; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. As described in the overview, amazake is now drunk in winter.
  2. As described in the section of Chuyuki (a diary written by FUJIWARA no Munetada) dated 1096, yabusame has been practiced since the Heian period as a practical fighting skill performed on horseback.
  3. As described in the section related to Japan, Yomei-gaku was introduced into Japan and left its mark on Japanese history from the end of Edo period onwards.
  4. As described in the works of the mid-Edo Period writer Saikaku IHARA, these were prostitutes hired by big shops in and around Kyoto to sleep with honored or regular customers.
  5. As described later, "Bankoku Koho" was accepted as a tool to convince Western countries and use as a tool was conducted since the early period.
  6. As described later, he became estranged from Tsukiyama-dono as well after Yoshimoto IMAGAWA died and killed her.
  7. As described later, his current popularity and reputation are largely due to novels or manga featuring him.
  8. As described later, it is also said that the money might have been used for land exploitation.
  9. As described later, there is a forest tramline in this research forest.
  10. As described later, with neglecting the definition of Ekiben, some Ekiben delicatessens abolished the service of Ekiben sales within station precincts, instead selling Ekiben at shops like its own shop near stations.
  11. As described with its name, it is a specter of skeleton figured female.
  12. As described, Nagamasa had many military exploits in Korea, while being in conflict with executive officers such as Mitsunari ISHIDA and Yukinaga KONISHI in Japan.
  13. As described, there are various forms of nenbutsu within the nenbutsu of Amida Buddha, and the prevailing account of kosho nenbutsu is by chanting the six character name of nenbutsu '南無阿弥陀仏' (namuamidabutsu).
  14. As difference between shuzokabu amount and the amount of rice for brewing sake began to increase again after the Revision of the Sakekabu System in the Genroku Era, the bakufu conducted the Revision of the Sakekabu System in the Tenmei Era in 1788.
  15. As differences between the families and schools are large, it is hard to generalize the features of this school as a whole.
  16. As different kinds of ink or painting technique were chosen for the most appropriate part, a contour of a human body was drawn with a thin line in black ink, and hairs and furnishing goods were painted in dark shoboku ink.
  17. As different materials were used for the edges, depending on Ikai (Court rank), the edges were bordered, for example, with koken (yellow silk) for people with goi (Fifth Rank) or people higher than goi in the rank, while they were bordered with dark blue cloth for people with rokui (Sixth Rank) or people lower than rokui.
  18. As direct operations to other lines were normalized, it became unnecessary to repaint type 103 cars of the Fukuchiyama Line, canary yellow.
  19. As director
  20. As discussed above, great majority of Japanese people are Shintoists and Buddhists.
  21. As discussed above, mokoku is a problematic copying method with various defects which eventually even destroyed the hojo's credibility at one point, but it should also be remembered that thanks to the mokoku, scattered and lost calligraphy works can be seen today.
  22. As discussed above, significant revision has been made on the traditional view that Kochi Komin sei formed the foundation of the Ritsuryo system.
  23. As discussed in the "Background" section, onshi focused his attention on Toyouke no Okami enshrined in the geku in order to rebuild the Ise-jingu Shrine, and spread the Ise faith among peasants, leading to the appearance of okage mairi.
  24. As disputes over land increased among the Ryoshu (feudal lords) of the provinces, they armed themselves and eventually became samurais.
  25. As distribution networks has been grown, the use of refrigerator has been widespread, and the freezing technology has been developed in modern times, fresh sashimi became available for people throughout Japan.
  26. As dogo (a pseudonym as a priest) bestowed to priests, there are kokushigo (title given to the most reverend priest), Zenshigo, and so on.
  27. As donated shoen, which were oriented towards total control of the fields and residents, were established nationwide in the late Heian period, Shoki Shoen were incorporated into the system and eventually disappeared.
  28. As double edged "tsurugi" changed to single edged "katana" after they were imported from China to Japan, this martial art came to be called Kenjutsu (剣術).
  29. As drunken Kagemochi threw dirty words, Shizuka burst into tears, "Yoshu (Yoshitsune) is the brother of Kamakura Dono (Yoritomo), and I am Yoshitsune's concubine.
  30. As during these forty-nine days, the soul hovers in between the old and the next lives; that state is called 'chuin' or 'chuu.'
  31. As each natural stone has its own shape, the following are only some examples among many.
  32. As each piece of rail that makes up a curve is straight, a curve became an angulated shape after spikes were removed.
  33. As each style keeps up the traditions, including some groups that added newness into it, it is impossible to decide which is better.
  34. As early as 713, it appeared in "Hitachi-no-kuni-fudoki (The topographical records of Hitachi county)," which has the following descriptions about YAMATO Takeru:
  35. As early as from the late 9th century, local administrative bodies, which were actually in charge of tax collection, tended to impose tax on land rather than collecting it based on family registration/keicho.
  36. As early as in 18th century Japan natural gas was already known as "Inka" in Echigo.
  37. As early as on November 1, the next day, they brought Chichibu County under their control and destroyed documents of usurers and public offices (some took violent actions or set fire against the intention of the leaders).
  38. As earthen pipes and stone troughs considered to be used for irrigation were found as well, it is also said that a garden used to exist in this area.
  39. As easily understood from the above, this book, including many affairs of shoshi (officials), has more characteristics as collected monjo (written material) than as a poetry miscellany.
  40. As eating soba has become common with the booming popularity of soba in recent years, posters warning people against over consumption of salt by drinking the sauce with sobayu began to be displayed and, as a result, the number of people who drink the plain sobayu is on the rise.
  41. As ei was replaced by a decoration of swallow-tailed ra, a kanzashi (ornamental hairpin) was inserted into the bottom of koji so that it went through a topknot to fix it.
  42. As electrical brakes can be used, braking distance was also improved from the conventional type car.
  43. As encouragement, Yoshitomo said: 'Have you been shot? Stay in your stirrups as if normal. Don't turn your back to the enemy,' to which Tomonaga replied: 'I'm alright.'
  44. As enhancing transport capacity of Rapid service for the Hanwa Line was done by the same method, some type 70 cars belonging to Hineno Tram Depot were also transferred.
  45. As enka singers also began to sing social satire songs on sentiment after the late Meiji period, enka songs gradually went beyond the substitute for speech to enter the music sector.
  46. As entertaining the messengers of the emperor or the retired emperor cost a huge amount of money, the Edo bakufu appointed only tozama daimyo as Kyooyaku to prevent them from saving extra money.
  47. As entertainment at the party, Yokobue, who served Kenreimonin (Shigemori's younger sister), performed a dance.
  48. As eshi there, Sadanobu HASEGAWA II, Yoshitaki SASAKI, Hoko SASAKI, and Shigehiro RYUO were engaged in a plurality of nishiki-e-shinbun and, in addition, there were Hironobu KINOSHITA II, Yoshikage GOTO, Raisai SUZUKI, Yoshimine GYOKUTEI, etc.
  49. As even after landing they continue to live for about one week by keeping them warm with blankets and rice husks, they are shipped and distributed under such condition.
  50. As even more special mai-goto, there are the eight-section mai specified by kogaki for "Takasago" or thirteen-section mai specified by kogai for "Toru."
  51. As even the latest novel treats this view oddly, this view has not recognized in general.
  52. As everyone that was promoted was In no Kinshin, the influence of Goshirakawa can readily be seen.
  53. As evidence, it has been pointed out that Wang Longxi attempted to explain interpretations of the Classics by positively using Buddhist terms.
  54. As evidenced in the foregoing, Omote-senke was receiving exceptional treatment by the house of Kishu-Tokugawa.
  55. As examples of Goin, Doryu RANKEI at Kencho-ji Temple used 'Rankei' as the inscription of his seal and Sogen MUGAKU at Engaku-ji Temple used 'Mugaku' as that of his seal.
  56. As examples of persons who were appointed to Sama no kami, but could not be Shogun, Yoshitsugu ASHIKAGA, Yoshimi ASHIKAGA and Yoshitsuna ASHIKAGA were taken.
  57. As examples of ritual manners, descriptions about how to handle the Koro (incense burner) are given below.
  58. As examples, Naniwanomiya Palace of Emperor Tenmu who took this system for the first time, 'Beijin' Horanomiya (detached palace) of Emperor Junnin (Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, 761-764) and 'Nishikyo' Yugenomiya (detatched palace) of Empress Shotoku (Yao City, Osaka Prefecture, 769-770) are known.
  59. As examples, there are responses within China as mentioned below in the thesis by Si Yun LIN and a column 'Japan, Come Back to Asia' by Young-hee KIM, a senior journalist in international affairs, published on November 25, 2005 in the Joong Ang Ilbo, a newspaper in Korea.
  60. As exceptional examples, there are some female characters in fundoshi loincloths, like Shigure KOSAKA and Kikuri, but most of them are specially designed for particular characters such as an expert in marshal arts, a female ninja, a devotee of wearing men's clothes and so on.
  61. As exceptions, "Enbu" is performed by one dancer with a pike, "Seigaiha," "Karyobin" and "Kocho" are danced with Betsu-shozoku costume, and "Ama" and "Ninomai" are danced while wearing a mask and having Shaku and Bachi beaters.
  62. As excess fat drains out, grown-up fat eel can be used.
  63. As expected, "Midaregami" was thoroughly condemned as below;
  64. As expected, Inoue was helped by the mirror.
  65. As expected, shortly after Shuzen leaves, KUROSAWA Shokuro, a vassal of the Mizuno family comes to see Chobei.
  66. As expected, the Imperial Court had no ability for diplomacy and served a notice to admit that the bakufu would keep on dealing with diplomatic matters on November 18.
  67. As expected, the pressure exerted by the Daikakuji line demanding a change in Chiten/Emperor grew.
  68. As explained above, Hatenashi Pass at the boundary of Kiwa continued to be used as a community road connecting Ryujin, Kumano, Koya and Omine.
  69. As explained above, Kohechi was a community road in modern times, and continued to be used until National Highway 168 was constructed at the whole sections between Gojo and Shingu.
  70. As explained above, Osen was an important member of Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA's salon, which supported Higashiyama culture.
  71. As explained above, in the mountains of Yoshino and Kumano, many kiji-shi (wood-turners) were doing their business until about the Taisho era, therefore, presumably its name 'Rokuro' originated from a tool of kiji-shi 'rokuro' (potter's wheel).
  72. As explained above, it is now contemplated, thanks to progress in the study of Dynastic polity and its historical verification, that the central government actively built up the governing structure which could adapt to changing social situation.
  73. As explained above, people gradually did not use Kohechi, and in the 30's of the Showa era the road ended its role as the main road in the Kii Mountains.
  74. As explained above, the idea based on Sinocentrism was stuck in minds of topsiders of the Qing dynasty, and those topsiders recognized China as a special exception and thought international law should not be applied to China.
  75. As explained above, the old road on the ridge was lost almost completely by the construction of the Forestry Road Tainohara Route.
  76. As explained above, the section from Otaki Village to Mizugamine was lost by the construction of Koya Ryujin Skyline, and the old road on the ridge from Mizugamine to Omata was destroyed and lost completely by the construction of the Forestry Road Tainohara Route.
  77. As explained above, the system ensured transparency and fairness in order to prevent the outcome of a trial to be one-sided or to reflect the inclinations of a particular influential individual.
  78. As explained above, understanding of "Bankoku Koho" in Japan was closer to thought of natural law, but the book by Nishi was general information manual on international law, which took a stance based on positive law.
  79. As explained above, unification of the whole country means to unify the whole of Japan in an integrated fashion.
  80. As explained below, the true Tokaido as an historical highway roughly follows the route of Nagoya - Kameyama - Kusatsu, which is somewhat closer to the route taken by the present Kansai Main Line and the Kusatsu Line.
  81. As explained below.
  82. As explained earlier, 'Joetsu' in Joetsu City means 'most close to kamigata (Kyoto) within Echigo Province'; therefore, the meaning of Joetsu used in Joetsu City is different from 'Joetsu' meaning 'Kozuke Province and Echigo Province' (Example: Joetsu Bullet Train).
  83. As explained earlier.
  84. As expressed by the nickname, 'Petite Hanako' (Small Hanako), she was small, 138 centimeters tall.
  85. As extant architecture, there remains the Bansho (guard station) at the side of Akagane-mon Gate (Tamonyagura, or hall turrets) which has been transferred to the Honmaru from the Ninomaru.
  86. As family assets were accumulated through the inheritance of such a family business, the concept of "family" appeared in Kizoku society.
  87. As famous cuisine of Kyoto, imobou is a local specialty of Kyoto City.
  88. As fans are mostly used in summer, there are more paintings which depict scenes associated with coolness, such as wells, waterside and snow, than those which depict scenes associated with warmness; cherry blossoms, maples and pine trees are also often depicted.
  89. As far as Edo is concerned, when the Edo-fu administrative unit was established in May 1868, Minsei (literally, civil administration) court, Shisei (literally, municipal administration) court and Shaji (literally, shrines and temples) court were established under Edo-fu.
  90. As far as Kaneie as a maternal grandfather existed, Yoritada had no other way but to resign as the kanpaku and Kaneie became the sessho and gained complete control over affairs of state.
  91. As far as Kokin Wakashu was concerned, Sanetaka was in a main line of teaching Kokin, which had been told to Sanetaka by Sogi.
  92. As far as Tsukemono is concerned, '紫葉漬け' is correct and '柴漬' is wrong.
  93. As far as can be told from existing Sansho-related records, there were many people who belonged to the clans of toraijin (people from overseas, especially from China and Korea, who settled in early Japan and introduced Continental culture to the Japanese).
  94. As far as education and studying of martial arts are concerned, he was born and raised under the very best circumstance; among many forms of martial arts he was especially interested in and was an expert in shuriken (dirk-throwing).
  95. As far as his career as official is concerned, he was promoted smoothly, but, on the other hand, because of outspoken power-oriented attitude, he was unpopular, FUJIWARA no Kanezane and FUJIWARA no Sadaie critically described him in their diaries.
  96. As far as is shown in literature, the earliest reference to the girei origami was ocho and mecho (male and female butterfly models) in the haiku, 'butterflies in a beggar's dream are origami' composed by Saikaku IHARA in the 'Ittyuya Dokugin onsenku (4000 Haikus Recited Alone All Day and Night)" in 1680.
  97. As far as it is evident from current records, it seems that he invited the Japanese missionary, Lorenzo RYOSAI, on three occasions.
  98. As far as sugar-free coffee is concerned, upgraded products have been increasing with the improved level of convenient use of bottle cans with improved flavor.
  99. As far as that point is concerned, it can be said that it's the most highly developed among the bridges used in the world's acoustic stringed instruments.
  100. As far as the Fivefold Periods Kyohan is concerned, that of the Tendai sect is famous today but its origin is the Fivefold Periods as exhorted by Ekan.
  101. As far as the contents are concerned, they also contain some ideas of Zeami.
  102. As far as the origin is concerned, it existed longer than the naga-kamishimo, but compared to the long kamishimo, it is a semi informal dress.
  103. As far as the scope of the book is concerned, it seems as though the plan was to deal with Imperial Prince Munetaka from the beginning.
  104. As far as this area is concerned, in addition to the remains described here, it was also confirmed that the Harayama Ichigo-fun tumulus in the Zumizaki-mura Village is a 20m keyhole-shaped one constructed towards the end of the fifth century.
  105. As far as we can judge on descriptions in the diaries (he even created waka poems, although we cannot say they were good), he was certain to have enough education for reading and writing, (and he learned reading and writing from his maternal grandfather, Shirobei BEPPU).
  106. As far as we can see in documents, he seems to have been a person whose actions were strongly motivated by a sense of moral obligation and by humane feelings and was good at managing his people.
  107. As far as yurei (ghost) is concerned, in terms implying the spirit of the dead, it is the same as in Japan.
  108. As farmers made progress towards political independence, artisans also were freed from the control of the imperial court--which had dominated their livelihoods until this point--and achieved independence, leading to the general proliferation of handicrafts and the establishment of markets.
  109. As features of this solicitation, Yoshihiko AMINO points out a strong dependence on support from daimyo (Japanese feudal lords).
  110. As female doctors were not accepted at that time, she had her hair cut short just in the same way as her male classmates.
  111. As feuds between Takauji ASHIKAGA and his younger brother Tadayoshi ASHIKAGA became more severe in 1351, Takauji left for Kamakura to put down Tadayoshi by temporarily taking the side of the Southern Court.
  112. As few passengers used the second class, its space was converted to a luggage room as of April 25, 1928.
  113. As flaws were found in the finalized edition, it was amended and the revised version was distributed on May 24th, 840 under the new title, 'Kaisei Irohibyu Kyakushiki' (Revised and improved edition of the law).
  114. As flaws were found in the finalized edition, it was amended and the revised version was distributed on May 28, 840 under the new title, "Kaisei Irohibyu Kyakushiki" (Revised and improved edition of the law).
  115. As folklore, well-known setsuwa such as 'Warashibe Choja' (literally, rich person by the central stalk of a dried rice plant), 'Suzume no Ongaeshi '(the sparrow that returned a favor) and 'Kobutori Jiisan' (the old man who got his wen snatched off) are included.
  116. As follows, 22 stone Buddhist images are called 'Zuto Sekibutsu' (Zuto stone Buddhist image) and were designated as Important Cultural Property in a lump.
  117. As food influenced by Japanese cuisine, it became common in Italy for fish such as tuna to be used to make carpaccio, which was traditionally prepared using beef.
  118. As food is vital for the regiments in outlying regions, all those who contribute towards the provisions will be promoted.
  119. As food products
  120. As food supply was improving, the original method to produce soy-sauce came back, and the method to produce soy-sauce using the amino decomposition method is hardly used today.
  121. As food was preferentially supplied to the Ming troops, Korean troops ability to wage battle was quite degraded.
  122. As for "Ichinotani", however, there is a theory that Ichinotani, which originally referred to the lake in the south of the Minatogawa River and Mt. Egenoyama became the name of the Suma district later, based on many historical literature.
  123. As for "Komyogatsuji" (Crossroads of a great achievement) in 2006, 'O-ne' was supposed to be used at the beginning, but 'Nene' (in Chinese character) was used instead of 'O-ne' for the reason that it should be faithful to the original book (written by Ryotaro SHIBA).
  124. As for "Shunju Kokuryo-den" (Annotation of Guliang on Spring and Autumn Annals), Han Nei (Fan Ning) wrote the annotation.
  125. As for "Uesugi-bon Rakuchu Rakugai-zu," one of his representative works, although there are various views on its patronage, date of creation, and the date of landscape it depicts, it is now considered to have been completed in 1565 according to scholarship at the end of the 20th century.
  126. As for 'Engi Gishiki,' although the part believed to be a surviving fragment of it remained, no records existed to prove that it was used for virtual functions in the imperial court; therefore, some say it was an incomplete work or a pretense made in later ages.
  127. As for 'month' and 'date,' those of old lunisolar calendar are applied (see the followings).
  128. As for 1 and 2, by using the knowledge acquired through the elucidation and artificially managing the life cycles, the seedlings can be produced in high volumes and cultured on a commercial scale.
  129. As for Ankoku-ji Temple, the Ryumonsan Toji-in Koan-ji Temple (principal image, Shaka-nyorai) in Katamachi, Fuchu City, Tokyo, and the Dairyuzan Toko-in Ankoku-ji Temple (principal image, Amida-nyorai) in Odomari, Koshigaya City, Saitama Prefecture, both inherited the light of Buddhism.
  130. As for Bekka, there are two time periods such as "Koro Bekka" (the former Bekka) and "So Bekka" (the latter Bekka).
  131. As for Buddhism, Dogen's "Shobogenzo" (Treasury of the Eye of True Teaching) and his pupil Koun Ejo's work, "Shobogenzo-zuimonki" were written in around the mid-thirteenth century.
  132. As for Buddhism, as the construction of the Daikandai-ji Temple was proceeded, the control of monks and nuns was strengthened.
  133. As for Buddhism, mainly Mahayana Buddhism is practiced.
  134. As for Buddhism, the Pali Canon with Sutra, Discipline and Special Teachings didn't originally contain the word "Tengu."
  135. As for Bushido in modern times, "Bushido" of Inazo NITOBE released in English in 1900 is considered to be the defacto text on the matter.
  136. As for Butsudenzu (Illustrated Biographies of the Buddha), 'Butsu Nehan-zu' (painting of Buddha nirvana) (a national treasure) possessed by Kongobu-ji Temple is well known.
  137. As for Chinese Ritsuryo law, neglect of kuyo (a memorial service for the dead) was regarded as fukyo, but it was not introduced in Japanese Ritsuryo law.
  138. As for Fermenting yeast, mainly the natural yeast in the air or the yeast living in the brewery since old times (referred to as yeast in storehouse or yeast in house) were used.
  139. As for Fujimon School, Nichiren Sho Sect kept its independence, but Honmon Sect, along with Kenpon Hokke Sect and Nichiren Sect, carried out 'Sanpa Godo' (3 joined sects).
  140. As for HOSHIKAWA no Maro, he is described in the article of July 2, 680 of "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan) that Shokinchu HOSHIKAWA no Omi Maro died and was given posthumously the rank of Daishi for his achievements in the year of Jinshin.
  141. As for Haikai, he studied under Shiko KAGAMI who was one of the ten representative pupils under Basho MATSUO, and Hyakusen was active in Nagoya and Ise.
  142. As for Hamon (blade pattern), they have Suguha (straight temper line), or Kochoji (small clove hamon) or Komidare (small irregular hamon), which is called Nie.
  143. As for Hideyoshi, some say that he felt uneasy about the future since Nobumori SAKUMA and Hidesada HAYASHI were dismissed (the fact that his return from the Chugoku region was so conveniently timed is a basis for suspicion).
  144. As for Hiroshimafu-okonomiyaki, the spatulas are used when eating.
  145. As for Hitatare, a beautiful fabric called Miruiro is used, which changes its colors when seen from different angles.
  146. As for Hitomaro's background, one theory suggests that KAKINOMOTO no Oba was his father and KAKINOMOTO no Saru his brother.
  147. As for IC cards, the ICOCA, Suica, PiTaPa and TOICA cards can be used for the JR West lines (only the ICOCA and Suica cards can used as electronic money), and the ICOCA and PiTaPa cards can be used for the Kintetsu lines, the Keihan lines and Hankyu lines (each company is scheduled to expand the service gradually).
  148. As for Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, he took over the Imagawa clan's and the Takeda clan's suigun from the period occupied by five countries and organized his own suigun consisting of Masatsuna MUKAI, the Obama clan, the Senga clan, and the Mamiya clan.
  149. As for Ieyasu, it can be said to be because his oldest son Nobuyasu MATSUDAIRA and his wife Tsukimiyadono were forced to commit suicide by Nobunaga's order.
  150. As for Imperial edicts, if they were related to laws, they were abolished after approving their temporary effect, and if they were not related to laws, they were treated as a government ordinance.
  151. As for KAKINOMOTO no Saru, it should be said that we do not know anything except that he was of the same family of Hitomaro and a contemporary.
  152. As for Kabuki Buyo (Kabuki Dance) "Sumidagawa" is often played nowadays.
  153. As for Keicho koban (oval coin in Keicho era) produced in the early Edo period, the value was defined based on the mass of Kyome 1 ryo.
  154. As for Kenukigata Tachi, the one allegedly used by FUJIWARA no Hidesato, and kept in Ise-jingu Shrine is well-known.
  155. As for Kyudo, see the article on Kyudo.
  156. As for Kyujutsu, see the article on Kyujutsu.
  157. As for Mejiro, there are two places having the name, Mejirodai in Bunkyo Ward and Mejiro in Toshima Ward.
  158. As for Mt. Hibari, to which she escaped from the assassination by her stepmother, there are more two places having the same name, one is in Itoga-cho, Arida City, Wakayama Prefecture, and another is in Koino, Hashimoto City, Wakayama Prefecture, and in both areas remain the legends linked to Chujo Hime.
  159. As for Mt. Iidesan, in "fudoki" (description of regional climate, culture, etc.), the following traditions are recorded.
  160. As for Muneharu, however, there is no description for him, so it remains unclear.
  161. As for Myobodo (Law) and Kidendo (History), which were most likely established during the Jinki and Tenpyo periods, the former adopted the Ritsuryo Legal Codes itself as a textbook, and in the "Engishiki," 'Ritsu' was included in the medium scriptures and 'Ryo' in the small scriptures.
  162. As for NHK General TV, quite a few households in this area watch the programs of NHK Osaka Broadcasting Station (JOBK).
  163. As for Netsu Tekka Shosho, see Juroku Shojigoku (the Screaming Hell).
  164. As for Ninmon, it is thought that he was a Buddhist expression of Hachimanshin (God of War): an enshrined deity of Usa-jingu Shrine, or a god close to Hachimanshin.
  165. As for Nobufusa, he parted ways with the emperor after his son, Fujifusa MADENOKOJI absconded when his advise to Emperor Godaigo was not accepted.
  166. As for Nobunaga, he became Ukone no daisho (Major Captain of the Right Division of the Inner Palace Guards) in 1575 and then became naidaijin (Minister of the center) and udaijin (Minister of the right), however, after that, he did not hold any further government positions.
  167. As for Noritsune, there is a theory that he survived the battle, which is introduced in "Gyokuyo" (Diary of Kanezane KUJO) and so on.
  168. As for Ogai's medical achievements, the following two things may be noted.
  169. As for Okino-shima Island, not only the shrine and the forest but also the whole island is Shiniki, furthermore Kinsokuchi.
  170. As for Oshidashi, also refer to 'Kawamata Incident.'
  171. As for Protestant funerals in the West, only funerals and burial worship in the daytime are observed in many cases.
  172. As for Sandaihiho-sho, a research group including Zuiei ITO, a monk of Nichiren Sect, are almost certain that it is Shinseki (original handwriting) after having computer analysis.
  173. As for Shihato Sanjin of the above, 'Shihato' was one of the eight Go (an administrative area larger than a village) in Hazu County and was also read as 'Shihatsu,' which changed its meaning to the origin of the place name of Hazu, and 'Sanjin' used as a suffix to pseudonyms was added to it.
  174. As for Shinto religion in Japan, old materials show several cases in which shinkan was used as a term designating a Shinto priest (a person involved in religious services and office work in a shrine), and it is still used as common name for Shinto priests in everyday talk.
  175. As for Shoen, shoen landholders kept handicraftsmen within their shoen to obtain necessary supplies and gave Kyuden according to their ability.
  176. As for Shugosho (governor's office), at first, the mansion of the Gokenin of Kyoto Shugo (Kyoto governor) was designated because the person holding the post of Kyoto Shugo concurrently took charge of Yamashiro Province's Shugo.
  177. As for Shunga (erotic arts) depicting love scenes, most well-known Eshi painters drew them.
  178. As for Southeast Asia and South Asia, a box lunch of rice topped with meat dish and a sunny-side up, a box lunch of cooked rice with added ingredients and other types of box lunch are sold with a chirirenge (ceramic spoon) within station precincts or on the train in Kingdom of Thailand.
  179. As for Tadamune's official rank and post, according to some records, his post was 'Tachihaki no osa' (captain of the Guards), 'Saemon no Shoi' (Junior Lieutenant of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards), and 'Kebiishi' (official with judicial and police powers), and his court rank is unknown.
  180. As for Taikan's works, it is well known that there are enormous numbers of fakes including the above, and so Taikan's paintings are protected by assigning a number called 'Taikan number' to paintings that have been appraised by experts as being genuine.
  181. As for Tanba-Kameyama and Sasayama domains in particular, it shows how the Tokugawa shogunate regarded them as important that "Fudai daimyo" like Matsudaira and Aoyama were often transferred there, and that governors there often served as Roju, Jisha-bugyo, the Kyoto Shoshidai and Osakajodai.
  182. As for Tei Shinsoku's calligraphy during Tang Dynasty also, he went up all the way to Mt. Hiei and copied it.
  183. As for Tenichi-jin God, it was inconvenient that people should practice Katatagae for five days when Tenichi-jin God was located in a direction of their office or home.
  184. As for Tokiyori HOJO, Kuniji YASHIRO pointed out the account of his death in the entry dated November 22, 1263.
  185. As for Tsunayoshi's reign itself, he governed well at first but towards the end his public estimation was low because of this law.
  186. As for Yasuhira's severed head, Yoritomo imitated MINAMOTO no Yoriyoshi who had the severed head of Sadato ABE nailed.
  187. As for Yoshifuji's last moments, "Nishio choshi" (the history of Nishio cho) said that he attacked on the territory of the Saijokira clan, but he sustained counterattacks by Yoshizane and was defeated, and then ran away to the Kyoto-Osaka area and vanished.
  188. As for Yoshioki OUCHI who won the battle, while he remained in Kyoto for a long time, there were disturbing trends in Izumo Province caused by the Amako clan, the Takeda clan, etc.
  189. As for a Buddhist monk in the Heian period, Genko (the Chinese characters are the same as MINAMOTONO Hikaru; a monk who lived in Mt. Hiei under whom Honen studied), refer to Genko (Buddhist monk).
  190. As for a person who has the name, 'Tobei,' KUNITOMO Ikkansai is very famous.
  191. As for a supporting role, Kyoko KISHIDA had been used for a long period since when he belonged to Daiei.
  192. As for a unit in counting the number of beads, '... ball' (玉, tama) or '... grain' (顆, ka) are also used other than '... bead' (珠, tama).
  193. As for a well-known example of jikimu daikan, in 1461, farmers of the shoen, Niimi no sho in Mimasaka Province, dismissed the ukeoi daikan Chian YASUTOMI, a vassal of Hosokawa clan, and asked To-ji Temple, which was the feudal lord, to send jikimu daikan; and the request was realized.
  194. As for a writer of this Noh play, Zeami's name is written in his "Goon" (Five Sounds) as if he was a writer, and the name of 'Misogi-gawa River' identified as this music is seen also in his "Goongyokujojo" (Various Matters Concerning the Five Modes of Musical Expression).
  195. As for administration of the domain, due to the Great Famine of Kyoho of 1732, a riot called the Direct Petition of Kyoho occurred in 1734, which lcaused confusion in the Domain.
  196. As for alcohol, it is common to use white liquor (korui shochu - multiply distilled shochu) or brandy.
  197. As for an archetype, the Battle of Cr?cy (1346) in the Hundred Years' War between France and England is notorious as military knowledge from the medieval ages to early modern times.
  198. As for an example of the Imperial Houses that moved into the local region, there is Gotsuji no Miya.
  199. As for animals, most references are related to those having a prominent nose or a similar organ.
  200. As for archeological materials, only hollow clay figures provide a clue to infer the clothes worn during the Kofun period.
  201. As for architectural styles, nagare-zukuri and kasuga-zukuri are the most typical; in some cases, an oiya, or a covering roof is constructed over a small-sized honden as a protection from the elements.
  202. As for auspicious occasion, on the contrary, some send Hikidemono gifts of wedding reception banquet in the sense of 'delivering a share of happiness'.
  203. As for autumn and winter seasons, cottons and iron products were given as jifuku instead of yarns and spades, respectively.
  204. As for belts, black and white belts were introduced first.
  205. As for beni-shoga there are arguments for and against it, but in the shops except for those in Hiroshima Prefecture, Hiroshimafu-okonomiyaki often has beni-shoga included.
  206. As for bonfires at seashores, festivals of 'toro-nagashi' (flowing of lanterns down a river) are practiced nationwide in Japan.
  207. As for business conditions of Kansaifu-okonomiyaki shops there are self-service ones, where the raw ingredients and the dough are served to the customers according to their order and they grill or cook by themselves.
  208. As for chicken, delicious teriyaki can be prepared by using either breast meat or dark meat.
  209. As for chirigami itself, useless old paper or old newspaper was used by appropriately cutting until the Showa period, but recently the lavatory became a water flush one and accordingly water-soluble toilet paper came to be used.
  210. As for chopped vegetables mixed with ground meat, onions are most commonly used or chopped carrots or green peas are sometimes mixed for children, picky eaters are willing to eat unpopular vegetables hidden in hamburgers.
  211. As for colors, only the shogun was permitted to wear wine color, scarlet was worn by those above the rank of the Major Councillor, and light yellow and light green were considered to be kinjiki (prohibited colors) not permitted.
  212. As for coming future events and how to deal with them, the spirit says as follows:
  213. As for daikon radish, hot varieties known as karami (hot) daikon and nezumi (rat) daikon are sometimes used.
  214. As for debts made after the Koka era (1844 - 1847), the government issued bonds with no interest and promised to redeem them by annual installements of 50 years (kyu-kosai (old bond)).
  215. As for detailed rules, see also a column of Genjiko in Kodo Genjiko (As for detailed rules on Genjiko, see Kodo Kumiko.)
  216. As for details, refer to the column of 'Ryokai Mandala.'
  217. As for details, refer to the items to be mentioned later.
  218. As for dictionaries, based on Halma's "Dutch-French Dictionary," the first Dutch-Japanese dictionary in Japan was compiled by Sanpaku INAMURA, Genzui UDAGAWA and others in 1796 and published as "Haruma wage" (the Japanese Edition of Halma's Dictionary" in 1798.
  219. As for diplomatic measures he strongly insisted on beating Russia and advancement to Korean Peninsular from the beginning.
  220. As for do (土), it corresponds to the last month of every season.
  221. As for domain duties, Takanao put effort into reinforcement of control over goson (a self-governing village).
  222. As for domestic Panulirus in Japan, six species are known.
  223. As for domestic affairs, he worked to keep his retainers' territories together, and address the problems left following the Mongolian invasions.
  224. As for domestic tourism, developed network of Shinkansen and expressways has made travelling easier.
  225. As for duties subscribed by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, in order to make the duties fulfilled, regulations which would function as penalties were set up.
  226. As for eggs in shell, those with the whites half set from pasteurization are sold in a package.
  227. As for electric components, trains for the Jinpo-sen (Kobe/Takarazuka Lines) use products by Toshiba, while the trains on the Kyoto Line are still equipped with products by Toyo Denki Seizo, as a vestige of the Shinkeihan Railway era.
  228. As for events during the reign of Emperor Ankan, setting up a large number (more than 30 locations) of miyake (Imperial-controlled territory) and corresponding deployment of Inukaibe (corporation of dogkeepers) can be mentioned.
  229. As for existing swords, Kogarasumaru has this style.
  230. As for family names, only for those whose family names became the same as their head families due to the secession from the Imperial Family in 1946, 'Marquis' was put before their family names in writing to avoid confusion.
  231. As for famous persons, refer to the list of kengo (a great swordsman) and the category of kenkyaku (an expert swordsman).
  232. As for famous shoki shoen, there are Chimori no sho estate in Echizen Province (the estate of Todai-ji Temple and Shoenezu (a pictorial map drawn in order to clarify the territories and solve disputes caused by the complications of such) still exist), Ikaruga no sho (the Ikaruga shoen estate) in Harima Province (the estate of Horyu-ji Temple) and so on.
  233. As for female descendants, his daughter, MINAMOTO no Shoshi (Akiko) got married to FUJIWARA no Tadahira and gave birth to FUJIWARA no Morosuke and another daughter, MINAMOTO no Karako got married to Imperial Prince Sadazumi and gave birth to MINAMOTO no Tsunemoto.
  234. As for foundation of this temple, there is a lore that Prince Shotoku was the founder, but it is probably a subjoinder associated with the lore that Prince Shotoku himself carved statues of four guardian kings when he prayed for victory against MONONOBE no Moriya.
  235. As for freestyle kumite, only a sort of street fighting called 'kake-dameshi' (test of strength) existed.
  236. As for freight service, DB5L2 pulled a private freight car and a diesel car pulled Wa 1 in the case of small freight.
  237. As for freight trains that operate on the Hirano - Kudara section, refer to the Joto Freight Line of Osaka Higashi Line.
  238. As for geigi, on the other hand, just being a geigi does not warrant she would have danna-sama and only those beautiful and exceptionally talented geigi can expect to have danna-sama.
  239. As for greater vassals and feudal lords, they were basically removed from the objects of punishment.
  240. As for green onions, a generous amount of leek from Kujo which has a rather strong sweetness to it, and is a vegetable of Kyoto, is arranged is placed on top.
  241. As for grilling without pressing, during the eighties okonomiyaki was recognized as a specialty and the famous shops were introduced on TV and so on and thus the way of cooking 'it is better not to press' seems to have been regarded as orthodox.
  242. As for hatamoto of bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), the highest rank of vassal was often not karo but yonin and in this case, the yonin was kahan.
  243. As for her private life, in 1909, she married Yoshimune KUJO, who was from a family of dukes and worked at Yokohama Specie Bank.
  244. As for his Imina (personal name), Yukinaga, he was granted to use a portion of the real name of Shigeyuki HOSOKAWA, Shugo (a provincial military governor) of Awa Province.
  245. As for his appearance, there is a record of a rumor that he was a short and handsome man.
  246. As for his career as a poet, he had 30 of his poems selected for "Kokin Wakashu" (A Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry).
  247. As for his critical biographies, there is one by Hisahide SUGIMORI (Chuo Koronsha) and another one by Yo TSUMOTO (Kadokawa Bunko).
  248. As for his daughters, three have been identified and they married MINAMOTO no Sukemichi, MINAMOTO no Suenaka and MIINAMOTO no Kiyohara, respectively.
  249. As for his name, "Kozanji engi (tales of the origin of Kozan-ji Temple)" tells that he changed his name to Jokei, although it is not clear.
  250. As for his politics, he was supported by such persons as Yoshimasa SHIBA, who held the post of Kanrei and was influential as an political advisor called Shukuro, and others, and revised the shogunate administration to a conservative style.
  251. As for his positions in the bakufu, Nagashige was appointed on January 1, 1691, as a soshaban (a person in charge of delivering shogun's gifts to visitors who could directly see the shogun during annual big events) and jisha-bugyo (temple-shrine police chief) and, on September 18, 1691, as the Kyoto-shoshidai.
  252. As for his posterity, the descendants of his eldest son, Shigesada, lived on as middle class aristocrats up to the Kamakura period, while the descendants of his third son, Shigenari, became the Jo clan (the Taira clan) after settleing down in Echigo Province.
  253. As for his private life, there was an occasion that he casually traveled to Kyoto and visited Kobori ENSHU.
  254. As for his real mother, there are several theories: "Rokkaku Sasaki-shi keizuryaku" [Rokkaku Sasaki Family Tree Rough] and "the Azai family register of deaths" show it was Chiyozuru AZAI.
  255. As for his research achievements after that, he gave the world Takahashi Improved Fish-Liver Oil, 'Remijin' a medicine for pneumonia, 'Fagol' a medicine for pulmonary tuberculosis and 'Pangital' a cardiotonic and was a great authority on Japanese pharmacognosy.
  256. As for his waka poetry, only three poems in 'Kokin Wakashu' (Collection of Ancient and Modern Poems) and two poems in 'Gosen Wakashu' (Later selected collection of Japanese poetry) have survived.
  257. As for hitatare (court dress) costume of samurai during the Muromachi period, "Ushirobarinookuchi" was used, which is also a white hakama but its front is tailored with oseigo while the back is tailored with seigo.
  258. As for ho-shin, shi-shin, mu-shin (a state of mind free from delusion, shikisokuzeku - form is emptiness, matter is void, all is vanity, and I exist because I think), zan-shin, tan-shin and ren-shin, see the article of Kyudo (Japanese art of archery) or Kyujutsu (Japanese art of archery) for details.
  259. As for imported eels, Taiwan has a history of over 20 years.
  260. As for industry, Higashi-Maizuru's Maizuru Port offers an industrial site to Universal Shipbuilding Corporation, which is said to make up bout twenty percent of the total shipment value of Maizuru's manufacturing industry, and has many enterprises such as Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd. in Taira Industrial Park in Maizuru City.
  261. As for ink-wash painting, he seems to have usually signed as Niten.
  262. As for items that are considered tangible cultural assets yet are designated neither national treasures nor important cultural properties, items connected to the Imperial household fall into this category.
  263. As for its context, other than the pressures from persons of influence as a result of laxity in the Ritsuryo system, it was the time of slump in agriculture during the Konin era, as was evident from "Nihon Koki" ("Later Chronicle of Japan") and so on.
  264. As for its historical facts, refer to Date Sodo and other relevant sections.
  265. As for its scale and shape, it is an estimated 140-meter long keyhole-shaped tumulus, on which Ento haniwa (cylindrical haniwa) were placed in a surrounding way.
  266. As for its structural characteristics, a skin is mounted on either sides or one side of a cylindrical trunk or a wooden bucket assembled by boards.
  267. As for juzu for monks, the above may not be applicable since there are more detailed rules concerning costumes, and so on.
  268. As for juzu for the Nichiren Sect, the number and allocation of Omodama, Oyadama and Shitendama are the same as those of the Shingon Sect.
  269. As for juzu for the Shingon sect, the number of Omodama and Shitendama used for a ring is the same as with juzu for the Tendai sect but the number of Oyadama is 2 beads.
  270. As for juzu of the Rinzai Sect, the number and allocation of Omodama, Oyadama and Shitendama are the same as those of the Tendai Sect.
  271. As for juzu of the Soto Sect, the number and allocation of Omodama, Oyadama and Shitendama are the same as those of the Shingon Sect.
  272. As for koban (former Japanese oval gold coin), the karat was upgraded a little when shotoku koban was changed to kyoho koban, and there is a theory that the karat of chogin was also upgraded in the early stage to keep a balance with gold coin.
  273. As for koso (annual tax), Kuji and Zaikeyaku (public duties) were supposed to be paid to the lord of the land where an inhabitant lived but Nengu (land tax) and Kanmotsu (tribute goods paid as taxes or tithes) were to be paid to the lord of the land in which the individual cultivated the fields.
  274. As for kumite match, its history is short; kumite matches were fully developed after WWII.
  275. As for kumite, there was a kind of prearranged kumite, but no systematic free-style kumite (sparring) match existed.
  276. As for languages, there are various translations ranging from Indian dialects such as Pali and Sanskrit to Chinese, Tibetan, Mongolian and Manchurian, and a part of the sutra written in the Tangut language remains as well.
  277. As for law, Takauji enacted Kenmu Shikimoku as a basic law (in 1336).
  278. As for length, the theory defined the diameter of a grain of black millet as 1 bu (分; 0.3 centimeters or 0.1 sun), while the length of an ancient flute called Kosho, a standard instrument to fix the chromatic scale, as 90 bu (9 sun [a unit of length]).
  279. As for local government, the five provinces close to the capital, Yamato Province, Yamashiro Province, Kawachi Province, Izumi Province, and Settsu Province were grouped into the Kinai and the other provinces were divided into seven 'Do' (circuits).
  280. As for locations used in the anecdotes, they range from Kazusa Province in east to Higo Province in west covering extremely wide areas.
  281. As for locomotives manufactured by Sharp, Stewart Co., Ltd., two locomotives belonged to the government-managed railway were classified as Type 130 (No. 131 and No. 132), and two other locomotives once belonging to Nihon Railway were classified as Type 140 (No. 140 and No. 141).
  282. As for love poems, he left some choka for several women.
  283. As for low tree, there are rhododendron, some azalea (kobano-mitsuba-tsutsuji) and some cornel (koya-mizuki); as for herbs, there are tsuru-shiroganeso (stoloniferum), mountainous peony and a lot of flowers belong to the orchid family.
  284. As for manufacturing industry, the bright topic is that Kenko Mayonnaise Co., Ltd. branches out the western Japan factory in Kuratani Industrial Park, while DAIWABO CO.,LTD. discontinues its production at Maizuru factory.
  285. As for martial arts, he learned swordplay and the art of spearmanship from Kagekane HIKITA, and also learned swordplay from Munenobu HASEGAWA and Hisayasu KATAYAMA, and thus had the ability of kaishaku (to assist someone in committing seppuku by beheading him) during the act of seppuku.
  286. As for materials used for the ornamental part, precious metal, precious stone, quasi precious stone, amber and coral were used and celluloid was also sometimes used.
  287. As for measuring the volume of earth and sand, a unit ryutsubo (or tsubo in abbreviation) is used; 1 ryutsubo is equal to 6 cubic shaku.
  288. As for military arts he was taught Shinto Munen-ryu swordsmanship by Kumataro TOGASHI, received Menkyo Kaiden and served as an associate instructor.
  289. As for most Tachi in this period, Odachi which originally had a long length were recreated for Uchigatana in later days by modifying the length with Suriage (shortening) and O-suriage (further shortening).
  290. As for natural disasters, it is written in chapter 28 of volume 'Shimotsu' as follow.
  291. As for official court rank after Takanaga GOJO's son, Nagatsune GOJO (1242 - 1315), the highest court appointments given were Chunagon (vice-councilor of state) and Dainagon (chief councilor of state), after being appointed through Daigakuryo (Bureau of Education under the ritsuryo system), Monjo hakase (professor of literature) and Shikibusho (Ministry of Ceremonies).
  292. As for okuribi, it is still observed today at the entrance or in the garden of some houses, and also in larger scale such as Gozan Okuribi (Bonfire Events on Five Mountains) in Kyoto.
  293. As for operation intervals in the daytime, eight trains an hour are operated in connection with the shared lines (Kintetsu Kyoto Line and Keihan Keishin Line), and on weekday afternoons the trains (particularly those on the Tozai Line) are seldom crowded.
  294. As for orientation, the Oriental zodiac is utilized.
  295. As for other alcoholic beverages such as beer and whisky, liquor tax is levied on mirin under the Liquor Tax Act and a liquor license is necessary in order to manufacture and sell it.
  296. As for other businesses, he also participated in establishing or managing many companies including Nihon Seito, Osaka Alkali, Osaka Beer, Japan Fire Insurance, Japan Educational Life Insurance, Meiji Coal Mine.
  297. As for other cities, a ward was placed in each city; Nagoya City, Kanazawa City, Hiroshima City, Wakayama City, Yokohama City, Sendai City, Sakai City, Fukuoka City, Kumamoto City, Kobe City, Niigata City, Okayama City, Nagasaki City, Hakodate City, Akamagaseki City and Sapporo City.
  298. As for other influential temples in the ancient times, Enryaku-ji Temple had Hiyoshi-taisha Shrine, Kongobu-ji Temple had Niutsuhime-jinja Shrine, and To-ji Temple had Fushimi Inari-taisha Shrine, as their guardian shrines.
  299. As for other processed foods made from kelp, shio-konbu (L. angustata boiled in brine and soy) is famous.
  300. As for other species, the cultivate method is not established, because they can grow naturally in plenty, or they are less useful than the species mentioned above.
  301. As for painters, Kenkichi SUGIMOTO, Kokuta SUDA and so on painted pictures associated with Shuni-e.
  302. As for painting, he executed some copies of Chinese style paintings when he was 19 years old.
  303. As for paintings he learned the method of Kano school under his uncle, Norihiro YANO, but since he saw 'The Spine-Chiller sausui-zu (a painting of the landscape)' by Senkoku during Ming Dynasty, he was very much into literati painting.
  304. As for personnel affairs, Gon Sachuben (Provisional Middle Controller of the Left) FUJIWARA no Takakata should have been the one selected.
  305. As for photographers, Taikichi IRIE had watched Shuni-e for more than thirty years from around 1946 and photographed it.
  306. As for places of production, Edo, Kyoto, Chukyo (Nagoya City, Ise Province, Gifu Prefecture) and Iwami Province are well-known.
  307. As for political group names, the common people group and the Kizoku group existed, but these terms did not indicate their actual status.
  308. As for pork, the part called 'Ton-toro' (Toro pork) is available.
  309. As for praise and encouragement, the order was decided, Yoritomo was the first, Yoshinaka second, and Yukiie third, and each was to receive ningoku (place of appointment) and ikai (court rank).
  310. As for propaganda in the form of literature, the magazine 'Tenshin' (Literally, the truth of the heavens) is issued.
  311. As for property values there, the property values to the north of Fukuchiyama Station are among the highest in the northern Kinki area, although they are presently falling.
  312. As for public entertainment, court nobles enjoyed songs and ballads from former generations; saibara (genre of Heian-period Japanese court music - primarily consisting of gagaku-styled folk melodies), kagura-uta (songs to accompany kagura performances) and roei recitation of famous phrases from Chinese-style poem or waka.
  313. As for qualifications for enrollment, only children and grandchildren of nobles of Goi and above or those of Tozaishibu (families in charge of documenting their generations) were qualified, but children of government officials of Hachii (Eighth Rank) and above were allowed to enroll if they wish.
  314. As for reasons, there are lots of regions famous for the production of Udon noodles in eastern Japan.
  315. As for recitals of various types of music, people often wear no makeup with Western music, but in Minyo or wagakki (a traditional Japanese musical instrument), they usually dress up in Japanese traditional clothes and sometimes wear atsugesho to harmonize with their clothes.
  316. As for recreational activities and competitive sports, there are mainly the British equestrianism originated in Europe and the Western equestrianism originated from cowboys' riding in America.
  317. As for regional characteristics, the Nantan (Kuchitanba) area with Kameoka and Sonobe was closely linked to Yamashiro and Settsu Provinces, the Chutan area with Fukuchiyama and Ayabe to Tango and Tajima Provinces, and the Hyogo Tanba area with Sasayama, and Hikami to Tajima, Settsu and Harima Provinces.
  318. As for register in the case where Shinno (Imperial Prince), Naishinno (Imperial Princess), O (male member of the Imperial Family) or Nyo-o (female member of the Imperial Family) left the status of the Imperial family, there is no major difference between the new and old Kotofu Rei (the old Articles 31-32 and 34, the existing Article 5).
  319. As for register in the case where the order of succession to the Imperial Throne was changed due to Crown Prince's fatal disease or serious accident, there is no major difference between the old and new Kotofu Rei (the old Article 28, the existing Article 4).
  320. As for regulations regarding publishing during the Edo period, the following examples are mentioned in the books by Hideaki MATSUDAIRA and Goro HONMA.
  321. As for rice cultivation, DNA (SSR polymorphism) analysis of Yayoi rice confirmed a paddy-rice variety that does not exist on the Korean Peninsula, and theory of a direct introduction route from central and south China is proposed, not a route through the Korean Peninsula.
  322. As for salty dumplings which are without sugar-added kuzuan (a thick sauce whose main ingredient is arrowroot starch), see Article "Shoyu dango"
  323. As for sculpture, a new sculptural form, the Noh mask style of sculpture, was developed in addition to Buddhist sculpture, the dominant sculptural mode heretofore.
  324. As for seasonings, grated ginger, toasted sesame seeds, chopped Japanese ginger, etc. are preferred as well as chopped leeks.
  325. As for security, learning a lesson from the incident at Himeyuri-no-to Tower, the National Police Agency enforced tight security measures by mobilizing the increased number of police officers dispatched from the mainland.
  326. As for senior vassals, this shonin seido was abolished on the recommendation of Masayuki HOSHINA in 1665.
  327. As for series collecting sharebon, there has been published a "Sharebon taisei" (with twenty-nine volumes and one supplementary volume, by Chuo Koronsha).
  328. As for shoju and genin, they served and belonged to the upper-class members such as the shoen owner and shokan.
  329. As for shokubun and jun shokubun, it has been almost decided by the hereditary system which family succeeds which profession.
  330. As for slaves, some were characteristically domestic slaves and others had an independent house and were characteristically similar to denkos.
  331. As for soba restaurants, some are old establishments while the other are new comers that have opened as local resources for the regional economic development project and, as part of the revitalization plan, the Nikko Soba Festival is organized in the fall.
  332. As for some products of fresh noodles and others, it is necessary to drain hot water and pour it again.
  333. As for special han bills, the domain issued goninsokusatsu with face values of one laborer and a half laborer, and ginhousatsuzasatsu exchangeable for large amounts of silver coins (from 20 me [unit of old currency] to 300 me).
  334. As for spring rainfalls, would the thoughts of people become the tears of sorrow? It is because nobody wants to see scattering of cherry blossoms (Kokin Wakashu 88).
  335. As for swordplay, he learned the Shindo-Munen school of swordsmanship from his cousin Shinzaburo.
  336. As for swords in this period, different form other periods, lots of big swords such as Odachi (very long sword) and Nodachi (field sword) were made.
  337. As for tea, he was fond of dark Gyokuro (refined green tea).
  338. As for that, in December 1977, the case was settled as Furukawa paid 3.9 million yen.
  339. As for the "Masu-shikishi," 'a good reference for studying chirashi-gaki, but inferior to the "Sunshoan-shikishi" and "Tsugi-shikishi".' (excerpt)
  340. As for the 'tanada (terraced paddy field) in Kehara,' which was selected as one of the Top 100 Terraced Paddy Fields in Japan, Oe-cho had set up the 'tanada farming tour' and the 'ownership system for the tanada.'
  341. As for the Chinese character used to refer to Otani, "大谷," a different character "?" was once used, and later Hongan-ji Temple used the Chinese character "?山 (Otanizan) as "Sango."
  342. As for the Constitution Research Council of the House of Representatives and the Constitution Research Council of the House of Councilors, which both neither having the right to propose a bill, it is still argued about the position of the Emperor, and they have not reached a conclusion yet.
  343. As for the Deo Series 800 and Deo Type 900 (which comprise two fixed cars), a door on the connection side is placed inward.
  344. As for the Hatakeyama clan, Yoshinari HATAKEYAMA and Masanaga HATAKEYAMA had been at war with each other for a dispute over a matter of succession.
  345. As for the Hi-ogi-mon crest, there are the Yamazaki-ogi crest and the Akita-ogi crest.
  346. As for the Ishiyama War which was brought up as an issue, Nobumori had enough forces for starvation tactics, and he did not commit a blunder such as Naomasa BAN, whose siege was broken.
  347. As for the Ito clan, the Shijoshu (lord of a branch castle) of the 'So-Sijuhachi-jo' (forty-eight castles), who had been on the Ito side, broke away one after another, leading the clan into decline.
  348. As for the Japanese side, Masaru INOUE (known as the father of Japanese railways as well as an advocate of the nationalization of railways) became the head of mining and railways in 1871 and was involved in the construction.
  349. As for the Kami branch of the Reizei family, it is known that they erected their own mansion at this site in 1606.
  350. As for the Kokugun System, kuni, agata, etc. which had been the influence area of Gozoku, were reorganized and reshaped in the form of the present ryoseikoku.
  351. As for the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line, refer to the column of the Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line.
  352. As for the Mino swords, it is with masame (straight grain), and Nie deki (a type of temper line), it is often the imitation of a new sword.
  353. As for the Miyoshi clan, the descendant of the Awa-Ogasawara clan and others, refer to topics of each clan.
  354. As for the Noto Peninsula Earthquake in 2007, he has not yet visited the disaster-stricken area, but sent a message that 'I hope every victim would get over the difficulties.'
  355. As for the Ono Shiba clan, the Okuda clan was separated from Ujitane SHIBA, a child of Mitsutane SHIBA, and used the family name of the Hori clan in the Sengoku period (period of warring states), which became the lord of the Muramatsu Domain in the Edo period.
  356. As for the Sanshoku suinin mondai, the viewpoint that the Imperial Court led this issue in both theories was influential, but Kyoko TACHIBANA proposed a new theory that it was led by Nobunaga's will, and as a result, it led to a dispute.
  357. As for the Satsuma clan/Tosa clan, while they initially targeted a meeting by various daimyos headed by the Tokugawa clan, at a certain point they turned their back on Bakufu and joined hands with their former enemy, the Choshu clan.
  358. As for the Shiratori Kaido Road, a by-pass and 4-lane project was proposed.
  359. As for the South Sea Islands (Nanyo-cho), as in the case of the Kwantung Leased Territory, the government did not enforce the laws of the inland but exercised the legislative power by issuing the Imperial edicts of the Emperor, as those islands were not considered as Japan's territory.
  360. As for the Taimatsu torches on the other days, the length is 6 to 8 meters and the weight is 40 kilograms.
  361. As for the Taitofu, groups are divided depending on Emperors, the chronological order of Emperors is provided, and for each division the columns of Emperor and of Empress are provided, respectively (the old Article 11).
  362. As for the above-mentioned details, the family secret manual of the Yoshida clan was handed down to master Yoshikata ROKKAKU, but Yoshikata returned it to Shigetaka.
  363. As for the accompaniment, the grave gidayu (a style of dramatic narratives) takes the part of Hokaibo and the graceful tokiwazu the part of the princess in order that each accompaniment can express each role.
  364. As for the actual political affairs, nori (capable officials) such as TAIRA no Tokitada, FUJIWARA no Michisue, and Michichika TSUCHIMIKADO served as Kiyomori's spokespersons.
  365. As for the age group of 20's or below, 75 percent responded that they hardly ever go to hatsumode (from an article dated December 18, 2006, in the Sankei Shinbun Newspaper).
  366. As for the beginning, it is considered that in the Sung period in China, Chinese authors Wen Tong, Su Shih and others painted bamboos as the subject of ink-wash paintings and expanded the subjects to plum trees, orchards, chrysanthemums and pine trees afterwards.
  367. As for the birthplace of Onsen-manju, someone says it was Gunma Prefecture, and someone says it was Ikaho-onsen hot springs, however there is no evidence that similar manju had not existed before that.
  368. As for the buildings at the time, Katsura Imperial Villa constructed by Imperial Prince Tomohito, Shugakuin Imperial Villa constructed by the Emperor Gomizunoo and Nikko Tosho-gu Shrine constructed by Iemitsu TOKUGAWA are well-known.
  369. As for the cars employed on the Eizan Main Line and Kurama Line, refer to the section on the Eizan Electric Railway; regarding the cars employed by the old Fukui Railway Department, refer to the section on the Echizen Railway.
  370. As for the categories of numbers, international names including Togaku, Komagaku and Rinyugaku (music of Champa) have been brought over, and the elements of Japanese ancient music before the introduction of the music from the continent were included.
  371. As for the category curtain, there is not one train with the cherry fruit color (the line color of JR Tozai Line) for regional rapid trains and therefore, the green belt train (line color of Yamatoji Line) is used instead.
  372. As for the category of love, a revolutionary attempt was made to subdivide and systematize the topic; for example, the first 25 topics were set to follow the progression of a love affair, and the rest of the 25 topics were grouped together as the 'love which is told under the guise of things' type.
  373. As for the characteristic of the higher schools, it was laid out as 'a higher school is a place where one receives higher ordinary education.'
  374. As for the characteristics of the Nichiren sect, a small hokkedo is built at the beginning, and other structures such as a main hall, a goeido, a kuri, a kyakuden (guest hall), a somon gate, a sanmon gate, five-story pagoda, shukubo (monks' living quarters), etc., are gradually added.
  375. As for the classification of Buddhist sutras in Tibetan Buddhism, separation into two parts--'Bkah-hgyur' and 'Bstan-hgyur'--was given more value than that into the three parts of 'sutra, vinaya and abhidharma,' which is common to other Buddhist countries.
  376. As for the cleaning method, you insert the cleaning rod, the end having a wet piece of cloth, into the gun muzzle and move it in and out one to two times, as black gunpowder is easily soluble in water.
  377. As for the clothing of the statue, the upper part of the dress has a flowered cloth pattern of mainly light pink and vermilion colors.
  378. As for the connection between the Wakasa Takeda clan and the Hosokawa clan, Yusai's older sister married Nobutaka TAKEDA (a military commander, called Miyagawa Dono, the castellan of Wakasa Shibo Yama), who was the younger brother of Nobutoyo TAKEDA.
  379. As for the consequences, not only the individuals, but even their relatives and Edo Jofu (a daimyo lord's retainer who remained permanently with their lord in Edo) were suppressed.
  380. As for the container for gunpowder, the regular one was the cylinder type of five to eight centimeters long and after pouring the gunpowder into the barrel and letting go of the container, it hangs down from the waist naturally and the spout is covered with a cap.
  381. As for the content, the origin of noh play and the legends associated with shiki sanban are written in the first volume.
  382. As for the contents, it takes the form of yomihon without focusing on each scene but on the development of the plot and the human nature of the character; and it targets intellectuals, incorporating his ideas, view of history and arguments in the work.
  383. As for the date of the pagoda's construction, there are two theories; one theory suggests that the pagoda was transferred from Moto-Yakushiji Temple in Asuka after being dismantled and then reconstructed, and the other theory suggests that the pagoda was newly constructed at the Heijo-kyo.
  384. As for the death of his brothers, he composed a waka that reads, 'In this world, being alive does not mean to be living, even more so, to have met with such bitter experience is to know despair.'
  385. As for the debts created before the Tenpo era, the government did not inherit these, and declared them void (de facto tokuseirei (a debt cancellation order)).
  386. As for the debts made after 1868, the government issued bonds with an annual interest of four percent and promised to redeem them by annual installments of 25 years after a three year grace period (shin-kosai (new bond)).
  387. As for the definition of jogakuji, however, there are many beliefs.
  388. As for the demands made to the Shogunate, the following three articles were decided (for the first item, the opinion of the Choshu domain; for the second item, Tomomi IWAKURA's opinion; for third item, opinion of the Satsuma domain were adopted, respectively).
  389. As for the demographic structure, unlike Korea, Taiwan, and the Kwantung Leased Territory, the population of immigrants, such as Japanese or Taiwanese, was larger than that of the indigenous islanders.
  390. As for the development project, the three prefectures took over the works in the local level and Hokkaido Works Administration Bureau which was under Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce took over the works in the national level.
  391. As for the difference between okonomiyaki in Nagoya City and Kansaifu-okonomiyaki, in the former, after mixing the ingredients such as meat and so on with the dough they are grilled, but in the latter, the ingredients like meat are put on the dough afterward.
  392. As for the difference of sounds between A-type and B-type, Hashimoto presumed that A-type characters had the sounds of i, e, and o, same as the current ones, while B-type had the sounds of ?, ? and ?.
  393. As for the distinction between A-type and B-type, for example, Manyo-gana representing the sound of "き" (ki) included in the Chinese characters of 支, 吉, 峡, 来 and 棄 were A-type characters and used to write "き" (ki) of "aki" (autumn), "kimi" (you), "toki" (time) or "kiku" (listen).
  394. As for the distribution, there are about 600 decorated tombs across Japan, more than half of which, 340 tombs are in Kyushu region, 100 in Kanto region, 50 in Sanin region, 40 in Kinki region, about 40 in Tohoku region and the rest of them are sparsely in seven prefectures.
  395. As for the doctrine, Nichiju denied his master, Nichiko's Shakubuku shugi (the doctrine of Shakubuku, the method of propagating Buddhism by correcting another's mistaken views) but accepted the doctrine of Shoju shugi (the doctrine of Shoju, the method of propagating Buddhism by teaching without pointing out mistaken beliefs) and developed it.
  396. As for the doctrine, the sect believed Shoretsu School, Shuso Honbutsuron (believing Nichiren as the True Buddha).
  397. As for the domain duties, it had been responsible for custody of tenryo (a shogunal demesne) in Yamato Province since 1738, which was the time of the fifth lord of the domain, Iekane UEMURA.
  398. As for the doors, Koshidaka-akari-shoji (Akari-shoji with a wainscot of about 80cm high), Maidaro and Fusuma-shoji are often used.
  399. As for the emergence of Chiten Kogimonin, there is a view that official ranks; Emperor, Chiten, became transferable, which led to the following incident; an attempted deprivation of the imperial throne by Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA.
  400. As for the entrance/exit gates, a manned one is located on the north side or on the Kokusaikaikan (the international conference hall) side and an unmanned one is found on the south side (the Takeda side).
  401. As for the evaluation of these reforms, some acknowledge that reforms contributed to the popularization of karate in the Japanese mainland but others criticize that reforms resulted in deviation from the traditional way of karate.
  402. As for the expense of the lords, the management of shoens cost a lot and that was why the small-scaled shoens were not likely to depend on the ownership of serfs.
  403. As for the family crest, Reino has succeeded the Otomo family crest and behaves as he wants.'
  404. As for the fare system, the Keihan Line adopted a FARE OVERVIEW and the Otsu Line adopted a FARE OVERVIEW; consequently, a fare of the Otsu Line is more expensive than that of the Keihan Line.
  405. As for the farm raising method, the main method in Taiwan and in Guangdong Province in southern China is outdoor aqua culturing, which is simply a pond that is dug, and in Japan and in Fujian Province in China, the main method is the one that uses a hot house.
  406. As for the festivals related to Godai Myoo, Godairikisonninnoue is famous, and Kyoto Daigo-ji Temple performs it in February of each year.
  407. As for the fifth Regiment, a send-off party was held on the day before departure and the banquet continued until midnight.
  408. As for the first edition which included 1700 or more impressions of old seals in Qin and Han, only twenty copies were printed.
  409. As for the first two mentioned above, the fact is that they have been receiving great support for maintenance, one from JR East and the other from Oigawa Railway Company (consequently its mother company, Nagoya Railway Company).
  410. As for the flintlocks, names such as "snaphance," "muklet," "flintlock" and so on are known and they are said to be classified in terms describing their form, but there is no record of an origin for hinawaju.
  411. As for the framework defined by Kyoto Protocol after 2012, international meetings are being held to set a "Post Kyoto Protocol."
  412. As for the grades below that, Fugen-ka (the consummation of the stage of the non-returner), Ichirai-ka (one who has fully consummated the stage of the once-returner) and Yoru-ka (one who has fully attained the stage of the stream-enterer) are called 'Ugakui (有学(うがく)位).'
  413. As for the history of Japanese clothes (wafuku [Japanese traditional clothes]), refer to the history of wafuku
  414. As for the history of western clothes, refer to the history of clothes
  415. As for the hosonaga for women, it is only written that 'there is no high neck of that kinu (clothes)' in a costume guide book, "Masasuke Shozokusho" (Masasuke's Notes on Court Costume) and thus it is barely known that hosonaga is not a sokutai sort of closed collar costume.
  416. As for the illegitimate line, there is the family of a son of Norifusa, Shigekane UESUGI, which produced Norinao UESUGI, who served as a vassal of Mochiuji ASHIKAGA.
  417. As for the injury of Nicholas, the Russian Emperor had a forgiving attitude following Japan's prompt actions and apology, and there is no doubt that this warm attitude of Russia helped Japan solve this difficult problem.
  418. As for the inside of the hall, Naijin (inner sanctuary) with boarding floor is enclosed by Gejin (outer place of worship for public people) with tatami mat flooring.
  419. As for the issue of textbooks, in the theory of the unbroken Imperial line, the idea that only one Imperial family could succeed to the throne (more than one Imperial family could not exist) was especially controversial.
  420. As for the land that contains a buried cultural property, the public is to be notified by means of a site map, etc. (Article 95).
  421. As for the latter condition, the United States of America, which emits the largest amount of gfreenhouse gases in the world, suspends the ratification because of its domestic situation at present.
  422. As for the latter, Kanji is looked up by readings of terms classified by i, ro, ha, and by meaning and field.
  423. As for the latter, there are post office produced New Year's cards, plain New Year's cards printed by printing company and so on.
  424. As for the literal aspect of this term, it comes from that people call the emperor's house 'dairi.'
  425. As for the literature, female nobles played important roles as Sei Shonagon wrote "Makura no Soshi" (The Pillow Book), Murasaki Shikibu wrote "Genji Monogatari" (The Tale of Genji).
  426. As for the location in the precincts, Ikuo MORI identified the site of the Amida-do Hall, one of the Fukuju-ji Temple buildings, around the site of the building called "bussho-ya" (where offerings to the Buddha were prepared) of Nigatsu-do Temple through excavation and research done on that site.
  427. As for the location of Oharida Palace, Toyoura (Asuka Village, Takaichi County, Nara Prefecture) had been the leading candidate for long because there is a koaza (small administrative unit of a village) named 'Furumiya' there.
  428. As for the location of Tarano, the theory, which believes it to be in the northern part of Iga (a part of Ise Province at that time), is widely accepted, however, it was a good location to guard Iga in the pathways from Yamato - Iga - Ise - Mino.
  429. As for the major roles when playing in concert, a Hichiriki instrument takes charge of the main melody.
  430. As for the mantra of Yakushi Nyorai, its shoshu is 'on korokoro sendari matougi sowaka' and it coincides with that of Muno Shomyoo.
  431. As for the manufacturing method, it is made by putting oil and lighting a wick in a clay pot, and by collecting the soot that forms on the lid of the clay pot.
  432. As for the manufacturing method, pinewood pieces are burnt and the soot is obtained.
  433. As for the manuscripts, there remain Rennyo-bon, Hashinobo Eisho-bon, and so on.
  434. As for the materials, those made entirely of ivory are considered best, and they're called 'marubachi' (rounded plectra).
  435. As for the mining pollution and the protest movement in Gunma Prefecture, see below.
  436. As for the mizansho (female tree) without spines, Asakura sansho, which is native to Asakura Yoka-cho, Yabu City, Hyogo Prefecture, is famous, but sansho without spines are cultivated throughout the country.
  437. As for the music for a Japanese drum performance, while some are based upon ancient music, there is also newly composed music in recent years.
  438. As for the name Otafuku, there is an opinion that it is derived from the meaning of many fortunes mentioned above, and there is also another opinion that it came from the name of a fish 'Fugu' (blow fish) because her swollen cheeks are similar to the puffed up fish.
  439. As for the name of 'zangi,' the master of Torimatsu said that he thought the Chinese word for fried chicken was zagi (deep-fried chicken in Chinese) and created the name of 'zangi' by inserting the word of 運 (n) (luck) between za and gi in the hope that it would 'bring good luck.'
  440. As for the names of the gods and the nicknames, although in the original text they are written in only kanji characters, the article's writer converts those to a mix of hiragana and kanji characters.
  441. As for the names, regular names did not exist at first.
  442. As for the number 5, with the unification of the state and religion in the early days of the Meiji period, Koremi KAMEI and others at the Jingi Jimukyoku (Shinto Worship Bureau) promulgated a theory unifying Shinto and Confucianism maintaining that 'the Emperor' was consubstantial with 'heaven', and therefore omnipotent.
  443. As for the number of okonomiyaki shops per population in seven prefectures of Kyushu, Omuta City ranks in the first and Arao City in the second and the junior-high school students are often seen to drop in the okonomiyaki shops on their way home from school.
  444. As for the number of volumes, it is evident from "Chuyuki" (The Diary of FUJIWARA no Munetada), "Honchoshojaku mokuroku" (the oldest list of Japanese books in existence written in the Kamakura period) and others that there were 130 volumes in total, of which 26 still exist now.
  445. As for the numbering of train units, the trains arriving at and departing from Higashi-Maizuru Station are identified with the ordinal train number + 3000D, and those operated within the Kitakinki Tango lines are identified with the train number + 3010D
  446. As for the objects of the mural painting, a person on the left hand side of the painting wears a hat and Mizura (an ancient hair style, bunch of hair is wrapped round and hangs beside the ears), Hakama (formal men's divided skirt) and shoes.
  447. As for the old swords such as the old Bizen (with inscription), the old Aoe, even an expert is not able to determine its generation or to judge its authenticity (old swords imitated at that time).
  448. As for the operating condition in 1873, the following year of opening, there were an average of 4347 passengers a day.
  449. As for the order for these six volumes, two opinions have emerged so far.
  450. As for the order of seats in the Imperial Court, the Kurodo no to occupied the top seats, higher even than the higher ranking tenjobito (high-ranking courtiers).
  451. As for the origin of Ningyo Joruri (traditional Japanese puppet theater), refer to the items 'Origin' and 'Completion of Gidayu-bushi' mentioned below, and for the details of its performance refer to the item Bunraku.
  452. As for the origin of kayokyoku (Japanese popular songs, distinguished from J-pop), a leading theory advocated by Otojiro KAWAKAMI is that it originated from enzetsu-ka (literally, speech songs, political satire taking the form of songs) which developed into enka.
  453. As for the origin of the Great King's family, there were several theories, such as having the lineage of Himiko of Yamataikoku (Yamatai Kingdom) in the Yayoi period as the King's ancestors, the dynasty of the King's ancestor was established in the fourth century, and onwards.
  454. As for the origin of the name 'tataki,' there are various theories, however, it remains unclear.
  455. As for the orthographic system of Japanese, the original characters used before the arrival of kanji (Chinese characters) have not yet been discovered.
  456. As for the other employees, Kokuga employed specialists such as Kunihakase (teacher of Japanese classical literature), Kuniishi (local governmental doctor) and Kokushi (the most reverend priest) and a Yotei (a mandatory laborer) who was requisitioned by the zoyo (irregular corvee).
  457. As for the painting, especially the ones during the Sung period are respected.
  458. As for the period of time of flowering, 'Someiyoshino' which is especially popular for Hanami (flower viewing) is shortest and the flowers fall only one week after the full bloom.
  459. As for the pilgrimage records by the pilgrims from Togoku (the eastern provinces), there remains "Ise Sangu Dochu-ki" (Travel Journal of Ise Pilgrimage) recorded a pilgrimage of the members of Yamato-ya, a shop of kiji-ya (wood-turners) of Aizunanzan Hogamigoya (Tateiwa Village, Minami-aizu County, Fukushima Prefecture).
  460. As for the popularity and line-up, information from 2008 is used as a reference.
  461. As for the practical construction, Japanese techniques based on the experience of castle construction were applied in public works, but only the railway bridge over the Rokugo River was constructed under the British's instruction using timber.
  462. As for the precipitation, it was over 400 millimeters in Totsukawa at the peak of summer, which greatly exceeded the monthly average of precipitation in the Nara Basin (100 to 200 millimeters).
  463. As for the problems to be solved from now on, to say nothing of doing a good job in J1, it can be pointed out that the club should reconstruct not only the club itself but also the relation to the hometown Kyoto.
  464. As for the production and personal consumption of Doburoku, commonly called Doburoku Trial held by Toshihiko MAEDA (activist in a social movement), who is a writer of "Let's Make Doburoku" (Rural Culture Association Japan) is well known.
  465. As for the production of manju using the steam from hot springs, there remains a record of the Edo period; according to it, at 'Furo no yu,' one of spring's sources of Atami-onsen hot springs, such steam was used for making manju.
  466. As for the pronunciation guide that says to pronounce his name as "morinaka," it is said that the Directory is based on the reading guidebook, Kikunsho, which is said to have been written by Kaneyoshi ICHIJO.
  467. As for the pronunciation of her imina, Takara no Himemiko is popular ? this is thought to be a title of respect that came about from later generations.
  468. As for the purchase of SMART ICOCA, please refer to the corresponding section.
  469. As for the purpose of the visit to the Ise-jingu Shrine by Tochi no Himemiko with Ahe no Himemiko (Princess Ahe), there are various views including the following three.
  470. As for the quality, ryutsushu is brewed, bearing in mind that it is 'drunk' by consumers.
  471. As for the question of which deity is enshrined as Daihyozu-no-kami, Yachihoko-no-kami Okuninushi), Susano-no-mikoto, Ame-no-uzume (one of the female gods in Japanese mythology) and Amenohiboko-no-mikoto are regarded as the most likely candidates.
  472. As for the question who was the real father of Hideyori, well-known opinions have named Harunaga ONO and Mitsunari ISHIDA (also Katsumoto KATAGIRI), and a ridiculous view named Ieyasu TOKUGAWA and Sanzaburo NAGOYA.
  473. As for the reason common people can make ojo (enter Gokuraku), Shandao said that since common people believe in the oath of Buddha, the ojo of the common people is accepted by that oath of Buddha.
  474. As for the reason for the triangular-rim, there are some theories that most of mirrors were convex and it was structurally easier to make them with a triangular-rim, or that wooden fences surrounding a holy place were the model.
  475. As for the reason why kansen is colored red, there are many theses but no established thesis.
  476. As for the reason why many Shujikan were built in Hokkaido, it has been said that there was an intention to keep prisoners to stay in Hokkaido after their release in order to increase Hokkaido's population which was fewer at that time.
  477. As for the reason why so many military commanders were killed, Kazunori HISHINUMA assumes that the Minamoto clan first took Hiyodorigoe, which was the closest fortress to Owada no Tomari, and therefore, the military commanders who were at Ichinotani and Ikuta, failed to escape.
  478. As for the reason why this form appeared, UMEWAKA quoted the fact that study achieves efficiency by attaching names to the bodily movements.
  479. As for the reason, Udon noodles topped with Tenkasu is sometimes called by another name "Haikara Udon" in Osaka.
  480. As for the reasons, in the long Edo period, there weren't many bloody wars, and the bushi class was required more political ability than the ability for the military arts, what's more, there weren't many equestrians nor rich bushi who could afford to learn the equestrianism.
  481. As for the reduction amount 6% of Japan, it is based on the reference year 1990 (reference year of CFC's substitute is 1995).
  482. As for the reduction by emission trading and licensing of technology, rulemaking has recently been in process as in the Kyoto Mechanisms.
  483. As for the relationship between Yoshitomo and Nobuyori, it is easy to see that the theory that their good relationship was based on their hatred for Shinzei is a simple-minded belief.
  484. As for the reputation of Nonin's Zen teaching at the time, it can easily be guessed from the fact that conservative people in waka (a 31-syllable Japanese poem) society criticized FUJIWARA no Teika, who created new style waka around the same time, by saying 'Shingihikyo no darumauta' (heresy of Daruma).
  485. As for the responsibility of the third-rank official Hangan, it was 'Bunhan' according to Yong Hui Code of Tang Dynasty while it was 'Kyuhan' (to accuse and judge lawbreaker) according to Japanese Ryo.
  486. As for the rest, Lady Murasaki was installed in the spring wing, Hanachirusato in the summer wing and Lady Akashi in the winter wing.
  487. As for the rest, two in Shimotsuke and one each in Kozuke, Etchu, Mino, and Suruga.
  488. As for the revision of treaty, he achieved to conclude Japan-Mexico Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation which was an equal treaty with Mexico, so the negotiation for the unequal treaty with the powerful countries seemed to be going well.
  489. As for the ryutsushu, the taste and fragrance are, of course, considered.
  490. As for the sauce, the manufacturer in Hiroshima OTAFUKU SAUCE Co., Ltd. supports the opening of the okonomiyaki shops and that sauce is used most.
  491. As for the scale, square front, square back tomb with over 80 meters long mound are a few.
  492. As for the scene in which Danjo stabs Gekizaemon, Danjo apologizes Gekizaemon just before stabbing him.
  493. As for the scene of 'Preparation of Rice' in which Masaoka talks with two children until Sakae Gozen appears, the actor playing Masaoka demonstrates tea ceremony, but there is not much story in it and the scene is often shortened.
  494. As for the season, kosa occurs in spring the most.
  495. As for the sewage line, the oldest ones were built during the Yayoi period and they are thought to have played a role of draining water in the lavatory.
  496. As for the shape of kaisaki, a different rule is adopted by each school of tea ceremony, with shapes being roughly divided into the following categories: oval, straight line, a shape like the edge of a Japanese sword, a shape like tokin (a hood), hiramaru (flat round), leaf-shaped, and a bulb.
  497. As for the shape of tassels, kashiratsuki tassel is mainly used.
  498. As for the shape of tassels, kiku tassel and Rikyu tassel (temari ball tassel) are mainly used.
  499. As for the shogun's cabinet officials, the Hitotsubashi family came back into power, the Bunkyu Reform was carried out, Shogun Iemochi married the Imperial princess Kazunomiya, and a reconciliation between the imperial court took place.
  500. As for the shrines that enshrine each god, there is Kaka-jinja Shrine (Shimane-cho, Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture) for Kisagaihime no mikoto and Hokki-jinja Shrine (Hokki-cho Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture) for Umugihime no mikoto.
  501. As for the size of Furoshiki, their lengths were found to be different from each other, which means their shapes were not a regular square, because from old times Furoshiki was made by cutting one Tan (width of approx. 35cm~40cm and length of approx. 12m) of textile into pieces without incurring waste and sewing them.
  502. As for the soja shrine, the information is not available.
  503. As for the species, only Japanese eels (Anguilla japonica) is farm raised in Japan and in Taiwan.
  504. As for the start, a strong view is that the period started in 1568 when Nobunaga ODA obeyed Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA and arrived in Kyoto, but others assert that it was in 1573, when Yoshiaki was banished from Kyoto, or 1576, when the construction of Azuchi-jo Castle started.
  505. As for the stations between Takeda and Shin-tanabe or Kintetsu-Nara Station, see "Kintetsu-Kyoto line"
  506. As for the stations of the existent portion of the Misasagi - Hamaotsu section, refer to the column describing "Stations of the line's existent portion."
  507. As for the statue form, there exist both standing statues and seated statues and normally, their right hands make semui in (mudra for bestowing fearlessness), while the left hands make yogan in (wish-granting mudra) and hold a medicine vase.
  508. As for the stockings for women, the thigh-high ones are recommended.
  509. As for the structure of higher schools the standard was set as a seven-year system with three years of advanced course and four years of regular course.
  510. As for the structure of the scenes, lines and interpretation, there are various other versions, and current structure that consists of the scenes 'Hanamizu-bashi Bridge,' 'Bamboo Room,' 'Mansion,' 'Under the Floor,' 'Confrontation' and 'Attack' has been gradually established since the mid-Meiji period.
  511. As for the structure, Hoan-den needed to be built from ferro-concrete, have walls 25 cm or thicker, and a complete safe-typed and dual-structured door with either a single swing door or double-leaf doors.
  512. As for the style of performance, the school is believed to have adopted the realistic Kamigata (Kyoto and Osaka area) style in the Edo period.
  513. As for the styles of kumite matches, three styles mentioned below are considered the mainstream, and detailed points concerning rules differ according to the organization and circle.
  514. As for the subject of these Taiheki, the following opinion is accepted today (according to the opinion of Rikichiro FUKUI and others).
  515. As for the successive family members from 駒子 to Karitamaro, their achievements have been clarified to some extnet.
  516. As for the taste of merchant families, there are highly decorative patterns of the Rinpa School such as Korin-komatsu (Korin small pines), kagehinata-giku (shadows of chrysanthemums in the sum) and shidarezakura (weeping cherry blossoms on sprays) were favored as well as such modest patterns as mamegiri (small paulownia) and koume (small plum blossoms).
  517. As for the tax system, taxes in kind or service were adopted and state finances started to become more stable.
  518. As for the tea ceremony, Shimabara has no affiliation with any school even though the art of the tea ceremony is required for hospitality.
  519. As for the telephone number, an area code is required to dial between the Old Mikata Towns and Old Kaminaka Town.
  520. As for the temple buildings of Gango-ji Temple in the Nara period, the Nandai-mon gate (literally, Great South Gate), Chu-mon gate (literally, Inner Gate), Kon-do Hall (Miroku Buddha is enshrined as Honzon), Ko-do Hall (lecture hall), Sho-do Hall (hall preserving the temple bell) and Jiki-do Hall (dining hall) were arranged on the straight from south to north.
  521. As for the term of Fuken-kai, there was an annual ordinary session and an extraordinary session that was held on a temporary basis.
  522. As for the text of the chapter "Hatsune" in the Oshima-bon manuscript, Kikan IKEDA considered it as 'not Aobyoshi-bon but Beppon,' and it was not adopted in the original text of the 'Genji monogatari taisei.'
  523. As for the textile industry mentioned above, twill weavers were known to have already settled in Nishijin during the first half of the Kamakura period.
  524. As for the three major production centers of mikan, there is a game of rhyming to remember, "Ai wa shizukani" (which literally means something like 'Gently when you love.')
  525. As for the topping sauce, the shops have used medium thick sauce from long ago, but ketchup or mayonnaise were also used in the household from long ago.
  526. As for the trial, a team of defense lawyers advised, "You are a just a step away from innocence."
  527. As for the tumuli with this unique shape, there are Tatetsuki-iseki Tumulus in Okayama Prefecture and Nekozuka-kofun Tumulus of the Iwase Oyama-kofun Tumuli Cluster in Takamatsu City, Kagawa Prefecture.
  528. As for the types of trains, JR (West) Commuter Train Series 207 and JR (West) Commuter Train Series 321, belonging to the Quality Control Center of Aboshi General Rolling Stock Yard, are used and operated with seven cars.
  529. As for the types which have horizontal tunnels, mortuary spaces are built on the ground or on a surface during construction of a tumulus and the tumulus is then built on it.
  530. As for the unit of ken, The Weights and Measures Act promulgated in the Meiji period definitely provides that 1 ken is equal to 6 shaku.
  531. As for the university, Shodo related lectures have been set to those having education and literature departments.
  532. As for the use of private cars, the traffic on local roads and highways in and around the city is always heavy, and the traffic gets even worse during the tourist season.
  533. As for the varieties of bean jams, tsubuan (sweet bean jam), koshian (strained seet bean jam), and misoan (sweet bean jam with miso) are popular.
  534. As for the visit of the Matthew PERRY's fleet, the bakufu could not correspond on their own, and reported it to the Imperial Court.
  535. As for the war, it is described that allied forces consisting of many countries will come against Japan.
  536. As for the water system, great v-shaped valleys and meandering rivers with great flections draw attention as described above.
  537. As for the whereabouts of Nika Sojo, there are various assessments.
  538. As for the word 'Nyu-O' (Entering Europe), he said that Yukichi FUKUZAWA (among all his signed literary work and anonymous editorials) never used it, so the combined word of 'Datsu-A Nyu-O' was never used by Fukuzawa.
  539. As for the works of Masaka WATANABE including Mikawashi, it is necessary to be careful about his unreasonable insistence of his own opinions.
  540. As for the writer, there are opinions saying the writer was Nyoshin or Kakunyo besides Yuien.
  541. As for the year it was founded, Towao SAKAEHARA supposes that it was in March or April 738 according to the planning or construction was implemented from the interpretation of the Shoso-in archives, where the name of the temple was referred to for the first time.
  542. As for the year of his birth, 'Kugyobunin' (a document on which the names of Court officials were recorded) suggested that 'he died at the age of 50'.
  543. As for the years around 1300, it was the reign of regent Sadatoki HOJO, as previously mentioned.
  544. As for these tensions, Tsunekuni KAWACHI, who was Yoshitomo's uncle and was under Yoshikuni, brokered a peace deal between them.
  545. As for this Gokuraku, some people see it as Hodo, or a land of Hojinbutsu (Buddha who have earned their bodies in this world by completing their wishes in the common world), and others see it as Kedo (Transformed Land), or a land of Ogeshin (Buddha who changed his appearance, such as that of a person, in order to save people).
  546. As for this Kago Taimatsu torch, the length is 8 meters and the weight is 70 kilograms and it has a root to bring a balance.
  547. As for this incident, there are various theories regarding the causes and consequences; Terumune ordered Masamune to shoot Yoshitsugu together with him; or it was a plot of Masamune to kill his father, judging from the fact that the troops of Masamune coming after the group of Hatakeyama was prepared with guns.
  548. As for this, however, we need to take into account that Ieyasu made a reckless move.
  549. As for this, it has also been said that he sent his disciple to Iki and that Kosai himself stayed in Sanuki Province.
  550. As for tin chataku, the older and blackened is valued higher in Senchado.
  551. As for toppings, chopped leeks, Chikuwa (fish sausage), Aburaage, etc. are often added.
  552. As for toso, the powers to dispatch the pseudo envoys had advanced counterfeiting techniques such as stealing the seal and producing a wooden seal; however, they could not counterfeit Gafu.
  553. As for towns and villages within wards, the Kucho can be concurrently engaged in the Kocho's role (Article 6).
  554. As for train numbers, odd numbers are used for down-trains bound for Nishi-Akashi.
  555. As for trains arriving at or departing from the center track (Platform 2 and 3), those running between this station and Kameyama onward use Platform 2 while those running on the Yamatoji Line use Platform 3.
  556. As for traveling hours, the local train running the Takikawa Station - Kushiro Station section of the Nemuro Main Line (outbound trains only) takes exactly eight hours, making it the longest (the running distance is 308.4 km and it's the longest, excluding rapid trains).
  557. As for types of tea plants, while most sencha and other Japanese teas are from the Yabukita variety, gyokuro is often made from special plant varieties with strong characteristics, such as Asahi, Yamakai, Okumidori and Saemidori.
  558. As for types, some are interpreted as 'Hajun,' which try to regain human form after living in infamy as Tengu; or as 'Maen,' which gather together, linked by pride and arrogance.
  559. As for types, there are an instantaneous discharge matchlocks and a gradual discharge matchlocks.
  560. As for ukiyoe, he published masterpieces of Utamaro.
  561. As for urban transportation, 'noriai jidosha' (a type of bus) service was available, with the bus routes centering on local railway stations.
  562. As for usage, chopping while riding horseback by letting its weight work was most common.
  563. As for victory or defeat, the contender who first gets two Ippon for Sanbon-shobu and one Ippon for Ippon-shobu during the match time wins the match.
  564. As for waka, chokusen wakashu (anthology of Japanese poetry compiled by Imperial command) including "Goshui Wakashu" (fourth imperial anthology), "Kinyo Wakashu" (Kinyo Collection of Japanese poems), "Shika Wakashu" (shika collection of Japanese poems), "Senzai Wakashu" (Collection of Japanese Poems of a Thousand Years), were compiled.
  565. As for what happened to him after that, there are no historical materials about Sadaie after 1354, so he seems to have died around that time.
  566. As for whether the kigo actually represented the sense of the seasons, according to the haikai of the danrin school, there was an aspect to them in which a sense of humor was created by separating the kikan from the kigo.
  567. As for which one is more important than the other, opinions have changed with the times.
  568. As for why the law was promulgated, it is said to have been issued by Tsunayoshi TOKUGAWA on the recommendation of Ryuko, high Buddhist official favoured by Tsunayoshi's mother Keisho-in, dues to worries he had no successor.
  569. As for モ (mo), such distinction is only observed in Kojiki.
  570. As foreign countries had revised similar acts repeatedly since 19th century, the first International Labour Conventions adopted in 1919 provided 8-hour workday or 48-hour workweek to promote the standard of work conditions and work hours.
  571. As forming juni-hitoe, it is worn on kosode(a kimono with short sleeves worn as underclothing by the upper classes) and hakama (pleated loose-fitting trousers)
  572. As forms of foundation of an Ie, there are 3 cases which are a branch family, restoration of an abolished family and creation of a family, and as forms of abolition of an Ie there are two cases which are abolished families (廃家) and ended families (絶家).
  573. As fortune-telling techniques used by practitioners are seen on the streets, the divination originates in Dokyo is rooted also in Japan.
  574. As freshness is very important to sake, the same as with milk, it is generally said that, regarding the problems of "namazake," even for sake that has undergone hiire, it is better to drink it as soon as possible after shipment.
  575. As fudokoku (staples for an emergency), it was stored in shoso in kokuga (provincial government office compounds) and gunga (county government offices) (the ideal amount was 30 years' worth of denso [rice field tax] income [equivalent to yearly yield]).
  576. As generally referred to as eight million different deities, because deities residing in various objects and events have been worshiped in Shinto from modern times to the present indivisible from the Ancient Shinto, Shinto is sometimes regarded identical to the animism.
  577. As gifts for this case, things needed to get ready for the New Year are usually selected.
  578. As ginjoshu moromi contains more undissolved rice than moromi for other types of sake, sakekasu clogs the machine.
  579. As goods distribution and a monetary economy developed, the rice price, which served as a standard of other commodities' price, continued falling throughout the Edo period, so people then said that rice price was low while other commodities' was high.
  580. As goshin-ei portraits were themselves granted as Imperial gifts from the Taisho period to the Showa period, it is estimated that Hoan-den came into existence in those periods (construction of Hoan-den in the elementary schools became active in around 1935).
  581. As government relief measures, Shizoku jusan was implemented to get them into the workforce.
  582. As grilling is a basic cooking method, there are various theories regarding its origin but an edition of Ningen Koza of Japan Broadcasting Corporation in 2001 stated that 'although often believed to be part of Korean culture, yakiniku actually originated in Japan after the World War II.'
  583. As ground stone tool, there were stone sticks, stone plates, grating stones, ground stone hatchets and stone drills, and so on.
  584. As grounds for this chapter's existence, there are two types of reasons: philological reasons and structural reasons.
  585. As gurukun loses its freshness quickly and its taste is light, it is said that people fry gurukun whole with the intention of preserving it longer as well as improving its flavor.
  586. As had happened previously, the election was strongly contested, with mayor-supporting ruling-party candidates, such as those of a conservative bent generally garnering the votes.
  587. As hakari-za had to visit various places to test scales for the purpose of controlling the scale business all over Japan, Shuzui's influences extended even to tenryo (a shogunal demesne).
  588. As half-brother and as an adopted child, he had Tomoyoshi IWAKURA (adoptive father of Tomomi IWAKURA, a meritorious vassal during the Meiji Restoration).
  589. As has been commonly assumed, a person called Gohei of Tennojiya was the first to start fully-fledged exchange business in Osaka during the Keicho era.
  590. As has been mentioned above, it is thought that ancient trees and rocks are the oldest forms of objects to which kami were believed to be drawn.
  591. As has been mentioned above, part of Oaza Nishigamo, Omiya village was reorganized into eight towns that were prefixed by 'Omiya' in 1918 and 1931.
  592. As has been mentioned in the section "The Oda Force's 3,000 teppo and Sandan Uchi," we do not know if the tactics was really employed.
  593. As has been mentioned, "Hogen Monogatari" has many versions of manuscript, and its contents and the order of the story vary among them.
  594. As has been mentioned, however, it was struggle enough to preserve his family honor, let alone to conquer the world as he grew older.
  595. As has been mentioned, however, there is no doubt that Nobunaga deployed a large number of teppo in the battle.
  596. As has been pointed out, they might have circulated the lacquered bowls branded with 'Hinowan.'
  597. As he achieved excellent academic records at the domain school, Michiyo was requested by Goro EBATA, a scholar of Chinese classics and a lecturer of the domain school, to join the Ebata family, and was adopted by Ebata at the age of 14.
  598. As he administered political affairs in Azuchi and Kyoto from July 7 or 8 to 15, it was called mikkatenka (a very brief reign; literally, three-day reign).
  599. As he also devoted himself to founding Senshu University (Senshu Gakko in those days), he is considered one of the six greatest educators of the Meiji era.
  600. As he also excelled in landscape gardening, and was in charge of the arrangement of garden rocks when Kayanoin was renovated in 1021.
  601. As he and his son Hidetsuna had burnt down the Imperial residence of Shirakawamyoho-in monzeki, Cloistered Imperial Prince Ryosho in 1340, the followers of his sect had vociferously called for their punishment by the Imperial Court.
  602. As he appeared on stage even after he was stricken with paralysis and became disabled, so called yoi-yoi, he was called 'Yoi-Mitsu' (literally, physically challenged Mitsugoro).
  603. As he asked Okaru, 'What is the worst food?,' without hesitation, she said 'It's also salt.
  604. As he became a priest, (entering the Buddhist priesthood), he also had a monk name, Kongosho.
  605. As he became famous for his painting, he received constant requests for drawing, and since he furthermore attempted to make excessive profits over accumulated enormous wealth, there were a lot of people who were criticizing him for that.
  606. As he became religious when he saw a picture of hell at Kichiden-ji Temple located at the east side of Kamo-gawa River (the Yodo-gawa River system), he studied the doctrine of Tendai Sect initially under Kenitsu of Kozan-ji Temple and later under Zozen of Gokuraku-ji Temple on Mt. Hiei.
  607. As he bungled the Summer Siege of Osaka, however, Tadateru received the 'kaieki' sanction from his oldest brother Hidetada in August 18, 1616 and was exiled to Asama in Ise Province.
  608. As he came from the Kujo family, one of the five Sekke regent houses, he was also called Yoritsune KUJO, the Sekke Shogun.
  609. As he clasps his hands in prayer, his wife's ghost comes over the hashigakari (bridge-form passageway) to the main stage.
  610. As he could not forget this scene for his life, he chose wisteria arranged in circular form for the family crest of the Kuroda family when he became a daimyo later.
  611. As he deeply admired Basho even after his death, he built a grave mound and constructed Kurokami-an with the hair of the deceased Basho and enshrined it.
  612. As he described in his autobiography, he was recommended to move to Tokyo and he considered leaving Kansai and moving to Tokyo
  613. As he did not have a son, he adopted his nephew Sakon Motomori, who died early.
  614. As he did not hold any post, he was called Mukan no Taifu (No-post master).
  615. As he didn't have either a wife or any children, his uncle Kinnobu SAIONJI succeeded to him and became heir to the Saionji family.
  616. As he disliked a special memorial service for himself, he hoped his memorial service would be conducted on a certain day during the 8-day memorial service conducted on the anniversary of Dogen's death and his hope was realized.
  617. As he enjoyed skating as a hobby while attending the Military Academy, he assumed the President of Japan Skating Federation.
  618. As he enjoyed the deep confidence of the Emperor Uda, he presented poems in "Oigawa gyoko waka" (the Waka from the Sovereign's Excursion to the Oi-gawa River) and "Teijiin Uta-awase" (the poetry contest held in Teijiin).
  619. As he entered elementary school, the family moved to Mangyo-ji Temple in Ihara Village (Onan-cho, Ochi-gun), and he attended Shijo Junior and Senior High School in Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Prefecture.
  620. As he entered the priesthood after being given the title of Imperial Prince, he was also called Priestly Imperial Prince Dokaku.
  621. As he entered the priesthood, Imperial Prince Saneyasu gathered the blind to teach them to play the biwa (Japanese lute), wind and string instruments and to recite poems.
  622. As he excelled in Yamato-e painting (traditional Japanese-style painting), including Buddhist painting, he was described as Eajari no kimi (Ajari who excels in painting) in "Okagami" (a history book compiled in the Heian period).
  623. As he expected, the change of his family name earned Itagaki the tremendous support from Kai people, leading to his landslide victory at the Battle of Koshu-Katsunuma.
  624. As he found that the available root maps to Edo were sloppy, he compiled a collection of materials called "Dainihon tenka shikai gazu" (he completed its transcription in January, 1752), which, he stated, 'covered all the mountains, rivers, seas and islands.'
  625. As he further believed in Christianity, he was said to suffer a mental conflict between Christianity's teaching 'Do not kill' and the reality of inevitable destruction of life in wars of the troubled Sengoku period.
  626. As he gained a reputation as a 'lawmaker well-connected with the business world,' for his policy of proactively introducing foreign capital, he became an immediate target of the political activist who were critical about his policy and he was frequently assaulted by those activists.
  627. As he gained the favor of the Imperial Court and nobles, he lectured to FUJIWARA no Michinaga on the Makashikan (the Mahayana practice of cessation and contemplation) and so on, lectured to Emperor Ichijo on the Hokkesho (annotation of the Lotus Sutra), and he concerned himself with various Buddhist rites relating to the family of FUJIWARA no Michinaga.
  628. As he grew older, he acted on his own accord, such as hosting a workshop, 'Goshiki-za,' etc., however, his poor physical conditions by nature did him harm, and he transferred the family name of the next (second) 'Ganjiro NAKAMURA' to his younger brother (Ganjiro NAKAMURA [the second]).
  629. As he had a residence at Nakamikado-oji Street, he was called the Nakamikado naidaijin, and it is known that he kept a diary titled "Chinaiki" (his diary: the title is abbreviation of his nickname.)
  630. As he had abatazura (a pock-marked face) while being onnagata (female-role actor), he was called 'Aba-mitsu' (Mitsugoro with Abatazura face).
  631. As he had an estate in Hirayama-go Village, Funakita no sho (manor), Tasai Country (present Hirayama, Hino City, Tokyo Prefecture) and lived in In no Mushadokoro (place where Samurai of guard of the Retired Emperor's Palace is staffed), he was called HIRAYAMA no mushadokoro.
  632. As he had an older brother, Akinaga IROBE, who was a heir, the family head was succeeded by his brother after the death of his father.
  633. As he had been told, he made offerings to all of the biku.
  634. As he had been working from an early stage as a close aide to the shogun, he handed over the position of the family head to his heir, Mochitsuna, and, in 1445, he was overthrown together with Mochitsuna by his son, Tokitsuna, who was supported by an opponent and committed suicide with a sword.
  635. As he had dictated the political duties since Ujisato died, he found himself in the direct confrontation with Satoyoshi and Satonari GAMO and Hachiemon WATARI, who was the top of the koshogumi (page corps).
  636. As he had lived in Hakusan-cho, Kyoto, he was called Hakusan sensei (Sir Hakusan), and he worked as a government official in Ginza (an organization in charge of casting and appraising of silver during the Edo period).
  637. As he had no child, his younger brother became the heir.
  638. As he had no son as an heir, the Tsutsui clan was inherited by an adopted heir, Sadatsugu TSUTSUI.
  639. As he had no successor, his younger brother Sadayoshi became his adopted son and succeeded as the head of family.
  640. As he had once been exiled to Awa Province, he was called 'Awa no Otodo.'
  641. As he had promised, Prince Atsuakira became the Crown Prince.
  642. As he has practiced the cello under a cellist Katsuo SHIMIZU since 1970, he can play the instrument fairly well.
  643. As he hated Hirosawa school which was then ornate, he strived to restore it and was deemed as the founder of Kannonin school.
  644. As he heard of raising an army of Emperor Godaigo that year, he also raised an army at Shimoakasaka-jo Castle to fight against Jobutsu YUASA (Battle of Akasakajo Castle).
  645. As he is described to have been eleven years old at the time of sakurai no wakare (Separation in Sakurai) in "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace), some surmise that he was born in 1326, but many historians doubt it.
  646. As he killed the robber Natsuyagi dayu, who had burglarized the Hie-jinja Shrine, he was rewarded Jugoinoge (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade) for his achivement in 1113.
  647. As he laid the foundation of the study of "Manyoshu" (collection of poetries), "Kojiki" (Japanese oldest history book) and "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan), he was respected as one of four savants in the study of Japanese classical literature along with KAMO no Mabuchi, Norinaga MOTOORI and Atsutane HIRATA.
  648. As he later took up his residence in Nikaido, Kamakura, his clan was named NIKAIDO.
  649. As he lived off his sister, Mizoguchi was fascinated by movies, opera and literature; in 1920, favored by an actor for the Nikkatsu (a movie studio), Tadashi TOMIOKA, he was hired by the Nikkatsu Studio.
  650. As he maintained a good relationship with his elder brother Emperor Heijo, he followed his elder brother on the occasion of an Imperial visit to Shinsen-en Temple in June 807, made an offering and participated in a party throughout the day.
  651. As he often played at chaya in Gion himself, he could perform according to his true nature.
  652. As he organized his retainers to form an army in Tada Manors, the manors became the first base of Seiwa-Genji which had developed to a prominent samurai clan.
  653. As he participated in preparation of the draft of Shinbunshi Jorei (Press Regulations) and Zamboritsu (the Defamation Law), press expressed a deep resentment against him and denounced him as kokuri, an unsparing official.
  654. As he passed through the south gate of the Toba Imperial Villa, his force reduced to only a little over twenty solders.
  655. As he pointed out in his argument, during the attack, pirates came close to the guard station, abducting more than 1,000 residents of the island and killing several hundred of them.
  656. As he positively encouraged his disciples to learn about other categories of the pictorial art, many disciples achieved greatness as illustrators and Japanese-style painters, such as Kiyokata KABURAKI; thus the tradition of Ukiyoe came down to other genres.
  657. As he practiced a Zen Style with unparallel severity, few people visited him.
  658. As he received notice that his army auspiciously won the preliminary skirmish, he decided to move his main unit that had been stationed at Kutsukake-jo Castle to Otaka-jo Castle.
  659. As he recommended Keien to drink milk on September 10 just before Keien died, he respected Keien throughout his life, and many references to Keien are found in his diary "Shoyuki."
  660. As he remains faithful to the shogunate and the Mori clan, the Hongan-ji Temple should try its best so that the wish could be realized.
  661. As he repeated this several times the ogre became completely afraid of Issunboshi and he left, leaving behind its uchide no kozuchi.
  662. As he respected dynastic culture and was under the patronage of the Emperor Gomizu-no-o, Ieyasu TOKUGAWA's real intention may have been to relocate Koetsu to a place as far away from Kyoto as possible because of his close ties with the Imperial Court.
  663. As he said, the fortune of the house in which the man served gradually improved.
  664. As he soon distinguished himself because of his natural fencing talent, he was conferred full mastership in fencing.
  665. As he succeeded the maternal territory in Mizukui, Shimashimo District, Settsu Province (present-day Ibaraki City, Osaka Prefecture), he called himself also Mizokui daibu (master).
  666. As he succeeded to become a great merchant, he was in charge of encampment during Kanbun era.
  667. As he successfully fought in the battle, his territory was approved and he was permitted to continue his family line.
  668. As he took over the Biwa-dai Palace in the Sakyoichijo district, he was called Biwa Sadaijin (Minister of the Left).
  669. As he understood Christianity, some researchers consider that he might have been a Christian.
  670. As he unilaterally called himself "soke" and registered "Izumi-ryu soke" as a trademark, Izumi-ryu Shokubunkai felt further offended and called for a discussion, but the Izumi family persistently refused to solve the problem through discussion.
  671. As he used the family name of Tsuda, he was also called Nagatoshi TSUDA.
  672. As he was Kanjinsha (the proposer) of the name of the era 'Otoku' as well, during the Otoku era, he was said to be one of the most highly recognized scholars.
  673. As he was a Buddhist monk, he should be called, in principle, without a surname.
  674. As he was a brother-in-law of Yoshitoki HOJO and his father was a chief retainer in the bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), he was treated preferentially as a shogun's retainer.
  675. As he was a brusque man of few words and tended to give tedious and difficult to understand diagnoses, he was not popular with local people, who criticized him by asking, 'What did he study in Osaka?'
  676. As he was a child that Hideyoshi had in his later years after having lost his birth child, he was expected to be the heir, however, in February 1591 (intercalary year) he became sick, and although he recovered once, he died at Osaka-jo Castle on September 22, at the age of 3.
  677. As he was a collateral line of 'Gorozaemon' and the descendant of a woman who changed family name from the 'Yasui family' of the feudal retainer of the Owari clan (1675), it is inconceivable that his records remained.
  678. As he was a disciple of kengyo YAEZAKI, he was very good at koto, let alone shamisen and he arranged some of his own songs by playing the koto by himself.
  679. As he was a family head of the Sanjonishi family, he was known as a master of waka poetry, and it is also famous that he was an instructor of waka poetry of the Emperor Meiji as well as Kiminari NISHIYOTSUTSUJI (Governor of Osaka Prefecture).
  680. As he was a military officer, his hobby was horse riding and hunting, and collecting swords.
  681. As he was a patron of Danjuro ICHIKAWA II among other actors, he bought all the tickets for the play of Danjuro ICHIKAWA II even though it had a small attendance.
  682. As he was a person of well-rounded personality with common sense, he was popular among the actors and staff, and was endearingly called 'Kihacchan' by the senior associates and colleagues.
  683. As he was also a good writer, he produced a lot of books not only of paintings but of writings and paintings.
  684. As he was an authority on historiography, Kuroita's opinion had a great impact, and since then Kagetoki has been written about as 'a person who traps someone else with false claims' in works like biographical dictionaries for a long time.
  685. As he was an illegitimate child, he was brought up by his mother.
  686. As he was appointed Goryo-eji, together with Mikisaburo SUZUKI, Tainoshin SHINOHARA and others, he withdrew from the Shinsengumi.
  687. As he was appointed as one of the temporary priests though he was a soldier, it is assumed that Hogen had considerable knowledge and background of Shinto and the name 'Hogen' would be also a Shinto name classified under 'Shingo' or 'Gago.'
  688. As he was assigned as the first bishop of Kyoto in the Japanese Orthodox Church, he was also called 'the first bishop of Kyoto' with the title of 'Hieromartyr Andronik, Archbishop of Perm.'
  689. As he was assigned to support the Crown Prince Shomu (later the Emperor Shomu) with the Imperial Prince Toneri at the imperial funeral of the Emperor Monmu in 707, the number of Central Secretariat officers, Royal attendants and guards of both the imperial princes were increased.
  690. As he was aware that the basis of kabuki was a human drama rather than dangerous militarism, he reduced the number of prohibited programs one after another.
  691. As he was born in a family of In no kinshin (vassal attending on a retired emperor), he served the retired Emperor Gotoba, but also had kept contact with the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and became qualified for Gokenin (a lower-ranking vassal during the Kamakura era) even though he was staying in Kyoto.
  692. As he was born out of wedlock, Yoshikatsu was supposed to become a monk and put in Miyamotobo of Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine.
  693. As he was brave in many battles, he deserved to be forgiven for having been disowned by his family, but how could he have been fired if he was appointed to the position of efu (a palace guard).'
  694. As he was considered a indirect descendant, he did not refer to himself as being from 'the Matsudono family.'
  695. As he was critical of an extreme Westernization policy though he was knowledgeable of foreign countries, he dared to dress in kimono when attending a garden party.
  696. As he was depressed about the death of his father Toyomichi the next year, he left the Imperial Court to enter into the priesthood at the age of fifty.
  697. As he was famous as a Chinese Poet, his poems were compiled in 'Keikoku-shu' (Anthology of Chinese poems).
  698. As he was fond of falconry and also superior at equestrian art, he was acknowledged by people in martial arts, and he broadly exchanged with bujin (warriors) such as TAIRA no Tadamori.
  699. As he was from the Seiga family, he was conferred a peerage in 1884.
  700. As he was given seven kokushi titles such as Muso, Shogaku, Shinso (心宗), Fusai, Gennyu, Butto and Daien by each emperor, he was called "Nana Choteishi" (Master for seven emperors).
  701. As he was in the family line of a large landowner the Ota clan (SUMITOMO family line), he was very rich.
  702. As he was in the priesthood, he was commonly called Omichujo-Nyudo (monk and middle captain of Omi).
  703. As he was known later as "spearman Kanbe," he was a master spearman and was the first to get an enemy head during the attack on Settsu Suita-jo Castle and was praised by Nobunaga ODA firsthand.
  704. As he was not in line to inherit the headship of the family, he followed tradition and entered the Buddhist priesthood, taking the name 'Gien,' and residing at Shoren-in Monzeki Temple.
  705. As he was not satisfied with this and opposed to Hideyoshi in cooperation with Ieyasu for a certain time, but, finally made peace and surrendered to Hideyoshi (the Battle of Komaki-Nagakute).
  706. As he was on familiar terms with Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI, he established hegemony in Kaizuka.
  707. As he was on friendly terms with Prince Munetaka, Shogun of Kamakura, he made a poem lamenting the shogun's death.
  708. As he was only a child at that time, he was advised by Masakuni HOSOKAWA.
  709. As he was opposed to 'Meiji' and 'Taisho' as era names, he launched a historical investigation and compilation on the Emperor's Okurina (a posthumous name) and era, in his position as Head of Books at the Kunaisho (Ministry of the Sovereign's Household).
  710. As he was quoted, Shingen never constructed a new castle within Kai Province during his life, and he kept living in Tsutsujigasaki-yakata (Tsutsujigasaki Mansion) encircled with single moat.
  711. As he was still young and the crime he committed was a vengeance, inmates took care of him in the prison.
  712. As he was studious and was well informed about political affairs in the Imperial court, he was highly trusted by the retired Emperors Shirakawa-in and Gotoba-in.
  713. As he was taken into care by the chief priest of Daiun-in Temple on this occasion, the Shimazu clan of the Sadohara domain converted its family religious sect to the Jodoshu sect (the Pure Land sect) from the Sotoshu sect.
  714. As he was the first prince born after four princesses, his birth was celebrated on a gigantic scale.
  715. As he was the first prince born between the Emperor Showa and the Empress Kojun, who had already had four princesses, his birth was celebrated on a national scale.
  716. As he was the founder of the Ohara clan in Omi Province, he was also known by the name Shigetsuna OHARA.
  717. As he was the god of tama or magatama (jewels), he was worshiped by jewel and watch traders or makers (because crystal is used for them), and also by glasses and camera traders or makers because a lens is sometimes called 'tama' (jewels) in Japanese.
  718. As he was the leader of Jiyu Minken Undo, Itagaki has been generally regarded as having the philosophy of modern constitutional liberalism, and also, he has the image of an importer of modern philosophy like Chomin NAKAE, who translated the works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau into Japanese.
  719. As he was the legitimate eldest son of Masashige, he is said to have been expected much by the Southern Court.
  720. As he was wearing clothes into which his menoto (wet nurse) had sewn the Buddha Head spell she had had an Ajari (high priest) write, the demons noticed it and ran away.
  721. As he was worried about the decadence in Buddhist society, as well as the fragmented Nichiren Sect, he organized toitsudan (unification groups) in cooperation with interested people from other religious orders.
  722. As he yearned for Shakyamuni very much, he twice planned to travel to India but finally gave up because of the oracle of Kasuga Myojin (the deity of Kasuga Shrine).
  723. As head instructor at the fukiawase-dokoro, Kinko KUROSAWA set the pieces he had gathered to notation and established an order in which the repertoire of honkyoku was to be studied, as well as laid the foundation enabling the Kinko school to later adapt the shakuhachi to secular music.
  724. As heaven loves me as well as others equally, it is essential to love others with the heart of loving myself.'
  725. As hemp had been believed to be clean since ancient times, it was often used for copying sutras in the Nara period.
  726. As her belly began to swell, other members made fun of him by making the following poem.
  727. As her family home was the Seiwa-in Temple (commonly called "Somedono,") she was called Somedono no kisaki.
  728. As her family name of MINAMOTO (Gen) suggests, her ancestors were related to the Imperial family.
  729. As her mother was nyobo (a court lady) Chujo no kimi (a niece of the wife of Hachi no Miya), she was not acknowledged by her father Hachi no Miya as his real daughter.
  730. As her poetry theory in her later years, she left "Koshibe no zenni shosoku", and "Shunzeikyo no Musume Shu" as the collection of her poetry.
  731. As her real father Koremichi was a cousin of Bifukumonin, she became an adopted daughter of Bifukumonin.
  732. As heresy, she was believed to be the daughter of MINAMOTO no Morofusa.
  733. As high-grade articles, "Hinomaru" and "Maana" are grown.
  734. As hikan (low-level bureaucrat), ichi no tsukasa (governmental organization) existed, and Sakyoshiki having jurisdiction over Higashi no ichi no tsukasa, and Ukyoshiki having jurisdiction over Nishi no ichi no tsukasa handled affairs concerning market.
  735. As hikan,
  736. As his Kujaku Kyobo (the ritual for averting disasters) was known as the one that had a miraculous effect, he was appointed as Gon Daisozu and the second head priest of To-ji Temple.
  737. As his Miyake Hontei (main residence) in Shiba Takanawa, Tokyo (Minato Ward, Tokyo) was not destroyed in air raids, he sold a part of the land, established a sawing machine company called Takeda Amiki, and started business, but failed.
  738. As his achievements show, he was not talented as a politician, skilled as a strategist, or dependable as the head of the Minamoto clan when compared to his immediate ancestors, Yoshiie, his great grandfather, Yoshichika, his brave father, and the skilled politician, Yoshitada, his adoptive father.
  739. As his adopted daughter became the lawful wife of the head of the Shimazu family, frequent interactions between the Shimazu and the Hiramatsu families started.
  740. As his biography shows, he has a very closely relationship with Naozane KUMAGAI, and it is said that they were good rivals with each other.
  741. As his brain disease accompanied pneumonia in May 1890, he died.
  742. As his brother Fujitaka took sides with Nobunaga in the conflict between Yoshiaki and Nobunaga, Fujihide became furious at Fujitaka and planned an attack against him, but failed.
  743. As his co-worker FUJIWARA no Tadataka was a fine equestrian despite being a noble, Tadamori seemed to get along with him, and Tadataka's son, Takanori married Tadamori's daughter.
  744. As his common name Kuro (ninth baron) indicates, he is the ninth son of his father, Yoshitomo.
  745. As his cousin Tadatoshi MATSUDAIRA died at an early age, he was adopted to his uncle Tadaharu MATSUDAIRA, the lord of Tanba-Kameyama Domain, in 1659.
  746. As his death was so sudden, it was secretly rumored that he had been poisoned by his stepmother Tokuhime.
  747. As his disciple, KARAKUNI no Hirotari, slandered Ozuno that he deceived people by words, Ozuno was punished by Onru (to be exiled to the farthest distant island).
  748. As his disease got worse, Emperor Sanjo abdicated by taking Michinaga's advice after the first prince, Ko-Ichijo-in, became the crown prince.
  749. As his distinguished war service was favorably evaluated, he came back to the position of Ise no shugo.
  750. As his domain duties, he tried to stabilize the domain government by conducting land surveys, establishing laws, and so on in order to reform the bad government by the Kanamori clan, the former lord.
  751. As his elder brother Yukinori's son Tanemoto KUJO died, he quitted the priesthood on June 30, 1743 to succeed to the head of the Kujo family.
  752. As his elder brother and lord of the domain Takatoshi KATAGIRI died with no heir to follow him in 1638, Tamemoto inherited the domain as matsugo yoshi (adopted as a son on the adoptor's deathbed), but the family's territory was reduced from 40,000 goku to 10,000 goku in exchange for the approval of his inheritance.
  753. As his elder brother, Okiyuki was killed in battle in the Japan's Invasion of Korea, he became the heir of the MATSUI family and succeeded to the Matsui family property in 1611 when his father, Yasuyuki went into retirement.
  754. As his elder brothers, Shigemori and Munemori, behaved indecisively toward Goshirakawa, it appears that Kiyomori placed his expectations on Tomomori and, therefore, called him 'much-loved son' ("Gyokuyo" (Kanezane KUJO's diary)).
  755. As his eye was riveted to an excellent sword worn by Yoshitsune on the waist, he charged at the young noble.
  756. As his father Masataka did not have any children, the Uematsu family adopted Takamasa from the Iwakura Family, but later, Yoshimasa, a biological son of Masataka, was born.
  757. As his father Sadakatsu committed suicide due to Iechika MIMURA, a local lord of Bicchu Province, he and his mother escaped to Shimodoi Village, Tsudaka County, Bizen Province, and then they went to Naoie UKITA and stayed at his place.
  758. As his father Shinzei grabbed power after the Hogen War, he was gradually promoted and became an official of Konoefu (the Headquarters of the Inner Palace Guards) through other positions such as kokushi (provincial governors) of Totomi Province and Harima Province.
  759. As his father Suehisa (季久) grew old and infirm, he carried on the family name, Kodaira.
  760. As his father Yoshichika was sentenced to exile, Yoshitomo was adopted by his uncle MINAMOTO no Yoshitada and became the head of the Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan).
  761. As his father died in 1383, he succeeded the family estate and became the second family head.
  762. As his father died in a battle in 1500, Mototsune inherited the family head and the rank of shugo of the northern part of Izumi Province.
  763. As his father died the following year of his birth and his brother took over the position, Hakyo was adopted as an heir by Kakizaki family, the Karo (chief retainer) for Matsumae Domain.
  764. As his father died young before obtaining a high position, he started his career with a local government official despite the fact that he was a grandson of the Sadaijin.
  765. As his father is said to have been Masatoo, Masaharu, Masazumi, Masayasu or Toshichika KUSUNOKI, depending on various genealogical charts, it is not certain who his father was.
  766. As his father was a trustworthy retainer of the Emperor Gosaga, Tadakata became Ushoben (Minor Controller of the Right) at the age of 18, and in 1268 after his father's death, he was promoted to Sangi (councilor) and served the Retired Emperor Gosaga as denso (job title to relay massages of court's people to Emperor).
  767. As his father, Tokinobu, had stopped at goi (Fifth Rank) and his mother's status was also low, Tokitada could not expect promotion to higher rank.
  768. As his father, Yasunari TOGASHI, died young, he succeeded to the family head after his grandfather, Yasutaka TOGASHI.
  769. As his father, Yoshihiro, who was an heir of the first lord Yoritoki KANAMORI, died young at age 37, Yorikane as a legitimate grandchild took over as head of the family when his grandfather died.
  770. As his first son had been already disinherited, his third son Masazumi succeeded to the family.
  771. As his floruit was also a prosperous period for green tea, he created a large number of masterpiece tea sets for green tea.
  772. As his forefathers had lived in Wakayama, he was sometimes introduced as a person who came from Wakayama Prefecture.
  773. As his foster father, Gensai, studied Western medicine under Genpaku SUGITA in Edo and had a lot of Western books at home, Choei had strongly become interested in studying since he was young.
  774. As his grandfather described him as 'the cleverest man at inferring the whole interest in holoscopic view,' he was known as a rare 'resourceful general.'
  775. As his grandmother graduated from a music school and taught violin, he grew up in a family that encouraged him to become an artist.
  776. As his great-grandfather, Tokichika, who acted as his conservator, died in the middle of the conflict in 1341, Motoharu succeeded to the control of Yoshida-so in Aki Province.
  777. As his house was located on Rokkaku-koji Street, he called himself 'Rokkaku.'
  778. As his legitimate son Nobuchika had already passed away in 1484, the other son Motonobu succeeded him.
  779. As his legitimate son, Tokiuji HOJO, and his next son, Tokizane HOJO, had died, it was decided Tokiuji's son, Tsunetoki HOJO, would succeed the shikken no shiki.
  780. As his long ei might bother him while in ritual ceremonies or at meals, the ei was folded in some special manners.
  781. As his mansion was located in Oinomikado-kita (north of Oinomikado) and Madenokoji-higashi (east of Madenokoji), he named himself Oinomikado.
  782. As his many professions show, Ogai had a wide range of literary activities.
  783. As his mother died in May (1670) shortly after giving birth to Yasubei, he was left to his maternal grandmother Akika MIZOGUCHI for a while and brought up until the age of three by Akika as her own son.
  784. As his mother was a nanny of the Emperor Shirakawa, he enjoyed a deep confidence of the emperor and succeeded as the trusted imperial vassal in the government service.
  785. As his name is in the 'persons died from accidents or disease' section on the stone monument erected in Itabashi by Shinpachi NAGAKURA, it is believed that he died while he was in the corps for reasons still unknown.
  786. As his name, 'boko' (= 'hiko,' meaning a pike), suggests, Amenohiboko-no-mikoto was related to iron-making.
  787. As his nose was big, he was called "Hana (nose) Bungo."
  788. As his official profile given posthumously says that he seemed to be intelligent and sharp, read through many books, and like to write very much, ISONOKAMI no Yakatsugu's one describes them as 'top literary men.'
  789. As his older brother Tadayo and his son, i.e. Tadataka's nephew Tadachika OKUBO was appointed to the lord of Odawara-jo Castle in Sagami Province, Tadataka was provided with the enfeoffment of 3000 koku.
  790. As his older brother Takayasu KYOGOKU died young, he became the heir.
  791. As his older brother, Tadamasa OSUGA, inherited the Osuga clan, his maternal grandfather's fief, Tadanaga was appointed as a heir apparent of the Sakakibara clan.
  792. As his oldest brother died young, he took over as the head of the family after his father Sadamasa died in 1597.
  793. As his own territory expanded, he protected temples and shrines that had strong influences on people in the region, in order to understand his territory regardless of Buddhism sects.
  794. As his parents died early, he was fostered by his mother's younger sister and took over the Konakamura family.
  795. As his pen name symbolizes him as a lesser cuckoo because of his suffering from lung hemorrhages, it is clear that his illness cannot be separated from his literature.
  796. As his plays were featured by using a coffin, his contemporary wrote 'a play with a coffin might probably be a play written by Nanboku' (Ippo NISHIZAWA "Denkisaksho".)
  797. As his private school, Shuhoken, was destroyed by fire, Ranzan escaped to the house of his student, Rissen YOSHIDA.
  798. As his residence was completely burnt down on February 4, 1873, he moved to the residence of 千賀正遠, who was one of his family members, and he reflected on what he had done.
  799. As his sister FUJIWARA no Moshi (adopted daughter of FUJIWARA no Yoshinobu) became Emperor Shirakawa's mother as a nyogo (consort) of Emperor Gosanjo, he gained the confidence of two emperors who were Emperor Gosanjo and Emperor Shirakawa and worked as In no tsukasa betto (Secretary of the office of the retired emperor's government) for Emperor Gosanjo.
  800. As his son, Michimori, was the governor of Echizen Province and was in charge of defense of northern provinces, he had repeatedly engaged the forces of MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka in battle.
  801. As his successive generations demonstrated great military exploits, Tadamoto OKUBO, his legitimate grandchild, was permitted to take over as head of the Okubo family and he made a comeback as the lord of the Odawara Domain later.
  802. As his successor, Motofusa appointed not his eldest son, Fujiwara no Takatada (later to become the Minister of the Left), but Moroie MATSUDONO who was only eight years old on the basis that Moroie's maternal grandfather was the Grand Minister of State.
  803. As his successor, the Emperor Rokujo was still very young, the political faction supporting Emperor Nijo was collapsed by the death of Sessho (regent), Motozane KONOE in the following year.
  804. As his tactics that excelled at present-day guerrilla warfare became prevalent as military science of Kusunoki-ryu style in the Edo period, Shosetsu YUI, a disciple of Masatatsu KUSUNOKI (Fuden KUSUNOKI), who claimed descent from Masashige, also taught the military science of Nagi-ryu style.
  805. As his uncle Sanehisa, who had succeeded to the Ogimachisanjo family after the death of Kinosa's father, died in 1695, he succeeded to the family estate.
  806. As his wife was a daughter of Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA, he won Yoshinori ASHIKAGA's trust and, based on the support by Yoshinori, confronted Hiei, but as Yoshinori was assassinated in the Kakitsu War, his fief was thrown into chaos due to lack of support.
  807. As his wife was an adopted daughter of Nariakira SHIMAZU and his father's wife was also an adopted daughter of Nariaoki SHIMAZU, he had a deep relationship with the Satsuma domain.
  808. As his wife, he was given princess Fushiminomiya Sadatake in marriage.
  809. As his youngest brother Junzaburo MORI observed, 'he was becoming calm and not afraid of anything' during his stay in Kokura, and at that time started to look upon people living at the bottom of society with affectionate eyes.
  810. As homecoming gifts from Edo, Ukiyoe were appreciated due to their beauty and small size.
  811. As hot spring areas enshrining Konsei-shin, Osawa-onsen Hot Spring in Hananomaki City, Iwate Prefecture and Fukenoyu-onsen Hot Spring in Kazuno City, Akita Prefecture are known.
  812. As household utensils, such as mortars, pots, pans, tubs and jars, became popular in the Muromachi period thanks to the development of light industry, they were also painted as Tsukumogami.
  813. As hozuki is written '鬼灯' (ogre's light) in kanji characters, it is offered on the Shoryodana (shelf placed ancestral tablet and altarage in the Obon festival) as a symbol of lights leading ancestors' souls (one of the meaning of '鬼' [ogre]) safely back to their home.
  814. As huge amount of gold coins fled outside the country, Japan had to issue silver trade coins equivalent to silver trade dollars of the United States in 1875.
  815. As hydrogen sulfide corrodes metals, accessories made of metals other than gold and platinum should be removed from the body.
  816. As hydrosulfate has the effect of easing the stiff part (stiff skin) and making easier to move, sulfate springs are quite effective for gout and neuralgia.
  817. As ice can not be made without water, Buddha does not exist without us.
  818. As ice is shaved with a hand held knife, coarse ice is obtained.
  819. As if Hidehira's misgivings proved right, the successor, Yasuhira killed his younger brothers who were in the Yoshitsune group and, yielding to Yoritomo, attacked Yoshitsune, whose head was offered to Kamakura.
  820. As if a prelude to the Showa period, the tanka magazine 'Nikko' made its first appearance in 1923 by Chikashi KOIZUMI, Shinobu ORIKUCHI, Jun ISHIHARA, Hakushu KITAHARA, Yugure MAEDA and Shoryo YOSHIUE, all who had left Araragi.
  821. As if in a dream, I think it may have been Kawakatsu's contrivance that made the masks have life.'
  822. As if in response, a movement started in other hanchin to become independent.
  823. As if knowing what the government wanted to know, he introduced sociological theories established by Spencer to Japan, was called "the Guardian of the Reading Circle of Spencer's Work," and became the pioneer of Japanese sociology.
  824. As if to emphasize the end of her relationship with Tosui, she published "Umoregi" (literally, Buried Wood), an idealistic novel in the style of Rohan KODA; it was completely different from her previous works, and it became the one that made her career.
  825. As if to make a further attack on Masanaga, Yoshimasa canceled his "gracious visit" to the Kanrei's residence, a regular New Year event, and instead attended a banquet Yoshinari held at Sozen's residence three days later.
  826. As if to prove it, there is a letter dated June 14 from Takamori SAIGO to Toshimichi OKUBO, reading 'As Hanjiro NAKAMURA associates with ruffians (radical antiforeign imperialists) and visits the residence of the Choshu domain, we are able to know the situation of Choshu very well.'
  827. As if to prove this, disciples of Raju Sanzo (another name of Kumaraju), including those from Dosho to Houn and Chigi (Zhiyi), defined 'Myoho' as the absolute truth in their commentaries on "Hokekyo."
  828. As if to reflect his erudition, "Godansho" covers an extremely wide range of topics.
  829. As illustrated by the name age-senbei which refers to deep-fried senbei made from glutinous rice, it is evident that uruchimai is not the only material for making senbei at present.
  830. As important local businessmen with financial strength, these doso-sakaya took the leadership of autonomous cities.
  831. As important people used to do so in old times, it can be considered as the behavior of suspecting the food is poisoned.
  832. As in "Red Harvest" by HAMMETT, there are monologs by the main character throughout the movie.
  833. As in 1219, MINAMOTO no Sanetomo, the third Shogun was assassinated and Yoritsune KUJO left the capital to go to Kamakura as successor Shogun, Tokinaga went down to Kamakura with his son, Nagase, and served as Gon-ji of Shogun family.
  834. As in 1921 he reorganized the head office of Sumitomo into a joint-stock company, he significantly contributed to the development of the Sumitomo Group.
  835. As in August, Yoritsune was banished from Kamakura, and went back to Kyoto, Tokiyori's authority was established in the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun).
  836. As in Hardy Hall, various events are held here.
  837. As in January 2004 Kyoto Kotsu in Kameoka City went the Corporate Rehabilitation Law, in April 2005 Ayabe City took over the management of the bus services in Ayabe City, which had been operated by the Maizuru office of Kyoto Kotsu.
  838. As in Japan 1 sho was determined to be approximately 1.8039 liters during Meiji period, 1 go is to be 0.18039 liters (180.39 milliliters).
  839. As in Japan it is delivered by motorcycle and carrying Okamochi (called 'Tetsu Kaban (Iron Bag)').
  840. As in Muroran, onions are used instead of green onions.
  841. As in certain manuscripts, it is separated at "ya" as "chiyoniya chiyoni," there is a view that it is repetition as "chiyoniya chiyoni (literally, 'thousand years, and thousand years."
  842. As in common with other customs, it is disliked if anyone speaks with food in his mouth.
  843. As in every kabuki, "Sanmon" gains additional attraction when it is performed by first-class actors.
  844. As in many cases of eating wild plants or animals, there are the best seasons to eat whale meat as well, and the taste of even the whale of the same species may be differ between seasons.
  845. As in the Edo period, fictional yokai characters are actively invented in the modern age.
  846. As in the Kamakura bakufu, the major job of Samuraidokoro was to control gokenin and samurai, with the jos related to kendan (trial) and shomusata (trials dealing with land issues) done by Kendangata (office of criminal justice), but the latter jos were gradually transferred to Samuraidokoro as well.
  847. As in the case of William Mountbatten-Windsor, even a member of the British royal family without peerage is a commoner.
  848. As in the case of Yukio MISHIMA, Taruho INAGAKI had a taste for sodomy.
  849. As in the case of cartels in other countries, this method came to be disclosed as a criminal act in commercial transactions.
  850. As in the case of other East Asian countries, Japan has also accepted 'Taoism' and 'Confucianism' (there is an opinion that Confucianism is a philosophy or thought, but not a religion), but was not influenced by those as much as the Korean Peninsula and China.
  851. As in the case of rice wine, the major ingredient is rice.
  852. As in the case of the Kai-Takeda clan, its details are too complex and elaborate to comprehend.
  853. As in the case that people do not wear traditional Japanese clothes often, people do not put on Geta generally in present-day Japan.
  854. As in the era of the Higashi-Osaka Line, additional freight charges are applied in order to recover the construction cost.
  855. As in the example of the Imperial Prince Tsunesada, who lived in the Heian period, there are some cases in which a once deposed prince was requested to ascend the throne.
  856. As in the expression Daikoku bashira (the central pillar or the mainstay), it has become the deity controlling food and fortune.
  857. As in the kanto style, kazunoko has been eaten to pray for the prosperity of descendants because the number of roe is large.
  858. As in the kanto style, kuromame has been eaten to encourage the ability to work hard and lead a healthy life, because it was said that its black color had the effect of charming evil spirits.
  859. As in the past days, important petitions from various provisions were occasionally taken up as the subjects of Kanso (submission of reports to the Emperor).
  860. As in the standard Japanese, the postfixes of 'reru' and 'rareru' are used to express ability.
  861. As in the zan-shin in geido, the movement does not end the moment the attack ends, but maintains continuousness ("yoin" (a lingering sound) in geido).
  862. As indicated above, it is a very broad term and concept, which denotes personality, ability, character, and so on.
  863. As indicated below, the volumes are separately held by various facilities, but they originally made up one series.
  864. As indicated by his name 'Shihotsuchi,' which means 'shiotsutama (soul of tides)' and/or 'shiotsuji (route of tides),' he is a deity presiding over the tides, namely a deity of navigation.
  865. As indicated by its English name, it was a museum specializing in ancient history with a focus on the Heian period.
  866. As indicated by its name uwa-gaeshi (lit. top kaeshi), it is the top grade and richer than ordinary kaeshi.
  867. As indicated by its name, the station is the one nearest to the Kyotanabe Campus of The Doshisha (Doshisha University, Kyotanabe Campus, Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts, Kyotanabe Campus, and Doshisha International Junior & Senior High School).
  868. As infectious diseases often spread by the medium of mosquitoes, the protection from mosquitoes was important at that time.
  869. As inferable from these members, the activity range of this Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, is interdisciplinary from narrow cultural science to natural science and IMANISHI also called his own academic field Physica.
  870. As informal Mofuku, a combination of kimono in sedate color like grey, brown or dark blue and black Obi may be used.
  871. As information about Western theatres was introduced to Japan thanks to the civilization and enlightenment movement during the Meiji period, criticisms were voiced at Kabuki for its far-fetched scenarios and outdated performance practices.
  872. As ingredients increased, soba was flavored with yakisoba sauce and furthermore, sometimes, the surface was also coated with the sauce.
  873. As ingredients to provide sweetness, koyadofu (freeze-dried bean curd) and Shiitake Mushroom which are boiled down are used, but denbu (mashed and seasoned fish, flesh of whitefish and shrimp that has been boiled, shredded, parched, seasoned and colored red) and oboro are seldom used.
  874. As ingredients, paper-thin omelet, boiled dried Shiitake Mushroom, gourd strip, vinegared lotus root, shrimp, broiled conger eel are used frequently.
  875. As instructed by Shogun Masako HOJO, who was a nun and Yasutoki's aunt, Iga no Kata and her cohorts were expelled, and Yasutoki, now 42 years old, succeeded to the house as the third regent.
  876. As is a common fault of cherry trees, it's pointed out that Someiyoshino too has low resistance to air pollution such as exhaust gas, and that it's easily damaged by disease and insects.
  877. As is clear from the fact that they were referred to with the names of individuals attached to the days of old Joruri, various schools of Joruri were synonymous with the masterly performances of individuals instead of the ones to be inherited as patterns.
  878. As is demonstrated by the high number of 150 scrolls, and can be seen in particular in the many extant masterful copies he made of ancient scrolls, Osanobu left a lot of legends behind.
  879. As is described above, it is estimated that many of the Zeami's densho were succeeded by Ochi KANZE troupe led by Ochi KANZE Juro dayu, who was the grandson of Zeami.
  880. As is described above, there are numerous legendary elements involved in the history of Gatsurin-ji Temple's founding, and many details regarding the temple's history before the middles ages remain unclear.
  881. As is described below, a story of 'bubu zuke' was created in such a climate as people disliked any direct expression.
  882. As is evident from the station name, the peak of Mt. Hiei is reached from this station by using a cable car and other cable means.
  883. As is evident in the name, Hatamoto-satsu was paper money that a Hatamoto issued in his chigyo-chi (territory) during the Edo period.
  884. As is explained below, the wife of her grandson, Hiromichi KATAYAMA, was Yachiyo INOUE the 4th.
  885. As is his nature, he loves falcons and dogs.
  886. As is mentioned above, Kabuki is the general term for various genres of stages, such as the program created as the drama from the start, the program whose story comes from Ningyo Joruri, and in addition, the program of dancing.
  887. As is mentioned above, kouta originated from hauta, so kouta and hauta have almost the same melody.
  888. As is mentioned above, local dishes are being used throughout Japan as a way to boost the development or revitalization of local communities.
  889. As is mentioned above, the book of "Sarugaku dangi" was exposed to the public for the first time after it was reprinted and published by Togo YOSHIDA in 1908.
  890. As is often the case with kosoden (biographies of high ranking monks) in China, the following story, which could be categorized as shikai (the idea that only through a hermit's power should a soul appear outside the body, with flesh left) in Taoism, was spread later.
  891. As is pointed out initially, the period of 'Taisho Seihen' is defined in two senses, a broad sense and a narrow sense.
  892. As is seen above, the latter statement, 'if there is no shi, there is no hi' is necessary to prove and complete the former statement, 'if there is shi, there is hi.'
  893. As is shown below, a family of storytellers basically belongs to the same company.
  894. As is shown below, however, figures of speech that use homophones or similar sounds are sometimes employed in English.
  895. As is shown below, some town names in the area were newly created while others were abolished.
  896. As is shown in the song that starts with Marutamachi-dori Street, the residential areas in the Edo era roughly extended from Marutamachi in the north to Gojo in the south.
  897. As is the case for Daigo-ji Temple, Ansho-ji Temple had both a 'Kami-dera' (upper temple) on the mountain to its rear and a 'Shimo-dera' (lower temple) at the foot of the mountain.
  898. As is the case in minyo (traditional folk song), it is common to tune shamisen to match the voice range of the narrator or singer.
  899. As is the case with Japanese cedar trees, Japanese cypress trees which were widely planted around 10 years later than Japanese cedar trees are also gradually reaching an age at which they have a high pollen producing capacity.
  900. As is the case with Western musical instruments, Wagakki can also be classified into four categories: stringed instruments, woodwind instruments, brass instruments and percussion instruments.
  901. As is the case with paintings made national treasures, many books so designated were actually imported from China; these importations are not limited only to handwritten manuscripts but also include many printed copies dating from the Song period.
  902. As is the general course for all persons/powers in charge of the government in any age, Edo Bakufu, which had shown the overwhelming military power symbolized by the black ships, chose to open the country to the world as a practical solution.
  903. As is well known, a monetary economy had rapidly spread throughout the country from the middle of the Ming period.
  904. As is well known, the succession to shogun by MINAMOTO no Yoritomo's legitimate family line of the Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan) came to an end in three generations.
  905. As it administered the duties of Nijo-jo Castle and the Court, it had many subordinates numbering about 20 to 30 normally and 60 or more at the most.
  906. As it adopted the local self-government system of Kingdom of Prussia, it was advantageous to the propertied class, for example, the suffrage was given only to those who were paying more than two yen in land tax or direct national tax.
  907. As it also says 'The Retired Emperor finally gave a command,' Goshirakawa, who accepted Motofusa's complaint, is believed to have intervened in the inheritance issue.
  908. As it appears in volume eight of the Nagato Printing "Heike Monogatari" and "Zotanshu" written by Muju, this book was already in circulation in the Kamakura period.
  909. As it became a possession of the Prince House of Sanjo to the Machida family after the Meiji period, it is called the Sanjo version or Machida version.
  910. As it became hard for Hideyoshi to ignore this, Hideyoshi dispatched a fast post-horse to the execution ground to stop the execution of her with an order 'to have her become a priest in Kamakura.'
  911. As it became the Edo period, the Edo bakufu (in 1602 and 1711 by the feudal government), along with various domains set out to eliminate malicious businesses by setting an official carriage charge.
  912. As it became the Kamakura period, increased commercial activity caused the emergence of transportation groups called bashaku in Kinai (Kinki region) as well.
  913. As it became the Muromachi period, the relationship between master and vassal among samurai became comparably stronger to earlier times.
  914. As it became the early modern era, Shidosen began to fade out due to the Edo bakufu controlling the temples,However, but still Shidosen lending and loans between temples and supporters was not unusual.
  915. As it became the eighth century, large-scale administrative reforms were conducted by Emperor Kanmu due to the loosening of the Ritsuryo system.
  916. As it become the Sengoku Period, when daimyo established the commanding positions and classes in their military organizations such as the Samurai daisho (commander of warriors) or Ashigaru taisho (general in command of a troop of food soldiers), the military commander in charge of these positions was referred to as a Sodaisho.
  917. As it belongs to the Kongo Ikoma Kisen Quasi-National Park, it is richly endowed with nature.
  918. As it can also be written as 熨斗烏賊, however, others say the name comes from its resemblance to 熨斗 (pronounced 'noshi', this Japanese word is used to describe a thin strip of dried abalone wrapped in folded red and white paper).
  919. As it can be guessed from the facts that 'Omi' derived from 'Chikatsu awaumi (a fresh-water lake near the capital)' and Shiga is called a 'Lake Country,' Lake Biwa, which is located in the center of the prefecture, is a symbol of Shiga.
  920. As it can be made of inexpensive ingredients, it is popular as a common home cooking and is also on the menu of inexpensive restaurants as a standard dish.
  921. As it can be seen from above, each poem expresses an earnest desire to seek 'ochimizu' that brings back youth to an aged person.
  922. As it can be seen from the fact that publications by old typographic printing and woodblock printing were already available by the early Edo period, it is the most widely distributed written record on noh play of the modern era.
  923. As it can be seen in Wu (Ten Kingdoms) that continued to respect Tang's calendar even after the fall of the Tang Dynasty, the Jiangnan area, which supported the overall economy of Tang, was relatively obedient to the imperial court.
  924. As it can be seen, even though these two countries are culturally close and they both use Chinese characters that have their origin in Chinese civilization, the meaning of yokai differs.
  925. As it cannot be concluded that all of these decorations were added later, these instances could be possible.
  926. As it contains a lot of organic acids, in particular citric acid, it is also sold as a health food.
  927. As it contains biographies of numerous Zen priests, Keitokudentoroku is commonly referred to as the '1700 Koans' (koan is a puzzling, often paradoxical statement or story, used in Zen Buddhism as an aid to meditation and a means of gaining spiritual awakening) but, in fact, it includes records of 965 persons.
  928. As it contains citations from Chinese classic books as well as explicit expressions and street jokes, it is supposed that the author was a low-class male court noble at that time.
  929. As it costs about 20 million yen, the chigo as well as other two boys for the role of retainer called kamuro are selected from wealthy families residing in Kyoto City; it is announced in June before the festival who are selected as the chigo and kamuro.
  930. As it could be assumed from the famous word that described 'Shakuhachi no Noh' (Noh play with Shakuhachi (bamboo flute)), 'colder than cold,' he was skilled in Shakuhachi, and "Taigensho" and "Sasamegoto" described him studying under TOYOHARA no Kazuaki.
  931. As it could be observed from this photography, the sakutei (garden design) made by the seventh generation is well known, but some gardens claiming to be a creation of the seventh generation were made by the eighth and ninth generation, and confusion over this matter still continues to this day.
  932. As it does not have a strong taste like soy sauce and makes good use of the flavors of its ingredients, it goes well with sashimi (fresh slices of raw fish) made from white fish and shellfish.
  933. As it falls on May by old calendar (lunar-solar calendar), it is also called samidare (literally, "rain in May").
  934. As it flourished in the Song Dynasty, it is called Soshi (Songci in Chinese).
  935. As it forms carbon dioxide during the fermentation, it is necessary to sometimes remove gas from a closed vessel and a container with pressure resistance is desirable.
  936. As it gives a negative impression to say that the purpose is to increase the amount of sake, they keep it quiet.
  937. As it gradually penetrated, this influence finally reached the Ekobo school which was one of the Tendai sect Danna schools while holy Genshi Kimyo-dan tended to be evil.
  938. As it had been an act valid only for a limited time of 7.5 years, the city enacted a similar ordinance in 1964 as temporary legislation with a five-year term limit.
  939. As it had been standard practice at that time that the chief of Dazaifu remained in the capital rather than relocating to the Province, Yorimori's action was incomprehensible, even taking into consideration the fact that he aimed to directly assume control of trade between Japan and Sung China.
  940. As it had long been the ashirai tsuzumi of kotsuzumi-kata of Okura school, its tegumi is the most suitable one for the said school.
  941. As it had no full-time Shinto priest, members of Miyaza took the role of Shinto priest on a yearly rotation, which was called the Toya system (a person- or family-on-duty system).
  942. As it has become easy to make senjafuda, people use them in many ways other than for the original purpose.
  943. As it has become popular through trademarks, names of sake, etc. it is also written as "豊醇."
  944. As it has been believed since the ancient time that Mt. Miwa holds a god and Mt. Miwa itself is a god, Mt. Miwa was regarded as a mountain which common people are prohibited to enter.
  945. As it has been stated earlier, the view that Okado was a habitual liar is very strong and the theory that these death poem and arrangement are doubtful is widely accepted.
  946. As it has better detail reproducibility than soil clay and its surface can be carved like wood, it is used for mass production of wood carving.
  947. As it has only a single track, it is not equipped for two-way transportation.
  948. As it heads east, the road becomes steeper.'
  949. As it involves costs, a funeral cannot be observed soon after the death in many cases.
  950. As it is a Itsubun (a composition previously existed but does not exist now), the contents have to be referred to the secondary sources such as "Teio Hennen ki" (the Chronicle of emperors).
  951. As it is a custom to visit shrines and temples at Shichi-go-san, the Catholic Church in Japan takes this tradition into consideration and includes this celebration and prayer of Shichi-go-san in a mass practiced around that time.
  952. As it is a formal dress, at first kamon (crest) had been drawn on the back and sleeves, however that custom has fallen into disuse, at present homongi with kamon is rarely seen.
  953. As it is a military epic, however, not all the descriptions are necessarily based on historical facts.
  954. As it is a sword thoroughly tempered, it will please God in the heavens and keep you out of harm's way on the earth.'
  955. As it is a tool to arrange the shape of obi, it is devised to keep the shape of obi even when obi is fastened in a complicated manner.
  956. As it is an elevated station having an narrow, island-type platform that is located on a curved section with tracks on both sides, so that a rather excessive gap is created between the train and the platform, announcement of that fact is made in the trains to gain the attention of alighting passengers.
  957. As it is an island, ships were used to transport goods and people to and from Hokkaido.
  958. As it is believed that grinding an ink stick with drops of dew formed on the leaves of a sweet potato plant is effective for the improvement of calligraphy, seven leaves of paper mulberry on which waka poems are written are offered.
  959. As it is called 'elegies of Yoshino court,' Shinyoshu contains many excellent acute poems which describe indignation at the fate which they could not resist in the considerable decline of the Southern Dynasty.
  960. As it is called, "Against Heaven's will would cause a disaster, against an emperor would bring a punishment."
  961. As it is carried out when the temperature reaches the maximum ("saiko" in Japanese), it is called saiko tsumikae.
  962. As it is clear from the fact that after the attack on the Hojo domain and the Bunroku-Keicho War, his legitimate child Toshinaga ordered Ukon to improve Kanazawa-jo Castle, he appointed Ukon to a responsible post as the brains, and he continued to be on friendly terms with Ukon.
  963. As it is clear if you compare these two poems, Tsurayuki adopted the first and second phrases of Nukata no Okimi's poem and created the third and the rest by himself.
  964. As it is commented that against Sansa, Rigen's handicap was half-stone and against Doseki he played with no handicap ("Todaiki," 1607), they seemed to play close games, even in case of Tagaisen (making the first move in alternate games).
  965. As it is considered 'an important date,' many events were held to commemorate it.
  966. As it is described that it was an achievement made by Sahei Fukushin, it could be thought that he was a close blood relative of Fukushin KISHITSU, who worked hard to revive Baekje and died in 663, two years before Shushi KISHITSU received the status, but the relation between them is still unknown in detail.
  967. As it is difficult to believe that 'iri' was a later creation, this increases the likelihood that these kings and royals really existed and advocates the theory that Emperor Sujin was the progenitor of the Iri and Miwa Dynasties.
  968. As it is discribed later, unlike other densho, it was not written by Zeami himself.
  969. As it is easily affected by bacterial rice blight, it is more difficult to cultivate it than normal rice.
  970. As it is easy to cook chazuke, it is popular not only as a light meal, but for taking away the aftertaste of a lavish dinner, and also it has long been loved by mountain climbers.
  971. As it is easy to peel off the skin of mikan, the skin can easily be cut into intended patterns such as shapes of animals.
  972. As it is eaten across Japan today, it is getting customized in each region.
  973. As it is extremely long in addition to being a classic written in the days when values which are quite different from the present ones prevailed, many adaptations create a new world independently of the original, even when they bear the name "Hakkenden."
  974. As it is frequently used to access popular sightseeing spots in the direction of Sagano-Arashiyama, additional trains are run between Kyoto and Saga-Arashiyama stations during the red maple season.
  975. As it is impossible to change someone's Imperial linage to an immigrant, someone might have forged the story, considering that the loyal subject Takanori KOJIMA being a naturalized person was not good.
  976. As it is indicated that the Chinese character '胤(IN)' reads 'Tane' in its Japanese pronunciation, which means paternal blood, the term Kouin was used for only descendants in the male line.
  977. As it is known in a Japanese folktale called "Bunbuku chagama" (The Magic Teakettle), chagama is made mainly of iron and comes in various sizes from 30cm to around 100cm in diameter.
  978. As it is long and thin geographically and mountainous and in addition, close to Chugoku and Kyushu, it was exposed always to interference by the Mori clan and Otomo clan, and could not have the power to unify the country and to invade into the other countries.
  979. As it is made soft, 'kohimo' (a thin strap) is put around a thumb and the strap is tightened to assist the movement of a boshi in "Kyudo-shaho hassetsu."
  980. As it is made up simply of the initial sounds of the three city names, it is used when describing events and facilities limited to those three cities as one group, such as 'The Three Keihanshin Universities (Kyoto University, Osaka University and Kobe University),' etc.
  981. As it is mentioned in the article of Nara Shinbun Newspaper, these two mountains are often mixed up.
  982. As it is mentioned in the next clause, even in the Emperor Organ Theory, it is considered that the emperor has sovereign power with reference to a right to make a final decision on state's intentions, and the emperor's authority hasn't been denied.
  983. As it is molded by winding thick and long sticks, its molding method is different from that of mosquito coil which is stamped in the shape of coil.
  984. As it is not completely under water, it still serves in the generation of power as a overflow dam.
  985. As it is often confused with umakuchi, sufficient care should be used.
  986. As it is popular as a current tea room, the idea of a square door called nijiriguchi (crawling entrance) was developed by Rikyu, and before that, people entered a tea room by shoji (a paper sliding door) situated between the tea room and engawa (a veranda or terrace surrounding the house in Japanese architecture).
  987. As it is quite sure that Dana version was published only after the publication of "Bankoku Koho,"the original text for "Bankoku Koho" must have been one up until the sixth version.
  988. As it is said of the second opinion that Sukeroku in Kyoto and Osaka was a street knight and was regarded as comparable to Chobei BANZUIN, the most famous street knight in Edo, he must have been a real person during the early Edo period.
  989. As it is said that 'a typical person from Edo is the streamer of carp in May'; and although koi-nobori (鯉幟) is called 'nobori' (幟) (flag), it's a streamer whose shape mimics a fish.
  990. As it is shown, Takeaki ENOMOTO obtained the largest number of votes.
  991. As it is special performance of a female impersonator, in many cases it was performed by such key players as Danjuro ICHIKAWA (9th), Chusha ICHIKAWA (7th) and Tamikura OGAMI (3rd).
  992. As it is understood from the Japanese word 'obiru' which means 'wearing', the intention of obi was to place the tool at the most accessible point from the body.
  993. As it is used to cover the head, it is characterized by having Kurikoshi longer in Maemigoro than in the back unlike the usual Wafuku so as to cover the head and forehead.
  994. As it is usually not open to the public, we have few opportunities to see it.
  995. As it is written 'the King of Wa Suishora' in the Record of Emperor An, it is possible to think that the King of Wa was not a toparchy of the region, but was a 'King of Wa' as a chief of several regional nations, and this is thought to be the establishment of Wakoku (country of Wa).
  996. As it is, the petals change their color simply because the tissues are damaged by, for example, frost; this is called 'frostbite' in gardening terms.
  997. As it later became the Sento Imperial Palace of Emperor Gofukakusa and his posterity, this emperor's family line was called the Jimyoin Line.
  998. As it literally means, komon has fine pattern all over the whole kinomo.
  999. As it means beads that are used when praying to Buddha, it is also called 'nenju' (praying beadroll).
  1000. As it produced numerous Todai-ji Betto (the head priest) in medieval times, Tonan-in Temple existed as one of the 2 major sub-temples of Todai-ji Temple with Sonsho-in Temple, which followed the teachings of the Kegon Sect that was considered as the fundamental sect of Todai-ji Temple, being the other.

36001 ~ 37000

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