; オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. Jisso-ji Temple
  2. Jissoin Temple
  3. Jisui-ryokan (self-catering ryokan)
  4. Jisui-ryokan house kiosks where they sell soap, detergent for clothes, and food such as seasonings or canned foods.
  5. Jisui-ryokan rent their rooms just like apartment houses with fixed charges per night, and most users stay for a week to two months depending on the individual.
  6. Jisuke --- Arajiro ICHIKAWA II
  7. Jisuke OKAHASHI
  8. Jisuke OKAHASHI (January 21, 1826 ? November 2, 1913) was a Japanese businessman.
  9. Jisyu (1734 - April 28, 1801), a Buddhist priest of the Tendai sect and a composer of Chinese poems, lived in the mid-Edo period.
  10. Jiten (earth) (wPrithivi)
  11. Jitenno (1440 - December 18, 1457) was the last leader of the Gonancho (the Second Southern Court) who attempted to rebuild the Southern Court (Japan).
  12. Jitenno is said to have located his headquarters in Kitayama (present-day Kamikitayama-mura, Yoshino-gun, Nara Prefecture?) around the border between Yamato Province and Kii Province, or Sannoko (Kawakami-mura, Yoshino-gun, Nara Prefecture).
  13. Jito
  14. Jito (manager and lord of manor)
  15. Jito Women's Dormitory (Matsugasaki Goshonouchicho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto City)
  16. Jito abolished the traditional stratified land ruling relationships and preferred centralized land ruling.
  17. Jito as well as Genmei are empresses, and Jito is Monmu's grandmother and Genmei is Monmu's mother.
  18. Jito enhanced their ruling power at shoen/koryo through their activities of encouraging agriculture and as a result, disputes with the lords of shoen frequently occurred.
  19. Jito was a post established by Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and Muromachi bakufu to manage and control shoen (manor) and kokuga-ryo (koryo (duchy), or an Imperial demesne).
  20. Jito went down to Yoshino with her husband, and stayed there until the Jinshin War.
  21. Jito were placed at both shoen (private estates) and koryo (public territories), and were responsible for both levying the annual tax and managing and otherwise overseeing the land.
  22. Jito's acts beyond their authorities, including arrears in taxes and illegal use of the people in the province, gave rise to disputes with the Shoen-ryoshu and the Kokushi.
  23. Jito, then, through shitaji chubun (physical division of the land) and jitouke (the contract system wherein the manor's owner entrusts a jito to manage his manor and pay the customs), not only acquired the shitaji-shinshi ken but also gradually took the right to control jobun (jobun chigyo (right to control the profit)).
  24. Jitoku Keiki (自得慧暉), a disciple of Shogaku, described "Roku Gyu-zu" (a picture of six cows).
  25. Jitoku SAITO, a ronin (master less samurai) from Kaga Province, who regularly visited the temple, found another temple servant..
  26. Jitokuin Temple
  27. Jitokuke laid it down that a certain amount of nengu must be paid in spite of the success or failure of the crop yields and so the burden of the jito side was not small.
  28. Jitos (land stewards) were chosen from among immediate vassals of the shogunate who lived in local territories in order to manage land and peasants directly by supervising the military affairs, police forces, tax collection and administration of manors and imperial territories.
  29. Jitsu means the actual teaching.
  30. Jitsuei, the younger brother of Sanekane, inherited Kunihisa KUNI, which is the maternal aunt's house.
  31. Jitsugen replaced the local governors of the manor with his own followers without any consultations to Gashu Sanka-ji Temples on the strength of the command of Renjun, a father-in-law of Shonyo, issued under the name of hoshu Shonyo.
  32. Jitsugokyo
  33. Jitsugokyo was a textbook used for elementary education from the end of the Heian Period to the early Meiji period in which precepts for ordinary people were mainly compiled.
  34. Jitsugon sotai
  35. Jitsugoto
  36. Jitsugoto is an excellent wise man with a well-balanced common sense.
  37. Jitsujo-in Temple
  38. Jitsujoin - Real mother of Iemochi TOKUGAWA.
  39. Jitsunyo
  40. Jitsunyo (September 26, 1458 - March 5, 1525) was a Buddhist priest of the Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) who lived from the mid-Muromachi period into the Sengoku period (period of warring states).
  41. Jitsunyo placed particular importance on his relationship with the Kanrei (shogunal deputy) Masamoto HOSOKAWA.
  42. Jitsunyo's reform of the religious community
  43. Jitsunyo, Rennyo's successor, felt uneasy about the situation and started to break up the followers of Ishiyama (the conflict is known as the 'Osakaichiran war' or, occasionally, as the 'Kyoroku-Tembun war' because many of the followers of Ishiyama were from Kawachi Province)
  44. Jitsunyo, who heard of this, escaped the very next day in fear for the consequences to Myoken and his child Myoshu at Honpuku-ji Temple in Katata, Omi Province.
  45. Jitsusuke had some contacts in the Imperial Palace and Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), so later on he had a significant influence on Junnyo's life.
  46. Jitsuzan (Shigemoto) TACHIBANA (the second eldest brother) was a close associate of Mitsuyuki KURODA and, was kept on after Mitsuyuki retired in the role of 御納戸 (senior advisor/manager).
  47. Jitsuzo-bo Temple - Image of Bishamonten, color on silk; Crystal Reliquary
  48. Jitsuzobo garden
  49. Jiuhuashan Hu Guo Wan Nien Temple (Chizhoushi, Anhui Province, China)
  50. Jiun
  51. Jiun (August 24, 1718 - January 22, 1805) was a Buddhist priest of the Shingon Sect in the late Edo period.
  52. Jiun (February 18, 1673 ? August 6, 1753) was a monk of Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land sect of Buddhism) and a poet.
  53. Jiun was his disciple.
  54. Jiun-Myoi
  55. Jiun-Myoi (1274 - July 10, 1345) was a priest of the Rinzai Sect from the latter part of the Kamakura period to the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  56. Jiun-in Temple
  57. Jiuta
  58. Jiuta (a genre of traditional songs with samisen accompaniment)
  59. Jiuta during the middle of the Edo period was mainly choka or hauta (short song) and especially enormous numbers of hauta were composed by kengyo FUJINAGA, koto (the title of the official ranks within the Todo-za (the traditional guild for the blind)) TSURUYAMA, kengyo MASASHIMA and so on and hauta was at its zenith.
  60. Jiuta had represented the cutting edge, but were now seen to have reached a level which could not be surpassed, and this led musicians look for new ways to develop koto and kokyu music.
  61. Jiuta is a musical piece with shamisen (a three-stringed banjo-like Japanese musical instrument) that was played in the areas of Kyoto and Osaka.
  62. Jiuta is considered to have started at nearly the same time as the introduction of shamisen.
  63. Jiuta is enjoyed as a pure music, focusing on the sound and savoring the quality of the sound within the room, instead of as an accompaniment to a play or a dance performed in a large venue such as a theater.
  64. Jiuta music had already been perfected.
  65. Jiuta music: samisen (a three-stringed Japanese banjo), sokyoku (koto music), and Shakuhachi bamboo flute
  66. Jiuta shamisen, so and kokyu had originally been the musical instruments played by blind musicians in the Todo-za (traditional guild for the blind) since the early Edo period.
  67. Jiuta shamisen: Chuzao.
  68. Jiuta songs which have a cohesive instrumental part at the middle of the songs were seen in 'Rangoya' and 'Seiran' which were 'kumiuta' (koto suites of songs) that were the oldest kind of jiuta.
  69. Jiuta' Pieces and Koto Arrangements
  70. Jiuta, as a form of sangen music, is considered to have started when shamisen took the form of being played with the plectrum used to pluck the biwa.
  71. Jiutai (Noh chorus): The sand of the garden is covered with gold and silver.
  72. Jiutai: A tortoise lives ten thousand years.
  73. Jiutai: There are many examples of auspicious things which enjoyed ever-lasting prosperity.
  74. Jiutai: White sleeves (of the celestial people) in the Moon Palace.
  75. Jiyoraku (Maladhari) or Necklace Bearer
  76. Jiyu Minken Undo (Freedom and popular rights movement)
  77. Jiyu Minken Undo (Movement for Liberty and People's Right)
  78. Jiyu Minken Undo (Movement for Liberty and People's Rights)
  79. Jiyuka (a free style of Ikebana): the former moribana (flower arrangement in a built-up style) and nageire (free style flower arrangement in upright vases (without the use of needle point holders)) were included in the Jiyuka.
  80. Jizaburo NAGAOKA: student studying abroad
  81. Jizaemon ARIMURA threw open the door, grabbed the faintly breathing Naosuke by the hair and dragged him out of the palanquin.
  82. Jizaikagi
  83. Jizake
  84. Jizake is an akumochizake mainly produced in Kagoshima Prefecture.
  85. Jizake is often used instead of vinegar in the local speciality sakezushi (a rice dish flavored with sake and mixed with vegetables and seafood)..
  86. Jizamurai (local samurai) in Kihoku (northern part of Wakayama Prefecture) had priest's houses built in the Koyasan Temple and the Negoro-ji Temple and actively made their children become priests and sent them to those chief priests.
  87. Jizamurai (local samurai) in Kii formed groups such as Negoroshu and Saigashu and carried out regional autonomy under the cover of religion.
  88. Jizamurai got rid of the control of Shugo and built autonomy by a bond of ikki.
  89. Jizamurai had expanded their spheres of influence to the southern part of the Izumi Province with a background of the financial power of Keidai toshi Negoro.
  90. Jizang, the patriarch who revived Sanron-shu, and Xuan Zang, a prominent figure in the history of translation of Buddhist scriptures, are both from the same period as Zendo.
  91. Jizang: The first volume of "Kanmuryoju Kyo Gisho"
  92. Jizo
  93. Jizo (stone image of Jizo)
  94. Jizo (stone statue)
  95. Jizo Bon is a festival that enshrines this as a principle image.
  96. Jizo Bosatsu
  97. Jizo Bosatsu (Jizo Bodhisattva)
  98. Jizo Bosatsu (Jizo Bodhisattva): 24th of each month
  99. Jizo Bosatsu (d kSiti gharbha in Sanskrit) is one of the venerable entities of Bosatsu, which is worshipped in Buddhism.
  100. Jizo Bosatsu Hossin Innen Juo-kyo Sutra
  101. Jizo Bosatsu became to be revered as guardian of children after the medieval period.
  102. Jizo Bosatsu said 'Your suffering is caused the hatred you had for another during your previous life in which you created a cursed effigy and drove hassun-kugi (approximately 24 cm long nail) into the hands' before withdrawing the nails from the effigy's hands and showing them to Dorin.
  103. Jizo Bosatsu, (1801), (in possession of The Japan Folk Crafts Museum)
  104. Jizo Koshiki and Miroku Koshiki (liturgical texts)
  105. Jizo San-kyo Sutra
  106. Jizo-bon (an event to commemorate Jizo as the protector of children)
  107. Jizo-bon is a custom celebrated in all over Japan, it is especially popular in the Kinki region, such as Shiga, Kyoto and Osaka Prefectures.
  108. Jizo-bon is the day of the festival of Jizo Bosatsu (24th of each month), or the period of three days before the evening festival on July 24 of the old calender in the Obon festival, or it also means the day of the festival of Jizo Bosatsu, which is chosen from the days of the festival.
  109. Jizo-bosatsu Hongan-kyo Sutra
  110. Jizo-do Hall
  111. Jizo-do Hall: A Jizo Bosatsu zazo (seated statue of Jizo Bosatsu) such as Tamazusa Jizo is enshrined, as well as a hundred-year-old statue of ONO no Komachi.
  112. Jizo-do hall of Shofuku-ji Temple: National Treasure, constructed during the Muromachi period.
  113. Jizo-do hall: Houses the Atago Honjibutsu fire-protection Jizo statue
  114. Jizo-e Manto Kuyo-e (an event to commemorate Jizo as the protector of children, and offering many votive lights) at Gango-ji Temple, Saturday, August 23 and Sunday 24.
  115. Jizo-in Temple
  116. Jizo-in Temple (Kita Ward, Kyoto City)
  117. Jizo-in Temple (Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City)
  118. Jizo-in Temple (Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City) (Takeno-tera Temple)
  119. Jizo-in Temple (Uji City)
  120. Jizo-in Temple, located in Kita Ward, Kyoto City, is a temple of the Jodo sect.
  121. Jizo-in Temple, located in Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City, is a nonsectarian temple of the Rinzai sect.
  122. Jizo-in Temple, located in Uji City, Kyoto Prefecture, is a temple of the Jodo sect.
  123. Jizo-ji Temple (Kyoto City)
  124. Jizo-ji Temple (Kyoto City) (one of the Pilgrimage to Roku-jizo (Six Jizo) temples)
  125. Jizo-ji Temple is a Buddhist temple belonging to the Pure Land Sect located in Katsura, Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City.
  126. Jizobon', a Buddhist mass for the bodhisattva Ksitigarbha (known as Jizo in Japan), separate from the Bon festival, is also held in the summer.
  127. Jizodo (hall dedicated to Jizo Bosatsu)
  128. Jizoin Temple (the stamp office for temple number eight of the Chugoku Jizo-son reijo [the temples that are visited during Chugoku Ksitigarbha Pilgrimage])
  129. Jizozen-in Temple: Shidare Zakura (cherry tree, a Natural Treasure designated by the Kyoto Prefecture)
  130. Jo
  131. Jo (1 jo is equivalent to 10 shaku [about 3 meters]) is a unit of similar length, but is used to measure the sizes of objects.
  132. Jo (Daikan, Shokan)
  133. Jo (Jushichiinoge [Junior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade]), one individual.
  134. Jo (Jushichiinojo (Junior Seventh Rank, Upper Grade)), later Daijo (Shoshichiinoge (Senior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade)), Shojo (Jushichiinojo (Junior Seventh Rank, Upper Grade))
  135. Jo (Lieutenant)
  136. Jo (Secretary) (corresponding to Jushichiinoge [Junior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade]) one member.
  137. Jo (Secretary) (equivalent to Jushichiinojo (Junior Seventh Rank, Upper Grade))
  138. Jo (Secretary) (equivalent to Jushichiinojo [Junior Seventh Rank, Upper Grade])
  139. Jo (Shohachiinojo [Senior Eighth Rank, Upper Grade]), one individual.
  140. Jo (Third official among Shitokan)
  141. Jo (about 3.79m), Shaku (about 37.9cm) and Sun (about 3.78cm) of Shakkanho (the old Japanese system of weights and measures) is used for the unit of length instead of the metric system.
  142. Jo (assistant director): Corresponds to Shorokuinoge (Lower Grade Senior Sixth Rank); one person
  143. Jo (equivalent to Jushichiinoge [Junior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade]), one individual for east and west each.
  144. Jo (inspector (third highest of the four administrative ranks of the ritsuryo period))
  145. Jo (secretary of provincial offices) and sakan (clerk of provincial offices) who served as assistants to the Shodaibu were called ninyo (low-ranking "commissioned" provincial officers).
  146. Jo (secretary) (corresponded to Jurokuinoge (Junior Sixth Rank, Lower Grade)): Three persons
  147. Jo (secretary) (corresponding to Jushichiinoge [Junior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade]) one member.
  148. Jo (secretary) (corresponding to Jushichiinojo [Junior Seventh Rank, Upper Grade]): one person
  149. Jo (secretary) (corresponding to Shohachiinoge [Senior Eighth Rank, Lower Grade]) one member.
  150. Jo (secretary) (corresponding to Shohachiinojo [Senior Eighth Rank, Upper Grade]) one member.
  151. Jo (secretary) (ranked Jushichiinoge [Junior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade]): one person
  152. Jo (secretary) - Shohachiinojo (Senior Eighth Rank, Upper Grade)
  153. Jo (丈)
  154. Jo (丈; a unit of length by old Japanese system of weights and measures) or Take (丈; height of people and objects.)
  155. Jo Urugami-kofun Tumulus
  156. Jo and ri
  157. Jo has the slowest rhythm, and its melody is played with a free pace.
  158. Jo is derived from ancient China.
  159. Jo is the unit of length by old Japanese system of weights and measures.
  160. Jo kotoba (introductive word)
  161. Jo no Kurodo: A person who lost his official rank in 'Suma' due to his being on good terms with Genji.
  162. Jo no mai (A type of very quiet, elegant dance in Noh) and Shin no jo no mai (Noh which old god dance solemnly)
  163. Jo no mai (a painting of a woman expressing the 'inviolable strong will hidden in women,' who serenely, bravely and gracefully performs a shimai or noh dance in plain clothes 'Jo no mai'), 1936 (Important Cultural Heritage)
  164. Jo no mai is generated by adding to Chu no mai a section called Jo and by making the tempo slower, and it is said that a female or elderly shite dances quietly and gracefully in this mai.
  165. Jo was later divided into Daijo and Shojo.
  166. Jo was the third official among Shitokan under the Japanese ritsuryo system.
  167. Jo' in Joetsu City is the same as 'kami' in 'kamigata' (former name for a region of Japan referring to the cities of Kyoto and Osaka); therefore, it indicates that the direction close to Kyoto and in this case, the direction corresponds to the 'southwest.'
  168. Jo' was modeled after the shape of a hand holding a long stick, whence it came to stand for body length, mi no take (身の丈; body length).
  169. Jo-an Teahouse that was formerly located at Kyoto's Shoden-in of Kennin-ji Temple, but is now situated in the Uraku-en Garden of Inuyama-jo Castle
  170. Jo-bito
  171. Jo-hokumen (Hokumen warriors ranked at the fourth or fifth rank) and others
  172. Jo-hyo: "jo" is a preface, and there are three kinds of prefaces: a preface of writing, a preface of verse, and a preface of waka poem.
  173. Jo-in
  174. Jo-in (samadhi mudra, gesture of meditation)
  175. Jo-mono (literally "tale of an old man") (such as "Aridoshi," "Ugetsu," "Tokusa," "Bukan," "Rinzou")
  176. Jo-no-mai (literally "Dancing in the Introduction")
  177. Joa
  178. Joa (1540 ? August 28, 1619) was a Buddhist priest of the Jishu School and poet between the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) and the early part of the Edo period.
  179. Joa subsequently went to Kyoto where he developed a relationship with the renga (linked-verse) poet Joha SATOMURA and studied various literary classics including Genji Monogatari (the Tale of Genji), Ise Monogatari (the Tale of Ise) and Kokin Wakashu (Collection of Ancient and Modern Japanese Poetry) under the court nobles Kineda SANJONISHI and Sanezumi SANJONISHI.
  180. Joa was a native of Kai Province becoming an adopted child of a busho (military commander), Nobutora TAKEDA, of that province.
  181. Joachim SAKAKIBARA (or Joaqu?n SAKAKIBARA)
  182. Joan
  183. Joan (790 - March 25, 844) was a Hosso sect Buddhist monk during the early Heian period.
  184. Joan (Meitetsu Urakuen, Inuyama City): former Chashitsu of Shodenin of Kennin-ji Temple loved by Urakusai ODA (National Treasure)
  185. Joan (a tea house in Aichi prefecture)
  186. Joan (a teahouse in Aichi Prefecture)
  187. Joan ENDO
  188. Joan ENDO (1836 - the year of death unknown) was a soldier of the Mibu-Roshigumi.
  189. Joan ENDO: Went back to Tokyo with Negishi
  190. Joan MATSUOKA
  191. Joan MATSUOKA (1668 - August 27, 1764) was a Japanese Confucian and scholar of herbalism.
  192. Joan R. Piggott, a scholar of Asian studies at Cornell University, describes this combination of a female Emperor and a male regent as a complimentary type condominium based on a contrapuntal relationship between a responsibility of a religious service and a responsibility of public administration.
  193. Joan Tea-Ceremony Room (currently relocated to Urakuen in the Meitetsu Inuyama Hotel in Inuyama City, Aichi Prefecture)
  194. Joan first carried out the religious service 'Butsumyoe' in 838 and 'Kanbutsuse' in the Imperial Court, and thereafter, the services continued as annual events of the Imperial Court.
  195. Joan is a chashitsu (tea house) in the Urakuen Garden in Inuyama City, Aichi prefecture.
  196. Joan joined Wayaku Aratamekaisho (an evaluation institute for Japanese traditional medicine) to investigate on the examination methods of collected herb samples for pharmaceutical research.
  197. Joan was a ronin (masterless samurai) from Oshi Domain in Musashi Province.
  198. Joan's efforts were succeeded among his deciples, ultimately realized as the methodology of herbalism in Japan established by Ranzan ONO, and 'Wayakushu Rokkajo' (Six articles on Japanese medicine) testing methodology and standard established by Shohaku NIWA.
  199. Joan's teacher, Jakusui INOU, was a forerunner in the field of Japanese herbalism who transformed Chinese herbalism into the study suitable for Japanese environment; he instructed scholars who would further develop herbalism in the future.
  200. Joan, the teahouse, located at Kyoto's Kennin-ji Shoden-in Temple, rebuilt as a retreat for his golden years, is a landmark.
  201. Joao Rodriguez, in his book "Arte da Lingoa de Iapam," stated that/se/ was realized not as [?e] but as [se] in the Kanto region.
  202. Joao Rodriguez, who visited Japan in the Azuchi-Momoyama period, wrote in his 'Church history in Japan' that the 'abilities' (practical skills) persons in the ruling class should have were 'the art of Japanese archery, kemari (a game played by aristocrats in the Heian period) and the use of kitchen knives.'
  203. Job and main family line
  204. Job grades and titles
  205. Job titles and laws of all domains were unified, and the title of the warrior class was changed to "Shizoku".
  206. Job titles for instructors, appointed by each police headquarters of administrative divisions of Japan: Tokyo-to, Hokkai-do, Osaka-fu, Kyoto-fu and other prefectures, of training courses such as kendo (Japanese art of fencing), taihojutsu (arresting art) and the like.
  207. Job-placement ads for taxi drivers are mainly shown in sports papers, evening papers, and at public job stabilization offices (Helloworks) and are seldom shown on daily papers, general help-wanted magazines, and help-wanted websites (e.g. RecNavi of RECRUIT Co., Ltd.).
  208. Joben
  209. Joben (date of birth unknown - around 1356?) was a poet and a Tendai sect monk who lived during the Kamakura period.
  210. Jobo (conditions and appearance) of foam
  211. Jobon
  212. Jobon chusho
  213. Jobon gesho
  214. Jobon josho
  215. Jobon josho refers to people who can go to gokuraku jodo (the Pure Land of Amitabha), because they have shijoshin (sincerity), jinshin (strong belief in Buddha) and ekohotsuganshin (accumulating good deeds).
  216. Jobonrendai-ji Temple
  217. Jobonrendai-ji Temple once had 12 sub-temples within its premises, and accordingly it was also called 'Juni-bo Temple' (the temple having 12 sub-temples).
  218. Jobonrendai-ji Temple, located in Kita Ward, Kyoto City, is a temple of the Chizan school of the Shingon sect.
  219. Joborendai-ji Temple, Senbon-Kuramaguchi Agaru (to the north of Senbon-Kuramaguchi)
  220. Jobosei (a city plan where streets were laidout in a grid pattern)
  221. Jobosei (a series of avenues running at right angles to each other)
  222. Jobosei was the city plan seen in cities that contained the Emperor's palace in countries such as China, the Korean Peninsula, and Japan; furthermore, the Suzaku-oji Street was placed in the center of the city running from east to west.
  223. Jochi KAI (the shugodai, deputy military governor, of Echizen and Totomi Provinces) was the vassal and steward of the Shiba clan and he was in charge of the family for years, along with Mochitane, Yoshitoshi's father, but they conflicted over the leadership of the family.
  224. Jochi-ji Temple
  225. Jocho
  226. Jocho (D.O.B. unknown - died September 2, 1057) was a sculptor active in the latter part of the Heian period and is said to be the sculptor who perfected the technique called yoseki-zukuri, in which the main part of a statue is made out of two or more pieces of wood.
  227. Jocho (Tsunetomo) YAMAMOTO
  228. Jocho (Tsunetomo) YAMAMOTO (July 30, 1659 - November 21, 1719)
  229. Jocho and Unkei, Kaikei in the Kamakura period played the central roles.
  230. Jocho is a very well known Buddhist sculptor in the history of Japanese sculpture as a master of the 'wayo (Japanese)' sculpture style and the individual who perfected the 'yosegi (parquet)' technique.
  231. Jocho, a sculptor of Buddhist statues
  232. Jochu in O-oku
  233. Jochu ranked from Joro Otoshiyori to Gobozu were allowed to see the Shogun and Midaidokoro, therefore they were upper rank jochu and called "Omemie ijo".
  234. Jochu who didn't have a specific master were called "Tsume" (詰).
  235. Jockeys' Seats are reserved seats with special benefits that are named after jockeys.
  236. Jockeys' Seats'
  237. Jodai
  238. Jodai (Castellan)
  239. Jodai (mainly Nara period)
  240. Jodai Kayo (songs and ballads in Jodai)
  241. Jodai Kayo (songs of the Jodai period) refers to the songs that were sung at festivals and at work, which evolved from shouts of joy and yells used to time or encourage activity.
  242. Jodai Kayo came to be an origin of ceremonial songs such as Kagurauta (songs) and Saibara (folk songs), which were accompanied with instruments, and its form and poetic devices became progenitors of the later Waka.
  243. Jodai Kayo in "Kojiki" and "Nihon shoki" were especially called Kiki kayo.
  244. Jodai Literature (Early literature)
  245. Jodai Tokushu Kanazukai (ancient Japanese phonetic orthography)
  246. Jodai Tokushu Kanazukai became an established theory in Japanese linguistics by these studies of Hashimoto and Arisaka.
  247. Jodai is one of the periodizations in the history of Japan.
  248. Jodai, mainly Nara era
  249. Jodai, mainly Nara era (Nara period)
  250. Jodaiyo (Japanese calligraphy styles of the ancient era)
  251. Jodaiyo is a general term for the "Japanese calligraphy school Japanese style" and "kana calligraphy," such as the three great brush traces and ancient calligraphy in the Heian period.
  252. Jodan (Top level)
  253. Jodan (the first section)
  254. Joden
  255. Joden (定田) refers to rice fields which were designated, as a result of a kenchu (land survey) on territories belonging to shoen (manors) and koryo (public lands), as taxable lands in regard to the payment of kanmotsu (tribute goods paid as taxes or tithes), shoto (tax on rice fields), nengu (annual tribute, land tax), and kuji (public duties).
  256. Jodo (Pure Land)
  257. Jodo (Pure Land) Mandala, 1 set (deposited in the Nara National Museum)
  258. Jodo (Pure Land) is a Buddhist concept which pointed to a world clean and pure.
  259. Jodo (Pure Land) sect
  260. Jodo (Pure Land) sect style garden influenced by Jodo (Pure Land) sect was constructed in a Japanese-style architecture in Shinden-zukuri style (architecture representative of a nobleman's residence in the Heian period).
  261. Jodo (form of martial art using a cane staff)
  262. Jodo (the Pure Land) Style Garden
  263. Jodo Jugi ron (Ten Doubts on the Pure Land)
  264. Jodo Mandala (Pure Land Mandala) colored on silk canvas
  265. Jodo Mandala - Jodo (pure land) means the sanctuary or perfect land where each Buddha resides, such as jodo of Miroku Buddha (Maitreya) and jodo of Yakushi Nyorai (the Healing Buddha), but when simply referring to 'jodo,' it usually means Saiho Gokuraku Jodo of Amida Nyorai.
  266. Jodo Mandala is the one that concretely expresses the image of Amida jodo which is advocated in 'Kanmuryo Jukyo Sutra' (The Sutra of Visualization of the Buddha of Measureless Life) and other scriptures.
  267. Jodo Monrui Jusho
  268. Jodo Sanbukyo
  269. Jodo Sanmandala (Three Pure Land Mandalas)
  270. Jodo Sanmandala is a term representing the 3 leading types of compositions among the traditional Jodo Mandala (Pure Land Mandala) (or Jodo Henso-zu [Pictures of Amitabha's Paradise] to be precise) in Japan.
  271. Jodo Sect
  272. Jodo Sect gardens such as this are referred to as chisen kaiyushiki teien (lit. pond stroll style gardens) as they were designed to allow people to walk around the pond but the small garden at Renge-ji Temple is a chisen kanshoshiki teien designed to be appreciated from the shoin.
  273. Jodo Shinshu
  274. Jodo Shinshu (Shin Buddhism)
  275. Jodo Shinshu (Shin-Buddhism/True Pure Land Sect) is one of the sects of Japanese Buddhism, and a religious community that Shinran, an apprentice of Honen, succeeded and which developed Honen's doctrine (Jodo Shu/Pure Land Buddhism) in the early Kamakura period.
  276. Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism)
  277. Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) Higashi Hongan-ji school is a school of the Jodo Shinshu consisting of more than 300 branch temples and respected temples which separated from the Shinshu sect Otani school containing around 10,000 branch temples.
  278. Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) calls it Jusyoku Keisyo (succession of the chief priest at a Buddhist temple) because they don't use sango.
  279. Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) has the same concept, so it allowed meat-eating and matrimony (Buddhism).
  280. Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) holds that the deceased turns into Buddha (various Buddha).
  281. Jodo Shinshu Bekkaku Honzan (Independent)
  282. Jodo Shinshu Doho Kyodan
  283. Jodo Shinshu Higashi Hongan-ji School (Former Tokyo Hongan-ji Temple)
  284. Jodo Shinshu Higashi Hongan-ji school
  285. Jodo Shinshu Hongan-ji school
  286. Jodo Shinshu Honganji School
  287. Jodo Shinshu Hongwanji-ha branch (Nishi Hongwanji)
  288. Jodo Shinshu Ichi no kai
  289. Jodo Shinshu Kekokai
  290. Jodo Shinshu Kengoin School
  291. Jodo Shinshu Sect
  292. Jodo Shinshu Sect Shinrankai
  293. Jodo Shinshu Sect Shinrankai highlights the differences in doctrine from other schools of the Shinshu Sect, especially the Honganji school (Nishi Hongan-ji temple) of the Jodo Shinshu Sect.
  294. Jodo Shinshu Sect became a religious group after his death.
  295. Jodo Shinshu Shinrankai
  296. Jodo Shinshu Shinrankai (founded in 1958) is a new sect of the Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) Sect.
  297. Jodo Shinshu advocates Zaike Bukkyo that agrees with 'meat and matrimony (Buddhism),' in which the road to Buddhism is strictly pursued.
  298. Jodo Shinshu except Shinshu Takada sect does not adopt ihai.
  299. Jodo Shinshu has no concept of investing honzon (principal image of Buddha) with soul; instead, they hold a Buddhist service for auspicious event called 'goishi' or 'owatamashi' (written as 御移徙).
  300. Jodo Shinshu in those days had active missionary work in Bukko-ji Temple and Senju-ji Temple and acquired a number of followers, but Hongan-ji Temple just existed as a branch temple of Tendai Shu before the 8th head-priest Rennyo.
  301. Jodo Shinshu is considered to have been founded in 1247, when Shinran finished writing "Kenjodo shinjitsu kyogyo shomonrui" (Kyogyo shinsho), but in reality it was after Shinran's death that Jodo Shinshu was officially recognized.
  302. Jodo Shinshu sect (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism)
  303. Jodo Shinshu sect - Honson is one Buddha, Amidanyorai (standing image)
  304. Jodo Shinshu sect: also called the Shinshu sect or the Ikko sect, founded by Kenshin Daishi 'Shinran' (Shinran Shonin), head temples include Hongan-ji Temple on Mt. Ryukoku (Nishi Hongan-ji Temple) and Shinshu Honbyo Mausoleum (Higashi Hongan-ji Temple).
  305. Jodo Shu
  306. Jodo Shu is one of the denominations of Buddhism in Japan, which was founded by Honen Shonin and the teaching and practice of which is Jodo Kyo Senju-nenbutsu (Exclusive Nenbutsu).
  307. Jodo Shu official song
  308. Jodo Shu sutras
  309. Jodo Teien having a pond in the center was located within the temple in some green mountains.
  310. Jodo henso-zu, describing the scenery of Fudaraku and Kannon Bosatsu in the center, and so forth.
  311. Jodo henso-zu, describing the scenery of Mt. Ryojusen and Shaka Nyorai in the center;
  312. Jodo henso-zu, describing the scenery of Saiho Gokuraku Jodo (the West Pure Land) and Amida Nyorai in the center;
  313. Jodo henso-zu, describing the scenery of Toho joruri sekai (Eastern Pure Land) and Yakushi Nyorai in the center;
  314. Jodo henso-zu, describing the scenery of Tosotsuten (The fourth of six heavens in the world of desire) and Amida Nyorai in the center;
  315. Jodo hensozu
  316. Jodo is Hodo.
  317. Jodo line (the Jodo line of Kamakura Buddhism)
  318. Jodo sect
  319. Jodo sect (faith in Pure Land) was developed on the background of the Latter Day of the Law.
  320. Jodo sect - Amidanyorai (seated image)
  321. Jodo sect became widespread in the nobles living in Kyoto and influenced Buddhist architecture, statues and painting inspired by Kokufu-bunka.
  322. Jodo sect: founded by Enko Daishi 'Honen' (also called Genku, Kurodani Shonin and Yoshimizu Shonin), head temples include Chionin Temple on Mt. Kacho, Komyo-ji Temple on Mt. Hokoku (Nagaokakyo City), also known as Awafu Komyo-ji Temple, and Zenrin-ji Temple on Mt. Shojuraigo (Kyoto City).
  323. Jodo style gardens were built from the Heian period to the Kamakura period.
  324. Jodo-do Hall (The Pure Land Hall) of Jodo-ji Temple in Ono City
  325. Jodo-e (Celebration of Shakyamuni Buddha's enlightenment)
  326. Jodo-e is a hoyo (Buddhist memorial service) celebrating the Jodo (completing the path to becoming a Buddha by attaining enlightenment) of Shakyamuni.
  327. Jodo-in Temple
  328. Jodo-in Temple (Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City)
  329. Jodo-in Temple is a Buddhist convent belonging to the Pure Land sect located in Kamigyo Ward, Kyoto City.
  330. Jodo-in Temple was founded between 1492-1501, Saisho-in Temple was founded in 1654 and it was in 1681 that Byodo-in Temple came to be jointly managed by both the Jodo and Tendai Sects following a ruling passed by the magistrate of shrines and temples.
  331. Jodo-in Temple, located in Ginkakuji-cho, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City, is a temple of the Jodo (Pure Land) sect.
  332. Jodo-ji Temple
  333. Jodo-ji Temple (Ono City): Jodo-do (National Treasure, Ono City, Hyogo Prefecture), constructed in 1197, remains from the time of Chogen.
  334. Jodo-ji Temple (Onomichi City, Hiroshima Prefecture)
  335. Jodo-ji Temple - Standing Statue of Amida Nyorai (Naked statue) (1201), Important Cultural Property
  336. Jodo-ji Temple Pagoda (Onomichi City, Hiroshima Prefecture), Important Cultural Property
  337. Jodo-ji Temple, (Ono City, Hyogo Prefecture) - Standing Statues of Amida Sanzon (around 1195-1197), National Treasure
  338. Jodo-kyo (Pure Land Teachings)
  339. Jodo-kyo is a teaching for people to become Buddha in the Land of Bliss of Amitabha Buddha.
  340. Jodo-kyo was established in the age when Mahayana Buddhism was evoked in India, and it started with the editing of "Muryoju-kyo Sutra" and "Amida-kyo Sutra" in around 100 A.D.
  341. Jodo-sect-style gardens
  342. Jodo-shiso in the Heian period was believed mainly by the aristocracy of Kyoto, but Kuya (903-972) preached Jodo-kyo to the grass roots as well and was called the "saint of the city."
  343. Jodo-shu (Pure Land sect) and Ji sect
  344. Jodo-wasan (118 verses) and Koso-wasan (119 verses) are considered to have been written around 1248, and Shozomatsu-wasan (116 verses) is assumed to have been writtem around 1257.
  345. Jodoji village was incorporated into the then Kamigyo Ward to become Jodoji-cho, Kamigyo Ward in 1888 before the Municipal Government Act came into effect.
  346. Jodosanbu-kyo (Three Sutras of the Pure Land)
  347. Jodoshinshu sect
  348. Jodoshu Shasei-ha, which was separated in the reform movement in Edo period, also has remained.
  349. Jodoshu sect: Reiyo Gyokunen, Seiyo Teian from Saiko-ji Temple, Shinyo Doko from Shofuku-ji Temple, and Chionin Jonen (a recorder)
  350. Joe
  351. Joe (writes; 定恵) (643 - Feb. 2, 666) was a scholar monk in the Asuka period.
  352. Joe NIIJIMA:interpreter
  353. Joe had been asked to research educational systems in Europe and the U.S., so he made a study of each country's educational systems and assisted Fujimaro TANAKA, the Commissioner of the Ministry of Education.
  354. Joe was Clark's first Japanese student, and this experience inspired Clark to visit Japan.
  355. Joe's evangelistic efforts converted his father Tamiji NIIJIMA to Christianity.
  356. Joe's proficiency in English came to the attention of Takayoshi KIDO, who asked Joe to serve as his interpreter, so Joe joined the Mission and worked as an interpreter from April 16, 1872 to January of 1873.
  357. Joei (October 14, 1232) - April 15, 1233
  358. Joei April 2, 1232 - (October 4, 1232)
  359. Joei-ji Temple
  360. Joeki NAKAGAWA
  361. Joeki NAKAGAWA is a name that has been succeeded for generations by the head of the Nakagawa family, one of the Senke jissoku (the 10 artisans of the Sen family) specialized in the hardware craftwork.
  362. Joeki V was given the tea ceremony master name 'Sosei' as he was the most accomplished master of tea ceremony among the successive Joeki.
  363. Joeki XI was born the eldest son of Joeki X and is the graduate of the Metal Fabrication and Machining Program at Kyoto City Fushimi Second Technical High School (presently Kyoto City Fushimi Technical High School).
  364. Joeki and his three sons worked hard to develop the family business to fluorish.
  365. Joeki died in obscurity.
  366. Joeki found a formula for making an alloy of copper, tin and lead which was technically very difficult, and among the successive heads of the Nakagawa family, he was recognized as the master of cast metal who left numerous fine works.
  367. Joeki received support from various people including the Mitsui family with whom he had connections through his father but failed to rebuild the family business, which led him to develop alcohol dependency.
  368. Joeki was a first-class artisan but since he worked during times when traditional arts and crafts were not appreciated, he received no public recognition.
  369. Joeki was allowed back in Omotesenke when Ryoryosai was the head of Omotesenke.
  370. Joeki was an artisan who regularly worked for the Sen family during the Kanei era.
  371. Joeki was given preferential treatment by the eighth head of Omotesenke (the house of Omotesen) Sottakusai.
  372. Joeki was referred as the 'Master of hammered alloy of copper, tin and lead' and 'Igami Joeki' (the Crooked Joeki because of his slightly crooked handwriting inscribed on his works) and is said to be the person responsible for revitalizing the Nakagawa family which had been on shaky grounds due to the various circumstances after the Great Fire of Tenmei.
  373. Joeki was sent to a tool merchant in Osaka for training at an early age.
  374. Joemon AOKI
  375. Joemon SAGO
  376. Joen
  377. Joen MOMOKAWA, a professional storyteller, wass his maternal relative.
  378. Joen-ji Temple Nichiren Buddhism Research Institute
  379. Joetsu Line
  380. Joffe was sent by the recommendation of Sen KATAYAMA who had been staying in Moscow at the time as a member of the Communist Party of the USA, and the meeting was mediated by Tamiji NAITO and Unzo TAGUCHI, socialists who organized the Reimei-kai Organization.
  381. Jofu
  382. Jofu is a person in the Edo period who lived permanently in Edo and served seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdued the barbarians") without performing Sankinkotai (a system under which feudal lords in the Edo period were required to spend every other year in residence in Edo).
  383. Jofuku-Senbon, and Nishijin in the end
  384. Jofuku-ji Temple: Ichijo-dori Street agaru
  385. Jofukuji-dori Street
  386. Jofukuji-dori Street is a street running south-north through Kyoto City.
  387. Jogaku
  388. Jogaku Zasshi (Education of Women Magazine)
  389. Jogaku Zasshi was a magazine intended for female readers published during the Meiji era.
  390. Jogakuji (Buddhist temples with status similar to state-sponsored provincial temples)
  391. Jogakuji refers to Buddhist temples with the second highest temple status following "kandaiji" (state-sponsored temples of great scale) and "kokubunji" (state-sponsored provincial temples), which existed in the Nara and Heian periods.
  392. Jogakuso
  393. Jogakuso (a quota for Buddhist priests, or Buddhist priests under a quota system)
  394. Jogakuso refers to a quota system for Buddhist priests under the "kodai ritsuryosei" (ancient East Asian system of centralized governance), or priests themselves under this system.
  395. Jogan
  396. Jogan Gishiki
  397. Jogan gishiki is a book of ceremonies that is believed to have been compiled during the Jogan era (Japan) during the early Heian period (book) (book of ceremony).
  398. Jogan no chi (Glorious Jogan rule)
  399. Jogan no chi (Glorious Jogan rule) in Japan
  400. Jogan no chi (Glorious Jogan rule) indicates the politics performed during the Jogan era (Tang, 627 - 649) and the reign of the second Emperor Taiso (Tang tai zong) in the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) in China.
  401. Jogan of Kissho-in Temple is his real brother, who is known for introducing Okubo to Hisamitsu SHIMAZU.
  402. Jogan-Kyaku-Shiki
  403. Jogan-eiho, in 870.
  404. Jogan-ji Temple (Higashiomi City)
  405. Jogan-ji Temple is a Tendai sect temple in Owaki-cho, Higashiomi City (former Yokaichi City), Shiga Prefecture.
  406. Jogan-kyaku Code
  407. Jogan-kyaku Code was one of the Kyakushiki codes (amendments and enforcement regulations of the Ritsuryo Code) that was submitted to the Emperor on May 31, 869, and was enforced on October 19 the same year with the imperial decree.
  408. Jogan-shiki Code
  409. Jogan-shiki Code was a Kyakushiki code (amendments and enforcement regulations of the Ritsuryo Code) that was compiled and enforced in the early Heian period.
  410. Joganden
  411. Joganji Konpon Mokuroku (March 9, Jogan 14)
  412. Jogashi
  413. Jogashi can only be made by those with refined taste and a solid technique.
  414. Jogashi has been finely developed as osonae-gashi (wagashi for offerings) and confectionaries for the tea ceremony, and also various kinds of confectionaries for everyday consumption have been made since people have many types of wagashi which is suited for every annual event.
  415. Jogashi is made to look beautiful by utilizing the following raw and intermediate materials and methods.
  416. Jogen
  417. Jogen no Honan
  418. Jogen no Honan was an incident where monks following Senju-Nenbutsu (intently praying to Buddha) led by Honen were suppressed and Honen, Shinran and other monks with central roles were exiled throughout the country.
  419. Jogi Area, Aoba Ward (Sendai City), Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture
  420. Jogo
  421. Jogoku (second biggest provinces next to taigoku) - gakusho 40 persons isho 8 persons
  422. Jogon-in Temple
  423. Jogon-in Temple is a Jodo (Pure Land) sect temple located in Azuchi-cho, Gamo-gun, Shiga Prefecture.
  424. Jogonin Temple
  425. Jogu Oke (Ikebe no miya)
  426. Jogu Shotoku Hooteisetsu (Biography of Shotoku Taishi)
  427. Jogu Shotoku Hooteisetsu (Biography of Shotoku Taishi) - This is the only surviving copy of the biography of Prince Shotoku.
  428. Jogu Shotoku Hooteisetsu is said to be the oldest existing biography of what was called Prince Shotoku, who was a regent of Emperor Suiko.
  429. Jogu-oin: Koryu-ji Temple's main hall.
  430. Jogyo
  431. Jogyo (also known as Teigyo, March 25, 1186 - April 3, 1231) was a monk living from the end of the Heian period to the beginning of the Kamakura period.
  432. Jogyo (birth date unknown - January 9, 867) was a Buddhist monk who lived during the first part of the Heian period.
  433. Jogyo Zanmai (Butsuryu Zanmai) (Constantly Walking Samadhi in Tendai sect)
  434. Jogyo Zanmai-do Hall
  435. Jogyo went on to be the first to conduct Daigen Suiho rituals at the imperial Joneiden palace.
  436. Jogyo zanmai-do hall is a type of Buddhist hall built to perform the jogyo zanmai which is one of the Shishuzanmai (the four kinds of samadhi) of the Tendai sect.
  437. Jogyo-do Hall used for training of nenbutsu-zanmai (mental absorption in the nenbutsu) is regarded as architecture during the end of the Heian period, and it was designated as an important cultural property.
  438. Jogyo-do Hall/Hokke-do Hall (Important Cultural Property) - The two identical structures stand side by side.
  439. Jogyo-in Temple and Juhon-ji Temple were both served by head priests who were disciples of Nisson but had been on bad terms with one another from the outset.
  440. Jogyo-ji Temple
  441. Jogyodo Hall and Hokkedo Hall (with corridor)
  442. Joha SATOMURA
  443. Joha SATOMURA (1525 - June 2, 1602) was a linked-verse-teacher 'Rengashi' during the Warring States period.
  444. Joha SATOMURA (house arrest)
  445. Joha and Hidetsugu say, well done, and the party becomes livelier.
  446. Joha had relationship with the Jishu sect monks including Ikkado Joa, who was a linked-verse teacher of Yoshiaki MOGAMI; later in 1707, a descendant of the Satomura family became the 48th Yugyo Fukoku who succeeded to the head of the Jishu sect Yugyoshonin.
  447. Joha says, Muzen prostrating himself on the ground should present his poem to us.
  448. Joha then reappears and inspires Mitsuhide to rebellion.
  449. Johachi, who studied the art of a mason, built arch-shaped stone bridges along with his brothers, Usuke and Uichi, from his youth onward.
  450. Johakyu
  451. Johakyu can be regarded as a form of music in its own right.
  452. Johakyu indicates the three sections composing a piece of gagaku music, including togaku (the art of noh introduced by the Tang Dynasty), and is broadly equivalent to the movements of Western music.
  453. Johakyu is a word relating to the performance of gagaku.
  454. Johakyu is used as a synonym of "kishotenketsu" (the four-part organization of Chinese and Japanese narratives), and the "three-act play" in the theatrical arts in Japan today.
  455. Johana Hikiyama-matsuri Festival (February 12, 2002; Nanto City; Johana Hikiyama Matsuri Hozonkai [Johana Hikiyama-matsuri Festival Preservation Association])
  456. Johannes Gutenberg-Universitat Mainz
  457. Johannis de RIJKE (Dutch)
  458. Johannis de Rijke
  459. Johannis de Rijke (December 5, 1842 - January 20, 1913) was a Dutchman who systemized erosion and torrent control, and designed afforestation construction projects, and is known in Japan as "the father of erosion and torrent control."
  460. Johannis de Rijke was his first student.
  461. Johei (castle garrisons) were killed one after another due to famine and fatigue caused by the starvation tactics, and the castle fell on April 15.
  462. Johei was also arrested for sheltering Sesson, and died in prison.
  463. Johen
  464. Johen (1166 - May 16, 1224) was a priest of the Shingon Sect in the early part of the Kamakura period.
  465. John KINUYA
  466. John LENNON
  467. John Lennon and Yoko Ono, also visited here, and Masayuki KAKEFU did training on his own at the hot springs when he was playing in the Hanshin Tigers.
  468. John MILNE
  469. John MILNE (December 30, 1850 - July 31, 1913) was a mining engineer, seismologist, anthropologist, and archaeologist who was born in Liverpool, England.
  470. John Manjiro
  471. John SMEDLEY (Australian, year of birth and death unknown)
  472. John Soan of Goto (or John of Goto)
  473. John Wayne played the leading role.
  474. John Whitney Hall of Harvard University judged Okitsugu to be 'a pioneer of modern Japan' in 'Tanuma Okitsugu'.
  475. John William Drake
  476. John William Drake is an Englishman who lived in Japan during Meiji Period.
  477. John William Fenton who was the military bandmaster for the infantry battalion of the convoy attached to the British Legation advised to the military band of the Satsuma Domain established in 1869 to prepare a national anthem or ceremonial music.
  478. John William HART (British)
  479. Johnny MORI: Third generation.
  480. Johnny&Associates used to put on performances at this place when it was called Kyoto Theatre 1200 (京都シアター1200) before its renovation.
  481. Joho-no Shoen Seiri-rei 1075 Emperor Shirakawa
  482. Johyo
  483. Johyo (memorial to the emperor) was an act of handing Monjo (written material) (or Hyo [letters]) or the Monjo itself to the Emperor from any Koshin (Emperor's family) including Togu (crown prince), all the officials or general public.
  484. Johyobun (memorial to the Emperor)
  485. Johyobun during the tally trade
  486. Johyobun indicates the act of presenting a written document to a monarch or the document itself.
  487. Johyobun of Kento-shi (Japanese envoy to Tang Dynasty China)
  488. Johyobun of the five kings of Wa
  489. Joi ha group including Choshu Domain got indignant.
  490. Joi hakase, of Shoshichiinoge (Senior Seventh Rank, Lower Grade), responsible for training midwives; control over this position was transferred from the Naiyakushi.
  491. Joi was the open-necked jacket and Chui was the close-necked jacket.
  492. Joi were worn over Chui.
  493. Joi-ron, a principle to exclude foreigners
  494. Join RIN has been enshrined in the Rin-jinja Shrine on the premises of the Kongo-jinja Shrine and worshiped by confectionary makers.
  495. Join SAEKI
  496. Join SAEKI (July 26, 1867 - November 23, 1952) was a Japanese Buddhist monk of the Hosso sect (Japanese equivalent of the Chinese Faxiang sect) and Shotoku sect and scholar of Buddhist Studies.
  497. Join also lectured in Tokyo University.
  498. Join became a patriarch and Ryoken SAEKI succeeded to his position.
  499. Join kept the precepts of Buddhism, did not eat meat, and remained single.
  500. Join served as the 103rd kannushi (Shinto priest) (the chief priest) in Horyu-ji Temple for 40 years.
  501. Join was a member of Gakushiin (the Japan Academy).
  502. Join was also a scholar monk who restored the teachings of Yuishiki (consciousness-only, the basic doctrine of the Japanese Hosso school) and Hosso, which were deteriorated by Haibutsu-kishaku (anti-Buddhist movement at the beginning of the Meiji era).
  503. Join your palms, and after spreading your hands to the sides, join them again.
  504. Join's disciples
  505. Joined Nikkatsu Kyoto Taishogun Film Studios.
  506. Joined by Kanto Kanrei (a shogunal deputy for the Kanto region) Noriaki UESUGI who came back from Kyoto, he suppressed the riot on June 17 of the year.
  507. Joined by his sons, Tametomo flees to the eastern provinces with a plan to raise an army again, but Tameyoshi refuses his offer due to his old age, so he decides to ask his oldest son, Yoshitomo.
  508. Joined by the Kurama-gawa River, the Kamogawa River flows into the Kyoto Basin at Kamigamo, Kita Ward.
  509. Joined by the five domains in Echigo such as the Shibata Domain and the Echigo-Nagaoka Domain when negotiations with the new government's forces collapsed because armed neutrality was rejected, an alliance was established by a total of thirty-one domains.
  510. Joined by the poor and the homeless, the mobs even killed some people such as Second Lieutenant Horimoto, employees of the Japanese legation, and Japanese students, who had no connection with the affair.
  511. Joined in the north of Iga City by the Tsuge-gawa River flowing from Mt. Aburahi-dake (694 meters) in the Suzuka mountain range and the Hattori-gawa River from Mt. Kasatori (845 meters) in the Nunobiki Mountains, the Kizu-gawa River changes its course west.
  512. Joining Shinsengumi together with his elder brothers in somewhere between the end of 1863 and the next spring, Shuhei became an adopted child of Isami KONDO and called himself Shuhei KONDO.
  513. Joining in with his older brother Kagechika OBA, Kagehisa participated in the Battle of Ishibashiyama as a Heike (the Taira clan) force to subdue MINAMOTO no Yoritomo and put him to rout.
  514. Joining roads
  515. Joining the Choshu administration, he devoted himself to the military and political reform of the domain government in order to implement the policy of nominal submission to the shogunate with secret armament as expected by Takasugi and other comrades.
  516. Joining the Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables was proclaimed.
  517. Joining the Shieikan Dojo
  518. Joining the Sumitomo family
  519. Joining the army of MINAMOTO no Noriyori after that, he also fought in the Battle of Ichinotani.
  520. Joining the association is at the school level, and requires the recommendation of the representative person of the school.
  521. Joining the attack on Fushimi-jo Castle as a supreme commander, and actively taking part in the Battle of the Sekigahara as a main force (the second largest force of 17,000 soldiers after Ieyasu's main force), he fought in the fierce battle against Masanori FUKUSHIMA's force on the Eastern Camp.
  522. Joining the construction of the Fushimi-jo Castle, he distinguished himself and then served as Hideyoshi's otogishu (advisor) in his later years.
  523. Joining up with the forces of Takauji's heir Senjuo (later, Yoshiakira ASHIKAGA), Yoshisada's forces advanced on the Kamakura-kaido Road.
  524. Joint Implementation
  525. Joint Projects between Students and Teachers
  526. Joint Research Center for Science and Technology
  527. Joint Suicide Theory
  528. Joint performance with Japanese music players of different fields
  529. Joint performance with Noh actors of other schools
  530. Joint research on the language, literature, history, politics, economy and culture of both Japan and Italy.
  531. Joint works with Yuan KITAMURA
  532. Jointly written by Hanji CHIKAMATSU and six others
  533. Joiron (principle of excluding foreigners)
  534. Jojakko-ji Temple
  535. Jojakko-ji Temple (Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture)
  536. Jojakko-ji Temple is a Buddhist temple belonging to the Nichiren Sect located in Sagano, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  537. Jojakko-ji Temple's location on the slope of the Mt. Ogura referred to in "Ogura Hyakunin Isshu" (a collection of 100 poems by 100 different poets) offers a panoramic view of Sagano and in the autumn becomes surrounded by the autumn leaves that cover the entire mountain.
  538. Joji Hen (The Joji Incident)
  539. Joji September 28, 1362 - February 17, 1368
  540. Joji YUASA: 'Projection for (eight) Soh and orchestra, flower, bird, wind and moon' (1967)
  541. Jojikijo
  542. Jojin
  543. Jojin (1011 - November 9, 1081) was a Tendai Sect Buddhist monk who lived during the mid-Heian period.
  544. Jojitsu-in Temple - Wooden Statue of Standing Amida Nyorai
  545. Jojo Clan
  546. Jojo-in Temple
  547. Joju SHUNAN
  548. Joju SHUNAN (1710 - September 14, 1767) was a priest of the baku sect, calligrapher and Tenkoku artist (a carver who carved Chinese characters in the special, Tensho, style) who lived in around the middle of the Edo period.
  549. Joju-in Temple
  550. Joju-in Temple is the Honbo, main priest's residence of Kiyomizu-dera Temple situated in the north of the precincts.
  551. Joju-ji Temple
  552. Joju-ji Temple, located in Nishikyo Ward, Kyoto City, is a temple of the Obaku Sect.
  553. Jojuin Temple (Kamakura City)
  554. Jojun (the first 10 days of the month) in March: the Tenma Tenjin Plum Festival at Osaka Tenman-gu Shrine (Kita Ward, Osaka City)
  555. Joka (waka [Japanese poem] which is read first) set by All-Japan Karuta Association is, generally, 'in Naniwa-zu (Naniwa Port) this flower has bloomed; after the winter sleep, this flower has bloomed enjoying the coming of spring.'
  556. Jokai
  557. Jokai (February 1, 1074 - May 20, 1149) was a Buddhist monk of the Shingon sect who lived during the late Heian period.
  558. Jokai (year of birth and death unknown) is a priest of Kankiko-ji Temple of the Jishu Sect during the mid Kamakura period.
  559. Jokai, the founder of Sanpoin school, Genkaku, the founder of Riseiin school, and Shoken, the founder of Kongooin school, were his disciples.
  560. Jokaku
  561. Jokaku (1147 - October, 1226) was a Buddhist monk of the Shingon Sect from the late Heian period to the early Kamakura period.
  562. Jokaku-ji Temple
  563. Jokaku-ji Temple in Gojo City, Nara Prefecture, is one of rare cases of worshipping Fugen Enmei Bosatsu as its honzon (principal image of Buddha).
  564. Jokaku-ji Temple is a Koyasan Shingon sect temple located in Gojo City, Nara Prefecture (former Nishiyoshino Village, Yoshino County).
  565. Jokamachi
  566. Jokamachi (castle towns) were cities that were established with the lord's castle in the center.
  567. Jokamachi (town below the castle)
  568. Jokamachi have various aspects that increased city defenses.
  569. Jokamachi that retain their old character
  570. Jokan
  571. Jokan dealt with practical works such as producing Daijokanpu (official documents issued by the Daijokan) and Senji (imperial decree), comparing and examining the precedents and producing records for Kuji and Gishiki (political operations and ceremonies of the Imperial Court) and handling personnel affairs.
  572. Jokan is, as the name suggests, were regarded as localized lower-ranking kokushi descendants such as jo or sakan, and jokan often attained official ranks such as ikan and so on in emonfu (bureaucracy in the ritsuryo system of governance) and seemed to have been in a position of leadership within the kokuga.
  573. Jokan was never adopted as an official word in the Ritsuryo-Kyakushiki (Laws of codes and ethics under the Ritsuryo system) however, and it is assumed that it was originally a slang word used within noble society.
  574. Joke, Kao Dom
  575. Jokei
  576. Jokei (June 29, 1155 - March 3, 1213) was a Buddhist monk in the Hosso Sect in the early Kamakura period.
  577. Jokei RAKU
  578. Jokei RAKU (1561 - 1635) was a ceramic artist during the Shokuho era (Oda-Toyotomi era) through the early Edo period.
  579. Jokei SUMIYOSHI: "Tale of Genji Album"
  580. Jokei described in this article is different from 'Jokei' who was famous for carving the statue of Yuima (Vimalakirti) of Higashi-Kondo hall in Kofuku-ji Temple, Nara Prefecture; 'Jokei' here is called 'Higo betto (secretary in the office of the temple) Jokei' or 'Higo Jokei' to clearly identify him.
  581. Jokei of the Hosso sect
  582. Jokei was the grandson of FUJIWARA no Michinori (also known as Shinzei) and was a leading monk of the old style of Buddhism that opposed the new forms of Buddhism (such as Jodo (the Pure Land) Sect) that gained acceptance during the Kamakura period.
  583. Jokei, also known as Priest Gedatsu, was a Hosso Sect monk who lived from the end of the Heian period to the beginning of the Kamakura period and put great efforts into reviving Nanto Buddhism and religious discipline.
  584. Jokei, who spent his childhood in this way, announced himself as "Jiro Saburo Motonobu SERATA" in 1560.
  585. Jokeian Teahouse
  586. Joken NISHIKAWA
  587. Joken NISHIKAWA (1648 - November 9, 1724) was an astronomer in the middle of the Edo period.
  588. Joken hoin was a child of Shinzei who was killed by MINAMOTO no Yoshitomo in the Heiji War.
  589. Jokiin Temple
  590. Jokisen
  591. Jokisen is a brand of Japanese green tea.
  592. Joko
  593. Joko SEGAWA
  594. Joko SEGAWA (the fifth)
  595. Joko SEGAWA (the first)
  596. Joko SEGAWA (the fourth)
  597. Joko SEGAWA (the fourth) was his relative.
  598. Joko SEGAWA (the second)
  599. Joko SEGAWA (the third)
  600. Joko SEGAWA (the third) made this story into Kabuki, which was performed for the first time at Edo Nakamura-za Theater on February 21, 1853.
  601. Joko SEGAWA (third generation)
  602. Joko SEGAWA the fifth (1888-1957) was the son of Joko SEGAWA the fourth.
  603. Joko SEGAWA the first
  604. Joko SEGAWA the first (1739 - February 22, 1794) was a Kabuki playwright during the middle of the Edo period.
  605. Joko SEGAWA the fourth (1857-1938) was a relative of Joko SEGAWA the third.
  606. Joko SEGAWA the third (1806 - June 28, 1881) was a Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors) playwright who was active from the end of Edo Period to the Meiji Period.
  607. Joko SEGAWA the third (1806-1881) was a pupil of Nanboku TSURUYA (the fifth).
  608. Joko SEGAWA was the pen name of kabuki writers (that has been passed down).
  609. Joko could also establish institutions such as In no cho (Retired Emperor's Office) and set up organs such as inkurodo (Chamberlain of In no cho), etc.
  610. Joko-ji Temple (Higashi-ku, Fukuoka City), 5 branch temples
  611. Joko-ji Temple (Joetsu City, Niigata Prefecture), 12 branch temples
  612. Joko-ji Temple (Kyoto City)
  613. Joko-ji Temple is a Shingon Sect Buddhist temple located in Minami Ward, Kyoto City, Japan.
  614. Joko-ji Temple is the 22nd temple of the Rakuyo 33 temple Kannon pilgrimage.
  615. Joko-ji Temple pond
  616. Joko-ji Temple was founded in 1085 during the latter part of the Heian period.
  617. Jokoba' was the class in which girls of the early Meiji period could receive instruction.
  618. Jokoin
  619. Jokoin (1570 ? - September 30, 1633) was a woman in the Sengoku Period (Period of Warring States) (Japan) to the early Edo period.
  620. Jokoin left a will stating 'even if the Kyogoku family is transferred to another place in future, please keep at least Joko-ji Temple in Wakasa.
  621. Jokoin saw Sugenin in Edo and had a conversation shortly before the death of Sugenin.
  622. Jokoku
  623. Jokoku (second-biggest provinces next to Taikoku)
  624. Jokoku was a second-biggest province.
  625. Jokomyo-ji Temple
  626. Jokoto (Early Old Swords)
  627. Jokotoba (a preface word)
  628. Jokotoba (a preface word) is a rhetoric used mainly in waka (traditional Japanese poems of thirty-one syllables), which is put before a certain word to modify it using a figure of speech, kakekotoba (a rhetoric in Waka in which one word has more than one meaning), and a homophone, etc.
  629. Jokyo (February 21, 1684) - September 30, 1688
  630. Jokyo reki (Jokyo calendar)
  631. Jokyo-reki (Jokyo calendar, the lunar-solar calendar which was used in Japan) was used in the Genroku era.
  632. Jokyoden no nyogo (The Lady of Jokyoden Palace) --- a younger sister of Higekuro.
  633. Jokyoden no nyogo (The Lady of Jokyoden Palace) --- the mother of Shinomiya.
  634. Jokyoreki (Jokyo Calendar)
  635. Jokyoreki was completed by Harumi SHIBUKAWA, and then the adoption of that calendar was decided on December 5, 1684.
  636. Jokyoreki was reformed to the Horyakureki (Horyaku calendar) on February 11, 1755.
  637. Jokyu (April 20, 1221) - (July 9, 1221)
  638. Jokyu (July 9, 1221) - April 13, 1222
  639. Jokyu April 12, 1219 - (April 20, 1221)
  640. Jokyu War
  641. Jokyu heiran ki
  642. Jokyu ikusa Monogatari
  643. Jokyuki (A Chronicle of the Jokyu Disturbance)
  644. Jokyuki is a war tale concerning the Jokyu Disturbance which occurred between the Imperial court and bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) and resulted from Emperor Gotoba taking up arms in 1221.
  645. Jokyuki is the last book of this 'Shibu Gassenjo.'
  646. Jomai
  647. Jomai originally means the annual rice tax from Edo bakufu directly controlled land (so-called 'tenryo'), but later, it means the rice stocked by the bakufu or fudai daimyo domain (a domain of a daimyo in hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family) as provisions of rice for the army.
  648. Jomai sekisen were paid a large amount of money, but instead, they were strictly controlled by the bakufu and they were prohibited from carrying goods other than jomai.
  649. Jomen ho
  650. Jomen ho is one of the methods of land tax collection in the Edo period.
  651. Jomon (family crest) is Kasaneizutsu and kaemon (alternate personal crest) is Itsutsukarigane.
  652. Jomon (family crest) is eight hawk's feather shaped in a wheel shape.
  653. Jomon (family crest) is four rings with a pair of Japanese emperor leaves.
  654. Jomon Period
  655. Jomon Period Canoe Exhibition
  656. Jomon and Daihyomon (代表紋)
  657. Jomon and Yayoi periods
  658. Jomon art
  659. Jomon man may have started rice-paddy cultivation in area of advanced rice-paddy cultivation, not the immigrants to ancient Japan.
  660. Jomon man village tended not to have any moat.
  661. Jomon men lived in tateanajukyo (a pit dwelling house), and made earthware for cooking or storing food, and ornaments using clay dolls, jade, or agate (including nioidama).
  662. Jomon men, the first people in the Japan islands, were hunting people who mainly hunted and fished for their life, and later, they did collective farming, forming large and small communities.
  663. Jomon period
  664. Jomon pottery was sometimes too decorative, whereas Yayoi pottery was mostly moderate and sophisticated in both shape and pattern.
  665. Jomon, (family crest) was a letter, "い," in a circle.
  666. Jomon-jin people and Yayoi-jin people.
  667. Jomon-shiki doki (Cord-marked pottery)
  668. Jomyo Genron (Commentary on the Vimalakirti Sutra)
  669. Jomyo OTA, together with his colleague Jonin (Tsunenobu) TOKI (who was called Nichijo as Buddhist priest), became known after accepting Nichiren, who had been under persecution, to his territory in Yawatanosho of Shimousa Province (present-day Ichikawa City, Chiba Prefecture).
  670. Jomyo and Deshidama are not attached.
  671. Jomyo yama (decorative float depicting a historic event when the monk warrior, Ichirai Hoshi, leaped over a monk warrior of the Mii-dera Temple, Jomyo, on the Uji Bridge to lead the vanguard at the Battle of Uji-gawa River)
  672. Jomyo-ji Temple (Kamakura City)
  673. Jomyo-ji Temple: First rank (afterwards elevated to Gozan)
  674. Jomyokyo Shicchu Scroll No. 9
  675. Jonan Takaragaike Driving School
  676. Jonan-gu Shrine
  677. Jonan-gu Shrine (Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture)
  678. Jonan-gu Shrine is a Shinto shrine located in Fushimi Ward, Kyoto City.
  679. Jonangu
  680. Joneiden
  681. Jonen-ji Temple
  682. Jonen-ji Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Kamo-cho, Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  683. Jonyo
  684. Jonyo (1641-June 14, 1694) was a priest in the Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) and the 15th Head Priest of Higashi Hongan-ji Temple.
  685. Jonyo (乗如, also written as 乘如) was a Buddhist priest of Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) in the mid Edo period.
  686. Joo April 13, 1222 - November 20, 1224
  687. Joo Chanoyu (tea ceremony)
  688. Joo TAKENO
  689. Joo TAKENO (1502- December 22, 1555) was the wealthy merchant (merchant for armory or leather) of Sakai City.
  690. Joo TAKENO shiho (inherited the dharma from a priest master).
  691. Joo TAKENO, master of ceremonial tea in Sakai, devised a tea room in the style of sukiya.
  692. Joon
  693. Joon (1201 - July 7, 1271) was a priest of the Jodo Sect from the early to the middle of the Kamakura period.
  694. Joraku
  695. Joraku under Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA was not aimed at a tentative recovery of the old order, but was solely by using military power and ruling the whole country.
  696. Joraku-an
  697. Joraku-an Kaisando, Shodo, Kyakuden (guest hall) (Fumonin), Tassuryo (reception building), Kuri (priest's living quarters or kitchen), Romon gate, Bell tower, Uramon (rear gate).
  698. Joraku-ji Temple
  699. Joraku-ji Temple (Konan City)
  700. Joraku-ji Temple (Shimogyo Ward)
  701. Joraku-ji Temple Sanjunoto: Konan City, Shiga Prefecture; Muromachi period
  702. Joraku-ji Temple is a Buddhist temple belonging to the Jodo Shinshu (the True Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) Hongan-ji School located in Shimogyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  703. Joraku-ji Temple owns a copy of Shinran's work entitled "Gutoku-sho" transcribed by Zonkaku (October 19, 1342).
  704. Jorakuan of Tofuku-ji Temple
  705. Jori chiwari remained in many places.
  706. Jori remains
  707. Jori sei (system of land subdivision in ancient Japan)
  708. Jori sei is a system of land subdivision (management) in Japan from ancient period until the late mediaeval period.
  709. Jorin-ji Temple (Kyoto City)
  710. Jorin-ji Temple Ruins
  711. Jorin-ji Temple is a temple of the Jodo (Pure Land) sect located in Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City.
  712. Joro Otoshiyori (high rank senior maid) Anekoji, the senior maid Hananoi of the Mito clan, who enjoyed extreme reins of power in the O-oku (inner palace) during the period of the 12th generation shogun Ieyoshi TOKUGAWA, was Keishi's aunt.
  713. Joro otoshiyori
  714. Joro otoshiyori is the title of women serving in the O-oku during the Edo Period.
  715. Joro was commonly called "Dainagon no Tsubone," "Chunagon no Tsubone," "Saemon no Kami," "Sochi," "Ichii no Tsubone," "Nii no Tsubone," "Sanmi no Tsubone," and so on, whereas joro of slightly lower ranks were commonly called "Azechi."
  716. Joroaringu (? - 1999)
  717. Jorui was played : "又も振りくる雨の足、人の足音とぼとぼと、道の闇路に迷わねど、子ゆえの闇に突く杖も。直ぐなる心、堅親父"
  718. Joruri
  719. Joruri (a dramatic narrative chanted to samisen accompaniment), by Monzaemon CHIKAMATSU
  720. Joruri (dramatic narrative chanted to a samisen accompaniment)
  721. Joruri (dramatic narrative chanted to a samisen accompaniment) "Sesshu Gappo-ga-tsuji" written by Sensuke SUGA and Fuemi WAKATAKE describes a story of a descendant of Fujitsuna.
  722. Joruri is one of the traditional Japanese musical forms.
  723. Joruri reached its current state of completion when the shamisen was combined with Joruri-bushi.
  724. Joruri, Ningyo Joruri (Japanese puppet show)
  725. Joruri, a kind of chanted narration, explains why they ran away.
  726. Joruri, which was brought in from Kyoto to Edo by Sugiyama Tango no jo and Joun SATSUMA, split into many schools and became popular among the people.
  727. Joruri-ji Ruki no Koto: the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  728. Joruri-ji Temple
  729. Joruri-ji Temple (Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture) - Heian period
  730. Joruri-ji Temple Garden
  731. Joruri-ji Temple Hondo (Main hall) (Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture, a national treasure)
  732. Joruri-ji Temple Hondo (main hall)
  733. Joruri-ji Temple Sanjunoto: Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture: Heian period
  734. Joruri-ji Temple is a Shingon Ritsu Sect temple located in Kamocho, Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  735. Joruri-ji Temple is also featured in "Joruri-ji no Haru" (Joruri-ji Temple in spring) by Tatsuo HORI.
  736. Joruri-ji Temple is in mountains along the border between Yamashiro Province and Yamato, and it is known as 'Kutai Amida-do Hall.'
  737. Joruri-ji Temple is known for its Kutai Amida Nyorai (Nine Amitabhas) but at the time of its founding, the principal image was Bhaisajyaguru.
  738. Joruri-ji Temple: "Sanju no to" (a three-story pagoda), Hondo (a main hall)
  739. Joruri-ji Temple: Kizugawa City, Kyoto Prefecture
  740. Joruri: Gidayu-bushi music, Bungo-bushi music, Tokiwazu-bushi music, Kiyomoto-bushi music, Kato-bushi music, and nagauta music
  741. Josai (deacon) of the Catholic Church and hosai (deacon) of the Orthodox Church are also deemed to be a post having the same origin as the above.
  742. Josai Daishi Keizan (1268 - 1325): Taiso (great master) of Japanese Soto Sect.
  743. Josai KONO
  744. Josai KONO (1742-March 26, 1779) was a Japanese Confusian scholar and composer of Chinese poems in the middle of the Edo period.
  745. Josai vendors walked strongly at a pace so that the metal parts of their medicine chests and the pole knocked against each other to make distinguished noises, by which the neighbors were aware of the vendor.
  746. Josai worshipped Kagi and Riku Ka, his goal was that 'a Confucian acts for governing a nation and providing relief and peace to people,' he submitted a petition to the lord of the domain Naohiro NABESHIMA.
  747. Josai-mon Gate, Inpu-mon Gate, Soheki-mon Gate, Danten-mon Gate on the west side
  748. Josaiya
  749. Josaku (official defense site)
  750. Josaku (stockades) called Nutari no Ki and Iwafune no Ki were built in Koshi Province to defend against the northern Emishi people, manned by Sakuko (immigrants from the Kanto and Hokuriku regions who were forced to work for the government).
  751. Josaku HONINBO, who took over the headship from Jowa, and Sanchi YASUI submitted letter of refutation, but there was no reply from jisha-bugyo.
  752. Josaku acted as outposts designed to exterminate barbarians, and were located as military footholds in the areas that militarily brought northerners into submission.
  753. Josaku is a historical term for a government office with defending facilities that was located to govern the north part of present-day Niigata Prefecture and the Tohoku region under the ritsuryo system during the ancient Japan.
  754. Jose LAUREL: 1945, ex-president of Philippine, stayed for two months because of exile
  755. Josei Chikurinbo ISHIDO is regarded as the originator.
  756. Josei Elementary School, Kameoka City
  757. Josei shinshoku shozoku
  758. Josei shinshoku shozoku are costumes for female Shinto priests, which appeared after the Second World War.
  759. Joseki GAZAN
  760. Joseki GAZAN (1275 - November 23, 1366) was a Soto sect priest from the end of Kamakura period to the period of the Northern and Southern Courts (Japan).
  761. Joseki: A place where rakugo is performed throughout the year, or the entrance to the place.
  762. Josen-ji Temple
  763. Joseon Dynasty had no institution of education for common people, and about 70% Koreans were illiterate.
  764. Joseon became 'suspicious of and frightened with' 'Japan's attempt to conquer the country through the use of the false name of the emperor' when she saw the letters of the 'emperor' and 'edict' in the sovereign's message sent by the new government of Japan.
  765. Joseph Hardy Neeshima (born February 12, 1843, died January 23, 1890, and known as Joe NIIJIMA in Japan) was a Christian proselytizer and founder of the Doshisha Eigakko (Academy), formerly known as Doshisha University.
  766. Joseph Hardy Neesima (Jo NIIJIMA) declared that educating 'a person who can manage things in tune with his conscience' as the purpose of establishing Doshisha University.
  767. Joseph Hardy Neesima (Jo NIIJIMA) purchased a former tofu store which was near the current Amherst House under Niijima's name, and taught the bible there which was outside school grounds.
  768. Joseph Hardy Neesima (Joe NIIJIMA)
  769. Joseph Hardy Neesima (Joe NIIJIMA): Founded an incorporated educational institution, the Doshisha, to educate many talented persons in the fields of English and Christianity.
  770. Joseph Hardy Neesima declared the aim of establishing the school to be the nurturing of 'people who operate with conscience and skills.'
  771. Joseph Hardy Neesima defined a goal of nurturing "those who use their abilities as conscience dictates."
  772. Josetsu
  773. Josetsu (date of birth and death unknown): a priest of Shokoku-ji Temple
  774. Josetsu (the years of his birth and death was unknown) was an artist-monk from the period of the Northern and Southern Courts to the middle of the Muromachi period.
  775. Josetsu: "Hyotan-zu" (The painting of catching Japanese catfish with bottle gourd), which is Shigajiku (a hanging scroll with Chinese poetry)
  776. Joshaku (conferring a peerage)
  777. Joshaku (conferring peerage) in 1125.
  778. Joshi
  779. Joshi (also called Jomi) is one of five seasonal festivals.
  780. Joshi (or Jomi) - a term which means the first Snake day of March by the lunar calendar
  781. Joshi (upper-class samurai)
  782. Joshi KOKUSHI
  783. Joshi KOKUSHI (date of birth unknown - January 14, 690) was a Baekje general.
  784. Joshi KOKUSHI agreed to the claim, but Fukushin Fuyo (Fukushin Kishitsu) did not, in consideration for feelings of Buyeo Pung (Hosho FUYO).
  785. Joshi KOKUSHI also completely beat the East Tokketsu army that was advancing into Sakushu (Shuozhou) in the Battle of Okatai.
  786. Joshi KOKUSHI called together the army he used to lead and took up arms against Tang at the Ninsonzan Castle.
  787. Joshi KOKUSHI quickly fought them off.
  788. Joshi KOKUSHI with his best-picked troops daringly attempted a surprise raid on the besieging Tang army and defeated them.
  789. Joshi KOKUSHI, together with another general Shojo Shataku, continued to put up resistance in a critical fort and joined his forces with an anti-Tang Baekje general, Fukushin Fuyo (Fukushin Kishitsu), at Fukushin's foothold Suru-jo Castle.
  790. Joshi KOKUSHI, who was awarded the post of the General of the Left Military Guard and the Vice Commander of the Kogen section as a reward for his contributions in former years, again made a night attack on the Toban camp with his best-picked elite 3,000 cavalrymen and made the enemy retreat.
  791. Joshi KOKUSHI, who was defending the Suru-jo Castle, lost hope in prospects of the Baekje revival movement and withdrew from the movement, following Tang's advice to surrender.
  792. Joshi no sechi-e (an Imperial Court Ceremony, held on the third of March)
  793. Joshi was an upper-class feudal retainer in the Edo period.
  794. Joshi, Tango, and Tanabata are on the same day of the week.
  795. Joshi-Ryo (Women's dormitory)
  796. Joshi/Jomi (lit. top serpent), Momo no Sekku (lit. the peach blossom festival, Girl's day)
  797. Joshin Denki Co., Ltd., Kyoto Ichi-ban Kan
  798. Joshin ODA, a friend of his, informs that the letter from Yodogimi was a plot of the father and son of the Ono and that his daughter Kagero has committed suicide.
  799. Joshin Pit One electrical goods store, Nishi-Maizuru branch
  800. Joshin-ji Temple
  801. Joshin-monjo
  802. Joshin-mono (literally "tale of a goddess ") (such as "Seiobo")
  803. Joshin-torinoko is a popular edition of torinoko and because of its low price and homogeneity it is used for conventional homes.
  804. Joshinji urahinka no ba (Scene of a poor familybehind Joshin-ji Temple)
  805. Joshinsai (the 7th iemoto), in particular, is hailed as the reviver of Senke, being the renowned iemoto who, in collaboration with own younger brother Soshitsu ITTO (the 8th head of Ura-senke) and one of his best disciples, developed a style of tea ceremony that answers the needs of the times.
  806. Josho
  807. Josho (906 - 983) was a Shingon Sect Buddhist monk who lived during the mid-Heian period.
  808. Josho HORIN
  809. Josho HORIN (1593 - 1668) was a Zen priest who lived in the era from the Azuchi-Momoyama period to the Edo period.
  810. Josho ODA
  811. Josho ODA (year of birth and death unknown) was a busho (Japanese military commander) who lived during the Muromachi period.
  812. Josho is the Buddhist name of Sadamichi given after he had become a priest.
  813. Josho was Shugodai when the Shiba clan stayed in Kyoto and Jochiku ODA, possibly Josho's brother, ruled Owari Province as an acting deputy military governor.
  814. Josho was his kaimyo (posthumous Buddhist name) and his official name was Ise no kami Nyudo Josho.
  815. Josho was promoted to Gon-Risshi (generally in Shingon sect, fifteenth-ranking Buddhist priest, literally, "supernumerary master of discipline") in the year 966 and ascended to the rank of Daisozu (the highest rank of Buddhist priesthood) in the year 979.
  816. Josho-ji Temple (Kyoto City)
  817. Josho-ji Temple (Sabae City, Fukui Prefecture), 80 branch temples
  818. Josho-ji Temple (Shikigun Tawaramoto-cho, Nara Prefecture): Omote-mon Gate (rebuilt from Fushimi-jo Castle Korai-mon Gate)
  819. Josho-ji Temple is a Buddhist temple belonging to the Nichiren Sect located in Takagamine, Kita Ward, Kyoto City.
  820. Josho-ji Temple was founded by kaiki (founding patron) Koetsu HONAMI and kaisan (first chief priest) Nikken in 1616, and was a Nichiren Sect danrin (school annexed to a temple) named 'Takagamine Danrin.'
  821. Joshoko-ji Temple
  822. Joshoko-ji Temple began as a small hut built in 1362 by Retired Emperor Kogen, the first emperor of the Northern Court during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts, when he visited the area after entering the Buddhist priesthood.
  823. Joshoko-ji Temple is a Buddhist temple belonging to the Tenryuji School of the Rinzai Sect located in Ukyo-ku Ward (formerly Keihoku-cho), Kyoto City.
  824. Joshu (the Lord) of Tottori-jo Castle in Inaba Province.
  825. Joshu Daimyo (governors of castles)
  826. Joshu Shirokubo's Ochako tea event (March 29, 1990; Nakanojo-machi, Agatsuma-gun; Shirokubo Ochako Hozonkai [Shirokubo Ochako Preservation Association])
  827. Joshu's Dog' (also know as Zaoshou's DOG) is the case number 18 of "Shoyoroku" (the Book of Serenity).
  828. Joshukaku Daimyo (daimyo without castle, but treated almost as joshu daimyo)
  829. Josiah CONDOR (British)
  830. Josiah CONDOR, an employed foreigner, was the first to provide serious and systematic architecture education to Japan and trained Japanese building architects, such as Kingo TATSUNO.
  831. Joso (funeral for the people without relatives or property by charity or public service)
  832. Joso (process of squeezing sake)
  833. Joso -> first orisage -> first filtration -> first hiire -> storage and maturing -> second orisage -> second filtration -> warimizu (literally, dilution with water) -> second hiire -> bottling -> shipment
  834. Joso NAITO
  835. Joso is a process to squeeze namazake (raw sake) out of moromi.
  836. Josobun (report to the throne) of 'Statement to request the merger of Korea and Japan' was submitted by the Iljinhoe party in Korea.
  837. Josu
  838. Josu (also known as Teisu) (866 - August 19, 944) was a Shingon Sect Buddhist monk who lived during the mid-Heian period.
  839. Josu entered the Buddhist priesthood under Eshuku of Jogan-ji Temple at a very young age and went on to be consecrated by Shobo of Daigo-ji Temple in the year 902.
  840. Josui also moved from Nakatsu-jo Castle to Fukuoka-jo Castle and thereafter lived in retirement completely outside politics.
  841. Josui participated in Hideyoshi's invasion campaigns to Korea (the Bunroku and Keicho Wars) starting in 1592; but, after invoking the wrath of Hideyoshi by feuding with one of the five magistrates Mitsunari ISHIDA, he retired taking the name of Josui Ensei in 1593.
  842. Josui was in Kyushu in those days.
  843. Josuke UBA
  844. Josuke UBA is the family name of a kabuki writer.
  845. Jotaiin
  846. Jotei GIO (Sojun IKKYU's own child and disciple), the founder of Shuunan Monastery, is said to be born in 1428 (according to a supplementary note in 'Nanboroku,' published by Iwanami bunko); which means he was 94 years old when Rikyu was born in 1522.
  847. Jotenkaku Museum
  848. Jotenkaku Museum - This institution was opened in 1984 and exhibits the cultural properties of Shokoku-ji Temple and affiliated temples (such as Kinkaku-ji Temple).
  849. Jotenkaku Museum is an art museum located in Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  850. Joto
  851. Joto (740 - October 13, 815) was a Buddhist priest who lived from the Nara period to the beginning of the Heian period.
  852. Joto became a gakuso (scholar monk) of Daian-ji Temple, and later he studied at Kofuku-ji Temple under Yogen concerning the dharmalogy of the Hosso study.
  853. Joto-mon Gate, Yomei-mon Gate, Taiken-mon Gate, Ikuho-mon Gate on the east side
  854. Joto-sai
  855. Jotoku-ji Temple
  856. Jotoku-ji Temple is a temple of the Jodo (Pure Land) sect located in Motoshiogama-cho, Shimogyo Ward, Kyoto City.
  857. Jotomonin Kouma no Myobu
  858. Jotomonin Kouma no Myobu who was a daughter of Muneyo and Sei Shonagon also served the Empress of Emperor Ichijo, FUJIWARA no Shoshi, and played an active role as a female poet in the period of Emperor Enyu.
  859. Joton-Making use of a female.
  860. Jotoshiki (ridgepole raising ceremony)
  861. Jotoshiki (the roof-laying ceremony)
  862. Jotoshiki (the roof-laying ceremony) (Nichiren Shoshu Sect)
  863. Jotoshiki is a religious service of Shinto for building a new house in Japan.
  864. Jotoshiki is also held in Buddhism.
  865. Joukyo
  866. Journal of Medical Examination of Emperor' and a theory on the assassination of Emperor Komei
  867. Journalism/publishing
  868. Journals, the "Jiron" in Tokyo and the "Ato Jihou" in Shanghai were a means of communication.
  869. Journey of the image of Rennyo Shonin
  870. Journey to the West, "Monkey King"
  871. Jouyou City, Tsuzuki-gun Ide-chou (Town); Souraku-gun Seika-chou (Town); Osaka Prefecture, Hirakata City; Nara Prefecture, Ikoma City
  872. Jowa (834 - 847)
  873. Jowa (October 27, 1348) - February 27, 1350
  874. Jowa October 21, 1345 - (October 27, 1348)
  875. Jowa said, 'the techniques of (Yamamoto) Genkichi Yamamoto, (Inoue) Insainseki INOUE, (Hayashi) Genbi HAYASHI and Sansetsu are level pegging, but in terms of the style of playing, Sansetsu should be the best.'
  876. Jowa, who already avoided Sogo against Chitokusenchi YASUI and Inseki, was brought to bay and he returned Godokoro and retired next year.
  877. Jowa-shoho, in 835.
  878. Joy of tasting natural tobacco, which is the best way to smoke unflavored shredded tobacco.
  879. Joy, Anger, Grief, Pleasure and Hate
  880. Joya no Age-taimatsu (Age-daimatsu) Festival is a festival at Aza Joya, Maizuru City, Kyoto Prefecture.
  881. Joya no Age-taimatsu Festival
  882. Joya no Age-taimatsu Festival (August 14)
  883. Joya no Kane (bells ringing out the old year)
  884. Joya-to Allnight street lamp
  885. Joyano kane
  886. Joyano kane is struck one hundred and eight times.
  887. Joyano kane means striking a bronze bell (temple bell) around 12:00 am on New Year's Eve (December 31).
  888. Joyo
  889. Joyo (958 - 1047) was a Shingon sect Buddhist monk during the latter half of the Heian period.
  890. Joyo City
  891. Joyo City Folk Heritage Museum
  892. Joyo City Hall
  893. Joyo City Library
  894. Joyo City belongs to the southern portion of Kyoto City and the Yamashiro area, located in the southern region of Kyoto Prefecture.
  895. Joyo City does not have any adjacent prefectures.
  896. Joyo City established a sister-city relationship with Gyeongsan-si on January 22, 1991.
  897. Joyo City established a sister-city relationship with Vancouver on October 30, 1995.
  898. Joyo City is a city in Kyoto Prefecture and is roughly located in the middle between Kyoto City and Nara City.
  899. Joyo City is believed to produce sixty percent of the purl in Japan.
  900. Joyo City, Kyotanabe City, Kizugawa City, Ujitawara-cho, Wazuka-cho and Seika-cho
  901. Joyo Daishi Dogen (1200 - 1253): Koso (founder) of Japanese Soto Sect.
  902. Joyo Exit (Joyo Interchange)
  903. Joyo Hirakawa Post Office
  904. Joyo IC - Kizu IC (Keina Road)
  905. Joyo IC - Tanabe Kita IC: 26,661
  906. Joyo Municipal Imaike Elementary School
  907. Joyo Municipal Kutsukawa Elementary School
  908. Joyo Municipal Nishi-Joyo Junior High School
  909. Joyo Municipal Terada-nishi Elementary School
  910. Joyo Post Office
  911. Joyo Post Office: 610-01
  912. Joyo Sansan Bus
  913. Joyo Station
  914. Joyo Station (JR West Nara Line): approximately 15 minutes eastward on foot
  915. Joyo Station - Tamamizu Station - Kizu Station (Kyoto Prefecture)
  916. Joyo Station, located at 7 Hayashinokuchi Oaza-Terada, Joyo City, Kyoto Prefecture, is a stop on the Nara Line of the West Japan Railway Company (JR West).
  917. Joyo Terada Post Office
  918. Joyo Tono Post Office
  919. Joyo worked for restoring Mt. Koya, living in the mountain by using his own means for protecting against the cold.
  920. Joyo-manju
  921. Joyo-musho: Tsune ni mochiite sawari nashi. - Not be harmed even by habitual use
  922. Joyous Events: FUJIWARA no Senshi enters the court as a bride of Emperor Enyu, and her son Emperor Ichijo accedes to the throne at seven years of age.
  923. Joza Zanmai (Ichigyo Zanmai) (a meditation of Tendai sect to sit in meditation for a period of ninety days without engaging in any other practices)
  924. Jozaburo KAWAMURA (Vice-Minister of Justice)
  925. Jozai Domain: kaieki (forfeit of properties and the warrior class), (10 thousand goku); the high-ranking retainers were sentenced to death.
  926. Jozan ISHIKAWA
  927. Jozan MIIZUMI
  928. Jozan MIIZUMI (1805-November 4, 1877) was a priest born in Bizen Province (present-day Okayama Prefecture).
  929. Jozan Sozen was subsequenltly banished at the request of the Imperial Court, but the tower gate construction resumed.
  930. Jozan built Shisendo in 1641 when he was 59 years old, and lived here enjoying poetry until he died at the age of 90.
  931. Jozan had a hand in creating gardens at Higashi-Hongan-ji Temple (Shosei-en Garden) and at Ikkyu-ji Temple (Shuonan Garden).
  932. Jozan is said to have loved the sound that occasionally echoed from the "Sozu," also known as "Shishiodoshi" (a water feature with bamboo in a Japanese garden), because it was not only practical in keeping deer and boars away but also provided the quiet garden with a bit of interest.
  933. Jozan named the ten elements of the building and garden including Shisen no Ma as the 'Ototsuka jukkyo' (ten spaces on unlevel lands).
  934. Jozan was born in Izumi-go in Mikawa Province (present day Izumicho, Anjo City, Aichi Prefecture) into a samurai family that had served the Tokugawa clan (Matsudaira clan) for successive generations.
  935. Jozan was of an earnest in disposition and early on decided to search for success, since then he trained military art with his granduncle.
  936. Jozan worked in cooporation with Razan HAYASHI on the selections.
  937. Jozan's 'Fuji-san (Mt. Fuji)' poem (written in 4 lines with 7 kanji characters in each line) is often used for beginner recitalist's practice of Chinese style poems.
  938. Jozankidan'
  939. Jozen HOSOKAWA
  940. Jozen HOSOKAWA (year of birth unknown - 1339) was a busho (Japanese military commander) during the Kamakura Period through the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  941. Jozen HOSOKAWA proceeded east by sea and landed at the forest of Ikuta-jinja Shrine (Sannomiya and Mikage areas of Kobe City), causing Yoshisada to fear that his path of retreat may be cut off and flee eastward, leaving the Kusunoki army isolated.
  942. Jozen-ji Temple (One of Kyoto Roku-jizo (Kyoto six Ksitigarbhas)), Kuramaguchi-dori Street
  943. Jozen-ji Temple - one of six Jizo of Kyoto - Teramachi
  944. Jozen-ji Temple on Mt. Hichiya (Hyuga City, Miyazaki Prefecture)
  945. Jozo
  946. Jozo (891 - December 27, 964) was a Tendai Sect Buddhist monk who lived during the mid-Heian period.
  947. Jozo yosui (literally, water for brewing)
  948. Jozoki
  949. Jozonendo (Brewing Year)
  950. Jozonendo is the annual cycle used by the brewing industry that ranges from July 1 each year to June 30 of the following year.
  951. Jozu (Go players with 7-dan ranking or higher)
  952. JpnI
  953. JpnII
  954. JpnIII
  955. Jr. Lieutenant of the Left Division of Outer Palace Guards, Governor of Izu Province.
  956. Ju
  957. Ju (ten factors) refers to a form, nature, embodiment, potency, function, a primary cause, a secondary cause, effect, recompense, and complete fundamental whole.
  958. Ju-kogo (three-drawer box that contains the instruments)
  959. Ju-kyo (Confucianism)
  960. Ju-kyo did not prosper much in the Southern Dynasty, but in the era of Sho En (Xiao Yan) of Liang (Southern Dynasty), Gokyo hakase was established and Ju-kyo flourished temporarily.
  961. Ju-kyo is a system of thought and religious belief founded by Koshi (Confucius).
  962. Ju-kyo reached Japan in the 6th century, after the Gokyo hakase came to Japan from Baekje.
  963. Ju-kyo teaches the maintenance of five human relations arranged in order (father and son, lord and vassal, husband and wife, old and young, one and one's friend) through expansion of moral character called the five eternal virtues (humanity, justice, courtesy, wisdom, sincerity).
  964. Ju-ryo Ban
  965. Juami
  966. Juami (igo (game of go))
  967. Jubaka, Jivaka
  968. Jubako
  969. Jubako are often made of materials such as wood (some of them are coated with Urushi lacquer), synthetic resin, etc.
  970. Jubako became popular among ordinary people in the Edo period when their commercial production began in 1610.
  971. Jubako consisting of four stacked sub-boxes is said to be formal, as the number four means the number of seasons.
  972. Jubako is a term used to refer to a box consisting of two to five stacked sub-boxes, in which food is stored.
  973. Jubako yagura
  974. Juban (undershirt for kimono)
  975. Juban' was originally the term which is phonetically copied from the Portuguese word, 'gib?o,' and Chinese characters, which phonetically equivalents to gib?o, are applied to it.
  976. Juban; undershirt for kimono (it is also called juhan, jiban), is one of the undershirts for wafuku (Japanese traditional clothes).
  977. Jubei ITAMIYA : Hikozaburo BANDO Ⅳ
  978. Jubei ITAMIYA : Kichiemon NAKAMURAⅠ, Hakuo MATSUMOTOⅠand others
  979. Jubei OTA
  980. Jubei OTA (1817 - 1869) was 茶司 and a former feudal retainers of Zeze Domain from Zeze, Omi Province (Otsu City).
  981. Jubei YAGYU (Mitsuyoshi)
  982. Jubei soba was named after the ferryman who drowned himself in Inbanuma subsequent to rowing the boat for the man of righteousness Sogo SAKURA by violating prohibition when Sakura went to Edo to make a direct plea to the Shogunate.
  983. Jubei, his legitimate son, became blind in one eye because Munenori struck him by mistake during a sword-sparring session to instruct a fencing technique called Tsukikage no tachi (Moonshadow sword).
  984. Jubei, who aimed at encouragement of new industry, was retired from samurai and went to Uji City, Yamashiro no Kuni to master method of tea manufacture.
  985. Jubei, who once gave up the idea, finally killed Bunya to snatch his money.
  986. Juboku sho
  987. Jubun' is the abbreviation for 'Juyou Bunkazai' (Kuni-shitei) - Important Cultural Properties (National nominated)
  988. Juchi and Tokaku names 因, Myokaku names 果, and the ranks from Juchi to Myokaku name 聖, which are in opposition to 凡
  989. Judai (Entry into the Imperial Court)
  990. Judai (an Imperial Consort's bridal entry into court) by Masako TOKUGAWA, daughter of Hidetada TOKUGAWA, was planned in 1618, but, it was postponed due to the birth of Kamonomiya.
  991. Judaism
  992. Judaism, Christianity and Islam have teachings of resurrection with a great judgment where the original body is considered necessary and therefore they have a strong taboo regarding cremation, but recently, cremations are increasing in number.
  993. Judan-i (ten-level) grading system/titles
  994. Judas's ear (auricularia auricula)
  995. Judge Yofumi TAMANO and other officers assigned by the Shihokyo (Predecessor of the Minister of Justice) wrote a decision draft and asked for the Ministry of Justice's opinions on July 5 in the same year, then the Ministry of Justice submitted a document to ask an opinion and direction to the Daijokan on July 17.
  996. Judges: Tesso Keishu, Kakei Seishoku (正稷) and Ingakoji from Shomyo-ji Temple, and Senkakubo from Horyu-ji Temple
  997. Judging by its name, the Kin-no-Ma (lit. Gold Room), compound is assumed to have been a treasure store.
  998. Judging by the gilt roof tiles that have been excavated from the surrounding area, it is thought to have been a splendid palace especially for a palace that was built in haste.
  999. Judging from Atsutane's literary work of his early 30s as well as biography and literal data of scholars in the past, he had already written argument and consideration including "Kishin Shinron" (New Treatise on the Gods) and "Honkyo Gaihen" in 1805 to 1806 and agreed with theism and existence of afterlife.
  1000. Judging from Johyobun (memorial to the Emperor) of the five kings of Wa, an inscription of the mirror of Sumidahachiman-jinja Shrine, and an inscription on an iron sword which was excavated from Inariyama-kofun Tumulus in Saitama Prefecture, et al., it is thought that characters were used in Japan in the fifth century.

214001 ~ 215000

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