; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

386 / 438ページ
データ総見出し数 437939

  1. This big loss of human resources was one of the major reasons that the post-war recovery of the sake industry went on more slowly than other alcoholic beverage industries.
  2. This bill was discussed by seven councilors starting on June 12.
  3. This binoculars offered both five times and ten times magnification, and were imported by the Konishi head office (now KONICA MINOLTA HOLDINGS., INC) in 1904 just after they went on the market.
  4. This biography is also known as "Rokujo Engi."
  5. This board-shaped mochi is cut with a knife into desired sizes to be eaten.
  6. This body named "Nihon Shodo Sakushin Kai" (literally, an association for promoting calligraphy in Japan) was organized through efforts of Shunkai BUNDO, starting the history of the modern calligraphic society in Japan.
  7. This bogy turned into a specter over the years; it became an extremely giant mouse which was said to have lived over three thousand years.
  8. This boiled sukiyaki may be called 'sukini' in order to distinguish it from genuine sukiyaki.
  9. This bonsho was founded in 1602 and is one of the three most famous bells in Japan, along with the ones of Byodoin Temple and Jingo-ji Temple.
  10. This book affected Japan via Ryukyu.
  11. This book also follows the style of Leishu and therefore can be regarded as a Leishu.
  12. This book also includes the signature of Magojiro Yoshitsugu TSUNEKADO who succeeded Zenpo in 1516, and it is highly likely that he served as editor.
  13. This book also seems to have been originally untitled.
  14. This book and "Dokugin Hachijyugokyoku Mokuroku" published during the same period list a combined total of 245 noh writers.
  15. This book argues that waka (Japanese poems) should be based on the theory of "mono no aware" (the pathos of things), and is usually regarded as the further development of the view of waka described in "Ashiwakeobune" (treatise on waka poetry).
  16. This book asserts that it is Japan, not China, that is the central kingdom.
  17. This book attracted the public who were sympathizers of Yoshitsune or the underdog (Hogan-biiki) and became a bestseller.
  18. This book became an important reference to understand the lives of bushoes in the Sengoku Period.
  19. This book became known by the title "Tanji Hokin (=Minehira TACHIBANA`s commonly known name) Hikki" (the biography of Musashi MIYAMOTO by Minehira TACHIBANA).
  20. This book blended the theme of Guide to Travel in the Western World written by Yukichi FUKUZAWA which was a big seller of the time and the spirit of the original Hizakurige.
  21. This book commenced with Xavier's 1549 arrival in Japan and was completed in 1593.
  22. This book concludes with the death of Eno.
  23. This book consists of 14 volumes with a Japanese-style binding.
  24. This book consists of 41 lessons and 2 additional lessons in addition to dialogues and addenda.
  25. This book contains the transcripts of two Densho, and the first half of the book was Okugaki dated January 1517 and the latter half was Okugaki dated March 1528.
  26. This book covers almost all important mathematics useful for daily life in the Edo period, from basic knowledge of naming of numbers, units, and the multiplication table to explanation of mathematics with familiar examples such as calculation of area.
  27. This book covers the art of noh music and was not originally written as a sakushazuke.
  28. This book depicted a fa?ade of value judgments towards soba and udon by the Edo people in those days being surprisingly worthwhile as historical material
  29. This book depicts the earliest stage of Nishida's philosophy and the first creative work on philosophy in Japan.
  30. This book describes Japanese were 'fond of the drink' and also had a custom for mourners to 'sing, dance and drink' at funeral services.
  31. This book had been in obscurity for a long time until it was discovered in 1943, when it was temporarily named 'Kohon Setsuwashu.'
  32. This book has the writer names annotated based on the same original sources as those of "Nohon Sakusha Chumon", but as for the content, it is an alternative version.
  33. This book introduces calculation with an abacus and describes how to calculate volume and interest rate as well as the method for surveying.
  34. This book is believed to have appeared between the Choji era and the Kasho era (between 1104 and 1108).
  35. This book is casually referred to as "Kiden."
  36. This book is characteristically sharp and clear in handwriting, and it is often introduced in high school textbooks, etc., but conversely this style is sometimes pointed out to be unnatural.
  37. This book is configured using 'bu' (部) (categories) and 'mon' (門) (sub-categories), and the configuration of either of the 10-volume book and 20-volume book is different from the other.
  38. This book is currently out of stock and out of print.
  39. This book is deemed first-class material in order to study the philosophy of Dogen as well as the state of things in the Zen Sect at that time.
  40. This book is highly appreciated as historical material since its contents include some records that are not found in Rikkokushi (the Six National Histories).
  41. This book is one of the Seven Canonical Collections of Haikai by the Bash School.
  42. This book is possessed by The Kyoto University Library because The Kyoto University Library was donated from a descendant of the Kiyohara family and also bought the documents of the Seike.
  43. This book is recorded in vol. 27 of Shintei Zoho Kokushi Taikei (Newly revised and enlarged survey of Japanese history) (published by Yoshikawa Kobunkan Inc.).
  44. This book is regarded as pioneering work of discussions about Japanese culture, which became popular after World War II.
  45. This book is regarded as the starting point of the history of Japanese mathematics.
  46. This book is renowned as a historical document about the imperial protocol in the Middle Ages, about which much is still unknown.
  47. This book is representative of Keichu's commentary and approach supported by his extensive knowledge of Buddhist scriptures and Chinese classic books that was not biased by the author's opinion or ideology.
  48. This book is said to have been written on February 13, 807.
  49. This book is the autobiography of himself who served three generations of the Mori family, Motonari MORI, Terumoto MORI, and Hidenari MORI, and who participated in many battles.
  50. This book is thought to have been written to ensure that the Inbe clan was favorably positioned in the imperial court by claiming that it was a legitimate clan for conducting religious services.
  51. This book is thought to have gained its title, literally means 'Personal Excerpts,' due to the fact that it is a collection of excerpts of noh related texts of the author of which, as the first half of this is a sakushazuke and the second half is composed of miscellaneous excerpts of noh texts.
  52. This book is used by modern researchers as the material showing the true state in the Edo period: 'Sado' was expected to return to Rikyu's style, but it grew into a complicated theory.
  53. This book is what is called Tanehikobon later.
  54. This book propagates the concept of 'Ichigo ichie' (meeting only once in a lifetime) which advocates a thoughtful attitude from the host during a tea ceremony.
  55. This book says that the emperor heard that TAIMA no Kehaya was the greatest wrestler in the world and he also said that Sukume broke Kehaya's rib and hipbones with his kick technique and killed him.
  56. This book shows that Yoshiyasu was a highly educated person who was familiar not only with writings and medicine but also with Renga and cooking.
  57. This book takes up the legend that had been handed down to subsequent generations among the Inbe clan, but does not involved Records of Ancient Matters (Japan's oldest historical record), Nihon-shoki (the oldest chronicles of Japan), or any other history books.
  58. This book was a "must have" book for students of old-education-system high schools.
  59. This book was almost completed by MINAMOTO no Chikayuki after MINAMOTO no Mitsuyuki's death and was handed down as the authentic book, but it is said that Chikayuki's child MINAMOTO no Yoshiyuki, his grandchild MINAMOTO no Tomoyuki, etc. successively made improvements.
  60. This book was among the first to argue that the Imperial forces were defeated in the war because the retired Emperor Gotoba was an "evil king" who lacked virtue, so the defeat didn't mean repudiation of emperors or Japan as the land of the gods.
  61. This book was cited and used in literature including the Sendai Kuji Hongi, Honcho Gatsuryo, Seiji yoryaku, Chokan-kanmon, Nenju Gyoji Hisho, Syakunihongi, and the books of Ise Shinto.
  62. This book was collected in 'Shincho Japanese Classics Corpus' with the revision and annotation by Sumito MIKI as well as "Hojoki." (Shinchosha Publishing in 1976)
  63. This book was further famous for its impact on many scholars of the Edo period, including Takakazu SEKI, who later became an authority of Wasan (Japanese mathematics), and Ekiken KAIBARA, a Confucian scholar; both of them self-studied mathematics using "Jinkoki" when they were young.
  64. This book was issued during the Keicho era.
  65. This book was outstanding as the first full-fledged book of modern history among the conventional chronicle books or those of historical investigations, although it was lacking an empirical criticism of historical materials (However, the third volume was unfinished.)
  66. This book was possessed by the Seike library of the Seike clan, which was the family lineage of Myogyo hakase (Doctor of Confucian classics).
  67. This book was produced under the editing of Tekkan YOSANO, collecting those poems that Akiko had contributed to the magazine 'Myojo' (the morning star) and other magazines.
  68. This book was published in 1931.
  69. This book was published in print from 1790 to 1882, during which Norinaga died.
  70. This book was reprinted in America after the World War II, and also a reprinted edition has been published by Kodansha International today.
  71. This book was sold in Shanghai and Singapore besides England, and according to Sanehide KODAMA, at the time, Nihon teiens were in fact produced by referring to this book overseas and in the United States.
  72. This book was translated version of Kaiseijo version (written in kana [the Japanese syllabary characters]), which had guiding marks for rendering Chinese into Japanese for convenience in reading.
  73. This book was valued during the Kamakura period and early Muromachi period, and had significant influence thereafter.
  74. This book was written by the Odachi clan in the capacity of the bakufu's vassal and it is not a book dealing with general shosaturei.
  75. This book was written during the World War II in order to examine a measure for the U.S. occupation policy toward Japan, and it was also published in Japan after the war and became a best-seller.
  76. This book was written from the viewpoint of a person who was in favor of the Imperial prince and the following historical events etc. are seen in this book.
  77. This book's image data are open to the public on the Internet.
  78. This book, a translation by Reizan IDO and Fusetsu NAKAMURA of "Guang yi zhou shuang ji zhu" by Ko Yui (Kang Youwei), was published in February of 1914, and attracted attention because the book was considered providing a base of the six dynasty style calligraphy.
  79. This book, written in 1763, was one of Norinaga's early works and was stored as an unfinished manuscript, but was published in 1816 after his death (there are other opinions on when the manuscript was completed).
  80. This boom continued until around 2005.
  81. This boosted the popularity of guchureki (annotated calendar), which included rekichu showing a taboo direction for each day.
  82. This bout gave the Emperor a great deal of pleasure and reversed the declining popularity of sumo.
  83. This bowl of weak-flavored tea is called "ousu."
  84. This boy later became Nobufusa TSUGARU, who was the founder of the Kuroishi Domain, a branch of the Hirosaki Domain.
  85. This boy was Kamowakeikazuchi no Mikoto.
  86. This branch continued on to serve as shogun's retainers and warriors of Mito clan.
  87. This branch school was called Ochi-Kanze later because it was based in Yamato Province, and especially because Juro dayu (the third) carried out activities under the protection of the Ochi clan.
  88. This branch then split into two, the Sekishu-ryu Soen-kei-ha and the Sekishu-ryu Katagiri Soen-ha.
  89. This breakdown in negotiations over the Ryukyu issue and the suspected ambition of Japan to rule Taiwan caused opinions supporting a hard-line policy against Japan.to increase in Qing.
  90. This bridge and Horikawa-dori Street (also known as Aburakoji-dori Street) outside Kyoto Station connect the Karasuma-guchi Exit (Kita-guchi Exit (North Exit)) and Hachijo-guchi Exit (Minami-guchi Exit (South Exit)) of the station.
  91. This bridge appears to allow Orihime (Vega) and Hikoboshi (Altair) to meet.
  92. This bridge corridor that spans Sengyokukan valley and leads from the Butsuden to the Kaisando (Joraku-an), was built in 1380 by Shunoku Myoha in order to save monks from the hardship of crossing the valley.
  93. This bridge has a rich variety of legends associated with it.
  94. This bridge has traditional wooden railings of Japanese cypress with Giboshi (the onion shaped decoration on bridge posts) so that its figure fits into the natural environment of the Uji-gawa River and historical heritage sites in the neighborhood.
  95. This bridge is famous as a location for samurai movies because its wooden structure fits the atmosphere of the era.
  96. This bridge is famous for having bridge girders which wash away when the river water increases.
  97. This bridge is well known for the legend of FUJIWARA no Hidesato who got rid of a huge centipede harming the people of this region, which is said to be developed after his successful subjugation of the Rebellion of TAIRA no Masakado.
  98. This bridge represents the scenic spot Arashiyama, because many sightseeing brochures use photos showing this bridge, and it is often used for filming movies and TV dramas.
  99. This bridge runs from north to south via Nakanoshima Island (Saga Nakanoshima-cho) to the foot of Mt. Arashi.
  100. This bridge was used when the Shogun came to the castle and was called "Onaribashi."
  101. This brings the total strength of the force to 34.
  102. This brisk staging was devised by Gennosuke.
  103. This bronze mortar gun is valuable because it has Dutch descriptions indicating the name of Shuhan TAKASHIMA and that the gun was fabricated for the first time in Japan in 1835 (according to the Dutch calendar).
  104. This bronze statue was sacrificed for a decree of Kinzoku Osho (offering of metal for production of arms in war time) during the war.
  105. This brought a budget plan called Ten-Year plan for Hokkaido Development Commissioner.
  106. This brought about a relationship between the area and the imperial court, leading to the founding of a temple in Yamaguni-go by Emperor Kogon.
  107. This brought about the 'OIKAWA' family name.
  108. This brought about the end of the Rokkaku family as Daimyo in the Sengoku period.
  109. This brought all the rights to establish and abolish temples under Hongan-ji Temple's control.
  110. This brought an opportunity for Kenson's son Junson to marry with Terumoto's adopted daughter after Kenson's death.
  111. This brought competition among Tsukigase villagers in planting plum trees to produce Ubai.
  112. This brought forth a tendency to consider Tengu as a mountain god, and in some regions the aspect regarding the image of various Tengu as "Guhin," "Yamando" or "a mountain god" still exists.
  113. This brought great response and Gwanghwamun was relocated and preserved.
  114. This brought harmful results.
  115. This brought him into conflict with the Shiba clan, which continued to affect his family until the generation of his son Yoriyuki, who served as Kanrei (a high political post during the Muromachi period) in the government.
  116. This brought more political corruption cases related to election campaign fund-raising.
  117. This brought the Dong Du Movement to an end.
  118. This brought the domestic administration of Korea fully under the control of Japan.
  119. This brought the tea ceremony to perfection as an "integrated art," which lasts only for the short time of one's visit, drinking tea and leaving. The concept of fulfilled time in the tea ceremony is expressed by "Ichi-go ichi-e" (one chance in a lifetime).
  120. This brought the two sides into conflict.
  121. This bugyo constituted the three bugyo together with jisha-bugyo (in charge of affairs of shrines and temples) and machi-bugyo (in charge of affairs of town people), and these theree bugyo were the members of hyojosho (a conference chamber).
  122. This building dates from the middle of the Edo period.
  123. This building gets so old that its reconstruction is planned, but it's not materialized owing to the dispute between students and the university authorities over how to control the new building.
  124. This building is 'Randen Plaza Katabira,' owned by Keifuku Electric Railroad Co., Ltd., where Fresco, a supermarket, On Sendo, a discount clothing store, and Daiso-Sangyo, a \100 store, are located.
  125. This building is an important cultural property built from Kamakura to Muromachi period.
  126. This building is based on the German neo-Gothic style, and its unique steeple is considered a symbol of Doshisha University.
  127. This building is considered to have been a center for rituals or political affairs.
  128. This building is in a Shinden-zukuri style with wooden lattice shutters, a hip-and-gable cypress bark roof and a broad veranda.
  129. This building is located to the east of the five-storied pagoda.
  130. This building is not the original Kon-do hall but one converted from another one (it was a dining room according to a theory), but it is still valuable as one of few existing structures built during the Nara period.
  131. This building is presumed to have been the central building in the west zone.
  132. This building is so valuable that it is referred to as a 'milestone' in architectural history of Japanese private residence.
  133. This building is the present Rakushiken of Naka no O-chaya in Shugakuin Imperial Villa.
  134. This building still stands on the western edge of Anrakujuin Temple and is under the administration of the Imperial Household Agency as the Anrakujuin Temple tomb of the Emperor Toba.
  135. This building temporarily served as the Emperor's palace and was reconstructed after being destroyed by fire in 1893.
  136. This building was collapsed by the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923.
  137. This building was created to do services other than performing missionary works for Christianity.
  138. This building was named Yushukan by Danjo EBINA when its role as a library ended.
  139. This building was the Kondo Hall from Onjo-ji Temple (built in 1347), which was forcibly moved here by Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI in 1595 after its predecessor was burned by Nobunaga.
  140. This building was the direct origin of Oshikoji Karasumadono residence.
  141. This built the momentum for international cooperation in Japan and intensified the movements for democracy and liberalism.
  142. This bulletin had a big goal of enlightenment, but had neither a delicate and severe editing policy nor a consistent and concrete theme as a whole.
  143. This bureau is characterized by operations conducted by various artisans (Zoshiki tsukurite - various craftspeople) instead of using the system of government officials of the ancient Japanese Ritsuryo system.
  144. This bureaucratic organization was a necessary tool for ruling the people based on the idea of odo omin.
  145. This burial mound is currently identified as Maruyama Kofun (It is a keyhole-shaped mound, with a total length is about eighty meters.) in Todo Maruyama, Uji City.
  146. This burial mound, which takes up the majority of the grave mound, is an approximately 22.5 m diameter circular burial mound with a structure on the southern edge, and it is thought from the haniwa (terra cotta clay figures) used to date from the latter part of the 5th century.
  147. This bus route goes through areas with some narrow roads and streets; however, those areas are situated within 300m radius from the nearest bus stops, since those bus stops are distributed close enough each other to make the advanced age users accessible.
  148. This bus route is operated by the small-scale bus, LI?SSE by the Hino Motors, Co., Ltd. while the office also manages some forklifts.
  149. This bus route was handed over to Fukuchiyama City from three towns of this area, when those towns were incorporated into Fukuchiyama City.
  150. This bus route was named as 'the effective community bus route upon its introduction' by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport in 2003, among those community buses operated throughout Japan (according to the reference documents).
  151. This bus seems more flexible than the other public community buses, as they use private or commercial facilities' names for the bus stop names, such as 'Mandai' (a chain store) and 'U-Town Keihanna/Kohnan.'
  152. This bus stop is a five-minute walk west from Sumizome Station.
  153. This bus stop is just a three-minute walk south of Sumizome Station.
  154. This bus stop is located not in front of the station but along National Route 24, a three-minute walk from the station.
  155. This bus stop is located not in front of the station but at a place along Shidan-kaido Road, which is a five-minute walk from the station.
  156. This bus stop is located not in front of the station but at a place on the Meishin Expressway, which is a five-minute walk (approximately 500 meters) from the station.
  157. This bus stop is not in front of the station but along Shidan-kaido Road, about a two-minute walk from the station.
  158. This bus stop is not located in front of this station but is instead situated along Shidan-kaido Road, a five-minute walk from the station.
  159. This bus terminal used to be located on the ground floor, but with the completion of Kitaoji Town in 1995 it was taken underground.
  160. This business model can be of great benefit to the entrepreneur; since the location of the business is fluid, and can be determined by strategically targeting areas of higher foot traffic; these benefits have resulted in its popularity.
  161. This business office was in charge of bus operation on routes in Yamashina Ward and in the eastern area of Fushimi Ward (the Daigo area).
  162. This business office was in charge of bus operations on multi-section routes in Sakyo Ward.
  163. This business type is also called Machiai-jaya (Japanese-style tea house restaurant with geisha).
  164. This business which had been already called 'furiuri' or 'botefuri' in the Muromachi period reached its peak in the Edo period when the Tokugawa shogunate governed Japan.
  165. This buyout took a process similar to the case of Rakuhoku Jidosha.
  166. This buyout was made as a result of various adverse effects caused by fierce competition to attract passengers between the two companies.
  167. This by-name 'sekkobun' became commonly known because poets, WEI Ying-wu and HAN yu compiled 'Sekko-ka poems' paying a tribute to the stone monuments.
  168. This cabinet was formed to give the impression of complying with American demands but in fact, apart from the dismissal of Yosuke MATSUOKA, who had become a thorn in the side of the administration, the cabinet remained the same.
  169. This calculation method is called "Computus."
  170. This calendar reform was announced on December 9, 1872 and was implemented in the month that followed.
  171. This calligraphic style by Zen priests was called the Chinese calligraphic style in Japan, and was handed down and developed during the Edo period and later as the Chinese calligraphic style in Japan.
  172. This calligraphic style was transferred to Kotaku HOSOI, his follower in Edo, establishing the popularity of the Chinese calligraphic style.
  173. This calligraphic work includes waka poems by thirty-six master poets that were copied by twenty calligraphic experts, but only three names; FUJIWARA no Michiko, FUJIWARA no Sadazane, and FUJIWARA no Sadanobu are known.
  174. This calligraphy that Harukaze wrote is "Dajokankyukugencho" now stored in Onjo-ji Temple.
  175. This came about as publication of university press gathered momentum with the magazine division's experimental reporting of the sports interleague games against Tokyo Imperial University held the previous year.
  176. This came from a middle-class and above tradition in British households where people roasted a large piece of beef on Sundays.
  177. This came from the fact that while the Izumi school was a flexible assembly of three ha, it had kept its own lines of Kyoto tesarugaku performances, which were its origin from outset.
  178. This came into being independently from the tsujiura previously mentioned, and is not directly related to it.
  179. This came into great use when Ieyasu provided a group of his vassals with his Kanto estates afterwards.
  180. This came to an end when Shunkan screamed in despair.
  181. This came to be known as the "self-reproaching stick" incident.
  182. This came to be known as the Jokyu Disturbance.
  183. This came to be used as a high-grade or luxury article a little after the appearance of Koma-geta.
  184. This came to show the actual government posts in the Qin Dynasty, and Sanko of Josho (Chancellor), Gyoshi taifu (a chief of controlling the officials) and Taii (Minister of military affairs), and Kyukei which was the institution for practical works under Sanko were fixed.
  185. This came true, when Saneki's son Kinkuni died at a young age, and Yusai passed the teachings on to Saneki's grandson Saneeda.
  186. This campaign achieved one good result, the opening of the Kabuki-za (Kabuki theater), which impacts today's theaters.
  187. This campaign has been continuing since 1959.
  188. This campus had been used until July 1968, when it was integrated and relocated to Matsugasaki, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City (where the campus of the faculty of Engineering and Design (its predecessor was Kyoto Technical Vocational School) was placed).
  189. This campus has been used since Kyoto University's foundation.
  190. This can also be applied to "Denryaku" written by FUJIWARA no Tadazane of the regent house of Fujiwara and "Gonijo Moromichi-ki" by FUJIWARA no Moromichi, so it seems that the regent family were not particularly adapt at Classical Chinese.
  191. This can also be counted as an example showing his cunning.
  192. This can also be paraphrased as 'the blood line which has consistently succeeded as the male line since Emperor Jimmu.'
  193. This can also be said to pose an obstacle for a deeper understanding of the issue.
  194. This can also be understood from the sermon, "7 Buddhas Tsuukaige", which he wrote himself.
  195. This can be also regarded as a crucial factor for their defeat.
  196. This can be categorized as the age of court noble law.
  197. This can be charted for easy reference as follows:
  198. This can be considered as the best casting at the time, and this indicates that Bowers had a good eye for kabuki.
  199. This can be considered to be a simple omission.
  200. This can be considered to be due to the fact that Masakado has come to be viewed as a man who stood up for the people of the eastern provinces, who had continually been forced to bear a heavy load.
  201. This can be found in texts copied in the Sogana style of calligraphy at the end of the 10th century and are represented by texts descended from ONO no Michikaze's "Akihagi-jo."
  202. This can be guessed by the fact that there are three kinds of descriptions on the year of Emperor Keitai's death in "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki" and that the editor of "Shoki" adopted the theory of 531 based on a foreign material, "Original records of Baekje."
  203. This can be guessed from the fact that some of the undergarment makers have manufactured and shipped almost the same volume of Ecchu fundoshi since the post war period till now, and what is more, they are keeping considerably large quantity of sales.
  204. This can be interpreted as people in Sakai of enterprising spirit were trying to innovate the Way of Tea by denying the established authority in times of its stagnation.
  205. This can be interpreted to mean that Amatsumara made the spear (The first addendum indicates that Ishikoridome made the hiboko (spear)).
  206. This can be known to Japan as his 'destructive bad behavior.'
  207. This can be likewise indicated by the fact that there are Buddhist remains that had no bearing with the state or state-sponsored temples all over the country.
  208. This can be regarded as 'exceptional' because it was from the toponym, '本村' (Honson).
  209. This can be regarded as a ceremony to soothe the land in which harvesting.has finished.
  210. This can be regarded as a style of recluse of 'Shiin' (市隠).
  211. This can be regarded as his achievement.
  212. This can be regarded as proof of involvement of Itagaki and Goto in the plan to raise an army with a good reason for it.
  213. This can be said to be a forerunner of seikatsuei (poems about everyday life) type shakaiei.
  214. This can be said to be the origin of Japanese industry.
  215. This can be seen as the amalgamation of the Shinto and Buddhist periodic rites.
  216. This can be seen from an article in "Nihonshoki" that in 648, at the time of effectuation of the thirteen grades of cap rank, Ministers of the Left and the Right refused to wear the crowns of the new system.
  217. This can be seen from the fact that "Hososhiyo-sho" (The Essentials for the Judiciary), which is an accumulation of the Ritsuryo law and theories of Myobo-ke (scholars of the law), has no provisions for Nenki.
  218. This can be seen in gag phrases, which is a method often used by comedians Shoji MURAKAMI and Joji SHIMAKI.
  219. This can be seen in some areas within Settsu Region (limited to Osaka City) and Kawachi Region.
  220. This can be seen in the fact that Taiho Ritsuryo (Taiho Code) - which had been chosen and implemented before the transfer of the capital to Heijokyo - was reviewed and adapted in various ways so that it would be more suitable for real Japanese society.
  221. This can be seen in the following example of the performance of the role of Kanpei in "Chushingura rokudanme (Act 6 from Chushingura)."
  222. This can be seen in what is called primitive societies, which still remains at the present.
  223. This can be skipped if it was done in the morning gongyo.
  224. This can be taken as the aesthetic rendering of the clan who remained graceful even though, for some reason, they failed to defeat the Fujiwara clan in their political strife.
  225. This can be understood as them trying to keep balance between the fact that monjo hakase existed before the establishment of kidendo and that they were the positions set for studying 'kiden.'
  226. This can be understood from the fact that JNR planned to produce C63 steam locomotives after the beginning of the 1950s.
  227. This can be understood that because the fundoshi is a niche item that the major undergarment manufacturers cannot easily embarked on the production with the following reasons, the undergarment cannot be traded on the major distribution network, and thus it's rare to find them in stores.
  228. This can be what Jishazoeiryotosen really was like.
  229. This can be written in Kanji as 'て御見' which corresponds to the common language of 'tegoran' (literally, 'You had better try to....')
  230. This can contain about 1.8 liters worth of rice koji.
  231. This can not only be used as a cooking ingredient but is also often served as-is, being a roasted snack with an aroma.
  232. This can refer to the sub-temples that occupy space within the precinct of a large temple with their own territory and organizational structure, or to the monks who reside within such sub-temples.
  233. This canal was the Takase-gawa River.
  234. This cane is called as 'Kiritsumedo' or 'Kaburado,' and the uwasekiita is called as 'Kamikiritsumedo' and the shimosekiita as 'Shitakiritsumedo.'
  235. This cane was called jokojo.
  236. This cannot be done unless the straps are thin and soft.
  237. This capital city (kyoshiki), jo (jorei) and bo (bocho) administrative organization system corresponded to the koku (provincial governor), gun (district manager) and ri (village chief) system.
  238. This car was provisionally introduced on a trial basis during a one-month period beginning June 10, 2003, but since July 11 of the same year it has been formally operated.
  239. This card is also available in the buses running on the routes under control of the Rakusai business office (routes, 28, 29, 33, Special 33, 69, 73, 91, Special South 1, West 1, West 2, Rin-West (臨西)2, West 3, Special West 3, West 4, West 5, Rin-West (臨西)5, West 6, and West 8).
  240. This card is available not only on buses running on the routes under control of the Rakusai business office (routes, 28, 29, 33, Special 33, 69, 73, 91, Special South 1, West 1, West 2, Rin-West (臨西)2, West 3, Special West 3, West 4, West 5, Rin-West (臨西)5, West 6 and West 8) but also on other buses.
  241. This card is sold in a set with J-WEST Card, and it allows quick recharging from chargers, etc., without paying in cash but paying by card.
  242. This card is usable any number of times within a day for Kyoto City buses in the uniform fare section.
  243. This card's usage has grown steadily due to its convenience, and more than a million cards were issued in just over five months since the launch.
  244. This carefully painted picture has the artist's signature and seal of Shozan in Dutch letters.
  245. This careless act of Harumochi and others led Masakado's army to a severe defeat.
  246. This case frightened court nobles in Kyoto and was investigated by kebiishi (a police and judicial chief); on August 27, 1025, Takanori, a bonze, was arrested, who confessed that he had murdered the princess as he had been ordered by Michimasa.
  247. This case is not included in Nirvana but is called pseudo Nirvana.
  248. This case was no doubt a rebellion.'
  249. This case-hardened piece is called Heshi gane (removed metal), which is broken into small metal pieces using a Tsuchi (hammer).
  250. This castle could be constructed very easily and there was a case in which it was built in eight days with a sufficient number of people.
  251. This castle is said to have been also in the Noso area, and recent excavations have unveiled that there had been a castle town but it was in fact a residential area and far from a military stronghold.
  252. This castle tower was sustained by 1.8 square meter space with five pillars; one main pillar with about 15m long and 45cm square meter cross section installed in the center, and other four sub-pillars with about 40cm square meter cross section installed in the each corner.
  253. This castle was built by Mitsuhide AKECHI.
  254. This castle was built in 1336 by a powerful local family who supported Nancho (the Southern Emperor's forces) in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  255. This castle was first mentioned in a historical document on August 1, 1478 in the "Annual events of Higashi no in," in which the following comment concerning the Shugosho (provincial administration) of the Province of Yamashiro was made:
  256. This castle was, it is to be noted, in a different place to the Yodo Castle known as the residence of Lady Yodo (Hideyori TOYOTOMI's real mother).
  257. This category includes Sapporo "Hazelnuts flavored Coffee au Lait" (1995), Dydo "Caf? a la Mode" (1995), Kirin Beverage "Fire Menthol" (2008) and Coca-Cola (Japan) "Georgia Salt Caramel Coffee" (2008).
  258. This category includes a wide variety of craftworks including those made of metal, lacquer, works of dyeing and weaving, ceramics, swords, and armor; swords account for roughly half the total number of crafts considered national treasures.
  259. This caused Kozuki-jo Castle to become isolated, and put under siege by the Mori force, which was eager to 'Rout the Amago'; as a result, the leader and retainers of the Amago clan were unable to hold the castle, and surrendered (The Battle of Kozuki Castle).
  260. This caused Masamoto and Hisatsune's outrage and they killed Arikazu.
  261. This caused Yoritomo's suspicion of Noriyori's rebellion against him.
  262. This caused a cessation of conflict with the Ouchi clan from the Muromachi period, and local lords subject to the Ouchi family in the Kitakyushu region became subject to the Otomo family as well, by which he ensured a power of influence in Suo and Nagato Provinces.
  263. This caused a change in the relationship between vassals and daimyo; whereas vassals formerly went to the castle to work when necessary, under the new policy they were required to work in the castle every day.
  264. This caused a confusion in some regions because it became linked with a folk story from Kannazuki (tenth month of the lunar calendar and literally, the month without gods) but festivals to see the god off from rice fields were held across Japan after mid-October according to the old lunisolar calendar.
  265. This caused a decline in the tradition of Soboshu since the middle of the Heian period, and brewing techniques never revived even after temples themselves were revived.
  266. This caused a dispute concerning the next heir, and the bakufu ordered Takanori to act as conservator until Kamejumaru came of age, and appointed him Omi no kuni Shugo (Military Commissioner of Omi Province), a position which had been held for generations by the Rokkaku clan.
  267. This caused a frequent occurrence of the conflicts concerning shoryo (fief), which resulted in increasing calls for judgments of the head family or the Chiten no kimi (the retired emperor in power), commencing the end of the Kamakura period, and the trend thus shifted to patrilineal inheritance to the eldest son (heir).
  268. This caused a major correction to past prevailing understanding of the Jishazoeiryotosen.
  269. This caused a problem in connecting to the Karasuma Line of Kyoto Municipal Subway at Karasuma Oike Station, the next station to the west of Kyoto Shiyakusho-mae Station, and some passengers complained about being stuck by nothing more than a station.
  270. This caused a serious succession dispute between 千代秋丸 and the legitimate son, Noritada IMAGAWA.
  271. This caused all the professors at Tokyo Imperial University and Kyoto Imperial University to proclaim their resolve to resign protesting this was the usurpation of autonomy in a university and academic freedom.
  272. This caused an inversion where modern Western astronomy was, as a matter of practice, eliminated.
  273. This caused budan-ha (persons carrying out politics by military means) such as Kiyomasa KATO to attack Mitsunari.
  274. This caused certain Kamigata routines to have different titles from their Edo counterparts though the contents are the same.
  275. This caused conflicts all over the country among supporters of the shogunal family that divided into two lines.
  276. This caused estrangement and collapse of vassals who exhibited dissatisfaction due to crisis of their life.
  277. This caused factionalization of the Suwa clan and Yorimitsu was often opposed to the soryo, Nobumitsu.
  278. This caused frequent train-car failures that were generated due to the snow stuck to the train-cars in the Sekigahara area in the first winter after operation started in 1964.
  279. This caused great fire involving important area of Nara, resulting in burning down of influential temples such as Kofuku-ji Temple and Todai-ji Temple and many deaths of Buddhist monks and residents by fire.
  280. This caused him to be often arrested as a rebel under the political oppression which was called "Ansei no Taigoku" (the suppression of extremists by the Shogunate) led by Naosuke II in the same year.
  281. This caused him to relinquish his post as Suke of Owari.
  282. This caused him to resign from his post as deputy governor of Sanuki.
  283. This caused internal conflict within the Amago force.
  284. This caused many of Togoku samurai (a group of samurai in the eastern part of Japan) to move to the Kinai and Saigoku regions and the influence of the bakufu widely spread across Japan.
  285. This caused one to offer the reisen just to start a lawsuit before presenting the reisen to receive a favorable ruling.
  286. This caused ryokan to lose a lot of customers.
  287. This caused the conflict between the Miyoshi Sanninshu and Hisahide MATSUNAGA become more serious.
  288. This caused the conflicts between the master and a disciple to develop into a battle between the factions.
  289. This caused the disturbances in Rakuchu. (Source: Article for May 22 in "Gyokuyo").
  290. This caused the honjo to lose the half of their territories.
  291. This caused the incident that Kyo Kanze Gokenya (The Five Kanze Families in Kyoto) (Iwai, Inoue, Hayashi, Sono, Asano), which were powerful disciple families in Kyoto, transferred to Kanze school all together.
  292. This caused the opposition by Daikakuji-to and recovery strategy against the Kamakura bakufu; Imperial Prince Kuniharu became the Crown Prince and Emperor Gofushimi abdicated in favor of Kuniharu only three years after his enthronement.
  293. This caused the police station to take severe disciplinary action on the captain.
  294. This caused the political influences of upper nobles centering on Sekke (line of regents and advisers) to decrease.
  295. This caused the rise of country squires (Shitaifu) in the end of Tang Dynasty period.
  296. This caused the security in Suruga Province to decline.
  297. This caused the vassal relationship between China and Korea came to come to an end.
  298. This causes no problem, because passengers get on and off rapid trains using only the second car.
  299. This causes us serious mistrust.'
  300. This ceiling painting is an large oval shape, measuring 8.26 m by 5.15 m.
  301. This celebration was held at the Hoju-ji Temple (Kyoto City) in April and May, 1176.
  302. This center exhibits a part of Sueki which were collected by Mokusui TOKIZANE and artifacts which were dug up during the research.
  303. This ceramic tea caddy is a legacy of the Tokugawa Shogun family.
  304. This ceremony carries out the process in the following way; at first, calling the ancestor's spirit that caused the family disaster, then, asking it to stop the torture in exchange of for dance, offerings or money, finally sending it back to its original place.
  305. This ceremony consisting of Norito (Shinto prayer), Gagaku (traditional court music), and Kiyomeharae (a purifying procedure) is conducted at a textile factory in Kamigyo Ward of Kyoto City to start weaving the sacred treasures and apparel.
  306. This ceremony demonstrated the extent of Mototsune's formidable political power.
  307. This ceremony evolved from a simple ritual to win god's grace by burning firewood cut into sticks in a Goma fire pit while throwing various offerings into the fire for the fire god to carry the offerings, transformed into smoke, to heaven.
  308. This ceremony follows Ricchu-sai on the same day, but it is not open to the public.
  309. This ceremony for boys was called Genpuku (coming-of-age celebration for boys) or Fundoshi-iwai (a coming-of-age ceremony for a boy by wearing a loincloth), and that for girls was called Mogi (coming-of-age celebration for girls) or keppatsu (hair dressing).
  310. This ceremony has been performed for the Empress, the Crown Prince, and the Crown Princess after World War II.
  311. This ceremony is almost the same as Mihishirogi-hoei-shiki with the following differences:
  312. This ceremony is also called 'Yakugibiki' (literally, towing of Yakugi).
  313. This ceremony is also called nyubutsu-shiki, owatamashi, nyukon-shiki, otama-ire and so on, depending on the sect.
  314. This ceremony is called Hossen shiki (literally, Dharma combat).
  315. This ceremony is conducted at a silk thread factory in Seiyo City, Ehime Prefecture to start producing raw silk for the sacred treasures and apparel.
  316. This ceremony is conducted by "Kunaicho Shikibushoku" (court musicians of the Imperial Household) who have been dispatched by the Emperor to offer ceremonial court music and dance.
  317. This ceremony is held to commemorate the start of the thatching of the roof of the new building.
  318. This ceremony is performed at the Ryokiden, which is a hall located close to the Three Shrines in the Imperial Court.
  319. This ceremony is still held in various regions as a folk custom which represents the removal of participants' impurities by throwing them into a river, in the same way as harai-hitogata (purification with a paper doll).
  320. This ceremony is to affix the sacred door of the new building.
  321. This ceremony is to confirm that the newly made clothing and treasures for the Sengu are in accordance with tradition.
  322. This ceremony is to consolidate the grounds of the new sanctuary.
  323. This ceremony is to decorate the inside of the new building.
  324. This ceremony is to erect the first pillar for the main sanctuary building.
  325. This ceremony is to lift up the ridge pole of the main sanctuary building.
  326. This ceremony is to log the wood for 'Karimihishiro' and 'Karimifunashiro' which are wooden boxes used for holding the symbol of the kami during the transfer from the old sanctuary building to the new one.
  327. This ceremony is to offer prayers at the site of the new sanctuary for the safety of construction work.
  328. This ceremony is to offer prayers for safety over the new bridge.
  329. This ceremony is to offer prayers for the safety of construction work before the rebuilding of Uji-bashi Bridge.
  330. This ceremony is to offer prayers to the kami to make the grounds of the new sanctuary tranquil.
  331. This ceremony is to offer prayers to the kami who dwells in the tree of which the core pillar is made.
  332. This ceremony is to offer sacred food to the kami before the Mikagura ceremony (Music performed in court shinto ceremonies).
  333. This ceremony is to place the Gogyo (metal plates under the gate at either end of the main sanctuary roof).
  334. This ceremony is to place the Mifunashiro, the sacred wooden box for holding the symbol of the kami, in the main sanctuary.
  335. This ceremony is to place the Shinnomihashira, the sacred core pillar, in the center of the floor of the new sanctuary building.
  336. This ceremony is to pray for the carpenters' safety when they begin construction.
  337. This ceremony is to present the "Heihaku" (sacred silk and other sacred materials) from the Emperor to the kami.
  338. This ceremony is to purify the 'Karimihishiro' (the Mihishiro to carry the symbol of the kami), the 'Karimifunashiro' (the Mifunashiro to carry the Karimihishiro), and the new clothing and treasures that are to be dedicated to the kami, along with the priests that attend the transfer ceremony.
  339. This ceremony is to transfer the sacred treasures that were left in the former sanctuary to the Saihoden, the western treasure house, in the new compound.
  340. This ceremony marks the completion of the thatching of the roof of the new building.
  341. This ceremony may be held for a reinforced-concrete building when its main structure is completed.
  342. This ceremony of Oroku (allocations of cloth to imperial princesses without proclamation) was held at the courtyard of Shishinden (the throne hall) and two rolls (about 50m) of silk cloth and six tons (ancient Japanese measuring unit) of cottons were presented.
  343. This ceremony of Sangoku no Shirabe was going to be held in the Imperial Court, and Iruka would definitely attend as a minister.
  344. This ceremony offers purifying rituals for safety on the completion of the temporary bridge.
  345. This ceremony should be held based on the old lunar calendar in nature.
  346. This ceremony was broadcasted on television.
  347. This ceremony was first conducted as Hoya-biraki when Oikaze YOSHIDA built the dohyo one day before the Joran sumo tournament for the 11th Shogun Ienari TOKUGAWA in June 11, 1791.
  348. This ceremony was first held at a main playwright's house which was later shifted to tayumoto's (chief producer's).
  349. This ceremony, which almost 3,000 gokenin attended, was held with the relationship between Yoritomo in Kamakura and Yoshitsune (another of Yoritomo's brothers) in Kyoto deteriorated.
  350. This certain form refers to the legal definition of the time, liability, method and amount of taxation.
  351. This certainly suppressed the anti-Taira clan force around the capital, but Kiyomori was disgraced as being Buddha's enemy.
  352. This certificate shows the fame of Najio paper and prosperity of paper manufacturing in those days.
  353. This chakai is not a utensil in which to reduce the temperature, but into which to pour the tea temporarily which was brewed in appropriate concentration from a kyusu (small teapot called 'chatsubo').
  354. This change in poem structure is reflected in the "Manyoshu," where nine out of ten poems are actually tanka poems.
  355. This change in politics could be seen as political power was taken away by the retired emperor who was the Emperor's paternal line, from the regent and chancellor families who were from maternal line of the Emperor.
  356. This change in the order of tea utensils was identified in "YAMANOUE no Soji ki" (a book of secrets written by YAMANOUE no Soji, the best pupil of SEN no Rikyu), and it should be noted that the Ido chawan (a rustic tea bowl possessed by Hideyoshi) made in Korea was among the meibutsu.
  357. This change in the status of Hitokotonushi is believed to be a result of a decline in the status of the Kamo clan, which worshipped Hitokotonushi as its clan deity.
  358. This change is the first time when Ryoto tetsuritsu was announced as being the official policy of the Kamakura Shogunate (when its supreme leader was Tokuso Sadatoki HOJO).
  359. This change led to various events as stated below:
  360. This change made the pronunciations of 'ゐ' (wi), 'ゑ' (we) and 'を' (wo) the same as those of 'い' (i), 'え' (e) and 'お' (o) respectively.
  361. This change of color tells people the ripening of the newly made Japanese sake.
  362. This change of the consumption style slowly spread from the latter part of the Meiji period to the early part of the Showa period.
  363. This change prevented the situation which warriors possession of official ranks get in the way of the promotion of court nobles.
  364. This change was brought about by MINAMOTO no Yoritomo who opened up the bakufu to acquire the right to establish Mandokoro, which until then had only been open to court nobles ranked Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) or higher.
  365. This change was conducted to establish the new ruling system by delegating some power to local influential people under the control of the head of the provincial governors (the head of Kokushi, Zuryo), who were dispatched there: the system was called the dynasty state system.
  366. This change was made because the organization for operating the Keihan East Rose Town Community Bus was altered, when the Yawata City North-South Bus Route started the joint operation of the buses (the Yawata City North-South Bus Route also uses the same medium-sized, short-length type buses and medium-sized type buses.)
  367. This changed from the Muromachi period following the appropriation of police powers by shugo where during the Kamakura period where a shift took place whereby local provincial lords became affiliated with daimyo as shugo daimyo.
  368. This chaos is believed to have been a factor in making MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka's operations (raising of an army in 1180 and advancement to Kyoto in 1183) easier to carry out.
  369. This chapter and the following two chapters of Utsusemi (The Cicada Shell) and Yugao (Evening Face) were called together the 'Three Chapters of Hahakigi.'
  370. This chapter concerns the autumn when Hikaru Genji was 29.
  371. This chapter covers the period from Hikaru Genji's confinement at Suma to his return to Kyoto.
  372. This chapter deals with the incidents which probably did not happen soon after the incidents in Kiritsubo, and there seems to be an interval of several years between these chapters, but Hikaru Genji's age was not mentioned in this chapter.
  373. This chapter deals with the tale of the family of Higekuro after he has died.
  374. This chapter has counterparts too.
  375. This chapter is also called Ubasoku Buddhist, which came from another name for Hachi no Miya, zoku hijiri (worldly saint).
  376. This chapter is blank.
  377. This chapter is famous for 'appraisal on a rainy night' where the nobilities hold a discussion about women.
  378. This chapter mentions that Yamato Kusushino omi, the descendant of the king of Wu, offered a 'series of instruments for gigaku performance' along with the Buddhist scriptures and statues.
  379. This chapter takes place in the autumn when Hikaru Genji was 36.
  380. This chapter was probably forged for posterity.
  381. This character is listed the one hundred thousand character version of Konjaku Mojikyo.
  382. This character is named 'Asagao Senbei' because he advertises the rice cracker brand.
  383. This character seems to have been greatly influenced by the image of Hachi no Miya.
  384. This character was apparently shown in 'An idea to change people's character' (No.30) written by Masanao NAKAMURA and 'A theory on people's sprit' (No.32) by Amane NISHI.
  385. This characteristic differentiated him from the ordinary In no Kinshin, who relied upon the authority of the In.
  386. This characteristic of Tametomo is praised by Tokujiro TOMIKURA as the ideal of a warrior possessing the three virtues of wisdom, courage and benevolence.
  387. This characteristic was commonly observed in Kinki region, and it cannot be considered to be the same as greatly expanding Shoen seen in Eastern Japan after the mid-12th century.
  388. This characterization is also recorded in the "Scribblings by the Nijo Riverbed."
  389. This charcoal is used for burning gold leaves together in a traditional method without iron.
  390. This charisma made Koyo an outstanding figure among his contemporary authors.
  391. This chatsubo was later called "180,000 koku tsubo."
  392. This cherry blossom front is based on Someiyoshino (Prunus yedoensis), so the blooming date may slightly vary depending on the types of cherry trees.
  393. This chief priest Yujo and the Mitsui family, a business tycoon, were Okyo's main patrons.
  394. This child eventually grew up to become Kidomaru and it is said that he targeted Yorimitsu in revenge for his father.
  395. This chirashi-gaki is ingenious and there is no equal in ancient calligraphy.
  396. This chodaigamae Fusuma was made in the so-called Tofusuma door (wooden door covered with Fusuma paper) with the two sliding doors in the center and the other two fixed doors outside.
  397. This chogin was a flat "namako" type silver mass where silver and bronze were mixed, upon which hallmark of "joze", "ho" and Daikokuzo" were inscribed.
  398. This choice of categories is due to the fact that it is the painting below the inscribed sutra, not the sutra itself, that is considered to have the greater material and aesthetic value.
  399. This choice took into account the youth and poor health of Kuniyoshi and was a measure to suppress the force that was demanding Tsuneaki as Crown Prince, but in conclusion this only led to make the problem even more complex.
  400. This chooses the winner and loser basically with shape and the game that used three players or whole body instead of just hands started to appear later.
  401. This chozubachi is made by creating a hole at the top of the mountain-shaped rock.
  402. This church is the only one in Japan for which a historical depiction of the building survives in the form of the painting Miyako no Nanbanji-zu, one of the 61 scenes of central and outer Kyoto painted on fans by artists of the Kano School.
  403. This circular part is called "ishimochi," and the montsuki that has such an ishimochi is called "ishimochi no montsuki"; in the Edo period, a cheap montsuki had no ishimochi on its cloth, but today such ishimochi-free montsuki are rarely seen.
  404. This circumstance, coupled with the still incomplete establishment of the system of family headship inheritance by the eldest son, often gave rise to rivalry for heirship or other 'oie sodo' (family feuds) in the families of the Shogun and shugo daimyos.
  405. This city has a long history.
  406. This city has a long history: fragments of clay pots of the Jomon period and the Yayoi period can be found in ordinary fields.
  407. This city is included in Kansai Science City, and many research laboratories of the national government and private companies are located there.
  408. This city was established due to the municipal merger based on the establishment of a municipal system: Mineyama and Omiya -chos of Naka County, Amino, Tango and Yasaka -chos of Takeno County, and Mihama-cho of Kumano County were merged.
  409. This city was established on March 12, 2007, by merging three towns in Soraku-gun, Yamashiro-cho (Kyoto Prefecture), Kizu-cho and Kamo-cho.
  410. This clan descended from the ancient Arimichi clan.
  411. This clan had the same ancestor as the Mononobe clan and the Suzuki clan.
  412. This clan included a prominent family inheriting the lineage of Mino Genji (the Minamoto clan), detailed as follows.
  413. This clan is descended from toraijin (people from overseas, especially from China and Korea, who settled in early Japan and introduced Continental culture to the Japanese) with two distinct lineages, one from Kudara (Baekje) and the other of Han race from China.
  414. This clan is the family of the main branch of the Kobayakawa clan and the lineage of the head family.
  415. This clan originated with descendants of Prince Shikisen and Prince Koga (grandchildren of Emperor Koko), who were given the honorary surname of Taira no Ason upon being demoted from the Imperial family.
  416. This clan originated with the descendants of Imperial Prince Korehiko (Emperor Montoku's son), who were given the honorary surname of Taira no Ason upon being demoted from the Imperial family.
  417. This clan originated with the descendents of Prince Masamochi, Prince Yukitada, and Prince Koretoki (all of whom were grandsons of Emperor Ninmyo), who were given the honorary surname of Taira no Ason upon being demoted from the Imperial family.
  418. This clan was a branch of the Asano family in the Ako clan famous for the Ako Incident in the Genroku era (1688 - 1704).
  419. This clapping style is called 'shinobite.'
  420. This clash is called the Shimotsuki Incident.
  421. This class included not only those who were engaged in agricultural management but also managers in commerce, handicraft, and fishery industries.
  422. This class played an important role in Kyoto reconstruction after the Onin War.
  423. This class-based prejudice explains why Bunraku practitioners have a deep-seated mind-set to clearly discriminate against Takemoto in favor of Bunraku, despite no major differences in their practices.
  424. This classic production process was confirmed in Tokuyama-mura and Neo-mura, Gifu Prefecture, in about 1980.
  425. This classical theory was widely accepted and also after the war became mainstream in the academics.
  426. This classification changed according to the situation surrounding the provinces and times.
  427. This classification currently exists only in Tokyo, and the ranks don't exist in Kamigata (the Kyoto and Osaka area) nor in Nagoya.
  428. This classification established by Kokin Wakashu became the standard method for organizing waka and was adopted at various waka events such as Uta-kai (poem competition) and treatise on waka poetry.
  429. This classification has no specific basis, but is used only as a guide.
  430. This classification method, while going through various revisions, was passed down to the succeeding anthologies of waka by Imperial command and, furthermore, became the cornerstone of organizing renga which further segment zed poems.
  431. This classification of komonjo appeared in Katsumi KUROITA's thesis in 1903, 'Nihon Komonjo yoshiki ron' (literally, 'A Study on the Styles of Old Documents in Japan'), although the publication itself was in 1940.
  432. This classification was designed to treat an act of actually seizing a territory as an especially capital crime.
  433. This clay statue was called an original mold or Nakago (inside mold).
  434. This clean advantage of zuko leads to getting rid of heat agony of human's earthly desires and freshening up, and it also has the instructions followed, which is said to correspond with Jikaigyo (to keep the precepts of Buddhism).
  435. This clearly indicates that the Shin clan, who served as Shugodai in the period of Noriyuki YAMANA, began to keep a distance from the Yamana clan for independence in the Meio era.
  436. This clearly shows how much faithful loyalty Naomasa had to Ieyasu.
  437. This clearly shows that 'Yashiro' (shrines) did not come first, but were built in forests that were already worshiped.
  438. This clearly shows that each fudasho temple is in good financial shape due to the increasing number of pilgrims
  439. This climbing trail is designated as Shiga prefectural road 268, Ibukiyama Ueno route, but automotive traffic is of course impossible.
  440. This close marital relation between the Katsuraki clan and the Okimi family may mean that a political coalition between both families could have been maintained by strategic marriages.
  441. This cluster is on the peripheral of southern hills across a valley between Oyamato-kofun Tumulus Cluster.
  442. This code and the Goseibai-shikimoku (code of conduct for samurai) together are called the Joken Codes.
  443. This code classifies 'somen' as 'udon,' and therefore the namamen and yudemen types of somen can be regarded as a kind of udon in a limited sense.
  444. This code was not correctively compiled in the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), but appeared as a reference in the words of the posterity emperors after "Shoku-Nihongi" (Chronicles of Japan II).
  445. This coincides in the two family trees on which Shoji was recorded among the three family trees.
  446. This collapsed the movement for revival of the Amago clan as a Japanese feudal lord.
  447. This collection and subsequent songs were also called "gafu."
  448. This collection has a long foreword that has turned into prose, and it is a work that is placed in the line of poem-tales and literary diaries by women's hands rather than with personal collections.
  449. This collection includes more than 400 masterful Chinese poems and prose composed during the Heian period.
  450. This collection is estimated to have been compiled during the Kohei era when Akihira was appointed to a number of important posts, such as Monjo hakase (professor of literature) and Togu hakase (professor for the crown prince) in his later years.
  451. This collection is in the form of a poetry competition of excellent poems by 36 poets from "Manyoshu" (the first major anthology of early Japanese poetry) to the mid-Heian Period, who were later called 'Sanju-roku Kasen' (the thirty-six immortal poets).
  452. This collection is the second oldest uta-awase on record remaining in existence today after Zaiminbukyoke Uta-awase (uta-awase held at Minbusho, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, during ARIWARA no Yukihira's service as the administrator).
  453. This collection of one hundred poems consisted of waka written by 16 poets, including FUJIWARA no Kinzane, and became the model for subsequent collections with set topics.
  454. This collection shows poetry (mostly death haiku) by heroes such as Shoin YOSHIDA, Genzui KUSAKA, and Koshiro FUJITA, with their short biographies.
  455. This collection was a command by Emperor Daigo but he died before it was presented, thus it was completed as a personal collection.
  456. This collection was compiled by a reclusive priest (hermit).
  457. This collective term was also recently used in a book that deals with urban myths.
  458. This color is based on the color of the Sagano Line, one of the operation lines.
  459. This color is made by dyeing with suo, or Caesalpinia sappan, which is a tropical plant.
  460. This color is the origin of amber (candy) color.
  461. This color was considered the color for young people from the feeling of this word.
  462. This combination was mentioned in a paragraph of "Makura no Soshi (The Pillow Book)" as an anecdote about Emperor Murakami; the combination was preferred by the aristocrats in Japan as an unusual combination, or as a word that is reminiscent of the phrase "I remember you especially."
  463. This combined with the pursuit of the Otomo army, claimed huge casualties in the Shimazu army and the army was forced to retreat to Hyuga.
  464. This comes from the nature of "Heike Monogatari" (The tale of the Heike) which is referred to as the literature of transience, and the weakness of Shunkan who was tossed about by the fate was emphasized.
  465. This comic play is believed to have been named niwaka, which is a word meaning 'sudden' or 'suddenly,' as the performance always began suddenly on the street and attracted people's attention.
  466. This coming together of samurai and Buddhist society influenced both aristocratic and samurai culture.
  467. This comment focuses on what Hitomaro's expressions were, leaving aside whether the content of the poems was fact or fiction.
  468. This comment triggered the Showa financial crisis and a run on the bank.
  469. This comment was a popular topic in Korean mass media, although it was not a significant issue in Japan.
  470. This commercial film, produced by the Japan Ad Council's Osaka Bureau, aired mainly on Kansai local TV (partially nationwide).
  471. This committee concluded in 1903 that after the preventive measure of 1897, the mining pollution had been decreased, and they submitted a report suggesting that they should build a large, control basin near Watarase-gawa River's mouth for settling mineral poison and for preventing floods.
  472. This common name is the one used is modern guidebooks of famous sites.
  473. This commonly used name came about because it consists of eight volumes.
  474. This community bus began its operation on April 1, 2005 when the regular bus operation was discontinued in some areas of Kameoka City.
  475. This community bus service uses three medium-sized, short-length 'Aero Midi MJ' buses by the Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation, with low-floor, one step entrance specification (one of the buses was transferred from the Katano Management Office.)
  476. This community had almost no connection with Chii downstream but had connections with Harihata-go Community and Chimi-mura Village, Wakasa Province.
  477. This company adopted a policy to invest in independent film studios and distribute their films directly.
  478. This company began producing films using Toa Kinema employees, the remnants of Tokatsu Tojiin and Shoei Makino Omuro.
  479. This company dissolved in December, 1890.
  480. This company had produced various locomotives and passenger and freight carss since the establishment, but in 1912 its name was changed to Kisha Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha (commonly called Kisha Kaisha), and in 1972, it was merged into Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. to end its history.
  481. This company produced films that were to be shown together with films made by Shinko Kinema, but it stopped production in less than a year after its establishment.
  482. This company produced many classic films, including Hiroshi INAGAKI's "Mabuta no Haha" and "Yataro Gasa," Mansaku ITAMI's "Kokushi Muso" and "Akanishi Kakita," as well as Sadao YAMANAKA's "Furyu Katsujinken."
  483. This company was operated with capital and technology from Japan and by the executives and engineers who were mostly Japanese, and therefore, it is not too much to say that the railways were Japan-owned.
  484. This competition ceased in May 1904, after the start of the Russo-Japanese War in February of that year, and the transportation of war supplies had the top priority.
  485. This complete collection also includes his diary he left.
  486. This complete map is different from "Map of Japan" published by Siebold in Europe in many points, because Siebold depicted internal regions with the help of the map operations by the Edo Bakufu (1645).
  487. This complex classification of senmin succeeded the senmin system of torei (codes in the Tang era), and characterizes ritsuryo law as something different from the senmin system under medieval samurai law.
  488. This compound was thickly wooded and difficult to see, and the platform projected out to the left while below was a deep valley known as 玄蓄谷.
  489. This comprehensive park of Kyoto City was constructed, commemorating the 1200-th anniversary of the movement of the capital to Heian, at the former site of Umekoji Station of Japan Freight Railway Company, which was moved to another site in March 1990.
  490. This concept appears in Japanese phrases such as "Goko gomin" (to share the total harvest of rice between public and private, 50% each) or "Koshi kondo" (to mix up public and private matters).
  491. This concept applies to various Emperors regarded as Male-line Emperors.
  492. This concept continued until at least the late Muromachi period and the ideas that a 'betrayer is a coward' 'samurais should die with their lords' were not mainstream at the time.
  493. This concept met with violent condemnation from followers of traditional schools of Buddhism and became the object of attack.
  494. This concept of impermanence led to disgust toward this world, and drove hermits to lead solitary lives even lonelier than entering into priesthood at Buddhist temples.
  495. This concept was first introduced when MINAMOTO no Yoritomo was designated as Ukone no daisho (Major Captain of the Right Division of Inner Palace Guards), and he applied this concept to his own master-servant relationships.
  496. This concept was succeeded to Yoshika MUTOBE and developed further.
  497. This concept was taken by the Ryozen Jodo of Shaka (Shkyamuni) and the Lotus Matrix World of Birushana-butsu (Vairocana).
  498. This concept was the one he originally advocated in his Diet member days immediately after the serious flood disaster in the Hanshin area in 1938, and it was known for the following episode.
  499. This concludes the first half.
  500. This concubine was a Korean woman brought back with him as a captive when he went to the front in Korean Invasion.
  501. This condition is called the 'scattering of sumi.'
  502. This condition was called "Takauji's absence in the new government".
  503. This condition, however, soon became unstable.
  504. This confinement turned out to be good for Sanyo, because he devoted himself to studying and writing for three years.
  505. This confirmed the power of Kamakura as the countrywide government.
  506. This conflict caused him to oppose to the other chief vassals, Norimoto.
  507. This conflict developed into the military conflict called the koji riot in the Bunan era in 1444, and as a result, the profession of supplying malt in Kyoto was extinguished and the koji-za (rice malt guild) was dismissed.
  508. This conflict finally raised an internal split called the Kanno Disturbance.
  509. This conflict is called the Bunei War.
  510. This conflict split the bakufu into two large groups, even a family was broken down into two; Yoritsuna party and Yasumori party,
  511. This conflict was entangled with the issue of Imperial succession, and Moriya as well as Katsumi supported the enthronement of the Imperial Prince Anahobe.
  512. This confluent point was "funadamari," or a harbor where ships rested, and from here ships used to travel by the Incline to Nanzenji-funadamari, another terminal.
  513. This conforms to the Six Schools of the South Capital (Nara).
  514. This confrontation continued for a while, but on April 13, there happened an incident that Masakuni YAMAJI, who was a vassal of Katutoyo SHIBATA and surrendered Hideyoshi, changed to Katsuie's side.
  515. This confrontation escalated to the point where various rumors circulated that the Izumo group might be trying to settle a deep-seated grudge against the Ise group, which had accumulated since the era of gods, and that Takatomi SENGE, who had been disloyal to the Imperial Family, had to be killed as punishment.
  516. This confrontation later led to the dispute between the shogun family and Ujimitsu's son Mitsukane ASHIKAGA and his grandson Mochiuji ASHIKAGA.
  517. This confrontation was caused by the fact that being from the FUJIWARA clan herself, Empress Komyo (Komyoshi), the mother of Empress Koken, favored Nakamaro, which enabled him to gain power rapidly.
  518. This confrontation was exacerbated by a power struggle between the Hara clan and the Enjoji clan over the position of the chief retainer.
  519. This confusion of mediation and Zen is caused by translations into a language which has less vocabulary, such as English.
  520. This confusion was resolved after the Emperor Momozono suddenly died at the age of 22 in 1762.
  521. This connecting line was later removed.
  522. This connection perhaps helped his daughter ISE no Taifu get a position serving FUJIWARA no Shoshi (also known as Akiko).
  523. This connection was for the transport of passengers going to the city's bicycle racetrack near to Takaragaike Station, so the connection was made only on the race date.
  524. This consequently causes a conflict within rakugoka.
  525. This consideration applies only to the waka adopted as gaka in Kokin-Wakashu, however, and, as far as "Wakanroeishu" is concerned, because the "roei (to recite)" means to chant and it is important under what situation it was chanted.
  526. This consideration is based on the example of the French Revolution in which the crowd broke into the Palace of Versailles, which was the palace of the ruler (king), whereas such an event has not occurred in Japan.
  527. This consists of ten volumes and 500 distinguished people's portraits in Japanese history from the era of the Emperor Jinmu to the era of the Emperor Gokameyama with a short biography or poem above each portrait.
  528. This consists of three acts in total, and is categorized as Sewa-mono (play dealing with the lives of ordinary people).
  529. This constituted a Kitsurei no michi (festive road), and it was not allowed for processions of daimyo to use this road.
  530. This constituted the view of history to legitimize Taisei Hokan (transfer of power back to the Emperor) and the restoration of Imperial rule.
  531. This constitution clearly stated the Emperor's prerogative rights (Tenno Taiken) for the first time in history, this became the basis to establish the modern Emperor System of Japan.
  532. This constitution emphasized that the consistency of the Imperial family was evidence for orthodoxy.
  533. This constitution was highly acclaimed at the time and, within the country, the People's Rights sector raved of 'a constitution that exceeded one's expectations in its excellence' (as per Sanae TAKADA).
  534. This constitution was thought to be the constitution enacted by the emperor, so it was promulgated by handing it down from the emperor to Prime Minister, Kiyotaka KURODA, and Japan became the first constitutional monarchy with a modern constitution in East Asia.
  535. This construction had a major cultural and political significance such as the ensuing spread of Zen Buddhism (particularly the Rinzai Sect) as a result of Ankoku-ji Temples and the regulation of forms of Buddhism other than Zen by Risho-to Pagodas.
  536. This construction is being promoted under the (road construction) method of merging public works and toll-road projects, whereby the West Nippon Expressway Company Limited assumes control from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism during construction and operates the road as a general toll road.
  537. This construction work was continued by second generation Shogun Hidetada TOKUGAWA and the surviving Sammon gate was built in 1621.
  538. This construction would broaden to include the Kanto region in the early eight century, ending in Tohoku Region at the approximate close of the eighth century.
  539. This contained a full of excellent foresight and his idea also led to the framework of the new Meiji government strategies.
  540. This contains a detailed history of To-ji Temple as well as the masters, disciples, titles, secular surnames, Jingen and kinichi (death anniversaries) of past Choja, and was used for many years as the basic historical record of To-ji Temple.
  541. This continued at the residence of Shuei in Yushima every month until 1904, totally 102 times.
  542. This continued to the point where rumors spread that Zenmon (Kiyomori) and the former Shogun (Motofusa) had lost morale (Source: Article for December 14 in "Gyokuyo") with Zenmon (Kiyomori) leaving the country's governance to Zen-Bakka. (Source: Munemori)(Article for December 16 in "Gyokuyo").
  543. This continued until the period of the Northern and Southern Courts even after the transfer of the capital to Heian-kyo.
  544. This continues to Heisei period by Enjo SANYUTEI and others.
  545. This contradicted with the policy of Dajokan who hoped to put the Emperor at the center of a modern state as an western constitutional monarch in the future.
  546. This contradiction suggests that the pedigree record from Ojin to Nintoku is obviously made up.
  547. This contradicts with the depictions of Yoshitsune capturing the Ichinotani camp in the books of "Azuma Kagami," "Gyokuyo," and "Heike Monogatari."
  548. This contributed recovery of the power of her father Motohiro who had been in charge of easy job in the Imperial Court in those days and his political power in the Imperial Court was strengthened.
  549. This contributed to an increase in the number of tourists visiting the area and helped to promote the renovation and utilization of the other old buildings remained in the area.
  550. This contributed to the steady spread of curry as home cooking in Britain, which resulted in 'curry powder' appearing in the Oxford English Dictionary in 1810.
  551. This controversy was still under way as of 2007 without reaching any settlement over an accepted theory.
  552. This conventional view had to be revised when arranged Haniwa were found at the foot of the tumulus.
  553. This cookery name is derived from the process to soak ingredients in soup stock, but this process is often skipped, and simply boiled foods with soy sauce on it is also called ohitashi.
  554. This cooking method enables one to enjoy the flavor of wheat-flour.
  555. This copy is retained in Mitsui-bunko library in Tokyo.
  556. This copy were lost in the civil war in 1860.
  557. This corporation is in charge of constructing the Kyoto Prefectural North-South Traverse Road, Tanba Ayabe Road.
  558. This corporation is in charge of constructing the Tottori Prefectural Toyooka Miyazu Road, Miyazu Nodagawa Road.
  559. This corresponds to sizes of hanging scrolls to be hanged inside butsudan, indicating the space to hang three scrolls.
  560. This corresponds to the Torikake hook in archery.
  561. This corresponds to the regions stretching from present-day Mie Prefecture to Ibaraki Prefecture along the Pacific coast.
  562. This costume corresponds to the clothing of kachie (a mobile costume with bane, pictures of animals, printed on its outerwear's chests) designed for junior class military officers called zuijin (literally, "people from Chinese dynasty of Sui").
  563. This costume is used when players perform huge movements such as a running dance.
  564. This could be attributed to the steering of Yoshitake, who trained himself in the rough sea of Ise.
  565. This could be considered coming from the fact that, at that time, arable land was more scarce in Japan and the population was smaller in Japan as well.
  566. This could be described in modern terms as a reversal phenomenon of the private and public sectors.
  567. This could be often seen when daimyo (Japanese feudal lord) and hatamoto (direct retainers of the bakufu) established branch families.
  568. This could be said to be an extraordinary promotion for a man from a local province.
  569. This could be seen as conflicting views among the ideas for reform for modern times and the return to Edo haikai (a comical poetic style popular in the city of Edo).
  570. This could be taken as a herald of present-day tourism.
  571. This could have been a considerably hard material rather than just a stockfish, because it seems to have comprised shaved pieces of a bonito product.
  572. This could mean that any combination of three instruments were simply called 'sankyoku' (in fact, the Todo-za members did not play shakuhachi).
  573. This could not be soon regarded as a fact, but may be considered as a reflection of the fact that many of the Suebe craftsmen came from Silla and Baekje.
  574. This could not become an imperial anthology as the emperor did not live to see it completed.
  575. This counter is called kojidoko (yeast floor) and brewery workers simply call it 'toko'.
  576. This countermeasure failed to catch up with the ever-increasing nengajo.
  577. This coup ended in a failure due to a military intervention of Qing's army led by YUAN Shikai.
  578. This coup occurred because Mitsusuke AKAMATSU, who could not endure the pressure, assassinated Shogun Yoshinori at his residence and later he withdrew from the capital to fight back in Harima province.
  579. This coup was successful and the new government was established, three new positions of President, Gijo, and Councilor were established and the Imperial Prince Taruhito assumed the highest position of President.
  580. This coup was triggered by Goshirakawa's challenging behavior, and therefore, there was no firm vision for the new administration after the termination of the cloister government.
  581. This coupon comes with one-day unlimited bus and train ticket in Kobe and a 1,000 yen value of the 'Kobegaiyu ticket,' which can be used at tourist facilities in the city.
  582. This course, sponsored by Korean people, is to develop sushi chefs through six-week programs held four hours a day.
  583. This court rank system changed several times from the twelve court rank system of 603 to the system of and official court ranks based on the ritsuryo code.
  584. This courtyard and the pond form the main part of the garden.
  585. This created a close relationship between the Karasumaru family and the Hosokawa clan.
  586. This created a widely accepted view that Hon is the Buddha or enlightenment itself while Jaku is simply a means by which to save and enlighten people.
  587. This created an elephant boom in Edo.
  588. This created family ranks among temples belonging to the Hongan-ji Temple family which were called 'ikkeshu' (the same lineage people as the Hongan-ji Temple).
  589. This created the possibility for the conflicting principles of opening the country and expelling foreigners to converge toward the goal of attacking the shogunate.
  590. This crime itself was written in the entry dated March 29, 1200 in "Meigetsuki," FUJIWARA no Teika's diary, and the words which appeared to be said by Yasutoki were copied from the comment made by FUJIWARA no Teika.
  591. This criticism also points out that it is unnatural to mention past codes to justify the enthronement and not the Yoro code (code promulgated in the Yoro period).
  592. This criticism was added only to the point that Fukuzawa put too much value on private sector.
  593. This cross-disciplinary study approach was very popular among the temples in Nanto.
  594. This crystallized raw material sugar is called Shiroshita-to and its ingredients are almost the same as those of black sugar.
  595. This cuisine is the specialty of Ninzaburo FURUHATA, a character of popular TV drama.
  596. This cultivation method, which was the method of practice until recently in various parts of Kanto, was recorded in many of the farm books in the Kanto region during the late recent period.
  597. This cultural property storage facility located to the east of the Hondo was completed in 1981.
  598. This culture is called Kokufu (or wafu)-bunka or Japanese-style culture, in contrast with the tofu-bunka, a culture in Nara period which was largely influenced by the Chinese culture.
  599. This culture which is not or seldom seen in other countries has characteristics on the street in Japan.
  600. This current process was completed by another tea manufacturer, Toshiuemon TSUJI (Tsujitoshi) at the beginning of the Meiji period.
  601. This curried rice was introduced to public as "Navy curry," and the meat and potato pot dish was also widely accepted by people outside of Navy.
  602. This curry and rice can be said to be a British food for the general public, being different from the curry of Indian restaurants, which exist in a large number in Britain.
  603. This curry continued to be a special menu item until the restaurant was closed for re-construction in 2004.
  604. This curry is considered to have been devised by Curry Honpo Co., Ltd. in Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka Prefecture (patent registration No. 2691213).
  605. This curry is served with the curry sauce and the rice already mixed and a raw egg placed at the center.
  606. This curry was genuine Indian curry based on a recipe created by Rash Bihari BOSE, an Indian independent activist.
  607. This custom appears in "Tosa Nikki (Tosa Diary)" and "The Pillow Book."
  608. This custom arose in Edo and was later introduced to Kamigata (Kyoto-Osaka area).
  609. This custom became widespread among the common people whose lives became rich in the wake of stabilization of society.
  610. This custom continued through history and even today many Shinto shrines have Shinden or Omita as the rice fields to offer Kugo (food for deities).
  611. This custom continued to exist from the Heian period to medieval and premodern times, undergoing various changes.
  612. This custom continued until it was banned in June 1665.
  613. This custom derives from a Chinese historical event when a child who died young became a ghost and spread diseases, people offered sakubei which the child loved before death, and then the disaster disappeared.
  614. This custom did not become outdated during the Samurai government in the Kamakura period; indeed, men's makeup was taken over by children in a traditional festival procession and high-class samurai in later times.
  615. This custom has been practiced for the purpose of exorcising oni (ogres), which are believed to show up at the time of seasonal change.
  616. This custom is also maintained in cities such as Yokohama, Nagoya, Osaka and Kobe.
  617. This custom is becoming less common but is still performed by middle-aged and elderly people.
  618. This custom is called "obake" (according to one theory, it is claimed that people originally disguised themselves as children with a child-like hairstyle called "obokami (お坊髪) (a hairstyle for children)," but the term was changed to "obake").
  619. This custom is called ninen-mairi (a two-year visit to a shrine).
  620. This custom is not widespread any longer but can be still seen throughout the Kanto region and in Fukushima Prefecture.
  621. This custom is said to be derived from Kokuzo gumonjiho (Ritual of Praying to Akasagarbha to Increase Memory) with which Kukai greatly increased his memory.
  622. This custom is said to have flourished after the Meiji period.
  623. This custom is said to have originated from the Shingon Esoteric Buddhism's rite of water-pouring and to have the meaning of purification.
  624. This custom of Confucius and his disciples, the founders of Confucianism, led to the fact that Confucians put the highest value on Kin and used it habitually.
  625. This custom of manipulating a person's age to report was created to bypass age restrictions set on family successions, entering government service, and gaining an audience with the shogun.
  626. This custom originally came from China (in China, such dolls were called '雲掃人形' (sweeping-cloud doll) or '掃晴娘' (fine weather girl)).
  627. This custom remained until the mid-1970s.
  628. This custom remains deeply rooted at present.
  629. This custom remains in part of Aomori Prefecture, into which some people from Southern Kai Province (Yamanashi Prefecture) moved in the Muromachi Period.
  630. This custom resulted in a distinct differentiation between the class of rulers and those who were ruled, their subjects.
  631. This custom spread among the common people, and it became popular to present Hagoita to families with girls as seibo (year-end gift) of lucky charms at the end of the year.
  632. This custom spread especially after the emperor temporarily moved to the Muromachi Palace due to the Onin War, but it was not permitted to enter the court of the emperor's palace in shitasugata, except for the Sekke (the family of Regent).
  633. This custom spread throughout Japan from Kyoto, which is supposedly the origin of the Matsubayashi.
  634. This custom stemmed from the mame uchi (bean-throwing ceremony), performed by temples and shrines to expel noxious vapors.
  635. This custom to 'finish all dishes served for you' contains feelings of the people who esteem values of foods with gratitude for them that are believed to provide the people with power of life (please refer to "Mottainai").
  636. This custom was called "Wakare no Ogushi" (the Parting Comb).
  637. This custom was called 'Sumikakushi' (hiding the corner of a woman's face), which was originally performed in the form of covering their heads with black cloths.
  638. This custom was common around Kanto area (Tokyo) until the late 1980's, but it became less popular in the 1990's and now a majority of somen is white only.
  639. This custom was connected to tango which came from China.
  640. This custom was introduced to Japan in the Heian Period.
  641. This custom was taken over by her descendants and still continues today.
  642. This custom, however, has been simplified at present, and a Buddhist memorial service 49 days after a person's death is commonly the first service held after Tsuya (all-night vigil over a body), the final service and a memorial service on the sixth day after person's death.
  643. This cut off any possible development of kidendo and the subject became one in which only traditions were maintained, resulting in domination by certain monjo hakase families and making it their kagaku (hereditary learning).
  644. This cycle directly evokes death and rebirth, and furthermore, it is considered to be connected to the concept of immortal life and agelessness, giving rise to the belief in 'wakamizu.'
  645. This cypress bark gable-roofed four-legged gate retains Kamakura period detailing such as its frog-leg struts and is said to be the Gekka-mon Gate of Kyoto Imperial Palace that was granted to Sanetsune ICHIJO by Emperor Kameyama when he built Joraku-an in 1268.
  646. This cypress bark hip-and-gable roof building that serves as the burial place of founder Tokei Zenshi is a representative example of a Showa period structure incorporating the Chinese Tang Dynasty style of the Northern and Southern Courts, Kamakura and early Muromachi periods.
  647. This cypress bark-covered gate characterized by undulating bargeboards on each gable end is one of the oldest gates at Daitoku-ji Temple.
  648. This dam had not been for controlling mining pollution, however, after Eiichiro KONDO, a member of the House of Councilors (at that time) enquired at the committee of commerce and industry, it was concluded that 'it is especially important to keep water quality of this dam.'
  649. This dam has been constantly being tested for its water quality and the results have been published, and these kinds of multi-purpose dams are rare in Japan.
  650. This dam is also popular among elementary school children in the Kansai region, who visit it on school excursions or social studies trips.
  651. This dam is also popular with people in neighboring cities, because its access roads are maintained in a better condition than other dams, and it is close to major arterial roads such as Sonobe Interchange of National Route 9, Kyoto Longitudinal Expressway, National Route 372, and National Route 477.
  652. This dam plan, originally called 'Miyamura Dam,' developed to be the subsequent Hiyoshi Dam Project.
  653. This dam was on a postage stamp in 1998 after it was completed.
  654. This dance became 'Nenbutsu-odori' after Honen, who had been exiled to Sanuki in 1207 due to a religious conflict, saw the dance and made them perform it while chanting 'nenbutsu' or the Buddhist sutra.
  655. This dance is formally performed after 'rindai' (a music in Banshikicho tone, named after Luntai, the country in the west of Tang).
  656. This dance was performed simultaneously in all the shrines across the country at Hoshuku rinjisai (occasional festivals) held as part of the Koki celebration of November 10, 1940, which commemorated 2600 years of imperial reign.
  657. This dance was produced based on existing picture scrolls and materials, aiming at reviving passions of people in Niigata toward festival and dance.
  658. This dankan, from the beginning of scroll nine, is still extant, and is currently held at the Yuki Art Museum in Osaka.
  659. This date was settled on because 1212 may sounds similar to "good word one word" in Japanese.
  660. This day marks 'the day of autonomy.'
  661. This day used to be called Tencho-setsu during Emperor Meiji's reign, and the anniversary called Meiji-setsu was established according to public opinion and consensus in memory of Emperor Meiji, who was regarded as a great ruler who laid the foundations for modern Japan.
  662. This death poem, covered by her favorite kimono, is kept in the Kyoto National Museum with those of other executed concubines.
  663. This debate was eventually brought to an end by the decision of Emperor Meiji, resulting in the defeat of the Izumo group, and Amaterasu Omikami was ranked at the highest level of all the gods.
  664. This decision eventually led to the Battle of Aizu.
  665. This decision is said to be prompted by a dispute over succession between Iemitsu and his younger brother Tadanaga TOKUGAWA, and the fact that the child was a long-awaited male heir.
  666. This decision was based on Noriyasu and Tadakata both being "open country and commerce wing," as well as the fact that Noriyasu and Naosuke were on good terms with each other and exchanged personal letters.
  667. This decision was highly praised as his great achievement, and it became customary to hold the coronation ceremony in the Shishinden Hall.
  668. This decision was made without asking approval from the government and it was reported to them afterwards as it was said to be a state of emergency, although such important issues, like Imperial succession, should have the government's opinion according to Court laws during the Edo period.
  669. This decoration was called Uzu.'
  670. This decorative cord is called 'wasure-o' (a narrow decorative strap used for hanpi garment), which is made with ra (loosely woven sheer silk fabric like net) of 3m65.8cm length and 10cm width.
  671. This decree allowed people without sakekabu, let alone owners of old yasumikabu, to brew sake by just newly notifying that effect.
  672. This decree is positioned as an important, ground-breaking event leading to the establishment of the Kamakura bakufu.
  673. This decree stipulated disposal of all castles except one castle for feudal lord's residence or government office in one province (the province here means not only a province but also feudal lord's territory [subsequent domain]).
  674. This decree was not implemented uniformly but practiced flexibly very much, and when it came to a large scale domain, families or vassals of high rank or income were the substantial castle owners and, in fact, there were some examples that some of them kept several castles.
  675. This defeat eroded the authority of the shogunate in a dramatic fashion and marked a turning point towards the restoration of Imperial rule in November 1867.
  676. This defect in structure became a target widely used by opposition parties and the military later on after the Showa period started.
  677. This definitely placed the former Shogunate forces on a losing course.
  678. This definition derives from the part indicating "Japanese artillery" in the definition No. 1.
  679. This definition is implausible because some descendants of Imperial Prince Koretada who were given the surname 'Minamoto no Ason' became the Koko-Genji; an example of this is MINAMOTO no Yasunao, a son of MINAMOTO no Yasuyuki, whose grandfather Prince Eiga was a son of Imperial Prince Koretada.
  680. This definition is implausible because some of Imperial Prince Motoyasu's sons were given the surname of Minamoto no Ason and became Ninmyo-Genji, such as MINAMOTO no Kaneji (源兼似), MINAMOTO no Kanehito (源兼仁), MINAMOTO no Chogan (源朝鑑), MINAMOTO no Yasumochi (源保望), and MINAMOTO no Yoshimichi (源由道).
  681. This definition will be explained in this article.
  682. This degree of adaptation to sedentary life took up approximately half the time of the Jomon period.
  683. This deity (Kose no Hafuri or Kose no Hime Myojin) is considered an indigenous deity (ujigami) of the Kasuga region and regarded as the tutelary deity of the Kasuga Clan, an ancient noble family who had a base in this region.
  684. This deity is Omononushi that resides in Mt. Mimoro (Mt. Miwa) today.
  685. This deity is also called 'Yuna Kojin,' who is Kofuku Tenno Shutakushin (home guardian) believed to give people the three treasures of 'i shoku ju' (food, clothing & shelter) as well as to ensure safe, easy childbirth.
  686. This deity is described as Takehiratori no Mikoto in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).
  687. This deity is referred to as 天津日高日子波限建鵜草葺不合命 (Amatsuhiko hikonagisatake ugayafukiaezu no mikoto) in the Kojiki (The Records of Ancient Matters), and 彦波瀲武草葺不合尊(Hikonagisatake ugayafukiaezu no mikoto) in Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan).
  688. This deity is said to be blind and hates to be seen by people, so the user of the toilet must cough before entering.
  689. This deity's origin is obscure, and it is sometimes considered as an example of yokai.
  690. This delay can affect trains that depart from Rokujizo Station and arrive at Uzumasa-tenjingawa Station, which run following the delayed train.
  691. This delay in dispatching of troops increased the mistrust of the Toyotomi administration, and the thorough land survey in the territory of the Shimazu clan was carried out by Nagamasa ASANO and Yusai HOSOKAWA, who were sent by the administration.
  692. This deletion of the provision invited Jiyu Minken Undo (Movement for Liberty and People's Right) and fierce criticisms against the government in the initial Imperial Diet; in addition, it became a cause of a series of tax increase of brewery tax as the financial resource to replace land-tax.
  693. This demand was accepted in 1939.
  694. This demonstrated that there was no hierarchical relationship between them but rather they were all on an equal footing.
  695. This demonstrates that Yorimori and Shigemori had been placed in charge of the defense of Kyoto.
  696. This demonstrates the accuracy of Saigo's ability to read people as he deemed that Togo's talents were better suited to the military.
  697. This demonstration drew great attention from martial artists in the mainland, such as Jigoro KANO, a judo expert.
  698. This department has been also performing an original gigaku called "Sanzo hoshi" (Xuanzang with three collections of Buddhist scriptures) at Yakushi-ji Temple since 1992.
  699. This depends on the content, such as whether a song has a feminine content or whether it's for a memorial.
  700. This depends on what the holy thing is, and salt for purification is intended to remove Kegare.
  701. This depiction confirmed "sakaotoshi" along with "Heike Monogatari."
  702. This depiction is just about the then situation in Nara, so it is wrong to think that the situation was the same in Kyoto or other places all over Japan.
  703. This depicts Ichiji Kinrin (also referred as Dainichi Kinrin) seating in a typical Buddhist style with Nichirin (the sun) on the back at the center on Mt. Sumeru, whose clothes provide delicate kirikane patterns of connected shippo, tachiwaku and ishidatami (checker) and others.
  704. This depicts gobozumi (stone walls comprised of roughly cut or naturally formed rocks that are shaped like a burdock) stone walls on four sides.
  705. This depicts golden Senju Kannon with 42 arms and 11 faces seating on a lotus pedestal on a rock pedestal, being merged with a natural background.
  706. This depicts the bosatsu sitting in a landscape with mountains and waters, and the minute kirikane technique are provided on the robe.
  707. This depicts the scene where Ichiji kinrin butcho, provided with a fiery blaze halo, seats on a pedestal made of shishi lions with mudra and gold leaf is used for the accessories.
  708. This deprived Onmyoji of their social status, and Onmyoji, who lost patronage, changed jobs, or went into their own religious activities.
  709. This deprived the Date clan of its power to feed its vassals, and was forced to cut hereditary stipends of 10,000 direct retainers and laid off 20,000 indirect vassals.
  710. This deputy was called mokudai.
  711. This derives from the crest of Kamo-jinja Shrine with the shape of Hollyhock (the crest of the Matsudaira family, Mitsuba-aoi [three leaves of Hollyhock] derives from this shrine), and it is held in order to strengthen the relationship between the god and men.
  712. This derives from the different jurisdictions of the city commissioner and the temple and shrine commissioner in the Edo Period, and the divisions according to occupation can be seen on maps in placenames that have survived from that period.
  713. This derives from the fact that Emperor Saga bestowed To-ji Temple (then under construction) on Kukai on March 9, 823, and appointed him as the chief of the construction department of To-ji Temple.
  714. This derives its origin from the fact that the 23 boroughs are equal to the old City of Tokyo, but today there is no administrative unit having autonomy as a single unit over the 23 boroughs.
  715. This describes attaining Buddhahood through obtaining harmony and perfection by fully practicing asceticism.
  716. This describes the ripening of the sown seed and the preparation of it.
  717. This describes the sowing of the seeds of Buddhahood and salvation in people's field of the mind and to let them take root.
  718. This description can be a source of confusion.
  719. This description could be supposed that Sadayo IMAGAWA looked down on the Yamana clan who was his rival.
  720. This description indicates that there was a strong emotional tie between Kunimoto and Yoritomo.
  721. This description indicates that those clans intended to connect their ancestry to Emperor Jinmu to show their deep relationship with the Yamato Dynasty.
  722. This description is based on the report made by HEGURI no Hironari in those days, which was contained in the Shoku Nihongi.
  723. This description is considered to be the origin of the folklore that Sarutahiko and Amenouzume were married, although myths say nothing about their marriage.
  724. This description is from the "Kogo Shui " (a historical record of the Inbe clan).
  725. This description is said to quote a Chinese historical event referring to an elbow and if so, it is unknown whether or not hikihitomai was performed in Japan at that time.
  726. This description recognizes Chin as Sai's younger brother.
  727. This description shows that Yumiya was believed to have the power to exorcise evil spirits as a musical instrument and the power to get rid of a monster as a weapon.
  728. This description shows that the East Pagoda (a three-story pagoda) was completed in 730, and that the construction work had lasted until that time.
  729. This description shows that they had followed Yoshiie from Kyoto.
  730. This design enables high notes to be played, up to two-and-a-half octaves above the open strings (in other types of shamisen, one and one-fifth or one and one-sixth octaves).
  731. This design had been used since around 1950s as the "seal of the administrative bureau" on printed materials and others, and in 1990, it was officially adopted as the University's emblem.
  732. This design is also used for covers or shields in each tumulus.
  733. This design is suitable for 'Gyodo'--the ascetic practices of walking around the Naijin with praying to Amida Buddha.
  734. This design of the mural is interpreted as an expression of the Jodo (Pure Land) of 'Muryoju-kyo' (The Infinite Life Sutra), one of the Jodo Sanbu-kyo (the three main sutras of the Jodoshu sect).
  735. This design remained popular during the Edo Period, and at the time when glitzy Kamon were popular during the Genroku era, and overbearing showy people especially favored using them.
  736. This design used for the following items
  737. This design was also found among belongings to empresses (belongings of Empress Dowager Eisho in Imperial treasures).
  738. This design was applied for advertising the facility called "Gardens Amagase," because the facility was selling the "Local Beer Bus-be" (this facility is not in service as of today).
  739. This design was first applied to Tonoyama Dam (Hiki-gawa River), and later to major dams in Japan such as Kurobe Dam (Kurobe-gawa River).
  740. This designation was annulled in 1947 when the aristocracy system in Japan was abolished.
  741. This designation was based on the description, 'to the west of Mt. Takachiho' in the Kojiki, assuming that 'Mt. Takachiho' to be the crest of Takachihonomine (Mt. Takachiho).
  742. This destiny led to the fact that Nakamuraya could have learned how to cook Indian curry and sell it for the first time in Japan.
  743. This detached palace was divided into an upper palace and lower palace and the Jibutsu-do (private Buddhist worship area) of the upper palace was named 'Nanzen-in.'
  744. This deteriorated a relationship between Hongan-ji Temple and Nobunaga while Yoshiaki and Hongan-ji Temple got close to each other.
  745. This determines the music pitch from the fundamental tone.
  746. This developed city (Nakoku) is believed to have been the capital of Wa during the third century.
  747. This developed from the above usage (refer to 'Buddhist Temple').
  748. This developed into a mine that boasted the world's greatest copper production, supporting Japan as an important export item and serving as the major Sumitomo business for approximately 280 years.
  749. This developed into a relation between ujigami and ujiko (supporters of ujigami) that can be seen today.
  750. This developed into a uniquely Japanese style following the Heian period to become what is known as the 'Wa-yo' architectural style.
  751. This developed into exchange and deposit operations.
  752. This developed into the origin of wabicha (wabi style of tea ceremony).
  753. This development from Meikaku to Tenrai was inherited by Tenrai's followers, appearing as "modern calligraphy" during this period.
  754. This device is worth mentioning in the history of theater because this enables to create a three-dimensional space by making an actor come out from the stage, where is a two-dimensional space for the audience, and appear in the space where the audience is located.
  755. This device's formal name is 'ogurashiki katsuobushi kezuriki (Ogura-style cutter box for katsuobushi).
  756. This diary is a valuable document that describes the politics, social situation, Yusoku kojitsu (traditional court and samurai rules of ceremony and etiquette), and portraits of notable people of those days.
  757. This diary is highly valued as a historical document that describes the customs of the time and that shows how educated Toshimasu was, and a printing of a photograph of the diary also containing relevant data has been published by Yonezawa Library.
  758. This diary is renown in the history of literature as the one in which a close aide wrote with adoration about an Emperor's death.
  759. This diary was collected in the book of "Shiryo Sanshu" (Collected Historical Materials).
  760. This diary, beginning in 1910 and ending in January 1953, records his life in detail, and few mistakes in writings or ellipses and incorrect characters are found.
  761. This dictionary was compiled by Sukehito FUKANE, who served Emperor Daigo as a court physician and Gon no ihakase (assistant professor of medicine), during 901 to 923.
  762. This dictionary which contained 90,000 words was top grade as a full-scale Japanese-Dutch Dictionary in Edo Period, and made a major influence on the later dictionaries as the basis of parallel translation dictionary.
  763. This did not allow those who got the letter to become an officer to other clan again and expelled them from there.
  764. This didn't mean that hospitality to the royal retainers by the Mizuno family was inferior to that of the Hosokawa family, but Mizuno was slightly less enthusiastic than Hosokawa, by which one can assume that Mizuno was a relatively calm person.
  765. This dietary habit has been inherited up to the present when people can obtain fresh fish easily.
  766. This differed greatly depending upon culture, era, and individuals.
  767. This difference does not change from year to year and is constant.
  768. This difference in title was not due to any inferiority in terms of ancestry on the part of the Shimo Reizei family; rather, the murder of the family head by the Bessho clan and the loss of land in the period of Warring States subsequently affected their official rank in the Meiji Period.
  769. This difference is conspicuous, and in the case of Wagakki the percentage of instruments that generate sounds, including a large number of noises (or sounds other than harmonic tones), is high, even by comparison to the music of neighboring countries such as China and Korea.
  770. This difference produced a definitive gap in family prosperity between the two families.
  771. This diplomacy of starting a war reflected the strategy and a tacit understanding of Soroku KAWAKAMI, the vice-chief of the general staff, who promoted taking a hard-line against China; it came to be known as "Mutsu diplomacy."
  772. This disarmament command was called the original command to collect swords as the first case of the later Sword Hunt all over the country.
  773. This disassembling was not only to repair, but also to evacuate the art works and the precious buildings by disassembled into some components, from the damage by the war.
  774. This disaster is remembered as a starting point of the friendship between Japan and Turkey.
  775. This disciple thought that what he could do to repay the mercy was to clean the sins he had committed and do fuseharamitsu (perfection of generosity) and desired to do so.
  776. This discovery accelerated the development of the fermented salty kelp.
  777. This discovery is important to infer the Nobunaga's ideal in those days.
  778. This discrepancy appears ubiquitously as a phenomenon in the process of growth of human beings.
  779. This discrepancy is accounted for by the theory that the administration of "Jimyocho" and "Rinji-sai" listings was different, or by the theory that shrines that were newly classified as Myojin Taisha were not all added to the Rinji-sai list.
  780. This discrimination as well as economic and political gaps caused many armed uprisings to occur against colonial rule by Japan.
  781. This dish is called 'Kameyama' or 'Ogura' in the Kansai region.
  782. This dish is eaten in between sips of sake with the three ingredients being lightly mixed each time.
  783. This dish is served in a large plate for curry rice though prepared with almost identical ingredients in a nearly similar manner to domi katsudon.
  784. This dish probably became one of the rituals in the samurai world, and later spread among common people.
  785. This dish seems to have been a beef stew boiled in miso broth, which was a derivation of botan-nabe (wild boar meat cooked in a pot at the table).
  786. This dish, named 'enHibachi,' is considered a typical nihon-ryori dish by Americans in general.
  787. This dish, taking a little time for preparation, is a food so easy to chew that even those who have a little masticatory strength, like young children or elderly people, can easily eat it and is also rich in nutrition and easy to digest.
  788. This display is an integration type that displays the first departure, which used to be found often in the old rotatable-flap displays of the Hankyu Railway (however, in the display, the flap 'Rapid' (not in service) remains).
  789. This displays his perception and poetic gifts.
  790. This dispute in "Meiroku Zasshi" evoked responses in other areas beyond the bulletin.
  791. This dispute indicated that Aizan regarded literature in the same light as politics, and showed that he thought no lines should be drawn between a person's purpose and the nation's, and that ideas were useless unless they were followed by actions.
  792. This dispute remains unsolved yet.
  793. This dispute was far from the intention of the Ministry of Education from beginning to end (a similar dispute occurred even in our time that was known as the "Agnes Dispute").
  794. This dispute was limited to the period when democratic representatives were going to be established, and was not developed any more.
  795. This dispute was proposed by Fukuzawa outside of "Meiroku Zasshi."
  796. This dispute was settled by accepting Gikai as the third chief priest, but the honorary title of 'Chuko' (restorer) that Gikai had retained until then was withdrawn.
  797. This dispute was triggered by 'A theory of wives and concubines' written by Mori.
  798. This dissatisfaction lead him to feel hostile toward the Kamakura Shogunate that arbitrated this arrangement.
  799. This dissolved Shiseikai, but the operator of the mine accepted to raise the wage by 20 %, and as the damage of the facilities was extensive, the operator didn't gain much benefits from this riot, either.
  800. This distance is shorter compared to that between the subway Shijo Station and Keihan Shijo Station which is approximately 1,100 meters.
  801. This distinctions are not clear.
  802. This distinguished service was well recognized, and he was allowed to accompany with the participants of Paris International Exposition in France (1867) to study liberal arts and industrial arts, while he also visit the United States before he came back to Japan.
  803. This distribution may revise the opinion that the Haniwa originated only from Kibi.
  804. This district has also been called 'Fukakusa Inariyama-cho,' and 'Mt. Inari government-owned land' and 'Fukakusa Inariyama-cho' are separately listed on the postal code list.
  805. This district used to be called ''Sakurada'' (cherry blossom field), noted for its cherry blossoms, and it is said the shrine once held a territory of several hundred square meters.
  806. This district was a rural area until the 1970s, so many of the houses there are new.
  807. This district was once named 'Omiyago' and is said to be the first place where kamozoku (people those lived Kyoto basin to farm in Yayoi are) settled in.
  808. This disturbance called the Shimotsuki Incident resulted in TAIRA no Yoritsuna's assumption of control.
  809. This disturbance continued until the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) ordered to forfeit Yorikane's rank of Samurai and properties, and he was left in the care of Toshikatsu NANBU of the Morioka Domain.
  810. This division is accepted and adopted not only by those who agree with TAKEDA's compositional theory but also by those who don't agree with the specific points of his theory.
  811. This document indicates the doctrine of nenbutsu (Buddhist invocation) ojo (birth in the Pure Land) as 'Namu Amida Butsu (Homage to Amida Buddha), ojo comes only after nenbutsu' at the beginning, and explains that invocation of the Buddha's name is the only practice of senchaku in the following 16 chapters.
  812. This document is a written record on noh play which was created around 1420 and contains genuine selections by Zeami.
  813. This document was not described based on the author's own opinions, but was written using the reference-based method in which explanations were made by citing laws of codes and ethics (conduct), descriptions in national histories and Japanese/Chinese dictionaries.
  814. This document was sent from Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, addressed to 'Nanbu ukyo no suke (Assistant Master of the Western Capital Offices),' and is presumed to have been intended for Tamenobu.
  815. This document will use the unified term, "Boxer Rebellion," but there are different ways of referring to it such as Giwadan Jiken (the Boxer Uprising [the Righteous Harmony Society Movement]), Giwadan Jihen (Boxer Incident), and Hokushin Jihen (The North China Incident).
  816. This document, a collection of memoirs of 45 persons who reached the celestial realm and became Buddha, including Prince Shotoku, Imperial family members, Buddhist monks, and laypersons, was compiled based on Yasutane's worship of the Pure Land.
  817. This document, which belongs to his descendant Akiyoshi SHINOZAWA, is currently open to public viewing at Saku Municipal Mochizuki City Museum of History and Folklore.
  818. This dodoitsu song is still sung today as the lyrics of folk songs in Hagi City, such as 'Otoko nara' and 'Yoishokosho bushi.'
  819. This does not apply to rakugo, which attempts to be somehow tricky all the time.
  820. This does not apply when the fifth collection only is read.
  821. This does not mean 'wabicha' (literally, "poverty tea style," known as the tea ceremony).
  822. This does not mean practice when foolish beings direct their merit toward attaining birth, but is the practice fulfilled when Amida instructs out of great compassion.
  823. This does not mean that an official position actually called "zaichokanjin" existed.
  824. This does not mean that theories described after the supporting issues are correct.
  825. This does not mean the revival of hikitsukekata councils.
  826. This does not necessarily indicates all the swords made in the Showa era, but it mainly indicates 'Imitation swords,' weapon swords made as military swords.
  827. This does not necessarily mean Nobunaga had no interest in the rank awarded by the Imperial Court, for he appealed to the court for the promotion of his eldest son and heir, Nobutada ODA, in rank instead of himself.
  828. This does not only stick to a tradition, but there is a reason that western people want to protect their own image that 'Japanese sushi chefs are as hygienic and clean not causing food poisoning even when making sushi by hand.'
  829. This doll is said to be the best masterpiece of all Edo karakuri.
  830. This domestic governing institution was called "In no cho."
  831. This dormitory is a women's dormitory for foreign and Japanese students living together.
  832. This doshi is called Jidoshi (the member of Hirashu conducts the rhythm of chanting prayer in Shuni-e).
  833. This draft of Buke Shohatto was written by Ishin Suden.
  834. This drama is based on a novel by Jiro ASADA of the same title.
  835. This drama is rare because other men of Mito Group were portrayed not just as just villains but with individual details and personalities.
  836. This drama showed Munenori as a kind and warmhearted master swordsman, and a good instructor to Iemitsu.
  837. This dramatic confinement was designed by the Mori clan to increase its pressure on the retainers of the old Amago clan and strengthen its lordship over Izumo Province, such that Hisasuke MITOYA who had been a member of the old Amago's retainer group also suffered exile in the same manner as those of the Misawa clan.
  838. This drastic destruction was accounted for by an increased demand for construction materials owing to a nationwide population explosion and the large-scale construction of temples, shrines and castles that were carried out successively.
  839. This drastically dammed the water course and caused extensive filling which overflowed and fed into Osawa-no-ike Pond.
  840. This drawing became widely known when it was used for a postage stamp (worth five yen commemorating "The Philately Week") issued on November 29, 1948.
  841. This dried rice is sent to a tank together with Japanese-sake malted rice and Japanese-sake yeast and they are waited for to ferment.
  842. This drifted here from the country of Buddhism (India) in order to save the mortals of the world.
  843. This drink is translucent liquid of a brown or amber color associated with beer or mugicha (barley tea), because it is made from malt syrup.
  844. This drove Honpuku-ji Temple to practical extinction as a lesson to other temples.
  845. This drove Nobuharu ODA, a younger brother of Nobunaga, and Yoshinari MORI, a senior vassal of Nobunaga, to be killed in action.
  846. This dry landscape garden attributed to renowned master painter Sesshu was partially damaged by fires that occurred during the Genroku era and the Horeki era but was restored in 1937 by Mirei SHIGEMORI.
  847. This dry landscape garden created by SEN no Rikyu at age 62 features a pond in the shape of a gourd that was designed according to the wishes of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI and a Korean garden lantern brought back to Japan by Kiyomasa KATO,
  848. This dry landscape garden in which white sand is traversed by diamond-shaped stepping stones surrounded by a moss border exhibits the straight line arrangement of the cut stones developed by Enshu KOBORI.
  849. This drying method is used for fish such as shishamo smelts (Spirinchus lanceolatus), saffron cods and flounders.
  850. This drying process continues for from ten days to one month, depending the size of the ink stick.
  851. This dumpling became quite popular.
  852. This early Kamakura period gate located at the southernmost point of the southern main monastery was given this name as it was relocated from its original site at the Hojo clan Rokuhara government office.
  853. This early Ming dynasty Chinese raden zushi predates the temple and is assumed to have been imported by the Kaga clan.
  854. This earned him a nickname of 'Kenpikyo' (electing monuments maniac).
  855. This earned him the name 'Ara sanmi' (literally, "violent noble ranked Sanmi") or 'Aku-sanmi' (bad noble ranked Sanmi).
  856. This earthenware pot was enshrined in a corner at Honmaru (the keep of a castle) of Yonezawa-jo Castle even after the Uesugi family moved to Yonezawa, later after the Meiji Restoration, it was moved to a mausoleum where successive lords of the domain were laid to rest.
  857. This earthquake is also called the Tensyo-jishin (Tensho earthquake) or Shirakawa Earthquake, and the epicenter of seismic activity was in what is now the Northwestern part of Gifu Prefecture, also the magnitude is estimated to have been 7.9 ? 8.1 on the Richter scale.
  858. This economic structure, founded by then Governor-General Gentaro KODAMA, reached its peak due to the Pacific War.
  859. This edict tried to revise the official rank existed since the Taika Reforms in that it tried to establish Ouji clan, Kouji clan, and Tomo no Miyatsuko clan and to clarify the clan head of each clan and the extent of clan members belonging to each clan.
  860. This edition was published by Koten Kokyusho in the form of two volumes bound in Western style.
  861. This effectively means that Hangan ordered him to avenge on his behalf.
  862. This effort aims to use local dishes to foster exchange between urban and rural areas and revitalize regional communities, and the ministry announced this plan as 'the top 100 rural culinary dishes'.
  863. This effort is unmatchable and should be rewarded' was the reason why he was promoted to Nai-daijin (Minister of the Interior) in 1166.
  864. This egg should be drunk without cooking or used to make tamago kake gohan.
  865. This elevated view became apparent as early as the late 10th century and it became prevalent in all parts of noble society in around the first half to the middle of the 11th century.
  866. This emakimono was based on the real fire which occurred in Kyoto at that time, and Kyoto, the center of Insei, was described.
  867. This embodies a state of mind in which the zan-shin is sublimated into a higher level to be maintained consistently before, during and after the attack.
  868. This emperor's sovereignty system was called the national polity.
  869. This emperor's statement became controversial, because some theories pointed out that it contradicted the phase 'the Japanese people... do firmly establish this Constitution' in the preamble of the Constitution of Japan (Constitution enacted by the people).
  870. This enabled Korenaka to be promoted to Gon Chunagon (a provisional vice-councilor of state) in 996, and then in 998, he reached Chunagon, the height of his career.
  871. This enabled Nobunaga to put forward Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA as the 15th shogun of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and he, as his guardian, established the government.
  872. This enabled him to minutely depict a belle's facial expressions and feelings.
  873. This enabled him to repay the loan that he had until then.
  874. This enabled the vessels of Konishi's troops, including the Goto troops, to evacuate when the blockade was broken.
  875. This enabled to increase the number of primary schools as well as well-equipped educational facilities.
  876. This enables Niigata Kotsu busses to arrive at and depart from the Sakae Parking Area 15 minutes earlier in the morning than Hankyu Bus vehicles.
  877. This enables the creation of an allusive feeling or the expression of temporal 'space.'
  878. This encouraged Chikatsugu SHIGA at Oka-jo Castle, which had been impregnable in the invasion of Bungo Province by the Shimazu army, and Myorinni at Tsurusaki-jo Castle.
  879. This encouraged categorical separation of these occupations away from farming and led them greater specialization.
  880. This ended the 200-year history of wakan in Busan.
  881. This ended the long standing unstable political situation.
  882. This ended with Tamekane's victory over Tameyo and he edited Gokuyo Wakashu (The Jewelled Leaves Collection) all by himself and recommended it to the emperor.
  883. This ends the kidori stage.
  884. This engraved print, rubbed until it becomes jet black, inevitably stains the object with a little ink through the paper.
  885. This enhanced the requirement for the quality of koikuchi soy-sauce, thus, soy-sauce with light reddish color with excellent flavor and light texture became popular.
  886. This enjoyable pastime was expanded to encompass all kinds of arts not only literature but also calligraphic works, paintings and music and became an avocation of Bunjin.
  887. This enlightenment of Shakyamuni was called Shijo-shokaku.
  888. This enraged Cloistered Emperor Toba who enthroned the Emperor Goshirakawa in place of the prince, and this event is believed to have led to the Hogen Disturbance.
  889. This enraged Dokyo who had Kiyomaro exiled to Osumi Province and his elder sister WAKE no Hiromushi (Hokin-ni) exiled to Bingo Province in the year 769.
  890. This enraged Yoritomo.
  891. This enraged the retired Empress, who then announced that she would enter a nunnery and strip the Emperor Junnin of his sovereign authority to handle major political matters and to award honors and punishment.
  892. This enshrines the Gogo-shiyui-Amida statue (Important Cultural Property).
  893. This enshrines the principle image Yakushi Sanzonzo (three statues that comprise the Yukushi Triad) and other Buddhist statues of the Heian Period.
  894. This enshrines the statue of Kokei Shonin (Important Cultural Property) who contributed to restoration of the Great Buddha Hall in the Edo Period.
  895. This entertainment hall centered on manzai (a comic dialog).
  896. This enthronement was arranged beforehand and it is called 'The evaluation between Buddha and Buddha' "Heihan ki" (diary of TAIRA no Nobunori), a conference between Bifukumon in and Shinzei.
  897. This entire process is called 'hikanka' (被官化), and with it the shugo increased their equal, territorial influence (pervasive control) over the province.
  898. This entire surface of this unique bell is adorned with intricate carvings depicting imagery such as heavenly beings, lions and arabesque patterns.
  899. This entry proved 'shi' already stood for samurai in these times.
  900. This envoy from Korea was the first Chosen Tsushinshi.
  901. This envoy returned to Edo-jo Castle on March 13th, apparently the petition letter had no effect on the situation.
  902. This envoy ship was operated by the So clan in fact, and considering these facts, it is thought that the Sanpo War was intentionally provoked by the So clan.
  903. This episode about the vengeful ghost of Sutoku-in often appears in "Heike Monogatari," "Taiheiki (the chronicle describing the civil war between the Northern and Southern Dynasties in the late fourteen century)," and even in history books like "Hyakurensho," so there is no doubt that it was in fact believed at that time.
  904. This episode became famous through Heike Monogatari (The Tale of the Heike).
  905. This episode came to be expressed in the word, 'the spirit of Komehyappyo' (a hundred straw rice bags).
  906. This episode came to be known as Monbusho shoka (songs of Ministry of Education).
  907. This episode clearly shows the power of Todai-ji Temple, in which many people had faith regardless of rank, age, and sex.
  908. This episode gave the audience an impression that Munemori was a benighted military commander, but it is not certain if this was based on the truth.
  909. This episode illustrates the difference in style and personality between the two directors.
  910. This episode in history was adapted by Film Director Akira KUROSAWA for his film 'Ran' (Revolt).
  911. This episode is a famous anecdote of Shingen TAKEDA, and for this reason or another, there are many works that makes Fu-Rin-Ka-Zan as its subject, or those that quote its names.
  912. This episode is also described in a very similar way in the Heike monogatari.
  913. This episode is also noted in Ryotaro SHIBA's "Hakone no Saka" (Hakone Hill Road)
  914. This episode is explained by the connection between Shigeyori and Tomonori.
  915. This episode is known as an example showing the difference between 'Daimyo' warrior and 'Shomyo' warrior; the former, a feudal overlord, was allowed to regard his retainers' fame as his feats, while the latter had to win fame by himself.
  916. This episode is often quoted as a story which tells that present pains lead to future benefits.
  917. This episode is recounted in "Okagami" (A Japanese Historical Tale).
  918. This episode makes one of the most dramatic scenes in Hokkekyo and is well known as proof and validation.
  919. This episode of 'Rebellion of Sahohime no mikoto and Sahohiko no miko' is said to be the story of the highest narrativity in the Kojiki.
  920. This episode of the party being banned two hours after its formation had long been believed.
  921. This episode seemed more realistic to children who lived when the Irori fireplace was commonly in his/her house, than to today's children.
  922. This episode shows that Yoshihira was as good an Onmyoji as his father, ABE no Seimei was.
  923. This episode symbolizes that celebrating "Haru" (spring) brings a bumper harvest in "Aki" (autumn).
  924. This episode tells completely opposing ways of life of Yoshimitsu, who had continuously unheard-of love affairs throughout his life, and of Mitsuakira who had been always been obedient to his elder brother.
  925. This episode tells that Koan was very considerate and caring.
  926. This episode turned out to be a story about him having his vassals drink from a skull as a cup, but this was fiction written by a novelist and it was not actually done.
  927. This episode was described in Heike Monogatari (The Tale of the Heike) (Section 6 in the volume 1, 'Gio').
  928. This episode was later defined as the receipt of the revelation and is construed as the moment when Jishu sect was founded.
  929. This episode was later introduced in a radio program with Mr. Demon Kogure in the program host.
  930. This episode was mentioned in the Kirin Brewery Company's project which explores the history of 5000 years of beer, and it was used for its advertisements.
  931. This episode was spread all over the world as an example for military man.
  932. This episode was the motif of the Noh song 'Uneme.'
  933. This equipment had a structure to choke a condemned by tying a rope around his nape of neck, then setting heavy stones corresponding to 20 kan (unit of volume, approx.3.75 kg) (about 75 kg) at the end of the rope.
  934. This era is most frequently seen in Japanese historical dramas.
  935. This era is said to have been politically stable, and both the 10th general election of members of the House of Representatives and the 11th general election of members of the House of Representatives were held at the expiration of terms of office during this period.
  936. This era was highly regarded due to the direct rule by the emperor, and sekkan were not appointed because Emperor Uda was disgusted with the Ako Incident and was not born from a mother from the Fujiwara family having an imperial mother, and because Tokihira, the head of the Fujiwara family, was still young.
  937. This error was caused by the current methodology of forecasting flowering dates which does not take in consideration the actual flowering process of cherry blossoms which can be detected by observing how buds are developing.
  938. This escalation was adopted as a result.
  939. This escape is commonly known as 'the exile of the Seven Nobles from Kyoto.'
  940. This escape of Mitsuya ITO is often quoted as an example to show weakness of Tenchu-gumi.
  941. This esoteric Buddhism embraced the folkways and religions of various areas, integrated them into a Buddha-centric worldview, and highly symbolized everything to establish a unique system of ascetic practices.
  942. This essay was a masterpiece created by copying "Wang Xizhi Text" written by Xizhi WANG, 43 lines of text were written on two and half sheets of white mashi (paper made of hemp) with vertical streaks, and a sheet of yellow mashi was attached to the rear shaft, with a signature of 'October 3, Tenpyo 16, Tosanjo'.
  943. This established his name as a star in the Meiji period along with "Dangiku."
  944. This established peace and in 1392, Emperor Gokameyama traveled to Kyoto to give the Sacred Treasures to Emperor Gokomatsu and a unified Southern and Northern Court was established with the termination of the Southern Court.
  945. This established the post of Rinnojinomiya Monzeki.
  946. This establishment of the standard of value contributed to further stirring up Bunjin's interest in painting art.
  947. This estimation was made based on Oni no sei (the automatic promotion of the persons at the age of 21, whose parents are from Imperial Prince to the fifth rank) of the Taiho Code, so it is not wide of the mark.
  948. This evening I have to leave my house, heading for the land of the dead.
  949. This event became the basis for the formation of the 'Hokumen no bushi' (the Imperial Palace Guards for the north side).
  950. This event clarified that the Japanese military was on the backfoot, and the experience at that time was helpful in the future Sino-Japanese War.
  951. This event enabled the Shimazu clan to achieve their long held desire to have dominion over three states.
  952. This event gradually spread to court nobles or Samurai, and eventually, it was established as a popular event.
  953. This event greatly affected the Japanese calligraphic world that had been forced to study based only on poorly printed books, and in particular, attention was focused on inscriptions on monuments during the Han period and those from the Northern Wei period.
  954. This event had such significance that his own governing system took on a formal attribute based on the Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code).
  955. This event has been organized annually between the mid November and early December since its inaugural year.
  956. This event has continued for more than 1,000 years since 771.
  957. This event has continued since 768 when it was held for the first time and is Kissho keka which is the keka dedicated for Kisshoten (Laksmi).
  958. This event indicated the loss of Yorimasa's loyalty to Nobuyori as his position was on the side with Emperor Nijo and Bifukumon-in.
  959. This event inflamed the government of Edo, since it had been trying to control the Imperial Court by using the kampaku (chief adviser) to the Emperor, as well as Kinchu Narabini Kuge Shohatto.
  960. This event is believed to be one of the triggers that led to the Rising of Prince Mochihito.
  961. This event is believed to be the origin of the Momote-sai festival (a Shinto ceremony for the first use of bow and arrow of the year) handed down in the prefecture.
  962. This event is believed to show that the head of the samurai families changed from Seiwa-Genji to Kanmu-Heishi.
  963. This event is called "The martyrdom of the Twenty-Six Saints."
  964. This event is called 'Shoryo Nagashi' (floating lanterns carrying the spirits of the dead) depending on localities.
  965. This event is connected to Michizane SUGAWARA known as the god of learning, and it is assumed that the origin of the event were Shinto rituals of Kitano Tenmangu Shrine (Kyoto); leaves of mulberry paper are offered to an ink stone that had been washed and purified.
  966. This event is designated a National Selected Intangible Folk Cultural Property as Ise's 'Okihiki' (manners and customs: rituals (beliefs)).
  967. This event is designated a National Selected Intangible Folk Cultural Property as Ise's 'Shiraishimochi' (manners and customs: rituals (beliefs)).
  968. This event is held mainly in the west of Japan.
  969. This event is held on the last day of September every year in the Great Staircase in the JR Kyoto Station Building (Muromachi Koji Square).
  970. This event is illustrative to the meaning for transferring legitimate rights to govern Japan; it was transferred from the Tokugawa shogunate to the Imperial Court of which the Emperors were the central figure.
  971. This event made the supporters of the idea of reverence for the Emperor and the expulsion of foreigners perceive Tomomi as being in the sabaku-sect (in support of the shogunate); therefore, they pressured the Imperial court to eliminate him.
  972. This event marked an official transfer of the rights associated with national military and police affairs to Shigemori, and he therefore established his position as a successor to Kiyomori.
  973. This event nearly allowed Mochitoyo to be hunted down and killed by Yoshimasa, but because of Katsumoto's defense, Mochitoyo escaped the situation (and around this time Mochitoyo became a priest and thereafter called himself Sozen).
  974. This event occurs during the Tanabata festival.
  975. This event originated from an anecdote of Shinran that when he was transported to Echigo (currently Niigata Prefecture), he chanted intently in a ship which weltered heavily in a rough sea.
  976. This event probably represents Toyouke no Okami's descent to this region.
  977. This event provides elementary and junior high school students with an opportunity to study etiquette through activities that they can hardly experience in real life, such as reciting sutras, copying sutras, listening to a sermon made by priests.
  978. This event served as a clear reminder to the public that the Fujiwara clan was in actuality more powerful than the Emperor.
  979. This event that lasted from 1633 on up to the Tokugawa shogunate's collapse, continued to grow in scale until Yoshimune TOKUGAWA called for the thrift ordinance; at one point, it is said that the procession was of a size consisting of several hundred to several thousand people.
  980. This event was communicated to Tosa Domain through Geishu Domain, and in the resumed meeting Yodo was docile, procedures advancing at Iwakura's pace, thus Jikan-nochi was determined.
  981. This event was described in "Katsuyamaki" (the chronology of Kai Province) and "Kohakusaiki" and there are several theories regarding the background of it.
  982. This event was intended to use for praying for improvement in study; children wash and purify their lesson materials which they used everyday in order to repay them for their work.
  983. This event was revived in 2003 for the first time in about 500 years.
  984. This event was stopped around the time of the Onin War, but was started again in the Edo period (1691) and gradually spread.
  985. This event was the so-called internal strife of the Hosokawa clan (the Keicho family).
  986. This event was to establish his life's course.
  987. This event, having started since 2003, is held only for 10 days, but has been well established as an event where you can enjoy the impression and atmosphere of Kyoto at night, and attracts more than a million people each year.
  988. This eventually accelerated the introduction of a comprehensive patent system in Japan.
  989. This eventually became kamishimo.
  990. This evergreen come to be called Himorogi.
  991. This evidently had something to do with the will.
  992. This evil practice began to be improved in the middle of the eleventh century.
  993. This examination for conscription became a pseudo "fundoshi iwai," because the government instructed the people to wear a white Etchu fundoshi loincloth at all examinations for conscription.
  994. This example is classified as 'secession (of a prince) from the Imperial Family' in large scale and this issue is often discussed.
  995. This example is considered to be the oldest one in existence.
  996. This example of Kukai's ordinary handwriting is highly valuable to the history of calligraphy.
  997. This example should be noted because the tale distorted the historical fact and required the structural element in which Saigyo calmed the vengeful ghost of Sutoku-in.
  998. This example was followed until the period of Edo bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), the bakufu needed to approve the Imperial succession to the throne.
  999. This excavation segmentized Nishitakase-gawa River.
  1000. This excessive granting of inscriptions was explained in an Imperial edict as being a prayer for the safety of the Imperial family as part of 'cultivating merit and virtue' ('hsiu kung te' in Chinese).

385001 ~ 386000

Previous Page    Next page
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438