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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. In general, ascetic monks called daishu wear black samue, and monks of senior ranks such as chief priests wear indigo or brown except for black within the so-do halls.
  2. In general, baiu comes earlier in the southern region and, on an average, it is from the middle of May to the end of June in Okinawa and from the end of June to the end of July in the Tohoku region and the Hokuriku region.
  3. In general, bamboo tubes produce an excellent sound and performance, but tuning is not stable.
  4. In general, based on fermentation liquor made from substance like honey, it is distilled by continuous still to produce high-purity ethyl alcohol and water is added.
  5. In general, because there were many applicants to the medical schools and to the popular divisions at the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University, acceptance rate was often one out of two or one out of three.
  6. In general, bifukatsu is used for this dish but tonkatsu is sometimes used as well.
  7. In general, bu unit was used for measuring the area of arable land, forest and field, while tsubo was used for the area of building sites and houses.
  8. In general, children of the nobility went on to attend Gakushuin High School after graduating from Gakushuin Junior High School, but because he was influenced by Inazo NITOBE, who was the headmaster of Daiichi High School, he went on to attend that school instead.
  9. In general, each entry was written in kanji in the form of a Chinese character in Kaisho (the standard style of writing Chinese characters).
  10. In general, each kuruwa of a mountain castle was so small that only limited facilities could be installed, but each kuruwa was large in a hira-jiro (castle built on the level ground) so that large facilities, such as a palace, could be built there.
  11. In general, female students were treated well as guests, and many went on to imperial universities or universities under the new system, then became teachers and researchers.
  12. In general, for a commander such as samurai daisho, they were bothersome, but they were necessary in making (military) commands.
  13. In general, four hours are sufficient to go around.
  14. In general, going back farther in time, virtue (morality) was more emphasized as an important element of Bunjin, and in more recent years, refined taste was more emphasized.
  15. In general, grated wasabi (Japanese horseradish) is put between a topping and rice.
  16. In general, he is considered to have entered the service of the Imperial Court by 680 ("Manyoshu" volume 10, the annotation to the left of 2033), and it is usually suggested that he started his activities as a poet in the reign of Emperor Tenmu and flourished during the reign of Empress Jito.
  17. In general, he is known as Yamasachihiko.
  18. In general, he was called SOGANO no Ishikawamaro.
  19. In general, he was not regarded as Nobunaga's elder brother but as a member of the Oda Danjonojo family.
  20. In general, her name is written as 木花咲耶姫.
  21. In general, hojicha leaves are obtained by roasting sencha (green tea of middle grade), bancha (coarse tea), or kukicha (twig tea) leaves, and have a unique roasted aroma.
  22. In general, however, genin were more slavish to his or her master's house than shoju, and shoju was a name that was more often used in samurai families.
  23. In general, however, it is mainly believed that the legend of the birth of Shotoku Taishi was an example of the influence of Chinese thoughts and culture in those days which had absorbed a lot of other cultures.
  24. In general, it indicates below:
  25. In general, it is a word which refers to ready-made clothes designed and tailored by name designers.
  26. In general, it is accompanied with heated vegetables or a salad, and seasoned with different kinds of sauces (seasonings).
  27. In general, it is believed that ABE no Seimei had two children; the eldest son, Yoshihira, and the second son, Yoshimasa.
  28. In general, it is believed that ABE no Yoshihira was the eldest son (the legitimate son) of ABE no Seimei.
  29. In general, it is called "Dampatsu Rei" for cutting topknots.
  30. In general, it is called "Jodoron (the Treatise on the Pure Land)" for short, and also called "Ojoron (the Treatise on Rebirth in the Pure Land)" and "Muryoju-kyoron (the Treatise on the Sutra of Immeasurable Life)".
  31. In general, it is called "Ojoronchu" (the Commentary on the Treatise on Rebirth in the Pure Land) or "Jodoronchu" (the Commentary on Treatise on the Pure Land).
  32. In general, it is considered a god of vitality.
  33. In general, it is considered that various parts of Japan have beliefs and lore of some kind that have been passed down in their respective forms, with Izumo as the representative of such lore.
  34. In general, it is often made up of five syllables and placed in the position of kamigo (the first phrase of a waka).
  35. In general, it is often used after Ushinosuke ONOE and before Kikugoro ONOE.
  36. In general, it is said that Honen preached senju-nenbutsu by reciting Buddha's name, in accordance with Zendo's "Kangyosho."
  37. In general, it is standard for people to choose to visit the shrine of their patron Shinto god, but in some cases people instead visit a shrine closer to where they live, or choose to pay homage at a famous shrine (for example, at Meiji-jingu Shrine or Atsuta-jingu Shrine).
  38. In general, it may be presumed that relationships were rather peaceful in those days.
  39. In general, it refers to a simplicity and serenity.
  40. In general, it refers to metallic devices used to cook rice or boil water, many of which are casted.
  41. In general, it refers to three mechanisms: Clean Development, International Emissions Trading, and Joint Implementation, but it sometimes includes activities for sinks.
  42. In general, it refers to two very different methods of cooking.
  43. In general, its tendency is gentle and delicate.
  44. In general, jidaigeki mainly refers to works based on with the period between the Heian and the Meiji Restoration.
  45. In general, jinrikisha take people to tourist attractions on sightseeing tours, with commentary provided by the rickshaw man, who acts as a tour guide.
  46. In general, juicy vegetables such as cucumber, eggplant and Japanese white radish are often pickled, but others such as meet, fish, boiled eggs, and konnyaku (a gelatinous food made from devil's-tongue starch) are also pickled.
  47. In general, men, the head of family, serve to hold funerals and festivals in consistency with Confucianism, while women show their belief by visiting Korean Temples.
  48. In general, menchi katsu or minchi katsu carry an image of inexpensive western-style Japanese food.
  49. In general, miyamairi ((the custom of) taking one's baby to a shrine (to pray for blessing)) refers to Hatsumiyamairi.
  50. In general, moromi (unrefined soy-sauce) of usukuchi soy-sauce is used.
  51. In general, nigatake bamboo (giant bamboo) species, particularly Sarashidake (bleached bamboo) (also referred to as Shirotake, or white bamboo), are widely used.
  52. In general, nobody lived in the Shoki Shoen, so farmers from neighboring handen (allotted farmlands) worked the fields by renting them under the Ritsuryo system.
  53. In general, on behalf of the Shogun the official who acted as the negotiator often made a proposal to perform bukeshisso for the post.
  54. In general, only yuzamashi is seldom sold separately, but is usually sold as a set with a kyusu or a hohin (a kind of small teapot) and several chawan (tea bowls) which are of the same design.
  55. In general, otoshi-banashi should conclude with a punchline, but nowadays they often end before the punchline because of such factors as time constraints (a storyteller generally has only about fifteen minutes on stage) and for the reason that some punchlines are difficult for modern audiences to understand.
  56. In general, people used to think that the stop of Japanese missions to Tang China in 894 allowed Japan to get out of direct influence of the China and to develop its own cultures.
  57. In general, political integration is not a result of racial homogeneity but a cause.
  58. In general, rice cracker or yatsuhashi are rarely imagined from the term of Higashi (dry sweets).
  59. In general, samurai in the Ashikaga shogunate did not value the Imperial Family's authority, compared to the ones in the Southern Court.
  60. In general, she is considered to be an intelligent and composed woman and to have served as a good wife for Nobunaga, but she was not necessarily an obedient one.
  61. In general, shinboku refers to a tree as an object of worship or a tree considered to be holy, in the precincts of a shrine or a high-class shrine of Jinja-Shinto; a forest surrounding a shrine to protect the shrine; or a tree that is not cut down.
  62. In general, shoen with funyu no ken in many cases also had fuyu no ken (the right of tax exemption) (Japan) and these two rights are often considered as a set.
  63. In general, simply 'shaku' refers to the kane-jaku.
  64. In general, sitting locations of family members were determined, which made family members aware of their ranks and the order of a family.
  65. In general, sound or words were believed to have the effect to chase away evil souls or spirits.
  66. In general, tamago kake gohan contains little vitamins, and therefore it is a good idea to eat a lot of tsukemono such as Asazuke (lightly soaked pickles) in view of nutrient balance.
  67. In general, the 'Kofun period' (tumulus period) refers to the period ranging from the middle of the third century to the later part of the seventh century, approximately 400 years.
  68. In general, the Suiko dealing with rice and millet was frequently implemented in the agricultural community.
  69. In general, the Taira clan administration was established in steps from the middle of the 12th century, and although the May 1167 Imperial Order was a major event, the coup d'etat in 1179 is considered to indicate the completion of the establishment of the Taira clan administration.
  70. In general, the arquebus or the same accented sound are well-known.
  71. In general, the book is written based on information that Nagata collected from elders of the Ainu tribe through direct visits, but many parts are explained based on Nagata's speculation.
  72. In general, the castle has the following features:
  73. In general, the hakama worn by ladies at court etc were said to have been scarlet hakama and, the shade of the garment differed according to the age of the wearer.
  74. In general, the importance was placed on dignity rather than on gracefulness.
  75. In general, the innermost layer is called Mizugaki, and other layers are referred to as Aragaki or Itagaki.
  76. In general, the judgment made by Enma-o on Itsunanoka (the 34th day after the date of one's death) is the final judgment, when where the dead should go is decided.
  77. In general, the meat is simmered with a lot of sugar and salt.
  78. In general, the proportion is three parts vinegar, one part soy sauce, two parts sugar.
  79. In general, the rank of Kenrei is considered higher than that of Hsien cheng.
  80. In general, the room temperature of shubo-shitsu is controlled to be at 5 centigrade.
  81. In general, the sauce is poured and sansho powder is sprinkled over the food before eating.
  82. In general, the second version covers more details than the first.
  83. In general, the stories finish with a so-called happy ending.
  84. In general, the term "punishment" refers to forcing hardship on a person who does not obey certain rules.
  85. In general, the term 'Tsuyu' indicates the seasoning used for eating "Tsukemen" (noodles eaten with dipping broth) and so on.
  86. In general, the term Japanese doll frequently refers to 'Ichimatsu ningyo' dolls or 'Isho ningyo' (costume) dolls.
  87. In general, the top part of a headstone is pointed so that it resembles "eboshi" (formal headwear for court nobles)--there are exceptions--, and the phrase "XXX-ke Okutsuki" (a grave for the XXXs) is inscribed in the front side of the headstone.
  88. In general, the word 'Keihan' more often refers to Keihan Electric Railway and each company in the Keihan Group centering on the railroad company than the names of the areas mentioned above.
  89. In general, there are two methods.
  90. In general, there is no student here.
  91. In general, there might be an image that Iga and Koka were old enemies just like oil and water, but it is a misunderstanding.
  92. In general, these box lunch are believed to be included in 'Ekiben.'
  93. In general, these simplified documents were called kugeyo-monjo (公家様文書, the style of documents used by aristocratic officials).
  94. In general, they are generated as a subsidiary product when fat is produced from soybeans.
  95. In general, they were officially allowed to have a family name and carry swords.
  96. In general, this belief tends to be seen as a belief in Enma (one of the Juo).
  97. In general, this is the so-called 'Teuchi Udon' (thick hand kneaded Udon noodles).
  98. In general, this restaurant is recognized by consumers as one of the original restaurants.
  99. In general, this seems to suggest that of the Imperial Regalia, the Sword was lost at one point at the battle of Dannoura.
  100. In general, this term refers to a period of Japanese history lasting from the 4th century to the 6th century, but it can sometimes refer to a period lasting from after the Yayoi Period to just before the Nara Period, including the Asuka Period (from the latter half of the 6 century to the 7 century).
  101. In general, tsuchigumo is said to have been short in stature and had long limbs, and to have lived in caves.
  102. In general, ventral meat more than dorsal meat, anterior meat more than posterior meat, and exterior meat more than interior meat contains higher fat.
  103. In general, whether or not a fight have taken place, the influence of the former head is completely lost in the family when the position is forcibly transferred in a coup.
  104. In general, while the amount often ranges from \50,000 to \100,000 when the deceased is your mother or father, it often ranges from \30,000 to \50,000 when the deceased is your brother or sister.
  105. In general, wild eels are fatter around the body, and the color of the abdomen is also yellowish.
  106. In genpuku ceremonies held after the Muromachi period, young men more frequently had their forelocks shaved instead of having an eboshi placed on their head.
  107. In geology, these sizes of grains are classified as mud rather than sand.
  108. In ginza, about 10 % of minted amount of kaneitsukan was presented as tax to bakufu generally,
  109. In giving commentaries on "Kojiki," he believed all the stories in it to be true, and strongly supported "Yamatogokoro" (literally, "the heart of Japan") while denying "kan gokoro" (literally, "the heart of Kara (an ancient Chinese dynasty)," a Confucian view.
  110. In gogyo-setsu (the theory of five elements), spring is in the east, and the god of spring was called Saho-hime, due to the fact that there is Mt. Saho to the east of Heijo-kyo (the ancient capital of Japan in current Nara).
  111. In going so far as to make statues or drawings of the Buddha, the statue or appearance of the Buddha is being created by kannen (observation and contemplation), and it becomes kanzo (looking at an image) or kanso (meditation or contemplation).
  112. In governing the Kanto region, Ieyasu placed his powerful retainers in important branch castles.
  113. In government administration offices, January 4 is the day they start to work every year, called "Goyo hajime" (first business day of the year), and most companies follow this practice.
  114. In government and as a leader of a clan, have the people show respect to their superiors.
  115. In great sorrow Munemori resigned as U-daisho.
  116. In haikai, since the hokku is the first verse, it requires a motive for the verses that follows, such as the wakiku (a reply to the hokku) and other parts of the poem.
  117. In haiku since Basho MATSUO, it became the central sense of beauty, however, seldom did Matsuo himself talk or write directly about the elegant simplicity of sabi.
  118. In haiku, or Japanese seventeen-syllable poetry, the Bon festival dance is used as kigo (a seasonal word) of summer.
  119. In half-lotus position only the left foot is put on the right thigh.
  120. In handen (the allotted farmland) map etc., hokaku sen are drawn not only on rice fields but also on water surfaces and mountainous lands.
  121. In hassun monto, number of Omodama and Oyadama, allocation of Shitendama are the same as the juzu of Shingon Sect.
  122. In hatsumode (the practice of visiting a shrine or temple at the beginning of the New Year), many self-employed people throw in as Saisen "fuku-koi"(2,951yen) which means bringing good luck.
  123. In heaven celestial beings are living, in the spirit land angels are living, in the positive world positive spirits are living and in the negative world negative spirits are living.
  124. In heaven our words are true, so we can tell tens of thousands of words in only one word.' (chapter 18 and 19 of volume 'constellations')
  125. In heaven we often use numbers to communicate with each other.'
  126. In her fifth year of reign (660) Baekje was defeated by Tang and Silla.
  127. In her first marriage with FUJIWARA no Tametsune, she gave birth to FUJIWARA no Takanobu, but she divorced when her husband became a priest.
  128. In her grief, the aged mother killed herself in front of the messenger.
  129. In her home Saga Prefecture, she is revered as a wise wife as well as the mother of the nation; even today, she remains a popular historical figure along with her husband Naoshige.
  130. In her home town, Kawagoe (present Kawagoe City, Saitama Prefecture), as she moved to Kyoto for marriage, she was called 'Kyohime' (Princess of Kyoto) while in Hiraizumi-cho (Iwate Prefecture), she was called 'Kitanokata' (the woman living in the north of the house; wife) which was the title of a nobleman's wife.
  131. In her last years she was said to often confine herself in Kannon-ji Temple (Kyoto City) for prayer.
  132. In her last years, she founded Rengeko-in Temple in Yasui-dono of the Imperial Palace; Doson served as a patron of the temple; the temple was later called Yasui Monzeki.
  133. In her later life, she was granted Jusangu (honorary rank next to the three Empresses: Great Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, and Empress) and named Shirakawa-dono or Shirakawa Jugo.
  134. In her later years she became a priestess and died in 1096 at the age of 58.
  135. In her later years she served as the nurse of Emperor Shirakawa.
  136. In her later years, Onna Sannomiya becomes Genji's wife, but then she becomes estranged from him, sensing the uncertainty of life.
  137. In her later years, she was going to adopt Imperial Prince Morinari (Emperor Juntoku), but she did not have a chance to do so and she passed away when she was fifty three years old.
  138. In her life of 24 years, and in particular during the one year and two months immediately before her death, she left works which have been regarded highly in the history of modern Japanese literature.
  139. In her lifetime, she was called different names according to the changes of her living places, such as Yodo-no-kata, ("Yodo-no-ue-sama" (honorific title for emperors or shoguns), "Yodo-no-nyobo" (wife or court lady, etc.), Ninomaru-dono (second defensive), Nishi-no-maru-dono, and so on.
  140. In her old age, she adopted one of the sons of Toshifusa KINOSHITA named Toshitsugu who inherited a part of her property that yielded crops valued at 3,000 Goku.
  141. In her old age, she lived in Hirano Sho under her brother, Hirono's care, and found the SAKANOUE clan's Choho-ji nunnery.
  142. In her own story included in Kasshiyawa written by Seizan MATSURA, she wrote that shimozami recognized the lord of Matsuura domain and responded appropriately though they just rode away in an urgent situation, unlike normal procession.
  143. In her published book, "The Silver Bonbonniere (French word: A small, ornate box or dish for candy)," Setsuko wrote on this Peach Festival event, 'The Empress Teimei had four children who are all Imperial princes (boys), so she seems to look forward to the Peach Festival with pleasure.'
  144. In herbal medicine, aka-jiso leaf is generally called 'soyo' or 'shisoyo' and is mixed in herbal medicines such as shen-bi-tang, ban-xia-hou-pu-tang, xiang-su-san and so on for the purpose of moving stagnated qi or stabilizing psychological state.
  145. In here, the related shozei henkyakucho (registers recording tax income allocation to the provinces) shall be also described.
  146. In high-speed operations, it is highly possible that, for train protection (or to stop other trains for protection), use of fuses and short-circuiting-rails devices, both of which are used in regular railway lien operations, is inadequate.
  147. In higher dan-i, some organizations don't conduct games but just conduct demonstration performances.
  148. In highlands the freedom of farmers was preserved (especially in livestock raising, the labor intensity was weakened and so the service of serfs was not needed), but on the other hand, the most oppressive governance of shoens was also seen in several areas in Europe.
  149. In hindsight, the Emperor Goreizei who was born by Kishi was the last prince born by the daughters of Michinaga's clan who entered into the palace as the consorts of the Emperors.
  150. In his "A basic research on the Hojo clan in the Kamakura period" as well as "The rise and fall of the Hojo clan in the Kamakura period," Takayuki OKUDOMI explains the incident based on descriptions in "Horyakukanki," although he withholds the judgment of whether the descriptions were true or not.
  151. In his "Kissayojoki," Eisai explains about the different kinds of tea, methods for making powdered green tea, tea drinking for promoting health, etc.
  152. In his "Songoshinzomeibun," Shinran stated the true meaning of intention in the passage as follows.
  153. In his "Takuma-ryu Enri" (1722), he presented the infinite series expansion such as arcsin and sin.
  154. In his 'Azuma Ogi' series depicting portraits of popular actors, a fan-shaped frame was drawn on each sheet of paper so that people could use it to make a fan (ogi) and enjoy seeing it in their daily life, and this series' half-lengths are believed to have been the pioneering works later developed into Okubie ("large-head" pictures).
  155. In his 'Kamakura denchu mondo,' he described how his mentor Nichiin won the debate when arguing against all sects in the inside of the palace of Kamakura bakufu (the Seii taishogun of the time was Imperial Prince Morikuni, and the regent was Takatoki HOJO).
  156. In his 'Kodai Kokkashi Kenkyu no Ayumi' (The Development in the Studies of the Ancient History) Yasutami SUZUKI, who organized theories concerning the ancient history, valued the changes of dynasties theory changes as 'the greatest theory after the World War II in the study of the ancient history.'
  157. In his 'Toin Kinsada nikki,' he vividly described society during the unquiet days of the Northern and Southern Courts, including Kojima Hoshi (priest), the attributed author of Taiheiki (The Record of the Great Peace).
  158. In his 1186 letter addressed to Tsunefusa YOSHIDA, Kanto moshitsugi (court-appointed liaison with the Kamakura bakufu), Yoritomo said that he would autograph his Kao (written seal mark) for migyosho that were not written by OE no Hiromoto or TAIRA no Moritoki (to guarantee their authenticity).
  159. In his 1900 book, "Bushido: The Soul of Japan," Inazo NITOBE states that the cutting of the abdomen in seppuku originated from the ancient anatomical belief that a person's soul and love resides within the abdomen.
  160. In his 20s, he wrote 30 texts including "Hanabusasoshi," "Shigeshigeyawa," and "Hitsujigusa" under the influence of Chinese novels popular in those days.
  161. In his 40s and after, Zeamidabutsu, his Buddhist name in Jishu sect of Buddhism (In jishu, posthumous Buddhist names of men is Amida-nyorai (Amidabutsu) Go (byname). Ze (Se) came from Kanze) was abbreviated as Zeami and he became to be called Zeami.
  162. In his 50s
  163. In his Crown Prince days
  164. In his Nakatsukasa Shoyu days, he had a second villa in Fushimi, on something similar to an island in a tributary of Kyoto's Yodo-gawa River.
  165. In his Ogosho era, he employed, based on competence, priests, merchants and scholars in addition to samurai, and furthermore, William Adams, an Englishman (it was only Ieyasu who gave a foreigner a territory as a samurai), to establish the base of the Edo bakufu.
  166. In his absence Hikiroku and his wife tried to make Hamaji Jindai's mistress, but Hamaji, longing for Shino, was deceived and was kidnapped by Samojiro ABOSHI.
  167. In his absence, MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo, MINAMOTO no Mitsuyasu, and MINAMOTO no Yorimasa were drawn into a trap by Nobuyori who had raised an army in Kyoto and then captured and beheaded Shinzei. (Heiji no Ran (Heiji Rebellion))
  168. In his activities in the Institute he, together with Shunso HISHIDA, continued the unremitting study of a new style adopting the painting technique of Western painting, and before long he was turning out Bossen gaho paintings with courageously vague line drawings.
  169. In his administration of the domain, he devoted himself to such things as building the castle town.
  170. In his alternate name, 'Amatsuhiko' means Amatsu Kami (god of heaven), 'hiko' means male (hiko), and 'hohotemi' can be considered to mean clusters of rice formed in the head of the rice plant.
  171. In his appeal he criticized the Kuomintang Party and re-evaluated Japan's governance policies.
  172. In his benevolence, the Emperor prayed in June 1540 that he might recover from his illness, and wrote an inscription that usually proceeds the colophon; ''The Wisdom Sutras,' it said, 'This year many people died from the disease all over the country.
  173. In his birth place, Imizu City, every August, the residents celebrate Kensho-sai (memorial festival of eulogy for Naoaki FUJII).
  174. In his book "Gorin no sho" (The Book of Five Rings), he signed as "Shinmen Musashi no kami, Fujiwara Harunobu."
  175. In his book "Kojikiden" (Commentaries on the "Kojiki"), Norinaga MOTOORI cited KAMO no Mabuchi's view that although they were originally a pair of deities, they came to be seen as the same deity in later years.
  176. In his book "Kyushu Mondo" Yoshimoto NIJO, a successful Renga poet in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, wrote "Renga is working only when reaching Yugen."
  177. In his book "Nihon Chokodaihishi Siryo (Reference on Super-Ancient History of Japan)" (published in 1976 by Shin-Jinbutsuoraisha Co., Ltd.), it was expanded to 'koten sisho (four classics),' 'koden shisho (four legends),' 'koshi shisho (four ancient historical documents)' and 'iroku sisho (four miscellaneous records).'
  178. In his book "Questioning Civil War History" Tadachika KUWATA criticized MURAOKA's work as follows:
  179. In his book "Tamakushige Beppon", he recommended that the Kishu Tokugawa family adopt the policy of lenient punishment.
  180. In his book 'Tamakushige Beppon,' which was given to the Kishu Tokugawa family, he recommended that the death penalty be commuted, stating as follows:
  181. In his book, "Fushikaden" (or "Kadensho"), the power to emotionally move his audience is expressed as 'Hana' (flower).
  182. In his book, "Shinken-ko" (A Consideration of the Sacred Swords), Masahide TAKASAKI mentions in the chapter 'Kusanagi no Tsurugi' that 'kusa' has the meaning of 'kushi' (串) and 'ki' (奇) which refer to 'holy power' (霊威), and 'nagi' has the meaning of 'nada' which refers to 'serpent.'
  183. In his book, Chikamichi OE wrote that the murals were painted by 'Kuratsukuri no tori,' that is, Tori Busshi who produced the principal image of the Kondo of Horyu-ji Temple.
  184. In his book, Nobunaga, despite being a pagan, is always portrayed as an amiable person.
  185. In his book, he positioned it as an aesthetic sense original to Japan, considering that 'other languages do not have any synonymous words.'
  186. In his book, the author refers to the phenomenon of 'chosan' as 'tachisarigata sabotage' (Walk-off Sabotage).
  187. In his books, Myogaku described the methods of Hansetsu (Chinese phonology "fanqie": a method to indicate the pronunciation of a kanji character by using two other characters) by using kana (the Japanese syllabary) from the 'Gojuonzu' ("fifty-sound" syllabary chart).
  188. In his boyhood
  189. In his boyhood, he learned the calligraphic style of Gensho BEI (Mi Fu) under Nobuyuki NISHI.
  190. In his childhood he was supervised by Kogimon-in (Neishi (Yasuko) SAIONJI), who was a high-ranking lady in the court; an empress of Emperor Gofushimi and his grandmother.
  191. In his childhood he went up to Mt. Koya to become a priest, and thereafter, he studied Shingon Mikkyo, a form of Esoteric Buddhism, under Raiho of Bodaiin of Toji Temple.
  192. In his childhood, Fujisawa moved to Osaka to work as a sales clerk of a pharmaceutical warehouse merchant, and was adopted by Shinpei FUJISAWA who was previously a doctor for Amagasaki Province.
  193. In his childhood, Iemochi enjoyed taking care of fish in a pond and caged birds.
  194. In his childhood, Ryukan entered Enryaku-ji Temple on Mt. Hiei and learned Tendai doctrine under his uncle, Koen.
  195. In his childhood, he and Naomasa HORI, his male cousin were brought up by his uncle who was a Buddhist priest of Ikkoshu sect.
  196. In his childhood, he became a Buddhist monk in the Kyogoku-in of the Tenryu-ji Temple, but returned to secular life by the order from his younger brother Yoshimasa in 1457.
  197. In his childhood, he entered Goyo-an, Kennin-ji Temple in Kyoto, where he studied under Bunei to become a priest.
  198. In his childhood, he learned Keigaku (an ancient Chinese book about Confucianism) and calligraphy under Kotei MURASE, learnt landscape painting and carving Tensho-style Chinese characters from Geppo, and later learnt painting from Toyohiko OKAMOTO.
  199. In his childhood, he learned Nichiren Kyogaku under Nichiko at Busshinin.
  200. In his childhood, he studied Confucianism at Hanko (a domain school) of the Kumamoto Domain, and after that, underwent ascetic training at Nishihongan-ji Temple.
  201. In his childhood, he studied the Chinese classics under his father, and was found to have a natural poetic talent.
  202. In his childhood, he was adopted as a son by Ise NAKAJIMA, an artist of bronze mirrors of the shogunate's official business, but later Nakajima transferred the family estate to his real son, so Hokusai left the Nakajima family.
  203. In his childhood, he was adopted by Tsunefusa YOSHIDA as a son, but in February 1190 he returned to the TAIRA clan and got Joshaku (peerage).
  204. In his childhood, he was apprenticed to Yoshitoshi TSUKIOKA temporarily and then became a disciple of Kiyochika KOBAYASHI at the age of 15 around 1878.
  205. In his childhood, he was temporarily adopted as a son by Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA and called Wakayakata.
  206. In his childhood, he went to Mt. Hiei to study exoteric Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism under the Sojo (high-ranking Buddhist priest) Ensho (a priest), who was a Tendai-zasu (head priest of the Tendai sect).
  207. In his childhood, his family moved to Kajiya Town.
  208. In his childhood, his father lost his fief because his hidden paddy fields were discovered when taiko kenchi (the cadastral surveys conducted by Hideyoshi) was carried out; however, he served Ieyasu TOKUGAWA with his father in 1594.
  209. In his childhood, on his way to swimming training he was questioned by a friend, "Do you swim in this heavy rain?". He replied, "Rain doesn't matter, anyway I will get wet." and proceeded to the river.
  210. In his childhood, pretending to be an acrobat, Bisei tried to walk a tightrope but fell from the tightrope.
  211. In his childhood, when Seimei was accompanying KAMO no Tadayuki during his night duty, he saw an image of a demon and he notified Tadayuki about it.
  212. In his conclusion, Tadachika KUWATA stated that Yoshitsune executed "sakaotoshi" from a steep cliff on the southeast side of Tekkai-san Mountain, located on the rear side of the Ichinotani region.
  213. In his day, he was a master of jujutsu (classical Japanese martial art, usually referring to fighting without a weapon).
  214. In his days of the Crown Prince
  215. In his days, Ono clan held the highest position in the Court.
  216. In his diary in those days, he wrote that ETO was an irrelevant, ludicrous and trivial person.
  217. In his diary, 'Shoyuki' (the diary of FUJIWARA no Sanesuke), Sanesuke wrote of an episode on May 25, 1015 (April 29 in old lunar calendar), by referring to a scene witnessed by Sukehira, to suggest that although Michinaga demanded Emperor Sanjo's abdication, the Emperor refused.
  218. In his diary, FUJIWARA no Naritoki bitterly criticized the fact that Kanemichi was appointed as Naidaijin without consultation with Dainagon, Emperor Enyu who was responsible for the appointment and FUJIWARA no Yoritada, who did not stop the emperor from making the appointment ("Naritokiki (Diary of FUJIWARA no Naritoki)").
  219. In his diary, he wrote about the relationship between his father Chiun and Ikkyu Sojun and Ikkyu's death.
  220. In his diary, he wrote as the following.
  221. In his disappointment after Iemochi's death, Katsu was so upset that he wrote in his diary, 'Today, the Tokugawa family fell into ruin.'
  222. In his dream, the spirit of the old cherry tree appears, asking "What do you mean by the sin of the cherry blossoms?"
  223. In his earlier years he entered the priesthood and became a disciple of Ryogen, the head priest of Tendai Buddhism.
  224. In his earlier years, he served the Takeda clan, Gohojo clan, and so force, and won military glory.
  225. In his early ages he entered the ministry as a disciple of Nissei, the 15th abbot of Honkoku-ji Temple and became the 16th chief abbot at the age of 18.
  226. In his early days, Tanyu produced bold Eitoku KANO-style paintings; however, later on in his life, his major creation was the wall painting on Daitoku-ji Temple, a serene water ink drawing with a large unpainted space.
  227. In his early life, he was treated like an enemy from left-leaning commentators due to the trauma of Toho conflicts.
  228. In his early period work "Eimei nijuhachi shuku" (collaboration with Yoshiiku OCHIAI,) he elaborated coloring materials by mixing glue into the paints to make the blood of the figure gleam.
  229. In his early years, he was given the name Takauji by the regent Takatoki HOJO.
  230. In his enthusiasm for showing work that was unprecedented in the history of Japanese fillm, he inclined his works toward the humantarianism displayed by Akira KUROSAWA works and hard-core pornography that went up against the censorship system with severe criticism.
  231. In his family was Reino SHIBATA.
  232. In his father's stories, the Kinkaku was always described as a thing of flawless beauty, and every time Yoken dreamed of the Kinkaku-ji Temple, he visualized it as the finest beauty in this world.
  233. In his final days after retirement he was known as 'Chiji no Otodo' (Retired Minister).
  234. In his final years Yuki suggested the succession of iemoto saying 'Take care of Shinnosuke,' but after his father's death IKEHATA returned his name 'Yushu' and broke away from Yoshimura school and made them observe the tradition where a talented private pupil succeeds to the iemoto.
  235. In his final years he aimed to undertake political reform and build a temple (by imperial order) near Uda-in, where he had spent his time during princehood; however, it didn't come true, and it was succeeded to the next Emperor, Uda, to rule 'the peaceful era of Kampyo' and build Ninna-ji Temple.
  236. In his final years it is said that he was living in present day Okaya, Nagano Prefecture, and his tombstone can still be found there.
  237. In his final years, he devoted himself to the recitation of the Lotus Sutra.
  238. In his final years, he had the story called 'Nonsense Miroshi' (Three Nonsensical Ronin) serialized as a comic strip in Nikkan Sports (a daily newspaper).
  239. In his final years, he moved to Inobo, Minamidani valley, Todo district, Mt. Hiei, and passed away there.
  240. In his final years, reconciliation was reached with Tsunehisa AMAGO, and he resided in Izumo; traces of generations of the Kyogoku clan are gathered in the Sasaki archives and it was here they were passed to Tsunehisa.
  241. In his final years, she was dedicated to the care of her husband, and their life was televised on May 18, 2007 in a NHK documentary program titled "The time given by God: Kihachi OKAMOTO and his wife's 300 days since the notification of cancer."
  242. In his gardens, Enshu carried on and developed the style of his teacher, Oribe FURUTA, but Enshu's significant contribution to gardening is the introduction of straight lines.
  243. In his grandchild's time, Tadayori became Kaga no kuni no suke (officer in charge of regional administration in Kaga) and the ancestor of the Kaga-Saito clan which was the origin of the Hori clan; the Hirooka-Saito clan which was the origin of the Togashi and the Hayashi clan; and the Makino clan.
  244. In his grief he became ill.
  245. In his hands he holds a longevity peach which is also a symbol of long life.
  246. In his home country, Awa, the whole Miyoshi family faced conflicts and confusion after the murder of Nagafusa SHINOHARA by Nagaharu MIYOSHI, so the Miyoshi army gradually lost power and strength without being able to take any positive measures.
  247. In his hometown (Saigo Village, Higashiusuki County, Miyazaki Prefecture), the Sakuraba festival is held every year by Sakuraba-kenshokai on November 3 (Culture Day) in front of the monument to his poetry.
  248. In his hometown, Waki-cho, Okayama Prefecture, the Waki clan's tutelary god, Wake-jinja Shrine is located, and WAKE no Kiyomaro and WAKE no Hiromushi are enshrined there.
  249. In his illustration, the Tsunohanzo looks like Komachi wearing juni-hitoe (twelve-layered ceremonial kimono) and has her tsunohanzo put in the place of the head with a pair of handles protruding like a demon's horns as if they symbolized Komachi's obsession.
  250. In his infancy, he lost his father and became the adopted heir of the Minister of the Right MINAMOTO no Masasada, who was his uncle.
  251. In his interview with Yoritomo, he could not defend his actions and simply asked to have his life spared so he could become a priest.
  252. In his juvenile years, Takamori accompanied his father to the Mutsu Province where he excelled in archery and horsemanship but was enlightened by the saying of Emperor Saga and joined Daigakuryo (Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system) thereby starting his bureaucratic career.
  253. In his last days, Ienari promoted Akikatsu MANABE, Masayoshi HOTTA, and Okimasa TANUMA (the fourth son of Okitsugu TANUMA).
  254. In his last moment, Honzo appreciates Yuranosuke's resolution, asks Yuranosuke to marry Konami, and hands over the drawing of Moronao's residence saying, "This is a gift to my son-in-law."
  255. In his last years
  256. In his last years Hideyoshi created systems of the Go-Tairo, San-churo (Three Seniors) and Go-Bugyo (Five Commissioners), but after his death his hereditary vassals fought at the battle of Sekigahara, split into proponents of military government and those of civilian government.
  257. In his last years he became senile and it is said he had incontinence in front of people (in NHK saga drama such as "Dokuganryu Masamune" and "Komyo ga Tsuji" (Crossroads of the Achievement), there were scenes that old Hideyoshi had incontinence).
  258. In his last years, as the Pacific War began, his first son the successor was called up for military service, and it became difficult to continue studies and making pottery due to insufficient supplies
  259. In his last years, he advocated his own Shinto thoughts and decided on Iwafune-jinja Shrine (Kanan-cho) as the konpondojo (fundamental training hall).
  260. In his last years, he appeared not only in movies but also in TV dramas and on the stage, and in 1971, he appeared on the stage of Zenshinza for the first time in 28 years.
  261. In his last years, he celebrated his biological child, Yoshitsugu ASHIKAGA's coming of age in a form corresponding with the Imperial Prince.
  262. In his last years, he compiled "Tokutoku no Kuawase" (glug-glug Poem Contest).
  263. In his last years, he engaged in missionary work in the Kansai region on orders from Shinran, and its historic site is Bussho-ji Temple in Ibaraki City, Osaka Prefecture.
  264. In his last years, he pleased audience members by displaying the essence of elegant simplicity.
  265. In his last years, he retired to the Jisho-ji Temple which he arbitrarily used as a villa.
  266. In his last years, he trained many disciples while traveling between Omi and Kyoto, and died between December 1493 and January 1494 at Shohoken.
  267. In his last years, he was granted Teguruma no senji (special permission from the emperor to enter the imperial palace in a hand cart).
  268. In his last years, he was often drunk, and historical records state that 'he was a strange … … living by drinking only water and sake.'
  269. In his late life, commentators felt embarrassed by Ichikawa's ever-lasting style which was incongruous for the master and by his willingness to work on TV and entertainment films.
  270. In his late twenties, he apprenticed himself to Shinkan of Kinren-ji Temple in Kyoto, thereby joining the Ji sect.
  271. In his late years he lived at Kantei-in in front of the gate of Tofuku-ji Temple.
  272. In his late years he spent his energy in the construction of Hojo-ji Temple.
  273. In his late years, Masakazu was highly acclaimed as a Kyogen performer and he was designated a living national treasure in 1976, the second time in the Okura-ryu school.
  274. In his late years, Masamune left a Kanshi (Chinese-style poem) "Suiyo-Kogo" (impromptu poems that people write when they are drunk).
  275. In his late years, he was promoted to sadaijin, but died disappointed with his career.
  276. In his late years, however, he lived a slightly unhappy life, compared with Yamamoto who had been constantly asked by big film studios to direct until his death.
  277. In his late years, refinement of his performance was highly appreciated and he assumed a position as a member of the Japan Art Academy in 1959.
  278. In his later days, Zeami joined the Zen temple Fugan-ji in Yamato Province. A Nocho (tax ledger) has been discovered with both his name and his wife's (Tsutomu KOSAI, "Zeami Shinko"(New thoughts on Zeami)).
  279. In his later life Kido often invited his close friends to his second house in 1, Komagome, Toshima Ward, present 5, Honkomagome, Bunkyo Ward, Tokyo.
  280. In his later life, Hosei immersed himself in the enlightenment of the Ainu tribe and in research on the Ainu language.
  281. In his later life, he collected hundreds of paintings about Dharma, and he also favored to paint on them by himself, but he was too modest to give his paintings to anyone when he was asked.
  282. In his later life, he dominated the army and the world of politics behind the scenes and was also known as the 'founder of the Japanese military clique.'
  283. In his later life, he lost his sight, then passed away at the age of 75 in 1672.
  284. In his later years Yasutoki even rode a horse in order to carry soil and stones in road construction.
  285. In his later years he became a priest and retired at Katsura no sato (Katsura Village).
  286. In his later years he called himself 'Kagetsuan Kakuo' and worked to train his disciples.
  287. In his later years he got acquainted with Shingoro TAKENO, a rich merchant in Sakai, and while Sanetaka taught TAKENO the study of poetry and waka poems, TAKENO gave him a lot of financial support.
  288. In his later years he is said to have led a simple life in Rakuhoku and the year of his death is not known.
  289. In his later years he returned to the stage.
  290. In his later years he spent his energy in the construction of grand Hojo-ji Temple.
  291. In his later years he unsuccessfully ran a 'koshaku' (the telling of war stories) theatre and an izakaya bar.
  292. In his later years he was given the name of 祖高 (Soko).
  293. In his later years he was known as Deibansai.
  294. In his later years he worked on a film biography of Yaichi AIZU, his teacher in college, but on October 4, 1996, he died of cardiac infarction at home in Setagaya Ward, Tokyo.
  295. In his later years, Emperor Komyo also gave him another sie to honor his advice concerning Zen.
  296. In his later years, Enni went back to his hometown, Suruga Province, and founded the Kaishun-in Temple on Mt. Io near the home of his mother to propagate Zen.
  297. In his later years, Genpaku wrote his memoirs, "Rangaku Kotohajime (The Beginning of Dutch Studies)," which was published by Yukichi FUKUZAWA later.
  298. In his later years, HORI also left achievements in education field by establishing Hokumei Gakko (it later became Hokkaido Sapporo Minami High School) with his private expense and provided higher education with Inazo NITOBE, who was invited from Sapporo Agricultural College.
  299. In his later years, Hideyoshi forbade feudal lords to make marital relationships with each other without his permission in order to stabilize the Toyotomi government, to which his son, Hideyori, would succeed.
  300. In his later years, Iemitsu often dreamed about the figure of Ieyasu and made the famous painter Tanyu KANO draw the form of Ieyasu many times.
  301. In his later years, Ieyasu was fond of talking about old times, including the Imagawa era when he lived a life like a prisoner, but it is said that he did not talk about his impressions of Nobunaga (according to a theory, it is said that he resented Nobunaga).
  302. In his later years, Joeki lost everything including the articles handed down within the family and all the household effects, except for a copy of the family register of deaths, in the Great Fire of Tenmei.
  303. In his later years, Kendo extended a variety of achievements: opening of Naminohira Elementary School run by Nagasaki City, foundation of temples and shrines, building of piers, and arrangement of transfer of Takashima coal mine to Mitsubishi Zaibatsu.
  304. In his later years, Kosaku YAMADA gave a welcome to Rachmaninov when the latter visited Japan.
  305. In his later years, Tadakatsu was carving his name on his possessions using a short sword.
  306. In his later years, Togo's enormous authority in the Navy made it a custom for the Navy to ask for his statements about military orders and martial laws although he had already stepped down from public office.
  307. In his later years, after Hijikata held the positions such as the Acting Director General of Imperial Household System Researchers and the Chief of the Research Institute for Shinto sect, he was engaged in the jobs related to education.
  308. In his later years, after a concubine named Jishoin bore his eldest daughter, Chiyohime, he loved many concubines.
  309. In his later years, externally he made an effort to normalize the diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union, while internally he criticized the party politics of Japan controlled by the logic of the majority, and he toured throughout Japan advocating purification of elections through establishing the ethics and morals in politics.
  310. In his later years, he became a Christian.
  311. In his later years, he became a member of the committee for compilation of historical materials on the Meiji Restoration in the Ministry of Education.
  312. In his later years, he became a priest and named himself as Yoshiharu SHIZUMI.
  313. In his later years, he began to make doburo according to the request from Joo TAKENO, who lived in Sakai City, and he declared himself a doburo-shi (brazier maker) Zengoro.
  314. In his later years, he built Fukidera Temple (Kawanishicho, Nara Prefecture) and lived there in seclusion.
  315. In his later years, he built Jisho-in on the premises of Shokoku-ji Temple and retired into private life.
  316. In his later years, he built the Saiokuken (present-day Saioku-ji Temple)at Izumigaya at the foot of Mt. Utsuno in Totomi Province with the help of Yasumoto SAITO, travelling between there and Kyoto, and was also involved in building the gate of Daitoku-ji Temple.
  317. In his later years, he devoted himself to paintings and kyoka (comic (satirical) tanka).
  318. In his later years, he doted on his youngest son, 千代秋丸, and tried to pass on the family estate to 千代秋丸.
  319. In his later years, he entered priesthood and died in 1160 at the age of 73.
  320. In his later years, he established Godaiin at Mt. Hiei and concentrated in the studies of Tendai Buddhism and Esoteric Buddhism.
  321. In his later years, he exercised his ability as a warrior to slay a rozekimono (ruffian) in 1912 and took the head of the founders of Aizu Irei Gi Kai (Aizu Association of comforting the spirits of the war victims), but he died at the age of 85 in 1923.
  322. In his later years, he gave his kago to Bokuyu.
  323. In his later years, he had another allowance, raised to Junior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade; finally held a fief of 12,500 koku.
  324. In his later years, he had influence on the shogunate administration as shukuro of the Edo shogunate along with Naotaka II.
  325. In his later years, he left many original drawings.
  326. In his later years, he lived Sumiyoshi-gun, Settsu Province (Sumiyoshi Ward, Osaka City) where there was Otomo's mansion and died there.
  327. In his later years, he lived in what is today Yamatofuruichi city, and died in 1486 at the age of 92.
  328. In his later years, he lived with his lover Abutsuni, who wrote "Izayoi Nikki" (The Diary of the Wanning Moon) and doted upon her son Tamesuke REIZEI, leaving issues upon property inheritance.
  329. In his later years, he lost ground in front of the popularity of Mokuami and was not able to achieve great success as a Kabuki playwright, but he is now evaluated as a playwright who filled up the period between Nanboku TSURUYA the fourth and Mokuami.
  330. In his later years, he moved and lived near Shogoin Temple and named himself Suo after the noted product vegetable su (an old name of suzuna).
  331. In his later years, he moved to Tokiwamatsu, Shibuya Ward; he died of pneumonia and debilitation in 1971, at the age of 88.
  332. In his later years, he ordered Kanto Shitsuji, Masanori UESUGI to kill himself because he admonished Masatomo against disinheritance of the oldest son Chachamaru.
  333. In his later years, he published his own complete works "Kyogen Hyakushu" (Collection of One Hundred Kabuki Plays) which included scripts he had written himself, thus endeavoring to popularize kabuki.
  334. In his later years, he retuned his name to Kanbe.
  335. In his later years, he served as Sagami no kuni no kami (the governor of Sagami Province) and then he served as Shinano no kuni no kami (the governor of Shinano Province), and in the end, his Court rank reached Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade).
  336. In his later years, he started inscribing as 'Musashi Daijo Fujiwara Tadahiro' on his swords after he received the title of Musashi Daijo and changed his name to 'Tadahiro'.
  337. In his later years, he suffered from gastric ulcer, and 'Meian' was his last work.
  338. In his later years, he told the detail of the Omiya Incident to people such as his brother Yasuhei WATANABE and his disciple Tsunenosuke IIDA as he killed Ryoma by the sword 'Dewa daijo Fujiwara Kunimichi ' which was given to him by his father.
  339. In his later years, he took the tonsure and named himself as Soji (宗爾).
  340. In his later years, he toured throughout Japan to advocate ethics in politics.
  341. In his later years, he traveled around the county and conducted public works at many regions.
  342. In his later years, he visited Omi Province in 128, and after he stayed in Shigatakaanahomiya (present Anou, Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture) for three years, he died in 130.
  343. In his later years, he was concerned about the capacity of his child Mitsutokumaru (later Tadayuki KURODA), and provided him with many family precepts (some say the gojosoku was invented in a later age).
  344. In his later years, he was deeply troubled over his moral obligation toward the Toyotomi family and his survival in the Tokugawa government.
  345. In his later years, he was given the title of baron for his achievements in army and education.
  346. In his later years, he worked hard for the welfare of his fellow Japanese by founding the Japanese Mutual Aid Society (the present day Japanese American Association of New York), purchasing a graveyard for underprivileged Japanese with no relatives, and organizing the Japanese Credit Cooperative.
  347. In his later years, he wrote "Budo Shoshinshu" (The Code of the Warrior), "Iwabuchi yawa" (Night Stories of Iwabuchi), "Ochibo shu" (Gleanings), etc.
  348. In his later years, he wrote books on studies on manners and customs, including "Kinsei Kiseki Ko" (studies on modern manners and customs).
  349. In his later years, he wrote books such as "Nantaiheiki" and he passed away around the age of 96.
  350. In his later years, he wrote many books on the work of his uncle, Sadao YAMANAKA, and other aspects of Japanese cinema.
  351. In his later years, he wrote two literary works.
  352. In his later years, his Koseki (household registers) was taken over by a woman called Kinu MASUDA (self-proclaimed: Shiko HIGASHIKUNI).
  353. In his later years, his second son, Sukemune (資宗) (Sukemune spelt as 助宗, also known as Tametsuna) IINUMA, was promoted to kebiishi (an official with judicial and police powers) and later to kokushi (provincial governor) of Awa Province, which was exceptional for a private vassal of the Tokuso family.
  354. In his later years, performing "Musume Dojoji" (The maiden at Dojo Temple) with piano and violin and so on, he pursued the new Kabuki to the last minute.
  355. In his later years, together with his child Naoaki, he left Kyoto and relied on his daughter's husband, Yoshifusa HATAKEYAMA and became a monk in Noto Province (or Kaga Province) with his priest name, Masaaki.
  356. In his latest year he secluded himself in Shimogamo.
  357. In his letter he expressed his disappointment over not having realized family restoration despite his efforts through several decades.
  358. In his letter to Kimitada SANJO in 1384, Emperor Goenyu wrote '執奏之下,無沙汰者,可為公家御咎也' and lamented the situation that not to obey the bukeshisso led to court nobles' sin.
  359. In his letter, Genan taught her that she should respectfully call her father in law, Yoriyasu KIRA, 'Oyakatasama,' and her mother in law 'Otaiho,' as well as her husband 'Uesama.'
  360. In his life time, he built the villas in Shanghai City and in Takao City in Taiwan.
  361. In his life, Yoshimitsu was extremely partial to Yoshitsugu ASHIKAGA, his second son, and when Yoshitsugu absconded, Yoshimochi accused him of treason and killed him.
  362. In his magazine 'Nogyo Zasshi' (a magazine of agriculture), he sold American corn seeds by mail order; this was said to be the first mail order service in Japan.
  363. In his masterpiece in his later years "Tajo Takon," he had achieved success in psychological description in a vernacular style.
  364. In his memoirs, Noriaki YUASA credits Inoue as "the man who created Gamera," and tells interesting stories of the time when he was an assistant director under Inoue; saying as follows.
  365. In his message, Uchimura regarded Iguchi as one of the great philosophers and educators in and outside of Japan, including Socrates, Pestalozzi and Toju NAKAE.
  366. In his military camp in Oyama-jo Castle in Shimotsuke Province, Ieyasu was informed by an envoy dispatched by Mototada in Fushimi-jo Castle that Mitsunari started moving his forces.
  367. In his name 'Mikenu,' 'mike' is said to mean the food, and 'nu' is said to mean '主''Dominus.'
  368. In his next book, "Edo no Shunga" (Erotic Ukiyoe of the Edo period), he describes that he couldn't care less whether Shunga is pornography or not.
  369. In his next destination Berlin (April 16, 1887 - July 5, 1888), he went to visit Robert Koch and Shibasaburo KITASATO as soon as he arrived, later joining Koch's Sanitation Laboratory after completing a beginner's course on bacteriology.
  370. In his novel "Dokubo" (Solitary Cell), Takiji KOBAYASHI noted some differences in the fundoshi loincloth between the inside and outside of a prison based on his experience of imprisonment for a political crime.
  371. In his novel "Gokuchu Seikatsu" (literally, "Life in prison"), Toshihiko SAKAI wrote his sentiments about the government-furnished fundoshi loincloth supplied to him when he went to Sugamo Kangoku (later renamed as Sugamo Prison and to Sugamo Kochisho).
  372. In his novel "Gubijinso" (The Poppy), Soseki NATSUME referred to fundoshi loincloth as a special feature of summer.
  373. In his novel "Kanikosen" (The Crab Factory Ship), Takiji KOBAYASHI wrote of fundoshi loincloth as a prop to describe a nasty scene of sailors confined in an enclosed space.
  374. In his novel "Tsuioku" (Remembrance), Ryunosuke AKUTAGAWA wrote as follows:
  375. In his obsession for her, Yohei borrows 200 monme (coin measured by weight) on credit in the name of his father-in-law, Tokubei.
  376. In his old age, Tosai became noticeably stubborn and disagreeable.
  377. In his old age, he had an eye illness and almost lost his sight, so his last performance was "Kagekiyo" in 1990, but he appeared on stage for Shimai (Noh dance in plain clothes) until his latest year.
  378. In his own diary, the chief wrote that while he felt pity for the retainers, he also thought the execution in that manner would not serve as a warning against future killing but it would merely hero-worship the retainers and that was why he stopped the execution.
  379. In his own territory, he worked on the maintenance and expansion of the castle town, increased the actual harvest by 6,000 koku through the flood prevention work and so on, established the basis of domain duties.
  380. In his performing the 'Goshoraku' (also known as Gojoraku; literally, Gosho (five eternal virtues) composition) of the gagaku (ancient Japanese court dance and music), he joked that since he was dismissed from the court official position, the tune was called 'Goshoraku' (carefree and optimistic).
  381. In his poet career, his poems were published in "The Shin-goshui Wakashu" (New Later Collection of Gleanings [of Japanese Poems]).
  382. In his portrait in Entoku-ji Temple, he wore a light blue kimono with paulownia patterns and a purple Japanese male skirt.
  383. In his private studies he became increasingly absorbed in neo-Confucianism, and met Seika FUJIWARA in 1604.
  384. In his radical book, Kuniomi said that Kobu-gattai (reconciliation between the imperial court and the shogunate) was no longer able to manage the current situation, therefore large domains such as Satsuma should take up arms to attack the shogunate in obedience to Emperor.
  385. In his record, Japan's foundation year was also 660 BC.
  386. In his reign, Tsukushi no Kimi Iwai often behaved disrespectfully to the word of the emperor.
  387. In his replanning of the departure, a betrayal of someone who grudged Ganjin's leaving for Japan resulted in Yoei's arrest and Ganjin also failed his third attempt.
  388. In his report after the battles described in "Azuma Kagami" (The Mirror of the East), Kagetoki aggressively accused Yoshitsune of being arrogant and dogmatic, attesting the conflict between them.
  389. In his representative piece 'Haru no umi,' he used harmonic accompaniment, which was rarely used in heterophony ensemble of traditional Japanese music, in the ensemble with shakuhachi (to be exact, an instrument which is shorter than shakuhachi called isshaku-rokusun).
  390. In his second attempt in 1284, he managed to arrive at Tsushima, but the mission ended there because Osetsuo, the chief officer of the mission, was killed in a disturbance caused by sailors who refused to go to Japan.
  391. In his second period of study in Nagasaki, he learned mining and refining technology.
  392. In his short life, he released 26 films (including two films on which he served as assistant director) in just five years as a director.
  393. In his sorrow, Nioumiya confined himself at his residence under the pretext of illness.
  394. In his speech of 1921, Konoe had already talked about the danger of the likely split in the future between the military and the government because of the Emperor's supreme command, which is what happened, but such a situation was a difficult concept for the United States to understand.
  395. In his statement, he suggested the establishment of navy, followed by the purchase of warships for the navy and training of navy trainees.
  396. In his survey, he reportedly discovered inadequacies in the existing books of Buddhist history and noticed that attention was not being paid on the traditions of the various religious sects, the protection of temples by successive prime ministers or government officials, and the preservation of the teachings of Zen sect.
  397. In his teens he was twice given awards for giving lectures in front of Lord Takachika MORI.
  398. In his tender years Nichiu became one of the disciples of the eighth high priest Nichiei.
  399. In his thesis "the Logic of Topos (locational logic) and Religious Worldview," Nishida said that 'Religion was a psychic fact.
  400. In his thirties, however, the nature of his critical philosophical activities changed from one of fighting and criticism to a moderate one, for instance beginning to issue the Mezamashi-gusa (Eye-awakening grasses) magazine after the Sino-Japanese War and publishing joint reviews in it.
  401. In his time as Kanrei, Yoriyuki had ordered hs brother Yoriari to recruit local lords and samurai as Hosokawa retainers and now called on their services to defeat the Kawano clan and the Masauji HOSOKAWA, the son of the late Kiyouji HOSOKAWA.
  402. In his twilight years, Kinugasa retired from film direction after his final 1970 film titled "Chiisai Tobosha" (The Little Runaway), and worked on stage direction for Toho Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors).
  403. In his very last years, other than staying in Gotenba to avoid the hot summer, he lived most of the year in Zagyo-so where it remained warm during winter.
  404. In his war films "Gonin no Sekkohei" (Five Scouts) and "Tsuchi to Heitai" (Mud and Soldiers), he did not forget to show cast a positive light on the humanity of fighting soldiers.
  405. In his work "Chanoyu Ichie Shu" (Collection on the Oneness of Chanoyu), there is a famous "Ichigo Ichie" (a preaching of Sado dictating that each occasion on which hospitality is offered and received is to be cherished as a unique experience in one's life).
  406. In his work "Shinko [真誥]," Tokokei (456 - 536) from Nansei and Ryo (the south dynasty) systematized these.
  407. In his work 'Kaido-o-yuku,' there is a passage describing that Ryotaro SHIBA came to visit 'Tsuruki Soba' near Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine but, by mistake, he went to another soba restaurant by the name of 'Hiyoshi Soba,' (unrelated to the soba-chain restaurant of the identical name) instead.
  408. In his writing of "Kaisoroku" (Memoirs), Kotaro TAKAMURA depicted fading relics of early-modern folkways in the tide of the modern times.
  409. In his writing, he stated that the name Oni-bo, or ogres' tombs, in Ohakadani, Fujisaka Village, was a result of heavy accent on Wani-bo, or Wani's tomb.
  410. In his written works he compares the practitioner of the Gateway of the Holy Path who engages in the Miscellaneous Practices as a thief, and he emphasizes one to engage in the Right Practices of senju-nenbutsu very often in his text.
  411. In his younger days he enjoyed sports considerably like that.
  412. In his younger days, Yorimichi had the warm demeanor of a wealthy individual but it is said that by continuously holding on to power over so many years he developed a taste for extravagant luxury and persisted in his influence.
  413. In his youth he became a disciple of Gien, who was a high priest of the Hossoshu sect of Buddhism, and learned Sanskrit from Roben.
  414. In his youth, Mutsu was said to have been very good at weaving his way through a crowd without hitting others.
  415. In his youth, he followed Nobunaga to take part in wars as one of Akahoro-shu (elite bodyguard unit with a red hood on the back), and because he was an expert of a yari (spear), people feared him and called him by another name "Yari no Mataza" (Matazaemon the spear master).
  416. In his youth, he was a nondrinker whom even a choko (small cup) of sake could make feel deeply flushed.
  417. In his youth, he was a young nobleman ranked with Genji, and often competed with Genji for the same woman.
  418. In his youth, he was enthusiastic for kemari (game of kick-ball played by courtiers in ancient Japan) and gained the favor of Emperor Juntoku who shared the same interest.
  419. In historical almanacs it is explained as being 'Mid point of cosmic forces.'
  420. In historical almanacs the vernal equinox is explained as being 'Mid point between the sun and the heavens when the division between day and night is identical' and, holds true that at the vernal equinox, day and night are roughly the same length.
  421. In historical documents concerning Otari, there are many descriptions about economic activities other than his job.
  422. In historical dramas, this post or an officer in this post is sometimes called "Katoaratame" or "Kato."
  423. In historical fact, Kazumasa led in Okazaki and made efforts to assist Nobuyasu.'
  424. In historical materials including 'Kofuku-ji Engi' (origin of Kofuku-ji Temple), 'Okagami' (The Great Mirror), 'Kugyobunin' (directory of court nobles) and 'Sonpi Bunmyaku' (Bloodlines of Noble and Base), Fuhito was referred to as an 'illegitimate child' of the Emperor Tenchi.
  425. In historical materials, it is recorded that government officials were given specific instruction by letters, in case that oral instructions were not given.
  426. In historical materials, it was the first appearance when he was admitted to the court of Bifukumonin as an official of Hyoe-fu (Headquarters of the Middle Palace Guards) in Jugoinojo (Junior Fifth Rank, Upper Grade) in 1149.
  427. In historical stories and others, Ieyasu was often depicted as a man who had no hobby other than falconry and making drugs, but actually he had many other hobbies.
  428. In historical textbooks, hatamoto in the Edo bakufu (the Tokugawa shogun family) was defined as the persons who were direct retainers of the shogun with a less than 10,000 koku of rice crop and were entitled to have an audience with the shogun (omemie or higher), but strictly considered, the situation was not so simple.
  429. In history books, there are many cases in which the time of their completion is asserted to be earlier than it was, and thus verifying the time of their completion has become the starting point for criticicism of historical materials.
  430. In history courses of recent years, the term' direct Imperial rule of the Kenmu era' comes up often.
  431. In history of clothing, as the 'decorating' function of obi has been developed more than its 'carrying' function and 'fixing' function, wide variety of obi has appeared.
  432. In history societies, a theory that Prince Oama called for ekirei in order to look for Takasaka no Okimi's reaction and use him to help their transportation if possible, became established after an argument over the Jinshin war was planned or unplanned in 1950's.
  433. In history the term 'Higashiyama Period' has been used since the beginning of Showa (Rinpu SASAKAWA, 'the culture in the Higashiyama era' in 1928, and so on) and the term, 'Higashiyama culture' was created in the sense of culture in the Higashiyama era.
  434. In history, Japanese capital was determined by the address of the Imperial Palace, the Emperor's residence.
  435. In history, a Daishi-go title was granted by emperors up to 27 persons, but it almost always indicates Kobo Daishi when the term of Daishi is used generally.
  436. In history, sake was exported to Southeastern Asia through the trading by shogunate-licensed trading ship in the early part of the Edo period.
  437. In history, the Hyojosho was considered to be established in the time of the act of November 1635.
  438. In hogandai : the second highest officer in inshi and assisted betto, conducted general affairs and signed official letters issued by In no cho.
  439. In hogo (to chant the name of Kanzeon Bosatsu and bow repeatedly), they chant the myogo (name of the Buddha) of Kanzeon Bosatsu and bow repeatedly, led by Jidoshi.
  440. In home cooking, it is also classified as a one-pot dish cooked at the table.
  441. In homes, it is eaten with boiled rice, sometimes with tea poured over it.
  442. In honor of Genku, Shinran called him 'the superb person' in the second chapter of his book entitled "Tannisho" (Notes lamenting deviations).
  443. In honor of his achievements, Michitoshi is enshrined at Kaitaku-jinja Shrine which is a subordinate shrine of Hokkaido-jinja Shrine, and at Kamikawa-jinja Shrine, and his bronze statues were built in Tokiwa Park of Asahikawa City, and Odori Park and Maruyama Park of Sapporo City.
  444. In honor of his contribution at the battle of Seta in the Jinshin War, Okida was commended and promoted to the quasi-shokinjo (the tenth grade of twenty-six of cap rank).
  445. In honor of the merchant family 'Nakano,' which contributed a great deal at the time, the station building was constructed in front of the Nakano residence.
  446. In hot days during midsummer (mid-July to mid-August), tea leaves cut by the branch are boiled in a large iron pot.
  447. In hot house farm raising, a boiler is used to maintain a water temperature of 30℃ in order to speed up their growth.
  448. In houses of ancient families, there are books or private writings handed down from generations.
  449. In housing, it is also seen in shinden-zukuri style (typical architecture of a nobleman's residence during the Heian period) as depicted in the Genji monogatari emaki (the Illustrated Hand Scroll of the Tale of Genji) and shoin-zukuri always have nageshi.
  450. In identifying the flags on the Takeda side in the Battle of Nagashino, he did not make any mistakes.
  451. In idle conversation, Ieyasu spoke of a person from his childhood called Mataemon.'
  452. In images such as statues and pictures, often Fudo Myoo is placed in the center, Gozanze Myoo at the east, Gundari Myoo at the south, Daiitoku Myoo at the west and Kongoyasha Myoo at the north.
  453. In imperial compilations of poetry, 2 of his poems are included in "Kokin Wakashu" (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry) (poems No. 158 and 324).
  454. In imperialism, respect for the 'emperor' who is said to govern his people with virtue, justice and benevolence is advocated, over respect for 'supremacy' or a supreme ruler who governs his people with military force (military rule).
  455. In impersonation and comical performances, atsugesho is sometimes used to go along with planned content or to achieve an effect by the performer.
  456. In infection tests of army recruits conducted as of 1911, the infection rate was found to be greater than 4% among individuals from Kagoshima Prefecture on Kyushu Island, with the infection found in as gar north as Aomori Prefecture.
  457. In influential recent TV dramas, Kagetoki is rarely portrayed as a mere villain.
  458. In influential temples and shrines at that time, many monks became corrupt, some monks became a monk-soldier, or an armed monk called the jinin (associates of Shinto shrines), would have relationships with girls or commit acts of burglary.
  459. In initial Shinkansen train-cars, speed meters of horizontal line types were used, and in the middle era, digital types in which the display was made using a slant line to a certain point and for higher speeds, using a horizontal line, with the speed displayed numerically in details in the lower-right portion.
  460. In instant Udon noodles or Udon noodles served in cheap stand-up-eating shops, simple Tempura-like food is often used to save costs and for other reasons, which is merely molded and hardened Tenkasu (crunchy bits of deep-fried dough produced as a byproduct of cooking tempura) gathered from the surface of the oil.
  461. In intercalary April 1599, he gave a written instruction to Shuzen TAKIGAWA, his vassal in Gifu to build up the defenses in Inabayama and Machiguchi due to Mitsunari ISHIDA's resignation from the position of Toshiyori (Chief Senior Councilor) and house arrest in Sawayama-jo Castle.
  462. In intercalary June of 1694, he met, on the introduction of Kyorai, Basho MATSUO at Kyoto Rakushisha and became Basho's disciple.
  463. In intercalary March of the year 752, before the departure, Kiyokawa received a sword representing his full authority, and was given the rank of Shoshiinoge (Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade).
  464. In international jurisprudence after him, however, the tendency to attach more importance to positive law, and Emmerich de Vattel advanced a theory which was based both on natural law and positive law.
  465. In introducing concepts in foreign culture, the largest difficultly exists in harmonization between such culture and culture of the own country.
  466. In introducing the roles of a duo (or trio) as 'tsukkomi toboke' on stage, the phrase came to be interpreted as 'tsukkomi to boke' (tsukkomi AND boke), which became the current names for each role.
  467. In irori fireplaces, various types of cuisine such as fried rice were cooked in the Irori fireplace using jizaikagi, an irori pot hook (to be described later), or Gotoku (a metal stand) for putting a pan on the fire.
  468. In is located in the middle of Kii Peninsula and to the south of Nara Basin.
  469. In it, Seki used the method of Tensan jutsu (Bosho-ho), in which a multivariable equation can be expressed by choosing symbols to represent any unknown variables after the first one.
  470. In it, he argues that retaining possession of the Three Sacred Treasures of the Imperial Family is an absolutely vital requirement for the ruler of Japan to remain legitimate.
  471. In it, he criticized "Koji Shui" as just depicting the Inbe clan who had been complaining about their state and filing a petition.
  472. In it, he is depicted as the hero of the tale mentioned here earlier, who came all the way to Japan to chase his wife, Akaruhime.
  473. In it, the Primal Vow of Amida Buddha is not 'forty-eight vows' but 'thirty-six vows.'
  474. In it, there are explanations of practical mathematics such as how to use the abacus and the surveying method, as well as mathematical games such as 'mamakodate' and 'nezumisan.'
  475. In it, there is a movement entitled 'Gagaku' as the fourth number.
  476. In it, they divided the fields between 'sonden' (damaged fields) from which harvest could not be expected and 'tokuden' (productive fields) from which harvest could be expected, and calculated and recorded the expected amount of tax to be imposed on the local area.
  477. In its back were positioned the headquarters of 23,000 men of Hidetada TOKUGAWA accompanied by his trusted vassals.
  478. In its broadest sense the term also includes even the food and drink offered to the gods.
  479. In its compound of about 10,000 square meters, there stand two storerooms of books that were built when this library was founded, its access office, and Kozanso villa of Sukiya-zukuri style (built in the style of a tea-ceremony house) was built in 1944.
  480. In its confidential clauses, Japan recognized Russian interests in outer Mongolia and Russia recognized Japanese interests in Korea.
  481. In its courtyard, there are two pine trees ("nihonmatsu" in Japanese), which are the origin of the place's name here.
  482. In its day, the Kobe settlement was known as the most beautiful and well-designed settlement in the Orient.
  483. In its dry form, it's light and shrunken to a sponge-like state, so it's reconstituted and seasoned by simmering in broth.
  484. In its early days, the Sotoku-fu was composed of three bureaus: Home Affairs, Army, and Navy.
  485. In its early days, there were tayu in Yoshiwara too, but they disappeared around the time the name "oiran" started appearing.
  486. In its early years, the period was characterized in particular by the conflict between Emperor Godaigo, who dreamed of reinstituting the ancient custom of direct Imperial rule, and Takauji, who placed more emphasis on preserving the status quo (this being the essence of the Northern and Southern Courts).
  487. In its first chapter Kumogakure, the story of Genji's becoming a Buddhist priest and going missing are told.
  488. In its first publication in the "Teikoku Bungaku," the story ended with, 'Cutting through the rain, the man was ready to hurry into Kyoto to commit robbery.'
  489. In its glory days between the Taisho Period and early Showa Period, there were approximately 40 kenban, 439 okiya and 1350 geigi but there is only geishamatsuyama remaining in Ehime Prefecture.
  490. In its heyday, the Miyoshi clan was so strong as to control political power.
  491. In its heyday, the grounds of Shokoku-ji Temple extended to Teramachi-dori Street in the east, Omiya-dori Street in the west, Ichijo-dori Street in the south and Kami-goryo-jinja Shrine in the north.
  492. In its large premises including Ryuto-zan mountain, there were the house of the manager, Kaiichi-daicho (trade hall) (also called Koekiba), a courthouse, Hama bandokoro (guard house for the coast), shrines such as Benten-jinja Shrine, Toko-ji Temple, and residences for Japanese (Tsushima people).
  493. In its later years, the Amagasaki-ko Line had only two round-trip services a day for passengers.
  494. In its narrow sense, this term sometimes refers to 'the teaching of the Do described in "Roshi" (a book) and "Soshi [a book]'" or 'Ro-So' (Laozi and Zhuangzi).
  495. In its precincts, Buttkizan Fugen-ji Temple was built as Jingu-ji Temple and it enshrined Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairocana).
  496. In its process, Waka gradually regained its position as an official culture along with the development of Kana characters (the Japanese syllabaries), and Uta awase (poetry match) came to be held.
  497. In its process, a conflict between the same tribes concerning the family business or position heated up and they were more aware of becoming independent as compared with those who had been in the mild eldest son system that had continued until then.
  498. In its pursuit of warm-water ports, the Russian Empire preceded with its southward expansion and acquried a significant foothold in the Balkan peninsula through its victory against the Ottoman Empire in the Russo-Turkish Wars (1877).
  499. In its reply to Japan, Russia proposed making the Korean peninsula north of the 39th parallel a neutral demilitarized zone.
  500. In its rush to establish a modern nation state the opinion that the Korean peninsula should be placed under the exclusive influence of Japan held sway.
  501. In its stead, the keep from Fushimi-jo Castle, which was dismantled the previous year, was put in the southwest corner of Honmaru (consequently, there was a short period when two keeps were present).
  502. In its vicinity, an amusement park named Biwako Onsen Koyo Paradise was adjacent to it.
  503. In its winter entry for the tenth month of 724, the "Shoku nihongi" includes the following description.
  504. In jail, he reflected on how to restore Japan from the damage.
  505. In jest Prince Jeta said to Sudatta who asked him to cede the land, 'If you should cover the land with gold coins, I will give it to you.'
  506. In jidaigeki, ohaguro (dyed-black teeth) and hikimayu (painted eyebrows) were often used up to the 1960s but to a modern audience these past customs look bizarre and are not readily accepted.
  507. In jinya (regional government office) areas, they had small scale samurai yashiki inside jinya compounds.
  508. In jiutai, the so-called jigashira (literally "Head of jiutai") is playing the role of a concertmaster.
  509. In jomen ho, the ratio of land tax was determined based on the average crop in the past 5 years, 10 years or 20 years and a fixed land tax was imposed regardless of the crop situation.
  510. In journeys of Seii Taishogun to Kyoto conducted in 1626 and 1634, regulations on accompanying people's manners during the journey were established and it was stipulated that those who violated the regulations were punished severely, and sometimes sentenced to death (Edo period).
  511. In kabuki and rakugo, the longer the pedigree and more celebrated a name is results in the Myoseki name inheritance process not being achieved in a single step process but requiring more hurdles to be cleared.
  512. In kabuki routines like 'Octopus' Kabuki,' 'A Pawnbroker's Kabuki' and 'Honno-ji Temple,' background music play the role of off-stage music in kabuki theater.
  513. In kabuki stage, it is not used by actors playing the roles of normal people.
  514. In kabuki, it is decided as a traditional form that a character who enters from the hanamichi stops the action and shows short performance (sometimes the performance is long) when he comes to the place where is between three-tenths and four-tenths of the hanamichi (three-tenths of the hanamichi) if it is divided into ten equal parts.
  515. In kabuki, the music for stage effects called 'geza ongaku' (music for plays) developed.
  516. In kabuki, there was an unwritten rule that performers can banter and joke with one another onstage on the senshuraku day, and they sometimes mock other performers by preparing puns and mischief in advance, but only to the extent that it won't hinder the flow of the play.
  517. In kaichitsujo, own country and neighboring countries were ordered and positioned from cultural point of view "ka" and "i," and, from political point of view, understood as the relations between lord and vassal (suzerain state - subject state).
  518. In kaisho, Machiyakunin (municipal officials) stayed in order to assemble people and notify the regulations issued by the town magistrate office and others, such as 'machibure' (laws for merchants and artisans), or on the contrary, in order to undertake office work such as preparing the application forms for residents.
  519. In kaitenzushi restaurants, sushis on a dish are served on conveyor belts moving slowly and the dishes moves around the restaurant.
  520. In kakushi nenbutsu, "honzon" (principal image of Buddha) is "Kobo Daishi" (a posthumous title of the priest Kukai), "Kogyo Daishi" (a posthumous title of the priest Kakuban), or Shinran, and the influence of the Shingon Sect of Esoteric Buddhism is seen in its rituals.
  521. In kamigata, the scene where the gate becomes distant is staged by using a technique called "aori," in which the gate is painted on a board, and when the upper half of the board is flipped open a smaller version of the painted gate appears.
  522. In kamigatamai, the Inoue and Shinozuka Schools, developed in Kyoto, are specifically called Kyomai (Kyoto dance).
  523. In kamiumi (bearing gods between Izanagi and Izanami), Takemikazuchi was one of the three gods created out of the blood scattered on a rock from the root of Totsuka no tsurugi called 'Amenoohabari' when Izanagi beheaded Kagutsuchi (the kami of fire).
  524. In kanji, 'kunitama' can be written as 国魂 or 国霊.
  525. In karuta (Japanese playing cards) tournaments, people have a custom of intoning the Naniwa-zu no uta before starting the competition.
  526. In karyukai (world of geisha), songs based on popular kabuki plays are sometimes created.
  527. In kata, practitioners exercise or demonstrate various techniques in a particular sequence, with the duration of each kata varying from several seconds to several minutes.
  528. In keeping with the development of various new varieties, the regulation was loosened in 1998 through a notification by the Manager, Inspection Department of the Food Agency, to state that 'it should be determined by taking all characters into consideration based on the properties proper to the variety.'
  529. In keeping with the issuance of 'Machibure' (proclamation) in 1718, an order was given to magistrate's offices to watch any luxurious behavior of townspeople, down to their underwear.
  530. In keeping with the tradition of the previous Emperor, the Emperor entrusted Mototsune with power and nominated him for Kanpaku (chief advisor to the Emperor), although there were complications surrounding the writing of 'Ako' in the Imperial edict.
  531. In kendo (Japanese art of fencing), zan-shin refers to bracing oneself to be able to instantly respond to the opponent's attack or counterattack by maintaining the state of alertness; without zan-shin, the attack is not counted as yuko-datotsu (a point) even if it is accurately made against the opponent.
  532. In kidendo, lectures on Chinese historiography and "Wen Xuan" were carried out.
  533. In kiki, Izanagi ordered Susano to govern the sea.
  534. In kimono industry, tsutsusode of ofurisode (gorgeous formal kimono for single women) are especially called 'daimyosode' and regarded as a traditional, elegant shape; such kimono is often used as a formal dress for newborn baby at omiyamairi (visit shrine about thirty days after baby was born).
  535. In kinteki, a mato should be placed against an azuchi (target bank) which is 28 meters away from the shai (the position at where a player shoots an arrow, and it should be at the center of the body) at a 5-degree angle backward, and its center should be 27 centimeters above the ground (it has to be level with the archery ground).
  536. In kodan (art of public storytelling) and rakugo (traditional comic storytelling), which were popular among the general public, the expression "the periods of Genki, Tensho" was common.
  537. In kodan storytelling, Hari-sen is used to signal a change in the scene or to augment a highlight by slapping a shakudai pedestal.
  538. In kodo, sniffing of the incense is expressed as 'listening' to the incense, and as such, it is called monko (in kanji, 聞香 (lit. listening to the incense)).
  539. In kojiki, he is called Oyamatohikosukitomo no mikoto or Oyamatohikosukitomo no mikoto.
  540. In kojiki, he is called Shikitsuhikotamatemi no mikoto or Shikitsuhikotamademi no mikoto.
  541. In kojiki, there is a description "the capital is Unebi no Kashihara no miya," while in "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves), there is a description "the capital is Kashihara no Unebi no miya."
  542. In kojiki, there is a description that "his Misasagi is on Unebiyama no managodani no e (upper portion of the valley of Manago at Mount Unebi)."
  543. In komagaku (music from the Korean Peninsula), sannotsuzumi (a small double-headed drum struck on only one head) is used instead.
  544. In kouta, chuzao (a middle-sized shamisen, smaller than the shamisen in hauta) is used, and the string is thicker and the wooden koma (bridge) is bigger than that of hauta.
  545. In kuge-nikki (noblemen's diaries) in the early-modern times, there are articles that describe someone wearing sashiko while serving who suddenly needed to change his clothes to sashinuki to say thank the emperor.
  546. In kunto (Order of Merit), it corresponds to Daikuni (highest possible order of merit).
  547. In kyusha, the good or ill of making of a yugake is very important because it directly relates with the good or ill of shooting and the yugake which has long been used and fitted in the hand of a shooter can not be easily renewed.
  548. In lands directly controlled by the shogun (tenryo), local governors were appointed instead of daimyo.
  549. In languages of toji and other workers in breweries, "atonama"
  550. In languages of toji and other workers in breweries, "namanama" or "honnama"
  551. In large cities, a concentrated base station system is adopted for effective use of the frequency and for stable communication.
  552. In large shrines, as discussed earlier, professional miko employed by the shrine perform Urayasu no mai (Shinto dance and music) or more traditional kagura at ceremonies and rituals, whereas in many small shrines children temporarily serve as miko.
  553. In large temples, some Buddhist halls were made large, whereas some Buddhist halls were built to create peaceful space with thin columns and with a low ceiling in a home style.
  554. In larger domains, the role of Yonin could not be said to be chief retainer but, was a role that handled business, dealing and general affairs for the lord and elders of the domain.
  555. In late 1565, Mototada resigned Tayu at the age of 57 and shaved his head to become a priest and called himself Ichianzai Sosetsu (hereafter called Sosetsu).
  556. In late 1990s, redevelopment work was carried out around the ticket gates located on the second floor of Nagaoka Station and the so-called 'Eki-naka' (shops within the station building) was established.
  557. In late April of 1907, while staying in Tokyo, he was assigned to the city of Osaka, and this despite his title "Bishop of Kyoto." (It is not uncommon for the Eastern Orthodox Church to assign priests to areas that are at variance with their titles.)
  558. In late April, Kaoru visited Uji, and happened to meet Ukifune, who had made a stopover with her party at the residence of Uji on their way back from Hatsuse mode (the custom of visiting the Hase-dera Temple to worship).
  559. In late August, a burglar carrying a gun broke into a rice store at Shijo-Horikawa, and five members of the Shinsengumi (Nagakura, Saito, Hirayama and Yasohachi YAMANO) were sent after him.
  560. In late December 1902, Inoue entered Kyoto accompanied by Shigeo KATAYAMA.
  561. In late Edo period, people started to call those made of fermented wheat flour also kuzumochi (in different Chinese characters).
  562. In late Heian period, the sliding style became widespread.
  563. In late January when Kaoru was fifteen, young people gathered at Tamakazura's residence to sing "Takekawa" in the Saibara style (a genre of Heian-period Japanese court music (primarily consisting of gagaku-styled folk melodies)).
  564. In late Januray of 1996, Oshima announced that he would make a new film for the first time in about ten years, but in late February of the following year he suffered a brain hemorrhage during a visit to London.
  565. In late October, an emperor went to a river to perform Gyokei (purification ceremony).
  566. In late Paleolithic period chipped stone axes or partly ground stone axes were manufactured.
  567. In late September, Ujimasa headed for Maebashi-jo Castle of Kozuke Province to assist Kagetora.
  568. In late September, he accompanied Tadanori ISHIGURO, Surgeon Major General - visiting Germany as head Japanese representative at the 4th Red Cross Society Conference in Karlsruhe - to the conference as his interpreter official.
  569. In late autumn, Genji called on the nun to inquire after her health, but she passed away before long.
  570. In late medieval times, money changers appeared in the Flanders, Catalonia and Switzerland.
  571. In later Esoteric Buddhism after the introduction to Japan, a sexual image was added to Dakini, which resulted her to be depicted as a naked goddess having a skull.
  572. In later ages it tends to be seen as female.
  573. In later ages, a god's animal familiar might be popularly worshiped as a representation of the god itself, as seen in the case of the fox at Inari-jinja Shrines.
  574. In later ages, it was said that Kakuun was the originator of the Danna school, just as it was said that Genshin originated the Eshin school.
  575. In later ages, the patterns of the sun, moon, mountain, dragon, tiger, and monkey were embroidered.
  576. In later days the Kumigashiras appointed directly by Hideyoshi retired and their sons succeeded the post, however the troops' fighting force had weakened significantly.
  577. In later days, people enjoyed the sound and the device became a decorative part of a Japanese garden.
  578. In later eras, no person experiencing Rokui no Kurodo reached the Court noble level.
  579. In later eras, shokan began to work like samurai, and in some cases in the Kamakura period, some shokan were even appointed as jito (manager and lord of manor) by the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  580. In later generations, he was given a bad reputation and regarded as a example of disloyalty.
  581. In later life he was called 'Kohogen.'
  582. In later periods, Ming had Nanjing City and Beijing City as capitals, and Ching had Beijing, Nanjing and Shenjing, while some other countries or dynasties had five capitals such as Balhae (country), Liao and Jin (Dynasties).
  583. In later periods, a misleading view circulated that the practice first started with MINAMOTO no Yoritomo.
  584. In later periods, legends about the "kanameishi", a stone which is supposed to suppress earthquakes, at Kashima-jingu Shrine led to the belief that the shrine's central deity, Takemikazuchi, was a guardian against earthquakes.
  585. In later periods, some clans, including the Adachi one, called themselves descendants of Arihira.
  586. In later periods, the descendants of his third son Mitsutaka existed as the Fukushima clan.
  587. In later periods, various documents and articles had come to utilize Yoshitsune's name to raise prestige with the long and distinguished history.
  588. In later times, 'Genji' of samurai family and its descendants refers to Kawachi-Genji in most cases
  589. In later times, he was regarded identical with Hakamadare, a robber described in the tales such as "Konjaku monogatari shu" (Tales of Times Now and Then collection) and became a legend Yasusuke HAKAMADARE.
  590. In later times, however, it changed its meaning to a reform (shin) in the right direction and an edict (sei) for that purpose.
  591. In later years Emperor Meiji built Shiromine-jingu Shrine after sending his emissary to Sanuki and allowed Sutoku's spirit to return to Kyoto.
  592. In later years Jingikan (department of worship) selected court ladies from provinces to have them perform such services.
  593. In later years SHIMIZU became the first match manufacturer in Japan.
  594. In later years cultivated fields were also regarded as joden.
  595. In later years he seems to have gone to the capital, Kyoto, and in 1335 he participated with his father Yoshisuke in the army of his uncle Yoshisada NITTA, who had been ordered to search for and kill Takauji ASHIKAGA, a rebel against the Kenmu government.
  596. In later years he was appointed to Jingi haku, head of Jingikan.
  597. In later years he, along with his father and uncle, fought in battles over Kyoto, an attack of Norimura AKAMATSU in Harima Province, and the Battle of the Minato-gawa River.
  598. In later years it became an established custom that shoden was not given to members of Jige family even if they reached jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) or above.
  599. In later years it became popular for monasteries to have a square-shape vihara with a courtyard in the center, surrounded by a loculus, in addition to a shido (a hall dedicated to the souls of ancestors) in which the subject of worship (a stupa or Buddhist statue) was placed.
  600. In later years it is said the Prince was enshrined in the grounds of the Shrine by the local people.
  601. In later years the ritual of Oharae (the great purification) was established in which emperors themselves go through a purification ceremony to remove the impurity of the entire nation.
  602. In later years with the repeal of the shizoku-only principle, the social status ratio of new soldiers became almost equal to that of the population.
  603. In later years, 'Kisaki' started to mean empress and the empress was also called 'Kisai no miya.'
  604. In later years, Chikayoshi HORI (Shinano Iida Domain), Choen OGASAWARA (hatamoto) and Michinori IWATA (hatamoto) were appointed.
  605. In later years, Ci was composed not to the music but to the tones of previous works, so it became regarded as a kind of recited verses like Chinese poems.
  606. In later years, Genko triggered tight financial conditions for the Bakufu, leaving Akuto (a villain in medieval times) such as tyranny unleashed by the Uchi-Kanrei (head of Tokuso Family), Nagasaki clan, uncontrolled.
  607. In later years, Hakamadare was thought to be the same as Yasumasa's younger brother FUJIWARA no Yasusuke and was called 'Hakamadare Yasusuke,' but the story in Konjaku monogatari is logically difficult to consider as a story between brothers and therefore Hakamadare and FUJIWARA no Yasusuke are thought to be different people.
  608. In later years, Hisahide served Kanetsugu NAOE..
  609. In later years, Kinomidokyo became an extravagant wining and dining feast rather than a Buddhist mass due to nobles gathering for hikicha service and then food and drink service at night.
  610. In later years, Osamu TEZUKA, his great-grandchild, wrote a biographical manga (cartoon) titled, 'Hidamari no ki' (Trees in the sun) featuring Ryosen TEZUKA as one of the main characters.
  611. In later years, Shoko mostly presented his works at Teiten (The Japan Art Academy Exhibitions) and Nitten (The Japan Fine Arts Exhibitions), but in 1948 he left Nitten and formed a new organization with several other artists called "Sozo Bijyutsu" (Creation of Art).
  612. In later years, Tadateru, Shigekatsu's lord, was dismissed from his post and deprived of his fief for punishment, and an envoy of the shogun was Katsutaka, the fifth son of Shigekatsu.
  613. In later years, Terumoto told that he 'left every aspect of politics to Obaiin (Takakage),' but Takakage was a foster parent for Terumoto.
  614. In later years, Tsubone's younger brother was also welcomed by the shogunate as a member of an elite family, so he began referring to himself as a member of the Toda clan, with whom they had a connection.
  615. In later years, Yajiro SHINAGAWA (Viscount), a graduate of Shokason-juku and a Genkun (veteran statesman) of the Meiji period is claimed to have said 'If Toshimaro had lived, he would have been prime minister' in later years.
  616. In later years, Yoshimori WADA wished for Tadakiyo's position as betto for a reward, and was appointed as Samuraidokoro Betto (administrator of the Board of Retainers) of the Kamakura government.
  617. In later years, a child actor named Toroku MAKINO also took the stage name "Ichitaro KATAOKA," but he--fully 33 years younger than the Kataoka under discussion here--was clearly a different person entirely.
  618. In later years, a more readable version called 'Hokisho' was published.
  619. In later years, after the downfall of Takatsune, Onimaru was obtained once more by the Muromachi shogunate family and Onikiri was given to and handed down in the Mogami family of the Shiba family.
  620. In later years, after the tradition of those music and scores were lost, Ci was composed based on the tones or the form of each line.
  621. In later years, at the Bunei War (the first Mongolian Invasion) in 1274, the Mizuki was renovated as a defense line against the Mongol army.
  622. In later years, despite the existence of "Taisei sankei," some talented Japanese mathematicians who belonged to the Seki school continued to base their efforts to develop an accurate expansion formula on their corrections of "Kaifukudai no ho."
  623. In later years, entertainers were sent to such boats to carry out kanjin activities, and it has been said that some were like floating entertainment halls.
  624. In later years, even when MICHI no Hiromochi (道広持), his descendant, changed his name into Todo Ason in 835, it was still said that Obitona's achievements had been appreciated.
  625. In later years, he achieved a military exploit in the Siege of Osaka and became the lord of the Hasegawa Domain in Mino Province.
  626. In later years, he also took over the Sanda Domain in the Settsu Province of late father's property inheritance to gain the total of 80,000 koku.
  627. In later years, he directed it after the other three directors died.
  628. In later years, he had many children with MINAMOTO no Sanemoto, MINAMOTO no Motohira, etc. and Masako, one of his daughters married FUJIWARA no Nagazane and gave birth to a daughter named FUJIWARA no Tokushi [Nariko].
  629. In later years, he left the management of Tohoku region to his older brother, SAKANOUE no Hirono, because he became Ukone no shosho (Minor Captain of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards) and Mutsu no suke and so on.
  630. In later years, he lived with 'the first Japanese actress' Sadayakko KAWAKAMI as if the husband and wife.
  631. In later years, he produced many prints of Kabuki actors depicted in the traditional three-quarter view style, while he also painted Kabuki actor portraits in a daring composition, featuring a single actor standing alone in waist and up view within the set of three panels.
  632. In later years, he recalled 'Although nowadays the colloquial style is widely practiced, at that time this idea did not gain approval by the public in general.' ('Hakuun sanso zakki' (Miscellaneous record at Hakuun sanso villa) in "Ritsumeikan Gakkai-shi" (Ritsumeikan University Bureau) Vol. 9: March, 1917).
  633. In later years, he sent an explanatory note for "Shuiguso" to Sogi.
  634. In later years, he stayed with Tsunanori MAEDA and ordered a feudal retainer of the Kaga domain to organize the experiences of his journey into a book called "Conversation with Koan WATANABE".
  635. In later years, he was told to revise "Kaitai Shinsho" by his master, Genpaku FUJITA, and wrote "Jutei Kaitai Shinsho" (Kaitai Shinsho Revised).
  636. In later years, his name was sometimes written as 山邊(辺)赤人.
  637. In later years, however, a hypothesis appeared arguing that the books circulated at that time may have been forgeries.
  638. In later years, however, different opinions on ancient kana orthography were proposed by Norinaga MOTOORI.
  639. In later years, however, the word Jokan was often used in the same sense as described in the last example, as illustrated by examples from the "Irohajirui-sho"(Kango-Japanese Dictionary from the Heian Period) where it is explained that Geki and Shi were referred to as Jokan.
  640. In later years, in a TV show "Sekaiichi uketai jugyo" (the lecture everyone wants to attend), Ietsugu was introduced as 'a shogun who was engaged at the age of seven and died at the age of eight.'
  641. In later years, it became a theme of a film.
  642. In later years, it came to mean doso operated by common people under the protection of Enryaku-ji Temple by means of acquiring a position called Sanmonkunin, which was given to the servants whose honjo (proprietor or guarantor of a manor) was a temple.
  643. In later years, some oraimono were composed of knowledge and customs necessary for each social status, such as samurai, merchants and farmers, while 'Jizukushi,' which were not in the form of correspondence, were compiled for calligraphy practice.
  644. In later years, some stewards or regents served concurrently as Nenyo.
  645. In later years, the Arima family and the Omura family called themselves the descendants of FUJIWARA no Sumitomo.
  646. In later years, the Dynasty, after having its vassal system with the Ming dynasty, adopted the doctrines of Zhu Xi; Neo-Confucianism as its state religion following Ming and conducted Kakyo/Keju (examinations for Chinese state bureaucrats) to form its bureaucratic centralized government.
  647. In later years, the mainstream of immigrants was shifted to commoners, the most populous social class, from Tohoku and Hokuriku regions.
  648. In later years, the reading has changed from 'safeki' to 'saeki' and in some regions, to 'saiki.'
  649. In later years, the title of Hakuseki ARAI's essay, 'Oritaku Shiba no ki," came from Go-Toba-in's poem.
  650. In later years, the word 'kenchu' carried out by the provincial office and estate proprietor in certifying manors, widely replaced koden and kenden, whereby kendencho began to be called kenchucho (land survey ledger).
  651. In later years, there were cases when the title 'Kisai go' was given even if she did not have experience as 'Junbo,' for the purpose of favorably treating unmarried princesses.
  652. In later years, they took charge of revenue and expenditures under the written order of the bakufu (steward of the bakufu or Kurabugyo) because doing so saved them transpiration of the tax to the government.
  653. In later years, this system was simplified; an 'Uketori' (receipt) prepared by Mandokoro was sent to the Okura along with a 'Shitagaki' prepared by the Kurabugyo to substitute for the written order.
  654. In later years, though not known when, she was reburied in Shinaga no Yamada no Misasagi (the Yamada Imperial tomb in Shinaga; by an archeological term, Yamada Takatsuka Tumulus) located at Yamada, Taishi-cho, Minami Kawachi-gun, Osaka Prefecture.'
  655. In later years, to make a distinction, masu became written as '枡' by attaching the left radical of tree (木) to '升,' but in reality, the distinction between 升 and 枡 seems to have been not so strict.
  656. In later years, together with Empress Jingu, he was related to Hachimanshin (God of War) and was enshrined as Imperial ancestor and bushin in Hachiman-gu Shrines in various places.
  657. In later years, when Kobo-daishi Kukai visited Seiryu-ji Temple and learned Buddhism, he begged to be given Samaya-vrata but it was not permitted.
  658. In later years, when deeply confronting Nobunaga over the real power to govern the nation and having formed an anti-Nobunaga network, Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA also asked for Ieyasu's cooperation through requesting him to assume the deputy shogun post.
  659. In later years, when the herring fishing fell to chronically poor catches in the Wajinch, Japanese started to go to the Ezo area for fishing.
  660. In later years, with mediation by Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, he joined Hideyoshi's army in the form of Jingari (temporary entry into a war without rewards) in the conquest and the siege of Odawara in 1590.
  661. In later years:
  662. In latter days of his life, he lived out in the Chofuku-ji Temple in Kamakura and died at the age of seventy-six.
  663. In leap August 1862 (according to the old lunar calendar), the Shogunate appointed the head of the Aizu clan Katamori MATSUDAIRA to a newly established post, Kyoto-shugoshoku (Military governor of Kyoto), for suppressing increasing masterless samurai extremists whom Kyoto-shoshidai (Deputy for Governor-general of Kyoto) had been no longer able to control.
  664. In leap August 1862, daimyo were permitted to serve in Edo for one hundred days once every three years as part of the Bunkyu Reform.
  665. In leap December, he also took the office of Kaga no kami (the governor of Kaga Province) and left the position of Ecchu Gon no kami.
  666. In leap March (old lunar calendar) 1599, upon the death of Toshiie MAEDA, he attacked Mitsunari ISHIDA with Budan-ha (a political faction that is willing to resort to military means to achieve its aim) members such as Masanori FUKUSHIMA and Kiyomasa KATO.
  667. In legal terms, it is the year, month and day of a person's death.
  668. In letters written after the battle, both sides claimed victory.
  669. In life he used to laugh at himself, saying, 'except for Franklin ROOSEVELT and me, nobody become famous suffering from this kind of diseases.'
  670. In life, Empress Dowager Eisho stayed as a consort and was never installed as an empress, and she was titled Empress Dowager to accompany Emperor Meiji's enthronement, so this posthumous title is correct, but this does not hold true for Empress Dowager Shoken.
  671. In light of all of this, it is foreseeable that tourists who formerly took the Keifuku Line (Randen) or shuttle buses from central Kyoto City out to Uzumasa or Arashiyama will switch to using the Sagano Line.
  672. In light of the above problems, the Niigata Branch carried out the renovation work from autumn 2006 until spring 2007, which centered on the second floor of the station building.
  673. In light of the above, Nariyuki submitted his resignation on the grounds that he could no longer be effective in assisting the Emperor with affairs of State, but Emperor Komei had deep trust towards those two rejecting Nariyuki's resignation.
  674. In light of the above, the joint mausoleum of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito must contain one stone casket.
  675. In light of the background of the establishment, the dish is directly connected to sumo culture and, therefore there are many chanko restaurants around Ryogoku (Sumida Ward), and in big cities such as Nagoya, Osaka and Fukuoka where regional tournaments are held.
  676. In light of the historical facts, there can be little doubt that Yukimori continued fighting, rendering devoted service to the family of his lord, even after it had fallen into ruin.
  677. In light of the revision made effective on January 21, 1998, Otokoyama Management Office withdrew from the operation after the closing the last one-way trip bus.
  678. In light of these events the clan head fled, and his subsequent whereabouts is unknown.
  679. In light of this, Yoritomo did not impinge on the governors` jurisdiction but made retainers gokenin by guaranteeing status to these gokenin samurai retainers.
  680. In line to the throne were Imperial Prince Tamehira and Emperor Enyu, who were the maternal brothers of Emperor Reizei, the son of Emperor Murakami and Empress FUJIWARA no Anshi.
  681. In line with my above-mentioned belief, I want to help people in Okinawa Prefecture as much as possible.'
  682. In line with the answer given by each guest, Shippitsu writes down 'Chrysanthemum (菊)' if more guests answer chrysanthemum, 'Flower (花)' if the numbers of guests answering chrysanthemum and wind are the same, or 'Wave (波)' if more guests answer wind, under the answer written down by each guest on the recording paper.
  683. In line with their insistence, the attitude of Korea against Japan softened slightly.
  684. In line with this role, the temple also consolidated the organization of Kumano's Shugendo and served an important role as Kumano Sanzan Kengyo.
  685. In liquid sumi that's either thick or the animal glue has withered, there is an extensive scattering of sumi.
  686. In literal Japanese, imayo means 'modern-style,' and so, imayo song meant 'the modern popular song' at that time.
  687. In literary history, "Ugetsu Monogatari" is considered to be an early yomihon like "The Tales of Nishiyama," written by Ayatari TAKEBE, between the periods of the Genroku and Kasei cultures or the Anei and Temmei cultural periods during which ukiyozoshi was becoming obsolete.
  688. In literary works including the Kabuki and Bunraku adaptation 'Ashiya Doman Ouchi Kagami,' Doman often appears as ABE no Seimei's rival having a magic showdown with him but he is invariably portrayed as a villain serving as a foil to Seimei.
  689. In literary works, such as Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors) and Joruri (dramatic narrative chanted to a shamisen accompaniment), there exist many numbers including themes of Chosen Tsushinshi.
  690. In literature in the medieval period, sokutai and ikan were not precisely distinguished, but the word 'ikan' may be used to simply mean formal attire of nobles as in the 'ikan tadashiki' (properly wearing ikan).
  691. In literature where Nobunaga ODE and his men are the leading characters, Yoshiaki is often described as a stupid noble.
  692. In literature, funny stories that comically described ordinary people's life, such as "Tokai dochu hizakurige" (Travels on Foot on the Tokai-do Road) written by Ikku JIPPENSHA were preferred.
  693. In local areas
  694. In local areas too, there are some lines which are enjoying an increase in transportation volume because of various improvement strategies against automobile and airline companies and due to increase in tourists.
  695. In local areas where jujutsu was especially popular, several practice halls existed in a single village and most young people there became the pupils, various historical records say.
  696. In local areas, however, some cases where the rights of the kuge side to financial control were encroached by local samurai (jito) (manager and lord of manor) began to appear.
  697. In local cities, Noh is performed in a temporary Noh stage created in a multipurpose hall or in the open air, so there are a quite few opportunities to enjoy Noh.
  698. In local provinces, clan families with lineage of the Kibi clan established "Uji" and "Omi," and additional local ruling families established "Bu."
  699. In local regions, the Toyotomi government established a 'Daimyo chigyo system' (system of giving fiefs to a Daimyo); the government admitted each feudal lord's sovereignty by issuing 'shuinjo' (a vermillion seal letter).
  700. In local societies, the zuryo who reigned in kokuga (provincial government office) was in the shodaibu status and those who served them and formed the dynasty were in the samurai status.
  701. In long pieces such as 'Shochikubai' (by Koto MITSUHASHI), 'Uji Meguri' (by Kengyo MATSUURA), 'Shin Aoyagi' (by Koto ISHIKAWA), and 'Chiyo no Uguisu' (by Kengyo MITSUZAKI), tegoto can be found in two places in a piece.
  702. In long pieces, most often tuning takes place twice, but in many pieces it occurs three times.
  703. In long-distance transportation services, competition with airline companies continued.
  704. In macrobiotics it is frequently used as a sweetener in place of sugar, so the demand is increasing abroad.
  705. In maelstrom of wars
  706. In mah-jong, a winning combination of tiles is compared to a flying bird.
  707. In mainland China and Taiwan, it is called "梅雨" (pronounced as "mei-yu") and, in Korea, "??" (pronounced as "chan-ma" and written as "長霖" in Chinese characters).
  708. In mainland China, gypsum (calcium sulfate) powered and dissolved in the water is used as a coagulant; however, in the Japanese traditional process used since ancient times, bittern resulting from the process of salt production was mainly used.
  709. In major cities of China, such as Beijing, the amount of aerosol increases in the winter when kosa also increases.
  710. In major competitions involving the All Nippon Kyudo Federation, men and women must wear kimono with snug-fitting white sleeves, black hakama and shirotabi.
  711. In maki no ge (the lower volume) of "Bussetsu Muryoju-kyo" (the Sutra of the Buddha of Immeasurable Life) it is preached as follows:
  712. In making hamburgers at home, several helpful hints make them tastier.
  713. In making the kamaboko with a wooden board, spatular-shaped instruments called 'tetsuki-boucho' (a kind of kitchen knife) are used in order to put the fish-meat paste on the 'kamaboko-ita' (the wooden board for kamaboko) in the form of a semicircle.
  714. In many areas, the salty-sweet mitarashi dango refers to shoyu dango (dumplings dipped in soy-based sauce).
  715. In many books concerning poetry, such as 'Waka Shogakusho' (basics of Japanese "waka" poetry) and 'Godaishu Utamakura,' it is said that 'Kurabu-yama' (Mt. Kurabu) is located in Yamashiro Province, but its exact location is not identified.
  716. In many books relating to the battle, the progress is described as above, which this section follows.
  717. In many cases Eight Views, like the Eight Views of Xiaoxiang, consist of fixed subjects, but there are also the ones whose targets vary across the ages, like Eight Views of Taiwan.
  718. In many cases a short-tailed cat has a complicatedly-curved tailbone, but as it is covered with fur it looks like a mere stump on the face of it.
  719. In many cases chaire has an ivory lid whose back is gilded.
  720. In many cases it is expressed as a Karasu Tengu (crow-billed goblin) riding a white fox with a sword and rope.
  721. In many cases it is wrongly written as '竪型精米機.'
  722. In many cases of Ogasawara school, there are facing postures for shooting at a distance, that is, the so-called 'Shomen-uchiokoshi' (anchoring in front facing posture) is taught; on the contrary, the Heki school teaches 'Shamen-uchiokoshi' (anchoring in a slanted position).
  723. In many cases stones lying around or stones in a riverbed are used, however, the stones that could be produced only in the limited place, such as obsidian, shale and sanukite would be not only collected from the ground but also mined.
  724. In many cases, Bengal quince is generally used as rootstock, however, other citrus such as yuzu orange are sometimes used instead.
  725. In many cases, Fuseya were established by Buddhist temples as part of their charities.
  726. In many cases, Japanese Buddhism is also practiced at the same time, and Ju-kyo (Confucianism) has a great influence as well.
  727. In many cases, Kure-en is not built on the base of the house building, but built on Engeta (circular or rectangular cross-section horizontal member) extending on posts which are placed on Tsukaishi (foundation stone) to stand up in accordance with the timber framework method.
  728. In many cases, Western or Japanese paper selected for appearance is cut into a square (or an appropriate shape for them) for models destined for exhibition.
  729. In many cases, a jitsugoto solves the problems in the drama and conclude the story.
  730. In many cases, a life-size statue of horse is regarded as a shinme.
  731. In many cases, a memorial address by a friend and so on, speech by a surviving member of the family, Kenka and so on are added.
  732. In many cases, a protagonist (Shite) plays the role of a supernatural entity like god, revenant, long-nosed goblin, or demon and occasionally, he does play some flesh-and-blood roles such as Benkei in the Noh play "Ataka".
  733. In many cases, an aragoto is described as a person with brave and wild character, and plays the role of getting rid of the villain with fantastic numen.
  734. In many cases, as with the Eight Views of Xiaoxiang, the item name is made up of four Kanji (Chinese characters): the first pair and the latter pair (e.g. "金沢八景" Eight Views of Kanazawa).
  735. In many cases, at the Buddhist halls where Yakushi-nyorai is placed as the principle image of Buddha, each of six deities is placed on the left and right side of Yakushi-nyorai, or in a line ahead of the Buddhist altar.
  736. In many cases, chopsticks are used for dinner.
  737. In many cases, coffee is prepared under the image of a 'room filled with the aroma of freshly-roasted beans' rather than flavor of coffee drink itself.
  738. In many cases, daimyo were called by their domain names with 'Ko' (lord), rather than 'Hanshu.'
  739. In many cases, differing from small-scale Yagura, tenshu included a Corridor, Irikawa, which is under the Geya, and inner-side Moya, which is the main space.
  740. In many cases, divisions of land such as cities and prefectures that remain in various regions today, are the vestiges of feudal territories in such areas, and even after feudalism shifted to other political systems, these were still used for regional division in each successive political system.
  741. In many cases, doctors were separated into those holding hereditary positions in the samurai class and lower-ranking physicians who came from lower-ranking samurai or ordinary families.
  742. In many cases, either tobishoku, or gardeners and farmers who work as tobishoku at the same time, make and sell New year's decorations and kadomatsu (a pine tree decoration for new year).
  743. In many cases, examinations for Dan-i from Shodan to Sandan are jointly held by the branches under the Federation in several areas of the prefecture (for Yodan/Godan, examinations are held jointly at one location).
  744. In many cases, families settled down in areas away from their places of family registry, and they began to farm.
  745. In many cases, finely-shred takanazuke is sold.
  746. In many cases, he is called Mototaka, but the restored family tree shows that his name is Motomichi.
  747. In many cases, high-value added commercial crops such as wasabi (Japanese horseradish) are grown in Tanada, due to its high drainage capacity.
  748. In many cases, history departments in university humanities faculties have special courses and lectures for this in their curriculum.
  749. In many cases, hokaku sen that divide jori are located north-south and east-west directions, but there are quite a few cases in which hokaku sen are at a tilt depending on the regions and geological formations.
  750. In many cases, however, as "namazake" which is not stored under proper control is consumed, sake undergoes hiire for easier preferred storage control.
  751. In many cases, hydrogen ion is contained in the water in the form of liberated sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid.
  752. In many cases, it aimed especially at tightening discipline of lower-ranking government officials and Buddhist monks including armed priests.
  753. In many cases, it is a euphemism for a speech at celebrations.
  754. In many cases, it is a funny part, but the term can be used for an ending of ghost stories and others, so that it cannot be said definitely.
  755. In many cases, it is a role like a Tomo to the protagonist (shite).
  756. In many cases, it is called 'Shachihoko.'
  757. In many cases, it is considered that he was one of the FUJIWARA no Nakamaro's followers.
  758. In many cases, it is cultivated close to the cities such as Osaka prefecture.
  759. In many cases, it is the regular festival of the shrine.
  760. In many cases, it is wrapped in bamboo leaves.
  761. In many cases, it means a festival held in Japan mostly from the beginning of July through the end of August.
  762. In many cases, it was addressed 'To obugyosho (an expression of respect relating to a magistrate's office).'
  763. In many cases, it was worn over ikan (traditional formal court dress).
  764. In many cases, oni in Noh plays are products of female obsessions (for example, Kanawa [Iron Wheel], Aoi no Ue [Lady Aoi] and Dojo-ji Temple [all Noh plays]).
  765. In many cases, only one of the two ceremonial fires is lit at Obon festival: mukaebi as oshorei, for welcoming ancestors, or okuribi for seeing them off.
  766. In many cases, origami models are made of a sheet of paper without using scissors or glue, but scissors are used to cut paper for certain designs which require two sheets of paper, for example shuriken (a small throwing blade).
  767. In many cases, persons from the Nijo family conducted inmyodenju in sokuikanjo, and there is a view that the Nijo family had been involved since the birth of sokuikanjo.
  768. In many cases, pulling jinrikisha was the first job available for workers migrating to these cities.
  769. In many cases, samurai families in Japan call themselves a descendant of so-called 'genpeitokitsu' (shortened expression of four major families) or other central nobles, however, the Ouchi clan calls itself a descendant of Rinsho taishi, the third prince of Seongmyeong-wang of Paekche.
  770. In many cases, several Garanjin are enshrined together in a corner of a Buddhist sanctum or the like.
  771. In many cases, such a Noh drama is divided into the first half (Maeba) and the second half (Nochiba).
  772. In many cases, sumo wrestlers eat hot pod dishes as their diet to develop their physique for sumo, and then those hot pot dishes became widely known as chankonabe.
  773. In many cases, tachiyaku actors act as good people in dramas, and they come up with white makeup.
  774. In many cases, the Zuryomei was given to Kokujin (local samurai) and Busho (Japanese military commanders) who were under the control of daimyo (Japanese feudal lords) and also had a castle, territory and military strength.
  775. In many cases, the center of the floored part is cut out for the Irori fireplace.
  776. In many cases, the contents of Taiho Ritsuryo Code are estimated from those of Yoro Ritsuryo Code.
  777. In many cases, the domains overlooked those who left.
  778. In many cases, the hide is fixed onto the trunk with tacks (tack-fixed Japanese drum).
  779. In many cases, the honke became the honjo.
  780. In many cases, the katanagari edict was implemented on the basis of murauke (village-wide, collective responsibility for tax payment), that is, the right of jikendan of soson.
  781. In many cases, the nokotsudo is of the Buddhist style, but some municipalities prepare the option of the Shinto style.
  782. In many cases, the object in which a deity resides or the object to which a spirit is drawn is transferred to a portable shrine, and an imperial visit to the shrine parishioner, or togyo (transfer of a sacred object from its place of enshrinement) to the otabisho (place where the sacred palanquin is lodged during a festival), or to the genkyu is performed.
  783. In many cases, the post is filled by the monarch's successor (e.g. a prince), brother, mother, or a maternal relative such as a grandfather or uncle on the mother's side.
  784. In many cases, the purpose of matsuri departed from the interests of participants due to changes of the times, and details of events of some matsuri were forced to be changed due to changes in the social environment and so on.
  785. In many cases, the recorded song sung by Masao SUZUKI is used.
  786. In many cases, the same writer writes both sankyoku and zakkyoku, but some writers like Zhang Kejiu and Guan Yunshi wrote only sankyoku.
  787. In many cases, the second priority and below were designated as 'people with educational history other than graduates of higher schools,' and those who enrolled in this manner were called 'people who were admitted through indirect enrollment.'
  788. In many cases, the sleeves of the uwagi extend to around the elbow in length, but in some cases nearly sleeveless jackets are used.
  789. In many cases, the story is that the giant tries to do something but fails and goes away, to his chagrin.
  790. In many cases, the structures often called Tenshu substitutes indicate 'Virtual Tenshu,' and multiple-story Yagura, which are sometimes treated as Tenshu depending on their scale and design (Kurume-jo Castle tatsumi three-story turret, Fukui-jo Castle three-story turret and so on).
  791. In many cases, the term 'Hari-ogi' is used in Nohgaku, and the term 'Hari-sen' is used in kodan storytelling.
  792. In many cases, the term Western dishes is collectively used to refer to the cooking style brought from the European countries.
  793. In many cases, the three images are displayed at front and are not changed until reaching the Goma-shogyo stage.
  794. In many cases, the word 'sorei' refers to a soul or collective of souls whose bodies died quite long time ago and individualities in life were lost.
  795. In many cases, these groups of have a parent organization called All Nippon Players Association.
  796. In many cases, they are described as gentleman types wearing traditional suits or riding suits; Baron is recognized more as the title for a gentleman rather than for aristocrats.
  797. In many cases, they are simply called "benshi."
  798. In many cases, they were targeted for murder by the side chanting the word.
  799. In many cases, this expression represents the Imperial family or the Imperial system.
  800. In many cases, this kata implicitly contains a sense of respect or consideration for others because of an influence of jukyo dotoku (Confucian ethics) or based on shinsho (real nature) of avoiding a conflict with others and respecting a harmony.
  801. In many cases, this segmented vegetation cannot guarantee enough land to maintain the populations of the animals that live there, and the decline of the animal community is considered to be worse than that of the plant community.
  802. In many cases, this street stall is a mobile restaurant; some stores exclusively sell toys and other goods, and this type of street vendor stall is also known as a Roten.
  803. In many cases, to facilitate understanding, instructions in writing are added to the diagram.
  804. In many cases, tozama daimyo who was a lord of a castle with territory of 40,000 to 70,000 koku became Kyooyaku for messengers of the emperor, while tozama daimyo of jinya (regional government office) with territory of 10,000 to 30,000 koku became Kyooyaku for those of the retired emperor.
  805. In many cases, tuning is changed at the point of entering atouta (the latter song) after tegoto is finished.
  806. In many cases, vegetables and fish of the season are offered to the god and then cooked for the naorai.
  807. In many cases, when donating shoen, kaihatsu-ryoshu were appointed as shokan (an officer governing shoen) by the lord of the manor to whom they donated it.
  808. In many cases, when you get the grand master license, you are qualified as an instructor and permitted to establish your own training hall as a member affiliated with the school.
  809. In many cases, women stabbed a thug with a jifa when they were attacked and she escaped while the thug was wincing.
  810. In many catering establishments where correct preservation control is not conducted, deteriorated sake is often served at low temperature around five degrees centigrade so that deterioration is not noticed because of coldness.
  811. In many chapters it is written that the coming reconstruction will make the world in the light of God beyond imagination.
  812. In many circumstances, this term was translated into 'shobo' ('right dharma').
  813. In many classes, students receive instruction in basic knowledge such as the styles of komonjo and practice reading the actual documents.
  814. In many coastal regions in Japan, something thrown up on the shore was worshiped as Ebisu (god of fishing and commerce).
  815. In many cold regions like Hokkaido, etc. it is often advanced by one month and the ritual takes place on October 15 because November 15 is too cold.
  816. In many countries an executioner was victimized by society and strongly discriminated against in terms of jobs or marriage; therefore the role of executioner was usually limited to a specific social group or clan, and it is said that this is a reason for normalizing heredity.
  817. In many countries in East Asia the Chinese calendar or its derivatives were used before the Gregorian reform.
  818. In many countries in Europe before, the imperial throne was succeeded by male-line male (different from that of Japan excluding male-line female).
  819. In many documents his name was erroneously written as KUZE Michitake (通武)
  820. In many domains, people ranked higher than kyujin were allowed to ride a horse.
  821. In many eastern regions, the custom of calling village heads myoshu persisted and the chief village officer was called nanushi in many of these regions.
  822. In many facilities today, they not only show the houses, but try to let visitors experience the lifestyle of the old days, such as by displaying contemporary articles of everyday use, lighting real irori, and reenacting traditional events.
  823. In many instances, the place farthest from the entrance of the room and nearest to decorations of hanging scroll and flower arrangements is called 'kamiza' where the highest ranked person or the most important guest may sit.
  824. In many izakaya bars, salted mysid shrimp is served as sakana (appetizers taken with alcoholic drinks), eaten as it is or with grated daikon radish.
  825. In many kanjo cases, the deity is divided from the shrine from which the god originated and those shrines are called sohonsha or sohongu (head shrine).
  826. In many katsudon restaurants in Osaka City such as 'Katsudon' and 'Matsuridaiko,' it is treated as a standard.
  827. In many manzai, the performers use a folding fan like "maisen" (folding fan for dancing), but in Mikawa manzai they often use a "chukei" (a kind of folding fan in nogaku, when we see the closed one from the side, its end is spreading).
  828. In many of the kobudo schools, a variety of licenses were issued, based upon the judgment of the grade in the progress of techniques and character as a man.
  829. In many of the old theories, the cause of Heiji Rebellion is usually attributed to Yoshitomo's motives.
  830. In many of the rice-using dishes in other nations, rice is used as a foodstuff whose positioning is the same as that of vegetables that are to be fried or boiled, and these dishes are usually flavored.
  831. In many of them and the main hall, Fudo Myoo (Acala, one of the five Wisdom Kings) is enshrined.
  832. In many other old temples in Hida and Mino Provinces, Ryomen-sukuna is worshipped.
  833. In many paintings and didactic poems, human relationships and the teachings of society are expressed satirically.
  834. In many parts of the world, history shows that enjoyment of drinking along with usual enjoyments such as going to plays and comic stories has helped food culture develop while food culture has helped enjoyments grow.
  835. In many places sweets and other food for an offering will be distributed and things are put away on the following day.
  836. In many plays and songs, dialogues are assigned to a narrator (tayu) and singer, while actors and dancers don't speak at all.
  837. In many provinces it was customary for Yojin to be treated the same as senior vassals and on a par with family elders.
  838. In many provinces the Yojin were senior vassals who were permitted to ride on horseback.
  839. In many regions, an owner system has been introduced for the purpose of conserving the landscape or fostering repeaters from the standpoint of tourist spots.
  840. In many regions, female rice planters or those who participated in rice planting used to be invited to a banquet
  841. In many regions, people decorate or eat it at an event of Sagicho (ritual bonfire of New Year's decorations).
  842. In many representations, Shaka Kinrin is seated on a sacred mountain surrounded by a ring of moonlight (a white halo surrounding the entire figure) or sunlight (a red halo), holding a golden wheel in its hands, which are held in the meditation mudra.
  843. In many rural areas, cruising taxis are rare and most services are provided by calling for one over the telephone or taking one at a taxi stand (but if one raises his/her hand as he/she finds a vacant taxi, the taxi is supposed to stop like a cruising taxi does, in urban areas.).
  844. In many schools a large plectrum called 'Tsugaru bachi' is used.
  845. In many schools of Buddhism, a posthumous name, 'kaimyo' or 'homyo' (Jodo Shinshu, or the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism), is given to the deceased by monks whereas in Shinto 'okurina,' an equivalent of Buddhism's 'kaimyo,' is given.
  846. In many selected preservation districts for groups of important historic buildings, roads have not been made suitable for automobile traffic.
  847. In many shops in Osaka and Kagawa, 'Tanuki Udon' is not on the menu.
  848. In many shrines on reclaimed land, such as Hokkaido Jingu, Okunitama no kami is enshrined as one of the three kami of land reclamation, along with Onamuji no kami (Okuninushi no kami) and Sukunabikona no kami.
  849. In many sumo-like Japanese fighting sports except for sumo, a player wins if his or her opponent's back touches the ground just like a fall in wrestling.
  850. In many sushi dishes of these types, vinegared boiled rice is not used either.
  851. In many times, the families of Kuge were split because of the advance of Buke.
  852. In many traditional rural houses, the lavatory and bathing place are located in a hut separate from the main building.
  853. In many works covering the last days of the shogunate, Shinsen-gumi appears as the enemy.
  854. In manzai, a pair of performers called "tayu" and "saizo" is a basic unit, but in performances not in front of houses, but in "zashiki" (parlor), the number of performers are from more than three to up to a dozen.
  855. In maps for Kyoto, the character Y is often used for indicating the Kamo-gawa River, where the one on the right side indicates the Takano-gawa River.
  856. In march 1356, he assisted Yoriyuki who departed from Awa in order to conquer Iyo Province.
  857. In march 1929, Ozasa resigned from the company and parent company Yachiyo Insurance withdrew from film production business because it failed in publishing business and went to ruin.
  858. In martial arts, they are also called kidachi.
  859. In masse, the period after Sakya-muni Buddha's death, bad Biku (Buddhist priests) may become rampant, break religious precepts, and mislead people saying that 'Nyorai (Tathagata) is impermanent,' so to prevent it, "Nehan-gyo" preaches the demand of the precepts and eternity of bussho.
  860. In matches, not only attacks using a Shinai but also the body check, foot sweep, grappling and so on are allowed.
  861. In measuring the length of something long such as rope, the length is easily represented by the hiro by a manner that a measurer repeats the following: Hold a rope in one's both hands and then outspread the arms.
  862. In medieval Europe, castles built on mountains were called as Hohenburg.
  863. In medieval Europe, particularly in its early days, people suffered from repeated invasion by foreigners such as the Normans, Muslims and Magyars.
  864. In medieval Japan there existed merchants called 'kaesenya' or 'warifuya' who dealt with 'warifu' (tally), a precursor of money order.
  865. In medieval Japan, Mikuriya indicated a manor of the Imperial family or dominant shrines, such as Ise-jingu Shrine, (a shrine estate), and this term still remains in geographic names.
  866. In medieval Japan, a kokushi was a government officer who was sent by the central government to administer a ryoseikoku (an area of regional administration).
  867. In medieval Japan, castles developed for two purposes: in order to defend the samurai residence during peace time and defend from attack by armies from around steep mountains during war time.
  868. In medieval mythology, some of the gods in Kiki (The Kojiki and Nihon Shoki) are identified as or treated as equals to the deities in Buddhism based on the theory of Honjisuijyaku (gods are a manifestation of Buddha).
  869. In medieval times they were localized in Oshu as retainers of the KASAI clan; the three family lines rose and fell alternately, had conflicts with neighboring forces and spawned many branch families.
  870. In medieval times, Imai-cho as Jinai-cho (temple villages) was developed as an autonomous city.
  871. In medieval times, Taka-gari started to be practiced among warriors and we can see how it was done in the Kamakura Period from descriptions on the Ippenshonin-eden picture scroll, Rokudo-e (painting of the six realms) of Shoju-raigo-ji Temple, Azuma-kagami (history book) and Soga-monogatari military epic.
  872. In medieval times, a mixture of Japanese and Chinese writing, which became the basis of today's written Japanese language, was established, giving Japanese flexible powers of expression with its mix of kango (words of Chinese origin) and Wago (words of Japanese origin).
  873. In medieval times, and after, it was especially valued in the Nichiren school of Buddhism and in the Hokke sect in Buddhism (Hokke Shinto), and was seen as the Hokekyo shugo no kami (Gohozenshin).
  874. In medieval times, aristocratic women could become 'ama' called Sage Ama by having her hair cut around shoulders (of course they couldn't become ama formally because they could not be given the precepts of Buddhism).
  875. In medieval times, many mokuroku were drawn up by the lords of shoen (manors), court nobles, samurai and Buddhist monks.
  876. In medieval times, people that despaired of their world, made a pilgrimage to temples in hope of happiness in the afterlife.
  877. In medieval times, the 'monument bearing an inscription' built according to the Empress's will fell between rice fields due to the collapse of the mausoleum.
  878. In medieval times, the roofs of buildings other than temples, such as Gosho (Imperial Palace) of emperors and Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") were often covered with Hiwada (bark of Japanese cypress) again.
  879. In medieval times, the term Shidosen also referred to the financing provided by temples using Shidosen as capital.
  880. In medieval times, the whereabouts of the mausoleum were unknown.
  881. In memory of Shinzan, a race named GIII Shinzan Kinen is held in every January.
  882. In memory of Tatsunosuke, he closely followed the growth of his grandson Sakon ONOE (II) (now Shoroku ONOE IV), however he soon followed Tatsunosuke to the grave, dying of acute pneumonia on June 25, 1989.
  883. In memory of the promotion to Gon-daisojo, a purple Ori-gojo is presented (only once) from Kongobu-ji Temple.
  884. In memory of this event, the Nichiren sect offers the botamochi coated with sesame which is called 'the rice ball of danger' on September 12 of the old lunar date.
  885. In merchant families, the first sale or shipment corresponds to "Shigoto hajime."
  886. In mid February 1198 (the New Year of 1198 under the old lunar calendar), Emperor Gotoba abdicated the throne to Emperor Tsuchimikado, whose mother was the adopted daughter of Michichika, and he became the retired Emperor.
  887. In mid Heian period, there is a written record that MINAMOTO no Tsunemoto was appointed as Seii vice shogun during the Johei and Tengyo War on March 19, 940.
  888. In mid-January of that year, Masakado departed for Hitachi Province with 500 soldiers, in search of TAIRA no Sadamori and FUJIWARA no Tamenori, the son of Korechika.
  889. In mid-July, they returned to conquer Hwanghae Province, and on August 14 they conquered Haeju.
  890. In mid-June, baiu front which continues to go up to the north becomes stationary in China in the vicinity of Nanling and extends its force to the area near Honshu (the main island of Japan).
  891. In mid-March 2008, a waiting lounge was constructed on platform No. 0, where many long-distance trains arrive and depart.
  892. In mid-September 1580, together with Hizen NAGATA from the same village, he schemed to capture samurai on the run and hand them over to the Kikkawa clan for a reward.
  893. In mid-September, seven of the nine persons, excluding Tokitada and Tokizane, were transferred to the place of exile; Tokitada and Tokizane remained in Kyoto under the protection of Yoshitsune.
  894. In middle school he enjoyed reading Fabre's Insect Adventures.
  895. In midst of it, Tecchu ENNOSAI of the thirteenth Urasenke resided temporarily in Tokyo to perform the revival of sado.
  896. In midst of raising an heir and production of upcoming projects, she passed away from a stroke at the age of 62 in Amiens, France, where she went for research after lecturing and demonstrating in 'The Beauty of Modern Japanese Techniques' exhibition at British Museum, London.
  897. In midst of this, Yoshiie died at the age of 68 on July 15, 1106.
  898. In military affairs, there were many cases of a major family member being dispatched as myodai (a substitute) to combat areas instead of the family head.
  899. In minimalistic works a simple teahouse is used whereas, there are examples where use of a grand teahouse conveys a feeling of a greater degree of prosperity.
  900. In mist, cloud and smoke are floating in the sky; inviting wind wiped everything away'
  901. In modern 'Chusingura' dramas, a new character, 'Sadakuro ONO (大野)' is created as the intermingling of Sadakuro and the family name of a historical figure, Gunemon ONO.
  902. In modern China, Chinese Mikkyo, which flourished in the Tang Dynasty (the middle-stage Mikkyo) is called 唐密宗 and Mikkyo in Tibetan Buddhism continues to be called 西蔵密宗.
  903. In modern China, an effort is being made to revive 唐密宗 through an exchange with the Shingon sect of Japan (Tomitsu) such as Seian-ji Temple in Shanghai, but it is a minor activity.
  904. In modern China, since the same character "頃" is used to represent "hal," they distinguish qing in the traditional unit system from "hal" by writing quing as "市頃" while "ha" as "公頃."
  905. In modern Japan earthen floors coated with concrete or tiles are also called tataki.
  906. In modern Japan, 'monogatari' is associated with a 'fictitious' 'tale' that has a shape as 'writing'which is told in an orderly way and has a coherent structure.
  907. In modern Japan, however, it may be said that not all Japanese are cognizant in those manners.
  908. In modern Japan, it is sometimes used for tourists or for festivals in Kyoto and other cities.
  909. In modern Japan, it means capacity and power of supreme command to the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) and the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) which are one of the Emperor's powers under the provision of the Article 11 of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.
  910. In modern Japan, statues are enshrined near racecourses to hold memorial services for horses which died during races.
  911. In modern Japan, the case to use oke for the purpose of transportation or preservation has decreased and instead furo oke (bath tub) or yuoke (bucket for hot water; also called senmenki (wash basin) depending on the purposes) are used in a daily life.
  912. In modern Japan, the interpretation that the Four Gods are related to 'mountain, river, road and lake,' as shown in the following table, is generally accepted.
  913. In modern Japan, the percentage of cremation is almost 100% and is the standard form of funeral that is also socially accepted as the most uncontroversial.
  914. In modern Japan, the word nyobo mentioned above is used as another name for a wife.
  915. In modern Japan, there were many districts that originated from Jinyamachi and some of their names included 'Jinyamachi' 'jinya' or the like, their rows of houses and buildings were conserved and protected, and they were considered tourist destinations.
  916. In modern Japan, where Hannya as a Buddhist term is no longer commonly used, 'Hannya' may be used to mean 'Hannya no Men,' and furthermore, as 'a woman harboring jealousy and resentment.'
  917. In modern Japan, zori are primarily worn when dressed in kimono (Japanese traditional clothing).
  918. In modern Japanese, the word 'kamosu' (醸す) means sake brewing.
  919. In modern age, Hi is used for all spouses for male imperial family except Emperor (like Kotaishi hi [crown princess] and shinno hi [imperial princess]), but this section explains an original usage of empress's title.
  920. In modern age, constitutional government is meant to control monarch's actions by a diet (legislature) based on predetermined provisions in the constitution.
  921. In modern age, however, Imperial House Act provides that an Imperial Princess should leave Imperial family when she marries a man from non-imperial family.
  922. In modern age, it became a play for children and now it died out.
  923. In modern ages, when a warrior put townspeople or farmers to a sword because he was unbearably insulted by them, he was not punished.
  924. In modern archery, since emphasis is put on Tekichu-shugi (hitting the target), penetration is valued less; nowadays, the praising order is 'Precision, Penetration and Persistenc', however, the praising order should be 'Penetration, Precision and Persistence' originally.
  925. In modern architecture, some features are handed down to Kotatsu (small table with an electric heater underneath and covered by a quilt); some say that family communication itself has been deteriorated today.
  926. In modern chaji, an extra dish called 'azukebachi' or 'susumebachi' such as takiawase (food cooked separately but served together in one dish) is usually served in addition to the meal with one soup and three side dishes.
  927. In modern classical music, gagaku musical instruments such as sho (a Japanese wind instrument composed of a mouthpiece and seventeen bamboo pipes of various lengths) are used frequently by Japanese and non-Japanese composers.
  928. In modern classification, blade length is 60cm and longer, and the one shorter than 60cm is called Wakizashi.
  929. In modern classification, one with a blade length shorter than 30cm.
  930. In modern classification, those with a blade length from 30cm to 60cm.
  931. In modern classification, those with a blade length of 90cm or longer.
  932. In modern days, 'open knees' is assumed to be the practice stage, and the body pose of 'Rissha' (standing shoot), that pulls the bow while standing, is the general position.
  933. In modern days, Jusanmi corresponds to Shishaku (viscount) in shakui (the rank of nobility), and ranks granted to bukekazoku (samurai families from the Edo period becoming nobles in the Meiji period) who had many Shishaku were notable.
  934. In modern days, the term, "ujigami" is often treated as a synonym for the deities chinjugami and ubusunagami.
  935. In modern historical terms, the daimyo who were feudal lords of Han are called 'Hanshu', and the daimyo's vassals were called 'Hanshi.'
  936. In modern history, there existed various forms of iriaichi (common land) such as 'Muraju iriai,' 'Muramura iriai,' and 'Hokamuramochiji iriai.'
  937. In modern mass society, wall paintings were considered an important means by which people with less of an educational background were able to assert their own views or policies in a visual way.
  938. In modern samurai society, kannen was the official age of a person reported to the authorities such as the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) or the family of lord of the domain.
  939. In modern society, people were familiar with the sense of beauty that "a man should be neat and tidy when he dies."
  940. In modern terms, ni-moto can be described as a high-temperature saccharification method, which falls under "ki-moto" (one of the methods for preparing the starter mash).
  941. In modern time, too, it is preformed at the Imperial Court as well as shrines around the country.
  942. In modern times and later
  943. In modern times it has become the most authentic style of Japanese meal to serve at ceremonies, as 'honzen ryori' (a ritual meal served on a 'honzen' or legged tray) has fallen out of general use.
  944. In modern times the money changer mainly refers to stores and windows at airports that handle foreign money exchange.
  945. In modern times they are often seen on kara hafu.
  946. In modern times, Hoko-ji Temple and Ima Hie-sha Shrine became independent but Sanjusangen-do Hall remains part of Myoho-in Temple.
  947. In modern times, Spain and Japan are mainly related to each other concerning interest, influence and exchange in the fields of culture, art and sports.
  948. In modern times, accepting konida's impressment was considered the obligation of the people of the domain, and impressment was conducted according to kokudaka (yield) in each village.
  949. In modern times, after a close study by the poet Zenmaro TOKI (1885-1980) and his reevaluation of the Kyogoku faction, "Gyokuyo wakashu" began to receive attention again.
  950. In modern times, an example can be seen in Ogai MORI's novel "Takasebune" (The Boat on the Takase-gawa River).
  951. In modern times, as legislative power ultimately came to belong to a nation, laws based on chikyo-ken became invalid and as a result, the regulations grounding in tokyo-ken exclusively started to account for Jiin-ho.
  952. In modern times, both families were raised to the peerage and given the title of a viscount.
  953. In modern times, emperors appear dressed as described above at the yoori ritual held twice each year.
  954. In modern times, it has been built on the foundation stone as a permanent structure of dozo-zukuri, or earthen-walled storehouse style, for the same purpose.
  955. In modern times, it is sometimes called "ponshu."
  956. In modern times, it was changed to 'Senju-in' and then it became 'Kojima-dera' again.
  957. In modern times, railways such as Japan's first tram linking Kyo and Fushimi were built along the Takeda-kaido Road.
  958. In modern times, the Yamato race has such a high literacy rate on a global basis that a foreigner who came to Japan in the Edo period reported that he was surprised that the Yamato people were able to read regardless of their status or sex.
  959. In modern times, the history of yusoku kojitsu study in a practical sense ended as the conventional kuge and buke system was abolished.
  960. In modern times, the important things in budo are the formation of character and mental training; the skills aren't so important, and some people think the bujutsu-part of budo is just an expedient way to gather rowdy fellows who need mental training.
  961. In modern times, the inheritance of the post by the Fujinami family was abolished as the hereditary system of shake (a family of Shinto priests serving a shrine on a hereditary basis) was repealed and the peerage was appointed to Jingu Saishu.
  962. In modern times, the setsuyoshu has been utilized in the field of Japanese philology (linguistics) for the purpose of acquiring the knowledge about uses of kanji, such as writing, reading, forms and usage of kanji.
  963. In modern times, the term is occasionally used to describe clash for power within an organization, such as a business corporation or a family.
  964. In modern times, the type of eboshi, completely covers the head which is fixed at the chin with the kakeo strap is used often, because the mage (chignon) to fix the eboshi has been abolished.
  965. In modern times, when more lands were reclaimed, more farmers living in villages went out to newly developed fields to plow, leaving their villages quite alone.
  966. In modern times, while Zeami's Nohgaku theories have been extensively studied and read by many people, Zenchiku's theories have tended to be thought of less for the reason of being 'ideological' and 'difficult' and drew little attention after Zenpo appeared.
  967. In modern years of Japan, 'NASU no Yoichi' appearing in various side creations or fictional works have been modeled on this Yoichi.
  968. In modern-day Japan, 'Shake-machi' and 'Shake' are used in many place names all over country, most of which are districts where there used to be Shake-machi.
  969. In modern-day Japan, often times uruchi rice (non-glutinous rice) is boiled and glutinous rice is steamed.
  970. In more complex versions, Tamuramaro marries Akutama, a beautiful oni living in Mt. Suzuka in Ise who practises witchcraft, and with her help, fights against oni leaders named Akuro-O or Otake-O to drive them off to Mutsu (names and details vary).
  971. In more concrete terms, it is 'a conflict between the ethics in the feudal system and in samurai hierarchy' which are present simultaneously in feudal society and it is 'a loss of identity as a Japanese person' in modern Japan.
  972. In more concrete terms, it means to have authority to control territory, people and properties and other rights such as law-making, administration and judiciary and the borderline that divides areas to which such rights are applicable and not applicable were made clear.
  973. In more concrete terms, they include collieries, power plants, dams, watersheds, canals, railway installations, port installations, etc., and since the end of the twentieth century they've received attention as a new genre of cultural properties.
  974. In more detail he was very good at writing Shiranamimono (play featuring sympathetic or tragic rogues and thieve as protagonist), and bandits described by him are rather timid and the disadvantaged who are tossed about by ill luck.
  975. In more detail, it is classified into large tamaawa -> middle tamaawa -> small tamaawa.
  976. In more details, the movement of the floating sand is as follows: The sand flung up into the air by a sandstorm ascends up 500 m to 2 km above the ground due to an ascending air current and moves at that height.
  977. In more recent times there has been a widespread story that the spot under Jizo Bosatsu's feet is the entrance of the world of Gaki (hungry ghosts).
  978. In more recent times, in a departure from traditional loincloths (Rokushaku Fundoshi), along with the changing times there were some regions who held simplified loincloth (Etchu Fundoshi) events.
  979. In more recent times, instead of plain white cloth, aozuri (cloth dyed deep blue) made using indigo to paint flowers, plants and streams is primarily used.
  980. In more recent times, onusa was waved to people as to objects.
  981. In more recent times, there were more examples of such cases.
  982. In more recent times, they have come from a range of walks of life such as: politics, business and academia.
  983. In more recent years in the Edo period, the word 'Nanakuchi' came to be widely used to refer to entrances to Kyoto.
  984. In more recent years malt has been used as a supply of diastatic enzyme since it has better efficiency than brown rice seedlings (malt mizuame), it is currently manufactured by adding acid to the starch and hydrolyzing it (the acid saccharification method).
  985. In more recent years, a room was added to serve guests, and fusuma doors and other partitions were removed to make a large single room for many people at events such as weddings, festivals, funerals, and other ceremonies.
  986. In more recent years, temples were provided with a large outer gate accompanied by side gates on the left and right sides, and later, temples came to have a large outer gate only; however, it is assumed that such a large outer gate remained to be called Sanmon.
  987. In more recent years, the power of Gyonin increased in all temples.
  988. In more recent years, the room came not to be constructed.
  989. In more than half the areas of Japan, the blooming period is April, which coincides with the beginning of the fiscal year for companies and the start of a new school year for Japanese schools.
  990. In most Agedashi dofu, the tofu is dusted with starch and deep fried, but there is another recipe in which the tofu is dusted with flour.
  991. In most Jiuta tunes, the parts for koto and kokyu were later added to the original shamisen part.
  992. In most cases a shrine will be comprised of a main hall and a worship hall.
  993. In most cases it overlaps with the concept of yokai that has been passed down to the present.
  994. In most cases people understand the meanings of the colors and paw positions, which represent various wishes.
  995. In most cases shoshiki indicated the prices of daily commodities other than rice.
  996. In most cases the founders of religious sects or major Buddhist parishioners (the shogunate family/the lord of a domain, etc.) were worshiped in the mausoleums annexed to the temples.
  997. In most cases the imperial court was forced to accept this.
  998. In most cases the number of members in one te squad was 2000 to 5000, but just as with sonae, the number changes depending on various conditions.
  999. In most cases those fed on algae are released as a part of juvenile shellfish releasing activities, and it is impossible to tell from appearance alone whether an adult shellfish was born in the wild or artificially cultivated.
  1000. In most cases, 2 or 3 colors are combined.

174001 ~ 175000

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