after the official position or title of the military officer or the governor of the province.
  366. In the Muromachi period it declined again pressed by the Zen sect, but in the Edo period, Myonin, Yuson and Eun appeared and insisted on the renaissance of the commandments.
  367. In the Muromachi period the Shugo strengthened their control over their assigned territories and became Shugo Daimyo.
  368. In the Muromachi period the family's power base was in Mibu village in Kyoto, but they also controlled other territories such as Ukawa manor in Echigo Province.
  369. In the Muromachi period, Arinaga (aka Aritoyo/Arinari), the son of KAMO no Arikata, took the name of Kadenokoji.
  370. In the Muromachi period, Chinese culture continued to be brought in by the trade between Japan and the Ming Dynasty in China, and textiles, earthenware, and calligraphic works and paintings which were imported during this time fed into techniques of traditional crafts remaining in the modern age.
  371. In the Muromachi period, Horin-ji Temple was ravaged by fire during the Onin War and was rebuilt by Emperor Goyozei in the Edo period but was once again damaged by fire during the Hamaguri Rebellion at the end of the Edo period.
  372. In the Muromachi period, Kakuichi AKASHI, a kengyo, compiled Kakuichi-bon Text, which would become a standard text for "Heike Monogatari"; AKASHI, belonging to Ashikaga clan, was protected by Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and founded todoza.
  373. In the Muromachi period, Masayo ASUKAI and his son Masachika ASUKAI closely served the Ashikaga Shogunal family and were among prominent poets of the time.
  374. In the Muromachi period, Rennyo, the eighth head of Hongan-ji Temple and the originator of restoration of Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land sect of Buddhism,) gave her followers the hanging scrolls with the script of 'Namu Amidabutsu' (a single, sincere call upon the name of Amida) and encouraged them to enshrine the scrolls at their own butsudan.
  375. In the Muromachi period, Shomonji (a group of itinerant performers whose work encompassed both no performance and religious ritual) substituted for the senzumanzai hoshi and during the middle of the Muromachi period, they performed in front of ordinary houses.
  376. In the Muromachi period, Shugo strengthened the control over shoen and Kokugaryo in the country through Shugouke.
  377. In the Muromachi period, Soke (the head family or house) of the Hosokawa clan, one of three kanrei (shogunal deputy), which inherited the post of Ukyo no daibu (Master of the Western Capital Offices), was called the Keicho family.
  378. In the Muromachi period, Sozen, who was the founder of the family and was under the family name of Nishimura, lived in 'Nishinokyo Nishimura,' Nara, and made ritual utensils for Kasuga-taisha Shrine.
  379. In the Muromachi period, To no ben was dubbed 'Tenjo Kanrei no to' (shogunal deputy at the palace) and played a role of the responsible person for various jobs at tenjo no ma (a chamber under the eaves on the south side of the Seiryo-den).
  380. In the Muromachi period, Tonobara-shu were delegated in charge of Katata checkpoint; afterwards they gained the right to get a kind of transit duty, called Uwanori, in compensation for not pirating non-Katata ships.
  381. In the Muromachi period, Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA, the third Shogun, hatched a conspiracy to obtain the position of Chiten no kimi (the retired emperor in power) by regaining the Imperial Court's power, and obtained sakuho (homage by Chinese emperors) as 'King of Japan' from Ming, China.
  382. In the Muromachi period, a stick (although it was called 'Gi-Cho,' the term 'stick' is used here in order to avoid confusion with Gi-Cho as a Shinto ritual) was transformed into Hagoita, and a ball was transformed into a fletched soapberry nut.
  383. In the Muromachi period, an imperial decree constituting the mission as the medium of tenmon misso was issued to the Kamo clan, which was reki hakase (master of reki [calendar]).
  384. In the Muromachi period, at the direction of Takauji ASHIKAGA, the 10th generation of the family, Nagahide OGASAWARA, compiled 'Sangiitto (a book about general knowledge for samurai)' together with the Ise clan and the Imagawa clan.
  385. In the Muromachi period, before kaeshi (the flavoring sauce served with soba for dipping, using soy sauce as an ingredient) existed, but after udon came to exist, there was a flavoring sauce called taremiso.
  386. In the Muromachi period, following after the three well known gaso, Kichizan Mincho, Taiko Josetsu, and Tensho Shubun, Sesshu Toyo and Sesson Shukei created many great works.
  387. In the Muromachi period, however, the environment surrounding za experienced a gradual change.
  388. In the Muromachi period, it came to be called Toiya, and later, even after being separated into the areas of transportation and wholesale, each one was still called Toiya.
  389. In the Muromachi period, it spread rapidly among the society of samurai and court nobles, partly because it was favored by Ashikaga Shogun.
  390. In the Muromachi period, it was also an Ikai conferred on members of Ashikaga Shogun Family or Shugo (provincial constable) as the first investiture.
  391. In the Muromachi period, it was also eagerly worshipped in the Nichiren Sect.
  392. In the Muromachi period, many sakaya flourished.
  393. In the Muromachi period, miso was developed everywhere and used as preserved food rather than as seasoning (today, when miso is mentioned, the past comes to mind, but the original miso was retained the grains of rice or barley, and was eaten with the fingers).
  394. In the Muromachi period, occupations were further specialized, and the tanbomori became a profession called the tamori.
  395. In the Muromachi period, people formed various unions including Kokujin-ikki (kokujin ryoshu [local samurai lord] union) formed by the people in the kokujin stratum, as well as soson (a community consisting of peasants' self-governing association) and goson (autonomous village) formed by peasants living in villages.
  396. In the Muromachi period, pictures of the ship were given to people on Setsubun (the traditional end of winter) night or on New Year's Eve, then were collected following morning after people slept on them to float away on water or to bury, which suggests that Takarabune was considered as something to be washed or to cleanse bad luck.
  397. In the Muromachi period, sake breweries in Kyoto reached new heights of prosperity and the number of sake breweries in and around the capital Kyoto was over 342 in 1425.
  398. In the Muromachi period, seven tea houses were built with leftover materials from the reconstruction of the Kitano Tenmangu Shrine.
  399. In the Muromachi period, seven teahouses were built with leftover materials from the reconstruction of the Kitano Tenmangu Shrine.
  400. In the Muromachi period, shogun, the Kamakura Kubo family, Ashikaga clans, and the Kitabatake clan, for example, were entitled to the Gosho, and in the Edo period, Kunitomo ASHIKAGA, a descendant of the Kamakura Kubo family, was awarded the gosho-go when he returned to the Edo bakufu.
  401. In the Muromachi period, studies of classical literature were conducted, led by the Kyoto Gozan (the five great Zen temples of Kyoto) and court nobles.
  402. In the Muromachi period, that sort of kimono was called Daimon to be distinguished from Hitatare.
  403. In the Muromachi period, the Ashikaga Shogun family collected taxes from Keiseiya (courtesan houses) in Kyoto.
  404. In the Muromachi period, the Gamo clan served Shugo Daimyo (provincial military governors) of Omi Province the Rokkaku clan as a guest samurai.
  405. In the Muromachi period, the Hosokawa clan reduced the risk of the internal discord within the family by forming a group so-called a clan alliance, centering on the Keicho family.
  406. In the Muromachi period, the Kutsuki clan served for the Ashikaga Shogunate family as a close retainer of Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  407. In the Muromachi period, the Oda clan became a hikan (low-level bureaucrat) of the daimyo (feudal lord), the Shiba clan which was a Kanryo family (family in the position of the shogunal deputy) of the Muromachi bakufu and which served as Shugo (Military Governor) of Echizen and Owari Provinces and some moved to Owari.
  408. In the Muromachi period, the Oda clan served as Owari Shugodai (the acting Military Governor of Owari Province) in Owari Province which was under control of the Shiba-Buei clan of Sankanrei (three families in the post of kanrei, or shogunal deputy).
  409. In the Muromachi period, the Shin clan supported the Yamana clan and became a member of Hokishu (the local clans of Hoki Province); at the Onin War, they fought as Hokishu and made achievements, and as a result, they were appointed as Shugodai (deputy of Military Governor) of Hoki Province as well as the Nanjo clan.
  410. In the Muromachi period, the Shingu clan began to fight with the Ashina clan, which was of the same clan.
  411. In the Muromachi period, the Yagi-jo Castle was also built as Shugosho (governor's office) of the Hosokawa family appointed as Shugo (governor), in order to comprehensively administer the affairs of the entire area of Tanba Province.
  412. In the Muromachi period, the administrators of lands under direct control of bakufu (the shogunate) were called daikan, and they were distinguished from shugodai who performed the deputy role of shugo, and from koshugodai who were deputies of shugodai (See Shugodai for details).
  413. In the Muromachi period, the monetary economy developed further, and the payment of the nengu by coins became widely spread mainly in the Kinai region (the five capital provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto).
  414. In the Muromachi period, the overall position of samurai improved; the Ashikaga shogun family filled ministerial jobs and powerful daimyo got as high as Jugoi or Jushii, with some even reaching Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank), which was as high as the rank held by members of the Ashikaga clan.
  415. In the Muromachi period, the polished logs produced in the Nakagawa region came to be frequently used as building material for a tea rooms and sukiya, which support the "chano yu" culture completed by SEN no Rikyu.
  416. In the Muromachi period, the power of Enryaku-ji Temple increasingly became big, and it was successively set on fire by powerful people such as Yoshinori ASHIKAGA and Masamoto HOSOKAWA.
  417. In the Muromachi period, the term "buke" indicated the Muromachi bakufu and the Shogun family, while in the Edo period, the term came to cover not only the bakufu and the Shogun family but also various daimyo (Japanese feudal lords) and high-ranked samurai.
  418. In the Muromachi period, this tax was imposed so often that it gradually transpired into a permanent tax.
  419. In the Muromachi period, warriors achieved a dominant position both economically and culturally, and warriors accepted the court nobles' culture, establishing a style of 'honzen ryori' as meals for entertainment, which was unique to the warriors.
  420. In the Muromachi period, wasabi was already used as a spice in the same way it is today.
  421. In the Muryo gikyo (Sutra of Immeasurable Meanings), which is a Kai-kyo (sutra read before the main sutra) of the Lotus Sutra, there is a description which says 四十余年未顕真実.
  422. In the Museum, the boarding houses where Soseki stayed, people Soseki got acquainted with, the books Soseki read, and the like are exhibited to the public.
  423. In the Mushika Area
  424. In the Myoho-in Temple diary entitled "Myoho-in Nichijiki", the name 'Hoju-ji Temple' becomes more prominent throughout the Edo period.
  425. In the Mythology
  426. In the N700 series train-cars, which operate at the same 300 km/s as the 500 series train-cars on the Sanyo Shinkansen line, train-cars with no engine are also included, because the ability to control the idle running and skidding of wheels has increased.
  427. In the NDL Tokyo Main Library which was opened to the public in 1961, the phrase 'truth makes us free' drawn by KANAMORI, the first chief librarian, has been engraved in large letters on the wall of the book-catalog hall on the second floor of the main building.
  428. In the NDL, Japan's national main library, it is mandated that copies of all publications must be sent by all government and municipal agencies, groups and individuals in Japan to the NDL, in accordance with the National Diet Library Law.
  429. In the NDL, the bibliographic information of materials that arrive based on the Legal Deposit System is summarized once a week in the "Japanese National Bibliography Weekly List."
  430. In the NHK's period drama "Shinsen-gumi!" described from the Shogunate viewpoint and in the Television Tokyo's new year wide period drama "Ryoma ga Yuku (2004, TV drama)," Ryoma's assassination is depicted based on this theory.
  431. In the Naikyobo, the training was given mainly to women.
  432. In the Naka Ward of Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture (Japan) there exists Jizo-o-byo Temple (Chuka Giso) (Chinese cemetary), which was built by Chinese residents and enshrines the rest of the dead.
  433. In the Nakamura, Kakuto and Aya areas
  434. In the Nakasendai War of 1335, he followed Takauji and achieved distinction.
  435. In the Nakatsu domain, in which great disparities in family status existed among the retainers, Yukichi's father could not get promoted due to their low family status until the end of his life.
  436. In the Namamugi Incident occurred in June 1862, he was at the scene accompanying his lord, but did not fight and stop other retainers drawing their swords.
  437. In the Nan-Dynasty during the Rikucho period they were called bessho (villa) or betsugyo (villa), some of the Ciangnan aristocracy had hundreds of fields (of rice and other crops), but they were regarded as a part of the villa.
  438. In the Nanyo area, Ehime Prefecture, particularly in Uwajima City and its vicinities, a float named Ushioni parades through the streets in the local festivals.
  439. In the Nanyo region, Ushioni is believed to play a role of a forerunner of the portable shrine (carried in festivals) and a clearer of devils from houses.
  440. In the Nara Period, Kukai opened the Shingon sect within the temple and in the Heian Period, together with the Tendai-shu sect brought by Saicho, Todai-ji became a 'Hasshu Kengaku no tera' (Temple of syncretic study of eight sects of Buddhist learning).
  441. In the Nara Period, a piece of thin leather was folded and joined to the center of the back section, and the upper and lower ends that correspond to tops of the folds had a piece of hemp inserted to make a core, before being rounded off.
  442. In the Nara Period, the so-called 'Nanto Rokushu' (Six sects of Buddhism: Kegon, Hosso, Tutsu, Sanron, Jojitsu and Kusha) were more like 'school sects' rather than 'religious sects;' the concept of 'religious sects' was established after the medieval period.
  443. In the Nara Period, utagaki was merged with toka (singing and dancing) imported from China, and became one of performance arts for court.
  444. In the Nara and Heian periods this event was held on July 15 every year as an official service, and in the Kamakura Period onwards, it was held in tandem with a segaki service.
  445. In the Nara and Heian periods, Kawara tiles have started to be used not only for temples and palaces, but also for Kanga (government offices).
  446. In the Nara period
  447. In the Nara period (late eighth century), the post of kokushi became a source for additional gains, such as kugaito (local source of revenue).
  448. In the Nara period before the kanyain was founded, Zushoryo was also in charge of making paper.
  449. In the Nara period it was called Waka (倭歌) or Washi (倭詩).
  450. In the Nara period when "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves) was compiled, an awareness that waka was the only literature in Japanese emerged.
  451. In the Nara period when Nara was Heijo-kyo Capital, the city, as the end of the Silk Road, witnessed the flourishing of international Tenpyo culture, and, with magnificent temple buildings standing side by side, the city brought many important cultural assets into the world.
  452. In the Nara period, Buddhism developed thanks to protection by the government as well as the ideology of Chingo kokka and Hoe (Buddhist mass) and prayers to protect the nation were often held.
  453. In the Nara period, Daian-ji Temple, which had a large complex with various buildings, including two seven-storied pagodas in the east and in the west, was a huge temple comparable to Todai-ji Temple and Kofuku-ji Temple.
  454. In the Nara period, Gyoki and others practiced takuhatsu in a form of kanjin (temple solicitation) to prepare social infrastructure such as embankments for rivers and maintenance of wells and reservoirs, and to erect the Great Buddha, which also had the meaning of charity.
  455. In the Nara period, Hidenin was also constructed in Kofuku-ji Temple by Jianzhen.
  456. In the Nara period, Kemari (ancient football game in Japan) existed as a Shinto ritual for boys, while Gi-Cho was performed for girls.
  457. In the Nara period, Kokufu (provincial office) was established in Seta, and the timber for constructing the Heijo-kyo Palace came down from the mountains to the south of the lake such as Mt. Tanakami.
  458. In the Nara period, WAKE no Hiromushi (who adopted the name Hokin-ni after entering the priesthood) and his younger brother WAKE no Kiyomaro, who had made achievements in a plot by the Usa Hachiman-gu oracle against the Buddhist monk Dokyo, advanced to the Imperial court and were given the surname Wake Ason by Fujinowake no Mahito.
  459. In the Nara period, a national "zobutsusho" (a workshop) where Buddhist statues for "daiji" (major temples built by Emperors), especially national temples were made, was newly built.
  460. In the Nara period, braided kimono sashes made from fine color threads became popular as a formal dress for men and women; it was used as a part of arms in the Kamakura period, and as a decorative cord for the tea ceremony in the Azuchi-momoyama period.
  461. In the Nara period, divination, which dealt with the spirits of people who were alive, became popular not only among the imperial family and court nobles but also among common people.
  462. In the Nara period, however, the Vinaya precepts gradually started to be recognized their importance to increase the need to institute orthodox monastic ordinations of the Jukai.
  463. In the Nara period, influences of Chinese culture appeared even in dishes and eating habits, and corresponding to the introduction of seasonal festivals, dishes for celebrations became served widely.
  464. In the Nara period, production of clothes was conducted by Nui no tsukasa (Sewing Office) of kokyu.
  465. In the Nara period, provincial monasteries had been built and monks and nuns were placed in various provinces under the idea of nation protection.
  466. In the Nara period, so-called latter Naniwa no Miya Place was built there.
  467. In the Nara period, there was a large Buddhist temple including the Great Buddha Hall (Kon-do Hall) at the center and two Nanajunoto (seven-story pagodas; estimated height 100m) on the east and the west sides, but most of the buildings were burned in two fires caused by wars after the Kamakura period.
  468. In the Nara period, this highway was used as one connecting Naniwa-kyo (the Naniwa Palace) and Heijo-kyo (the Heijo Palace).
  469. In the Naramitsu Family, the younger sister of Masu was the wife of Motoito SUMITOMO, married Takayasu MITSUI (Morinosuke), who was the president of the former Mitsui & Co., Ltd., and the eighth-generation family head of the "Mitsui-Nagasakacho Family," which was one of the Eleven Families of Mitsui.
  470. In the National Uniform Edict, the combinations of the clothes were strictly prescribed for occasions requiring full dress, i.e., for wearing the national uniform as formal clothing to attend ceremonies.
  471. In the National Uniform Edict, the national uniform was prescribed as formal clothing for males.
  472. In the Navy, kitchen work had been done by appointed personnel, thus limiting the soldiers who learned how to cook curry and rice, whereas at Army nearly all personnel experienced kitchen work.
  473. In the Neighborhood
  474. In the Nenshiho method, a sketch, of which colored powders (charcoal, Bengal red, and so on) are placed on the backside, are set on the wall surface then traced its outlines with a spatula and others.
  475. In the Neolithic era, it was found widely around the world.
  476. In the Netherlands, he supervised shipbuilding of Kaiyo Maru and as well studied surveying, Western gunnery, and so on.
  477. In the New Style (the Gregorian calendar), the spring equinox is in March.
  478. In the New Year of 1045, she resigned from Saiin due to her father's abdication from the throne.
  479. In the New Year of 1246, he succeeded to the throne after Emperor Gosaga passed the throne to him when he was four year old.
  480. In the New Year of 685, he was conferred jodai samu no kurai (the third rank of joi yoshina, four grades of joi, which corresponds to Shogoinojo, Senior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade in ranks for Shoo and shoshin, vassal of Taiho Ritsuryo, Taiho Code).
  481. In the New Year of 719, he was supposed to be appointed Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade, but he became Senior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade because of his achievement as an assistant of Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China.
  482. In the New Year's day of 1184, he and Takashige joined the army of MINAMOTO no Noriyori sent to hunt down MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka.
  483. In the New Year, seven decorated flags were set up in the garden at the front of the Daigokuden, where the Emperor received New Year greetings presented by the ministers.
  484. In the Next year, 1157, she became Jusangu (honorary rank next to the three Empresses: Great Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, and Empress).
  485. In the Nichiren Sect, even lay believers must use formal nenju (informal nenju is not be used).
  486. In the Nichiren Shoshu sect, Gonjitsu, Honjaku, and Shudatsu are called as the Sanju Hiden (three secrets), and is believed that Nichiren Daishonin (the Great Saint Nichiren) has accomplished his lifetime wish of revealing Ichinen sanzen, which was sunk under the words of Honmon, with Shudatsu sotai, especially.
  487. In the Nichiren sect and Hokke sect, Taho Nyorai is valued second to Shaka Nyorai, as a Buddha who proves the truthfulness of Hoke-kyo Sutra, and the way of enshrinement called, 'itto ryoson' to place Shaka Nyorai and Taho Nyorai on both sides of a hoto is often seen.
  488. In the Nichiren sect and the Hokke sect, the Shibosatsu consists of Jogyo, Muhengyo, Jogyo and Anryugyo which are described in the "Hokekyo" (Lotus Sutra).
  489. In the Nihon Kiryaku (historical books written in the Heian period), the Kamogawa River is written as 鴨川 or 賀茂川, but this does not indicate that people at that time distinguished between the two notations according to the part of the river.
  490. In the Nihon Shoki, there is a description that Kenzo suggested the destruction of the tumulus, but that the Prince Oke remonstrated and dissuaded him from doing that.
  491. In the Nihon-shoki for example, there is a paragraph dated February 74 that says Emperor Keiko loved the palace at Kukuri (a palace that used to exist in Mino province) so much that he filled the pond with golden carp.
  492. In the Nihon-shoki, it is written, 'The castle was built under the direction of exiled nobles of Kudara (Baekje, Paekche)' in the articles about Nagato-jo Castle, Ono-jo Castle (Chikuzen Province) and Kii-jo Castle.
  493. In the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), it is written that Sueki was made by toraijin (settlers) and in the meantime, it is also written that the Sueki craftsman visited Japan as a follower of the Prince of Silla Amenohiboko around the first century B.C. during the reign of Emperor Suinin.
  494. In the Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), noted in the section of written records on the Ingyou Emperor Period, there was this statement: in the spring of, February 14, 413, the Emperor Ingyo had married the Empress.
  495. In the Nihonshoki, Amaterasu gave the Munakata gods an order.
  496. In the Nihonshoki, both Emperor Tenchi and Empress Jito are written as the real emperors during the period when they ruled the nation without holding an enthronement ceremony.
  497. In the Nihonshoki, he is considered to be the same person as ABE no Maro or as ABE no Kurahashimaro.
  498. In the Nihonshoki, her name was written as 豊鍬入姫命 or 豊耜入姫命, while in the Kojiki, it was written as 豊?入日売命.
  499. In the Nihonshoki, his name is written as 狭穂彦王(Sahohiko no miko), while in the Kojiki, it is written as 沙本毘古王(Sahohiko no miko).
  500. In the Nihonshoki, his name is written as 誉津別命, while in the Kojiki, it is written as 本牟都和気命 or 本牟智和気命.
  501. In the Nijo school, a secret theory regarding explication of waka contained in "Kokin Wakashu" that has been considered to be the ideal of Chokusen wakashu has been secretly inherited from the master to the disciple as 'Kokin denju.'
  502. In the Ningyo Joruri piece (later made into a Kabuki play) called "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki" that premiered in 1749, young Sanemori meets Yoshinaka who is still a child.
  503. In the Nirvana Sutra, it is written that anyone who disobeys the teachings of Buddha is a devil's advocate.
  504. In the Nitten in 1984, the next year, his product, "Early in the afternoon," won a special commendation.
  505. In the No.2 building, the JNR C58 Class steam locomotive, model No. 56, which used to run in Fukuchiyama City, is stored and displayed.
  506. In the Nobeoka Area
  507. In the Nobeoka, Mitai, and Bungo Areas
  508. In the Noh performances, the performers do not dance on tiptoes except for performing with the step of the midare-ashi in the midare.
  509. In the Noh play, Katsuragi, Hitokotonushi is depicted as a goddess.
  510. In the Noh to celebrate the appointment to Shogun in November of the same year, and the inauguration of Nijo-jo Castle in May in 1570, the new Tayu Motohisa performed then.
  511. In the Nojiri Area
  512. In the Northern Court, since the Emperor was removed from the Southern Court, Imperial Prince Iyahito, the third Prince of the Kogon-in and Emperor Suko's younger brother, was enthroned as Emperor Gokogen.
  513. In the Northern Dynasty (Japan) during Joji era (1362-1368), the Oshikoji family became Sakekojiurikayaku and was bestowed the power to levy taxes.
  514. In the Northern Dynasty, Kobun learning of later Han was practiced, and "Zhouyi," "Shujing," "Mao shi," and 'Sanrai' honored annotations by Jo Gen, "Chunqiu Zuoshi Zhuan," the annotation by Fukken of later Han, and "Shunju Kuyo-den," the annotation by Ka Kyu of later Han.
  515. In the Northern Song Dynasty, tea, now a daily necessity, was added to the list of monopoly goods, and it became as important as salt for the income.
  516. In the Northern Sung Dynasty era before that, bills called koshi were issued, causing both copper coins and paper money to be used in the domestic economy of the dynasty.
  517. In the Northern Sung Dynasty, as Zen flourished, 'Soto' (genealogy of the teachings of Buddhism) came to gain acute interest among the public became and, as a result, Toshi, which was a compilation of Soto, was completed.
  518. In the Northern Sung Dynasty, only the title of busankan remained, but later disappeared in the Shenzong Dynasty, when it was renamed taifu and ro.
  519. In the Northern Sung dynasty, the title Koshu was abolished for a short time and the title Teiki (帝姫) was used instead (e.g., 嘉徳帝姫.)
  520. In the Northern Sung period literati painting became popular and bokugi (ink-play), a kind of early ink-wash painting, experienced a sudden rise in popularity.
  521. In the Northern Sung period, people took an academic approach to calligraphy, and studying, collecting and appraising of old works were more popular than creating calligraphy works.
  522. In the Northern Sung, when the Zen masters such as Funyo Zensho, Koe Genren (広慧元漣) and Sekimon Unso who were disciples of Shuzan Shonen, a disciple of Ensho, appeared one after another, it came to flourish.
  523. In the Northern Wei Dynasty, Kokenshi founded Shin-tenshido (New Tenshido).
  524. In the Northern and Southern Court period, Chikafusa KITABATAKE of the Yoshino Imperial Court positively evaluated Yasutoki in a book containing a record of the legitimate succession of the divine emperors entitled "Jinno-shotoki", and in the Edo period, even Hakuseki ARAI, who criticized the tyranny of the warriors, positively evaluated Yasutoki.
  525. In the Nyorai Juryo-bon, the 16th Chapter of Hokekyo, the following description is found:
  526. In the O-oku, she was conferred the rank of Joro Kamiza (highest rank woman servant in the Imperial Court)along with Kangyoin.
  527. In the Oatsu Senbikiho method, a sketch is placed on the wall surface and traced its outlines with a pointed stick or others to engrave the talwegs on the wall.
  528. In the Obi Area
  529. In the Obi Domain, land stewards were chosen from among samurai retainers living in areas around the castle as in the Satsuma Domain.
  530. In the Odare at the center, a name tag called a Tare name, namely a square piece of cloth with the name of the group a player belongs to it is inserted.
  531. In the Odate War, after the death of Kenshin, the Uesugi clan split into the two groups of Kagekatsu UESUGI and Kagetora UESUGI.
  532. In the Odori, Okubo, and Takarabe Areas
  533. In the Oei War in December 1399 he participated as a member of the army of bakufu with his eldest son Mitsuyasu KITABATAKE and had military exploits, but Mitsuyasu died in the battle.
  534. In the Oei era (1394-1427), there appeared a person in history as Mandokoro shitsujidai (deputy steward of the administration office), and Mitsuhide MATSUDA, Hideoki MATSUDA and Kazuhide MATSUDA were appointed as Kunin bugyo, the head of bugyonin (magistrates).
  535. In the Oei era, a specter with three legs appeared in Seri-jo Castle; a Shinto priest Kuramochi dayu played a string in front of the god, thereby clearing out the specter.
  536. In the Ogasawara island chain, since becoming Japanese territory during the early Meiji period, sugar manufacturing prospered from sugarcane cultivation.
  537. In the Oguchi area
  538. In the Ojo-in Temple, there lived Gio, who left Kiyomori after Hotoke-gozen had appeared, with her mother and sister, and they also believed Buddhism eagerly as well as Hotoke-gozen.
  539. In the Okayamaguchi district, troops led by Harufusa ONO tracked down and cut their way into the headquarters of Hidetada TOKUGAWA, but they were obliged to retreat because of the large bakufu troops that had gathered together.
  540. In the Okibumi (Will and Testament) of Myoe, Kikai was approved as the head student of Kozan-ji Temple as one of the Kuju disciples of Kozan-ji Temple, and lived in Kozan-ji Jumujinin Temple after Myoe's death.
  541. In the Okinawa dialect, this sitting style is called hizamanchu or, when translated into Okinawan Japanese, hizamazuki.
  542. In the Okinawan kobudo (Okinawan classical martial arts) which arose in Okinawa and was greatly affected by China and Southeast Asian countries, a fighter holds a weapon such as a sai (an iron truncheon) or a tonfa in each hand.
  543. In the Okudaira family, the senior vassals from 12 families, who worked hard for Iemasa's father Nobumasa in the Battle of Nagashino, were called "Shichizoku goro."
  544. In the Okugaki (postscript) he added onto two books in 1267, he describes how the handwriting had been finished in Mashiugo, Kitakata, Hiki County, Musashi Province on April 11, 1269, indicating that he lived there in his later years.
  545. In the Okusenbon area, there is Kinpu-jinja Shrine (Yoshino-cho) which is dedicated to the tutelary deity of Mt. Yoshino.
  546. In the Old Style (Taiin-taiyo-reki), the spring equinox is in February.
  547. In the Olympic Games, dressage, jumping and eventing are performed; in the world championships, para-equestrian dressage, endurance and driving are added to them.
  548. In the Omi Court, Sayu-daijin (the Minister of the Left and the Minister of the Right) and a crowd or large number of retainers or subjects of resourceful strategy have meetings where they make decisions.'
  549. In the Omi Province, the passage of the route that Ieyasu TOKUGAWA used after he won the Battle of Sekigahara was approved.
  550. In the Omotesenke style, these refer to procedures in which such utensils are displayed in tokonoma at shoza, and the guest requests to see it.
  551. In the Omukae Chochin and Hanagasa Junko parade, three boys known as uma osa chigo appear riding on horses, wearing stage makeup and suikan (everyday garment worn by commoners in ancient Japan).
  552. In the Onin War of 1467, the conflicts of Shugo Daimyo (provincial constable) of Kawachi Province the Hatakeyama clan acted as a trigger, in Yamato Province, some turbulence was caused.
  553. In the Onin War, Junei TSUTSUI of the Eastern Camp and Iehide OCHI and Choin FURUICHI of the Western Camp fought a hard battle, and after that their descendants continued fighting in Yamato Province until the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States).
  554. In the Onin War, Kanbunko (a library of the clan) of the Omiya family, which had been in Tsuchimikado Omiya, was burnt down.
  555. In the Onin War, Kannonji-jo Castle was attacked three times.
  556. In the Onin War, Kuninobu like his older brother Nobukata, joined the East squad led by Katsumoto HOSOKAWA and fought bravely with the West squad including Shigeyori TOKI.
  557. In the Onin War, Noriyuki YAMANA, a military governor of Bizen Province, and Yoshinao ISSHIKI, a military governor of Tango Province, barricaded themselves in this castle.
  558. In the Onin War, however, he took Sozen YAMANA's side, West Squad, in order to recover Wakasa Province and Mikawa Province, which previously were fiefs for shugo, and therefore, he dismissed all shugoshiki (post of provincial constable) for fiefs by Yoshimasa wno supported the East Squad.
  559. In the Onin War, the Naito clan, accompanied by other local ruling families of Tanba, fought at Yakuno with the generals of the Otagaki clan which had supported the Yamana clan from Tajima Province.
  560. In the Onin War, the clan supported Katsumoto HOSOKAWA, and for this merit, it came back in power regaining the position of powerful daimyo (feudal lord) ruling the three provinces, Harima, Bizen and Mimasaka, then drove away the force of the Yamana clan in 1488.
  561. In the Onin War, while Mino-Toki clan belonged to the West squad, Masayasu SEHO, the son of Mochiyori belonged to East squad.
  562. In the Onin war in 1467, he harbored Yoshimi ASHIKAGA, who came to Ise province after being saved from the war.
  563. In the Ono area
  564. In the Ontate Revolt, together with his son Kagehiro, he supported Kagetora UESUGI and fought Kagekatsu UESUGI; however, Kitajo-jo Castle and other sites fell, Kagehiro was killed, and he retreated to Katsuyori TAKEDA (it is also said that his real father, Takatei, was killed by Kagekatsu).
  565. In the Order of Merit, this rank was the equivalent of the Supreme Order or the First Order of Merit.
  566. In the Order of Prefectures
  567. In the Ordinance of Medals (Dajokan fukoku No. 63) issued in December 1881, the Medal with Red Ribbon, the Medal with Green Ribbon and the Medal with Blue Ribbon were established, and the conferment of medals was started.
  568. In the Orthodox Church, panikh?da (memorial service) which is observed the night before is considered an important tradition handed down from the first church and it is not much avoided to call it a Tsuya (the term 'panikh?da' is, in the first place, derived from 'prayer throughout the night').
  569. In the Orthodox Church, the terms 'eternal sleep,' 'go to one's final resting place,' and 'person in eternal sleep' are used instead of 'death,' 'died,' and 'the dead.'
  570. In the Orthodox church, there is a memorial service for the deceased called panikhida, which has its linguistic roots in a Greek word meaning praying throughout the night.
  571. In the Osaka Natsu no Jin (Summer Siege of Osaka) of 1615, Naoyoshi served with his father on the side of the Tokugawa forces and rendered distinguished service.
  572. In the Osaka no Eki (The Siege of Osaka) in the next year, he committed suicide with his sword at the surrender of the Osaka-jo Castle.
  573. In the Osaka no Eki (the Siege of Osaka) in 1614, he belonged to an army led by Masanobu HONDA.
  574. In the Osaka no Jin (the Siege of Osaka) from 1614, he participated as the Tokugawa side, and gave a distinguished war service.
  575. In the Osaka no Jin (the Siege of Osaka), he protected Amagasaki-jo Castle and achieved a distinguished war service, and after the war, he was given ten thousand koku crop fields from Ieyasu and became Daimyo.
  576. In the Ota bumi, details of domestic territories of kokuga (or kuden [field administered directly by a ruler]) including a part of shoen were recorded.
  577. In the Otani - Kamisakaemachi section there also exists a steep incline of 61 per mil over Mt. Osakayama, which is east of the station.
  578. In the Otani area of Suzu City, Ishikawa Prefecture, multitudes of decorated koi-nobori span the Otani-gawa River at the beginning of May.
  579. In the Otani school of the Jodo Shishu sect, it means a hoon hosha (repay a kindness and thank for a virtue) and a buttokusantan (praise the virtues of Buddha) to butsuon (the graces of Buddha) and shion (favors one receive from one's teacher).
  580. In the Otate Disturbance, Kagekatsu occupied the donjon and treasure-house of Kasugayama Castle immediately after Kenshin's death on the false premise that it was bequeathed to him by Kenshin, and then he fought against Kagetora, who holed up in Otate (the residence of Norimasa UESUGI) located outside the walls of Kasugayama Castle.
  581. In the Otate War broken out after the death of Kenshin in 1578, he supported Kagetora UESUGI and advanced to Echigo Province and fought against the army of Kagekatsu UESUGI in various places.
  582. In the Otate War, which occurred after the death of Shingen in 1578, he supported Kagekatsu UESUGI and fought against the army of Kagetora UESUGI.
  583. In the Otate War, which took place after the death of Kenshin UESUGI, he was first dispatched to the border of the Shinetsu region for the purpose of supporting Kagetora UESUGI; later, he worked as a liaison for the Koetsu Alliance with Kagekatsu UESUGI, who won the war.
  584. In the Ote and Hondayashiki Areas
  585. In the Otome chapter, he is described as having a distinct and magnificent character and also of being thoughtful, passionate about learning and well-versed in government affairs.
  586. In the Outer Palace Precincts, the assigned areas included the following: the outside of the Senyo, the Jomei, the Inmei, and the Genki Gates; and the inside of the Kenshun, the Kenrei, the Gishu, and the Sakuhei Gates.
  587. In the Owari-Tokugawa family
  588. In the Oyama test line, train station facilities were constructed and have been used as Oyama Station later.
  589. In the Panoramic Screen Painting of Kyoto and Environs, the original keep was drawn as a 5 story keep in the northwest part of the castle (near present-day Seiryu-en Garden).
  590. In the Paris Olympic Games of 1900, equestrian high jumps and long jumps were performed, but they were no longer performed since then because of a high risk of tumbles and falls.
  591. In the People's Republic of China at that time, the 'ryo' unit was used to show the face value of silver-by-weight standard coins.
  592. In the People's Republic of China, 'bussharito' is called 'fukubachishiki (inverted bowl style) pagoda.'
  593. In the People's Republic of China, Ju-kyo was suppressed under the notion that 'Ju-kyo is the counter reaction to revolution,' and it was thoroughly suppressed particularly during the Cultural Revolution (Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution).
  594. In the People's Republic of China, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, is known as a production center of age-fu that are often used in simmered dishes of Shanghai cuisine.
  595. In the People's Republic of China, cooked rice and cooked side dishes are served in separate bowls and/or on plates, but it's the convention of the table that, before you eat the side dishes, you put it over the cooked rice in your rice bowl.
  596. In the People's Republic of China, it is called "万?朝??争" or "朝?壬辰?国?争."
  597. In the People's Republic of China, it means a kind of food made by mixing flour (of wheat, millet, mung beans, etc) with water, then spreading and baking the batter on a hot iron plate, which resembles Japanese 'issen-yoshoku' (an old type Japanese snack resembling a crepe, which is often seasoned by Worcester sauce and topped with finely chopped spring onion).
  598. In the People's Republic of China, passengers can buy a box lunch of rice topped with side dishes like meat dish, which are cooked in the kitchen of dining cars and served hot through the service of sales in the train.
  599. In the People's Republic of China, sweet Yankan (pronounced as y?ngg?ng in Chinese, written with the same Chinese characters as yokan), which contain adzuki beans and chestnuts just like Japanese yokan, are made and sold in Tianjin and Beijing.
  600. In the People's Republic of China, the 'Kohitsu' (湖筆) in Zenrenchin, Wuxing Prefecture, Zhejiang Province is the most famous fude.
  601. In the People's Republic of China, the pericarp is used as a spice called Hoajao.
  602. In the Philippines, it is called "bagoong" and used for seasoning food.
  603. In the Phoenix Hall in Byodoin Temple which FUJIWARA no Yorimichi had built in 1053, there are not only door apertures in the four directions, but also koshi-yarido (wooden sliding lattice door) inside of them.
  604. In the PiTaPa area, except for a few machines, when the balance of the card isn't sufficient you can't adjust the fare in cash or with KANSAI THRU PASS.
  605. In the Political Change of 1881, he belonged to the faction led by Tomomi IWAKURA and Hirobumi ITO.
  606. In the Prefectural Government Office, Ninomaru and Terukuni-jinja Shrine Areas
  607. In the Province of Echizen, descendants of Yoshitsugu ASHIKAGA maintained the blood line under the name of Kuratani Gosho (Kuratani Palace).
  608. In the Province of Kibi lives a man called Shodayu IZAWA.
  609. In the Province of Yamashiro, where the main fighting took place, there was an uprising of the local people (Yamashiro no kuniikki), who demanded that both sides withdraw.
  610. In the Qing Dynasty, the title of Koshu were distinguished into two: daughters of empresses were called as 固倫公主; and daughters of other imperial consorts as和碩公主.
  611. In the Qing dynasty and Korea, there was distrust towards "Bankoku Koho," therefore people did not accept the 'principle' and transition to the treaty system progressed slowly.
  612. In the Qing dynasty, a passport called 'Roin' (for Kijin (the Manchu, the Han and the Mongols belonging to administrative divisions called 'Hakki')) or 'Kuhyo' (for common people) was used.
  613. In the Qing dynasty, dispatch of ministries was not accepted at first, however by the time of the conclusion of Japan - Qing Treaty of Friendship, the dispatch of ministries was not seen as a problem.
  614. In the Qing period, hereditary lands were established to support the Manchurians.
  615. In the Raigo (literally, "welcoming") style of Amida Sanzon, in which the Buddha is believed to descend to Earth to welcome a believer facing death, the Kannon Bosatsu holds a lotus-shaped pedestal, whereas Seishi Bosatsu is expressed as having his palms held together in prayer.
  616. In the Rebellion of Emi no Oshikatsu, he participated actively on sides with Emperor Koken and Dokyo.
  617. In the Rebellion of Tenguto party he reportedly went scouting alone.
  618. In the Rebellion of Waga/Hienuki which occurred in 1435, it took command of the clans in the northern part of Oshu region in place of the Osaki clan.
  619. In the Red Data Book of Japan, the kissing loach is of particular note, being classified as Critically Endangered, while listed as only Endangered in the Red Data Book of Kyoto Prefecture.
  620. In the Reign of Emperor Tenmu, two festivals worshipping Tatsuta wind god and Hirose no ohoimi no kami (広瀬大忌神) were very important and recorded in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) every year, and the first appearance of these festivals were in the year 675.
  621. In the Reizei family's Utakai Hajime, dozens of people wear costumes of the Heian period such as kariginu (informal clothes worn by Court nobles) and uchigi (ordinary kimono).
  622. In the Renko-ji Temple where his grave exists, his portrait is kept (not open to the public, as a general rule) and his sturdy features, that were very close to father's, can be seen.
  623. In the Republic of Korea now, this Agreement is often used as an example of how the United States cannot be trusted with regards to Korean security and sovereignty issues.
  624. In the Republic of Korea, Korea Train Express (KTX) started operation at 300 km/h in 2004, employing the TGV system of France, and in Taiwan, Taiwan High Speed Rail started operation at 300 km/h in 2007, employing the Shinkansen system in Japan (partially introducing technologies from France or Germany).
  625. In the Republic of Korea, as a result of Japan's rule in the first half of the twentieth century, Japanese style Udon noodles remain a popular food even now, which is called "udong."
  626. In the Republic of Korea, one of the popular music genres (after the Showa period when the genre turned to the one called "minjung gayo") called trot has been greatly influenced by Japanese enka.
  627. In the Republic of Korea, the strength of kosa is classified into three stages of strength 0, strength 1, and strength 2.
  628. In the Republic of Rome, citizens other than patrici (patricians) were called plebs (plebeians).
  629. In the Revelation it is written that there will be some signs before Large-scale Washing of the Three Thousand World and Big Mountain Pass.
  630. In the Rinzai sect, "shika" is the name of a position as well as the rank of priest.
  631. In the Rinzai sect, it is the name of a position and also the name of a priestly rank.
  632. In the Rinzai sect, meditators sit in lotus position against a wall of Zendo hall.
  633. In the Rinzai/Obaku sects, the shika is also often appointed as the fusu, who assists the chief priest and supervises the monks.
  634. In the Riso-fumyo system, undertakers including rich people and influential farmers in local areas, who had come to be called Fumyo (a local tax manager), were appointed to the officials for collecting taxes.
  635. In the Ritsuryo codes there is a distinction made between imperial princes (shinno) and princes (o); although the distinction between genders is not mentioned, women are referred to as imperial princesses (naishinno) or princesses (jyoo).
  636. In the Ritsuryo codes, Shozei was regarded as the main financial resources for local administrative organizations (Kokufu and Gunke) among various land taxes.
  637. In the Ritsuryo codes, it referred to sons of the Imperial family who were not given the title of Imperial Prince.
  638. In the Ritsuryo codes, it was regarded as a common principle that Suiko should be managed in line with the private and free contract relationship, without being managed by the government office.
  639. In the Ritsuryo law, it meant pursuing a suit by seeking a judgment from an authority superior to the court.
  640. In the Ritsuryo law, the items on 'Shikisei-ritsu' (Office Penal Laws) defined "kumon as official documents," and the law called Kushiki-ryo (law on state documentary forms in the Yoro Code) was enacted to determine the form and the procedure of the official documents.
  641. In the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), a Kokushi (provincial governor) usually had nengu (land tax) delivered to the Japanese capital by requisitioning horses of local leaders, such as a Gunji (local magistrate) or wealthy families in exchange for dachin.
  642. In the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), it was under the control of Genba-ryo (diplomacy and Buddhism Office).
  643. In the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), the term kaieki referred to removing someone from their current post and appointing someone new to that position.
  644. In the Ritsuryo system, Kubunden (rice fields given to each farmer in the Ritsuryo system), Iden (fields given according to the court rank), Shikibunden (rice fields given according to the position of government officials), Kuden (rice fields given to those who did meritorious deeds for the state) and Shiden (rice fields especially given by the emperor) were rice land subject to Handen Shuju.
  645. In the Ritsuryo system, it was a position corresponding to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade), but was upgraded to Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade) on June 9, 799.
  646. In the Ritsuryo system, it was a post corresponding to Shorokuinoge (Senior Sixth Rank, Lower Grade), but was upgraded to Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) on June 9, 799.
  647. In the Ritsuryo system, it was conventional to divide the Capital into the east part and west part, and to call the east part 'Sakyo,' and call the west part 'Ukyo.'
  648. In the River Act, Lake Biwa is a class A river belonging to the first-class rivers of 'the Yodo-gawa River system,' and is officially described as 'Lake Biwa, a class A river (一級河川琵琶湖).'
  649. In the Russian Empire, the word 'царевич, tsarevich' that means 'son of czar' was used instead of the aristocratic title in the above countries.
  650. In the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, the Crown Prince (later the Emperor Taisho) granted a noted sword, Ichimonji-yoshifusa to the navarch of combined fleet Heihachiro TOGO to encourage him.
  651. In the Russo-Japanese War, Japanese Army planned to construct Keigi Railroad for transport of goods, but the plan was suspended due to the shortage of labors, so Isshinkai mobilized over 140 thousands members as free support for the construction of the railroad.
  652. In the Russo-Japanese War, tondenhei were assigned to the Seventh Division as kobihei soldiers and went through fierce battles in Lushun and Hoten.
  653. In the Russo-Japanese War: about 109,600
  654. In the Ryukyu Kingdom and so on, buta banjo existed, which had the same method of a lavatory as found in China, where shima buta (pigs in the Ryukyu Kingdom) were kept under the lavatory and fed directly by human excrement.
  655. In the Ryukyu Kingdom, bansho served as a regional office ruling its magiri (province) in recent times.
  656. In the Ryukyu kingdom there were regions where the descendents of naturalized Chinese settled together, becoming known as the 'Thirty Six Families of Kume'.
  657. In the Sadowara Area
  658. In the Saga Rebellion, Takeo submitted to the rebel army's threat and unwillingly sent 64 soldiers to the rebellion; which posed a problem later.
  659. In the Sagi mai, two adult male dancers wrapped with white silk feathers, dressed like male and female hernshaws, elegantly dance with the festive music.
  660. In the Saizo-in Temple at Sawara City (the present Katori City), Chiba Prefecture, there is a grave mound where he was buried alive to drive out evil spirits in the village.
  661. In the Sakaisho region it was called 'Hokusho Kyodo' (according to the "Shaken nichiroku"), but the location is unknown.
  662. In the Sanjo-ohashi Bridge Noticeboard Incident of October 20, 1866, Ichimatsu fought in the seventh squad led by Sanosuke HARADA.
  663. In the Sashiki area
  664. In the Sashiki, Minamata and Oguchi areas
  665. In the Satsuma Domain of the Shimazu clan, tax was collected based on the land survey list that even included the land not suitable for rice fields and vegetable fields.
  666. In the Satsuma Domain, land was divided into two categories - i.e. private land owned by the retainers of the domain and land directly managed by the lord of the domain - and land stewards were allocated to the latter category of land.
  667. In the Satsuma Domain, where the Haibutsu-kishaku movement was thoroughly conducted, as many as 1616 temples were destroyed and as many as 2966 Buddhist priests returned to secular life, quitting the priesthood.
  668. In the Satsuma army, courageous soldiers including Commander of the 1st battalion Kunimoto SHINOHARA, who served as the second-in-command, were killed one after another.
  669. In the Saturday Playhouse drama 'Kyoto Murder Guide' broadcast by TV Asahi, the program sets the facility as the neighborhood station for detective Otokawa's home, as well as a location where action takes place.
  670. In the Science City, cultural and academic research zones are designated as areas where facilities centered on basic research are to be constructed, and development is underway (areas other than the cultural and academic research zones are called peripheral areas).
  671. In the Second Shanghai Jihen (Shanghai incident), in which short-distance battles occurred in various places, the main arms of the Japanese soldiers were grenades and tenth-year (Taisho 10, or 1921) type grenade launchers.
  672. In the Second Sino-Japanese War (also known as the Sino-Japanese Incident): about 190,000
  673. In the Second World War (also known as the Pacific War): about 620,000
  674. In the Seijin-shiki ceremony, a lecture or party is held, or a gift is given.
  675. In the Seinan War (Satsuma Rebellion) in 1877, Samata acted as Chief of the Sixth Infantry Regiment.
  676. In the Seinan War in 1877 he participated in the war under the Betsudo (Independent) First Shidan.
  677. In the Seinan War in 1877, Yuzo HAYASHI, Taku OE and others of Risshisha of Tosa Province (a political group) conspired to overthrow the government; however, Mutsu was keeping up with the Tosa-ha (a political group).
  678. In the Seinan War in 1877, he conducted the espionage activities in the Shikoku region.
  679. In the Seinan War in 1887, he fought as the Independent First Corps General Staff; however he was injured at the war.
  680. In the Seinan War in which Saigo rose against the central government, he took a neutral position and took refuge at Sakurajima for some time to evade the war.
  681. In the Seinan War of 1877, he commanded the government army in Kyoto.
  682. In the Seinan War of 1877, he went to the front as medical staff of Metropolitan Police Department and produced some achievement.
  683. In the Seinan War, Iwao fought against Takamori SAIGO, his relative, as a commander of the government army, and never returned to Kagoshima because this was his concern throughout his life.
  684. In the Seinan War, begun in 1877, he served as the Assistant Captain assigned to the 13th Regiment Foot soldier and won fame on it.
  685. In the Seiwa Genji genealogy, MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu, the eldest son of the second shogun MINAMOTO no Mitsunaka, was considered as the heir to Mitsunaka (in terms of his succession to Mitsunaka's territories and the home ground).
  686. In the Sekien's picture, a huge woman's face with a look of yasha (Buddhist guardian deities sometimes depicted as demonic warriors) or a chagrined look is depicted in front part of a translucent oxcart where a bamboo blind is supposed to be hung.
  687. In the Sekkan families, Moshitsugi was appointed to Tenjobito (a high-ranking courtier allowed into the Imperial Palace) who served as Keishi or Kaboku (a man servant), and at Gozan, it was appointed to Inryouken house-hold.
  688. In the Sekkan-ke (the families which produced the Regent and the Chief Adviser to the Emperor), Nyobo and Keishi (household superintendent) took the role of Moushitsugi, and this custom was inherited by the Shogun families in the military governments.
  689. In the Sendai Domain, ISHII joined Takeaki ENOMOTO's fleet and decided to sail to Ezo.
  690. In the Sendai Kujihongi (Ancient Japanese History), Omoikane is said to have settled in the Shinano Province and become the founder of 信之阿智祝.
  691. In the Sendai area
  692. In the Sengoku (Warring States) period, large numbers of children were orphaned, abandoned and deserted.
  693. In the Sengoku Disturbance in 1834, he was involved in an improper arrangement to back up Sakyo SENGOKU and was forced to step down as roju.
  694. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States in Japan), the construction of Kiko-ji Temple was almost completely burned down during the fighting, but it was later rebuilt.
  695. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan) a diverse network called 'shijo-mo' was created between the main castle and shijo.
  696. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan), a vassal was referred to as jodai when he was assigned to take care of a castle directly controlled/managed by a daimyo (Japanese territorial lord) and administrative affairs and protect the castle from attacks.
  697. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan), dominant Shugo daimyo (Japanese territorial lord as provincial constable) and Shugodai (the acting Military Governor) who were preserving Inuoumono manners perished one after another, and those who could maintain the manner even to the Edo period were only the Shimazu clan and the Ogasawara clan.
  698. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan), in regions where the reign of the shugo daimyo withered, kokujin existed as independent feudal lords owning castles.
  699. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan), the Mori clan built the Tomo-yogai Fortress (present-day Tomo-jo Castle) in the center of Tomo, which made Tomo serve as a foothold of Bingo Province.
  700. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) there were some examples of banning osso by the Bunkokuho (the law individual Sengoku daimyo [Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period] enforced in their own domain) and giving orders to comply with the original judgment (the Rokkaku clan, the Chosokabe clan and so on).
  701. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), Mototsune HOSOKAWA of the HOSOKAWA clan held it, and later, Tomomichi IWANARI, a chief retainer of the MIYOSHI clan, became its owner.
  702. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), Nobunaga ODA implemented a unification project by military power, under the slogan of 'Tenka-fubu' (a slogan that means that the samurai governs the whole world).
  703. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), persons from the Koga family of Murakami-Genji were appointed to Genji choja.
  704. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), some local daimyo (Japanese territorial lords) in the Sengoku Period and their vassals announced themselves using these family names to be granted court ranks authorized by the Imperial Court.
  705. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), the family moved away to the above-mentioned Hosokawa estate in Harima Province to prevent it being taken over by feudal lords.
  706. In the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States), vassals (lower-ranked samurai) of a warring lord came to approach matters in unity in order to perform service at ordinary times and do military service for their master's house.
  707. In the Sengoku Period (Warring States Period), the strife ended when Yoshikiyo SATAKE destroyed the Yamairi clan, which incident stopped the Edo clan's northward expansion.
  708. In the Sengoku Period, Nobunaga ODA encouraged sumo.
  709. In the Sengoku Period, the Akamatsu clan became deteriorated through the internal conflicts; Masanori's son, Yoshimura AKAMATSU was killed by his own retainer Muramune URAGAMI, and in addition, Muramune utilized Yoshimura's son Harumasa AKAMATSU to set up a puppet administration.
  710. In the Sengoku Period, the Muromachi bakufu and shugo lost their authorities to rule the nation and daimyo (Japanese territorial lords) in the Sengoku period, who newly came to the forefront, ruled many countries.
  711. In the Sengoku Period, the Shozui-jo Castle was the base for governing Awa.
  712. In the Sengoku period (Japan), the power of the bakufu declined and the number of cases called Chokuso was increasing, which means daimyo directly negotiates with the Imperial Court and receives the official rank.
  713. In the Sengoku period (Japan), this term sometimes indicated the retainers who were under direct control of a lord, to separate them from the makusita-so samurai belonging to an independent military service such as kokujin (who were not retainers of the lord but were subordinated to the lord militarily).
  714. In the Sengoku period (Period of Warring States), its position as high-class tea representing Japan was consolidated by the ooishita chaen (covered tea garden), and in the Edo period, the tea pot journey to present Uji cha to the Edo Shogunate was seen marching on the streets from Uji to Edo.
  715. In the Sengoku period (Period of Warring States), the clan became a vassal of the Nanjo clan.
  716. In the Sengoku period (in Japan), the master-servant relationship and social status relationships became clearer compared with the previous periods, and even if a samurai became 牢人 because the family of his master lost its position, there were many other opportunities for him to find a new master.
  717. In the Sengoku period (period of Warring States), at this bridge Harumoto HOSOKAWA executed Shingoro WADA, a retainer of Nagayoshi MIYOSHI, by sawing, and in the Azuchi-Momoyama period Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI displayed the gibbeted heads of Toshihisa SHIMAZU and SEN no Rikyu.
  718. In the Sengoku period (period of Warring States), shugo daimyo (Japanese territorial lords as provincial constables) were replaced with sengoku daimyo (Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period) and the shoen system (manorialism) collapsed because sengoku daimyo further advanced ichien chigyo of lands.
  719. In the Sengoku period (period of Warring States), the Koga family again produced Genji Choja, but Michikata KOGA was the last person who became Genji Choja as Koga family, because it was then taken by the Tokugawa family.
  720. In the Sengoku period (period of Warring States), the head family of Ogasawara clan was taken its territory and ruined by the Takeda clan, but in the Azuchi-Momoyama period it was restored and in the Edo period it became a fudai daimyo (a daimyo in hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family).
  721. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states in Japan), uchigi (ordinary kimono) which had ever been a formal attire for ladies of a high-grade warrior went out of fashion, and then ladies of a warrior got to put on the uchikake (long outer robe) over to show up dignity and protect against coldness.
  722. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states)
  723. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) (Japan), Yuhitsu started to accompany army in order to issue necessary documents during wartime period.
  724. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) (Japan), he acted from Shoyama-jo Castle (Kameiyama-jo Castle).
  725. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) (in Japan), he was born as a son of Hirotada MATSUDAIRA, the lord of Okazaki-jo Castle in Mikawa Province (Okazaki City).
  726. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) (in Japan), these terms were often used for indicating "yori-ko" (寄子, where 子 indicates a child) (寄子 = local territory owners for influential military commanders (yori-oya: 寄親 where 親 indicates a parent)), not indicating lower-class samurai but local territoy owners.
  727. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) daimyo (Japanese territorial lord) in the Sengoku period who took over Shugo daimyo (Japanese territorial lord as provincial constable) further advanced Ichien chigyo, and the manorism collapsed.
  728. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) it decayed in the war flames but was revived by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, the lord of the Nagahama-jo Castle (Omi Province).
  729. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) it was venerated by the Rokkaku clan, but all of the shrine buildings were lost in the incident of Genki and Tensho.
  730. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states) this position was assigned to Takahisa SHIMAZU, Motonari MORI and Nobutora TAKEDA so on.
  731. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), Omizo was governed by vassals of Nobunaga ODA such as Kazumasa ISONO and Nobusumi TSUDA (Nobunaga's nephew).
  732. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), a samurai who did not have their governing land but accepted horoku (salary) was considered as a lower-ranking samurai.
  733. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), it was embraced by the GAMO clan, and in the Edo period embraced by Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) with jiryo (temple estate) and so forth being donated.
  734. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), seiro yagura, which was a simple timber frame temporary structure, had been built.
  735. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), since the factor of rites and festivals became stronger, decorations as exorcism or luck were provided to Hagoita rather than Hanetsuki, and Hagoita came to be tinged with an accessory as a lucky charm.
  736. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), some began to call themselves the descendants of Seiwa-Genji to exaggerate their kakaku (family status).
  737. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), the Hosokawa family became the feudal lord of Tango Province, and Karo (chief retainer) Yasuyuki was assigned to keep the Matsukura-jo Castle in Tango Province.
  738. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), the Iwamatsu clan who succeeded to the head family of the Nitta clan was defeated by a gekokujo (an inverted social order when the lowly reigned over the elite) by a senior vassal, Yokose clan.
  739. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), there was Suigunshu (warriors battle in the sea) called Katata Navy in Katata, and Katata was regarded to be an important foothold by Nobunaga ODA who aimed at the unification of Japan with setting Azuchi-jo Castle as headquarter.
  740. In the Sengoku period (period of warring states), there were some Shinengo widely used in Togoku (the eastern part of Japan, particularly Kanto region)
  741. In the Sengoku period (the Warring States period [in Japan]), there was not a custom to commit the oibara (hara-kiri to follow the deceased master) when a master died of natural causes such as die of disease.
  742. In the Sengoku period (the Warring States period), the governance of entire region by the warring lords became stronger, and gradually the soson's autonomy was usurped.
  743. In the Sengoku period (the period of warring states), the guardians of Tanba, the Hosokawa family, and the Oda family, who controlled who governed the region, set up a kinsei kosatsu (bulletin board of prohibitions) on the grounds of the shrine in order to prevent disturbances; among other things, it prohibited disorderly behavior and loitering.
  744. In the Sengoku period (warring states period), Sonyu, the head of the temple and a master of kyudo (Japanese archery) founded a kyudo school.
  745. In the Sengoku period and Azuchi-Momoyama period
  746. In the Sengoku period they rapidly died out, and some of existing itahi were disposed or turned into lids of irrigation ditches, etc.
  747. In the Sengoku period when the word 'being faithful' meant almost piece of paper, it was exceptional that this alliance was kept for 20 years (even if taking into consideration that later 10 years was an alliance not of equals but of fully subordinate-superior relationship).
  748. In the Sengoku period, Hirotsugu lived in Imamiya, Kuwata County and served the 12th Shogun Yoshiharu ASHIKAGA and the 13th Shogun Yoshiteru ASHIKAGA.
  749. In the Sengoku period, Iga Province formed a self-governing community with a strong council system called "iga sokoku ikki" while being affiliated to Niki clan, the Iga Shugo.
  750. In the Sengoku period, Magoroku Kanemoto and Izuminokami Kanesada as two major swordsmiths of Sue Koto (Late Old Sword), and Muramasa in Ise appeared.
  751. In the Sengoku period, Nagamasa KIZAWA built Shigisan Castle on the top of Mt. Shigi.
  752. In the Sengoku period, Yorihisa OGUNI, who served Kenshin UESUGI, distinguished himself in a follow-up strike in the first battle of Kawanakajima, as reserve corps in the Ecchu attack and in punitive expeditions to Sado and Kanto.
  753. In the Sengoku period, humans were trafficked due to habit of ranbodori (pillage by soldiers after battles) but the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) prohibited human trafficking.
  754. In the Sengoku period, it was at the height of its prosperity, holding power in the areas from Kihoku to Kawachi Province and south of Izumi Province and having a temple castle.
  755. In the Sengoku period, most of the military power of temples were occupied by Gyonin and temples' behaviors came to be determined by their will.
  756. In the Sengoku period, provinces as administrative organs since Ritsuryo period disappeared.
  757. In the Sengoku period, similar bans were issued in 1514 and 1516.
  758. In the Sengoku period, the Shin clan belonged to powerful clans of Chugoku region, such as the Amako clan which had advanced to Hoki.
  759. In the Sengoku period, the master-servant relationship, in which the daimyo ruled as monarch, was developed with land as its base; leading to the Jigatachigyo system in the Edo period (provision of lands from a feudal government to retainers as salary).
  760. In the Sengoku period, the situation changed temporarily as the Yamato race began trading with foreign countries as Japanese, being exposed to something different from their traditional values.
  761. In the Senka era, the Soga clan became Oomi (great minister) and increased in power, in addition, the Soga clan retained the ministers position by for itself, and held the center of political power during the Emperor Sushun era (year of '587'to'592').
  762. In the Sennichi kaihogyo (1000-day circumambulation practice) of Mt. Hiei Enryaku-ji Temple, there is a severe practice called "Sekizan Kugyo (self-torment practice at Sekizan)," in which, for 100 of the 1000 days, the practitioner goes up and down the hills from Mt. Hiei to Kirarazaka Slope.
  763. In the Senshu area, the danjiri decorations and the way it is pulled are considered to be important.
  764. In the Senshu region, drums, sho (bells or gongs) and Japanese flutes are used.
  765. In the Seto Inland Sea, FUJIWARA no Sumitomo, who was responsible for combatting pirates, together with others who had been commissioned for the same purpose, set up an independent armed force against the Zuryo (provincial governors) of Kyoto.
  766. In the Seto-yaki (Seto ware), Suribachi with six ridged patterns in a single unit began to be produced in a kiln from the early to the middle of the fifteenth century (the kiln in the latter style of old Seto style).
  767. In the Settsu Region, oyadaiko (parent drum), osho (male gong), mesho (female gong) and kodaiko (child drum) are used.
  768. In the Shakamuni-butsu chapter of Lien-teng-hui-yao (Zen sect history), it says 'Seson was at Ryozenejo.
  769. In the Shari-den (a special hall for keeping the Buddha's bones relics) of the Engaku-ji Temple, which is a representative architecture of Zen sect, while the central door adopts conventional sangarado, both side doors have large Katomado with sangarado set inside.
  770. In the Shichijo family, a descendent Yoshimura AKAMATSU, who became Masanori AKAMATSU's successor, achieved to recover the status of the head family.
  771. In the Shigakko and Kadoyakura Areas
  772. In the Shikine, Fukuyama and Shimizu areas
  773. In the Shikoku region, there are 2 mounds in Tokushima Prefecture and 1 each in Ehime and Kagawa Prefectures.
  774. In the Shima Province in particular, deals with paddy fields in the Ise and Owari Provinces as the kubunden of the Shima Province were approved, because available paddy fields there were extremely small.
  775. In the Shimabara War in 1638, Iori went to the front following Tadazane OGASAWARA (by that time, he had become the lord of Kokura-jo Castle), and Musashi went to the front too, as the tutor of the lord of Nakatsu-jo Castle, Nagatsugu OGASAWARA (a nephew of Tadazane).
  776. In the Shin sect Otani school, a special quadrilateral 'rindai' is officially used.
  777. In the Shinbutsu shugo shiso theory (the amalgamation of Buddhism with Shinto, the Japanese indigenous religion), Buddhist Dakiniten (Dakini - fairy-goddess) is honjibutsu (a Buddha, the true nature of a Shinto deity) of Ukanomitama no Mikoto (the headquarters of all the temples that worship Dakiniten is Toyokawa-inari).
  778. In the Shinden style, tusmado were in the four corners.
  779. In the Shinden-zukuri style for a multipurpose space, even the places in a lavatory and bath were not fixed.
  780. In the Shinetsu region, two wooden dolls about 30cm long called Kamagami is the "shintai" (object of worship), while a doll-like paper gohei is worshiped in Kagoshima Prefecture.
  781. In the Shingaku (a style of Japanese court dance and music, or the new Togaku music), it is performed by a team of four dancers.
  782. In the Shingon Sect, all orthodoxies of Esoteric Buddhism were handed down to Kukai when he received denpo-kanjo (the consecration for the Transmission of the Dharma) from Keika.
  783. In the Shingon sect it is read and recited, and is a subject of 観誦.
  784. In the Shingon sect, Kukai, its founder, was worshiped as 'Daishi,' and his Nyujo was not death but he still continues his Zenjo practice.
  785. In the Shingon sect, designs of juzu belong to the category of phenomenon (courtesy and/or manners of Shingon Esoteric Buddhism).
  786. In the Shingon sect, which was founded by Kukai, it is the most important Buddha with which a disciplinant should ultimately integrate.
  787. In the Shingon sects Sho Kannon, Juichimen Kannon (i.e. Kannon with 11 faces (十一面観音), Senju Kannon, Bato Kannon, Nyoirin Kannon and Jundei Kannon are called Roku Kannon (six Kannon), and in the Tendai sects Fukukensaku Kannon is added to Roku Kannon instead of Jundei Kannon.
  788. In the Shinkage-ryu school of swordsmanship, it is believed that Nobutsuna KAMIIZUMI devised the fukuro shinai, which is also known as "hikihada-shinai bamboo sword."
  789. In the Shinpenmusashifudokiko (Chorography of Musashi Province), Ieshige's year of death is noted incorrectly, and in such texts that use this information at face value, Jakko's year of death is noted in as certainty.
  790. In the Shinsengumi's heyday, he served as a teacher in swordsmanship.
  791. In the Shinsengumi, he served as gocho (a corporal) and hojutsu shihan (instructor for gunnery).
  792. In the Shinshoin and Natsukageshita Areas
  793. In the Shinto funeral, the ikan or kariginu of nibiiro (dark gray) with no crest is used without regard to status levels.
  794. In the Shinto prayer of purification carried out on the last day of June, however, the Nenokuni is the country beyond the ocean or the bottom of the sea rather than below ground.
  795. In the Shinto religion, as it is considered that when the sanjyusankaiki is reached the aramitama (stormy spirit) changes to nigimitama (mild spirit) and to mioyanomitama (ancestor's spirit), the sanjyusankaiki is treated as a turning point.
  796. In the Shinto religion, some sects recite it.
  797. In the Shinto view of souls, even after a person dies, the soul lives on eternally, and souls that have been enshrined and appeased will become sorei (ancestral spirits, usually ones which have lost their individuality) to watch over descendants.
  798. In the Shiroyama Area
  799. In the Shishigatani plot in 1177, he was requested to become the Daisho (Major Captain) of anti-Heishi (anti-Taira clan) by rebels including FUJIWARA no Narichika, In no Kinshin (the retired Emperor's courtier).
  800. In the Shobudani and Takarabe areas
  801. In the Shochu Disturbance and the Genko War, DATE no Yuga (Yuga Hoshi Buddhist priest), a member of a DATE branch family (the 雲但 Date clan line), was punished for his complicity.
  802. In the Shochu Disturbance in 1324, in which Godaigo's plot was detected by Rokuhara Tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto) that were set up by the Hojo clan to monitor the Imperial court, Suketomo was captured along with Toshimoto HINO, sent to Kamakura, and sentenced to exile in Sado ga shima Island.
  803. In the Shoin-zukuri style, the tokonoma represented the social status of the person seated at Kamiza (seat of honour), but afterwards, in the Japanese-style house, it has represented the consideration and attention of the resident, who decorates the tokonoma with seasonable kakejiku or flowers.
  804. In the Shonai area
  805. In the Shonan region, it is common to shoulder the mikoshi in the Dokkoi-katsugi style while crying out 'Dokkoi-dokkoi, dokkoi-sorya.'
  806. In the Shoo era he gave his territory to his son Shigetane.
  807. In the Shosoin Treasure House of the Todai-ji Temple, a board Sugoroku, with which Emperor Shomu may have played, is kept.
  808. In the Shotoku era (in Japan), the treatment of Chosen Tsushinshi was simplified and the term for the title of shogun was changed.
  809. In the Showa Period, the practice of 'kawa-zawae (river dredging)' to remove sludge disappeared with the decline of Hachiman-bori's importance as a canal and resulted in sludge sedimentation on the canal bed and foul odor in the area.
  810. In the Showa era, Ippen Shonin (Priest Ippen) was given the title 'Shojo Daishi' in 1940.
  811. In the Showa era, he was appointed the Assistant Governor of Harima Province and Bicchu Province, granted the kabane of 'Kudara ason,' promoted to Jugoinoge and appointed Aki no kuni no suke (Assistant Governor of Aki Province).
  812. In the Showa era, increasingly, there were some kazoku who were interested in reforming the social system and engaged in political activities.
  813. In the Showa period after the War, Tenshu of Toyama-jo Castle (Toyama City, Toyama Prefecture).
  814. In the Showa period when nationalism was promoted, a new edition of the book and an instruction manual were published and they were used to compliment the Imperial Rescript on Education.
  815. In the Showa period, Jiura was omitted in Nohgakudo.
  816. In the Showa period, Kinjo SUITO incorporated the music elements of the Chikuzen biwa and started the Nishiki biwa.
  817. In the Showa period, Shimabara became deserted, and almost every Okiya or ochaya (literally "teahouse" which refers to places where geisha entertain their guests) closed a business; Wachigaya still continues their business until now, and its building is designated as Kyoto Culture Foundation.
  818. In the Showa period, Tatsukichi MINOBE and the Bureau of Shinto shrines considered that shrine veneration was one of the constitutional duties of subjects, but it was not issued as a formal constitutional interpretation by the prewar Ministry of Home Affairs.
  819. In the Showa period, an anodized aluminum lunchbox was developed.
  820. In the Showa period, based on the description of "Gyokuyo," Shinpachiro MATSUMOTO, a historian, mentioned 'Two Yoshitsune Theory' that MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune, a brother of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo and Yoshitsune YAMAMOTO were the same person.
  821. In the Showa period, because of the threat of war Seiho sometimes cooperated with the military.
  822. In the Showa period, part of the shrine precinct was turned over to the widening construction of National Highway 24 which is running right east of the temple.
  823. In the Showa period, the hinomaru bento was a standard box lunch.
  824. In the Showa period, the temple merged with Jonen-ji Temple that once stood in the current location.
  825. In the Showa period, the war hindered people from enjoying viewing kakejiku and demand in kakejiku decreased sharply.
  826. In the Showa period, various attempts were made, such as the naming of techniques, the creation of textbooks, research on kumite, and the introduction of matches and tournaments.
  827. In the Shugakuin Imperial Villa, the Kyusui-tei Pavilion is the only building which has remained since it was built, it is Sangen shiho (5.5 m square), roofed with shingles and Hogyo-zukuri.
  828. In the Shugen-do mountaineering ascetic, practitioners (such as itinerant Buddhist monks) recite it when they practice.
  829. In the Shuzan Town there were nine Oaza (Uno, Azae, Nishi, Yashironaka, Urushitani, Kumada, Shimokumada, Gohonmatsu and Shuzan)
  830. In the Siege of Odawara by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI in 1590, Ujikuni insisted large-scale open battle, opposing to keep to Odawara-jo Castle.
  831. In the Siege of Osaka in 1614, he served as the caretaker of Edo-jo Castle, and had his heir Tadayuki KURODA leave for the front on his behalf.
  832. In the Siege of Osaka in 1615, Aeba no Tsubone and Choshu, her son, committed suicide following Yodo-dono and Hideyori TOYOTOMI, mother and son, to value honor (this is recorded as 'Thirty-two loyal retainers').
  833. In the Siege of Osaka in 1615, he fought for Shogun Hidetada and killed seven Toyotomi soldiers who drew swords against Hidetada.
  834. In the Siege of Osaka the following year, he had an exchange of fire with the spearhead army of Masamune DATE and made them temporarily retreat in the Domyoji War.
  835. In the Siege of Osaka the following year, under the second seii taishogun Hidetada TOKUGAWA, he fought against the Toyotomi side.
  836. In the Siege of Osaka, 1000 samurai from Totsukawa area supported the Tokugawa side and suppressed uprisings in neighboring provinces of Toyotomi faction.
  837. In the Siege of Osaka, he lead 300 men for the restoration of the former territory and became a Yoriki (lower ranked samurai) of Harufusa ONO, and also joined the troop of Nagatsugu ITO.
  838. In the Sino-Japanese War, tondenhei were mobilized to Tokyo and just when their organization was finished, peace was made.
  839. In the Sino-Japanese War: about 2,000
  840. In the Six Dynasties Period, the Shijin class began to become nobility and became hereditary, partly because of the introduction of Nine rank system.
  841. In the Six Dynasties Period, the title 'Bunjin' lost its meaning as an indication of their profession or status and began to be recognized as a choice in the way of living or a sense of spiritual value for Shijin, and was continuously used in that sense after that.
  842. In the Soto sect, it is commonly called Urabon-e Segaki, but the title of 'Segaki-e' was changed to 'Sejiki-e' because the high or the low and lord or loon should not be distinguished between the people who feed and those who are fed.
  843. In the Soto sect, meditators face a wall of Zendo hall and sit in lotus position.
  844. In the Soto sect, the shika mainly takes care of guests and new monks.
  845. In the Sotobo area in Chiba Prefecture known as the place where berardius has been hunt from old times, the peculiar taste of the meat has been emphasized using the expression of "taste blood" without extracting the blood.
  846. In the South, Karafuto-Cho was separated from Hokkaido by the Soya Strait, in the North it bordered to Russia at fifty northern latitude, in the West it was surrounded by the Mamiya Strait and in the East by the Sea of Okhotsk.
  847. In the Southern Song Dynasty, these three interpretations and an "Interpretation of Moshi" (Interpretation of Mencius) were added to the annotation and interpretation learning of Han and Tang, and the "Annotation and Interpretation Learning of Thirteen Classics" were compiled.
  848. In the Southern Song Dynasty, various measures were adopted in order to limit the privileges held by guanhu.
  849. In the Southern Sung Dynasty China when giso warehouse disappeared, it was thought that Chu His recommended constructing Shaso warehouse as a substitute for Giso, and the Shaso system was brought into Japan along with the doctrines of Zhu Xi (Neo-Confucianism).
  850. In the Southern Sung Dynasty period, a view of Bunjin as a person well-balanced morally and intellectually widely spread among common people.
  851. In the Southern Sung period, Raian Shoju, an editor of "Katai Futo Roku" (the Chia-t'ai Comprehensive Record of the Lamp), and others flourished, but it had a small influence and finally disappeared at the end of the Southern Sung period.
  852. In the Southern Sung period, Wanshi Shogaku and Shinkatsu Seiryo, who were disciples of Shijun, appeared and kept the sect's tradition called 'Mokusho-Zen' (Zen which emphasizes mediation), but it had less influence than the Rinzai sect.
  853. In the Southern Sung period, it kept influence and Daie Soko, who was a disciple of Kokugan, had many disciples and established the Daie school.
  854. In the Sui and Tang periods many records of sutra were edited, such as "Daito Naitenroku" by Dosen, but what influenced later ages was the 20-volume "Kaigen Shakukyoroku," which was completed in 730 by Chisho.
  855. In the Suiko dealing with property, one eighth of the loan was charged as interest every 60 days (annual interest at about 75%).
  856. In the Suiko dealing with rice and millet, with setting the due date one year later, the creditor was allowed to charge a maximum of 100% annual interest in Shi-Suiko, and 50% annual interest at the maximum for Ku-Suiko.
  857. In the Sumitomo Family there are two distinctions: the "founder of a family" in the Sumitomo Family, and the "founder of a business" of the Sumitomo Family.
  858. In the Summer Siege of Osaka, he successfully supported Tadamasa, and was given the territory of 20,000 koku in Itoigawa, Echigo province in 1618.
  859. In the Sunatori and Kawajiri areas
  860. In the Sung period, Seccho Juken from the lineage of Choon and Butsunichi Kaisu from the lineage of Monju Oshin (文殊応真) flourished.
  861. In the Sung period, emperors, such as Shinso and Kiso protected Dokyo, and as the subjects of Naitanjutsu (内丹術) and Rendo (錬度) were studied by many people, Dokyo underwent a drastic transformation.
  862. In the Sung period, the lineages of Tokusho and Enju declined.
  863. In the TV cartoon "Kyojin no Hoshi" (Star of the Giants), Ittetsu HOSHI, the father of the leading character, is famous for having had a Spartan education.
  864. In the TV commercial NAKAMA made a presentation in front of a set that was supposed to be Tokyo Station, and the real automatic ticket checkers commonly used in JR East were also placed in it; nonetheless, the ticket gate in the commercial looked just like that of Osaka Station.
  865. In the TV commercials and brochures, NAKAMA and Ico the Platypus call for the use of ICOCA under the catchphrase, 'Let's go with ICOCA, let's touch with ICOCA'; and for the use of ICOCA Electronic Money Service under the catchphrase, 'Let's buy with ICOCA, let's buy touching.'
  866. In the TV drama Mito-komon of Panasonic Drama Theater, its central character, Mitsukuni TOKUGAWA, identifies himself as 'Mitsuemon, a chirimen dealer in Echigo Province.'
  867. In the TV drama based on the historical fiction, "Moeyo Ken" (The Blazing Sword aka Turbulence) by Ryotaro SHIBA, a personality appeared with the identical name based on the historical fact as Sutesuke (performed by Shigeru INOUE).
  868. In the TV program "Ora no Izumi" telecasted on December 22, she explained the reason for the separation as "in order to shield very young children from various kinds of bashing and news."
  869. In the TV program, "Sonotoki Rekishiga Ugoita" (The movement of History) (broadcasted on April 4, 2007 by Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK)), 'Kenshin defeated Nobunaga and went up to Kyoto after invading the Kanto region' was widely-accepted.
  870. In the Taiei edition, which is regarded as the final edition, the statutes from 1338 to 1520 were recorded in chronological order.
  871. In the Taiho-ryo (Taiho Code), they were called Mita, the Yoro-ryo (Yoro Code) calls them Kanden.
  872. In the Taika Reforms, there are seen portions where the bureaucratic system of Tang and Confucianism were actively accepted based on information the Japanese envoys to Tang Dynasty China brought back.
  873. In the Taika Zendai period (before the Taika Reforms), the palace moved with the subrogation of emperors mostly within Asuka region.
  874. In the Taisho Democracy period, there was a debate about reforming or abolishing the Kizokuin, so Takaaki KATO's Cabinet made some amendments.
  875. In the Taisho Period, the Kokin Denju-no-ma House where Prince Hachijonomiya received the Kokin Denju from Yusai was moved to the Suizenji Jojuen Garden built by Tadatoshi Hosokawa, a grandson of Yusai who became lord of Kumamoto domain.
  876. In the Taisho and Showa periods
  877. In the Taisho and Showa periods Michio MIYAGI released many new pieces which had their roots in traditional music but also drew from Western music.
  878. In the Taisho period (1912 to 1926), an art historian, Seiichi TAKI, expressed the opinion that the murals depicted Shiho Shibutsu (Four Buddhas of the four directions) in Konkomyo-kyo Sutra (Golden Light Sutra).
  879. In the Taisho period and later, salaried men and intellectuals in urban areas longed for western style lives, and new style houses which partially adopted western elements came to be built in suburbs.
  880. In the Taisho period, Masutaro TAKABATAKE, the first owner of the Western-style restaurant "Yoroppaken" in Tsurumaki-cho, Tokyo, across Waseda University premiered a sauce katsudon at a culinary convention held in Tokyo in 1913 and served it in the restaurant around 1917.
  881. In the Taisho period, Yumeji TAKEHISA gained popularity by his bijinga which blended ukiyoe style with the trend of Taisho Roman (general term for the thought and cultural events that are suggestive of the Taisho period) called 'Yumeji shiki bijin' (beautiful women of Yumeji style); the bijinga of Yumeji style are still very popular even today.
  882. In the Taisho period, bicycles became widely used, which created demand for tool bags hung on the bicycle: the company thus manufactured bags for workers, including pharmacists, milkmen, carpenters, gardeners, and sake dealers.
  883. In the Taisho period, he became the president of Ministry of Railways of the second Okuma Cabinet in 1914, and he took over the former president Mitsugu SENGOKU and aimed at widening of the track gauge, which was eventually failed.
  884. In the Taisho period, he was enshrined in Nashinoki-jinja Shrine, which is located at the site of the Sanjo residence next to Kyoto Gosho (Old Imperial Palace).
  885. In the Taisho period, salaried worker level was established and at least, men wearing western clothes on a public occasion became commonplace.
  886. In the Taisho period, some enka singers began to compose music using techniques of western music.
  887. In the Taisho period, the Fujiwa Abe Store in Fukuyama City, Hiroshima Prefecture, devised a way to wrap the kezuribushi in a paper bag for shipping.
  888. In the Taisho period, the chief priest of Entoku-ji Temple built a stone monument in the graveyard stating Hidenobu's achievements.
  889. In the Taisho period, there appeared the views which distinguished above 6 sects that established in the Kamakura period from the other sects.
  890. In the Taisho period, there were moves to discard the custom of bringing bento to school, and it developed into a social problem.
  891. In the Taiyo Ritsuryo Code and the Yoro Ritsuryo Code it was merely recorded as "cane".
  892. In the Takaharuguchi area
  893. In the Takamori area: the third brigade
  894. In the Takanabe Area
  895. In the Takarabe and Shonai areas
  896. In the Tale of Genji, the scene of Hikaru Genji playing the Imperial delegate is impressive.
  897. In the Tang Dynasty, Sanbon (the third rank of the court) or higher officers put on purple Buddhist priest stoles with goldfish-bag ornament and Gohin (the fifth rank of the court) or higher officers wore cardinal Buddhist priest stoles with silverfish-bag ornament according to their Ikai (court rank).
  898. In the Tang Dynasty, each institution related with the Crown Prince was half independent and formed one Imperial Court and thus togubo was also independent from each authority in the form.
  899. In the Tang Dynasty, the local governments impressed people.
  900. In the Tang Dynasty, the rules became comprehensive, that the goal was put on a net between both teams, and became a single structure at the center of the playground.
  901. In the Tang Dynasty, there were shogun titles for bureacratic rank and also for Imperial busankan rank.
  902. In the Tang Ritsuryo system, the government's decision-making organization consisted of the Secretariat that planned and formulated policy by order of the emperor, the Chancellery that discussed the plan formulated by the Secretariat, and the Department of State Affairs that executed the policy approved by the Chancellery.
  903. In the Tang and Sung periods when public matters and private matters were distinguished, a style of recluse 'Chuin' (中隠) appeared.
  904. In the Tang dynasty era, the emperor of the Chinese Empire ruled the states of northern nomads as "Great Khan."
  905. In the Tang period, the Imperial Examination System was established and anyone who learned was given a chance to become a bureaucrat.
  906. In the Tango Province, which was his home country, the fierce battle between the new shugo, Nobukata TAKEDA, and the shugodai (deputy constable) of the Isshiki clan, the Nobukata TAKEDA continued and, also in Ise, the battle between the new shugo, Masayasu TOKI and the shugodai (deputy of provincial constable) of the Isshiki clan, Dogo ISHIKAWA continued.
  907. In the Tanzenburo bathhouse, a place in connection with Katsuyama, yuna wishing to follow Katsuyama worn clothes quite similar to hers.
  908. In the Tempo era, chirori was used in the Kinai area, but kantokkuri/kandokuri (bottle for warming sake) became popular in Edo.
  909. In the Tenbun War, which occurred from the Date clan's succession race, during the Sengoku period, 塩松尚義 joined war on Tanemune DATE's side, but sided with Harumune DATE later.
  910. In the Tencho period (824 -834), Kazusa Province, Hitachi Province and Kozuke Province were assigned to shinno-ninkoku (see below).
  911. In the Tendai sect and its branches, four Bosatsu, Kongoho, Kongori, Kongoin and Kongogo, may be arranged as the wakiji (attendant figures) for the Amida Nyorai.
  912. In the Tendai sect, Shijokobuccho is considered Buddhist prayers to protect against cataclysms and treated as the main object of worship.
  913. In the Tendai sect, Syusshi Kangaku as a consultant in education and learning was appointed among Gakkai of Kangaku.
  914. In the Tendai sect, ichinen sanzen suggest the uniform way of viewing the universe from the small to big; in a practical meaning, it indicates to view the spiritual realm of Buddhahood in one's own mind.
  915. In the Tenmaya Incident, which occurred on January 1 in 1868, he guarded Kyutaro MIURA, the feudal retainer of the Kishu domain, at the request of the domain.
  916. In the Tenmei Era when Okitsugu TANUMA involved in the shogunate government, due to political instability that existed at that time, many Mushuku flew in and around Edo and became to commit various atrocious crime.
  917. In the Tenmei and Tenpo eras of the late Edo period, extensive ikki began to occur again.
  918. In the Tenmei era in the latter half of the eighteenth century, Buson YOSA tried to make a great 'innovation' by keeping the essence of Shofu but allowing freer use of words and raised a modern sense, in other words, excitement towards nature and daily life grounded in reality.
  919. In the Tenmei period, beautiful, well-proportioned women with long arms and legs drawn by Kiyonaga TORII achieved popularity.
  920. In the Tenna era and thereafter, regional magistrates and local governors were bureaucratized, and the governing system integrating commissioners of finance to local governors was developed.
  921. In the Tennoji district, Nobushige SANADA and Katsunaga MORI took their positions..
  922. In the Tenpo Reforms, Tadakuni MIZUNO ordered to stop the payment of render from 1841 through 1842 and dissolve most kabunakama, saying that the monopoly of the distribution system by kabunakama was the cause of inflation.
  923. In the Tenpo era it is said that there were 68 kengyo, 67 koto, 170 zato and 360 members who belonged to the lower rank.
  924. In the Tenpo era, a new economic style, manufacture, emerged among landowners and wholesallers, who set up factories with the principle of division of labor or cooperation.
  925. In the Tenpo era, about 200 peddlers were arrested for selling expensive sushi and sentenced to tegusari penalty (confinement to one's residence and restraint in behavior with handcuffs on the wrists).
  926. In the Tenpo era, when Miyake-jima Island was struck by famine and was in a crisis, 'nagare-kujira' arrived in 1832 and was sold to the people after inspection by the authorities, and the whale was divided among the five villages, saving the villages from famine.
  927. In the Tensho era (1573 to 1592), 1 ryo was almost equal to the following things in value, that is, 4 koku of rice, 1 kanmon (former Japanese currency unit) of Eiraku Tsuho (Yong Le Tong Bao in pinyin, a copper coin minted in Ming dynasty China), and 4 kanmon of bad copper coins.
  928. In the Tohoku (northeast) region and Kagoshima Prefecture, they are referred to as 'Uchigami' or 'Ujigami'.
  929. In the Tohoku Region Oshu control (奥州管領) was established, which was abolished when two countries of Ou became under the control of Kamakura-fu, and during a certain period Inamura-kubo (稲村公方) and Sasagawa-kubo (篠川公方) were established.
  930. In the Tohoku War, many domains of the Ou alliance lagged behind in armaments due to financial difficulties and delay in political reform, and differed greatly in military strength compared with the new government's forces.
  931. In the Tohoku area, including Miyagi Prefecture and Iwate Prefecture, he is enshrined in an ugly mask made of wood or clay called a Kamaotoko (cauldron male), Hyottoko (fire male), or Kamajin (cauldron person) and hung on a pillar near the kamado.
  932. In the Tohoku region, Taga-jo Castle, Dewa no saku, etc. were established and the subjection of Ezo (indigenous inhabitants in eastern Japan), development, and implantation were carried out (as described above).
  933. In the Tohoku region, the frozen type is sold as kori-dofu, which is at the midpoint of production, and the dried type is distinctly sold as shimi-dofu, so it needs attention.
  934. In the Tohoku region, there is a custom of carving some pine into a phallic shape 42 to 45 cm in diameter and 90 cm in length, and hitting the buttocks of the newly wedded wife.
  935. In the Tohoku region, where the war against Emishi (natives in Ezo) continued, castles that doubled as a military base and an administrative office, such as Taga-jo Castle, Dewanoki (Dewa Castle), and Akita-jo Castle, were built in the seventh to ninth centuries.
  936. In the Tohoku region, yubeshi is regarded as a kind of rice cake sweets instead of the original citron confectionery.
  937. In the Tohoku, Kanto and Kyushu regions far from the Kinai region, moderately unified villages were formed within a range larger than that of a soson (as a unit of manor or public land), and such villages were called goson (autonomous villages).
  938. In the Tohoku, Kanto, and Kyushu regions, the villages were loosely formed as a wider unit of shoen and koryo and they were sometimes called goson (autonomous village).
  939. In the Tokai region, besides being popular among the samurai, archery is also popular among Shoya (village headman) and in the Nanushi hierarchy (village headman); even now, it is preserved in the form of the so-called 'Omatsuri-yumi' (archery for the festival), which is related to festivals in the Shinto shrine.
  940. In the Tokai region, separate soy-sauces are used for different purposes; koikuchi soy-sauce is for general purpose, usukuchi soy-sauce is used for boil food and soup, tamari soy-sauce is used for sashimi.
  941. In the Tokai region, there was also the Bishu Hisada school, and after Mitsuyoshi SHIMOMURA in Otaka (Midori Ward in present day Nagoya City) studied the teachings of the Hisada school under Eiho, a student of the sixth generation grandmaster Sosan, he established his own independent school.
  942. In the Tokoname-yaki (Tokoname ware) kiln, only kneading bowls were produced during the medieval period.
  943. In the Tokugawa clan pedigree sitting at the top of the family tree is the Egawa clan branch (decedents of Nitta clan of the Seiwa-Genji) and accordingly the original family name is said to have been either; the Minamoto surname or Minamoto no Ason.
  944. In the Tokugawa clan, the post corresponding to Karo was called Roju.
  945. In the Tokugawa period, Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, the first Shogun, was deified and was called shinkun.
  946. In the Tokugawa/Edo period
  947. In the Tokyo Metropolitan area, shouldering the mikoshi in the Edomae-katsugi style while calling out, 'Soiya, seiya' is well-known.
  948. In the Tokyo Nichinichi Newspaper issued on August 14th, in 1872, there was a contribution saying that the practice of eating pufferfish should be banned.
  949. In the Tosa Domain, Tosa kinnoto (loyalist clique of Tosa) led by Zuizan TAKECHI gained power and was opposed to Toyo YOSHIDA, who was the koko no shin (a trusted retainer) of Yodo.
  950. In the Tosa Domain, a strict distinction between Joshi and Goshi was rigidly maintained; the spectrum of distinction ranged widely such that only Joshi was allowed to wear Tabi (split-toe socks), Geta (a Japanese wooden clog), and Higasa (a parasol).
  951. In the Tosa Domain, all his comrades of the Tosa kinnoto were arrested for the assassination of Toyo YOSHIDA and the series of assassinations that took place in the capital Kyoto, and with the exception of Zuizan TAKECHI, who was a Joshi (superior warrior) rank, they underwent severe torture.
  952. In the Tosa clan, village headsmen were transferred around, and so the Nakaoka family's roots are not in Muroto.
  953. In the Tosa domain, Shojiro GOTO, influenced by Ryoma SAKAMOTO, was working on that task by recommending to Yodo YAMANOUCHI the effects of restoring power to the emperor as a way to avoid overthrowing the shogunate by military conflicts.
  954. In the Tournament, mega-size senbei are used, and there are specific rules, such as; 'if a deer eats the senbei a player threw, the distance to the front right leg of the deer will be measured for his or her record', or 'leave the senbei already measured on the field for deer to eat.'
  955. In the Toyotomi government, he worked as a contact person for territorial lords, and partly because of that, he was admired by a lot of people.
  956. In the Toyotomi/Osaka period
  957. In the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan of 1858, it was designated as an open port as well as Niigata Port, Nagasaki Port and Kanagawa-juku Kanagawa Port (Yokohama Port).
  958. In the Tsunayoshi era and later, the bakufu operation was conducted mainly through Sobayonin (or Goyotoritsugi), completing the political style called dictatorship by shogun.
  959. In the Tsurugashima-jo Castle in present Aizuwakamatsu City, there remains 'Rinkaku,' the tea room that they say was built by Shoan's order.
  960. In the U.S. state of Hawaii, which is home to large numbers of Japanese-American immigrants, local tofu manufacturers actually produce and sell natto.
  961. In the U.S., green tea alone may be thought of as too weak, and some flavors are sometimes added to enjoy green tea.
  962. In the U.S., sukiyaki is popularly known as a dish representative of Japan.
  963. In the US, Walter HILL adapted and remade "Yojinbo" as "Last Man Standing" in 1996.
  964. In the USSR, the first karate club was set up at a university in Moscow in the mid-1960s.
  965. In the Uenodaira, Hirotani and Sangenmatsu Areas
  966. In the Ukai of Nagara-gawa River, one ujo conducts fishing using 12 cormorants at once.
  967. In the Umegahata village, there is no Oaza and its area was reorganized into fifty-two towns which were prefixed by the name of 'Umegahata.'
  968. In the United Kingdom, people other than the King of England and peers are called commoners.
  969. In the United Stated, tamari (thick soy source) is used generally as well.
  970. In the United States and Canada salmon roe is not eaten but is canned in sugar and sold as fish bait.
  971. In the United States of America, tofu--which has long enjoyed a certain popularity--is now sold at many grocery stores, and the word "tofu" has become common in the English language.
  972. In the United States, Indiana boasts a deep fried pork tenderloin sandwich with buns as its specialty.
  973. In the United States, a journal has been published for enthusiasts of Nihon teien.
  974. In the United States, although teriyaki sauce is sometimes prepared by mixing soy sauce and other seasonings like in Japan, ready-made sauces are generally used in most restaurants and home cooking.
  975. In the United States, an example of government officials in the Judicial branch is the aides to Representatives.
  976. In the United States, even today, most soy sauce consumed is used in teriyaki cooking while very little is used in genuine Japanese cooking.
  977. In the United States, generally, foods is marinated with teriyaki sauce and then heated, or grilled and then dressed with teriyaki sauce when served.
  978. In the United States, its is called shaved ice or snow cone.
  979. In the United States, mill-ground coffee beans in a powdery state (Regular coffee) and canned is called 'Can Coffee' (=>Waseieigo Japanese word constructed of elements from one or more English terms).
  980. In the United States, out-of-work artists who were employed under the Federal Art Project during the Great Depression era drew wall paintings on public buildings, and in communist countries, many wall paintings were created to deliver political slogans and for propaganda purposes.
  981. In the United States, there is a plan to construct a high-speed railway line between Los Angeles and San Francisco of California.
  982. In the United States, vanilla and chocolate flavors are popular in diet foods, and it's also popular as a diet food in Japan.
  983. In the Uwajima area, it was normally known just as 'Tai Meshi.'
  984. In the Uzu village there were six Oaza (Kashiwara, Yuzuki, Tochimoto, Chuji, Akashi and Shimouzu)
  985. In the Uzumasa village, there were five Oaza: Uzumasa, Yasui, Nakano, Tokiwadani and Sagano.
  986. In the Volume of Ohara Goko (Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa's visit to Ohara), the concluding part of the "Heike Monogatari," Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa meets Hoshi while she is picking firewood and brackens together with Kenreimonin.
  987. In the Wada War of 1213, Yasutoki, along with his father, Yoshitoki beat down Yoshimori WADA and, due to his distinguished service in the war, was appointed as the steward in charge of a lord's manor of Enda County, Mutsu Province.
  988. In the Wada-toge Pass and Dosaka Areas
  989. In the Wakasa and Tanba regions, conflicts between the Takeda clan and Isshiki clan who was a former shugo continued but both clans weakened due to their internal disputes.
  990. In the War of Nakasendai started by the remnants of the Hojo clan, Yukimune beat the main party of the Hojo clan arisen in conjunction with the War.
  991. In the War of Prince Mochihito in 1180, although Shigesada followed MINAMONO no Yorimasa and took up arms, Shigesada's army lost.
  992. In the War, Suenaga went down to Akasaka with five other retainers with a permission from Kagesuke.
  993. In the War, one of Chikashige's brothers, Rokurobe Nagaie, supported the Imperial army, not the army of bakufu.
  994. In the Warring States period (Japan), the Hitachi-Toki clan was forced to be loyal to the Gohojo clan, and their power declined along with the Gohojo clan in the Siege of Odawara, but later it became Hatamoto (direct retainer) of Edo bakufu.
  995. In the Warring States period (in China), Tomokuyu came to mean a territory given by a monarch.
  996. In the Warring States period, Taishin Ryoshu (noble land owners) appeared who established even stronger control over their territories, and were called Daimyobun no Kokujin or Sengoku Daimyo.
  997. In the Warring States period, the distinction by pronunciation weakened, and it is thought that 'taimei' was common.
  998. In the Warship Choyo Incident of September, he boarded the ship wearing a black lacquered eboshi hat and traditional hitatare robes and succeeded in obtaining the release of the ship.
  999. In the Watari region (Arahama, Watari Town) near the mouth of Abukuma-gawa River, beach seine fishery of salmon was popular.
  1000. In the Wei Dynasty (Three States Period), O Shuku (Wang Su) rebutted Jo Gen and created annotations for almost all classics, and most of these annotations for classics were assigned as gakkan.

179001 ~ 180000

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