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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. These mirrors are referred to as 'Haguro-kyo mirrors' as a whole, and are characterized by graceful patterns based on flowers and birds; they are the important references for researching Japanese mirrors.
  2. These mirrors have images of deities and breasts in patterns all set in the same direction.
  3. These missions were demised by the proposal of SUGAWARA no Michizane in 894.
  4. These miyakes were believed to be built around the 5th Century A.D.
  5. These miyakes were developed and run by the great king of the Yamato Sovereignty.
  6. These model gardens are ceremonial gardens such as funeral hall and they need to be shared by Kami (Gods) and sympathizers.
  7. These models appeared for the first time in Kyoto City, and medium-size buses of 8990 mm in length, 2300 mm in width and 300 mm in floor height--which excelled in the ease of getting on and off and conformed to the standard for the designation of low-emission cars--prevailed.
  8. These models contain both the girei origami and the yugi origami, but the yugi origami was estimated to have been folded in the early 19th century.
  9. These mokuroku were keicho that were required by law to be submitted to Kyoto no later than the end of the eighth month every year, and Kyoto planned the revenue for each year and for the number of households (especially households bearing duties) throughout Japan with mokuroku.
  10. These monaka are also sold as souvenirs.
  11. These money dealers, precursors to the later money changers, came to enter the exchange business after the sanka seido or tri-metallic monetary standard was established, as mentioned below.
  12. These mounds were dedicated to persons of great distinction to pay homage and confidence for their marks and achievements.
  13. These mountain ranges are influenced by the geological structure that extends east and west, and derives and crosses a lot of mountain ranges including the Hatenashi Mountain Range and the Oto mountains which run east and west.
  14. These movements are called 'sashiage,' 'kaki kurabe' (float carrying competition), and 'abareru' (carrying a float roughly).
  15. These movements are sometimes called Kamakura Old Buddhism.
  16. These movements implies the arrival of shoen koryo sei (the system of public lands and private estates), which was the social structure throughout the medieval age, and based on this fact together with the advent of cloister government, we can consider that the medieval age already arrived in late 11th century.
  17. These movements led to fact-based research of history, or the historical research of political systems by Sorai OGYU and Togai ITO, and affected Kokugaku (the study of Japanese classical literature) as well.
  18. These moves almost match the yearly process of rice cultivation.
  19. These mural paintings were drawn not directly on cut stones but on a layer of plaster applied in few millimeters in thickness.
  20. These music spread via "totsuji" (Chinese translators), "jige yakunin" (lower-ranking officers of the Tokugawa shogunate) and officers of Nagasaki Magistrate's Office, and in addition, via "yujo" (prostitutes) in Maruyama.
  21. These names are commonly used.
  22. These names are remnants of those of the pipes for gas lights at the height of their use.
  23. These names are said to signify a person like a god who was born in the Imperial Family.
  24. These names are the ones given after the Meiji period, and the original names are 'suizyutsu,' 'suiren,' 'tosuizyutsu,' 'yueizyutsu,' 'syusuizyutsu,' etc.
  25. These names can be found in relatively new streets.
  26. These names derived from the fact that Shuinchi were secured by the bakufu with shuinjo (letter stamped with shuin (red stamp)) and Kokuinchi were secured by the daimyo with kokuinjo (letter stamped with kokuin (black stamp)) respectively.
  27. These names may be used together.
  28. These names show the reason he is considered as the founder of the Wani family.
  29. These names were handed down to Chokuninkan and Soninkan in the government before WWII.
  30. These names were not written at all in the "Kojiki" (Records of Ancient Matters).
  31. These names, however, came into use after the death of Saneyori, who himself referred to it as simply 'Shiki' (a private record) which was a term the nobility commonly used for their personal diaries at that time.
  32. These natural entities and phenomona later came to be called 'kami'.
  33. These new annotations were distributed in schools and became government-designated textbooks for Kakyo, widely read throughout the Song period.
  34. These new facilities, some of which should be called warm bath facilities, have new luxurious bathing houses with relatively low prices, and people visit them to enjoy onsen on a day trip.
  35. These new techniques actually contributed to decrease costs, but the quality of sake had to declined furthermore because they didn't go through a fundamental step using the steamed rice with its outside hard and inside soft.
  36. These new words were not limited only to those words that Martin and others created, but also includes phrases from Chinese classics that were transformed into legal terms; these were written the same way but had different meanings.
  37. These newly appointed land stewards were called "shinpo jito" (new land stewards), while the existing ones were called "honpo jito" (hereditary land stewards).
  38. These newly established controlled areas of the Kokuga were called Kokugaryo (territories governed by provincial government office).
  39. These newly established theaters were far from rakugo-specific theaters as they offered a mixed repertoire of rakugo and manzai storytelling.
  40. These nine - Aritomo YAMAGATA, Kaoru INOUE, Masayoshi MATSUKATA, Tsugumichi SAIGO, Iwao OYAMA, Kinmochi SAIONJI, Taro KATSURA, Kiyotaka KURODA and Hirobumi ITO - were the people who made a major contribution in the anti-shogunate movement at the end of the Edo Period
  41. These nishikie mostly include kokyu.
  42. These noodles are broken down into two categories including the deep-fat fried type that has been processed to quickly develop in hot water and the non-fry type that has been cooked and hot-air dried without being deep-fat fried.
  43. These noodles are frozen for a better keeping quality.
  44. These noodles are sometimes sold in plastic containers with condiments such as green onions and wasabi, sauce or soup.
  45. These noses were buried in Mimizuka.
  46. These noshi amulets were eventually simplified, and yellow pieces of paper came to be used as noshi instead of abalone.
  47. These notifications issued for the temples showed that Hidenobu fully governed Gifu around this time.
  48. These now enshrine Susanoo.
  49. These occurrences are said to be the cause of the transfer of the capital.
  50. These offices were in charge of administering affairs of state under the supervision of the legislative organization.
  51. These offices were intended mainly for emperor's domestic governing institutions at the empress's residence, not related to official court ranks.
  52. These official ranks in the military government were used to differentiate the status of families, such as by determining the seating order in shikoseki (anteroom seats for feudal lords and direct retainer of the shogun at the Edo-jo castle), and by securing some seats for daimyo at the forth order or above, etc.
  53. These often indicate a starting point or a finishing goal to the person in question.
  54. These old privileges posed an impediment to the Meiji Government's policies like the equality of all people and modernization.
  55. These ones were mainly from the poets whose poems were collected in "A New Version of Comprehensive National Poems" in the Kamakura period.
  56. These operate from Shin-Tanabe to Kusauchi area.
  57. These organizations formed from the idea of sharing and helping people who face hardship during travels.
  58. These originally crowned the roof of the Ho-o-do hall but are now stored within the Ho-sho-kan (the ones on the roof are replicas).
  59. These painters are often grouped together as 'the Eccentric School.'
  60. These palaces in the foregoing are referred to as 'the early Naniwa no Miya Palace.'
  61. These participants were assigned to the three offices (president, legislature, councilor) after the Restoration of Imperial Rule
  62. These particles are ho-bo for grinding sumi.
  63. These parts of the body are 'dangerous parts', which cause excessive bleeding in case of injury.
  64. These patterns have been used for decoration or costumes used in the inner palace since ancient times, and has nothing to do with the Takeda family in Koshu (based on the answer of the information officer of Imperial Household Agency).
  65. These patterns were described as 'kinubakama (clothes and divided skirt) with stenciled patterns dyed by products from giblets in the historical material about that period, and Shinichi SATO interpretes that this description suggests the share of kebiishi.
  66. These pedigree records were collected into "Shoka keizusan" (the genealogies of the various families).
  67. These people are divided into three kinds.
  68. These people died in a prison one after another due to a long time torture.
  69. These people do actual works under each section's manager and they are divided into distinct ranks such as jo-bito (the first rank of sake brewing workers), chu-bito (the second rank of sake brewing workers), and shita-bito (the third rank of sake brewing workers).
  70. These people take partial charge of the brewing process by section and directly instruct kurabito under the command of the toji, and they also play a role of middle level executives.
  71. These people were called 'Tsukiji ryozanpaku' later.
  72. These people were called Tato.
  73. These people were from families whose social ranks were several steps above those who were assigned to become town magistrates.
  74. These people were influential local leaders, and there were many examples where a new feudal lord made such people goshi in the samurai class, as an appeasement policy, instead of giving them a farming rank.
  75. These people were regarded as lower in rank than naitenjobito who were allowed to enter the dairi.
  76. These people, along with the priests of the shrine, perform the service according to the ceremony program.
  77. These performance activities earn Kabuki a good reputation as the traditional performing arts living in today's world.
  78. These performances actually made a grotesque impression on Kabuki fans and generally ended as box-office failures.
  79. These personnel appointments were virtually demotions planned by Nakamaro, who wanted to banish Komaro from the center, who was regarded as part of the group of Naramaro.
  80. These persons followed Yoshikiyo MURAKAMI when the Takeda clan started invading Shinano, but some of them started coming under the Takeda clan when the power of the Murakami clan declined.
  81. These petitions were approved by the Imperial Court and the Tendai sect was officially established as one religious school.
  82. These phenomena are sometimes criticized as a deviation from the original doctrine of Socialism.
  83. These phenomena were thought to significantly influence nations on earth and their rulers (kings and emperors).
  84. These philosophies are explained using the figure of Taiji.
  85. These philosophies have been carried forth from the past to the present, as when the University sponsored the school festival 'Kino-sai' and students held the school festival 'Satsuki-sai.'
  86. These photographs are the work of photographer Hiroshi MORITANI, while the title "Randen Kaiwai-kan" written beside the photograph panel was brushed by calligrapher Kagen HIGUCHI.
  87. These photographs are the work of photographer Hiroshi MORITANI; the title 'Randen Kaiwai-kan,' written beside the photograph panels, was stroked by calligrapher Kagen HIGUCHI.
  88. These pictorial materials include various scenes such as the decapitation of merchants, who were abducted by retainers after accidentally passing in front of the gate, on the pretext of military art training.
  89. These picture scrolls of Shigisan depicted the residence of the head of the Yamato Province, and Kokawadera depicted that of Kii Province, Kinai, and neighboring regions, but latter had samurai guards, karabori (dry moat) before the gate, and tower over the gate while former lacked them.
  90. These pieces are incredibly important as historical records connected to Unkei who is highly representative of Japan's Buddhist sculptors.
  91. These pieces are subsequently stacked in several to a dozen layers to be cut and, hence, became referred to as Tachi (cut) soba.
  92. These pieces developed as jiuta and sokyoku ensembles, and the golden age of jiuta arrived.
  93. These pieces of land under their direct management were called by different names, such as "tsukuda" (private land), "mitsukuri" (privately cultivated land), "shosaku" (privately owned land) or "kadota" (family land), and were cultivated by their servants called "genin" or "shoju" or by village farmers.
  94. These pieces were brought into being and transmitted as part of a meditative religious practice, and generally speaking, the names of the composers and the dates of composition are unknown.
  95. These pirates were in most cases prominent local landowners or coastal residents with privileges such as Jinin or Jugonin (purveyors to the imperial household) that were pirating when not conducting their usual commercial activities and were difficult to control with only the power held by the Kokuga.
  96. These place names of 'Itakura' and 'Geni' still remain as town names in Koyama, Kita Ward.
  97. These places are called iwasaka or iwakura, both of which refer to an area a deity sits, and are found all over Japan.
  98. These places are nearer to Nijojo-mae Station for those who use the subway.
  99. These places are referred to as sobaya (soba restaurants).
  100. These places shall be the following; Huang-tsun, Lang-fang, Yang-tsun, Tien-tsin, Chun-liang-Cheng, Tong-ku, Lu-tai, Tong- shan, Lan-chou, Chang-li, Chin-wang Tao, Shan-hai Kuan.
  101. These places were originally the site of the town Horinouchi in the medieval Japan.
  102. These platforms are connected by an overpass with ticket gates and transfer gates to the Shinkansen, which are located on the second floor of the station building.
  103. These platforms are located at both sides of the center track (Platform 2 and 3).
  104. These platforms were designated to have numbers incorporating '30' (San-ju …in Japanese), in order to phonetically match the name of the line, the Sanin Line, which begins with 'san.'
  105. These plays are called "Jishibai," and in most cases, their content is either Kabuki or Ningyo Joruri.
  106. These plays are valuable materials for understanding the manners and customs of the early Meiji period.
  107. These plays were well-received not only among his father's acting troupe but among a larger audience as well.
  108. These pliers are the pincer type that is used to grab the head of a nail and pull it out, not crowbar.
  109. These poems are left in the collection of the poems such as "Keikoku shu" (Collection for Governing the Country), she is known as one of the rare female poets in Japan.
  110. These poems are regarded as Sakimaro's works based on the word choice and style of poetry.
  111. These poems became the 'o-mihafurino uta' (songs for imperial obsequies).
  112. These poems can be seen.
  113. These policies broke a traditional mindset handed down from the Sengoku period (the period of warring states), and the relation of master to servant between shogun and daimyo as well as between the lord of the domain and his vassal was converted from a personal relationship into a relationship in which a follower served his master's family.
  114. These policies which separated warriors and peasants were further enforced in the Edo period, and social mobility was reduced as a result.
  115. These policies worsened the financial condition of the government.
  116. These policies would have been labeled typical 'progressiveness.'
  117. These porcelain panel paintings, originally owned by Shinji KAYAMORI, a director of Daikoku Denki, were donated by Kayamori to Kyoto Prefecture based on a plan and proposal of Taichi SAKAIYA.
  118. These portable soba stalls were also referred to as Nihachi soba (soba noodle made from eighty percent buckwheat, and twenty percent wheat flour), Yotaka soba and Furin soba depending on time and type of operation.
  119. These portions constitute the largest part of the whale meat produced, occupying 30 % to 40%, and have been used in school lunches in the past.
  120. These portraits by Tanyu KANO (one of the most influential painters from the Kano School in the early Edo period) are hung on the four walls of Shisen no Ma.
  121. These portraits of the 30 founders of Zen Buddhism beginning with Bodhidharma were painted by Unkoku Togan, a painter in the service of the Mori family to whom Sesshu belonged.
  122. These ports were called Sanpo Wakan (consular office in Sanpo).
  123. These ports, namely, Pusanpo, Seiho and Enbo, were known generically as Sanpo (literally, "three bays").
  124. These positions probably did not require him to move to those places.
  125. These postcards became popular even after the war and were printed in quantity like a star's picture.
  126. These posts are presently held by Bunno ASO.
  127. These posts were called Goban (kata) (five Ban posts).
  128. These powerful shugo often resided in the capital for some duration in order to serve the shogunate, and for that reason they appointed the shugo-dai (deputy shugo) from the kokujin and the direct vassals as deputies of the shugo when they left the province or had many provinces.
  129. These powerful vassals sent their relatives or retainers to local territories so as to have them manage local affairs on the ground.
  130. These premiums were funded through confiscated territories of domains that were defeated in the Boshin War.
  131. These prepaid cards are usable only for the Kyoto City buses.
  132. These prevent the eels from traveling from the lake to the open sea.
  133. These priests were called "nenbutsu hijiri" ("nenbutsu" [Buddhist invocation] chanting priests), and they led a semi-secular life; that is, an ascetic life while living in a thatched hut far up on a mountain - not in a temple - or going on a pilgrimage.
  134. These private estates were sorted by some groups and succeeded to different families individually.
  135. These problems are often seen in areas where people visit seeking natural landscapes, such as the Oze wetland and the Yakaushima Island.
  136. These procedures are used in such a case when elder people having trouble with sitting and getting up.
  137. These procedures have been seen from the early Edo period.
  138. These process urged the formation of Zaibatsu (a financial combine).
  139. These processes of pasting paper for several times aim to fix the lattice of shoji used as the framework by shrinking force of paper to prevent the wood from warping and to finish it.
  140. These producers are not only an indispensable presence for beverage production, but are closely related to the history of the rapid growth of canned coffee.
  141. These product were used by daughters of rich merchants, but were not used by married or engaged women.
  142. These productions were directed by his close friend Hiroshi INAGAKI.
  143. These products are basically used as the gift from patrons, rather than products that maiko might purchase for herself, and are regarded as the barometer to measure maiko's popularity or the quality of her guests.
  144. These products are sold only at Ichizawa Hanpu store in Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto City.
  145. These products are used as preservatives for bento (box lunch) and insect repellents for rice, since they have bacteria-killing action.
  146. These programs play an active role in promoting Kamigata rakugo and in offering a place for rakugo training and education.
  147. These properties are not included among the objects to be protected by the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties, since the Imperial Household Agency asserts that it fully administers the properties.
  148. These property taxes were collectively called Kanmotsu.
  149. These provisions even included unilateral most-favored-nation treatment.
  150. These publications gained support from townspeople and wealthy farmers, and in due course, contributed greatly to popularization of the study of Japanese classical literature thought.
  151. These pursuits of KUROSAWA came to fruition with "Yojinbo", a film which surprised people at the time..
  152. These races were held on February 11 after selling betting tickets once again.
  153. These races were held on January 22 after selling betting tickets once again.
  154. These railways include logging railways, mine railways, and colonial rail tracks which no longer exist.
  155. These railways include ones used for transportation to and from hotels, used as a small tram, and a sightseeing train, such as 'a train in wonderland' used in an amusement park.
  156. These ranks later increased and Imaki no kami was bestowed the highest rank of Shoichii (Senior First Rank) in the year 859.
  157. These reasons are not convincing because these theories are mainly based on episodes from books written in the middle of the Edo Period or later (that is, speculation from later days -
  158. These reasons led to a re-evaluation of the Edo period.
  159. These records and articles are considerable contributions to today's research on the Shinsengumi.
  160. These records show that he loved nigori-zake made by each family which he called 'hand-made.'
  161. These reforms came to be called the Taika Reforms by later scholars.
  162. These reforms described above were in line with the reform instruction in the chokusho.
  163. These reforms of governing structure were actively implemented in the mid-11th century, especially around 1040s.
  164. These regions correspond to the Tanba Province, Tango Province, and Tajima Province from an ancient administrative division.
  165. These regions have scenic places such as Sanin-Kaigan National Park, Kinosaki Hot Spring, and Amonohashidate--one of the Three Great Views of Japan, which attract many tourists who enjoy seaside resorts in summer and crab dishes in winter.
  166. These regulations legally differentiated the warrior class from the aristocracy, heretofore (legally) indistinguishable, and demonstrated that the nobility and the warriors had parted ways.
  167. These reijo were established to commemorate the 1300th anniversary of his death
  168. These relations continued into the middle of the fifteenth century.
  169. These relationships based on the blood family community with primogeniture at its core is called the Sozoku System, and it is generally accepted that the Sozoku system and Hoken system were closely related to each other.
  170. These relics were designated as an official historical site by Kyoto City in 1997.
  171. These relief carvings of bodhisattva have been applied to the wall above the non-penetrating tie beams within the central hall of the Ho-o-do hall.
  172. These remained the residential castles of the daimyo themselves, and the mountain castles throughout the country remained strong.
  173. These remains have been determined belonging to the Paleolithic period based on the stone tools unearthed there.
  174. These remains of wet-rice farming await further excavation for details to be known.
  175. These rented ships were used for Kenminsen after conducting major renovation such as the installation of hull fittings suitable for ocean navigation and the expansion of cabins for diplomatic envoys or influential merchants.
  176. These reparations with a 4% interest charge per annual shall be paid in installments in thirty-nine years.
  177. These repetitive internal conflicts resulted in blood and talents' disappearance.
  178. These replicas are made now by the protagonists (shite).
  179. These reports later became "Frois' History of Japan."
  180. These represent that the komainu was regarded as a sort of shishi lion and they were not divided into two kinds.
  181. These residents are called "Jinfuko."
  182. These restaurants include those that were opened by Japanese chain stores, and those that were opened by Chinese who learned how to grill yakitori and make sauces by working in Japan.
  183. These resulted in the creation of regional characteristics as local dishes.
  184. These results showed that making up the team mainly of young players had borne fruit.
  185. These retainers killed Morotae and suppressed the rebellion.
  186. These retainers were also referred to as 'Kamakura-dono Gokenin,' 'Kanto gokenin' and 'Chinzei gokenin.'
  187. These retainers were called 'kuramai-chigyo-dori' or 'kuramai-dori' (rice stipend receivers), and kura-bugyo was in charge of control of this rice stock.
  188. These retainers who followed Yoritomo were called gokenin, that they were appointed to Shugo and Jito in various regions and their descendants spread all over Japan.
  189. These revenue sources were, accordingly, for the temple through Zojishi; therefore, the sources could be used as a way of supervising and controlling priests at the positions with management roles and lower called 'sango' as well as the temple in a sense, other than the regulations and the central monastic office.
  190. These revisions are considered to be attempts to fit hereditary titles, such as O-omi, that had been left out of the twelve cap ranks into the hierarchy of the system.
  191. These rice paddies are designated for cultural landscape conservation and utilization activities by the Agency for Cultural Affairs.
  192. These rights also exerted a strong effect in the kokugaryo lands administered by the kokushi, resulting in a substantial transferal of kokushi rights to the shugo.
  193. These rights to profit from ryoke (sakuai or each shiki's share of collected taxes) such as the right to control, collect jishi, and impose labor services as shoen ryoshu (lord of the manor) were called ryoke shiki (economic rights as a lord of the manor).
  194. These rights were stipulated and became regulation within the soson.
  195. These rights were thought to be 'the right given by emperor's favor.'
  196. These roads are Nishi Koya-kaido Road, Shimo Koya-kaido Road, Naka Koya-kaido Road and Higashi Koya-kaido Road.
  197. These roads are called ancient roads, and ancient Kando were developed along with Goki-Shichido (five provinces and seven circuits), which were local regional divisions.
  198. These roads are national highways today.
  199. These roads may have been laid with the purpose of carrying materials for this construction.
  200. These roads penetrate the Nara Basin in a north-south direction, except the Taishi Michi.
  201. These roads were sometimes called 'Oshu-kaido Road' for descriptive purposes because they were on the extended route of Oshu-kaido Road.
  202. These roads were used for the Jinshin War and are considered to be Nagao-kaido Road and the Takenouchi-kaido Road.
  203. These rooms have paintings on the wall by Tosa school, the official painters at the Imperial Palace.
  204. These routes are provided outside the uniform fare sections.
  205. These ruins of Kokuga showed that each land-use plan for the Kokuga shared several common points.
  206. These rules were called 'Muraokite (village rules)', 'Murasadame (village statute)', 'Murakisoku (village regulations)', and almost all villages had a written set rules, as far as they had Satoyama as their common land.
  207. These rural communities enacted as a legal provision within sosons a clearly-stated so okite (rules) under the agreement of all constituent members and exercised severely their rights to judge criminal cases against those who broke the so okite.
  208. These ruts are sometimes called a narrow road to the Imperial Palace.
  209. These sake made in Itami, Nada, and their neighboring regions, called Sessen junigo, were sealifted from Osaka, a gathering place called 'the kitchen of Japan,' to Edo, a large consuming area with a population of 700,000 at that time.
  210. These salt manufacturing facilities were large scale, but it was considered that authority, at the time, gathered manpower by using coercion to manufacture salt rather than for residents' daily use.
  211. These salt-preserved cherry leaves are called Sakuraba.
  212. These samurai became kenin (retainers) of the Kamakura-dono (= shogun) and became the members of Kamakura bakufu.
  213. These samurai warriors were called Kyoto Fuchishu (according to the records of the time, Kyoto Onfuchishu.)
  214. These sanpai ko held 'so mairi' in which all ko members visited their temple or shrine, but in many cases, 'daisan ko (ko by representative)' was held in which a few people were selected as representatives to visit their temple or shrine on behalf of their ko.
  215. These scandals of famous people drew the attention of people.
  216. These school districts were abolished in 1941.
  217. These schools accepted those who finished the preparatory course and graduates from middle schools or women's higher schools and had the boys' section and girl's section.
  218. These schools came to be referred to as 'the three great imperial private schools in the Meiji period,' etc. in the Taisho period.
  219. These schools conflicted with each other between Uesugi and Minobe over the Emperor Organ Theory, and then, in and after the period of Taisho Democracy, the constitutional school had an advantage and it became a prevailing orthodoxy.
  220. These schools in Owari belong to the Bishu-Chikurin group.
  221. These schools were in serious conflict throughout the twelfth century, but in the Southern Song Dynasty, predominance of New learning gradually shifted to predominance of the Do school.
  222. These secret teachings are commonly referred to as "kokin denju," meaning a specific poetic interpretation of the Kokinshu.
  223. These secret voyagers called 'the Five Heroes of Choshu' included Kaoru (Monta) INOUE, Hirobumi (Shunsuke) ITO, Yozo YAMAO, Masaru INOUE, and Kinsuke ENDO.
  224. These sects had all been suppressed by conventional sects until they had become established but, at the same time, they led innovations in the old religious sects.
  225. These selected mythologies resembled those contained in "Kojiki" (The Records of Ancient Matters).
  226. These selfish behaviors of the Empress Kojun seemed to be the one of the prime factors of displeasure to the Empress Teimei.
  227. These sensu are not used as an actual fan, but they are used to represent a boundary between a host and a group of guests, or between guests when they exchange greetings with each other.
  228. These series of commercials were criticized as the sounds were too rude, while some say they have been successful in promoting consumption of chazuke.
  229. These series of high-handed policies taken by the Edo bakufu are called "ruling backed with military force."
  230. These series of reforms curbed activities of the Ikko-Ikki army and can be said to have drastically changed its policy with a view to coexisting with the bakufu, local daimyo (feudal lords) in various places, and other religious schools.
  231. These serve as both historical research sources and tourist attractions.
  232. These services are cheaper than taking a taxi to the airport individually.
  233. These services are popular among users who go abroad with a lot of baggage because they do not need to go to the bus stop to connect to the airport.
  234. These seven people overlapped considerably with Rikyu Shichitetsu (seven sages), so they seem to have had something to do with them.
  235. These seven soldiers later gained great power in the Toyotomi government, which may have been a result of Hideyoshi's excessive trumpeting of his favorite men, who had been trained by him since their childhood, since Hideyoshi did not have his own powerful hereditary vassals.
  236. These seven towns belonged to Sakyo Ward which was created in 1929.
  237. These shelters provided accommodations, as well as supply of rice and assistance in finding work.
  238. These shikii rails are found on the borders of rooms and corridors.
  239. These ships were also called Kangosen since both governments issued a certificate called Kangofu in order to prove the visiting ships were lawfully registered ships for Nichi-Ming trade.
  240. These shoen were called Kanshofu sho (shoen exempted from tax by Daijokanpu/Minbushofu).
  241. These shoens are called jitoukesho (the shoen manor under the contract with a jito that the manor's owner entrusts him to manage the manor and pay the customs).
  242. These shoens are called the tax-exempt shoen estates.
  243. These shoens were managed by a government official of the central government or a koi (a military officer), but sometimes the powerful men on the spots were appointed to the head of shoens and charged with the office work.
  244. These shoes are made of black leather.
  245. These shogunate policies reduced the organizational function of monpa (a division of a Buddhist sect) and of tatchu (a minor temple), both of which played the central role in Buddhist activities in each sect in those days, while the policies caused the concentration of religious power on each main temple.
  246. These shoji began to be painted during the Konin era.
  247. These shops, however, have already withdrawn due to the decrease in the number of passengers using Shugakuin Station as well as the decrease in the area's student population--their principal customer constituency--caused by the relocation of universities from Kyoto City to the southern region.
  248. These should be primarily called "Shishi".
  249. These show great trust in him although he was not Keishi (household superintendent) of Sekkan-ke (the families which produced regents).
  250. These show why, through the eyes of TAKECHI, Izo was considered 'merely as an instrument for assassination.'
  251. These showed that there were still growing demand among those concerned for the conservation and repairs at the site.
  252. These shrines are also referred to as Myojindai.
  253. These shrines are believed to have held their annual festivals, called "Sonokarakami no Matsuri," on the day of the Ox following the February Kasuga-sai Festival and on the day before the November Niiname-sai (Harvest Festival).
  254. These shrines are called Myojin-taisha (or Myojindai) because they are all classified into Taisha.
  255. These shrines are regarded as the gods of Japanese bujutsu and budo, and the name 'Kashima Daimyojin' (鹿島大明神) and 'Katori Daimyojin' (香取大明神) are often enshrined in the dojo (training hall).
  256. These shrines are thought to have been constructed by the Fujiwara clan between the years 717 and 724 and stood on the site since before the relocation of the capital city to Heian-kyo.
  257. These shrines do not have a main sanctuary on the scale of an ordinary Shinto shrine.
  258. These shrines enshrined the ujigami (protective clan deity) of the ancient Kamo clan, and were also called 'Kamo Daijin' (literally, the great god of Kamo) in ancient days.
  259. These shrines receive special offerings from the Imperial Court.
  260. These shrines were classified as a Bekkaku Kanpeisha in 1875.
  261. These shrines were under the control of Jingikan, a governmental institution in charge of Shinto affairs, and categorized as "Kanpei-sha" (Shrines served by Jingikan), and therefore, it can be thought that Jingikan had established the rule to pronounce the letter 良 as "naga."
  262. These sisters are faithful people.'
  263. These situations are also related to the quality of life, and the problems that the person is overwhelmed with shame and daunted or gets a bad rap from his or her environment should be solved.
  264. These situations have forced Japan to declare war.'
  265. These six female Emperors in eight generations were all in between the late 6th century and the late 8th century.
  266. These six kumi became six rengo (federations) in October in the same year and were given names including 'Rengo of Yamamura town and other 34 towns.'
  267. These six poets belonged to the years decades prior to the days of compilers of Kokin Wakashu (Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry), so poems in the collection are divided into three periods: Period of Unknown Poets, Period of Rokkasen, and Period of Compilers.
  268. These six ropes are lined up, folded downward, binding strings are tied round the ropes tightly in a knot to fix the ropes.
  269. These six sects of Nanto Rokushu were, rather than religious sects, like schools studying ideas each other, and they had been prospering mainly at Todai-ji Temple.
  270. These six statues depict Sho Kannon, Eleven-faced Kannon, Thousand-armed Kannon, Nyoirin Kannon, Horse-headed Kannon and Juntei Kannon.
  271. These six towns are located in three places in the ward, and Zushioku Nagamichi and Zushioku Kacho-cho are detached towns.
  272. These six towns belonged to Sakyo Ward which was created in 1929.
  273. These six-car trains are formed from the eight-car trains normally running on the Hankyu Kyoto Main Line by decoupling the two final cars to the direction of Umeda Station.
  274. These skills and techniques are usually passed down orally from master to the student in the apprentice system.
  275. These slices of pork play a supportive role for the ingredients when turning it over and after it's turned over they are at the lowest position, preventing the ingredients from burning and enhancing the flavor because fat permeates all the ingredients.
  276. These small articles for sale in the street stalls are: Wood carved dolls and Christmas tree ornaments; then there are food street stalls for selling pound cakes with special Christmas decorations, and hot wine.
  277. These small torii were set up to prevent the unlawful dumping of garbage, taking advantage of the innate human reverence for it as an entrance to the sacred world, and there have been real-world examples in which dumping has dramatically decreased.
  278. These so-called 'old national treasures' all became known as important cultural properties on August 29, 1950, when the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties went into effect.
  279. These so-called hiding villages for the surviving Heike fighters, their families and retainers are commonly called 'Heike-dani (villages of Heike fugitives).'
  280. These soils for torinoko in Najio have names such as Tokubo soil (white), Tenshi soil (天子土) (whitish brown), Kabuta soil (blue), and Jato soil (ginger), and paper was made with one or two soils that was called five-colored torinoko or dyed torinoko.
  281. These songs later belonged to the genre of Kagurauta song because they were performed as a side show of Kagura.
  282. These songs were also sung in "Detective Conan: Crossroad in the Ancient Capital," the movie version of the TV series "Meitantei Konan (Detective Konan)."
  283. These songs were sung in side shows of Kagura, and songs such as osaibari (first half part of Kagura), kosaibari (second half part of Kagura), soga (a sort of songs and ballads which were popular among nobles, samurais and Buddhist priests in a period from the middle of the Kamakura era to the Muromachi era), and Zoka (Other Poetry) were originated from Saibara.
  284. These sophisticated gardens left in Tokyo were newly restored and opened to the public like Kokyo Higashi Gyoen (the East Garden of the Imperial Palace), Soma-tei teien (the Soma Residence Garden) handled by Yasuhei NAGAOKA, the pioneer of modern gardens and a garden now called the Otome-yama park in Shinjuku Ward.
  285. These sosons and gosons improved their self-governing capabilities and jigeuke was also done, where they undertook the collection of nengu directly from lords of shoen.
  286. These sounds are often used as onomatopoetic techniques to emulate sounds such as the wind and insects.
  287. These soy-sauces are liquid seasonings that emphasize flavor, based on soy-sauce, with stock made from konbu kelp, stock made from dried bonito flakes, sweetener such as syrup, stevia added.
  288. These soy-sauces are with lower ratio of salt, compared with that of general soy-sauce.
  289. These special blades were called 'Showa swords,' 'New Murata sword' and 'New Japanese swords,' and it is said that a lot of them outweighed conventional Japanese swords (even famous swords) in quality as weapons.
  290. These special bugyo were at the height of their power in the reign of Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA, then went into decline along with the fall of the Muromachi bakufu after the Onin war.
  291. These special soils of Najio were closely guarded.
  292. These specialists warn that unique culinary cultures are now disappearing.
  293. These specimens are not reviewed from modern taxonomy, but can be important material for studying flora in the Kii Mountain Range.
  294. These specimens were passed to Ryunosuke HOTTA of Osaka who was Tomoari's pupil, and later they were donated by a descendant of HOTTA to the Osaka Municipal Museum of Natural History.
  295. These splendid hair ornaments were gifts from patrons and expressed figuratively as 'the value of the part from the neck up is equivalent to that of a house.'
  296. These sports have their own names, but in Japan, people generally put a place name before the term "sumo" (sometimes pronounced as "zumo") to reference to such sports; for example, Okinawa-sumo (also known as Ryukyu-sumo), Mongolia-sumo, and Turkey-sumo.
  297. These spots in ink are called Mi-style points.
  298. These square dohyo can be found even now at shrines in various regions and also in Nanbu-zumo, and they are still actively used.
  299. These stalls attract not only children but also adults and youths who feel like kids.
  300. These stand side by side in front of the one thousand statues of Senju-Kannon (of the 28, the 4 statues of each of the Four Heavenly Kings surround the main deity).
  301. These statements made by Yoshinaka can be construed as a so-what attitude.
  302. These station colors are selected gradationally as shown in "List of stations."
  303. These statues all depict Dainichi Nyorai (Mahavairocana) which surround a central statue of Jizo Bosatsu (Jizo Bodhisattva).
  304. These statues are not ordinarily on display to the general public.
  305. These statues believed to have been made in the late Nara period are all considerably damaged
  306. These statues completed in 1189 are existing and recognized not only an representative work of Kokei but also fine arts marking the beginning of sculptures during the Kamakura period.
  307. These statues exhibit strong distinct designs rare in the history of Buddhist sculptures in Japan; they are realistic sculptures having expressions of countenances of living women, slender bodies, elaborate hair design, and complicated and decorative vesture.
  308. These statues of three Japanese gods in Yakushi-ji Temple count among the oldest existing sculptures of deities.
  309. These statues were all created during the Kamakura period and are the oldest and some of the best quality statues of the Enma family in Japan.
  310. These statues were produced during the Nara period.
  311. These statues were produced during the early Heian period.
  312. These statues were reconstructed after Nanto Yakiuchi set by TAIRA no Shigehira in 1180, and they were completed in 1189.
  313. These steam locomotives, with some exceptions, generally had high reliability and durability for practical use so that they worked extensively all through the prewar and postwar glory days for railroads.
  314. These steamed oshibori used in barbershops are often provided by rental oshibori companies, which are described below.
  315. These steps clarified the separation between the Imperial court and the government, and created the foundation of a governmental system in which each minister took a share of administrative responsibility.
  316. These stone plates were excavated from the entire Jomon period, when settlement became more common, and a lot of them were found especially in village remains of the earlier period or later.
  317. These stops haven't changed for about 50 years.
  318. These stories are based on gossip after the death of Iemitsu, and from an examination of historical materials from that era, it is thought that the decision for Iemitsu to be the heir was completed in 1615.
  319. These stories were introduced to Edo by Bouun HAKURIKAN, a writer of comic tanka (a Japanese poem made up of thirty-one syllables), who gave birth to Edo-kobanashi (short Edo comic stories).
  320. These street stall businesses have an exclusive power supply for their business operation, contracting water services with a nearby building.
  321. These street stall vendors operate shops around stations, markets, and shopping centers, and these vendors serve breakfast to their customers.
  322. These streets are inappropriate for a city with busy vehicular traffic in these days.
  323. These streets are maintained with 'Shinmachigashira City Housing' which was the first city housing established in Kyoto City in 1920.
  324. These strings became popular among women who wore them by copying kabuki actors, and since they were very useful they came to be established as "obijime" among the common people as well.
  325. These structures can still often be seen to this day (refer to Tensho no Jiwari (land allotment system in the Tensho era)).
  326. These structures were omitted not only in Tenshu but also standard-scale Yagura in many castles, and they were mainly constructed only in large-scale buildings such as Tenshu.
  327. These students are often interviewed as important sources of information about Ozu before he became a movie director.
  328. These students were called "fudeko."
  329. These studies are not only brilliant achievements in textual criticism and as studies of the versions of the book, but they also take a closer look at the issue of style and motive.
  330. These styles are characterized by having hottate-bashira, or earthfast posts, such as shin-no-mihashira and munamochi-bashira.
  331. These styles of execution are associated with the enshrined deity, or are styles that were carried out sporadically, but became customary, and eventually a tradition.
  332. These subsequently evolved into round portable cushions woven from rush or straw into round spiral shapes and then in the middle of the Edo Period zabuton made from cotton stuffed into material bags were created.
  333. These substitutes were called "Yo. "
  334. These successive incidents made the foreign envoys demand the Edo bakufu to take some measures against the rising rice price and to relieve the poor people
  335. These suggest that a status system based on the scale and shape of the tumuli did not extend all over the area in the early Kofun period.
  336. These superstitions prompted the manipulation of the calendar (which is called kaireki).
  337. These surviving houses are known today as the Kobe Ijinkan (former foreign residences).
  338. These suspicious details brought forth a strengthened negative tone of the press to her clairvoyant power.
  339. These sutras preach about Amida Nyorai, his 48 vows and 'Gokuraku,' the Buddha Land (Pure Land).
  340. These sutras show that the moral nature of Monju Bosatsu is Hannya (wisdom), which is an important factor in attaining enlightenment.
  341. These sutras were found to date from the Heian period in an examination of archives conducted by Rissho University in 1993.
  342. These symbols indicate that this book contains the secrets of the Onmyoji (practitioners of Onmyodo, the Way of Yin and Yang), who are said to have understood the circulation of ki (energy) and been able to divine the future by observing the movements of the sun and the moon.
  343. These systems were for allocating cultivated land to the people and collecting taxes from them on a uniform basis, and with this, the basics of the Ritsuryo system are considered to have been complete.
  344. These systems were handed down through subsequent dynasties and formed the basis of the Ritsuryo system.
  345. These systems were officially abolished when the People's Republic of China was formed.
  346. These systems were revised to nationally uniform tax levy system where landowners paid money according to the land value through land-tax reform.
  347. These tabi are ordinarily worn by females.
  348. These tabi can be used only by males with informal clothes.
  349. These tabi squeeze feet less than those made of weaved cloth, and it is one of their features that they give a feeling similar to that of socks.
  350. These tactics were described as follows. 'There is an improper tactic called Izuna no Jutsu which confuses human eyes.' ("Bosou Manroku")
  351. These take the form of a number of short songs that have been combined.
  352. These takuhatsu in distant places led to propagation of the Jodo (Pure Land) Sect by wanderers called hijiri, such as Kuya, at the end of Heian period.
  353. These tangible folk cultural properties are considered especially worthy of preservation and application.
  354. These tato farmers who cultivated myoden land were called fumyo (subcontractors) or tato fumyo.
  355. These tatos are included in kaihatsu-ryoshu (local notables who actually developed the land).
  356. These taxi companies can achieve such low fares because they basically provide their services by advance reservation.
  357. These taxis were equipped with a taximeter and called 'Tsuji-machi jidosha' (vehicle waiting to be hired), which were based in Ueno and Shimbashi Stations.
  358. These teachings were compiled into scriptures in later years.
  359. These teachings were divided into two at Enryaku-ji Temple on Mt. Hiei, which was the head temple of the Nihon Tendai Sect, by two giants of Ennin, namely the third Tendai zasu and Enchin, who was the fifth Tendai zasu.
  360. These technical experts were called "employed foreigners" and earned the high salary.
  361. These techniques are generally acquired by learning from Shoka (calligrapher) through various educational institutions, studying focusing on the classics, and entering products in Shodo exhibitions to heighten one's own skills.
  362. These techniques are sometimes not fully captured in Japanese translations.
  363. These techniques enabled dyeing in various colors, so elaborate dyed goods were created.
  364. These techniques of randori are the origin of today's judo's randori and matches.
  365. These techniques were developed and accumulated by temples which required Shojin ryori, as well as by the nearby residents.
  366. These tempestuous movements of parades vary in each rite and festival of regions, depending on local traditions.
  367. These temples are called the 18 head temples of the Shingon sect (真言宗十八本山).
  368. These temples became collectively known as Rokusho-ji (lit. Six Sho Temples) as each of their names consist of the character 'sho' (meaning victory).
  369. These temples came to have the forms of the temples of Tendai sect from the end of Nara period to Heian period.
  370. These temples not only served a religious role, as ujidera emerged that also conducted manor management duties for the continuation and growth of the temple as well as providing financial assistance and advice to the clans or families that owned them.
  371. These temples use 'Kondo' for the building in which the main object of worship was enshrined when it was founded in the ancient times, but they use 'Hondo' for the building that later became the main building of the temple due to the change in the object of worship over time.
  372. These temples were permitted to be state-sanctioned schools of monks (Nenbundosha) (年分度者), and therefore tended to be independent.
  373. These ten are subdivided into four classes: two mirrors, one sword, four magadama (a comma-shaped bead), and three hire (scarves that women put over their shoulders and hang in the front on the both sides in the same length).
  374. These ten crows with three legs flew up to the sky in turn and breathed fire from their mouths, which became the sun.
  375. These ten rasetsunyo are said to have Honji-suijaku (original reality and manifested traces) and there are several theories; in this article, a theory found in "Myoho renge sanmai samaya himitsu samaya kyo" is described as an example.
  376. These terms also implied lineages who served the Imperial Family (or an emperor) with their military power and bravery.
  377. These terms are used even today, however, the origin of them refers to a woman owned by a husband, which is condemned by feminists.
  378. These terms arose from the belief that existed until the Edo period when Buddhist deities were considered to be the original form of Shinto Kami.
  379. These terms express kosa emotionally and have been used in waka poems and haiku poems from old times.
  380. These terms occur as a pair in oharae no kotoba (the great purification incantation) described in 'Norito' (incantations) in Fascicle (Book) 8 of the "Engishiki" (an ancient book for codes and procedures on national rites and prayers).
  381. These terms refer to the custom of changing the layout of tatami mats at celebrations (shugijiki) or condolences (bushugijiki).
  382. These terms were first used in "Nihon Bukkyoshi-ko" (Outline of the History of Japanese Buddhism) published in the Meiji period (1898-1899) by Senjo MURAKAMI who is regarded as the pioneer of the research on the history of Buddhism in Japan.
  383. These territories were located in the western part of Japan, and many gokenin moved to the forfeited territories in Western Japan as new jito.
  384. These territories were to be divided in half, each part owned by the honjo and the samurai family respectively until the bakufu could find alternative territories.
  385. These theories are opposed to each other.
  386. These theories are still believed to be common saying, but feudal retainers of Mito Domain at that time strongly believed these stories.
  387. These theories caused controversy because they nominate various locations, and therefore the location of Kokufu must be identified carefully.
  388. These theories have been discussed over a long period of time (this discussion is called 'the za debate'), and the current dominant theory explains that the word "za" originally indicated a place where certain qualified persons gathered all together and thus the word included both the meanings.
  389. These theories have been passed down to become the Kyushu Dynasty theory.
  390. These theories have no crucial foundation and are just works of imagination for now.
  391. These theories include the assassination of FUJIWARA no Tanetsugu who was responsible for the construction of Nagaoka-kyo, the intention to escape the influence of temples of Nara, and the desire to escape the capital of Emperor Tenmu and create a capital for Emperor Tenji.
  392. These theories originate from the Yamatai Kingdom of northern Kyushu and the idea that Himiko was, in fact, Amaterasu Omikai (the Sun Goddess), though the two are not inseparably related.
  393. These theories, however, lack historical grounds, and literature, etc. showing that '?? (pronounced as nara)' was used in Korea during the time of the Manyoshu when the name 'Nara' appeared are yet to be found.
  394. These thick tassels are hanged instead of the posts.
  395. These things are beyond my control."
  396. These things are called 'Samayagyo Symbol' and they are the symbols of each Buddha's enlightenment and actions.
  397. These things show that Omi, present-day Shiga Prefecture, has close ties to Yamato Takeru.
  398. These things suggest that in the big circular moat areas compartments were made functionally.
  399. These things tell us about the enforcement of Gori-sei (Township-neighborhood system) and how Buddhism belief prevailed in people in the Nara period.
  400. These thorough surveys showed actual figures concerning brewing across the country in 1698.
  401. These three are hidden Buddhist statues.
  402. These three books are important in the history of the study.
  403. These three chapters are summarized as 'Sansen no Mon' (Ketsukan no Mon), which is regarded as the conclusion of the treatise, and it conforms with the title and theme deslaration (Hyoso no Mon).
  404. These three characters, Urashima Taro, Shiotsutsunooji, and TAKENOUCHI no Sukune, share the same characteristic in that they lived for a long time.
  405. These three chubon are called chuhaishoso (second class of Buddhists who reborn in the Land of Happiness according to the nine levels of religiousness), because they meet Hinayana, which is called gusho.
  406. These three clans had to provide a shogun if the Shogun family (the head of the Tokugawa family) lacked a male through a line of males (an heir to Shogun).
  407. These three collections were made when the new Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who was to subdue the barbarians") started his reign, and it is thought that the editing work was conducted to in line with the new reign began.
  408. These three collections, the "Kokin wakashu," the "Gosen Wakashu," and the "Shui Wakashu," are together called the Sandaishu (The Three Major Collections).
  409. These three drawings have no credit, and there is no description that clarifies the identifications of the figures of the portraits on the drawings.
  410. These three films were shown at Tokyo Educational Museum (current National Museum of Nature and Science) located within Yushima Seido (Sacred Hall at Yushima) on November 30 of the same year.
  411. These three genealogies are collectively called the Ryuka KONDO-ha group.
  412. These three gods are in Kii Province.
  413. These three gods were created when the blood dropped from the root of Totsuka no Tsurugi on a rock.
  414. These three gods worked hard to sow the seeds.
  415. These three great calligraphers did not end simply by imitating the calligraphy, but left a lot of spirited calligraphy to Japanize the Chinese style.
  416. These three groups came to be widely accepted as a plausible view, and were considered to be in accordance with the study in various respects.
  417. These three had many followers among samurai and Confucians, and in particular, it is said that Beian ICHIKAWA had 5,000 followers including feudal lords.
  418. These three instruments were played together frequently throughout the Edo period.
  419. These three items were designated as family treasures and have been used only at the tea ceremonies for announcing the succession of the family.
  420. These three kami are regarded as the ultimate gods in "Fukko Shinto" (revived Shinto), and in particular Ame no Minakanushi no Kami is ranked first.
  421. These three kinds of paintings are extant and designated as a national important cultural property.
  422. These three letters are precious as written materials that represent the relationship between Dengyo Daishi (great teacher of the Buddhism) Saicho, the founder of the Nihon Tendai sect, and Kobo Daishi (a posthumous title of the priest Kukai) Kukai the founder of the Shingon sect; both were the two greatest Buddhist priests in the Heian period.
  423. These three locations served as centers for training, research and advancement of the religion.
  424. These three paintings have come to be considered works of Eitoku, and there is little disagreement about this among art historians.
  425. These three people are represented by similar images.
  426. These three persons (Emperor Saga, Kukai, and TACHIBANA no Hayanari) were called san-pitsu, the three great calligraphers, during the early Heian period.
  427. These three persons make a team and go down Nagara-gawa River while catching ayu.
  428. These three pillars of gods are called "Zoka-sanshin" (three kami of creation), who are said to be genderless 'hitorigami' (god without gender).
  429. These three portals of the Nagarayama tunnel on the Yamashina side and the four portals of the Shin-osakayama Tunnel make the structure very complicated; therefore, the allocation of the tracks from Yamashina Station is also explained here.
  430. These three portraits are drawn on a single piece of silk of 143 cm in height and 112 cm in width.
  431. These three positions are generally named "Sangu"(the three Princesses) or "Sango" (the three Empresses).
  432. These three prefectures and the Bureau were abolished due to establishment of the Hokkaido government on January 26, 1886 ('Haiken Chicho,' or abolishment of prefectures and establishment of local government).
  433. These three shrines are collectively called the three shrines of Munakata.
  434. These three treasures have been handed down by the emperors of Japan.
  435. These three volumes supposedly correspond to 'a long time ago,' 'in the middle,' and 'now.'
  436. These three wind instruments are collectively called the 'Three Winds.'
  437. These tickets are also usable for the route buses of other bus companies, but they're unusable for buses running on the \100 circular route.
  438. These tickets are discounted in comparison with payment in cash.
  439. These tiles are sometimes substituted for clay tiles in cold areas, where clay tiles may be cracked.
  440. These tonya were originally sales offices that sakaya in kamigata (the Kyoto/Osaka area) opened in Edo to sell their own sake, and important personnel, such as clerks, were sent to these tonya.
  441. These too are sometimes referred to as Kintaroame.
  442. These tools have never been actually used.
  443. These town names are not seen in 'Jurisdiction District Ordinance' and 'Announcement of the Election Committee.'
  444. These towns have been there (2009-present).
  445. These towns still remained in 2009.
  446. These traditional coffer width varying by districts have been handed down up to the present.
  447. These traditionally bound Japanese books contain valuable documents related to the ceremonial rites of the Imperial Court, yusoku-kojitsu (knowledge of court rules, ceremony, decorum and records of the past), records of the era, name changes, and waka poems.
  448. These traditions led to Shinto, and gave rise to a trend of faith towards mountains, as in the Suwa Taisha Shrine in Nagano Prefecture and Mt. Miwa in Nara Prefecture.
  449. These training routes are also said to have been opened up by EN no Gyoja.
  450. These trains are called 'T-trains' by the train crew since the last letter of the train number is T. (The last letter of the train numbers for Rapid trains between Takatsuki Station and Kyoto Station is M for weekdays and K for weekends.
  451. These trains connect to Tokaido Shinkansen at Kyoto Station/Shin-Osaka Station and to Sanyo Shinkansen at Himeji Station/Okayama Station.
  452. These trains don't stop at the station.
  453. These trains stop at every station on the loop line because the sections between Osaka, Kyobashi and Tennoji are heavily congested.
  454. These translations are often called '**** Genji' after the translator such as 'YOSANO Genji' and 'TANIZAKI Genji.'
  455. These translations show that this sutra had been extensively read and recited.
  456. These transport boats existed until the end of the Meiji Period.
  457. These treasure houses are "chokufu" (having the Imperial seal).
  458. These treasures are enshrined as deities in Izushi-jinja Shrine (Izushi-cho, Toyooka City, Hyogo Prefecture), together with Amenohiboko.
  459. These treasures might have been the tools of Korean settlers for worshipping the sun god.
  460. These treasures were lost in the late Middle Ages.
  461. These treasures were stored in Shosoin.
  462. These trees blossom at the same time of year as the school examination season so it is during this period that the shrine receives the greatest number of students and their families in addition to increased numbers of tourists who visit to see the ume blossom.
  463. These trends became still more prominent in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts with the spread of the half-tax, in which half of the yearly proceeds of a shoen were turned over to the shogunate, and the shugouke system, in which the shugo was contracted with the duty of collecting the land tax.
  464. These tributaries join near the Goko-bashi Bridge in Yawata City, resulting in the single mainstream known as Yodo-gawa River which flows into Osaka Bay.
  465. These tsuwamono-no-ie members becoming the origin of the military aristocrats or samurais has been the most compelling theory.
  466. These tumuli are believed to be Prince Oshiha's burial mounds, and currently the Imperial Household Agency manages them.
  467. These tumuli can be further classified into the Nakayama sub-group that consists of the tumuli on the hill and the Kayo sub-group that consists of the tumuli on the alluvial fan.
  468. These tumuli were built to enshrine the spirits so that 'the spirits that live there do not become Araburukami.'
  469. These two 'Imadegawa-cho' have different postal codes (the same is true for other towns that have the same name).
  470. These two 'Shimomaruya-cho' have different postal codes (the same is true for other towns that have the same name).
  471. These two Chinese characters combined to make a Chinese compound word 'jinjo' (尋常) meaning mediocre and ordinary.
  472. These two Kannagi, which are common in some parts and inseparable, are alive even today and are typical in Japan.
  473. These two above, and Yoraku mentioned in the previous section are strangely the disciples of an Ensho the sixth's disciple, and belong to the same generation and have the same length of career.
  474. These two actors were rivals in the performing arts, and their exchange of words was magnificent.
  475. These two actresses were entrusted to Takasa by Toei which had previously focused on male performers, and he worked with them prolifically in his later years.
  476. These two are husband and wife.
  477. These two aspects are seen in common with the idea that gods bring fortunes on some occasions but misfortunes on others.
  478. These two can be called inversion phenomena in considering Kyo (Kyoto) was originally a city name.
  479. These two characteristics can be said to be indispensable for the enka music, but they are often confused with each other, although they are essentially different techniques.
  480. These two characters are strangely similar to Urashima Taro.
  481. These two clans existed as the vassals of the Satake clan.
  482. These two clans grew closer through the work of Ryoma SAKAMOTO, a roshi of Tosa, who was under the protection of the Satsuma clan, and Shintaro NAKAOKA who had followed Sanetomi SANJO, also a roshi of Tosa, who stayed in Shimonoseki.
  483. These two competed against each other.
  484. These two criminals were both working at a silk spinning company called Okayama Kyoritsu Kenshi Boseki Kaisha in Okayama Prefecture.
  485. These two deities also hid themselves as Hitorigami.
  486. These two dishes, 'sugiyaki' or boiled fish and shellfish, and 'sukiyaki' or grilled birds and fish meat, are regarded as the origins of current day 'sukiyaki' in the form of nabemono (a dish served in a pot at the table) with beef.
  487. These two edicts damaged the warrior class both mentally and economically, since the edicts deprived them of their last privileges as former samurai such as wearing a sword and receiving a stipend.
  488. These two flowers have value until May 5 or September 9, but not the next day.
  489. These two forts of east and west were counted as one fort.
  490. These two gained the deep confidence of Otari, and when Otari became betto of Office of Ishiyama-dera Temple Construction, he called them to his presence as administrative officials.
  491. These two genealogies are as follows;
  492. These two gods above mentioned became syncretized and developed into the Doso-shin (traveler's guardian deity) faith to become stone mounds.
  493. These two gods are enshrined at Ise-jingu Shrine.
  494. These two gods was born from the impurity of the Yominokuni.
  495. These two gods were created when the blood dropped from the handle of Totsuka no Tsurugi on a rock.
  496. These two gold seals were made of an alloy to maintain the strength.
  497. These two great people were first mentioned in a work by OTOMO no Yakamochi, written in Chinese, which was collected in "Manyoshu" (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves) as 'A school of 山柿' ('山' means Yamabe, and '柿' means Kakinomoto).
  498. These two incidents were:
  499. These two instruments are completely different from each other.
  500. These two laws were no doubt intended to undermine the basis of the kochi komin system, but it was a fact that they aimed to rebuild the ritsuryo system by securing handen (also known as kubunden - the land given to each farmer in the Ritsuryo system).
  501. These two local trains were called 'local' in the announcement without any distinction.
  502. These two main shrines and the following five sessha (auxiliary shrine) are called Hiyoshi Shichisha (the Seven Hiyoshi Shrines) or Sanno Shichisha (the Seven Sanno Shrines).
  503. These two men are both legendary figures; EN no Ozuku is considered to be the founder of Shugendo, while Unpen later became Priest Taicho and is believed to have established the Mt. Haku sacred site in Kaga.
  504. These two men are said to be Igo no sei.
  505. These two metaphors are therefore often mixed up.
  506. These two noblemen were escorted by warriors who served Kaneie, including MINAMOTO no Yorimitsu.
  507. These two officials implemented the execution of the policy for allegiance in the new government.
  508. These two parts have not changed since long ago.
  509. These two people always go together and never separate.'
  510. These two people in particular are called 'the restorers of senryu'.
  511. These two phrases are logically connected, and the proof of the statement, 'if shi exists, hi exists' is the statement, 'if there is no shi, there is no hi.'
  512. These two posts corresponded to the court rank of Shoshichiinoge (Senior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade) and Jushichiinojo (Junior Seventh Rank, Upper Grade) respectively.
  513. These two princes laid the foundations for the prosperity of Michinaga family.
  514. These two princes talked over how to deal with this, and took sanctuary in the residence of Tsubura no Oomi, a member of the Katsuragi clan.
  515. These two registers recorded people who deceased with an obligation of paying suikoto (loaned rice plant) (Taizei [the rice tax stored in provincial offices' warehouses]).
  516. These two schools, called collectively the Maruyama-Shijo School, are the root of the Kyoto Japanese art world in modern and contemporary times.
  517. These two stations are stations to change trains with each other.
  518. These two stations are used to switch train lines, and each of them is sometimes called "a station at Shijo Karasuma" without differentiating each other.
  519. These two stones were believed to miraculously cure toothaches or fevers.
  520. These two stores repeated merger and division to form present ITOCHU and Marubeni.
  521. These two successive deaths eventually made SUGAWARA no Michizane take the brunt of political criticisms and attacks, and that situation formed a remote cause of the Shotai Incident.
  522. These two temples were official government temples meant to protect the castles of Heiankyo's Sakyo and Ukyo, and also to protect the eastern and western parts of the country.
  523. These two theories or their mixture is also a possible explanation for the origin of katsudon.
  524. These two thoughts were based on different views of life and death.
  525. These two to three years were extremely significant for Kaneyoshi and Emperor Sakuramachi.
  526. These two towns are seen on the postal code list, but 'Kadokawa' regards them as names of towns abolished in 1966.
  527. These two urban areas maintain their trade areas independently each other.
  528. These two were labeled apart as the 'Kenin' (retainers) and 'Karei' (courtesy among cultured people).
  529. These two were on a par and competed with each other for their ranks.
  530. These two were puppets for Nagayoshi and here the Miyoshi's government with the powerful persons of the Muromachi bakufu of shogun and kanrei practically began to function.
  531. These two works are done by all the Rengyoshu, Sanyaku and so on and they prepare 400 camellias, 50 nandinas and many cores of tomyo.
  532. These two works were referred to as 'Keiko Eiga' (trend film), influenced by socialist thought at that time, and more than 300 feet of the completed film of "Issatsu Tasho Ken" was censored by the prewar Ministry of Home Affairs.
  533. These types are said to be bred in America from the seedlings of Someiyoshino that were sent to America to represent the friendship between Japan and the U.S.A.
  534. These types of bottle cans were developed for female persons who felt uncomfortable drinking directly from a can.
  535. These types of drivers are mainly older persons or persons with dual employment.
  536. These types of kuruwas increased the time taken by the enemy to reach the major kuruwas and allowed the defenders to attack the enemy advantageously.
  537. These types of mo were worn with a pair of suspender-like supporters called kakeobi attached to mo hanging down from the shoulders and tied around the chest.
  538. These types of soba restaurants are usually seen at railroad stations and their surrounding areas, in urban and commercial areas including business districts and at entertainment facilities such as theme parks, baseball parks and race courses.
  539. These types of umeboshi are labeled as 'chomi-umeboshi' (seasoned umeboshi).
  540. These types of zoni are made in mountainous areas or in island areas where rice is rarely produced.
  541. These unearthed articles were estimated to be the things belonging to the period of late Muromachi through Azuchi-Momoyama.
  542. These unequal treaties troubled the Meiji Government for a half century.
  543. These uniforms are sold at Kendo shops, Kyudo shops, and sporting goods shops, and not sold at the shops that deal with female formal Wafuku.
  544. These unique pieces feature the Paulownia Seal mica-printed onto Chinese paper screens and are said to have all been created in a single batch while the head priest was away after Tohaku proposed the idea of painted screens to him but was refused.
  545. These unique statues of a buck and doe have been crafted to resemble the lion-dog statues that stand guard at the entrances to Shinto shrines.
  546. These units drove off the Satsuma army once, but was fought back and retreated.
  547. These units were introduced in Japan, and o-shaku (a large shaku) and sho-shaku (a small shaku) were enacted in the Taiho Ritsuryo (the Code of Taiho) established in 701.
  548. These unnatural measures were organized for the continuation of power by ruling the cloistered government for the longest possible time.'
  549. These unofficial names were the Zuryomei.
  550. These unreasonable demands were sarcastically called "Yamashina dori" (Yamashina arguments), and this Yamashina came from Yamashina-dera Temple (the predecessor of Kofuku-ji Temple), which was located in today's Yamashina Ward of Kyoto long before the national capital was transferred to Heian-kyo (today's Kyoto).
  551. These unreasonable orders, however, are believed to have been his last resort to buy time when he was distressed with the difficulty in directing a film.
  552. These unsubsidized `Mudaka` goshi made their livings by pursuing those professions permitted by the clan (carpentry, cottage industries) and, amongst the goshi there were individuals who maintained their senior goshi status whilst working as tenant farmers.
  553. These uprisings commonly happened upon the change of shoguns, and involved demands for 'Tokuseirei upon Change of the Shogun.'
  554. These uprisings were relatively small in scale except for the last Xilaian Incident and conspirators were arrested before the planned uprisings could even take place.
  555. These usages are converted from the original meaning mentioned above.
  556. These usages continued for a long time, but Norinaga MOTOORI, who appeared in the middle of the Edo period, gave the meaning of 'a unique Japanese spirit' to the term.
  557. These used construction equivalent to that seen in the Kofun period later and it spread to the Izumo region in Sanin to Noto Peninsula in Hokuriku.
  558. These various Tsuzumi came down from China, and after a while, Kotsuzumi and Otsuzumi were developed in Japan.
  559. These various forms of recruitment mean that ashigaru should also be considered mercenaries.
  560. These various theories are described in detail in "Kaishu KATSU" by Toru HARUNA ("Encyclopedia of Ryoma SAKAMOTO" Shin-Jinbutsuoraisha, 1988).
  561. These vehicles are used for in-company training after being used for business purpose.
  562. These views are based on the existence of serfs which are said to be characteristic of the Hoken system.
  563. These views have brought about an opinion that a contradiction intrinsic to the local tax manager system appeared in the form of Kokushi kasei joso.
  564. These views include one that asserts Shinran married her after he was banished to Echigo in 1207, while another asserts he married her before being banished, and one that asserts he remarried her in Echigo.
  565. These views might have also given rise to the view that Kagekatsu assassinated Kenshin.
  566. These views of history had not existed in Japan until then, and had the nature of trying to find universal laws in history.
  567. These villages were called soson.
  568. These villages, which consisted of all (惣て)members within range, came to be called soson (惣村) or so (惣).
  569. These visits made the conflict between Ono and the Hara brothers more intense.
  570. These volumes are personal poetry compilations by 38 different people, including FUJIWARA no Michinaga.
  571. These volumes comprise a personal compilation of poems by about 40 poets, including YAMABE no Akahito, OTOMO no Iemochi, and ONO no Komachi.
  572. These vows were developed to resolve the problems of all the sorrows and suffering of sentient beings that had been observed.
  573. These waka poems, and the subject matter selected by Yoshimoto as well as his hanshi were regarded as the important yusoku-kojitsusho (a book of courtly traditions and etiquette) during the medieval and pre-modern times and many manuscripts, at least 80 of them are known at present, were created and circulated.
  574. These ward courts are to be located in the locations of important regional offices.
  575. These wars astounded people of the time because they had not had a political fight which involved a military force for 300 years and several decades since the War of retired Emperor Heizei, in the early Heian period.
  576. These wars served as opportunities for TAIRA no Kiyomori and his family members, who were the highest rank military aristocrats, to rapidly gain power inside the Imperial Court.
  577. These weapons were likely created by clues from rocket-shaped weapons from China (Kasen), such as Shinkahia (a missile disguised as a bird).
  578. These were 'Virtual Tenshu,' which were called that to avoid the name "Tenshu" in deference to the Bakufu.
  579. These were Bernardo, Matteo, Juan, and Antonio from Kagoshima Prefecture.
  580. These were a group of hidden Christians from Urakami who had been keeping their faith in secret for nearly 300 years.
  581. These were a kind of chicane to intercept external enemies.
  582. These were all compiled from poems appearing in or after the Volume 14 of the Manyoshu (the first major anthology of early Japanese poetry).
  583. These were also used as menkyo mokuroku (normally positioned above kirigami [student level] but below menkyo [master level]) that certifies the instruction of the secrets of an art.
  584. These were both made in the Nara Period.
  585. These were called 'Chihogin', the territorial currency of Daimyo.
  586. These were called 'Keidai toshi' (also refer to the articles on Autonomous city or Holy city).
  587. These were called 'bugei, bujutsu, hyoho,' etc. throughout the Edo period, and in modern times after the Taisho period, a generic name 'budo' was used to call them including schools established after the Meiji period.
  588. These were called 'choninyu' (hot springs for merchants) and 'samuraiyu' (hot springs for samurai warriors) respectively.
  589. These were called gokei (five sentences) or gozai (five punishments).
  590. These were castles which Nobunaga ODA ordered Murashiga ARAKI to build or repair in order to prepare an encirclement for the Ishiyama War.
  591. These were certainly the things placed in the leaders' office of the government army.
  592. These were chosen from among the public in June 1945.
  593. These were collected after the Battle of Dan-no-ura between the Minamoto and Taira clans.
  594. These were collectively called kokyu, and the buildings were often granted to those members other than the empress, including the togu (crown prince), his wives, the imperial princes and the imperial princesses.
  595. These were colored mainly with red pigments, but one with tan (red earth) being used was called Tan-e and the one with beni (rouge) used was called Benie.
  596. These were constructed by the family of Kokei, Unkei's father, in the Kamakura Period.
  597. These were created by HAYASHIDA Dennojo Fusaaki, a local carpenter, and are highly regarded as architectural works that incorporate original ideas such as the use of the kamebara (a squarish bun-shaped mound covered with white plaster) as roof tiles on the two-storey pagoda.
  598. These were decisions Motonari made in anticipating his family's decline (i.e., his successors' lack of competence) under the new leadership (i.e., after his death).
  599. These were deeply related.
  600. These were described in 'Shojubun' of the "Muryoju-kyo Bussetsu Muryoju-kyo Sutra" (Sutra of Infinite Life, translated by Kosogai), which is the Konpon kyoten (primal scripture) of the Jodo (Pure Land) Sect.
  601. These were determined as official terms after the Meiji Restoration.
  602. These were different to the true vassals of a governor.
  603. These were dispatched from Japan to the outside during a period from the Showa period to the Heisei period.
  604. These were entrusted to Biwako Bunkakan by temples in Shiga Prefecture.
  605. These were excavated during the construction of the Kyoto City Streetcar Kawaramachi Line.
  606. These were extraordinary treatments for the daimyo who received Toyotomi's kind favors as a tozama daimyo (nonhereditary feudal lord), showing that he was a man who was greatly trusted by TOKUGAWA Ieyasu and Hidetada.
  607. These were famous stories printed in school textbooks used until the end of World War II.
  608. These were followed by a portrait of the poet on the left of the sheet.
  609. These were followed by an investigation report of the Kumano Kinenkan Museum (Shingu City).
  610. These were formed by erosion by the rivers that kept its meandering stream which had been already fixed on the level lands before the upheaval of the mountains began.
  611. These were found when the gorinto were repaired in 1982.
  612. These were games where people shot arrows at targets, and from the Edo Period (1603-1868) also include shooting at a rotating target with 'blow guns' and a kind of roulette called 'bunmawashi.'
  613. These were highly acclaimed and achieved good results, solidifying Yamada's position as a filmmaker.
  614. These were inherited from the old imperial palace but when the building was moved, the configuration of the sliding screens was drastically changed and many that were once part of a continuous series became placed in different rooms.
  615. These were introduced into Japan.
  616. These were later abolished but Izumi Gen later became an independent province.
  617. These were local reports which were composed of descriptions of local products, natural features such as mountains and rivers as well as their history and legends as told by old people.
  618. These were located close to the theaters and were simpler constructions which served ordinary people.
  619. These were made for Raizo ICHIKAWA (the eighth), a star belonging to Daiei, and were praised for their images featuring the beauty of Kabuki style.
  620. These were made in February 1938 in honor of the 50th anniversary of the issuance of the Constitution of the Empire of Japan.
  621. These were made in the Nara Period.
  622. These were made in the period of the Northern and Southern Courts of Japan.
  623. These were manufactured by Kisha Kaisha Company in December 1923.
  624. These were manufactured by Kisha Kaisha Company when the company started business in September 1923.
  625. These were measures to separate Antoku from the Taira clan and Goshirakawa's influence had surely been increased.
  626. These were mountainous areas inhabited when the town's names were established in 1931.
  627. These were mountainous regions where is uninhabited when the Ukyo town was established in 1931.
  628. These were new family registers for groups of toraijin or tabe in miyake (Imperial-controlled territory), and different from the family registration system for all the people based on the ritsuryo system.
  629. These were new types of tools adapted in the Yayoi period and they used tools for cultivation and harvest, as rice-paddy cultivation techniques spread.
  630. These were nobori-ishigaki.
  631. These were offerings from Kanezane KUJO, Cloistered Emperor Goshirakawa and other influential figures who gave facilities for construction of the Great Buddha, which totaled to more than eighty according to "Namu Amidabutsu sazenshu," the book where Chogen's great achievements are recorded.
  632. These were originally a martial art to fight while swimming in the water.
  633. These were originally intended to promote and enhance production of farmers, and also ensued tax collection for the rulers.
  634. These were originally used for fortune-telling for the year performed at New Year's celebrations.
  635. These were played at local theaters and became the theme of plays (China).
  636. These were present in other buildings that were the residence of the lord and especially the buildings at the front, for an example, Tsune no gosho, within the same compound but not present within the kaisho most of the cases.
  637. These were produced by Nobukata KIYOHARA and Kanetomo YOSHIDA, and were deeply involved with Shintoism in the Medieval period.
  638. These were records given in "Kugyobunin."
  639. These were regarded as the symbols of 'incorruption and constancy,' representing the ideal of litterateur.
  640. These were reorganized into eighty-two towns in total, that is, forty-six towns which were prefixed by the name of 'Nishikyogoku,' thirty-four towns which were prefixed by the name 'Nishikyogoku Kori' and two towns which were prefixed by the name 'Nishikyogoku Tokudaiji,' respectively.
  641. These were reorganized into the following nine towns prefixed by 'Kuze.'
  642. These were reputed to be Hakun-ji Temple on Mt. Asahigamine, Gatsurin-ji Temple in Mt. Owashigamine, Jingo-ji Temple on Mt. Takao, Nichirin-ji Temple on Mt. Tatsukami, and Denpo-ji Temple on Mt. Kamakura.
  643. These were roughly phenomena from the late 17th century to the early 18th century.
  644. These were shoen (manor in medieval Japan) which were not governed by the bakufu until then, and many were in the west where bakufu's authority was hard to reach.
  645. These were significant ground-breaking educational and cultural facilities.
  646. These were skates peculiar to Japan, which had a structure of putting iron blades on the teeth of Geta.
  647. These were systematized so that enlightenment could be gained by performing training such as Zazen (not the same as meditation), Koan (understanding stories that surpass intellectual understanding), Dokyou (reading sutras), or Samu (everyday work) under an already enlightened Zen master.
  648. These were the Left and Right Capital Offices, responsible for the capital, the Kyoto area; the Settsu Office, responsible for Naniwa, the capital's gateway for foreign diplomacy; and the government's Kyushu Offices, responsible for the Saikaido Road, the state's gateway for foreign diplomacy.
  649. These were the allocated roles in the Imperial Court events, which were then succeeded by heredity.
  650. These were the battles of Tennoji and Okayama.
  651. These were the examples that Ippon Shinno were involved in the succession to the Imperial Throne, but we need to remember that all of them occurred under special circumstances.
  652. These were the last films produced by the studio.
  653. These were the maneuvering of nobles like Saigo, Okubo and others that did not desire the restoration of power of the Bakufu (feudal government).
  654. These were the names of the rail tracks and stations as of July 31, 1907, just before the line was nationalized.
  655. These were the names of the rail tracks and stations as of September 30, 1907, just before the line was nationalized.
  656. These were the official reasons why Hidetada imposed the 'kaieki' sanction.
  657. These were the official seals in Japan, to be called kanin, and there were seals for district, township, and temples and shrines as equivalents of kanin.
  658. These were the ones that further enhanced the erotic nature of Tokiwazu-bushi.
  659. These were the origin of jujutsu.
  660. These were the road that ran from Shirakawa City in Mutsu Province to Sendai City and the one that ran from Sendai through Matsumae-cho (Hokkaido) to Hakodate City, and the most part of Route 4 covers the route of them.
  661. These were the same clans derived from the Matsui-Matsudaira clan, the lord of Yamazaki clan, and established as Hatamoto families given the divided territories in Sayo County.
  662. These were the so called ''aggy 10-yen' with the engrailed rim.
  663. These were the weaknesses of Satsu-gun in the Sainen War.
  664. These were theorized in the Kamakura period, and later generated many Shinto theologies.
  665. These were those of the Northern Wei, the Eastern Wei, the Western Wei, the Northern Qi, and the Northern Zhou as well as the pre-reunification Sui.
  666. These were traditions handed down from before the introduction of the ritsuryo system.
  667. These were unusual changes; however, it might have been because he already had a clue of where to find gold.
  668. These were used as a single all-round eating utensils at school lunch in which a variety of foods are provided.
  669. These were used for the exorcism of ogre at the tsuina no shiki (ceremony of driving out evil spirits) held at the Imperial Court on New Year's Eve, and the former was made of reed stem and the latter was made from a peach tree.
  670. These were used, needless to say, as the musical accompaniment of Kabuki, but they also became the subjects of amateur learning or as music played at Japanese-style restaurants.
  671. These were women who, in the late Edo-Period, worked in the yaba owned by matoya, picking up arrows shot by customers from the ground and running through the flying arrows which was considered as a kind of show.
  672. These were wooden buildings with tiled roofs (Many being in the yosemune-zukuri style and irimoya-zukuri style. Crucifixes were mounted on the tops of the roofs) and they contained tatami mats, sliding doors, sliding panels and engawa verandas.
  673. These were written gradually until around 2 B.C. - 1 B.C. and are said to have been transmitted to Sri Lanka around 1 B.C.; subsequently, many commentaries, essentials and history books of Zogai were produced.
  674. These were, in many cases, made of wood or tile and put on the Omune ridge of the top story.
  675. These west and east pagodas resemble each other in design, but there are also differences; for example, the outer walls sustaining the pent roofs are white in the East Pagoda, while they are decorated with Renji-mado (window with vertical or horizontal wooden laths or bamboo) in the West Pagoda.
  676. These western sections were called Mixed Residential Area to The Former Foreign Settlement.
  677. These western-style towns with their hotels, churches, and western-style houses became symbols of fashionable ("high-collar") western culture.
  678. These wholesalers were manufacturers of sake.
  679. These will be categorized according to their respective provinces.
  680. These will be explained in detail in the following sentences.
  681. These women were allowed direct contact with the Tokugawa shogun family and their wives and ranked the highest in O-oku.
  682. These wood-block printings are called "gozanban."
  683. These words are related mainly to Koshinto (as practiced prior to the introduction of Confucianism and Buddhism to Japan), referring to acts of persons involved in the two aspects of a god--a tranquil god and a savage god.
  684. These words are used when festival cars offered by children parading as tendo and the shrine parishioners exit and enter the shrine.
  685. These words express Yakatsugu's deep faith in Buddhism and the basic principles of Untei and are followed by a report mentioning the existence of the Untei, proving that it had existed at the time of completion of "Shoku Nihongi" in 797.
  686. These words have appeared in recent movies and dramas very often.
  687. These words imply that what Dosan did was an equal match to the way Tadamune OSADA of Owari Province murdered his former master, MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo, during the battle between MINAMOTO and TAIRA families.
  688. These words included the comment of Arimasa MORI that they should consider not inviting the intervention of the allied western powers.
  689. These words means "The Tokugawa family with Mitsubaaoi-mon (one of family crests designed with a mallow leave), the Maeda family with Kenumebachi-mon (one of family crests designed with a Japanese apricot flower), ume blossoms bloom at the higher place than aoi."
  690. These words means that I am just like a beggar.
  691. These words were especially venerated by Buddhist Shinto and Confucian Shinto scholars, and commentaries of oharae such as "Nakatomi harae kunge" and "Nakatomi harae fusuiso" were written.
  692. These words were well reflected in his careful and sincere works, which were based on funpon (painting examples).
  693. These works are attributed to the Emperor Huizong, the 8th Emperor of the Chinese Northern Song Dynasty, and were once part of a set of four landscape paintings depicting the four seasons that included the summer landscape (National Treasure) kept at Kuon-ji Temple in Yamanashi Prefecture and the now lost spring landscape.
  694. These works are considered as examples of 'monogatari' that strongly retain the 'chatting' aspect mentioned above.
  695. These works are considered to have depicted a shrine's holy precinct as sanctuary or jodo.
  696. These works are not just the oldest existing illustrated scrolls, but are also appraised as the most valuable works of art.
  697. These works are representative of the Muromachi period and have even been displayed at the Louvre Museum in France.
  698. These works had the grace of koto pieces and the traditional elegance of gagaku, while musically they allowed freer development and showed an almost modern impressive portrayal, establishing a distinctive style.
  699. These works have aspects of katarimono (narrative recitations) and there are some works such as the "Heike Monogatari" (The Tale of the Heike) that were recited by people like biwa-playing minstrels.
  700. These works led to the expectation that he would become an expert director of intelligent melodrama in the silent film era of the early Showa period.
  701. These works show one of the origins of the increasingly popular Manga (cartoons) and Gekiga (graphic novels) in modern Japan.
  702. These works were highly acclaimed for their originality in the journals and records of the time, so they would be Eitoku's best works if they existed; however, these paintings were lost with the buildings.
  703. These works were often implemented by order of the Emperor in China, where they set a tough standard to incorporate scriptures so that the scriptures that were not of the standard were called 'Zougai (蔵外).'
  704. These works were originally completed in the style of emakimono, but later split off into pieces of illustrated paper either to be fixed in frames for the preservation purpose or to be transferred or sold out to others.
  705. These worlds are spiritual states of human existence instead of allegorical worlds.
  706. These worsened the relationship between the Yamana clan and the Hosokawa Keicho family that was originally in friendly term, and it also became an underlying cause of the Onin War.
  707. These writers had taken over the thoughts of painters of the Barbizon school.
  708. These writings were also handed down to Soke (the head of a family or house) through Juro dayu the third.
  709. These yaku-ishis may be arranged the other way around, depending on whether the installation site is to the left or to the right of the veranda and whether the installation site is close to a sodegaki (low fence flanking the entrance).
  710. These young craftsmen included those who were later to become Mokubei AOKI and Dohachi NINAMI.
  711. These zaibatsu were also called en-zaibatsu overseas.
  712. These, as well as many of his blunders, are attributable to a lack of insight into the currents of the time.
  713. These, of course, do not have an antiseptic effect.
  714. Thesedays, zabuton often have zipped covers and it is preferable to put the zipped side facing behind the person to be seated.
  715. Theses
  716. Theses five monasteries are also frequently called Five Monasteris 'Goshoja'.
  717. Thesis of Fivefold Periods and Eight Teachings (Tendai)
  718. They "communicate" or "exchange information."
  719. They (Ieyasu and his son, Hidetada) thought that Masamune dispatched an ambassador (Tsunenaga HASEKURA) to join hands with the King of Spain and Christian Authority, as a preparation for a revolt against Tenka."
  720. They abolished Tokyo Dome City bus stop on the route of 'New Dream Kyoto-go,' as a result, the drivers of JR Bus Kanto quit the operation on Meishin Expressway and the operation in Kinki region.
  721. They abstained from court trials that they were actively involved in, and their teaching plan gradually lessened.
  722. They actively commented on the shogunate administration, and pleaded with Masahiro ABE, the roju (member of shogun's council of elders), on the necessity to reform the shogunate government.
  723. They actively got engaged in society from the active nature of Zen.
  724. They actively operated in order to realize Kan-Nichi Gappo, an consolidation of Japan and South Korea on an equal basis (a different concept from the Japanese Annexation of Korea).
  725. They adamantly refused to switch sides.
  726. They added 'Kinpirahomon arasoi' in the opening act..
  727. They added such pieces should be distinguished from sophisticated works of Japanese religious and national heritage produced by artists such as Sesshu and Shubun.
  728. They adopted a short decisive battle strategy and defeated the imperial court forces in under two months.
  729. They adore Butsumen (the head of a Buddha) of eleven faces of honzon, Eleven-faced Kannon, saying "Namuchojo," "Namusaijo" and so on, and, going around shumidan, they go in rai-do hall one by one and do gotai-tochi.
  730. They advanced further, and castles in Gyeongsang-do, Chungcheong-do and Gyeonggi-do surrendered without fighting.
  731. They advocated that Japan should urge the western powers that either those countries accept new equal treaties or Japan would break off diplomatic relations.
  732. They affirmed that the war was imperative in order to establish the supreme ideal of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere and to 'overcome the modern age.'
  733. They aimed at differentiation from soft-drink-type canned coffee through an image marketing strategy focusing on kinds of coffee beans and manufacturing process.
  734. They aimed the revival of modern tea ceremony with slogans of "disclosing the secrets" and "the tea ceremony free from schools in essential."
  735. They aimed to be alternative institutions for Daigaku-ryo (Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code)) but ended in failure.
  736. They aimed to become the lord of countries/castles by achieving distinguished service on battlefields while leading their retainers.
  737. They all died together on the battlefield.'
  738. They all established the Samurai forces that settled in the Kanto area.
  739. They all feature lion dances performed in front of peonies.
  740. They all have flask-like cross-sectional forms.
  741. They all have the same omission in the article in the third volume on wearing women's court costume in layers.
  742. They all retreated in the castle.
  743. They all rush out, eager to prove their mettle against the oni if the rumor of its presence are true, and it happened to be Tsuna's turn, so he entered under the gate, encountered the oni, and fought a duel with him, the end result of which was that he managed to slice off the oni's arm.
  744. They all were used until the 1960's.
  745. They allegedly originated from dance music performed within a kabuki play, Kiyomoto (kiyomotobushi; a school of joruri recitation in which the voices are pitched slightly higher than usual) and the like, and gained popularity from the Bunka-Bunsei period (1803-1830).
  746. They also accepted many toraijin (settlers) who came by sea from the continent.
  747. They also announced that no health damage caused by arsenic contained in seaweed was reported.
  748. They also appear in the Hanagasa-matsuri Festival.
  749. They also appear in wearing much stage makeup with black and white dots on their foreheads.
  750. They also badly injured Min Yeong-ik, a biological nephew of Queen Min and the head of the Byeolgigun training center, who had taken shelter in the Changdeokgung palace, and killed several high-ranking Progressive Party officials.
  751. They also became popular in Edo around the Horeki era, where those made of cotton called 'Momohiki drawers' and silk ones were called 'Patches' for the purpose of distinguishing one from the other.
  752. They also became the founders of the five families, Gokitsugu, Gokikuma, Gokijoh, Gokijo and Gokido respectively.
  753. They also built Yosami no Miyake in the area stretching from Abiko-cho, Sumiyoshi Ward, Osaka City to Matsubara City where they constructed Yosami no ike-Pond and irrigation facilities.
  754. They also carried the mikoshi (portable shrine) to file a direct petition and asserted their demands.
  755. They also claim MINAMOTO no Nakamoto, who was a house retainer of the Koga family, as an ancestor.
  756. They also collected tansen and munabetsusen, kinds of taxes, greatly increasing their economic power.
  757. They also composed 'kaede shiki sokyoku' (koto music with accompanying melody composed to be played with an original shamisen music) to play to tegoto mono, thus extremely complicated and delicate music was produced.
  758. They also conducted Kagura and Takajo as their family business.
  759. They also conducted a prior investigation in Edo to go on a trip with advance knowledge.
  760. They also conformed to the standard stipulated in the Barrier-Free Transportation Act, which came into force in the spring of that year, and they include various devices intended to facilitate wheelchair access and obtain the space to secure them.
  761. They also constructed Todai-ji Temple, naming Roben as its founder and, in 743, ordered construction of the statue of Birushana Buddha in Todai-ji Temple (Daibutsu) praying for a peaceful nation.
  762. They also dag Sakaki (cleyera japonica) from its root, on whose branches Yasaka no Magatama, Yata no Kagami, and fuhaku (cotton, silk, textile fabrics) were hung, and Futodama held it as a gohei (wooden wands, decorated with two Shide [zigzag paper streamers]).
  763. They also decided to forbid people to go near the island on the appointed day.
  764. They also disagreed over whether the Boxers had patriotic doctrines or not.
  765. They also enforced and realigned the Riban policy (the policy of subjugating and forcibly assimilating the aborigines).
  766. They also fought with the bakufu forces.
  767. They also found it very efficient to rule the people through the tato.
  768. They also found pleasure in engaging in outrageous and deviant behavior on the streets, such as the killing of a passerby in order to test a new sword, sumo wrestling, and dancing.
  769. They also founded the Risshinsha (Self-reliance Association), a political group, in Kochi Prefecture.
  770. They also functioned as a support pillar of spiritual culture, 'the very soul of the samurai' against the backdrop of the military government.
  771. They also gained control over Onmyoji (Master of Yin yang) and koyomi-shi (calendar makers) throughout the country, which enabled them to acquire the right to charge myogakin (money to dedicate) for the sales of their calendars.
  772. They also guarded Nijo-jo Castle, etc.
  773. They also had an event to send the Tanokami from home to the field at the beginning of spring (on February 9 originally January 9).
  774. They also handled bills.
  775. They also have a frozen sashimi dish similar to ruibe.
  776. They also have a gun handed down as the first domestic gun.
  777. They also have been described in many poetries.
  778. They also have demonstrations in 'Nihon Kobudo Enbu Taikai' (an annual event) sponsored by the Japanese Classical Martial Arts Association of the Nippon Budokan (Nippon Budokan in 2004, Hyogo Prefecture Budokan in 2005, Kumamoto City General Gymnasium and Youth Center in 2007).
  779. They also have the tree lying on the ground and what were originally branches are grown as trunks, with the difference from Netsuranari style being that in Ikada style bonsai there is only one root.
  780. They also heard others say 'look at the scar on his forehead.'
  781. They also immigrated away from Japan, building societies with a standardized basis, such as Ayutaya Japanese town in Southeast Asia.
  782. They also include earthenwares made in other regions such as Sanin, Omi and Tokai.
  783. They also include short swords of relatively large size like famous Goto Toshiro and Hirano Toshiro, and those that feature a mixture of different wavy patterns.
  784. They also intended to confirm whether Saigo intended to support the government in cooperation with Kido, a person who was pushing through haihan-chiken.
  785. They also joined Toshizo HIJIKATA and moved to Ezo (inhabited area of Ainu).
  786. They also live as immigrants of Japanese descent in countries around the world such as Latin America including Brazil, Asia, Europe and the United States; however, Japanese immigrants are relatively few in number compared to neighboring races such as the Han race and Korean race.
  787. They also made an agreement with the embassy of the allied western powers called the 'Southeast Mutual Protection Movement' and tried to limit civil disorder of the Boxers to the northern region of China.
  788. They also might be named by the direction, such as Tatsumi (southeastern) Sumi Yagura (Nagoya-jo Castle).
  789. They also operate in the cities of Sakata, Nagoya, Osaka, Fukuoka, and Niigata.
  790. They also played a role in growing various domestic and foreign crops in an experimental farm.
  791. They also possessed a large quantity of arms, and multiple soson were united to form an ikki league which would resist the lord of the land.
  792. They also prepared a petition for lenient treatment of the Aizu and Shonai Domains to the Grand Council of State (dajokan).
  793. They also produce hand-stretched udon (Kamogata udon) in this area.
  794. They also provide 'added flavor,' a soy bean paste ramen which allows a customer to adjust the density by themselves.
  795. They also purchased weapons for holding the Castle, repaired the sogamae (outer citadel) and constructed towers.
  796. They also read books to children.
  797. They also recognized mutually Russian special interests in the outer Mongolia and Japanese special interests in Korea (the Korean Empire).
  798. They also run errands, changing nabira, turning the cushion and so on.
  799. They also said in a stormy atmosphere 'we would like to ask the spirit about God's will and depending on the answer, we are willing to kill Konoe.'
  800. They also said that he bounded Kijin when he did not obey him.
  801. They also say that although the ichinen sanzen is treated as an important doctrine of the Tendai sect, it is only mentioned once by Zhiyi in his Makashikan (Mahayana Practice of Cessation and Contemplation) vol. 5; notwithstanding, Tannen called it 'utmost and fundamental.'
  802. They also say that it sounds 'jan, jan' because the samurai warriors who were killed together with Totada chant in crowds 'zannen, zannen' (it's a shame).
  803. They also say that the theory overestimates the positions of Kamatari and FUJIWARA no Fuhito.
  804. They also seemed to have shared the trait of being 'prodigals,' drinking together with their concubines.
  805. They also sent local peasants to actual brewing sites so that they could learn brewing skills which would enable them to produce hanzoshu (local sake brewed by a clan) without experts' help afterward.
  806. They also served as bodyguards for feudal lords (daimyo in Japanese) and performed administrative duties as their aides or deputies.
  807. They also served as travel brochures.
  808. They also served as yakko (a servant or attendant) in the daimyo's processions, and so on.
  809. They also set the end of Dynastic polity period at the end of 12th century when the Kamakura bakufu was established.
  810. They also show that he was appointed Jusanmi Chunagon (Junior Third-Rank vice-councilor of state).
  811. They also show the exorcism and purification of impurities, bad vibes that cause illness and other misfortune, devils and disasters as well as kigo (a season word) for haiku (Japanese seventeen-syllable poem).
  812. They also speak Korean, which has the second largest number of speakers in Japan.
  813. They also thought it would be better to construct the trunk line connecting the ancient capitals and new capitals as early as possible by making use of already-built lines and ferry service on Lake Biwa (Otsu - Nagahama), thereby establishing the present route.
  814. They also took charge in managing the land directly controlled by the Takeda clan which was called goryosho (the Imperial or shogunate's estate).
  815. They also took the mannish professional names such as 'Otokichi,' 'Tsutakichi,' or 'Mameyakko,' instead of feminine names such as 'Ukifune' or 'Aoi.'
  816. They also visited Asian countries on their way back, however, they didn't stay in these countries longer than in European countries.
  817. They also wanted to punish Shimoji himself, but could not do it since he was working at the police station.
  818. They also wear the same clothes as adults, namely a fundoshi shimekomi and a mizu happi.
  819. They also went to Rome during their trip and had an audience with the Pope, Gregorius XIII, but only Juliao NAKAURA was unable to attend the audience ceremony due to high fever.
  820. They also were closely connected to the customs of homosexuality and smoking.
  821. They also worn ketteki, open sleeve seams, with adjustment of the hem of clothes to the ankle length, when they concurrently work as a military officer, (while civil officers worn hoeki no ho).
  822. They always served for emperors and were in charge of Naishi no kami's roles such as introducing messages and transmitting imperial orders, and transmitted the official orders to Kurodo (Chamberlain).
  823. They announced that they found the domestically largest epitaph (2.9 m in length and width, 28 cm thickness, 5.3 tons), which had the engravings of 15 lines with 189 letters, and they also found other burial goods such as a pair of wooden framed spectacles.
  824. They announced themselves as Sesshu's direct successors, and eagerly copied and studied his works.
  825. They appear as children's toys, as weapons used by a mysterious group called ninja.
  826. They appear throughout the series and perform the role of kyogen-mawashi from time to time.
  827. They appeared in the middle of the Heian period.
  828. They appeared separately and the relationship other than they were mikogami of Kamumusubi no mikoto was not clearly stated.
  829. They appeared therefore to have a political connection with the central government even before Motonari became lord of the family.
  830. They appeared to public side by side.
  831. They applied for a permit for the reclamation project in 1884, receiving approval in 1889.
  832. They applied the article to a prize essay contest organized by Dainippon Kyoiku Kai (Great Japan Education Society) and won 'first' prize while Arinori MORI was the Minister of Education.
  833. They are "Meiji Restoration in Memories, Notes of a Russian Revolutionist" (Iwanami bunko) and "Meiji Restoration seen by an Exiled Russian" (Kodansha Academic Paperback).
  834. They are "nari" and "tari" conjugations.
  835. They are 'Hana-gatami' (Flower Basket) and 'Hono-o' (Flame).
  836. They are 'Ramen chazuke,' 'Chukaryori chazuke' (Chinese cuisine chazuke), and 'Uroncha chazuke' (oolong tea chazuke).
  837. They are 8.4m tall, gigantic wooden statues.
  838. They are Genji's lovers.
  839. They are Important Cultural Properties and a Heritage of Industrial Modernization site.
  840. They are Izumiyu and Takinoyu.
  841. They are Shakanyorai, Amidanyorai (Amitabha Tathagata), Ashukunyorai and Hoshonyorai (Ratnasambhava, one of the Five Wisdom Buddhas) and they are made with mokushin kanshitsu-zukuri (wood-core dry lacquer).
  842. They are Shijoshin (utterly sincere mind) to wish to be reborn in the Pure Land earnestly, Jinshin (profound mind) to wish strongly, and Eko hotsugan shin (belief in the rebirth of oneself in the Pure Land in the future) to dedicate kudoku (merit) and to wish to be reborn in the Pure Land.
  843. They are Shikinai-sha (shrine listed in Engishiki Laws).
  844. They are Wang Xi-zhi and Wang Xianzhi, a father and son from the Eastern Jin.
  845. They are a branch of the Sekishu-ryu school.
  846. They are a branch school of Hirado Toji.
  847. They are a common feature in the summer time.
  848. They are a group of strange-looking demons appearing in setsuwa (anecdotes), which use the expression "(someone) came across a hyakki yako."
  849. They are a kind of a pun, and are not ghost stories.
  850. They are a kind of phonetic loan characters.
  851. They are a pair of trees, the ancient one said to be aged three hundred years, and the younger one aged eighty years; the trees come to full bloom during the cherry blossom watching season.
  852. They are a rare example in Japan of images painted, not on wooden walls, but on mud walls.
  853. They are a seasonal Kyoto pickle, best eaten in the cold of winter when you can see your breath.
  854. They are a seishu which is produced with rice with a polishing ratio of sixty percent or lower, malted rice and water and produced with special care and it has a unique flavor and the color is favorable.
  855. They are a toji school based on Goto Islands.
  856. They are a tribe who lived from Kuma County, Higo Province (around the present Hitoyoshi City, Kumamoto Prefecture, the upper reaches of the Kuma-gawa river) to Soo County, Osumi Province (around the present Kirishima City, Kagoshima Prefecture. It is a different area from the present Soo County, Soo City).
  857. They are a type of interior shrine.
  858. They are about 1.5 to 1.8 meters long.
  859. They are about twenty-five to thirty-five years old engaged in physical-labor occupations.
  860. They are academically valued in that dotaku mainly excavated in Kinai region, dohoko mainly excavated in northern Kyushu, and doken with a style unique to Izumo district were discovered in one site and also in large numbers.
  861. They are acknowledged as a collection with not only scholarly value, but also high artistic value that meets Chuzaburo TANAKA's peculiar aestheticism.
  862. They are active in the area around Yabu City, Hyogo Prefecture.
  863. They are active particularly in Tokyo and the Kyushu region, and approximately 10 performers from this school are registered with the Nohgaku Performers' Association.
  864. They are all done in monochrome ink with no use of color.
  865. They are all flake tools
  866. They are all his records when he was sent to Korean peninsula as shogunate and embassador, and the most notable one is the description in Jingu kogo sessho 62 nenjo that records his expedition to Shirai.
  867. They are all tangible cultural assets designated by Shiga Prefecture.
  868. They are also called "Bengara-koshi" because many of them are painted with a paint produced by mixing a material containing, as a principal component, particles of ferric oxide (red rust) called "Bengara," and egoma seed oil.
  869. They are also called "Emissions Trading," "Emissions Permits Trading," or "Emissions Warrants Trading."
  870. They are also called "Honcho-Junisen" and "Kocho-Junimonsen."
  871. They are also called "Kitasui Red Brick Warehouses."
  872. They are also called "Sanseki of Jubokudo."
  873. They are also called "konoko".
  874. They are also called "selected intangible folk cultural properties."
  875. They are also called ''German bills'' because they were produced in a private factory in Frankfurt am Main in Germany.
  876. They are also called 'Miyashita monjo (Miyashita documents)' or 'Fuji Miyashita komonjo (Fuji Miyashita old documents)'.)
  877. They are also called 'Shugenja.'
  878. They are also called 'chokodai monjo' (super-ancient documents) or 'gishi' (pseudo-histories).
  879. They are also called 'otefuki' or 'tefuki.'
  880. They are also called Battan-shogi.
  881. They are also called Buni.
  882. They are also called Enko-ji ban.
  883. They are also called Gorin Stupa (五輪卒塔婆) or Gorin Gedatsu (enlightenment) (五輪解脱).
  884. They are also called Hasso Daishi.
  885. They are also called Ichinokuruwa, Honkuruwa, etc.
  886. They are also called Juni Yashataisho or Juni Shinmyoo and comprise 12 war gods who guard people who believe in the Yakushi-nyorai and Yakushi-kyo sutra.
  887. They are also called Kotsubugin (pea-size silver) or Kodamagin (small ball silver).
  888. They are also called Magana or Shakuji.
  889. They are also called Nana-taicho or Oumamawari-shichigashira.
  890. They are also called Ogawa Bojo.
  891. They are also called Sanshinpo (Three New Laws).
  892. They are also called Shomon no Jittetsu.
  893. They are also called Showa Shinto (Showa New Swords).
  894. They are also called Suminokura-bon or Koetsu-bon (Koetsu Books).
  895. They are also called Takiguchi no bushi.
  896. They are also called Utabito.
  897. They are also called Zendoki and Myodoki.
  898. They are also called by keicho-kingin (gold and silver) along with Keicho oban, Keicho koban, and Keicho ichibuban.
  899. They are also called eikyu zenza (permanent zenza).
  900. They are also called gunkimono (war tales or warrior tales) and senki monogatari (battle tales).
  901. They are also called hokime (broom marks), and have several types of patterns such as igeta mon (parallel cross pattern), ajiro mon (wickerwork pattern), seigaiha mon (blue ocean wave pattern), uzumaki mon (spiral pattern), and kyokusen mon (curvilinear pattern).
  902. They are also called ishi-yari (stone spears).
  903. They are also called local cuisine.
  904. They are also called local vegetables.
  905. They are also called ninokuruwa and sannokuruwa, respectively.
  906. They are also called reisha, tamaya, tamadana, tamatoko and shintodan.
  907. They are also called ritual implements or ritual apparatus.
  908. They are also called simply "the first three days."
  909. They are also called the 'koshi sansho (three ancient history documents)' excluding "Mononobe hishi (Mononobe secret history)."
  910. They are also called the Yeongil Jeong clan or the Ocheon Jeong clan.
  911. They are also called the five Monto (門徒).
  912. They are also called the former Miyake.
  913. They are also called the thirteen monzeki.
  914. They are also called tumagawa (gable side) or yokotehoko (side direction).
  915. They are also cellophane-wrapped and dried using an artificial dehydrator.
  916. They are also classified as a type of 'one-knife carving'.
  917. They are also commonly called recap cans, being resealable as PET bottles and recyclable as aluminum cans.
  918. They are also considered to be excellent gifts and are souvenir items officially endorsed by Wakayama Prefecture.
  919. They are also dedicated to visiting medical, social welfare or juvenile facilities as well as war memorials.
  920. They are also effective for diabetes since sulfur ion promotes the production of insulin.
  921. They are also effective for enhancing natural healing ability by stimulating new skin while removing old skin.
  922. They are also effective for fatigue recovery, recuperation after illness, injuries and skin diseases.
  923. They are also employed to give a cue to stagehands who produce sound effects such as ohayashi music and the ringing of a bell in the wings of the stage.
  924. They are also held by even some tutelary shrines based on their origins and histories, together with the enshrined deities.
  925. They are also identified as having the characteristics of ancestor gods, as there are many areas in which the entire family is assembled to worship yashiki-gami.
  926. They are also important as cooking ingredients in Japanese cuisine, and there are many restaurants called unagiya (eel restaurant) that specialize in eel cuisine.
  927. They are also known as 'chamise,' or tea shops.
  928. They are also known as 'mokujiki shonin' (saint who practiced mokujikikai) because they went through mokujikikai.
  929. They are also known as 'ryugi'.
  930. They are also known as citadels.
  931. They are also known as matoya, yashi, and sanzun.
  932. They are also known as the three ancient paths of Yamato.
  933. They are also known as token (throwing swords), shuriken (手離剣, or throwing blades), small throwing blades, shooting stars, and small throwing blades.
  934. They are also known for setting strict Kyokuchu Hatto (Shinsen-gumi Rules) to maintain order within Shinsen-gumi, purging those who violated the rules, and for their group flag with one kanji character, "Makoto", and original short coats with mountain-like patterns painted on the sleeves.
  935. They are also known for their role as flute- and drum-players as part of the imperial loyalist troop in the procession of the Kyoto Jidai Matsuri (the Festival of the Ages in Kyoto).
  936. They are also often outlandish words not used in the study of the fields of folklore and cultural anthropology, spread through cartoons or hearsay, and subject to the whims of fashion.
  937. They are also often planted in school fields.
  938. They are also produced in Takeda City, Oita Prefecture.
  939. They are also referred to as '日本七槍.'
  940. They are also referred to as Age-dama.
  941. They are also referred to as Gogen Fudo and are sometimes known simply as Go (five) Fudo.
  942. They are also referred to as Kyoju hoshiki (cooperative dwelling style).
  943. They are also referred to as Tenjikugozan.
  944. They are also referred to as the Kajun-ha group of the Sekishu-Shimizu-ryu school.
  945. They are also said to have formed the origins of the stage performance/art of making people laugh such as 'manzai' or comic backchat which has now become popular.
  946. They are also simply called "toshidate" or "toshidachi."
  947. They are also sometimes seen as entrance halls on large residences and these days are occasionally added to Japanese style houses.
  948. They are also used as a portable Goshingu (self-defense weapon) or a training tool.
  949. They are also used as a topping for noodle dishes and donburi dishes (fish or meat and vegetables served on rice).
  950. They are also used to celebrate Boy's day.
  951. They are also used to practice suburi (solo cutting exercises) and kata (forms); they are also sometimes used in actual fighting in kendo (Japanese fencing) and aikido (an art of self-defense derived from judo).
  952. They are also used to supplement shoshinboku within the vista.
  953. They are also used to warm sake.
  954. They are also warmed to eat.
  955. They are amiable to tourists, and they are gaining popularity by shaking their heads vertically to press tourists for Shika Senbei (baked snack for deer).
  956. They are an eight volume series and the last two volumes have a special title of 'Washu Yoshinogun Bussanshi' (Book of Products of Yoshino County, in Yamato Province).
  957. They are appreciated by people who use large amounts of sumi.
  958. They are associated through these characteristics.
  959. They are at present owned by and preserved at Itsukushima-jinja Shrine, and their replicas are publicly exhibited at Takaramono-kan (Treasure Pavilion) of Itsukushima-jinja Shrine.
  960. They are attached to the center of 'wareshinobu' mage.
  961. They are attacked by the Daigakunosuke gang, who still eyes over Okame, but in confusion caused by a lightening strike, they escape.
  962. They are available at the web page of Vocational Museum 'Job Job World.'
  963. They are available in butsugu (Buddhist altar fittings) stores that are familiar with Jodo Shinshu sect.
  964. They are baked at a distance from the fire in a special net-like container and expand like mochi, and are ready to eat after cooling.
  965. They are barrel-shaped and present an image of high-quality.
  966. They are based mainly in Tokyo and Kyoto, and there are over 20 players who are registered with the Nohgaku Performers' Association.
  967. They are based on recipes from the Imperial Japanese Navy.
  968. They are based on the Jusanbutsu shinko (Thirteen Buddha beliefs).
  969. They are based on the records in "Kojiruien Bugi-bu" (The Martial Skills Part of The Dictionary of Historical Terms).
  970. They are basically in the category of a three-leaf ring, a ring with three leaves confined in it, which have been excavated from Sekiganri Kofun Tumulus in Rakuro (an ancient county existed in the northern Korean Peninsula).
  971. They are basically work-minded and lead comparatively well-regulated lives.
  972. They are believed to be effective for neuralgia, muscle pain, arthralgia, blows, sprains, sensitivity to cold, fatigue recovery and health promotion.
  973. They are believed to be sorei (a holy spirit or shoro) that have returned during the period of the New Year (shorei and sorei are the origin of Toshigami, the god of the incoming year) or Obon (the festival of Buddhist All Souls' Day).
  974. They are believed to have been enshrined in the first story of the lost five-story pagoda and they were made in the late Nara period.
  975. They are believed to have been made of Japanese jade at workshops in Japan.
  976. They are believed to have been used as a ceremonial implement not used in an actual battle since they are made of wood and have magical patterns.
  977. They are believed to have effects such as driving away evil when worn or kept in certain places.
  978. They are believed to have the effect of improving liver function and enhancing the health of the eye.
  979. They are boiled in hot water immediately before eating, and served after draining the water off.
  980. They are both criticized as imitating "Genji Monogatari" or dealing with unrealistic subjects.
  981. They are both designated as National Important Cultural Properties.
  982. They are both rare examples of tahoto pagodas that serve as imperial tombs.
  983. They are branch family members and child born out of wedlock who had blood relationship with soryo (heir) among the members of bushidan.
  984. They are branch of the Hirohashi family under the Hino line of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan.
  985. They are branched filamentous algae.
  986. They are burial mounds with Yokoana-shiki sekishitsu constructed using river stones, and three burial mounds have been found.
  987. They are calculated using China local time (UTC plus 8) regardless of local standard times, and this applies to Korea whose standard time is UTC plus 9 as well as Chinese societies all over the world.
  988. They are called "In no kinshin."
  989. They are called "selected intangible cultural properties."
  990. They are called 'Iroku sansho' excluding "Shinto Genten."
  991. They are called 'hauta,' but they are different from Edo hauta (there are some numbers that incorporate hauta of jiuta).
  992. They are called 'maiko' (舞妓) in Kansai region, and commonly 'hangyoku' in the hanamachi of other areas.
  993. They are called 'mudabana' or 'adabana' in Japanese.
  994. They are called ARD activities, ARD being the acronym of the activities mentioned above.
  995. They are called Ama Nyudo, Ama Nyobo, Ama Goze or Ama Midai and so on.
  996. They are called Nika Sojo since there are 2 ('ni', in Japanese) documents, and from the place it was written, they are also called 'Minobu Sojo' and 'Ikegami Sojo' respectively.
  997. They are called Oyama dolls after the doll maker Jiro Saburo Oyama.
  998. They are called Rokuhara Tandai Kitakata (Northern Chief of Rokuhara Tandai) and Rokuhara Tandai Minamikata (Southern Chief of Rokuhara Tandai).
  999. They are called Sagemon or Sagarimono.
  1000. They are called Shichibutsu Yakushi (to be mentioned afterward) and believed to be Yakushi Nyorai and its avatars.

381001 ~ 382000

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