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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. Under such circumstances, the concept of territory of kuge (court noble) and territory of samurai families took root and the provisions in the various laws on the premise of Ichien chigyo began to appear.
  2. Under such circumstances, the government was pressed to build up a new regime, in lieu of the then existing people-based governance, which enabled it to secure tax revenue.
  3. Under such circumstances, the implementation of state affairs was stagnant, let alone haihan-chiken, and the new government faced a crisis of being split in two.
  4. Under such circumstances, the new government divided the debts of former domains into three categories.
  5. Under such circumstances, the number of theatergoers fell drastically as a matter of course.
  6. Under such circumstances, the number of women who wore combs or kanzashi also increased.
  7. Under such circumstances, the organization "Koyukai" was founded to promote sencha by lovers of sencha and the heads of Senchado schools who felt a sense of impending crisis in the last year of the Taisho period (1925).
  8. Under such circumstances, the platform of Platform 2 is narrow at the moment due to a temporary fence.
  9. Under such circumstances, the position of the ujinochoja was handed down from the ujinochoja to their descendants; there were two types of succession, the 'clan succession' and the 'chakuryu succession.'
  10. Under such circumstances, the president of the university, Sawayanagi, was driven into a corner and was forced to resign from his post in April of the same year (Kenjiro YAMAKAWA, the president of Tokyo Imperial University, was concurrently appointed as a successor).
  11. Under such circumstances, the reign behind the curtain by Daio ohi from the Seido family (勢道家) came to be an issue.
  12. Under such circumstances, the religious order tried to survive by organizing an underground organization consisting of hocchu (Buddhist priest), horyu (法立, believers of fujufuse) and naishin (内信, believers who ostensibly pretended to believe in other sects or schools).
  13. Under such circumstances, the school concluded an agreement with Kyoto Prefecture which prohibited it from teaching the Bible at Imadegawa-kochi.
  14. Under such circumstances, their opinions at Gozensata meetings began to have a serious influence on the Shogun's decisions and they gradually established themselves as private consultants of the Shogun.
  15. Under such circumstances, this ritual has become established to celebrate the survival at each turning point of small baby boys and girls.
  16. Under such circumstances, traffickers of salt and other goods appeared in many places.
  17. Under such circumstances, volunteers in shopping avenues worried about the situation and set big tanabata decorations in 1927.
  18. Under such circumstances, worshiping vindictive spirits became popular to justify the discontent and repulsion to sovereignty by using the name of deceased, who lost in a political strife.
  19. Under such conditions, Kikan IKEDA mostly used the sentences corrected by posterity as the original text, if the text contained corrections.
  20. Under such conditions, there is a risk that koji has been contaminated by various bacteria.
  21. Under such difficult circumstances, this solicitation for contribution was favorably accepted by the people as salvation of the times.
  22. Under such environment, Chosyuku translated many academic books related to the internal medicine of Western medicine and opened the hospital as Western physician for the first time in Japan.
  23. Under such international law, applicability depended on whether or not the country in question was a "civilized nation," but this "civilized nation" was a self-representation of Europe and America.
  24. Under such notion of "Tenka," native Vietnamese deities came to be respected in place of traditional deities of Buddhism or Taoism, and kaho (to give a new title to deities) was made to them whenever the nation achieved a victory in foreign wars.
  25. Under such situation, Chidori and Makino cleared off the above balance, shared the capital and converted into a joint-stock company including the studio, Chidori Kogyo's distribution and its Kobe office.
  26. Under such situation, Hanpei transferred the headship of the family to his half brother with the same father, gave up the status of samurai and became a broker of Nishijin-brocade with the name of 'Echigoya Hanbei.'
  27. Under such situation, a new standard called Koden kanmotsu rippo (the law fixing the tax rate for koden) was introduced in the eleventh century.
  28. Under such situation, he wrote in his blog at 19:14:58 of August 8, 2008, under the title of "Report on the Great Sechuan Earthequake charity", that "I believe I can report the official amount on Monday next week".
  29. Under such situations, Asateru climbed up the ladder of promotion steadily compared with his brothers, and eventually he became Dainagon thanks to his intimate relation as drinking buddy with FUJIWARA no Naritoki and FUJIWARA no Michitaka, who was the eldest son of Kaneie and later became Kanpaku and Sessho (regent).
  30. Under such situations, Asatsune was appointed to several posts as a compromise personnel appointment because he belonged to neither Koichijo-ryu or Onomiya-ryu which was close to the Emperor nor Michinaga's group.
  31. Under such situations, Munesuke carried out his job seriously and became deeply engaged in his hobbies.
  32. Under such situations, Nobunaga ODA received a good news.
  33. Under such situations, as a large military force was dispatched, troops around Nobunaga were not many and Nobunaga and Ieyasu moved around with a small military force in Kinai in an open atmosphere under just before unification of the whole country especially after downfall of the Takeda clan.
  34. Under such situations, chief sake brewers couldn't fully pursue the sakamai that best suited the quality of their sake.
  35. Under such situations, it is worth taking notice about the future of sake filtration.
  36. Under such situations, on May 23, 1579, it seems that troops from Arioka-jo Castle made a sortie and three soldiers from Arioka-jo Castle were killed.
  37. Under such situations, samurai groups formed being centered in the Kanto region, and in such a group, the master took top position and led his servants called Ienoko or roto.
  38. Under such situations, sokuikanjo was born and developed as a new ritual to maintain religious authority of the emperor.
  39. Under such situations, sorobun was created and was often used in yokyoku (Noh song) (sentences of the Kamakura period) which was popular among the military class and introduced the style of oraimono (primary textbooks in the style of the exchange of letters) which was widespread on a nationwide basis.
  40. Under such society based on meritocracy, sengoku daimyo (warring lords) established their own territories at various places and formed "kogi"(authorities) equaling the official authority effective only inside their territories.
  41. Under such strong leadership Toei has kept the most distinctive characteristics of its production.
  42. Under supervision of German engineer H. Rumushotteru and through the use of imported railway vehicles from Germany, the lines between Moji Station and Kumamoto Station, and Tosu Station and Saga Station were completed by 1891.
  43. Under suspicion that he committed adultery with court ladies who were serving Emperor Gotoba, he was executed by decapitation along with his disciple priests at the riverbank of Rokujo-gawara in 1207.
  44. Under that condition, Harumasa became the twenty-first head of the Goto family.
  45. Under that opinion, the Shogunate did not take the necessary measures to prepare for Perry's arrival, but only increased the number of soldiers in the Hikone Domain to strengthen the defenses of the Miura Peninsula.
  46. Under that theory, "mifa" corresponds to "miwa" (god), as in Omiwa-jinja Shrine, while 'bi' can be considered a female honorific title ("bi" or "be"--"bi" means "sun," while "be" means "snake").
  47. Under the Act on National Holidays, in present Japan, the Emperor's Birthday is determined according to the date of birth of the Emperor.
  48. Under the Act on National Holidays, it is set as 'the autumn equinox,' when the earth passes the Autumnal Equinoctial Point (Japan time).
  49. Under the Act on National Holidays, it is set as 'the spring equinox.'
  50. Under the Aitai Sumashi Rei (Mutual Settlement Decree) specifying restriction of civil actions established by the Edo bakufu, the bakufu would not take up trials concerning interest-bearing loans.
  51. Under the Article 5 of the Imperial House Law, Shinnohi are the members of the Imperial Family in Japan.
  52. Under the Chinese notion of "Tenka" during the era of Goryeo, Sung was called the Southern Court and Liao or Jing was called the Northern Court since Sung and Liao or Sung and Jin co-existed in China.
  53. Under the Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of the North (chinju-fu shogun), local fighting occurred in order to subjugate Emishi/Ezo forces who had invaded Momonou Castle.
  54. Under the Constitution of Japan, Imperial property belongs to the State, and the expenses of the Imperial family fall under a budget that is voted upon in the Diet (Article 88).
  55. Under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan
  56. Under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, Imperial property was called "goryo" (Imperial property) or "goryochi" (Imperial estate) and was left outside of Imperial Diet control.
  57. Under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, among the emperor's action, it was established as 'In order to convey the emperor's important affairs and intentions regarding prerogative enforcement, the imperial rescript shall be used, excluding other forms.'
  58. Under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, pursuant to the extent defined by the Former Imperial House Act, the Imperial family was defined as the family of the emperor that shared his Imperial lineage.
  59. Under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, the Cabinet ministers were stated to support the Emperor (the Prime Minister was the same level as the other ministers).
  60. Under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan, the prime minister was not required to be a member of the Diet.
  61. Under the Council of State, eight ministries were placed in charge of actual administration, and in each ministry, the work was divided between agencies known as shiki, ryo, tsukasa, and tokoro.
  62. Under the Decree for the Restoration of Imperial Rule, the Meiji Government intended to pursue theocracy and use Shinto as its base.
  63. Under the Dokyo administration, Hosangi (monk Sangi) which was similar in rank as Sangi was established, and monks were assigned.
  64. Under the Dokyo administration, hoshin that were similar in rank as Dainagon, were established, and monks were assigned.
  65. Under the Dokyo government, he continued to be promoted and in 766, he became Sangi (royal advisor) and was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) in 771 after the succession of Emperor Konin.
  66. Under the Education Ministry guidelines for junior high schools in 1958, budo such as sumo, kendo, judo-kendo, judo and so on, which were called "kakugi" (combat sports), were taught as formal lessons.
  67. Under the Empress Shotoku, who was the Retired Empress Koken and who restored to the throne, Dokyo became her right hand and in 765 he became Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state) without leaving his priesthood; in the next year (766) he became Hoo (Emperor of the Buddhist Law).
  68. Under the Goseibai-shikimoku, Katakiuchi for the father or grandfather was the subject of punishment; this is different from the context of Katakiuchi seen in the Edo period.
  69. Under the Gun Ken system, the right of coinage and military right were granted at first, but those rights were gradually forfeited.
  70. Under the Imperial Court and the new Meiji government, the court rank and the official post were conferred on the deceased in the recognition of services done in their lifetime.
  71. Under the Imperial House Act, the Empress, the Grand Empress Dowager, and the Empress Dowager are addressed by the title Her Imperial Majesty, and all other members of the Imperial family are addressed by the title of His or Her Imperial Highness (Article 23 of the Imperial House Act).
  72. Under the Imperial House Act, the honorific title is 'Heika (his majesty)' but it was 'Denka' under the Taiho Code.
  73. Under the JNR management, only member companies of the Center Committee were permitted to sell box lunches within station precincts.
  74. Under the Japanese Constitution, there has so far been no example of a regent being appointed.
  75. Under the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) system, they would not have succeeded due to their origins.
  76. Under the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), they were the Shugo of Izumo Province.
  77. Under the Kamakura bakufu, the only shogun title was Seii Taishogun (Barbarian Subduing Generalissimo), making shogun the abbreviated name for this rank.
  78. Under the Kani junikai (12 grades of cap rank) of Prince Shotoku, a dress code for those who attended the Imperial Court was established, and this was followed by frequent sumptuary laws which were, at first, mainly aimed at nobles and government officials (especially those of low to medium rank).
  79. Under the Kansei Reforms, which were led by Sadanobu MATSUDAIRA, Kyoden's works (sharebon and kibyoshi, or "yellow covers", illustrated books of popular fiction whose covers were yellow) were prosecuted in 1791.
  80. Under the Kenmu Government, Chikamitsu YUKI, Masashige KUSUNOKI, Tadaaki CHIGUSA and Nagatoshi NAWA (the Governor of Hoki Province) were collectively called the 'Sanboku Isso' (literally, the three trees [ki in Japanese] and the single grass [gusa in Japanese], implying part of the sound of each person's name or title).
  81. Under the Kenmu Government, Yoshisada was conferred Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) on September 22, 1333 thanks to his distinguished military service in attacking Kamakura.
  82. Under the Kenmu Government, he accompanied Takauji's brother Naoyoshi to Kamakura and fought the Nakasendai War as well.
  83. Under the Kenmu Restoration (the new government led by the Emperor Godaigo) after the fall of the Kamakura shogunate, he served as a magistrate (in Japan's feudal period) of zasso-ketsudansho (a court which deals with minor offenses).
  84. Under the Kenmu Restoration after the fall of the Kamakura bakufu, Chikamitsu was appointed the officer of the Onshogata (the Reward Office which was the administrative organ of the Kenmu Restoration, responsible for granting military awards called 'onsho') and the Zasso ketsudansho (the Miscellaneous Claims Court which was the central judicial organ of the Kenmu Restoration).
  85. Under the Kenmu Restoration, he served as a bugyonin (government official) of the Zasso ketsudanjo (the Claims Court) in nanabankyoku (seventh office) that was in charge of Nankaido and followed Takauji's secession from the Restoration government
  86. Under the Kenmu administration, Takauji left politics and let KO no Moronao, the regent of the Ashikaga clan, and KO no Moroyasu engage in politics, while he made his brother Tadayoshi the regent of the Kamakura Shogunfu.
  87. Under the Kenmu government (led by the Emperor Godaigo), he went to Kamakura as a member of the sixth unit of Kanto Hisashiban (Imperial Guards in Kanto Region).
  88. Under the Kenmu government, after the Nakasendai War was put down, Takauji ASHIKAGA led a revolt against Emperor Godaigo.
  89. Under the Kyoto Shugoshoku was the Kyoto Shoshidai, the Kyoto Machibugyo, and the Mimawariyaku (patrol troops) and the Kyoto Mimawariyaku, that was under the Mimawariyaku formed by the bakufu's direct followers and also incorporated under the Kyoto Shugoshoku.
  90. Under the Law for Protection of Cultural Properties, intangible cultural properties are defined as dramatic, musical, artistic and other intangible cultural artifacts deemed as historically or artistically valuable to Japanese history (Article 2, Section 1, Part 2).
  91. Under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, Article 2, Clause 1, cultural properties are defined as follows:
  92. Under the Meiji Constitution
  93. Under the Ming Dynasty and onwards, silver sycee were circulated alongside the copper coinage.
  94. Under the Ming Dynasty, in which it was first established, Shushigaku's influence became very strong in most regions, although in Jian Nang, the dynasty's most commercialized area, some people had kept a slight distance between themselves and Shushigaku since the early Ming period.
  95. Under the Ministry of Army the presiding organizations of tondenhei were renamed Tondenhei Headquarters, Tondenhei Command Center and became more similar to the formation of general military units.
  96. Under the Murauke (also called "Murauke-sei"; a subcontracting system for a village in the Edo period), a village Shoya or Nanushi engaged in the administration of subcontract works, mainly for taxations such as nengu (land tax) and miscellaneous taxes, and other administrative business.
  97. Under the Muromachi bakufu, Omi Shugoshoku (provincial constable) was temporarily taken by Doyo SASAKI, who was from the illegitimate lineage of the Sasaki clan and Tokinobu complained of his bad luck, and became a priest, transfering leadership of the family to his son, Ujiyori and died at the age of forty-one.
  98. Under the National Diet Library Act, its organization consists of the main libraries and branches.
  99. Under the Ordinance of High School, proclaimed in 1894, Third Advanced Junior High School was transformed into Third High School (under the old system) (In this article, "Third High School" indicates Third High School under the old system, if there's no particular explanation).
  100. Under the Ritsuryo Codes
  101. Under the Ritsuryo System, 'the nobility' were referred to as persons of Fifth Rank or higher, and granted the privilege of stepping into the Imperial Court.
  102. Under the Ritsuryo System, it administered five institutions, but later on, it administered only one institution (Hayato shi).
  103. Under the Ritsuryo codes in Tang, the ministry called Chushosho, placed directly under the emperor, and the ministry called Monkasho, consisting of members from Kizoku, confronted political decisions.
  104. Under the Ritsuryo legal system, Dazai no sochi was the position responsible for diplomacy and defense in Kyushu, ruling nine ryoseikoku provinces and two islands in Saikaido in Kyushu.
  105. Under the Ritsuryo system
  106. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), Denso was collected as So.
  107. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), Tenmondo was put under the supervision of the Onmyoryo, together with rekido and the Onmyoryo, and it consisted of one tenmon hakase (Shoshichiinoge (Senior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade)) and ten tenmon no sho (students of astronomy).
  108. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), a professor of the Daigaku-ryo (Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system) or an individual with similar education and experience was appointed to the position of Jidoku.
  109. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), it was the highest rank granted to a queen and her female retainers.
  110. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), onshu was the registration of a person who came forward after having been missing from the family registers or the keicho (yearly tax registers), or after having been away from the place of registry.
  111. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), the task of preparing the calendar based on the observations of the sun and moon was carried out by the Onmyoryo (a government office that had jurisdiction over calendar preparation, astronomy, divination, etc.) instead of the Daigaku-ryo (the Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system).
  112. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), they were also called Kohaiden or Fukandenden.
  113. Under the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), this facility was controlled by the Genba-ryo (office taking charge of affairs relating to the diplomacy and Buddhism) of the Jibu-sho Ministry.
  114. Under the Ritsuryo system (administrative and legal system adopted by Japan from China in the seventh and eighth century) the term "Hikan" referred to clerks who were attached to low ranked officials who in turn were attached to senior officials.
  115. Under the Ritsuryo system in Japan, there was stipulations concerning vice shogun in Article 24 of Gunboryo (the Statute on Military Defense).
  116. Under the Ritsuryo system the rank of government posts (kanshoku) were decided upon court ranks (ikai), which were nondivisable and called kan-i (official court ranks).
  117. Under the Ritsuryo system where Sanmi or higher was considered kugyo, many of the collateral family members of the Fujiwara clan and non-Fujiwara clan middle class nobles held the court rank, Shii.
  118. Under the Ritsuryo system, based on the ideas of odo omin and ikkun banmin, cultivated land was granted equally to the people (peasants) who, in return, had to provide taxes, labor, and military service.
  119. Under the Ritsuryo system, it was divided into Jushiinojo (Junior Fourth Rank, Upper Grade) and Jushiinoge (Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  120. Under the Ritsuryo system, it was generally accepted that the status of the Daijo emperor was equal to that of the reigning emperor, although in fact, the Daijo emperor was often ranked higher than the reigning emperor.
  121. Under the Ritsuryo system, kubunden were defined as private land, not public land (a fact that repudiated the existing concept of state ownership of both land and people).
  122. Under the Ritsuryo system, offerings were given by the Imperial court for Kinen-sai and other festivals to many shrines listed in the Engi-shiki Jimmyo-cho; but that number has been reduced to a special few shrines after the decline of the Ritsuryo system.
  123. Under the Ritsuryo system, ranking in order of Dai Shogun, shogun, vice shogun was stipulated, however, in fact, vice shogun was directly placed to Dai shogun, eliminating shogun.
  124. Under the Ritsuryo system, tax was levied on each individual so it was necessary to administer each person individually.
  125. Under the Ritsuryo system, the Emperor stood on the organization of Daijokan (Grand Council of State) and exercised his actual powers, but since the form of the government conformed to rules and regulations, it was relatively stable.
  126. Under the Ritsuryo system, when the term of kokushi (provincial governor) expired, a document called Geyujo (discharge certificate) was delivered from a predecessor to a successor as evidence to prove that the handing over of a job was carried out without any problems.
  127. Under the Ryosetsu system, "Bankoku Koho" was widely spread and started to affect on political situation as well.
  128. Under the Separation Orders (anti-Buddhist movement) in the first year of Meiji, what was originally called Gion-sha/Gion Kanshin-in was changed to Yasaka-jinja Shrine.
  129. Under the Shogunate system during the Edo Period, the political power of the Imperial Court was restricted and it was confined to the management of the Court.
  130. Under the Shoso, the positions of daisho (administrative officials of danjodai) and junsatsu-danjo (patrolling censors) were set up.
  131. Under the Song (Southern Dynasty) in 450, Liu Yilong, the third-generation Emperor Wen, waged war on the Northern Wei Dynasty despite opposition from Liu Kangzu, Shen Qingzhi, and others.
  132. Under the Taiho Ritsuryo Code and Yoro Ritsuryo Code (code promulgated in the Yoro period) established in the eighth century, Shinden was stated in Jingiryo (the part of the code that dealt with all matters relating to Shinto) and Denryo (the law about providing rice fields).
  133. Under the Tang Dynasty system, rankings and service titles in a Kokyu palace were organized into three departments: Naikan, Kyukan, and Naishi Sho.
  134. Under the Tang Dynasty, the system of larger ryo, which was three times larger than ryo, was established that larger ryo weighed 11 sen and 4 bu, which was three times as much as 3 sen and 8 bu.
  135. Under the Tempo Reforms that prohibited luxury, the owners including sushi chefs of more than 200 sushi shops suffered tegusari penalty (confinement to one's residence and restraint in behavior with handcuffs on the wrists).
  136. Under the Tennosei, we should carry out a different type of democracy from those of other countries' (December 1945, Masahiro YASUOKA).
  137. Under the Tokugawa government, he changed to be the oppressor, and strictly punished the Christians in his territory.
  138. Under the Tokugawa government, he showed his administrative ability on agricultural development, silver mine development and establishment of canals.
  139. Under the Toyotomi Administration, there were a lot of figures who took charge of administrative affairs, including Yoshitsugu OTNI and Yukinaga KONISHI, and the most prominent five among them were later known as Gobugyo (five bugyo, or five commissioners or five magistrates).
  140. Under the Yamato Court, the general youth education was implemented at "Daigakuryo" (Bureau of Education under the Ritsuryo system) under the direct control of "Shikibusho" (the Ministry of Ceremonial), while the I-do education was distinctively implemented at "Tenyakuryo" (the Bureau of Medicine) under the direct control of Imperial Household Ministry.
  141. Under the Yuan Dynasty, Buddhism became prosperous again, so many pagodas were constructed throughout China.
  142. Under the above trend, the ability of samurai, who had maintained their lives through the job of warriors under koden management contract (in other words, by becoming tato/fumyo), was increasingly expected in order to cope with the armed conflict between shoen and public land.
  143. Under the actual timetable, during the daytime on weekdays and from the morning to noon on Saturdays and holidays, only the shuttle local trains are made up of four cars, and in the late evening on Saturdays and holidays only the trains made up of four or five cars are operated on the line.
  144. Under the administration led by the Taira family, given that the position of court noble was already very high at the time, court nobles reached the height of their powers when the Taira family, part of the Taira clan, became court nobles.
  145. Under the advisors' instruction, they set up the 'Byeolgigun' (a modernized special military force) apart from the existing traditional army, organized it in a new way and had it newly-equipped, continuing with such efforts as performing Japanese-style training and sending some members to Japan for study.
  146. Under the alliance, Choshu bought weaponry and battleships from England in the name of Satsuma.
  147. Under the appointment to Shogun, the position of the Genji choja (the top of the Minamoto clan) was finally authorized to qualify as the head of the influential family called Seiwa-Genji (Minamoto clan).
  148. Under the auspices of Arinori MORI, Japan's first ambassador to the United States, Joe--who had first entered the U.S. as an illegal immigrant--was officially recognized as a legal foreign exchange student.
  149. Under the authority of the Asakura clan, Yoshitoshi, one of Yoshikado's sons succeeded as the head of both the Kuratani clan and the Ashikaga clan, which are descended from the Muromachi shogunate family.
  150. Under the bakuhantaisei (feudal system characteristic of the shogunate), each han (clan) appointed shinanyaku (instructor), or designated a particular ryugi (style) as goryugi (authorized style).
  151. Under the centralized authoritarian rule, each local government office and the officials working there executed the authority devolved from the central government to run the local government.
  152. Under the circumstance that the Sado population was increasing while extending even to townspeople, he created many works other than tea bowls including kogo (incense container) and hanaire (vase).
  153. Under the circumstances and with most of the passengers of the Kusatsu Line going to Otsu and Kyoto, some trains run through to Kyoto during the morning and evening (through to Osaka during the morning on weekdays).
  154. Under the circumstances described above, some railroad projects were already being drawn up in some places, such as Satsuma Domain, Saga Domain and Edo, in the end of the Edo period.
  155. Under the circumstances in which Yoshinaka's army was in occupation of the capital, however, Yorimori could not be exempted from punishment, and on September 1, he was dismissed from his posts along with other members of Taira clan.
  156. Under the circumstances in which these old Buddhist schools had connections with those in power, Nichiren's Lotus Sutra Buddhism is also likely to have been subjected to the attacks by those schools.
  157. Under the circumstances mentioned above, Naka no Oe no Oji moved the capital to Otsu domain of the Province Omi on March 19, 667 (old calendar).
  158. Under the circumstances mentioned above, Yoritomo, who was put in a politically difficult situation, developed a strong sense of crisis.
  159. Under the circumstances, HEGURI no Hironari was appointed the hangan for the envoys who were decided to be sent to Tang China.
  160. Under the circumstances, Hisamitsu SHIMAZU (the father of the feudal lord of the Satsuma Domain) moved Imperial Court to send a messenger (Shigetomi OHARA), who urged the Edo bakufu to implement reforms (cf. Bunkyu Reform).
  161. Under the circumstances, KATSURA, with an attempt to undermine the capability of the Seiyukai Party and the Kokumin-to Party, tried to respond to the incident by dissolving the Diet and calling a general election with the government's interference.
  162. Under the circumstances, Kaneie earnestly desired early enthronement of Imperial Prince Yasuhito.
  163. Under the circumstances, Nobunaga ODA judged that the war situation was favorable for him, and discontinued peace talks with Ishiyama Hongan-ji Temple.
  164. Under the circumstances, Soen studied the method of producing tea for fifteen years and succeeded in making a new type of sencha which was rich in taste and green in color (to be correct, it was 'dashicha,' a type of tea used by making an infusion).
  165. Under the circumstances, Soseki suffered from nervous breakdown, and lived separately from his wife for two months.
  166. Under the circumstances, a set of Kacchu (armor and helmet) placed by Hikoshichi OMORI survived the fire.
  167. Under the circumstances, and to improve the situation, Rakusaiguchi Station was opened (at basically the same location as the old Mozume Station).
  168. Under the circumstances, breweries are obliged to breed a small quantity of Kyokai sake yeast in a large amount under specific environmental conditions.
  169. Under the circumstances, finally on July 28, the Taira clan was defeated by MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka and exiled from the capital.
  170. Under the circumstances, in June 1900, Boxer Uprising (the Righteous Harmony Society Movement) were staged centered in North China and Manchuria (present-day north east China) and the Russian Empire occupied Manchuria.
  171. Under the circumstances, in the Heiji War in 1159, he occupied the Imperial Palace at first with Nobuyori and MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo and killed Shinzei, thereby increasing their power.
  172. Under the circumstances, kajutsugata (gunnery research institute) of the Saga Domain sometimes asked Shigeyoshi for advice, and Shigeyoshi studied a new gun (paixhan gun) ahead of other domains.
  173. Under the circumstances, politics came to a standstill as the Imperial Palace experienced a three-sided conflict between Yoshichika, Yoritada and Kaneie.
  174. Under the circumstances, various spectators began to want the performances of Kabuki Kyogen to satisfy their own tastes, such as one for Jidaimono, or one for Sewamono.
  175. Under the circumstances, white replaceable neckpieces became popular.
  176. Under the clan name the changes of Kasuga to Okasuga and Nakatomi to Onakatomi were made; also Sukune was changed to Osukune; accordingly the system of clans and hereditary titles came to penetrate more pervasively in general.
  177. Under the classification of religious services, reisai are classified as 'taisai'.
  178. Under the colonial administration of Korea, administrative districts were placed in major cities.
  179. Under the command of Akahiko during the Taisho period, Araragi's reputation had made it very influential among tanka circles.
  180. Under the command of Emperor Gouda (father of Emperor Godaigo) in 1303, he collected and presented the "Shin Gosen Wakashu" (New Later Collection of Japanese Poems, thirteenth imperial poetic anthology).
  181. Under the command of Nobunaga, the debate took place between the Jodoshu sect monks Teian (also known as Joan), Reiyo, and others, and the Nichirenshu sect monks Nichiko, Nittai, and Nichiyu (later renamed Nichien).
  182. Under the command of Tsugunosuke KAWAI, its forces put up a great fight, but Nagaoka Castle surrendered in early September.
  183. Under the command of the wakadoshiyori, the officer earned executive allowance of 500 koku (rice yield) and salary of 1,000 koku, was of Hoi (commoner) rank and was stationed to be at the side of the southern door of the Kiku-no-ma Hall.
  184. Under the commander-in chief are the general of the cavalry, general of the guards, and general of the cavalry and chariots, who were in turn served by Jo-shogun (grand general), general of the hidden waves and others who served on temporary basis.
  185. Under the concept that the creation of their own Seijin-shiki ceremony led by the people entering adulthood will make the Seijin-shiki ceremony better, the number of municipalities that have requested new adults to participate in the planning and management of the ceremony has increased recently.
  186. Under the conservative-versus-progressive party system established in 1955 by Liberal Democratic Party and Socialist Party of Japan, Japan has become one of major economic powers via a high economic growth period.
  187. Under the constitution, courts were a judicature delegated by the emperor, and it meant that courts could exercise independent powers.
  188. Under the constitutional system of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan issued in 1889, 'Fukensei' was established following the state law of Prussia, which stipulates that Fuken are autonomous bodies.
  189. Under the control and protection of the official authority, brothels were packed in one place as Yukaku after the early-modern times.
  190. Under the control of Zuryo and Kokuga, the Fumyo system (a system for tax collecting) was formed for the Revenue system, and the samurai class appeared via the kokuga forces system.
  191. Under the control of kanjo-bugyo (commissioner of finance), kura-bugyo was posted to Takuhi-no-ma room receiving yakuryo (executive allowance) of 200 bales of rice.
  192. Under the control of the Edo bakufu, a court noble of the dainagon (Major Counselor) class, who was an academically superior and eloquent speaker, was appointed to the job and requested by the Kyoto shoshidai (the Kyoto deputy) to present a paper sealed in blood.
  193. Under the control of the Edo bakufu, all daimyo were obliged to participate in Sankinkotai (a system under which feudal lords in the Edo period were required to spend every other year in residence in Edo) and to engage in castle construction and flood prevention works.
  194. Under the control of the Edo bakufu, it was set up in 1603 and lasted to the end of the Edo period in 1867.
  195. Under the control of the Mandokoro (the administrative and financial branch of the government), powerful gokenin who held a hereditary position on the Hyojoshu (the Council of State of the Kamakura period) held this post.
  196. Under the cooperation of prefectural governor Tsunayoshi OYAMA together with the ruling party, Shigakko developed into a strong power to control the most part of the prefectural government before long.
  197. Under the council system by nayashu (wealthy merchants who led autonomous organizations in cities), who were egoshu (members of council), it established autonomy and refused control by sengoku daimyo by surrounding the whole city with a moat and employing ronin as mercenary.
  198. Under the current Gregorian calendar (a solar calendar), it falls on December 31.
  199. Under the current Honors System, when those credited with the Second Order of Merit die, they are awarded the rank..
  200. Under the current Road Traffic Act, jinrikisha are regarded as light vehicles, rather than bicycles, and therefore cannot use bicycle lanes or sidewalks where signposts permit bicycles.
  201. Under the current constitution of Japan, all the Prime Ministers have been from the House of Representatives.
  202. Under the current law of Japan, 'Gaichi' simply means 'the regions located outside of Japan' and is not restricted to the former Japan's territories (Refer to Definition of Gaichi).
  203. Under the current law, Gaichi simply means 'the regions other than Japan' and is not restricted to the former Japan's territories (e.g. Article 2 of Repatriates' Benefit Act).
  204. Under the current law, the former Japan's territories are not referred to as colonies.
  205. Under the current social/daily life situation, it refers to the trainings conducted around the time of daikan (one of the twenty-four divisions of four seasons, and the coldest period in winter).
  206. Under the daikan, there were about 10 tetsuke (assistants of daikan but an immediate vassal of the shogunate; busi class) and a few tedai (assistants of daikan; servant for a samurai family), who assisted him.
  207. Under the danka seido (parishioner system), Shumon-Ninbetsu-Aratame-Cho (The Village People Register of Religious Faith and Relationship) was created every year based on the annual survey and declaration.
  208. Under the diminishing authority of the Rokkaku clan, Rokkakushi Shikimoku was established after Sadahide GAMO and other major vassals drafted the shikimoku (law codes in the itemized form, which were used in the medieval Japan) and Yoshikata ROKKAKU and Yoshisuke ROKKAKU, father and son, approved it.
  209. Under the direction of the jizamurai, order was brought to the uprising forces, while robberies were monitored.
  210. Under the dynastic nation-state, as long as Zuryo paid the specified tax to Kyoto, they could take the rest of the tax as their own income.
  211. Under the early ritsuryo system such conferences usually took place in the chodo-den (Imperial court), however, in the Heian period, they were held more frequently closer to a dairi (Imperial Palace) as emperors led their lives mainly in a dairi.
  212. Under the edict of Shinbutsubunri promulgated by the Meiji government, the influence of Buddhism on Sanno Gongen was removed and Sanno Gongen were separated from the temples.
  213. Under the eight ministries, practical organizations called Shiki (ritsuryo system), Ryo (ritsuryo system) and Tsukasa were set up.
  214. Under the elevated rail tracks, there are restaurants and grocery stores for the convenience of passengers.
  215. Under the elevated structure on the north side of this station, there is a monument to the completion of the work of elevating the line between Kyoto Station and Nijo Station.
  216. Under the emperor as a sovereign ruler, Jingikan (the office in charge of religious ceremony) and Daijokan (Grand Council of State) were established and under the Daijokan, eight ministries were set up to take charge of the actual administration.
  217. Under the existing law, the Emperor's family that belongs to the Imperial lineage pursuant to the extent defined by the legal power bestowed in the Imperial House Act is deemed to be the Imperial family.
  218. Under the feudal system characteristic of the Tokugawa shogunate
  219. Under the feudal system, the family line of Sadanobu, Mitsunobu's first son, was supposed to be the head of family; however, Sadanobu died without an heir at the age of just 27, so after that the legitimacy of the Kano family was the descendant of Takanobu till the end of the Edo period.
  220. Under the fierce international circumstance when Western powers had high ambitions, it was necessary for Japan to reluctantly keep away from China and Korea to keep independence as a country... the choice was to leave Asia.'
  221. Under the fifth lord, Totsuna KUTSUKI, an upheaval known as Kyoho's direct petition occurred as a result of the Great Famine of Kyoho, and the domain fell into confusion.
  222. Under the four-tiered hierarchy of government officials, there were Kanjin Zonin (lower-ranking government official), Shoryo (chief), Sanshi (court official in charge of calculation), Ko (workman [a craftsman in the "chojo" rank and a carpenter in the "banjo" rank]) and so on.
  223. Under the four-tiered hierarchy, Zojishi had Kanjin Zonin (lower-ranking government official), toneri (servant) and further, a great number of artisan which were ranked according to their skills and mastery from top to downward, ookitakumi, sukunatakumi, chojoko, banjoko, and others.
  224. Under the general policy on religion, Sect Shinto, such as the Izumo Oyashiro-kyo and Kurozumikyo sects, was placed under the Bureau of Religions.
  225. Under the government according to the Ritsuryo codes, Jingikan (department of workship) managed "Dokyo-sai Festival" held to protect the borders of the capital.
  226. Under the government of Shirakawa-in (the Retired Emperor Shirakawa), Toshiaki often warned the retired Emperor against being rash, because Shirakawa-in, who was driven by his extreme faddiness, arbitrary practiced Joi Jomoku (investiture of official charges) without respecting order status.
  227. Under the government of the state by the immediate direction (administration) of Emperor Godaigo (Kenmu Restoration), Yorisada was appointed the shugo of Mino Province.
  228. Under the government service system of the Edo Bakufu, Shoinban (castle guards) and Koshogumi (page corps) called Ryoban were equivalent to the Umamawari in many domains.
  229. Under the grand master, junshihan (an associate grand master) or shihandai (an assistant instructor) is positioned (depending on schools and the like).
  230. Under the great patriarchal authority-styled command executed by the Retired Emperor Saga, politics enjoyed steadiness for nearly 30 years without dispute concerning the Imperial succession.
  231. Under the imperial edict, Rushana daibutsu of Todai-ji Temple was constructed and completed in 752, and a big kaigenkuyo (ceremony to consecrate a newly made Buddhist statue or image by inserting the eyes (thereby investing it with soul)) was held in the presence of the Empress Koken and the former Emperor Shomu.
  232. Under the influence of Shoyo TSUBOUCHI, he further deepened the content critically in order to compensate for shortcomings of "Essence of Novels."
  233. Under the influence of Sorai OGYU and others, the novels written in colloquial language in the Chinese literature in those days were introduced and studied that led Yomihon and others to be written.
  234. Under the influence of Western methods for studying history, it developed with scholars such as Kunitake KUME, 星恆 and Katsumi KUROITA as central figures.
  235. Under the influence of drink, he went to Kurosawa's house with a shot gun, and shouted in front of the house, 'Hey! Come out!'
  236. Under the influence of his father, who was known as a scholar of Japanese classical literature and a historian, Mutsu began to have the thoughts of Sonno Joi (slogan advocating reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners).
  237. Under the influence of that life in Kyoto, he longered for the cultures of the dynastic age more intensely.
  238. Under the influence of the Affair on March 15, the public trial underwent a complicated processes, and in the decision by Osaka koso-in (Osaka court of appeal) of December 1929, 18 criminals were sentenced to severe assessment of a case of imprisonment with hard labor less than seven years.
  239. Under the influence of the Chinese books like "History of the Later han Dynasty" and "Bai-Shi Wen Ji," the original tale, which had been passed on by word of mouth, was once written down in Chinese, and then it seems to have been rewritten in kana later.
  240. Under the influence of the Ie system, the maintenance of Kagyo continued to be prioritized among the public and this could be considered as a relic of Kashoku.
  241. Under the influence of this and other prewar scholarly works, contemporary writers and poets of the late 1960s began to try their own hands at creating renku.
  242. Under the influence of this fact, some books containing several pictures like caricatures are titled 'something manga' such as "Korin Manga" (Korin's sketches) (1817) written by Korin OGATA.
  243. Under the influence of westernization, most men started to have the western hairstyles.
  244. Under the influences of the long-lasting civil war and hanzeirei (half-tax decrees), Jisha honjoryo (lands of temples and nobles) and koryo were severely declined, and the shiki associated with the lands became in name only.
  245. Under the insei system, as the 'chiten-no-kimi' was able to nominate his immediate and subsequent successors to the throne, a relatively stable Imperial succession was possible; moreover, it was possible to reflect the intention of the 'chiten-no-kimi' in the Imperial succession.
  246. Under the jitouke, the jito was responsible for paying the feudal lord a certain amount of nengu regardless of the yield.
  247. Under the jurisdiction of the Tsukinowa regional office of the Imperial Mausolea and Tombs Division, the Imperial Household Agency.
  248. Under the kochi komin system, basically rice fields were to be withdrawn by the government (i.e., rice fields were returned to the state) when the person who had been granted the fields died; therefore, it was exceptional that the rice fields were allowed to be inherited for generations.
  249. Under the land reform accompanying the chisokaisei (revision of land-tax) during the Meiji period, the Jisharyo was broken up.
  250. Under the leadership of shogun Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA, anti-Nobunaga forces such as Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA, Hieizan (Enryaku-ji Temple), Hongan-ji Temple, Shingen TAKEDA, Kenshin UESUGI, Yoshikage ASAKURA, Nagamasa AZAI, Hisahide MATSUNAGA, Miyoshi sanninshu, and Terumoto MORI gathered together and established encircling formation.
  251. Under the live-in system, the ABC's of shopkeeping, such as etiquette and formality, were thoroughly hammered in by banto (a head clerk) and tedai (a clerk).
  252. Under the local tax regulations, different rules were set on prefectures newly created as a type of regional national offices after Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), and on towns and villages with autonomy since Edo Period.
  253. Under the lunar calendar, the last day of each month was called "misoka."
  254. Under the macrobiotic diet, amazake is often used as a sweetener instead of sugar, and the demand for amazake is increasing in overseas markets.
  255. Under the mutual vote for baronial members in 1904, the group captured 43 of the 56 seats for a total of 46 members and increased to 53 members (including 6 nominated members) five years later, so it became a medium-sized faction with most of the baronial members and some of the nominated members.
  256. Under the national policy of banning Christianity, the Edo bakufu tried to capture Christian missionaries and believers across the country without fail, force them to convert to Buddhism, and execute those who refused to change their faith.
  257. Under the new Kenmu government he was placed in Kamakura with the support of his uncle, Tadayoshi ASHIKAGA, and fought the Southern Dynasty (Japan) alongside his father when Takauji became alienated from the Kenmu regime, mostly ruling the Kanto region in Kamakura.
  258. Under the new government, Takauji gave Tadayoshi a post as administrative leader and he himself became the leader of the house vassals.
  259. Under the new law, not only the properties owned by old shrines or temples but also the properties owned by the nation, a local government, a corporation or an individual might become candidates for designation as national treasures.
  260. Under the next rule of the Asano clan, the land survey in the Keicho era was also implemented, which not only cut jizamurai's fortune but also denied their social status.
  261. Under the normal circumstances, a mikoshi is supposed to be shouldered by the shrine parishioners, but due to the shortage of bearers in recent years, the number of bearers who are not the parish members who participate in shouldering a mikoshi is on the rise in urban areas.
  262. Under the oban gashira was the "oban kumigashira" who served as a middle manager.
  263. Under the official recognition of the state, Naokata succeeded in obtaining the position to exclude the Taira clan of Yoshifumi line, including TAIRA no Tadatsune.
  264. Under the old Shakaku system, it was a Kanpei Taisha.
  265. Under the old kindai shakaku seido (modern shrine ranking system), it is a prefectural shrine.
  266. Under the old system, it was speculated that the emperor himself visits the mausoleum of Emperor Jinmu on shiki nen sai for worshipping.
  267. Under the order for the separation of Buddhism and Shintoism in the Meiji period, the enshrined deity was changed to Susanoo no mikoto.
  268. Under the order from the commander of the first commando unit, Heihachiro TOGO, the commanding officer of 'Naniwa' requested 'Kowshing' to stop for inspection after warning fire, but when Qing soldiers ignored, he torpedoed the steamship (Kowshing Incident).
  269. Under the order of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, he dedicated Shichijo bussho (a Buddhist sculpture workshop at Shichijo) to Konko-ji Temple of Ji Sect, and he moved his workshop to Shijo-Karasuma.
  270. Under the order of Tokiyori HOJO, he hold the position of Shugo (provincial constable) in both Settsu Province and Wakasa Province.
  271. Under the order of the Emperor Meiji, the shrine was relocated to the former Nakanoin family estate (current site) in front of the Hamaguri-gomon gate of the Kyoto Imperial Garden in 1886.
  272. Under the order of the Tokugawa shogunate, Takada-jo Castle was constructed by the assistant mayors of the lords from thirteen families such as Masamune DATE who was the father-in-low of Tadateru.
  273. Under the orders of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, Kazuuji NAKAMURA built the castle as the headquarters from which to rule the Koka-gun district, and became the lord of the castle in 1585.
  274. Under the orders of Prince Oama during the Jinshin War in 672, he wrote 'The Diary of ATO no Chitoko' after the War.
  275. Under the organization based on the Ritsuryo system in Tang, officials were classified into four ranks, such as Chokan (minister), Tsuhangan (vice minister), Hangan (inspector) and Sakan (secretary).
  276. Under the original Ritsuryo system, shodaibu in ocho kokka (royal-court state) referred to jigenin (a lower rank of ancient Japanese nobility) of shii or goi (fourth or fifth rank), or government officials from minor aristocrats who only got promoted to shii (Fourth Rank).
  277. Under the party-cabinet administrations, powers such as the Navy, the Army, the Sumitsu-in (Privy Council), or the bureaucracy still had big influence in politics and intervened in the government.
  278. Under the patronage of his publisher Juzaburo TSUTAYA, he developed his remarkable talents as an ukiyo-e artist.
  279. Under the pen name Suiko Sanjin, he published homosexual-related books such as, Kagemajaya Annaisho including "Kiku no sono" in 1764 and "Nanshoku saiken" in 1775.
  280. Under the plan, he developed a mechanism to facilitate private companies' settlement in Kyoto with 'government, bureaucracy, academia, and business' backing each other up (which included easing of the terms and conditions for financing programs the prefecture provided and setting up of industrial parks.)
  281. Under the policy of Haihan-chiken (abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures), former domains became prefectures, therefore there were a lot of overlooked lands.
  282. Under the policy set by Hisataka KAWAI, Kanei Tsuho Shimonsen brass coins started to be minted in Shinden, Fukagawa-senda (Koto Ward), Edo under the control of gin-za after in 1768.
  283. Under the political situation in the last days of Tokugawa shogunate, he interacted with samurai from Satsuma and Choshu Domains and worked hard for the establishement of the Satsuma-Choshu Alliance.
  284. Under the polygamy system, empress is the legally wedded wife of the emperor, out of the multiple wives.
  285. Under the present religious system of the Nichiren sect, temples are classified into Sozan, Reiseki-jiin, Yuisho-jiin and Ippan-jiin (common temples).
  286. Under the pressure from Kanetsugu, Nobuyoshi was forced to leave the Uesugi clan and escaped to find refuge with Hidetada TOKUGAWA.
  287. Under the pressure of an increasing number of disabled cars, JNR managed to secure reserve cars by reducing the number of trains running on the Kyoto-Takatsuki and the Akashi-Nishi-Akashi sections and hastened to repair disabled cars.
  288. Under the pressure of these dynasties, the Sung dynasty made a fictitious blood relationship (for example, diplomatic relations assuming Sun as the older brother and Liao as the younger brother) with them.
  289. Under the pressure to rebuild its finances, the lords made several attempts to reform the administration of the domain, but repeatedly failed in their attempts.
  290. Under the pretense of "going home," Tomoharu went back and forth from the eastern provinces, reporting to Hideyoshi on the movements and circumstances of the eastern daimyo (regional lords), engaging in what could well be described as spying.
  291. Under the pretext of fighting social outcasts the Ritsuryo-seifu Government used military power to conquer Emishi and expand its power to the north.
  292. Under the pretext that Motonaga was supporting Yoshitaka to kill Kizawa as an offender, in September that year, they besieged Iimoriyama-jo Castle, where Kizawa resided.
  293. Under the prevailing unsettled conditions, Prince Mochihito raised an army in June.
  294. Under the prewar school educational system, Third High School was one of the high schools that later became a foundation of the present Kyoto University.
  295. Under the principle of people-based governance, the government imposes tax on individuals, but it becomes impossible to grasp the name of taxable people if the case of false registration and/or escape occurs frequently.
  296. Under the principle of tax on land, however, the government can collect tax from wealthy peasants who eventually manage the land in question only by confirming the existence of land.
  297. Under the protection from the Rokkaku clan as their subordinate, the Azai family was able to concentrate on the management of their territory while preventing invasions from other powers with restraints put on them.
  298. Under the provision of Article 13 in the Road Transportation Act, transportation operators cannot reject offers of transportation except in the following cases.
  299. Under the recommendation of Katsuie, Ichi held a Buddhist memorial service at Myoshin-ji Temple in Kyoto on the one hundredth day after Nobunaga's death in the same year.
  300. Under the regency of Sumeimonin, Yasuhito became Crown Prince and the Daikakuji line was reestablished with the support of the Jimyoin line.
  301. Under the reign of Terumoto, who was Motonari's grandson and heir, they had a difficult time battling against the extremely powerful Oda clan which caused the kokujin lords to revolt.
  302. Under the reign of Wakatakeru no Okimi, there was a man who worked as a clerk; His name was Murite; During August, in the big iron pod, an imperial sword whose length is four shaku (unit of distance approximately equal to 30.3 cm) ****.
  303. Under the reign of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and Edo bakufu, it also meant a title or a honorific title allowed to a head of any distinguished family or of samurai family who was credited with his achievements.
  304. Under the rein of Shogun Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA during the Muromachi period when the capital was located in Kyoto, forces under the direct control of the Seii Taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians"), 'Hokoshu' (literally vassal group) were organized mainly from local powerful clans in Nishigaoka.
  305. Under the revised Normal School Order in 1944, prefectural youth teacher training schools that were training teachers for youth schools became youth normal schools, government-established educational institutions at the level of vocational schools.
  306. Under the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), Hi was the second highest title after Kogo.
  307. Under the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), a ceremony in which Iki (a letter of appointment) is awarded for Ikai, and a notification of a governmental post by senji (imperial decree) and its incidental ceremony are implemented at the time of appointment.
  308. Under the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code), ranks higher than Jusanmi were called 'Ki' as well as Hoshi no kurai (positions of stars), and were the ranks for Kugyo (the top court officials).
  309. Under the ritsuryo system eishi were soldiers who came up to Kyoto in rotation from gundan (army corps) in various districts as guards of the Imperial Court mainly during the period when gundan were formed in various districts.
  310. Under the ritsuryo system established later, Hyoe was a soldier of Hyoefu (Headquarters of the Middle Palace Guards), which was a moderate rank for young people of powerful local clans.
  311. Under the ritsuryo system it was a name of a soldier posted in the gundan or a person from gundan in various districts who was posted in rotation in the emonfu (officials section) or the ejifu (guards section) and acted as guards in the Imperial Court.
  312. Under the ritsuryo system, "ka" (leave) regulations for the government officials were provided in Kenyo-ryo (Leave and Home-visiting Code).
  313. Under the ritsuryo system, Hyobusho (ministry of military) took charge of military affairs.
  314. Under the ritsuryo system, Jusanmi or higher ranks were called "ki" (literally, noble) or star ranks, and were court ranks for senior kizoku (noble).
  315. Under the ritsuryo system, Rokui (Sixth Rank) was conferred on Kokushi (provincial governors) of Gekoku (minor provinces) as well as on Suke (assistant provincial governor) being Suke (assistant director) of Kokufu (provincial office).
  316. Under the ritsuryo system, it was granted mainly to naidaijin (Minister of the Center), kurodo no betto (Super intendant of the Chamberlain's office), as well as the legal wife of minister.
  317. Under the ritsuryo system, kanno was defined as the duty of kokushi and the measures and policies of kanno were implemented by kokushi.
  318. Under the ritsuryo system, the structure of the court noble society was determined by clarifying rank order and official duties of each government official based on job grades and Ikai (Court ranks).
  319. Under the rule of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro, it was renamed "Kohonei" in 758, but six years later, the former name was restored with the fall of Nakamaro.
  320. Under the rule of Iemitsu, many domains were abolished and an increase in the number of ronin (masterless samurai) became a social problem.
  321. Under the rule of Japan, merchants privileged in the Yi Dynasty period went to ruin failing to adapt to the trend of the era, while some conventional landlords who raised funds by buying and selling the land of which prices violently fluctuated gained power as emerging capitalists.
  322. Under the rule of Tomoteru who protected the missionary work, Takatsuki had the flourishing Christian population.
  323. Under the rule of Yoshinobu TOKUGAWA Taneki, appointed as soshaban (officer telling shogun about daimyo who came for greetings), became a close adviser of shogun, and he held onto his standpoint as Sabaku-ha (supporters of the shogun).
  324. Under the rule of the official rank in the military government, use of the post such as "kami"'?守' or "kami"'?頭' was not recognized as an official rank and regarded as the identification used by those who were conferred as Jugoinoge.
  325. Under the rules of the return of lands to the emperor, Takamoto then became the governor of the domain before it was abolished in the abolition of domains and establishment of prefectures in 1871.
  326. Under the ruling of Hideyoshi, Masamune was not chosen as the member of the Council of Five Elders because he had allied with Hojo clan and opposed against Hideyoshi, unlike those feudal lords who had served under Hideyoshi from the early stage of the unification process of Japan promoted by Hideyoshi.
  327. Under the sankin-kotai system established in 1635, daimyo, in addition to residing in Edo and their own feudal domains each for one year, leaving their own families in Edo permanently as hostages, had to pay their own travel costs and living costs in Edo.
  328. Under the seclusion policy, foreign trades were mainly limited to those with China at the Chinese residential area in Nagasaki, and with the Netherlands at Dejima island, but also through Tsushima Domain, trade with Yi Dynasty of Korea was authorized by the shogunate government at the consular office (wakan).
  329. Under the shinto shrine system of the Meiji period, reisai, together with festivals such as the Kinensai festival (to pray for a good crop) and the Niiname-sai festival (ceremonial offering by the Emperor of newly-harvested rice to the deities), were designated 'taisai' (grand festivals).
  330. Under the shoen koryo sei (social structure of the manorial public territory system) in medieval Japan, it was common for two or more parties to have joint ownership to a piece of land.
  331. Under the shogunate and domain system, the territory of the Toki clan was relocated to some other provinces, and finally, it ended up 35,000 koku (approximately 6.3 million liters of crop yield) in Numata domain, Kouzuke Province until the Meiji Restoration was established.
  332. Under the shrine system after the Meiji period, Guji became a title for the chief of the Kanpeisha (shrines designated as official by the Jingikan, the department of religious affairs) or the Kokuheisha (shrines under the control of the provincial governors).
  333. Under the situation where four Fujiwara families and Imperial families like Nagayao and so on were at odds, it is said that he was appointed with the aim of paving the way for the enthronement of Imperial Prince.
  334. Under the situation, Tokitada advised to make quick response to either accept the requirement immediately if they ever do so, or dispatch samurai to get rid of the daishu if they would not accept the requirement.
  335. Under the situations, the Kadenokoji family begged Arisue TSUCHIMIKADO of the Tsuchimikado family (Abe clan), who was a rival, and accepted Aritaka KADENOKOJI, who was a child of Arisue, as the successor.
  336. Under the slogan 'tenka fubu' (the realm subjected to military power), Nobunaga intended to unite all of Japan by himself; on the other hand, Yoshiaki also invited Kenshin UESUGI and Motonari MORI to Kyoto with the intention of restoring the shogunate government -- there were discrepancies between their opinions.
  337. Under the social conventions of the time, there was the prevalent idea that land or an article should be returned to the original owner concurrent with a change in the reign of the Emperor or the rule of the shogun; this idea was called tokusei (benevolent rule).
  338. Under the state of confusion resulting from the Meiji Restoration, Western learning scholar Kakuma YAMAMOTO (the older brother-in-law and collaborator of Jo NIIJIMA, the founder of Doshisha English School) purchased the site of the domain's residence.
  339. Under the statute, it was called kyoshi.
  340. Under the supervision of his maternal grandfather, FUJIWARA no Yoshifusa, he became the crown prince after the dismissal of Prince Koretaka.
  341. Under the supervision of mokudai, zaichokanjins undertook the practice of tax collection or military affairs in kokuga.
  342. Under the system of centralized administration established with the ritsuryo legal codes, the Joko was considered as having authority equivalent to that of the Emperor, so even such an irregular form of government was possible within the framework of the system.
  343. Under the system of the Taira family, the person who led an area army had to be somebody in the Taira family (a son of Kiyomori or his grandson), and it can be said that those who actually commanded the army were the highest rank of gokenin in the Taira family.
  344. Under the system of the dynasty state, however, the interpreters of Nihonshoki gradually shifted to Esoteric Buddhist monks, pundits of waka poem studies, and the jinin (associates of Shinto shrines) of each shrine, and initiatives to reinterpret mythologies based on Buddhist philosophy started.
  345. Under the system, a king makes feudal lords pledge loyalty in return for the protection of their domains, and the feudal lords make the same promise with retainers and make them pledge loyalty.
  346. Under the system, the Oda clan was supposed to be able to stay in power as long as the head of Oda clan having the largest military force survived, even if Nobunaga was killed in a rebellion raised by his vassals.
  347. Under the technical instruction of manufacturers in Ibaraki Prefecture, hoshi-imo is also produced in the People's Republic of China, which is coming onto the market in Japan.
  348. Under the tense situation, the seizure of Nagurumi-jo Castle (the Nagurumi Incident) by Kuninori INOMATA, a vassal of Ujikuni, occurred in November.
  349. Under the town and village system it became Mimitsu Village and Mimitsu-cho after 1889, but it was integrated into Hyuga City in 1955.
  350. Under the treaty between Japan and the US, consulates could be placed if needed, as well as opening Shimoda and Hakodate ports to supply fuel and water for ships; the United States then sent Townsend HARRIS to Shimoda.
  351. Under the treaty system, two countries which concluded a treaty have to exchange ministries each other.
  352. Under the tributary system, being an 'independent' state as well as an 'autonomous state' did not contradict each other.
  353. Under the unstable political situation, Fujitsubo, who had been sick in bed, passes away in March at the age of 37.
  354. Under the wartime governance in 1943, Tokyo-fu and Tokyo-shi were both abolished, and Tokyo-to (Tokyo Metropolis) was established in their place.
  355. Under the westside eaves of Sanjusangen-do Hall, there still remain some arrows stuck between the rafters.
  356. Under the world view of Shumisen (Mt. Sumeru), the six worlds mentioned above are sometimes understood as space.
  357. Under the worsening situation created by the attacks by American naval forces on Ganghwa Island (the Shinmiyangyo or the US Joseon Expedition), the Joseons hardened their attitude.
  358. Under their ladder-like lids, two sloping boards face each other at the lowest point so that money on the bottom will not be touched.
  359. Under them, Geki, who actually handled the records, was assigned and benkan (controller), Confucian scholars and other officials who were versed in kidendo (the study of the histories) joined the team.
  360. Under them, each one person was appointed to kanjindai (steward) (called shitsuji since 936), daisekikan (major inspector), daisekisoji (middle inspector) and besseki (minor inspector).
  361. Under these circumstances, Confucianist who were erudite officers in Qin took active roles, such as Shuku Sontsu who defined the court etiquette of Han, Riku Ka who made the king of Nanyue pay tribute to the court, and Fuku Sho (Fu Sheng) who introduced the "Kinbunshosho" (a New Text version of the Classic of History).
  362. Under these circumstances, Goto's troops were faced with a serious situation.
  363. Under these circumstances, Imperial Prince Atsuyasu and his sisters were committed to the care of Shoshi, who was the Chugu and had no children of her own at that time, through the good offices of the Emperor, his father; therefore, they moved to Higyosha, Shoshi's apartment.
  364. Under these circumstances, Kaoru remained in her company and consoled her, and this sympathy changed into affection towards Naka no Kimi.
  365. Under these circumstances, Kiyomori attempted to establish a new political system with its administrative center in Kyoto, created the sokan-shoku (controller) post to control Kinai and Kingoku (provinces surrounding the Kinai provinces), and appointed Munemori to be a shokan.
  366. Under these circumstances, Sando fell to the bottom among the four studies of Kiden (biographical history), Myogyo (study of classic Confucian writings), Myobo (law), and San (arithmetic); these had been established to replace Shodo and Ondo, which were actually absorbed into Myogyo-do.
  367. Under these circumstances, Sukunamaro conspired with SAEKI no Imaenishi, ISONOKAMI no Yakatsugu and OTOMO no Yakamochi to plot the assassination of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro; however, the plan was leaked to Nakamaro.
  368. Under these circumstances, Tojuro SAWAMURA II in Tokyo established the "Kansai de kabuki wo sodateru kai" (Association to Foster Kabuki in the Kansai Region) as an independent performance.
  369. Under these circumstances, Tokimasa HOJO, who was the father of Masako HOJO, Yoritomo's wife, markedly strengthen the standing of the Hojo clan by destroying Kagetoki KAJIWARA, a senior vassal, and the family of Yoshikazu HIKI, Yoriie's maternal relative.
  370. Under these circumstances, Tsubono planned building more schools and in 1901, built seven more schools.
  371. Under these circumstances, Umayado no Miko cut the tree of Nurude (Japanese sumac) and created images of Shitenno (four guardian kings) out of it, then he prayed for victory and vowed to build a pagoda and devote himself to promoting Buddhism if the army of Umako had won.
  372. Under these circumstances, a clash occurred between the Bugyoshu and Hokoshu in 1485.
  373. Under these circumstances, a restaurant which served gyu-nabe was established in 1862 by an owner of a Japanese style pub, Isekuma, in the town of Irifune-cho, Yokohama.
  374. Under these circumstances, both Satsuma and Choshu understood using armed forces would be the only way to overthrow the bakufu and started to gather the Tosa and Hiroshima clans.
  375. Under these circumstances, existence of Emperor Jimmu is not believed to be a fact in the society of historical science today.
  376. Under these circumstances, in 1472, Katsumoto tried to negotiate peace with Sozen, but the negotiation effort collapsed.
  377. Under these circumstances, in 870, the Jogan Kyakushiki Code was compiled and distributed, and in 868, "Ryonoshuge," a private explanatory manual that collected various commentaries on the provisions of the Ritsuryo, was compiled by KOREMUNE no Naomoto.
  378. Under these circumstances, in Choshu domain, which had been the center of the Sonno Joi Movement but started to wane after the Coup of August 18 in the previous year, debate began over a proposed move to Kyoto.
  379. Under these circumstances, it can be said that this uniform enabled it to achieve more widespread mass mobilization than the other Women's Clubs that were apt to be thrown into "the competition of Japanese kimono".
  380. Under these circumstances, it was thoughtless that he would devote himself to tea ceremonies which could only have been for pleasure, as mentioned above.
  381. Under these circumstances, powerful domains in the western Japan such as Satsuma Domain, Choshu Domain, who repeated political strifes, concluded an alliance (the Satsuma-Chochu Alliance) through the intermediation of Ryoma SAKAMOTO and Shintaro NAKAOKA.
  382. Under these circumstances, residents lobbied and, as a project to increase the food production output, the first government-financed reclamation project came to be implemented.
  383. Under these circumstances, sengoku daimyo made the transition to being early-modern daimyo in the shogunate system.
  384. Under these circumstances, the Engu oshinke accumulated these privately-owned lands by protecting influential peasants and turning lower-ranking government officials into their own subordinates.
  385. Under these circumstances, the Matsui clan was divided by the confrontation over the political differences.
  386. Under these circumstances, the domain administration implemented various reforms, including the monopolization of tobacco and a system for bringing timber to market, and these proved to be effective.
  387. Under these circumstances, the interpretation that the treaty with Japan who actually ruled the Korean Peninsula at that time was invalid is regarded as 'legally non-retroactive' interpretation in Japan and among the advocates of validity and/or legality.
  388. Under these circumstances, the main duty of the cavalry as a defense force was to break through the front-line of ashigaru troops or to launch counterattacks against the opponent's ashigaru troops.
  389. Under these circumstances, the nature of Kashindan changed from a group of ryoshu (feudal lords) to a group of employees serving a daimyo family.
  390. Under these circumstances, the number of prefectures decreased to three fu and 72 ken during the period of October to November in 1871.
  391. Under these circumstances, the post of Governor-General of Taiwan was held by military officers ranking Chujo (Middle Captain) or higher to govern Taiwan.
  392. Under these conditions, Kyo Ko (Xu Heng) managed to become a valet of Kublai (Khan), and played a role in spreading Neo-Confucianism to the Imperial court of Yuan.
  393. Under these conditions, Sadataka ISE, who had held power over the shogunate with Nagayoshi (Chokei), lost his position as regent of the old Mandokoro and rose in revolt only to be defeated by Nagayoshi (Chokei).
  394. Under these conditions, there was a need to create gonkan in order to give them posts.
  395. Under these criticisms, a reform campaign of the style of Kabuki, which is called Theater Reform Campaign, was advanced during and after the Meiji period.
  396. Under these offices, there were eight ministries.
  397. Under these protection policies, the Japanese Zaibatsu (company syndicate) began investing in the sugar manufacturing industry and setting up sugar manufacturing factories, which situation was a blow to the traditional sugar manufacturing in Taiwan and suppressed the income of the sugarcane farmers.
  398. Under these situations, he made the special accounts of 'Special real estate fund' set up, which would gain a high evaluation later.
  399. Under these social conditions, ordinary peasants, who had been engaged in farming under the rule and control of myoshu farmers, gradually gained economic power.
  400. Under this adverse situation, Tsurube SHOFUKUTEI organized the 'Rokuninnokai' (Association of Six Rakugo-Tellers).
  401. Under this change, the Kabuki community continues to try performing Kabuki as a modern drama while placing the long-established traditional performance style at its center.
  402. Under this circumstance, mannish temperament unique to Fukagawa geisha was born among the geisha who took pride in their work as a regular vocation, treating morally questionable drunken customers tactfully.
  403. Under this condition, minting of jumonsen (coin issued in 1708) was suggested to compensate for the shortage of bronze and control of currency.
  404. Under this constitution, the Emperor had the right of absolute sovereignty, and it was stated that "the respective State Ministers shall advise the Emperor, and shall be held responsible for the outcome of their advice" (first paragraph of Article no. 55).
  405. Under this movement, syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism was abolished, use of Buddhist statues for shintai (an object for worship housed in Shinto shrines) was prohibited and other Buddhism-like elements were dispelled from shrines.
  406. Under this new system, samurai were established as warriors who would manage the kokuga forces system.
  407. Under this pretext, Yoshitaka was ordered to Kamakura, where he was effectively held as a hostage.
  408. Under this situation, Kan-ami emerged from Yuzaki-za, which is the theatre of Yamato Sarugaku (literally "Japanese Monkey Music").
  409. Under this situation, Shi-Suiko, which had been inseparably linked to Ku-Suiko, were implemented half-forcibly.
  410. Under this situation, Tokitada forcibly caused chugu Tokuko to inherit manor owned by Takamatsuin under the excuse that it was Takakura's will.
  411. Under this situation, a method of making a payment for land use to the land-owning side was considered, which differed from the previous method in that it involved paying rent on a land lease as opposed to making payment from profits.
  412. Under this situation, a survey to find an area appropriate for the forest was conducted mostly in Kyoto Prefecture and Shiga Prefecture, with Ashiu Oku-yama Mountain included as a candidate as well.
  413. Under this situation, preparations for retreat from Korea were commenced in secrecy by the Gotairo (Five Elders) and Gobugyo (five major magistrates).
  414. Under this situation, several incidents occurred as a result of strict control of the hensho over kokyowa, and the dissatisfaction of kokyowa finally exploded.
  415. Under this situation, the extraordinary post of 'Uchitsuomi' was created so that Kamatari could take part in the center of government.
  416. Under this situation, there were cases where disputes concerning additional profits would occur between a predecessor and a successor and the handing over of a job was not carried out smoothly.
  417. Under this situation, wood prices stagnated as well.
  418. Under this statute, one third of the population of Seitei in the nation was obliged to work in Gundan, but the actual number of soldiers inducted seemed to be smaller than that, and it is considered that, in fact, one Seitei was inducted from one Ko (smallest organization unit in provincial administration).
  419. Under this structure, a floor-supporting structure is built, and flooring boards are placed longitudinally on the supporting structure.
  420. Under this system, Sonsha was established as shrines attached to Gosha.
  421. Under this system, Udo Artists, Inc. and other promoters were not able to use the hall directly.
  422. Under this system, armed conflicts between shoen and koryo were concluded.
  423. Under this system, geometry problems were treated as algebra problems by nature.
  424. Under this system, influential farmers, (Tato: farm managers who lease public fields from provincial lords and produce agricultural products; and Myoshu: owners of rice fields) to whom the management of land and control of people was transmitted from the government, became powerful.
  425. Under this system, lands from which proceeds (nengu (tribute) and kuji (public service) etc) were gained were called shitaji while the proceeds which were gained from lands/peasants were called jobun.
  426. Under this system, the Retired Emperors, Imperial families and court nobles were given certain official posts every year, invited applicants for the posts in question and recommended one of the applicants to the post in return for the payment of ninryo (fee for getting official post).
  427. Under this system, the Samurai had to maintain their military strength with the same economic conditions as the ordinary upper class citizens, over whom they exercised their authority, and, like ordinary upper class citizens, they were often exploited by the Zuryo (provincial governor).
  428. Under this trend, this program was created as a compilation of Chushingura-related plays.
  429. Under those attempts, some considered that it was in Izumo Province to which Izanami and Susano had close ties.
  430. Under those circumstances the peasants strengthened their territorial connections through the distribution of water supplies, the construction and repair of channels and roads, and self-defense from border conflicts, wars and robbers.
  431. Under those circumstances, the dissatisfaction had gradually accumulated among the Japanese residents, and eventually the Sanpo War occurred in 1510 as a result of the outburst of their dissatisfaction, but this was suppressed by the Korean Dynasty (see the section of Evolution of the war).
  432. Under thus created iroha divisions (Bu), such as 'i,' 'ro' and so on, there were semantic subdivisions (Mon), such as tenchi (the world), jisetsu (seasons), kusaki (vegetation) and so on.
  433. Under tutelage of Yoshiyasu HIRAIWA, a minister of a Methodist Church, and others, he studied English and became a Christian.
  434. Under very strong support from Yoshinori ASHIKAGA, he became more powerful than Zeami and his child and became active as a head actor throughout almost the entire seventy years of his life.
  435. Underbrush was used as green manure.
  436. Undergarments in the form of cloth to wrap around one's waist - In the case of wafuku (Japanese traditional clothing), yumoji (湯文字) and susoyoke (裾除け) correspond to it.
  437. Undergraduate School and Departments (Academic Fields)
  438. Underground at the east side of the bridge is Gojo Station (Keihan) run by the Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
  439. Underground warehouses commonly had a round shape and sometimes had square or rectangular shapes.
  440. Underground, the Hankyu Kyoto Main Line runs between Shijo Kawaramachi and Shijo, Nishioji-dori Street.
  441. Underground, with the completion of construction, the Tozai Subway Line was officially extended to Uzumasa Tenjingawa Station on January 16, 2008.
  442. Underlying cause
  443. Undersecretary
  444. Understand the purpose
  445. Understand well.'
  446. Understanding architectural style of a shrine gives important clues about the characteristics of saishin, or the deity of a shrine.
  447. Understanding that the Emperor Komei was worried about the emergence of sonjo party and the resulting confused political circumstances of the imperial court and of the shogunate, Imperial Prince Kuninomiya Asahiko secretly ordered the Aizu and Satsuma clans to expel the Choshu clan.
  448. Understanding the seriousness of these two sins, may every one of the sentient beings in the land of the 10 quarters die a peaceful death.
  449. Undertaken by the Tennoji-ya money exchanger in Osaka, this Wakasano-Asano clan issued gin-satsu and senme-satsu.
  450. Undertakings of Kiyomasa in Kumamoto
  451. Underwent repairs in 1991.
  452. Undoubtedly, both the principal part (during Emperor Go-Ichijo's reign, around 1024 - 1028) and the sequel (from the end of the eleventh century to the beginning of the twelfth century) were written by women at court.
  453. Undutifulness to one's parents
  454. Une in a field
  455. Une in a field is the mounds made for cultivating agricultural products.
  456. Une is made with a shovel, a hoe, a cultivator, or a tractor.
  457. Une is often made in the following cases.
  458. Unearthed Shibocho (lacquer-infiltrating paper documents)
  459. Unearthed article
  460. Unearthed articles found in the buried remains of the tower of Daruma-ji Temple dating from the Kamakura Period.
  461. Unearthed goods:
  462. Unearthed goods: Excavated from the shugo, unearthed earthen vessels from the end of the latter half of the Yayoi period to the early Kofun period.
  463. Unearthed goods: Excavated mainly from a shugo (a surrounding moat).
  464. Unearthed goods: Investigated by the Imperial Household Agency in 2003
  465. Unearthed goods: Relics in the early Kofun period (stage II) from the remains of the shugo.
  466. Unearthed potteries are older than those of early-stage Taga-jo Castle, the kokufu (state government) of Mutsu Province after the eighth century.
  467. Unearthed relics
  468. Unebi Mausoleum Regional Office (Kashihara City, Nara Prefecture, Mausoleum of Emperor Jinmu=Nara, Mie, Gifu, Aichi, and Shizuoka Prefectures),
  469. Unebi adjacent to forests of precincts in the back of the shrine, public cemetery in Nagayama buraku, the land to the west of precincts, the land to the south of Imperial forest of Mt. Unebi, and houses in the east of Tonanbu Fukada-ike Pond were purchased by Nara Prefecture.
  470. Unebi yamaguchi-jinja Shrine
  471. Unebiyamaguchi-jinja Shrine
  472. Unebiyamaguchi-jinja Shrine is located in the western foot of Mt. Unebi in Kashihara City, Nara Prefecture.
  473. Uneme
  474. Uneme (a maid-in-waiting at the court) costume
  475. Uneme Costume
  476. Uneme became a system by Kokyu Shokuin Rei in Taiho ritsuryo legal code.
  477. Uneme belonged to 'Uneme no Tsukasa' under Kunaisho and 6 Uneme were allocated to 'Suishi', which was another branch of Kunaisho, and 60 Uneme were allocated to 'Kashiwade no Tsukasa', which was also another branch of Kunaisho.
  478. Uneme costume is a costume for Uneme, a court lady selected among Gozoku (local ruling families) who served in the inner palace as a waiting staff of the emperor in ancient times.
  479. Uneme matsuri (festival for the consolation of Uneme) at Sarusawa-ike Pond (September 18)
  480. Uneme no Tsubone, daughter of Kamatari, is in danger of her life and escapes from the palace.
  481. Uneme no tsukasa or Unemeshi (The Palace Women's Office)
  482. Uneme was a maid-in-waiting who attended to the emperor or empress in the Imperial Court to exclusively take care of the emperor or empress including meals.
  483. Uneme wore Karaginu in white with patterns of blue water waves, and tied up choma (hemp) obi (long draping sash) around her waist.
  484. Uneme-matsuri (the day of harvest moon)
  485. Uneme-matsuri Festival (September)
  486. Unemematsuri
  487. Unemeshi (Kunaisho)
  488. Unemi
  489. Unending devotion to thinking about Amida's instructions of virtue for our journey forward, there is great faith.
  490. Unequal Treaty
  491. Unesu
  492. Unexceptionally, the teahouse was left to molder after the owner moved to Yahata.
  493. Unexpectedly many people misunderstood this and took it to mean that the ramen store derives from a street stall in Kyoto.
  494. Unexpectedly, Japan chose Mexico with which Japan had had a diplomatic relation before its national isolation with the aid of a governor-general of the Spanish-owned Philippines.
  495. Unexpectedly, he became ill and died in the government quarters in January, 743.
  496. Unexpectedly, less than two years later, Joan died, and after that he ended up studying herbalism by himself.
  497. Unfavorable smell which is generated when sake becomes oxidized due to reasons such as "Maturing progressed too much (over maturing)," "degraded before maturity" and "improper storing method."
  498. Unfiltered sake, including Doburoku (unrefined sake) brewed by farmers in their houses, had been continuously produced and distributed as a low-grade liquor which was cheaper and handy than seishu.
  499. Unfinished Dreams: FUJIWARA no Michinaga takes power.
  500. Unfold the kappogi.
  501. Unfortunately all Japanese people are small.'
  502. Unfortunately at this stage, however, Qing lost the Sino-French War and Indochina of the French possessions was born.
  503. Unfortunately it is considered that this tumulus has been robbed already, judging from the singes found in Edo period with scattered Haniwa pieces and a large hole dug on the tumulus ground.
  504. Unfortunately the greater part of it was lost due to the Onin War.
  505. Unfortunately the three happened to meet Yodogimi who is visiting the shrine.
  506. Unfortunately, Princess Sakiko was staying at the villa and was crushed to death together with her unborn child.
  507. Unfortunately, as mentioned earlier, the decline of Furumachi Geigi continues.
  508. Unfortunately, both companies were too preoccupied with their own post-war reconstruction to offer any assistance.
  509. Unfortunately, he died in 1830 at the age of 32 before succeeding his father.
  510. Unfortunately, he fell ill with typhoid fever and returned to Nakatsu for a while.
  511. Unfortunately, her wet nurse was killed by Masamune who suspected that betrayers from the Tamura clan were involved in the assassination attempt on him.
  512. Unfortunately, his achievements as a minister are unknown.
  513. Unfortunately, his chigyo no tochi (territory) was taken by a stranger, and he fell into poverty as the instructions from the imperial court related to this incident were not effective.
  514. Unfortunately, his illness took a turn for the worse and he died.
  515. Unfortunately, however, having been scattered and lost over the years, it no longer exists today.
  516. Unfortunately, however, the natural voices of Otojiro and Sadayakko had not been recorded.
  517. Unfortunately, in 1779, he died early at the age of 18.
  518. Unfortunately, in June, 1880, Igakusho was closed.
  519. Unfortunately, in peace time OISHI appeared to have been a mediocre chief retainer and he was famously nicknamed 'the miscellany of articles surrounding a paper lamp stand.'
  520. Unfortunately, it is missing the chapter 'Ukifune' and so includes only 53 chapters. Just like the other chapters, the 'Hatsune' chapter is in Masayasu ASUKAI's handwriting, but the text itself is like the 'Beppon' manuscript rather than the 'Aobyoshibon' one.
  521. Unfortunately, little has been passed down regarding Seki's life and career.
  522. Unfortunately, none of his work exists now, even though its discovery is desirable.
  523. Unfortunately, the Imperial line of Emperor Gohorikawa discontinued after the second Emperor, Emperor Shijo died young, the Imperial throne again went back to Emperor Gotoba's Imperial lineage.
  524. Unfortunately, the complete book was not preserved, but copies of original sentences can be found in "Honcho Gatsuryo" (Records of annual events and their origins), "Seiji Yoryaku" (Brief Outline of Government), "Nenju Gyoji Hisho" (Secret records of annual events) and so on.
  525. Unfortunately, we have few chance to see our grandchild Imperial Princess Aiko who has just become a kindergarten child, because she often catch cold.'
  526. Unfortunately, with the weather of the northland being uncooperative, Basho was unable to view the full moon.
  527. Ungaikyo
  528. Ungaikyo in "Hyakki Tsurezure Bukuro" (cf. the upper right image) was illustrated as a round mirror in a Court noble's residence.
  529. Ungaikyo was illustrated in the ghosts' collection "Hyakki Tsurezure Bukuro" (A Hundred Gods of Things Imagined in Idleness) made in 1784 by Sekien TORIYAMA, who was an ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock print) artist.
  530. Ungjin (Gongju City, Baekje)
  531. Unglazed potteries
  532. Unglazed vessels
  533. Unglazed ware was produced there for about 100 years mainly in the Asuka period of the seventh century.
  534. Ungo Dosai (雲居道斉) and his disciple Reiin Bunsho (霊隠文勝) of the Taikin lineage flourished, but it gradually declined and disappeared finally at the end of the Northern Sung period.
  535. Ungo Zenji, a doshi (ceremony leader), left the word about Aihime which tells her character, saying "she managed a household very well and was a merciful wise wife."
  536. Ungyo is placed on right of the gate with his mouth closed, and Agyo is placed on the left with his mouth open.
  537. Unhampered by traditional 'iemoto of chado,' he is active in many fields such as being interested in rock and SF.
  538. Unhappy with this decision, Yoshikazu appealed to Yoriie on his deathbed to intervene in this decision by the head of the Hojo clan.
  539. Unhappy, the emperor wished to retire from the throne and had a palace built in Yamazaki and sent a song to the empress.
  540. Unheard-of in stories from an ancient age.'
  541. Uni (sea urchin) kamameshi
  542. Unification Wars
  543. Unification of Kyushu by the Shimazu clan
  544. Unification of agricultural fields and mechanization as stated above were difficult in Tanada (on a steep slope), but many rice terraces in the mountains were successfully enlarged thanks to the development of civil engineering technology.
  545. Unification of sokyoku with jiuta and the three instrument ensemble
  546. Unification of/e/,/ye/ and/we/ was almost completed before the end of the 12th century.
  547. Uniform
  548. Uniform (Tsumeeri (a closed/stand-up collar)) and sailor uniforms of schools which oblige students to wear uniforms
  549. Uniforms
  550. Uniforms during the Nara period were for the government officials, who did not have any privileged status, to wear them when performing official duty.
  551. Unifying Japan
  552. Unifying of Ashihara no Nakatsukuni
  553. Unique Hina-matsuri
  554. Unique Ramen
  555. Unique arrows
  556. Unique characters of the remains
  557. Unique customs that are existent in the village are not hoisting koinobori, not making bonfires (so as not to produce smoke), not keeping dogs and not to raising chickens.
  558. Unique flavor and color must be especially favorable.
  559. Unique forms of tejime are also performed in the western part of Tama district in Tokyo in western Kanto region (former Nishitama district), western Saitama Prefecture (former Iruma, Chichibu, Hiki, and Kodama districts), and western Gunma Prefecture (former Tano and Kanra districts).
  560. Unique handmade including manju (bun stuffed with adzuki-bean paste) made with brown sugar from Haterumajima Island in Okinawa Prefecture.
  561. Unique mokkanbo with the shape of two hollowed out logs put together at the rims were confirmed specially in the earlier period to the first half of the early Yayoi period.
  562. Unique pattern of one of Gosekke which served as a kanmuri-oya was used, but the 16-petal chrysanthemum crest has been always used since the reign of Emperor Taisho.
  563. Unique sailing ships were subsequently constructed in various places for navigation by applying the technology and design for Galleons to junks, as represented by Suetsugu ships developed by Heizo SUETSUGU and Araki ships developed by Sotaro ARAKI.
  564. Unique spaghetti in Japan such as spaghetti Neapolitan and other spaghetti dishes which include salted cod roe or fermented soybeans are popular.
  565. Unique taboo words were used, for example 'die=>recover,' 'blood=>sweat,' 'the Buddha=>Nakago' (the center), 'a sutra=>dyed paper,' and 'a monk=>a long hair.'
  566. Unique works designated national treasures in this category include the personal letter from the vice-King of Portugal, held by Myoho-in Temple in Kyoto, and the Nasu no Kuni no Miyatsuko no Hi (an ancient stone monument) of Kasai-jinja Shrine in Tochigi.
  567. Uniquely Japanese culture and cuisine are still highly appreciated today.
  568. Uniqueness of this hierarchy was that the area directly controlled by Chinese dynasty and other areas were not separated with clear separating lines such as border between countries but recognized as continuous one.
  569. Unit of Area
  570. Unit of Length
  571. Unit of weight
  572. Unit origami (Modular origami)
  573. United Church of Christ in Japan Imazu Church
  574. United Church of Christ in Japan Kyoto Church
  575. United Japanese drums
  576. United Kingdom
  577. United States
  578. United States of America
  579. Unitika Ltd., Uji Office
  580. Uniting the imperial court and the shogunate and the rise of Sonno Joi ha (supporters of the doctorine of restoring the emperor and expelling the barbarians) (1860 ? 1863)
  581. Units
  582. Units of multiples of tsubo are as follows.
  583. Units used for houses
  584. Units used for sake
  585. Universal Shipbuilding Corporation, which has observed the traditions of the Old Imperial Navy Maizuru Navy Arsenal, is also located in the East Port, and its shipbuilding dock can be seen at the end of the Maritime Self-Defense Force's dock.
  586. Universal conscription was established through the enactment of conscription in 1873, and a decree banning the wearing of swords was issued in 1876.
  587. Universidad Torcuato di Tella
  588. Universidad de Salamanca
  589. Universidad de las Americas
  590. Universitat Hamburg
  591. Universitat Zurich
  592. Universitat des Saarlandes (Germany)
  593. Universities
  594. Universities and graduate schools in the neighborhood of KEIHANNA PLAZA
  595. Universities that were established later, such as Keijo Imperial University and Hokkaido Imperial University, independently took up strategies to set up 'yoka' (preparatory course) in order to ensure a pool of talented students from early on.
  596. University
  597. University Attached Kindergarten
  598. University Cafeterias
  599. University Campuses
  600. University Festival
  601. University Flag
  602. University Hospital, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
  603. University Library
  604. University Museum
  605. University Song
  606. University Symbol
  607. University archery clubs related to the archery schools include Ryukoku University, Doshisha University, Nagoya University, Kagawa University, etc.
  608. University archery clubs related to the archery schools include the University of Tokyo, Kokugakuin University, Gakushuin University, Tokyo University of Science, and Kwansei Gakuin University, etc.
  609. University cafeterias, operated by Kyoto University CO-OP, say they have the largest number of menus in all universities in Japan.
  610. University features
  611. University festival
  612. University of Aarhus
  613. University of Aix-Marseille III
  614. University of Caen
  615. University of Calgary
  616. University of California
  617. University of California, Davis
  618. University of Cambridge
  619. University of Duisburg-Essen
  620. University of Edinburgh
  621. University of Hawaii
  622. University of Hawaii at Manoa
  623. University of Helsinki
  624. University of Joensuu
  625. University of London
  626. University of Lyon
  627. University of Melbourne
  628. University of Milan
  629. University of New South Wales
  630. University of Newcastle upon Tyne
  631. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  632. University of Paris X
  633. University of Sheffield
  634. University of Sydney
  635. University of Valencia
  636. University of Victoria (Canada)
  637. University of Vienna
  638. University of Warsaw
  639. University of Warwick (U.K.)
  640. University of Washington
  641. University of Westminster
  642. University of Winnipeg
  643. University of Wisconsin
  644. University of Wisconsin Law School (agreement concluded on educational exchange in the Graduate School of Law)
  645. University of Wollongong
  646. University of York
  647. University of the Philippines Diliman
  648. University of the Punjab (Lahore (Pakistan)) (2 persons): Abdus Salam, Har Gobind Khorana
  649. University preparatory course was divided into the first division (law, literature), the second division (engineering, science, agriculture) and the third division (medicine).
  650. University preparatory courses
  651. University preparatory school was a preparatory educational institution to acquire such language skills.
  652. University vice-president Hirohisa HIGASHIYAMA, a responsible person, and several other officers attended as representatives of the university and 80 persons, including the residents of the dormitory, students, and other users, attended as people of the Yoshida dormitory side.
  653. University's History
  654. University, national university, private university, junior college, and graduate school
  655. Unjo meikan (the books giving a detailed view of the Imperial family and its offshoots) state that 'the founder was Suketada, Shosanmi (Senior Third Rank) Councilor, who was the youngest son of Mitsuhiro, Shonii (Senior Second Rank) Gondainagon (Junior Chief of the Councilor of State) and six generations away from Toyomitsu KARASUMARU.'
  656. Unjo was also imposed on merchants and traders, and there are following views on the differences between the two taxes.
  657. Unkaku: cylindrical-shaped bowls made from Korean celadon.
  658. Unkei
  659. Unkei (unknown birth date - January 10, 1224) was a sculptor of Buddhist statues who was actively engaged in his career from the end of the Heian period to the beginning of the Kamakura period.
  660. Unkei Gangyo' is the Hokke-kyo (Lotus Sutra) transcribed by the sculptor Unkei after he became a temple petitioner.
  661. Unkei perhaps studied the large amount of classic Buddhist statues that were left in Nara, discovering and establishing his own style.
  662. Unkei was a child of Kokei, a Buddhist statue sculptor from Nara, who performed his craft mainly at Kofuku-ji Temple in Nara City.
  663. Unkei: Butsuzo Chokoku no Kakumei (Unkei: Revolution of Sculpture of Buddhist Statues)
  664. Unkei: The statue of Miroku Butsu, the statues of Muchaku and Seshin - these three are enshrined in Hokuen-do Hall of Kofuku-ji Temple - and the statue of Dainichi Nyorai (Cosmic Buddha) enshrined in Tahoto pagoda (the multi-treasure pagoda) of Enjo-ji Temple
  665. Unkeizan Bairin: situated in Momogano, Tsukigase.
  666. Unki Shinan-yaku, Kohen (Guide Book on Flow of the Universe, the Second Volume)
  667. Unknowingly, he gets involved in an intricate web of destinies.
  668. Unknown
  669. Unknown (From March 1, 1945, to July 15, 1945 [the corps was dismissed])
  670. Unknown (she was Yoshisato ROKKAKU's wife and her mother was the daughter of Magodayu WADA).
  671. Unknown Month
  672. Unknown date: Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade), Suo no suke (Assistant Governor of Suo Province)
  673. Unknown date: Promoted to the Jushii (junior fourth rank).
  674. Unknown date: Sakyo no daibu
  675. Unknown date: Took charge of the Musashi Province.
  676. Unknown or lost writings of Settsu-no-kuni-fudoki
  677. Unknown.
  678. Unknown/July 8, 2005
  679. Unknown:
  680. Unknown: Sadatsugu TSUTSUI's 2nd wife
  681. Unknown; said to be African, Indian, and Japanese.
  682. Unknwon.
  683. Unkoin
  684. Unkoin (March 16, 1555 - February 16, 1637) was a concubine of Ieyasu TOKUGAWA
  685. Unless drinking sake, it is more stylish to eat promptly and leave the restaurant.
  686. Unless indicated otherwise, records are based on the descriptions of "kugyo bunin" (directory of the successive Imperial officials).
  687. Unless it is fulfilled, the state would be in crisis.
  688. Unless it is fulfilled, we would face a national crisis.
  689. Unless one is born into a family that has worshipped the tutelary deity and participated in rituals and festivals at the shrine over many generations, he takes his baby to the tutelary god and simply follows convention.
  690. Unless otherwise noted, the pronunciation of "松風" is "Matsukaze."
  691. Unless otherwise noted, the steam locomotives were transferred from the previous engine depots in 1972.
  692. Unless otherwise specifically noted, the big earthquake of Ansei era is referred to as 'earthquake' in this article.
  693. Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions are given according to the outbound direction from Kyoto to Kizu, except for in the track data section.
  694. Unless the call, `mattemashita,' is not heard on the stage, the performance is not proceeded.
  695. Unless the kurikoshi (the length from the top of the shoulder to the bottom of the collar at the back) is adjusted when a kimono is sewn, the collar cannot be fully pulled.
  696. Unless they wear a Japanese coiffure, they do not use shironuri (white makeup), but they do apply a more considerable amount of atsugesho than women of the same age in other occupations.
  697. Unlike "Heike Monogatari," it is hard to clearly classify the variant texts of "Hogen Monogatari" into the Yomihon (books for reading) and Katarihon (books for telling) lines, but Yoshitoshi INUI asserts that the Hotokubon belongs to the Katarihon line.
  698. Unlike "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters), "Nihonshoki" does not describe the background of its establishment.
  699. Unlike "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu" which is full of love songs, it contains outstanding poems which 'express the patriots' spirits.'
  700. Unlike "Ryo-no-shuge" (KOREMUNE no Naomoto' s personal collection), which is also a commentary on the Ryo, it had legal binding force.
  701. Unlike '掠' (ryaku) which is hidari harai, as if a sword tears up flesh and reaches bones, move the brush steadily rightward with stress and especially draw a triangle at the end with more pressure than '掠'.
  702. Unlike Edo, which was a city mainly of samurai, Osaka is a city of merchants.
  703. Unlike Edo-komon with a simple and stylish impression using fine geometrical patterns preferred by samurai, the feature of Kyo-komon is a colorful and free impression based on the yuzen patterns.
  704. Unlike Emperor Bidatsu, Emperor Yomei was loyal to Buddhism and respected the Buddhist law partly because he was a grandson of pro-Buddhist SOGA no Iname.
  705. Unlike Eta they were not allowed to hold a short sword and like Eta, an umbrella, either.
  706. Unlike Fuchi-gane, Tsuka-gashira cannot be removed by pulling Mekugi (peg) and taking a sword apart.
  707. Unlike Gyuichi who sought to provide accurate descriptions as a 'historian', Hoan was a 'writer of historical fiction' who included many fictional elements to make his story more interesting.
  708. Unlike Hatamoto Yoriaiseki who had continuous residence in Edo, Kotaiyoriai participated in a system called Sankinkotai which obligated feudal lords to reside in Edo every other year to show their loyalty to the shogunate.
  709. Unlike Heisei fukugen mosha (picture scroll restored and reproduced during the Heisei period that precisely reproduced the original using the latest science and technology, the personality of Kiyoka SAKURAI herself is reflected in the pictures, so it is a different style of painting art from the original.
  710. Unlike Higashi-Maizuru, Nishi-Maizuru developed as a castle town mainly around the Maizuru Port and the Isatsu-gawa River in the Edo period, and as a commercial city in recent times.
  711. Unlike Japanese martial arts, karate had no textbooks, so techniques were passed on by oral tradition or through practical teaching from masters to pupils.
  712. Unlike Japanese shabu-shabu, the ingredients used in Chinese hot pot are not merely dipped in the pot but need to be stewed for a little longer.
  713. Unlike Judo, which is united under the Kodokan Judo Institute, karate has many organizations (schools), and the types of kata, practice methods and match rules differ significantly, depending on the organization.
  714. Unlike Kechien-kanjo, which is an introductory ceremony that connects people with gods, Jumyo-kanjo is a ceremony that certifies disciples; it is also known as Deshi (disciple) kanjo.
  715. Unlike Kesshi-Hachidai (Eight Undocumented Sovereigns), the achievements of these ten Emperors are recorded in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), but not in "Kojiki."
  716. Unlike Kokushi who was appointed from the central government officials with a fixed term, Gunji was appointed from local Gozoku including old Kuninomiyatsuko by heredity and was a lifelong official without a fixed term.
  717. Unlike Kyujutsu and Kyudo, they could not get a license or open a new school.
  718. Unlike Michigaku, Komagaku uses no rai and is characterized by dotted rhythm.
  719. Unlike Ming established in 1368, Yi Dynasty Korea, established in 1392, did not prohibit commerce ships other than Choko-sen (ships used especially for paying tribute) from entering its ports, and it imposed no restriction to the port of entry.
  720. Unlike Mitsui and Mitsubishi which had developed from trading, Sumitomo had developed from industries, mainly Besshi copper mine, and had been biased against trading company.
  721. Unlike Motoharu, who was his older brother who became a member of the Kikkawa clan, he never called himself 'Takakage MORI' in his life.
  722. Unlike Nagaragawa ukai and Kisogawa ukai, food is not served on yakata-bune (box lunches are available on a ship transporting tourists to fishing ground).
  723. Unlike Nakahechi which had been a pilgrimage road for the imperial family and nobles, Kohechi had been originally a community road for the locals and came to be used as a pilgrimage road after the early-modern period.
  724. Unlike Nishi-Maizuru, which thrived as a castle town, Higashi-Maizuru developed with a naval and army base since the establishment of Maizuru Chinju-fu, Maizuru army and navy bases in 1901.
  725. Unlike Okisaki (an Empress) who is a lawful wife of Emperor and has long history before the ritsuryo system introduced, Hi was considered as 'a employee of Kokyu palace' who fulfills a role as Emperor's spouse provided in Gokushikiinryo (後宮職員令) (The Administrative Code of Kokyu palace).
  726. Unlike Prince Anahobe, he is portrayed as a pleasure-seeking, incapable person who lacked political ability and courage and only took short views.
  727. Unlike Sakuramochi (rice cake with bean paste wrapped in a salted cherry leaf), it is not common to eat the leaf around it.
  728. Unlike Sanmon Station, the staff room has a practical ticket window called the 'cable reception'; in the off-season, a staff person of Tahoto Station collects tickets.
  729. Unlike Shichimi-togarashi (literally, cayenne pepper powder with seven flavors), Ichimi-togarashi is composed solely of red pepper, and therefore it's called "Ichimi-togarashi" (literally, pure cayenne pepper powder).
  730. Unlike Tadataka INO, there is no evidence that he conducted a survey; however, he took an objective point of view by traveling mainly around the Kinai region (the five provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto), gathering information from villagers and drawing on geographical descriptions of earlier scholars.
  731. Unlike Taiwan, South Korea does not have many bentos available except Ekiben (called dosirak).
  732. Unlike Tensho Oban, small dots are carved on the surface of Keicho Oban
  733. Unlike Today, during the Meiji period when school lunches were not available and the food service business had not been well developed, government officials working at administrative institutions still went to work carrying a packed lunch like ones used during the Edo period.
  734. Unlike Tomomi IWAKURA and Sanetomi SANJO, Saionji had virtually no political achievements by the end of Edo period.
  735. Unlike Yasuchika showing vestiges of the Edo period, Yasuji devoted himself to realism capturing the beauty of landscapes directly from scenes viewed by himself, and succeeded in depicting Tokyo changed from Edo although his paintings were created in the early Meiji period.
  736. Unlike Yoriie, who had always insisted on having his own way, Sanetomo was more academically oriented, honored the Imperial Court and strived for a harmonious relationship with the nobility.
  737. Unlike a domain, a magistrate's office of a shogunal demesne controlled a wider area and armaments were relatively weak, in fact at the time when the Tenchugumi raised an army, the magistrate's office in Gojo was occupied by just about forty roshi.
  738. Unlike a kaki yamakasa or a hiki yamakasa, a kazari yamakasa is not moved, but it is only displayed as a decoration.
  739. Unlike a mikoshi, it is not shaken up and down wildly during a parade except in some particular places.
  740. Unlike a series of books covering the events in a story such as "Aoi no Ue" or "Nonomiya," it's a Noh play featuring the background of how the Tale of Genji was created.
  741. Unlike a traditional festival managed directly by local residents, urban festivals are often initiated by local governments and, since they have few religious characteristics or traditional restrictions, tend to be flamboyant with lots of events in order to attract crowds.
  742. Unlike adoption, however, Yushi was based on a contract and had a weak connection, and a child's surname was not changed, so it was rather a fictitious parent-child relationship (in which a parent became guardian in many cases).
  743. Unlike alleys, the zushi is open to the public.
  744. Unlike amulets made mainly for magical purposes such as Japanese omamori, there are many accessories and common tools (such as knives) that are thought to have special power because they have been made using special tools, have stones embedded in them, or have magic words written on them.
  745. Unlike an ingo (a posthumous title) given to an emperor or retired emperor, the name of a Nyoin (hereafter Nyoingo) was given during her lifetime by Ingo-sadame (imperial decree).
  746. Unlike ancient sumi, chemically synthesized substances are used as main ingredients in some cases of bokuju.
  747. Unlike areas along Tokai-do Road that went through a rapid transfiguration due to various factors such as the post-Meiji fast economic growth and air raids during World War II, the pre-Edo period highways and post-station towns have relatively been well preserved in areas along Nakasen-do Road.
  748. Unlike at Toei, employees of other major film companies could rarely work as a director without a university qualification.
  749. Unlike castles in foreign countries, walls surrounding the Gosho are not very high, which is viewed as the difference in how the people of the East and the West feel toward their rulers (Imperial Family and the Emperor).
  750. Unlike chemical coloring matter used for prevailing lipsticks, beni does not hurt the skin when it is washed off.
  751. Unlike civil officer's wear, side of ho is not sewed for court dress of military officers or bugaku costume, from which hanpi is showing and this is why it is still used at present.
  752. Unlike classics, Hakuwa shosetsu was written in contemporary Chinese of that time, and it was brought into Japan as textbooks for interpreters of Chinese called Totsuji.
  753. Unlike common landholders, they contributed military services to the Takeda family in wartime in exchange for being exempt from part of their land taxes and labor services.
  754. Unlike contemporary Kendo, the skills of ashibarai (foot sweep), nagewaza (throwing technique) and taking off the face protector by holding down an opponent were allowed to be used.
  755. Unlike conventional sects, these sects preached a simple teaching ('igyo', literally 'easy progress') which could be practiced by lay believers in their spare time instead of difficult theories and severe ascetic practices.
  756. Unlike credit cards, membership cards are only available for use in taxis and are unmetered within the expiration date (they can be said to be another version of taxi tickets).
  757. Unlike daimyo processions, Chosen Tsushinshi included, in addition to diplomatic officers, such as the head or deputy head of the envoy, children and a marching band wearing beautiful dresses, men of culture, doctors and interpreters.
  758. Unlike dried bonito, the skin is left.
  759. Unlike during the prime of the ritsuryo system, changes in class relationships made it impossible to collect taxes without enforcing power, and this was reflected in the changes in the function of kebiishi.
  760. Unlike for his brothers Takamune and Prince Takami, there is no documented evidence of any descendants.
  761. Unlike general laser disk players, a microphone input terminal and a mechanism for an effect on it were included.
  762. Unlike haori, however, its uchiawase (the front panel of cloth of kimono) is wide enough to cover whole the chest, its neckline is banryo (marukubi : round collar) and it's front panels of cloth are tied by braids.
  763. Unlike hifu for adults, it has no sleeves and an ornament of chrysanthemum knot made of a silk string is often attached on the shoulder sections of uchiawase.
  764. Unlike his elder brother-uterine, FUJIWARA no Sanenobu, who lacked competence as a politician, he distinguished himself as a competent politician since he was young.
  765. Unlike his father Yoshitaka, he was a brave and distinguished general, not a resourceful person.
  766. Unlike his father, Hinasuke excelled at acting as 'tachi-yaku' (male part); he was successful in the role of Goemon and he also played Goemon on other programs many times.
  767. Unlike his father, his siblings, and the sons of typical samurai families, he did not hold values of Koteichushin and was not a devout Buddhist or shintoist.
  768. Unlike his father, who was a deceitful man, Hideie was honest, which led to pleas to spare his life from Maeda and Shimazu, and the mercy of Ieyasu.
  769. Unlike his predecessors, Li Zhuowu advocated an idea that was completely opposite to the basic concept of rigaku advocated by Shushigaku to remove desire by reading.
  770. Unlike his son, Yoshisada, who was known for his bravery, Yoshimichi was not so popular due to the spread of misgovernment throughout his domains and for that reason he could not protect himself from the people's disaffection.
  771. Unlike his younger brother Kagetaka, who was appointed Hyoe no jo (Lieutenant of the Middle Palace Guards), and was blamed to be 'an evil-looking, silly creature who is the last person to deserve the title,' Kagesue wasn't blamed at all although his name was mentioned.
  772. Unlike hydrogen sulfide springs, they don't emit a bad smell.
  773. Unlike ihai (a Buddhist mortuary tablet), homyo-jiku is not considered an object of worship.
  774. Unlike in Dresden where there were few Japanese people, he frequently went out with his contemporaries such as Naojiro HARADA and Atsumaro KONOE, the sons of of prominent figures, and attended theaters in his spare time from studying.
  775. Unlike in Fukushiki Mugen-Noh, in Kinuta the heroine appearing on stage in the opening scene dies at the end of the first part, and then appears again as a ghost in the latter part.
  776. Unlike in Japan, however, the notion of 'soaking' doesn't exist even at these places.
  777. Unlike in Japan, learning commandments was necessary for becoming an official priest in China, so that commandments had been researched from ancient times.
  778. Unlike in Japan, the practice of bathing naked doesn't exist in Europe and people wear swimsuits.
  779. Unlike in Japan, there is an unbridgeable brand gap between natural seaweed and cultured seaweed, and natural seaweed is regarded as very precious and traded at a high price.
  780. Unlike in Kyoto, in any other red-light district it is regulated that Maiko should be more than 18 years old (high school students are prohibited) to appear at ozashiki.
  781. Unlike in Tang Dynasty, however, highly systemized control systems among officials were not formed, and there existed honkan, who had independent authorities in spite of being under each ministry, and Ryoge no kan, which was newly established outside the framework of the ritsuryo system.
  782. Unlike in the previous compromise, Nobunaga got significant advantages in this time's peace agreement, saying that it was up to Kennyo's future act whether he would forgive Kennyo.
  783. Unlike infantry, the solders of cooperative musket units had to stand by in the residence of each hatamoto in peacetime.
  784. Unlike its immediate predecessor, Kokinshu, Gosenwakashu does not include the compilers' poems.
  785. Unlike jingu-ji temples (temples associated with and built in shrines) seen before the Ordinance Distinguishing Shinto and Buddhism, these are shrines that stand within a temple.
  786. Unlike kubomi-ishi, board-like stones are selected as materials in many cases; because hollows mainly resulted from rotary frictions, beehive stones are seen as making fire mortars.
  787. Unlike machiai-jaya (tea houses, establishments that rented rooms in which visitors and geisha could amuse themselves) in Hanamachi (geisha districts in Kyoto), they offered adult entertainment.
  788. Unlike masuseki in theaters, the masuseki for watching sumo have been a constant feature of the sport.
  789. Unlike mitarashi dango, sweet kudzu starch sauce is not used.
  790. Unlike modern methods of construction, kyo-machiyas employ stone bases (hitotsu-ishi, tama-ishi) and lime plaster walls of Okabe-zukuri or Makabe-zukuri.
  791. Unlike namaage (thick, fried bean curd), aburaage is made of thinly sliced bean curd and is fried through to the inside.
  792. Unlike normal mochi, when botamochi was being pounded, particular noise was not made (the Japanese express the noise of pounding normal mochi as 'pettan, pettan').
  793. Unlike normal works, "Koshi-den" was the annotation of the history of Jindai and demanded deep understanding from the writer, so Kanetane deliberated on who was the most suitable person for a long time, and finally, among his school students, chose Harumichi YANO, a student of great talent from Ozu clan (Iyo Province).
  794. Unlike oiran (courtesan) and brides who pick up tsuma of their kimono with the right hand, since geisha pick up tsuma with their left hand, they are also known as 'hidarizuma (left skirt).'
  795. Unlike ordinary Hinamatsuri that simply places hina dolls on the hina tiers, rooms and gardens of houses are arranged to reproduce countryside sceneries.
  796. Unlike ordinary farmers, a talent of business to keep the beads moving on the abacus was required to purchase materials and to sell them.
  797. Unlike ordinary illustrated origins of shrines and temples, this picture scroll does not describe anything about details of how Chogosonshi-ji Temple was founded, but its subject mater is a miraculous stories of a highly virtuous monk called Myoren (命蓮) who was practicing in Mt. Shigi.
  798. Unlike ordinary kanzashi, its stick is attached vertically to the ornamental part.
  799. Unlike ordinary picture scrolls which include images and writing, they consist of pictures only.
  800. Unlike other JR West Japan trains, a white line is painted on the front of the 103 series and 201 series used on the Yamatoji Line as a warning to prevent accidents at railroad crossings.
  801. Unlike other Jisha Engi picture scrolls, which generally depict origins of shrines and temples, it depicts stories related to Myoren, the restoration patriarch of the mountain, who trained himself in Mt. Shigi in the middle of the Heian period.
  802. Unlike other Nyorai, it is the target of worship seeking worldly interests since it is the buddha of medicine which provides medicine to cure avidya disease.
  803. Unlike other Shinto shrines, at Inari-jinja Shrines, sake, red rice (sticky rice cocked with red beans for auspicious occasions), and fried tofu are offered; fried tofu are believed to be foxes' favorite, causing dishes cooked with the fried tofu to be called "Inari."
  804. Unlike other arterial streets in Kyoto City, Higashioji-dori Street has many ups and downs around the area from Gion to Gojozaka..
  805. Unlike other bunkokuho, Rokkakushi Shikimoku restricted the authority of daimyo (Japanese feudal lords).
  806. Unlike other bus companies, the company posts on its website a list of buses used for route bus service for each office.
  807. Unlike other bussho of the Enpa (En school of sculptors) and Keiha (Kei school of sculptors), the central figures were the direct kindred of Jocho and their disciples.
  808. Unlike other companies, the number starts in order from 0 (Sanyo Electric Railway also employs the same rule).
  809. Unlike other directional spirits, the kimon is always positioned at ushi-tora.
  810. Unlike other eminent monks, there are no analects left by Kanzan, no portraits painted during his lifetime and the only example of his writing is the inka (master's certification of a disciple's completion of training) that he presented to his disciple Juo Sohitsu.
  811. Unlike other fish, in order to propel themselves forward they create waves by wiggling their bodies sideways like a snake.
  812. Unlike other government officials in charge of work site operations, an appointment of Takumibe, the chief of construction work from tomo no miyatsuko (Servant of the Court administering a group), was made according to their respective abilities, not by heredity.
  813. Unlike other high priests, Kanzan did not leave any literary works behind; no portrait of him was made during his lifetime; he left only a few of his writings except Inkajo (a certificate of enlightenment) given to Juo Sohitsu, his diciple.
  814. Unlike other kelp, L. religiosa is annual, therefore, it is gathered after one year.
  815. Unlike other legends of Hagoromo handed down in other places, the story is unique.
  816. Unlike other limited expresses to the Kitakinki region, trains on the Maizuru Line do not go to Osaka; though the 'Edel-kitakinki' used to run on the Maizuru Line from Osaka to Higashi-Maizuru Station.
  817. Unlike other mai-goto and hataraki-goto, there is no fixed pattern of movement but each music has its different movement and, virtually, for classification of hataraki-goto, those that do not fall other categories are gathered together and called collectively tachimawari.
  818. Unlike other parts, this part can never be omitted.
  819. Unlike other princesses of the Emperor Tenmu, few of her records remain.
  820. Unlike other provincial temples, Kinkonmyo-ji Temple in Yamato Province was not newly built, and the existence of its predecessor temple was confirmed.
  821. Unlike other religious services at the shrines, the method and order of jotoshiki are not clearly defined and vary from region to region.
  822. Unlike other sects, it is not a Buddhist memorial service which prays for attaining Buddhahood.
  823. Unlike other stations, trains bound for Hamaotsu arrive at the station to the west of the platform.
  824. Unlike other systems, in order to preserve historical villages and towns the municipality first determines the districts for preservation of classic architecture, doing so in accordance with city planning or regulations (Article 143, Clause 1).
  825. Unlike other tsukasa, Okimi no Tsukasa was never abolished or merged; rather 'betto' (chief officer) was ranked above 'kami' (equivalent to Shorokuinojo [Senior Sixth Rank, Upper Grade]) within the institution.
  826. Unlike other ways of playing karuta, according to Bozu Mekuri, the players don't read the poems.
  827. Unlike prefectures outside Hokkaido, no prefectural assembly or county office was formally established in those three prefectures because of continuous tasks as a development commissioner and because of too low population density.
  828. Unlike previous three Sokui no rei, many important persons attended Heisei's Sokui no rei from overseas.
  829. Unlike projects performed on a special stage, the stalls of the 'ennichi' are run by individual university clubs, university festival executive committees and local authorities.
  830. Unlike regular weaving, in tsumekaki hon tsurezure ori (literally nail-scratching genuine-tapestry weave), the weft is not carried through straightaway and the strands of warps are plucked, so the weaver does not use the tool to rake the weft, but has to rake the weft with the tips of his or her fingernails.
  831. Unlike sarumata (short underpants) and momohiki (long underpants), suteteko is loose-fitting and doesn't stick to the skin.
  832. Unlike sencha (normal green tea), its manufacturing process has no kneading (rolling) of tea leaves so that they're similar in shape to aonori (green lavers).
  833. Unlike sokutai, there is no difference between ikan for civil officers and military officers, and military officers also wear hoeki no ho (robe with a round collar, stitched sides and a ran, worn by the emperor and high-ranking officials).
  834. Unlike somen noodles, hiyamugi noodles are said not to be well known in western Japan.
  835. Unlike spending the night with a lower ranked courtesan, to be with an oiran required a lot of customs and conventions.
  836. Unlike succession of a family or creation of a branch family, this is a case that a household will be created by laws, regardless of will of a new family head.
  837. Unlike such towns as Jokamachi, Zaigomachi was characteristic of many farmers as its residents and those engaged in commerce and industry, and has both features of being an urban district and a farming village.
  838. Unlike supermarkets and department stores, the distinctive characteristics of Nishiki Market are closely related to the everyday lives of local people, and is known for the seasonal, quality fresh foods and wide range of items.
  839. Unlike tabi, the toes of Shitozu are not parted.
  840. Unlike tea utensils for which the fact of introduction is important, it is important for Japanese swords to be 'real.'
  841. Unlike terra cotta, a firing process is not involved in producing them.
  842. Unlike the Eki-sei system, the tenma system was mainly intended for envoys sent from the capital to local regions.
  843. Unlike the Great Buddha (a bronze statue), they are made of wood.
  844. Unlike the Heike clan or Yoritomo who had spent his childhood in Kyoto Yoshinaka grew up in a mountain village and had no chance to encounter those things.
  845. Unlike the Ikei-ha (see below), which was spread extensively by the Isa family, who held the positon Osukiya Gashira in charge of the Shogun's tea rooms, the Nomura-ha was not spread so widely by the Nomura family, who were heads of the tea ceremony.
  846. Unlike the Jodo-shin sect, the Ji sect did not mention the faith in Amida Buddha, they just taught that only reciting nenbutsu made Ojo possible.
  847. Unlike the Kashiwade clan, the Azumi clan influenced on the western provinces such as; the Seto Inland Sea and Iki, and dominated male divers and amabe (people who served the Imperial court with their techniques of ocean navigation) in Awaji-shima Island and Shodo-shima Island.
  848. Unlike the Kyoto-based Settsu-Genji, Kawachi-Genji moved to Bando.
  849. Unlike the Nitta family who participated in the Southern Courts, Tokiuji YAMANA obeyed his relative, Takauji ASHIKAGA.
  850. Unlike the Rinzai sect, it does not make use of koans (paradoxical anecdotes or riddles used in Zen Buddhism to achieve enlightenment through meditation), practising instead Mokusho Zen (literally, "the zen of silent enlightenment"), which focuses exclusively on mediation.
  851. Unlike the adult fish, they are shaped like willow leaves.
  852. Unlike the average modern commentary, 'parallel chapters' that follow and are contemporaneous with the main chapter but concern unrelated events are not taken into account for the titles, counting method and order of the chapters and therefore the total number of chapters covered is thirty-seven.
  853. Unlike the basic meter, this meter shows the actual amount of payment from which discount charges such as discounts for long-distance travel are subtracted or to which extra charges such as a Geisha charges or a reservation charges are added.
  854. Unlike the battle of Kumeda, Miyoshi's army which recovered from its off-balanced position, had an advantage.
  855. Unlike the boldness seen in Nanboku's plays, the Shiranami-mono plays tend to lack in punch with the conventional plot of a good guy versus a bad guy.
  856. Unlike the case of Kentoshisen (envoy ships dispatched to Tang, China), ships of Kenminsen were not the ones that were newly built for exclusive use but the rented private ships (merchant ships).
  857. Unlike the case of Shinoninkoku, Dazai no sochi was established merely in customary law and not in the ritsuryo nor kyakushiki; therefore, sometimes persons not from the Imperial family were appointed Dazai no sochi.
  858. Unlike the case of Tang, there was no distinction of Ryunaikan and Ryugaikan in Japan and the lowest official Sakan was also conferred the court rank.
  859. Unlike the case of yukata or the above dancing, female dancers of Awa-odori dancing festival put on juban (undershirt for kimono), susoyoke (half-slip) and tekko (covering for the back of the hand and wrist) and tie a hanhaba obi made of black satin in karuta-musubi knot (a black Nagoya obi is also used).
  860. Unlike the cases of the Imperial Throne, there are many certain examples of usurpation of monarchs in foreign countries.
  861. Unlike the characters of kanin in the Qin Dynasty, those in the Han Dynasty didn't use the small seal script, which was the official script, but used the seal script, which was arranged specially for seal with more squared shape.
  862. Unlike the conferment of decorations, persons who has lost or abandoned their nationality are deprived of the rank, and foreigners are not entitled to the conferment of court ranks.
  863. Unlike the conventional Ukiyozoshi in those days, his yomihon "Shigeshigeyawa" was under so strong influence of the Chinese text that it clearly shows its original.
  864. Unlike the early-modern times in Kyoto, instead of Nijo-dori Street, Sanjo-dori Street became the border between Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward.
  865. Unlike the existing constitution, the title imperial prince/princess was given to those down to the great-grandchildren of the emperor, and great-great-grandchildren and later generations were given the title prince or princess (Article 31 of the former Imperial House Act).
  866. Unlike the fiefdom, the Western legal Hoken system, no military duties were expected.
  867. Unlike the first Kensei Yogo Undo, the second campaign was lacking in enthusiasm, involving no riots.
  868. Unlike the first half of her life, which was involved in deaths of family, the game of politics, and succession conflict in her parents' home, the second half of life as a shogun's wife and a real mother of shogun was stable.
  869. Unlike the first trip, this time the purpose was to attack Kira.
  870. Unlike the flashy Enjaku style, intellectual and unconventional were characteristics of his performance.
  871. Unlike the koya-dofu processed with ammonia, it doesn't need to be hermetically sealed.
  872. Unlike the location of a Kokufu, process to pinpoint the location of Gunga ruins has not progressed because many of the Gunga establishments were relocated due to circumstances of establishment for a Gun (county) and political transitions.
  873. Unlike the merchant class tea ceremony in the Edo period in which the iemoto (the head of a tea ceremony school) system was established, the lord of each clan was, as it were, the head of each school in buke sado.
  874. Unlike the muzzleloader, which only needs gunpowder, bullet, and percussion cap, the breech-loading Snider rifle does not work without the ammunition (ball cartridge) in a cartridge case, the base of which was mainly made of brass molded by hydraulic press.
  875. Unlike the myths in Kiki, legitimate references never existed, and therefore, rich variations exist.
  876. Unlike the nuhi, they were not traded and were able to have a family; however, they were not allowed to have a family name.
  877. Unlike the old senji-cha, today's sencha (prepared by placing tea leaves in a kyusu, which is therefore also called 'dashicha') whose manufacturing method has increasingly become prevalent along with the popularity of sencha, has become dominant among various Japanese teas.
  878. Unlike the other Fudo, Ryugan-ji Temple is a Zen temple of the Rinzai sect.
  879. Unlike the other Hosokawa branch families, the Awa Hosokawa family served as Shobanshu (officials who accompany the Shogun) of the Muromachi bakufu.
  880. Unlike the other mountains, the fire beds for this bonfire are not built with trees but Taimatsu (torches) are driven directly into the ground.
  881. Unlike the other mountains, this is the only preservation society that is made up of volunteers and not the supporters of the temple.
  882. Unlike the perception of Kannon as an attendant of Amidanyorai, Kannon Bosatsu, which was worshiped as an independent Buddha, tends to be prayed to for practical benefits in this world.
  883. Unlike the persons who insisted their opinion about Shotoku Taishi before him, Oyama was a professor with achievements in the field of ancient history, which might be the reason that his opinion created a big sensation.
  884. Unlike the poets of "Manyoshu," the poets of this period expressed much more delicate senses to make more elegant tanka, using sophisticated techniques such as hiyu (metaphor), engo (correlative words) and kakekotoba ('pivotword' or words having alternative meanings).
  885. Unlike the policy of police, however, the Japanese Imperial Army abolished Japanese traditional Kenjutsu and instead introduced fencing by inviting instructors from the French Army.
  886. Unlike the precedent 'Eno Jusshu,' these are dances created by two generations of Ennosuke, grandfather and grandson, so they are given the stage family name, Omodakaya.
  887. Unlike the previous Manor Regulation Acts, the Acts also judged the sekkan-ke lands and achieved a big result by the strict judgments.
  888. Unlike the previous reproduction since 1940, this reproduction was worked in artist's own studios, not the site of the Horyu-ji Temple.
  889. Unlike the previous two imperial collections, wakadokoro (an office for selecting poems) was not set up.
  890. Unlike the principal image (wood carving), they are plastic images which were frequently made in the Nara period.
  891. Unlike the report of divorce in the modern Japan, which is a confirmation document submitted to the government under joint signature of the couple, Rienjo was a document to confirm a divorce, which was a unilateral action by the husband.
  892. Unlike the samurai (warriors) of the Medieval (Kamakura and Muromachi) period, they are thought to have been groups of soldiers who were not particularly concerned about possessing and ruling of land.
  893. Unlike the second cultural region, the warm current was dominant offshore in this cultural region; therefore, the sea animal hunting in the cold current was not possible.
  894. Unlike the second to third generations who kept striving to become Americans, young Japanese Americans today have the tendency to identify more and more with Japan, so the number of Japanese learners is increasing.
  895. Unlike the seven herbs of spring, there is no special event related to the seven flowers of autumn.
  896. Unlike the shinmei-zukuri style, the roof is not only thatched but also covered with a variety of materials, such as kokeras (thin plates of wood), cypress bark shingles, etc.
  897. Unlike the small bus, these types of bus are not limited in their usage, but are comonly used.
  898. Unlike the square shaped seal script, the kanin in the Sui and Tang Dynasties had distinctively decorated and elegantly winding script, which was rearranged from the curve of the small seal script.
  899. Unlike the steps of dyeing, it is generally performed in cold winter, and the cloth is often washed in melted snow water in Kanazawa located in a snowy area.
  900. Unlike the stringed instruments used in Shingaku, no bowed stringed instruments like Kokin (so-called Niko) were used.
  901. Unlike the subtle and profound beauty pursued by his great-grandfather Zeami and his grandfather Zenchiku, most of Zenpo's works are more elegant Noh plays focused on gorgeous actions and spectacles such as a pageant, 'Arashiyama,' 'Ikkaku sennin.'
  902. Unlike the temple in Mt. Hiei (Enryaku-ji Temple), the temple in Nanto had never been directly attacked with weapons due to the careful protection directly from the Imperial Court.
  903. Unlike the trade between Japan and the Sung Dynasty in China that was done by TAIRA no Kiyomori, it seems to have gone through a northern route.
  904. Unlike the tsukubai, the ensaki-chozubachi can be used while standing.
  905. Unlike the zaibatsu mentioned above, emerging Konzern in the Showa period were mainly started by engineers-turned-entrepreneurs.
  906. Unlike their counterparts in the medieval period, Sengoku daimyo actively appointed capable vassals to important positions.
  907. Unlike their normal business, "Hukubukuro"(grab bags) are sold in many stores, by which customers can try their luck for the year.
  908. Unlike this case, breweries which emphasize manually-brewed sake with hundreds koku of rice per year tend to have more toji because their work more relies on toji.
  909. Unlike those similar services found in the mountainous regions, where only a limited number of bus stop is allowed to set up because of their topographic conditions, this "free get on and off section" service was introduced in consideration to those people of advanced age, who have less accessibility to the bus stops away from their home.
  910. Unlike those with good builds, fighting styles between heavily-armored samurai was not simply swinging about swords.
  911. Unlike today's constitution, it stipulates moral codes for bureaucrats and nobilities, and it can be said that its nature is similar to the National Public Service Act, Local Public Service Act and National Public Service Ethics Act of the present day.
  912. Unlike today, it was the time when people were still strongly bound by the notion of 'family'.
  913. Unlike togidashi makie, the surface of the piece is not smooth after the completion of polishing.
  914. Unlike towns and villages in Japan's mainland, this was a direct rule by the prefectural government, and resembles today's Tokyo Special Wards.
  915. Unlike two other books written in kanbun (classical Chinese), however, the characteristics of this book is that it was written utilizing the mixture of kanji (Chinese characters) and kana (Japanese phonetic characters).
  916. Unlike umanori hakama that is tailored by tucking, nejimachi hakama is tailored by gathering.
  917. Unlike underpants, fundoshi loincloth includes no rubber, and like furoshiki (a wrapping cloth), it is made of just one sheet of simple cloth and that completes its function.
  918. Unlike undershorts, fundoshi loincloths are of a wide variety and have different ways of tying that are difficult to depict in a picturesque way.
  919. Unlike usual Eleven-Faced Kannon statues, it holds a 'shakujo' (priest's pewter staff) in the right hand similar to Jizo Bosatsu (Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva) and stands on a rock (like most Eleven-Faced Kannon statues, it has a 'suibyo', or water jug, in the left hand).
  920. Unlike vessel stands and jars for everyday use, special earthenware is large and has decorative patterns.
  921. Unlike with the Sessho, who exercised full authority as an agent of an infant or invalid emperor, in the case of the Kampaku the emperor held ultimate decision making authority.
  922. Unlikely to the initial purpose of the establishment of Shaso, many Shaso warehouses were constructed at the initiative of the dominant class of people who were embracing the doctrines of Zhu Xi (Neo-Confucianism) in Japan and therefore, the mixture with giso warehouses constructed by the dominant class of people was spread.
  923. Unlimited one-day rides for the subway, Nanko Port Town Line and fixed-route bus owned by Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau as well as trains and buses in Osaka City (including portions of Sakai City and Amagasaki City) are allowed.
  924. Unlisted company
  925. Unloading Ports
  926. Unloading ports
  927. Unmannerly behaviours of increasing tourists (noises, rubbish, traffic jams, etc.) may become negative factors for those who live in the areas.
  928. Unmarried women could not participate in games but could watch them.
  929. Unmarried women from age 18 to age 20 (even when applying ohaguro, hikimayu was optional).
  930. Unmasked face of the servant Kei
  931. Unmei (in the Kaizo (journal), vol. 1, April Issue, 1919)
  932. Unmei no Oka
  933. Unmentioned in "Ryueihikan" - the Tanuma clan, the Manabe clan, Mikawa-Matsui clan and Yanagisawa clan
  934. Unnatural death in indignation
  935. Unnatural phenomena
  936. Unnaturalized Japanese residents in the Korean Peninsula were called kokyowa, and they were self-governed headed by their leader.
  937. Unno-juku on the old Hokkoku-kiado Road (Tomi City, Nagano Prefecture)
  938. Unno-juku, Tomi City, 1987, post and sericulture town
  939. Uno Honke (Head family)
  940. Uno Line (Seto-Ohashi Line): Okayama Station - Chayamachi Station
  941. Uno no Sarara no Himemiko's Shosei
  942. Uno no Sarara no himemiko (Empress Jito) was her paternal half-sister, maternal cousin and mother-in-law (her husband's mother).
  943. Unofficial.
  944. Unohana namasu (a dish of raw fish and okara seasoned in vinegar)
  945. Unohana rice
  946. Unohana soup
  947. Unohana-zushi (sushi made with okara instead of rice)
  948. Unokubi-zukuri (Neck of cormorant style)
  949. Unomori-jinja Shrine (Yokkaichi City, Mie Prefecture)
  950. Unorthodox uses of the Kicho screens included; use of smaller sized divider screens ('sashi kicho') which were carried by a pair of female attendants and used to obscure the faces of noble women when walking along open roads.
  951. Unparalleled Strategist
  952. Unparalleled handsome man
  953. Unpei MORICHIKA
  954. Unpei MORICHIKA (January 20, 1881 - January 24, 1911) was a socialist.
  955. Unpen named the large cedar tree 'Kiyotaki Shisho Myojin' (four deities in Kiyotaki) and founded a mausoleum for the gods in Asahigamine (the site of present-day Atago-jinja Shrine).
  956. Unpin UMEDA
  957. Unpin UMEDA (July 13, 1815 - October 9, 1859) was a Confucian scholar in the end of Edo period.
  958. Unpin's graveyards extend across the country, and were established in Kaizen-ji Temple (Taito Ward, Tokyo Prefecture), Anshoin (Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto City) and Shogen-ji Temple (Obama City, Fukui Prefecture).
  959. Unpin's monument was erected in Kyoto Ryozen Gokoku-jinja Shrine which is famous for Ryoma SAKAMOTO and close to Anshoin and many people who respect him still visit his monument.
  960. Unpo-sokin-kyobitsu (gold-inlaid chest box)
  961. Unpopular fashion
  962. Unprecedented modes of life were brought one after another, and trends of civilization and enlightenment spread.
  963. Unprocessed sake
  964. Unrealized extension plan
  965. Unrelated examples
  966. Unrest
  967. Unrighteousness, not to be the main point.
  968. Unrivaled and the greatest of the age; until now, even women and children know his name and beauty.'
  969. Unroasted beans content per 100 g of products
  970. Unryu-zu (Dragon in Clouds) (Kennin-ji Temple, Kyoto) Important Cultural Property, Entrusted to Kyoto National Museum
  971. Unryu-zu (painting of dragon and clouds), monochrome ink painting on paper
  972. Unryu-zu Byobu (the folding screen with the painting of Dragon in Clouds) (1773) Gifu Prefecture, in the possession of a company (Important Cultural Asset), from the To-ji Temple, Kanchi-in
  973. Unshitsu
  974. Unshitsu (April 8, 1753-June 3, 1827) was a Japanese Buddhist priest and a scholar.
  975. Unshitsu died at Komyo-ji Temple in 1827.
  976. Unshitsu went to Edo to study Ekiroso (I Ching, Laozi and Zhuangzi) and Confucianism, and in 1781, he was nominated for an academic position at Yushima Seido Temple (Confucian temple).
  977. Unsho-in Temple
  978. Unshu Mikan (Scientific name: Citrus unshiu) is a kind of mandarin orange and evergreen bush belonging to the Rutaceae family.
  979. Unshu Mikan (Unshu or Unshiu mandarin orange)
  980. Unshu Mokko Bangin/Unshu Bokka Bangin: cupelled silver coins hallmarked with '宝' (Takara, treasure) in a Mokko-mon frame, and 70 to 78 percent purity.
  981. Unshu abacus: 143 items (Unshu abacus cooperative, Shimane Prefecture) registration date: March 15, 2006
  982. Unshu mikan grows south of the Kanto region where the climate is mild.
  983. Unshu mikan has the remarkable trait of biennial bearing in which a high yielding year and low yielding year came one after the other.
  984. Unshu mikan is closely-related to the Tangerine (enTangerine) and Mandarin orange (enMandarin orange)(the scientific names for both of them is Citrus reticulata), however, unshu mikan belongs to different species.
  985. Unshu mikan is consumed as a diet food: As it is introduced on TV, an unshu mikan diet has been attracting attention recently.
  986. Unshu mikan was called "Nagashima mikan" or "Tau mikan" at first, however, its seedless trait was hated at the time of samurai rule as ill-omened, and was scarcely grown.
  987. Unspeakable' and 'Beyond Description'
  988. Unsui (a postulant awaiting acceptance into a monastery of a novice monk who has undertaken Zen training) traveled to various places and studied Zen with many masters to receive enlightenment from them.
  989. Unsuis were at a loss because they could not ring a bell to let everybody know the time of rites in the morning and evening, so they tried to put up the bell among them all, but the bell would not be moved at all.
  990. Unsurprisingly for a Dutch scholar, the diary indicates that he gave castella sponge cake to those concerned as gift, but it is unclear where the cake was made.
  991. Untei (the first public library in Japan)
  992. Untei is a facility regarded as the first public library in Japan.
  993. Untei is believed to have been abandoned and devastated likewise with these changes in history.
  994. Unten-ko Harbor, Nakijin-mura, Okinawa Prefecture
  995. Untie the waist straps, wash the hands, and then untie the collar straps.
  996. Until 1349, he obtained the job of Jito shiki (manager and lord of a private estate) of Houdanosho in Harima Province.
  997. Until 1631when the bakufu built machi-bugyo-sho offices, the person appointed a machi-bugyo officer used his residence as the office, executing his job by providing a court (called shirasu: literally, a white sand area) in the premise.
  998. Until 1723 he remained in the same position (Dainagon).
  999. Until 1870, Inoko mochi cakes had been presented to the Imperial Court from Kishiro, Kirihata and Omaru villages of Nose district in Settsu Province (current Toyono-cho town, Osaka Prefecture) annually on the day of boar in October under old calendar.
  1000. Until 1880, the term also referred to the art form that was established, based on the above, by Kanami and Zeami during the Muromachi period.

403001 ~ 404000

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