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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. The term "Kodaigo" (a title for the mother of the Emperor) as well as the equivalent terms "Kodaihi" and "Kodai-bunin"were quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu words as mentioned above.
  2. The term "Koden" is not used in the Shinto religion because incense sticks are not used.
  3. The term "Kojunin" refers to a post of the security and military division (Bankata [security officials]) of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  4. The term "Kubo" originally referred to the embodiment of public affairs in the premodern Japan or the national sovereign power, that is, the Emperor or the Imperial Court in olden times, and the Shogun in the Kamakura and the Muromachi periods.
  5. The term "Kyoka" is found in documents from the Heian period.
  6. The term "Kyoto Ongaku Hakurankai (Kyoto Music Expo)" refers to a music festival that has been held annually since 2007 in Umekoji-koen Park, in Kyoto Prefecture.
  7. The term "Kyukei" implied a more philosophical meaning, and the term "Shokei" (various lords) was closer to the actual situation.
  8. The term "Living National Treasure" is not formally recognized by the law, but is an informal term used as a reference to cultural properties designated as the National Treasures of Japan.
  9. The term "Magaibutsu" refers to Buddha statues which were carved into the natural rock face or bare rock or the rock scattered on mountains including an alcove of rock face.
  10. The term "Maiko" refers to a young geisha or a geisha apprentice.
  11. The term "Makumo no shi" (Makumo player) can be found both in "Komagaku no shi" (Komagaku player) and "Kudaragaku no shi" (Kudaragaku player) described in the book.
  12. The term "Makumo no sho" (student of Makumo player) can be recognized in "Komagaku no sho" (student of Komagaku player) and "Kudaragaku no sho" (student of Kudaragaku player) described in the book.
  13. The term "Matsugo yoshi" refers to a son who was adopted on his adoptive father's deathbed.
  14. The term "Mikuriya" remains as a geographic name in various parts of Japan, not only in the name of cities, towns, or villages, but also as the name of oaza (a larger section of a village) or koaza (a subsection of a village).
  15. The term "Mitsuba-aoi," in many cases, refers to the crest design of the "Maru ni Mitsuba-aoi" (three leaves of hollyhock in a circle), which indicates the Tokugawa clan.
  16. The term "Mitsuda-e" refers to a kind of painting technique.
  17. The term "Miuchibito" or "Miuchinin" refers to warriors who served regent, the Hojo clan during the Kamakura period (1185-1333).
  18. The term "Mokusho-zen" indicates a method of zazen (sitting meditation) in Zen Buddhism.
  19. The term "Monchu" means to question both parties in connection to a case, to have them confront each other, and to record the details of the case.
  20. The term "Naiju" means children officials who was engaged in miscellaneous jobs at the Imperial palace in the Nara and Heian periods.
  21. The term "Nihon-shoku restaurant" is not used in Japan.
  22. The term "Nohgaku" has been widely used since the establishment of the Nohgakusha (Noh Society) in 1881.
  23. The term "Northern Court" (hokucho in Japanese) describes the Japanese Imperial Court, dynasty, and government that broke off from the Southern Court and was located geographically north of its southern rival at Yoshino.
  24. The term "Nyushutsu Nimonge" refers to a gatha (geju) (poetic verse of a scripture) written by Shinran.
  25. The term "Obi" (an honorific title given to the deceased mother of the Emperor) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  26. The term "Odai" (an emperor) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  27. The term "Ofumi" is used only in the Otani denomination of Shin Buddhism, and the term "Ofumi-sho" is used only in the Hongan-ji denomination of Jodoshin-shu.
  28. The term "Ofumi" refers to letters of sermons written in kana by Rennyo, the eighth chief priest of Hongan-ji Temple of Jodo Shinshu Buddhism, which were dispatched to followers throughout the country as a means of propagation.
  29. The term "Ogo" (a title for a legitimate wife of the Emperor) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  30. The term "Oko" (an honorific title given to the Emperor's father who passed away) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  31. The term "Osamedono" means a palace where gold/silver, costumes and/or furnishings were kept.
  32. The term "Osobi" (an honorific title given to the Emperor's grandmother who passed away) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  33. The term "Ossho" means the lords of Shoen (manor in medieval Japan) were exempted from and allowed to collect Zatsueki (a kind tax under the Ritsuryo system) (sometimes inclusive of the portion of Kanmotsu (tribute goods -supposed to be paid to Kokuga (provincial government offices) as well as the land of such Shoen.
  34. The term "Rikyu shichitetsu" means the seven leading disciples of Rikyu.
  35. The term "Ruiju" indicates gathering poetries of similar categories.
  36. The term "Sam?dhi" is rooted in the tradition of meditation in India and is used not only in Buddhism but also in Hinduism and Yoga, which share a common background.
  37. The term "San-saemon" originated due to the fact that all of the three (san in Japanese) leaders of the attempt held the position of Saemon no jo (third-ranked officer of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards).
  38. The term "Sechi-e" means official events held at the Japanese Imperial Court on the day of Sekku (seasonal festivals) etc. with the attendance of the Emperor and a large number of his subjects.
  39. The term "Seisei taishogun" is a general who was nominated by the Emperor (Imperial court) in the Heian period in order to conquer Kyushu region.
  40. The term "Seito taishogun" is the title for general which was used in China and Japan in the past.
  41. The term "Sendai" (an honorific title given to all former emperors including Daijo Teno, who had passed away) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  42. The term "Senko (incense stick)" refers to the product which uses, as materials, various substances that emit fragrant smoke and fine aroma when lighted and is produced through the process of grinding materials, kneading, molding into the shape of slender sticks or coils and drying.
  43. The term "Senso" means to succeed the position of Tenshi (emperor) upon the demise of the previous emperor or his abdication from the position.
  44. The term "Shakkanho" represents two basic units, shaku for measuring length and kan for measuring mass.
  45. The term "Shakkotsu" (the Ulna bone), a bone of a forearm in human body, is derived from its length as it is often around this shaku.
  46. The term "Shido-shogun" refers to four imperial (royal) generals who appeared in the Nihon Shoki (the Chronicle of Japan), namely Obiko no mikoto, Takenunakawa wake no mikoto, Kibitsuhiko no mikoto and tanbamichi nushi no mikoto.
  47. The term "Shijin-so-o" refers to the topography and land physiognomy that are traditionally believed to be the best suited for the 'Four Gods' that govern the four directions of the heavens in China, Korea and Japan.
  48. The term "Shinkan" refers to a government official (civil servant) who performs religious ceremonies; until World War II, only the shrine workers at the "Jingu Shicho" (the government agency that oversaw shrines) were so described.
  49. The term "Shishi" (also pronounced Shiishi) referred to the northern, southern, eastern, and western boundaries of a tract of territory/land in ancient and medieval times.
  50. The term "Shishi" came to symbolize a person who puts his life towards political activity, such as the activists for Civic Rights, and Meiji Period socialists.
  51. The term "Shoban" was read as 'Tonari no kuni' (the neighboring country) in wakun (the Japanese reading way of Chinese characters).
  52. The term "Shokan" refers to samurai who were subordinate (i.e. of lower rank) to high ranking samurai.
  53. The term "Shusseuo," which originated from this custom, represents 'fishes whose names change as they grow, as if they're being promoted.'
  54. The term "Suiseki" is said to come from the fact that when watered, stones in flower bowls become darker in color and even more beautiful.
  55. The term "Sukuyodo" refers to a kind of astrology which was brought to Japan as a part of the Esoteric Buddhism by priests who studied abroad such as Kukai in the Heian period.
  56. The term "Suribachi" (mortar) refers to cookware that is used to grind food materials into small grains or mash them up into paste.
  57. The term "Tachibana clan" (in Chikugo) refers to a clan of the feudal lord of Kamachi, Chikugo Province, in the Heian period.
  58. The term "Tanritsu" refers to Tanritsu Shukyo Dantai (an independent religious organization).
  59. The term "Tenji" (an emperor) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  60. The term "Teno" (an emperor) was quoted in this Article as the same Heishutsu word as mentioned above.
  61. The term "Teppo Denrai" (introduction of firearms) generally refers to the introduction of matchlock guns from Europe into East Asia in the 15th century, and in a more limited sense it means the introduction of matchlock guns into Tanegashima Island, Japan.
  62. The term "Teuchi" includes two meanings, one is kneading dough by hand, and the other is cutting the kneaded dough with cutting tools.
  63. The term "Thirty Six Immortal Women Poets" refers to the thirty-six female poets whose poems were selected for the 'Poetry Contest of the Thirty Six Lady Poets,' which was established in the middle of the Kamakura period.
  64. The term "To no ben" refers to a person who assumed the position of Benkan (Controller) concurrently with the position of Kurodo no to (Head Chamberlain) under Japanese government officials system.
  65. The term "Tocha" refers to a tea competition where participants taste different kinds of tea to compete in discerning them, which was popular in the medieval period.
  66. The term "Togaki" refers to a stage direction which is distinguished from dialogues spoken by actors and actresses in a play, script, etc.
  67. The term "Tosai-gogisei " refers to the way of decision-making in an organization.
  68. The term "Tsukimi" (literally meaning, enjoying the beautiful moon) comes from the appearance of a poached egg, namely the white of the egg is likened to a cloud, while the yellow yoke to the moon.
  69. The term "Ungaikyo" is a type of a Japanese ghost, that metamorphizes from a peculiar mirror after the passing of many long years.
  70. The term "Yama" used here is equivalent to yorishiro (an object representative of a divine spirit) which is fabricated to imitate natural mountains, for use at a festival.
  71. The term "Yamanokami" refers to:
  72. The term "Yohen Tenmoku tea bowl" refers to a tea bowl considered to be the best of Tenmoku (a stoneware glaze which is deeply stained by iron oxide) tea bowls.
  73. The term "Yoshoku" refers to western food served in Japan.
  74. The term "Yuga" refers to a kind of oil painting with pigments mixed with Mitsuda-yu oil.
  75. The term "Yumiya" (弓矢) is also read as 'Kyushi' and also written as '弓箭' (Yumiya or Kyushi).
  76. The term "Yumiya" refers to a tool for hunting which consists of bow (weapon) and arrow.
  77. The term "Yumiya" refers to arms or weapons, martial arts, battles (military) or ikusa (war) themselves.
  78. The term "Yushoku" refers to a technique of mixing glue with pigments for painting, after which Mitsuda-yu oil is used to coat the surface of the painting to add luster.
  79. The term "Yusoden" means rice fields on which denso (rice field tax) was imposed under the taxation system of Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the Ritsuryo Code).
  80. The term "Zangirimono" (cropped-hair plays) refers to kabuki kyogen plays (plays [programs] presented in Kabuki [traditional drama performed by male actors]) which are classified into Sewamono (plays dealing with the lives of ordinary people) and reflect the folkways after the Meiji Restoration.
  81. The term "Zoyakumen kei shoen" means shoen (manor) which were granted Zoyakumen (the right to exempt from all levies other than regular land tax) and whose lords were allowed to secure the amount equivalent to zatsueki (odd-jobs tasks) for themselves.
  82. The term "Zoyakumen kei shoen" refers to these shoen.
  83. The term "Zoyakumen" (or Zoekiden) means myoden (rice fields named after the local land lords who developed the land in question) which were exempted from zatsueki (levies other than land tax) under the system of shoen (manor) and kokugaryo (territories governed by provincial government) during the medieval period.
  84. The term "agatanonushi" refers to a post or kabane (hereditary title) of Yamato sovereignty (the ancient Japan sovereignty) before the introduction of the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code).
  85. The term "aiuchi" means to hit or strike each other at the same time in kendo (Japanese fencing) and so on.
  86. The term "akugyaku-mudo," which is used today to describe cruel act against humanity, is derived from it.
  87. The term "anshin," also referred to as anjin, means a state of mind in which there is nothing to be concerned about and one feels calm and easy.
  88. The term "aonyobo" refers to a middle or low-ranked young noblewoman who serves a high ranked person.
  89. The term "awase" means wafuku (traditional Japanese clothes) with a lining.
  90. The term "bangumi" was revised to '-ku' (ward) in 1872, and again revised to '-gumi' in 1879 upon the promulgation of the Gun-ku-cho-son Henseiho (Act for the alignment of local government system), under which Kamigyo and Shimogyo became Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward.
  91. The term "bijinga" was created and shaped in The Japan Fine Arts Exhibition in the 1940's and 1950's.
  92. The term "biwa hoshi" represents blind priests who played the biwa (a Japanese lute) in a town, and they first appeared in the Heian period.
  93. The term "business taxes" here includes what is now referred to as "business taxes on sake breweries" and commission for issuing a "license" or "sakekabu."
  94. The term "chamberlain" refers to a person who serves another person (generally a noble person) to take care of his or her personal affairs, and its Japanese equivalent term "jiju" also represents a chamberlain's service itself in a broad sense.
  95. The term "childhood name" (yomyo or yomei in Japanese) refers to a name for use by someone only in his childhood (this custom was more or less limited to male children).
  96. The term "chokusen wakashu" represents an anthology of Japanese poetry complied under order of an emperor or a retired emperor.
  97. The term "cultural properties" refers to all of those different cultural heritages (regardless of whether or not they are tangible) as designated, selected or registered by the nation or by a local government.
  98. The term "daifuku" is sometimes used as a term to refer to round white items.
  99. The term "daimyogashi" refers to a loan for a daimyo (Japanese feudal lords) or a domain in financial droughts arranged by influential merchants in Osaka, Kyoto, Edo, and so on.
  100. The term "date" is used to express gorgeousness; it is said that this term originated from Masamune DATE's attention-getting style, etc.
  101. The term "doshin" refers to one of the low-level officials of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  102. The term "dynastic" derives from the fact that the Nara period and the Heian period were collectively called Dynastic periods in the pre-War period while the Kamakura period and subsequent periods were collectively called Feudal periods.
  103. The term "eshi," written as "絵師" in Japanese, refers to those who vocationally paint original pictures for ukiyo-e (Japanese colored woodblock prints in the Edo period).
  104. The term "feudal lord" is used to refer to a person who holds feudal dominion over a certain area of land and its residents (territory).
  105. The term "foreign settlement" ("gaikokujin kyoryuchi" in Japanese) refers to one of the demarcated areas of land created by the government that were specifically set aside as places in which foreigners could reside and trade.
  106. The term "fude" refers to a tool made out of a stem (thin stick such as bamboo tube) with a brush (a bundle of fiber) on the top, which is used for writing and painting.
  107. The term "fue" generally refers to instruments which produce sound with an air current.
  108. The term "fue" often refers specifically to musical instruments which have reed.
  109. The term "futaeorimono" is seen in the documents written in the Heian period as well as in the subsequent times, and it was particularly used by noble women.
  110. The term "gan" may be used as a generic name for tsumire and tsukune.
  111. The term "gannin priest" refers to a priest who begs, or a priest with long hair.
  112. The term "gasan" began to be used more rarely.
  113. The term "gokenin in Kyoto" (zaikyo gokenin) refers to a gokenin (an immediate vassal of the shogunate in the Kamakura and Muromachi through Edo periods) who was permanently stationed in and around Kyoto under jurisdiction of the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  114. The term "gomonyo" referred to those who, among the Seiwa-Genji (Minamoto clan), were treated as a family of Kamakura-dono (Lord of Kamakura) in the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  115. The term "gyotaku" (fish rubbing) was wrongly adopted because this had been primarily called gyoban (literally, "fish printing") or gyoin (literally, "fish stamp").
  116. The term "hakushu" or "kashiwade" (both of which mean clapping) refers to a gesture people make when they offer prayers to gods (deities, spirits) at Shinto religious services or before Shinto shrines or household altars.
  117. The term "higan" refers to enlightenment or escape from earthly desires, and refers to the 'other side' as opposed to the term 'shigan' (this side) which means this world filled with earthly desires and doubt.
  118. The term "hot spring "refers to a phenomenon of hot water gushing out from underground, the state of hot water or the place where such phenomenon or state is seen.
  119. The term "hyakusho" that indicates common people is often found in books that are considered to be edited in the Zhanguo Dynasty (China) into the current form, such as "Rongo Analects" and "Eki" (I ching).
  120. The term "hyakusho," which can also be pronounced "hyakusei" or "omitakara," was originally a word of Chinese origin that indicates all people with a hundred (many) surnames, i.e., all the social class with surnames.
  121. The term "ikki" refers to an attempt made by a community in Japan to achieve an objective when members of the community that share the same sentiment work closely together for a certain reason.
  122. The term "insei" is used to mean that an emperor or empress abdicates in favor of his or her son or daughter (or grandchild) and then acts as a guardian to the new young emperor or empress.
  123. The term "intangible cultural properties"
  124. The term "iwaizakana-sanshu" is used in reference to three kinds of indispensable osechi dishes for the celebration of New Year's Day.
  125. The term "kanzashi" means Japanese traditional accessories used by women in doing up their hair.
  126. The term "kezuribushi" means shavings of dried flesh of bonitos, mackerels, sardines, and other fishes.
  127. The term "kikuzake" refers to sake in which chrysanthemum blooms are steeped, which is provided on the Chrysanthemum Festival (September 9 according to the old calendar), which is called 'Choyo no sekku' or 'Kiku no sekku' in Japanese.
  128. The term "kindachi" in a wide sense refers to Shoo (princes without imperial proclamation), but, in a more limited sense, it is used as a term referring to imperial princes and the children of Sekke (the family of regents and advisers), or the Seiga family (the important family next to Sekke).
  129. The term "kinton" is used in reference to a gold-colored dumpling (in some regions it may mean a golden mattress).
  130. The term "kokushu" was derived from "kunimochishu" (one of honorary terms for local governors who were in hereditary vassalage to the Shogun) of the medieval Muromachi period, who were shugo (provincial constables) of large provinces but whose family lineage did not make them kanrei (shogunal deputy) or goshobanshu (members to escort the Shogun).
  131. The term "korai chawan" refers to a type of tea bowl which was used in Sado (Japanese tea ceremony) from around the middle of the 16th century and was originally a bowl for everyday use made in the Korean peninsula that came to be appreciated as a tea bowl by Japanese chajin (tea ceremony masters).
  132. The term "kyojo (admission letter)" means a letter of admission to attend the tea ceremony lessons, which is different in nature from menjo (diploma), menkyo (license), dan-i (qualification of rank) and others that imply accreditation or authorization of a member's capability.
  133. The term "mase," which comes from the word maseba, means cupellated silver.
  134. The term "masuseki" derives from the square shape called 'masu' and 'seki' which means seat.
  135. The term "matsuba" comes from the resemblance of the clavicle, which consists of a V-shaped pair of the clavicles on both sides, to a pine needle.
  136. The term "mausoleum" in Western countries refers to a large, impressive tomb constructed for a deceased leader.
  137. The term "misanzai" is a corrupt form of "misagi" (imperial mausoleum).
  138. The term "mizukae nisoku (drainage laborers)" refers to those mining laborers engaged in removing the water that collects in mines and pumping it outside the mine.
  139. The term "money changer" derives from the fact that a one-ryo gold koban was exchanged for "shoryo" silver coins whose values were determined by equivalent standard weight of silver and which included chogin and "mameitagin" (small silver coins), or for copper coins.
  140. The term "monko" implies tasting the scent within your mind, and not simply sniffing the scent.
  141. The term "monyo" generally referred to families that were related by blood.
  142. The term "myodai" means to act as a person's proxy.
  143. The term "naijin" refers to a place where a honzon (a principal image of Buddha) is enshrined inside the hondo (main hall) of a temple, or where a shintai (an object of worship housed in a Shinto shrine and believed to contain the spirit of a deity) is enshrined inside the honden (main hall) of a shrine.
  144. The term "nito-ryu" (two-sword fencing) is a general term for the technique of offense and defense with Japanese swords or other swords in both hands (left and right hands).
  145. The term "oryoki" is mainly used by the Soto Zen sect, while in the Rinzai Zen sect it is called "jihatsu" (written in Chinese characters as "持鉢" (or "自鉢" in Rinzai Zen's Obaku school)).
  146. The term "osechi-ryori" commonly refers only to the foods packed in a nest of lacquered boxes instead of referring to the entire menu.
  147. The term "oya (big house)" for a nagaya in the Edo period didn't indicate the owner of the nagaya but a person entrusted with the work of collecting rents and managing the nagaya (roughly equivalent to a property-management company of the present day).
  148. The term "oyatsu" (おやつ), also written in katakana (one of the Japanese syllabaries) as オヤツ, refers to an afternoon snack that was originally eaten at yatsudoki (approximately 2 p.m.) according to the old Japanese way of counting time.
  149. The term "oyatsu" originated in the custom made at yatsudoki (about two p. m.) according to the Japanese clock.
  150. The term "pandoru" is French meaning "droop" in English.
  151. The term "public bathhouse" is defined as follows in the laws of Japan:
  152. The term "rakubi" (or the shorter "raku") is also used for the same meaning.
  153. The term "ren" was used in Kumamoto to delineate local societies.
  154. The term "rice curry" can be found in an official document of the Hokkaido Development Commissioner of 1872, and the term "curry rice" can be found in the entry on January 3, 1875, in "Mitamura Tachu Nisshi," a journal of Tachu MITAMURA, a doctor in Sakhalin.
  155. The term "ryugi" is extended from the meaning described in the above, to mean figuratively one's own approach for doing a certain thing.
  156. The term "saddharma" had already appeared in "Hokku-kyo Sutra, Dhammapada" and other primitive sutras.
  157. The term "sashimono" is a generic name given to traditional craft products which are made without any joint parts such as nails; for example, furniture, doors, and other household things made by assembling wooden pieces.
  158. The term "seishi" refers to the following:
  159. The term "sengu" often refers to the jingu shikinen sengu of Ise-jingu Shrine (Ise City, Mie Prefecture).
  160. The term "shingon" or "Sanskrit mantra" refers to sacred utterances, derived from Mikkyo scriptures (Esoteric Buddhism scriptures) such as Daibirushana Jobutsu Jinbenkaji-kyo Sutra (Mahavairocana Sutra).
  161. The term "shinshoku" refers to a person who serves god and performs a religious ceremony and clerical work at a shrine of Shinto.
  162. The term "shitagasane" refers to an inner robe which is put on between ho (outer robe/vestment) and hanpi (sleeveless body wear) when wearers put on a sokutai (traditional ceremonial court dress) or an ikan shozoku (traditional formal court dress).
  163. The term "shitone" refers to an ancient name of cushions to sit on or lie on.
  164. The term "shittaku" refers to a rubbed copy made by placing wet paper on an object and then putting black ink on it.
  165. The term "shuto," for which "doshu" is also used, is a term from after the Heian period that referred to the status of a priest who originally resided in a big temple and was in charge of the management and practical business of the temple as well as studying and practicing ascetic training.
  166. The term "sukiyaki-fu" (sukiyaki style cuisine) refers to all dishes that are salted and sweetened by warishita (a stock made from a mixture of soy sauce, mirin [sweet rice wine for cooking] and sugar).
  167. The term "tateana" was created to contrast with "yokoana" (horizontal hole).
  168. The term "the hundred Kannon" has existed since the Heian Period, although what the term refers to has varied over time
  169. The term "the period of the Northern and Southern Courts" was used in school history textbooks.
  170. The term "the six great educators in the Meiji period" refers to a special, collective title of six great educators who contributed a great deal to promoting the modern education in the Meiji period.
  171. The term "toji" (刀自) represented an archaic Japanese word "tonushi" (written as 戸主 in Japanese) which meant a housewife who managed all housekeeping duties, and this word was an antonym of the word "tone," written as 刀禰 in Japanese, which represented a male worker.
  172. The term "toji" originally used the Chinese characters 刀自 (pronounced as toji).
  173. The term "toji," written as 杜氏 in Japanese, refers to a person who supervises kurabito, a group of skilled workers responsible for sake brewing, and works as the chief executive brewer at a brewery.
  174. The term "tsuchi uprising" (called tsuchi-ikki or do-ikki in Japanese) refers to political appeals by the masses which had occurred from the middle to the late Muromachi period.
  175. The term "tsuibu" meaning 'pursuing and apprehending' in Japanese, Tsuibushi did not originally have a military role, but often fought in actual battles in order to get pirates or rebellions under control.
  176. The term "tsukumogami" refers to long-lived creatures and long-used tools which, possessed by a soul or a god, become yorishiro.
  177. The term "uchitachi" indicates a person who has the role of being defeated by a shidachi, or to defend against that shidachi's techniques, in kata (standard form of a movement or posture) practice.
  178. The term "yakitori" is also used for small birds such as sparrow that are grilled on skewers without cutting.
  179. The term "yorishiro" is a fairly new word.
  180. The term "yorishiro" refers to an object that divine spirits are drawn or summoned to, and it denotes a shintai (an object believed to contain the spirit of a deity) or sometimes a shrine precincts.
  181. The term "文明開化" (civilization and enlightenment) was used by Yukichi FUKUZAWA for the first time in his essay published in 1875, "Bunmeiron no gairyaku" (An Outline of a Theory of Civilization) as the translation of the word, civilization.
  182. The term "棄戸" is pronounced "sutahe" (coffin), and the term "柀" is pronounced "maki" (podocarpus).
  183. The term "楊弓" is pronounced Yokyu and also called a short bow.
  184. The term "混一," which is said to have come into use in the age of the Mongolian empire, means the view of the world that the African continent and the Eurasian continent form a harmonious whole with no border.
  185. The term "貴国" refers to the 'noble country' or 'divine land' reigned by the 'august emperor' or 'saint king.'
  186. The term 'Bushi no choja' (leader of samurai families) used for Yorinobu's grandson MINAMOTO no Yoshiie ("Chuyuki" - diary of FUJIWARA no Munetada) had the same meaning and Yoshiie's descendant (Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan)) was specifically called 'Tenka daiichi buyu no ie' (a peerless family of bravery).
  187. The term 'Bushi' was sometimes used to refer to someone who had the right to punish with power, and this also was a sarcastic comment towards the aristocracy (including Sadamichi) who had become ubiquitous to the bushi class.
  188. The term 'Chaya' refers to a dye technique called 'Chaya-zome' (Chaya-dyed) invented in the early Edo period (Kanbun era).
  189. The term 'Cherry Blossom Front' was coined by the media which has been used since about 1967.
  190. The term 'Cord Marked Pottery' was translated into 'Sakumon doki' (索紋土器) by Ryokichi YATABE but later changed to 'Jomon doki' (縄紋土器) by Mitsutaro SHIRAI.
  191. The term 'Dakini' is the transliteration of the Sanskrit term d?kin? (spelled Dakini in English).
  192. The term 'Decchiage' has nothing to do with decchi.
  193. The term 'Gesaku' itself had been used from ancient China, therefore under its influence; it was also used in Japan before the Edo period.
  194. The term 'Gorenju' had not existed before the Nara period.
  195. The term 'Hashi joro' refers to one of the ranks of prostitutes in Shimabara.
  196. The term 'Higashiyama' was taken from the name of the place Higashiyama where Yoshimasa kept a mountain villa.
  197. The term 'Hoto' (treasure tower) refers to a cylindrical type of pagoda with a hogyo-zukuri style roof (all the roof ridges gathering at the center) in quadrilateral structure.
  198. The term 'Ichinomiya' ordinarily refers to highest ranking Shinto shrine in each of the old provinces of Japan.
  199. The term 'Issaikyo' (complete Buddhist scriptures) means the entire Buddhist scriptures (Daizo-kyo Sutra [the Tripitaka]), and originally the number of scrolls of 'Issaikyo' amounted to around 5300.
  200. The term 'Jomon' is derived from the fact that Edward S. Morse (1838-1925) reported earthenware excavated from the Omori shell mounds in 1877 as Cord Marked Pottery.
  201. The term 'Joshi' or 'Jomi' means the day of the Serpent (the sixth sign of the Chinese zodiac) in the beginning of the month, and it had originally indicated the day of the Serpent in March, but it is reported that, after the Wei dynasty (Three States Period) in ancient China, the Joshi Festival became celebrated on March 3.
  202. The term 'Kaitai Shinsho' has sometimes been converted to mean 'a book to explain about something.'
  203. The term 'Kanjin-kaname' (the main point) originated from the above idea.
  204. The term 'Kara-e' refers to not only paintings imported from China to Japan, but also ones in 'Chinese style' drawn by Japanese.
  205. The term 'Keishi' was hardly used along with the Mandokoro system in the nobility in the Muromachi Period, when the manorialism was going to dissolve.
  206. The term 'Kenmu' derives from the era name established the following year, in 1334 (referring to the Kenmu era of unified Japan, not the later Kenmu era of the Northern Court).
  207. The term 'Kondo' was mainly used by temples founded in the ancient times, namely from the Asuka period to the early Heian period.
  208. The term 'Kozoku' was adopted in place of 'Koshin' which was used under the Ritsuryo Code system.
  209. The term 'Kuzu' (国樔) is also written as '国主' or '国栖' which meant nonagricultural people who spread to various places of Japan before the Nara period and were regarded as a different race by Yamato Dynasty because of their particular culture.
  210. The term 'Marshal' in 'Marshal Army General' was not a rank name but a title, however, it was written in front of 'Army General.'
  211. The term 'Namban' means red peppers in Japanese, but Curry namban came from 'namba,' which indicates a long green onion (similar to 'Kamo namban' or noodles with slices of duck in the broth, and 'Kashiwa namban' or noodles with pieces of chicken in broth).
  212. The term 'Nihon-ga' came into use in the beginning of the Meiji period to distinguish drawing styles which had already existed from Western style oil painting (or Yo-ga) imported from Europe at that time.
  213. The term 'Nonsen-odori' is seen in "Suishoan no ki" written by Bokuyo NAKARAI; it is because this dance was designed for the song 'Ukiyo Nonsen,' and the song 'Furai Furai' is the lyric for Omi-odori dance.
  214. The term 'Oko' means restoration of the grade of Keicho Chogin (a silver oval coin minted in the early Edo period).
  215. The term 'Omote-senke' derived from Fushin-an, which the tea-ceremony room symbolizing Omote-senke, being situated at the front (omote) of the street as compared to Konnichi-an at Ura (back)-senke.
  216. The term 'Onna-gidayu' is listed in "Encyclopedia of Theatrical Arts (published by Heibon-sha)" or in "Kokushi Daijiten (Great Dictionary of National History)" (published by Yoshikawa Kobunkan), for example, but during the twenty-first century, the term 'Joryu-gidayu' is generally used.
  217. The term 'Sankyoku' today doesn't mean 'three tunes;' in literal Japanese, "san" means "three" and "kyoku" means "tune."
  218. The term 'Sencha' (green tea) is often used both in a narrow sense and in a broad sense.
  219. The term 'Shinto' appears in "I Ching" (the Book of Changes) and "Jin shu" (History of the Jin Dynasty) in China and the term means 'Ayashiki michi ' (神しき道.)
  220. The term 'Shitsurai' originally refers to setting up furnishing and decorating them at moya and hisashi in shinden (main house) on the day of an honor ceremony, welcoming guests and holding a feast.
  221. The term 'Shrine Shinto' is relatively new.
  222. The term 'Sokui (enthronement)' applied to the consecuutive lineage of emperors up to Emperor Showa is understood as equivalent to 'Sokui-no-rei (ceremony of the enthronement)' specified in the current Imperial House Act.
  223. The term 'Sokui (enthronement)' specified herein has the same concept as the term 'Senso (to become a new emperor)' used for the emperors from Emperor Heijo to Emperor Showa.
  224. The term 'State Shinto' existed before World War II and there are some examples of the term or its synonyms being used in assemblies, Shinto studies, the prewar Ministry of Home Affairs, and the Department of War.
  225. The term 'Taisho Roman' is thought to mean an early sign of a new era, and sometimes used together with 'Taisho Modern,' derived from modernization.
  226. The term 'Tayu' refers to the highest-ranking geisha in Shimabara.
  227. The term 'Ten no Toribue' (heaven's flute) is seen in Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan), but details such as its shape are unknown.
  228. The term 'Tenjin' refers to a rank of geisha in Shimabara.
  229. The term 'Tenka' (the realm) refers to a concept in ancient China, which showed an area governed by an emperor, and was often used also in Japan.
  230. The term 'Tenka' originally meant that the controlled territory was borderless.
  231. The term 'Tenno Amishima' (described as 天網島 in Chinese characters) was created by combining a proverb, 'Tenmo kaikai' (the evil never fails to be punished) (described as 天網恢恢 in Chinese characters), with a place of love suicide, Amishima (described as 網島 in Chinese characters).
  232. The term 'Togaki' (literally, "writing of 'To'") comes from 'To' in the word 'suruto' (then).
  233. The term 'Tsugomori' was modified from 'tsuki-gomori' (literally, "hiding moon") and is synonymous with 'misoka.'
  234. The term 'Tsuji' here refers to 'Katabira' (an unlined lightweight hemp summer kimono), and more accurately, it means a 'Katabira in the "chaya" pattern.'
  235. The term 'Udon' was applied to those noodles after the Edo period came.
  236. The term 'Wa' has meant Japan from old times, and is used in contradistinction to things from foreign countries such as Han (China) and Yo (Western Europe).
  237. The term 'Wa' is itself a Japanese term used to express a cultural concept.
  238. The term 'Wakoku' also appeared for the first time then.
  239. The term 'Wakoku' came to be used externally.
  240. The term 'Wakoku' refers to a name which ancient Chinese dynasties or other countries around China used to designate a political force or its area in the Japanese Islands around that time.
  241. The term 'Yamato' (大和 in kanji (Chinese character) itself originally referred to the Nara district, and at the same time, it is an old word indicating the whole of Japan (in this case, the kanji '倭' was used in old times).
  242. The term 'Yamato' is sometimes used (e.g. Yamato-kotoba (words of Japanese origin), Yamato-damashii (Japanese spirit), Yamato-nadeshiko (woman who displays the feminine virtues of old Japan), Yamato-e painting (a traditional Japanese style painting of the late Heian and Kamakura period dealing with Japanese themes), etc.).
  243. The term 'Yomei no suke' appears only once in "The Tale of Genji" in the volume 'Yugao' as: 'a house of a Yomei no suke.'
  244. The term 'Yomeigaku' was introduced into China during this period.
  245. The term 'Zipangu' refers to an old name of an island which was said to be Japan in Europe.
  246. The term 'ao' (襖) refers to a lined kimono or wadded clothes (padded clothes) and used as an expression of 'fusuma' because both sides were covered with silk cloth.
  247. The term 'bussho' is not found in Myohorenge-kyo.
  248. The term 'danjiri' has several meanings, as follows.
  249. The term 'eshi' or more specifically 'moe eshi' (a painter who draws pictures of cute, young female characters to whom one forms a strong attachment) is now widely used to refer to painters whose activities are beyond the range of traditional painters or illustrators.
  250. The term 'front-square rear-round' (pronounced zenpo koen in Japanese) was first used in "Sanryoshi" written by a Japanese classical scholar of the Edo Period, Kunpei GAMO, in the early nineteenth century.
  251. The term 'fusuma' (衾) originally referred to 'futon (Japanese-style bedding) or bed clothing'.
  252. The term 'goshugi' is also used, with 'go' being an honorific prefix.
  253. The term 'haku' refers to cloth, and refers back to ancient times, when cloth was precious and thus became the primary item offered to the gods.
  254. The term 'hibachi' may originally have been confused with 'shichirin' (a small, portable cooking stove), and now many Americans, believing such shows are performed in steakhouses in Japan, misuse the term 'hibachi.'
  255. The term 'higan-e' refers to one of the Zassetsu (collective term of the specific days which show the change of seasons other than the twenty-four divisions of the old calendar), and the seven days around Spring Equinox Day or those around Autumnal Equinox Day.
  256. The term 'hiro' and 'hirogeru' (a transitive verb in Japanese, meaning extend) have same etymology.
  257. The term 'hiyashiame' is used for cooled drinks served mostly in summer, and the term 'ameyu' is used for drinks served while hot or heated drinks in winter.
  258. The term 'honjoryo' originally included the jisharyo, but from the end of the Kamakura period to the Nanbokucho period (Japanese North and South Dynasties period), 'jisharyo' was written separately from 'honjoryo' to distinguish between the jisharyo and the honjoryo.
  259. The term 'hoshi' (biwa players in monk attire) derives not only from Kengyo shaving his head and wearing officially designated Kengyo clothing that was similar to monk attire, but also because a number of hoshi did in fact join the priesthood.
  260. The term 'ichien' at the time meant entirety or completeness, and lands that were under ichien control were called ichienchi (ichien land), ichienryo (ichien territory), or ichien no sho (ichien manor).
  261. The term 'jishu時衆' originated from the sentence that '道俗時衆等、各發無上心 (all priests and all people who live within the times could have the superior mind)' in 'Kammuryoju-kyosho' (Commentary on the Meditation Sutra) by Shandao.
  262. The term 'koan' refers to the reports of judgment, but turned out to be used as the conversation of masters as transmitted as Zengoroku (analects about Zen).
  263. The term 'korai' in korai chawan means 'coming from Korea' and most of the products which were called 'korai chawan' were made in the Joseon Dynasty rather than the Goryeo ("Korai" in Japanese) Period.
  264. The term 'koshi koden' was proposed by Kiyohiko AGO in his book "Kojiki izen no sho (documents before Kojiki)" (published by Tairiku Shobo, 1972) and, at this stage reference was made to 'koten sisho (four classics),' 'koden sansho (three legends)' and 'koshi sansho (three ancient historical documents).'
  265. The term 'kuiuchi-yagura' (a pile-driving tower) refers to a temporary structure which is built by constructing logs and steel pipes, and this is used as a machine to drive in piles at a foundation work.
  266. The term 'kyogen actor,' which is sometimes used in parallel with 'noh actor,' should be properly called 'noh actor of kyogen-kata' since the kyogen is originally one of the categories of noh plays.
  267. The term 'local dishes' refers to home cooked dishes that have existed for a long time as part of a culinary culture in a certain area or district.
  268. The term 'machiya' specifically refers to the townscape consisting of merchant houses (houses of merchants and craftspeople that is a combination of family residence and shop) which was formed during the Edo period through the beginning of the Showa period.
  269. The term 'matsuri' (also referred as omatsuri) used as an Internet slang refers to a situation that a certain thread is extraordinarily sensational in some electronic bulletin board, and a flow is faster than usual.
  270. The term 'matsuri' as an Internet slang has another meaning of blog flaming (terminology of the Internet), and calumniation, crimination and criticism are often given to scandals and improper words by a certain organization or individual.
  271. The term 'miki' is an eulogistic name for sake, formed by adding the honorific prefix 'mi' to 'ki,' meaning sake.
  272. The term 'mikuriya' meant shoen (manor in medieval Japan) of the Imperial family or the Ise Jingu Shrine.
  273. The term 'mikuriya' refers to a territorial land of the Imperial Family, the Ise-jingu Shrine, or the Shimogamo-jinja Shrine.
  274. The term 'moku' means mokuroku (list) and jomoku (article).
  275. The term 'monjodo' may have been used as a common name; however, it is believed that 'monjodo' was never used as an official name for the subject.
  276. The term 'mori' for mori soba is an antonym of 'bukkake' which is the kake soba of today.
  277. The term 'myoden' (rice field lot manage by a nominal holder) refers to a basic unit of the governance and (tax) collection in the shoen-koryo system (the system of public lands and private estates), and this existed from the mid-Heian period, throughout the Middle Ages in Japan.
  278. The term 'nicho-kenju' (literally, "two pistols") is refers to holding and firing two pistols at the same time in western films.
  279. The term 'nigiri-zushi' is sometimes abbreviated to "Nigiri."
  280. The term 'nori' is used in the Romance language world just as it is.
  281. The term 'ordinary public bathhouse' is generally defined as a 'public bathhouse established for the basic necessities for health in daily life,' and 'ordinary public bathhouses' are generally called 'sento.'
  282. The term 'other public bathhouses' refers to bathhouses that are operated in a manner different from that of a sento.
  283. The term 'parasitic landlord system' used without the frills refers to the system in Japan.
  284. The term 'public bath house,' in the Act, refers to a facility that offers a public bath using warm water, hot saltwater (including bath), onsen (hot spring) or others.
  285. The term 'public residences' is used to refer to the palaces in castles, to the shoin (studies) in shrines or temples, to reception halls, and so forth, whereas 'private homes' refers to merchant or farmer houses.
  286. The term 'sarira' (?ar?ra), a word borrowed from Sanskrit, means the skeletal remains or body (the term ?ar?ra ???? originally means 'body' in Sanskrit and also refers to 'dead body' as in English).
  287. The term 'shikonoo' means a strong man, and these names therefore express Okuninushi as a bushin.
  288. The term 'sobaya' (soba restaurant) includes restaurants that offer both soba and udon, in addition to those specialized in soba.
  289. The term 'sumo' used to be pronounced as 'sumahi' in ancient times, and then became 'sumahu' followed by 'sumo.'
  290. The term 'sutate' (簀立) which was stated to be another name of 'soy-sauce' in "Nippo jisho" was referred in "Unpoiroha-shu dictionary," the old dictionary established in 1548, as '簀立 スタテ 味噌汁立簀取之也.'
  291. The term 'ten-yen curry' has been used as a season word for autumn in haiku.
  292. The term 'tenborin' refers literally to spinning the dharma wheel and metaphorically to 'expounding the truth.'
  293. The term 'tenjiku-yo' gradually gave way to 'daibutsu-yo', and current architectural histories generally use the terms 'wa-yo', 'daibutsu-yo' and 'zenshu-yo'.
  294. The term 'the Jomon period' came to be used widely after the war.
  295. The term 'tozama' originally indicated a vassal whose relationship with the lord was not tight.
  296. The term 'tsutsumo' means something is lacking, and is written with the characters for ninety-nine since that is one hundred lacking one.
  297. The term 'wabicha' came into use during the Edo period, and is not a concept developed when Juko MURATA and SEN no Rikyu were alive.
  298. The term 'wakonyosai' (Japanese spirit with Western learning) was often used.
  299. The term 'yagura' sometimes refers to players who form a base part on which other players ride in a cavalry battle game (in which people riding piggyback on other people try to knock off their opponents' headgear) or coordinated group gymnastics.
  300. The term 'yamakasa' is often abbreviated to 'yama' in daily conversation.
  301. The term 'yukata' is an abbreviation of 'yukatabira'.
  302. The term 'yukimi' is a corruption of the term 'ukimi' (literally, something that looks as if it were floating on the surface of the water).
  303. The term 'zenzai' used in areas including the Kansai district means either Inaka jiruko (country style sweet bean soup) or Ogura jiruko and the term 'shiruko' specifically refers to Gozen jiruko made from the strained bean paste.
  304. The term 'zuboshi' means "to point hoshi precisely" and it also comes from target practice.
  305. The term '田刀' first appeared in kenden-cho (note of Cadastral Surveys) of Echinosho, Omi Province owned by Ganko-ji Temple, as of December 895.
  306. The term Butsubachi (Buddha's punishment) refers to punishment a person receives who violates the basic truth of the Buddha (Nyorai) 's enlightenment.
  307. The term Chokugo originated from the fact that the expression of Emperor's intention (imperial decree) had been called Choku (written as "勅" in Chinese) in China.
  308. The term Daisenno means the system of paying kuji (public service), nengu (tribute), and/or jishi (land tax) in cash, instead of in kind, that was introduced in medieval Japan at the shoen (manor), kokugaryo (territories governed by provincial government office), and/or bukeryo (territories of samurai family).
  309. The term Dependent territory was used in treaties, collectively referring to territories other than the inland.
  310. The term Doga has spread since then.
  311. The term Doga means pictures drawn by adults for children.
  312. The term Doga was firstly used for 'Takeo TAKEI Personal Exhibition of Doga' held by Takeo TAKEI in 1925.
  313. The term Eiraku-sen is sometimes applied to all copper coins imported at the time of the Ming dynasty.
  314. The term Ennen derives from the phrase '詩歌管弦者遐齢延年方也' included in "Teikin Orai," a book in the Muromachi period (it is said to have been written by Gene but unclear).
  315. The term Gaichi appeared in the laws, such as the imperial edict regarding the positions of the staff members of Gaichi offices (Imperial edict No.287 of 1946).
  316. The term Gakumonryo is a scholarship for Monjosho (students who study poetry and history) who studied Kidendo (the study of history) at Daigaku-ryo (Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system) during the Heian period and it was also called Kyuryo.
  317. The term Gosho ningyo came into use after the Meiji Period.
  318. The term Gotokuneko was supposedly created to be a pun on the word gotoku: the Five Virtues (called gotoku in Japanese) and the gotoku as an object.
  319. The term Han was used from the Han dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, but it was rarely used to form a proper noun like ' XX Han' in Japan.
  320. The term Heike no Ochudo means fugitives who retreated to remote regions after their defeat in the Jisho-Juei War (the Genpei War).
  321. The term Henjo Nanshi refers to the idea that a woman, who has been thought to have great difficulty in becoming a Buddha since ancient times, is able to accomplish it by once changing into a man.
  322. The term Hinin comes from Buddhism and it is found in the 'Devadatta' chapter of the "Hokke-kyo Sutra."
  323. The term Hinin is used to describe mainly (1) persons who worked in special occupations or as entertainers in feudal Japan; however they gradually became victims of discrimination, and (2) in the Edo Period, Hinin as well as Eta (Chori) were described as people of the lower classes.
  324. The term Ichiban-yari refers to a warrior or group of warriors who engaged in combat using a spear.
  325. The term Japanese sword has been seen connected to nationalism mainly since the Showa period, and such swords were considered just relics of the previous period where in the Meiji period, saber style swords were adopted for the military until the Manchurian Incident.
  326. The term Jingi (sacred treasures) means "yorishiro of the gods" (objects representative of a divine spirit).
  327. The term Jinja Bukkaku is also used.
  328. The term Jori sei assumed that both of the following were formed by public system:
  329. The term Kachi means lower class warriors who fought on foot.
  330. The term Kajishi (加地子) means rice (sakutokumai) delivered as a tax to a resident land-owner like myoshu (owner of rice fields) in the Japanese medieval period on top of nengu (customs)/jishi (land tax) for the lord of shoen (manor)/kokuga (provincial government officials) (kokushi (provincial governor)).
  331. The term Kamigata uta has been used as another name of 'jiuta' (a genre of traditional songs accompanied with shamisen), especially in places other than Kamigata, such as Edo (Tokyo area).
  332. The term Kangeiko means training of martial arts or geigoto (accomplishment) conducted in mid-winter season.
  333. The term Kanmon means written reports (Kanshin) for various information such as origins/precedents that were submitted by scholars, etc. at the request of the Imperial court.
  334. The term Karo-kaku is used to indicate either the family status able to produce a Karo officer (the family line for the Karo class) or Ichidai-garo.
  335. The term Kashindan refers to the group of vassals serving samurai families, such as the family of the Seii Taishogun (literally, a general who subsides barbarians) or a daimyo (Japanese territorial lord).
  336. The term Kengyo originally referred to the manager who administered office duties in temples or Shoen (private estates) during the Heian and Kamakura periods, but from the Muromachi period onwards, it was established as the highest title for blind officers.
  337. The term Kirizuma-yane is also used for the same meaning.
  338. The term Kokugaku means educational institutes established, with the aim of nurturing officials, at each province under the Ritsuryo system (the system of centralized government based on the Riysuryo code).
  339. The term Kotaiyoriai appeared in Bukan (a book of heraldry), published for the first time in 1703.
  340. The term Kouin refers to Imperial descendants.
  341. The term Kyujutsu refers to a technique or a martial art to put an arrow in the target from a bow (weapon).
  342. The term Lotus Leaf Women is related to the Lotus Leaf Trade etymologically, and though it is just an assumption, there is a suggestion Lotus Leaf traders may have also have worked as prostitutes.
  343. The term Min-Shingaku is often used to collectively call Shingaku and Mingaku.
  344. The term Naikaku-kansei refers in the broadest sense to the set of regulations for the Cabinet of Japan that govern its establishment, abolition, naming, organization, authority and so on, while more narrowly the term refers specifically to Imperial edict no. 135, a law passed in 1889.
  345. The term Nenkan means the right to recommend a person to an official post that was granted to Imperial families and court nobles in the ancient/early medieval period in Japan.
  346. The term Nenshaku means the right to confer a court rank on a person that was granted to chiten no kimi (the Retired Emperor in power) and sangu (the Three Empresses : Great Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager and Empress) in Japan's ancient/early medieval period.
  347. The term Nurikome refers to a room of plastered clay walls around and it was used for a storage room or a bed room.
  348. The term Ritsuryo system refers to the system based on the Ritsuryo codes; for the Ritsuryo codes, see the section 'Ritsuryo,' and for features of the Ritsuryo codes, see the section 'Ritsuryo law.'
  349. The term Rokkasen is diverted to refer to a group of one woman and five men.
  350. The term Sanji kentai means concurrently assuming the positions of Goi no kurodo (Kurodo with the fifth rank), Benkan (officials of the Dajokan - Grand Council of State)) and Kebiishi no suke (assistant official of the Police and Judicial Chief).
  351. The term Sanmon refers to a gate located in front of a temple.
  352. The term Shimai bakama may be used instead of 'umanori hakama.'
  353. The term Shimotaya literally means a "仕舞った店 (shimattamise)," or closed store.
  354. The term Shinno-ningoku means provinces to which imperial princes were appointed as kokushi (provincial governor) as well as such systems.
  355. The term Shishi is derived from a phrase in 'The Analects (of Confucius)' that was 'Shishi, a person of virtue accumulates virtues by killing himself'.
  356. The term Shitomido is a wooden door made with a board set between two lattices, and is opened by pushing up horizontally.
  357. The term Shobogenzo originally indicates what is true or essential in Buddhism.
  358. The term Shoki-san is originated from this fable.
  359. The term Shokon no matsuri was used in "Chronicles of Japan," Volume 29, an article on November 24 (day of Hinoe Tora) of the 14th year of Emperor Tenmu that states, 'Shokon was performed for the Emperor on that day.'
  360. The term Shuinchi/Kokuinchi means the lands which were secured (approval/confirmation of ownership) by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun)/daimyo (feudal lords) in the Edo period as the property of shrines/temples.
  361. The term Sohei means samurai (warriors) with the appearance of priests who were active from the Medieval Period until the early modern ages.
  362. The term Soke originated from Kanze-ryu (a school of Noh), where the Iemoto family was called Soke as compared to the family of Tetsunojo KANZE.
  363. The term Toji soba came from the manner in which soba is eaten whereby the noodles are dipped (or 'tojiru' in Japanese) in the soup.
  364. The term Uiro refers to a sort of sweetened steamed cake made of rice powder.
  365. The term Wafu is sometimes accompanied by an adjective to express delicate differences, such as 'Jun-wafu (pure Wafu)' or 'Modan-wafu (modern Wafu).'
  366. The term Yamato-e has been generally written as '大和絵' in kanji (Chinese characters) since recent times, but it had been also written as '倭絵' or '和絵' before recent times, and in some cases the word '日本画' was also read as 'Yamato-e.'
  367. The term Zen generally refers to the Zen sect, but also refers to zenna (a practice to attain enlightenment on the truth with calm emotion and clear mind) depending on a context or a case.
  368. The term `Gosho` (residence/palace/manor) was the term used for the domiciles of emperors, the imperial family, government ministers, and Monzeki (chief priests of imperial or noble lineage) as well as the term of reference used for the residence of a shogun.
  369. The term actually includes more than one phenomenon when it is defined meteorologically, while they are collectively called 'kosa.'
  370. The term also appeared in the phrase "Those who establish themselves by gekokujo (overthrowing their lords)" in the book "Scrawlings from the Nijo gawara," coming to be used as a symbol of the social tendencies of the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) in Japan.
  371. The term also includes 'gama no abura uri,' 'nankin tama sudare', and 'banana no tatakiuri' (a seller who sells bananas at a greatly reduced price with a showy performance).
  372. The term also refers to the chopping technique in professional wrestling.
  373. The term also refers to the sake brewing method which uses this moto.
  374. The term and concept of yamato-damashii emerged as a contrast to those of karazae.
  375. The term applied to Heian-period chigyo-koku (province-wide fiefs).
  376. The term betto-ji is synonymous with jingu-ji, jingo-ji, gu-ji and miya-dera.
  377. The term came to refer not only to temples established for the worship and memorial services of clans but also to temples established by the families that comprised clans (there was no term for 'family temple') and took on the role of conducting the Buddhist rites of clans and families.
  378. The term can also be used to describe the contrast between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) versus the Republic of Korea (South Korea) located in the southern half of the Korean peninsula.
  379. The term comes from 'san' (=yama) in 'NAKAYAMA' and a different name of the minister 'Kaimon.'
  380. The term comes from Minbukyo = Ministry of Revenue.
  381. The term comes from Morotoki who served as Kogogushiki (the Queen-consort's Household Agency).
  382. The term comes from Shikibukyo of kyokkan (the most highest rank which one was appointed.)
  383. The term comes from Totomi no kuni no kami (Governor of Totomi Province.)
  384. The term comes from kanto (government service) of Ukyo no daibu (Master of the Western Capital Offices.)
  385. The term comes from kanto of Emon no kami (Captain gate guards.)
  386. The term comes from kanto of Gon Chunagon (Provisional Middle Counselor.)
  387. The term comes from kanto of Samanosuke (vice-minister of Left Division of Bureau of Horses.)
  388. The term comes from kanto of the Captain of Division of Middle Palace Guards.
  389. The term comes from the 'To' placed at the beginning of each direction.
  390. The term comes from the government post of Konoe no shosho (Minor Captain of the Palace Guards) and Chujo (Middle Captain) as its Kashoku (one's trade or profession).
  391. The term derives from a Latin word "anima," which means breath, spirit, and life.
  392. The term derives from the following passage in the petition: 'As we observe how the present government fares, it resides neither in the emperor above nor in the people below, but it solely belongs to 'Yushi.'
  393. The term describes the characteristic of aristocratic culture centered on the Fujiwara clan.
  394. The term earthen image means images of which the material is clay.
  395. The term existed as legal terminology in Article 43 of Japan's Commercial Code prior to its amendment in 2005 (reorganized as Article 25 after amendment).
  396. The term for staying in the dormitory is one or two years, and students have to move out during summer vacation in order to accommodate short term exchange students.
  397. The term fusuma (襖) is a fitting which is used as a partition in a Japanese-style room.
  398. The term generally refers to a cluster of residential buildings but may also refer to a collection of facilities for manufacturing and related activities exemplified by "kogyo danchi・"
  399. The term had been used for a high-grade sake such as 'kudari-morohaku' in and after the Edo period.
  400. The term has a broad meaning and applies not only to fiction but also to history and newspaper articles.
  401. The term has shifted to mean the utterances of Buddha.
  402. The term hatago originally represented a basket to put a feed for horses during the trip.
  403. The term heimin designated a class of family and was created in 1869 in Japan.
  404. The term honkyoku means, 'music that was originally performed only on a specific instrument and which is the original music played on that instrument,' whereas the term "gaikyoku" means, 'music of a different type of genre that has been arranged to be played on a specific instrument not originally used in that genre.'
  405. The term ikura is derived from the Russian word 'ikra' which means roe or small round things.
  406. The term in his office was 544 days.
  407. The term in his office was 61 days.
  408. The term is a geographical contrast to its rival court, the Southern Court of Yoshino, located in Nara south of Kyoto.
  409. The term is also commonly used to refer to Buddhist temples in general.
  410. The term is also used to refer to the Yamato race alone.
  411. The term is an abbreviation for "rinmyoshuji" (at one's death).
  412. The term is derived from the fact that the two Chinese characters "充行" (ate okonai) are included in the text.
  413. The term is derived from the name of an organization in the Kamakura period called Toimaru, which was first engaged in transportation operations, warehousing, and commissioned sales, and later became involved in handling general goods as well.
  414. The term is derived from the word 'kosho' or 'koju' (attendant of a noble person) which from the middle ages was a post that meant serving in close proximity to a busho (Japanese military commander) and taking care of daily chores and affairs.
  415. The term is found in a poem titled 'A Poem About the Japanese Sword' by Ou-yang Hsui in Baisong.
  416. The term is frequently used in the distribution industry to explain or indicate box-shaped transportation machines such as various types of container and trucks.
  417. The term is generally considered to be synonymous with dai-ji (great temple, also known as kandai-ji) but kokubun-ji and kokubun-niji (state-supported provincial temples and convents of the Nara period) are also thought of as kan-ji as these are also covered by the definition.
  418. The term is mostly associated with the fleet of United States Navy ships, led by Matthew PERRY, that arrived off the coast of Uraga in 1853.
  419. The term is only used for disinheritance of a prince who has been investitured as a crown prince.
  420. The term is presently used to refer to ships that came to Japan during the late Edo Period.
  421. The term is pronounced as "hakusei" in the Han reading.
  422. The term is said to have been used by Daruma (Bodhidharma) for the first time in Buddhism.
  423. The term is said to have come from Kojunin (an attendant).
  424. The term is said to have originated from the fact that Neiso of the Southern Sung Dynasty protected the five temples of Keizan, Unin, Tendo, Joji, and Ikuo as "gozan" (literally, five mountains), in emulation of India's five Shoja and ten pagodas (The Five Shoja of India).
  425. The term is set.
  426. The term is still used.
  427. The term is used as a category name of musical composition in the field of classical Japanese music, while it means a partner when being used in classical Japanese dance.
  428. The term is used as a comparison to 'Matsukata finance' promoted by Masayoshi MATSUKATA, who was an actual successor of Okuma.
  429. The term is used like Santo-monogatari (Santo stories) for a truism campaign and Santo-net (Santo network) for a media coproduction system.
  430. The term is used mainly in composing waka (Japanese poems).
  431. The term is used not only to indicate an adminimistrative area, but is increasingly used to refer to the names of various facilities and business sites, regardless of whether they are owned publicly or privately.
  432. The term is used to contrast the period with the age of samurai government following the Kamakura period, and the name derives from the fact that political power was held by an imperial dynasty headed by an emperor.
  433. The term is used to indicate the open culture, openly-cultured strawberries, and so on.)
  434. The term is written in kanji (Chinese characters) as either "灯籠 流し"or "灯篭流し."
  435. The term ishi-bocho (stone implement) refers to a ground stone tool excavated from remains in the Jomon period or Yayoi period in Japan (in Yangshao culture and Longshan culture in China).
  436. The term kaidan (ordination platform) is a Buddhist term that refers to a place for giving the precepts of Buddhism.
  437. The term keidai refers to the grounds of a Shinto shrine or Buddhist temple.
  438. The term kiganjo refers to a Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine at which worshipers pray for favors.
  439. The term kikizake may also be used for wine or shochu (distilled spirit) tasting.
  440. The term ko originally represents 'kogi (lecture)' or 'ko-doku (reading),' and referred to a group of monks living in the Heian period who read and studied Buddhist scriptures.
  441. The term kominka refers to traditional Japanese houses, especially ones built a long time ago.
  442. The term kusamochi now refers to yomogimochi.
  443. The term kyujin was used to mean a samurai who owned territory but was not a kuramaidori (a rank of retainers) from the Muromach period to the early Edo period.
  444. The term later came to be used to refer to sub-temples in which monks of this rank resided.
  445. The term literally means to explain teachings once again and to eliminate differences in views.
  446. The term maru is also used for castles built during and after the Edo period.
  447. The term may also written as 郭.
  448. The term meaning "ancient documents" is given the irregular pronunciation 'komonjo' in Japanese.
  449. The term means that those who pass into Amida Buddha's Pure Land can meet Buddha and many Bosatsus in the same place.
  450. The term miyadaiku refers to a carpenter "daiku" involved in the construction and repair of Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples.
  451. The term mokuroku often refers to a table, a list or a catalogue.
  452. The term myoden (literally means a named paddy field) comes from the fact that a tato or a myoshu gave a name to the land he operated in order to distinguish his land from other lands.
  453. The term nagaya normally calls into mind a wooden residential building built along a narrow street of a shitamachi (the traditional shopping, entertainment and residential district).
  454. The term nanban came from nanban-ni meaning the cuisine in which foodstuffs imported from foreign countries such as cayenne pepper and green onions are used.
  455. The term of 'Genro' is sometimes used for indicating a privileged post for a small number of persons who are engaged in assisting a monarch, in appointment and approval in the core of an administrative organization, such as a cabinet.
  456. The term of 'Hyojosho' in the acts by the Edo Shogunate first appeared in May 1652 while the term had not been seen in 'Meyasubako uragaki' (the endorsement of the written complaint) until October 1654.
  457. The term of 'Tokaido/Sanyo Shinkansen' and that of 'Tohoku/Joetsu Shinkansen' are sometimes used by combining Tokaido Shinkansen and Sanyo Shinkansen and combining Tohoku Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen, respectively.
  458. The term of 'kannagi' refers particularly to such a profession in Japan.
  459. The term of Iemitsu MINAMOTO was used in the sovereign's message on the shogun side.
  460. The term of Shoro is also used for indicating a similar facility in Christian-related buildings (such as in churches and chapels).
  461. The term of Super is used in the JR group to indicate that the trains on Shinkansen are positioned above the Limited Express on their regular railway lines ('the class above Limited Express' in Japanese).
  462. The term of `Gosyodoki', caused a lot of misunderstandings by common people who had come into contact with such Kimono during that time.
  463. The term of deva is also translated as Tenjin (heavenly deities) or Tennin (heavenly beings), but in this case, the shades of meaning are different to a certain extent.
  464. The term of education: one-year.
  465. The term of kita and minami were used for identifying a location where the bugyo-sho office was placed, and were not used officially
  466. The term of kubunden appeared for the first time in the Northern Qi which was separated from the Northern Wei, and Sue that succeeded the Northern Qi also employed an equal-field system.
  467. The term of machi-bugyo-sho came from the name of the governmental post, therefore, the office was actually called go-bansho (a police station) or o-yakusho (a government office) by townspeople.
  468. The term of officers shall be four years, and every two years half of the officers shall be elected.
  469. The term of service is one year.
  470. The term of service was three years although it was often extended.
  471. The term of sochi and gon no sochi was five years.
  472. The term of the head priest is four years.
  473. The term of the special course was extended to one year.
  474. The term of 流浪人 (ruronin: meaing a wanderer) originates here.
  475. The term omu rice is a word made in Japan.
  476. The term or concept 'Kawaii' indicating a good impression, preferably an image or posture aimed at expanding to other countries in around 2005 (as an example in other countries, 'cool' has the same meaning or concept in the United States of America).
  477. The term originally meant 'underground spring' in classical Chinese, but its meaning gradually changed to mean the underground world of the dead.
  478. The term originated from Jodo Shinshu (the Pure True Land school of Buddhism) but is now commonly used by any other schools.
  479. The term originated in the Han reading 'tetsu' of the Chinese character, 'netsu' (meaning fabrication).
  480. The term referred to a technique to decorate a lacquer ware by using Mitsuda-so (lead monoxide) as a desiccant in the early-modern times.
  481. The term refers to chojuku yaku (the benefitreceived from the seed ripening) or seijuku yaku (the benefit received from the seed maturing).
  482. The term refers to gedatsu yaku (the benefit received from the seed being harvested).
  483. The term refers to geshu yaku (the benefit receivedfrom sowing the seed of Buddhahood).
  484. The term refers to provisions to ease the reduction of greenhouse gases such as tree planting activities, activities abroad, International Emissions Trading and so on, except for merely domestic activities of emissions reduction, and is also called flexibility mechanisms.
  485. The term refers to tanka which describe nature, such as natural scenery and the beauties of nature that are the traditional themes of natural beauty in Japanese aesthetics.
  486. The term refers to various forms of entertainment other than rakugo or kodan storytelling.
  487. The term seimai is used to mean the act of polishing the rice as well as the white rice itself; other expressions for the act of polishing include seihaku and tosei.
  488. The term sengoku daimyo refers to a daimyo who exercised unitary control over several districts or provinces during Japan's sengoku (warring states) period.
  489. The term setsubun or sechibun also means the division of seasons.
  490. The term shi-no-ko-sho is currently a word which is prohibited on radio and television because the term has been associated with buraku-sabetsu (contemporary discrimination against burakumin (people who come from or live in special hamlets)).
  491. The term shoen-sei (manorialism) is most often used when explaining the medieval west Europe.
  492. The term shomyo itself appeared as early as the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan) and referred to vassals who controlled a castle, or daimyo with a low stipend.
  493. The term tanabata was born when the above was combined with Japanese indigenous legend of Tanabatatsume.
  494. The term tsubo-sen is thought to have derived from "tsubo", a pot (ancient Chinese vessel shaped like a vase, usually used to store alcohol), as the tax was imposed based on "tsubo-su", the number of tsubo used for brewing.
  495. The term tsukubai literally means "stooping", and it is so named because one has to stoop down to wash one's hands using the chozubachi.
  496. The term tsumado refers to a door, which originates from its role like a wife against a building.
  497. The term urabone (ullambana) refers to the last day of an ango practice (the three-month intensified practice of Zen Buddhism), on July 15th in the old calendar, but urabone is mostly used to indicate a memorial service offered for ancestors' souls to relieve severe sufferings on that day.
  498. The term used for identifying this period originated from Yayoi-style earthenware characteristic of this period.
  499. The term wagashi is used to differentiate traditional products from European style confectionery which first entered Japan after the Meiji period (1868-1912).
  500. The term was a reference to women who conducted lightheaded behavior such as being spirited, impudent, coquettish or too friendly in their words and deeds, who had flirtatious tendencies or who floated from place to place like rootless wanderers.
  501. The term was also used to refer to the general concept of those who were somewhat subordinate but not satisfying a fully independent master-servant relationship.
  502. The term was coined by Sir James George Frazer (1854 - 1941), a social anthropologist in Scotland, because bananas commonly appear as an important item in the myths.
  503. The term was frequently used for the political activists who held to ideal of "Sonno-joi (Reverence of the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners)".
  504. The term was mainly used up to the Tang dynasty.
  505. The term was originally a derogatory term used by the Minto party who supported the Movement for Liberty and People's Rights, and at the time they, and the media, called themselves "Onwaha."
  506. The term was used from the end of the Heian Period to the beginning of modern times, and in the Edo Period the son was called heyazumi (literally, a person living in a room)
  507. The term was written as '?力' (seen in "Nihonshoki") or '角觝' (some people used this in the Edo period) in Japanese, and both were pronounced as sumo.
  508. The term yamato-damashii is said to have first appeared in the "Otome" (Maiden) chapter of "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji).
  509. The term yorishiro was needed because there were no words to denote what was called "kami-oroshi" (possession by a kami, "god") of various objects in Ancient Shinto and Japanese folk beliefs.
  510. The term 溷六 also means a drunken man in acute alcohol poisoning.
  511. The term, "Ama no iwato" refers to a rock cave that appears in Japanese mythology.
  512. The term, "Jisshu Jissho" (Discipline to prove the teaching) left by Shobo, should be the mind of mountaineering asceticism and always maintained by practitioners of Tozan School in the process of practice.
  513. The term, "kaiseki" (会席) originally referred to a poetic gathering, especially one practicing renga (linked verse) and haikai (17-syllable verse).
  514. The term, 'National Buddhism' is sometimes used in recent years.
  515. The term, 'haboku' is used to generate an effect similar to shed an ink by crossing ink lines.
  516. The term, 'haboku' was commenced to be used in the latter half of the period of Tang Dynasty, and the meaning of the term varies depending on period and context.
  517. The term, 'junin,' at that time was defined as the kaihatsu-ryoshu (local notables who actually developed the land) who developed that area.
  518. The term, Gundai (Intendant of a region or administrator of a town), was often used to describe attacks against Shinano.
  519. The term, Tozama, was not used during that period, but as a matter of practical convenience, it is used like this today.
  520. The term, `kori' (郡) was used after the establishment of Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code), and documents (mokukan [narrow, long, and thin pieces of wood strung together that were used to write on in ancient times]) which contained `kori' (評) discovered before that..
  521. The term, kakegoe is also used for mainly the audience of kabuki.
  522. The term, o-muko is used for mainly the audience of kabuki, and it often refers to 'migousha' (connoisseur) who takes those cheaper seats to come to the theatre very often; Kabuki-za Theatre might have set up 'maku-mi-seki' (seats on the highest balcony for a single act) originally for those connoisseurs.
  523. The term, originally meaning the gift, came to have another meaning of settlement (in a lawsuit) in the early Kamakura period and used in both meanings throughout the medieval period.
  524. The term, shiso can be generically used as 'shiso in the broad sense,' or 'shiso in the narrow sense' for chirimen-jiso, P. frutescens var. crispa f. crispa, which is a basic species, and aka-jiso, P. frutescens var. crispa f. purpurea, which is a typical species.
  525. The term,"misogi," (ablution) has two meanings.
  526. The terminal is at Maejima Wharf, 2.3 km ahead of Higashi-Maizuru Station.
  527. The terminal of routed buses running on nearby roads is Keihan Rokujizo Station (the bus stop is 'Keihan Rokujizo').
  528. The terminal station of the Tozai Line and its station number is T01.
  529. The terminal's vicinity
  530. The termination of Saigu's mission was called Taishutsu from the eighth until about the tenth century.
  531. The terms "Gejo" and "Geba" (dismounting a horse and alighting from a palanquin) can be seen in a document, but the term "Geba-fuda" (a sign to instruct Gejo and Geba) was not found.
  532. The terms "Japanese cuisine" and "Japanese style dishes" implicate the 'traditional' Japanese cuisine.
  533. The terms "bakufu-ryo" or "baku-ryo" (lit. Shogunate's territories) are often used in the present day.
  534. The terms "banto" and "tedai" were used in the code as examples of persons, who were employed for business activity and commissioned under certain or specific provisions, but they were removed with the 2005 amendment.
  535. The terms 'Matsudaira-go fudai' and 'Iwatsu fudai' were both newly created by a scholar taking into consideration of the whole Matsudaira clan including the Anjo-Matsudaira family, thereby failing to be a historical term.
  536. The terms 'Nankin-odori' seen in "Suishoan no ki" and 'Kanposai no odori' seen in the volume 4 of "Koshoku Mankintan" are both indicating tojin-odori, but it is unknown whether they had lyrics.
  537. The terms 'the twenty-five histories' or 'the twenty-six histories' referring to the regular twenty-four plus the PRC-era compilations "The New History of the Yuan" and/or the "Draft History of the Qing", are also sometimes used.
  538. The terms of "Setsuninto and Katsuninken" are seen in the certificate which Nobutsuna Kamiizumi gave in February to Nagayoshi MARUME of Higo Province, and the terms of "Manji, Setsuninto and Katsuninken" are seen in the certificate 14 of Itto-ryu School.
  539. The terms of "Setsuninto" and "Katsuninken" were originally used in the koan (a method to learn the secrets of Zen) of Zen sects such as "Mumonkan" and "Hekiganroku".
  540. The terms of "shiho" and "banpo" are the indications of it.
  541. The terms of the reconciliation were not disclosed.
  542. The terms such as 'Kunigae,' 'Tokorogae' and 'Tokutai' were used in records instead of Tenpo.
  543. The terms, kigo and kidai, though similar, imply different things.
  544. The terraces and a surrounding moat are unclear, which has been pointed out the possibility that it originally didn't have them.
  545. The territorial land value of Sendai Domain was the third highest in Japan for its 620,000 koku value, next to Kaga Domain of Maeda clan and Satsuma Domain of Shimazu clan; however, this figure was a face value, and the actual land value of Sendai Domain was estimated to exceed well over 1,000,000 koku.
  546. The territorial lords in the early Edo period needed to adjust the ruling system in their own territory in order to respond to the order from the Shogunate to mobilize for Fushin.
  547. The territories assigned to the Mizuno were all important ones such as from the Kariya Domain to the Koriyama Domain in Yamato Province and the Bingo-Fukuyama Domain in Bingo Province.
  548. The territories of Mikazuki Domain of Harima Province were centered around Sayo-gun, near Mimasaka Province.
  549. The territories of the Anayama and Oyamada clan maintained an identity close to that of kokujin ryoshu (local samurai lord).
  550. The territories of these daimyo were so far from Kyoto that they had to settle the resistance on the way or the internal conflict of their own territories one by one if they wanted to achieve joraku.
  551. The territories were also called Hankoku (a.k.a. Bankoku).
  552. The territory bordered with the sea on all ends.
  553. The territory had a yield of approximately 29,800 koku in rice.
  554. The territory has been ruled by the group led by TAIRA no Nobukane, former governor of Dewa Province.
  555. The territory known as the Hata Kingdom (in the coastal regions of the Seto Inland Sea) whose customs and manners were similar to those of China is introduced in "Zuisho" (a history of Sui), and so there is a further theory that this place had something to do with the Hata clan.
  556. The territory of 35,000 koku was added in the Shimosa Province, Shimotsuke Province, and Omi Province and the family ranked with daimyo.
  557. The territory of Mizokui was succeeded by his son, Suketoki MIZOKUI (Genji MIZOKUI), and then succeeded by his descendants for generations.
  558. The territory of Nagaoka domain, which lost the Boshin War, was reduced from 74,000 koku crop yields to 24,000 koku crop yields.
  559. The territory of Vietnam's "Tenka" changed under the influence of Sino-Vietnam relations.
  560. The territory of Yamazaki Domain of Harima Province was located in Shiso-gun, in a mountainous area in the northern part of Harima Province.
  561. The territory of the Fukumoto-Ikeda clan and that of its two branch families (the Ogata-Ikeda clan and the Yoshitomi-Ikeda clan) occupied Jinto County and the northern part of Jinsai County in the upper reaches of the Ichi-kawa River (in Hyogo Prefecture), with Kufumoto located near the east side of the Ichi-kawa River.
  562. The territory of the Imagawa family, whose power declined after Yoshimoto IMAGAWA was killed by the Nobunaga side in the Battle of Okehazama in 1560, collapsed immediately, and Ujizane IMAGAWA, the head of the family, fled.
  563. The territory of the Kikkawa clan now extended to most parts of the Kawai-gawa River basin in the northeastern part of Yamagata County, leading Tsunemoto to become known as 'the great lord rejuvenating the Kikkawa clan.'
  564. The territory of the company were the Kinki and Hokuriku regions.
  565. The territory was located in the southern part of Nara Prefecture.
  566. The territory was passed on from Hachijoin, Imperial Princess Shoshi, Emperor Juntoku, Imperial Prince Morisada, Imperial Princess Kuniko, Emperor Kameyama, Emperor Gouda, Imperial Princess Kishi, to Emperor Godaigo; it had become a major economic resource for the Daikakuji-to (imperial lineage of Emperor Kameyama).
  567. The territory was temporarily seized by the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) during the Jokyu War, but later returned and handed over to Emperor Gofukakusa in 1251.
  568. The territory's amount in goku did not change with 10 thousand goku.
  569. The territory's amount in goku did not change with 50 thousand goku.
  570. The terror was so strong that the intestines and liver were felt to have been burnt.
  571. The testimony boy named Senjumaru, whose role it was to carry out the assassination, led to the Ninkan's arrest and confession following questioning.
  572. The text 'a wise man doesn't participate in shooting contests' in the middle of the fifth line of the right page shows the origin of Reisha thought.
  573. The text Nihon Koki (Later Chronicle of Japan) records that the kami of Kifune-jinja Shrine appeared to FUJIWARA no Iseto, who was charged with the construction of To-ji Temple, in a dream and commanded him to establish Kurama-dera Temple in 796.
  574. The text and kunten are guessed to be in the Oe family style.
  575. The text body of "Ritsu-no-shuge" and "Ryonoshuge," commentaries compiled by Imperial command, is cited in the same format.
  576. The text book of Myohodo was ritsuryo itself and those who could answer 8 questions out of 7 from Ritsu and 3 from Ryo passed the exam.
  577. The text consists of 200 volumes: 20 volumes of 'Benji' (Imperial Biographies), 150 volumes of 'Liezhuan' (Biographies of Important Individuals) and 30 volumes of 'Shi' (various genres).
  578. The text covered of the currently known period from 1180 to 1266 but there is a period of more than 20 years missing.
  579. The text is a 'shogun-ki' (lit. shogun record) that consolidates the achievements of each successive shogun in a diary fashion based on that of the "Azuma Kagami" (The Mirror of the East).
  580. The text is a mixture of class 4 and class 8, and it contains an episode after the exile of Tametomo.
  581. The text is based on the three-scroll manuscript line.
  582. The text is basically the same as class 4.
  583. The text is ended by a closing term such as '依宣行之' or '官符追下.'
  584. The text is mainly written using Chinese characters but some sentences are a mixture of both Chinese and Japanese characters.
  585. The text mainly uses a so-called variant of Chinese language, while word-and-sound notation is used to describe parts such as ancient words or proper nouns where kanbun (Sino-Japanese) is slightly difficult.
  586. The text of "Hokuetsuseppu"by Bokushi SUZUKI is referenced in the description of Ojiya, Echigo Province and there is a scene of ushi no tsunotsuki (bullfighting) which actually takes place there.
  587. The text of Chokan-kanmon is compiled in Gunshoruiju zatsubu.
  588. The text of Eiri Genji monogatari is largely the same as the text of Aobyoshi-bon line, especially it is close to the Sanjonishike-bon line manuscript.
  589. The text of Nihonshoki describes that when Susano cast a dead horse into the weaving hall, it was Amaterasu who was so frightened that injured herself with a shuttle.
  590. The text of The Tale of Genji itself follows the text of proceeding printed books such as the "Eiri Genji monogatari" (Illustrated Tale of Genji) and the "Shusho Genji monogatari" (Tale of Genji with Headnotes).
  591. The text of fourth scene reads 'Uenkaseki' (Rain of Burning Stones) but it should be 'Kenrin' (Forests of Swords).
  592. The text of his notification (which appeared to be inaccurate and was not without exaggeration) immediately triggered the proposal of the Seikanron (subjugation of Korea) debate within the government.
  593. The text of his proclamation is recorded in the "Azuma kagami" (Mirror of the East) and the "Heike monogatari," but as a princely command it has formal and structural defects, and the exact wording varies with the source.
  594. The text of this additional law No. 299 can be read in "A Collection of the Historical Material on the History of Law System in Medieval Ages," and the addressee is OTA Minbu-daifu, (meaning the under secretary of Monchujo, MIYOSHI no Yasutsura) so it would have been handed to the Miyoshi clan (the Ota clan).
  595. The text states that Motosada NAITO reassumed the position of Shugodai after the downfall of Motohide UEHARA's son, Kataie UEHARA.
  596. The text that the Genji Shaku quotes from is one from before the Aobyoshi-bon and Kawachi-bon manuscripts (two 13th-century attempts to edit and revise the various versions).
  597. The text translated by Kumaraju says:
  598. The text underscores that the Ki clan are in more reduced circumstances than ancient records would tell us.
  599. The text was divided into four books.
  600. The text was lost, but his autobiography remains.
  601. The text was relatively easy to read.
  602. The text was translated into Latin, French and Dutch.
  603. The text with the preface written by Wang Yangming is called "the Old Text of the Great Learning" ("Guben Daxue" in Chinese, "Kohon Daigaku" in Japanese).
  604. The text, which has as many as seven pages out of order due to an error in binding, and had been considered difficult to understand since the old days, was revised and edited by Nobutsuna SASAKI and Kosuke TAMAI in 1924.
  605. The text, which was selected by FUJIWARA no Hirofumi, Chief Judge of the Ministry of Ceremony, was written by Michikaze when he was 34 years old, and is written in indigo on mourning paper in a semi cursive style, in a broad yet flowing script.
  606. The textbook teaches that waka poems reveal the true characteristics of the target of the poem.
  607. The textbooks they used were books classified as Shibu-gogyo, such as "Shinsen Onmyosho," "Kotei kingi kyo," "Gogyo Taigi," "Zhou Yi" (I Ching (Book of Changes)) and "Nangi."
  608. The textbooks used were same as those used at Myogyodo and Kidendo of the Daigaku-ryo, but additional lectures were also given on "Gunsyochiyo," "Roshi Dotokukyo," "Soshi," "Hakushimonju," "Joganseiyo," "Sesetsushingo," etc.
  609. The textiles for kimono do not have elasticity.
  610. The texts with three volumes (the Vulgate Texts)
  611. The texture is smooth.
  612. The texture of kamaboko, called 'ashi' (foot), determines its commercial value.
  613. The texture used in hitatare was not consistent, but shogun of the Muromachi bakufu wore white silk with no family crest.
  614. The textures of gold foil, silver paint, sumi, and pigment are employed efficiently, thus it makes us think what excellent color sense the painter had.
  615. The thatched hut built in Oami later became a temple, called Gannyu-ji Temple.
  616. The thatched-roof stilt warehouse in front of that museum is a replica of one of the massive stilt warehouses existed in the fifth century (Kofun period [Tumulus period]) that were found in the Hoenzaka Site.
  617. The theater opened on April 6, 1939 as Kyoraku Movie Theater affiliated with Shochiku Company.
  618. The theater tea rooms and their ushers all had a very close relationship with the theaters to which they were attached.
  619. The theater was crowded with a large audience from the premiere, and it was a great box-office success.
  620. The theater was packed to capacity, and particularly Yaemon performed by Tokizo gained much popularity.
  621. The theater was packed to capacity.
  622. The theaters thereby managed to hold performances.
  623. The theatre first beat a drum at four in the morning.
  624. The theme deslaration briefly describes each theme, the sources introduce the Buddhist scriptures and interpretations that constitute the basis for each theme, and Honen's opinions state his own comments starting with the phrase 'in my opinion.'
  625. The theme has been taken up in various works of art.
  626. The theme of "Kimigayo" is also for the eternity of the Imperial family.
  627. The theme of a ruined man of the warrior class was taken up by many literary works of the Meiji period such as "Shimoyonokane Juji no Tsujiura"(Frosty Night Bell and 10 O'clock Fortune-Teller at the Corner) by the same Mokuami and "Unagi-ya" (eel restaurant) which is a rakugo (comic story telling).
  628. The theme of the 2007 Fukui Machinaka Film Festival was the sauce katsudon.
  629. The theme of the story is a relation between the amount of property and desire, as well as the rights and wrongs of euthanasia.
  630. The theme song "Kachusha no uta (Katyusha song)" (by composer Hougetsu and lyricist Shinpei NAKAYAMA) sung by Sumako became a huge hit and more than 20,000 records ware sold at that time.
  631. The themes for the poems were as follows: 15 rounds each for spring and autumn, 10 rounds each for summer and winter, and 50 rounds for love.
  632. The then Japanese government that ruled Korea did not legally give any special designation (colony, overseas territory, etc.) for Korea.
  633. The then U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 in recognition of his contribution to the peace talks between Japan and Russia that led to the conclusion of the Treaty of Portsmouth.
  634. The then chieftain of Liberal Party, Hironaka KONO banned outright confrontation, but he finally was arrested and imprisoned because of Fukushima Incident.
  635. The then first-rate document 'Tottori Domain Hinoeushi Nikki' (Notes) says that Kosuke YOSHII of Satsuma told Yukie NAKANE of Echizen that this memorial was 'very reasonable.'
  636. The then name of Lake Biwa was used as the name of the division.
  637. The then seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") Yoshimune TOKUGAWA was open-minded to introduce practical kinds of Western studies and he ordered Noro and Konyo AOKI to learn Dutch.
  638. The then-current commissioner of Sado opposed the plan, citing fears that public order would deteriorate, but proponents succeeded (not without forceful coercion) in ramming through their plan, and homeless people began to be sent to Sadoga-shima Island; thereafter, every year several dozen would be sent.
  639. The theoretical books on Noh written by Zeami, "Rikugi" (Principles of Noh) and "Shugyokutokka" (Essays on Noh), both dated 1428, were given to Zenchiku by Zeami himself.
  640. The theoretical origin of Aizen Myoo is not known, but judging from one of the mantras of Aizen Myoo, 'Fun Takki Fun Jaha Fun,' it seems related to Takkiraja (Kama Raja (カーマ・ラージャ)), the tenth Funnu-son in the latter stage of Mikkyo.
  641. The theories also included that of production in Japan, but casting in China has been determined since it was affirmed that it was stored in the Shanghai Museum.
  642. The theories concerning the classification of historical periods, described above, are significantly affected by the evolution phase concept of history, and it is pointed out that they have a limitation in not taking into account that history is layered and is continuous.
  643. The theories mentioned above assume that Himiko is identifiable as a character in the Kiki, or old genealogies, but there are also opinions that insist this cannot be done, especially considering the state of the remaining records of ancient Japan.
  644. The theorists of abhorring money were not limited to the above scholars of the Chinese classics.
  645. The theorists who support the Kochi-komin System (a system of complete state ownership of land and citizens) advocate that the promotion of konden accelerated the fall of the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code).
  646. The theory 'Nangaku Eshi koshinsetsu' was also known in China and there is a theory that it drove the monk Ganjin (Jianzhen) to Japan.
  647. The theory about miso's health benefit
  648. The theory above was most likely created because experiencing a first battle at the age of 20 was considered to be late for a daimyo (Japanese territorial lord) in the Sengoku period) at that time.
  649. The theory advocated by Hsi CHU was called the Seisokuri setsu and compared with the theory by Xiangshan LU, the Shinsokuri setsu (Chinese philosophical theory in which it is believed that one's mind is the law of moral acts).
  650. The theory also points out a part that declares the emperor's independent administration without counting on any deputies, and his argument on this point is consistent with that of the Sui-Tang style imperial autocrat theory that MIZUNO advocates.
  651. The theory arguing that it is a code that advocates the essential manners to rule the nation, such as the emperor's sovereignty over the nation and his posture to practice good governance, or more concretely, it is a code that instituted the despotic ruling, following the emperors in the periods of Sui and Tang.
  652. The theory asserting that each of the above troupes later became Hoshoza, Kanzeza, Kongoza, and Konparuza respectively is being widely accepted.
  653. The theory concerning the migrant origins of the Soga clan' took academic circles by storm when it was first proposed by Teiji KADOWAKI in 1971, and became widely popular among ancient history buffs.
  654. The theory continues that there existed the (kenmitsu) system during the medieval periods, whereby old Buddhism temples such as Enryaku-ji Temple established their status as authentic national religion by maintaining the above-mentioned competitive order and forging a bond of relationship with the ruling class in the nation.
  655. The theory explained that what the astral body looked was different from what it really was and that there was a fixed rule in the difference.
  656. The theory explaining that the area inside the lines connecting all of the points where the respective Goshiki Fudo were located on the map was referred to as 'Shubikiuchi' or 'Naifu of Edo' is contradictory to the fact.
  657. The theory has it that there were ancient Japanese characters before the influx of kanji (Chinese characters), though there is no evidence for this.
  658. The theory has no longer been advocated openly since Japan lost the Second World War and was occupied by the Allied Forces accordingly.
  659. The theory holds that the word 'Heshiko' may have come from the Jomon or Yayoi period.
  660. The theory insists that he was a child of the priest named Raien, a grandchild of the Imperial Prince Yorihito (the fourth son of Emperor Gotoba), who was exiled to Kojima, Bizen Province after the Jokyu War.
  661. The theory is also supported strongly by archaeologists.
  662. The theory is based on a record which says that as the lord of the Yanagawa Domain, Yoshimasa became a head of Rengee, which was only an Asai District residents' function in Chikubushima Island.
  663. The theory is based on what Masatake KOMAI wrote about the dispute over the head of the Imagawa family in his diary about the day of Shingen experiencing his first battle as having been at the age of 16.
  664. The theory is considered as a dressed-up version of what is described in an old document.
  665. The theory is proposed by Ryutaro MIZUNO in 1975.
  666. The theory is that Nenbutsu Kyogen became silent as it was originally performed in front of crowds as they recited the nenbutsu, which would have drowned out any dialogue.
  667. The theory is that his father, Prince Kusakabe didn't ascend the imperial throne although he was a Prince, which means he succeeded to the imperial throne from his mother; the Emperor, leading to the theory; Emperor Gensho is a Female-line Emperor.
  668. The theory is widely believed that 'Shirokiya Inn' sold the first Ekiben--two rice balls and a few slices of pickled daikon radish wrapped by a sheet of bamboo bark-- at the newly opened Utsunomiya Station of Nippon Railway on July 16, 1885 (refer to the section of "The memorial day of Ekiben" and "The day of Ekiben").
  669. The theory mentions three reasons why Emperor Tenchi instituted the code; intent of preventing the conflict in Imperial Throne succession, influence by China, and Prince Otomo's wish to succeed the throne.
  670. The theory of "Nihongi" emphases that there is no character of 'sho' (書) in the above description on Mizunoto-Tori (kiyu), June 720 in "Shoku Nihongi" but characters for Nihongi.
  671. The theory of "Nihonshoki" emphases that the term of "Nihonshoki" was used in old manuscripts and all historical sources around this time of establishment, that is, the Nara period and the beginning of the Heian period.
  672. The theory of 'expelling the barbarians' (Joi ron) was a view that prevailed in Japan during the end of the Edo period and aims to expel foreigners from Japan.
  673. The theory of 'the unbroken Imperial line'
  674. The theory of 'the unbroken Imperial line' during the Edo period
  675. The theory of 'the unbroken Imperial line' during the Meiji period
  676. The theory of 538 (Bogo)
  677. The theory of 552 (Jinshin)
  678. The theory of Emperor Chuai as a fictional person asserts that Emperor Chuai was invented and inserted into the Kojiki and Nihonshoki to justify these fictional personalities and their stories as historical fact.
  679. The theory of Emperor Meiji's substitute
  680. The theory of Godai (five elements of the universe) was born in India, and the development of Gorinto shows the deep influence of Esoteric Buddhism which reconstructed this Indian philosophy.
  681. The theory of Gotoku-ji Temple
  682. The theory of Himiko's mirror
  683. The theory of Honji-suijaku affected art and architecture, giving birth to Honchi-suijaku zuga (pictures) and Gongen-zukuri (buildings), and during the middle and end of the Kamakura era it affected literature as well, resulting in a series of works called Honchimono.
  684. The theory of Jishoin Temple
  685. The theory of Nohgaku was discussed for the first time in Zeami's "Fushikaden" (The Flowering Spirit).
  686. The theory of Oike-dori named after the Shinsenen has emerged recently and may have to give way to the theory of Oike-dori as named after the Nijodono Oike.
  687. The theory of Okuninushi no Mikoto ruling the afterworld became a basic creed of fukko Shinto after Atsutane.
  688. The theory of Prince Karu being the ringleader
  689. The theory of Toyo as Amatoyo-hime no mikoto
  690. The theory of Toyo as Toyosuki iri-bime no mikoto
  691. The theory of Toyo as Yorozuhatatoyoakitu-hime
  692. The theory of Yoshikatsu TOKUGAWA's self-protection
  693. The theory of assassination by supporters for Taisei-hokan (the Restoration of the Imperial Rule) through the restoration coup d'etat is based on Tamon SASAKI's letter and testimony by housemaids of Omiya.
  694. The theory of budo
  695. The theory of budo by Jigoro KANO
  696. The theory of budo by Kenji TOMIKI
  697. The theory of budo by Tsugumasa NANGO:
  698. The theory of bushi lord of manor in early post-war period considered bushi the same as bushidan.
  699. The theory of emergence of bushi by 'kaihatsu-ryoshu'
  700. The theory of ethics established by Watsuji was based on the study of the history of Japanese thought, and is a body of philosophy unique to the Japanese, together with Kitaro NISHIDA's Nishida philosophy.
  701. The theory of mirrors being made in Japan
  702. The theory of samurai function
  703. The theory of shido (morality of samurai) introduced by Soko YAMAGA affected a lot of thinkers later.
  704. The theory of the Choshu Domain's revenge
  705. The theory of the Emperor's assassination, an unnatural death
  706. The theory of the Fuigo party's back up for the bakufu army
  707. The theory of the Satsuma Domain's revenge
  708. The theory of the bushi lord of a manor
  709. The theory of the son of Okuninushi
  710. The theory of the study of constitution, which is structured focusing on imperial sovereignty, is called the theory of imperial sovereignty.
  711. The theory of the two-part structure and that of the three-part structure
  712. The theory of the unbroken Imperial line in other countries.
  713. The theory of the unbroken Imperial line was no longer official during the postwar period, but it was still often used in discussions and speeches at official occasions.
  714. The theory of the unbroken Imperial line was often questioned and it grew into considerable disputes.
  715. The theory of the unbroken Imperial line was used as a reason for defying republican institutions and communist revolutions.
  716. The theory of two different Amaterasu (the Sun Goddess)
  717. The theory of unbroken Imperial line during the postwar period
  718. The theory on the origin of bushi by 'samurai function'
  719. The theory saying that the second half of the 'Kiritsubo' chapter was once separate from it and was called 'Kagayaku Hinomiya'.
  720. The theory says that due to the call from Takenokoshi Hyobu shoyu, the Fuigo party went down to Edo with princeling Yoshinori and supported for the bakufu army.
  721. The theory says that one of the authors of the book was Kojima Hoshi and this person was someone close to the family of Takanori KOJIMA or Takanori KOJIMA himself and Takanori wrote "Taiheiki."
  722. The theory states that from the circumstance evidence Prince Karu was the true ringleader and killed the Soga clan in order to carry out the Japanese first abdication; Kogyoku stepping down from the throne and Kotoku ascending the throne (suggested by Mitsuo TOYAMA).
  723. The theory stating that it was first adopted in the Reign of Empress Suiko (theory by Sokichi TSUDA before the war) is also persistent.
  724. The theory that 'Kagayaku Hinomiya' never existed
  725. The theory that Emperor Sujin and Emperor Suinin were recorded in the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki not under their posthumous names but under their real names indicates how unique and important the Iri Dynasty was in ancient Japan.
  726. The theory that Emperor Tenmu was the first to use the title of Emperor is persuasive.
  727. The theory that Fukai-no-Joten/ Fukaijoten was formulated to establish the Crown Prince system was presented by Tei MORITA in 1993.
  728. The theory that Mitsuhide AKECHI was Tenkai, a sojo (the official Buddhist priest in the highest position) in the early Edo period is popular, but some say that Hidemitsu was Tenkai.
  729. The theory that Xavier was not with tonsure might be most probable, since the portrait with him in tonsure was actually painted by Japanese 70 or 80 years after the death of Xavier without seeing him, and the denomination of Xavier (Society of Jesuits) not practicing tonsure.
  730. The theory that ancient Japanese had eight vowels had been widely accepted and had become almost an established theory, however after 1975, several opposing theories appeared.
  731. The theory that asserts "naga" is the right pronunciation of the letter.
  732. The theory that he passed away on October 28 is based on the date of death officially announced at that time.
  733. The theory that he was a shadowy person
  734. The theory that he was born in Echigo
  735. The theory that he was born in Settsu
  736. The theory that holds that 'Kagayaku Hinomiya' is another name for the present 'Kiritsubo'.
  737. The theory that karate developed due to the kinmu seisaku is therefore refuted by some researchers as 'completely groundless fiction invented in the streets' (Ryozo FUJIWARA).
  738. The theory that the Kojiki was falsified
  739. The theory that the Sword of the Heavenly Gathering of Clouds was lost at the bottom of the sea
  740. The theory that the assassin belonged to Kyoto Mimawarigumi is widely accepted.
  741. The theory that the author was KAMO no Chomei is negated by the fact that there is a discrepancy between the year of his death and the writing of this book.
  742. The theory that the chapter Suma was written first
  743. The theory that the statue came from the Korean Peninsula derives from the conviction that it is either the Buddhist statue received from Prince Shotoku in the year 603 or the Buddhist statue that arrived from the Silla Kingdom in 623 referred to in "Nihon Shoki."
  744. The theory that the sword is kept in the Imperial Court
  745. The theory that the sword was sunk in the Battle of Dan-no-ura
  746. The theory that there were 13 dispatches excludes the 4th envoy, and the theory that there were 15 dispatches includes the envoy carried out in 786 (or 720).
  747. The theory that, because she often made the gods laugh, she was the patron goddess of the entertainment professions (like performers and comedians), tends in the Kansai region to take priority over other interpretations.
  748. The theory upheld by YOSHINO and MINOBE of Tokyo Imperial University was buttressed further by journalists and other political scientists such as Nyozekan HASEGAWA of Chuo University and Ikuo OYAMA of Waseda University.
  749. The theory was proposed under the title 'Development of Kenmitsu System in Medieval Japan' in the book "Medieval Nation and Religion in Japan" (1975) published by Iwanami Shoten, Publishers.
  750. The theory was revised to make Kitagawa-dono Soun's very young sister.
  751. The theory was suggested because it was strange that contents relating to Takanori KOJIMA were too detailed and too many, even though he was just a samurai.
  752. The theory was that if the ultimate examiner was the Emperor, zasu being the Emperor, the Emperor and each Kakyo bureaucrat already had the teacher-student relationship, irrelevant of bureaucratic parties.
  753. The theory which argues that the Emperor Tenmu started using the title, 'Tenno' (emperor), is widely accepted.
  754. The theory which assumed that excavated triangular-rimmed mirrors were from amongst the 100 mirrors which Himiko was given by the Emperor of Wei.
  755. The theory, Wado-kaichin coins were issued all the way back in the era of Emperor Tenmu, was pretty much denied due to the discovery of a large amount of Fuhonsen coins, mentioned later.
  756. The thermal failure came to be called by this name because the Athlon CPU, particularly the ones manufactured in the process for the core having the code name of Thunderbird, caused frequent failure of this type (burned bird = burned Thunderbird core = thermal failure).
  757. The thick lines indicate biological children, the thin lines indicate husband and wife, the double lines indicate adopted children; and the dotted lines indicate children adopted by another family.
  758. The thick sweet sauce made of arrowroot starch' and 'the savory smell of a slightly burned surface' are especially preferred.
  759. The thickness is brought down from Mune (back) toward Kissaki (tip).
  760. The thickness is brought down from a little lower part of Kissaki (tip) to the middle of Mune (back).
  761. The thickness is four to seven millimeters.
  762. The thickness is one to three centimeters.
  763. The thickness is two to three millimeters.
  764. The thickness of castle walls was considered more important than their height, and the height of inner structures was made low, and there was no space for government offices and houses.
  765. The thickness of frying pan or hot plate can not keep the heat and the temperature fall is very large.
  766. The thickness of soup broth served in the Udon noodle shop at each station along the Tokaido Shinkansen railroad was studied in a TV program "Tamori Club, sayonara the twentieth century special" (a ninety minute long special version, broadcast by TV Asahi) broadcast on December 22, 2000.
  767. The thickness of the curved limb of the bow (at the upper part of the grip) - Around 2.03cm to 2.06cm
  768. The thickness of the starch also depends on the fabrics and preferences.
  769. The thickness of the strings are changed in about threes of strings and 17 strings in the tenor note part are made of silk and 13 strings in the treble note part are made of tetrone.
  770. The thickness was around 1.5 mm and the weight was from 4.25 g to 4.59 g.
  771. The thin layer is cut into a certain form, and baked on both sides using a baking pan dedicated to the tane.
  772. The thin paper called hakushi inserted between sheets of gold leaf by default can be used for this purpose.
  773. The thin sushi roll wrapped by a half-size dried laver was the quintessential nori-maki and called 'teppo' (literally, gun) from its shape.
  774. The things related to the myoden administration were left to their discretion.
  775. The things whose shapes remind of dango are called dango.
  776. The thinking at the time of Byodo-in Temple's founding in 1052 coincided with the first year of the 'Third Age of Buddhism' and members of the noble classes prayed to be reborn in paradise and built numerous Buddha halls devoted to Western Pure Land Paradise overseer, Amitabha.
  777. The thinly split wood, when heated, gives off an enjoyable aroma.
  778. The thinned lumber is bended after immersing it in hot water for softening.
  779. The third 'proposal of establishing Hokkaido imperial university' was adopted in the diet in 1911, but the government expressed negative views.
  780. The third (the lord of the domain): Tsunaeda TOKUGAWA (his posthumous title: 粛公) (adopted from the lord family of Takamatsu Domain, a branch domain of Mito; a son of Mitsukuni's elder brother.)
  781. The third (the lord of the domain): Tsunanari TOKUGAWA
  782. The third (the lord of the domain): Tsunanori TOKUGAWA
  783. The third Anglo-Japanese Alliance exempted the United States of America from the countries to fight with.
  784. The third Chikusen
  785. The third Dohachi (1811-1879)
  786. The third Donyu RAKU (1599-1656)
  787. The third Emperor Yongle of the Ming dynasty organized a large scale surface fleet led by Zheng Hu and dispatched it as far as Southeast Asia, the Indian Sea and the Arabian Sea.
  788. The third Great Buddha Hall (the current one) has the same height and depth as the original, but the width is 30% smaller, reduced from 20m to 12.7m.
  789. The third Hanshiro (1746 - 1784, go: Ittokusai Yuho)
  790. The third Hanzo: Masanari Hanzo HATTORI
  791. The third Ito Cabinet resigned en masse to prepare for party organization for Hirobumi ITO.
  792. The third Kadoshige TERAMICHI was a clerk of Imabarihatohama who later assumed the surname MASAOKA.
  793. The third Kamakura kubo: Mitsukane ASHIKAGA 1398-1409
  794. The third Kankuro NAKAMURA
  795. The third Kijin: Rasetsu-shin God
  796. The third Koga kubo, Takamoto ASHIKAGA, had initially borne the name 'Takauji', but this coincided with the original name of the first Shogun, Takauji ASHIKAGA. Therefore, he later changed his name to 'Takamoto' (高基), which contained the character (Moto), taken from the personal name of the first Kamakura kubo, Motouji.
  797. The third Kuni no Miya Prince Asa Akira was born in 1901.
  798. The third Manzo MOMURA (April 12, 1796-April 13, 1865): real name, Naoteru.
  799. The third Monday of July (since 2003)
  800. The third Monday of September, since 2003
  801. The third Prince Naruhisa was the third prince of Imperial Prince Yoshihisa.
  802. The third Prince of Emperor Reizei
  803. The third Prince: Imperial Prince Yutahito (Emperor Gohorikawa) (1212 - 1234)
  804. The third Princess: Imperial Princess Motoko (? - 1229)
  805. The third Russo-Japanese Agreement was signed on July 8.
  806. The third Senko IKENOBO revised the writings of the traditions of the rikka style and the imparted methods.
  807. The third Shikan NAKAMURA: A son of the second Tozo NAKAMURA.
  808. The third Shogun Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA, was bent on strengthening shogunal power.
  809. The third Shoraku HAYASHIYA
  810. The third Sunday in April: Akebi no Chigomai (literally chigo dancing next day) (Hofuku-ji Temple, Kurobe City)
  811. The third Sunday of April, Fuchu furusato natural park/Kakugan-ji Temple (Toyama City)
  812. The third Sunday of April: Haru-no-taisai Grand Spring Festival (the Kemmu Restoration anniversary memorial festival)
  813. The third Sunday of October, Hamakita Manyo Festival (Hamakita Ward, Hamamatsu City)
  814. The third Toyokuni was Kunisada UTAGAWA, also a disciple of Toyokuni, and Kunisada proclaimed as the second Toyokuni in 1844, although the second Toyokuni (Toyoshige UTAGAWA) was already established.
  815. The third act
  816. The third act: Sumiyoshi Toriimae (aka. Toriimae)
  817. The third act: The scene of the Linked Verse Session at Mt. Atago
  818. The third administration of Taro KATSURA, a member of the Meiji oligarchy representing dominant former feudal domains and strongly influenced by the Japanese Imperial Army, was formed under these circumstances.
  819. The third and fourth lines of Japanese syllabary
  820. The third and fourth phrases, '寒皃' and '潔也,' explain its semantic readings, 'cold and crisp,' respectively.
  821. The third and fourth ships of this envoy to Tang were wrecked, and only the first and second ships arrived at Tang.
  822. The third article required the repair of weapons to be done in Satsuma Province through zaiban bugyosho (the place of a magistrate in Ryukyu).
  823. The third article was about promulgation of a lenient punishment order against execution by decapitation (the section of the 4th day of the 10th month in the "Gyokuyo").
  824. The third basement connects these two kinds of gates.
  825. The third battle
  826. The third battle of Kannonji-jo Castle
  827. The third battle of Kawanakajima: in 1557
  828. The third battle of the Battle of Kawanakajima was fought in 1557, and is also called the Battle of Uenohara.
  829. The third case; the hundred and nineteenth Emperor Kokaku.
  830. The third chamber is as big as a six-mat room, and its surroundings and ceiling are all made of hewn-stone-shaped clayey soil which is built up like a bridge with two semicircular arches.
  831. The third chapter
  832. The third chapter (Gokuraku-shoko) describes the justice of "gokuraku ojo".
  833. The third chapter, volume two of "Ofumi" (Gobunsho) (Rennyo's instruction to monto) states that monto must abide by the following three things.
  834. The third chapter: 'Shiroyuri' (White Lily), 36 poems
  835. The third checkpoint: The junction of Kitayama-dori Street and Shimogamo Hon-dori Street (9.9 km)
  836. The third chief priest of Keiko-in Temple.
  837. The third chief priest of Tofuku-ji Temple.
  838. The third chief priest, Kakunyo (1270-1351): succeeded Rusushiki of Otani Mausoleum with the approval of lay followers in Eastern provinces in 1310.
  839. The third comment was found in 'Bunmei-kaika' (The civilization) ("Gendai Rekishi Koza" [Current History Course], published by Sobunsha) by a historian Shiso HATTORI in August, 1953.
  840. The third condition would be achieved by abolishment of unequal treaties and conclusion of equal treaties, but whether those measures would be taken or not depended on subjective judgment to decide how the country was close to existing "civilized countries," Western countries.
  841. The third conference (August 1998) Takaoka City, Toyama Prefecture
  842. The third criticism is against the fact that in the imperial edict of Emperor Monmu, Fukai-no-Joten/Fukaijoten is not cited at the section to justify his enthronement.
  843. The third crown prince of the Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa, Prince Mochihito, also faced his estate being confiscated, and this became a direct cause for the Prince Mochihito to mobilize the army.
  844. The third daughter of Emperor Goyoze, Princess Sugako, was his wife.
  845. The third daughter of Emperor Kiritsubo and the high priestess of Kamo (a maiden imperial princess appointed to serve the deities of the Kamo-jinja Shrine).
  846. The third daughter of Morinari was the lawful wife of Moritoshi, the legitimate son of Morimasa, and a real mother of Morihiro TANI, the third lord of the domain.
  847. The third daughter of Munizo was born this year.
  848. The third daughter of a successive emperor (the third Imperial Princess).
  849. The third daughter was Oei.
  850. The third daughter: Michihime (Yoshinari MATSUDAIRA's lawful wife).
  851. The third daughter: Princess (Oshu) Makishi
  852. The third day (January 25)
  853. The third disciple: Junshin
  854. The third dish is served like the second dish, but with tea (sencha, Japanese green tea) or broth (depends on the restaurant) poured over it, and it is eaten simply like chazuke (rice soaked with green tea).
  855. The third driving wheel of Number 93, JNR steam locomotive C57 class is displayed in the pavilion.
  856. The third edition of "A Japanese and English Dictionary" (Waeigorin Shusei) was published in 1886.
  857. The third family head of the family, the Empress of former Kitashirakawanomiya Prince Naruhisa.
  858. The third fierce god: Engokujushin (Engokujiyushin)
  859. The third floor of COCON KARASUMA in Shijo Sagaru, Karasuma-dori Street, Shimogyo-ku Ward, Kyoto City.
  860. The third generation
  861. The third generation Shirojiro Kiyotsugu continued to serve as a merchant holding the bakufu's warrant, and furthermore, he obtained the special privilege to the shuinsen boeki (trading by ships with a shogunal charter for foreign trade from the late 16th century to the mid-17th century) and he acquired great wealth.
  862. The third generation descendants of Masakane, known as the origins of the seven Kanke branches, used the family names, Arimoto, Hiroto, Fukumitsu, Uetsuki, Harada, Takatori, and Emi that are still in use today.
  863. The third generation family head Sanefusa was well-known as the author of Gumaiki, being respected as the master of political operations and ceremonies of the Imperial Court.
  864. The third generation head named Dokaku was a waki master, who was nicknamed 'Hige Shundo' (literally, "beard Shundo") because he had a bushy beard.
  865. The third generation head named Hachirouemon began to use Isso as their family name, and the school flourished as the exclusive performers for the Hosho school during the Edo period.
  866. The third generation head of the family, Sozen HISADA, who excelled at handicrafts, was not only famous for his Sozen wicker baskets, but also left many fine works such as tea bowls, spoons and the like.
  867. The third generation lord Takamori KYOGOKU subdivided and gave a domain of 2,000 koku to his younger brother Takakado KYOGOKU, and in 1668 he was transferred to the Toyooka domain in Tajima Province.
  868. The third generation was Kawase Dairyu SAKURAGAWA (Tatsumaru SAKURAGAWA)
  869. The third generation, Emperor Annei
  870. The third generation, Kiyotsugu CHAYA (1584 - August 22, 1622)
  871. The third group
  872. The third group is composed of volumes with a list of phrases and simple sentences for letters, with "Zohitsu Orai" being a typical example.
  873. The third head Kuninobu and subsequent heads frequently sent the army to Kyoto in response to a request from the bakufu while ruling Wakasa and Tango Provinces.
  874. The third head of the Honjo Matsudaira family.
  875. The third head of the Kuninomiya family
  876. The third head of the Kutsuki family in the Fukuchiyama Domain.
  877. The third head of the Sen family.
  878. The third head of the family
  879. The third head of the family (school): KOSE no Kintada
  880. The third head of the family was Eisen's uncle.
  881. The third head of the family: Joeki (also known as Shigefusa, Chojuro and Tahei, 1646 - 1718)
  882. The third head of the school: Yachiyo INOUE III
  883. The third head, Toraie (Michitomo) NISUKE enjoyed Nobunaga ODA's favor, and the fourth head, Heizo Masauji and the fifth head, Genuemon Masayuki were successively allowed to use purple shirabeo.
  884. The third hole of the uta-yo shinobue was made larger and slightly closer to the mouthpiece, while the first hole was made slightly smaller.
  885. The third is the Musashi Fuchu Kumano Jinja-kofun Tumulus found in 2003 (Fuchu City, Tokyo Prefecture; the middle to the end of the seventh century).
  886. The third kind refers to people who practice Rokunensho (six precepts of Buddhism).
  887. The third legend is one of the themes performed in a Noh play "Oeyama," a story about ogre extermination in the Gobanmemono (Fifth Category).
  888. The third letter was named, "Kotsukeijo"(忽恵帖) since it started with the sentence of 'Kotsukei Shorei (忽披恵書礼).'
  889. The third letter, in the cursive style, is the greatest of the three.
  890. The third lineage is the clan that branched off from the clan of the castellan of Hutamata Castle, moved to Mikawa Province, affiliated themselves to the Kira clan or the Matsudaira clan and finally became fudai daimyo (a daimyo in hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family) or Hatamoto (direct vassals of a shogun) in the era of Edo Bakufu.
  891. The third load of the Sakai family, the Utano kami line.
  892. The third lord of Kuwana Domain in Ise Province.
  893. The third lord of the Odawara Domain in Sagami Province, the lord of the Takada Domain in the Echigo Province, and the first lord of the Sakura Domain in the Shimosa Province.
  894. The third lord of the domain Nagayori ODA distributed eight villages, including Fukuchi Village, equivalent to 3000 koku to his younger brother Nagamasa ODA (bakufu hatamoto [direct retainers of the bakufu, which is a form of Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun]).
  895. The third meijin godokoro (a title that was given in Japan from the beginning of the Edo period until the Meiji Restoration; in that period it was the highest official standing that could be attained by a go player).
  896. The third movement is combined in the same way.
  897. The third one is based on the fact that Emperor Tenmu defeated Prince Otomo to ascend the throne and raised his own son Prince Kusakabe to the Crown Prince, so he made both wives of the Crown Princes report the change of crown prince to the Ise-jingu Shrine.
  898. The third one was the Princess Aga (the reading is provided).'
  899. The third ones are official documents, and they are sometimes interweaved in the descriptive part of the text with 'documents submitted from shogun's vassals and others' as above.
  900. The third or fourth son of Yoshiuji ASHIKAGA.
  901. The third owner: Yoshitsugu NAKAHIGASHI (died in 1993)
  902. The third paragraph describes the background that Yasumaro had Mikotonori (imperial edict), and stated the recitation by Are no HIEDA during the reign of Empress Genmei.
  903. The third paragraph of the preface, completion of the "Kojiki"
  904. The third part
  905. The third part and the Ten Quires of Uji
  906. The third part of the Shinmei is called the shingo.
  907. The third party called chunin coordinates conditions for wayo in the sense of settlement during the pre-sentencing stages of a lawsuit (coordination can be made in any stage).
  908. The third party was comprised of approximately 10,000 soldiers.
  909. The third patriarch of the Five Patriarchs of the Pure Land Sect as well as the fifth patriarch of the Seven Patriarchs of Jodo-shinshu Buddhism.
  910. The third period
  911. The third period (under the war regime)
  912. The third period in the series of campaigns to conquer the Emishi/Ezo barbarians ended in 803 when Shiwa-jo Castle was constructed.
  913. The third period is from July, in 758 to New year in 764.
  914. The third period is to 733, and contains a lot of original poems.
  915. The third period of Kangakue
  916. The third period was from 1195 to 1203.
  917. The third period would be from 1888 to 1897 in which there will be making way for the next generation and awaiting their development".
  918. The third period, 'recognition of positive peculiarity,' the prior period (1964 - 1976) and the latter period (1977 - 1983)
  919. The third period: from the mid 10th century to 12th century.
  920. The third person who was appointed to this post was FUJIWARA no Yoshitsugu of the Ceremonial House of the Fujiwara clan, a great-grandson of Kamatari and a nephew of Fusamae.
  921. The third phase 'three virtues'
  922. The third place
  923. The third place: Emperor Nintoku (Osazaki no Mikoto)
  924. The third prince of Prince Kuninomiya Kuniyoshi.
  925. The third prince: Monk-Imperial Prince Norihito (教仁) (Myohoinnomiya)
  926. The third prince: Nioumiya (Hyobukyo no Miya)
  927. The third prince: Prince Fushimi Akinori (Akinori-O, 1881-1883)
  928. The third princess --- Onna Sannomiya
  929. The third princess of Emperor Suzaku and lawful wife of Hikaru Genji.
  930. The third princess: Princess Morinomiya Akiko (Wife of Yoshiyori TOKUGAWA in the Tayasu family)
  931. The third production, "Maboroshi" (The Phantom), originally scripted and directed by Seika SHIBA, was shot in a studio that belonged to Shiro NAKAGAWA's Nakagawa Shiro Productions in Nara Prefecture.
  932. The third program, Seitensen mono.
  933. The third rank of Kamakura Gozan (Five) Temples
  934. The third rank: The Date clan in Sendai Domain
  935. The third ranked officials
  936. The third regent
  937. The third regent Yasutoki HOJO adopted the Goseibai-shikimoku (the code of conduct for samurai) to strengthen the bakufu's control over the gokenin.
  938. The third sanctuary: Kamununakawamimi-no-mikoto
  939. The third scene: a back street in Naka-cho
  940. The third section
  941. The third section: Eight pillars of male and female gods and seven generations of (celestial) gods
  942. The third series of the Shinshicho (1914)
  943. The third set of lyrics, 'If the weather of tomorrow should not be fine, I will cut off the neck of you, teru teru bozu,' is so cruel that this set is frequently excluded from broadcasting today.
  944. The third shogun MINAMOTO no Sanetomo was assassinated and the shogun family of the direct descendant of the Minamoto clan (MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo line with Kawachi-Genji) came to an end because Sanetomo had no child.
  945. The third shogun Sanetomo MINAMOTO, who heard Chikaie can lift up kanae (tripod kettle) and crush rocks, called Chikaie, gave him elk antlers, and ordered him to break them.
  946. The third son
  947. The third son MINAMOTO no Yoshiyasu, Tsushima no Saburo.
  948. The third son of FUJIWARA no Atsukane who belonged to the Michitsuna Fujiwara line of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan and was the Gyobukyo (Minister of Justice).
  949. The third son of Kanaoka
  950. The third son of Karoku NAKAMURA (the third).
  951. The third son of Kuranosuke OISHI
  952. The third son of Munizo was born.
  953. The third son of Naohachi OGAWA, a sake brewer of Chitose village, Minami kuwada county, Tanba Province (present day, Chitose-cho, Kameoka City, Kyoto Prefecture).
  954. The third son of Sadakatsu MATSUDAIRA, the founder of the Matsuyama domain in Iyo.
  955. The third son of Suketsugu MATSUDAIRA, the third lord of the domain.
  956. The third son of Tadataka AOYAMA; the second lord.
  957. The third son of Yoshitada: MINAMOTO no Tadamune (Genta Tadamune OBU), built the Obu sho (a medieval Japanese manor) in Moda District, Kazusa Province
  958. The third son of Yukihide AOYAMA, the first lord of the Miyazu Domain.
  959. The third son of the first Dohachi, a young brother of Dohachi NINNAMI.
  960. The third son of the first generation.
  961. The third son of the first.
  962. The third son of the seventh.
  963. The third son, ABE no Sueto
  964. The third son, Saburobe, succeeded Ryosa and bore the name of Ryoei.
  965. The third son, Sadakuni UTSUNOMIYA, joined the Southern Court of Imperial Prince Kagenaga in Kyushu, joining his elder brother Sadahisa, and died fighting in the Battle of the Chikugo-gawa River with his nephew, Kanehisa UTSUNOMIYA.
  966. The third son, Tsunekazu TAKEDA (born in 1947) was active in Japan Equestrian Federation like his father.
  967. The third son: Kazumitsu (Bingo) INUI
  968. The third son: MINAMOTO no Tadamune who called himself Genta OBU is the founder of the Obu clan.
  969. The third son: MINAMOTO no Yoshikuni
  970. The third son: MINAMOTO no Yoshimitsu became the founder of Kai-Genji and Hitachi-Genji, which are the ancestor of such clans as Takeda and Satake.
  971. The third son: SHO Ko (died at the age of 2, his mother was Princess Matsugawa)
  972. The third son: TAIRA no Masamoto (inherited the Kashima clan, and succeeds the ancestral name, Saburo KASHIMA)
  973. The third son: Yoshinori TOKUGAWA (the 16th lord of the Owari Domain).
  974. The third son:Naomaro KONOE (a researcher of Gagaku (Japanese traditional music and dance)
  975. The third squad, which was assigned to Hwanghae Province at the Hancheng (Seoul) meeting in mid-June, chased Sonjo, the King of the Yi Dynasty (Korea), with the first squad assigned to Pyeongan Province, subsequently conquered Kaesong and reached Pyongyang.
  976. The third squad: Kageyu (Kageyori) YASHIRO
  977. The third stage is called "tomezoe" (literally, "stopping adding") (abbreviated as "tome").
  978. The third story above ground had small Irimoya (hipped roof), which looked as if connecting with the main large gable roof.
  979. The third style
  980. The third temporary teacher training school, Daini Senior High School (old system)
  981. The third term - a period of classifying and arranging poems.
  982. The third theory is that 'Awashima' appearing in Japanese Mythology was Awashima no kami.
  983. The third theory is that because Yamato was an area controlled by the Izumo forces and was called Ashihara no nakatsukuni before Jimmu tosei (Eastern expedition of the Emperor Jinmu), the anti-Izumo forces called all the areas controlled by the Izumo forces Ashihara no nakatsukuni.
  984. The third theory is that they were dedicated to the god when a great happening occurred.
  985. The third theory is that when eating beef was uncommon because the meat of four-legged animals was considered taboo, it was believed that if you had a dish like this, you would be punished and 'hayajini suru' (you would die young), and the public came to call the dish 'hayashi rice.'
  986. The third time, she got married to Hidetada TOKUGAWA, the second shogun of the Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), and became a seishitsu (legal wife) (keishitsu [second wife]) of Hidetada.
  987. The third to fifth heads of the family are well known for having consistently used "home-polished rice for all products."
  988. The third version (1848) was added with court cases and so on.
  989. The third view asserts that she remained at 'Sainen-ji Temple' (Kasama City), which was a base of propagation in Kanto, and died in Kanto (temple history of Sainen-ji Temple).
  990. The third volume
  991. The third volume describes the history and manners of annual Buddhist services (masses) for each month.
  992. The third volume explains nacchin and kubo (both are the techniques of divination), etc., which are not described in the first and the second volumes.
  993. The third volume of the "Genji Monogatari Tama no Ogushi" (Jeweled Comb of The tale of Genji, written in 1799) followed it, and the second volume of the "Sumire so" (1812) written by Kyubi KITAMURA, who studied under Norinaga MOTOORI, followed it in a sophisticated way.
  994. The third volume: she gives birth to Dawn Moon's son, but gives him away.
  995. The third was Otohiwake-no-kami.
  996. The third wife
  997. The third year of Keisho (239) was the year when the month of the New Year of the fourth year of Keisho was regarded as being after December, which showed it was a time of turmoil.
  998. The third, Kakunyo of Jodoshinshu Honganji, also remarked that the idea was originally preached by Honen.
  999. The third, Moritaka MIZUNO, is thought to have been on Akechi's side during the Honnoji Incident and died in 1598 in Kyoto after retirement.
  1000. The third, Shigetaka MIZUNO

366001 ~ 367000

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