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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. The imported kinetoscope was completely unknown to Japanese people at the time and the film was very short, so it was necessary to have a movie interpreter to explain the device and liven up the audience in order to make the movie sustainable as a show.
  2. The imported seven-pronged sword
  3. The imposition of the presence of Japanese troops on Yi Dynasty Korea was not only to prevent the next rebellion but also to warn against Qing that was asserting their suzerainty.
  4. The impression (paper that traced a shape of sword like fish prints) of this sword was sent to Shikanosuke KOJIMA by Hijikata's own hands, and even today, you can still see it in Kojima Shiryokan (Museum) (but the exhibit is a copy).
  5. The improved sections were extended to more and more remote areas.
  6. The improvement work of the Ote-michi Road has been completed.
  7. The inarizushi called 'Shoten-zushi' of Kanki-in Temple (Kumagaya City), which is a specialty of Kumagaya City, Saitama Prefecture (former Menuma-machi, Osato-gun), has almost a double diameter of the ordinary one.
  8. The inaugural issue was published on July 20, 1885 by Manshundo, with Kenzo KONDO and Sokichi OBA being the editor-in-chief and publisher, respectively.
  9. The inaugural performance was the Takarazuka Revue titled "Flower Anthology" performed by the Takarazuka Revue Flower Troupe.
  10. The inaugural speech addressed by Iemitsu for succeeding the position of shogun was highly overbearing one as follows;
  11. The inauguration is generally scheduled for spring 2010.
  12. The inauguration of Meirokusha
  13. The inauguration of the line was scheduled on April 1, 1910, but it was postponed till the 15th due to the failure of Moriguchi Electric Power Substation, among others.
  14. The inauguration of the science city' was held in 1994.
  15. The inauguration was originally scheduled for 1994 to commemorate the twelve-hundredth anniversary of the ancient capital of Heian-Kyo.
  16. The inbound platform partly touches the slope of the mountain.
  17. The inbound platform was moved just next to the the level cross in the station (i.e., on the south side facing the outbound platform).
  18. The inbound platform was transferred alongside (on the north side of) the level crossing in the station.
  19. The inbound train bound for Kyoto Station mainly uses the E&S System line running on the north of the platform, while the outbound train bound for Osaka Station mainly uses another E&S System line running on the south of the platform.
  20. The incantation method 'Kokuzo Gumonji-ho' involves chanting mantras 1 million times over 100 days following certain rules, and those who complete this method become able to memorize, understand and never forget all Buddhist texts.
  21. The incantation of Mikkyo that uses Kujaku Myoo as the principal image is called Kujakukyoho.
  22. The incantations of esoteric Buddhism especially garnered the support of the Heian nobility; and Enryaku-ji Temple's esoteric Buddhism was called Taimitsu, to distinguish it from the teachings of the Shingon sect's To-ji temple, called Tomitsu.
  23. The incense burner is already in the hands of Daigakunosuke.
  24. The incense is picked up by the thumb, index finger and middle finger, but the manner depends on the religious school.
  25. The incense that is considered 'good smell' becomes a problem when it is too strong; the balance in smell depends on manufacturers.
  26. The incense-smelling ceremony declined after the Meiji Restoration just like other public entertainments, but after the World War II, it made a comeback and now there are two branches; the Shino school and the Oie school.
  27. The incident 'Gosenkiko, or Gosenkikyo' in which 5,000 arrogant ascetic monks, believing to have become enlightened, left before being taught the crucial lessons in the chapter two of the Buddha's words in the Hoke-kyo Sutra (the Lotus Sutra), is said to have been a classic example of the gyaku-en.
  28. The incident and the detailed sequence of events are skillfully depicted by Hogai KANO in a painted scroll, "The Sakurada Incident Emaki" (owned by the Hikone Castle Museum).
  29. The incident as a whole damaged the image of 'Kitcho,' and had such a serious impact on the other companies in the group that the number of guests visiting Honkitcho dropped by half compared to the previous year.
  30. The incident became a diplomatic issue, and Sokei SO was imprisoned and died in prison.
  31. The incident became clear when Corporal Fusanosuke GOTO who, on Captain Kannari's command, was on the way to inform of the emergency and was found in a state of apparent death by the search party on January 27.
  32. The incident became known to the public by a novel, "Death march on Mount Hakkoda" written by Jiro NITTA and a movie which was based on that novel "Hakkoda-san Mountain."
  33. The incident began when Yohei learned that a wealthy man from Aizuwakamatsu City was taking her to Nozaki, and, out of spite, went to the road to lay in wait for them.
  34. The incident began when koyokata (a section of a local domain which was in charge of dealing with all works related to the central bakufu government and the Imperial seat) of the Minakuchi domain complained about the acts by the Shinsengumi to koyokata of the Aizu domain at the Aizu domain residence.
  35. The incident destabilized the Rokkaku clan; some retainers left to serve a neighbor, Nagamasa AZAI.
  36. The incident did not end there, and Sadaijin MINAMOTO no Takaakira was considered to have been involved in the treason, and a decision was made to degrade him to Dazai-gonnosochi (deputy commander in dazaifu, a governmental office in Chikuzen Province).
  37. The incident ended when Empress Shotoku issued an imperial rescript on November 17 of the same year, declaring that she would not let Dokyo ascend the Imperial Throne.
  38. The incident failed, and FUJIWARA no Yoshitsugu accepted sole responsibility, so Yakamochi was not accused of the crime.
  39. The incident had a tremendous impact on the society, by raising controversy over treatment to mental patients and sensational reporting by newspapers that had emerged at the time.
  40. The incident had taken place just after his father's death, so Takauji at first had refused his help to the shogunate, but the Kamakura shogunate took his wife and children as hostages to make Takauji follow its order.
  41. The incident happened just when court nobles of tobakuha (anti-Bakufu, crushing-the-Bakufu faction) including Tomomi IWAKURA schemed the issuance of secret Imperial command of attacking the shogunate.
  42. The incident has been summarized above according to the Nobunaga Koki.
  43. The incident involved ronins who banded together in an attempt to overthrow the bakufu, and was a sign of the growing political unrest as a result of strict controls which the shogunate enforced on daimyos.
  44. The incident involved the Shinsengumi (a group who guarded Kyoto during the end of Tokugawa Shogunate), that maintained public order in Kyoto, attacking and capturing eight retainers of the Tosa clan who tried to pull out a noticeboard at Sanjo-ohashi Nishizume (the west foot of the Sanjo-ohashi bridge).
  45. The incident is said to have occurred at 2:30 a.m. on February 21, 1854, with the bombardment of an encampment in the Okayama Domain, Bizen Province that guarded Susaki.
  46. The incident not only disclosed the wild license of court nobles but even triggered tightened control of the Imperial Court by the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a Shogun) and abdication of Emperor Goyozei.
  47. The incident occurred after a substitute officer of the Lord of Kaga Province, FUJIWARA no Morotaka burned down the Palace of the Temple to go against Hakusan.
  48. The incident occurred during the course of change in the feudal nation.
  49. The incident occurred immediately before roshi-gumi (an organization of masterless samurai) publicly recruited in Edo went to Kyoto, and it was also considered an act of provocation.
  50. The incident occurred in 1586, one year after Kazumasa went over to Hideyoshi.
  51. The incident occurred in the month following the death of MINAMOTO no Yoritomo, and shook the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by shogun).
  52. The incident occurred on April 23, and according to "Horyakukanki," "A night-time raid was conducted saying that an order to do so was issued."
  53. The incident occurred when a Japanese battleship, the Unyo, sent a small boat to Ganghwa Island as a demonstration of strength by the Japanese government and was attacked by cannon from Ganghwa Island whereupon the battleship 'returned' fire.
  54. The incident of Ashikaga-sandai mokuzo kyoshu
  55. The incident of Chobei and Mizuno was one of fights between machi-yakko and hatamoto-yakko and it was dramatized.
  56. The incident of Hoko-ji Temple bell
  57. The incident of illegal payments of pension by the Central Committee of Japan Retail Liquor Shops Association.
  58. The incident of overthrowing SUGAWARA no Michizane during Heian Period (the Shotai Incident).
  59. The incident of the Emperor Organ Theory
  60. The incident of the Hoko-ji Temple bell
  61. The incident of the Osaka sake breweries conference
  62. The incident regarding borrowing of Buddhist scriptures by Saicho is especially well-known.
  63. The incident resulted in later formulation of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, which modeled after the Constitution of the German Empire, which preserves the royal prerogative.
  64. The incident settled down.
  65. The incident shocked everyone around: 'it startled eyes and ears; it was unprecedented' ("Gyokuyo" article of January six (old lunar calendar)).
  66. The incident stemmed from the confrontation between local officials and shoen in the late Heian period ended with banishment of official who attempted to place shoen under the rule of kokuga.
  67. The incident tells that Mishima's oppression was a formidable barrier to Jiyu Minken Undo (Movement for Liberty and People's Right).
  68. The incident triggered the Meiji juyonen no seihen (the political changes of 1881), in which Hirofumi ITO removed Shigenobu OKUMA from his government post.
  69. The incident was an uprising from August to September of 1184 by the remnants of the Taira clan, who had been hiding in Iga Province or Ise Province since the Taira clan's flight from Kyoto in the previous year.
  70. The incident was finally resolved when Sanuki no kami (the governor of Sanuki Province) SUGAWARA no Michizane persuaded Mototsune by sending a letter saying it was not beneficial for the Fujiwara clan to persist further and Motsune allayed his anger.
  71. The incident was known as resuscitation of Tosaku TANAKA or a condemned who came back to life.
  72. The incident was reported as doings of Choshu Clan, and a grand funeral of SERIZAWA and HIRAYAMA in Shinto style was held on the 18th (on the 20th, when in accordance with the view that assassination took place on the 18th).
  73. The incident was reported to the Imperial Court, and MINAMOTO no Yorinobu, TAIRA no Masasuke, TAIRA no Naokata and NAKAHARA no Narimichi were nominated as tsuitoshi, envoys to search and kill Tadatsune.
  74. The incident was triggered by a rebellion of the monks of Mt Hiei, who demanded the cessation of Senju-Nenbutsu in 1204.
  75. The incidents related with sake
  76. The incidents were suppressed soon but the influence of Japan decreased as the result, and the modernization of Korean was promoted under the instructions by the Qing dynasty.
  77. The incidents which triggered this outburst of anger were, for example, the incident that the hensho insisted that some pirates who might or might not be kokyowa were definitely kokyowa and displayed their heads in front of the wakan as a warning, and the incident that ordinary Japanese people were killed on a false charge of pirates.
  78. The income from management and rights and obligations involved therein was established as shomu shiki in the structure of offices, and as azukaridokoro (a deputy of "Shoen" manor lord) often did shomu, it was also called azukaridokoro shiki (the right that azukaridokoro - a deputy of Shoen manor lord - had.)
  79. The income of Toiya are charges for the service, paid from consignors for Toiya undertaking commissions.
  80. The income source of the Heian nobles was not necessarily their shoen (manor in medieval Japan), but rather mainly in farmland and stipend given by the government depending on government post.
  81. The income was rice, salt, cloth and cotton collected from Ritsuryo provinces as Soyocho (a tax system, corvee) and was supplied from the Minbusho (Ministry of Popular Affairs).
  82. The incomplete book of sixteen waka poems and a half were transmitted to the Maeda family in Daishoji-cho, Ishikawa Prefecture until 1906, but now one from unknown source, twenty-seven included in "Kokin Wakashu," and six in "Manyoshu" are the confirmed waka poetry of "tsugi-shikishi."
  83. The incomplete remains of Ninsho's tomb tower, a gorinto, contains what is thought to be the tomb of Eison's disciple Ninsho, and a urn designated as an Important Cultural Property was discovered during the excavation research project by the Archaeological Institute of Kashihara, Nara Prefecture.
  84. The incomplete remains of the statue of Three Buddha enshrined at Tenpuku-ji Temple (Usa City)
  85. The inconsistency regarding the domain of Tsukuyomi between stories indicates that his (or her) divinity has been created by interweaving different ideas and is therefore prone to variation.
  86. The incorporation also enabled the shogunate to ensure that its intention regarding Buddhism was made known to all branch temples through each sect's 'furegashira' (administrative head temple) in Edo.
  87. The incorporation of main halls into Shinto shrines was due to the influence of Buddhist temples.
  88. The incorporation of the JR West 321 Commuter Train series into the Keihanshin Local Train Line (JR Kyoto Line and JR Kobe Line) and the Fukuchiyama Line resulted in the 201 series being transferred to the Yamatoji Line, decreasing the number of six-car sets in operation.
  89. The increase in kogoi depicted in warm colors is a response to such demand.
  90. The increase in speed was realized because high-speed operation became possible in the underground portion of the line.
  91. The increase of antenna shops
  92. The increase of production Bureaus
  93. The increase of such private elementary schools (terakoya) contributed to raise the literacy rate of Japan, which became a driving force to support modernization from the end of the Edo to the Meiji period.
  94. The increase of the market share of beer and wine from the end of the Showa period to present was influenced by the policy of Europeanization in the beginning of the Meiji period.
  95. The increase of the overhead wire voltage to 1500V was made in 1983, although it was considerably late among the big private railway companies.
  96. The increase of unwanted bacteria can be controlled by oxidizing ingredient since the process of fermentation is done under the acid condition of lactic acid.
  97. The increase-decrease rates of emissions of greenhouse gases from 1990 to 2005 in the countries and regions (Annex I Parties) being obliged to achieve the reduction goals are shown below.
  98. The increased land-tax was a pain especially for leading members in rural villages.
  99. The increased production of four-mon coin started in Asakusa-Hashiba in November 1821.
  100. The incumbent Manager of the institute is Ikuo TANABE (Professor at Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties/former Head of the Division of Asuka/Fujiwara Palace Site Investigations).
  101. The indebtedness amounted to 2,200,000,000 yen
  102. The independence of Nippon Crown Co., Ltd. as a record company that specializes in enka music in 1963 and arrival of various genre of music helped establish many music genres, leading the 'hit songs' to disappear.
  103. The independent budget was made, and the Kogisho (the lower house) located in Kushunkotan was changed to the Sakhalin Development Commissioner, but there were no substantial changes.
  104. The independent forces of `Wa' that actively performed military activities in the Korean Peninsula built a number of giant kofun in Kinai region.
  105. The index finger, middle finger, and third finger of the right hand were confirmed by X-ray to be mortised to the palm.
  106. The index to check whether or not a person was a samurai was whether the person's name was listed in 'bushi-komyo.'
  107. The indication criteria for green tea are publicly announced and, in addition to indication of 'Yamato cha', indication is also used describing 'Tsukigase cha', 'Fukuju cha', 'Yagyu cha', and 'Yamazoe cha' as tea names originated from the names of places the tea leaves are produced.
  108. The indigenous culture came to appear in clothing, and especially the shape of clothes became larger.
  109. The individual committing seppuku is called 'seppukunin.'
  110. The individual divisions are further categorized into three (the general section, the aged-45-or-older section, and the women's section), and runners are ranked according to their time in each section.
  111. The individual profiles in "Oshu Gosannen Ki" are as follows.
  112. The individual responsible for restoring Kozan-ji Temple and considered to be the official Kaiki (patron of a temple in its founding) is Kamakura period Kegon Sect monk Myoe.
  113. The individual who gives the keisaku is called jikijitsu or jikido.
  114. The individual who serves to behead the seppukunin and present the severed head to the coroner is called 'kaishakunin.'
  115. The individualities of two great men
  116. The individuals buried in these tombs remain unidentified to date.
  117. The industry group designates November 15 (1115) as Kamaboko Day because, currently, the date is regarded as the oldest date on which kamaboko appeared in the literature.
  118. The industry was based on primary industries, mainly fishery, forestry and farming.
  119. The infected branches must be cut off and burned.
  120. The inference is that it belongs to the fourth century, considering the Furu 1-style earthenware that was unearthed at the same time.
  121. The infield is clay and the outfield is natural grass.
  122. The inflow of a modern European judicial system promoted the 'unification of the law (legal system),' therefore it was obviously an awkward situation that two variants of a single code co-existed in a government official version and in Kosatsu version for general public;
  123. The influece of the event
  124. The influence and evaluation of the Boxer Rebellion
  125. The influence by heterophony of polyrhythm or the influence by kecak of irregular accent, etc., and the grammar of a composer's initial work is splendidly reproduced with just one Japanese drum.
  126. The influence of "Kangaku-e" (assembly to encourage learning), an association established by Daigakuryo students and monks from Mt. Hie in 964, are seen in the establishment of Nijugozanmaie.
  127. The influence of "The Tale of Genji"
  128. The influence of "The Tale of Genji" in the old and middle times can be roughly divided into two terms.
  129. The influence of 'Heike Monogatari (The Tale of the Heike)' is seen everywhere in the book, with Emperor Godaigo's passing away in the middle corresponding to the death of TAIRA no Kiyomori, etc.; moreover, the text occasionally wanders with quotations from classic works, and many parts have been dramatized.
  130. The influence of Buddhism, as a means to justify the logic of sovereignty relativization, is strongly seen.
  131. The influence of Chinese architectural style grew during the Sui and Tong Dynasties when Japanese envoys were sent to China.
  132. The influence of Honji suijaku (Shinto and Buddhist syncretism) is read in the names of shrines and notes (Honchi-suijaku is the theory that Japanese gods and the gods of Buddhism, including the Buddha, Bodhisattva and the gods of esoteric Buddhism, are the one and the same).
  133. The influence of Juyi BAI's "Changhen Ge" (The Song of Everlasting Sorrow) can be recognized in narratives written in kana (the Japanese syllabaries) such as "The Tale of Genji," especially in the chapter of 'Kiritsubo' (The Paulownia Court).
  134. The influence of Shakespeare's work can be found.
  135. The influence of Tendai Doctrine on Nichiren
  136. The influence of Zen culture imported from (both Song- and Yuan-period) China was very pronounced.
  137. The influence of applying the Happy Monday System
  138. The influence of fictional works
  139. The influence of gigaku
  140. The influence of kanshi literature continued to be strong for a long time.
  141. The influence of land-tax reform.
  142. The influence of muck idea was seen in Jodo (Pure Land) sect at the end of the tenth century.
  143. The influence of social circumstances over shoen economy was complicated and sometimes contradictory.
  144. The influence of the Heki school has been tremendous, thereafter almost all the archery depended on it.
  145. The influence of the Imagawa clan over Mikawa Province decreased after the Battle of Okehazama, then he became affiliated with Ieyasu TOKUGAWA and participated in Totomi no kuni Kakegawa-jo zeme (assault on Kakegawa-jo Castle at the Totomi Province).
  146. The influence of the Nenyo system and its election system is said to have been found in the systems of the Kamakura bakufu such as the Hyojoshu (a member of Council of State) and Hikitsukeshu (Coadjustor of the High Court) as well as monthly shift or duty system.
  147. The influence of the Taira clan came to stand out conspicuously above others; however, for Yorimori and Shigemori, who had taken active parts in the War, the treatment they received was vastly different with respect to official rank.
  148. The influence of the bubble economy
  149. The influence of the clan became weaker after his death, and his death can be said to have been the end of the Shibukawa clan as a distinguish clan.
  150. The influence of the clan extended even to Ezo crossing over the Tsugaru Straits, and the clan appointed Watari-to (the group of immigrants) settled in the south part of Ezogashima Islands (generally they are said to have come from the mainland, but there are different theories) as its hikan (low-level bureaucrat).
  151. The influence of this book was significant especially in Iwate Prefecture where Takuboku came from, due to the publication of some pices from the book in a local newspaper prior to the actual release.
  152. The influence of uta monogatari (poem tales) probably let kotobagaki be longer.
  153. The influence on Kansai kabuki was significant.
  154. The influence that Masako exercised as a widow of Yoritomo cannot be ignored.
  155. The influence that Mt. Hiei (Enryaku-ji Temple) commanded in Kyoto at the time made it extremely difficult to establish a Zen temple.
  156. The influence that Okakura brought to sado was great, and chanoyu changed its name to sado in public after the introduction of Okakura.
  157. The influences exerted on "Heiji Monogatari" and "Heike Monogatari" are most controversial.
  158. The influences of the first half of the Kamakura and Muromachi period and the latter half of the Muromachi are indistinctly mixed.
  159. The influential clans who called themselves Muraji included the Otomo clan and the Mononobe clan.
  160. The influential local lords of Izumo Province who joined the expulsion effort of Tsunehisa included the Misawa clan, the Mitoya clan, the Enya clan and the Sakurai clan.
  161. The influential people including Imperial Prince Arisugawanomiya Taruhito and Hirobumi ITO visited the country house.
  162. The influential temples and shrines holding their own military force had repeatedly conflicted and disputed with statesmen.
  163. The informal Mofuku or colored Mofuku is worn for occasions where it is too heavy for a person to wear black Mofuku as the person is not closely related to or a close relative of the deceased or that some anniversary memorial service for a deceased person, usually, dressed on the third anniversary and later.
  164. The informal clothing of samurai (warrior class) started to be accepted as formal dress as the samurai class rose from the period of insei (the government of the cloistered emperor) by openly taking a role in politics.
  165. The informal costume consists of chihaya (Japanese coat for female priests) and hibakama.
  166. The information above has been handed down orally.
  167. The information board for Platform 4 displayed the message, 'For the trains bound for Sanjo or Uji starting at this station' immediately after the south ticket gate was installed, but after a while the display was changed to read, "For the trains starting at this station (only in the early morning)'.
  168. The information from Iori is often believed as historical fact, because Iori is considered to have known Musashi well while he had been alive.
  169. The information including names is current as of the time of discontinuation.
  170. The information is consistent in the same historical records, and there are eight to nine years of age difference between the two emperors.
  171. The information is recorded magnetically, and it's rewritable with a card reader or an automatic ticket gate (※specified model).
  172. The information of ' Naganori is in critical condition' was delivered to senior vassals hometown such as Kuranosuke OISHI, by a courier Mototoki HARA (a head of ashigaru [common foot soldier]).
  173. The information quoted above seems to be from the 'Dictionary of Counting Expressions' written by Asako IIDA and Ken MACHIDA, and published by Shogakukan Inc. in April 2004.
  174. The information that 'Ennin is alive' seemed to have reached Japan because his apprentice, Shokai from Mt. Hiei, came to China to meet him.
  175. The infrastructure for distributing gas fuels for lighting such as city gas distribution equipment has been continuously improved to this day, in order to provide fuels for gas cooking and heating equipment.
  176. The infuriated Enshin returned to Akamatsu.
  177. The ingo (name of temple's title) is Kawarain Temple.
  178. The ingo, a title given to a Buddhist temple, is Kudokuin.
  179. The ingredient of the red ink is cinnabar, which is a naturally occurring mineral that is mined.
  180. The ingredient used for this cooking method is usually limited to bonito when it comes to fish.
  181. The ingredients are onions and a pork cutlet, which are cooked with the warishita stock (the basic seasoning in Japanese cuisine prepared with soup stock, sugar, and soy sauce) and finished with beaten eggs poured over it.
  182. The ingredients are put in a substantial amount of dashi broth and seasoned with soy sauce, sugar, mirin (sweet cooking rice wine), and sake.
  183. The ingredients as toppings: fried squid, raw squid, green onion, raw shrimp, mochi, cheese, Hiroshima oyster (shellfish), kimuchi, garlic, Chinese chive, natto (fermented soybeans), ginger, corn, mayonnaise and so on.
  184. The ingredients for soba-tsuyu and soba-jiru also vary depending on the location.
  185. The ingredients include sakura shrimp (Sergia lucens), green onion and so on, which is relatively few.
  186. The ingredients of a Chinese ink stick are mainly soot and glue (made of collagen and gelatin).
  187. The ingredients that became sour because of being immersed in vinegar for a long time are often coated with oboro.
  188. The ingredients used for this cooking method include bonito, Japanese horse mackerel, pigfish, flying fish, Japanese barracuda and sardines.
  189. The ingredients varied greatly among stores, including konjac (gelatinous food made from devil's-tongue starch), bean sprouts, fish powder and egg.
  190. The ingredients, amounts, and tools used to make sakubei are described in "the Engishiki" (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers) in the middle of the Heian period, from which it is clear that sakubei was a noodle made from flour, rice flour, and salt (one opinion says the rice flour is not used).
  191. The ingu bunkoku-sei system and the chigo-koku system were different originally.
  192. The ingu bunkoku-sei system existed from the early 10th century.
  193. The ingu bunkoku-sei system was an official system of the nation, and Innomiya families were allowed to acquire, as their revenues, the kanmotsu dedicated by the ingu bunkoku provinces.
  194. The inhabitant of the land leaves, promising to spread the word.
  195. The inhabitants hurriedly prepared red-bean and rice cakes instead of rice cakes which they wanted to make for the emperor who was to depart at noon.
  196. The inhabitants in Shimo-machi, Mito had difficulty in obtaining drinking water.
  197. The inhabitants lived on cultivating crops such as millet.
  198. The initial Kamakura bakufu only had the right to control the Eastern provinces and this should have been enough for the bushi who were part of the government of that time.
  199. The initial Kanmotsu collection did not have any standards and Kanmotsu ritsuho was customarily decided and taxed in each province, but arbitrary taxation (Kanbutsu kacho) by Kokushi (officiers of the local government) occurred and resistance by farmers against this was strong.
  200. The initial Mahayana Buddhism emphasized Sanmai and the importance of 'Hyakuhachi zanmai' (one hundred eight kinds of samadhi) etc., were preached in the Prajnaparamita-sutra.
  201. The initial arrangement was that a Docho official certificate should be disposed of at the time of Jukai (handing down the precepts) and a Kaicho (certificate of reception of Buddhist commandments) should be issued instead.
  202. The initial edition is said to have been written by the courtier and poet, FUJIWARA no Toshinari (1114 - 1204) at the request of Imperial Princess Shikishi (1149 - 1201) who was a princess of Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa.
  203. The initial goal at the time of foundation of the Banseisha was to cultivate ten thousand hectares of land in fifteen years, but in fact, it was only thirty hectares having been cultivated in ten years, far from the goal.
  204. The initial idea of the service of karaoke and the device that realized the idea were invented by a musician called Daisuke INOUE in 1971.
  205. The initial placement of pieces is as in the right figure.
  206. The initial portion of the Yura-gawa River flows in the shape of a U within the forest, and little or big streams along the valleys flow into the headwaters of the Yura-gawa River.
  207. The initial purpose of the exhibitions was to serve as a place to introduce the products of culture and learn the techniques from the Western, and to work on them.
  208. The initial section is missing from both manuscripts, but judging from the Shohon shomonki ryaku (an abridged version of the Shomonki), it is possible to infer that the beginning of the book described the details of internecine strife in Masakado's family.
  209. The initial shape of the trunk of Kokyu was round, unlike that of the Shamisen.
  210. The initial tondenhei recruitment was, as a rule, limited to shizoku.
  211. The initially straight road gradually came to become winded over time as the course of these rivers greatly changed.
  212. The initiation of the mudra was basically conducted on the day of the enthronement ceremony, however, it could be on the day before because a person conducting it was taking on mourning, and so on.
  213. The injured Ise ebi exist at the rate of about one percent, and their commodity value is extremely low.
  214. The injured Nishikubo was sent to the Sendai supporting hospital (in Miyagi Prefecture), and on January 14, 1905 during his hospitalization, the Empress's messenger visited the hospital to comfort soldiers.
  215. The ink color gains three-dimensionality, and it is said that variation in the ink color according to the brush movement, such as the shin and nijimi, takes on aesthetic expression.
  216. The ink scripts are recognized to be of Yutoku GOTO (the fourth craftsman of the Goto family) and Tokujo GOTO (the fifth craftsman).
  217. The ink sticks made from burnt pine were popular until the Ming period, and ink sticks made from lamp soot were rare.
  218. The ink sticks made from lamp soot can be obtained by burning canola oil, sesame oil or camellia oil with a lamp wick in it.
  219. The inlaid-gold was scooped out and the characters were all destroyed on one stone monument of sekko having the least number of characters left (which monument was called 'Ma-di-gu').
  220. The inland Seya highland area contains one of the largest Japanese beech forests in the Kinki region while Mt. Oe is famous for legends about ogres.
  221. The inn serving blowfish soup/is lit up/all in red
  222. The innate craftiness disappeared and Issunboshi became a lovable character.
  223. The inner and outer gates are one and the same.
  224. The inner area is not ordinarily open to the public.
  225. The inner capital was subdivided into 'Machi/Cho' (town) of approx. 120 sq. meter by Oji (main avenue) and Koji (small alley) which ran east-west and north-south.
  226. The inner city was divided into rectangular sections as found in castle towns.
  227. The inner garden of the Meiji-jingu Shrine produced by Yoshichika KODAIRA and others who worked for the Ministry of the Imperial Household has a gently curved garden path on the turf, and a forest with miscellaneous small trees and a natural looking pond, which was called a naturalistic garden.
  228. The inner line also permits the trains to run at 120 km/h, but higher-category trains don't use the inner line (except deadheads or special trains).
  229. The inner moat of Edo-jo Castle is situated further outside and surrounds the whole area, including Fukiage Garden.
  230. The inner part of the bay is largely divided in to two parts; Maizuru Higashi Port (Maizuru East Port) and Maizuru Nishi Port (Maizuru West Port).
  231. The inner sanctuary of the main hall houses Wooden Shakyamuni Nirvana statue, supposedly carved in the Kamakura period, that is said to cure the ailments of temple visitors who touch its body.
  232. The inner sanctuary was constructed in 1691 but the expansion of the outer sanctuary was carried out until 1706.
  233. The inner space of a traditional private Japanese house or storehouse consists of an area called "yuka" where living space is placed above the ground using flat wooden plates supported by pillars, and an area that is placed at ground level.
  234. The inner tea garden is partially obscured by the eaves and it is known for its skillful design that emphasizes the interior space.
  235. The inns were successively renovated to attract tourists who are females and families but large parties of tourists, and it is coming to fruition.
  236. The inpu, overlapping the dawning of tenkoku (seal-engraving), enlightened many seal engravers.
  237. The inscribed iron sword unearthed from Inariyama Kofun Tumulus
  238. The inscription 'Shikinomiya Palace' (described as 斯鬼宮or 磯城宮) on the iron sword inlaid with gold from the Inariyama-kofun Tumulus is supposed to indicate Asakura no Miya Palace (yet there is another theory to regard this as Shiki (志紀) in Kawachi region (Yao City, Osaka Prefecture)).
  239. The inscription at Iyo Dogo hot spring, the inscription at the Uji-bashi bridge in Yamashiro, and the inscription on the tomb of Funeno ono obito (船首王), and the like are the oldest inscriptions.'
  240. The inscription has been so worn down away by wind and snow for many years that it is in a condition that to distinguish the characters except 'cho' (長) with the naked eye is impossible.
  241. The inscription in the "Samguk Sagi" describing Machi MOKURA as having 'travelled south' does not indicate that he travelled to Wakoku (Japan).
  242. The inscription includes a total of 32 lines, with a total of 245 characters.
  243. The inscription is written for four and a half lines in incised characters, that says "Shochogannen yori/sakiha kanhe shikan/kauni oime aru/hekarasu," and if you go through the text normally, it reads, 'Shochogannen yori sakiha, kanbe 4 kagoni oime arubekarazu.'
  244. The inscription means that 'A sword with an inscription has been made on the day of Hinoeuma (the Fiery Horse) in May in the year XX of Zhongping.
  245. The inscription of a bronze wind bell hanging down at the frontage of a house shows that it was rebuilt in 1456 during the Muromachi Period.
  246. The inscription of the monument reads 'a group of carpenters related to Gyoki designed a threshing machine, the group became official carpenters for Kyoto Imperial Palace until the end of the Edo era, and commissioned residential construction in Takaishi District making full use of their carpentry skills.'
  247. The inscription of the seated statue of Jizo Bosatsu (Jizo Bodhisattva) (made by Kosei) in Nenbutsudo hall of Todai-ji Temple suggests Kosho died before 1237 when the statue was completed.
  248. The inscription of the stone monument reads as follows.
  249. The inscription on its pedestal shows that it was created in 1176.
  250. The inscription on the Okita family grave stone states that he held menkyo-kaiden (a document handed down by a teacher to the student he believes is most capable of carrying on his art) for the Hokushin Itto-ryu school as well as Tennen Rishin-ryuu.
  251. The inscription on the epitaph comprises of 41 letters in two lines.
  252. The inscription on the monument is done in ex-Prime Minister Nobusuke KISHI's handwriting.
  253. The inscription on the stone monument that reads "Shiten Kokonoe, Yomon Daigaku" was a work of Daigaku HORIGUCHI.
  254. The inscription on the stone monument was written by Mitsumasa YONAI, Prime Minister and Full Admiral.
  255. The inscription says it was made in 917.
  256. The inscription shows that it was made by the priest Domyo in order to cure a disease of "the Emperor who governed the world at Asukakiyomihara" in "the Year of the Dog".
  257. The inscription was designated as cultural property by Nara Prefecture in March, 1953, and in the next year 1954, it was published in a history textbook for the third grade of a senior high school.
  258. The inscription was stated in October, 1826.
  259. The inscription within the Mahasthamaprapta attendant statue allows the piece to be dated at 1148 during the late Heian period.
  260. The inscriptions of the sword with carving are usually put on nagomi (a part of the blade in hilt) as 'hori dousaku' (彫同作) or 'horimono dousaku' (彫物同作).
  261. The insecurity reached its peak after a coup d'?tat by Taira clan.
  262. The inside and the outside of the stone coffin is painted with red pigment, specifically the one made from mercury.
  263. The inside arm is called shimote (underarm grip) and the outside arm is called uwate (outside grip).
  264. The inside consists three rooms; a 6 mat room Ichi no ma, 3 mat room Ni no ma and a 6 mat room.
  265. The inside design of the court is stately and unusual in that a traditional European building style, using hanging lighting apparatus and an arch-style ceiling, and the age-old traditional Japanese building style, using wood materials, are integrated.
  266. The inside is coated with urushi Japanese lacquer and this adjusts its scale.
  267. The inside is divided into three chambers.
  268. The inside of Mokugyo is hollowed.
  269. The inside of Renboshiki-noborigama is partitioned into several baking chambers.
  270. The inside of Shinden-zukuri style during the Heian period was a hall style with a wooden floor in which many columns stood in a row with no structural partition.
  271. The inside of a lantern, decorated with pretty blooms, is equipped with candles and incense sticks and also contains chips of human hairs and nails of each participant.
  272. The inside of some Tenshudai were made hollow to provide an underground floor called Anagura (cellar).
  273. The inside of the Amitabha statue contains approximately 10cm long statues of Bhaisajyaguru that were created by Dengyo Daishi Saicho and handed down through the Hino family.
  274. The inside of the Toyotomi's army had split up in two groups.
  275. The inside of the building includes 44 sliding panel paintings (Important Cultural Properties) including 'Chikurin Shichiken-zu' in the inner room and 'Saiko-zu' in the Danna room that are the works of Togan UNKOKU who was a painter in the service of the Mori family and who had inherited the artistic style of Sesshu.
  276. The inside of the primary storey on the first floor, the statues of the Five Great Nyorai, with Dainichi Nyorai at their center.
  277. The inside of the residence is open to the public for free.
  278. The inside of the statue is hollowed from the breast down (the inside is hollowed for the purpose of lightening the weight and of preventing mud cracks of the statue).
  279. The inside of the statue is inscribed with the year 1251.
  280. The inside of the temple is not open to the public.
  281. The inside was dark because the entrance was small and no windows were established so as to prevent the steam from coming out.
  282. The inside was partitioned by boarding fences and a row of lumber, and a lot multiple buildings were built in the compartment.
  283. The insistence that 'Japanese dynasty is fundamentally different from those of other countries because rulers' family line has never changed in Japan' has been existing as long as the Japanese dynasty has.
  284. The insistence that Kaso is a superstition, raises a lack of unity in literature regarding one's fortune, lack of objective description and weak scientific data regarding surrounding water and Kimon, indicates a dilution of the theory of Kaso.
  285. The insistence that the Japanese Imperial family had lasted since ancient times was made in order to earn admiration not only of Japanese people but also of the Chinese.
  286. The inspection of trains started on March 17.
  287. The inspection tours were resumed in earnest by Iemitsu TOKUGAWA in the second year of his direct rule, when he decided on the implementation of the kunimawari-haken on January 6 (based on the old calendar), 1633, on the grounds that the Keicho map of Japan required revision.
  288. The installation date is the date when the Surutto KANSAI prepaid card is usable on certain transportation company routes.
  289. The installation of Kujo seal script symbolized the situation.
  290. The installation of the indicator light switch in an irregular position and the adoption of an automatic clutch on the Honda Cub motorized bicycle were out of consideration for the needs of delivery drivers.
  291. The instatement in the House of Peers (the Constitution of the Empire of Japan and the Decree for the House of Peers)
  292. The institute carried out the training of Shinto priests on behalf of the Ministry of Home Affairs, and additionally, engaged itself in organizing lecture meetings of various kinds and compiling "Kojiruien" (Encyclopedia of Ancient Matters) and "Engishiki" (codes and procedures on national rites and prayers).
  293. The institute conducts joint researches with National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage (Korea) and Institute of Archaeology Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (China) and offers training for officials from developing countries who are in charge of cultural property.
  294. The institute conducts research of (buried) cultural property in an ancient capital, Nara as well as excavation research of Heijo-kyo and Fujiwara-kyo.
  295. The institute for agriculture in the cold upland of Aichi Agricultural Research Center cross-fertilized Hidaminori/Fuku no hana, and variety was obtained with Fuku nishiki.
  296. The institute for agriculture in the mountainous area of Aichi Agricultural Research Center cross-fertilized the variety, which was then registered in 2001.
  297. The institute is called "Nabunken" for short.
  298. The institute will set the research theme covering the whole East Asia.
  299. The institutes also develop wine yeasts.
  300. The institution imitated the domestic governing institution of the Crown Prince, Chunfang (the palace of the crown prince) in the Tang Dynasty.
  301. The institution originated in the Northern Wei Dynasty, China.
  302. The institution was a predecessor of the Osaka Prefectural Commercial School and the present Osaka City University.
  303. The instruction in playing the Koto is one of the theme of the "Utsuho monogatari" (The Tale of Utsuho) which took shape during the Heian period.
  304. The instructions appear to have provided the basis for 'The Tale of Three Arrows' (see below).
  305. The instructor of entertainment was Yoshinaka KIRA, just like in 1683.
  306. The instructors are aging, but they have undergone a great change recently as a young male Shoka appear on TV programs and in magazines for young people.
  307. The instructors at the University of Tokyo in the early years were mostly foreigners hired from western countries at 'salaries higher than those of ministers.'
  308. The instrument called 'pachimoku,' which enables to play Mokugyo installed in the end, is used as well.
  309. The instrument is designed to extend the interval from the ryukaku (the fixed bridge on the performer's right) to pins and to have the function of percussion instruments so that a player can play strings (atonal) or beat (hit) there.
  310. The instrument is usually played using the basic aitake but icchiku (playing melody with single sound) and special aitake are used in choshi, netori, saibara and roei performances.
  311. The instrument itself consists of 'tenjin' (or itogura: pegbox), 'sao' (neck), and 'do' (body).
  312. The instrument music club, once directed by Yutaka Sado, achieved the sixth, and consecutively the fourth, gold medal (as of 2006), in University Category of All Japan Band Competition.
  313. The instruments
  314. The instruments described above are installed on the ground level.
  315. The instruments of ratification were exchanged on October 20, 1896 and the treaty came into effect on October 28 of the same year.
  316. The instruments used are traditional Japanese instruments.
  317. The instruments used in Shingaku included various kinds of string instruments, such as "gekkin" (Moon guitar), "karabiwa" (Chinese lute), "shinteki" (Qing flute), "charamela" (Suona), "sangenshi" (three-stringed Chinese instrument played with fingers) and "kokin" (Chinese string instrument played with a bow) (cf. the right photograph).
  318. The insufficiency of publication of this point may be a cause for the late delivery that has occurred in recent years.
  319. The insurgence, called the Sanpo War, was eventually suppressed by the Korean army and Sanpo Wakan was closed, part of which was resumed afterward.
  320. The insurgents drove out the army of Matsue Domain (stationed there as reinforcements to the bakufu army) and the army of the Ando family of Kishu Domain (later Kii Tanabe Domain) serving as the guardian of Omori Ginzan.
  321. The integrated Kizu-regional government office (Regional Legal affairs Bureau, Public Prosecutor's Office, Hello Work (an employment security office))
  322. The integration is considered to have been done around August 742 since there are documents showing the name change from the complete Buddhist scriptures copying office of Fukuju-ji Temple to that of Konmyo-ji Temple.
  323. The intellectual and historical background of the construction of the Kokubun-ji Temples and the construction of the Great Buddha
  324. The intent and body movements in connection with ehomaki have become popular these days.
  325. The intent of this law was to raise the price of rice by decreasing the amount on the market, which would help the samurai class who had a problem converting their yearly income into cash if the price of rice was low.
  326. The intention of producing an endearing impression for viewers can be felt through its whole body, and the characteristic of the Jocho style from the late Heian period is expressed very well.
  327. The intention was to 'give shijimizu to people, shinimizu to snakes.'
  328. The intentions by the bakufu coincided with the Imperial court's intention to restore Imperial ceremonies, and the system of jigekanjin was revised accordingly.
  329. The intercalary month June, 19
  330. The intercalary month, August of 1585
  331. The intercepting Japanese army was helped by the strong defense with castles constructed in the coastal area and, in the second Battle of Ulsan, succeeded by beating back the Ming and Korean forces.
  332. The interchange of Hanshin Expressway No 3 Kobe Route located in Suma Ward, Kobe City.
  333. The interchange of the Second Keihan Highway situated within the reclaimed land of Ogura-ike Pond is named the Oguraike Interchange.
  334. The interest in culture
  335. The interest in oriental art gradually shifted from Japonism to traditional Chinese art, and this became the target of a scramble, and many fake objects (replica) were created.
  336. The interest of historical science became diffused and the controversy came to an end without any clear result.
  337. The interest rates of all government loans, both public and private, will be set at 30 percent.
  338. The interests of the Tato (wealthy farmer) farmer class, who were controlled and deprived of the control of the Todai-ji Temple and Kokuga, and Masamori, who wished to enlarge and stabilize his property, coincided and led to the creation of the shoen.
  339. The interior designer was Yasumichi MORITA.
  340. The interior is decorated with sliding panel paintings by Tanrei KANO and Naonobu KANO.
  341. The interior is divided into an unfloored room, a wooden-floored room and a tatami-mat room, of which the unfloored and wooden-floored rooms do not have ceilings but allow the nuki (penetrating tie beams) and hari (beams) to be seen.
  342. The interior is gorgeously decorated in the Baroque style, which flourished in Europe around the 17th century, and colorful stained glass is fitted in the walls and windows.
  343. The interior is in Henri II style, and the lower parts of its walls are planked with brownish-red Dion boards exuding a stately atmosphere.
  344. The interior is in the same style of Classicism as the Rising Sun Room.
  345. The interior is in the shoin-zukuri style (traditional style of Japanese residential architecture).
  346. The interior is not open to the public and the doors are only opened once every 60 years.
  347. The interior is not ordinarily open to the public.
  348. The interior measures approximately 70-80m from east to west, and approximately 50-65m from north to south, with a surface area of approximately 4,100 square meters.
  349. The interior of Kitaoji Town
  350. The interior of each of the buildings is open to the public, and materials related to the folk culture of the people of the Edo Period are on display inside.
  351. The interior of the castle is constructred in an octagonal form, and the walls are decorated with paintings.
  352. The interior of the mausoleum is decorated with Momoyama style (luxurious, splended and decorative style created during Momoyama Period) makie (Japanese lacquer sprinkled with gold or silver powder), and the temple has become nicknamed 'Makie Temple' for its many makie furnishings that are said to have once been owned by Kita no Mandokoro.
  353. The interior of the obunko and the kitchen storehouse have not been opened to the public, and can only be viewed from the exterior.
  354. The interior of the restored buildings is mostly open to the public as a folk museum or a historical reference library.
  355. The interior of the roast beef is pink, and therefore some people see a similarity between the two dishes.
  356. The interior represents a luxury passenger liner cabin.
  357. The interior wall and ceiling are painted with Urushi (Japanese lacquer) and mural paintings were drawn.
  358. The interior walls are composed of black mud-plaster.
  359. The interiors of recent cars (included the renovated cars) tend to be finished with considerably darker-toned panels for doors and the front face panel (bargeboard), anticipating deterioration due to age.
  360. The intermediate part of Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters) contains a scene where Yamato Takeru (no Mikoto) encountered a white boar on the way to beating down the god of Mt. Ibuki, and did 'kotoage' ritual by saying as follows; 'This should be an emissary of the god. Then, I will kill it on my way back not now.'
  361. The internal debate in the Fujufuse school, which occurred in 1682 in Okayama, led to the split of Fujufuse school into two schools, namely the Doshi school and the Fudoshi school, and the Fudoshi school to which Nikko belonged became independent as Fujufuse Nichiren Komon Sect.
  362. The internal feud of the Yamana clan
  363. The internal height of the house meets the current interior height requirements and the dimensions of the tatami mats measure, in the former shakkanho system (old Japanese measuring system), 6 shaku 3 sun (190.89 centimeters) long and 3 shaku 1 sun 5 bu (95.445 centimeters) wide being equivalent of that for Kyoma tatami used today.
  364. The internal ranking of storytellers (the level of membership fee, for example) is decided by another standard (seniority).
  365. The internal reconstruction is an approach to the history of certain language through not only comparison with other languages but also a study on the synchrony of the language.
  366. The internal strife of Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan)
  367. The interpretation and research of ritsuryo text began immediately after the Taiho code was enforced in 701.
  368. The interpretation by Shushigaku was propagated in the form of commentaries on the Four Books and the traditional Classics.
  369. The interpretation in "Kojiki" is further divided.
  370. The interpretation of "kimi" changed accordingly..
  371. The interpretation of a treasure hall of Kofuku-ji Temple describes 'Ashura' as "Taiyoshin" (the sun god) or "Hinokami" (the god of fire) in Indian Hinduism.
  372. The interpretation of ritsuryo was handled mainly by people from China called Ryoshi, experts who probably also cultivated future Ryoshi privately.
  373. The interpretation of the schools of the Hokke Sect line
  374. The interpretation of the sentence of 'It should not be discussed whether the taste of a meal is good or not' was altered, and cooking and eating a meal at Zen temples became considered a religious practice, causing shojin-ryori dishes to develop.
  375. The interpretation that it is a provision ruling acquisitive prescription of lands is widely accepted.
  376. The interpretation was an 'autonomous country,' or independent country.
  377. The interpretations of other Buddhist sects
  378. The interpreted poems are only seven of them.
  379. The interrupted section between Shimei-dori Street and Kamidachiuri-dori Street looks as if Abura-no-koji dori Street continues, because Ogawa-dori Street, which runs one block east, deviates to the west.
  380. The intersection at Higashioji-dori Street was converted into a railroad crossing.
  381. The intersection between the Eizan Main Line and Higashioji-dori Street was converted to a railway crossing.
  382. The intersection central to Sanjo Keihan is the Sanjo Ohashi intersection where Kawabata-dori and Sanjo-dori Streets interchange.
  383. The intersection is produced by the crossing of the No. 32 Kyoto Prefectural, Shimogamo Kyoto Station Front Road (Kawaramachi-dori Street) and the No. 37 Kyoto Prefectural, Nijo Station Front Higashiyama Sanjo Road (Oike-dori Street).
  384. The intersection name is Kitashirakawa-Shibusecho
  385. The intersection with Eizan Main Line, Eizan Electric Railway, south of Takaragaike Station, is a vehicle-only overpass.
  386. The intersection with Shicihonmatsu-dori Street is very wide.
  387. The interval between 5th and 8th centuries is important.
  388. The interval of the operation during the daytime was changed from 20 minutes to 15 minutes (the daytime time schedule with a 15-minute interval had been maintained for 32 years, until 2003).
  389. The interval shrinks to 15 minutes when the irregular trains run when there are passengers are included.
  390. The intervals of the trains increases to 20 minutes even in the rush hour between Kyoto Station and Takeda Station, and during the daytime the interval increases to 22 minutes between Shin-Tanabe and Shin-Hosono Station (JR's Osaka Higashi Line faces a similar situation).
  391. The interview was recorded in a friendly atmosphere as if Otani had visited her home to see her parents.
  392. The intimacy between them must have been deeper than that between a parent and his child who love each other.
  393. The intonations are excellent.
  394. The introduction is like traditional Japanese music, where koto uses a technique of gakuso and kokyu plays chords like sho (Japanese flute).
  395. The introduction of "kata" (form) competition and demonstration competition
  396. The introduction of 'Aosei Sencha Seiho' process started to be revealed in documents of that period and indicated the shift from maccha (powdered green tea) to sencha at the end of the Edo Period as one of the goals reached in the search for high quality tea.
  397. The introduction of Kueiden was one example of the early changes in which the Ritsuryo system, the individual-based ruling system, turned into a land-based ruling system.
  398. The introduction of Mingaku to Japan dates back to when Gishien of Ming (c.1617 - 1689) became naturalized in Japan.
  399. The introduction of taxation yields money which goes into local government coffers from the pockets of the taxpayers.
  400. The introduction of technological innovation was almost stopped in the field of steam locomotives after the Taisho period, when it was assumed that the goal of 'domestic production' was achieved.
  401. The introduction of the Hino lacquering technique helped develop Aizu lacquerware.
  402. The introduction of the JNR/JR Commuter Train Series 201 effectively sped up the local trains and allowed them to reach one of the shunting stations to let special rapid service trains pass without being caught, thereby offering services between Takatsuki and Nishi-Akashi and between Suita and Koshienguchi.
  403. The introduction of the game and competition
  404. The introduction of the women-only cars was limited to the limited express, commuter limited express and rapid limited express trains of the Hankyu (Electric) Railway Series 6300.
  405. The introductory notes say 'largely this book excludes the heretical doctrine of ryobu shugo (dual compromise) from beginning to end and returns the doctrine to the right path of yuiitsu sogen (the one and only Shinto as origin and foundation).'
  406. The introductory volume appears to have been written after the volumes 1 to 15.
  407. The inundation tactics of the Ota-jo Castle
  408. The invading army of Yoshinaka KISO supposedly consisted of samurai from noble families as well as 'even the Buyaku (laborer) of Togoku samurai had Kyusen' that even laborers served as archers when joining battle.
  409. The invasion army of Hideyoshi took Seoul Special City, the capital of Korea, in only nineteen days.
  410. The invasion of Ise Province was in the final stage.
  411. The invasion of the Asian continent and the dispatch of troops to Korea finished upon Hideyoshi's death.
  412. The invasion of the Date family into Fukushima on October 6, 1600 (the Battle of Miyashiro Omote)
  413. The invasion of the Provinces of Totomi, Mikawa and restoration of the Koso Alliance (an alliance between the Takeda clan in Kai Province and the Hojo clan in Sagami Province)
  414. The invention of Edomae-zushi
  415. The invention of a gas mantle increased light output per light to 40 candle powers, resulting in incandescent gas light.
  416. The invention of movable wooden wall set in the tracks carved in the threshold and kamoi led to the flowering in innovations of techniques of doors and applications and the devices for sliding Fusuma Shoji and yarido.
  417. The inventor was a Japanese sushi chef working in the United States.
  418. The investigation by the Kumano Kinenkan Museum confirmed many relics such as guideposts, stupa-shaped stones for indicating distances and ruins of inns, and pointed out that it had been a road for the common people.
  419. The investigation committee to research the causes of beriberi which Ogai helped establish is now considered to have built the foundations for the study of beriberi and vitamins.
  420. The investigation committee which was set up for the plan included a lot of the elder leaders and influential persons in the political world and the military, such as Sankichi TAKAHASHI, Nobuyuki ABE, Ryutaro NAGAI, Nobumasa SUETSUGU, Kozui OTANI, Kichisaburo NOMURA, and so on.
  421. The investigation committee, a state institution directed by the Minister of the Army, was dedicated to looking deep into the causes of beriberi, included all the top researchers of the time and took a huge amount of money.
  422. The investigation of 'Li' was called 'plumb the principle.'
  423. The investigation of the scale distribution of the square front, square back tomb mounds that are known to exist today shows that there are 34 tumuli whose burial mound is longer than 70 meters, 33 tumuli with a 60 to 70 meter-long, and 48 tumuli with a 50 to 60 meter-long.
  424. The investigation reports were made in writing and were reviewed by senior oniwaban before submission.
  425. The investigation trip for kaibo (the protection of the country against foreign countries): Advocacy of shusen ron (jingoism)
  426. The investiture (Investiture Code and Kazoku Investiture Rule)
  427. The investiture ceremony of the Crown Prince was revived in the Edo period, starting with that of Imperial Prince Tomohito (the Emperor Higashiyama).
  428. The investiture he got at the age of 16 was Jushii, and that in the next year was jiju (a chamberlain).
  429. The investiture is performed by the Emperor.
  430. The investiture of the Crown Prince was held in 401.
  431. The investiture without permission drove Yoritomo in Kamakura to fury, and Yoritomo cursed out every one of the invested 24 samurai warriors, and ordered them to return to Kamakura.
  432. The investment ratio of the new company was 60 percent and 50 percent, Kyodo and Mitusbishi.
  433. The invitation card for a reception banquet of his second marriage with Sutematsu amazed the people, because it was written in French.
  434. The invited Japanese guests were Saemon no jo KAWAJI from Bakufu, Fujio MOTOJIMA and Kitasuku IIJIMA from Saga Nabeshima Domain and others.
  435. The involved forces, vying one another in a complexly twisted pattern, sometimes joined hands and at other times separated from others repeatedly, each in pursuit of its own self-interest.
  436. The involvement of Narichika, Shigemori's brother-in-law, caused Shigemori to lose face and political rank.
  437. The irate Yoritomo hastened to Abuzuri, and summoned Munechika MAKI to reprehend him and cut his hair to affront him.
  438. The irimoya style (building with a half-hipped roof)
  439. The irimoya-zukuri style is one of the traditional East-Asian roof styles.
  440. The iro-torinoko (colored torinoko) of suki-zome (mixing dyed fibers when paper-making) has a variety of colors and has been used for various houses as a major high quality torinoko which is generally distributed.
  441. The iron basin type
  442. The iron blade of Minodani in Japan also has an inscription of May.
  443. The iron blade unearthed from Minodani No.2 Tumulus
  444. The iron blade unearthed from Okadayama No.1 Tumulus
  445. The iron chape inlaid with silver, which was found in the burial chamber, is one of the most noteworthy articles unearthed.
  446. The iron chape, which is a metal fitting attached to the edge of a sheath, is decorated with beautiful silver inlays with the 'Shichiyomon' pattern, which was also used for Fuhonsen coins.
  447. The iron coin was also called 'Nabe-sen' (literally, pan, or pot coin).
  448. The iron plate and the strength of the heat are different when cooking in the household compare to in professional shops.
  449. The iron plate vibrates slightly after a lapse of specified time, rotating takoyaki.
  450. The iron sword does not have an era, but it seems to have been made in the middle of the fifth century from the shape of short metal body armor with rivets and iron arrowhead collected in the wooden coffin.
  451. The iron sword inlaid with gold and the iron blade inlaid with silver were made, and those who were given each of them were buried respectively in Inariyama Kofun Tumulus in Kita Musashino and Eta Funayama Tumulus in Higo Province.
  452. The iron sword with a gold inscription excavated from Inariyama tumulus was made in 471 for commemorating the achievement working for Wakatakeru (Emperor Yuryaku) with 115 Chinese characters.
  453. The irons for household with a temperature control function are not used for the following reasons: With the temperature of these irons being low, it takes much time to burn the leaves together, and if it seems to be done, the leaves cannot be jointed strong enough and may be peeled due to aging.
  454. The irori fireplace, is a part of the floor that is squarely cut out and covered with coals in a traditional Japanese house to make a fire from charcoal or wood.
  455. The irregular corvee was labor carried out on public works or miscellaneous work at government offices within a province and ordered by the provincial governor.
  456. The ishi-bocho is believed to follow the spread of rice cropping and to become popular in its early stage.
  457. The island can be seen from Oura Peninsula and Mt. Goro-gadake in Maizuru City, and also from Nagu coast in Miyazu City and Kyoga-misaki Cape in Kyotango City which are located at Tango Peninsula.
  458. The island consists of Miocene Anzangan (andesite) and other rocks: truly a natural treasury.
  459. The island has erected a monument to commemorate Tametomo's life.
  460. The island is called "last paradise for Calonectris leucomelas."
  461. The island is surrounded on all four sides by a sheer cliff.
  462. The island itself, which consists of volcanic rocks (mainly Anzangan rock (andesite)), is mostly surrounded by a vertical cliff and is covered by a virgin forest of evergreen broad-leaved trees such as Machilus thunbergii.
  463. The island provides refreshment for people through fishing.
  464. The island where he first saw the orb was named Shinju-jima Island.
  465. The islanders immediately deported the parents and brother of Shimoji who broke the covenant, to Irabu Island.
  466. The islanders untied the corpse and threw it into the cave in Kushiwara ridge.
  467. The islands are made of stones, Kame-jima in the shape of a turtle and Tsuru-jima in the shape of a crane.
  468. The isolated Kokura clan set fire to its own castle on September 9 (表記の変更), and retreated to Kawara.
  469. The isolated enclave has no fixed domicile residents, and is used as a facility of Kyoto Prefecture, 'Sports Square for residents of a prefecture (commonly called Midorigaoka).'
  470. The isolated young emperor did not have the capacity to resist.
  471. The isolation of Saicho
  472. The issei (first-generation) especially worked hard under harsh labor conditions, though they used the money they earned for the education of their children, not for themselves.
  473. The issho says as follows.
  474. The issue featured development of Umekoji Park and acceptance of C62 #1 in 1994, and carried the logs of respective steam locomotives preserved.
  475. The issue of Onsho (reward grants) and the increase of territory had been more or less a big problem for any daimyo.
  476. The issue of a successor to the shogun arose after Tsunayoshi's legitimate son, Tokumatsu, died.
  477. The issue of abdicating the throne of Emperor Ogimachi
  478. The issue of former Imperial Family members returning to the Imperial Family
  479. The issue of sobuji-rei gave justification to Hideyoshi's suppression of Kyushu and Odawara.
  480. The issue of succession to the Imperial throne
  481. The issue of the Japanese diplomatic office in Korea
  482. The issue of the Japanese immigrants of 1868 in Hawaii
  483. The issue of the family succession gradually made Motonari antagonistic towards Tsunehisa AMAGO.
  484. The issue on Daikyoin Shrine
  485. The issue ran into difficulties because the Court nobles and the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) both had different expectations.
  486. The issue was settled as Moritoki HOJO took office of a regent in April.
  487. The issued amount of military currency reached 140,545,000 yen by the end of June, 1905.
  488. The issued amount was very high surpassing standard gold coins like koban.
  489. The issues over Kyobusho
  490. The issuing of certificates of land titles led to recognition of private landownership.
  491. The italicized castles have had major buildings such as tenshu burned down in World War II.
  492. The itappy area
  493. The item appeared in "Kinkin sensei eigano yume" (Master Flashgold's Splendiferous Dream).
  494. The item dated closest to modern times is the Sekido (stone structure) of Fusai-ji Temple in Tokyo, which dates from Japan's period of Northern and Southern Courts.
  495. The items carried by those figures match those carried by the toneri (a servant) and other government officials (especially one of low to medium rank) seen in "Jogan Gishiki (the ritual processes by the Jogan Codes)" who attended a ceremony of Choga (New Year's greetings or well-wishes offered by retainers to the Emperor) on New Year's Day.
  496. The items classified as Ancient Documents are not strictly speaking limited to 'letter documents' (which notably are those documents written to have both a sender and an addressee, and with some kind of specific goal or purpose in mind), but also include diaries and other kinds of documents of record.
  497. The items designated National Treasures, the paintings and writings have been deposited at Kyoto National Museum and Nara National Museum.
  498. The items excluding the staple food constitute 'ichiju-issai,' because ko no mono is not usually counted.
  499. The items in the Act on Protection of Cultural Properties, article 2, paragraph 1 defines cultural properties as follows.
  500. The items listed previously still remain.
  501. The itowappu nakama (guild of raw silk threads importers) was located in three places at first, but in 1631 Edo and Osaka were added that total number of itowappu nakama became five.
  502. The itto ryoson comprising the Tahoto pagoda and Niseson (two world-honored ones) represents Nibutsubyoza, which is described in Chapter Fifteen, Jujiyujutsuhon (Emerging from the Earth) of Hoke-kyo Sutra (the Lotus Sutra).
  503. The jar is turned up-side down and fixed onto the ground with clay (or mortar in recent years) to prevent water from leaking into the hole that was dug up.
  504. The jealous woman's discussion in the opening of 'The Kibitsu Cauldron' was derived from Book 8 of "Wuzazu (Five Miscellanies)."
  505. The jealousy she suppressed came out whenever she lost control and harmed the ladies Genji loved.
  506. The jewel got stuck to the vessel and could not be separated.
  507. The jewel is sometimes referred to as 'ji' (a sacred jewel).
  508. The jewel of the Imperial Treasures is referred to as the 'ji' of 'Kenji' (or 'Shinji' meaning 'divine jewel').
  509. The jewel was created by the god Tama-no-oya-no-Mikoto and hung on a sakaki tree (a species of evergreen sacred to Shinto) along with the Yata no Kagami (mirror) when Amaterasu hid in the Ama no Iwato (cave of the sun god).
  510. The jigeuke continued from the Muromachi period through the Azuchi-Momoyama period, and was succeeded by the murauke system (village-wide, collective responsibility for tax payment) in the Edo period.
  511. The jigeuke is also called soson uke or hyakusho uke.
  512. The jigo 'Onjo' was named by the Emperor Tenmu who was deeply impressed by the aspiration of Otomo-no-Yota-no-Okimi to establish a temple at the cost of his 'Shoen-joyu' (a private estate and a castle).
  513. The jigo (literally, "temple name"), which is the title given to a Buddhist temple, Entoku-in was named after Toshifusa's hogo (a Buddhist name).
  514. The jigo (literally, "temple name"), which is the title given to a Buddhist temple, is 'Jingokokuso-Shingon-ji Temple.'
  515. The jigo (temple name) called 'Hyakumanben,' which is a byname of Chion-ji Temple where he lived, is the title given to a Buddhist temple, as an award at that time.
  516. The jigo (temple name) of Jodo Shinshu sect is said to have originated from 'Kuon Jitsujo Amida Hongan-ji Temple,' which was granted as an Imperial gift for Shinran's mausoleum hall by Emperor Kameyama in 13 century.
  517. The jii was a top-level medical officer and nyoi was an obstetrician who was recruited from kanko (slaves to public ministries) or kanpi (female slaves to public ministries).
  518. The jii, nyoi hakase and medical students that belonged to Naiyakushi were transferred to Tenyakuryo.
  519. The jikabi-yaki method allows fat to drip down, giving the surface of the meat a crispy texture and a relatively fresh flavor.
  520. The jinai-cho was called 'Kosaka', which literally means 'small slope', because it was located on a slope up to the plateau, and later came to be called 'Osaka', meaning 'big slope' (it is said that the name "Osaka" started to be used in 1498).
  521. The jinrikisha fare is around two to three dollars per ride.
  522. The jinya (regional government office) was run in Nagaoka (Nagaokakyo City, Kyoto Prefecture) as government building of domain.
  523. The jinya was also destroyed in August of the following year.
  524. The jitos operated the kanno (encouragement of agriculture) in shoen and koryo and expanded their dominance and so many disputes with the lords of shoens happened.
  525. The jiuta shamisen, however, has an upper face that is configured in such a way that it maintains its height until it meets the body.
  526. The jiuta shamisen, so (koto) and kokyu (Chinese fiddle) were originally musical instruments in which the blind musicians of Todo-za had specialized since the early Edo period.
  527. The jiutai chants, saying as follows.
  528. The jizake boom increased the demands for dishes matching jizake, particularly semi-Western cooking called "fusion dishes," which resulted in extending the repertory of Japanese foods menu.
  529. The jizamurai who continued to fight were oppressed and killed without mercy.
  530. The job and position
  531. The job grade of Chinju-fu shogun, Commander-in-chief, was equivalent to goi (Fifth Rank) or shii (Fourth Rank).
  532. The job grades of his sons shows that all of them were involved in the management of Tohoku.
  533. The job of Shukeiryo was to figure out and audit the tax revenues (especially those from So-Yo-Cho tax system).
  534. The job of making a calendar was originally done by Onmyoryo (Bureau of Divination) of the Imperial Court.
  535. The job of measuring gardens was also done by Fumitaka NISHIZAWA as well as Shigemori, and their exquisite measuring charts were published and compiled as measured drawings.
  536. The job of the Kattekata post and that of the Kujikata post were totally different, though they had the same name.
  537. The job title of usho of Nagara-gawa River is 'Kunaicho shikibushoku usho.'
  538. The job was actually conducted in a monthly rotation system (however, for each of the doshin officers who walked around watching town situations, jishinban [the town-watching places operated by townspeople themselves] to patrol were specified, and in that sense, a control territory existed naturally.
  539. The job was to control the administration, judiciary and all of the national affairs.
  540. The jobo of Dazai-fu existed around the middle of the seventh century when Kanzeon Temple was built because it is believed that temples and shrines were constructed keeping with the jobo constructed earlier, not that the jobo were constructed keeping with the temples and shrines which were constructed earlier.
  541. The jobo remains of the 10th century that correspond to the third period of the government exist in an area close to the area supposed by the Kagamiyama proposal.
  542. The jobs
  543. The jobs of the Bakuuchiaratame post were transferred to the town magistrate post, in the year when the "Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame" post was introduced.
  544. The jobs were done in a yearly rotation and in a monthly rotation.
  545. The jockeys competed for the speed to reach the goal, but the skills of norijiri was considered important.
  546. The jockeys were selected from among the lower class military officers belonging to the ebu (the section to guard the court) or meryo (the section taking care of imperial horses).
  547. The jodai is a person who took care of a castle in the absence of the lord.
  548. The joint public-private venture is Kyoto Kosoku Railway Co., Ltd.
  549. The joint suicide theory, however, might have been created by Kan SHIMOZAWA (or Tamesaburo YAGI) as "Mibu shinju" (lovers' suicide in Mibu) in "Shinsengumi Monogatari" (the Tale of Shinsengumi).
  550. The jokos who conducted Insei established Incho (院庁) as their own political office and therefore issued written orders such as Inzen (院宣)/In-no-cho Kudashibumi (院庁下文), etc.
  551. The jomon period - the kofun (tumulus) period
  552. The joro otoshiyori is the official responsible for social, cultural and other important ceremonies and served as advisor to the shogun and his wife.
  553. The josaku is known to have existed in 658, but other than that, it is not known where was located and when it was established and abandoned.
  554. The journal from the Negishi Tanka Society, "Araragi," was first published in 1908, and made famous Akahiko SHIMAGI, who established his own unique style of prose and led the Araragi school, and Mokichi SAITO, who looked within himself and composed poems reflecting the power of life.
  555. The journal, however, ceased publication when Saionji resigned.
  556. The journalism at that time reported the contrast inflammatorily as a confrontation between the old faction and the new faction.
  557. The journey takes approximately 5 minutes.
  558. The jouze-yakusho post was hereditary, with Sakuemon DAIKOKU, the eldest son of Sakuemon YUASA, assuming the post in Kyoto and Saemon DAIKOKU, the second son of the same, in charge of silver mint inspection as gin-aratameyaku.
  559. The joy of crossing/a river in summer/sandals in hand
  560. The jubako box made its appearance during the Taisho period, and lacquer or other material was used in an effort to create the impression of luxury, so that even today unaju in a jubako box tends to be more expensive than unadon or unagi-donburi in a bowl.
  561. The jubango against Shuei ended with the last game on August 6, finishing as a five-five tie.
  562. The judgement of the court
  563. The judges score based not only on hits but also on shooting form, elegance in shooting and behavior.
  564. The judging criteria are mainly as follows:
  565. The judgment is also said to take 'the attitude of the deceased's family at religious services for the repose of the soul of the dead person' as 'evidence.'
  566. The judgment is called Indo (also known as Insetsu, the final judgment) and the phrase 'Indo wo watasu' (tell someone to get ready for the end or worst) derived from that word.
  567. The judgment of Juo's trial is mainly based on 'good and bad things a dead person did before his or her death,' which is shown on 'Johari no Kagami Mirror' in the palace of Enma-o.
  568. The judgment of the Supreme Court in this case is considered a significant precedent of the two points as follows.
  569. The judgment of whether a food is tasty or not tasty is largely dependent on each person's subjectivity, culture or the environment.
  570. The judgment stated 'As part of such citizens' freedom in private life, any person has the right not to have his/her face or appearance (hereinafter referred to as 'the appearance, etc.') photographed without consent or good reason' based on Article 13 of the Constitution.
  571. The jugon hakase (Master Sorcerer) was an official for the Bureau of Medicine under the Ritsuryo system.
  572. The jugon hakase first appears in the written record in the section of the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) detailing the year 691 that Chobu MOKUSO (木素丁武) and Banshu SATAKU (沙宅万首) were the jugon hakase.
  573. The jugonshi came into existence through the influence of Daoism on Japan, and carried out medical treatments by purifying any ailments caused by supernatural or magical forces.
  574. The juice is used for chuhai (a shochu-based beverage), and there is a wine made from yuzu citron.
  575. The juice of the yuzu citron is used in Japanese cuisine as a seasoning to add flavor and a sour taste.
  576. The jujube type
  577. The jukenjutsu of the former Japanese Army became jukendo (the martial art using the bayonet), which is a kind of Kyogi Budo (athletic martial arts) now and is performed as a training of combat techniques at the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) together with the Self-Defense Force 銃剣格闘 (bayonet drill and combat techniques).
  578. The jumbling, provincial and gory shibai-e paintings produced during this period were especially popular, and the neighbors of Akaoka still hold the 'Tosa Akaoka Ekin Festival' every year in July, to exhibit his paintings owned by each house on folding screens.
  579. The jumping sand is flung up for a short period of time and constitutes most of shachenbao sandstorm.
  580. The junction of the Kamo-gawa River (Yodo-gawa River system) and the Takano-gawa River (Kyoto Prefecture)
  581. The junction of the Kyo-Kaido Road, the Sanin-Kaido Road and the National Route 423 was built in Oiwake in the castle town, allowing for the Kameoka to be developed thereafter.
  582. The junimen-daikoku chogin where daikoku by 12 phases were inscribed were for taxation to Edo bakufu(Japanese feudal government headed by shogun) or celebration.
  583. The junior college started only the departments of English and Art.
  584. The junior high school opened in 1896 as Doshisha Jinjo Chugakko (Doshisha Junior High School).
  585. The junior high school, which is based on the Doshisha system, is adjacent to the Imadegawa Campus of Doshisha University.
  586. The junkenshi can be classified broadly into goryo-junkenshi sent to inspect the kogi-goryo (tenryo [shogunal properties]) and hatamoto fiefdoms and shokoku-junkenshi responsible for surveillance of the daimyos of domains.
  587. The junkenshi is an envoy of the Edo shogunate dispatched for surveillance of the daimyos (feudal lords) and hatamotos (shogunal retainers), and for research on the situation.
  588. The junsatsushi was later given alternative names, such as 'azechi' and 'anbushi.'
  589. The junshi of samurai
  590. The junyoze is an important doctrine, believed to give origin to form "ichinen sanzen (the three thousand realms contained in one mind)" which is later called the fundamental Tendai doctrine.
  591. The junyoze is seen only in the Lotus Sutra translated by Kumaraju, not in the other translations or the original Sanskrit text.
  592. The jurisdiction for Rumoi branch office was incorporated on March 12, 1875.
  593. The jurisdiction for Urakawa branch office was incorporated on May 14, 1874.
  594. The jurisdiction north of the Uruppu Island was transferred to the Nemro branch office on August 7, 1878.
  595. The jurisdiction north of the Uruppu Island, which became the Japan's property in exchange for Sakhalin, was transferred to the Sapporo head office on December 2, 1875.
  596. The jurisdiction of the Tanba Branch Office in Kyoto Prefecture
  597. The jurisdiction office
  598. The jurisdiction over the Chishima Islands, north of Uruppu Island, was transferred to the Nemuro office on August 7, 1878.
  599. The jurisdictional area corresponds to Oshima Province, eight counties of Shiribeshi Province (Kudo County, Okushiri County, Futoro County, Setana County, Suttsu County, Shimamaki County, Utasutsu County and Isoya County) and Yamagoe County of Iburi Province according to ryoseikoku (province).
  600. The jurisdictional area corresponds to the whole area of Nemuro, Kushiro and Chitose Provinces and four counties of Kitami Province (Monbetsu County, Tokoro County, Abashiri County and Shari County), according to ryoseikoku.
  601. The jury at the eleventh festival included Yuji HARUOKA and others.
  602. The justification for the so-called the direct descendant of the Minamoto family began with MINAMOTO no Yoshikuni, the most powerful among the Minamoto clan families, but it was transferred to the Ashikaga clan of Shimotsuke Genji, who had close family ties to the Hojo clan.
  603. The juzu which is used in such a case is sometimes called Hyakumanben Juzu.
  604. The jyusankaiki may also be considered one round of jyunishi (twelve signs of the Chinese zodiac) and the nijjyugokaiki (the 24th anniversary of one's death) two rounds or half of the gojyukai onki (the 49th anniversary of one's death).
  605. The kabane (hereditary title) of the Empress Dowager was "Yamato", her imina (personal name) was "Niigasa", and she was the daughter of Ototsugu who held the rank of Shoichii (Senior First Rank).'
  606. The kabane (hereditary title) of the clan was atai (atae: a kind of kabene, given to local governors).
  607. The kabane (hereditary title) was Atae.
  608. The kabane itself had existed even after the introduction of Yakusa no Kabane, the eight honorary titles, and the ritsuryo system.
  609. The kabayaki is made in the Kansai style, by only broiling the eel without steaming.
  610. The kabuki kyogen works performed often currently are "Futago Sumidagawa" written by Monzaemon CHIKAMATSU, "Sakurahime azuma bunsho" and "Sumidagawa hanano goshozome" by Nanboku TSURUYA and "Miyakodori nagareno shiranami" by Mokuami KAWATAKE.
  611. The kabuto was designated as a national important cultural property.
  612. The kachigashira (a chief of foot soldiers in the Edo period) took responsibility of carrying the tea jar in rotation.
  613. The kadomatsu (literally, gate pine) is a pair of displays made of pine and bamboo set up in places such as in front of houses during the New Year.
  614. The kadomatsu stems originally from the popular custom of the 'Pine on the Day of the Rat,' in which nobles in the Heian period took pines home during the fondly-held event called the Komatsu-hiki (pulling out small pine trees on the first day of the Rat), and used them to pray for longevity.
  615. The kaede of "Tamagawa" (Tama river) is very famous for its excellence.
  616. The kagaku of the Meiji period and thereafter was focused on studying ancient waka and old waka anthologies rather than on karon itself; as a result, remarkable progress has been made in research on the Manyoshu and the Kokin wakashu, in study of the history of waka and of karon, and in the bibliographic study of old waka anthologies.
  617. The kahanshu assisted the family head and plural members of kahanshu acted for the family head.
  618. The kaigan (eye-opening) inauguration ceremony was to be held by Kanin of Eihei-ji Temple Tenkai HOSHIMI who was on the tour to preach through the country, which attracted huge popularity.
  619. The kaigun (navy) agency was established by introducing the presidency (roju [member of shogun's council of elders]) system to the central organization of bakufu, and the president of kaigun coequal to roju (member of shogun's council of elders) was additionally placed in the existing organization of kaign.
  620. The kaihatsu-ryoshu donated manors in order to stabilized that unstable condition.
  621. The kaihatsu-ryoshu union of the Kanto region had a strong inclination to be maintained by marriage.
  622. The kaiki (a founder) is ABE no Kurahashimaro.
  623. The kaiki (a patron of a temple in its founding) was Nichidatsu Shonin, the 66th head priest of Nichiren Sho sect Taiseki-ji Temple.
  624. The kaiki (founding patron) is reputed to have been either Prince Otomo or Emperor Tenmu.
  625. The kaiki (founding patron) was Nichinyo Shonin, 68th head priest of Nichiren Sho Sect Sohonzan (Head Temple) Taiseki-ji Temple.
  626. The kaiki (founding patron) was Nikken Shonin, 67th head priest of Nichiren Shu Sect Sohonzan (Head Temple) Taiseki-ji Temple.
  627. The kaiki (founding patron) was Nittatsu Shonin, 66th head priest of Nichiren Sho Sect Sohonzan (Head Temple) Taiseki-ji Temple.
  628. The kaiki (founding patron) was Nittatsu, 66th head priest of the Nichiren Shoshu Sect Taiseki-ji Temple.
  629. The kaiki (founding patron) was Tadaoki (Sansai) HOSOKAWA and the kaisan (founding priest) was Gyokuho Joso.
  630. The kaiki (founding patron) was Yoritsuna UTSUNOMIYA.
  631. The kaiki (founding patron) was Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA, and the kaizan (first head priest) was Myoha SHUNOKU.
  632. The kaiki (founding patron) was attributed to Taicho.
  633. The kaiki (patron of a temple in its founding) is Nikken Shonin who is the 67th head priest of Nichiren Shoshu Taiseki-ji Temple,
  634. The kaiki (patron of a temple in its founding) was Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA, the kaizan (the founder of a temple) was Muso Soseki and the temple is dedicated to Shaka Nyorai.
  635. The kaiki (patron of a temple in its founding) was the 8th Shogun of the Muromachi Shogunate Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA and the kaisan (the founder of a temple) was Muso Soseki.
  636. The kaimyo, inden daikoji, is tono-sama (a person with higher rank) class of the time, and is very rare nationwide.
  637. The kaisan (founding patron) was Genshin's (a monk) junior disciple Jokaku.
  638. The kaisan is Busshoin Nisshu.
  639. The kaisan is Tengan Eko.
  640. The kaisan is not clear: some suggest Kuge, a line of Doryu RANKEI, but temple history suggests Genno Zenji (Shinsho Kugai), a monk of the Soto sect of Zen Buddhism.
  641. The kaishakunin would enter through the shugyomon and may be aided by two or three assistants.
  642. The kaisho of Kitayamadono was said to have a garden at the back and Shariden (a hall that stores the bones of Buddha) with a unique architecture that must have been a colorful and luxurious scenery with various objects for the visiting guest.
  643. The kaisho of Muromachidono of Yoshinori
  644. The kaisho, which was a part of the building, became the center of that independent structure upon entering the Muromachi period.
  645. The kaisho-tai (square or block style of writing) style or simple gyosho-tai (semi-cursive style of writing) style Chinese characters used for recording kana portions of Japanese language were called magana.
  646. The kaitendaho (spinning method)
  647. The kakaku (family status) is the Urin family.
  648. The kakan (where a crown is put on the head of the person coming of age) was performed by Nobunaga ODA, who gave him permission to use one character of the name of Nobunaga and he took the name Nobumoto.
  649. The kakemai is the steamed rice that was left aside for the moromi (sake mash) process.
  650. The kakko is placed sideways in front of a performer, and the left and right sides of the kakko are beaten with drumsticks whose end is round like an acorn.
  651. The kakushi nenbutsu derived from Jodo Shinshu is said to have been believed by Zenran (1217 - 1286), the eldest son of Jodo Shinshu founder Shinran (1173 - 1263), when he was sent to the eastern part of Japan for the missions of Jodo Shinshu.
  652. The kamaboko like kanikama (crab-flavored kamaboko), which is made by imitating real foods in forms and textures, etc., is called 'fumi kamaboko' (flavored kamaboko).
  653. The kamaboko with a wooden board uses only the white-meat part of whitefish, eschewing the red-meat part or the meat that's rust-colored due to blood.
  654. The kamado in Japan nowadays is hardly used except by some people, and even in local farming communities people have let it collect a thick coat of dust.
  655. The kamekan burial system quickly declined in the end period and was replaced by hole-shaped grave with stone lid and hakoshiki-sekkanbo (box-shaped stone coffin grave).
  656. The kami Okuninushi is also known as Okunitama no kami or Utsushi kunitama no kami, though it is believed this is because the kunitama no kami from each province were combined into Okuninushi.
  657. The kami appears in the context of the narrative of the eastern expedition of the Emperor Jinmu.
  658. The kami in the Ancient Shinto include yori-gami god (the god that comes from another distant world beyond the sea) and tsukumo-gami god (the divine spirit that lives in an extremely old tool or creature).
  659. The kami is an earthly diety whom Emperor Jinmu met during his expedition to the east when he reaches the Hayasui no to (Hoyo strait: the strait between Oita Prefecture and Ehime Prefecture), and the kami guides the Emperor across the strait.
  660. The kami is said to be the ancestor of Yamato no atahira (Yamato no kuni no miyatsuko: the provincial governor of the central part of Yamato Province).
  661. The kamigata dialect, decchi is 'kozo' (a trainee priest) in Edo (kanto region) dialect.
  662. The kamon (crests) of the Kawakatsu clan (the vassals of the Edo bakufu) included the Kiri ni Hoo (paulownia flowers with a mythical fenghuang bird), Kuginuki (nail puller in the shape of a diamond), Go-shichi no Kiri (seventeen paulownia flowers divided into three groups as 5+7+5), Go-san no Kiri (eleven paulownia flowers divided into three groups as 3+5+3).
  663. The kamon (family crest) is the rindo mon crest (a family crest standing for gentian) and the Uematsu rindo is used.
  664. The kamon (family crest) was the Karabishibana crest (Chinese rhombic flower) (also known as Sanjo Hanakaku or Sanjo-ke Hanakaku).
  665. The kan was converted to the kilogram on the basis of The Weights and Measures Act.
  666. The kana introduction in 'Kokin Waka-shu' (the first anthology of poems commissioned by the Emperor) says 'his poems have good taste and style but lack real emotion.
  667. The kana system used in those works was the prototype of the Teika Kanazukai (the Teika rules of kana orthography).
  668. The kana, or his common name was Magojiro.
  669. The kana, or his common name was Matataro.
  670. The kanboku from the Shinshu to Kanto regions, managers of mimaki, and those that went to the country side as the shokan (an officer governing shoen (manor) of shoen of Kyoto aristocrats made it as their base and cultivated the surrounding area.
  671. The kancho also works as Hoshu and the chief priest of Taiseki-ji Temple.
  672. The kane-jaku was derived from bu (歩; one of the traditional system of weights and measures) used for measuring the area of a land space.
  673. The kani soto (corresponding relationship between court ranks of government officials and government posts) changed from Shoshiinojo (Senior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank).
  674. The kanin for emperors was called 'Ji' and the other normal kanin was called 'In' and the style became unified.
  675. The kanin in the Qin Dynasty used small seal script, the official script, in hakubun-style and were made of copper.
  676. The kanji '雁擬き' is sometimes allocated for it.
  677. The kanji (Chinese character) "侍" originally meant "to be on hand to work for and serve an aristocrat," and only in Japan is the word used to refer to ginou kanjin (culturally and academically accomplished palace officials) with military skills who belonged to the bushi class.
  678. The kanji (Chinese characters) for Shofu are "蕉風" or "正風", and it can also be called Shomon.
  679. The kanji (Chinese characters) representation based on sutras is '弁才天,' but in Japan the character 'zai' (才) can also be written as a character meaning money (財), and this led the goddess to become worshipped as a goddess of wealth and expressed as '弁財天.'
  680. The kanji character 'Nin' (仁) used in his name was given from Ninnajinomiya, and 'Ami' (阿弥) from Sanboinnomiya of the Daigo-ji Temple; he took the priest name of 'Ninami' (仁阿弥).
  681. The kanji character 'ku' (空, or emptiness) is added before the posthumous Buddhist name.
  682. The kanji character '尺' (shaku) is used to express the phonetic sound of 'saka' in 'Yasakani.'
  683. The kanji character '獏' (baku), which is mythological Chinese chimera similar to a tapir, said to devour bad dreams, is sometimes written on its sail.
  684. The kanji character '魚' (fish) came to be pronounced as 'sakana' because fish (mostly dried fish) was particularly preferred for dishes for alcoholic drinks (see the article on fish).
  685. The kanji character formed by combining 'ネ' and '氏' in JIS83 character set is still widely used for shop signs and guide signs in Gion.
  686. The kanji character 任 in 任那 (Mimana) means "Master" or "Mother" in Korean today.
  687. The kanji characters 'myo-ho' (妙法, or esoteric Buddhism) are added before the posthumous Buddhist name.
  688. The kanji characters 'myohorenge-kyo' (妙法蓮華経, or the Lotus Sutra) are added before the posthumous Buddhist name.
  689. The kanji characters 'shin-ki-gen' (新帰元, or newly returning to nirvana) are added on no-ihai, but they are changed to the character 'ku' on hon-ihai.
  690. The kanji characters '移徙' (ito) (also called '徙移' [shii]) used in 'goishi' means to move or transfer.
  691. The kanji characters of Ohaguro (tooth black) are sometimes written as "iron paste (鉄漿)," and thus is pronounced as Kane.
  692. The kanji for "Me" in 'Hirume' was a character newly created by the compiler of "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan).
  693. The kanji for Hiruko can be also read as 'Ebisu,' which shows that such a belief has been commonly held.
  694. The kanji for earthenware '陶器' was read 'Suemono' or 'Sueutsuwamono' during Heian period but it is unknown that it goes back to the Kofun period.
  695. The kanji of "Kin" (金) is the same as the left half of kanji "鎌" of Kamakura (鎌倉) and "kai" (槐) refers to "槐門 (kaimon, another name of minister), so Kinkai Wakashu is also called the private anthology of Kamakura Minister of the Right (Sanetomo).
  696. The kanji representation of the name 'Saraswati' is 'Benzaiten' (辯才天) but, for the reasons stated above, the 'zai' (才) character is also written using the character meaning money (辨財天).
  697. The kanji used for Amenohohi are 天之菩卑能命, 天穂日命, or 天菩比神.
  698. The kanji used for Hayaakitsuhiko and Hayaakitsuhime are 速秋津比古神 and 速秋津比売神, respectively, in Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters); 速秋津日命 (Hayaakitsuhinomikoto) in Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).
  699. The kanji used for Nakisawame are 泣沢女神 in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters) and 啼沢女命 in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan); also 哭沢女命 is used in some cases.
  700. The kanji used for Omoikane are 思金神 or 常世思金神 in the "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), 思兼神 in the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), and 思金神, 常世思金神, 思兼神, 八意思兼神 or 八意思金神 in the "Sendai Kujihongi" (Ancient Japanese History).
  701. The kanji 烏丸 is originally read as 'Karasumaru,' but the pronunciation has been simplified and now reads 'Karasuma.'
  702. The kanji 藝 (gei) means 'to plant' or 'skill,' while 芸 (un) means 'to pull out the weeds' or 'common rue' (herb used to keep insects away from papers and books), supporting the belief that the name Untei comes from this definition.
  703. The kanjin sarugaku performance of Onami announcing his assignment to the post of dayu was held at Tadasu-gawara (Tadasu Riverbank), Kyoto in April 1433.
  704. The kanjo, also known as sannin-kanjo represent court ladies serving in the imperial court, and one of them has blackened teeth called ohaguro and shaved off their eyebrows (in general, a woman with blackened teeth and no eyebrows was married, but in the case of a court lady who remained single all her life, it is assumed that she was senior).
  705. The kanjo-kumigashira is a member of kanjo-sho, the office of financial affairs, in charge of supervising and managing bureaucrats belonging to office under the command of its commissioner, the kanjo-bugyo, for administration of the cognate's financial policy and agricultural policy.
  706. The kanjocho (account book) and nengu kaisai mokuroku (catalogue of land tax collection) which were prepared by the Edo bakufu and domains in the Edo Period originated from the above.
  707. The kanjosho of the Edo shogunate divided the country into Kanto-suji, Tokaido-suji, Hokkoku-suji, Kinai-suji, Chugoku-suji and Saikoku-suji.
  708. The kanno during the Edo period
  709. The kannon is seated on a lotus flower-provided pedestal, where many kirikane line patterns are used, with his right knee drawn up to his chest.
  710. The kannon is seated on a white lotus throne on a hodan (treasure platform), with his right arm expressing Yogan-in (wish-granting mudra) and a juzu (beadroll) in the wrist and with his left hand holding a water jar, in which gu renge (red lotus) is inserted, in front of his chest.
  711. The kanon (medium) tone has a beautiful sound distinct from these tones.
  712. The kanpu called Six articles of shinsei promulgated in 947 by Emperor Murakami is regarded as the oldest kanpu.
  713. The kansha shrines are the shrines which receive heihaku (Shinto offering such as cloth, paper, and rope) from Jingikan at the Kinen-sai festival (a prayer service for a good crop) held in February of each year, and hafuribe (local priests) from each shrine gathered at Jingikan to receive heihaku.
  714. The kanshitsuzo technique originates in China, where the technique is called '夾紵' (kyocho in Japanese pronunciation) or '塞' with semantic determinative 土 on the left side (soku in Japanese pronunciation).
  715. The kanyain, which was a paper mill under the direct control of government, was the center for the techniques of paper making during the Heian period to make a paper using the best techniques available at the time and provide technical instructions for making paper in the provinces.
  716. The kanzu (a leader) of Ueno Toeizan Kanei-ji Temple which was one of the miya-monzeki (temples headed by imperial princes) in the Edo period, doubled as the head priest of Nikko-zan Rin-noji Temple and sometimes served for Tendai-zasu (head priest of the Tendai sect) of Enryaku-ji Temple on Mt. Hiei.
  717. The kanzu (leader) of Ueno Toeizan Kanei-ji Temple and the chief priest of Nikko-zan Rinno-ji Temple simultaneously resigned and assumed the other's position.
  718. The kao written by Chojo in his early days is reminiscent of a bamboo leaf, and Keicho Oban with his seal mark are called Sasagaki (which literally means "bamboo leaf writing") Oban.
  719. The kaomise program was held for a short period of time, typically running for about 10 days.
  720. The kappogi adopted as a uniform by the Japan National Defense Women's Association is thought to have been a type of "clothing for household chores" that was invented by Sachiko SASAKI and introduced in an edition of the magazine "Fujin no Tomo" (a Japanese magazine for urban middle-class women) that was published in 1913.
  721. The kara-zukuri style concerns castle buildings in Japan, the external view of tenshu (the main keep or tower of a castle) in particular.
  722. The karado, which came from the Continent (especially from China), had been improved from the large and heavy solid timber in the Horyu-ji Temple in Nara, to the sangarado during the Kamakura period, and was technically completed to reduce weight.
  723. The karakami-shoji referred to shoji on which plane colored paper or 'karakami' printed patterns with woodblocks were pasted as the finish form.
  724. The karakasa-kozo, shown in the picture, has a typical figure of the yokai that appeared in the film called 'the 100 Ghost Stories.'
  725. The karami (carrying nothing) supporting role needs to be a skillful person.
  726. The karamono stored by shogunke became a noble treasure just by itself and was greatly talked about.
  727. The karamono were decorated in kaisho as an 'art work' and treated as though it valued more than it was worth.
  728. The karamono were decorated in such kaisho, but what about karamono themselves that were used as decoration?
  729. The karaoke chart is characterized by many songs that stay at the top or within the top 10 for a long time, which means only a handful of songs are popular among karaoke fans.
  730. The karaoke machine is not an independent machine anymore, but a terminal device incorporated in an online communication system.
  731. The karaoke player can be generally operated through not only buttons on the main body, but also by a remote control.
  732. The karaoke version is a must for teenage singers' CDs, and it is also common among pop music CDs.
  733. The karat by regulation was 80% by silver (discounted by 12%) and 20% by bronze..
  734. The karate technique 'makiwara tsuki' (punching the punching board) is said to have been modeled on the 'tachiki-uchi,' (hitting a hard wood stick to train for attack power), a technique adopted by the Jigenryu line.
  735. The karawa hairstyle was a hairstyle favored by prostitutes during the Azuchi Momoyama period in the port towns of Hyogo and Sakai City in the vicinity of Kyoto.
  736. The kari-hanamichi is often used temporarily and it is rare to find a theater where the kari-hanamichi is constructed as a permanent setup.
  737. The karita-rozeki, an act of harvesting rice in the paddy field in order to claim the ownership of the land, occurred with the conflicts of land appropriation among samurai.
  738. The karoku (hereditary stipend) during the Edo period was 180 koku (32.47 cubic meters).
  739. The karon (an essay on waka poems) written in "Utayomi ni ataeru sho" (Letters to Tanka Poets) placed an emphasis on the close observation in life of realism by sketches and graphics and included praise for "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves) while rejecting "Kokinshu" (praise of "Collection of Ancient and Modern Literatures).
  740. The kasu (residue) after squeezing is called okara (bean-curd residue).
  741. The kataribe's job was to recite verses for the ceremonies of the Imperial Court led by Kataribenomiyatsuko clan, who was a Tomonomiyatsuko (chief of various departments at the Imperial Court).
  742. The katsudon in question was brought in by some acquaintances of the suspect's parents.
  743. The katsuobushi that is boiled down in (or tossed with) soy sauce is called "okaka," and this is popular as a stuffing for rice balls.
  744. The katsuobushi that is shipped to market is rarely made into powder, but in many cases the crumbs or fragments produced during the production process are recycled into powder and placed on the market.
  745. The katsuobushi thus produced with the roast seasoning method was called Kumano-bushi (katsuobushi produced in Kumano), and this was so popular that the entire Tosa clan introduced the method into their own katsuobushi production.
  746. The katte (a place used to cook and prepare food in upper class residences) of three tatami mats is provided with a hearth and mizuya (the washing place in a tea-ceremony room).
  747. The kayo in the two books, "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki", are called 'Kiki kayo'.
  748. The kayuzue was also erected at the water inlet of the rice plant nursery as an offering to the deity of the rice field in prayer for a good harvest.
  749. The kazuken such as kumaken are currently played even today in the Kyushu region.
  750. The kazuken was played by two people using finger signals with one hand to show a number at the same time as calling out the sum of both players' numbers, and the one who gave out the correct answer became the winner.
  751. The kebiishi (a police and judicial chief) and his men capturing TOMO no Yoshio
  752. The keep was not rebuilt after it burned down due to a lightning strike in 1750.
  753. The keep was rebuilt to reflect the one built by Mitsuhide AKECHI, through donations by citizens.
  754. The keicho was organized for each province and was a basic ledger to levy duties, including Soyocho (a tax system, corvee), Yo (Labor or alternative goods), zoyo (irregular corvee) and military service.
  755. The keicho- chogin and keicho- mameitagen (keicho is the name of era in Edo period) are collectively called by keicho-gin.
  756. The keicho-gin was described as follows.
  757. The kemari ball is made of leather, and it is hollow inside.
  758. The kempon chakushoku nehanzu (a painting depicting Buddha's death in color on silk)
  759. The ken used to only provide the module in construction works before the act was promulgated.
  760. The kendo implements are worn in order of the Tare, the Do, (tenugui), the Men, the left Kote, and the right Kote.
  761. The kendo implements consist of four parts: the Men (面), the Kote (籠手, also written as 小手 and 甲手 in Chinese characters), the Do (胴), and the Tare (垂).
  762. The kenzuishi and his staff would depart from Suminoetsu Port near Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine in Osaka, heading to Osaka Bay via Sumiyoshi-no-Hosoe (present-day Hosoe River and Hosoigawa Station), and then leave Naniwa-no-Tsu (Naniwa Port) and go across the Seto Inland Sea to the Genkai-nada Sea in the Kyushu region.
  763. The kernel of the seed
  764. The kernels (the interior) of the seeds of umeboshi are commonly called Tenjin-sama (the deified spirit of Michizane SUGAWARA), and some people like to eat them.
  765. The kesa (surplice) type
  766. The kettekino ho is a garment of chofuku (cloths which the people who came to work at the court on a regular basis wore in the Heian period) in Japan.
  767. The key books of their doctrines are "Hoyosho" (the book that tried to justify kakushi nenbutsu) and "Osodeshita no Gosho" (the book on secret religious ceremonies that is handed down from one ceremony performer to the next).
  768. The key factor is that most of the contents were the records of stationing.
  769. The key for playing this role is commented on as follows.
  770. The key has no relationship to the length of the bamboo tube, and the following are listed in clockwise order from the right a viewed from the mouthpiece.
  771. The key is determined by the natural oscillation of the shita, and the sound is created by resonating in the bamboo tubes.
  772. The key is to ensure the amount of the dashi broth is twice the amount of the beaten eggs.
  773. The key of fudoso (a warehouse sealed after the doyoso warehouse became full) was presented to Daijokan (Grand Council of State) of the capital to be securely stored.
  774. The key of fudoso was presented to Daijokan of the capital, and it was carefully kept by Daijokan.
  775. The key people are called 'Genkun (oligarch with merit)', 'Genkun of Meiji', or 'Genkun of the Restoration'.
  776. The key to determine the power of the bangashira within the domain, along with his hereditary stipend and salary paid in accordance with his post, is whether he held the right to serve as intermediary between the lord and the military retainers and voice in personnel matters.
  777. The kicho was a silk twill curtain hung on a horizontal wooden bar between two vertical pillars on a stand, and used as a partition in a space for women to use.
  778. The killing scene in the prologue with the night view of cherry blossoms in the background was produced by the technique called Honkatori (writing poems quoted parts of old poems), quoting parts from "Sumida no haru geisha katagi" (also known as "Yoshibe UMENO") written by Gohei NAMIKI.
  779. The kimono clad lady depicted in the masterpiece of Moronobu HISHIKAWA, 'Mikaeri Bijin' (Beauty Looking Back) is wearing this Genroku kosode.
  780. The kimono design book 'On-hiinakata' published in 1667, which includes the description 'ground color, Chaya-some,' is considered to be the first historical appearance.
  781. The kimono industry has been one of the leading industries in Kyoto, and Nishijin prospered as the center of the industry; due to the declining demand for kimono, however, Nishijin has also started to decline slightly.
  782. The kimono is worn in such a way that it's pulled low at the back of the neck to show the neckline.
  783. The kind of a viand or a food appearing in each chapter is described on the right.
  784. The kind of katsuobushi sprayed with fungus, which is called "karebushi," includes more flavor ingredients and vitamins than other kinds, so it's traded as a luxury.
  785. The kind of major ingredients are relatively a few, such as sugar, rice, wheat, and red beans, which are used for various wagashi.
  786. The kind of miso which is widely distributed nationwide is rice miso, and soybean miso (red) is produced only in the Chukyo area.
  787. The kind of side job and how much was charged differed from person to person.
  788. The kind of wood is not specified, but taxus is used, as is the case with shaku, or zelkova is used because it is hard and produces good sound.
  789. The kindergarten attached to Kyoto University of Education
  790. The kinds of cloth used include the following:
  791. The kinds of spirits include divine spirits, ancestral spirits and other spirits including the spirit of a dead person, an apparition, a ghost, an evil spirit, a vengeful ghost, a vengeful spirit and visualizing the spirit of a dead person.
  792. The king of "Na of Way" sent his mission to the Later Han Dynasty and was given a gold stamp.
  793. The king of Goguryeo and others were forgiven and granted official ranks in Tang.
  794. The king of Goryeo began to call himself "fukoku (it is a humble way of calling himself since koku means good and fukoku means not good).
  795. The king of Japan was a title of the ruler of Japan, which was used mainly by the head of the military government internationally during the medieval and early-modern times.
  796. The king of Silla mourned the demise and sent a messenger of condolence.
  797. The king of Wa, Emperor Yuryaku (aka. Waobu), presented a Johyobun to Emperor 順帝 of Song (Southern Dynasty) in May 478.
  798. The king shall conduct himself as his Imperial Majesty, a monarch of the independent country, rather than Imperial Highness.
  799. The kingdom made a plan to dispatch an envoy to Japan with the purpose of restraining these powers.
  800. The kings of the Yamato Kingdom called themselves "Wakokuo" or "Wao" (King of Wa) when dealing with foreign countries such as China or the Korean kingdoms, and "Ame-no-shita Shiroshimesu Okimi" (literally Great King of all that is under Heaven), "Okimi" (Great King) or "Okiminushi" (Great Lord) domestically.
  801. The kinpu has to be placed in the right direction to the receiver (with the bottom of kinpu to the receiver) and has to be slid on the board to be offered.
  802. The kiosk stall, which had been doing business on the Kyoto-bound platform, closed in October 2007.
  803. The kirizuma-zukuri structures have munamochi-bashira, or posts which hold the ridge.
  804. The kiseru can be rinsed with alcohol to remove tar from the pipe.
  805. The kiseru often appears on many dramas including period dramas as an important prop, but those dramas are not true to fact at all if it appears on stories of the 16 century or earlier.
  806. The kitchen is a type of under-eave structure, but because simple walls surround it, it is difficult to judge whether the kitchen is outdoors or indoors.
  807. The kitchen is also located at a roofed place outside the main building.
  808. The kitchen is called kamaya (furnace hut) in some regions because fo such structure.
  809. The kitchen of the Great Council of State
  810. The kitchen storehouse
  811. The kitchen-knife method established by Yamakage was handed down as a family profession to the Shijo family which was affililated with the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan, Uona Line and descended from FUJIWARA no Takasue; therefore, the method was called 'Shijo School.'
  812. The kiwarisho was a trade secret and kaden (family tradition) of carpenters, but was spread widely by block book during the mid-Edo period.
  813. The kizushi is said to have originally been a preserved food and originated in that, the mackerel caught in the Japan Sea was cured in order to take it to the imperial capital.
  814. The kizushi of chub mackerel is the same as what is called shimesaba (salted and vinegared mackerel).
  815. The knack of doing Uchimizu is to sprinkle, in the morning or evening when air temperature is low, water stored in a bucket little by little on the ground or the wall of a house.
  816. The kneeling flanking statues of the bodhisattvas Kannon and Seishi are both yosegi-zukuri style pieces covered in gold leaf with crystal eyes that stand 107cm tall.
  817. The knots in strings of ryaku kataginu and montoshikisho are different from knots of hangesa used in other sects.
  818. The knots in the hair and concentric rings on the robes make it immediately obvious that the style is different from that of traditional Japanese Buddhist statues.
  819. The knowledge of eikyoku (a type of old Japanese song), wagon (Japanese harp), so (a long Japanese zither with thirteen strings) and fue (Japanese flute) among gagaku (ancient Japanese court dance and music) was passed down in the Ayanokoji family instead of the Niwata family.
  820. The known achievements of Kagehisa were extrapolated mainly from Heike Monogatari (the Tale of the Heike) (Genpei Seisui Ki (Rise and Fall of the Minamoto and Taira clans)).
  821. The known area of these remains (as of the year 2000 and later) is about 3 square kilometers, which extends to the north up to Karasuda River, to the south up to Gomibara River, to the east up to Makinouchi Area close to Yamanobeno-michi Street, to the west up to Higashida Area.
  822. The koban system and shinuchi system are not perfectly based on ability, so another reason is that it is difficult to handle "one who has become suddenly popular" or "one who has been popular since his young days."
  823. The kodachi is principally used for defense and putting an opponent off balance, and any kodachi strokes and thrusts generally cannot be a telling blow.
  824. The koden had been carried out immediately after Taika no Kaishin (the Taika Reforms); and as the handen-sei (Ritsuryo land-allotment system) was enforced, the koden was conducted before the handen, and kodencho (individual registers of the koden) were recorded.
  825. The koden-bukuro used for a Buddhist funeral is a white plain envelope with no pictures or with a picture of a lotus flower.
  826. The kodencho put together with a jukocho, a record of qualified handen (allotted farmland) owners, was also called koden-jukocho.
  827. The kofun is assumed to be the tomb for the Hata family.
  828. The kofun period (tumulus period)
  829. The kohai (a roof built over the steps leading up to a temple building) was built with hiwadabuki (cypress bark roof), karahafu (cusped gable).
  830. The koji riot in the Bunan era
  831. The kojiri at the tip of the scabbard is made of metal and acute angled so that it can be driven into the ground or used as a weapon.
  832. The kojo of a ningyoburi (acting like a puppet) in kabuki
  833. The koki wako pirates were active mainly in the coastal areas of Ming, but they also frequently attacked the coastal areas of the Korean Peninsula and brought many troubles to the Korean Dynasty.
  834. The koku used in Hong Kong is literally translated into English as enstone (Chinese mass).
  835. The koku was gradually increased during the generation of the son of Nobushige, Chikashige MAKINO, and in 1660 he was transferred to become the lord of the Tango Tanabe domain with 35,000 koku.
  836. The kokudaka was 0.54 million koku.
  837. The kokudaka was 0.555 million koku.
  838. The kokudaka was 0.62 million stones.
  839. The kokudaka was 0.625 million koku.
  840. The kokudaka was 0.77 million koku.
  841. The kokudaka was 1.025 million koku.
  842. The kokufu (provincial office) of Mutsu Province was in present Tagajo City, Miyagi Prefecture, and kokushi (provincial governors) began to be sent down in the first half of the eighth century.
  843. The kokuga (local government) fell to Masakado's army, and Masakado confiscated Inju (the great seal).
  844. The kokuga forces system
  845. The kokuga forces system indicates a historical concept of a national military system established in the period from around the end of ancient times to the early medieval period of Japan (the 10th century to the 12th century).
  846. The kokuga forces system is considered to have been closely related to the birth of military nobles and samurai.
  847. The kokuga forces system, on the other hand, collapsed.
  848. The kokuga reorganized the public fields into myoden (rice field lots in charge of a nominal holder), and placed the tato in charge of managing the myoden.
  849. The kokugo (literally national language) movement was a thorough movement to make the Taiwanese use Japanese, whereby Japanese language schools were established throughout Taiwan and a Japanese speaking home was encouraged.
  850. The kokujin (provincial warriors) refused to serve on account of financial difficulties.
  851. The kokujin class intervened in conflicts between the manor lord and the jigenin (a lower rank of ancient Japanese nobility), and at times, undertook posts such as daikan (local government representative) and shomu (land management).
  852. The kokusan-kaisho issued a momen-tegata (a draft made of cotton) as a han bill.
  853. The kokushi (provincial governors) in local areas impressed and organized people so as to compel them to develop an infrastructure (such as flood control work and irrigation construction) and to renovate buildings such as the kokuga (provincial government offices).
  854. The kokushi (provincial governors) of Kawachi Province informed the Emperor Kinmei, 'From Chinunoumi (the Chinu sea) of Izumi Province, I heard the sound of Gagaku (ancient Japanese court dance and music) and it vibrated like earthquake and sounded like thunder. And I also saw the light as if beautiful sunshine is shining from the sea.'
  855. The kokushi evolved to become only an honorary post.
  856. The kokushi reorganized the kokugaryo (public fields administered directly by a ruler) in the province into the myoden (rice field lots in charge of a nominal holder), and by entrusting the myoden and tax management to the newly-influential wealthy class, they ensured the collection of taxes.
  857. The kokushi were able to secure the fixed amount of taxes by entrusting the Tato with the management of and collection of taxes from the myoden (the Tato so entrusted were known as Fumyo).
  858. The kokyu, having its own music "kokyu honkyoku" (pieces for kokyu composed in the early days), would often participate in the ensemble of Jiuta or Sokyoku from the middle of the Edo period, and this improvised performance also seems to have been in a unison-like style.
  859. The koma (bridge) is often made of water-buffalo horn, but on rare occasions it is made of ivory or tortoise shell.
  860. The kominka movement was the forced transformation of the Taiwanese into loyal subjects of the emperor, consisting of the four major campaigns: the encouragement to speak Japanese, the change of names to Japanese names, the military volunteer system and the religious, social and life style reforms.
  861. The konbu, being tender due to absorbed liquid from the sashimi, can also be eaten, as a matter of course.
  862. The konoshi worn by Emperor Meiji was worn instead of a noshi, so it had no sodekukuri.
  863. The kori-dofu manufactured through the traditional process in Koshinetsu, Tohoku and Hokkaido is manufactured by hanging strings of several tofu with straw under eaves, and it's also called ren-dofu (string-bean curd) because of its shape.
  864. The koro created for the death of Hidetada was found in 1958 when the Mausoleum of Tokugawa family at the Zojo-ji Temple was excavated.
  865. The kosa produced in the early April, 2001 reached Salt Lake City on April 15, the Rocky Mountains from Canada to the State of Arizona on April 18, around the Great Lakes on April 19, and over Atlantic Ocean off Canada on April 20.
  866. The kosa that falls and accumulates causes various kinds of physical damage, such as making building windows and washed clothes dirty and hindering the growth of agricultural products.
  867. The kosode (small sleeves; the standard size kimono of today) put on below was decided to be noshime (a plaid kimono), or katabira (light summer garment) which status was distinguished by colors.
  868. The kosode around this time is called 'Momoyama kosode.'
  869. The koto (also called the 'kin') is a Japanese traditional musical instrument.
  870. The koto is also able to join the ensemble in nearly all jiuta music.
  871. The koto is also used as an accompaniment for the kokyu and in ensemble with the kokyu.
  872. The koto made as a result of such enhancement is known as the Yamada koto, and enjoys great popularity today among the groups of the Ikuta school.
  873. The koto player was Kengyo YAEZAKI.
  874. The kotodama of other cultural regions
  875. The kotogaki contained the summary and aim of the regulation, and text provided concrete descriptions of the regulations.
  876. The koya-dofu is placed in an ammonia processing room after drying it, and then the room is filled with ammonia gas.
  877. The koya-dofu processed the traditional way is hard, takes one night to reconstitute and is difficult to cook softly, so it's a time-consuming ingredient for use in cooking.
  878. The koyagumi (roof truss or framework) of the Gassho-zukuri in Shirakawago and Gokayama has become famous, but this structure was previously widely used in Japanese private houses.
  879. The kudzu flour produced in domestic factories by using the root of kudzu vines imported from China is often labeled as "Hon-kudzu-ko made in Japan."
  880. The kugui (swan) was finally captured, after it had traveled far over Kii Province, Harima Province, Inaba Province, Tanba Province, Tajima Province, Omi Province, Mino Province, Owari Province, Shinano Province, and Koshi Province.
  881. The kumiko-bone (vertical and horizontal crosspieces such as found in a lattice) which were finished by yari-ganna (a plane consisted of an edge and a shaft like a spear which shaved wood by pushing), was thick and made of hinoki (Japanese cypress) with 3 cm on the front side and 2 cm on the lateral side, four vertical crosspieces and seven horizontal crosspieces had been set within the frame.
  882. The kuni was the largest administrative subdivision and the gun was the mid-level administrative subdivision.
  883. The kuniyaku disappeared with the fall of the Muromachi bakufu and Shugo daimyo.
  884. The kuri is an inward-facing building that serves as the temple kitchen and office.
  885. The kuri of Myoho-in Temple is a grand building that is said to have been used as the kitchen during the 'Senso Kuyo' ceremony held by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI for his ancestors.
  886. The kuro-habutae that undergoes bottoming with indigo or safflower is particularly expensive, and of the two the indigo-dyed habutae is extremely prized as "kame nozoki" (cloth of a light blue dyed in a short period of time).
  887. The kuruwa that plays the most important part in defense is the honmaru (hon-kuruwa/main enclosure), and in addition to it, mostly ninomaru (second bailey) and sannomaru were built.
  888. The kyaku (the rider's legs) are important for the communication with the horse and managing the horse to go forward.
  889. The kyo-ji originally referred to a person who transcribed scriptures and mounted them, and after karakami began to be pasted on shoji, he or she took charge of mounting fusuma as well.
  890. The kyo-masu is a type of masu (measure) which was designated as the official masu from the late medieval period to the postwar period.
  891. The kyodoshoku was a semi-governmental appointive position, and not only members of religious groups such as Shinto priests and Buddhist monks but also Rakugo story tellers, Waka poets, Haiku poets, etc. were appointed to the position.
  892. The kyojo asks why people are gathered around the base of a willow tree at the other side of the river.
  893. The kyojo realizes this mound is in fact the burial mound for her own child.
  894. The kyojo remembers Narihira's poem, "If you are true to your name..." and replaces the lover in the poem with her own child, wailing incessantly while pointing at a black-headed gull (actually a seagull).
  895. The kyojo wails and begs to see her child, even if it means digging up the grave.
  896. The kyoka was a satire on the dismay of bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  897. The kyokaku (a professional gambler in the Edo period) who was hanging out as chugen (a rank below common soldier) around this time was 'Aizu no Kotetsu' (Senkichi KOSAKA).
  898. The kyokkan (the highest rank to which one can be appointed) of his descendant was Shonii (Senior Seccond Rank) and Hisangi (advisor at large).
  899. The kyosaku (keisaku) used at the time is made of a lighter material than that is usually used for adult meditators.
  900. The kyoto-shugo was chosen from among the pro-bakufu court nobles, except for a certain period of time.
  901. The kyozo (sutra repository designated as an important cultural property) is said to have been built by Eison, a priest of Saidai-ji Temple (in Nara City) in the Kamakura period.
  902. The kyozo (sutra repository), one of the two azekura-zukuri style warehouses that still exist in the temple, is considered to be have been used as a warehouse in the mansion of Imperial Prince Niitabe, rebuilt at a later date.
  903. The kyozo is considered to have been built out of a warehouse belonging to the mansion of Imperial Prince Niitabe, and was built before Toshodai-ji Temple was founded.
  904. The label describing 'soybeans' as a raw material refers to the unprocessed soybeans, the whole soybeans.
  905. The label, 'Sugar-free' can be used if the content of sugars is 0.5 g or less.
  906. The label, 'Trace-sugar' can be conditionally used by the relative labeling method.
  907. The label, 'Trace-sugar' can be unconditionally used only by the absolute labeling method.
  908. The labeling based on this classification played a role as a certificate for the commercial distribution of sake products.
  909. The labels for some adjusted soymilk state that tofu can be made.
  910. The labels, 'Sugar-free' and 'trace-sugar' are unconditionally or conditionally permitted to be labeled, if a product complies with the nutrition label standards of the Health Promotion Law.
  911. The labor standards supervision office for the lower Kyoto area
  912. The labor union of Kyoto Bus Co., Ltd., is the Kyoto Bus Labor Union, and the labor union of Keihan Kyoto Kotsu is the Keihan Kyoto Bus Labor Union (both of which are members of the General Federation of Private Railway and Bus Workers' Union Japan).
  913. The labor union of the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau is Kyoto Kotsu Labor Unions (a member of the All Japan Municipal Transport Workers' Union).
  914. The labor was divided into 'jicho' and 'koeki.'
  915. The laboratory was acquired by Doshisha University in 2006.
  916. The laborer who delivered those items was called "Unkyaku."
  917. The lack of a coin with a value somewhere between that of high-value coins and low-value coins was tremendously inconvenient.
  918. The lack of participation by Muneshige TACHIBANA at Sekigahara was especially lucky for Ieyasu and unlucky for the West squad because Ieyasu feared Muneshige's gallantry in action.
  919. The lack of power which should be supplied to each part.
  920. The lacquer liquid used for lacquering has a property to be harden when it is exposed to air for a long time, so when you preserve it, it should be covered with the paper stick to the surface without exposing lacquer liquid to air.
  921. The lacquer ware includes "katawaguruma makie raden tebako" (Toiletry case with cart wheels in stream), a national treasure, possessed by Tokyo National Museum.
  922. The lacquer-infiltrating paper document found in the 72nd research of Akita-jo Castle (Akita City, Akita Prefecture) in 1998 turned out to be Shibocho through decipherment using an infrared camera by Professor Minami HIRAKAWA of the National Museum of Japanese History.
  923. The lacquer-ware shop was carried on by the Setetsu NAKAMURA family.
  924. The lacquered bow had decorations and showed signs of being used for a religious ceremonies.
  925. The lacquered boxes are called ichi-no-ju (the first box), ni-no-ju (the second box), san-no-ju (the third box), yo (与) -no-ju (the fourth box) and go-no-ju (the fifth box), from the top.
  926. The lactic acid for making sake
  927. The lactic acid for making sake is the high-purity lactic acid required in making yeast mash in the process of brewing Japanese sake (rice wine).
  928. The lady, who he exchanged fans with and said good-bye to without knowing who she was, was the sixth daughter of the Udaijin (Minister of the Right) (Oborozukiyo [The Tale of Genji]) who was to enter the court of Emperor Suzaku.
  929. The lake had been used for water transport since the Jomon and Yayoi periods, and items such as dugouts have been found.
  930. The lake is designated under the Law Concerning Special Measures for Conservation of Lake Water Quality.
  931. The lake is home to various islands: Chikubushima (area: 0.14 sq. km), Oki (area: 1.5 sq. km), Takeshima, Oki no Shiraishi (沖の白石) and Yabasekihanto.
  932. The lake is important as sources for industrial water and drinking water for 14 million people living in neighboringprefectures and as tourism resources.
  933. The lake made as a result of the construction of the dam is named Lake Ho-o, and is an important tourist attraction in the Uji area along with Hoo-do Hall (the Phoenix Pavilion) of Byodo-in Temple.
  934. The lake was named 'Lake Ho-o' in 1987, because it is close to Hoo-do Hall of Byodo-in Temple and the dam body looks like a ho-o (a phoenix) with its wings extended.
  935. The lake was named Lake Tsukigase, which came from the Tsukigase plum-grove park, a scenic spot by the lakeside.
  936. The lake was used for the water transport of annual tributes from Wakasa Bay, and records show that ships were attacked by pirates on the lake.
  937. The laminated bow
  938. The lampoon was displayed on August, 1334, when the Kenmu Restoration was inaugurated by Emperor Godaigo after the fall of the Kamakura bakufu.
  939. The lanceolate-shaped point first appeared when the people began attaching a point to a wooden-shaft and using it as a javelin to hunt large-size animals, and it brought about a great development to hunting.
  940. The lanceolate-shaped point used in the Jomon period corresponds to the latter generation of the point in developing period mentioned above.
  941. The land allocation system was terminated on August 20, 1871 and the Hokkaido Development Commission was established to directly govern the island except Date Prefecture (the former Matsumae domain).
  942. The land behind the east platform was a kind of car barn backyard; abandoned trucks and parts were left on the tracks, which were overgrown with weeds.
  943. The land did not yield rice, and the villagers ate potatoes, Japanese millet and the like.
  944. The land extended several thousand 'ri,' (ri [里] is about 3.927km)' from northeast to southwest respectively, and was bounded by the sea on the southwest, and the border of northeast was a huge mountain. '
  945. The land extends from the Kurokawa area in Imizu City to the Oida area in Toyama City with a total area of 30 square kilometers.
  946. The land for freight side tracks is now used for maintenance space or the like.
  947. The land for the precincts was secured by constructing a stone-wall half way up Mt. Kiyomizu (or Mt. Otowa) at a height of 242 m, on which many structures stand closely.
  948. The land forces were commanded by the Tang generals Sonjinshi and Ryujingen as well as by Silla's Kimhobin (King Munmu).
  949. The land given to Katsumoto, Harima no Kuni, was worth no more than 10,000 koku but, in Hideyoshi's later years, he was assigned as the guardian tutor of Hideyori TOYOTOMI and given the surname Hashiba.
  950. The land given to a tondenhei became 1.5 times larger than that in the past, and, besides, the public land for shared use was prepared.
  951. The land he chose for this was the tree-clad land belonging to Prince Jeta.
  952. The land is located in Umezu-sho in Lord Konoe's territory, in Kadono no kori in Yamashiro Province.
  953. The land lord thus became a practical governor, and acquired such rights to judge criminal cases, to collect land tax and to order koji (public duties).
  954. The land may be dug a little deeper to make the basou.
  955. The land of the dead is a filthy evil land and this is unavoidable, therefore nothing is sadder than the death.
  956. The land of the rising sun, the land of the setting sun.
  957. The land owned by serfs (also called villein) were the lands which supported tributes to the lords, such as labor services, products, and cash money (the custom was supposed to accompany the owned lands).
  958. The land previously owned by his father, Norimori, in Sanjo Ogawa Takahata was returned to Chukai.
  959. The land reform wasn't carried out in Okinawa Prefecture or in Amami islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, etc., because after the Pacific War the United States governed Okinawa.
  960. The land routes were cut by the Oda army based in Yokoyama-jo Castle.
  961. The land sold covers a total area of 1 cho and 3 tan (approximately 13,000 square meters).
  962. The land space of the premises
  963. The land steward of Kiyotake town, who represented the lord of the domain in Kiyotake, a pivotal territory in the north-eastern part of the Obi Domain, was of particularly importance.
  964. The land stretching out from the center of the urban area to the Hietano area was supposedly laid out in the jori-sei (grid system).
  965. The land survey was implemented to get a handle on the area, and the foundations to govern the territory were developed.
  966. The land tax and Fueki (tax paid in the form of labour) were collected, and each state built storehouses to store the land tax.
  967. The land tax income became the financial basis for the shogunate, and tenryo also included major cities such as Osaka and Nagasaki, and mines such as the Sado Gold Mine.
  968. The land tax separately imposed from the original imposition such as nengu, shoto and kanmotsu in name of kuji began to be called 'kuji' (also referred to as 'kuyo').
  969. The land that shokan received was exempt from charges and shokan could keep all of the harvest.
  970. The land that was reorganized into a unit of taxation on that occasion was called myoden (rice field lots in charge of a nominal holder), and the contractor for the management of the myoden was called 'fumyo.'
  971. The land transportation business, such as the railway business, was started separately with the foundation of Keifuku Electric Railroad in March 1942.
  972. The land used for the old platform and tracks until 1991 is currently the slope where the trains of JR Tozai Line come up from underground.
  973. The land was entrusted for three to five years, but there were also cases of Azukarichi where the period for entrustment was unspecified.
  974. The land was fertile in five grains, but it produced a little wheat.'
  975. The land was originally a sandbar on the Kamo-gawa River, but was reclaimed through the bank protection work in the early Edo period and was called Shinkawaramachi-dori Street.
  976. The land was sold to a third person and used as a parking space, and eventually a building with space to rent mainly for restaurants was constructed there.
  977. The land where Doshisha High School and Doshisha Elementary School are now located (Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture) was used for sports by Doshisha University.
  978. The land where the Kunino Miya palace used to stand in Azabu, is currently used as a campus for the University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo, and the Onjo/gojo Goten (a part of the palace being used every day) still exists and is called Kuni house.
  979. The land which was 'given' to King Baekje by the emperor was a vast area from Hongseong, Yugu, and Gongju in Chungcheong-do to the watershed areas of Yeongsan River and Seomjin River in Jeolla-do.
  980. The land would be the rightful place for expanding our great work to reign over in the whole country as long as it is "kuni" (a conquerable land).
  981. The land zoning in a city is apparently the jobosei (a series of avenues running at right angles to each other marked out the system) modeled on Changan in Tang.
  982. The land, centering on the lord's residence, consisted of the neighboring lands, asset properties and furthermore the group of patches of land which existed threading through the lands owned by free farmers or serfs.
  983. The land-tax reform to provide the financial basis for the political reforms had made little progress; hence, Okubo gradually became anxious.
  984. The land-tax reform was a great undertaking which took about seven years.
  985. The landlord, Kurimawashi no Yasuke tells that once Iemon KAMIYA, a ronin and ex-retainer of the Enya family, lived in this house and the ghost of his wife who was murdered appears (this setting was based on "Tokaido Yotsuya Kaidan").
  986. The lands administered by daikan were generally said to be easier to live than in the other ones governed by daimyo (lord whose domains have at least 10,000 koku of rice [one koku equals 5.1 bushels]).
  987. The lands of large temples were considered 'Muensho' where the common people who had a hard life would move in and become absorbed.
  988. The lands of the entire realm belong to one man, the emperor.
  989. The lands owned by free farmers were exempt from the tributes like mentioned above.
  990. The lands which made up the shoens were divided into the following three strata.
  991. The lands, which had lost trees and became poor, disappeared by landslides one after another.
  992. The landscape Ukiyoe picture was called 'Meishoe' in those days; this series was such a great commercial success that Meishoe was defined as a new genre along with Yakushae (a print of a Kabuki actor) and Bijinga (a type of Ukiyoe portraying beautiful women).
  993. The landscape is just grasslands with alpine plants.
  994. The landscape of Tomonoura was highly evaluated by Chosen Tsushinshi, and it is recorded that it was the most beautiful place in Japan (by the eighth Chosen Tsushinshi).
  995. The landscape of the mountains is also an important element in the cityscape of Kyoto.
  996. The landslides also damaged several hundred homes in the neighboring villages, and many people became its victims.
  997. The language and its pronunciation of Maizuru is very close to standard Japanese language and basically different from the Kanto-ben and Kansai-ben dialect, too, perhaps due to the fact that Maizuru was a naval base port city located in the center of the Japan Sea coast.
  998. The lantern in the garden in front of the shoin is said to have been donated by Mitsukuni TOKUGAWA and is known as 'Kajuji-gata Toro.'
  999. The large 2.2 meters' statue is assumed to be the work of the Buddhist sculptor Inkaku.
  1000. The large amount of electricity supplied by Kyoto Dento also greatly contributed to the industrial development of Kyoto City, as it led to the inauguration of Kyoto Electric Railway (later sold to Kyoto City Trams), which was the first Japanese electric tramway, in 1895.

349001 ~ 350000

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