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オンラインWikipedia日英京都関連文書対訳コーパス(英和) 見出し単語一覧

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  1. They were simple, but in the Sengoku period (period of warring states), the Koguchi made a remarkable development and became a key factor in castle territories.
  2. They were simpler than senji.
  3. They were slaves, such as geigi (geisha) and shogi (prostitutes), whose revenues went to their masters.
  4. They were so called 'chanbara eiga' (the samurai film).
  5. They were so poor that they even couldn't have meals each day, and one after another Kazan's younger brothers and sisters left their home to work as someone else's servants.
  6. They were so prevalent in the countryside that Nishikie virtually meant shunga.
  7. They were so vulnerable to color fading that works which retain the colors at the time of printing are rare.
  8. They were so-called jizamurai.
  9. They were sometimes called 'hakase.'
  10. They were sometimes in charge of business of maintaining security of capital by assisting kebiishi (officials with judicial and police powers) later.
  11. They were sometimes laughed at by the hatamoto and fudai daimyo (a daimyo in a hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family), who called them 'rustic daimyo.'
  12. They were soon eclipsed by new "manzai" (stand-up comedy) performed by Entatsu YOKOYAMA and Achako HANABISHI.
  13. They were soon engaged in battle and, at the beginning, the Imperial army had the edge over the Ezo.
  14. They were special cases rather than the norm.
  15. They were sprayed with colored ink and sold as 'Colored Chicks;' occasionally quail chicks were also sold.
  16. They were stations for guards (jishinban) during the Edo period, who worked as vigilante corps (jikeidan), which made the history of firefighting in Japan.
  17. They were sticks made of wood or metal.
  18. They were suffered from the successive disturbances within the family during the Warring States period.
  19. They were sufficiently organized to be referred to as integrated elementary textbooks.
  20. They were supported by Sanetomi SANJO and Takayoshi KIDO.
  21. They were supposedly attached to spear heads.
  22. They were suspected as pirates, and were forced to wait for about 50 days until the suspicion was cleared up.
  23. They were swimming techniques for samurai to fight in the water and rivers, or to protect themselves, and were considered important as the necessary accomplishments of a samurai.
  24. They were taken to the capital of Champa to have an audience with the King of Champa and kept in custody.
  25. They were tattooed on the arm if they escaped from slave labor and were caught, and the number of escapes was recorded.
  26. They were the Gohojo clan, Takeda clan, Nagao clan, Mori clan, and so on.
  27. They were the descendants of Prince Takamune, the first son of Imperial Prince Kazurawara who was named TAIRA no Takamune when a surname was conferred in 825.
  28. They were the first troop of tens of thousands of the army which had been sent to support Fukei from Mino Province, and the army was led by strong generals such as KI no Abemaro.
  29. They were the foot soldiers who were closest to their lord in wartime or on a march.
  30. They were the head of Seizan school of flower arrangement (also, Seizan goryu, Sonoke oieryu, and Seizan oiegoryu).
  31. They were the last trolley poles in Japan on a typical tramway, except for trolley buses.
  32. They were the most important article of the bride's household effects for a daimyo's daughter, so that they were carried at the head of a wedding procession.
  33. They were the officers in Naizenshi and Kanjin Zonin (lower-ranking government official).
  34. They were the ones who followed the lead of the Seii taishogun (literally, "great general who subdues the barbarians") and went together with him when he attended a banquet at the palace or visited somebody else's home.
  35. They were the only Renshi (brothers and sisters of nobles) with the right to succeed as head priest.
  36. They were the only trains belonging to the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau that passed along the Hankyu Line (nowadays there are deadheads that pass on the line nonstop when going in or coming out of the depot).
  37. They were the people who established the samurai government by military power.
  38. They were the people who performed the intense interrogation and torture against Nakamaro and others who planned the enthronement and dethronement of the Emperor.
  39. They were the pioneers of the so-called Vending machine business and kept expanding the number of machines installed by their innovative business practice and selling power.
  40. They were the so-called dojo genji and were down line of the Hiraga clan, that belonged to Kai-Genji, a branch of Kawachi-Genji, that belonged to Seiwa-Genji.
  41. They were the zaichokanjins.
  42. They were then attacked by the Taira clan's army.
  43. They were then introduced in 1966 to the Joban Line on which distances between stations are long, and where no drastic amendments were made, other than installing disk brakes, thanks to the study results obtained when they were introduced to the Keihin-Tohoku Line.
  44. They were therefore exempt from the Sankinkotai (a system under which feudal lords in the Edo period were required to spend every other year in residence in Edo); however, they were obliged to go to Edo and meet the shogun on the accession of a new head of the Matsui family or a new Tokugawa shogun.
  45. They were thought to be very similar to today's 'kintsuba' Japanese bean cakes.
  46. They were thought to have disappeared as an organization and post during the end of the period of the Northern and Southern Courts.
  47. They were thus granted the honorable title and office as direct retainers of the shogun.
  48. They were together till two or three o'clock in the morning without saying a word to each other (attaining their desire), until finally she left him.
  49. They were told to leave China within 24 hours on June 19, and attacks began immediately the following day.
  50. They were too heavy to walk normally with.
  51. They were too unprepared for the troops bearing firearms as they did not know much about fire weapons art.
  52. They were townsmen and they were not in the samurai class.
  53. They were transferred to their present place in 1909.
  54. They were treated much better than goshi (country samurai), or noncommissioned officers, including Ryoma SAKAMOTO.
  55. They were tutors as a sort of fellow students of the Crown Prince and taught Confucianism to him.
  56. They were two sons of Mokokutei, who was the loyal servant of Ryukyu Kingdom.
  57. They were two-axle wooden cars with hand brake.
  58. They were two-axle wooden cars, and they had three sets of three-connected windows on the open deck.
  59. They were unearthed mainly as burial goods, and the tanko can be seen in design of haniwa and stone sculptures.
  60. They were unified in a relatively small area.
  61. They were universally adopted not only by Onmyodo but also by other religions such as Buddhism and Shinto.
  62. They were unofficial names for government posts which the Imperial Court and temples allowed merchants and traders, coming in and going out of the Court and temples, to use.
  63. They were used as casting materials, after melting down.
  64. They were used as the main force since the inauguration, but the use of No.1 was suspended when the company purchased No.3.
  65. They were used at New Year's banquet held by ministers (the Fujiwara clan in this case).
  66. They were used for advancing or retreating each sonae unit.
  67. They were used mainly as rewards to honor military officers, and there were gold coins and silver coins.
  68. They were used most in Manyoshu, and therefore called like this.
  69. They were used to cut fur, meat or bark, and much sharper than the blade of ground stoneware.
  70. They were used to purify evils at tsuina no shiki (ceremony of driving out evil spirits) conducted in the Imperial Court on New Year's Eve, and made from reed stalk and peach tree.
  71. They were used to tell the difference between somen noodles and hiyamugi noodles.
  72. They were usually called Sakontayu or Ukontayu by abbreviating the term shogen.
  73. They were usually displayed right above the burial facilities or on a hill tomb around it.
  74. They were usually made of copper or stone; few were made of wood.
  75. They were usually newly developed soto (layered) type, and more functions, such as machicolation and embrasure, including newly appeared hidden embrasure, were constructed.
  76. They were very active in the Chugoku and northern Kyushu regions.
  77. They were virtually put under the command of Shonagon and regarded as important in ceremonies and events.
  78. They were weapons that were used in fights between groups.
  79. They were welcomed by 30 ships and were lodged at the new mansion.
  80. They were welcomed by the Saimyo-ji Temple thanks to arrangements made by Ensai, who was a monk who had lived overseas in Tang for forty years.
  81. They were welcomed in the home village of KONDO and HIJIKATA of Hachioji City, Fuchu City (Tokyo) in the middle and reached Sagamiko Town on March 25.
  82. They were well aware that railway management would bring a huge profit along with the development of capitalism and there is close relationship between the control of industries and the control of railways.
  83. They were what is called Hida no takumi (woodworkers).
  84. They were what would now be called deemed public servants.
  85. They were within the Fujiwara no Morozane line of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan.
  86. They were written according to the traditional structure of haikai, and became the dominant poetic style from the Muromachi period into the early Edo period.
  87. They were written in the Japanese style of handwriting, probably by several people.
  88. They were yoriudo (a dependent, frequently one who served a noble house or proprietor) who cultivated the fields of shoen (寄作), and had little involvement with the shoen itself.
  89. They were younger brothers of Prince Umayado.
  90. They were, however, of elaborate craftsmanship in that when the characters were written on a blue or black background, they were traced with kindei (gold paint) or half a character was written in kindei and the other half in black ink.
  91. They were, in many cases, put on the top of not only Tenshu but also major Yagura.
  92. They were, so to speak, an emerging force of 'agricultural managers.'
  93. They were, so to speak, traveling yujo (prostitutes).
  94. They who provided 'mu' as a family business raised the child of the family and retainers in order to supply their private military power.
  95. They wielded influence in the politics of the Shogunate as heads of the fudai daimyo (a daimyo in hereditary vassal to the Tokugawa family), producing five Tairo (chief ministers), including Naosuke II, during the 264 years of the Edo period (there are arguments for and against whether Naotaka became Tairo or not).
  96. They wielded power in Minamishinano.
  97. They will be able to use various school equipment and facilities like the copy machine and conference rooms etc.
  98. They will be back, regain and repeat it again.'
  99. They will be updated after thorough examinations.
  100. They will enter the line via the spur tracks of the Hirai Depot or Shojaku Depot.
  101. They will never be reborn in heaven' (the third letter of the third folding book of Gobunsho (Ennyo Shonin's letters for propagation)).
  102. They won through the battles against the Southern Court (Japan) around Awa Province and Sanuki Province, and promoted hikanka (to become a vassal of a Samurai family) of local powerful clans.
  103. They wore Japanese style clothes, spoke Japanese, and posed as if they were Japanese.
  104. They wore large pieces of cloth, with simple knots.
  105. They work in a range of fields and Mansaku's son Mansai NOMURA in particular has been working tirelessly in different fields, such as appearing in TV drama series and producing theatrical plays.
  106. They worked between Shisho and Tsukaibe, ordering Tsukaibe to carry out miscellaneous business.
  107. They worked for Oishi when trying for the restoration of the Asano clan.
  108. They worked hard at their training of martial arts while managing rice field, and whenever mobilized for military by kokuga (provincial government offices) they participated in the military activities.
  109. They worked in the Orient department of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and the Metropolitan Museum of Art to classify Oriental fine arts stored at these museums.
  110. They worked in the whole town or village, and they were also called Tokoya because they did business at a makeshift salon called toko.
  111. They worked on a monthly rotating schedule.
  112. They worked together for the first time when Ganjiro performed at the Tokyo Kabuki-za Theater in October 1905.
  113. They worked under Doshin (a police constable) or Hitsuke tozoku aratame-kata, but they were not paid salaries or appointed by town magistrate's offices.
  114. They would have been treated as Hanjian (traitors) and faced misfortune if we revealed it so we did not report it back then."
  115. They would have had no chance of defeating the enemy had they squarely confronted them.
  116. They would probably have been in what is now Maizuru City.
  117. They would return once their demands had been met.
  118. They would tour the countryside, preach sermons and collect contributions of money and rice from people.
  119. They wrote a letter with all islanders' signs and sealed it with their blood, regardless of Shizoku (family or person with samurai ancestors) or Heimin (commoner).
  120. They wrote new and fresh scenarios or made new and fresh plans for Nikkatsu's directors including Yutaka ABE, and succeeded in forming a modern image for Nikkatsu gendai geki.
  121. They're also called moppe or monpei.
  122. They're available at the sales offices of the bus companies and the bureaus (including their branch offices) or major bus terminals (also provided with automatic ticket vending machines that also sell various cards) and at some retail stores in the city.
  123. They're characterized by loose-fitting waistline and drawstring hem around ankles, and suitable for activities as one can tuck in one's hem of kimono or outerwear.
  124. They're usually made of fabrics, such as wisteria, kudzu, hemp and so on.
  125. They, later on, extended the forecast to cover the entire country except for Okinawa Prefecture and the Amami region in 1965.
  126. They, of course, did not have a Shiki which was higher than Shokan, Goji or Hoji.
  127. They, san-ami (three-ami) for three generations, edited "Kundaikan Sochoki" (catalogue of the shogunal collection with display instructions) in which the set of values of karamono in such a shitsurai was described.
  128. They, upon invitation, gave a karate demonstration at the residences of other domains, or taught the techniques of striking and kicking arts at training halls of the Yoshin-ryu school or the Kito-ryu school, or on the streets.
  129. Theya re often planted along a street or river making a row, which makes a flower scene all around.
  130. Thick Udon noodles and thin and wide Udon noodles are frequently sold in fresh condition.
  131. Thick koshian is put in the moist wrapping of dough.
  132. Thick lips or people having thick lips are sometimes mockingly called "tarako-kuchibiru," because tarako look like thick lips.
  133. Thick slate
  134. Thick soba is referred to as Dojo soba (loach soba).
  135. Thick type' and 'plain type'
  136. Thick type.
  137. Thick vermilion is used for drawing the body lines, and pieces of gold leaf are used for the accessories.
  138. Thick white broth prepared by boiling chicken bone until melted.
  139. Thick woven reed sandals were worn on the feet and a Shakuhachi was held in the hands.
  140. Thick-color lipsticks
  141. Thickest boards (tochi boards) are used.
  142. Thickish Kiryu Udon is produced in and around that area.
  143. Thickness has gradually become thinner after the war.
  144. Thickness of ito varies widely.
  145. Thickness of teppan
  146. Thieves in the Shiranami-mono Plays
  147. Thimble
  148. Thin and long stem parts of hijiki and extruding parts such as leaves and buds are separately processed into products.
  149. Thin films on which advertisings are printed are pasted on the four side doors.
  150. Thin neriginu is also omitted for sankyu and yonkyu.
  151. Thin noodles
  152. Thin soba picks up the soup more easily.
  153. Thin strips of dried abalone are distributed at the time of a celebration.
  154. Thin udon noodles are mostly sold in dried condition.
  155. Things about pongee
  156. Things accompany with individuals such as one's birth star
  157. Things and events of spring, summer, fall, and winter in Kyoto are depicted, and many of them have floats from the Gion Festival in them.
  158. Things being as they were, Genji was reluctant to let the young princess become a Buddhist nun, but she did not pay the slightest attention to Genji anymore.
  159. Things directly related to or modeled after yurei
  160. Things fell into ruin.
  161. Things in Japan have become increasingly Westernized now and houses lacking tokonoma (the alcove in a traditional Japanese room where art or flowers are displayed) and a Japanese-style tatami room would not be called seiyo-kan buildings anymore.
  162. Things like 'obake-zaka slope' (a slope which looks like an upslope due to an illusion but it is actually a downslope) which break up (change) your presupposed notion that you are walking up a slope.
  163. Things like a rainbow across sudden rainfall in sunshine (the devil is beating his wife), autumnal leaf coloration of trees, holometabolism of insects, etc, are big changes from their usual states and are surprising in the absence of scientific considerations and explanations.
  164. Things mainly told in the story are about the enemies of the Genpei War including TAIRA no Tomomori, TAIRA no Koremori and TAIRA no Noritsune who were supposed to be dead, a family of common people in Yoshino, and a imposter pretending to be Tadanobu SATO, a vassal of Yoshitsune's.
  165. Things named after tarako
  166. Things on the sled were allocated to soldiers to carry.
  167. Things related to Yumiya
  168. Things showing from raw stones to stone knives in the process of production have been excavated.
  169. Things such as giving each chapter an elegant name and praising the glory of the Regent's Line of the Fujiwara family's Northern House, especially the father Michinaga and his son FUJIWARA Yorimichi, are both expressions of this influence.
  170. Things that use the papier-m?ch? technique
  171. Thinker
  172. Thinkers of the Conservative Revolution
  173. Thinking about the Amida Nyorai' was 'Kanso Nenbutsu,' the tangible meditative training to reach enlightenment, and was first accepted by the lower class aristocracy.
  174. Thinking back on the past, I started with reminiscing about my childhood.
  175. Thinking of not having a false heart means the supported reason is true. (In the songs of five commandments, Fumogokai (a Buddhist admonition not to tell a lie), "Shingosen Wakashu" Volume 9, Shakyoka (waka about Buddhism)).
  176. Thinking that Kaneie, having heard about his illness, was coming to visit him, Kanemichi had things tidied up to receive his guest.
  177. Thinking that Kanemichi was already in his deathbed, Kaneie was on his way to the Imperial Palace to file a petition to appoint Kanemichi's successor to the emperor.
  178. Thinking that Onamuji was dead, Suseribime was weeping and preparing for his funeral.
  179. Thinking that an army of tens of thousands of soldiers was attacking, the castle was thrown into chaos, Fujiyori barely escaped with his life and Soun easily captured it.
  180. Thinking that he ought to kill time enjoying his igo that he liked, he played igo with an old man who was staying in the same inn, and as he did so, his skill remarkably progressed for some reason.
  181. Thinking that he wants to kill them, Sangoro and Koman are scared.
  182. Thinking that the meeting was not determined by fate, Daruma moved on to visit the Northern Wei Dynasty.
  183. Thinly extended dough kneaded by human strength is folded and then cut with a kitchen knife.
  184. Thinly sliced daikon that is harvested from the end of autumn to winter is spread out to dry in the sun.
  185. Thinner than a porridge, it is made using only water and is known as porridge or 'omoyu' in Japanese,
  186. Thinnest boards (kokera boards) are used.
  187. Thinning down
  188. Third (Bushu [Musashi Province] Kawagoe-jime)
  189. Third Act
  190. Third Advanced Junior High School was transferred to a new place purchased in Yoshida-cho, Kyoto City, in August 1st, 1889.
  191. Third Daughter: Princess Aya (1795 ? 1797), engaged to Chikamune DATE, lord of the Sendai Domain
  192. Third Friday, Saturday, and Sunday in July: Gion Matsuri Festival of Yoshida-jinja Shrine (held in Toyohashi City, Aichi Prefecture; Old Tokaido Road, Yoshida-juku, the inn town) (tezutsu hanabi (fireworks holding by a person), skyrocket firework, and MINAMOTO no Yoritomo's parade)
  193. Third Generation: Hiroshi TESHIGAHARA 1980 - 2001
  194. Third Grogenitor Nichimoku
  195. Third High School (under the prewar school educational system)
  196. Third High School's dormitory students and others liked to sing it.
  197. Third Level: 3,150 yen, Second Level: 4,200 yen, First Level: 6,300 yen (tax included in all levels)
  198. Third Period
  199. Third Saturday in October: Myoren-ji Temple (Asahi Ward, Yokohama City)* (located along Sagami Railway and attention should be paid to 'kyoku-daimoku' (a traditional performing art that has been passed down at Myoren-ji Temple).
  200. Third Section
  201. Third Son: Tanshoin (1794)
  202. Third Stage of the Restoration of the Amago Clan
  203. Third Sunday in April: Tanjo-ji Temple (Jodo Sect) (Kumenan-cho) *
  204. Third daughter: Kisako SAKAKIBARA (October 29, 1921 ? present), who married viscount Masaharu SAKAKIBARA.
  205. Third daughter: Mitsuhidein
  206. Third daughter: Tetsuko (October 27, 1875 - December 10, 1921, married Satomichi TOKUGAWA on December 30, 1890)
  207. Third drama (woman): A beautiful woman becomes the protagonist (shite).
  208. Third excavation and research (September 30 to December 28, 1988)
  209. Third floor: LOTTERIA, Chidoriya, Coffee Time Amando (caf?), Karin (ramen), Hankyu Housing Plaza Katsura (real estate)
  210. Third floor: Station ticket gate, Vie de France (bakery), clothing stores, Maruju (handicrafts)
  211. Third floor: exhibition rooms for arts and crafts, and picture displays
  212. Third floor: theme exhibition room, display of recent, modern paintings
  213. Third founder: Ryocho Shonin
  214. Third generation
  215. Third generation of Kawachi-Genji (Minamoto clan) and, seventh son of MINAMOTO no Yoshiie the Chinju-fu shogun (Commander-in-Chief of the Defense of the North).
  216. Third generation students
  217. Third generation.
  218. Third grade of the regular course was divided into first (agriculture) and second (forestry) departments, and a supplementary course was established.
  219. Third play is full of decadent atmosphere of the end of the Edo period, and this outperforms the original one in terms of contents and structure, although this is a rewritten Kyogen.
  220. Third rank or higher was called ki and fifth rank or higher was called tsuki.
  221. Third rank: Chu (middle) sojo
  222. Third rank: Chu sojo (the highest position, middle grade)(purple)
  223. Third rank: Chusojo, Gakuto (head student), Gakusho (excellent student), Kokyo, (Purple)
  224. Third section
  225. Third shogun: Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA (Rokuon-in)
  226. Third son : Kojiro MATSUKATA (businessman, statesman) president of the Kawasaki Shipyards, a member of the House of Representatives
  227. Third son of Koshiro MATSUMOTO (the seventh).
  228. Third son of the Ninth.
  229. Third son was WAKATSUKI, the Governor of Izu Province who grew up under Tsunetane CHIBA of Shimofusa Province, and later accordingly was patron to Yoshitomo's child MINAMOTO no Yoritomo.
  230. Third son: Taro (Army Major and succeeded the Inoue family)
  231. Third temple of the 18 Historical Temples with Pagodas Pilgrimage
  232. Third temporary teacher training school, Nara Women's Higher Normal School, (1922-1931)
  233. Third volume: Takakura Tenno no koto, Kashima Daimyojin no koto, Katori Daimyojin no koto, Atsuta Daimyojin no koto, Gion Daimyojin no koto, Sekizan Daimyojin no koto, Inari Daimyojin no koto, Musashi Rokusho Daimyojin no koto (武蔵六所大明神事), and Kozuke no kuni Kukasho Daimyojin no koto (上野国九ヶ所大明神事.)
  234. Third, I swear never to be greedy in order to keep a well-balanced mind and avoid wrongdoings.
  235. Third, Shigureni must be cooked in a short time, which is associated with shigure falling for a short time.
  236. Third, do not employ anyone who has left his or her former master without his or her permission, whether they are samurai or komono.
  237. Third, given that Yamato means to become more even-tempered, I intend to help archers with an inflated sense of their own abilities and who don't understand the truth of Kudo to see reason.
  238. Third, grasp the ladle with your right hand again, fill some of the remaining water in the cupped left hand, and rinse the mouth.
  239. Third, his teeth were one 'sun' (about 3cm) long.'
  240. Third, there were twenty-seven seihu (a court lady) (nine Jieyus [?妤], nine Beautiful Ladies [美人], and nine Talented Ladies [才人]: Third to fifth grade ranking).
  241. Third-sector railway company with investments by Kyoto Prefecture, etc.
  242. Thirdly, I swear never to be greedy in order to keep a well-balanced mind and to avoid wrongdoings.
  243. Thirdly, above all, they thought that "consent would not yet be obtained from the external international society."
  244. Thirdly, he simplified the reception of Chosen Tsushinshi (Joseon missions dispatched to Japan), and changed the honorific title used to address the Japanese sovereign in messages sent by the Joseon Dynasty from "Tycoon of Japan" to "King", which was a higher title.
  245. Thirdly, the haori is taken off in performances where an ordinary merchant or artisan, typically named Hattsuan or Kumasan, appears.
  246. Thirteen-storey pagoda
  247. Thirteen-storey pagoda (Important Cultural Property): A 6.2 meter high thirteen-storey pagoda consisting of 13 layered coping stones that was constructed during the Kamakura period.
  248. Thirteen-storey stone pagoda: Stands on the site where a thirteen-storey wooden pagoda once stood.
  249. Thirteen-storied pagoda (stone)
  250. Thirteen-storied stone pagoda with12.6 meter height
  251. Thirteen-story pagoda - a stone pagoda of the Kamakura period.
  252. Thirteen-story pagoda; the inscription indicates that it was built in 1330.
  253. Thirteen-story stone pagoda
  254. Thirteen-year-old Fusasaki no Otodo visits the land of Fusasaki, Sanuki Province, where his mother died.
  255. Thirteenth Daughter: Princess Taka (1806)
  256. Thirteenth Son: Narihiro IKEDA (1812 ? 1826), the adopted son of Naritoshi IKEDA, lord of the Tottori Domain
  257. Thirteenth rank: Dai risshi (the third-highest ranking Buddhist priest position, further divided into three ranks, "dai" (senior), "none" (middle) and "gon" (junior))
  258. Thirteenth rank: Dai risshi, Nil, Nil, Nil, (second year of high school)
  259. Thirteenth rank: Dai-Risshi (literally, "master of discipline," upper grade) (pale blue)
  260. Thirteenth shogun: Yoshiharu ASHIKAGA (Bansho-in)
  261. Thirteenth son : Saburo MATSUKATA (alpinist, businessman), executive director of the Kyodo News, and so on
  262. Thirteenth temporary teacher training school, Daigo Senior High School (old-system) (1913-1931)
  263. Thirty Keicho Tsuho coins were excavated from the Nippara Limestone cave in Okutama-cho town in Tokyo as well.
  264. Thirty Six Immortal Women Poets
  265. Thirty changes in the artist's go
  266. Thirty people died and ten were wounded.
  267. Thirty two of all justices and eighty of all secretaries shall be Japanese, and shall be allocated in proper proportions depending on the degree of work required.
  268. Thirty volumes in total plus one volume of genealogy.
  269. Thirty years after that, at the age of 71 Nanboku entered his most productive era and wrote this play by mixing elements of "Kanadehon Chushingura" and of "Tokaido Yotsuya Kaidan" into "Godairiki Koi no Fujime" that had been already famous as a masterpiece.
  270. Thirty-Six Fudo Temples in the Kinki Region
  271. Thirty-five of his best poems were collected within "Shin chokusen wakashu" (New Imperial Anthology of Japanese Poetry).
  272. Thirty-four former branch temples kept 'Godo' and remained in Nichiren Sect.
  273. Thirty-four large and small sized magatama have been discovered at the imperial mausolea and tombs of Koganezuka in Izumi City, Osaka Prefecture.
  274. Thirty-minute bus (Kojak bus) ride from Adogawa Station on the Kosai Line (West Japan Railway Company)
  275. Thirty-six Master Poets
  276. Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji is a notable example of a landscape painting or Ukiyoe (Japanese woodblock prints) created by Hokusai KATSUSHIKA.
  277. Thirty-six excellent waka poets called "chuko-sanjurokkasen,"OE no Chisato (wakanpoet), OE no Masahira, OE no Yoshitoki, and from ladies, Izumi Shikibu, Akazome Emon, were chosen from the Oe clan.
  278. Thirty-six syllable renga (the linked verse) is referred to as 'kasen' (master poet) after the Thirty-Six Master Poets.
  279. Thirty-six views of Mount Fuji
  280. Thirty-three volumes of the Dai-hannya-kyo Sutra
  281. Thirty-two of his waka were collected in the Chokusenshu (anthology of poems collected by Imperial command) including the "Shika Wakashu" (a kind of anthology of poems collected by Imperial command).
  282. Thirty-two years after the Shimanouchi Yose Theater left the Shimanouchi Church and sixty-one years after the Osaka Air Raid, the rakugo theater was finally restored both in form and content.
  283. This "Bankoku Koho" is not originated from Wheaton version but the lecture of Simon VISSERING (1818-1888), international law scholar.
  284. This "Elements of International Law" consists of four chapters, "Source and subject of international law," "Basic rights of nation," "Rights of nation in times of peace," and "Rights of nation in wartime," and it covered almost all basic matters for the modern international law.
  285. This "Fusuma" is thought to be kettekino ho.
  286. This "Kokon Chomonshu" story of Kidomaru is well known but other tales appear in musha-e (prints depicting battle scenes and heroic armored warriors.) books and legends.
  287. This "Masamune" sword was said to be given to Mitsunari by Hideyoshi, but the document "Token-Meibutsucho (Book of Special Swords)" issued in the Kyoho era of the Edo period said that Hideie UKITA bought it from Terumoto MORI and then gave it to Mitsunari.
  288. This "Shoro Nagashi" became popular among the people through a folk song "Shoro Nagashi" composed by Masashi SADA and sung by his duo "Grape"; with the words of song as "… anata wo Wasurenai …" ("never forget you ….")
  289. This "The Biography of the Miyake Clan" is an important and rare family book to studies of Takanori KOJIMA, but whether it is accurate or not is still questionable from the point of the rightness of this material itself; therefore the dates of his birth and death should remain as unknown.
  290. This "happening of throwing away feces" is depicted in the beginning of "Tobuga gotoku" by Ryotaro SHIBA, and a book 'Like Snow Falls in Paris' by Futaro YAMADA (published in "Meiji hato Ka").
  291. This "kudoki" scene, in which a female impersonator wins over her opposing role by demonstrating the greatest femininity, is one of the highlights of the play.
  292. This "opinions" submitted to Hirobumi ITO who was then Sangi (Councilor) are regarded as those that explained the importance of the Hoppo (northern regions).
  293. This "transliterated" word was disseminated to Japan and used, but gradually replaced with the translation "大統領."
  294. This "typical Japanese-style yurei" derives from ukiyoe paintings of the Edo Period.
  295. This "性" means the basic principle of Confucianism, "理" and, if "理" which is considered to be the origin of all beings and to be a rule dwells in individual thing, it is "性."
  296. This 'Battle of Arita-Nakaide', also known as 'a Battle of Okehazama in Saigoku' (the western provinces of Japan), marked the watershed event of the Takeda clan's fall and the Mori clan's rise to power.
  297. This 'Dabi' comes from a word of Sanskrit, jhpeta, which is a Buddhist term and means cremation.
  298. This 'Furyu' trend affected the temple performing arts of the same period, such as Sarugaku, Noh and Kyogen.
  299. This 'Gokuwaisho' pointed to kaisho of Yoshimasa ASHIKAGA located in Higashiyamadono.
  300. This 'Karaku meisho zue' states that 'the exact names of those 36 mountains are unclear,' indicating that the 'Sanju-Roppo' did not actually point to the specific mountains.
  301. This 'Kinsen' is considered as the Keicho Tsuho coin (some people say it was 'Bitasen,' low quality coins whose surfaces were worn away.)
  302. This 'Kojima Shrine' seems to indicate present-day Kojima Shrine located in Shimokojima, Takatori-cho (the south of Kojima-dera).
  303. This 'Koso Ibun Roku' is a collection of the writings left behind by Nichiren.
  304. This 'Kyoto Gyoen' as a town of Kamigyo Ward was established in 1960.
  305. This 'Momochi' is a blood relative of the Momochi family that controls ninja, which is one of the grounds for the temporarily popular legend that Basho was ninja.
  306. This 'Mt. Nikko' is the peak about 1 kilometer northwest from Mt. Gomadan and there is Nikko-jinja Shrine that is said to have been built in the end of the Heian period to the early Kamakura period.
  307. This 'Nozomi 301' was abolished through the revision of the timetable in November 1997, and consequently there is no Shinkansen passing nonstop at Kyoto Station.
  308. This 'O-bento' had a quite different style from the existing Ekiben.
  309. This 'Omandokoro of the Konoe family' refers to Fusako, who is believed to have influenced the shogunate government as a virtual maternal grandmother to Yoshiteru, who was a successor of the shogunate (Michinao KONO eventually became a member of Gohobanshu on May 28, 1540 ("Odachi Joko Nikki")).
  310. This 'Onzoshi' mainly referred to the sons of the Minamoto clan such as MINAMOTO no Yoritomo and MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune.
  311. This 'Osen' was the legitimate child of Shigetsugu, Senchiyo (later known as Narushige, the Lord of Maruoka Domain), who was an infant at the time.
  312. This 'Political Change in Jicho 3 (1179)' is considered by some as the initial establishment of the Taira clan administration as a bushi government.
  313. This 'Saiten' itself doesn't mean a rite or a ritual, which is associated with the name, nor is it based on the local history and legends unlike Koriyama Uneme Festival in adjoining Koriyama City.
  314. This 'Seinen-shiki ceremony' (coming-of-age ceremony) spread nationwide, and became the present-day Seijin-shiki.
  315. This 'Shoji-to' is considered to be the first openable Shoji, but one theory says it was not a sliding door but a swing door.
  316. This 'Study of the location of the Hinokuma no Ouchi no Misasagi Mausoleum of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jito' was delivered to Kunaikyo (Minister of the Sovereign's Household) Sanetsune TOKUDAIJI, and a request to revise the existing determination was submitted to Daijo-daijin (Grand minister of state) Sanetomi SANJO.
  317. This 'Twelve Clauses of Nobunaga' is said to hold a possibility of being revised and edited later.
  318. This 'Untei' is said to be the oldest public library in Japan.
  319. This 'Wakamiya,' which is often a shrine dedicated to the Mikogami of its chief god, means that not the dedicated god, but the shrine itself is young.
  320. This 'Yasutomi-ki' shows parts which both the current "Oshu Gosannen Ki" and "Gosannen Kassen Ekotoba" are lacking, for example, the death of KIYOHARA no Sanehira and the process of the conflict between FUJIWARA no Kiyohira and his younger maternal half-brother KIYOHARA no Iehira after that.
  321. This 'an' has be so named because the color is different when compared with bean paste made using azuki beans.
  322. This 'aoseisencha seiho' invented by Soen became the mainstream Japanese green tea.
  323. This 'article' was established since the interests of the high local officials such as the governor-general and Junbu of southeastern China and the allied western powers matched.
  324. This 'ashi' relates to the S-S bond (disulfide bond) in myosin, which makes up the muscle fiber in fish meat.
  325. This 'birthplace' where nobody currently lives required immediate repair because its thatched roof was damaged from a few decades of weathering.
  326. This 'chatta' of Maizuru dialect is derived from the name of a festival, 'Minato Maizuru Chatta Matsuri' which is held late in July every year.
  327. This 'compassion and relief of the real Buddha Shakyamuni in Honmonjuryo-hon in Hokke-kyo Sutra' was 'Nam myoho renge kyo,' that is, the Nichiren chant of five or seven letters.
  328. This 'former Seisuke' is considered to be the grandfather of the last Seisuke OGAWA (the father of the last Seisuke left works under the name of 'Tatsuzo') and there are three more works to be his besides the statue of Taibai-ji.
  329. This 'fukinuki-yatai' method was applied not only to emakimono, but also to gajo (an album of paintings).
  330. This 'karaoke' has widely spread and most people mean this one when they say 'karaoke'.
  331. This 'koden shisho' is a classification based not strictly in accordance with their contents, but on their appearance in which whole sentences are written in the ancient Japanese characters.
  332. This 'oil' is not the lard that is often associated with thick soup.
  333. This 'oiseko' also worked as an association of shrine parishioners in ordinary times.
  334. This 'six room kaisho' was part of a building and was not yet separated.
  335. This 'social and social class aspect' was ' characteristic of a lord of a manor.'
  336. This 'something that doesn't make one full' is one of the requirements for sakana.
  337. This 'unase' means 'unate,' which suggests that it is considered a shikinaitaisha listed on Engishikijinmyocho, 'Yamato no kuni takechi-gun, Takechinomiimasukamono kotoshiro-jinjja Shrine.'
  338. This 'utagaki' is written in kanji characters as '歌垣,' the origin of which is believed to be another 'utagaki' written in different kanji as '歌掛き(懸き)' ('calling each other by songs').
  339. This 'way' means to achieve governing a nation and providing relief to people, which is the ultimate goal of Shijin, and to take an appropriate official position.
  340. This 'yabai' code spread from tekiya to other disreputable groups, and became popular among young people around 1965.
  341. This 10th century style piece is believed to have been, as the legend tells, the principal image of Saiko-ji Temple built by Kuya in the year 951.
  342. This 12% is the fee for minting coin in ginza.
  343. This 12.7mm heavy machine gun M2 used here is a machine gun with a large caliber.
  344. This 15 day-long performance called 'Koka Kanjin-Noh' (Kanjin-Noh of Koka era) held outside the Sujikaibashi-mon Gate was the biggest and the last kanjin-Noh performance of the Edo period.
  345. This 20 percent of the harvest charged was called jishi or jishito.
  346. This 20-year interval was appropriate when the passing on of the techniques of reconstruction through the generations is considered.
  347. This 5 story keep included a Toritsuke Yagura and Shotensu (Fukugo style keep).
  348. This 54 volume diary consists of the main and side stories.
  349. This 8 million yen was paid into the account of Machi-Yaba Twin Weir Land Improvement District (the new name of the water supply union).
  350. This Achikishi was the founder of Achiki no fubito.
  351. This Act requires the Agemaki role to act as a devoted wife in serving her lover's mother.
  352. This Ajino-ike Pond (lit. 阿-character shaped pond) is famous for its lotus flowers that blossom in July and August.
  353. This Article "Annari" was made to specify the duty to reserve and store drafts of the official documents and to make them listed).
  354. This Article "Binso-shiki" was put here to specify some documentary forms to seek imperial approval for daily governmental affairs and miscellaneous business in the imperial court, submitted by Shonagon (lesser councilor of state).
  355. This Article "Bun-an" was made to specify storage periods of official documents.
  356. This Article "Bunbu-shikiji" (civil officers, military officers, Shikijikan and Sankan) was put here to specify a seating order of attendants at any imperial event.
  357. This Article "Chin-iken" (expression of opinion) set forth rules and regulations on preparing a letter of opinion in response to Emperor's inquiry, that would be enclosed in hermetically closed envelope and addressed direct to the Emperor.
  358. This Article "Cho-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms of a personal letter called "cho", which was written by an officer who was ranked higher than sakan class to any other officer.
  359. This Article "Chokuju-iki-shikijo" (a statutory law concerning imperial investiture) was put here to specify documentary forms for bestowal of ranks higher than goi (the Fifth Rank).
  360. This Article "Chokushi-shiki" (forms of imperial order) was put here to specify documentary forms of chokushi (imperial order).
  361. This Article "Choshushi" (clerks conveying official documents made under the Ritsuryo System) provided rules and regulations on use of ekiba (horses to transport officials) by provincial governors who were summoned to the central government office.
  362. This Article "Danjo-betsuchoku" prohibited officials of Danjo-dai (the Board of Censors) from acts of supervision or inspection of any other government official whose job, if any, he was engaged in beside his main job.
  363. This Article "Ekishi-shikyo" (envoy's arrival in Kyoto) was made to set forth rules and regulations concerning envoys who had returned to Kyoto as well as savages who had become naturalized Japanese citizens.
  364. This Article "Ekishi-zairo" (envoys on the road) stipulated provisions on how to deal with the case of an envoy who encountered with any trouble including sudden sickness while he was on his duty using ekiba (a horse for transportation of officer).
  365. This Article "Enpo-shuzoku" (strange customs in a distant country) was made to specify conditions to deal with the visit of foreigners to Japan.
  366. This Article "Fu-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms of official documents called "fu" that were written by superior officers to lower officials.
  367. This Article "Ge-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms of official documents called "ge" that were submitted by lower-ranked governmental officials to their superiors.
  368. This Article "Gekan-funin" (assumption of a new post as a local government official) was made to regulate accompanying family of an officer when he was starting a new job as a local government official.
  369. This Article "Geshi-shinkai" (a petition from a lower-ranking official) was made to refer to the case that any defect was found in a statement submitted to a superior officer or in a description given to a lower-ranking official.
  370. This Article "Hanju-iki-shikijo" (a statutory law concerning a kind of investiture called "hanju") was put here to specify the documentary form of a letter of investiture called "hanju" that was bestowed by Daijokan (the Grand Council of State) to officials of hachii (the Eighth Rank) within the category of "gai-i" and to the officials of shoi (the Initial Rank).
  371. This Article "Hieki-shiki (Kami-shiki)" was put here to specify documentary forms of accompanying letters written by local officers and submitted to their superiors in Kyoto.
  372. This Article "Honi-ojo" (court ranks given through investiture) provided general rules about court ranking.
  373. This Article "Hoshochoku" (to report to the throne about once announced imperial rescript) was provided to explain about the cases where some grave defects were found in the original rescript at the stage of its enforcement).
  374. This Article "Hyakkan-shukuchoku" (every official on a night duty) stipulated rules and regulations on performing night watch duty by an official.
  375. This Article "I-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms of official documents called "i" that were exchanged between offices without hierarchical relationship.
  376. This Article "Ji-shiki" was put here to specify forms of documents called "ji" that were written by lower-ranked officials or ordinary people and submitted to any government official.
  377. This Article "Jiyukyusoku" (urgent matters) was made to explain about the issue of imperial orders in the case of emergency.
  378. This Article "Juchoku-shusshi" (an outgoing envoy conveying an imperial rescript he had received direct from the Emperor) was made to set forth rules and regulations concerning duties of such imperial envoy.
  379. This Article "Jui-kokun" (bestowal of court ranks and conferment of orders) was made to describe procedures to submit a report to the Emperor on bestowal of court ranks and conferment of orders.
  380. This Article "Jui-ninkan/Kanji" (bestowal of ranks and appointment of posts/calls of names) set forth manners in which names of the government officers were called.
  381. This Article "Juji" (receiving time) specified time limits for clerks to finish their paperwork on government affairs.
  382. This Article "Kanjin-fubo" (parents of an official) was made to prohibit dispatch of any government official as an envoy to a distant place when his parents were severely ill.
  383. This Article "Kanjin-hanji" (a government official becoming aware of his own mistakes) was made to refer to the case that any government official became aware of his own clerical mistakes.
  384. This Article "Kasho-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms of a pass or tally and procedures required for travellers to get through sekisho (checking stations).
  385. This Article "Kei-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms to seek approval of Kotaishi (Crown Prince) and Sanko (Emperor's grand mother, mother and legitimate consort) for the affairs decided by Togubo (Crown Prince's quarters) or Chugu-shiki (imperial offices for Sanko [Emperor's grand mother, mother and legitimate consort]).
  386. This Article "Keikai-shiki" was put here to provide general rules of auditing or inspection of affairs at administrative and financial offices.
  387. This Article "Kokushi-shijin" (envoys of provincial governors) provided rules and regulations for a provincial governor to dispatch an envoy carrying a message called "ge" from a lower-ranked official to his superior.
  388. This Article "Kokuyu-kyusoku" required reports to Daijokan (the Grand Council of State) after the fact of provincial emergencies, when emergent envoys were exchanged between some provinces under Ritsuryo system.
  389. This Article "Kokuyuzui" indicated case examples that any province had to report urgently to central government on their auspicious events by dispatching ekiba (horses for transportation of officials).
  390. This Article "Kotei" (tour distance) was made to indicate a standard tour distance per day.
  391. This Article "Kumon" (official documents) was to indicate particular styles of characters written in any official letter or document, such as kaisho (block script), omoji (capital letters) and other styles including numeric characters.
  392. This Article "Kyokan" (officials staying in Kyoto) indicated distinction between kyokan (an official staying in Kyoto) and gekan (a local government official).
  393. This Article "Kyokan-joge" (officials in Kyoto, calling on and leaving from the imperial court) specified their service hours to attend the court.
  394. This Article "Kyokan-shusshi" (an outgoing envoy from Kyoto) was made to specify procedures for an official in Kyoto to follow when he was to leave Kyoto as an envoy and when he returned to Kyoto from his trip, as well as such methods as to send off official documents to the provinces)
  395. This Article "Kyu-zuishinpu" (supply of a tally or pass for a traveller to be carried on the body) provided conditions to issue or treat such tally or pass on an emergency case.
  396. This Article "Naige-kan" (government officials staying inside and outside of Kyoto) prescribed status of a government official who is engaged in two different jobs of different officers.
  397. This Article "Naige-shoshi" (officials in charge of various affairs inside and outside of Kyoto) was put here to distinguish Shikijikan (a person with both an official rank and corresponding role) from Sankan (a person with an official rank but no corresponding role) and also Bunkan (civil officer) from Bukan (military officer).
  398. This Article "Ninju-kani" (bestowal of court ranks) was made to describe an obligation to make a list of names and ranks concerned)
  399. This Article "Ronso-shiki" was put here to specify various documentary forms to seek imperial ratification of affairs proposed and decided by Daijo-kan, the Grand Council of State.
  400. This Article "Ryoji-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms to announce such orders as of Kotaishi (Crown Prince) and Sanko (grand mother, mother and legitimate consort of the Emperor).
  401. This Article "Ryokyu-kanmotsu" specified procedures to distribute the tributes that had been paid as taxes and tithes to the government.
  402. This Article "Seki-hensho" was made to indicate rules and regulations regarding hensho (a report which each envoy was required to make and submit to his superior in Kyoto on the performance of his duties).
  403. This Article "Shochoku" (imperial rescript) was put here to mention about some case examples that allowed to command cancellation of leaves of any official.
  404. This Article "Shochoku-hanko" (an act of making imperial rescript publicly known and practiced) was made to describe procedures for notifying the rescript to the common people in local towns and villages).
  405. This Article "Shochoku-sengyo" (an official's act to scrutinize imperial rescript before sending it to Daijokan [the Grand Councilor of State]) was made to refer to the case that any omissions or errors were found in the rescript at the stage of its enforcement.
  406. This Article "Shokoku-kaishiki" was put here to specify documentary forms for performing audits or inspections of affairs at kokufu (provincial government offices).
  407. This Article "Shoo-goi" (princes without imperial proclamation and the Fifth Rank) described conditions to treat imperial families and government officials who retired at the age-limit from government posts.
  408. This Article "Shoshi-juchoku" (officials who received imperial orders directly from the Emperor) was written to set forth rules and regulations on corresponding methods to be taken by government officials who received imperial orders directly from the Emperor, not through the Ministry of Central Affairs.
  409. This Article "Shoshi-kaishiki" was put here to specify documentary forms used for audits or inspections of affairs by shoshi (various government officers).
  410. This Article "Shoshi-soji" (petitions of officials) was made to refer to the cases that allowed any official to submit his description direct to the Emperor not through Daijokan.
  411. This Article "Shosho-siki" (forms of imperial rescript) was put here to specify documentary forms of shosho (imperial rescript).
  412. This Article "Sodan-shiki" was put here to specify documentary forms in which Danjodai (Board of Censors) could accuse some imperial family members and government officials of crime toward the Emperor.
  413. This Article "Soji-shiki" was put here to specify some documentary forms to seek imperial ratification of affairs described in a letter called "ge" (a type of official document) submitted by shoshi (various officials).
  414. This Article "Soju-iki-shikijo" (a statutory law concerning a kind of investiture called "soju" that was first proposed by ministers and finally approved by the Emperor) was put here to specify documentary forms for bestowing court ranks lower than rokui (the Sixth Rank) but higher than hachii (the Eighth Rank) within the category of "nai-i."
  415. This Article "Syusekiho" was made to indicate rules and regulations concerned to honin (joint and several guarantor in the public sector).
  416. This Article "Zaikyo-shoshi" (officials staying in Kyoto) described rules and regulations for government officials staying in Kyoto to use ekiba (horses to carry official travellers.)
  417. This Article adopts the description of the "Uji-Yodo Route" a term used by the former Keihan Uji Kotsu, considering the historical background of its incorporation as mentioned bellow.
  418. This Article sosho-tsuisetsu indicated some methods to deal with a litigant party who denies to answer a summons)
  419. This Article was put here to explain about ekirei (certificates of qualification to use ekiba and tenma) which were allotted to each provincial capital.
  420. This Article was put here to explain that hansetsu-koji (well-known ancient affairs) were excluded from the category of heishutsu and ketsuji, in the same manner as the phrases used in ordinary sentences and such cases as happened outside of Japan.
  421. This Article was put here to identify "Tenshi no Jinji" (Emperor's sacred emblems) with Jinji (a sacred jewel), Gyokuji (an imperial seal), and some official seals including the seal of Daijokan (the Grand Council of State).
  422. This Awazuo is considered the founder of the Toyohara clan, but the genealogy contains many conflicts and is not reliable.
  423. This Battle of Kizakibaru is called the Kyushu's 'Battle of Okehazama.'
  424. This Binbo-gami was considered the god who changes poverty into good fortune, and there is a hokora (a small shrine) enshrined today at the side of Ushi-tenjin Shrine in Kitano-jinja Shrine in Kasuga, Bunkyo Ward, Tokyo.
  425. This Bosatsu saves people from falling into hell and the world of hungry spirits by holding the light of wisdom to lighten all things.
  426. This British-style brick building was completed in 1890.
  427. This Buddha statue exhibits the gentle Jocho style that was popular among the imperial family and nobility at the end of the Heian period.
  428. This Buddha's head was not known to exist until it was rediscovered in 1937.
  429. This Buddha-land called Gokuraku is a very broad world without borders, and the glory in the undergrounds, grounds and the air is extremely exquisite.
  430. This Buddhism is called 'Esoteric Buddhism', and it is differentiated from exoteric Buddhism because it places its viewpoint behind the part that appears on the surface of history (exoteric Buddhism).
  431. This Buddhist mass is usually held on July 15 (old lunar calendar) as Urabon festival (a Festival of the Dead or Buddhist All Soul's Day, around the 15th of July or August, depending on local customs).
  432. This Buddhist sermon was greatly respected at Zenrin (a Zen temple) and also by numerous tea ceremony masters including SEN no Rikyu, and the Mittan-doko (Mittan alcove) was created within the Mittanseki tearoom of the shoin at Ryoko-in Temple especially in which to hang this scroll.
  433. This Buddhist statue is rare in the following meanings: On the statue, hail patterns, kikko patterns and shippo patterns are provided using gold leaf, hail patterns using square silver leaf, and in addition, leaf combining gold leaf and silver leaf is used.
  434. This Buddhist terminology was mainly used to criticize novels, poems, and so on (for example, Bai Letian said, "Having been absorbed in worldly literature, I have made mistakes to lure people by using 'Kyogen Kigo.' Recognizing such a sin, I would like to admire Buddhism and devote myself to enlighten people by delivering sermons in the next life.")
  435. This C57 135 traveled as an out-of-service train, was carried to and preserved in the Transportation Museum in Tokyo (now preserved in the Railway Museum opened in October, 2007 in place of the Transportation Museum).
  436. This Cabinet was established after the KURODA Cabinet, which was fallen due to failure in negotiation for treaty revision.
  437. This Campus is sometimes called "Yoshida Areas".
  438. This Campus is sometimes called by its former name "Sojin Campus".
  439. This Chikuzen noho spread throughout the county as the core method of the Meiji noho (generic name for farming methods in the Meiji period that systematized conventional agricultural techniques, in contrast to modern agricultural techniques).
  440. This Chinese custom reached Japan and these buildings came to be seen as permanent sub-temples that served as the graves of individuals, such as the founding priest, who were particularly important to a Zen temple to create the uniquely Japanese concept of the 'tacchu.'
  441. This Coup of Meio was an action to oust the shogun, Yoshitane ASHIKAGA (a son of Yoshimi ASHIKAGA) and to make Seiko shogun.
  442. This Daidarabocchi is considered as the incarnation of Miyoshi-jinja Shrine on Mt. Taihei.
  443. This Daizokyo is called Obaku edition Daizokyo or Tetsugen edition.
  444. This Edo period reconstruction burned down in 1930; the present-day structure was rebuilt later and was completed in 1934.
  445. This Ei account system actually continued to be used for the collection of nengu (annual tax).
  446. This Ekiben was 'O-bento' sold by NRE, an associated corporation of JR East, which enjoyed a large sale at the beginning.
  447. This Emperor
  448. This Emperor's remark was quoted from the answer in writing released on the birthday in 2004.
  449. This Emperor's remark was quoted from the answer in writing released on the birthday, December 23, 2008.
  450. This Enji will be EnjakuⅠ.
  451. This Fudo Myoo is a small Buddhist statue kept inside a bigger Buddhist statue made by Kobo Daishi (posthumous title of the priest Kukai).
  452. This Fujin temae is thought to be the origins of the tea ceremony procedures taught by the Omotesenke school and Hisada family today.
  453. This Fukoku defined principles of applicable laws for court proceedings.
  454. This Fuseya is said to have been the foundation of Konyo-ji Temple in present-day Teramoto, Itami City, Hyogo Prefecture.
  455. This Fuseya was established at Takakura-gun and Ayukawa-gun, Sagami Province in 844.
  456. This Fuseya was established in Kyushu (province unknown) in 835.
  457. This Fuseya was established on the border of Tama-gun and Iruma-gun in Musashi Province in 833.
  458. This Fuseya, which straddled Nagara-gawa River, was established as part of an order of Daijokanpu (official documents issued by the Daijokan, Grand Council of State) to build bridges and establish Fuseya throughout Tokaido and the Tosando area.
  459. This Garan narabini Jori Zu was presumed to have been painted in around the Tenpyo-Hoji era (757-765) from the name and other details inscribed on the picture plane, supporting the theory that the foundation of Nukata-dera Temple (Kakuan-ji Temple) was earlier than this period.
  460. This Gien returned to secular life to become the Shogun Yoshinori ASHIKAGA in 1429, at which point the destiny of the Kanze guild greatly changed.
  461. This Gojunoto survived the Great Kanto Earthquake and the Great Tokyo Air Raids, but was destroyed by the incident of arson-double suicide at Yanaka no Gojunoto in July 1957.
  462. This Goryo-e ceremony is believed to have been the founding of the temple and Kami Goryo-jinja Shrine.
  463. This Great Buddha Sutra Hall was associated with Myoho-in Temple and the kitchen used to prepare the food for the 1,000 monks who attended the Senso Kuyo is thought to be the kuri (kitchen and living quarters) at Myoho-in Temple.
  464. This Gyokei was performed inside of the Imperial Palace after the middle of the Edo period.
  465. This Haigo is thought to have come from a family name on the mother's side of Momochi in Uwajima in the Iyo region.
  466. This Hamaji was actually Princess Hamaji of the Satomi family, who had been snatched away by a giant eagle when she was little.
  467. This Hanji gradually started to assume literary values and eventually established itself as poetry criticism.
  468. This Hatta family produced the Oda clans in Hitachi Province and Hizen Province and the Shishido clan in Aki Province in particular.
  469. This Heian Buddhism was characterized by the strong desire to fulfill the worldly interests of the Imperial Family and the nobility.
  470. This Hiyoshisha Shrine was originally branched from the Hiyoshisha Shrine that was the guardian deity of Muryojuji Temple (present Kitain Temple) in Kawagoe in 1478 by Dokan OTA when he constructed Edo-jo Castle.
  471. This Hojo clan and the Uesugi clan struggled for the supreme ruler in Kanto and by the night battle of Kawagoe in 1546, the power of the Uesugi clan declined.
  472. This Hokekyo is currently called 'Unkei Gangyo' (stored at the Shinsho Gokuraku-ji Temple in Kyoto, privately owned, and a national treasure).
  473. This Hokke-do Hall was situated to the south of Kenshunmonin's Hokke-do Hall, and it is assumed that the two halls stood side-by-side facing Rengeo-in Temple (Sanjusangen-do).
  474. This Honbutsu is not necessarily recognized as identical with Gotama Siddhattha (Shaka), who was born in India of Eurasia continent before Christ and lived in flesh and blood for eighty years, but it may be considered as the spirit of Gotama Siddhattha himself.
  475. This Honzen ryori (formally arranged meal) was just ceremonial; after this was the Noh play and the Noh farce, then a light meal and sake was served such as udon (Japanese thick white noodles) and thin wheat noodles which was the actual feast.
  476. This Horyu-ji Temple exists now as a temple of the Otani sect of the Shinshu school.
  477. This Hoshino is the same Tatsuo HOSHINO that first translated Maurice LEBLANC's "Arsene Lupin, Gentleman Cambrioleur" the year before while still working for the Ministry of Education.
  478. This Imperial anthology has a traditional structure of 20-volumes.
  479. This Imperial edict was drafted by TACHIBANA no Hiromi, a councillor well known as a scholar.
  480. This Imperial family have visited the shrine on nine occasions, including in March 30, 1920, Emperor Showa visited the temple when he was the imperial prince, and in 1962, then Imperial Prince Kinjo (later Emperor Kinjo) visited with Crown Princess Michiko (later Empress Michiko).
  481. This Imperial family have visited the shrine on nine occasions.
  482. This Imperial letter was issued as a measure to force Teishi out as Empress Dowager, thereby creating a vacancy in the Empress position, with Shigeko assume the position of Kotaigo.
  483. This Imperial standard was entrusted to be prepared when Toshimichi OKUBO of the Satsuma clan and Yajiro SHINAGAWA of the Choshu clan met Tomomi IWAKURA at Tsuneyuki NAKAMIKADO's second house in Iwakura Village, Otagi County on November 1, 1867.
  484. This Incident greatly affected literary figures as well, and Takuboku ISHIKAWA studied the books of Pyotr Alekseevich KROPOTKIN and trial records after the Incident.
  485. This Itadono of FUJIWARA no Toyonari was also built in the style of hiroma which had no inner partition.
  486. This Itae is the oldest votive horse tablet among tablets remaining in shrines and temples in Kyoto City, which was the only tablet that survived the fire that burned down the former Hondo main hall in 1629.
  487. This JR station is named 'Kohata,' but the station on Keihan Uji Line using identical (Chinese) characters is read/pronounced differently and is 'Kowata' Station.
  488. This Japanese calligraphic style branched out during the Kamakura period, generating various Japanese calligraphic styles.
  489. This Japanese style garden with a path around a central pond features thick Japanese cedar and maple trees and retains its Northern and Southern Court period appearance despite having been renovated during the Meiji period.
  490. This Japanese style garden with a path around a central pond is said to have been created by the Emperor Kameyama himself and looks amazing during the new greenery of spring and the red leaves of autumn.
  491. This Japanese title, "Kudensho," which literally means "orally transmitted words," was given because Kakunyo wrote the book based on his notes of the oral teachings of Joshin, who was the grandson of Shinran (founder of the Jodo Shinshu).
  492. This Japanese white pine is approximately 600 years old and was given its name due to its trunk that grows as if it is crawling horizontally.
  493. This Japanese-style posthumous name is very much influenced by Taoism.
  494. This Jisan was the oldest among what Japanese painters have described about their works, and reflected his self-pride as Japanese painter.
  495. This Jizo statue became known as Kunuki Jizo (lit. Suffering Removal Jizo) due to its supposed ability to remove suffering, but this name went on to become corrupted to Kuginuki Jizo.
  496. This Jodan no ma was called tokonoma, which was the origin of the present tokonoma, an alcove where Kakejiku (a hanging scroll) or flowers are displayed.
  497. This Jodo Sect (the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism) temple located in Sakyo Ward, Kyoto City was the place of imperial prayer for the safe delivery of Emperor Gokomyo and is well known by the common name 'Anzan Kigan no Tera' (lit. Temple for the Prayer of Safe Childbirth).
  498. This Johyobun is highly possible to be a modification in later years and there is a great doubt whether or not the descriptions of Shoki focused on Johyobun are reliable.
  499. This Juro stayed in Suruga Province to escape from maelstrom of war in the Period of Warring States (Japan) and was found favor by Ieyasu TOKUGAWA.
  500. This Juroku Rakan was made of clay and was put into a rosewood box, Chikko engraved the character "金石結縁 瓦礫放光" written by Zoroku HAMAMURA (fifth) on the opening of the box.
  501. This Jushi is sometimes translated into modern Japanese as cousin, but it had no blood relationship in this case and meant 'a person who had a deep relationship with the Minamoto clan, although he was not the Minamoto clan.'
  502. This Kabuki (traditional drama performed by male actors) theater has been showing Kabuki since the Edo period, and every year from the end of November to the end of December a seasonal tradition called the Kaomise (a face-showing ceremony) is staged.
  503. This Kaga Ikko-ikki Revolt is known as an example of revolt against a feudal lord.
  504. This Kahei SASAKI the fourth also called himself Tokei SASAKI as a master carpenter.
  505. This Kaieki (forfeit rank of Samurai and properties) was one of the purges in the aftermath of the Okubo Nagayasu Incident, which took place in the same year.
  506. This Kamakura period revival eventually turned to decline but restoration was begun by Tenkai, a Tendai Sect monk with a close relationship to Ieyasu TOKUGAWA, in the early 17th century.
  507. This Kamakura period sculpture is renowned as a masterpiece for its striking realism.
  508. This Kamonomiya section was constructed as a section to be used later in actual operation, so that the facilities constructed for the tests would not be useless after operation started.
  509. This Kannon statue from the Gion-sha Shrine Kannon-do Hall was carved from a single piece of wood during the 10th century.
  510. This Kannon statue has three eyes running vertically on her forehead and eight arms.
  511. This Kannon-do of hogyo-zukuri style faces south on a flat area (13.7 meters by 9.5 meters) with a stone wall around it, and three stone statues are placed in it.
  512. This Karakasa is likewise related to the rain, and that may be the reason it takes the form like this; thus have I wondered in my dreams.'
  513. This Karasuma Office houses a dispatcher room, a drivers' waiting room adjacent to Oriba, a garage behind the bus route and at the north side, and part of it is above ground.
  514. This Katsura gobetsugyo is present-day Katsura Imperial Villa and Hachijonomiya began to be called Katsuranomiya after that.
  515. This Kawashima successfully negotiated the surrender of the Forbidden City without blood during the Boxer Rebellion.
  516. This Kegare refers to death itself rather than a dead person.
  517. This Keien school was extremely influential among tanka circles until the beginning of the Meiji period.
  518. This Kento-shi explained that Emishi had eaten no cereal crops and built no houses but lived under the trees.
  519. This Kentoshi came back to Japan in August, 655.
  520. This Kido gokajo (Five Articles designed by Kido) was approved by the Emperor Meiji as Japanese national policy to be declared to the world and was pledged on March 14, 1868 just as Kido targeted to ensure the large scale of Imperial court to the world.
  521. This Kigensetsu was abolished, with the abolishment of "matters related to national holidays" (imperial edict No. 25, 1927) under Article 2 of the supplementary provisions of "the law of Holidays of People" enacted in 1948.
  522. This Kin-hasen Rei was promulgated toward shrines and temples, who used to melt copper coins to produce, for example, Buddhist alter articles such as hanging copper lanterns 'made to pray for national peace and security,' and therefore, to whom the Imperial Court could hardly complain against their illegal acts.
  523. This Kokuga area was often divided into sections in multiple meters of ten to a hundred square.
  524. This Komaomaru was later to become MINAMOTO no Yoshinaka the Asahi Shogun.
  525. This Korozen no goho garment has a hakogata-mon (rectangular-shaped pattern) of paulownia, bamboo, a phoenix and a kylin.
  526. This Kuruwa has three Koguchi on its southwest, middle of the west, and northeast.
  527. This Kuruwa was separated into the south Kuruwa and the north Kuruwa, surrounded by mud walls, and the remains such as Shuden (main building of residence) with a garden attached, and Tamemasu were dug up from the south Kuruwa area.
  528. This Kushiki-ryo, consisting of eighty-nine articles, was set forth in the 21st section of the Yoro Ristsuryo Code of Japan.
  529. This Kyaku-den was destroyed by fire in 1682, but the majority of the wall paintings were saved and survive until today.
  530. This Kyogen play was later handed down to Danjuro ICHIKAWA the seventh and then to Danzo ICHIKAWA the seventh, but after the Meiji period, as Kabuki became higher, it was gradually forgotten.
  531. This MINAMOTO no Akitsuna is the first Akitsuna OKOCHI.
  532. This Magoshiro OISHI, who was a "disloyal retainer" that did not join the raid, was perhaps the only person that managed to re-enter the government service.
  533. This Malacca-style matchlock of Southeast Asia was introduced to Japan.
  534. This Mandala became popular in line with the spread of Mappo-shiso (the "end of the world" belief) in the end of the Heian period as well as the boom of worshiping Amida Buddha.
  535. This Masasuke's action was often explained as being an act of revenge and to regain power as Shugo (a provincial constable).
  536. This Matcha tea ceremony is not related to the tea ceremonies developed by SEN no Rikyu and SEN no Sotan.
  537. This Mausoleum is in Hokkedo style.
  538. This Meiji Kyuden Imperial Palace was burned down by air raid in May 1945 during the Pacific War.
  539. This Mikuriya was officially permitted in September 1130 by an official notice from the Shimosa no kami (provincial governor of Shimosa Province), FUJIWARA no Chikamichi.
  540. This Miura clan was Gozoku (local ruling family) in the Kanto region and a local notable who actually developed the land and followed both Yoshitomo and Yoritomo.
  541. This Mokakeza is famous for the statues of Shakyamuni triads of Kondo (the Golden Pavilion) of the Horyu-ji Temple.
  542. This Mokkatsuji-ban is distinguished from Kokatsuji-ban (the old movable-type printing), which was flourished in the early Edo period.
  543. This Myo-system was the base of Dynastic polity.
  544. This Nagano clan in Ise Province is initially called 'Nagano Kudo clan' for its original 'Kudo' name, in order to distinguish from other Nagano clans.
  545. This Naito clan is thought to be descended from the family of Fujiwara no Hidesato-Fujiwara clan, but its background is not well known.
  546. This Naito clan is thought to share the common ancestors of the first two Naito clans mentioned above.
  547. This Naito clan served the Hosokawa clan.
  548. This Naito clan served the Ouchi clan.
  549. This Naito clan was related to the Hidesato-Fujiwara of the Fujiwara clan (or Fujiwara no Michinaga).
  550. This Nakamura clan is said to be living in Miyagi Prefecture.
  551. This Nakarai manuscript was sold by the family to the Agency of Cultural Affairs in 1982.
  552. This Nakayama Chausu-yama Tomb (official name: Okibitsuhiko no Mikoto no Haka) is called the Misasagi (Imperial mausoleum) or Gobyo (mausoleum for nobles) by local people, and is currently managed under the jurisdiction of the Imperial Household Agency.
  553. This Nanto Yakiuchi (the Incident of the Taira clan's army setting fire to the temples in Nanto) was criticized as the greatest evil perpetrated by the Taira clan and Shigehira, who carried out the act, was despised by the priests of Nanto.
  554. This Naporitan with the common touch became popular as a staple dish at kissaten (Japanese-style coffee shop) and inexpensive eating places throughout Japan, and enjoyed continued popularity.
  555. This Nasu refers to a round Chaire (tea caddy) with a slightly thin and raised mouth.
  556. This Noh is 'Noh kyogenkata (Noh farce act),' in which kyogenkata (comic actors) join the plot of the play from beginning to end.
  557. This Noh play begins with MINAMOTO no Yoshitsune escaping to Saigoku (the western part of Japan [a region including Kyushu, but ranging as far east as Kinki]) because he was viewed with suspicion by MINAMOTO no Yoritomo after subduing the Taira clan.
  558. This Noh play has been praised together with Yuya (Noh).
  559. This Oden is called 'Shizoka Oden' ('Shizoka' is the local pronunciation of 'Shizuoka' around Shizuoka City), with the pronunciation used as a selling point in many shops/restaurants and books.
  560. This Oden spread to Kamigata (Kyoto and Osaka area), where it came to be called 'Kanto daki' (関東炊き) (Kanto-style boiled food) or 'Kanto daki' (関東煮) (the possible origins of the latter 'Kanto daki' are said to be 'Kantofu ni' [squids, octopuses, and other ingredients boiled and seasoned with soy sauce] or 'Canton ni').
  561. This Ofumi is read in funeral (Haiso Kankotsu) of Jodo Shinshu (it is not read in the schools which do not use Ofumi).
  562. This Order is one of the honors personally presented by the Emperor and as such is on the same level as those honors known as "court rank and honors."
  563. This Ordinance meant collectively a series of notifications issued by the Meiji government between April 5, 1868 and December 1, 1868, which included edicts of Daijokan (the Grand Council of State), and notifications of Jingikan (the Department of Worship) and Daijokan.
  564. This Palace was made into a real temple by Emperor Kameyama himself and it became the Nanzen-ji, a high ranking temple among Five Great zen Temples of Kyoto in 1291.
  565. This Prince later became Emperor Kanmu.
  566. This Raiden is a noh work made based on an episode that Michizane SUGAWARA was relegated to Dazaifu, died, became thereafter thunder, and cursed the Imperial Palace precincts.
  567. This Rajo is thought to have been built with a simple tiled roof and wooden walls, unlike the one in China, which was built with mud walls.
  568. This Rijikotei had a great impact on the educational system of the Meiji Government.
  569. This Roju was also called Roju-shuza (head Roju) and administered the affairs of the state as the chief of Roju..
  570. This Rokaku-style Soto (multi-layered tower) was introduced to Japan via Korean Peninsula.
  571. This Rokaku-style Soto was introduced to Japan via Korean Peninsula.
  572. This Sagicho is not stationary but is carried around.
  573. This Sengoku period Yodo-jo Castle was used in the Battle of Yamazaki in which Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI destroyed Mitsuhide AKECHI, and a record says it was also used in Onin War (warfare between lords in the fifteenth century).
  574. This Sesshoseki continued to exist even after the death of the Retired Emperor Toba and scared people living in surrounding villages.
  575. This Shakubuku Scripture is an original one of Soka Gakkai and is not publicly available at present, but its contents are thorough criticism and condemnations of all kinds of religious philosophies including Nichirenshu sect, Tendaishu sect, Shingonshu sect, Zen sect, Nenbutsushu sect, and Christianity, etc.
  576. This Shakyamuni Buddha, recognized as the Primordial Buddha, was also called Kuon-butsu or Kuon Jitstujo Honbutsu (Primordial Buddha with unmeasurable remote past.)
  577. This Shi no kimi was the sister of the Cloistered Emperor's favorite, a high-ranking lady in the court (a wife of an Emperor), FUJIWARA no Shishi.
  578. This Shiba clan lost their power as it was defeated by the Asakura clan in the war to recover Echizen and also defeated in political struggle in Kyoto and Totomi was invaded by the Imagawa clan and, in Owari, it became a puppet for shugodai, the Oda clan.
  579. This Shibocho had a different format from two other kinds of Shibocho which were Shosoin monjo, and adopted a form of name records of double-deck description in which the 'name and age of person' were described above the 'classification of age and date of death,' and a style of describing two lines under the name of a person.
  580. This Shibocho seems to have been created not far from the years of 849 and 850.
  581. This Shidarezakura is located within the compound of the Ruri-ji Temple of the Soto sect of Zen Buddhism, and the three hundred years old ancient tree has a trunk circumference of 2.52 meters and height of 7 meters.
  582. This Shigefusa was the ancestor of the Uesugi clan from which later generated Kanto Kanrei (a shogunal deputy for the Kanto region) and Daimyo (Japanese feudal lord) in the Muromachi Period.
  583. This Shinto ritual which had been practiced since the Kamakura period, and was a celebration for when a samurai shot game for the first time.
  584. This Shirowari (destroying a castle) had been performed since ancient times, but usually it meant partial reclamation of moats or breaking corners of dorui as a matter of courtesy.
  585. This Shoin-zukuri style of Jodan no ma was adopted by all means, aside from the difference of the scale in the zashiki of samurai residence.
  586. This Shoji had a screen drawn Konmeichi Pond which Han Wudi had ordered to dig for training the navy in the west of Chang'ancheng.
  587. This Shoji on which a strange mysterious person in Chinese style was drawn by ink painting is considered to be a sliding screen or Fusuma Shoji rather than Tsuitate shoji.
  588. This Shoji was not Akari-shoji (a translucent screen or sliding door made by pasting single sheets of white Washi (Japanese paper) on light wooden frames, or sometimes on bamboo frames) as seen at present but a movable set-in board wall pasted silk cloth, which was set in as Shitsurai (room decorations) as the occasion might demand.
  589. This Shosho indicated national policy to deify Emperor, establish Shinto as the national religion and determine Japan as the state of saisei icchi (unity of church and state, theocracy).
  590. This Shrine flourished as Chinju (local Shinto deity) for the Fukuchiyama Domain in the Edo period.
  591. This Shrine is also considered as second national sobyo (Mausoleum) after Ise Jingu Shrine.
  592. This Shrine is in one of the Upper Seven Shrines of the Twenty-Two Shrines and in the old days was considered a Kanpei Taisha.
  593. This Shrine was also worshiped as guardian deity by Genji, as well as by many Kawachi Genji families among Seiwa Genji, such as the Ashikaga, Tokugawa, Imagawa, and Takeda clans, and was thus respected as the god of fighting, archery and victory.
  594. This Sizunai migration is portrayed in a novel, "Otose (written by Kaoru HUNAYAMA)" and a movie, "Kita no Zero nen (Year One in the North)" which was released in May, 2005.
  595. This Suzaku-oji Street was very narrow with a width a little bit longer than 24 meters (between the center of side ditches), compared to the one with a width of 70 meters in Heijo-kyo and Heian-kyo.
  596. This T-shaped part is called shumoku (a wooden hammer).
  597. This TV program was later made into a series, in which an Iga leader (often but not always named Hanzo) was actively involved in various incidents that took place during the Edo Period (the role was played by Shinichi CHIBA).
  598. This TV series came on TV from 1995 - 2002.
  599. This Takafusa SUE was defeated in the Battle of Itsukushima by Motonari MORI.
  600. This Takasugi-jo Castle is said to be the castle ruins of hafurishi, people involved in Shinto rituals under the control of the Eda clan.
  601. This Takutori-tenno is today thought of as a god other than Tamonten among the Shitenno and as a kind of shogun of gods who led the Shitenno, including Tamonten.
  602. This Tang Dynasty's 'ryo' was introduced into Japan to be used until the early Edo period, then in 1661, the Japanese weight units were standardized.
  603. This Tanka was cynical about the confusion by a double meaning of 'four cups of Jokisen tea kept us awake all night' and 'four Jokisen (steamboats) created chaos in the whole country which kept us from sleeping all night'.
  604. This Tenbin-yagura is at the far end of the kakehashi (bridge) over horikiri (moat with water surrounding castle to keep off the invasion of enemies).
  605. This Tennosei based on the people's support after World War II is called Taishu Tennosei (People's Emperor System).
  606. This Tenran Kabuki was held in the residence of Kaoru INOUE, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the Ninth, having friendly connections with Genro (elder statesmen) including Hirobumi ITO, Masayoshi MATSUKATA and others, strove to improve the social status of Kabuki actors.
  607. This Tenshu, which had been intended to be used for Imabari-jo Castle, was chosen to build Kameyama-jo Castle.
  608. This Togu-no-fu position was modeled after Taishisanshi of the Tang Dynasty.
  609. This Toho Kinuta Film Studio was his home his whole life up to his 'farewell party' held after his death except the short period in the New Toho film studio and about 10 years in Nikkatsu and Daiei.
  610. This Totsuka no Tsurugi sword was called 'Ame no o habari' (天之尾羽張), or Itsu no o habari (伊都之尾羽張).
  611. This Training Institute was located in the house of the Kyoto Shugoshyoku (Military governor of Kyoto) (Goyo-residence site of Aizu clan), Shimodachiuri Kamanza (now Kamigyo Ward Kyoto City, the north side of Kyoto Prefectural Government).
  612. This Tsuda style Mizuhiki-zaiku has been established under the name of 'Kaga-mizuhiki' as traditional craft products in Kaga/Kanazawa and become popular nationwide.
  613. This Tsukushi Province is a place that serves as a gate to come and go to far and near places. (snip) Establish a miyake (government-ruled area) by Nanotsu (old name for Hakata Otsu)' in the section for the year 536 in "Nihonshoki" (Chronicles of Japan)
  614. This Uiro was favored by Chuya NAKAHARA, but closed down due to the death of their successor in the Pacific War.
  615. This Umeyama Tumulus, Hirata Iwaya Tumulus, Oni no Manaita (ogre's cutting board) and Oni no Secchin (Ogre's Toilet) Tumulus, and Noguchio no Haka (Prince Noguchi's Tomb, that is Joint Mausoleum of Emperor Tenmu and Jito) have been constructed using the southern topography of the same hills, and these four tumuli are aligned from east to west.
  616. This Ushioni has a round trunk covered with a black cloth and is fairly big.
  617. This Ushioni is said to have been killed by a very skillful archer named Kurando Takakiyo YAMADA in Aomine in the Tenpo era.
  618. This Ushioni was believed to have made people suffer from a disease if people just came across it, or bitten people to death by licking their shadows off.
  619. This War was a serious blow to the Uesugi family and became the most significant source of heading down the path to decline and ruin replacing the picturesque scenery.
  620. This World
  621. This Yakisaba-zushi became famous nationwide because it was reported by mass media as a representative of 'soraben' (a box lunch sold at airports).
  622. This Yakushi Nyorai statue went up in flames when a fire broke out at Tokondo in 1411, and only its head, which barely escaped the fire, was housed inside the pedestal of the statue of the principal image that was rebuilt afterwards.
  623. This Yanagiwara family was a branch of the Hino family in the Manatsu line of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan and it was a meika (family rank of which member can be promoted to Dainagon, immediately below Urinke).
  624. This Yawata City North-South Bus Route was the publicly demonstrated route.
  625. This Yodo-jo was built during the Sengoku period, and it is said to have been in the Noso area.
  626. This Yokyu was used in official Kyujutsu performed in the 'seated position.'
  627. This Yoshimura family calls itself 'Matsubaya-Yoshimura family' to distinguish it from the head family, the Kanbe family of the Yoshimura family and also from another branch family called the 'Myogaya-Yoshimura family.'
  628. This Yubetsu technique and the other saisekijin exfoliation techniques that were influenced by it fan out across the northern half of the Tohoku region, such as Yamagata, Niigata, and Ibaraki Prefectures, beyond the Tsugaru Straits.
  629. This Yumiire philosophy was transmitted to Japan from ancient times, has been consistent and has greatly influenced present day Kyudo.
  630. This Zenpei OGASAWARA was born in 1881, left Iwate Prefecture, his home town, when he was sixteen years old, had been under the generous patronage of General Nogi, continually changed the place in Sendai, Taiwan, Tokyo, and Hokkaido, served in the Japanese-Russo War, and died in 1908 at the age of twenty-eight.
  631. This Zenren was renamed Nichiren Shoshu Sect Hokke Ko Rengokai (Association of Hokke Ko of Nichiren Shoshu Sect, also known as Rengokai for short) in 1967 and up to the present date.
  632. This abdication is regarded as a protest from the emperor against the bakufu.
  633. This abstract expression of a garden was especially used and developed by the Zen sect temples of the Muromachi period.
  634. This access way allows connection to the opposite side by going under the tracks.
  635. This accessway is closed at night, but passengers can change trains through a gate in the barrier which is opened instead.
  636. This accident made each Shinkansen line-operating JR company recognize the importance of taking anti-earthquake measures in Shinkansen lines.
  637. This accident occurred just before the stadium was renovated into the current form and Naohiko MINOBE, the captain of Sanga in those days, said with a bitter smile, 'If only they had renovated this sooner.'
  638. This accident raised serious questions about the management practices of West Japan Railway Company as well as its employee management.
  639. This accommodation assignment had a significant impact on the split of the Roshigumi immediately thereafter.
  640. This accumulation of the knowledge was later systematized into a lerning to be developped into Yusoku-kojitsu (knowledge of court rules, ceremony, decorum and records of the past).
  641. This accusation was however a complete surprise to Hirata.
  642. This achievement at the time of the Siege of Osaka was also taken into consideration; when times changed to the Edo period, Totsukawa became the Shogun's demesne where land tax was exempted under the Gojo magistrate office in Yamato Province, and people were allowed to call themselves goshi (country samurai).
  643. This achievement became a foothold for the rise of the Northern House of the Fujiwara clan in the following generation.
  644. This achievement earned him an additional 300 koku.
  645. This achievement led to his promotion to Jugoinoge Tsushima no Kami (Junior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade, Governor of Tsushima Province) and Daikan (inspector (third highest of the four administrative ranks of the ritsuryo period) in Dazai-fu (local government office in Kyushu region).
  646. This acidity comes from citric acid, which is found in large quantities in citrus fruits such as lemons.
  647. This act enraged Ajisukitakahikone, who yelled 'How dare you mistake me for a filthy dead man' and, drawing his sword, destroyed the mourning hut.
  648. This act introduced as edict of Grand Council of State remained intact for a long time after that, but lost its effectiveness gradually as time went by.
  649. This act is an expression of deep anger, and of no longer being able to contain yourself.
  650. This act is called 'giving back the oath.'
  651. This act was evaluated and he was appointed Naidaijin (minister) (also held Sadaisho (Major Captain the Left Division of Inner Palace Guards) from the previous year) in 1157.
  652. This act was obviously in violation of the Kinchu narabini Kuge Shohatto (a set of regulations that applied to the emperor and the Kyoto nobles).
  653. This action is also referred to as "misogi" (purification ceremony).
  654. This action was taken by the domain cliques whose authority originated in the military, to go against the cut-back of military expenditures of the assembly and the political party which then had power.
  655. This action, which is later called 'Nagaoka tonshu,' had certain effect to warn against the conservatives.
  656. This activity has been well accepted by the forest-for-research side as they believe it to be useful in explaining the role of the forests to the general public and others.
  657. This activity is called the second Southern Dynasty.
  658. This actually aimed to expand the guardian Renjun's authority, but formally he was following the policy that had been kept since Jitsunyo, 'the establishment of the power structure with hoshu at the top,' and for this legitimate reason, no one could raise an objection against him.
  659. This actually means to circulate gold itself as currency.
  660. This address is used for correspondence.
  661. This administration however antagonized not only political parties such as Rikken Seiyukai but also the general public, and was overthrown in the second constitution protection movement.
  662. This administration was characterized as an early samurai administration in terms of dispatch of gunsei (military government) officers.
  663. This advancement, however, was possible because his older sister, Kujo-no-ama, presented shoen (a fief) to FUJIWARA no Kenshi (also known as 'Kyo no Nii').
  664. This advantage, which resulted in the advanced water transportation system and the development of river ports, rendered great financial support for the armed group.
  665. This adversely ended up in giving a legitimate reason to Shogun Yoshiharu ASHIKAGA's order to Harumoto to suppress Hongan-ji Temple.
  666. This affected on the Qing dynasty and Korea differently from the requests of modernization and opening of a country by Western powerful countries.
  667. This affected the policy toward the Emishi and the battle line moved to the northeast in the mid-seventh century (the subjugation of Ezo).
  668. This age was the age of MINAMOTO no Sanetomo, but his mother Masako HOJO held real power, and this resembles the relationship between the emperor and Insei (rule by the retired Emperor) in the imperial court.
  669. This agency handles the routine functions of national affairs, office work of receiving of foreign ambassadors and ministers as an emperor's constitutional functions, affairs on Imperial family's ceremonies, and stores the gyoji (the imperial Seal) and the seal of state.
  670. This aggressive incident was clearly caused by the provocative behavior of Japan, but the Japanese aimed to use the Ganghwa Island incident as an opportunity to conclude the treaty.
  671. This agreement consists of meeting records containing portions of a long, confidential conversation between the Japanese Prime Minister Katsura and the US special envoy Taft with the help of a translator, Sutemi CHINDA, the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, held in Tokyo on the morning of July 27, 1905.
  672. This agreement was called the Bunpo Compromise.
  673. This aim being the substance of Buddhist dialogue sessions held in various locations.
  674. This aim was expressively stipulated in the "The Five-Articles of the Imperial Covenant" (Gokajo no Goseimon) legislated in 1868.
  675. This air current extends further to the east and influences tropical monsoon air mass on the South China Sea and has relationship.
  676. This air current joins further together with the southern split flow around the Kamchatka.
  677. This akari shoji is characterized by the following: the horizontal members of its frame as well as the crosspieces being the same in width; the vertical and horizontal crosspieces are entwined in each other to form a muntin grid called "jigoku-kumiko"; the front and side faces of the crosspieces are nearly the same in width.
  678. This album was also used as a reference for appraisal.
  679. This alcove was created especially in which to hang the National Treasure-designated 'Mitsuan Calligraphy' hanging scroll.
  680. This alias disappeared after a while, but Saikyo Miso or Saikyozuke (Saikyo Pickles) originated from this alias.
  681. This alignment moved towards a confrontation between the Triple Entente consisting England, France, and Russia and the Triple Alliance (1882) composed of Germany, Austria, and Italy.
  682. This allegation is refuted by another article in the book, which points out that this episode is too convenient to be valid, and says that hashed beef was a popular dish at that time at Mikawaya, a Western-style restaurant located in Kanda Sakuma-cho, which was founded in the first year of the Meiji period.
  683. This alliance attracted considerable attention worldwide because England, the greatest empire on earth at the time and had previously adhered to the principle of 'Splendid Isolation,' entered into an alliance for the very first time and also because the other party in question was Japan, an emerging country in Asia.
  684. This alliance meant the severance of a relation with the Takeda clan, and Ujimasa faced a tragedy of divorcing his loved lawful wife, Obai-in.
  685. This alliance was also called Shokutoku Alliance after each family name ('shoku' is a way of reading of the first Chinese character of Oda and 'toku' is of Tokugawa), or Bisan Alliance after each territory ('bi' is a way of reading of the first Chinese character of Owari Province and 'san' is of Mikawa Province).
  686. This alliance was called Kiyosu Alliance because, on this occasion, Ieyasu visited the Kiyosu-jo Castle where Nobunaga lived, to form the alliance after interviewing with Nobunaga.
  687. This allocation is preached not only in "Yoshu Juo Shoshichi-kyo Sutra" but also "Kanjo Zuigan Ojo Jippo Jodo-kyo Sutra" ("Kanjo-kyo Sutra" for short; Sutra on the washing of the top of the head) and "Jizo bosatsu hongan-kyo Sutra" (The Sutra of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha's Fundamental Vows).
  688. This allowed Ieyasu to gain prominence among other feudal lords, and Ieyasu gradually came to hold the power to control the nation.
  689. This allowed the Ouchi clan to expand its power over the two provinces, Suo and Nagato.
  690. This allowed the Retired Emperor Gofushimi to be Chiten no kimi; Kogimonin became empress dowager in name and reality.
  691. This allowed the Shugo to send an envoy to the site, and carry out a transfer of the right to manage the territory and an eviction, in order to put the Bakufu's judgment into effect.
  692. This allowed the both parties to restart trading, and the wakan was reopened.
  693. This allows fermentation to progress without stopping the activity of the yeast until over 20% alcohol could be made by the end of moromi (raw unrefined sake) brewing.
  694. This allows it to develop a light and strong flexibility, and used as the core of the bow called higo.
  695. This allows the two akari shoji to pass each other.
  696. This allows us to see that Ikkyu believed his state of zen to be far superior that of even the revered Chinese founder High Priest Xutang-Zhiyu ('Kido Chigu' in Japanese).
  697. This allows writers to have creativity with each breath in their pace of words, phrases and lines, and they can lively recite the words as a poem.
  698. This almost corresponded to the territory of the nation which King Baekje had reigned independently and legitimately when Baekje was subverted.
  699. This also adopted the Buddhist-style architecture, which is called Shin-wayo (the new Japanese-style architecture).
  700. This also applied to the peerage.
  701. This also applied to the title of adapted Kabuki play.
  702. This also applies to a prisoner who has been released from prison after serving a long sentence.
  703. This also applies to some countries in the new continent where the Julian calendar has never been used.
  704. This also applies to the Bible in Christianity and Scriptures in Buddhism.
  705. This also can be seen in relics of the period of Ritsuryo system (a system of centralized government based on the ritsuryo code) found in Japan.
  706. This also describes the initial connection with Buddhism.
  707. This also did not materialize.
  708. This also extended to the collective leadership by which his kokujin lords lived within his ideal.
  709. This also had an effect of limiting In no Kinshin (retired Emperor's courtiers) to reliable close advisers and able officials, which was necessary to the Insei management.
  710. This also has another theory stating that this is based on the description of 'attacks by monstrous birds' in "Yakushikyo Sutra."
  711. This also hindered his career.
  712. This also implies a description of "Haru no Umi" by Michio MIYAGI in some way.
  713. This also implies the learning of the custom because the age of Genpuku equivalent to old-time Seijin-shiki ceremony falls on the age of present-day middle school students.
  714. This also implies the meaning of poem as a chrysanthemum if many guests answer flower, or a wave if many guests answer wind.
  715. This also indirectly led to harsh forced physical labor in Hokkaido in later years.
  716. This also made his public estimation lower.
  717. This also marked the start of film production based on books published by Tokuma Shoten (such as "Kimi yo Funnu no Kawa wo Watare" and "Ogon no Inu" by Juko NISHIMURA).
  718. This also means since the execution was carried out according to law and there is no need to carry out execution again.
  719. This also refers to one of the styles of documents issued by the imperial court.
  720. This also refers to tenka bushin and is a specific fushin independently executed by the bakufu.
  721. This also removed the rule for both the Department of War and the Navy that only a military officer could be installed as a minister.
  722. This also reveals their desire to be equal to Japan and Western European countries by sharing a discriminatory view point of the same nature.
  723. This also says that only after many steps are taken will the efficacy of ascetic practices become apparent.
  724. This also suggests that Emonfu of the Right placed the statue on the right side of the gate; all of these signify that the Komainu dates back to the Heian era.
  725. This also suggests that one should not forget about the performance which has been done, and should linger depth to the performance; this is a concept related to Japanese aesthetics and Zen.
  726. This also suggests that the power structure involving Okimi (of Yamato Sovereignty) changed in the sixth century.
  727. This altruistic attainment is also done by eko with Amida Buddha's honganriki (power of original vow).
  728. This amendment abolished Gunbu Daijin Geneki Bukan sei although Gunbu Daijin Bukan sei remained.
  729. This amount is applicable to one liter.
  730. This amount, four million five hundred thousand, was set for expenditures from 1910 to 1947, the difference due to the expansion of the financial scale afterwards was managed out of individual Imperial financial assets such as Mountains and forests, securities, and agricultural land.
  731. This ancient language "tafusagi" is also conceived to have originated in various archaisms such as "mata-fusagi" (meaning "crotch covering"), "tafusage" (meaning "draping cloth"), "tabu-saki" (meaning "torn cloth made of a bark") and so on.
  732. This ancient shrine is listed in the Engishiki (book of regulations of the Engi era) Jinmyocho (register of shrines and deities) as 'Hayabuza-jinja Shrine enshrining one deity at Shijo in Kyoto' and is classified as a Taisha.
  733. This ancient story spread to the capital as a legend after the Kokufu (an ancient provincial office) was placed in the area, stirring up poets' imagination.
  734. This ancient temple was founded in the Tanba region in 705 during the latter half of the Asuka period by OTOMO no Komaro under the order of Emperor Monmu.
  735. This and institution of the Hassho hyakkan prompted transition to the bureaucracy (however, it appears that a post was present where the hereditary system remained, such as the religious service of which the Nakatomi clan was in charge).
  736. This and the previous assault are collectively referred to as the Mongol invasions of Japan.
  737. This anecdote had been told among disciples of Niten Ichi-ryu in the Hosokawa domain as a fact which Musashi had often spoke about while he had been alive; Masanao TOYOTA recorded it in "Buko-den."
  738. This anecdote in the Kejobon is called Sanzen-Jintengo (literally, thirty thousand (in actual sense, 1,000 exponent 3) is like a piece of dust in the infinite timeframe).
  739. This anecdote is described in detail in Heike Monogatari (The Tale of the Heike).
  740. This anecdote is known as the story of 'soshi-arai' (book washing).
  741. This anecdote is reportedly based on a true story of a real parasitic roundworm as described above.
  742. This anecdote shows the difference between the two brothers in how to keep the distance with Kaneie and his son Michinaga, who were the mainstay of politics at that time.
  743. This anecdote was invented by Genpaku Sugita to make the description easier to understand.
  744. This anecdote was taken up in the "Asano Shinbun" newspaper as a good exemplary literary style of telegram, where being short, concise and to the point is essential.
  745. This angered Oyamatsumi who said that he had pledged and given Iwanaga-hime to make Tenson's life eternal like a rock and given Konohanano sakuya bime to make Tenson thrive like a flower.
  746. This angered Yoritomo but Masako, remembering how she felt when she first met Yoritomo as an exile and when he was away fighting, said, 'I once felt the same way as Shizuka does now.
  747. This angered those at Enryaku-ji Temple and Hiyoshi-jinja Shrine, who released a petition.
  748. This angu is called Takashimanomiya.
  749. This annihilation tactics was set as a warming to neighboring countries.
  750. This announcement caused the situation which distributors and merchants sought steep price rise of goods by war-time special procurements and further accelerated the withholding.
  751. This antagonism reached it's peak and the Heiji War occurred in 1159.
  752. This anthem consists of words derived from a waka poem made during the Heian Period and the melody composed by Hiromori HAYASHI during the Meiji Period.
  753. This anthology consists of 20 volumes and was compiled by a number of people, including YOSHIMINE no Yasuyo and SUGAWARA no Kiyokimi.
  754. This anthology contains many of very fine Manyo-style poetry.
  755. This anthology was compiled by Yoshimoto NIJO in cooperation with a priest Gusai, completed in 1356 and designated as a quasi-imperial anthology in September 3 1357, therefore it became the first quasi-imperial anthology of renga in Japan.
  756. This appeared in the late period of the 17th century, and was popularly used by men and women as informal wear.
  757. This appears to be the reason for his nickname, Sakigake (literally one who charges ahead) Sensei.
  758. This appears to be the reason why Yohei grows to be arrogant and spoiled.
  759. This appears to have been made for Yasumori who was Governor of Mutsu.
  760. This application resembles to Linimentum Calcis in later years, therefore it has been considered to be an appropriate treatment for burns.
  761. This applied to MINAMOTO no Yoshiie as well.
  762. This applied to the establishment of Beijing Institute for the study of Humanities and Social Sciences, Shanghai Natural Science Laboratories, and Academy of Oriental Culture.
  763. This applies not only to sonae, but also to the troops above and below it, as well as all the positions.
  764. This applies to 'Kyofu udon,' 'Kyofu ramen,' and 'Kyofu spaghetti.'
  765. This applies to return trips to Kurama Station at night.
  766. This applies to the following town names.
  767. This appointment as Zuryo (the head of the provincial governors) at Jimoku seems to have been greatly affected by the intention of the Retired Emperor Shirakawa, therefore Kunifusa seems to have been close to the Retired Emperor Shirakawa.
  768. This appointment of vice shogun was done before the appointment of shogun, a commander in chief of the army to subdue the eastern barbarians, and next year of the appointment of vice shogun, OTOMO no Yakamochi was appointed as Jisetsu Seito Shogun (the general of conquering east-barbarians) and sent punitive force of Ezo.
  769. This appointment was to follow the example of Imperial Prince Niitabe, who in 731 had been given Heiba no ken (the right of supreme military power) over Kyoto and Kinai, and Kiyomori prepared for war by imposing forced military service and provisions in the Kinai and Kingoku provinces.
  770. This approach to "Bankoku Koho" was changed dramatically by new thought, social evolutionism also brought from European and American countries.
  771. This approximately 150-year period is referred to as the Kamakura period.
  772. This approximately 550 meter long corridor connects the Mie-do to the Ohoji and Kohojo and is called the 'Nightingale Floor Corridor' because when walked upon, makes a sound similar to that of a nightingale and, the more lightly one tries to tread, the more the floorboards creak.
  773. This architectural style is called "Machiya-zukuri" style.
  774. This architectural style is different from that of the Shinden-zukuri style, where a shinden and Tainoya (the building where family members of the residence lived) were connected with a corridor, and the Shoin-zukuri style where an entrance, a dai-shoin (a large drawing room) and a sho-shoin (a small drawing room) were connected in a row.
  775. This architectural style was mainly concentrated in the suburbs of Kanto, and few if any sento were built using this architectural style in the provinces.
  776. This area also produced many chaki (implements used in Japanese tea ceremony) in early-modern times, and was a major manufacturer of ceramic lamps at the end of the Edo period.
  777. This area consequently evolved into a city of commerce and industry representative of the Edo period.
  778. This area consisted of six villages in the Kitakuwada County when the Municipal Government Act came into effect in 1889.
  779. This area contains Hashihaka tomb, the oldest keyhole-shaped mound and part of the Makimuku ruins at the foot of Mt. Miwa and, to the south of Tenri city, the Yamato tomb group, where the royal tombs of the early Yamato Kingdom are thought to be located.
  780. This area grew to become one of the major production areas blessed with high-quality ingredients including salt, water, and wheat like Banshu.
  781. This area has also produced many excellent chaki.
  782. This area has numerous historic spots and famous temples including Myoshin-ji Temple and Ninna-ji Temple.
  783. This area includes merged peripheral municipalities--Koshigoe-cho (merged in 1939), Fukazawa-mura Village (merged in 1948), and Ofuna-machi (merged in 1948).
  784. This area is a commercial district.
  785. This area is also famous as the place where Japan's largest collection of glassworks are held.
  786. This area is basically a residential area with a few stores and small business offices on the street extending from the aboveground station building to Hyakumanben Chion-ji Temple and Imadegawa-dori Street.
  787. This area is called Nijogawa-higashi.
  788. This area is densely packed with houses, and there are shopping areas such as En-En Town along the street.
  789. This area is now Nakano-cho, Nakagyo-ku Ward, Kyoto City (Shijo agaru, Shin Kyogoku-dori Street) but only the Tenman-gu Shrine that stood within the precinct remains in downtown Kyoto with the name Nishiki Tenman-gu Shrine.
  790. This area is now a park.
  791. This area is outside the VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System) link zone, which makes it difficult for drivers to use their congestion-avoidance schemes.
  792. This area is packed with such facilities.
  793. This area is traditionally considered to be the border between Kyoto and the outside world, and the place is generally considered to be the Mt. Oe where Shuten Doji is believed to have lived.
  794. This area known as Edo Honmachi encompassed the area where the central branch of the Bank of Japan and the main store of Mitsukoshi currently stand.
  795. This area manufactured lots of ware for daily use such as jars, pots, plates and sake bottles in the Muromachi and Momoyama periods.
  796. This area produced many pieces for daily use, many of which were used in Edo as well.
  797. This area remaining is called 'Nuke.'
  798. This area shall be under the police powers of each legation.
  799. This area used to be Rokujogawara and a district in south of the current Gojo-dori Street has another name, Shimoderamachi (literally meaning lower temple town), because it is like Teranomachi where temples were forced to move according to the Kyoto reconstruction plan of Hideyoshi TOYOTOMI.
  800. This area used to be a rich fishing ground before Ogura-ike Pond was reclaimed.
  801. This area was already developed in the pre-Heian period as an area for supplying wood.
  802. This area was called 'Daigokudenin.'
  803. This area was called Kuwari-go (village) before the mid Heian period, and it is said that there used to be a former Zenjo-ji Temple, Kuwari-ji Temple.
  804. This area was called Senshoji Village until the early Meiji period and most residents knew that they were descendants of Kawakatsu.
  805. This area was located at the entrance for visiting Toribeno which was a place for the Kyoto residents to be buried, from central Kyoto and, therefore, this area had many temples such as the Rokudochinno-ji (Rokudochinko-ji) Temple constructed therein and was a prosperous place of belief.
  806. This area was once outside Heiankyo, but it was expanded by extending north-south streets in the northern direction.
  807. This area was originally a part of Uesugi no sho (Uesugi Estate), Ikaruga County, Tanba Province, which was related to the Uesugi clan.
  808. This area was originally owned by Yorimasa.
  809. This area was the birthplace of Junkoku JIMYOJI (Junkoku TSUTSUI, the founder of the Tsutsui clan), the lord of Koriyama Domain in Yamato Province (now Nara Prefecture) in the Azuchi-Momoyama period.
  810. This argument has two pillars; one is that it is difficult to think that this phrase is referring to an imperial succession code, because Emperor Koko's edict can be read as 'the Imperial Throne is the law instituted by Tenchi.'
  811. This argument is called the seven-five-three dispute among the researchers concerned.
  812. This argument may help to explain the future decline of Kawachi-Genji.
  813. This argument was corrected recently, but researchers have been reexamining it among themselves from nearly forty years ago.
  814. This arises from the legend that the ladder, used by Izanagi no Mikoto to ascend to the heavens, collapsed and became Amanohashidate.
  815. This army planned to attack the headquarters of Oama no Miko (Prince Oama) in Fuwa-gun in Mino Province by following a route along the east coast of Lake Biwa.
  816. This aroused antipathy of Minto (political parties such as Liberal Party, Progressive Party and so on which conflicted with a han-dominated government when imperial Diet was inaugurated) which have been followed Movement for Liberty and People's Right and insisted on "Public's burden reduction/Government cost-cutting".
  817. This arrangement is called "willed posthumous name," and has been common since the era of the Emperor Shirakawa.
  818. This arrangement is made to mitigate congestion at Niigata-ekimae and the Bandai City Bus Center, the terminus.
  819. This arrangement is suitable for castles built along natural barriers such as swamps, rivers, mountains, or cliffs, since the "natural barriers" can cover the exposed sides of the honmaru.
  820. This arrangement was adopted by Edo-ginza.
  821. This arrow passed all the way through Tadanao's body to pierce the armor sleeve of Tadakiyo, who was standing behind him.
  822. This arrowhead was kept as a treasure of the shrine, and its photograph is always exhibited, with the real one exhibited to the public at the annual feast of the shrine in September.
  823. This art form is called Kansai Kabuki in contrast to the Kikugoro troupe, Kichiemon troupe and Ennosuke troupe.
  824. This art of divination, kuden (oral instruction), has no script.
  825. This article "Shaga Junko" was put here to provide terms and conditions to be observed by officials in charge of guarding imperial palaces while the Emperor was on a trip, including proper treatment of ekirei.
  826. This article also describes about the Yawata City North-South Bus Route established for testing and researching for the substantiative experiment.
  827. This article also describes the 'schools of foreign languages' in the early Meiji period as a 'prehistory' when they weren't yet instituted as vocational schools under the old education system.
  828. This article also describes the following bus routes:
  829. This article also mentions four locomotives of the same specifications manufactured by Sharp, Stewart Co., Ltd. (manufactured in 1875, serial number 2480-2483, later called Type 130 and Type140) were imported in 1876.
  830. This article describes Japanese Mythology that depicts Okuninushi (or Onamuji) after an incident known as Inaba no shirousagi (The hare of Inaba).
  831. This article describes Japanese traditional horse racing (running horses for the speed competition and then deciding which horse is superior), called kurabeuma, kisoiuma, or komakurabe.
  832. This article describes Okuninushi's forming of Ashihara no nakatsukuni (Literally, "Central Land of Reed Plains", which refers to the human world) in Japanese Mythology.
  833. This article describes about Hoshu the fourth.
  834. This article describes kokushu and junkokushu.
  835. This article describes myth of food origin in Japanese Mythology.
  836. This article describes not only Tomomasa, but also Tomoyasu and a dowager of Norifusa UESUGI, one of his children.
  837. This article describes shokokumaki and kintomaki.
  838. This article describes the battle in 1090, but MINAMOTO no Yoshitada was only seven years old at the time, so it is impossible to think Yoshitada led the army.
  839. This article describes the content of some of the popular sakushazuke.
  840. This article describes the first meaning, i.e. the style of sitting with the knees together and the legs folded under the body.
  841. This article describes the history of Hongwan-ji Temple of the Jodo Shinshu sect, founded by Shinran.
  842. This article describes the history of sake.
  843. This article describes the legends of Shojo as well as "Shojo" of Noh and the folkways related to Shojo.
  844. This article describes this official introduction.
  845. This article describes yakiniku as meat cooked on a grill and eaten at 'yakiniku restaurants' in Japan.
  846. This article describes yakitori (grilled chicken) in Japanese cuisine.
  847. This article discusses this.
  848. This article doesn't mention Okibon, and today it is considered that the one completed first is authentic.
  849. This article explains about 2 (taikodai as a kind of dashi).
  850. This article explains this road.
  851. This article explains this term.
  852. This article is famous as being the first record describing the transcription of the complete Buddhist scriptures in Japan, but the name Kawara-dera Temple appears quite abruptly, and "Nihonshoki" does not mention the circumstances surrounding the founding of the temple.
  853. This article lists past services as well as current services based on information from the operating bus company and the timetable for the route.
  854. This article lists the items held by the Kyoto National Museum which have been designated National Treasures or Important Cultural Properties based on Japan's Cultural Assets Preservation Act.
  855. This article lists the streets in Kyoto City and describes them through the use of stories.
  856. This article of tai sui exists in the end of the first year of enthronement for almost all emperors, but there are some exceptions.
  857. This article originated the study on Fukai-no-Joten/ Fukaijoten.
  858. This article provided the historical and legal basis for the Emperors' eternal reign of Japan.
  859. This article shows both the titles and the order of the volumes according to "Utsuho Monogatari 1 to 3" (Iwanami Shoten, Japanese Classic Literature Systematic Edition Vols. 10 to 12, revised and annotated by Tama KONO) (Letters' readings are expressed with the modern kana usage).
  860. This article was drafted by Kowashi INOUE in order to prevent the administration from having to compromise on political policies in order to have the budget plan approved at the Diet.
  861. This article was the fifth in the Yuri draft, but it was changed to the first by Fukuoka.
  862. This article will also explain the Shohei Itto (Unification of Shohei) by the Southern Court that temporarily happened in relation to this disturbance.
  863. This article will discuss the theory presented by Soichiro MURAOKA, a local official in the Meiji Period, that an imposter took the place of Ieyasu TOKUGAWA immediately after the Battle of Okehazama.
  864. This article will explain about the history of the school textbooks in Japan until the school system was established in the Meiji period.
  865. This article will mention how Oyashima (the great islands; referring to Japan) were formed in Japanese myth.
  866. This article, however, also refers to the attack on the Koyasan Temple by Nobunaga from 1581 to 1582.
  867. This article, however, provide not for wayo, or usual gift, but for obligation to return what was acquired through an illegal transaction (stolen goods).
  868. This artistic proficiency was handed down to their sons, Utaemon NAKAMURA (the sixth) and KATAOKA Nizaemon (the 13th).
  869. This aspect is common for the religion of Ainu.
  870. This aspect is especially emphasized in the stories aimed at children.
  871. This aspect to his character led Iesada to open his mind only in the presence of his nursing mother, Utahashi.
  872. This assassination of the incumbent Shogun heavily ruined the authority of the Shogunate.
  873. This assassination plot grew to be a major incident in which the Naramaro faction was arrested and 443 people were punished.
  874. This assault met with the strong resistance of the Kamakura faction for more than a month, causing the invasion to stagnate when a typhoon inflicted heavy damage on the Yuan army, forcing them to retreat.
  875. This assault was beaten back by Yukinaga KONISHI, but, because of assistance from Ming, the situations changed to prioritize negotiation and war situation got stuck.
  876. This assessment and provision of rewards based on military performance was called ronko kosho.
  877. This assignment was effective only on that day.
  878. This assignment was probably made with the expectation that he would be able to control the Iga clan, which was an element of power basis of the Ise-Heishi (Taira clan) including TAIRA no Kiyomori.
  879. This association was established by Somezo HAYASHIYA III who left the Kamigata Rakugo Association on account of his feud with the Big Four (especially with Shokaku VI).
  880. This assumption became a reality two years after the incident, as the Russo-Japanese War began.
  881. This asymmetricity upper and lower sides produce a difference in the power of the bow, which results in the characteristic technique of Kyujutsu, and, Wakyu is made to take advantage of this technique.
  882. This athletic meet is held in earnest with fanfare before the start of the race.
  883. This attack brought the end of the alliance between Nagamasa and Nobunaga, and after that, these two great rivals started to intensify the confrontation between them.
  884. This attack left 30 people dead and 10 people injured triggering a big conflict which resulted in fire to spread to the shogun's palace and the Adachi's party was defeated by 4 pm.
  885. This attack was done just before Hideyoshi was going to leave for the Battle of Komaki and Nagakute.
  886. This attack was so-called the Otsu Incident.
  887. This attire is worn by the groom, fathers of the bridal couple, guests and others.
  888. This attire was strange for people at the time and whilst the people who sent him off exchanged looks, Kuniomi himself was full of pride.
  889. This attitude incurred the wrath of the Edo Shogunate, so that he was tonsured to become a priest.
  890. This attitude of Japan was described as 'Balanced Imperialism.'
  891. This attitude was handed down through the Zhedong Shixue school, a faction of Koshogaku during the Ching period, including Huang Zongxi, and then by Zhang Xuecheng to Zhang Binglin.
  892. This attitude, which is typified by such characters as Jihei KAMIYA and Izaemon, is even comical rather than pathetic.
  893. This auspicious event further bolstered Shigehime and Shigehide SHIMAZU's influence and power.
  894. This award has been presented to the winners almost every year since its inaugural presentation ceremony held in 1941 (won by Ryohei KOISO).
  895. This award is given to the most talented new director of the year, who is selected only by currently active producers that belong to the Japan Film Makers Association, which consists of 58 independent production companies.
  896. This baby grew teeth while being born and at around the ages of seven and eight he would kill deer and wild boar by throwing stones to eat them.
  897. This backdrop to this is that the 'empathy' of 'the masses' is the basis for the appraisal of a poem, which can be said to have returned to Kuraki SAKAI's definition during the restoration in the Meiji period that 'senryu is poetry that evokes empathy'.
  898. This background has been attributed to the burst of the economic bubble and the drastic decrease of the mutual receptions among bureaucrats (however, be aware that there are still some ryotei which refuse visitors without invitation).
  899. This background partly explains why the real pleasure of kabuki is said to be "Keren (theatrical) staging."
  900. This backs up the content of "Koyo Gunkan," which states that 800 pieces of paper for license with a red seal with a dragon engraved were prepared when Shingen died in 1574.
  901. This badge was displayed in all places associated with the Hokkaido Development Commission.
  902. This bag can be used in place of a fukusa basami.
  903. This bag is used to bring back leftovers when a tea ceremony includes a kaiseki (simple Japanese meal served before a tea ceremony).
  904. This ban deprived work from nearly all the miko who had offered invocations and prayer services outside the shrine, although some continued to operate in various ways through participation in traditional shrines or new schools of Shinto.
  905. This ban was imposed partly because there had been an attempt to organize the shrine system through Shintoism--the ideological background of the restoration of the imperial regime--and partly because there had been a movement of Bunmei kaika (cultural enlightenment) that negated local, traditional and secular manners and customs.
  906. This bank expired out in October 1898.
  907. This banknote was issued before the establishment of Central Bank, the Bank of Japan, therefore this was not Bank of Japan note but inconvertible paper currency, "government note."
  908. This banner is famous for being used by Shingen TAKEDA, but Shingen was not the first one to use it.
  909. This bark kept some people away from him since then or made other people turn into his enemy, but many who were not daunted, or who were honest and confident, succeeded in their later career, because actually he barked out due to his kindness.
  910. This based the following folklore about Inoko mochi, being carried down by the people of Nose district.
  911. This basic classification had been generally adopted until Meiji Period, but came to be forgotten by many archers over a long time.
  912. This basic unit of one-cho square is called 'tsubo' or 'bo' (it is different from tsubo that is currently used).
  913. This battle became a factor in the decline of the Ouchi clan; the Amago clan, on the other hand, regained its power under Haruhisa and entered a golden age.
  914. This battle consisted of two parts: the First Battle of Gassan Toda-jo Castle and the Second Battle of Gassan Toda-jo Castle.
  915. This battle continued for three days.
  916. This battle ended while the Oda army had the upper hand and the Hongan-ji Temple force returned to Ishiyama and started to hold the temple.
  917. This battle fought in the Murasakibaru area was the most furiously fought one in the Kagoshima area, and the government army had casualties of 211 and the Satsuma army had those of 66.
  918. This battle is also called the Battle of Kan-gawa separately.
  919. This battle is also known as the Battle of Katsura-gawa River.
  920. This battle is called 'Magari no jin'.
  921. This battle is called Nakasendai (intermediate predecessor) War because Tokiyuki became the ruler of Kamakura temporarily bridging between the predecessor (the Hojo clan) and the successor (the Ashikaga clan) although he occupied Kamakura for as short as 20 days.
  922. This battle is called the Suriagehara War (the battle was fought near Inawashiro-cho, at the foot of the Bandai-san Mountain).
  923. This battle is so famous that the term of 'the Battle of Kawanakajima' indicates this one when used generally.
  924. This battle is thought to be an underlying cause of the fall of the Miyoshi clan.
  925. This battle known as the "Koji disorder" had the unintended effect of unifying opinion in the domain behind pro-imperialism, and an army was organized for the overthrow of the bakufu and their subordinates in the region.
  926. This battle marked the end of the 25-year political hegemony of the Taira clan (specifically, the relatives of Kiyomori in the Ise branch of the Taira clan).
  927. This battle marked the first battle for his heir, Ujinao.
  928. This battle served as an opportunity for creation of sakaikubo (head of Sakai-based municipal government).
  929. This battle was a preliminary skirmish of the main Battle of Sekigahara, which took place on September 15.
  930. This battle was a turning point for Japan which allowed Japan to gain control over the Nisshin War.
  931. This battle was fought in the area along the Chikuma-gawa River in the south of Zenkoji-daira, including Kawanakajima, and therefore, it is known that powerful local clans against the Takeda clan controlled most of Zenkoji-daira until that time.
  932. This battle was mainly described in "Naito Seisuiki" (The Rise and Fall of the Naito Clan), but it is not well understood what type of people Arikatsu NAITO and Masakatsu NAITO were.
  933. This battle was the fiercest battle in the drawn-out siege with the death toll of 221 in the government army and the death toll of 73 and 4 captives in the Satsuma army.
  934. This bay was called the Kawachi bay.
  935. This beach was designated as a national nature treasure and a beauty spot (in 2007).
  936. This beautiful and clever princess who was later called Chujo Hime lost her real mother in her childhood and was fostered by a wicked stepmother.
  937. This beautiful woman was artificially created by collecting only the beautiful body parts of the dead.
  938. This became Juhon-ji Temple later.
  939. This became Otsu Hyakusosen (literally, 100 ships of Otsu) later, and it was given privileges concerning cargo handling at Otsu Port and so on from rulers in each age.
  940. This became a big incident which made the Cloistered Emperor Shirakawa and the Emperor Toba actually see him, but after all he was killed and his head was exposed to the public as a false person since Yoshichika had already extinguished.
  941. This became a cause of the Onin War, along with battles between the Ashikaga Shogun Family and the Shiba clan (Buei Riot).
  942. This became a custom, and soon 'Monzeki' itself was changed to mean the title of the specific temples to which people from the 'nobility' succeeded.
  943. This became a factor of confusion in the Miyoshi regime, eventually working in the interests of Nobunaga ODA who supported Yoshiaki ASHIKAGA.
  944. This became a formal institution of the Muromachi bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), and it was decided by Yoshimitsu ASHIKAGA that the position would be called 'Sorokushi,' being first held by Shunoku Myoha of the Gozan (five highest ranked Zen temples).
  945. This became a model for the Meiji government in establishing a legislative system.
  946. This became a powerful factor to begin full-scale sake distribution among common people gradually.
  947. This became a precedent that one emperor could have two empresses.
  948. This became a pretext for Ieyasu to declare war in the Fuyu no jin (the Winter War of Osaka).
  949. This became a remote cause of severe criticism by Nisshin who was a future generation preceptor of the Nakayama-monryu school and known as a passionate supporter of the Fuju-fuse-gi (a slogan of "Accept nothing from non-believers and give nothing to them").
  950. This became an evidence for Japan to fix a border to Russia.
  951. This became an example of Imperial succession decided in a conference.
  952. This became great property as a predecessor of a public developer which would later be one of pillars for the urban management by Kobe City.
  953. This became her own pen name after he gave it to her, saying 'I am far behind my wife in the talent for writing scripts' in "Koibito" (The Lovers) in 1951.
  954. This became known as a 'kyo-masu,' for short.
  955. This became known as the Otsu Incident.
  956. This became more so after Kimitsune, who had been mindful of the relationship with the Hojo clan. died and was succeeded as Kanto moshitsugi by Michiie KUJO, who was hostile to the Hojo clan and started to intervene in the Shogunate government.
  957. This became one of the causes of the conflict between Enryaku-ji Temple and temples in Nanto.
  958. This became one of the factors that destabilized the Kamakura shogunate system.
  959. This became the Kurama Line.
  960. This became the background for establishing the colonial troops(tondenhei).
  961. This became the basis of Japan's rapid and independent attainment of modernization after the Bakufu opened the country during the end of Edo period.
  962. This became the beginning of the Qing period Koshogaku and the study of Keiseichiyo.
  963. This became the breeding ground for an uprising of the Ikko sect followers, which later haunted successive generations of the Asakura clan.
  964. This became the final cause, and Takauji decided to attack Rokuhara Tandai (an administrative and judicial agency in Rokuhara, Kyoto), which was the beginning of the Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun) collapsing drama.
  965. This became the first Jidaigeki-eiga (period drama) in Japan.
  966. This became the headstream of the family estate of later generations of the Kujo family.
  967. This became the impetus for masuseki to be recognized as an inseparable tradition as part of the facilities for the grand sumo tournament.
  968. This became the landmark which led to the start of cloister government.
  969. This became the last kotaishiki.
  970. This became the location name around the Ninna-ji Temple.
  971. This became the main cause of the financial difficulties of the later Yonezawa domain.
  972. This became the origin of the following 'Neyasuu.'
  973. This became the original of the general form of the current manuscript paper.
  974. This became the pioneering work for female yakuza (Japanese mafia) films followed by "Nihonjokyoden" (Japanese female Tale), "Joshu Sasori Series" (Female Prisoner Scorpion Series), and "Gokudo no onnatachi" (Women in Gokudo (Yakuza World)).
  975. This became the reason for the later establishment of the head of the Sakai-based municipal government.
  976. This became the subject of the Edo Period kabuki drama, "Shihei no Nana Warai" (Shihei's seven laughs).
  977. This became widely known due to Shotaro IKENAMI's novel based on the story, but currently the value of "Sanno Gaiki" itself as a historical material is questionable.
  978. This becomes the direct cause for which Moronao provokes Hangan.
  979. This bedroom secured the owner's own safety in case of an emergency during periods of war.
  980. This began as part of the education of young ladies, by sewing and giving a small bag to store a koto plectrum as a wish for health and growth with the birth of a princess.
  981. This began in 1985, and people who cannot return home can visit there and pray for their ancestors at festival time.
  982. This began in the Edo period as 'musubu' (to tie) evoke an expression 'en wo musubu' of lovers (to get married).
  983. This began to change in the period of "Taiheiki" (The Record of the Great Peace) during the period of the Northern and Southern Courts when the Kamakura period ended.
  984. This behavior is enough for bothering people.
  985. This behavior made father Kaneie and daughter Senshi angry, leading to Senshi leaving the Imperial Palace and Kaneie's family boycotting administration duties.
  986. This being effective, in the 2001 season the young players like Teruaki KUROBE, Daisuke MATSUI and Ji-Sung PARK had emerged as leading members, and the team won the league title of J2 and achieved a comeback to J1 after only one year.
  987. This being the last time, a new Genro has never been appointed since, and when Masayoshi MATSUKATA passed away in 1924, Saionji became the only Genro.
  988. This belief can also be explained by the legend of ninuriya (red arrows), the mythological origin of hamaya (ritual arrows to drive away devils), as told in the myths about the births of the ancient god and goddess, Kamowake-ikazuchi-no-mikoto and Himetatarai-sukeyori-hime.
  989. This belief is based on the fact that the remains peculiar to rice were found in the blade area of the excavated ishi-bocho in the past, while the remains of plants and animals that were thought to be ate at that time were not found.
  990. This belief is called Shunju kyorai (coming and going in spring and autumn) of Tanokami and Yamanokami, which was prevalent across the country.
  991. This belief is considered to have existed from the Jomon period based on the fact that objects of worship for Mishaguji and things which were identical to Mishaguji's yorishiro were found at a number of Jomon period sites located in the area where Mishaguji belief has prevailed.
  992. This belief was connected to a Buddhist concept of Hell and developed into a mountain worship in and after the Heian period.
  993. This belief was handed down to the present and mochi is a kind of good-luck food indispensable for events held on a special day such as New Year's Day and on an ordinary days.
  994. This belief was that life resides in the abdomen and the head, so it is thought that the head was cut off in order to take the soul of a brave samurai for oneself, while the abdomen was cut in order to display one's own soul.
  995. This believe became a strong ground for promoting internal reforms for non-western countries to become a sovereign nation.
  996. This bell has been designated an Important Cultural Property and is considered to be one of the three great bells of Japan along with those of Todai-ji Temple and Chion-in Temple.
  997. This bell is nicknamed Yoshino Saburo (a nickname of a large hanging bell in Kinpusen-ji Temple) collectively with a bell of Todaiji temple (Nara Taro - nickname of a large hanging bell in Todai-ji Temple) and a bell of Mt. Koya (Koya Jiro - nickname of a large hanging bell in Koyasan).
  998. This bereaved child was later Shigenari KIMURA, a vassal of Hideyori TOYOTOMI.
  999. This besiegement brought casualties to all nations.
  1000. This big island and the Korean peninsula were separated by only a fifteen-kilometer-wide waterway.

384001 ~ 385000

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