; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. This exchange rate was higher than that in Fukuoka Domain.
  2. This excludes stations on the discontinued section (Amagasaki-ko Line).
  3. This exclusion from consideration regarding being designated national treasures, etc. is not due to an actual clause in the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, but rather to precedent, which has been in place since before World War II.
  4. This exclusion of Imperial Prince Sukehito caused the Murakami-Genji to become increasingly dissatisfied.
  5. This exemption was extended, and then made permanent.
  6. This exemption was made based on the belief that Shinden and Jinden were not the property of Shrines and Temples, but of deities.
  7. This exercise was used to attract Daido tsume-shogi audiences in later generations and many people had difficulty solving this exercise.
  8. This exhibition proved she has an outstanding talent for kamikiri art besides storytelling.
  9. This exists other forms which attempts to broaden the capacity for expression by altering this fixed form.
  10. This expansion in cultivation areas caused many battles over land and water in various regions, especially the number of human bones with trauma found in northern Kyushu provide the evidence of the frequent occurrence of battles.
  11. This expedition continued in the next year, and so Masamoto did not have any army around himself for quite a while.
  12. This expedition reached Iturup (Etorofu-t?) and Sakhalin (Karafuto).
  13. This expedition was cancelled, however, due to discord between Emperor Koken and Oshikatsu as well as changes in the status of Bokkai.
  14. This experience had a great effect on his work.
  15. This explains that many ancient shrines were originated from the Shintaizan (kannabi) worship.
  16. This explains the order of Saishi (religious service) (Geku Sensai: an old custom that Geku precedes in Saishi over Naiku [the inner shrine of Ise] and is not known exactly why) as well as Geku practically predominating over Naiku.
  17. This explains the reason for the evolution of narratives and legends that are 'typical of Saigyo' including "Senjusho" and "The Tales of Saigyo."
  18. This explains why, even today, the act of invocation or prayer is sometimes referred to as kagura or "performing kagura."
  19. This explanation may show that the tales of Shido-shogun are not fictional but composed of ancestral legends which were actually transferred by the forebears.
  20. This explanation, however, is not logically sound considering the facts such as that cooking time for soba is extremely brief being only thirty to sixty seconds which limits the amount of the nutrients to liquate out and that rutin is water insoluble.
  21. This express train carried a type board with the letter '急' (Express) written in red against a red-rimmed white background (and on both sides the destination was indicated).
  22. This express, which operated in a limited section, was called 'A-express' because it was numbered together with the prefix 'A.'
  23. This expresses an action of driving an iron clamp that holds lumber into soft tofu.
  24. This expresses precautions about cultivation by comparing the Japanese plum and cherry blossom, which are both representative flowers of early Spring.
  25. This expression derived from the name "Saru no gyoja" (pilgrim of monkey) who guarded Sanzo Hoshi (Genjosanzo) in an anecdote '大唐三蔵取經詩話' in the So period of China.
  26. This expression derives from the fact that sushi was originally pickled fish, and shaping sushi by hand is regarded as important as 'tsukeru' in making sushi.
  27. This expression is misleading if interpreted as 'the decline of the Imperial Court and the arrogance of the bakufu' according to kokoku shikan (emperor-centered historiography which is based on state Shinto).
  28. This expression is used for an elaborately created taste that gives fukurami (fullness) and koshi and is not disturbed by warming sake.
  29. This expression is used for an elaborately created taste that gives the feeling of stability and koshi and is not disturbed by warming sake.
  30. This expression is used for such occasion.
  31. This expression is used for the Japanese Imperial family because there is an idea that the emperors are descendents of gods in the Japanese mythology and are different from ordinary people.
  32. This expression reflects a friendly relationship rather than a misuse of honorific language.
  33. This expression stems from a folktale handed down in Japan.
  34. This expression was a parody of wakon-kansai, and it contained the original meaning of yamato-damashii.
  35. This expression was used by both men and women from the late Edo period to the Showa period.
  36. This extracted version is known by the common title of "Izayoi Seishin."
  37. This extreme duality of gods' souls serves as a source of the Shinto faith.
  38. This extremely rare type of torii has three legs, three faces, is triangular in shape when viewed from above and is considered to be one of the three great torii of Kyoto.
  39. This face caricature is often used in manga, especially humorous manga, as a stereotyped scarecrow figure.
  40. This facility displays Denjiro's characters, such as a photograph of Denjiro dressed as Sazen TANGE, his famous role.
  41. This facility is Naniwatsu.
  42. This facility is called a mobile shop and this sales method is called tailgate sell, so the word, peddling is not generally used.
  43. This facility was also used as public lodgings for Japanese envoy dispatched to foreign countries and for foreign priests.
  44. This facility was built by Ninsho in 1243 at Saidai-ji Temple.
  45. This facility was called Tsukushi-no-murotsumi and functioned as the State Guest House and lodgings when the government invited the envoy of the Tang Dynasty, the Silla kingdom, and the Balhae Kingdom.
  46. This facility was not only for travelers but also for people under the burden of doing labor at temples.
  47. This fact also indicates the high possibility that Obiko lived in the era of the Emperor Suijin.
  48. This fact became widely known among the people by the TV drama "Natsuko no Sake" (literally, sake of Natsuko) written in comic books and aired on TV.
  49. This fact had a strong influence on his acting style.
  50. This fact has led to the opinion that Tsunayoshi was of short stature (achondrogenesis).
  51. This fact indicated that Japan evaluated the roles of Kizoku more highly than China did.
  52. This fact indicates that Korin introduced his own personality to the work while imitating Sotatsu's picture.
  53. This fact indicates that Masamune had plotted a scheme to take action once Uesugi troop captured the Yamagata-jo Castle.
  54. This fact indicates that no credibility was given to such facets, even if these facets were those belonging to genuine Chinese coins.
  55. This fact is a basis of an explanation that the two had a close relationship from this period, and the "Dai Nihon Shiryo" (the Historical Materials of Japan) adopted this explanation.
  56. This fact is assumed as evidence that the Kenu clan had wielded great influence over the Emishi/Ezo (northerners and northeasterners) from a long time ago.
  57. This fact is considered the reason why even today some people say 'Kagura' or 'Kagura wo ageru' (literally, 'to dedicate Kagura dances') to mean simply 'a prayer' itself or 'to offer a prayer.'
  58. This fact is proved by Mikka Heishi no ran (Three days rebellion of the Taira clan), which was initiated by the remnants of the Taira family, and the rebellion initiated by Suketomo JO, who sided with the Taira family.
  59. This fact is rarely introduced in TV series or novels, possibly because it is detrimental to the image of Hoshunin, who is known as 'a wise woman.'
  60. This fact is sometimes called the safety myth of the Shinkansen.
  61. This fact shows that a unique type of tumulus for Kings in Japan, was invented for the first time in history.
  62. This fact shows that he was in a position to sign his name as a representative of the Hojo clan in face of an authoritative figure like Kogakubo.
  63. This fact strengthened a commonly accepted theory that Imperial Prince Yorihito and his younger brother the Imperial Prince Kakunin built a stone pagoda on the first anniversary of the Retired Emperor Gotoba's death and buried his ashes and bones in separate places.
  64. This fact strongly suggests that their pedigrees were created out of materials unrelated to historical facts.
  65. This fact supports the view that the use of the aoi-mon by the Tokugawa family, particularly by a warrior in Mikawa, means that the family may be a descendant of the Kamo clan instead of the Seiwa-Genji (Minamoto clan).
  66. This fact was featured in storytellings or Yomihon (books for reading) in the Edo period, in the form of "Iga ninja force versus Koga ninja force" stories.
  67. This fact was not disclosed, either.
  68. This fact was not recorded in the documents compiled by members of Shinsengumi.
  69. This fact was one of the factors that allowed nationalistic views of history to gain ground.
  70. This fact will lead us to the possibility that Toshiie himself might not have recognized Hideyoshi as his master, or rather, considering Hideyoshi's behaviors in his later years as well, Toshiie might have disliked him.
  71. This fact would reveal their delicate position.
  72. This faith is the syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism and according to it, Ieyasu TOKUGAWA is assumed as the temporary figure of Yakushi Nyorai who appeared in Japan while religious service is conducted in the way of Jinja Shinto.
  73. This falls on January 7, and the festival is called "the Seven Herb Festival."
  74. This falls on July 7 (by the solar calendar), and the festival is called "the Tanabata Festival" or "Star Festival," in which a bamboo is used.
  75. This falls on March 3, and this date is called "Girls' Day," or "Dolls Day."
  76. This falls on May 5 (by the solar calendar), and the festival is called "the Iris Festival."
  77. This falls on September 9 (by the solar calendar), and the festival is called "the Chrysanthemum Festival."
  78. This family became a toshoke when Sukenao TOMINOKOJI, the son of Toshimichi TOMINOKOJI, was promoted to Jusanmi and allowed to enter the tenjonoma.
  79. This family became eligible to join the nobility by the Kazoku Rei (Law of Nobility) enacted in 1884.
  80. This family began from Saneakira OGIMACHI, who was the grandson of Kintsune SAIONJI, Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state), and the second son of Kimimori TOIN, Daijo-daijin.
  81. This family continued for seven generations, and among them there were some who moved into the nerve center to become high officers in the Bakufu: two people became roju (senior councilors), and one person became the magistrate of temples and shrines.
  82. This family continued to provide support fo the Koishikawa Hospital for successive generations until the end of Edo era.
  83. This family frequently moved from one important territory to another, such as from the Yamakawa Domain, Shimotsuke Province to the Tanaka Domain in Suruga Province, the Mikawa-Yoshida Domain and the Okazaki Domain in Mikawa Province, the Karatsu Domain in Hizen Province, and the Hamamatsu Domain, Totomi Province.
  84. This family had succeeded to the post of Kebiishi (officials with judicial and police powers) for generations by heredity.
  85. This family has been called the Mikawa Matsui clan.
  86. This family is descended from the princes of the Emperor Seiwa.
  87. This family is said to have descended from Yukiie or the family of Kumano betto (the title of an official who administered the shrines at Kumano).
  88. This family line began when a grandson of Toshisada ODA from the Oda clan was adopted into the Inoo clan, a powerful local clan in Owari, and changed his name to Sadamune INOO (also pronounced IINOO).
  89. This family line produced Tsunenobu KANO (1636 - 1713), the heir of Naonobu, and Tsunenobu's sons, Chikanobu KANO (1660 - 1728) and Minenobu KANO (1662 - 1708).
  90. This family line was founded by MINAMOTO no Mitsuyoshi, the fifth younger brother of MINAMOTO no Mitsunaka (TADA no Manju), which was based in Shinano Province.
  91. This family line was founded by MINAMOTO no Yorikiyo, the second son of MINAMOTO no Yorinobu, which was based in Shinano Province.
  92. This family line was founded by MINAMOTO no Yorisue, the third son of MINAMOTO no Yorinobu, and was based in Shinano Province.
  93. This family line was founded by MINAMOTO no Yoritaka, a grandson of MINAMOTO no Yoshiie (HACHIMANTARO Yoshiie), and was based in Shinano Province.
  94. This family lineage prospered as ascended to be the daimyo (feudal lord) of Ise Saijo Domain in the Kyoho era, as well as the Kurume Domain.
  95. This family managed to live through the Edo period and is still in existence today.
  96. This family name derived from the name of a street, Inokumakoji in Heiankyo (ancient capital in current Kyoto).
  97. This family name is originated from the fact that the clan sent Toneri people (valets) for Emperor Kinmei at the Shikishima no Kanasashi no miya (the palace for this emperor), existed in modern-day's Sakurai City, Nara Prefecture.
  98. This family name seemed to be given by Nobunaga.
  99. This family nearly dominated the kokyu of the palace during the period of cloister government by the emperors Toba and Goshirakawa, but the power of the family dwindled somewhat after the Kamakura era.
  100. This family originally performed tesarugaku in Kyoto, and as Matasaburo Shigenobu NOMURA (the first) was invited as a guest to establish the Izumi school, their own programs, play scripts, and dramatic interpretation have been maintained.
  101. This family originated from the fact that Toshimichi TOMINOKOJI who was originally a shodaibu (aristocrat lower than Kugyo) of the Kujo family, and was promoted to Jusanmi (Junior Third Rank) by insisting that his family was a branch family of the Nijo family.
  102. This family produced renowned roju, such as the Izumi no kami (Governor of Izumi Province) Tadayuki, who assisted Yoshimune TOKUGAWA during the Kyoho Reforms and Tadakuni MIZUNO, who led the Tenpo Reforms.
  103. This family was appointed viscount during the Meiji period.
  104. This family was discontinued for a certain period, but, during the Edo Period, Tomofusa SEIKANJI, who was the son of Suketane NAKAMIKADO, inherited it.
  105. This family was founded by FUJIWARA no Akitaka, Chunagon (Vice-councilor of state), who was descendant of FUJIWARA no Takafuji and the second son of FUJIWARA no Tamefusa, sangi (councilor).
  106. This family was founded by Sukeakira YANAGIWARA, who was the fourth son of Toshimitsu HINO, in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts using the name of the Yanagiwara dono where Sukeakira lived as the family name.
  107. This family was founded by Sukefusa SEIKANJI, a descendant of FUJIWARA no Takafuji and the son of Tsunenaga KANROJI.
  108. This family was founded by Sukekuni HINONISHI, Jun-daijin (Vice Minister), the third son of Tokimitsu HINO, at the end of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).
  109. This family was founded during the Kanei era during the first half of the Edo period with Kimitane MUSHANOKOJI as the originator, who is the second son of Saneeda SANJONISHI, the Minister of the Right.
  110. This family was founded during the beginning of the Kamakura Period by Yorisuke HIROHASHI, who was the younger brother of Sukezane HINO.
  111. This family was founded during the middle of the Kamakura Period by Sukemichi MADENOKOJI, the fourth son of FUJIWARA no Suketsune (Suketsune KANROJI, Suketsune YOSHIDA).
  112. This family was founded in the end of the Heian period with FUJIWARA no Motoyori (Yorimune's grandson) as the originator.
  113. This famine affected the entire country and the increase in rice prices lead to destructive urban riots by farmers in Izushi Domain, Tajima Province.
  114. This famous line which is supposed to be the shortest letter written in Japan, is a letter that Shigetsugu wrote in 1575 to his wife from the trenches of the Battle of Nagashiro.
  115. This famous scene from "Heike Monogatari" became a subject in plays and songs titled "Atsumori" of Noh (traditional masked dance-drama), Kowaka-mai (story-telling with a simple dance) and Yokyoku (Noh song), and also in the Kabuki play titled " Ichi no Tani Futabagunki" (Chronicle of the Battle of Ichinotani).
  116. This fan was also used for important ceremonies such as the official investiture ceremony of the Crown Prince.
  117. This fan was made of 25 slates of plain wood with white nina decoration, and the pivot had silver butterfly and flower fittings.
  118. This fare is called a Hatsunori fare.
  119. This fasteners came to be used widely from the latter half of the Edo period to the first half of the Meiji period.
  120. This fat is called the 'soy-sauce fat.'
  121. This feature can be said to be a fundamental structure of a Japanese house that was originated in Ro (hearth) located at the center of a pit dwelling (house) in the Jomon period
  122. This feature is apparent when compared with French or Chinese dishes whereby food is cooked in a complicated procedure, using strong seasonings to the extent that their original texture and taste are lost.
  123. This fee on the regular railway line is between the A limited-express fee and the fee in the case in which the connected ride discount is applied to.
  124. This female deity is also said to be adverse to the pollutions of childbirth and menstruation, and women were not allowed to participate on the festival day.
  125. This female ghost was in fact his wife who had gone to the other world.
  126. This fest became the origin of the nationally famous Kishiwada Danjiri Festival.
  127. This festival centering on a dedicatory dance called 'Shamenchi odori' (the Shamenchi Dance) is now held (on Sunday preceding the second Monday in October every year).
  128. This festival follows an imperial chariot containing the shintai (sacred object in which a deity is believed to reside) as it is paraded through the streets of Okayama to Koraku-en Garden, and is the main event of the Okayama Sakura Carnival.
  129. This festival has been designated an intangible folk cultural property of the list of cultural properties designated and registered by Kyoto Prefecture.
  130. This festival has been held continuosly for more than 860 years.
  131. This festival is held in Matsunoyama-machi, Tokamachi City, Niigata Prefecture.
  132. This festival is held in cooperation with local elementary schools.
  133. This festival is held in present day Koromonotana-cho, Sanjo-dori Muromachi Nishi-iru, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto City.
  134. This festival is held in various styles around the world.
  135. This festival later became the Gion-matsuri Festival.
  136. This festival, with the name incorporating the Maizuru dialect "Chatta" spoken in the Maizuru Region, has been held since 1975 under the auspices of 'Minato Maizuru Chatta Matsuri Festival Execution Committee' which is organized mainly by Maizuru City and the "Maizuru Chamber of Commerce and Industry."
  137. This feud between the brothers lasted until around the time when Yoritomo raised an army.
  138. This feud can be defined as affairs that happened in the middle of the system conversion into warring loads in the Sengoku period.
  139. This feudal style of government was to continue for almost seven hundred years, until the destruction of the Edo bakufu in 1868.
  140. This fighting brought about a rainstorm, which continued for seven days, and Oguri was accused of this and exiled to Hitachi Province.
  141. This figure is joining his palms in the same style as Seishi Bosatsu as attendant in Raigo style Amida Sanzon
  142. This figure is quite close to 1 are (a unit) equivalent to 100 square meters, so the switch of se into are (unit) of the metric system was quite smooth.
  143. This figure ranked the station as follows:
  144. This figure was released by the National Police Agency.
  145. This figure, by Iwao OYAMA, might be guessed to be a statue inspired by only the shirt of Giuseppe Garibaldi, and he suggested that took away Saigo's serious side, showed his true nature without decoration as he went to hunt rabbit in the mountains.
  146. This film became his subsequent life's work, being remade twice into "Osho Ichidai" starring Ryutaro TATSUMI in Shintoho in 1955 as well as "Osho" starring Rentaro MIKUNI in Toei Movie Studios in 1962.
  147. This film gained recognition for its innovative dramatic interpretation.
  148. This film is still often shown in Europe even now.
  149. This film made Yujiro ISHIHARA, an amateur, a star.
  150. This film received the Grand Prix at Moscow International Film Festival, and Shindo was recognized as an international film maker.
  151. This film received the International Award at the Venice Film Festival, and Kinuyo made a full comeback.
  152. This film was distributed by Makino Productions and released on June 15 in the same year.
  153. This film was produced in an experimental way differently from normal theatrical films, and had a style heavily tinged with an air of ningyo joruri (traditional Japanese puppet theater) or Kabuki.
  154. This film was showered with accolades and received the Grand Prix at the Venice International Film Festival.
  155. This film was the first to be distributed by Yamazaki's 'Kanshu Renmei,' but this distribution company had already collapsed by the end of July right before the release of 'Horo Zanmai,' the second film produced by Chie Puro, written/adapted by Itami and directed by Inagaki.
  156. This film was to be distributed by Kokusai Eiga-sha together with "Kenka Dochuki", a film produced by 'Shoei Makino Kinema' and directed by Masao AOYAMA.
  157. This film, depicting the life of poor youngsters living in a foundry town, won great popularity and gained a high reputation, receiving the New Director Award from the Directors Guild of Japan and the second prize in the top ten of Kinema Junpo (academic film magazine).
  158. This film, released on September 17, turned out to be the first of a series of films directed by Makino in which Ichitaro as one member of the Shinshiro ICHIKAWA acting troupe, would appear.
  159. This finally made Ieyasu serve Hideyoshi.
  160. This fire is called Ittokubi (the sacred fire made by flint) and is treated as the flashpoint of constant lights.
  161. This fire is regarded as one of the "Three Great Fires of Kyoto" (early modern period) along with those of the Hoei and Genji eras (Dondon-yake and the fire of the Kinmon Incident).
  162. This fire led to a large disaster in which hundreds of maids working in O-oku died.
  163. This fire resulted in a tragic incident, the burning down of major buildings of the Todai-ji Temple.
  164. This first transcription was said to have been enshrined at the Rengeo-in Temple (Sanjusangen-do Hall) in Kyoto and retuned to the Taima-dera Temple later, but it does not exist now.
  165. This fish fillet is ground with a millstone, and sugar, salt, mirin (sweet cooking rice wine) and egg white are added to it and then kneaded together (adding salt causes it to become sticky by itself, but sometimes food additives such as thickening agents are added for easier molding).
  166. This fishing right continued until reclamation.
  167. This five-colored silk represents the five elements that form all things in the universe in the Gogyo-setsu (the Theory of the Five Elements), that is, tree, fire, soil, metal, and water.
  168. This five-storied pagoda was seriously damaged when a 50 meter high cedar close to the pagoda was blown over and hit the roof due to strong winds from the season's seventh typhoon on September 22, 1998.
  169. This flag was prepared on a special order, by Furugi Momen-sho, which is the current Takashimaya.
  170. This flight left a significant effect.
  171. This float is maintained by the Hachimanyama Preservation Society.
  172. This floor is allocated for use for special exhibitions
  173. This flow became a power responding to approaches at the end of the Edo period by European countries in the imperialism period, and became one of motivations to mark the end of a long period of isolation.
  174. This folding screen is also signed and sealed with Hokyo Korin, but the predominant theory is that Hokyo was added later by someone else, suggesting that Kakitsubata-zu was created before Korin became Hokyo.
  175. This folding screen painting is considered to have been drawn by Eitoku.
  176. This folding screen painting was exhibited in the castle town of Azuchi and Kyo, Capital, then brought to Europe by envoy during the Tensho era and then dedicated to the Pope in the Vatican.
  177. This folding screen was placed in the seminary for the Buddhist priesthood during the conduction of Esoteric Buddhist rituals.
  178. This followed the death of retired Mitsuyuki KURODA, whereupon Tsunamasa KURODA (who had been waiting for his chance) took the drastic step of obliterating the Mitsuyuki faction and suspicion fell upon Minehira TACHIBANA that he was involved in the purge.
  179. This followed the form of history books of China and was presented in the Chinese way using chronological order.
  180. This follows the reading of the Sudo Yamanouchi clan, read as 'Yamanouchi,' who are thought to be the ancestors of the Tosa Yamauchi clan.
  181. This food has been distributed even in mountain areas from old times, being used for Kujira-jiru or nimono (what is boiled and seasoned for eating).
  182. This food is also called "Oba-ke," and is further called "Oba-yuki" (literally, Oba snow) or "Hana-kujira" (literally, flower whale) because it looks white and transparent externally.
  183. This food is eaten with soy sauce mixed with ginger.
  184. This food is mostly broiled slightly for eating
  185. This foot print was discovered in the ravine in Connecticut of New England, the United States of America, and it is described as 'a foot print on sand of the time'
  186. This footprint came from the Connecticut Valley in the U.S., and the fossil carries the following inscription: "footprints left in the sands of time."
  187. This forced Amenohiboko to retreat to Deishi, Tajima.
  188. This forced Toshitsugu to renovate the castle on a large scale.
  189. This forced Yoshihisa to stay at Magari Camp in Omimagari (the present-day Ritto City, Shiga Prefecture) for one year and five months until he died.
  190. This forest has more than 35,000 Japanese plum trees on a site of roughly 50-hectares.
  191. This foreword was the first record which showed that Seigetsu said he was from Nagaoka.
  192. This forged Old Text version of Classic of History was assigned as gakkan along with annotations by Jo Gen.
  193. This form comes down even to hero series for children under the theme of 'squadron' including "Himitsu Sentai Gorenja" (Secret Squad Five Rangers) in far-distant future generations.
  194. This form gives a hint for "Kamenoko-Odori Dance" performed in the red-light district of Isefuruichi.
  195. This form imitates a gesture made when a person gives something to others and is assumed by Hosho Nyorai Hosho Nyorai (Ratnasambhava, one of the Five Wisdom Buddhas), and so on.
  196. This form indicates crying.
  197. This form is also called 'gekko no katsu' (life in the moonlight).
  198. This form is essential for taxpayers to understand the taxation and to alleviate their discontent about the tax.
  199. This form is often seen in danjiri in Senshu Region of Osaka Prefecture (coastal regions in southern Osaka Prefecture).
  200. This form of Wafuku is called 'Early Kosode' these days, but it is wrong because 'Kosode' had already appeared during the Heian period.
  201. This form of ablution is performed by shrine people at a workshop, etc.
  202. This form of ablution is performed by shrine people at a workshop, etc. It can also be organized by a shrine, inviting its parishners for spiritual training in the depth of winter.
  203. This form of capital punishment was imposed for robbery (forcible burglary), brigandage, and fraud, etc.
  204. This form of castle was historically called shokuho period fortress.
  205. This form of commerce was called furiuri ("furi" literally means "swing" and "uri" means "sell") derived from the image of vendors who walk around to sell goods and services while shouldering a carrying pole with bamboo sieves, wooden buckets, wooden boxes or baskets hung at both ends.
  206. This form of fushin differs from the original voluntary community service, rather, it is a form of economic stimulus provided by the bakufu for those who are destitute and in need of work.
  207. This form of fushin is associated with water use, such as river improvement and irrigation.
  208. This form of meal was emphasized in a tea book called "Nanporoku," and the formula that 'kaiseki' equals 'one soup and three side dishes' was officially established.
  209. This form of poetry, which has a five-line poem with the 5-7-5-7-7 syllable structure (thirty-one moras), was given different names in relation to the longer forms of poetry of the period.
  210. This form of practice had a degree of realism akin to archery on the battlefield or hunting and, it was possible to check if the arrow had hit its mark on the target etc.
  211. This form of the conferences was continued until the inauguration of the Kantaro SUZUKI Cabinet in April 1945.
  212. This form seemed to be spread around the Kinai region (the five capital provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto) due to the distribution of old buildings after regular reconstruction.
  213. This form, however, was not a simple arrangement of words in 'iroha order.'
  214. This formal handing down of the position of the person in charge of the three arts of archery, horsemanship and courtesy of Ogasawara-ryu school is known as Doto, equivalent to 'Soke'
  215. This formal pledging system greatly influenced Japanese Buddhism, and the monks who went to China were treated also as formal Buddhist priests there.
  216. This formation is for "Kinosaki" numbers 1, 5, 6 and 8.
  217. This formation is for "Kinosaki" numbers 2, 10, 3 and 4.
  218. This formation was repeatedly used by the outnumbered to defeat the outnumbering in all ages and countries.
  219. This formed a big turning point for putting a sexual act itself on the market from the equivalent sexual act for fertility and family prosperity, which had lasted since the primitive period.
  220. This formed a foundation for nationalization of the railways after the war.
  221. This formed the basis for the land system of the Fukuchiyama Domain untill the land-tax reform came into force in the Meiji period, and was called Matsudaira's Kenchi (the land survey).
  222. This formula explains eighty-one percent of human sense to sense the sweetness/dryness of sake.
  223. This four characters '大井寺奴' (Oi-dera no Yatsuko [servants of Oi-dera Temple]) recorded in "Nihonshoki" proves that the common people were widely mobilized as soldiers, and this is also an example that Yatsuko (or Yakko, male slave) of ancient Japan fought bravely as soldiers.
  224. This four-pillar gate was also constructed in the Kamakura Period
  225. This fourth son Nagamasa's line is Shibamura Domain and the fifth son Naonaga's line is Yanagimoto Domain; both domains are to exist and continue respectively.
  226. This fragment was cut off together with "Ise shu (The Diary of Lady Ise)" in 1929.
  227. This fukusa is a 50 cm square hanging wrapper used in Obon festival (a Festival of the Dead or Buddhist All Souls' Day).
  228. This function is described as '勇,' in one Chinese character.
  229. This function is described as '愛,' in one Chinese character.
  230. This function is described as '親,' in one Chinese character.
  231. This function made it possible to reduce electric power consumed to maintain the temperature and to control the deteriorating speed of products which lightened the burden of reloading management.
  232. This function of shochu was the reason why it was named "hashira-jochu" (literally, "shochu spirit as a supporting pillar")
  233. This fundoshi resembles mokko (a straw basket) for carrying earth at a site of civil works, after which it is said to have been named.
  234. This funeral place was Mt. Moyama in Mino Province.
  235. This funeral took place in November.
  236. This furoshiki came to be used to prevent gifts from becoming dirty during transportation or faded by sun and changed from a single cloth to be a lined silk cloth with tassels called kamebusa (a turtle-shaped knot).
  237. This fusion can be seen in the Kitayama culture, such as Rokuon-ji Temple (Kinkaku-ji Temple), of Yoshimitsu's rule and the Higashiyama culture, such as Jisho-ji Temple (Ginkaku-ji Temple), of Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA's rule.
  238. This game also serves as a way for a child to learn the Japanese syllabary.
  239. This game was derived from the boom of the masterpiece, "Kokusen-ya Kassen" (The Battles of Koxinga) of CHIKAMATSU which was modeled after the hero of Taiwan, Seiko TEI.
  240. This game was his last game and Shuho died on October 14.
  241. This ganpishi became to be called torinoko since the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).
  242. This ganpishi came to be called torinoko during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  243. This garden has also been called "Crossing of the Tiger Cubs Garden" since the early modern period.
  244. This garden is thought to have been restored during 1661 and 1673, and this is supported by the records of Jitsuzobo as well as the style of the garden but the garden's designer is unknown.
  245. This garden was created by Enshu KOBORI and incorporates the surrounding peaks of Mt. Higashiyama and Mt. Amidagamine.
  246. This garden was restored according to contemporary information after the disassembly and repair of the hojo (Abbot's quarters) and is said to represent the ideal mystical land of Mount Penglai.
  247. This garment has its origin in the Chinese shaoho.
  248. This garment was decided on by an Imperial edict of the Emperor Saga in 820.
  249. This gate was shown in the drama 'Shikaotoko Aoniyoshi' (The Fantastic Deer-Man) by Fuji Television Network.
  250. This gatehouse separated Rakuchu and Rakugai, or 'inside ' and 'outside' of the capital city.
  251. This gathering is called 'Gyoki mairi (visit),' which celebrates Gyoki's numerous achievements including his leadership in excavating Kumeda-ike Pond located in front of Kumeda-dera Temple; the excavation greatly contributied to the development of farm lands and the improvement of the lives of the local people.
  252. This gave a unpleasant damage to the liquor industry of Japan.
  253. This gave an opportunity to make shogun, so to speak, leaders in name only, and start struggles of gokenin for power.
  254. This gave great damage to management of Osaka merchants, which became a heavy burden for shifting towards modern financial capital.
  255. This gave him the impression that he went everywhere in Japan, and he was called the `the man with long legs.'
  256. This gave rise to a Senjaku boom.
  257. This gave the decisive advantage to the Tanba clan, and the clan thereafter occupied Tenyaku no kami, which was depicted as the supreme leader within the I-do community in "Shokugensho" (book on the history of Japanese governmental posts written by Chikafusa KITABATAKE).
  258. This gave two humiliations and the Choshu Domain bore a grudge.
  259. This gear has features that it can ensure a wider visual field and the face of the player can be seen from the outside and it has now been officially-recognized for matches.
  260. This genealogy has detailed descriptions of Sumori Sanmi.
  261. This genealogy is called Shoin FUJIMURA-ha group, and today this tradition is carried on in Kyoto.
  262. This genealogy is currently called as Fumai-ha group of Sekishu-ryu school.
  263. This genealogy is usually not open for inspection by the public.
  264. This genealogy is written, however, there are a lot of uncertainties before Josei.
  265. This genealogy led to the renga of the Kaisho where people sat together regardless of their ranks.
  266. This general phenomenon, however, has proved in history by (the Japanese drum in performing arts and in music) centralizing the Japanese drum as the main constituent.
  267. This generated the multiple structure theory of the Yamato race.
  268. This genre and the contemporary rakugo (comic storytelling) influenced each other, and sometimes a story from a kokkeibon was performed as a rakugo story with a witty punch line.
  269. This genre is characterized by 'ugachi', which describes the details of pleasure quarters.
  270. This genre of book becomes popular now and even some best-sellers were brought out.
  271. This gentle Jocho style statue exhibits a latter Heian period style and is assumed to be the piece that was produced directly after Gion-sha Shrine was destroyed by fire in 1070.
  272. This germination can go back to the Hang period and it was developed from the Six Dynasties period to the Tang period and its framework was established in the Sung period.
  273. This gesture is called 'tegatana wo kiru' (lit. making a chopping motion).
  274. This gesture is specifically called Hokkaijo-in, which is famous for being taken on the occasion of Zen meditation.
  275. This ghost frightens people by making sounds as if someone was using an abacus in a quiet place such as under a tree along a deserted road.
  276. This ghost had a shape like big furoshiki (a cloth wrapper), and came flying from somewhere to the streets at night, and abruptly covered the heads of pedestrians.
  277. This gilt bronze saddle is in Senbi style with patterns of palmette (Buddhist-style arabesque design), phoenixes, dragons, devil masks, strange fish, elephants, lions, and rabbits.
  278. This gives a glimpse of the situation at the time in which coinage was circulated on the exchangers' credit.
  279. This gives a high sugar content.
  280. This gives a mysterious aura to rokuyo and is one of the reasons for the popularity.
  281. This gives credibility to the assertion that Somei Village is the place of origin.
  282. This gives some credibility to Takeda's cavalry.
  283. This god appears in the "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and the "Sendai Kujihongi" (Ancient Japanese History), and he is thought to be the same god as Oyabiko, who appears in the "Kojiki" (the Records of Ancient Matters).
  284. This god is considered to be same god as Sarutahiko in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) and "Kogo-shui" (History of the Inbe clan).
  285. This god was Sarutahiko, a Kunitsukami (god of the land).
  286. This goddess appears in the section of Ashihara no Nakatsukuniheitei (conquest of Ashihara no Nakatsukuni) and Tensonkorin (the descent to earth of the grandson of the sun goddess)
  287. This goddess is described as Yorozuhatatoyoakitsushihime no Mikoto in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).
  288. This goddess was introduced into Buddhism, and it was supposed that she had been exorcised by Daikokuten (the god of Wealth), that is, the incarnation of Dainichi Nyorai (Cosmic Buddha), and then permitted to eat human hearts, if dead.
  289. This gorgeous sagari loincloth is also worn in some festivals and local performing arts.
  290. This governance continued for 13 generations.
  291. This government was a maritime state connecting to Asia having superior seamanship such as sending envoys to Sung Dynasty and sail to Korean Peninsula.
  292. This grade is given to those among the warrant and non-commissioned officers who have accumulated a distinguished record of meritorious service.
  293. This gradually changed shape into hanging hina dolls and passed down with Yanagawa mari.
  294. This gradually drove the Tosa Domain as a whole toward overthrowing the Shogunate.
  295. This gradually reduced the custom of bringing bento to school.
  296. This grand festival takes place on the second Sunday in October and features a parade of two portable shrines (each weighing approximately 2 tons) and five kenboko (decorated spear-like poles) accompanied by shrine parishioners, local residents and a drum and fife band.
  297. This granting of names continued well into the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (in Japan).
  298. This graphical representation of a Zen koan (a story, dialogue, question, or statement that generally contains aspects that are inaccessible to rational understanding, yet may be accessible to intuition) depicts the almost impossible question of how to catch slippery catfish with a smooth gourd.
  299. This gravestone is lost at the time of the Great Kanto Earthquake.
  300. This gravestone was for some reason not built while Zoroku was alive, and later Okuzan INAGE and Zoroku HAMAMURA the second built it in Koishikawa muryo-in Shrine in Edo.
  301. This graveyard was found out from an illustration showing that Michinobu's grandson, Ippen, held the memorial service at his grandfather's grave in 1280 which was contained in 'Ippen shonin eden' (Illustrated Biography of the Monk Ippen), a picture scroll showing Ippen's travel all over Japan.
  302. This great achievement received recognition of the Emperor Meiji, and he was awarded the title of the Supreme Order, which was unprecedented in the post war period.
  303. This great fire was an enormous shock for Goshirakawa.
  304. This great generosity indicates that he was more than just a political merchant.
  305. This great selected Primal Vow of the threefold mind, the Vow of sincerity and trustfulness, and may also be called the Vow of faith, which is Amida's instructions on virtue for our journey forward.
  306. This greatly perplexed the Bakufu and they decided to select Imperial Prince Hirohito (later Emperor Fushimi), the son of the retired Emperor Gofukakusa, to be the Crown Prince.
  307. This greatly stimulated Enryaku-ji Temple, of the Tendai sect in Mt. Hieizan.
  308. This group also includes the 120m Nakayama Otsuka tumulus (designated as a historical site by the prefecture), where broken pieces of a tokushu-kidai (ceremonial vessel stand) specific to the Kibi area were found in 1986, and based on the discovery, it was pointed out that the tumulus may have been constructed in the era when kofun tumuli started being constructed.
  309. This group includes 12 keyhole-shaped tumuli, five zenpo-koho (square front, square back) tumuli, and seven round tumuli.
  310. This group includes Chirashi-zushi (placing foodstuffs used as toppings of Nigiri-zushi over the bed of vinegared rice) at Edomae-zushi (hand-rolled sushi) shops, Sake-zushi (a rice dish flavored with sake and mixed with vegetables and seafood) in Kagoshima Prefecture, and Bara-zushi (scattered sushi) in Okayama Prefecture and so on.
  311. This group includes Mansaku, his first son Mansai NOMURA, Mannosuke NOMURA who is the fifth son of Manzo NOMURA the sixth, and their follower Yukio ISHIDA, and with all of them leading the group, it has been active in a variety of fields.
  312. This group is descended from the Shimizu-ha group of the Sekishu-ryu school (also known as the Sekishu-Shimizu-ryu school) which is located in Sendai.
  313. This group of women are well known by a nickname of "Asuka Bijin (Asuka beauties)."
  314. This group performed in the fifth meeting of Kyoto racing in 2008.
  315. This group was called the Hisashi School (Doshi School) and it has become the Fujufuse School of Nichiren Sect of which the head temple is Myokaku-ji Temple (Okayama).
  316. This group was called the Tsudera School (Fudoshi School) and it has become the Fujufuse Nichiren Komon Sect of which head temple is Honkaku-ji Temple.
  317. This group was organized in 1927 by the late Living National Treasure Tatsuaki KURODA and others.
  318. This group, including the head family of the Kano School, was called "Edo Kano."
  319. This grouping, however, shouldn't be taken seriously because there were cases in which Shuri warriors learned Shuri-te, Tomari-te and Naha-te simultaneously.
  320. This guidepost was located at a crossroads to Mt. Gomadan, to Obako Pass and to the summit of Mt. Obako-dake, and the old road went through the east side of the summit.
  321. This gyoho originates from the legend of Jicchu kasho as mentioned above.
  322. This gyoki includes the interests of subjects, the secrets of politics and the pleasure of poetry (Entry dated on leap month April 9, 1246).
  323. This had a curved surface and no teeth.
  324. This had a direct effect upon Naoakira's promotion as joshu daimyo (daimyo who is allowed to live in a castle).
  325. This had a reputation of being comfortable during downhill walking, and was popular at the beginning of the 18th century.
  326. This had an affect on gaining sympathy from a new government by praising Oishi, who was admired by commoners in Edo.
  327. This had an influenced on other shrines, that set up the post of miko who originally performed similar services and who were later involved in Shinto rituals.
  328. This had been also seen in the age of Tameyoshi who was a grandchild of Yoshiie.
  329. This had been segmented and structured in accordance with the development of Mahayana Buddhism, but various theories emerged according to the interpretation of sutra.
  330. This had heavy effects on gyudon chains that had been supported by inexpensive American beef.
  331. This haiku was created based upon the hokku of Basho MATSUO's "Nozarashi kiko," 'Kyoku kogarashinomiwa Chikusai ni nitaruya' (I'm wandering around making haiku, so I am like crazy Chikusai, a hero of a story), which indicates that Kyoshi compared Seigetsu with Basho.
  332. This hair is detachable; a cord is attached to the tip of the hair on the side of the hand; and the cord is tied to a small metallic ring attached to the wood part of the bow.
  333. This hair style employed the hair style for ladies in Tang Dynasty in China as a model and hair styles similar to kokei were sokei (twin chignons) and ikkei (single chignon).
  334. This hairstyle also appears in material written by a female kabuki actress.
  335. This hairstyle is famous for a topknot worn by sumo wrestlers.
  336. This hairstyle is worn always with haguro (black painted teeth).
  337. This hairstyle is worn by the maiko of Gion kobu during the period of Miyako odori (the dance performance held by geisha and maiko in Kyoto's Gion district in April)
  338. This hairstyle looked so elegant and soft that, at first, it gained enormous popularity among customers who frequented Yoshiwara (a red-light district in Tokyo).
  339. This hairstyle was a head with the hair (as well as eyebrows for girls) shaved up but the hair only on the top of the head or the forelock left.
  340. This hairstyle was a little lower and smaller Takashimada.
  341. This hairstyle was a mixture of Marumage and Ichogaeshi.
  342. This hairstyle was a variation of Tsubushi shimada but the ornament was never too much.
  343. This hairstyle was also called Katsuyama mage
  344. This hairstyle was commonly worn by the wives of wealthy merchants.
  345. This hairstyle was gained when a ronin (masterless samurai)let his sakayaki (the shaved part of the forehead) grow.
  346. This hairstyle was popular from the end of the Edo Period to the Meiji Period.
  347. This hairstyle was quite a large type of Ichomage.
  348. This hairstyle was worn by middle-class yujo.
  349. This hairstyle was worn by the girls called 'Okosho' (it is different from child servants of samurai family called "Kosho," who paged to daimyo [Japanese feudal lord] and so on), who was aged between five or six and 12 years old and attended on a daughter of a high-ranking samurai or a court noble.
  350. This hairstyle was worn by the girls in Kyoto and Osaka at the end of the Edo Period and after.
  351. This hairstyle was worn by the young women of townspeople mainly in Kyoto and Osaka at around the end of the Edo Period.
  352. This hairstyle was worn mainly by women in the geisha society.
  353. This hairstyle, in which the chignon of Marumage (rounded hair style of a married woman) was split in two and tied showing a decorative cloth, was commonly worn by wives of wealthy merchants and sometimes by unmarried women working at restaurants such as Machiai-jaya (tea house to lend seats and tables, or rooms).
  354. This hakama closely resembles an ordinary hakama in appearance than a shimai hakama, and is designed so that it does not get wrinkled or folded while standing and sitting.
  355. This hall enshrines the statue of Kaisan (founder, the first chief priest) Roben.
  356. This hall is also called Kanjodo and is a hall for performing rituals of Esoteric Buddhism named Kanjo.
  357. This hall is also called Kitayama-dono Palace, and the current Kinkaku-ji Temple was built by Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA after he was given this land by the Saionji Family.
  358. This hall is located in the courtyard at the residence of Doshisha founder Joseph Hardy Neesima.
  359. This hall is now named 'Sanjusangen-do Temple' and, when rebuilt, the exterior was adorned with vermillion lacquer and the interior was decorated with rich colors.
  360. This hall is the Gango-ji Temple now located in Chuin-cho, Nara City, popularly known as Gango-ji Temple Gokuraku-bo.
  361. This hall is the largest structure in the temple, measuring 41m wide by 20m deep by 17m high.
  362. This hall not only has club rooms belonging to Kyoto University, but also holds various events such as music concerts at random times.
  363. This hall served as the main hall before the construction of the current Kondo and housed the principal image of Bhechadjaguru.
  364. This hall style is classified into the Yosemune-Zukuri style (a square or rectangular building, covered with a hipped roof) with a tiled roof, whose facade looks east (the design of the facade looking east is a distinctive feature in constructing Amida-do Hall [temple hall having an enshrined image of Amitabha]).
  365. This hall was originally the east end of the old priests' living quarters, which was remodeled in 1244 during the Kamakura period.
  366. This handshake was reported in the bulletins of the socialist camp of each country, needless to say in the weekly "Heimin-shinbun", as a success of international solidarity.
  367. This hanging scroll and the relic are not open for the public viewing at the temple for some reason, but they are being publicized on the web.
  368. This happened again during the later Yamato Administration.
  369. This happened at the beginning of November, which was less than one month after the post of minister was transferred to him.
  370. This happened due to the fact that Okuma, as a statesman, had to ask for support from all kind of fields.
  371. This happened in Portuguese and Spanish medicine (surgery) called "Nanban Ryu" (southern-barbarian style), too.
  372. This happened on February 6, 1598.
  373. This happened on the forth day.
  374. This happened only one year after Sato's marriage with Yoshitsune.
  375. This happened to coincide with a time when the king Bugei DAI died and Kinmo DAI just succeeded to the throne in Bokkai.
  376. This happened when Ikejima bus stop became accessible by all buses after relocation.
  377. This happens due to a lack of knowledge as to the correct hanging scroll to be hung by the pillow on the part of the mortician.
  378. This happens in nature, however in bonsai there is a technique of creating this effect artificially by peeling with a chisel or other such tool.
  379. This hardship strengthened her faith instead, and in 1591, she was praised highly by Alessandro VALIGNANO who was visiting Japan at that time.
  380. This hare later came to be called usagi kami (rabbit god).
  381. This harsh experience and observation of people in the detention camp combined with his adverse background had formed his style of filmmaking.
  382. This has a symbolic meaning as an object representative of a divine spirit, and also serves as a reverberating board for resonance of the sounds of Hayashi.
  383. This has also been thought to have some effect.
  384. This has around 1,100 Japanese plum trees of around 60 different varieties on its 17-hectare site.
  385. This has around 25,000 Japanese plum trees.
  386. This has attracted attention as it is the only historical record of gunko at present.
  387. This has become a formality based on the moral principle of Karuta, which is Karuta start with courtesy and end with courtesy.
  388. This has become one of the special features of the New Year.
  389. This has been associated with the treasure store.
  390. This has been one of the reasons for the difficulty in defining the introduction year of Buddhism.
  391. This has been opened to the public since 2005.
  392. This has been realized by having so-called functionally-gradated structure that the cutting edge is hard, and the hardness is gradually decreased to the core, which makes compressive residual stress generate at the cutting edge.
  393. This has been said to be the group responsibility/collective responsibility imposed on people in a blood relationship in a clan society, that changed into a common law, following the collapse of a clan society and social shaping by territorial connections.
  394. This has been taken as burying their dead with flowers to mourn.
  395. This has been the traditional subject of paintings since the Heian Period.
  396. This has been thought to be handwritten by Emperor Shomu since olden times, and is called 'Ojobu' and regarded to be a rare and valuable document because of the large size letters, but the handwriting is different from 'Zasshu' stated above.
  397. This has caused Watarase-gawa River to have a raised bed near Ashikaga City and brought devastation to the forests in Ashio, and when hit by Typhoon Kathleen, it became the major cause of the flood.
  398. This has caused the southern side of the moat beyond the ridge narrower.
  399. This has contributed to the increase in brown rice consumption.
  400. This has led to stimulation of local industries through the use of reeds, a specialty of the Kitakami-gawa River, which flows through the city.
  401. This has led to the view that the Japanese Ritsuryo system included the ruling of the people by local powerful clans in parallel with the ruling of the people by the state based on the Ritsuryo system.
  402. This has meant that guides have become treated like subcontractors, are given various instructions and it is said that travel agencies have emerged that order guides to condense two hour talks into one hour due to tour scheduling.
  403. This has minor differences from that told on the mainland.
  404. This has no introductory volume.
  405. This has now been adopted as standard.
  406. This has resulted in historians and experts continuing to dispute whether the location of "sakaotoshi" was the southeast side of Tekkai-san Mountain or Hiyodorigoe.
  407. This has resulted in the Japanese throwing away their original native culture of the sexes on their own and they have lost quite a lot (for instance, some Japanese enjoy Japanese tea ceremony, but no Japanese men make a habit of wearing their hair in a topknot).
  408. This has similar name to Koon-toka-ho, but those two are totally different things.
  409. This has some common names, such as "Genjidana Kirare Yosa" and "Otomi Yosaburo."
  410. This has the same meaning as "gan wo tsukeru" or "gan wo tobasu" (both meaning to glare at someone), slang expressions in the Tokyo metropolitan area.
  411. This hashirama was a way to measure between the center of a pillar to another, that is, 'Shinshin-sei.'
  412. This hatsuho tradition, of supplying gods with things harvested first (first fruit) of the year, later came to be called 'hatsumono' (primeur) and valued, and was then developed into a tradition of giving hatsumono to neighbors or acquaintances.
  413. This have rise the Shogun successor crisis.
  414. This head section was placed inside the pedestal of the newly constructed principal statue and remained hidden for a long time, before being rediscovered in 1937.
  415. This heavenly body rises from and sets in the most southerly directions on the day of Toji.
  416. This heavenly maiden is considered to be Toyoukebime no Kami.
  417. This heavily affects the growth and distribution of living things such as plants and animals.
  418. This hectarage accounted for about 8% of the total area of rice paddies at that time, which means Tanada was quite a common form of rice paddies.
  419. This helped put to an end to the time of upheaval by warring states in the Hoki regions, which had lasted for about a hundred years since the Bunmei era (1469-1487).
  420. This helped samurai gradually gain a voice in the central political arena.
  421. This helped the shogunal supporters, such as Imperial Prince Asahiko of the House of Kuninomiya, to regain their power.
  422. This helped to increase the gap between rich and poor further in a farm village.
  423. This helps to harm the onsen atmosphere again resulting in a vicious circle.
  424. This helps us conclude that Amenohiboko was a deity worshipped by Korean settlers in Deishi.
  425. This hem had been made extremely long since it came to be used to show class differences, and the like.
  426. This heralded the beginning of Kuniomi's activities as a patriot.
  427. This hermitage was built in the precincts of Ryuko-in in Daitoku-ji Temple (Kita Ward, Kyoto City) and given the name of Sunsho-an (small pine hermitage) because small pine trees were planted all over the front garden.
  428. This hermitage was named Toenken.
  429. This heroic warrior is said to have curdled the blood of all in Rakuchu even after his death.
  430. This hidden statue is enshrined within the miniature shrine so that it sits to the left of the central statue of the nine Amitabha statues as faced from the front, and is only revealed at certain times during spring, autumn and in January (displayed from January 1 - 15, March 21 - May 20, October 1 - November 30).
  431. This high alcohol content is rarely observed in brewed alcohol, and Japanese sake brewery has unique world level technical skills.
  432. This high quality is kept on the spiritual basis of "academic freedom", the motto of Kyoto University, and this spirit can be seen in, besides the academic field, energetic activities, such as those of the student autonomy.
  433. This high school student attended a press conference of apology which was held on 19th after the kyogen performance finished.
  434. This high-performance train model was created due to the fact that areas along the Shinkeihan railway line were sparsely populated, so the company could attract new customers only by specializing in inter-urban transportation.
  435. This high-pressure system is called Okhotsk anticyclone and cold and wet air mass which is the mother of this anticyclone is called Okhotsk air mass.
  436. This high-pressure system is called Pacific anticyclone and warm and wet air mass which is the mother of this anticyclone is called Ogasawara air mass.
  437. This high-speed railway line was constructed by introducing the Shinkansen system, and 700T-type Taiwan High Speed Rail train-cars, based on 700 series Shinkansen train-cars, are used.
  438. This highly elaborate piece features Hosogemon (arabesque flower pattern) embossed carving on the pedestal and gold leaf that covers not only the exterior surface but also the interior cavity.
  439. This highway runs through a number of areas and sites noted in connection with Shotoku Taishi (Prince Shotoku) such as Daisei Shogun-ji Temple which stands at its roadside.
  440. This highway was one of the Go-kaido (the collective name given to the five principal routes used during the Edo period).
  441. This hill had been functioning as a scaffold for workers and a support for the Great Buddha since its creation in 827 for repair work.
  442. This historical fact became famous by described in the novel "Ah, Nomugi Toge" (Oh, the Nomugi Pass) by Shigemi YAMAMOTO, and today, a hundred years after Mine's death, still many people visit the memorial in the Nomugi Pass and her grave in Sensho-ji temple in Tsunogawa, Kawai-cho, Hida City to commemorate her death.
  443. This historical fact, that a single Japanese person was allowed to meet with the Pope in this period of time, is an achievement worth mentioning among other events in the diplomatic history of Japan.
  444. This historical studies after the War are generally called 'History after the War,' and the Kokokushikan, which was the existing concept of values, decayed during the stream of post modern democracy.
  445. This history book contains various stories but indicates there is uncertainty about which story is true.
  446. This history book is a chronological compilation of the history of the Five Dynasties.
  447. This history is slightly complicated; however, zasu of Enryaku-ji Temple on Mt. Hiei in the Edo period were also called Tendai-zasu by convention.
  448. This history, like Samguk Sagi (History of the Three Kingdoms), chronicles the events of the Three Kingdoms period of Korea.
  449. This hit affected sake and sparked the boom of dry sake.
  450. This holiday is called furikae kyujitsu (a substitute holiday)
  451. This holiday is called kokumin no kyujitsu (holiday for a Nation)
  452. This holiday was established as a national holiday by the Act on National Holidays that was promulgated and went into effect in 1948.
  453. This hot spring is effective against various diseases and symptoms such as neuralgia, myalgia, arthralgia, frozen shoulders, bruises, sprains, chronic digestive organs disease, hemorrhoids and sensitivity to cold.
  454. This house is a Cultural Property designated by Ujitawara-cho Town.
  455. This house of the Imperial prince is the first officially hereditary prince in history acknowledged by the Imperial Household Agency.
  456. This house with the office currently remains as the Kawai Kanjiro Memorial Museum.
  457. This however aroused discontent within the bakufu government and made Sadatoki apprehensive.
  458. This however was quite natural because Sumiyoshi Sanjin appeared when Izanagi, who had visited the land of the dead after the death of Izanami, carried out a purification ceremony, and therefore it would not be possible to select a myth from the body of a book in which Izanami did not die.
  459. This hypothesis identifies Toyo as Amatoyo-hime, a child of Takemorozumi no mikoto who was the seventh grandchild of Hikohoakari, the ancestor of Owari clan and Amabe clan.
  460. This hypothesis is to identify Toyo as Toyosuki iri-bime no mikoto who was a princess of Emperor Sujin.
  461. This hypothesis is valid in case Himiko is identified as Amaterasu.
  462. This idea came from the start of the unified government body called shogunate government which originated from feudal Japan where various powers were scattered across the mountainous land.
  463. This idea carried the danger that the Classics, which were the external authority, and even the authority of the real government, would become ignored.
  464. This idea could be constructed if the dates written in "Nihonshoki" were true.
  465. This idea goes beyond that of Honen, and is one of the significant doctrinal differences between Jodo Shinshu and Jodo shu.
  466. This idea has been mistaken by Shushigaku scholars who oppose Yomei-gaku and by Japanese people for the idea of emphasizing practice, which is different from its original meaning.
  467. This idea has been used as a motif of buildings and ornaments of Chinese cultural sphere.
  468. This idea is a part of the Buddhist doctrines of Nichiren sect or Hokke sect.
  469. This idea is called Nichiren Honbutsu-ron.
  470. This idea is clearly laid out in "Dankyo", although with a proviso of being compared with other Chinese Zen books.
  471. This idea is different in character from the conception of Shinto in Japan.
  472. This idea is explained by other theories.
  473. This idea is identical to the view of nature held by the Japanese.
  474. This idea is partly influenced by Ise Shinto (a school of Shinto thought established by priests of the Grand Shrine of Ise [Ise no Jingu] in the medieval period).
  475. This idea is still found today in the ground-breaking ceremony, etc.
  476. This idea of Fumonjigen led to the creation of various appearances of Kannon, such as Roku Kannon, Shichi Kannon, Jugoson Kannon and Sanjyu-san Kannon.
  477. This idea originated with Cheng Mingdao, and Wang Yangming combined the idea with ryochi.
  478. This idea provides the foundation of Jodo kyo (Pure Land teachings) with its belief in Amida.
  479. This idea served as a theoretical base for the Meiji Restoration, and caused Izumo-ha school, which enshrined Okuninushi no Kami, to emerge in early modern times.
  480. This idea spread throughout Japan so the death of a person became expressed as 'Kiseki ni iru' (Join the ranks of Oni); this image mixed together with the original meaning has remained.
  481. This idea was based on Hirobumi ITO's "Kenpogige" (Commentaries on the constitution) which insisted that administrative powers should be independent from judicial powers.
  482. This idea was brought to fruition in Kanpyo and Engi eras, from the end of the 9th century to the beginning of the 10th century.
  483. This idea was introduced as Monzaemon's by Ikan HOZUMI in "Naniwa Miyage" (Souvenir of Naniwa) but there are no theories on performing art written by Monzaemon himself.
  484. This idea was supported by many domains, and as early as 1654, Masayuki HOSHINA of the Aizu domain introduced this practice.
  485. This idea was the same as the 'Osaka Gyoko' plan proposed by Okubo, and because the capital was not transferred it was a proposal that the conservatives could take in comparatively easily.
  486. This idea was thoroughly opposed and criticized by the Japanese language scholars of the time, and it is taken as a kind of pseudoscience or folk etymology, i.e. merely a coincidence of languages, and it is no longer taken seriously.
  487. This ideological movement was linked with ancient Tantrism, creating a point of view that Buddha is a self-expression of a non-historical existence (hosshin (Dharma Body)) that may be called 'Butsujiji', and this existence was assumed to be Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairocana).
  488. This image became wide spread, and the story of Yukimori praying to the moon in order to take on all kinds of troubles in exchange for the restoration of the Amago clan was adopted in textbooks from the Meiji period, during which Bushido (the way of the samurai) was used as a source of spiritual support for the people.
  489. This image derives from being associated with Kimon (the northeast, an unlucky direction, person or thing to be avoided), that is the oriental bearings, Ox and Tiger (northeast in the Western sense).
  490. This image is called as Maitreya (Miroku) by westerners.
  491. This image is commonly known as Fugen-san.
  492. This image is paired with the Kannon Bosatsu image on the wall No. 7, the opposite wall.
  493. This image is seated, facing the observers' right.
  494. This image of her apparently became widespread because of a novel by Sohachi YAMAOKA.
  495. This image was established during the Heian period.
  496. This image was personally owned by Myoe and contains his own writing.
  497. This image, which is also called 'Konjiki Fudo Myoo' (Golden God of Fire), appeared suddenly in front of Enchin (he was 25 years old at that time), who had been doing ascetic practices at Mt. Hiei, in 838 and said, 'I am Konjiki Fudo Myoo.'
  498. This imitates a gesture made when a person explains something to another, and therefore is called Seppo-in (the term "seppo" means preaching).
  499. This imitates the figure of ancient Indian royalty.
  500. This imperial edict also set out direct denunciation of Christianity, promotion of Shinto by missionary, and national protection of Shinto.
  501. This imperial heir would be called "kotaitei" (the younger brother of an emperor who is the heir apparent).
  502. This imperial visit marks the golden age of Nijo-jo Castle.
  503. This implement, converted from a carpenter's plane, had a small box in which the blade was positioned upward, and the small box had a drawer from which the shaved katsuobushi pieces were removed.
  504. This implies Ujitsuna HOJO greatly valued Tsunashige.
  505. This implies a change in his state of mind.
  506. This implies that Ieyasu regarded Ujinori as a contact person of the Hojo clan.
  507. This implies that Maizuru City can be said to be a tertiary industrial city where service industries are active, making it a city of commerce when compared to neighboring municipalities.
  508. This implies that Shigeyoshi, who had a personal connection with Dutch interpreters, felt a crisis of the country due to the appearance of powerful foreign countries around Japan and further continued the military research.
  509. This implies that Tomomori played an important role in the Taira family.
  510. This implies that he returns to a samurai at this moment, and the staging emphasizes the beauty of committing seppuku with the costume of glossy silk.
  511. This implies that the Kusanagi sword was originally a sacred treasure belonging to the Atsuta-jingu Shrine.
  512. This implies the emergence of class difference.
  513. This implies the incident in which Yamatotakeru was deceived and set fire by the Kuni no miyatsuko (provincial governor) who was in charge of Sagami Province.
  514. This in fact shortened the period until the abdication of Reizei.
  515. This inaccurate survey resulted in disagreement between the record in the registry and the actual topographical shape of the land or the surveyed area; (these inaccuracies are referred to 'nawa nobi' (rope stretching) and 'nawa chijimi' (rope shrinking).
  516. This incantation was occasionally performed for oneself but it was performed as a service to the emperor or sekkanke (Regent Family) for the most part.
  517. This incidence destroyed the peace agreement with the Ouchi clan completely.
  518. This incidence triggered an upsurge in voices calling for the preparation of a legal framework to prevent Japanese antiques from flowing out to foreign countries.
  519. This incident (the fall of the head family of the Soga clan) is referred to as Isshi-no-hen after the Oriental Zodiac, because this is the year that it happened.
  520. This incident also contributed to the rise of sobo shu (sake produced by monks) such as "Bodaisen," "Yamadaru," and "Yamato Tafunomine zake" in Nara, "Hogen zake" in Echizen, "Hyakusaidera shu" in Omi, and "Kanshinji shu" in Kawachi.
  521. This incident also shocked many cultivated people at that time.
  522. This incident brought such a terrible shock to the Korean government that they had to consider the recovery of the diplomatic relations with Japan by surmounting all objections by the supporters of expulsion of foreigners, and concluded the Japanese-Korea Treaty of Amity (the Treaty of Ganghwa) in 1876.
  523. This incident brought the notable Tomo clan (the Otomo clan), which had lasted since ancient times, to ruin.
  524. This incident caused the downfall of the Chujo clan, and although they were later able to regain Takahashi Manor through distinguished service during the Yuki and other wars, their power never recovered to what it had once been and the clan's influence gradually declined.
  525. This incident completed the Tokuso autocracy.
  526. This incident dealt a strong blow to the Tomo clan, which had, until then, survived so many political conflicts and kept the reputation as a venerable noble family.
  527. This incident deepened the antagonism between Tahahide and Yoriyuki HOSOKAWA, which is considered to have been the root cause of the Koryaku no Seihen (Coup of Koryaku).
  528. This incident demonstrated that the repeated troop deployment to the Korean peninsula caused severe militaristic and economic burdens upon the local ruling families in Japan; this would lead to the rebellion attempted by Iwai, and was considered to be a byproduct of these warring excursions.
  529. This incident developed into a full-fledged confrontation between the Tokugawa and Toyotomi families, which eventually led to Osaka no Jin (The Siege of Osaka).
  530. This incident directly triggered Jogen no Honan (an event where four apprentices of Honen were executed and seven others including Honen and Shinran were banished by Retired Emperor Gotoba) for which Honen was exiled to Oki Island and Shinran to the Echigo Province.
  531. This incident dispirited Shigemori, and caused him to hardly make appearances on the political stage.
  532. This incident entailed the murder of Furuhito no Oe no Miko, who had been pressed by the Soga clan, by Naka no Oe no Oji and FUJIWARA no Kamatari, who were the ringleaders of the coup.
  533. This incident expanded to the temporal occupation of the center of Kobe by the foreign military, but the person in charge of the troop that caused the incident, Zenzaburo TAKI, committed suicide by disembowelment, which led to a tentative solution.
  534. This incident gave Makoto a tremendous mental distress, and thereafter, he locked up his gate and confined himself to his mansion.
  535. This incident had a great diplomatic influence.
  536. This incident had been considered as a suppression of Western learning for a long time even though there were just more than a dozen arrestees, because "Yogakutozenshi" written by Mokichi FUJITA in the Meiji period described this incident in relation with Movement for Liberty and People's Right by parity of reasoning.
  537. This incident has been generally regarded as an incident that Ieyasu, Suden and others plotted and made an issue to find an excuse for attacking the Toyotomi family.
  538. This incident helped to establish the regent Tokiyori HOJO's power, and paved the way for the dictatorship of Tokuso (the main branch of the HOJO clan).
  539. This incident intrigued the bakufu, and there are records remaining that held the Tamana clan and Hosokawa clan under suspicion of being associated with this incident.
  540. This incident is also called the Battle of Koan, the Yasumori ADACHI war or the Jonosuke AKITA war.
  541. This incident is also known as a large scale rally and the event for suppression of speech in the Meiji period.
  542. This incident is believed to have been a strategy of the bakufu to disconnect powerful supporters from devout Christians in Hirado, under the pretext of a policy of central residence of hostages in Edo under the Sankin-kotai (daimyo's alternate-year residence in Edo) system.
  543. This incident is called the Izu Raid, and considered the opening the Warring States Period of the East.
  544. This incident is known as an anecdote informing of Kenshin's short temper and indiscreet nature.
  545. This incident is known as the Port Authur Massacre.
  546. This incident is sometimes referred to as the second largest arrest after the Ikedaya Incident in the history of Shinsengumi.
  547. This incident is the "Jowa Incident."
  548. This incident is, hwoever, thought to be the secret intrigue of Prince Naka no Oe no Oji and NAKATOMI no Kamatari.
  549. This incident led her to divorce him after a short term marriage, and to return to her family home.
  550. This incident led the goyobeya room (office room) of Roju to be moved to a place far away from the residence of the shogun, in the pretext of worrying about his safety.
  551. This incident led to an agreement on a cease-fire on March 30.
  552. This incident led to increased private trade and smuggling with Japanese merchants at coastal areas such as Shuangyu near Ningbo and the Zhoushan Islands, as well as activities of wako (koki wako [the 16th-century wako pirate-traders]).
  553. This incident led to the rupture of diplomatic relations between Japan and Korea.
  554. This incident made Yoritoshi lose his position and his military service at the Battle of Enkyo Ezo was not appreciated at all, while KIYOHARA no Sadahira (also known as KIYOHARA no Sanehira), who was the second-in-command of Yoritoshi's army, was appointed to be the Chinju-fu Shogun (Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of the North).
  555. This incident made him decide to resign all the companies he had served as corporate officer.
  556. This incident made his fairness and integrity widely known.
  557. This incident made it impossible for Yoshitsune to go down to Kyushu.
  558. This incident made people think of the academic independence and neutrality for the politics.
  559. This incident made the confrontation between the group of Naramaro and the group of FUJIWARA no Nakamaro even more severe.
  560. This incident made the headlines in foreign medias, and it increased trust in the Japanese judiciary.
  561. This incident made the headlines in newspapers and magazines, and it is said that karate, which had been known only to some of the martial artists, became known nationwide overnight.
  562. This incident occurred between Japan and France during The Sino-Japanese War
  563. This incident occurred when Takigawa was Dean of Kyoto University (1953-1957) and the Dogaku-kai (student union) asked for a ceremony to commemorate the establishment of the university but discussions about the ceremony details between the two parties did not reach a conclusion.
  564. This incident occurred while negotiations to redress an unequal treaty between Japan and the USA were underway.
  565. This incident provoked controversy on the freedom of education and learning at private schools.
  566. This incident provoked the Emperor's anger at Sanekata, who was ordered to 'go think upon uta makura (conventional poetic epithets)' and was subsequently demoted to the post of Governor of Mutsu Province, and thereby was sent away from the capital.
  567. This incident put Yoshiie in a very difficult position and he was forced to confront the task of tracking down his son Yoshichika and kill him.
  568. This incident raised a question on the relationship between the academic (especially, historical) freedom and the nation's political system.
  569. This incident reached even the ears of Imperial Prince Sadafusa, who started '不定之世毎事如此' with surprise, but Onami was forgiven within approximately ten days due to the help of Mitsusuke AKAMATSU.
  570. This incident reflected the times that a power structure and proper ways to exercise powers were still unclear.
  571. This incident resulted in virtual fall of the Ouchi clan, which was called as the greatest Sengoku daimyo (Japanese territorial lord in the Sengoku period) in Saigoku (western part of Japan) and great change in ruling structure of Saigoku.
  572. This incident showed that the Kebiishicho (Office of Police and Judicial Chief) and various efu (Palace Guards) were losing substance while the In no hokumen (Imperial Palace Guards) were gaining more power.
  573. This incident sparked rumors that said there was an understanding between Moronao and Takauji to eliminate Tadayoshi, and even to this day, there are theories that propose the incident was caused with intention.
  574. This incident spurred the publication of the governmental report entitled 'Shokko jijo' (Conditions for Factory Workers), an investigation into the working environment of textile factories of the day.
  575. This incident startled the court nobles in Kyoto, and while the police and judicial chief (in the ancient administrative system) investigated the incident, 法師隆範 was arrested as a suspect on July 25, 1025; he confessed that he killed the princess as instructed by FUJIWARA no Michimasa.
  576. This incident tells us that Kosen seemed to have a significant power as Masamoto's close adviser.
  577. This incident ultimately set one example in the application of international law in time of war, as a passenger from a neutral country on a neutral ship was arrested as a "forbidden" person in wartime.
  578. This incident was also painted in the National Treasure 'Ban Dainagon Ekotoba' (The Tale of Great Minister Ban).
  579. This incident was also the opportunity for Michiyasu's mother, FUJIWARA no Junshi's older brother Yoshifusa to grab hold of power.
  580. This incident was commonly called Lee Bong-chang Incident or Sakuradamon Lese Majesty Incident, while the Japanese government especially called it Lee Bong-chang Lese Majesty Incident.
  581. This incident was generally thought as the crime of Shinbei TANAKA from Satsuma, but it was conjectured that Izo also joined him.
  582. This incident was intervened into by the Zen priest Muso Soseki, under the condition that Shigeyoshi and Naomune were to be exiled, Tadayoshi became a monk and retired from the bakufu administration, Moronao removed his barricade.
  583. This incident was later compiled as "Soga monogatari" (the tale of Soga), and in the Edo period, "Soga monotagari" was picked up as subject matter for Noh, Joruri (Ballad drama), Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors), Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints) and so on, and gained popularity among the people.
  584. This incident was mocked by the public.
  585. This incident was so significant in the modern history of Japan because it triggered independence of judiciary from government's interference and raised people's awareness of separation of powers.
  586. This incident was so-called "the emperor organ theory incident."
  587. This incident was the starting point of the path of schism over the position of the monshu (chief priest) of Hongan-ji Temple, and in 1602 Ieyasu TOKUGAWA split Hongan-ji Temple by giving Kyonyo a temple and land for Higashi Hongan-ji Temple, which was thus separated from Junnyo's Honganji Buddhist Sect.
  588. This incident was the trigger for Miyasudokoro to become a living wraith and torment the pregnant Aoi no ue and Genji witnessed her.
  589. This incident was then examined in the conference chamber, which was structured by the Magistrate of Temples and Shrines, the town magistrate, and the Magistrate, and Shogun Ienari ordered Yasutada to exclusively control the case.
  590. This incident was very humiliating for Emperor Uda, who therefore promoted SUGAWARA no Michizane to an important position as a trusted and close advisor after Mototsune's death.
  591. This incident was written as a tragedy in "The Tale of Heike," but according to the anthology of waka poems by Takafusa REIZEI "Tsuyakotoba," Kogo was still seeing Takafusa although she was loved by the Emperor, it shows there was no strict morality within the Imperial Palace in those days.
  592. This incident, however, forced the second cabinet of Gonbei YAMAMOTO to take the responsibility and resign en bloc, and subsequently Keigo KIYOURA, Chairman of the Privy Council received an Imperial command to form a new cabinet.
  593. This incident, in the final analysis, though unintended as such, amounted to an act of rebellion against the Imperial Court.
  594. This inclination became evident during the Muromachi period.
  595. This included an outburst where he said 'a few of the court nobles are trying to take power by supporting a young emperor.'
  596. This included the aspect that the ability of the So clan was to be checked by the bakufu.
  597. This includes 'Yoshio-style surgery' by a founder Kogyu YOSHIO and 'Narabayashi-style surgery' by a founder Chinzan NARABAYASHI.
  598. This includes 29,438 women.
  599. This includes Oi-yaki (Oi ware) of Kanazawa and Tamamizu-yaki (Tamamizu ware) of Kyoto, etc. which were learned from the methods of the Raku family.
  600. This includes a lot of old-established magazines.
  601. This includes drinks other than refined sake, synthetic sake, shochu (distilled spirit), mirin, beer, fruit wine, whisky, brandy, material alcohol, low-malt beer, other brews, spirit, liqueur and powder liquor.
  602. This includes his childhood and adolescence.
  603. This includes many varieties of historical documents such as those related to Shoen (manor), that are very important not only for the history of economics and Buddhism, but also for the whole study of Japanese history.
  604. This includes the agreement of adverbs, therefore it is a proper material for beginning to read classic literature.
  605. This includes the descendants of those who migrated from Honshu to Ryukyu (now Okinawa Prefecture) and Ezochi (inhabited area of Ainu, now Hokkaido) between the late medieval period and the modern age.
  606. This includes the works like historical novels in a broad sense, but generally this is used only for the stories that take place in the Edo or former period.
  607. This incorporated the ancient temples of each local community into the hierarchy of a certain sect.
  608. This indicated his profound jealousy against Reino.
  609. This indicated that the post was equivalent to sanko (three high level bureaucrats), or Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state), and Minister of the Left and Minister of the Right.
  610. This indicates Akihira's intentions to improve the collection to make it more suitable for contemporary Japanese social circumstances.
  611. This indicates Japanese swords excluded from the category of Japanese swords as art swords.
  612. This indicates decrease in domestic money stock.
  613. This indicates from the first Japanese swords in a narrow sense to the ones before the Keicho Period.
  614. This indicates she has transformed herself from a pure young lady into a woman mad with jealousy.
  615. This indicates swords after the Keicho period.
  616. This indicates swords older than Koto (Old Swords), which are not normally categorized into Japanese swords.
  617. This indicates that Toshimitsu SAITO held such an important position not solely due to his kinship with Mitsuhide AKECHI, but because he had demonstrated the superior capabilities of a warlord.
  618. This indicates that Waobu recognized himself as an eastern barbarian.
  619. This indicates that an attempt was being made by administrative officers to comprehend the population by fifty-family units.
  620. This indicates that background kosa is slightly mixed with SO42- (sulfide ion) included in air pollutants exhausted on the ground level and that this type of kosa is generated through paths different from those through which ordinary kosa is generated.
  621. This indicates that hanbi should be worn even in winter in principle.
  622. This indicates that he or she doesn't know what to do with his or her hands and legs due to a feeling of great joy.
  623. This indicates that he was conscious of a campaign led by Zenkoku Suiheisha (the National Levelers' Association) to develop Buraku Liberation Movement for abolishing discriminatory language and behavior.
  624. This indicates that many samurai of the Kodama Party were killed in action in this war.
  625. This indicates that men become adults without breaking from the influence of his mother, which is very typical way of a boy becoming a man in Japan.
  626. This indicates that people of the time felt that a palace should be used by many emperors rather than used as an angu (the palace where the emperor lived temporarily) for one emperor.
  627. This indicates that the Buddha is absorbed in contemplation (meditation).
  628. This indicates that the biographies in "Sonpi Bunmyaku" were written according to the tale.
  629. This indicates that the chigyo right was expanded to be executable over an entire province, and a province in such a state was called a chigyo-koku.
  630. This indicates that the custom of using 'reisei' to describe a shrine's most important festival is firmly established.
  631. This indicates that the upheaval semi-plain of the Kii Mountains was formed by erosion by rivers.
  632. This indicates that there were different courtesies or stances toward Shinsen, which have been passed down to the present day.
  633. This indicates the Kokujin formation's strong sense of independence in the Kinai region (the five capital provinces surrounding the ancient capitals of Nara and Kyoto).
  634. This indicates the correct application of the calendar based on the principle of 7 leap months in 19 years.
  635. This indicates the pomp of that time where people made money through trades with Spain and Portugal.
  636. This individual was a duke after the Meiji Restoration.
  637. This influenced the creation and modification of many local dishes in Japan.
  638. This influenced the problem of Buraku (hamlet) discrimination.
  639. This influenced the world with a focus on Asia in the 1990s.
  640. This information comes from "Sanryo," which was written in 1925 and was enlarged in 1929 by Takejiro UENO, an officer of former Imperial Household Ministry.
  641. This infuriated Senshi and her father, FUJIWARA no Kaneie.
  642. This infuriated Yoshihiro, who attacked the Iwami army with such force that the Iwami army became terrified, broke and scattered.
  643. This ingenious method of use surprised engineers and reflects Kozui's efforts in design and his intent to cut costs.
  644. This ingenuity makes it possible for Akari-shoji to slide without derailing from a track.
  645. This ingredient is second only to cabbage in terms of the amount used.
  646. This initial charge is called tachiai.
  647. This initial facility was located approximately 350 meters south of the present Takeda Station.
  648. This ink contains abundant umami (especially amino acid) when compared to that of a squid, but it is considered difficult to process and not fit for cooking since the ink has less viscosity and is easier to dissolve in water, in addition to the fact that the ink sac is difficult to take out.
  649. This ink painting, full of Japanese sensitivity, must be the fruit of the combination of the scenery of Tohaku's birthplace still in his mind and the technique of Mokkei.
  650. This innovative technique is applied to conventional homes as Sugi-shoji (doors made of Japanese cedar, sometimes sliding doors made of either single panels of smooth cedar or multiple panels of straight-grained cedar).
  651. This inscription became a reliable standard in the history of ancient Japan, and it was a great help to decide the real dates of the other historical facts.
  652. This inscription contains highly Japanese style of expression such as chitenka (under the rule), yasotabi (eighty times), totsuka (length of ten fists)
  653. This inside open space was divided with kicho, folding screens and shoji according to daily needs of residents, ceremonies of annual events and banquets, and staged the space adequately by placing chodai, tatami and other furniture for every occasion.
  654. This inso is assumed by Amida Nyorai coming to fetch a believer on his or her deathbed.
  655. This institution was established in 1874, executed the next year, and abolished in 1904.
  656. This instrument can be used for measuring chemical characteristics of kosa and others.
  657. This instrument disappeared from gagaku tradition but was restored after World War II by referring to the treasures in the Shosoin Treasure House.
  658. This instrument is used in kuniburi no utamai (Japanese traditional dance executed in the ceremonies of the court) and some kagura performances (sacred music and dancing performed at shrines) made in modern times.
  659. This integration was also achieved through efforts by Shunkai BUNDO.
  660. This intensified the confrontation between the forces from Awa and the senior vassals of the Keicho family (mainly powerful local lords in and around the capital) called 'uchishu' who had thus far supported Masamoto.
  661. This interest was called public suiko or shozei, and was as important a resources as the rice tax.
  662. This intermezzo is sometimes very long.
  663. This internal conflict too ended when Kyonyo left Ishiyama and, right after Nobunaga's death in June 1582, Kennyo and Kyonyo made peace with each other at the mediation of the Imperial Court.
  664. This internal discord and a move by Tanemune to offer Sanemoto DATE, his son and the younger brother of Harumune, to the Uesugi clan of Echigo Province for adoption triggered the Tenbun War, in which the Tanemune party that promoted the adoption and the Harumune party that opposed to it confronted each other.
  665. This interpretation is believed to have been forged in later times because Awashima (Tomogashima Island, on the opposite shore of Kada, Wakayama City) was a sharyo (territory of a shrine) of Sumiyoshi-taisha Shrine, but belief that 'Awashima no kami guards women because she is a goddess' remains strong.
  666. This interpretation of the Nirvana Sutra was originated by Chigi, a high priest of the Tendai School of Buddhism who lived during the sixth century.
  667. This interpretation of the inscription was then established as the universally established evaluation, granting the fact in 'Some components of the statements were exaggerations of a great achievement, but most of the components reflected accurately on historical facts.'
  668. This intersection is commonly known and called as Kawaramachi Oike.
  669. This intersection is located at latitude 35 degrees 0 minute 41 seconds north, 135 degrees 46 minutes 8 seconds of east longitude.
  670. This intervention would have violated the authority of chiten no kimi (supreme ruler) as Kanezane expressed in his words, 'Because this is a matter that the retired emperor should decide, vassals must not dictate what to do' ("Gyokuyo," entry of September 9).
  671. This invasion for seven years was a disaster which damaged both land and people of Korea heavily and became one of the reasons for the subvert of Min Dynasty by a burden of enormous costs and waste of troops.
  672. This involves dividing a shrine's tutelary deity and enshrining it in another shrine.
  673. This involves facilitating the creation of intricate models by cutting paper to increase the corners of paper or cutting off a part of paper.
  674. This is "Kameno-o", which he took out this well-grown stump, selected good seeds to plant, and succeeded in increasing yields over about three years.
  675. This is "the posture."
  676. This is 'Uji no Hashihime.'
  677. This is 'chigyo goitsu.'
  678. This is 'considered to be related to the characteristics of tofu, such as requiring delicate technique for making tofu, impossibility of long storage, etc.,' (as excerpted from the website of Zentoren, the Japanese national tofu association).
  679. This is 'jisho maren.'
  680. This is 'tsubu-an' paste made by mashing beans.
  681. This is Amida-do Hall architecture at Chuson-ji Temple; a squared hall whose side is sangen in length that shows the glory of the Oshu-Fujiwara clan for three generations, and is also called 'Hikarido' (Hall of Light).
  682. This is Chikushozuka where the head of Hidetsugu has been buried.
  683. This is Chogen's kanjin cho for the reconstruction of Todai-ji Temple.
  684. This is Geta whose teeth are horizontally thick.
  685. This is Iga War I.
  686. This is Japan's oldest stone pagoda, and this is the biggest three-stone pagoda in Japan.
  687. This is Kannon who ranges over the ocean of life and death, symbolizing great power of briskness and effort to conquer Four Hindrances, as if the treasure horse of Tenrinjoo (universal ruler) ranges over all around to conquer, and it is said it eats up the heavy hindrance of avidya just like a gluttonous horse.
  688. This is Kuniyoshi's specialty, a large-sized Ukiyo-e triptych, consisting of three pieces.
  689. This is Shato no gi (ceremony conducted on the shrine premises).
  690. This is Shinran's 'the path to true means of salvation is by means of a believing heart' (in Shinran's magnum opus work 'Kyogyoshinsho') and
  691. This is Sohen school of tea ceremony.
  692. This is Takutori-tenno, described as father of Nata-taishi in "Journey to West" and Risei in Feng-Shen-Yen-I.
  693. This is Tenchiban which is made with a different way from Tenchiban that is made based on the time divined and Gessho, which appears at the beginning of the chapter 'Shikasandenho daiichi.'
  694. This is Uchigatana (or Tachi) with a short blade.
  695. This is Uchizato Nishi - Iwata loop-lined, clockwise bound
  696. This is Ukontaku.
  697. This is Yoshitsune's famed 'Leaping of the Eight Ships.'
  698. This is `Japanese Mythology.'
  699. This is a 22-volume series.
  700. This is a 56-tatami-mat room.
  701. This is a 71-meter-long keyhole-shaped tumulus with a stylobate.
  702. This is a Buddha statue that Kaikei sculpted in his 'takusho amida butsu' (skilled artisan of Amida Buddha) era, and delicate patterns of connected shippo, yotsume kikko, double lattice and kagome, and so on are provided finely in the kirikane technique.
  703. This is a Buddha statue that Kaikei sculpted in his Hokkyo phase, and features a beautiful face and gracefully curved robe lines.
  704. This is a Buddhist memorial service to praise Xuanzang, the founder of the Hosso sect.
  705. This is a Buddhist memorial service to pray for national prosperity and a huge harvest, etc. and also the place where state examination is held to become an official monk.
  706. This is a Bunraku play, first performed in 1705 in Gidayu-bushi (a style of Joruri [dramatic narrative chanted to a shamisen accompaniment]).
  707. This is a Chinese custom, because there was no such custom in Japan from ancient times to the present.
  708. This is a Court cap whose koji and ei were fixed together with a clip called koji-gami which was made with gold foil-covered, two-ply danshi (fine crepe paper) with a square hole on its center.
  709. This is a Court cap with no crest which is worn by an emperor at significant ritual ceremonies, with its ei folding over on his head to fix it together with koji with a band of white silk.
  710. This is a Japanese garden with around 3,000 Japanese plum trees.
  711. This is a Japanese plum forest in Tsukigase-mura Village, former Soekami County.
  712. This is a Japanese plum forest, referenced in poetry written in the period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties, with around 20,000 Japanese plum trees.
  713. This is a Japanese poem written when Michizane was demoted and transferred to Dazaifu (local government office in the Kyushu region), parting reluctantly from the beloved Japanese plum flowers in his garden.
  714. This is a Jiuta piece in the Tegotomono style, composed for koto by a blind musician Matsuua Kengyo around the Bunka-Bunsei eras.
  715. This is a Kagura that the Emperor Chuai employed to get rid of the ogre named 'Jinrin' who had wings to fly in the sky by using Yumiya which had the spiritual power of the god, Amenowakahiko.
  716. This is a Kaidan (Ghost Stories) called "Peony Lantern" that is included in "Otogi Boko" (Hand Puppets) by Ryoi ASAI and the story describes female ghost, Iyako.
  717. This is a Keka Hoyo (the Buddhist memorial service for confessing one's sins) that has lasted since the Nara period, in which people beg Yakushi Nyorai's forgiveness.
  718. This is a Mikan brand grown in greenhouses in Aichi Prefecture.
  719. This is a Nanko-ume plum forest famed for its 'Glimpse of 1,000 trees with a fragrance spreading for miles.'
  720. This is a Nanko-ume plum forest located on a hill overlooking the Senri no hama Beach of the Kumanokodo Road, containing around 6,000 trees.
  721. This is a Nanko-ume plum forest with 20,000 trees on its 30-hectare site.
  722. This is a Oshuku ume plum forest with 16,000 trees on the 30-hectare site.
  723. This is a Seiryo-ji Temple style Buddha statue, and a double circle pattern and Hosoge pattern are provided in the breast part of the robe and around the upper parts of both legs.
  724. This is a Seiryo-ji temple style Buddha statue, and Kikko and lattice kirikane patterns are provided, being kept in a good state with no missing part.
  725. This is a Shinto ritual to provide spiritual power by using a bow like a musical instrument.
  726. This is a Shinto ritual to provide spiritual power to an arrow by attaching Kabura.
  727. This is a bag which is slightly bigger than a fukusa basami.
  728. This is a battle of the allied forces of Kanto Kanrei (Sadamasa OGIGAYATSU and Akisada YAMANOUCHI), Koga kubo (Nariuji ASHIKAGA), Yoshiatsu MIURA and Yoritane CHIBA versus the Satomi family which broke out in the winter of 1483 (in the novel).
  729. This is a beverage which became popular in Russia etc. around the beginning of 20th century, and it was misconstrued as Japanese Kobucha, though the reason is not clear.
  730. This is a big machine bow called a catapult.
  731. This is a big misconception.
  732. This is a big once-a-year job for young men.
  733. This is a book of recollected notes from lost reference books edited and compiled by a Japanese scholar of law history, Noboru NIIDA.
  734. This is a book that classifies the so called kyakushiki (statute books): Koninkyaku, Jogankyaku, and Engikyaku by cases.
  735. This is a book written without any relationship to the natural environment of Okinawa, and Yoshikawa suggests that this term was spread to Okinawa at that time.
  736. This is a bow made of layers of flat pieces of wood, bamboo and some wood sections bonded together to provide strength and toughness in the right places.
  737. This is a brewing method which utilized the saccharification of Aspergillus oryzae and it is similar to the one of modern sake.
  738. This is a bud mutation found by Heiju AOSHIMA of Shizuoka City, Shuziuoka Prefecture in 1978.
  739. This is a bud mutation of Miyakawa-wase found by Hisahiko UENO of Hamatama-machi, Higashimatsuura District, (today's Karatsu City,) Saga Prefecture in 1970, and was registered as a new variety in 1985.
  740. This is a bud mutation of Okitsu-wase found by Denichi IWASAKI of Saikai-cho, Nishisonogi District, (today's Saikai City,) Nagasaki Prefecture in 1968.
  741. This is a calm state.
  742. This is a cartoony punch line with an explosion at the end of the story.
  743. This is a casual form of the Noh performance.
  744. This is a catalogue of instruments used in Buddhism, kyoso (notes on sutras) and written works related to Tendai Buddhism that he either collected or transcribed in Yuezhou (Zhejiang) while he was in China in 805.
  745. This is a ceremony about the emperor's constitutional functions, and the new emperor makes a speech to Japanese Prime Ministers and others.
  746. This is a ceremony in which a child ties an obi for the first time with the strings to secure the kimono removed.
  747. This is a ceremony to pass the sacred treasures, Yata no kagami (the sacred mirror) which is enshrined as God at Kensho, Kashikodokoro (one of the palaces in the Three Shrines in the Imperial Court).
  748. This is a ceremony to pray for the safety of the building after its completion.
  749. This is a characteristic common to the diaries written by his contemporary court nobles.
  750. This is a characteristic which has not been found in China and Korea.
  751. This is a classification of buildings based on which side its main entrance is provided.
  752. This is a close processing technique for making points and microblades.
  753. This is a cloth which is used to clean off tea bowls and other tea equipment at tea ceremony.
  754. This is a collaboration as a part of 'Visit Japan campaign' by Michelin company, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism and so on.
  755. This is a collaborative work of the Kano school (c. 1586-1591), and Gunsen-zu is said most likely to have been drawn by Eitoku.
  756. This is a collection of excerpts from stanzas of poems from the Godai kanyo, the Manyoshu, and the Kokinshu.
  757. This is a coming of age ceremony, which is once in a lifetime for the young men in Kurama.
  758. This is a comment by Hirobumi ITO on Shinsaku TAKASUGI.
  759. This is a commentary on "Treatise on the Pure Land" (its formal name: "Muryoju-kyo Ubadaisha Ganshoge" [Upadesa on the Sutra of Immeasurable Life]) written by Tenjin (Seshin) (Vasubandhu).
  760. This is a common measure taken in the provinces to attract tourists.
  761. This is a common name of a fictional character in "The Tale of Genji."
  762. This is a common processing method used in areas where there is a large volume of fish caught and dried fish is being produced in countries around the world in addition to Japan.
  763. This is a common theory.
  764. This is a competent theory that dates back to ancient times because under the "ritsuryosei" (ancient East Asian system of centralized governance), the word 'jogaku' referred to a quota.
  765. This is a competition where the quality of a Sensu held by the two groups of people in the Imperial court in the Heian period, and pictures were painted on the surface of the Sensu.
  766. This is a comprehensive food wholesale market dealing with all kinds of food including mainly fresh fish, dried-salted fish, and fruits and vegetables, and it distributes a variety of food by request from retailers and restaurants, such as tilefish in winter and conger pikes and Kyoto vegetables in summer.
  767. This is a conference in which municipalities which are organizing tanabata-related events participate for the purpose of information exchange and discussions about the problems.
  768. This is a container used to pour warmed sake used even today.
  769. This is a content, which can be called "Maibayashi" (An abbreviated style of Noh) with "Waki" and Shozoku (costume).
  770. This is a conversion from '... deosu,' and may be said as '... dofu,' too.
  771. This is a converted form of '... teoiyasu.'
  772. This is a cooking method use to prepare kayu from leftover rice.
  773. This is a cooking technique to make cuisine resemble animal-derived food with the use of vegetable origin materials.
  774. This is a counterpart to bonsan (Sanskrit hymns) chanted in Sanskrit, or Kansan chanted in ancient Chinese.
  775. This is a crime of hurting a living person's skin, equivalent to a charge of bodily injury.
  776. This is a crime where a field is sowed where other people have already sown seeds to hinder the development of crops (or to usurp the others of the cultivation right, some theory states), described in "Nihonshoki."
  777. This is a crime where a horse is skinned backward from rear to front, and due to the same origin as Ikihagi described in "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki," this is also regarded as the violation against the sacredness of a divine service.
  778. This is a crime where horses are skinned alive, and originated in the description in "Nihonshoki" where Susanoo no Mikoto skinned Ama no fuchigoma Horse alive and threw it into the palace where Amaterasu Omikami was weaving the cloth to present to the God.
  779. This is a crime where irrigation is interrupted by destroying the irrigation pipe to prevent the water from being drawn, described in "Nihonshoki."
  780. This is a crime where irrigation is interrupted by filling in the irrigation ditches to prevent the water from being drawn, described in "Kojiki" and "Nihonshoki."
  781. This is a crime where rice field irrigation is interrupted by breaking down the ridges between rice paddies and flowing the water out of the paddies.
  782. This is a critique of Ocho Monogatari (tales of the Heian and Kamakura periods) from a female perspective.
  783. This is a dance performed as a Shinto ritual after sumo wrestling and is a kind of Kagura.
  784. This is a day of celebration.
  785. This is a day of ritual abstinence.
  786. This is a decoration to combine with each Yasurime (file marks) above.
  787. This is a dialect spoken among people engaged in the textile industry of Nishijin (Nishijin textile.)
  788. This is a diary that he wrote from October 15, 1601 (lunar calendar), the day that he left Kyoto, to November 19, 1601, the day that he arrived in Yonezawa, in which he made a detailed record of the customs that he encountered during his trip while introducing his own waka and haiku poems.
  789. This is a different story, but Michi no iratsume, who seemed to be a member of the same clan, became the wife of Emperor Tenchi and gave birth to Prince Shiki.
  790. This is a dish in the region of Lazio, not Campania where Naples is located, eaten in tomato sauce made from pancetta and onion with Pecorino Romano if desired.
  791. This is a dish in which a thin tonkatsu blanched in soy sauce based "tare" sauce is put over rice.
  792. This is a dish in which pufferfish skin is cooked with vegetables and shiitake mushrooms and then refrigerated.
  793. This is a dish introduced by Japanese immigrants that settled in Hawaii, however, it uses chicken instead of beef.
  794. This is a dish where tonkatsu with demiglace sauce is placed over rice fried in ketchup or buttered rice with bamboo shoots.
  795. This is a dish with tonkatsu and onion slices put one after the other on a skewer that is then deep fried.
  796. This is a dish with tonkatsu on rice served with curry sauce over it.
  797. This is a doctrine of the Tendai Sect which divides into three stages the process from the sowing of the seeds of Buddhahood in people's field of the mind by Buddha to Gedatsu (being liberated from earthly desires and the woes of man).
  798. This is a dramatic effect to give the audience a sense of expectancy to punch lines which are not very special.
  799. This is a drawing of three triangles which is an Assyrian letter 'Mutsu' that means country or land.
  800. This is a dreadful murder play, but with a famous scene decorated with a sense of the summer seasonand excellent colors, such as a contrast between a dark stage and the festival lights of danjiri, colors of vivid tattoos and a crimson loincloth, use of real water and real mud, and others.
  801. This is a drum on which the skin is mounted onto the trunk with strings, bolts, nuts (parts) and turnbuckles.
  802. This is a drum with a membrane mounted on a circular frame.
  803. This is a facility to profess the Shinto religion.
  804. This is a facility where renunciant monks live and perform religious rites.
  805. This is a family of Kai-Genji (Minamoto clan), a branch family of the Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan) founded by MINAMOTO no Yoshimitsu (Shinra-SaburoYoshimitsu).
  806. This is a family of Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan) founded by MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka (Kiso-Jiro Yoshinaka).
  807. This is a famous anecdote that appears in many history text books.
  808. This is a famous dish from Nemuro City, Hokkaido.
  809. This is a famous unagimeshi in northern Kyushu centering around the Yanagawa region in Fukuoka Prefecture.
  810. This is a feature never seen before the middle of the Heian period.
  811. This is a festival held in Tanabe City, Wakayama Prefecture, which is regarded as the birthplace of Musashibo Benkei, and an event of competing dances by attaching a bell to Geta is held.
  812. This is a fiction.
  813. This is a fictitious battle in "Hakkenden."
  814. This is a food of an extremely dirty person.'
  815. This is a form of apprenticeship.
  816. This is a form of succession, however there is a big difference between the Old Civil Codes and the Civil Codes today because Old Civil Codes says that property right will be given to a person and a new head of a family will be given all the property rights from the former head of a family.
  817. This is a four meter-tall small-sized pagoda, and this has been enshrined inside the building since its foundation.
  818. This is a fragment from a catalogue of items that were requested to be brought back from China, which were presented to Mt. Hiei-zan by Saicho in 811, and named so because of the characters found on the first line.
  819. This is a fushin that a daimyo is charged with, and covers a wide area and takes a great deal of money.
  820. This is a general classification, and the way and meaning of classification in Japan does not always correspond to that found in Western Countries.
  821. This is a general phenomenon in physics.
  822. This is a general term for festivals in which a dashi called danjiri is pulled, or for rites and festivals in which a performance of danjiri bayashi (music performed at festivals) is dedicated.
  823. This is a generic term for Higashi-Hongwan-ji Temple, Nishi-Hongwan-ji Temple, Bukko-ji Temple, Senju-ji Temple and Kosho-ji Temple, which are defined as being second to the monzeki in the Jodo Shinshu sect.
  824. This is a gilt bronze statue of Buddha commonly called 'Koyakushi,' but it was stolen in 1943 and is still missing.
  825. This is a god with the 'Yumiya of love' consisting of 'the bow of sugarcane' and 'arrows of five flowers.'
  826. This is a good way to make the most of the horse's reflexes which are required in some events such as cutting.
  827. This is a grand festival that takes place only once in a generation, and is virtually the ritual of Senso (succession to the throne).
  828. This is a hall enshrining the statue of Gyoki, who was a famous priest of Nara Prefecture and contributed greatly in the construction of Todai-ji Temple.
  829. This is a handmade game where customers try to get a ball in goals labeled first prize, second prize, third prize or a booby prize; it was the foundation of pachinko and smart ball, and nowadays often uses old pachinko machines.
  830. This is a heroic hashiri-mai (a way of dance of bugaku involving active dance with running), which is performed wearing ornately decorated mask.
  831. This is a highly valuable biographical document on Saicho (Dengyo Daishi), which is a scroll comprised of three writings concerning his tokudo (entering the Buddhist priesthood) and jukai (receiving the religious precepts).
  832. This is a homonym of the aforementioned sange in a Buddhist senge, meaning scattering flowers of lives.
  833. This is a joint mausoleum of the Empress Jito and her husband, the Emperor Tenmu.
  834. This is a joke playing on the homophony of "odd" as an odd number as opposed to an even number, and "odd" as in "strange."
  835. This is a kariginu for a boy.
  836. This is a kayu made by cooking uncooked rice, and there are different names depending on the ratio of rice to water.
  837. This is a kayu made by first cooking rice in the usual amount of water.
  838. This is a keyhole-shaped tumulus facing the north located to the west of front square part of the Andonyama-kofun Tumulus.
  839. This is a kind of Oshi-zushi made through processes of placing mackerel marinated in vinegar over vinegared rice, and placing various kinds of processed food such as konbu (kelp) over the mackerel.
  840. This is a kind of decoration worn by a man on his head.
  841. This is a kind of ekiben (station lunch) sold at Shimonoseki Station.
  842. This is a kind of mono zukushi (list of things) or shokunin zukushi (list of craftsmen), in which the author listed social conditions, trades, public entertainment, and culture under the pretense of a man who went to see sarugaku (a medieval Noh farce) at Kyo one night.
  843. This is a kind of rice bowl dishes in which tonkatsu and slices of onion cooked with egg in the warishita stock (the basic seasoning in Japanese cuisine prepared with soup stock, sugar, and soy sauce) are served on rice.
  844. This is a kind of tea utensils, and also a kind of butsugu (Buddhist altar fittings).
  845. This is a large machine bow made in China which can shoot cannonballs and stones as well as arrows, and called a catapult in Western countries.
  846. This is a leading facility in the Hanshin Industrial Area, and also at the center of Kansai Science City.
  847. This is a leading work of "Komachimono" which feature Ono no Komachi, as the main character.
  848. This is a legend originating from experiences from the Jomon period and it is said Sukunabikona has the same origin.
  849. This is a light imperative expression with implied respects, and is used as greetings.
  850. This is a list of authenticated works.
  851. This is a long inner robe with trailing hems, to be worn under hanpi (sleeveless body wear).
  852. This is a long pleated skirt.
  853. This is a long white sash having a flat braid which has a tassel at the end and diamond-shaped patterns with colored threads.
  854. This is a love story among the three sisters Uji Hachi no Miya (Oigimi, Naka no Kimi, Ukifune), Kaoru, an illegitimate child between Kashiwagi and Onna San no Miya, and Niou Miya, Hikaru Genji's grandchild.
  855. This is a machine bow made in China.
  856. This is a magnificent garden which has a massive artificial Yokuryu-chi Pond and Okarikomi (many trees are individually planted with the top parts of the trees cut into one shape as a whole to create special look of the background or main part of the garden) as the main feature.
  857. This is a main ingredient of Okinawa Oden.
  858. This is a major autumn festival of Fukuchiyama City.
  859. This is a manuscript where the date of establishment is the oldest among Kawachibon (some part was supplemented later).
  860. This is a measure for the students who return home after school to take a train at Kozenji Station.
  861. This is a memorial to a stray cat called 'Kasa-yan' that lived at Kasagi-dera Temple during the 1990s and became famous for showing people around.
  862. This is a method invented by Hakuseki to describe the ups and downs and replacements originating in the triple ruling system in Japan by the emperor, the court aristocracy and the warriors.
  863. This is a method of dissolving carbon dioxide into sake of low alcohol content to produce happo Nihon-shu.
  864. This is a method of fermentation that is possible because of climate characteristics of medium- or high-temperature wet zones in the Southeast to East Asia and the method utilizes the effect of "mold" as a microorganism.
  865. This is a method of selecting sake, at the time of joso, when the sake is divided by filling the tobin (bottle with a capacity of eighteen liters) and good sake is selected from the bottles.
  866. This is a method of toteki where after leaving the hand, the pointed end stays directed towards the target during flight.
  867. This is a method of toteki where after leaving the hand, the weapon spins until it hits the target.
  868. This is a method of toteki where the pointed end is held in the opposite direction and the sword is inverted at the moment of striking, flying in the same way as the 'chokudaho.'
  869. This is a mid-way station that was established when the Tenmabashi - Gojo section of the Keihan Main Line came into operation.
  870. This is a mikan brand grown in Tanabe City and its vicinity municipalities, in Wakayama Prefecture.
  871. This is a ministry-controlled dam under the Kinki Regional Development Bureau of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, and it is the only dam built on the main stream of the Yodo-gawa River, one of the greatest rivers in western Japan.
  872. This is a mountain god-worshiping festival held at Shikobuchi-jinja Shrine on January 3, every year.
  873. This is a mountain resort villa in Tateshina Kogen where Ozu and Kogo NODA worked together on scripts after 1954.
  874. This is a museum established by Yao Shuzo, Chichibu City and documents and tools and equipment for sake brewing during the Edo Period and materials for formation of Goshugura scattered in Japan.
  875. This is a museum for sake and shochu directly operated by the Japan Sake Brewers Association.
  876. This is a new method to signify the former New Year in a simple and easy way at the beginning of spring.
  877. This is a new practice for a shrine
  878. This is a new specialty of Toyokawa City, Aichi Prefecture.
  879. This is a nigiri sushi (sushi shaped by hand) made with eel.
  880. This is a number based on anecdote about Ranryo-o Changgong GAO of Northern Qi.
  881. This is a one-volume book.
  882. This is a parallel chapter of Wakamurasaki (Lavender).
  883. This is a part of Hanshin Expressway 8 Kyoto Line (Shinjujo-dori Street).
  884. This is a part where the characters whose origins were not clear and who were said that 'their parents are unknown' are respectively introduced.
  885. This is a part with an important role to cover the Nakago (core) and to ensure a good grip by the swordsman.
  886. This is a person who appears only in stories such as "Akechi Gunki" (biography of Mitsuhide AKECHI).
  887. This is a phenomenon which happens basically because of differences in features and basic structures as a result of misreading of common specifications.
  888. This is a pie made with 'eel powder.'
  889. This is a place name for Mt. Inari and the surrounding area to the east of Fushimi Inari Taisha Shrine.
  890. This is a plain dish of konjac which is boiled with water, instead of soup stock, and is eaten with sweet Misodare (miso-based dip), retaining the old tradition (and custom) of Nikomi Dengaku.
  891. This is a poem telling that the (gods of the) Three Mountains of Yamato fought over love.
  892. This is a polite form of '... aru' (literally, '(there) is,' which is equivalent to '... omasu' in Osaka dialect.
  893. This is a portrait of the founder of the Hosso sect in China.
  894. This is a post that is assumed by ordinary believers, not by the clergy.
  895. This is a prayer for happiness, wealth and prosperity.
  896. This is a precious record from which we can gather the fact that Sangaku performers at the time performed not only stunts but also humorous mimicry which led to kyogen (farce played during a Noh play cycle).
  897. This is a precious source of salt in a snowy area in the winter and mountain-ringed region.
  898. This is a prime example of the fact that Satoyama was not only used to sustain the self-sufficient community economy.
  899. This is a primitive brewing method which brewed rice with wild yeast by using amylase and diastase which are amylolytic enzymes in saliva, and it is known that it is widespread in a broad area from East Asia to the South Pacific, and South and Central America.
  900. This is a printed style of writing Chinese characters which has flowing brush strokes of O Gishi style, just as in Kyukaku Jo.
  901. This is a private commentary by a scholar named KOREMUNE no Naomoto and unlike Ryo-no-gige (Commentary on the Ryo), it did not have any legal effect.
  902. This is a private note in which he wrote the names of the persons for whom he held a kanjo ceremony in Vajradhatu or Taizokai during the period from 812 to 813.
  903. This is a process for increasing sake yeast.
  904. This is a product of Hideyoshi's project of reconstructing Kyoto along with Jurakudai Castle, Teramachi-dori Street, and Tensho no Jiwari (land allotment system during the Tensho period).
  905. This is a program for rakugo (comic story telling), kodan (storytelling) and rokyoku (storytelling with shamisen accompaniment).
  906. This is a proof that the first year of Emperor Tenmu was considered to be the Kiyu year in the period of Emperor Jito when the inscription was made, and that "Chronicles of Japan" modified the calculated number of years.
  907. This is a punch line in which a story develops full of events, only to end with the conclusion that 'it was a dream.'
  908. This is a punch line made with the affairs of the comedian or of the entertainment business.
  909. This is a punch line using as a prop a washtub falling onto a comedian from above.
  910. This is a punch line which concludes the story by returning to the beginning of the story.
  911. This is a punch line which is hard to understand immediately, but gets a laugh after people ponder on it for a while.
  912. This is a raffle where the prizes are attached to strings which are then bundled together so that the customer does not know what prize they will win when they pull the string.
  913. This is a rare Buddhist image on which gold color is painted on the kirikane patterns, such as tachiwaku, yotsume-shippo, and modified 卍.
  914. This is a rare building that shows how the modern Imperial villa was built.
  915. This is a rare example of success as a public facility that many citizens use, whereas many useless public facilities are seen as a problem across the country.
  916. This is a rare example.
  917. This is a rare palace, that reveals how Miyake lived during the Edo period.
  918. This is a rare statue of parivara of the four heavenly kings.
  919. This is a reason why misinterpretations sometimes occur in discussions about the folk beliefs of Japan.
  920. This is a record of dengaku (ritual music and dancing in shrines and temples) in Kyoto in the summer of 1096, in the era of Emperor Horikawa, which is written in kanbun (Chinese classics).
  921. This is a record written by Yorinaga, the mastermind of the Hogen War, for 19 years between 1136 and 1155.
  922. This is a relatively new style of Noh aimed at dramatic composition, with the active involvement of the waki (supporting actor).
  923. This is a relatively simplified hataraki-goto accompanied mainly by fue.
  924. This is a remnant of the principal image statue rebuilt in the 14th century, not that of the temples founding, but it is clear that the given height of 15 meters is no exaggeration.
  925. This is a representative Rakuchu Rakugai-zu portraying Rakuchu (the center of Kyoto) and Rakugai (a suburb) from above, and it is said that this painting was drawn by Eitoku before 1565 and given to Kenshin UESUGI by Nobunaga ODA in 1574.
  926. This is a representative variety that gives a so-called 'fruity flavor' and has served as a main actor in the birth of ginjo sake since the 1980s.
  927. This is a reproduction of the house in his father's native Chofu in which the family lived after being driven from Edo and placed under house being confined to their house after his father proposed a reformation of the domain at his master's request that displeased the high ranking retainers.
  928. This is a result of the integration derived from Early Middle Japanese, but it is still unclear and remains to be further discussed how those vowels were pronounced when they followed consonants.
  929. This is a reunion organized by graduates of the Correspondence Division
  930. This is a rice dumpling covered with kudzu sauce seasoned with soy sauce and sugar.
  931. This is a ring to keep a Sensu closed.
  932. This is a rite for placing the body in a coffin.
  933. This is a role unique to Edo Kabuki (Kabuki of old Tokyo) and its origin lies in Kinpira SAKATA of Kinpira Joruri (one of the early Edo-Joruri).
  934. This is a route that turns back in the middle of Route No. 73.
  935. This is a sandwich with bifukatsu (deep-fried beef cutlet) or tonkatsu flavored with Worcester sauce and so on.
  936. This is a sauce made from onion, garlic, spices, and Parmesan cheese, used mainly for pasta.
  937. This is a scene full of the beauty of style, such as the performance of aragoto (Kabuki play featuring exaggerated posture, makeup, and costume) by brave Tadanobu, humor of the dokegataki (an enemy who provokes laughter) HAYAMI no Tota, and Tachimawari (a fight) by zohyo (common soldiers).
  938. This is a scene in which the actor playing the role of Bannai, Moronao's retainer who receives the bribe, can show his skill as an actor.
  939. This is a sekitoku (a letter written in Chinese) dated November 25, 813, and addressed to his disciple, Taihan, whom Saicho had sent to study Shingon Buddhism under Kukai.
  940. This is a service to further transport passengers who arrived in deadhead cars on Route No.13 of Yodo-Yamazaki Line.
  941. This is a short white sash having a flat braid with a diamond-shaped pattern, and at one end there is a tassel.
  942. This is a shrine to enshrine the Imperial ancestor called Amaterasu Omikami (the Sun Goddess).
  943. This is a sign indicating that believers' wishes will be granted.
  944. This is a sign that aspergillus has been gradually breeding.
  945. This is a simple game where prizes are given numbers, the numbers are placed in envelopes and the customer chooses an envelope.
  946. This is a simple one held only on January 7, but there are shoya and goya events, and on shoya they confess their sins to Nyoirin Kannon (the Bodhisattva of Compassion) and on goya many Buddhist memorial services such as reibutsu ge and so on are held.
  947. This is a simple service allowing to get on and off at any point within the designated section of the route, by notifying the bus driver by raising a hand to get on, or pressing a notification signal button to get off.
  948. This is a simple story, in which the characters are based on real people, regarded as a typical work in the Meiji period.
  949. This is a simple way as you just put a raw egg into the coffee pot and turn it on without adding the filter paper or coffee beans.
  950. This is a skilled and distinctive style of calligraphy.
  951. This is a small 11-centimeters high statue of sandalwood.
  952. This is a small but well-balanced, beautiful pagoda, and it contains a statue of Dainichi Nyorai (Vairocana), which is not disclosed to the public.
  953. This is a small chaire which gradually narrows from the base toward the top.
  954. This is a small cloth used to clean off the lip of a tea bowl after drinking tea at a koichaseki (ceremony of thick tea, which is made with three tea scoops of powdered tea per person) of the Urasenke school.
  955. This is a small museum established on the premises of Echigo-Yuzawa station of the Joetsu New Trunk Line where you can taste almost all sake produced in Niigata Prefecture, an sakaburo (sake bath).
  956. This is a small room of four-and-a-half tatami mats with tsukeshoin and tana, and is considered the origin of typical Japanese houses whose style survives today.
  957. This is a small-scale four-legged gate located at the south front of the precincts.
  958. This is a small-size hall in kake-zukuri where the scaffolding poles were put into the hollow of a cliff.
  959. This is a so-called jigama (goemon-gama), or an iron pot.
  960. This is a song about the parting of Masashige and his son Masatsura, and it was published in June 1899.
  961. This is a special express train that was formerly operated between Umeda Station on the Kyoto Main Line and Arashiyama Station (Hankyu) on the Hankyu Arashiyama Line on Sundays and holidays during the tourist seasons.
  962. This is a special sensu for the tea ceremony.
  963. This is a square tumulus built between the late 6th century and early 7th century, measuring 44.5m from east to west, 42.2m from north to south, with a horizontal stone chamber about 9.1m tall and 17m long.
  964. This is a square tumulus made of piled stones with a length of 63 meters on each side, and around the tumulus, there is a dorui (earthen walls for fortification) with a length of 320 meters on each side.
  965. This is a square tumulus with a side length of 60 meters.
  966. This is a standard ingredient of Kumamoto Oden.
  967. This is a standard style for contributors to radio programs and magazines.
  968. This is a state of suffering from every fear.
  969. This is a station constructed in a newly developed town, and its building is visible throughout the community.
  970. This is a station where large numbers of tourists disembark throughout the year, but when the summer sea bathing season gets underway, bathers gather in flocks; accordingly, additional station staff are assigned to cope with the congestion.
  971. This is a statue in imitation of Buddha.
  972. This is a statue of an imaginary being considered to guard a shrine.
  973. This is a stone lantern standing in front of the Great Buddha Hall.
  974. This is a stone statue of Buddha close to 2 meters in height, sculpted on the stone that was part of an ancient coffin.
  975. This is a story about 26-year-old Kaoru from August to September.
  976. This is a story about Kaoru in later years, who is the main character of Uji jujo (The Ten Quires of Uji), which describes Kaoru and Ukifune meeting each other again.
  977. This is a story of Hikaru Genji at the age of 48 from January to April.
  978. This is a story taking place in around 1751 in Owari Province, Nagoya-go (present-day Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture) in Aichi-gun (Aichi Prefecture).
  979. This is a story that shows the pious acts of Jizo Bosatsu, who is said to pour mercy upon all six worlds without prejudice; accordingly, the Hungry Ghosts' Feeding Festival was established as associated with Jizo Bosatsu.
  980. This is a straight road stretching from the north foot of Amanokaguyama hill to Kitanosho-cho, Nara City.
  981. This is a style following the conventional Japanese eating habits, but in this case the rice is often called 'raisu' and treated as different from that served in a bowl in Japanese food.
  982. This is a style of uchimawarien (for whose structure, refer to the description of the structure item below).
  983. This is a subset of the Shakai-ei.
  984. This is a sunomono (vinegared food) made with chopped broiled eel, cucumbers and Japanese ginger.
  985. This is a symbolic episode of the intimate relationship between the Akamatsu family and the Arima family.
  986. This is a system that was put in place so that national affairs could be entrusted to someone in the event of the emperor's illness or accident, without going so far as appointing a regent.
  987. This is a system which used to be common throughout Japan but was not stipulated until 1940.
  988. This is a table of emergence of each book.
  989. This is a tale passed down by merchants who traveled often to that province.
  990. This is a tasteful scene in which Yuranosuke comes home in the morning, and this snow ball becomes the grave made of snow, which Yuranosuke shows to Honzo in the later part of this act in order to express his determination.
  991. This is a tasteful street as Gion-ochaya Teahouses (places where geisha entertain their guests) stand side by side on the street coupled with the running of Shira-kawa River (Yodo-gawa River system.)
  992. This is a tea bowl from Yi Dynasty of Korea, which was given to Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI as a gift from the Ido clan of Tatsuichi Castle.
  993. This is a tea ceremony held by Toyotomi Hideyoshi while he was staying at Hakozakigu Shrine for some time to scale town planning in Hakata after the Kyushu Conquest.
  994. This is a technique in which a variation is added to the rhythm by placing a semantic cut in a location different from what is commonly used for the 5-7-5 structure.
  995. This is a technique in which words are taken from famous, existing haiku and tanka poems, and using them to implicitly bring forth the imagery of the original verse.
  996. This is a technique of Kabuki called 'modori' (showing one's real good character after disguising it as a bad one).
  997. This is a technique performed to remove the small bones by making small cuts in the meat of the fish which is opened from the ventral side without cutting the skin, and which requires proficiency
  998. This is a telling episode about the efficiency of the Ichiryo gusoku system.
  999. This is a term used in Japanese calligraphy history studies, and it refers to paper that Imperial family members and nobles used to make clean copies of their poems according to certain rules at poem parties.
  1000. This is a text that is always used in Kanna Zen (koan-based Zen).

386001 ~ 387000

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